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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, May 08, 1920, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Fair 'to-day and to-morrow; gentle to
moderate south and southwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 63; lowest,' 48.
Dttalied neither reports "ill be found 00 ths Edltorts,
pus.
A HAPPY BLENDING
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than cither
has ever been on its own.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 25WDAILY.
4f
NEW YORK, . SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1920 .-K'M
PRICE TWO
IN NEW Y01I1C
CENTS
CITY.
Timr.K cms
w fork, N. T.
ITIII.V SOU Mtl.KS.
I roun
GERMANY WILL SEEK
INTERNATIONAL LOAN
TO STEADY EXCHANGE
Concerted Action to Be
Asked at Spa as Means
of Rehabilitation.
ALSO WANTS SHIPPING
Desires Trade With Russia
and Offers Equal Terms
to the Entente.
IN'EEDS BAW MATERIALS
"Will Seek to Settle Economic
Differences "With Franco by
Direct Conversations. -
Uy RAYMOND SWING.
tttS Correipondent of Tni SUK AND Niw
TotK UiBALD. Copyright, 1X0, by Tns Sex
'XQ New Yobk HlSALD.
Berlin, May 6 (delayed). Aside
from tlio fixing of a definite sum which
the Entento Powers will rcqulro of
Germany in the way of reparation, the
Rerlln Government and German peo
ple, havo In mind several other eco
nomic subjects which they desire- to
bring "before tho Spa conference,
ISricfiy they are:
1. An international loan to stabil
ize European exchange.
2. Raw materials and credits for
Germany.
J. Permission for Germany to re
tain her coastwise shipping.
4. Trade with Russia.
5. Tho diverting to Russia of
medicines which the treaty provides '
shall bo delivered to the Entento
by Germanj'.
Aside from these questions the Ger
mans vish to settio the economic dif
ferences between their country and
Trance either by direct conversations
with tho French alone, or, If the
Trench prefer, at the Premiers' conference.
Germany to Ask for
Delay of Spa Parley
BRUSSELS, 'May 7. It is an
nounced in what are con
sidered reliable circles here that
the German Government will
send a note to the French Gov
ernment asking that tho con
ference between representatives
of the Allies .and Germany at
Spai set for May 25, be post
poned to June 10, after the Ger
man elections.
PARIS, May 7. No request
from Germany for a postpone
ment of the Spa conference has
yet been receive'd from the Ger
mans, but it is expected that it
will come soon. The Allies are
disposed not to grant a delay,
because of the urgency of hold
ing the Spa meeting and also be
cause the League of Nations
financial conference at Brussels
cannot be held until after that
at Spa. French officials feel that
solution of the important prob
lems destined to .come before
both meetings cannot be delayed
further.
CARRANZA OUT;
CAPITAL HEARS
HE PLANS COUP,
Mexico's President Said to
Be in Vera Cruz to Un
tangle Revolt.
REBEL CHIEFS AT OUTS
There Will Be No Panic,
Says Forgan, Banker
Special It Tub Srx asd Nf Yoik IIiiild,
QIIICAGO, May 7. "The peak
of tho noute financial situa
tion is past. There will be no
panic. The day of panics, in the
sense of wholosalo suspensions,
is gone. Just a little common
sense, and the present situation
will right itself."
This was the encouragement
given to-duy by David R. Forgan,
president of the National City
Bank, to nn overflow audience at
a luncheon of the Western So
ciety of Engineers.
Washington Fears Deluge
if Country Is Thrown
' Into More Chaos.
RELATIVE AIDS FLIGHT
Executive' May Seek Refuge
on U. S. Warship -More
Towns Are Captured.
Are Hopeful of a Loan.
The Germans regard the prospects of
floating a loan to stabilize foreign ex
change as being much more favorable
than they were a few months ago.
They believe that all European countries
nave sutrereu sufficiently rrom ex
chance fluctuations and that business
now Is ready. o take common action to
overcome this situation. The Germans
are not looking to outside help to raise
the value of the German mark. How
ever, they want the exchange rate to
stand at some fixed point through
period of months, which would be
great aid In the making of contracts.
The mark has consistently advanced
recently and Is expected to continue Its
upward Hrend. .This advance is con
aidered as due, at least in part, to the
eloMng of the "hole" In the West.
Another reason why such a loan .Is
thought needful, especially as the In
terests of Great Britain. France, Italy
and even the United States are con
cerned. is to allay the danger of dump
ins cheap goods In the markets, which
would be sure to occur It Herman in
dustry rallied under Increased fuel pro
duction In the course of the next few
months.
One of the considerations mentioned
In connection with' the need of raw ma
terlat credits Is the present buyers'
strike, which Is paralyzing the German
market. The public here Is not buying
because of the high prices, feeling that
.Home incomprehensible help Is coming
from somewhere to reduce prices.
More Tonnage Is Necessary.
The shipping predicament was set
forth In a note by the French Foreign
Office this week. Germany cannot carry
the Imports she needs with the tonnage
left to her by the Allies. In this con
nection it la hoped that the transporta
tion question will come up at the Spa
meeting and that there can be a full
discussion on conditions obtaining in the
exchange of freight between Germany
and France. Exits from Germany are
almost closed on the French frontier
umply because facilities for freight
movement are not provided, a condluon
which Is detrimental to Doth countries.
The German representatives at Epa
Drobably will express a willingness to
l ive trade between the Entente coun
tries and Russia go forward over Ger
man railroads and may offer all the
rr.car.3 at their disposal to tbls end on
condition that Germany be permitted to
rartloriftti-
The aueation of medicines for Russia
arises from Germany's proximity to the
Russian nlamie area. The nunonic
nlairue nnd unotted ftvohus) fever,
which claimed so many victims In
retrograd and In Moscow last winter. Is
moving westward. The Germans assert
that the European need Is that medical
aid be given to Russia. The Treaty of
Vernalll.. mill fnr the delivery by Ger
manv nf medicines to Great Britain.
France and Italy. The Germans suggest
at Fpa. that the Entente. Instead of ab
sorbing these medical supplies for Their
oniumptIon, should divert icon to-uus-:1a.
The correspondent of Twe Snx AJd
New TotK Herald understands that
there are several questions of particular
interest to France and Germany that
the Germans are eager to have e";l5a
and are willing to follow the lead of the
French to effect an adjustment of them.
One of these relates to economic ad
vantages to France and the other to the
"hole" In the customs f rentier In Alsace-Lorraine.
BRITAIN GRIPS
GERMANTRADE
Steals March on United States
and Franco in Resumption
of Business.
LAllEDO. Tex., May 7. President
Carramo still was in Mexico city at
i midnight last night, according to Mel-
qnladcs Garcia, the Mexican Consul
here. lie said be received a telegram
from the President early to-day and
that tho message was sent from the
national palace.
YALE IS WINNER
OF AIR CONTESTS
Williams Second, Columbia
and Princeton Tic for Third
at Mincoln.
10 STUDENTS' COMPETE
Only One Aviator Hurt One
Hccord Broken U. S.
Officers Applaud.
SENDS RAW MATERIALS
No Payment in Money Asked,
but Manufactured Articles
Taken in Exchange.
GERMAN RED CREW
SEIZES STEAMSHIP
Radicals Smuggled Aboard
Vessel Offered to Russia.
OnTNiuoMf, May 7. The Grman
i.-amer Senator Schroeder has arrived at
Archangel with sixty delegates of the
German Independent Socialists who were
muggled aboard when the steamer left
uxhaven April 10 for Iceland, accord-
z to message to the PoIle from
Afhangel.
The crew Is reported to have over-r-jxered
tha officers placed them in
urs 'and made for Murmansk. The
feamer has bees placed at jne ovpenu
By tht AuoHalri Prut.
Paris, May 7. That Great Britain
has stolen a wide march on the
United States and .France In the re
sumption of business relations with
Germany is the opinion expressed by
i'rench merchants who havo tried to
buy goods across the Rhine. In a
great majority of cases, the merchants
report, the German manufacturer re
plies to Inquiries rthat his plant will
be tied up tor a long tlmb to come
by contracts with British concerns.
An investigation based upon these
reports Is said to havo developed the
fact that tho British arc exporting
great quantities of raw material to
Germany for which they are asking no
payment in money but are taking
manufactured articles In exchange.
Germany Is getting her iron ore largely .
from Sweden under a similar arrange
ment, making her almost entirely Inde- ' Pablo Gonzales and Gen. Obregon
pendent of France for raw materials.
Having at the same time reopened her , says He Is not connected with the "ob-
bur outlet for manufactures elsewhere, structlonlsts, ' which Is Interpreted as
Germany is also Independent to a great , referring to the Obregonlstas, and other
extent as to her selling market, while information coming Into Washington In
France Is anxious to get from her coal dlcatesreparatlons are In tho making
and agricultural Implements which she for armel' rivalry among the successful
can no longer buy In the United States ' revolutionary leaders.
without Immense disadvantages due to J After Carranza, the deluge. Is the fear
unfavorable exhange. expressed in Washington. The Impor-
Bellef Is expressed In official circles tant part whlch'Pablo Gonzales Is taking
that Germany Is seeking to use this In the situation is confidently regarded
economic situation to bring pressure on ; as Indicating that he had not given up
France with a view to gaining conces- his claim to the Presidency, and Gon-
alons In the terms of the Versailles zales does not awaken confidence of sta-
Special to Tns Scs and Htvf Ton Heiaid,
"Washington, May 7. Presumably a
fugitive, President Carranza of Mex
ico has disappeared from public view
His rumored flight to Vera Crur has
not been officially confirmed here, and
while representatives of tho revolu
tlonary group claim to have informa
tion concerning the reported exit they
also arc in doubt.
The best opinion on Mexican affairs
believes that Carranza has given up
his hold on Mexico City and that the
mystery concerning his whereabouts
at present la tho result of the censor
ship which Carranza has Invoked" to
cover his actions.
Reports received by the revolution
ary agents here were to tho effect that
Carranza left Mexico City at 1 o'clock
this morning for Vera Cruz on a spe
clal train In charge of his son-in-law,
Candldo Agullar. A censorship on tel
egrams Is delaying the news from
Mexico City on an average twenty-four
Confirmation of the report of Car
ranza's flight to Vera Cruz, will not bo
regarded as proof that he Intends to
take refuge on board an American war
ship with tho IntenUon of leaving the
country. It is moro generally assumed
that he will endeavor to establish him
self In Vera Cruz, hold off revolution
ary enemies and endeavor to play the
rebel leaders against each other In the
hope of finally winning back authority
and power.
That there Is a possibility of success
attending such an effort is indicated by
confidential reports coming to washing'
ton that all Is not harmony between
Gon
zales has issued a statement In which he
treaty.
What little export business France has
been able to do wltn uermany nas oeen
transacted under the greatest difficulties,
the German buyers meeting all sorts of
obstructions in obtaining Import licenses
for French goods. It is said.
The situation resulting from all these
circumstances will be one of the first
subjects raised at the approaching
Franco-German conference at Paris.
The French delegates, It Is understood.
will ask the Germans to show what they
jam do In the way of reciprocity before
seriously considering uerman participa
tion In the restoration of northern
France, plans for which, It la supposed,
will be presented by the German dele,
gates.
NITTI RUNS RISK OF
BEING OVERTHROWN
Catholic Party Reported as
Being Against Htm.
Rome, May 7. Opinion In parliamen
tary circles Is that Premier Nlttl Is run
ning the risk of being overthrown. This
Is said to be due to the decision of the
Catholic party to vote against the Pre
mier, members of the party considering
that he showed weakness In his lenient
attitude toward the Socialists during
the recent disturbances In northern Italy.
xne ieauer oi ine auionc party earn
to-day: "If no agreement Is reached be
fore a vote Is taken In the Chamber of
Deputies NIttl's fall Is certain. In fact,
all the Socialist Deputies, numbering
lit. despite NIttl's favoritism toward
them, must vote against him as a matter
of principle.
"The Socialists, added to the 103
Catholics and about 40 followers of
Salandra (Antonio Salandra, former
Premier), who are immovable opponents
of Premier NIUC form more than half
of the Chamber. This end is Inevitable.
It must come sooner or later owing to
the desire of Nlttl 'to run with the hare
and hunt with the hounds.' "
Great significance is attached to the
Forclxn Minister's departure from Rome
to confer with Jugo-Slav delegates re
garding the Adriatic question. The Cab
inet. It is Deueveo, is aesirous or reacn
lag the solution of the Adriatic problem
before It submits Itself to a vote of con
fidence In the Chamber of Deputies.
No "Red" Trouble in Alaska.
IITDEB, Alaska. May 7. The United
Ktates coast suard culler Algonquin,
which was ordered here April 2 on re
ports that radicals were active nere.
found order prevailing and living con
dltlons normal. The Algonquin will;
tatbeSeri
bllltv. In Mexican affairs.
Reports wlfre received that the Fed
eral garrison at Vera Cruz had re
volted and "had left the city." The
Legislature 'or the State of Vera Cruz
also was reported to have moved from
Cordoba to Vera Cruz, both events tend
ing to corroborate the report of Car
ranza's flight to Vera Cruz with a suf
ficient force to handle the situation
locally.
Refuge for Carranza on an American
warship at Vera Cruz would not be re
fused, according to precedent, but-any
vessel upon which he took refuge would
be compelled to put out to sea Im
mediately. Rebel authorities are not desirous of
capturing Carranza, and the supposi
tion is that If he has fled from Mexico
city the Mexican Treasury funds havo
been sent to Vera Cruz In advance.
Flying was added to the list of col
lego sports yesterday afternoon, when
forty undergraduates of eleven of the
principal Eastern colleges, all reserve
aviators of the Army Air Service,
competed at Mltchel Field, Mincola,
Those who held the fixed belief that
flying Is dangerous were surprised to
witness an afternoon of races and all
sorts of stunt flying with injury to
only one contestant, Lieut. V G
Xowell of Lehigh, whoso face was cut
when his piano side-slipped on ac
count of a missing motor. Many of
the pilots had not handled a control
made
Jproceed I
REBELS CONTINUE
TO MAKE GAINS
Bloodless Successes Reported
in Washington.
Bt the AuottaUd Prut.
Washington, May 7. Reports, ofll
clal and unofflclal. to-day, credited the
Mexican rebels with further bloodless
successes. Information reaching the
rebel agents here, they said, pointed to
an early occupation of Pledras Negraa,
Laredo and Matamoros, the only Im
portant border ports of entry remaining
In Carranza control.
News of the revolt of the garrison at
Vera Crux was Received through official
channels, the town being Immediately
evacuated by the rebels, presumably be
cause of the presence In the harbor of
Mexican gunboats loyal to Carranza.
The State Department received to-day
several messages from the Embassy In
Mexico City, but they were all dated
Thursday. These despatches made no
mention of Carranza's intention of leav- j
lng the capital, It was said. !
Despatches from rebel sources re-" I
ported Luis Cabrera, head of the Car
ranza Cabinet, was en route to-day by
train for Pledras Negras, and that Al
fonso Cabrera, brother of the Cabinet !
Minister, has been arrested by Gen.
Gonzales in Puebla. Alfonso Cabrera,
while Governor of Puebla, was concerned
In the prosecution of American Consular 1
Agent W. O. Jenkins.
Spokesmen of the revolutionists minim- I
I red the Importance of the refusal of
Gen. Callcs to accept the services eff
Villa and the announcement of Gen. 1
Pablo Gonzalez that ho could not sup
port the revolution. Gonzalez, who was
Continued on Third Pose
for a year or more until they
test flights Thursday.
Lieut Sumner Sewell. American ace,
and Lieut G. W. Home of Tale, to
gether rolled up nine points and won the
meet for their college. Williams, with
only two pilots In the air, was second
with six points, and Columbia and
Princeton tied for third.
Col. Gerald Brant Air Service officer
of the Department of the East, and
Lleut.-CoL Harold E. Hartney, who were
among the army officers present were
Interested in the meet as a sporting
proposition, but were chiefly concerned
with Its value to the Air Service. It
showed that the pilots in their early
twenties who were trained at great ex
pense and loss of time during the war
can "come back" in time of need and
handle fighting planes after a little
practice. CoL Brant said he Intended to
recommend frequent meets among re
serve nyers so inat uiey may Keep in
practice and not forget their valuable
training.
Tnerc was, a high wind, which in
creased as the afternoon progressed, and
some of the pilots. It seemed tg onlook
trs. were not able to set their ships
down surely and gently. Although they
had lost some of the fine points of the
came, they showed themselves stiu com
cetcnt to fly.
Neither the nrisK wina nor me over
cast shv could lower the spirits or tne
young pilots, who went down to Mltchel
Field eager to gel up in me air once
more and eager, too, 10 iurn tejouns
learned In war to account for the greater
rlorv of their schools, uunng me ai-
ternoon two or three thousand rooters
arrived.
High Wind for Contestants.
In tho day's first event, a race of
twenty-five miles around a circuit run
ning from the field to Wantagh. Cen
tral Park. Farmlngdale and back, the
Talc plane, with G. W. Home at the
stick and J. T. Trlppe In the pilot's
cockpit, beat a University of Pennsyl
vania plane across the line by a scant
hundred yards. The time was IS min
utes. Both the leading ship and the
pursuer. In which were D.. A. Royer and
J. M. Lersch. hugged the ground to
make speed that was Impossible In the
wind at h Uther altitudes, me rennsyi
an la plane was disqualified by tnt
iudres. who thought It was cupping
rnm.n too closely, and Lehigh, 8. S.
niohards pilot, and Cornell. R. B. Patch
pilot, won second and third places. Tht
next' places went to the University ot
Pittsburg. Columbia. Williams, Prince
inn and Wesleyan In the order named
The two last named planes had engine
trouble and were not aoie xo leave tne
field with the others.
Columbia Jumped to the fore In the
next event aerial acrobatics, when Sam
Kirkland took up his Curtlss"H."a plane
equipped with a ISO Wright-Hlspano mo
tor. He went aoove me ioui inur
and looped, barrel rolled, zoomed, flew
upside down and did Immelmann turns
In a way wnicil couia noi De oeaicn oven
hv Sumner Sewell. Tale's aee.
Sewell. who, like most of the other
niiotii had an "H." went tnroum ins
aerobatics In a way which made the
Judging a matter of fine discretion. He
won second place, and Samuel H. Paul,
Pennsylvania, took third.
The Harvard entry made a bumpy land
ing, and Cornell and Lehigh pilots, too
eager to win, lost altitude too rapidly
In their manoeuvres and were disqual
ified for stunting below 1,500 feet
Wesleyan Pilot Thrills Crowd.
A Wesleyan pilot gave the crowd the
greatest thrill. After laboriously fight
ing his way upward wltn an aged uur-
BIT. DECLARES
A FINISH FIGHT
ON CLOSED SHOP
Garrison Tells Mayor Hylan
That Principle Will Not
Ke Tolerated.
AMALGAMATED DEFIED
Strike Threat Will Be Me
by0ffer of Freedom to
All Employees.
COMPANY IS PREPAEED
Idleness of Losing
Lines May Even
Welcomed.
Surface
Bo
Continued on Third Page.
Llndley M. Garrison, receiver of the
B. R. T., made it plain yesterday In a
letter to Mayor Hylan that no "closed
shop" principle will be tolerated, much
less promoted, by thd company, and
that in case the men go on strike with
that as the Issue, the company Intends
to fight It to a finish.
His declaration was, as It proved,
the indirect answer to one sent him
by tho executive committee of 'the
Amalgamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Employees of
America, who arc demanding that tho
company eradicate all traces of the
rival cooperative brotherhood. In their
letter the executive committee virtu
ally dollvcrcd an ultimatum to the ef
fect that they would proceed to call a
strlko if the B. R. T. refused to post
notices in depots and" terminals order
ine the company's, employees to havo
no dealings with the rival organization.
But B. R. T. officials were disposed to
think the ultimatum was largely "bluff
and that even the more radical leaders
In the amalgamated would not havo the
audacity to go on strike over any such
Issue, even assuming they could whip
together a sizeable following from among
the rank and file of the men. The next
few days will tell, they declared, but the
attitude of the company Is that a strike
is Infinitely preferabio to yielding.
Mr. Garrison a letter to the Mayor was
occasioned by one which tho Mayor
wrote after the amalgamated')! 'executive
committee had appealed to him for as
sistance in forcing the company's com'
pllancc Mr. Garrison s answer said:
"I have stated frequently that so far
as tho management is concerned, the em
ployees may Join whatever organ I za
tlons they please, the only restriction
being that such organisations shall not
be anti-social In their objects.
"Tou express the hope that I will
take the mutter up and adjust condi
tions In such a way that tho travelling
public would not be Inconvenienced.' The
conditions, stripped oP pretexts and
statements made only to confuse the
Issue, are maintenance of an 'open shop'
or a 'closed shop.'
If the committee Intends to bring
about a strike unless they can procure
'closed shop' 'the resulting Inconven
ience to the travelling public will te
laid at the door of the committee and
not that of the management
I hope they cannot Induce you to
encourage them in this respect."
It was learned that the Brooklyn
Rapid Transit Is entirely prepared for a
strike In case one develops, and that,
plans have been made for guarding
those lines that are to be operated as
well as tho rest of the property. One
official said that the company's sur
face lines are so much of a liability
anyway that their Idleness would not
cause any great regret from a mone
tary standpoint
Mr. 'Garrison made no direct answer
esterday to the letter. Insisting that
the company squelch the organizers for
the new union, but he did reply to an
other request for a conference to-day
by saying that "such a meeting would
be utterly useless," since the committee
desired to take up certain charges which
It has failed as yet to file with the com
pany.
"In regard to free transportation (an'
other minor Issue affecting Amalga'
mated men) as I told yesterday, this
matter has not yet been submitted to
me for my consideration and until It
has been, I, of course, cannot act upon
it," he wrote.
STATE DEMOCRATS REFUSE
TO INDORSE WILSON IDEAS;
JOHNSON WILL FIGHT TO END
CANDIDATES IN
DEADLOCK RACE
Knox-Johnson Conference He
suits in Increased Chanco
of Dark Horse.
NEW STRATEGY SOUGHT
Lowden Regarded as 3Iost
Likely Compromise' Lead
ers Study Gov. Allen.
Sptcial to Tin Sex and Niit YonK Ribald.
Washington, Miiy 7.' Tho confer
ence between Senator Johnson (Cal.)
and Senator Knox. (Pa.) has added
nothing to the solution of the Repub
lican Presidential situation In advance
of the Chicago convention. That
body will make a decision regardless
of the primary elections, and the
nomination of a "dark horse" remains
a vivid possibility of the future.
This Is the opinion generally en
tertained In Washington following
the conference between the two Sena
tors, based upon what has become
known concerning the subject matter
of the discussion and upon the logic
of the situation.
The Knox candidacy was put for
ward ns a feeler and with an evident
hope that Senator Johnson, following
the results In Indiana and Maryland,
would be ready to listen to talk of
compromise In which he might be in
fluenced by the suggestion of the
name of his personal friend, Senator
Knox. Nothing of the sort has hap
pened. Senator Johnson Is more de
termined than ever to make the fight
to tho finish, and the same, decision
lias been reached by Senator Hard
lng (O.) ind by Gov. Lowden (111.).
Choice Made ptflcnlt.
With this determination reached
none uj ine candidates win go into tne
convention with a sufficient number
of delegates to nominate and with op
position developed during: the primary
campaign which will make choice
from among the avowed candidates
difficult.
With 150 delegates pledged to him.
with tho record of his overwhelming
victory In California and his showing
made In other States, Senator Johnson
will be a potential factor In the con
vention deliberations, and If there has
been any Intention of Ignoring the Cal
Iforlan or of trying to rule him off the
track, it has been abandoned. The
Character of the following assembled
by Senator Johnson makes his whole
hearted support of the ticket Impor
tant, and his approval of the nominee.
If it is developed that JohnBon cannot
have It will be .studiously invited.
Palmer's Name Juggled
to Fit Political Needs
Sptcial In Tin Set and Nzw Yoas Hihud.
WASHINGTON, May 7. When
Attorney-General Palmer
entered politics in Pennsylvania
back in the nineties he was known
as Alexander M. Palmer. When ho
became Alien Property Custodian,
he was A. Mitchell Palmer. Now
his campaign- literature is being
signed Mitchell Palmer.
Gov. Sprout of Pennsylvania
recently saluted the Attorney
General as "Alec" and then the
secret was out.
President Wilson was known
as Thomas W. Wilson while a
college student, but upon being
admitted to the bar the first
name was dropped and he be
came Woodrow Wilson.
Tammany Turns Down lies
olution to Approve Presi-'
dent and League.
WET ISSUE IS DODGED
Limn and Seabury Fight
Hopelessly to Put Dele
gation on Hecord.
1 41
PEACE DEMAND SHELVED
Mack Reelected to National
Committee Scrap Basket
Gets Many Planks.
WOOD OP FUND
PUT AT$680,000
Borah and Other Senators
Hear Enormous Sum Was
Spent for General.
ONE CHECK FOR $200,000
Lahor Union Men on Payro
to Got Indorsements and
Votes for Him.
LIGHT SAVING REFERENDUM.
Pew-
Toronto Cttr Council to Istt
pie Decide Is Fntnre.
Toronto. May 7. The City Council
has received so many protests against
daylight saving since It went Into effect
for this year that It decided to-day not
to take the responsibility for daylight
saving In future years, but to let the
people decide whether or not they shall
have It
The question will be submitted at the
municipal election on January 1
CHEAP MOTOR FUEL "FOUND,"
Italian Chemist Says One Gallon
AVlll Last 280 Miles.
Rome. May S. Dr. Pasticci, a noted
chemist, has discovered a method of
cheaply producing liquid hydrogen. It
may be used in driving automobiles, one
gallon being sufficient for 250 miles.
It may also be utilized In railway lo
comotives and In the engines of ocean
steamships, he declares.
CLOSING TIME
ABYKBTISSMX9T8
IjettUAND NEW YORK HERALD
DAILY ISSUES
9
9 P. M. at Mia 0ct, 2N BroiJnj.
8 P.M. at feraer HenU Ofies, HersU
Bs3&3f, HersM Sfnrs.
P. M. st 8 eUur Breach Oficu.
fUeait mte4 n EdHertal PI.1
"SUNDAY ISSUES
P.M. Sttenby at Maa Ofics, 2M
Bfssjnj.
5 P.M. at fwner KtnU OSes, HrnU
BoMag, HsrsM Stsn.
5 P. M. A A ether Branch Ofies.
(locations Bstsd a EMtortal race.)
The Johnson forces Intend In mnl-.
more serious bid for the nomination than
they have made heretofore, and will en
ter the convention with a well outlined
plan of strategy. But conditions will
register agalnsSenator Johnson which
will make It as "difficult for him to ob
tain the nomination as for some of the
other avowed candidates.
It Is in expectation of that situation
that the suggestion of the name of Sen
ator Knox has been made. It Is under
stood that Senator Johnson told Senator
Knox that he would not accept the Vice
Presidency, that the nomination of Sena
tor Knox would be acceptable to him If
ne, Knox, could demonstrate the posses
sion of -sufficient strength west of Ohio,
but expressed doubt of the Pennsyl
vamar. a anility to do so,
SHnatlon Left Unchanged.
Senator Knox's attitude toward Sena
tor Johnson s candidacy was equally
menaiy. but Senator Knox did not un
dertake to represent that he could swing
cistern support for Senator Johnson In
the event that the Knox candidacy was
impossible. This left the situation lust
as it was, with Increased determination
on the part of Senator Johnson to make
what showing he could.
The Knox candidacy Is not regarded
as the final expression of choice on the
part of Senator Penrose (Pa.). It Is ex
pected he will support Senator Knox
earnestly and sincerely, but It Is also
recognized that Senator Penrose Is anx
ious to maintain control of the powerful
Pennsylvania delegation, and Senator
Knox a name offers the opportunity to ac
complish this with comparative ease.
western attitude will have to be sari
ously considered. It Is recognized. In
making the convention decision, and
that attitude does not lean either to
Pennsylvania or to New England as the
location from which to chose the can
didate. New York. It Is acknowledged,
could make Itself felt In the convention
If It chose to exert itself, but up to this
time has.no avowed candidate, although
nominally supporting Dr. Nicholas M.
Butler.
with Major-Gen. Wood unacceptable
to senator Johnson and with the Gen'
erals friends bitterly criticising the
Johnson method of campalO and with
Senator Harding seemingly made
Ineligible br his showing In the Ohio
primary. Gov. Lowden appears to be
ine moat u&eiy compromise among
the avowed candidates lln the event
that senator Johnson shall find It
necessary to abandon his own candidacy
and go to some' one else. It Is a well
recognized fact that the Lowden forces
have been on good terms with the John
son campaign, management from the
start and much good may result to
either candidate from this fact.
Kncouraging this Idea, the Lowden
forces to-night call attention to the fact
that In the States of South Dakota,
Costtnued on Second -Page.
Special lo Tns Sc.v xso Kiw To si: Hciild.
Washington, May 71 According to
Information presented to Senator
Borah (Idaho) Major-Gen. Wood1
campaign for delegates In Ohio cost
something like 9650.000, as compared
with approximately J90,0(to spent by
the supporters of Senator Harding
(Ohio). This expenditure gave Major
Gen. Wood nine of tho State's forty
eight delegates, Senator Harding, as
the "favorite .son," getting the other
thirty-nine.
Evidence is. said to-be in the hands
of Eomovof tho members of the Senate
to show that ono slnglo check passed
in tho Ohio campaign for Wood
amounted to $200,000, ' payable to one
Individual. There Is a record of other
large payments, it Is said.
The money Went, according to the In'
formation, for extensive advertising in
newspapers, for all kinds of pajd work
ers, for large posters on bill boards and
an Item which is particularly Inter
esting to tho Senate Investigators the
employment of labor union members
who went out and obtained expressions
of opinion favorable ,to Wood, which
were used In an effort to influence the
labor vote In. behalf of the soldier can
dldate.
The prospect for a Senate lnvestlca
tion of preconvention campaign funds
brightened considerably to-day. For
come time the Borah resolution ordering
the investigation has been hung up in
the Privileges and Elections Committee
because It was Impossible to bring to
gether a quorum of the committee- to
act on It Now, however, assurances
have been secured that a quorum will
appear early next week and action be
taken.
The supporters of the Borah pro
gramme want the Investigation to be
madesby a suh-commlttce headed by
Senator Kenyon (Iowa). The chair
man, Senator Dillingham (VU). Is not
regarded as favoring Kenyon: but It Is
now stated that two of the Democrats
on the committee. Reed (Mo.) and Pom-
ereno (Ohio), will support the Kenyon
programme and Insure that he shall
head the sub-committee. If this or
rangement carries tho sub-committee
will begin work at once. The financial
managers of Presidential candidates In
both parties will be required to present
full accounts of their receipts and ex
penditures.
PENNSYLVANIA MEN
AND PALMER CONFER
Attorney General Predicts
Victory for Organization.
Philadelphia. May 7. .Attorney-
General A. Mitchell Palmer conferred
here to-day with Joseph F. Guffey. Pitta.
burg, candidate ror delegate at large;
Bruce F. Sterling, Willlamsport, chair
man of the Democratic State Commit'
tee, and other Democratic leaders. He
returned to Washington, while members
of the State committee went to Harrli
burg, where a meeting of the committed
was held to-night.
Mr. Palmer said the Democratic or'
ganlzatlon In Pennsylvania Is assured of
victory at the primary election. "Sixty
nine of the 113 members of the State
committee friendly to us," he declared,
"will be elected, and we will reelect
the State chairman. Judgo Bonnlwell
and his followers cannot win.
'There will be only twenty real fights
over the election ot delegates to tne
San Francisco Convention. Twenty-ilx
candidates have no opposition and
thirty have what mlght.be termed neg
ligible opposition."
The Attorney-General bald hi "May
Day" warning of radical outrages could
not be construed as an .attack upon or
ganized labor.
"It Is absurd and preposterous," he
declared. "But, It Is a curious fuel
Special to Tns Sex anp Kkw Tone llrsiiji,
Albany, May 7. New York Stato's
delegation to the Democratic Na
tional Convention flatly refused to--day
to indorse the League of Nations
and Indicated clearly Its hostility to
WUsonlnn doctrines and domination;
World disarmament Is the cure
proposed by Stnto Democrats as n
substitute for flio league. Restrained
by the cooler heads, organization
leaders who controlled the conference
did not present their resolution de
manding peace but contented llieui
reives with shipping at the President's
International policies.'
"It Is not clear that the League of
Nations would produce dlarmoment,
but it Is clear Unit disarmament
would- establish a League of Nutlons,"'
the platform of the conference dtj
clures. Mayor Lunn and Samuel Seabury,
leading the light of the Federal ('ac
tions and backed by the White House,
made a courageous but utterly hope
less contest against Charles F. Mur
phy, Tammany leader, who bossed
tho conference throughout the day.
Every detail was carried out as th
Tammany leader wished. He crushed
completely tho opposition.
Charged with refusing an Indorse
ment to the President, with dodging
every important issue and running
away from tho liquor question, Mr,
MUfJlly and his assistants made mere
half .way excuses and apollgles as they
rushed through their programme. At
times they were amiost brutal.
Tired of Indorsing President,
"Wo .do not want to keep on Indorsing
the President; wo did that last I-'cbru?
ary," John J. Fitzgerald, Murphy's floor
leader for the conference, explained
when Mr. Seabury and Mayor Lunn do
man ded that the men and women who
will help pick tho Democratic nominee
for President Indorse the President or
make-known the reasons for not giving
the approval,
I agree with the centlcmen of tha
opposition In all" they have to say about
tho President's splendid service, 'up to
the date he started for Europe," w.
Bourke Cockran said. The delegates
laughed. There was not a single rlpplo
ot applause when the President's nnme
was mentioned. Mr. Murphy smiled...
The only positive proposals adopted
by the conference were the resolution
favoring disarmament and a welfare pott
Icy covering the features of the pro
gramme proposed by Gov. Smith.
Apparently the Federal faction, by Us
stubborn fight, did scare Tammany off
on the liquor question. The New York
men came here yesterday full ot (Islit
for a wet plank. Mr. Seabury proposed
to-day that the conference declare for
strict enforcement of the prohibition
amendment and against State license.
Rather than risk another Clash the .or
ganization leaders merely sldetrackeu
tho Seabury proposal into commute
and dropped the whole subject.
Mr. Cockran supplied the oratorical
flourishes as he extolled tho disarma
ment plan. "We will be first In dis
armament if they let us, and first la
armament It they force us," lie sld.
'The League of Nations has no machln
ery for forcing disarmament."
The platform committee spent hour
In conference deciding how far to go In
expressing opposition to the Administra
tion s policies.
The bit question before us Is whetlirt
we support the national Administration,
and If not why?" i:r. Seabury said
The Implication h that everything th
President has done since going to Eu
rope does not meet with approval."
The organization Hid not recognize the
challenge and did not bother to answer.
Both Mayor Lunn and Sir. Seabury
charged that the delegates were being
'gagged and bound," that Tammany
was '-running over tnem" and was
dodging or running away" from tile
liquor and other Issues. The conference
said the good old Democratic majority
rule would decide everything and
slipped the opposition proposals Into tho;
scrap basket.
No Chance to "Talk ITends Off,"
Folowlng all night conferences the
committee on platform, headed by Mr.
Cockran, met this afternoon In the TJ(!
Eyck Hotel. There was a four hour
rangle In the committee. Some of tha
members favored taking every sugges
tion out nn th floor ami letting h del
egates "talk their heads off." But the
organization advice prevailed. The corn
mlttee decided to be conservative.
Results of Its deliberations began to
be seen as soon as the delegates and
alternates assembled In the ballroom ot
the hotel at 3 o'clock. Norman K. Mn'U,
as reelected National Committeeman,
Ithout opposition. He has held tSaf
post of honor for twenty year?. m
i Vnvnr Lunn vnfc on 111' feet tlm ma.
that honest 100 per cent American labor nWit Mr. Co.kran fluUlie.l lenuln-r tV
should be put In the position of defend- solutions trommlttee's report. Sn
lng alien anarchist. Allen .-mrcbll j,e was In sympathy w',t;i t illsr:nn-
the only I am kgmt. mrtr.ient nropo-ul tne Mityor charged fun"
Hen anarchist Is zf much Hg.Ii-st u. eommlure was dodairir tlio Lcuitil
ganixed laboi as hi- Is against the t:u-.,- vvirm Ifeuc.
eminent. When I raj th rll n miai' I - ,a no! think ri .. n I'H1, In
itln up strife. I make iv rcfersncc t . c;ai pressure to brt.lg about I" :ut ,
organized labor" I ment which can be secured Jn another
: Soviet Rum
J
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