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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, June 02, 1920, Image 1

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Local showers to-day, cooler by night;
to-morrow showers, with moderate tem
perature; fresh south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 8o; lowest, 58.
Detailed weMhar reports will be found on (he fedllortU
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
h'as ever been on its own.
is nkw yonrc cm.
TlinitE CKXT8
wnniN -joo .Mii.EH.
Nw York, N. Y.
Will Give Convention Tree
Choice' Provided ItVomi
nates Pro-Leaguer.
Candidates Closest in Ac
cord Witli Him Are Mc
Adoo, Palnr and Davis.
31 itch cock has cuvnce
JNohody Who 11ns Favored
Lodge Reservations to Get
President's Approval.
-ifriuI to Tjih Sun am New Yosk JlnsAt d.
Washington, June 1. President
Wilson will keep his hands off affairs
nt tlio San Francisco convention just
s loner as it appears the delegates
will pick a candldato pledged heart!
and soul to the League of Nations i
covenant as written. !
Hut should it begin to look as if a
man might be chosen who does net
think the Versailles treaty letter per
fect, the .the President will summon
nil the great power his position af
fords to the support of a man whose
Wind goes along with his.
This is the Wilson strategy as it
Was Imparted crisply to Homer S.
Cummlngs, Democratic National Chair
man. Sir. Cummlngs departed to-day
to take charge of convention arrange
ments, Instructions still ringing in his
'pars. The Cabinet met to-day and got
the same impression of Its chief's
plan of battle.
Wilson' Chief Concern.
In other words Mr. Wilson is con
rerned more earnestly with the fight for
tho League of Nations than with the
namo of the Democrat who Is to carry
the party standard. Tho candidate
merely has to measure up to the job ho
will have to do. Merely but to the
mind of Mr. Wilson a considerable num
ber of those whose names will appear
before the convention thus are elimi
nated. The Indications aro there will be voted
en at one time or another no fewer than
thirteen possibilities, the majority fa
vorlto sons, and likely to be lost com
pletely when the real struggle begins.
They are William J. Bryan, Nebraska;
Champ Clark. Missouri: Gov. Cox, Ohio;
John W. Davis, West Virginia; Gov. Ed
wards, New Jersey; James W. Gerard,
Now Tork: Senator Carter Glass, Vir
ginia: Senator Gilbert M. Hitchcock, Ne- j
I braska; Vice-President Marshall, Indi
ana: William O. McAdoo, New Tork;
Secretary of Agriculture E. T, Meredith.
Iowa; Attorney-General Palmer, Penn
sylvania; Senator Hoko Smith. Georgia.
The candidates closest In accord with
the Presldent.on the League of Nations
aro Mr. McAdoo, Mr. Palmer and Mr.
Davis. Some of the others might be
acceptable to Mr. Wilson, notably Mr.
Hitchcock, who as Democratic leader In
the Senate fought the battle of the
Leaguo of Nations for Mr. Wilson. The
certain thing is that nobody on the list
who has fought the League of Nations
even to tho extent of favoring the Lodge
reservations, which Mr. Wilson regards
ri Impossible of acceptance, will re
ceive tho approval of Mr. Wilson.
Third Term Candidacy Remote.
It now seems as though the name of
Mr. Wilson will not come before the
invention, although there has been no
"(tidal announcement to thin effect.
Pome of the President's friends are say-
iitr re has let It be known that he can
i t linaglno any chain of circumstances
cislne where he would find It necessary
" run for a third term. They say
'irthmnore that Mr. Wilson has seen
t thing In the situation which would rc
' "re any statement to this effect In ad-
nrc of tho convention. Just the same
uev admit the possibility of the con
trition being so deadlocked that Mr.
Wilson might actually have to be a can
didate to save the day. It Is a remoto
Some of those who have learned that
Mr. Wileon Intends to keep hands off
among the candidates In the early stages
f the convention at least saw In It a
decision to avoid embarrassment because
or the randldacy of Ms son-in-law, Mr.
M Ailoo.
if the convention sees fit to nominate
Mr. McAdoo without any Intimation
from the President It would put hlra In
ft much belter position with the country
than If Presidential dictation had been
injected to such an extent that the
harge ould be made that Mr. Wilson
a- trying to keep the Presidency In the
famllv. nut there could be nojhlng
prejudicial to tho McAdoo candidacy.
Administration official declare, as the
result of a campaign In which he won
the nomination entirely on his own foot
Constantine Forecasts Elec
tion wm ne Triumph for. Him
imvax, June f.i...
Oil Mnml... ... '.
' ri oim"' permission of the
Chamber of Deputies t- r-slora r.r'Jal
ui'xuiiiK mis would 1. 'be onlv
h,0 0l:?'"e h,00(11 owln, to ?he
fcWtrh to tho London Tune, from
into rr1,ar,.'",n.,,,W ,hUS wl" con
lino rorcf again Tucsdiy
Tek.C,'L';,VleSPa,",' 10 th Ux.hanBO
v hiH ' lompam Pv" an Interview
5li c l'f!.' '('rr,-'"P'"""';" had with former
King C onstantlnc of Greece, in which
cnatantlne predicted that the "lections
nr hi!!etlVouW re,ult ln tl,e triumph
Mrl, 1 a J""1' he renIled "I "ever ab
Z ' J "lmp1y ,0,t Grc,co ''"ring
-rn VBn thc ncli commissioner
.'onnart admitted that the Powers rou!4
fhc; po1 my return If after the war
nrlfT'f caUed m back-' Greece U
Governor Lowden 111
and Ordered Indoors
Special foTni Sex ad NiwYoek ninii.n.
QHICAGO, Juno 1. Gov. Low
den is ill at the Blackstono
Hotel, due to n cold which ho
contracted while reviewing a
parado yesterday. Dr. Joseph A.
Capp3 has ordered the Governor
to remain quiet and indoors for
at least two days. The physician
said, however, that there was no
cause for alarm over his' condi
tion, and that the order restrict
ing him to his suite was merely
Mrs. Lowden has been notified
in Springfield of the Governor's
illness and is expected to join
him to-night.
Opposition to Adjournment
Resolution Is Expected in
Senate' To-dny.
Democrats, Led liy Clark, Make
a Political Play, Feigning1
n Fight on Plan.
Special to Tub Scn and New Tonic li-auM).
Washington, June 1. Adjournment
of Congress next Saturday until tho
first Monday in December virtually
was agreed on to-day by Republican
leaders, who immediately began prepa
rations for putting their plan Into ef
fect. Simultaneously It aroused spec
ulation among both Republicans and
Democrats at tho Capitol, as also
among officials elsewhere, as; to
whether President Wilson will demand
a special session in the summer. No
one had authentic informatjon regard
ing the President's-attltude anil Whlto
House officials refused to comment on
his intentions, although it has been
persistently reported that tho Presi
dent would call a special session be
ginning July 19, '
After agreeing on the programme,
Republican Floor Leader Mondell of
the Houso presented the resolution
for adjournment sine die and without
a record it was adopted and sent to
the Senate, whero Republican leaders
will take final action on It to-morrow.
There Is Borne opposition in the Sen
ate to a sine die adjournment. Some
Senators believe a recess should bo
taken rather than adjournment. They
point out that In existing conditions an.
emergency might easily arise at any
time, and in view of the President's con
dition Congress should bo "able to re
assemble of Its own will and without
having to await a call from the White
Tho Senators believe further tnat i.
would be bad politics for the Repub
licans to pavo tne way lor a can iur u
special session. The President, they
say, could charge them with having
failed to enact legislation to carry out
his recommendations for reducing tho
high cost of living, among other things,
and call them back for the specific pur
pose of considering such matters.
Hero Is tho resolution adopted :
"Resolved by the House of Represen
tatives (the Senate concurring), that
the President of the Senate and Speaker
of the Houso be authorized to close the
present Besslon by adjourning their re
spective Houses on the 5th day of June,
19!0, at 4, o'clock."
A minority of House Democrats
headed by Champ Clark, their floor
leader, opposed the resolution and did
not fight its adoption. Apparently de
sirous of conducting u summer and fall
political campaign of complaint against
the Inactivity of Congress, the minority
Democrats made clear their own record
of seeming opposition to adjournment
and their own vain desire to continue
unceasingly at work.
r- . r 1 f A 7r..iffi, Don. 1
recates Discussion.
London, June 1. In the course of a
discussion in tho House of Commons on
the naval estimates, an attempt was
made to elicit details of the future naval
policy. Carlyon Bcllalrs, Unionist,
wanted to know whether the fleet would
bo concentrated In home waters, or
whether Great Britain should have a
great Pacific fleet He thought that now
there was no menace In the North Sea
England must have an outlook on thc
Walter Hume Long, First Lord of thc
Admiralty, deprecated a discussion In
Parliament He said whatever state
ments of policy were possible would be
mad,e at the proper time.
It niay be expected that the renewal
of the Anglo-Japanese treaty, which Is
soon to be discussed, will have some
bearing on British naval strength In the
Pacific. Slnco the armistice the United
States, for the nrat time, Is maintaining
a powerful battleship fleet on the Pacific
Capt. Imhof Sentenced to 16
Yearn in French Prison.
Gsneva. June 1. Sixteen years In a.
French prison was the sentonce pro
nounced by n French military Judge at !
Ludwigshaven, ln the occupied zone. I
upon Capt. Imhof, a German officer ac
cused of looting French chateaux dur
ing the war. Capt. Imhof, it Is Mated'
was arrested by the French during
their occupancy of Frankfort.
Imhof's house' was found to be full of
furniture, pictures and tapestries stolen
from French chateaux during the Ger
man occupation. In defense, Imhof
pleaded that thousands of officers, from
tha former Crown Prince downward,
did tha same, as he.
TKK O&KKNBBIKB, vtbreutti WSrt-
Two Delegates Say They
May Return $2,500 Which.
Was Given to Each.
$100,000 Spent for General
in Michigan and About
$58,000 in Indiana.
Ohio Editor Estimates Harding
and Wood Fights in That
State Cost $200,000.
Special to Tub Scn ami New Yosk IUrald. j
Washington, June 1. Two dele- J
gates from Missouri to the Republican!
National Convention Robert K.Moore !
and Nat Goldstein of St. Louis told
the Senate Committee on Campaign
Funds to-day that they had received
2,500 each from the managers of the ,
Lowden campaign. They said theyi
had not used tho money to get elected, j
but still had it. If Gov. Lowden (111.) J
is beaten, they said, they would re
turn tho money to his manager. But
they explained that in case of his nom
ination they expected to keep It; later
correcting their statements to say that
they would spend It In tho campaign
for his election.
Four other delegates from Missouri i
wero said by tho managers of the
Lowden campaign to have received
money In sums varying up to $1,250.
One of these, W. L. Cole, a delegato at
large, was said to have received $1,250
of Lowden money; whllo last week
the samo delegato at large was said to
have received J500 from the Harding
In all cases, it was testified, the
moneys were paid before the men were
elected delegates.
LoTTdrn Cash In JUlsaourl.
National Committeeman Jacob
Babler was one of two Missouri man
agers for the Lowden forces, having
charge of the city of St. Louis. E. L.
Morse of Kansas City handled the sit
uation outside of that city. Mr. Morse
received money from Lewia Emtnerson,
Secretary of State for Illinois and man
ager for Gov. Lowden, aggregating
132,202. He gave ?17,000 of It to Mr.
UdU Cl 1UC i.nu ui mcut, hoihj titty 1 w
rtv .lMPHh.! from memorv their ,11s-
bufsements of It. In his testimony Mr.
Morse declared that on this expend!-
ture of J32.000 Gov. Lowden had ob-
talned th.rty.thre. of the thlrty-flve
votes from Missouri.
Uol. reu ai. Alger 01 ueirou, man- i
ar or th Wood camnaiirn in Michl-1
Col. Fred M. Alger of Detroit, man-
gan. accounted for a total of J 8 6,000
spent in the Michigan fight by himself
personally, the Michigan committee and I
tho Chicago Wood headquarters. Be-
sides this, two of the big counties
,ues l"f.' l"i"'h u'
nnancea tneir own campaigns, so iiiai
the committee conclu.U-d that just
AnA ...-...i .i,.
nnmt nf th Wnnrl ftnhl for Mlnhtffan.
The two delegates from St. Louis
aZ "I had nreilouslv said
there was no occasion to use money for
.... -t.lnn f .lilucnlc nml tl.-. t T ill, I
not need money. That .was early In
January. Later the $2,300 was given
mo, and I again said, no money was i ment sare wns sumcieni 10 preiurv u iui
needed. 1 btlll have every dollar of It. blasting and Oxford Furnace soon uf
I did Intend to keep It and use it In the terward was rocked by the explosion of
election If Mr. Lowden should be nom- ! nltioglycerlne.
InaUd and to return it it he should Before the local police could surround
not be." i H'e building eight men dashed out,
"And i that still your IntcntlonT' i leaped Into a car and were off toward
"It is not. I now intend to return It Ashcvllle, twenty-flve miles away.
When did you reach- that decision?"
"After all these unpleasant things be
gan to develop."
"Are you a delegato?" asked Senator
Kenyon (Iowa).
"Yes, from the Twelfth Congress dis
trict." "And you had this money when you
were elected?"
"And with J-'.MO of his money you
meant to go to Chicago and vote for
"I'm not Instructed for him," was the
"Wna Unred to TnUc the Money.
"But you'd have voted for him?"
Witness said ha had talked with Jacob
Babler, National Committeeman for
Missouri, who had urged him to take
the money. He talked at Bablcr's office
with Lewis Emmerson, Secretary of State
of Illinois and Lowden's manager. Mr.
Babler was Interested in behalf of
Lowden In Missouri.
"rsald I had no objection to Lowden,"
explained Mr. Mooro. "I was a city
committeeman. I was told all expenses
would bo taken care of and said so'
far as my ward wm concerned there
was no need for money. Nat Goldstein
was there, too, and said ho would need
no money ln his district, cither." Gold
stein Is circuit clerk of St. Louts and,
like r.ioore. Is a Missouri tieiesa:e.
Mr. 'Moore said Samuel A. Mosclcy
was the other delegato from his Con
cress district, but didn't know who
Moseley favored for President. Moore
said ho had tnlked with Kmmerson and ,
told Kmmerson he didn't know whom ho '
should vote for. I
"Did you tell him that after you got !
tho I2.5C0?"
"I don't remember."
"Didn't he show some surprise?"
ask'ed Senator I'.cod (Mo.).
"No, I think not."
"You intended to keep the money If
Gov. Lowden should ba nominated and
Continued on TXlrd Page.
Btrmmjj Ganitn and outdoor tarraea Bon
Transmission of Scenes
By Radio Now Promised
Special Cable Vtepatc to The Sbs and
Nrcw YonK IIiiaid, Copyright, 1930.
bvTnt Scn and Nmr Yoek Hirui u.
LONDON, June 1. II. Grindcll
Matthews, the wireless tele
phone expert, announces success
ful experimdnts in the photo
graphing of sound waves and
electrically reproducing them,
which makes possible speaking
Matthews asserts he has ob
tained encouraging results de
veloping the "television" ap
pnratus. along the same principles,
whereby the sight of distnnt
events is instantaneously trans
mitted. "You might be able to
see the Derby race from your of
fice," was the modest assertion of
the export.
LT. S. Officers and Police Smash
Into House in Sands St.,
-UUl11 liUUl J5 1AI 1 UJ11YU
Woman Is With Gang Accused
of $30,000 Post Office Bur
glary in North Carolina.
Treasury Department agents, post
office Inspectors and detectives of tho
Brooklyn Headquarters squad sur
rounded the o(d frntne building ut 43
Sands street, that borough, last night
and at the sound of a whistle signal
smashed down the doors. For the next
lialf hour, the neighborhood was in an
uproar witit the noise or ngnttng in
ir wit
side, and at the rnd of that time the
raiders reappeared with nine pris
oners, one a woman.
Tho men were taken to the Poplar
street station and locked up on charges
of having forcibly entered the United
States Post Office at Oxford Furnace,
N, C, blown open tho safe and stolen
money, war saving stamps and Lib
erty bonds totalling more than 130,
000 In value. Tho woman was accused
of harboring criminals.
Tho prisoner described themselves as
Mrs. Margaret Kobe, lessee of the
raided rooms; John Murray, aged 50,
and Walter Murray, 53, and Archibald
Birch, 31, all of the Sands street ad
dress; Kdgar Lnthrop, 41, of Newark;
John O'Brien. 60, of West New York;
William Dates, 38, of West Houston
street; John Lahey of West New York
and William O'Neill, 45. or 743 wyrue
avenue, Brooklyn.
Watched Hounr Three Weeka.
. , - . ,i, line1
I The raid CapL Coughlln, Who was-
, In charge of the Folic Wrtmeni;
. the bv thi
the most careful work J' b he
P"tmen t For th.t time the Sands
Kti-osf hnti5 was under constant sur-
I iii ht.U.n In a rftnm
- """l" .t'"d
. - ,L .,,.. u.,,h(l
they rented across the street, watched
i the door of No. 43 das- and night, count-
ng ne ra ..u """ Tru":
J and reportta o,r a telephone
,L""i:. ,,..,.
'"v. . T,"" "'.,
nml the secret service agents were
- ,,i f'niiEhttn'a
I worklnit n eon ..net . on with
men. and nothing went on in tne om
frame dwelling that was unknown to
........i,..- ,0 couchlin the
afterward some one sneaked up behind
, nrtcrwaru some . , , i ,
tne watchman nml looped his hands in
, a rope, swung him Into a chair and
i threatened him with death if he made uh
outcry. Two hours worn on mo uoern-
There their trail was ptCKea up, oui
nothing but the abandoned automobllo
ever was found. K
Trail l.rndu to Brooklyn.
But tho trail, nccordlng to Coughlln,
led to Brooklyn and later to the Sands
street house. The place was inspected
from all sides and arrangements were
mado for tho raid as soon as the eight
were Inside. Last night, he said, was tho
first time the men on watch reported a
"full house."
Resistance was offered the detectives I
when the doors were smashed down.
They pursued thc quarry from room to
room. During the chase policemen
picked up two fully loaded revolvers
and a Winchester rifle. Later a search
of the place turned up 3,500 Liberty
bond coupons, u quantity of fuses and
detonators, such as are used for tlrng
charges of nltro-glyccrlne, and a can of
what tho police said was some of that
explosive. There were also a quantity
of silverware Intlallcd "V. S. A." and
2,780 in cash.
"Thcso prisoners," said Coughlln. "arc
members of a gang of yeggs that Is
known from coast to coast." He pointed
out three of them, calling them "Mis
souri Shorty." "Michigan Shorty" and
"Hostile Johnny." Ho described O'Neill
as the "pathfinder" for the others, tho
man who worked nhead picking up In
formation and setting the gang on the
right track to the easiest Jobs.
9 P. M. si Main Office, 280 Bridwj.
S P. M. ai former Hanld Office, Herald
BtsltSaf , Herald Sahara.
'8 P.M. at H trite Breach 046a.
OoeatlMU Uttwt oa Hltwrtal Pi.)
Germans Prophesy Its Cap
ture by Bolsheviki Before
End of July.
Proletariat Dictatorship in
Germany to Follow, Pes
simists Declare.
Lithuania May Turn Scale by
Joining Russians Against
Former Ally.
Stall Corrctpondtni of Tub Rt"s and New
You Heiulo. CopyrtpM, J0, bv The Scn
and New YonK Hau.
Ceru.v, June 1. Communist circles
throughout Germany are prophesying
that the Soviet army will capture
Warsaw before the end of July and
establish a Soviet government in Po
land, In which event there will bo nn
uprising o; German labor and tho
proclamation of a proletariat dictator
ship here. This prognosis Is not
shared by the less radical observers,
but tho prevalent opinion Is that tho
Poles will not be able to regain tho
advantage they won tho first day of
their offensive.
Lithuania's stand is regarded as be
ing decisive, and if sho chooses to Join
her military force with Hussla's it is
thought that sho could tnako the ca
pitulation of Poland inevitable. Po
land's first victories wero won by
troops from German Polish provinces,
it Is declared here, while the northern
secjor was defended bv Inferior sol
diers who were not equipped either
with foreign officers or sufficient sup
pli. The heralded cooperation between the
Rumanians and the Finns having no
fur 'failed to materialize, It Is thought
possible that Gen. Brusiloffs sudden
gains may check the eagernebS of
Poland's neighbors to carry out their
promises and tho Russians are thought
now to bo exerting their utmost to In
timidate any of Poland's prospective
allies. Recent German reenforccment
of her frontier guards In anticipation of
a Russian peril consisted merely of her
returning the regular garrisons which
were summoned away during tho Ruhr
I Qeiman
man military authorities are not
expecting :i Russian Invasion, believing
that me Russian operations will bo
handicapped by technical and trans
portation difficulties. A danger Is ad
mitted to exist, but Is regarded ns a
distant eventuality. In discussing It
German officers complain at the En
tente's Interpretation of tho Ver
sailles treaty relative to the upkeep of
the eastern fortresses.
This has' been tho point of divergence
between the Germans and the Allies, the
latter requiring tho reduction of all
fortress armament' to the number of
guns for which placements had been
built before the armistice. The Ger
mans arguo that every modern fortress
has as equipment mobile heavy artillery
which can be mounted In earthworks
In tho zone of the fortress, and which
forms an essential arm of Its defence.
If the Entente disregards theso argu
ments then German fortresses will bt at
the mercy of any assailant equipped
with aircraft. The expectation here Is
that Britain will manngo to inaku pence
with Soviet Russia because of th; dun
I gel' from Bolshevists in Persia and the
CalK.a,Uii Sowe poUtlcal (.indents say
Vrcmier iIoyi, Georeo is ntm. force., ,J
. malJo penCe because the cmpiie Is en
.jttnKCK.j ana because In France the
Government has been unable to rally
any extensive suppoit for nn offensive
against the Soviets.
Poland's present offensive is thought
to be thc last of a long series of expert
mi nts based upon tho advice of milita
rists In France or Great Britain. There
i no question that Poland's plight to
day Is gratifying to most Germans and
that Germany Is the most hostile of the
hostile neighbors the new Stale must
reckon with.
Soviet Forces Compelled to
Retreat in Ukrainia.
Warsaw. June 1. "The great Bolshe
vik offensive, begun May it with strong
forces between tho Dvina and I'rlpet riv
ers, has been stopped," says un official
communication Issued to-day.
"Tho principal Soviet army attacks
were directed on one side alortg the Po
lotsk, Mebokie. Melodechno railroad, and
on the other eastward by tho Bereslna In
the direction of Minsk. The objective,
according to Intercepted orders, was thc
occupation by May S3 of the Molodcch-no-Mlnsk
"In the Ukraine tha Budlenny army
attacks, lasting several days, were re
pelled and thenemy was compelled to
beat n retreat. '
London, June I. Russian Bolshevik
forces fighting against the Poles and
Ukrainians ln the Tarashtoha region,
south of Kiev, have retired to new posl
t'ons, sr.ys an official statement Issued
at Moscow yesterday.
Aiivi.n i iscmen r.-.
t P. M. Saturday at Main Office, ZS0
5 P. M. at fanner Herald OSes, Herald
Btalctffif, Herald Square.
S P. M. at all atber Snath 046cm.
(Lacattaaa Utlad aa UlUrUl raja.)
t i . m i t-v r a
insists on two to uenne American rosiuon uu mi
Convention Signed by Ambassador Wallace.
ii y i,.vimi;.t'K hills.
Stall Correspondent Tub Sun and 'New
Yijik Hmrn, Copyright, lo:o, by Tub Bun
I'aiuh, .Juno l.Presldent Wilson has
at Inst accepted the principle of reser
vations for tho protection of American
interests. In authorizing Ambassador
Wallnco to sign the Aerlnl Naviga
tion Convention in connection with
the treaties of Versailles and St. Ger
main the President Insisted that two
declarations be presented defining the
American position. Tho Allies signed
the convention In October..
Tho first clause reserves the Ameri
can right to restrict the flights of prl-
i Catholic Sovereigns May Go to
I Quirinal Without Papal
' Veto. .
Opportunity Seen for Aban
oning Old Time Fiction of
'Prisoner of Vatican.
i P.omc, May 31. An encyclical docu-
ment was published to-day announc-
Ing nn arrangement whereby Catholic
j sovereigns will be permitted by the
I Pope to come to Home to visit tho
j King of Italy. This paper is consid
ered one of the most important that
j has appeared since the ip of the tern
I poral power. Indeed, ir) the Catholic
! . .1.1 1. I.. ....nnnon.l In In..
; wuiiu ii la uuij nui j.iooi.u .11 1.11-
portanco by that issued by Pope Pius
X. giving Italian Catholics permission
to vote In political elections and servo
as Deputies iji Parliament.
Prior to that the watchword1 was,
"Neither electors nor elected," and In
the general elections it was the cus
tom of Italian Catholics to send their
j ballot papers to the Pope as a sign of
I loyalty.
1 Of all the papal protests translated
jinto action which the Holy Sco pro
J claimed after the fall of the temporal
I power, only one survives, the voluntary
i imprisonment of the Pope within the
j walls of the Vatican. A strong fecl
jlng exists among Catholics, including
I tho section most loyal to the Pontiff,
j that he should desist from this form
'of protest, which of la'te It has been
j urged Is of no further advantage un
I der present conditions.
Conacquencea of Veto.
' The present document Is of interna
tional Importance-, while the other was
wholly of a national character. The
Papacy's eto, proclaimed by Plus IX.
after 1S70 to all the Catholic heads of
States, forbidding them to Uslt Rome reopening trade relations with Soviet
, ,. llusi a a well Informed French diplo-
had momentous consequences. Emperor I Ba,d tho Brltlsl, people want cheap
Francis Joseph of Austria, despite the j fooi nnJ ,h() Frcach p.ople ,mve th9
alliance with Italy, never returned the, mi( lleshc tempered by their nnxlety
visit King Humbert and Queen Mar- ,0 protect tho ,mg0 8Ums of prerevo)u.
gherlta paid him at lenna in 18S1 be-. tlonnry lluasan bonds to which they
cause the King of Italy insisted that Ascribed
the visit take plac at the capital of. Krasglco nvlu mfet tllc supremo Kco
United Italy, to which brands Joseph I ,c CoweU to-morrow, and his offers
refused, to acceflr. w)u b(, takcrl nt6.further consideration.
Iilnir Carlos of Portugal. brotherln- ,, . ,,,, ,, ,.,.., ,,,
law of King Humbert, stalled on n visit
to tho latter nt Rome on one occasion,
but was stopped at Parts by, the threat
that If he continued his Journey the
: clericals of Portugal were ready to Join
1 with the Republicans In his overthrow.
I King Humbert, Indignant over this Inci
dent, tnereupon uruivc uu uiioiuuuv tv-
U wSrtttLCifc'nt Loubet of France Watchmen Looted Govern
i had decided to visit the Italian sovereign ment Tower of Treasure.
' nt Rome In April, 1904, led to the break-'
Ing off of diplomatic relations between j special Cable Despatch to Tim Si n Nsw
, thc Vatican and France. Other attempts i Yock Uciam. Covurlgbt, to:o. bv Tun Scn
made by the .Kings of Belgium, Spain and New York Herau..
, and Saxony to obtain permission to come j Berlin. June t. Soon after the
i to Rome weio frustrated. (revolution which overthrew thc German
' Empire one of the largest thefts In Ger
ArrnnKeil by Spanish I remlrr. ma crlm)naI nstory wtts perpetrated nt
Count Romanones, thc Spanish Pre-! the famous Julius Tower In Spandau,
mler, during thc peace conference nt j near Berlin, whore the Imperial Gov
Parls began negotiations with Premier ernment stored its treasure. Sixty mil
Orlando of Italy 'and Mgr. Cerrottl, j lion Rumanian let (pre-war value 20
; Papal Under Secretary of State, for the; cents), which had been printed .by Ger-
purpose of arranging for'n visit of King , many for' Gen. Mackensen's army In
Alfonso to Rome contemporaneously with '. Rumania, disappeared.
tho King of Belgium, who, through ' The not..s were being turned over to
' Cardinal Merrier, had expressed n de-, the Rumanian Government and were
sire to visit thc Italian sovereign In stored In noaden boxes containing five
his capital. These efforts resulted 1 1 the ! million each. The Berlin police have now
encyclical Issued to-day, and the King ' arrested the four former watchmen,
.......... nf iiihim finforl tMAli mill!
of Span Is expected to do tno iirst to,
take advantago of the Papal concession.
I Only the Oloniale d'ltalia comments
I on the Pope's latter, saying that It is of
I high moral value, not merely because
I that form of protest wm unworthy of
i the authority of the "lurch, but be-
cause Its relinquishment embodies "a
tacit acknowledgment of accomplished
! facts, which were not transitory effects , jndg and tnduleed In the breeding of
, of a revolution but milestones on the ( fnncy ROati and poultry.
. road of humanity." The second thief purchased an cxpen-
. she home, but finding thc tension of e-
Stlcfca to Temporal rovrer. malninB in Germany disagreeable was
The Pope In his letter announcrs that. ' planning to move to Holland when nr
while he maintains thc claims of the rested. The third accomplice used his
Holy Sec to temporal power, h; rc?c!nd3 share of boaty to buy a fruit farm near
, the ordef forbidding Catholic rulers to Potsdam.
visit the King of Italy In Rome. Pope The fourth bernme intoxicated with
I Benedict enlphhslzea the neccrslty of ins sudden wealth and embarked on a
"eliminating the gfrms of discord which gy Ufc with a woman companion. He
l have Drevcnted tho full establishment of
peace and seriously Injured not only the
temporal Interests ol tne nations out
the life and spirit of Christianity as
taught by the Lord's Prayer and the
example of our Saviour."
In conformity with this principle, the
Continued on PlftX Pas.
fxttek -. YaaBAt4th
. t- A :
vato aircraft over certain portions of
tho United States. Tho second deals
with tho enforcement of custdma laws
affecting the signatory powers and re
serves to America tho privilege of con
cluding special treaties with countries
of the Western Hemisphere, Including
Tho convention, with the protocol
extending tho time for Its slgnaturo by
tho allied Powers, will now become a
part of the pcaco treaty, but Germany
will not be called upon to sign It until
sho is granted membership In the
League of Nations or tho Allies decide
to grant her privileges not anticipated
by the Versailles pact.
Moscow Holdings Available ,
for Guarantee as Well as
.. lor Debts.
Krassine Establishes Perma
nent Headquarters for Deal
ings With Soviets.
Special Cable Despatch to Tub Scn and Nnw
YoK IIeiaid. CopvrioM, t020, by Tim Bus
and New YonK IIeulp.
London, June 1. As a result of his
interview with Lloyd George yester
day Gregory Krassine, the Soviet rep
resentative and Bolshevik Minister of
Trade, Is opening headquarters In
London. His trading office will be un
der tho supervision of tho Overseas
Trade Department of tho British Gov
ernment. Reports of the conference proceed
ings indicate that Lloyd George was
Impressed with Krasslnc's promise to
get British civil and military prisoners
out of Russia despite tho fact that
they are in the custody of the notori
ous commissar "Peter tho Painter,"
who escaped the London police ulege
of tho anarchists' headquarters in
Sydney street some years ago and who
is violently anti-Brttish. .
It Is Indicated that the British Cabinet
has gone a long way toward doing
business with Moscow. In an authorita
tive expression of opinion to that effect
mado to tho correspondent of The Sun
and New York Hrr..w.D, experts on tho
subject declared that tney consider the
Moscow gold available for :,uaranteei,
saying ;
"The Imperial gold was not the sole
security of the Imperial Russian debts.
We were pledged to good faith to the
Russian ptople. If wc can establish
that good faith still exists and If Russia
is not in fact bankrupt, there Is no
reason why her gold should not be
utilised as a basis for further inter
national dealing?."
Speaking of thf difference between
the llritish and French policies ns to
llroposos , orKnn,ze an charge of
goods with Brltis.i tnuleis.
" -- -
the revolutionary military service ,and
were middle aged mechanics and trades-
The ringleader was a moulder, 46
years old, who soon after the theft gave
up his position as watchman and puz
zled his neighbors by a sudden display
of prosperity. He purchased n villa and
i rcqiicmeu iii.j iu ....v,
heavily and became notorious In turf
end club circles. But tie soon ran
through with his booty and returned to
Ids forgiving wife. Unable to obtain
work, he undertook to raising money
by burglary and stolen goods were found
on him when arrested.
Krrf Garfeea Iiw. Kaar Gar4M, L. I..
Kldntial Uubutaa Hotl (Amr. ftaa).
ttaatt Knott UtU Mas Ks.
ffl JH 17 M it ltf T X JTT
! AivEi 1V1AIN DA 1 U
Administers on Armenia
Worst Defeat Yet Given
to the President.
Resolution of Refusal Passes
52 to 23- Hitchcock 1
Fights for Delay.
Underwood Takes Position Na
tion Should First Settle
Treaty Issue.
13 Democrats Join 1,
Special toTnr. Srs and Nr-wYnnit lit
Thirteen Dcmocrntic Sen
ators voted to-day with tho Re
publicans to adopt tho 'resolution
against any Armenian mandate.
They were:
Beckham (Ky.). Chamberlain
(Ore.), Dial (S. C), Gerry (R.
I.), Harris (Ga.), Myers (Mont.),
Nugent (N. J.). Pomerene
(Ohio), Reed (Mo.), Shields
(Tenn.). Smith (Ga.), Thomas
(Col.), Walsh (Mass.).
Special to Tup Bun and New Yosk lliuit;,
Washington, June 1. By a vote 'of
32 to 23 the Senate adopted to-day a
resolution declaring that ".the Con
gress hereby respectfully declines to
grant to the Executive the power to
accept a mandate over Armenia."
The votes against the resolution and
for the mandate wero all cast by Dem
ocrats. A determined effort was made by
the Democratic managers to prevent
direct action on the matter. Seuator
Hitchcock moved to recommit tho
resolution to the Foreign Relations
Committee, saying it ought not to bo
acted on finally untll it was certain
whether this country would or would
nA accept tho pcaco treaty and Join
tho League of Nations. This was lost,
34 to 43. On this vote two .Republi
cans, Kenyon (Iowa) and Townsond
(Mich.), joined the Democrats la
favor of recommitting, while four
Democrats voted with the Republicans
against referring. These were t ham-
berlaln.' Reed. Shields ' and Wals
Hitchcock Revision Ucfcnled.
By a vote of 32 to -11 was lost an
amendment by Senator Ilitcl-cock
(Neb.) to add to the resolution a pro
vision that the President bo empow
ered to appoint members of a com
mission ' to arrange an issue of $30.
000,000 of Armenlun bonds In pay
ment for supplies bought in this coun
try. On tho real test of the day only
twelve votes lined up in support of
thc President.
Tills was a motion by Senator Brands
gee (Conn.J. to amend thc resolution to
as to read ;
"That thc Coi.gicss hereby grants to
thc Hxecuti-'c thc power to accept a
mandate over Armenia."
On this vote President Wilson met
with thc worst defeat thus far udmln-i
lstcrcd to him by tho Senate.
Rnliliiaiui NiioUeNiiinii for .Mmnlnta,
The cast! for the mandate and In de
i fence of thc Administration was stated '
! In thc opening uddress by Senator Rob.
I Inson (Ark.). He iccountccl tho Ills
I to.y of thc Armenian question before
Congress, recalling that the Sonata
! passed a resolution congratulating the
Armenians on their achievement of in
dependence and cxpicsslng mpatliy
I for them but suggesting no action savij
' the sending of a warship and marines!
I to protect American Interests In th
! Batum district. That, he said, would
be of no practical tise. The i-Ulo.is had
since united In asking the United States
to take u mandate for Armenia and this
presented the opportunity for the United
i States to give Its sympathy substantial
i form. He declared ncicptnnre of a man
! date would be fer better than the armed
occupation proposed by thc earlier rcso
I lutlon. , ,
I "If the United States proceeds In the
matter at all," he said, "our action
j should be calculated to afford adequate
relief, for this alono will Justify tho as
sumption of any responsioiniy. .inj
thing less will disappoint the hopes of
tho Armenians and will further disgust
our recent nllles. who are already won
dering why the United States, so de
termined and harmonious during hos
tilities. Ima demonstrated such vision
and Indecision In diplomacy.
'Stnifgerlnjr ISImv i ChrlsSOt'itt r'
"If Congress nlopts the resolution, I'
we deny thc necessary authorlt" for t 'ls
Government to afford Armenia the ad
vice and aid of u mandatory anil pro
vide no form of cflccl've l-'lcf Ciui"
tlanlty on Its cistern fruiilltr I rr
eclvo ti ftaggcrlng blow and tne iVestvnt
there will be uplift -J uNnc thc Croi'
Senator Pomi'rn presorted tin dlfi
Acuities of making a iialluinl pullc o:i
the Armenian qucitlon nt a lime when
It was yet uncertain what America' at
tltudo toward the rest of the world wa
to be.
Senator Brandegee Interrupted to say
the President had submitted the matter
to the Senate because he was determined
to Kt from Congress an answer which
h miiU return tn tha Powara that hail
ImA to Uka t&a mandate a-mith .

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