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THE SDN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SATURDAY, MAY 8, im
m
El
AND
THE NEW YORK, HERALD.
FOUNDED 183.L1R35,
New tork Saturday, may s. 1020,
TUB HUN-HERALD CORPORATION,
Publishers, 280 Broadway.
tVAhl. A lllfllAV. Prilll(I0Ilt.
Ervln Wardmari. Vlcc-preldont; Wm. T,
Dewarc. Vice-president and Treasurer; i(,
H Tithtrington, Secretary. ,
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As 10 a
'Separate Peace"
7lth
Germany.
In .the editorial columns of our
neighbor tho World wo And this dic
tum, uttered with a solentnlty tntll
. eating considerable confidence In Its
controversial Importance:
"Senator KMox'a resolution repeal
ing the declaration of war provides
definitely for a separate peace with
Germany. Senator Knox's speech In
support of this resolution was an
argument In favor of a- separate
peace with Germany. To uso his .
xalct words, 'Vet wisdom requires
the negotiation of a separate peace
between the United States and Ger
many which should provide recipro
cal righto and obligations between us
and that country alone.'"
Tlio Italics hero aro the World's.
Unfortunately for tho value of the
suggested Men, tho words attributed
to tlio Senator arc not "his exact
ords," as our neighbor affirms.
Senator Knox did not say, as the
' World represents hUr as saying, that
"wisdom requires tho negotiation of a
separate peace with Germany which
should provide reciprocal rights and
obligations between us nnd that coun.
try alone."
Wlint senator kkox did say was
another and very different thing. Ills
whole argument was that we were al
ready at peace with Germany ,Iir,qw
nnd In fact, lie then procecdaii -to
express tho opinion that wisdShTro
quired "the negotiation of n serrate
S Ireaty between the united States, and
. Germany which should provide' reclp-
Tfocal rights and obligations Wtweeft
tls nnd that country alone." ,,'
Ue,dId not say a separate "peace."
He did not even say a separatj'"treaty
of peace." '
The radical difference betwpco the
necessity of a separate "peace" be
tween tho United States and Ger
many and tlio necessity of a separate
"treaty" l,e i the United States
' and Gerniany will t:car, wc think,
: j to ordinary intelligence. It will bo
clear, we aro sure, to tho perception
of the World Itself as soon as Its
attention has been called to the error
of citation if has carelessly commit
ted in purporting to give the Sena-
tot! "exact words." While nobody
, will for an instant suspect our nclgh
-,bor of deliberately and Intentionally
It j misrepresenting Mr. Knox's utter
ances, the somewhat grotesque fact
remains that the entire fabric of Its
criticism is based upon Its own mis
quotation of his "exact words."
Senator Knox is attacked and de
nounced by the World for demanding
n separate "penco" with Germany,
wheri it was not a separate peace, or
even a separate treaty making peace,
that his remarks called for. The
njirf from his point of view, nl
ready exists. Doth actually and legally.
He merely suggested that wisdom re-
uulred tho negotiation .of a separate
"treaty" defining tho reciprocal rights
nnd obligations between the United
I? it States and Germany, under the peace
I '!-. . i . ...tn l r. A At.- Hti.,H
r.nA nh1t?nHmi hotwmn Gnrmnnr nnrl
h a liny other Government than our own;
buch ft treaty, in ract, or amity anu
commerce and peaceful Intercourse as
we are acenstomed to make, and have
been continually making during the
whole period of our national existence
with numerous governments and peo
pies with whom tho United States
has never been at war.
' Wo trust that when our neighbor
has recognized this mistake of its own
haste in the matter of verifying quo
tations we shall not say
willingness to bo . mistaken It will
jnako tho proper amends to the states
man whose language and whoso legal
argument it has thus misrepresented.
German Indemnity Dreams.
- Tho Parliamentary Conference of
members from tho allied nations sit
ting at Paris have no difficulty In de
mising methods by which, theoreti
cally; exchange rates may bo stabl
l'lied. They first proposed Interna
tional currency, then international
Bonds. Now they propose a German
lorid issue to be given lu payment of
indemnities, tho German bonds to bo
retleemahle In gold.
In their three schemes Sir Watson
nrmKttFonn, Baron Dicschampu and
Walter Briur..Ns nil have put tho
cart beforo the horse. There la not
n practical banker In Germany, Eng
land or America who would give n
snap of his fingers for an exchango
stabilizing plan that does not Include
tho United States. In proposing n
German bond Issue' ultlmntoly payable
In gold tho United States is tho crax
of tho wholo thing. These bonds; to
bo turned Into cash for reconstruction
puriKJscs, would haverlo bo marketed
principally In America.
Would tills country buy a German
bond Issuo to fund the stupendous In
demnities called for In tho treaty?
Such an issue would relievo, tho Gov
ernments of Europe from their duty
of cutting down expenditures and im
posing proper taxes. Can't you seo
this country falling all over itself to
take those bonds?
Unwelcomo" as the thought is to
them, European countries will have
to bring themselves to realize that
hugo Indemnities must wait until Ger
many has been rehabilitated by prac
tical private banking methods, with
nothing more in tho shapo of Govern
ment aid than moral support
Settling the Bonus Accounts.
Representative Peix of New York
snMMn Congress the other day that
he expects his opposition to bonus
billions voted stupendously and scat
tered Indiscriminately would forfeit
his political career. Clear sighted as
a patriot on this grave national issue
and stout hearted as a public servant
In the performance of his duty, Mr.
Pell may prove to bo a too modest
estimator of his measure in public
opinion nnd an Indifferent prophet as
to his own fate.
The American people are not In
doubt as to tho purpose of tho politi
cal gentry which would engineer a
colossal raid on the national Treasury
and the national taxpayers. The
American people know that the Gov
ernment Is not able to pay its bills
this very fiscal year by a matter of
more than threo billions of dollars.
The American people know that the
Government's I 0 U's are stuffed Into
tho banks by the ton to hocus-pocus
this staggering deficiency of revenues.
Tho American people know that this
Is what overstrains tho credit situa
tion to the danger point, keeps the
printing presses printing money inces
santly and jacks up living costs
Inordinately.
The American people demnnd that
tho Government shall cut down its
expenditures by many hundreds of
millions of dollars u year ; they know
that If it doesn't do so the Treasury
I O -U's must go on piling Into the
banks and national inflation must go
on slicing the value of our dollar.
The American peoplo demand that
the Government's floating debt shall
bo extinguished; they know that If
old taxes nnd new taxes are not ap
plied to wiping out this I O U float
ing debt, Industry nnd business will
become hamstrung, payrolls will be
cut nnd American bread nnd butter
will be sacrificed.
The American peoplo demand Unit
those whom the war has left perma
nently maimed and helpless shall be
cared for Unfailingly nnd generously
through all the years of their need nnd
suffering. They know that If billions
dro now poured Into political bribery,
emptying the Treasury, undermining
the national credit and increasing the
national floating debt even while the
national taxes soar higher and higher,
there never can be for those who are
the nation's true wards the adequate
and tender care which we nil shall
owe them to the last hour of their
blasted lives.
The American people's confidence Is
going to be strengthened in their
leglslatlVo representatives who resist
to the end tho political profligates
who would storm tho Treasury to pay
for tho votes they want to buy with
bonus billions. The American peo
ple aro going to fix the day of reckon
ing for their faithless representatives
who, when tho Government's excess
of expenditures over Income can be
counted only in billions, are willing
to mako it billions more; who, when
tho Government's slathers of I O U's
are keeping three billions of bank
resources away from Industry, bus!-
ness and production, are willing to
keep away four billions or five billions
or six billions; who, when this Infln
tlon caused by tho Government's
I O U's has driven up prices CO, 75
and 100 per cent for American con
sumers to pay, are willing to drive
them up still further.
There will Indeed bo a settling of
nccounts nt the polls If bonus billions
aro scattered right and left regard
less of what man deserves them and
what man gets them, but when the
day of settlement comes nobody need
question that many a bonus politi
cian will get from the American
voters a free rldo out of public life
on a ran.
Dr. Maxell Managed Man's Largest
, Educational Machine.
When William H. Maxwell died
on Monday as Superintendent Emeri
tus of the New York city public
schools the educational Institution ho
had done much to build up had long
been recognized as the greatest of Its
kind in the world.
On Its rolls the names of 837,000
pupils in elementary and high schools
nnrtntered. Instruction is carried oa
in 530 buildings, many of them of
immense size, some distinguished for
their modernity, architectural beauty
and engineering completeness. Tho
teachers number over 21,000. The in
cidental activities of the system, the
7
ndmlnlstrntlvo and supervisory work,
require hundreds of employees. The
budget appropriation for tho support
of tho schools this year Is $40,403,682.
These statistics" glvo some notion o'
the extent of tho department wit,
which Dr. Maxwell's, rpputntlon Is
associated.
Tho labor of administering the de
tails of tbo system Is stupendous.
Each day tho growth of. tlio city in
population, tlio shifting of residents
within Its boundaries, Involving tlio
transfer of pupils, entails n task be
yond tho comprehension of those who
aro not acquainted with Its details.
It Is a matter of constant complaint
that there Is not .room In the schools
to provide a seat for cvcf$' child ; It
Is usually overlooked that In 'sonic
districts there havo been times when
there was not a child for every scat
Tho . managers of the public schools
havo to solve not only the nsual prob
lems posed for educators but many
which are not encountered In small
communities and which exist nowhero
else In the magnltudo which they as
sumo here.
Tho diversity of races which makes
up Now fork is not unique in this
country. Other American cities are
the homes of peoples from nil parts
of tho earth. But hero the numbers
are almost overwhelming. The task
of bringing the children and adults
who can bo reached under the
greatest of Americanizing Influences
assumes Its most trying complications,
The man who directs this mighty In
stitutlon Is In many respects the most
Important educator In the country
The public schools supply tbo flame
whlih fuses tho raw material In the
melting pot.
But the very extent of the system
makes It a favorite object for the
ambition of every reformer of educa
tlonal methods. Ho may aspire to
Introduce a novelty affecting tho whole
system. Ho may plead that the sys
tern Is so large a small section of It
might safely be. set nslde for him to
experiment with. The innovation lie
urges may havo worked satisfactorily
in n community whero conditions are
different It may never have worked
nt all. But he, wants New York to
try it, and there aro few schemes, so
absurd as not to enlist supporters;
Against these innovators tho school
authorities must stand firm without
blocking the wheels of progress or
clinging dogmatically to tho processes
of the past. Their Job Is hard, their
purpose little understood, their find
Ings frequently misinterpreted. There
Is not a college so small Its president
has not his bitter critics ; this being the
case, It would be out of reason to ex
pect the Superintendent of New York's
schools to please everybody. And this
Ignores too the bane of politics; the
ward leader anxious for spoils, the
appeals for relaxation of discipline
for somebody's brother or sister, the
hands held out for fat contracts.
Tills wns the machine of which Mr,
Maxwell was the chief engineer for
many years. It has been subjected to
many savage nssaults. Its Inefilclen
cles are well advertised. Every mis
understanding and every scandal
which arises In it is fully ventilated.
Its product Is harshly criticised. But
the fact remains that tho public schools
do a vast amount of good work; better
work than most of us realize.
A few years ago, In the midst of
one of the periodical attacks on the
New Yyork school graduates which
had been accompanied by vigorous
proclamation of tlio superiority of the
public schools of our dnAlles, Mr.
Maxwell unearthed a set of exami
nation papers prepared half a century
beforo for pupils of a New England
school of excellent standing, together
with the answers made by the pupils.
Tho same questions were put as a test
to pupils of the same ages In the
New York public schools, nnd their
average marks were higher than those
obtained by the original examinees.
Mr. Maxwell was Justified In regard
ing this as a sufficient answer to many
of the Adverse criticisms made against
tbo schools hero nnd of his day
It has been said that Mr. Maxwell
was not a genius. We are not stir6
that this wns n deplorable clrcum
stance. He did a great amount of
hard nnd fruitful work in n field of
singular dllllcultv. nnd while tlio
rschools were not perfect when he was
forced to give up his labors, we are
not prepared to say tney uiu not as
closely approach a satisfactory state
as was reasonably to be expected.
Shortening the Paper Shortage.
Representative Steenebson's blU to
prevent profiteering In newsprint pa
per (with n tax of five cents a pound
on sales not executed on a scale of
uniform price") may not be as far as
a million miles off the right track, but
It Is no solution of tho problem. It
is not going to give a bit of help
toward the only solution; it can do n
lot of harm. l or thin problem Is
shortage of supply. Whatever Mr.
Steenebson's blli aims to do, the ac
tual thing It will tend to do Is fur
ther to shorten supply.
There may be n few of tho great
companies which, with tho bulk of
their supply under contract at four
and one-half cents to live cents nnd
five nnd one-half cents a pound, have
smuggled somo of their product to
market for salo at the Inordinate
prices of 10i cents and 12 cents which
were sometimes quoted. There have
been also some minor newsprint mills
which refused to go on delivering nt n
legitimate price when they, found they
could cfeaii up nt extortionate prjees.
By Mr. Steenebson's bill this Unsav
ory gentry may be shorn of some of
Its loot. But, at that, such, deserved
retribution would not add & teaypf
paper to tho'taupuly, for such mills
nlready aro putting out every pound
of product they can.
. On tha other hand, dozens of mills
now making newsprint lit it small way
only because of tho high prices would
go otit of tho hinrkct overnight
quotations became normal or anything
like normal. Mr. CnEflTEB W. Lyman,
vice-president of tho International
Paper Company, has shown how thoso
mills, which' nro not naturally news
print mills nnd which can operate on
newsprint only under tho most serl
ous difficulties, have been drawn torn
pornrlly Into the manufacture of news
print by the opportunity to sell their
product for flvo cents, six cents nnl
oven eight cents n pound nbovo the
contract prices of tho big newsprint
'companies. But this do$s not mean
they nil make five, six nnd even eight
cents mora than the regular mills.
They may not ranko any mora Selling
nt 10 cents or 12 cents, they may
make even lesu than tho regular news
print mills selling nt four and one
half or tlvo cents.
Drawn temporarily into the bus!
ness, however, by tho very high prices
bid for what tliey can turn out, they
do add to the general supply between
150,000 nnd .200,000 tons n year. The
minute their price, whether from Con
greas action or any other cause, goes
down to the point where they can do
better nt their old and customary husl
ness, back thoy will go to producing
paper bags or wall paper, or whnt
not; then their 150,000 or 200,000 tons
of newsprint will disappear from tho
market, making tho shortage of sup
ply all the more desperate.
Nothing that .Representative Steen
euson can do, nothing that the Gov
ernment can do, nothing that anybody
can da will bo of any early relief in
this crucial newsprint situation un
less, following the natural laws, it
achieves at one and the same time
both a heavy reduction of consump
tlon and whatever Increase of supply
may be possible. Anything; else will
be for the newsprint Industry an eco
nomlc Joke but for1 many newspapers
an Industrial tragedy.
A Woman's Etchango to Close
One of tho philanthropic uptown
exchanges devoted to the sale of
women's work will soon bring Its ex
Istenco to an end on tho ground that
the consignments have become so few-
It Is not necessary to hold out Its
helping hand. Women who used lo
contribute to their own support
through Its offices are so well to do
now they no longer need Its nssls
tahce.
It dealt In tho main, as most of the
so-called women's( exchanges all over
tho country still do, with the products
of the household nrts. Homo cooking
and iwnie sewing were perhnits Its
chief commodities. Strict economists
havo long ceased to criticise tills
manner of aiding the home Industry,
as tlKrvoIume of this output never
reached an amount that made It im
portant. But at the outset of Its
existence thoro wero many who
thought the scheme of helping women
not nominally workerso eke out
living In this way was In opposition
to tho scientific laws of production.
Since there arc other exchange of
tho same character In New York
which have not planned to close their
doors it must be assumed that the
prosperity Is so far crfntlned to one
section of the town. Or are there
other conditions responsible for the
decrease nt this exchange In tho num
ber of consignors?
Has tho growing disinclination to
pursue the domestic arts led the
women who formerly sent their prod
ucts to these exchanges to seek other
work? Do they find that tho same
amount of time may bo more prof
itnbfy devoted to other occupations?
Does clerical or mercantile or any
commercial occupation offer better
pay for the time snatched from the
duties of housekeeping?
It used to be the opinion that most
of the women who benefited by this
form of philanthropy did their work
In connection with home duties. In
spite of the flourishing state of slruf-
ar establishments In other cities there
has becnt for one reason or another.
less demand for their dfflces here
during recent years. Yet certainly
there can have been no decline In the
demand for the homo made nnd the
national confidence in Its superiority
must be tho same as ever.
Opposition to Mr. Murpht within
tho State Democracy seems to be bene
ficial to the, opposers, particularly if
thoy swlnB their arms vigorously when
making speeches. It is almost as good
as golf and keeps one out of tho sharp
spring air.
Bride eotn to Jail with husband.
.Veicspoper Tieodlfnc.
Let us hope it will not havo an ill
effect on his nrtlstio temperament
f
The Horses.
The horses, the horses, the horses are here
nostnante, Bucephalus, hark!
The stalled tor the track neigh the half
bred, the hackney.
The cob with his bob for the park.
The horses, Ute horses, tho horses art here-
All colors, all styles and all kinds;
The two spot, .the acer, the sprinter, ths
'chaser, ,
Tet all with conventional mlqds.
The horses, the horses, the horses are here
They're prancing from morning to night:
From this State and that one, the thin guy,
the fat one,
Each willing for lightning to strike.
The horses, the horses, the hortts are here-
Each and all of them favorlta sons;
The ptuggers and peevish, the foundered and
heavlsh.
The set to be called "also runs."
The horses, the horses, Uie horses are here-
Borne smooth and somo rougher than bark;
The favorites blooming for late June are
grooming,
With eyes,poelcd far one colored dark!
Manias Moms.
t
FARMS DESERTED,
In Vermont Also Scarcity of Labor
Makes Crops Uncertain.
To Tint Sun ani Nbw Yobk IfunAtb:
I note the letter "Farmers Are Quit
ting" and also other letters treating of
the same topic Allow mo to say similar
conditions provall In New England.
Men who can perform only unskilled
work ask $3 and 4 for a short day
even moro In haying and hnrvestlnff pe
riods ana refuso to do tlio choros night
and morning qr to help get under cover
n load of hay after 6 P. Jr., even if
rain threatens.
Last year acres of grass In Vermont
and quantities of potatoes In Maine wcro
ruined for lack of laborers, and to-day
potatoes aro soaring. In tho working
hours these men dp as llttlo as possi
ble. When not working thoy smoke and
gossip.
Last Bummer Now England was cry
Ins for men to worK In field and orchard
while at that very time many a soldier'
boy was walking city streets searching
for a job exactly to his mind, Mien ho.
could havo had healthful work, with
good food and wages, In the country,
perhaps finding also an nsreoablo place
to locato for llfo
When tho war was on New England
women wero glad to plant dig, pick up
and store potatoes and" do many other
hard stunts, and Western w6men to.han-
dle the heavy ranch Jobs. They aro
less keen now to do these things. Yet
they aro obliged to do them because of
tho preposterous attitude of labor.
I rllere theTAmerlcnn Legion, acting
promptly, could go over tho top onco
again and stop the exodus from the
farms, a movement surely gaining head
way, nnd with neighborhood tractors
and other cooperative plana could put
a new faco on the labor problem of th
farms, whoso operation Is vital to tho
nation. Vermosi Woman,
Brandon, Vt Jlay 6.
A TAILOR SPEAKS.
Be looks in Vain Tor Men's Salting!
'at $1 a Yard.
to The Sun and Nbw York IIsbald
In your paper of May 5 there appears
an article in which William Wood, pres
Ident of the American Woolen Company,
says that "at about 4 a yard the New
York tailors get enough cloth for ap
proximately $15 to $16 to make a suit
for which they ask 1165."
If any tailor sells M goods for ?165
a suit ho ought to be arrested, but tho
fact ts nj tailor can buy goods at H a
yard from any dealer In woollens.
We have not seen any decent cloth at
S4 a yard for throe years, and why Mr.
Wood made the statement as alleged Is
incomprehensible.
We have It on the authority of one.
of tho most.promlnent woollen houses In
this country that they are obliged to
pay the American Woolen Company J7
a i-ard for worsted sultrags which are
sold to the tailors for 9.t0.
The most charitable constructloa that
can be placed on Mr. Wood's statement
Is that he has been dreaming.
Hughes & Muttes.
Philadelphia, Pa., May 7,
A New Yorker Calls for Investlga
tlon.
To The Sun and New York Herald
Referring to a statement reported to
havo been made by William M. Wood
of the American Woolen Company,
wherein ho says that the New York tal
lors buy woollens at about 14 a yard
to mako a suit for which they ask $165,
I would like to say that a tailor cannot
buy goods at that price or anything
lfko It
Mr. Wood was probably quoting the
price the Jobber or middleman pays his
company or other makers of woollens a
yard. I
When the tailor buys his woollens
from the jobber or middleman, and he
cannot buy from the mills, he pays in
theso times from 7.50 to $12 a yard for
hla woollens, and furthermore he Is not
charging $166 for business suits or any
thing near It.
In the good medium class houses and
even in a great many Fifth avenue firms
or uptown shops the prices range from
$90 to $125 for business suits.
How Mr. Wood can try to place the
stiEtna of profiteering upon a class Of
merchants who have suffered so much
from the increased cost of materials and
labor, not to say anything Of the enor
mously high rentals, I cannot under.
stand.
I respectfully Invite Investigation from
the press or any other association to help
refuto this false and misleading state
ment H- J. iioonEs.
New York, May 7-
NO PRECEDENT.
Recent American History for Secre
tary Colby to Consider.
To The Sun and New York Herald:
The following appeared In tho news the
other day
Mr. Colby's argument to the Senators,
besides asking them to uphold the Presi
dent, was that peaco making by resolu
tion was without precedent In American
history.
It should be borne In mind that within
the last two years there have been a
number of happenings wlthout .precedont
In American history.
There was no- precedent for a Presi
dent after practically a want of conlV
dence voto among the people, to sail
awav to a foreign land to negotiate a
treaty. ,
There was no precedent for him to rcp
resent lo foreign diplomats that his peo
ple had sent him abroad to help form
a league of nations.
And finally there- was no precedent for
him to return home and pour out the
vials of hi" wrath on tho Senators who
believed that they wero a part of tho
treaty making power. P. P.
New York. May 7.
Boswell the Landlord.
To Tub Sun and New York Herald!
Some of our landlords might in the esti
mation of some of their tenants do well
read the excerpt from James Bos-
well's will which Is quoted In A. Edward
Newton's "The Amenities of Book Col
lecting":
"I do beseech succeeding heirs of en-
tall .to be kind to the tenants and not
to turn out old possessors to get a little
moro rent" It S. Wormser.
New York, May 7.
A Missouri Shrine,
from lite Columbia UUtourtan.
II. A. Vlolette, Florida. Mo., owner of
Mark Twain's birthplace, reports that
060 visitors registered there In 1019 and
scores spenu tneir vacations in ine old
clubhouse. The Jlljsoiirian adds that Mr.
lolette maintains this butldlntt'at his own
expense and It Is free to the public.
A Texas Literary Note.
From tht Dallu Seat.
Our observation ts that the heroes In
modern novels aro less olctureso.ua hut
more leanaeloas'thtn Isi forresr years.
YELLOWSTONE PARK,
A Protest Affahwt Uitaff It for a Com
K merelal Enterprua.
To Tun Sum and New York herald
Thora Is now before Congress a bill that
alarms all conservationists becauso It
threatens the Integrity of tho Yellow
stone, our most Important national park
and If it Should pass woul establish
precedent for commercial demands on
other national parks all over the coun
try. Thus In tho courso "of a few years
we might se- all theso plcasuro grounds
of tho people given over to projects for
Irrigation, lumbering, tho grazing of
llvd stock and other projectffwhlch, while
supposedly beneficial to adjacent com
munltles, wuld be fatal to the recrea
tlonal purposos of tho national parks.
In 1873 the Yellowstone Park was
"dedicated and set apart as a public
pleasure ground for the benefit and en
joyment of the peoplp." Other parks
have since been set aulde until wo hav
now nineteen. Some Of theso are fa
mous tho world qver and are unique In
tho beauty they offer oa well as In tho
opportunity temporarily to escape from
the moro or less cramping and confining
surroundings of modern life.
A bill granting to an association or
corporation the right to construct res
ervolrs and dig Irrigation canals In tho
Falls River country In tho sOuOiwoh
oorne.' of tho Yellowstono Park has re.
cently passed the United States Senate,
A similar bill, H. It 12466, Introduced
In tho House by Representative Smith
of Idaho, was favorably reported by the
Publlo Landa Committee and Is now on
the unanimous consent calendar of the
House. There ts dange that (t may
yui. The Senate bill went through
without a suggestion of objection on the
part of any one", and the officials of tho
Interior Department, in whoss chafgo
the national parks aro and who, one
would suppose, would have given the
alarm, said no word about tho bill.
In tho House the Introducer of the
bill and again tho officials of tho Inte
lor Department wero equally modest
and it was not until Just before the'
bill came up In the House on the unan
imous consent calendar that two or three
associations, notably the American Civic
Association and tho American Society
of Landscape Architects, heard of the
matter nnd Induced Mr. TInkham of
Massachusetts to object Since then as
soclatlons, clubs and individuals inter
csted In the national parks have been
actively at work to stop action on tho
bill, whoso purpose Is to transform the
Yellowstone Park from a recreation
ground for the people to a means for
making money for commercial Interests
in Idaho.
The Idaho bill seems to havo been
thrust out as a finger on- the publlo
pulse to test publlo opinion on this mat
ter. It Is recognized everywhere In the
States about tho Yellowstone Park that
If CongresB grants the right to use the
Palls River district for this purpose
demand will at once be made to use the
Yellowstone Lake for a like purpose in
Montana. Surveys have been maueanu
plans drawn for damming the Yellow
stone River at th 6ut!et of the lake
and raising the fake anywhere from ten
to twenty-nine feet This will flood
considerable area, will destroy a number
of geysers and hot springs which have
long been attractions In the park, tv'll
kill some timber and generally will be
destructive. It will tend to use tho
Yellowstone Park as a sort of factory
where are to be manufactured various
things which may be sold for money.
In some Montana towns, It is reported,
night schools of oratory have been
started to Instruct spellbinders, who are
to be sent over the State to present In
each town and county arguments aavo
eating a great State bond Issue to pay
tho cost Of damming and ditching about
Yellowstono Lake.
Whether or not tha hundred million
people in this land who for nearly fifty
years havo had rights of enjoyment In
the Yellowstono Park will consent to
such a diversion of Interest Is for those
people to determine. However they may
decide, It is clear that they ought to be
told that such projects hrc on foot and
ought to be -so far informed of their
character as to be able themselves to
say whether they are willing to have this
take place or not If they do not wish
It wo may bo sure That it will not hap.
pen: If, on tlio owcr nanu, iney care
so little about It as not to be willing
to protest then they aro not entitled to
grumble if this park and other parks are
taken from them.
The danger now is that the publlo Is
ignorant on these matters and while
few associations are doing what they
can to Inform their members and otlwra
tho great mass of the people have heard
nothing about them. No project such as
this should be secretly put through, and
no such project as this ought to be put
through without a thorough Investlga"
tlon aa to existing conditions and the
probabilities for the future.
These parks have been set aside for
tholr recreational 'value, In the belief
that their existence and the opportunity
to use them for recreation enables men
and women to do better work and mora
of it than It tho parks did not exist.
They have to the country at large an
Immeasurable value not only in the
pleasure that they give but In the man
ner In which they Increase the produc
ing capacity of the country. It would
be, I believe, a misfortune to tho coun
try, economically and from the recrea
tion viewpoint If they should be lost
as will quite certainly happen If IL R.
12466 should pss.
George bird urinnell.
New Tons, May 7.
NEW YORK'S CLIMATE.
Its Virtues Attract the Wise From AH
Farts of tho Earth.
To The Sun and New York Herald;
have read many tetters In regard to
tho climate of California, and I notice
that no one comes out with a boost for
the climate of our own New York.
Why is it that so many out of town
people como to ;;cw.York to spend their
summers?
Becauso It Is tho coolest place In tho
United States during July and August
Let those who favor California talk,
but take It from mo New York is first
once more, and sooner or Jater New
Yorkers will realize Just that point In
making plana for summer vacations.
New York, May 7. W. P. J.
Problem of the Butter.
TO THB SUN AND NEW YORK HxrALD:
Tho "Riddle of the Churn" letter is en-
Urely Incorrect as to the product of
5 7.7 butter fat milk. The writer
should have one pound of commercial
butter from nbout fourteen pounds of
milk. He was using about 12'j Tiounds,
G. M. Lesiier.
East Oranob, N. 3 May 7.
The Arrival.
The Baby Aa a protest against th
high cost of clothing I didn't bring any
thing at all.
PUBLISHERS ALLEGE
NEWSPRINT CORNER
Cortliind Smith, Tolty Seiinto
Committco Manufacturers
Havo Conspired.
RURAL PRESS IMPERILLED
Michigan Editor Says Half o
Small Dailies Ho Controls
Will Suspend by October.
Bsedal fo.TnE Run Axn SfwYoRic IImald,
Wasiiinoton, May 7. Cortfan(T8mllh
of New York, president ot tho American
Prosi Association, told tho Senato com
mltteo which Is Investigating the short
ago ot news print that tho print paper
supply had been cornered, and that the
manufacturers had conspired to regulate
production and forco tho already high
prices to continue mounting Ho. said
tho shortage in paper is bringing many
of the smaller newspapers' of the coun.
try to tho verge of dlsastor because they
cannot afford to pay tho high prices
asked far paper In the open mnrkety
'The country press is fighting villi Its
back to tho Tvall," ho testified, "and
unless relief Is given soon it (a a vlr
tual certainty that many, papers will
have to discontinue. Less than half of
tho country press will be able to sur
vivo unless there Is some chango In the
situation. I believe It Is tho duty of
Congress to take drastic action of some
sort."
Mr. Smith suggested that either tho
Department of Justice or the Federal
Trade Commission mako an immedlata
Investigation of conditions In the print
paper markot, but said also that with
increasing consumption a substltuto for
wood pulp as the basis of paptr must
be found.
Urges Careful experimentation
"I bellevo that Congress should ap
propriate at least 1250,000 for such ex
periments, with proper safeguards to pro-
vent any manufacturer from obtaining
an advantage from the results," he said.
"Steps, should bo taken to seo that the
money Is placed In the hands of men who
cannot bo Influenced by the paper manu
facturers.'
All newspapers are dependent upon
the paper manufacturing Interests, Mr.
Smith told the committee, and he
charged that the paper men "want to
squeeze every cent out of them that is
possible." Ho recommended abolition of
tho tone system of mall rates and also
reduction in postal rates on print
paper, so that small quantities of news
print could be sent direct from the mills
to smoH publishers by parcel post. Un
der such an arrangement, he said, the
small papers could establish paper mjlls
nnd ship to all parts' of the United
States. This Is Impossible now because
shipment by express is too costly.
Michigan Paper Tottering.
F. R. Moses, publisher of the Marshall
(Mich.) Chratdcle and representing
twenty-one small dallies In that State,
told the committee that half of theso
publications would be forced to sus
pend on October 1, and all of them by
January 1, unless the situation were
relieved. The publishers cannot buy
newsprint for less than 141 cents a
pound, and such a price, ho said, is
confiscatory.
The hearings, which already have ex
tended over a long period, wero Inter-
upted during the day so that the com'
mlttee might confer with Assistant At'
tornoy-Gencral Ames, who 'Was asked
to suggest sonic way out of the trouble,
Ho was especially asked what the Gov
ernment might do toward reducing
prices and what additional legislation
was required.
The Federal Trade Commission s find
ings in its Investigation of tho news
print paper situation were sent to the
Department of Justice to-day. Chair'
man Murdock would not discuss (he re
port further than to say that he believed
It embraced) the details of a thorough ex
animation by the commission's represen.
tatives. Officials of the Department ol
Justice said the report was being studied
with a view to taking such action as it
warrants.
CANADA PUBLISHERS
BEG FOR NEWSPRINT
Ask Ottawa to Assure Them
One-sixth of Output.
Special to Th Spm ixn New Yobk Hhuld.
Ottawa, Ontario, May 7. Reprerenta-
tlve Canadian newspaper publishers are
hero urging the Government to take
measures for assuring them a supply of
newsprint. Since tho Supreme Court de
cided against tho control of both price
and supply under the Board of Com
merce, the Canadian newspapers aro de
pendent upon tho mills In tho ordinary
way. All have been able to keep going
so far, but come papers In Saskatchewan
and Manitoba may have to suspend pub'
llcatton next week.
Tho publishers proposo that a supply
bo guaranteed at the minimum export
price. At present that, is affout 90 a
ton, but -after July 1 It will likely be
$120 or more, and higher after tho next
three months. The output of newsprint
by Canadian mills will be 1,000,000 tons
this year, of which about 11 per cent
Is requested by Canadian publishers. Tho
Ministers are friendly to the plan and
aro cooperat ng with the publishers' reD-
rescntatWes.
Argument was completed to-day be
fore the Supremo Court of Canada on
the constitutionality of the fair prices
and combines act ancVJurisdictlon of tho
board to Intefere with 'trade. Until the
decision ts handed down tHo Govern
ment will be slow to act.
HEAEST GETS PAPER PLANT.
Deal nt AVnterlovrn Includes
20,OOOAcres of Timber Also.
Watertown, N. Y., May 7. An
nouncement was made hero to-day that
deal has been closed whereby William
n. Hearst of the New York American be
comes owner of tho plant ot the Dexter
Sulphite, Pulp and Paper Company, near
this city.
Tho deal Is said to Involve several
million dollars. A timber tract of SO-.OOO'
acres was also Included In the purchase.
NEWSPAPER INCREASES PRICE.
Elizabeth, X. J,
ThreeT Cents.
KtizABtrrit, N. J., May 7. The Eliza
beth Journal announces that beginning
next Monday Its prlco will be three
cents n copy. Advertising ratfa will be
Increased at the same time.
The pres-,
in-n cents i
ent price of tho Journal Is two cents,
In announcing tho Increase the Journal
says:
"Tho conditions surrountllngthc rub-
llcatlon of newspapers all over tho coun-
try aro becoming desnerate. nml the
1 Journal Is in no. exceptional clses.'' i
-v -
A.vr
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
Tllf! 8VN .woe jQtoulcd bv lien Da i
In 1S3.1; Tllf A'WIP YUIlK II KllM.lt
wns oKiKerf bu Jitmti (lorilon mnrd
In 1 835. TltN HVN vtl into the con
trol of Charlra'A. Vdim tit IW.. .,
bcconirf thv property of Frahk A. ,1iinn
tu 1916. Tim b'KW YOHK IIV.UM.D
remained (Ac tola property of Its owiri,
mifll Als death lit 1S72, WAiu Ato"oii,cilo
nines Gordon Dennett, tneoceded to the
monerihlp of the paper, tfilnA continual
In hit hand until hit death In mis.
Tim lIliliAI.ll became tho properly ol
Frank A, Mwiaey In mo,
nvmsrM anii KMTormr. omn;.s,
MAIN UUSINRH3 AND 12DITOUI.M
tOFFICES, . JJ0 imOADWAY. TKM;.
PHONR, WOltTH 10,000.
MUNCH OKKICES for receipt of adr
tutmontii nnrt sals of papers i
I'lUNClI'AL UI'TOWN OKXICK Ui
Jill din. Ilcmlil K.iiiutA T.t ii. ..I..;
oooo. """"
vMARbBM OFFICBJ-JOS WEST J25TII
ST., ,CAK 8KVKNTM AVK. Tel. 704
MornlnitslJe. Open until 10 1. M.
WABIllN'MTriv imrmtTsi rtvvirr ui
WEST J8IST RT. Tel. 0008 Wadswortli.
Open until 10 p, f.
uuwTOW.N OFFICE 200 nnoAD.
WAY. Onn H x. if. in in t m . c...
days, 2 P, M: to 10 P 11. , "
mtOOttr.W nrafp Bifltu nm'm
JNO, 30a WASHINUTO.V BT Tel. 1100
.ain. si COUNT ST. TcU Main.
Open until JO V. If.
DHONX OFFICE 618 WII.U8 AVE,
AT "8TIf ST. Tsl. 0000 Jlelrow. Opn
until 10 P. ilj v
Principal Foreign nnd American lWeaus.
WA8HINaTO.V The Miinsey Dulldln.
IC'IlCAno 208 South I.a Salle St.
LONDON 10. Flest St.
PARIS ' 16 AVonilM Am rnn,t la T1,
du Louvre. ' '
.There are about 0!i0 advertisement re.
?l,',,nT..,0"onr located throughout New
York CI(V anil vIMnltv ivt.. H..n.if.M
advertisement will bo received at offlco
rates ana forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern New York Falrt to-d.iv
and to-morrowj gentle to moderats
south and southwest winds.
FojvNew Jertey-rartljr cloudy to-day and
to-morrow i little chant in temperature;
moderate south an4 southwest winds.
For Northern New England Partly cloudy
to-day. probably shnwura In central and
eastern Maine! to-morrow fair"; warhief In
Maine; gentle to moderate south and south
west winds,
For Southern New Knfflnnd PVip tn-fiv
and to-morrow; gentle to moderate south-and
southwest winds. ,
i-or western New York-Genertlly fair to-
day and to-morrow; little change In tern-prrature.-
WASHINRTON. Mnv 7 Prratum hum
fallen considerably In the extrcmo West,
and to a lesser extent east of the Missis
sippi River. It Is hlchest over thi we
portions of the Dakota and Nebraska.
There were showers In the Southern States,
except the Carolina. In trra lower Ohio, tha
middle Mississippi and the lower Missouri
valley, tho Plains States, the central Ilocky
Mountain region, tho Southwest mates, as
ir us ncii Mexico, uisewnere the weather
was generally fair.
Temperatures remnln hlch Aef t tha
Rocky Mountains, and moderately low in
ine south, while in tho northwest they have
.jwir ivnsiucrauj.
Unsettled showarv tviitfhi-
to-morrow and Sunday In the Southern
? ?' w ' 9 ln ,he northward the weather
,. "c 'ncy "'r. Temperature change
will not be Important.
Observaflnnn mt Tfnli a... tt--...
Bureau stations, taken t ft . v.t.,H.-
seventy-fjfth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
., !t2ll!r9. Daro-lnst24
Stations. . Illeh. fjln.. mot, tt(t...
Abilene ...f,. 78 (M 30.02 1.74 c.lmkV
Albany 08
- ao.wi .. clear
B2 30.J4 .. Cloudy
SB 30.0S ., Cloudy
42 30.30 .. 11.CVd
52 30.12 ..( Cloudy
.12 30.mi .. Char
01 30.0S .. Clear
50 30.14 .. fJloudy
r.2 30.W .. Clear
40 30.10 .. l't.Cl'dy
42 30.28 .33 Rain
.'.2 30.10 .. Cloudy
74 211.00 i't.Cl'dy
40 30.0d .. rt.Cl'd
70 30.02 .31 Cloudy
54 30.14 .. Clear
51 2.!)8 .. Clear
M 30.14 .. Cloudy
74 29.80 .24 Rain
01 30.08 .02 Cloudy
IB 30.12 . Cloudy
CO 30.01 .. Cloudy
48 30.14 .. Clear
t 29.82 .. PLCl'dy
SO 29.90 .. Clear
70 29. M .. Cloudy
54 29.98 .. Clear
48 80.00 .. Pt.CI'dy
T0 30.03 .OS Char
- 30.11 .. Clear
50 30.04 .01 ClOudy
Atlantic city. 32
usiumore ... at
Ulsmsrck .... 7rt
Boston cd
Uuffalo
Charleston1
Chicago ...
Cincinnati .
Cleveland ..
70
02
en
C2
40
m
so
04
uenver
IX-trolt ....
Galveston ..
Helena ....
Jacksonville
72
Kansas C tv.. RR
Los Anceles.. 08
Milwaukee .. 04
New Orlearj. R8
Oklahoma ... 74
I'rTllndclphla.. rt
Pittsburg .... 0(1
ortland. Me. M
Portland. Ore. RS
Salt Lake City 70
San Antonio., no
San Diego. ...62
San Francisco 54
St. LouU Ki
St. Paul 74
Washington.. 62
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
a a. m. t u
Barometer , 30.22 "80.18
Humidity 71 '4
Wind direction 8.W. S.
Wind velocity 10 II
Weather ."."....Cloudy Cloudy
recipiiauon. . None None
The temperature In this city vesterdavv n
recorded by the official thermometer.- Is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M. . Mi 1 P. M....VI B P. M...r.7
OJV. M...51 2 P. M...W 7 P. M...."
(f K. M...M 3 P. M...63 8 P. M...54
A. M,..fi7 I P, M...82 9 V. M...51
2M 58 5 P.M.. .58 '10 P. M...32
1920. 1919. 1920. 1A19.
9 A.M.. ..St 4S 6 P.M.. ..57
58
12 M. ...... 58 51 9 P. H....54
59
CO
3 P. 31.... 03 54 12 Mid. ...32
Highest temperature, C3, at 3 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 48, at 7 A. M.
Average temperature. M.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Annual police parade, beginning at 11:39
Tat Swedish Chamber nt ComimiM.
luncheon. Hotel Astor, 1 P. M.
Ambassador Jules J. Juaserand. nrlncloal
speaker at the American Field Service din
ner. Hotel Pennsylvania,- 7:30 P. M.
Socialist party, national convention, own
ing day, Finnish Hall, Fifth avenuo and
I27tb street.
Traffic Sauad Benevolent Association, an
nual dinner, Waldorf-Astoria, 7 P. M.
Gov. 8mlth. James W. Gerard and Senator
James A. Walker, among the speakers at a
testtmonat dinner to Dr. John, William
Perllll, Hotel Commodore! 7 P. M.
The Navy Club Tost of tho American
Legion will give a dance for the entertain
ment of the sailors of the North Atlantis
Fleet. Ninth Coast Defence Armory. 125
Wt Fourteenth street, this evening.
The Bohemians, dinner and smoker to
SIgniund Herzog at the Harvard Club, 27
West Forty-fourth street, this evening.
'font Motives In Primitive and Egrptlaa
Decorative Art," lecture by Dr. W. A. Mur
rlll. Museum Building of. the Garden, llroni
'ark. i u.
Advertising as a Vocation," lecture by
J. Hlrsch, Commercial Building. C. U.
N. Y., Twenty-third street and Lexington
avenue, 11:30 A. M.
SPOKANE POPULATION
IS LESS THAN IN 1910
Decrease of 198 Announced
by Census Bureau.
Washington, May 7Spokane.Wash.,
ranking aa forty-eighth city In the coun
try In 1910, had a decrease of 198 In
population In the last ten years, and now
has 10.4,204 people, tho Census Bureau
announced to-day. '
Tho Washington city thus became the
first of the cities in the class over 100.-
000 thua'far announced to show a de
crease. Newport, Kr nnd Joplln, Mo.,
both cities of tho 30,000 class, arc the
next largest cities which have shown
Between
1300 and 1910 Spokane's
population Increased 183.3 per cent.
Organize fo Colgate Fund Drive.
Division chairmen of the Colgato Ur.l-
vcrslty endowment fund rampalKn met
last night with the executive committed
at tho Advertising Club, 47 Eost Twenty-
fifth street, to organize. The ilrlve I tor
I.OOO,$on nrtil n new gymnnslurri, am
will ls directed Ly Dr. Henry Emerson
KotT.lck. uattor of tho First Presbyterian
Church.
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