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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, May 09, 1920, Image 1

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Partly cloudy to-day; to-morrow fair
and warmer; northwest winds, becom
ing variable to-morrow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 54; lowest, 48.
IMailei weather report wM U found on a
The smalgimated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, MAY 9, 1920.M;MiS5x.-TWi,xT. 88 PAGES.
Juarez Hears Obregon andi
Gonzales Have Reached
Their Goal.
Saltillo, Zacatecas and
Aguascalientes Go Over .
to Revolutionists.
Carranza Said- to Have Fled,
hut Denial Also Is
Jnarcr, May 8. Gen. Alvaro Obt
rMi and Geo. Pablo Gonzales, rlral
eanoidates for the Presidency of Mex
leo, to-day entered Mexico City at the
bead of their armies. Gen. Jose Gon
nlo Escobar, commander of the
Juarez Military District, announced
tt a banquet held here to-night.
El Paso, May 8. Revolutionary
fcrces under Gen. Alvaro Obregon,
candidate for the Presidency of Mex
ico, were at the gates of Mexico city
to-night, according to se ports received
An unconfirmed report received to
day at revolutionary headquarters
Mid that troops under Gen. Benjamin
Hill had already entered the capital.
Several sweeping 1ctories were
claimed by an tl-Carranza agents on
the border. The State of Durango was
reported to have seceded and to have
Joined the revolution. Gen. Cesareo
Caitro, who had been operating In that
region, has sent a part of his forces
to lledras Negras, opposite Eagle
Pars. Tex- upon learning that the
Carranza garrison there bad fled.
President Carranza Is reported to
have ordered the abandonment of the
concern States of Mexico and the con
centration In Mexico city of "the few
loyal forces there."
Other Capitals SarrernCer...
Torreon and Coahuila, with Zacate
eas and Aguas Callentes. capitals of
the same States, and Saltillo, capital of
Coahuila, were also claimed to-day by
the revolutionists.
Rail and wire communication be
tween these places and Chihuahua City
had been restored by the Insurgents, It
was reported. From Torreon to Aguas
Calitntes only wire communication was
available. 4
The claim to Torreon. whJcfi Juween
reported frequently as captured bFt
revolutionists, was based to-day on
report received here from Gen. Eugenlo
Martiaez, commander of the Chihuahua
City garrison, saying that a train had
arrived at Conejos, about forty miles
northwest of Torreon, with the Infor
mation that all towns alonr the railroad
V.aeen Conejos and Torreon. Including
te latter, had fallen Into the hands of
ti rtbeis.
Staor Beltran alto announced that
tiie Federal troops at Columbia, Nuevo
lor, revolted yesterday.
Tie rapidity with which the 'blood
leu revolution" is sweeping Mexico Is
set altogether to the liking of the rev-
efotiocarv leaders, according to Gen.
F. M. Serrano, chief of staff to Gen.
P Eh as Calles.
"So many Carranza leaders are re-
Telting." said Gen. Serrano, "that we
fit! included in their number many
bon we would rather have remain
JIataaoras. oDDosite Brownsville. Tex-
it, and Piedras Negras, across the Rio
Grande from Eagle Pass. Texas, were
tattering, a cording to assertions made
tr arenu of the Liberal Constitution-
alitt sartv. Caraargo, In Tamauupas.
already has fallen Into the hands of
President Carranza's enemies, and Nu
evo Laredo was seriously menaced. It
Victories also have been won further
trsth. revolutionist leaders said. Te-
ksastepec isthmus and Oaxam. both in
tie State of Oaxaea. and the railway
Jsscuoa of Cordoba, Vera Cruz, havs
beers Ion by the Federals, according to
reports given out at military headquar
ter! ia Juarez.
Legislature Joins Revolt.
The situation in Mexico city Is not
c-ta There sre persistent reports that
Tender Carranza has fled to era
Crux, but Gen. Jose Gonzalo Escobar.
Jsartz commander, who recently joined
t revolution, has asserted teat the
Chif Executive, though preparing fur
j-ssi. has not left the capital.
The Legislature of the State of- Mexico
ha Joined toe army in its revo.t against
e Federal Government, it was an
tsaeed. Toluca. the capital, was re
Ported cut o!T from Mexico city.
'-n Angel Flares is drawing near
w.Lian. the principal feaport cf Sin
"a. and the fall of the city Is Imminent
ln Escobar said. According to the
f'utionlsts. Gen. Ramon Iturbe. the
-a.-ranza leader, is "committing actives'
TO fnrpathliers of Gen. Alvaro Obregon.
"tjdiiatt for the Presidency of Mexico
UA or-e of the leaders of tho anti-Car
run movement.
r. E. Salinas, brother-in-law of
"".dent Carranza and provisional Gov
of Chihuahua when the revolu
uosists seized Chihuahua City recently.
ia El paM to-day. On reaching
-sarz ij,t nIght Gen g,, waj M.
"orttd to the International bridge by two
detailed by Gen. Escobar. Gen.
fa.sr.aF never has renounced his al
eciatce to President Carranza. and it
raderstnn hert that he would make
V !n;"rary residence in the Unlfcd
Evc pAts Tex- May g.saltillc,
f.a of the State of Coahuila. was
Continued on third Page.
Twelve Hundred Marines Ordered
by Daniels f 6r Mexican Duty
Special to Tbi Srx isd Xtw Toax IlzaaU).
WASHINGTON, May 8 Secretary Daniels ordered to-day the move
ment of 1,200 marines to Key West aboard the transport Hender
son. He explained that they would not go any further "unless neces
sary to protect American lives in Mexico."
The last word the Government has had out of Mexico City was
dated at 1 o'clock last Thursday afternoon, a message from George
T. Snmmerlin, American Charge d'AfTsircs there
Mexico City apparently is cut off from the rest of the world and
the silence is getting on official nerves. Hence the mustering of naval
forces within easy striking distance of llexicD,
CoL Philip M. Bannon will command the marines, a part of which
come from Charleston, a part from Quantico, and the rest from League
The destroyers Isherwood, Dale, Putnam, Case and Reid already
have reached Key West The destroyer Flusser and the tender Black
Hawk are rearing there.
The theory that continues to be held here Is that Carranza de
liberately has blocked the cables while making, bis escape either to
Vera Cruz or to the Port of Mexico, further south in the east coast.
Conflicting reports have It that Pablo Gonzales Is In charge of
Mexico City and still others report that Gen. Benjamin Hill Is In
It Is regarded as singular If -the rebels are In control of Mexico
City that they have not communicated with the outside world, but
Carranza may have destroyed the wireless and telegraph stations before
Mrs. Alice Cavanaugh Charged
With Larceny of Monies
Collected From Tenants
Woman Said to Have Received
$300,000 to $350,000 With
ont Giving Security.
The arrest yesterday of Mrs, Alice
Cavanaugh, self -appointed champion of
Bronx rent payers, on a charge of
grand larceny, disclosed a remarkable
series of transactions, said to involve
from JSOO.000 to $350,000, collected
without security from Bronx tenants
for payment to landlords upon the set
tlement of rent disputes.
Mrs. Cavanaugh. who is a widow
and conceals her home address, is Be
lieved to have bandied these sums
without keeping any account of re
ceipts or disbursements. She has been
working In the interests of Bronx ten
ants since October last" and was for
merly unofficially connected with the
Mayor's Committee on Rent Profiteer
ing. The charge against her Is brought by
Benjamin Ehrllch. 615 Lenox avenue.
landlord of an apartmerjt house at 970
Prospect avenue, from whose tenants
Mrs. Cavanaugh is alleged to hare col
lected I3.1SL Of this ehe Is said to
have paid Jt7 to the landlord. She
promised, to turn over the remainder
yesterday. Upon her failure to do so
She was arrested, despite the urgent
request of her counsel that she be given
until to-morrow to return the money.
About to Be HuxieA.
Mrs. Cavanaugh has told several per
sons that she Is about to be married to
a wealthy eVl manufacturer, her girl
hood sweieart and that the marriage
would -tae her financial difficulties. She
rave her age to Magistrate George W,
Simpson In Morrisanla court as t jears
and her address as .85 Forrest avenue.
At that address, however, it was denied
that she lived tnere.
The Magistrate held her In Jl.eoo oan
for a hearing to-morrow, bne emerea a
plea of not guilty and bll was fur
sr James Monaghan. deputy
clerk of the Second District Municipal
Court, here Mrs. Cavanaugh has held
many rent hearings. ,
A. J W. Hilly, chairman of the
Mayor's' Bent Committee, said as soon
as he became connected with the com
mittee last January he heard that Mrs.
Cavanaugh was collecting rents In The
t,-- nd told her to discontinue it
and immediately turn over all the money
she had to the landlords. When he
learned she had not complied. h noti
fied her that her relations with the X-
mittee were severed and he told all the
Bronx Municipal court justices
ras no longer wu""5" "
Mayor committee.
Held Tenants' Meetings.
anrt, then she has been operating in
dependently and has held large tenantsV
meetings in Morris High School In op
position to the regular rent committee
meetings neia mere rci uuu., "'"
She appears, to have a larger following
In The Bronx than the committee Itself
and many persons say sne nu uoae
much useful work.
nfnr. the war Mrs. Cavanaugh was
connected with a concern known as the
Catholic Arts Publishing Company. She
was first interested in rent troubles by
h srifht of a- tamiiy ia im oronx
being evicted two winters sjro. Accord
ing to the StOTT BOB U iwu uiimucr
of persons, a baby of this unfortunate
family died in her arms and she then
j..rmined to devota her life to pro
tecting poor tenants from gouging land
lords. .
Ehrlich. Mrs. Cavanaugirs accuser,
onnminced resterday that he had dls-
Tossess warrants for the forty-two ten.
. . . -1 .Mil I 111
ants involved iu uju
go ahead "and serve them unless they
took some action against the woman, to
whom they declarer. User paid their rest.
Enter Outskirts of City, thi
Reds Evacuating Command
ing Positions.
Afro P.-OM. Trn-, -L-:.i
ing Advance 18 Miles
Along the River.
Warsaw, May S. Hills north
soutJrof the city- of Kleff. from -which
the Bolshevik army was expected to
defend the city, were, occupied by the
Foies late this afternoon. Artillery
has been placed in positions command- j
ing Kleff.
x-uuea army neaaquariers received
word to-day that Polish cavalry
reached Kleff this morning. The In
fantry then was less than six miles
from Kleff. with the advance continu
ing virtually without resistance by
the Bolshevik!.
The remnants of the Twelfth Bol
shevik army had begun a retreat on
Kleff, the Polish communlqa'e said thli
morning, ana added that the Bol
sheviki were continuing ,o bring up j
reserves for the defence of Kleff.
Along the Dnieper the Poles ad
vanced eighteen miles after fierce In
fantry fighting, according to the com
munique, which says the Poles effect
ively used armored trains along the
Odessa railroad, gradually pushing
their way southeast. Wapnlarka was
occupied after a battle in which ar
mored trains were used and both aides
had been reinforced by Infantry.
The Bolshevlkl were reported retreat
ing eastward toward the Bug River.
Russian marines and Chinese troons
were brought up by the Bolshtvtkl for
the defence of Kleff, according to reports
received Thursday. The marines de-! and humanity, as well as of American
fended the ground north of Kleff. The I self-interest. However, he stressed the
Chinese, the reports Indicated, were be-1 difficulties In the way owing to Amer
Ing used in the front line In places. The 1 ica's complicated Internal and tax prob
reinforcements sent In by the Bolshevlkl. lems. He said that America, In the proc
it Is stated, also included Bolshevik ' f f hrr development, needs' for
Lettish troops, some of whom were cap-' her own use a large amount of banking
tured by the Poles. I credit and cash. Naturally, he added,
' her own needs are paramount.
IS II? FT? we tinTiinnK1 "But the European situation Is In
nJLtt MO LArTURED drssolubly tied up with our own financial
. ,
Cnm',. Trnnn, W;hJ.., A-
Soviet iroops Withdraw, Ac-
cording to Orders.
ZVondo.v, May 8. Polish and Ukrainian
troops captured Kleff Thursdav nls-ht.
according tp an official statement Issued
yesterday at Moscow and received here
by wireless.
The statement says:
ot&fiTzAXi? r t lhrwn t,?6
of'KTef 11
SLCTli:,n ,7.vit. enemy r Mr. Kahn characterised the results of
Kne kM ,7t. , . own' 'his observations in Europe as "decidedly
EkZ lur JftZLrZ inHMtZ "l- encouraging." France and Italy are work
J?" Jf?: ,n,a5?)rdance tng harder than they are given credit
ifeflf J ,w'thdrw la "for working. At the same time, he said,
order to the left bank of the Dnieper ! u ghould be borne In mind what France
Ur" .. ,. has suffered and alsv now Oadljr he
In the direction of Pytaloff our ha, been hurt, having a large part of
troops repulsed an enemy advance her productive provinces not only ln
twenty miles south of Kratny. In the vaded but destroyed.
direction of I rumen (east of Minsk) ehe
enemy attempted to cross the Berslna
River near Berslna village, but was
driven back across the river.
"In the Taraga direction our troops
are engaged northest of the town of
"On the Crimean sector enemy ships
In the gulf (of Perekop) have been
bombarding the coast villages with
heavy guns. Enemy ships on May S
bombarded our position on the Taman
peninsula without result"
Wireless (o Chain Empire.
Washixotov, May 8. The Marconi
Wireless Company has offered to con
struct and maintain a chain of wlrr
less stations linking up every part of
the British Empire if the government
will accord It full monopoly rights over
such a system, said a report raearrcd
to-day by the ixpartment of
3Iuch Work Evident, but
Versailles Mistakes 3Iake
the Task Hard.
Situation Is Tied Up "With
U. S. Financial Policy,
He Asserts.
j American Financier Returning
From Northern Africa,
' Italy and France.
1 Staff CorrrtBoir1 o! Th Srw an Ks
j Tots Hiait-P. CePriW. 1K. If Tns Sex
im Nnr Toik Htaaio.
Paws, May S. "Although Eurqpels
'suffering from the fact that in making
!the Treaty of Versailles the Peace
' Conference carved up European coun
Mm trithout Diving attention to
economic factors, she Is looking hope
j fully toward the future, especially
1 since the San Kemo conference seems
i to have started the Allies on the right
! road." Otto II. Kahn of New York,
who Is returning home from a tour
; of northern Africa, Italy and France,
told the correspondent here of Tns
(Sc.v ajcd Nkw Tobk Herald.
"Europe is attacking her fiscal prob-
; lems with the right spirit," Mr. Kahn
said. "What she now needs Is raw
i a.viVi in nrrv mnn rredlts
I between Individuals rather than be-
Itween Governments. In this connec
tion America cannot do much in the
mv of credits until OUT own fiscal
legislation is modified.
me mosi unporuni ui uk
Bemo decisions is that we are to know
Jhow much Germany is to pay in in-
demnitlea. This should have been
settled lone ago. Now it will be pos
nible to straighten out governmental
! relations On some definite basis. With
financial prospects settled we can start
out afresh and carry out what the
Peace Conference should have done at
first but which it took many months
to become conscious of the realiza
tion that world affairs cannot be
settled on a basis of uncertain obliga-
Uons indefinite promises,
Whole World Is Affected
"Moreover, It should not be forgotten
tfct Mnnnmtc relations affect the
i whole world not a few European coun
j tries only.'
Mr. Kahn asserted that it did not
much matter whether the scheme
adopted with regard to Germany's In
demnity payments is that of a round
sun! spread over a definite number of
years or payments determined by Ger
many own economic reconsiruciion-
The "main thing li to have some definite
understanding of what Germany Is to
pay." he said. "The method of pay
ment is of lesser importance, but the
nations must know the true state of
nal ospec
"At the same time It Is Impossible to
get water out of stone, -and the Allies
mutt fix a sum that Is within the power
of Germany to pay.
Mr. Kahn was optimistic with regard
to the early upbuilding of Europe, which
he compared to a great railroad system
provided by the peace treaty with a for
mula for operation but up to this time
lacking the means to do its work. He
said that If the Idea of the San Remo
conference was not lost sight of, the
reorganization of Europe would be
easily possible.
Discussing the prospects of American
aid, Mr. Kahn declared that tt was
necessary from the "tandpolnt of Justice
now Am'rtc" "
policy,'' he saio. at. present our fiscal
'nd tax legislation manes it dim-nit.
evcn impossible, to get the American
public interested on an adequately large
scale in European securities. Until the
reservoir of the American Investment
market Is opened up it will be difficult
to get from the United States what
Europe requires and should rightly te
ceive from us.
"Moreover, banking credits are con
nected with the Investment market. The
"The Versailles cor.rerence gave no
consideration to the economic needs of
either France or Italy." he said. "That
Is an error wnlch future conferences
will have to rectify."
9 P. K. at Ma Cct. 230 BraiwaT. P-JtBr,i7 M Ofc, 239 1
I P. M. at all stfaer Branch Ofeta. 5 P. M. at ail stker ErtBcfa O&ts. I
CLtatltu Hrt w ESIurtal T.f.1 (LrtWpi Hjfd o Editorial lao
British Experts Find She Is;
Able to Pay $750,000,000
Annually for 30 Years.
Supertax on Excess Profits
May Be Charged as Trade
French Report Puts 90 Million
Marks as Sum to Be De
manded From Berlin.
French and British
Premiers to Confer
PARIS, May 8. The British
r Prime Minister will confer
with Premier Millerand at Folke
stone on May 13 to 15, says the
Havas Agency. Confirmation
of this was obtained in Paris to
night, adds the agency, and the
conference will be largely for
the nuroose of discussing the
programme for the Spa meeting. J
fpecioJ CabU DttpatcX to Tbi Sr ax Sr
Voas HssaLD. Coftright. W, bf TBI Scs
aj-b Saw Toss ntaiLo.
L0.VPQS. May 8. There is a possi
bility tint the British will be willing
to acceie to a German request for
postponement of the Spa conference.
but there is no possibility that they
will accept the figures contained in
the inspired German statement, name
ly, that Germany already has paid
25,000,000.000 marks to the Allies In
coal mines. Government property in
the ceded territories, materials for
restoration of the allied merchant ma
rines and tn the liquidation of German
concerns abroad.
It Is declared here that many of
these items were required of Germany
In the peace treaty in addition to the
money payments exacted of her tn
connection with the war costs.
There will be no reply to a German
request for postponement of the Spa
meeting or with regard to terms until
after the British and French Premiers
confer here next week.
Premier David Lloyd George Is re
cuperating rapidly from his indisposi
tion and was reported to be ready to
meet the French In conference by next
Wednesday or Thursday. It Is now re
garded as certain that the allied Prem
iers will agree to a united front against
any German wriggling at Spa.
Late information has convinced Brit
ish experts that the Germans are able
to par as much as the French contend,
and although figures have not yet been
submitted to Premier' Lloyd George, the
sum frequently mentioned in London Is
1780,000.000 gold a year for thirty
The crystallization or opinion in tne
International Parliamentary Congress
in Paris against funding or discounting
this sum In favor of trance or other
beneficiaries, either governmentally or
through banks, was cordially reflected
in authoritative circles here. On the
other hand, it is proposed to meet the
French objections against small sited
annual payments by providing a sort of
supertax on prospective German excess
profits In future years. This scheme Is
Is believed to satisfy the French and at
the same time afford some stimulus to
German prosperity.
While S750.000.000 annual indemnity
represents a fixed tax on the present
German economic financial state, the
Reparations Commission la to keep a
close track of Improvement of German
conditions. Through the elaborate sta
tistics covering German commerce and
Industry which are available now it
will be easy to fix the index number of
present piosperity. As German pros
perity rises above this Index number. It
Is proposed that 50 or CO per cent, of
the "excess profits" shall go to the Al
lies. The German manoeuvre regardlne
the sums allegedly paid to the Allies Is
not helping them here. The only thing
that will bring any modification of the
present attitude of Premiers Llovd
George and Millerand toward Germany
wm oe ampie evidence mat the Ger
mans really intend to carry out th
terms or the treaty.
Germans Want Indemnity
Settled Quickly.
Spedtl Cable PetpatcA to Tas Srs aid Xrw
Toax Hkbald. CotvriaSt, IJ50, tt Thi Sex
A5D Niw Tozx HrsAi.n.
Pakis. May J. Unqualified denial of
the Brussels report that the Berlin Gov
ernment was abdut to ask for a post
ponement of the Spa conference until
after the -German elections was made
here to-day. The German peace delega
tion admitted the proximity of the Ger
man elections might complicate the sit-
nation, but declared that the Berlin '
Government, recognizing the extreme
ImDortance to Germany of urttiim.
soon as possible the tremendous n,.. (
tion of Indemnity as a basis of credit i
Continued on Third Page,
I Johnson Men Give Up Hone
That PennsylvanianPWillP
YieId to CaliforAian.
Expect to Get Wood Delegates
in Windup as Co-Heir of
Col. Roosevelt
IffM-fet to The 8cn a.xb yew Ton H:
I Washington, May 8. That Senator
Philander C. Knox (Pa.) Is now to be
regarded aa definitely in the race for
the Republican nomination for Presl
dent and is the real choice of the con
sep-ative leaders of the party's east
em wing Is admitted by supporters
of the other aspirants. Although Sen
a tor Hiram Johnson (Cal.) still re
serves comment, some of his closest
friends stated their conviction that
Senator Knox is the man on whom
the old line leaders intend to unite
and expect to nominate.
From the day when Senator Penrose
(Pa.) declared himself for Mr. Knox
some followers of Senator Johnson
have clum to the hope that owing to
the personal relations between Messrs,
Johnson and Knox the latter In duejj
time would make a statement that no'
only would take him out of the run
nmg out mat somehow would re
dound to the advantage of Senator
Johnson. But nobody assumed any
authority for such an opinion and
there were many conjecturss regard
ing what might happen. Widely
varied stories were afloat regarding
the extent to which Senator Knox had
committed himself to a policy
benevolent neutrality toward the Call
Expected Knox to Aid Johnson
The Johnson people tried hard for
time to convince themselves that this
benevolent neutrality ultimately would
develop Into a definite support of Sena
tor Johnson. TtM7 hoped Senator Knoi
would use his influence in Pennsylvania
to get Senator Johnson a fair division
of the delegates from' that State. They
banked especially on the possibility that
Senator Knox would give his personal
assurance to powerful conservative lead
era that Senator Johnson was not to be
feared as a radical and extremist
But these pleasing Illusions are. now
Drtttr well dlapelletL It la recognited
that Senator Knox Is the Important fig.
ure la the situation, the man whom at
last Johnson will have to defeat If he
gets the nomination. That Senator
Johnson will be able to fight off the
combination of Influences gradually
gathering back bf the Knox movement
la frankly doubted even by the most de
termined Johnson supporters.
But to say all this is not to suggest
that the Johnson people have given up
rw are even discouraged. .Their anal
ysis runs like this:
"Johnson's showing thus far greatly
exceeds what his opponents thought was
possible. He Is the popular candidate on
the face of the primary results in all
parts of the country. He has beaten
bifik tho Wood movement, which long
looked like the most powerful in tne sit
uation. He has convinced the Eastern
leaders that they cannot effect a combi
nation that will nominate either Ilard.r.g
or Lowden; and he therefore has forced
them to seek a new man with whose
name they may conjure In order to step
a crystallisation of sentiment for John
son." ,
Second Choice of Wood Men
Besides all this the Johnson leaders
believe that at the right time they will
be the inheritors of a large share of
the delegates now listed ia the Wood
column. This Is one of the considers
tlonsL indeed, that all the politicians find
worth examining. While bitterness has
been shown to exist between Major-Gen.
Wood and Senator Johnson personally,
It is declared this does not extend by
an means to all their followers.
Many of the leading supporters of
Wood were attracted to him because of
his relations to Roosevelt and. It la de
clared, would have been for Johnson
if Wood had not been early la the field
and made a stronger claim on them.
But of these It Is believed Senator
Johnson In many cases would .be the
second choice, and there is no doubt
that the Johnson managers strongly
hone for a considerable reenforcement
from this oource.
Senator Knox Is urged as being more
agreeable to the Johnson and the liberal
elements generally than any other roan
of the conservative wing bf the party.
He would be enUrely satisfactory to the
treaty lrreconcllables, and it is thought
under no conditions would be bolted by
Senator Johnson. At the same time the
conservative. Eastern elements would find
nlm entirely xo weir iikihe wtauM oi ais
attitude on domestic Issues.
Sose Left Ltvlna; to Tall Catsso of
EMPoarcx, Ps May 8. Seven men
were killed as a result of tut explosion
which occurred in the gelatine mix house
of the AStna, Explosives Company this
The cause of the accident Is not
known, as all the workmen Int the In
terior and vicinity of the gelatine plant,
were victims.
WWe Salstmr Esriacs. Tfce Greenlnirr.
Thraush comes, rtrnrat slseosrs. Booklan
Flaxs .adv. '
Find It Han! to Fill
Frank L Polk's Place
serial tt Taf Scs asb Saw TosiItixTJ).
" Withdrawal ,of Prank L.
Polk as Under Secretary of State
is causing considerable difficulty
in reorganizing the State Depart
ment. Mr. Polk's resignation is
admittedly a severe blow to the
department and he is being urged
to continue at his post as long
as possible. The Under Sec
retary's health is not good and
he believes he could not stand
another trying Washington sum
mer. The post has been offered to
Hugh Gibson, Minister at War
saw, but he is unwilling to ac
cept it, owing to a greater in
clination to continue the work
which he has commenced in
Poland, where he believes there
is far-reaching opportunity for
Chnrge Made That Da Ponts
and British Concern Planned
World Monopoly.
Interest Also Said to Have
Attempted to Intimidate
Senator Moses.
Special to Tax Scs axo Xnr Tosx BxtAts.
Washington. May 8. The dyestuffs
protection bill, after gasping for the
breath of life for three or four, days,
quietly winked out in the Senate this
afternoon. By common consent It was
relegated to the Umbo of things dls
carded, for the present at least, when
the Senate adjourned whout forcing
u 10 a vote, ana wiw tne unaersuna
ing, that the merchant marine bin will
be taken up on llonday. After that
the Knox peace resolution will come
tip on Tuesday.
Senator Thomas (CoL), Democrat,
who has been leading the fight against
tne flyextuna oil! and baa talked
large part of the last four days, to-day
read into the Record the text of an
alleged contract between the Du Pont
company and the Levinstein interests
of England, by which they Bought to
create, senator Thomas charred, "a
worldwide monopoly in dyestuffs, di
viding the world's markets between
L Senator Thomas based his charge on
ui arucie puousnea a year ago in a
technical Journal, describing a law
suit filed at Boston, in which Levin
stein, Limited, demanded 11.000,000
damages from the E. I. da Pont de
Nemours Company, chsraine that
it had violated the covenants of the
contract. The suit was brought In the
United States District Court at Boston
by Edgar Levinstein of Nahant, Mass,
tne American agent of Levinstein,
Limited, of Manchester, Eng. Its re
citals Included the text of the alleged
contract between the Du Pont com
pany and the Levinsteins.
Divided -World's Market.
According to the contract terms, the
au mts were to have the exclusive
market of the United States. Central and
South America; the Levinsteins that
of Europe : the rest of the world was to
be common ground, but with the under
standing that a selling company should
oe organised, controlled equally by du
Pont and Levinstein Interests to sell tn
dyestuffs. The du Pont and Levinstein
interests were to pool all patents. Inven
tions, &c
Certain patents and nrocesses nni
by the Levinsteins, including a process
for producing synthetic indigo, were to
be turned over to the du Ponts, for
which the du Ponts should pay I2S.O0O
uuuaiiy lor ien yrars.
irar Levinstein In his suit allervd
that he was the" American selling agent
of Levinstein, Ltd, and that his busi
ness was to "bo protected against the
competition of the du Pont interests:
but that despite this bart of the acre-
roent, the du Ponts set about by unfair
means to get his trade from him. hence
the suit
Senator Thomas created something of
sensation when he read the contract
to the Senate. He explained that he had
received It by mall but was not at
liberty to state its source. He was not
informed of the date .when the suit was
tiled at Boston, but understood It was
about a year ago. He was Dosltlra of
the general authenticity of his Informa
T consider," he told the Senate, "that
the filing of this action is providential.
We have heard read here a letter from
the du Pont Interests to Senator Moses
(X. H.), in which Senator Moses was
threatened If he did not withdraw his
opposition to this bllUind further the
Presidential candidacy of Major-Gen.
o6d also was threatened with the op
position of the du Ponts.
Bill Dead (or Session.
"Now comes the record of this law
suit, which brings to us the contract I
.have read, a contract which sought to
create a monopoly of two groups and
distribute the world between them. It
shows that this legislation was In the
Interest of this monopoly that It was
framed. Introduced and pressed In that
Interest, with all its provisions for
licenses, and embargoes. The whole plan
depended on securing this legislation to
ocsmplish Its ends, and this bill should
be rejected as infamous."
The discussion continued after Sena-
ConfUscd on Second Page.
Tajnmauy Chief, After Con
ference With Tag-gait, Is
Beady With a Slate.
Indiana and New York Pos
sible Ticket Palmer, Cox
and Clark Discussed.
D. Roosevelt's Senatorial
Support Wanes Anti-Wilson
Sentiment Strong.
Special to Tai firs ast Xiw Toss Huiio.
Auiaxt, May 8. The Democratic sit
uation in this Slate has been pretty
clearly defined as a result of develop
ments growing out of the two dm'
conference of the party's delegates to
the National C&nventlon. Tr.ree. o.' ilo
most important results are these:
1. William G. McAdoo's boom suf
fered a bad blow which may prove
fatal to his ambitions, oa he cannot
count on the support of his home
2. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Assistant
Secretary of the Navy, has been al
most. If not completely, eliminated as
a candidate for the nomination for
United States Senator. He was lead
ing in the contest three days ago.
8. Tammany has renewed and riveted
its grip on Uie State organization as a
result of the united determination to
rebuke political dictation from Wash
ington. The State is an open field for
candidates and New York's ninety
delegates havo yet to decide for whom
they will cast their votes.
4. Under the unit rule adopted by
the Conference the delegation headed
by Gov. Smith and bossed by Mr.
Murphy will decide a few days before
the convention meets in San Francisco
how to vote.
5. In all probability the State's voU
on tho first ballot will be cast for Gov.
Smith as a favorite 0n. The Stats)
leaders will try to start a boom for the
Governor, with the expectation that be
naay be picked for the nomination for
the Vice-Presidency. It is believed he
would accept the nomination.
The Governor, it is known. Is not anx
ious for a renomlnatlon in this State.
His friends want to save him frcm a
State campaign which looks hopeless
from the start, and believe the Vlos-
Presldency may open the way.
Mrptay Would Aid TaraSrt.
The State's second vote probably will
go to Thomas R. Marshall, now Vice-
President. According to reports heard
here, Mr. Murphy has promised to lend
New Tork's aid to Thomas Taggart.
Democratic boss of Indiana, if the Vice
President's boom gets a good start. Mr.
Marshall formerly was Governor of In
diana, and la Mr. Taggart's first choice-
for President. Mr. Taggart. a power la
national conventions. Is said to be eager
to go to the United States Senate and to
be seeking the nomination In his State-
Mr. Murphy came to Albany fresh
from a lonr conference with Mr. Tarrart
at French Lick. Party leaders believe
the Tammany chief would like to help
his friend Taggart in the Senatorial rate.
It is the unanimous verdict of the del-
gates, excepting the eight lnsuieents
Leaded by Mayor Lunn, that the attempt
made by Washington to control the con
ference of delegates was a political blun
der of the first magnitude. Nothing
could have been done to serve Mr. Mur
phy's Interests better.
Coming at the very outset of the cam
paign, the attempt to bring outside pres
sure to bear on the State served to solld-
Ifv the orranlxatlon. Little factional
differences are disappearing rapidly. Mr.
Murphy was placed In the position of a
martyr. The party may enjoy lis own
domestic batUes. but, following tradl-
..... in - umnd when an OUt-
VlUttfc uitiw. . -
slder tries to take a nana in ine ngni-
Ing. One week ago tne Tammany trip
rm ths tin-State organisation was weak.
fTo-day Mr. Murphy knows he can go to
San Francisco wiui me '"",
Mies in his nocket. Under the ui.lt rs
he oan control absolutely.
The first result oi tne auempi rr-.u v
v,,. Tj,m and the Insurgents on be
half of Mr. McAdoo to break the organi
zation's hold on the delegation Is a very
definite and positive reaction against the
TIdnfs son-in-law. Whatever hope
the erstwhile Secretary of the Treasury
had of gaining support from his homo
Stats disappeared the moment Mayor
Lunn threw his little bomb Into the con
ference with the announcement that he
was for McAdoo.
Roosevelt ProTokr Resent meat.
The sudden revolt against 5tr Roose
velt Is largely the result of his own ac
tion, and Is not coupled with the Admin
istration's move to control the State. Mr.
Roosevelt wrote a strong letter to the
Stats Chairman. asumlng to prescribe
the organisation's duty In discarding ths
unit rule. The leaders declared they
understood the unit rule perfectly and
did not need any Instructions from Mr.
Roosevelt on the subject: that If they
wanted his advice they would seek it
There Is bitter resentment against tho
Assistant Secretary of the Navy because
of his attitude. He was outside- the or
ganisation for several years, came back
about five years ago and for the hut
three years has been "behaving" satis
factorily. Th leader. betfeved he would
be their strongest candidate for the nom
ination for Senator. But now the organ
ization is against him.
The several candidates for ths
Presidency are expected to centre their
fight in this State for the next tarao
weeks Convinced It is stlH anybooy-a

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