Newspaper Page Text
Showers to-night Rnd to-morrow; mod
crate southeast and south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 70; lowest, 50.
Detuned ymttoet itporta win be found on the" EfiltorUI
VOL. LXXXVn. NO. 261 DAILY. '
SAYS DAYISON IN
Head of Red Cross Unfolds'
Traffic Plight of East and
HOW U. S. CAN END IT
Suggests Appropriation of
$500,000,000 Be Made -by
Congress at Once.
BOARD TO TAKE CHARGE
Stirring: Appeal Contains
Warning of Consequences if
Dks Moines, May 17. Henry P.
Davison, chairman ot the Board ot
(Jovcrnors of the League ot Red
Cross Societies, told the General Con
ference of tho Methodist Epis
copal Church to-day that tho most
terriblo tragedy In tho history of the
yorld is being onacted In Central and
Eastern Europe, tho starvation in
mass of wholo nations of people. His
uddross was at once an appeal and a
warning an appeal to the Christian
ity and generosity of tho American
people and a warning that wo cannot
t scape bitter consequences If we stand
to- with hands folded while a large
part of Europe perishes by hunger
Having Just returned from Geneva,
where he received detailed reports of
the actual conditions throughout
Europe, Mr. Davison spoke with ab
solute certainty. His speech In full
"As chairman of the convention of
Red Cross Societies, composed of repre
ftntatives of twenty-seven nations, that
met recently In Genevu, I am custodian
of authorltattva recorts recordlne ap
palling conditions among millions of
pfoplo living in Eastern Europe.
Wont Tragedy In History.
"Whatever our attltudo toward tho
League ot Nations or our apprehensions
regarding foreign entanglements, I feel
It Is essential that the people ot the
United States realize that one ot .the
most terrible tragedtesMn the history of
the human race Is being enacted within
the broad belt of territory lying between
the Baltic and tho Black and Adriatic
"This area Includes the new Bal
' States Roland, Czecho-Slovakla,
' kralne. Austria, Hungary, Rumania,
tontenegro, Albania and Serbia.
"The reports which come to us make
clear that In these war-ravaged lands
iUlizatlon has broken down. Disease,
reavement and suffering are present
practically every household, while
id and clothing are Insufficient to
..lie life tolerable.
"Men, women and children are dying
. thousands, and over vast oncc-clvll-"d
areas there are to be found neither
cdical appliances nor medical skill
lfflclcnt to cope with the devastating
"According to reports of the American
lied Cross and the Commissioner of the
'.caeue ot Red Cross Societies made In a
Isned statement to the American Gov-
rnment. wholesale starvation Is threat
ncd In Poland this summer unless she
an procure food supplies in large quan-
titles. A teleeram to tho League of Red
fross Societies, March 20. stated that
there arc now approximately 2S0.0UU
imes of typhus in Poland and In the
area occupied by Polish troops.
"This Is already one of the worst
ti-Dhua en demies In the world a History.
in Gallcla whole towns are crippled and
business suspended. In some districts
there is but ono doctor to each 130,000.
people. During the year 1919 about
:,100,000 refugees and prisoners entered
Ferv Doctoral Ne Supplies,
"In tho Ukraine, we were told, typhus
and Influenza have affected most of the
population. In villages of two to three
thousand half the people wore 111 at tho
came time and there was almost no
medical care. In many cases a territory
forty miles In diameter had but ono
Jhyslclan. Some doctors who had 20,000
to 30,000 patients could get no medical
supplies whatever and had nothing bet
ter to give tho sick than oral Instruc
tions. Pauperism la intensified every
"A report from Vienna dated February
U said: 'There are rations for three
eek3. People are apathetic, fatalistic,
tired. One hundred thousand school
'hildren In Vienna are reported as un
derfed and diseased because of food
shortage and lack of fuel. At leajjt
-0,90 hospital beds have become useless
owing to lack of medical supplies. Death
talks through the streets of Vienna and
takes unhindered toll. The general death
rato has risen 48 per cent, since 1913
and the mortality for tuberculosis 230
' Budapest, according to our Informs'
ion. Is one vast city of misery and suf
fering. Tho number of deaths is double
that of births. Of 1C0.0OO children in the
."-hooM ico.coo ar0 dependent on public
- n.iruy. There are 150,000 workers idle.
In Rumania tuberculosis is spread
ng in an alarming and unprecedented
wanner. All energies are devoted to
eeping the typhus epidemic at bay, and
a military cordon alone the Dniester
liver prevents the cntrahco of 20,000
KiiMlati refugees on the other sldo,
Imse infection is feared.
Typhus and smallpox have Invaded
,le four countries composing Czecho
slovakia, and there Is lack of medicines,
fnip and physicians. The shelves of tho
. 'harmaclcs and their hospitals are bare.
J "In Serbia typhus has broken out
Continued en Fourth! Fog.
English Living Coat
Rises 141 Per Cent.
By the Anoeinttt Prtu.
LONDON, May 17. Tho cost
of food up to May 1 had risen
to 146 per cent abovo the pro
war lovol, and thoro is a prospect
of its goinp still higher, says
Charles A. McCurdy, Minister of
Food, in an official statement is
Mr. McCurdy, however, points
out that the price of food in
England is still lower than in
France, Italy and Sweden and
says it is not much higher than
in tho United States. The Labor
Gazette estimates that the cost
of living, including food, cloth
ing, fuel, light and rents, is now
141 per cent, over that beforo
AIR RECORD IS
BEATEN 50 FEET
Coombs Climbs 17,150 Feet
Aboyo Mincola- With Fonr
in Tonring Plane.
NEW SINGLE MOTOR FEAT
Test Pilot Battles Gamely 80
Minutes Before 'Ceiling1
By a scant fifty feet Clarence
Coombs, test pilot, act a new four
man altltudo record yesterday after
noon at Hazlehurst Field, Mlncola,
when ho piloted an Orcnco touring
piano 17,150 feet above the surface of
Tho new mark, which Is a world's
record for a one motored ship and a
record In this country for any four
passenger alrplano. Just tops that es
tablished .-My 10 by Capt Lowell
Smith, commandant of Puryear Field,
El Ccntro, Cal. Capt. Smith was
shooting at a mark of 1'6,000 feet set
by Pilot Coombs In the same Orcnco
plane only two, days before. He
reached 17,100 feet. Although Capt
Smith's piano had a 400 horse-power
Liberty motor, Coombs, who was a
well known army pilot until recently,
nursed his little ship, with Its peppy
1E0 Wright-Hlspano to 17,150 feet yes
terday before nosing her over and
heading In a steep spiral for lower
levels and thicker oxygen. The toattlo
of men, planes and motors Is not over,
however, for Capt. Smith la likely to
try for another high marie
lost Gains Are by Inche d.
tv. flrot iifton feet at ascent were
tutk rwnrn and were accom
plished in just one hour by the plane,
but from there on u was a rem unum
against gravity, rapidly thinning air and
motor power decreasing with the Ailing
oxygen. For twenty minutes longer
Coombs kept his piano ngmins Biiywnru,
getting every Inch of altitude possible.
,t than fl r ihm rtirvn on the barocraDh
or recording altimeter showed, the line
of his ascent natteneu out, inaicuung
that the celling had been reached.
Tt.n.a vim niwimnanted hlui J. I.
Mather, president of the Atlas Commerce
Corporation : jacK amns, avmuun cuuur
of the New York Tribune, and a Sun
and Niw Tonic Herald reporter nati a
most marvellous view of three States,
New York, New Jersey and Connecticut,
-ii Atf nwnv rrin an ever thlckenlnff
tlue.black mist They also numbed!
their hands and eet In a temperature
which a prevaricating thermometer sus-
pended in tne sunngm insisiea ws
only 22. . !
Strings In Great Circles.
iri.. ninhf an nfartnA nt 3 :30. Blnns.
with tho barograph slung about his neck,
i rn,t siltmhAri In the front seat
uui rfiMv . z .
and Coombs and the reporter into the
rear cockpit The plane roared across
tho greensward or wazienursr ana
. inin ntt Prnm that moment
jcuycu Miwv ... - ;
Coombs, with his eye on the air speed
Indicator, went alter aimuae ana mo
horizontal speed of the plane occasion
ally dropped as low as mues an nour
v.. fnn.,.1 If nnurnrrl. He mvlinl
around tho Island In great circles, now
near the ocean euge, wnn us guarding
strip of white beach, now almost over
urith Manhattan's Dunv skyr
J1 UU.IJ ."I " ' - - -
scrapers and all Manhattan's tiny length
In view, tnen arouna w ino oounu unu
ra.hino-tnn nnrl then far' down the
middle of the island and back to the
As he flew upward the island con-
. -.,! nnrl thti frAXV nUllt Of ItS
irauicu - --
ploughed fields and its green meadows
EhranH ana snninu mm. uuu
the city and the Sound disappeared and
a map of them, softened by ground haze,
lay in their places. And then the climb,
lng plane nosed over and went into a
i i nniiv tn vIakt from the irround.
tout somewhat disconcerting to a lands
man In the plane. The motor ceased to
roar and the wires, wmcn nan peon piay
Ing a drowned out accompaniment
whistled cheerfully on the downward
passage. As the plane glided over the
hangars and gently came to earth
Coombs, speaking for the first time, re
marked : .
"Well, we've hung up a new one. iet
TO DISCREDIT WILSON
Representative Poa Accuses
Republicans in House Speech.
Washington, May 17. Itepubllcan
leaders In Congress were accused in the
House to-day by Representative Pou,
Democrat (N. C.). of having joined a
conspiracy to discredit Pres dent Wilson
Mr Pou cited the resolution which
. '. it unlawful for the Presl-
WOU1U inuiu ,fc -
flent to leave the country, another de
claring the office vacant because of ab
senco from the country and a third seek
ing Investigation of "tokens of apprecia
tion given the Prcsldont while abroad'
as proof of his assertions.
The conspiracy. Mr. Pou, alleged, was
tased on a fear that President Wilson
would rcpoat "his unpardonablo sin" of
leading his party to victory at the jclb
AND THE NEW
DEPENDS ON U.S.
Appeal "Will Bo Delayed Un
til After Conference
AFRAID 01? POLITICS
Schemes Are Afloat Aiming
to Write Off Part of For
eign Debt to America.
ANXIETY AMONG FRENCH
They Stress Point of Europe's
Acquiring Aid to Meet
Dy LAUTIKNCE ItlLtiS,
Staff Correspondent ot Tns 8cm akd New
Yoax Uebild. copyright, raw, op m ovn
asd Kcw Yoke nsniLc.
Paiiis, May 17. No representations
will bo made to the. United States of
ficially concerning tho financial ar
rangements discussed at Hytho until
after the Brussels conference. This
docs not mean that the Unltod States
Is not regarded as one of tho most Im
portant factors In the whole plan for
capitalizing the German reparations.
Indeed, It was admitted that tho suc
cess of the plan may turn on the attl
tudo of tho United States, regarding
which representatives of the Allies
confessed to-day that Jhey were en
tirely at sea and placed, It was ex
plained by a French official, In the
most dellcato situation by reason of
tho political campaign In America.
Knowing how any development
abroad may be seized upon as on Issue
by one side or another in America, the
Allies hesitate to address tho simplest
kind of inquiry to "Washington at this
time, although the French arc partic
ularly desirous to know how tho
United States would regard the propo
sition to discount tho German repara
tion bonds. A certain portion of tho
proceeds might be applied to the can
cellation of tho French debt to Amer
ica, rather than an actual currency
Delay of .Presentation.
But all tills, it Is recognized here,
would require legislation by Congress,
aa it would Involve a transaction abso
lutely unparalleled in American Govern
nt flnn,-inir. Tho Allies do not want
to put this plan before the United States,
it was explained nero, uniu mejr
agreed upon all the details of it among
thmlvM and talked With tho Ger-
mana While It la earnestly desired that
tho United States should navo aeiegaies
at the Brussels conference, Europe haa
.... unrnfi her lesson, that no delegate
can bind Congress In advance. The
feeling here is that not until the Ameri
can ITfcsidential campaign Li over, and
.rKin( n new administration comes In,
can any dertnlte commitments be ex
pected on the part ot the uniieu biaies.
Politically, tho United States Is now
generally regarded aa'havlng withdrawn
from European nffalrfl. At tho same
time It Is believed that financial isola
tion by America is impossible. Politics
and finance are now lnexiricaDiy inier
woven In the treaty situation, whlchmakes
it Important for tho United States to
be represented at some of these confer
ences, it only to proieci ner iu,vuv,vuv,
t on thia thn United States needs to
be wary, for various schemes are afloat
here for a financial League of Nations,
some of which schemes are aimea at
writing oft in ono gulae or another of
a part of tho foreign debt to America,
or of making America assumo a greater
speculative risk than tno war legislation
Fotnt Emphasised by France.
The French stress tho point, how
ever, that ynlees America consents to
come such plan ho discounting of
German reparation bonfls le Interest
of financial world solidarity she Is likely
to suffer greatly through Europe's In
ability to extricate herself from the
It is easily seen that an entire recast
ing of the American financial policy
from that enunciated by Secretaries
Glass and Houston Is expected in French
and other foreign circles. French offi
cials are polntlhg, out that many of
Secretary Glass'B recommendations are
being carried out now; but that some
thing Is expected of America
French authorities believe that It will
be Impossible to get private banks to
discount the German bonds in America
alone on the scale necessary without a
Government guarantee and modification
of the present tax arrangements.
In all, there Is this situation: Europe
is now visualized as a whole, with Ger
many's economic restoration as the pivot
on which all turns. There Is general
agreement first, that France must bo re
lieved of her present burden ; second, that
this can be effected only by Germany's
payment of the reparations In their en
tirety; third, Germany's own economic
development must be effected, and,
fourth, that this economic rehabilitation
can only be achieved by the money hold
ing nations, of which tho United States
is .the principal, no longer withholding
their support but even going so far as
to take the German obligations Into
their treasury and cooperate with indi
viduals desiring to Invest In European
rtebnlldlng of Germany.
If this programme wore adopted by
the United States It would Involve her
actually and officially in the economic
rebuilding of Germany, which, In theory,
in so far as the American loans now
stand, is not the case.
It was pointed out here that Ameri
can assumption of responsibility that
Germany would repay the bonds at their
maturity would give the United States
CpitHrtiied on rftlrif Pope.
' T - ' v m -B -vr-r-lM fl YTV tiH
TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1920.-4JJSMfflr
Avoid Conference on
ASHINGTON, May 17. Tho
nenca resolution adopted by
tho Senate Saturday was for
mally presented to tho Houso to
day end laid on tho table Con
trary to announced plans, it was
not Bent Immediately to con
ference, but was considered in
formally by tho Foreign Affairs
Committee Chairman Porter
was directed to confer with Sen
ate leaders with the hope of agree
ing upon somo plan by which tho
Houso could accept tho Sonate
measuro without a conference.
Somo members, howover, said
they preferred tho Houso resolu
tion. Beforo leaving hero to-night
for Pennsylvania, Mr. Porter an
nounced that ho would not bo
able to arrange a meeting with.
Senato leaders until Wednesday
Majority Socialist Tower Is
Shown to Bo Gradually
DRIFT TO THE EXTREMES
Braunschweig and Danzig
Show Conservative and "
By RAYMOND 8WIXG.
Staff Correepondent ot Tns Scfi avd Nsw
Yobx Hmald. CopvrisM. 1W), by Tns Se
and Nxw Tusk IIckaU).
Berlin, May 17. Two local elec
tions, showing gains for the Conserva
tive and tho Radical parties, havo Just
been held In Braunschweig and Dan
zig. They chango the predictions that
the new Reichstag wilt not be greatly
different from tho Inst and show a
weakening of tho Majority Socialist
power, which is now In control. This
indicates that Social Democrats are
drifting both to tho extremo right and
to the extreme left.
The two elections were for members
of local parliaments, and in both the
Deutsche Volkspartel, formerly the
National Liberals, mado common cause
with the Pan-German and Deutsche
National Volspartel. and tho union
showed considerable strength. In both
cases the Independent Socialists mado
Incomplete returns from Braunschweig
show that the Pan-Germans, me na
tional Liberals and the Clericals, who
combined forces, obtained 47.30 votes;
the Independent Socialists. 16,661; the
Democrats. 11,247, and the Commun
is n mi
The' Independent Socialists made great
gains from the ranks or laoor.
In Danzig the Conservatives polled
42,259 votes, the Independent Socialists,
26,366; the Majority Socialists, 23,769;
the Clericals, 25,118: tho Free Economic
League, 14,759: the uemocrais, m.afii,
.l .Via Tn1a O 1 AO
It is now thought that tho Reichstag
returns will enow mat me voiaspanei ia
the strongest political organization In
Germany, taking over the power from
the Majority Socialists; that the Clcrt
cals will retain about their present
strength; that the Independent Social
ists will control about seventy seats and
the Majority Socialists about the same,
It Is hardly likely that the Social Demo
tti l,nvn mnfn than half their
present strength. This Is tho party of
with the elections ravoring me ex
.t.. nAH If heramAA doubtful
W (.ill'O. V" "1
whether a successful coalition can bo
maintained uiuus ma jucwhi ,,,ico.
may have to Include tho Volkspartel at
1 1 nr mft.iirvinr inn mn rni social
and tax programmes, including tho na-
iUh.i ni ah n t inniiRTrin uiinirirH.
rt- a.raamart lnHr nf thA VolkfU
parte), has announced his willingness to
cooperate with mo .majority, oociausis.
However, it iooks as u me ciccuon
n.111 n nnlv full tn brlntr ono falrlv
united group Into power but that there
will bo necessary compromises wmcn
will Border on me paradoxical.
NITTI TO FORM NEW
He Accepts Invitation Ex
tended by King.
Roue, May 17. Slgnor Nitti, whose
Cabinet resigned last ween, nas accepted
an Invitation by King Victor Emmanuel
to form a new Ministry. The Invitation
was extended to-day after the King had
conferred with former Premiers Tlttonl
All cxDerts in Italian political affairs
had foreseen the Inevitable return of
Slgnor Nlttl to the Premiership. Nlttt
was recognized even by his bitterest op
ponents as the only man In Italy who
could retain some sort of majority In
the Chamber of Deputies, for he Is the
least partisan and the one wno has the
widest oolnt of view, so that everyone.
no matter of what party, could agree
with him In something.
His new Cabinet, tho third one since
he became Premier, will undoubtedly be
stronger. It Is understood that he will
ihave a fair representation of either the
Catholic or the Soclallst.group. In this
manner, besides his own party, he will
have as his support one of the other two
great Parliamentary groups.
tttl AND NEW YORK HERALD
9 P. M. at Main Oflxt, 2M Brudwir.
8 P. M. at ftrmer Herald Ofict, Herald
BuiltSnr, Herald Secure.
8 P. M. it all other Brtnth Officii.
(Location! listed en EdlterUI Page.)
BILL PUTS U.S.
IN RACE AGAINST
BRITAIN FOR OIL
Senator Phelan Offers Meas
ure for Formation of Gov
TO BE IN FOREIGN FIELD
Americans to Own Majority
of Stock and President to
WORLD CONTEST SHOWN
State Department Gives Data
on Battle of Nations
Special to Tin Son and Nsw Yoik IIouu).
Washington. May 17.' ine genera.
policy of the British Government to
mnnonollzo in British control all tno
petroleum of the empire, and In ad
dition to obtain all posslblo outsiac,
wo exnlalned by tho Department of
Stato in a communication to tho Sen
ate to.dav. Tho Senato had asked in
formation about discriminations of
other countries against oil interests
British monopolies already are m
control In the United Kingdom, Persia,
India and many other countries, while
tho Dutch Government apparently is
on tho vergo of conferring on the
Royal Dutch Shell Company, now con
trolled by the British Government, an
exclusivo right to oil in the entire
Dutch East Indian possessions.
Other countries are imposing re
strlctlons against alien citizens or
companies controlling any of their
petroleum; France apparently is mov
ing in that direction in administering
its now African dominions. Mexico's
new constitution, which contains ro
mnrkablo restrictions against aliens
holding Interests in lands, mines oi
oil In tho country, has not yet been
adludlcatcd. but Is considered so
sweeping that If It stands American
lnteresta will be under a great hanai
Oil Corporation Bill.
simultaneously with tho transmittal
of the State Department's report, which
was In answer to a resolution offered Dy
Senator Gore (Okla.) and passed by tho
Senate, Senator Phelan (Cal.), intro
duced a bill authorizing the Incorpora
tion of a great government corporation.
similar to theyEmcrgency f leet irpura
tlon to handle oil exploitation. It will bo
m,u.i h TTnlteil StnteH Oil Oorooratlon.
and its object will be oil development In
foreign countries. Tne majority oi sioch.
must be owned by Americans and tho
Prnlrint shall nDDolnt the nine dlroc-
nM tia iinmmnv mnv encaire In oil
development anywhere subject to pref-
VI ..(,.. -
nmnr tr film nnv nr nil of Its uroduC'
A.ini i,rh nr thn irnirrn MLaies uov-
tlon. The capital siock is not uxea oy
the bill. . ,
Mnnntnr. PhAlnn oxtilained that he
would have preferred a company In
which the capital would do owneu oy
the Government, but found there were
i nn. mmMu Iitvq flint TrmiM make
Its operations impossible if that were
The Stato Department report went fur
ther than most publlo men had expected
toward proving the charges lately
made that Great Britain is seeking to
control tho world's oil. As to the Brit
ish Empire every dominion or colony
has Its own-policy. Tho Empire's policy
is said to bo to bring about the ex
clusion of aliens from the control of
petroleum supplies of the Empire and
to endeavor to sccuro some control over
oil In foreign countries along the follow
1. By barring foreigners' and for
eign nationals from owning or op
erating oil properties in British ter
2. By direct participation ot the'
Government In ownership and control
of oil companies.
3. By preventing British oil com
panies from selling their properties
to foreign interests.
4. By prohibiting the transfer of
shares In British oil companies to
other than British subjects.
nestrletlon on Prospecting.
It Is understood that the British Gov
ernment has control of tho Anglo-Persian
Oil Company and is bearing half
the expense of developing the new Gui
ana oil fields. Prospecting for petroleum
in tho United Kingdom Is allowed only
by the Board of Munitions or persons
authorized by it. The only drilling In
the country is being done by S. Pearson
Son, as petroleum development man
agers for the Government It Is said to
be unlawful for a British citizen, with-'
out consent of the board, to trade or
transfer to an alien or to an alien con
trolled compaany any Interest In an oil
field In the United Kingdom.
In Trinidad, which has great oil re
sources, no persons may acquire oil land
without consent tn writing of the Gov
ernor, who is under the control of tho
Secretary of Stato for the Colonics. The
Confirmed on Second Page.
FOB tTCTOIRPtAT CLASSIFIED
f. M. -Siturdij at Main Office, 2S0
S P. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Bu3a(, Herald Square.
S P. M. at all ether Branch Offices.
(Locations listed on EdlterUI Fast.)
New TorW. N. T.
Delaware House Fails to Vote on
Suffrage; Opposition Too Strong
J)OVER, May 17. Tho Delaware House of Representatives, which
reconvened to-day after a two weeks' recess, adjourned lato in the
day without taking any action on tho resolution' to ratify tho woman's
suffrago amendmont to tho Federal Constitution, recently adopted by
Republican party leaders at a conference called by Alfred du
Font wero unable to break tho barricade against suffrage, and it was
decided not to presont tho resolution in tho House to-day. Tho meas
uro now cannot bo brought to a vote beforo Wednesday unless tho
Houso rules are suspended, which requires a two-thirds vote. Should
it bo presented to-morrow it, must go to committee and bo reported
out aftor ono day before it can go to a vote.
Early in the session tho lower houso decisively defeated tho reso
lution, and although suffrage advocates havo not entirely given up,
they admit that tho chances of a reversal of this action are slim. Re
publican leaders, who have tried in ovcry way to swing enough votes
to pass tho resolution, Baid after their conference to-day that they
feared suffrago was dead, so far as this Stato is concerned. Some of
them predicted tho measure would never bo sent to the House from
the Senate, because its advocates realize ihat defeat is almost certain.
Suffrago workers, however, who aro hero in force, refuse to admit
defeat The gloomy outlook, thoy declared to-night, serves only to
spur them to renewed efforts.
Stormy Democratic Conven
tion Expected To-day
League Chief Issue.
STRENGTH IS WELL SPLIT
Watson, Palmer and Senator
Hoke Smith All Seeking
Bpeciat to Tns Sck and Nbw Yoik Hnuio.
Atlanta. May 17. Tho Democratic
State Convention will meet hero to
morrow to elect delegates to the San
Francisco convention and to adopt a
platform. Indications aro that tno
proceedings will be stormy and that
two delegations will be sent to tho
Tho temporary roll of tho conven
tion shows 148 county unit votes for A.
Mitchell Palmer, 130 county unit votes
for Thomas 13. Watsou and 104 county
unit votes for Senator H0W5 Smith.
Watson received about 54.000 popular
votes In the, recent primary, Palmer
47,000 and Smith 46,000.
ti, ismin la tho League of Nations.
Palmer stands for ratification of the
Versailles covenant, Smih is for the
Lodge reservations or others as strong,
while Watson favors rejection of the
The indications to-night are that the
Watson and Smith forces, having a ma
jority of nearly 100 delegates, will or
ganize tho convention and run It to suit
G. O. P. CONGRESSMEN
TO DISCUSS POLICIES
Conference To-day Will Con
sider Platform Suggestions.
Special to Tub Son and Niw Toik Heiuld.
W-ASHIKOTOK, May IT. The Congres
sional members of the committee of 171
nn nlatform and policies created by the
Itepubllcan National Committee will
meet with Senator Lodge (Mass.;, ue
puhllcan leader of tho Senate, to-morrow
at 11 A. M. About fifty members
of the two houses aro members of this
committee, which has been malting an
elahorate effort to learn tho party's
mind regarding tho Issues and platform
of this year's campaign.
Senator Lodge expiainea io-uhj uu
there was no Intention of drawing a
in aHvunea of the convention
or anything of tho eort, but the discus
sions are expected to oe 01 m -slstance.
Questionnaires wero sent out
to thousands of persons asking sugges
tions on mapy Issues. The responses
havo been analyzed, classified and
.ll-ojjtA,! (rivlnir -what is thought to be
a most useful cross section of the pub
lic sentiment on the Questions 01 me
day. The questionnaires dealt with
change, merchant marine, railroad legis
lation, immigration legisiauvB ii.u
gramme. postal reform, tariff, foreign re
lations and law .enforcement.
FLEES HOSPITAL AND
Daughter of Capt. Higgins of
Navy Telephones Father.
Special to Tin Su.N and Nbw "Voaa Urald.
Hartford, Conn., May 17. Capt. Rob
ert B. Hlgglns of the United States
Navy received a telephono call to-night
at his home In 56 Sargent street from
his daughter, Eleanor. She told him sho
was married several aays aso ia Clar
ence Everett Hall, a conductor on a
Hartford trolley line, and that she and
hr lmohnnri vrrrn vlsltlntr with Hall's
parents In Nlantle, a few miles west of
New London on the tonneciicui snore.
The romance of Mrs. Hall began dur
ing ha u-nr when aha was a yeoman-
. on.t hr himhnnrf was a soldier. Her
I family opposed her marriage, ana sne
.h.,m 111 nHth nervous exhaustion and
worry six weeks ago. and was sent to
! n Tinenltnl TJtXt TMUriaay UIKlll BI1U UU-
1 talncd her clothes and left the hospital.
sh met Hall and they procured a mar
riage license as soon as tho bureau
opened on Friday morning, uney were
married at once by tho Rev. F. F. Voor-
Capt Hlgglna said to-night he had
forgiven the runaways, ana mai ne nau
hwiui tn th weddlnir solely on tho
ground ot his (laughter's poor health,
Capt Hlgglns is siauoncu iicic ui
inspector of engineering material
A HAPPY BLENDING
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
NF.W TOItK CIXt;
VETOES BILL TO
Gov. Smith Surprises Politi
cians of Both Parties by
IS A BLOW AT TAMMANY
Executive Takes Ground That
Judiciary Candidates Bo
Voted On, Not Picked.
Special to Tub Son and New Toik IIesald.
Albany, May 17. Both Tammany
Hall and tho Republican organization
received a decided and unexpected
shock to-day when the bipartisan
measure, restoring Judicial nominating
conventions, after a safe trip through
tho Legislature, was vetoed by Gov.
Smith. Tammany's unanimous de
mand for tho bill caused the Gov'
ernor's action to bo regarded as all tho
more surprising, and there are many
organization politicians who look on
tho action aa having placed him
squarely In opposlUon to his own
The approval of the bill would havo
let Tammany pick its candidates for
the many bench vacancies In Now
Vork. Thcso vacancies could havo
been filled next autumn In the old
way dnd public demand would have
Gov. Smith has ended for some time
to come the combined party efforts to
abolish the direct Drlmary and restore
the party convention. The judiciary
treasure was to have been followed by
an attack on the primary system gen
In the memorandum accompanying the
eto Gov. Smith referred to the conven
tlon system as "discredited and dis
carded.'' He said ho disagreed with one
brief favoring the bill In which It was
stated that "Judicial office Is one which
jcaulres of the candidate a special iiv
ness which can best be discussed among
a small number of representative per.
"The fitness of any candidate for any
office can best be discussed by all the
members of the party which makes tho
nomination," tho memoranaum siaiea.
"It Is Infinitely better for the State that
every candidate, particularly a candidate
for a place In tho Judiciary, to receive
his nomination at tho hands of a ma
jority of the voters of his party than
through tho ravor 01 me lew.
ORGANIZE LEAGUE TO
Publishers Plan to Conserve
n'minvntiiv Mnv 17. Kenresenta
tlves of more than 100 newspapers,
niAatlni nam tfrwlnv to dc.il with the
horvUnina (tiirroiimllnir nuhHcatlon of the
smaller newspapers, organized the United
States Publishers Newsprint conserva
tion TjtnmiA nnrl rniipji nn Rimiiar Or
ganizatlons to join for mutual protec
TiaeMntlnrift twiueatlntr all nubllsliers
of .newspapers of 50,000 circulation and
over to reduce consumption iu per wuu
tlAr. nne K Y1fr wnL flftliV were
...Mt.i nn'A nt n d ft inn similar
UUUpiCU, uuu M.
organizations -wero asked to help obtain
legislation "to alleviate tne evu.
thn rnnrt Rent In bv editors
aUlllU Ul M1U v.w. w - w
itAnat nalntrii d atresslnff
UIIUUIU IU t
pictures of tho trouDie aneaa. .uhjt
dallies, with ancieni anu iiuuurauio
m .win h forreH to susDcnd un
less' there Is quick relief, letters and tele
W. U. Pape of tho Waterbury (Conn.)
BepubHeon was elected president of the
league and Joseph B. Flnan of tho Cum
berland (Md.) Keening Times secretary.
Orvllle Elder of the Washington (Iowa)
Journal and W. W. Weaver of the Dur
ham (N. C.) Sun were named as vice
presidents, an J. It Snyder of the
Gary (Ind.) Pott treasurer.
Members of tho executive committee,
which will endeavor, with tho officers, to
formulato conservation plans, Include:
Jason Itcaers, chairman, New York
Ofooe; F. W. Wilson. Ncwburgh N. M.)
News; J. H. Zerby, Pottsvtlle (Pa.) Re
publican; 11. C. Hoteltng. St Paul
(Minn.), ex-secretary National Editorial
Association : George B. Lockwood, Mun
clo (Ind.) Preit; F. It Moses. Mtrshall
(Mich.) 'CAronlcle; G. F. Spauldlng.
Shawnee (Okla.) A'etM, and J. W.
Smith, Monroe (La.) iVftcs-fifar.
Smuggled Ltqnor In Swamp.
Detroit, Mich., May 17. A motor trip
by prohibition agents along' tho river
front, with particular attention to large
swamps near down river towns, has dis
closed the hiding place of more than
60.000 quarts of smuggled liquor, It be
came known hero to-day.
within .200 Mll.liS.
FOUR CKNTS EtaEWHEItK.
STEP TO CLEAR
Interstate Commerce Body
Eeestablishes Lake Port
PRIORITY COMES XEXT
If Necessary Freight From
Congested Roads Will Be
Diverted to Others.
CAE SERVICE RULE LIKELY
Commission Will Concentrate
at First on tho Larger
Special to Tub Sun and New Toik Houlb.
Washington. May 17. Through tno
powers conferred upon tho Interstate
Commerce Commission by tho trans
portation act a new form of Govern
ment transportation operation is to bo
set up to meet the pressing emergency
facing tho railroads of tho country.
Tho first step In tills new Govern
ment control was taken to-day, when
the Interstate Commerce Commission,
in response to the urging of railway
executives and the shippers, ordered
the reestablishmcnt of tho lake port
coal pool to expedite shipments to the
Northwest and free railroad equip
ment rapidly. In announcing the coal
pool tho commission said it would Is
sue other directions from time to tlm
as the facts and conditions warranted.
Under the transportation act the
commission Is given wide powers of
control over transportation movement
In emergency, and the present situa
tion, with the railroads facing another
breakdown, Is accepted as an emer
gency. Power to Divert i Trade.
Just what tho commission will do
as a next step Is not mado known,
but It will probably in the next twenty-four
hours Issue priority orders for
freight movement unless tho situation
The commission, in addition, If it
deems such a course expedient, can issue
new car service rules for all of the roads
and make all equipment Interchangeable
and provide for the diversion of traffic
from a congested road to one not con
gested where this courso seems deslr-
For the present at least the commis
sion will tackle the problem locally
from the standpoint of terminals and
groups of roads. For instance, it will
take the big centres like New Tork.
Pittsburg and other big yard points and
clear cars and equipment over road
that can handle them.
The commission has named Commis
sioner Aitcheson as head of its car ser
vice section, relieving Commissioner
Hall, who Is assigned to new work under
the transportation act Commissioner
Aitcheson is to devote himself almost ex
clusively to the present freight conges
tion and tieup.
Reports reaching Washington Indicate
that conditions In the central States are
most acute. Grain cars are badly
needed to relievo the midwest elevator
beforo new grain crops come In, and,
many coal cars must bo unloaded and
returned from tho West
Priority orders If Issued by the com
mission will follow the line of war time
priority lists,- when food and fuel and
domestic necessities led the list with
army and navy and other Government
May Apply Embargo nates.
Tho commission probably will move at
an early date to Issue uniform embargo
rules, applying to systems In such a Way
that congestion may be cleared and traf
fic held out of tho congested centres.
Tho commission, however, does not
wish to Invoko all Us emergency powers
unless It Is found that such a courso ab
solutely Is recessaTy. It has teen aroused
to the gravity of the situation and has
withdrawn all its field agents from other
work to report on tho transportation con
ditions. The commission's attltudo was
stated to-day In an official statement
which said: i
"For the purpose of developing a-"
curatcly the situation as to car shortage
and trafPo congestion throughout the
country. -the Interstate Commerce Com
mission has for several days past been
utilizing fully the services of about r,
hundred of Its safety appliance, hours of
service and' locomotive Inspectors at the
Important terminals In the country. He
ports received by wire from these In
spectors are taken up by tho commission
promptly with the carriers affected ot
with the American Railroad Association
for attention. Tho commission is In
close touch with the reports received by
the car service commission of the Ameri
can Railroad Association. To-day the
commission requested by wlro the co
operation of the respective State rail
way and public service commissions In
developing the actual situation in each of
N.Y.HAS LOST 80 P. C.
OF ITS EXPORT TRADE
Strikes Drive Cargo Carriers
to Nearby Ports.
Eighty per cent, of New York city's
export trade has been diverted to Phila
delphia, Baltimore and other ports be
cause of harbor strikes and freight con-
gestlon. Shipping men said yesterday'
the result of this diversion will be a per
manent damage to local business.
Last week alone thirty-seven cargo
vessels which under ordinary circus