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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, June 08, 1920, Image 1

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niiinilM i i um i i ii i i , i I
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
Partly tJboudy tothjy Trntl ttmrnnrmw,;
rising ttcirtpcnttune;; -jnoilcrttbs wwstsaily
Highest temperatnre yaOxriiAy, ES; lowest. 54.
UtMllsd -wnsthcr miarfti wm 3n annua m Kb Bffiunttl
Q 1 09fl ..Copyright, 1020, bv The Sun I'rtnttng and Publishing .Association.
ut xtuv. Entered ic:nd cls matter, roit Office, New Vo
York, N, V.
13th Amendment and Vol-
stead Law Upheld hy
All Justices.
jrcKcmia, Dissenting, Asks
What, Is Meant by Con-
current Power.
Says Conrt Docs Not, Give
Clear Ruling Where
r States Arc Involved.
U-iai (9 Tni Sex and New Tok Hduus
V7ashincton, Juno 7. The prohibi
tion amendment to tho Federal con
itltutlon and tho Volstead enforcement
act were upheld to-day by the United
States Supreme Court Tha decision
weeps aside almost tho last hope of
the wets. The court's action mcan3
that the bono dry law la established
firmly as the rule of the nation.
Sale of any beverage containing one
i half of one per cent or more of alcohol
is forbidden In every State In tho
Union regardless of statutes adopted
in the defence of State rights. Such
measures as have been passed by New
Tork, New Jersey, Rhode Island and
other States are nullified. Thn court's
ruling, given after three months of
egal attacks on prohibition, ls com
plete victory for the Government and
he dry forces.
Sustaining tho amendment the court
jlcd that prohibition Is a subject
which may be dealt with properly ln
lie constitution and does not In any
nay conflict with other articles in that
document. Hardly had tho opinion
been read when counsel for" the wets
aeclared they would file petitions for
shearing on all the seven cases In
volved. Sir. Justice Van Devanter gave the
decision of tho court, which, on the
basic question Involved that of up
holding prohibition was unanimous.
Tlie majority opinion dealt only with
an announcement ortne decree cover
.n; the actual litigation of the seven
ascs. and, contrary to precedent, did
'yiot set forth the reasoning of tho court
n arriving at Its decision, cruet jus
t.ce 'White stated he regretted the
ourt had not seen fit to outline the
s'eps leading up to Its decision.
Three Ilsntlntt Voices.
Usttces McReynolds. Clarke and Mc
Ker.na filed separate opinions, dissent
'ig to some parts of the majority de
ilon. The two former did not dissent
'-om the decree. It was from Justice
V 'Kenna's words that the wets found
heir chief solace. He questioned tho
to-srse taken by the court In withholding
rom the public Us reasoning and sup
oortmg the rights of States to regulate
enforcement of prohibition. An express
and implied grant to the States Is con
tained In the phrase "concurrent power"
and he Insisted that the States should
cave "uniform, united, harmonious and
oncoruant action with the Government
n enforcement"
In his stand Justice McKenna prac
tically reaffirmed the position of the
minority of the Judiciary committee In
t report on the Volstead act. Leaders
o' the wets and drj's were present when
decision was given and immediately
f'irtrer declared they would try to
f r.d some new angle from which they
'itht attack the law.
Ml question of the right of Congress
io interpret the constitutional provision
f the prohibition clause halving now
Vn determined, It Is tho prevailing be
' here that the liquor Issue will bo
rne a big factor In politics. The fight
I' te transferred to the field where
li nets and drys will battle for the
iftion of representatives friendly to
one side or the other.
Text of the recUlon.
; istici Van Devanter stated that the
'"art was concerned with the seven cases
'"ruling, all Involving certain phases of
I" -onstitutlonal amendment and the
1 "I ;ead act and announced the decision
s follows:
1 The adoption by both Houses of
nngress each by a two-thirds vote, of
a Joint resolution proposing an amend
'""it to the Constitution sufficiently
mows tnat the proposal was deemed
'e-essarj- by all who voted for it An
fXDress declaration that they regarded
'l h necessary Is not essential. None
of the resolutions whereby prior amend
" 'nis were proposed contained such a
2 The two-thirds vote In each House
iileh is required In proposlng(amend-
' a vote of two-thirds of the mem
wrs pr. s.nt assuming the presence of
quorum and not a vote of two-thirds
r' t!-e entire membership, present and
tsn MUsourl Taclflc Railway Com
,rv ,s. Kansas. 245, U. S. 276.
3 The referendum provisions of State
"'Jt.tjtlons and statutes cannot be ap
F .tJ consistently with the Constitution
n' the United States. In the ratlflca
' is or rejection of amendments to It
Hawke vs. Smith, U. S., decided June
1 1320.
"4. The prohibition of the manufac
ture, sale, transportation. Importation
a3 exportation of Intoxicating liquors
V beverage purposes, as embodied In
"e Elihteenth Amendment. Is within the
j ' c.-a-.fn.t "e Hwll! 1 be a rtWuf'-rt betweess represents.!
. : ' . . .
........ eni b: ,a,vrU' rro-
Const'tutlon. and muit h rg. ". '
, ;
IConHnved on h'inth Paye.)
Anti-Jewish Cry Raised
in Austrian Capital
yiENNA, June 7. Posters of
n violent nnti-Scmitic character
appeared all over the city Sun
day. One aeries requested
Gentiles to join leagues for the
elimination of Jews from the
business and official life of the
country and for the expulsion of
non-Austrian Jews. Other
posters, signed by the Herman
officers' association, demanded
that the army bo freed of Jews.
This association has planned a
.great demonstration for to-night,
and the Socialists have instructed
the authorities to be prepared
for trouble.
Allies Will Ask the United
States' Position on German
Will Give Priority to Tlicm-
selves, Leaving Uncle Sam
to Get What He Can.
Stalf Correspondent of Tun Su.x and Nrw , , .-,i . . . , ,. ' yr
Voik IIbuu,. Gepiripht, S9S0, by The Sin after ord had gone around that Om.
and Nrw York Houlo. i Pushing had sent the letter to Mr.
Paris, June 7. There are Indications Baker the Secretary declined to do
that the Allies are about to send a1"?." an?I?.w J10
new note to the United States, not
only renewing- the request that Amer-
lea be represented at the allied confer-
ence preceding tho Spa meeting, but
at the same time asking the United
States to derine, cither through her
representatives or by memorandum.
ner enure posmon respecung me ucr-
man Indemnity.
fui. .i u.. . i, , j..i,j i.
This action by. America is desired by
tho Allies to enable them to reach an
agreement regarding the distribution
of tho indemnity, recent detflopments
in the United States having raised the
question ln the mind of tho Entente
whether America would claim her
share of the German payments.
The Idea advanced In official circles
here Is that if tho United States re
fuses to bo represented or to claim a
share of the indemnity the Allies would
be Justified ln working out a plan In
which America would not be Included.
In other words, they would give pri
ority to themselves, leaving the United j
States, ir she changed her policy under
a Republican administration, to get
JT" c"u,u a"er a" lne olners!
had been paid. j
See rtepnbllcan Victory.
Apparently the Republican National
Convention and the opinion of Franco
American newspaper correspondents
that a Republican victory at the polls
ls more or less certain are causing the
Allies to reenvlsage the Indemnity prob-
lem, with special reference to the Knor
resolution, which is accepted here as
embodying Republican Ideas.
An editorial ln the Temps, Inspired by
the French Foreign Office, called the at
tlon of the Allies to the Important bear
ing which political events In the United
States have on this problem, and to the
apparent variance of the Republican In
demnity attitude with the policy of
President Wilson, who at a meeting
with Premier Lloyd George and Pre
mier Clemenceau on April 28, 1919,
waived tho American reparation claim.
whereas the t Knox resolution did not
waive it.
The Temps reviewed the Knox resolu
tion, wnicn, u saiu, urn tioi conieni u- -
self with declaring that the United,
States would keep a German guaran- j
ees untfl the reparations due her were
Integrally assured, but demanded that
uermany connrm wan regaru 10 mo
United States all the penalties and sell- !
ures Imposed or executed by the United j Sncrman ; Iowa. John T. Adams ; ! tee. to succeed Herbert Parsons. Charles
States during the war and renounce all I Louisiana, Emlle Kuntz: Maine. Guy' D. Wiles. New York,
pecuniary claims based on any event j p Gannett; Missouri. J. W. Babler- ; This selection was made at a confer
whlch might arise before the entry into i Mississippi. M. J. Mulvihlll; Nebraska. ! ence which lasted well Into the morning
force of the proposed treaty, rnis fact
tne Jempn assenea, snouiu oe consul-
ereu uy mo .imcs ui men ua tuiuci-
WntchlnRr Republican Platform.
French official eyes now are fixed on
the Republican platform utterances to
find In them some clue to the future
policy of the Republicans regarding
Italy Is another trouDiesome lacior in
the situation, as she has now Informed
the Allies that she is hot willing to take
7 ner cent, of the reparations due ner, as
her expenditures were greater than those
of Belgium. She Insists that unless her
claims are granted she will deal Inde
pendently with Germany. Count Carlo
Sforza. Under secretary ot f oreign ai
falrs. Is carrying this message to Lon
All plans as a result ot this have -been
thrown Into confusion.
Paris. June 7. Postponement of the
allied German conference, which was toiHemenway
have been held at Spa on June 21, Is
considered certain In French official
circles because of the Inability of offi
cials to prepare material for discussion.
It is indicated that the conferenco will
be held about July 6.
iyikm .limn 7 Confirmation nf h 1
wnul.l be nostooned until Julv was riven i
licr. to-da In all probability there
Mit - M of l ip pil ed uovorr.monts at a
mcr - tlnr '.n London before the Spa
.vrKt-M.ni-iiirtyn tonic.
r:!wr loca't liiltln lWi you up.-Adv.
Tells Secretary Baker He
Wants to Enter a Busi-
ness Life.
Formal Letter of Rcsigna -
tion Withhold Several
Days by Department.
No Work for Loader of Ex
peditionary Force- Except
Army Reorganization.
trial to Tun Sr.N and New York Heulo.
akiungto.v, Juno 7. Gen. John J.
I Pershing, commander In chief of the
1 American Expeditionary " Forces In
France during the war. announced to- j ator j,lmes W. Wadsworth, Jr. (X. T.),
night his Intention of retiring from j (0 trv t0 i,rmg trie New York delega
octlvo duty in the army. Ho sent a . tjon tc.Rether. He was elected chalr
lettcr 'to Secretary of War Baker In : man al a meeting this morning to
which ho said It was his desire to ' name delegation officers. But when it
engage In some line of work more i CQmes tQ nttemptlnfi. the r0e of a boss
active than that which at present is , . , ... ,,.
a , v.. ......i r., the Senator has no Inclinations for
recently authorized reorganization of
the army.
I On. Pershing s decision to retire,
arnounced upon his return to Wash -
ilngton ter several days in Maine,
, caused Intense surprise. Although it
d been known to Secretary Baker
for several days no announcement
rnmn frnm t h n n r- DnnnrtmAnt Vi'on
come from Gen pcrshlne, Hcre ls the
. letter:
Referring to
"Dear Mr.
our conversation of a few days ago, I
I wish to say that It has long been my de-
( 8ire t0 return to civil life. Throughout
. my military career I have been ery
; have been more or less Important
"It now appears that my duties arc
not likely to be of a character that will
: ,,. ,. .,, , .
require more than a portion of my time.
Under the circumstances I feel that after
the completion of the work contemplated
; by the army reorganization act I could
i relinquish military duty without detrl-
ment to the service and thus bo free to
engage in something more active; There-1 jj U , f nml fewcr. Bul
fore, unless a situation should develop,
to Justify my remaining. I contemplate I even so. some of the political wise
taking the step Indicated within the next ' acres acknowledge that after this a
fe"Sho0uldhe necessity arise In the 'tuatlon might arise whereby Butler
time of crisis or otherwise. I assure you, might come, to the front with a rush
Mr. Secretary, that I shall stand ready ' and g0 aCross. Such a possibility is
to serve my country in the future as I ', ,, . ., . ,, i,,.,.
have In the past. considered most remote, however.
"With great respect and high esteem
I remain, very sincerely,
"John J. Pershing.."
There is no question, of course, but
that Secretary Baker will grant Per-:
ehing's request for retirement. It Is ,
plain from the letter, together with the i
attitude of Mr. Baker, that there has
befn such an understanding.
Several months ago. when the Gen
eral's name was being used In connec
tion with the Nebraska Presidential
preference primary, an unofficial an
nouncement was made that upon his re
tirement from the army he would enter
business In Lincoln, the city he now calls
home. So far, however, he has not
himself Indicated the nature of his fu
ture activities.
Crane, Parsons, King, Warren
and Others Retire.
Chicaoo, June 7. Former Senator
John W. Weeks of Boston was elected
to-day National Committeeman from
j Massachusetts to succeed Wlnthrop Mur
ray Crane, resigned.
Other Republican National Commlttee-
or r-electert n !,i,i.
Alabama, Oliver ' D. Street: Alaska,
j. c. McBrde; Arizona. Allan R
Jnynes. CoIorado Dr iIubfrt Work
Connecticut. J. Henry Roraback : ivin.
t fnlem.-in d!i Pnnt P1w,i
R,m w Rpan : llllrml l.an,r.n v' I
R B Howell: New Hampshire. F." W.
Estabrook; New Mexico. H. O. nursum;
I Von.- Vnrlf Oharlp. D. TIllloo- Vn, T.,
i aA(. T I T.-Afin. VArtK n.lrnl.
Olson; Ohio, R. K. Hynlcka ; Okla
homa, Jacob Hamon ; Oregon, Ralph
R. Williams: Pennsylvania. Hols
Penrose; Porto Rico, Robert H. Todd;'
Texas, H. F. McGregor; Virginia, C. B.
Slemp; Washington, Guy E. Kelly, Ta
coma; Indiana, Joseph B. Keating, In
succession to former Senator Hcmen
way, who declined reelection; Vermont,
Earle S. Kinsley; Wisconsin, Alfred T.
Rogers; Wyoming. Patrick Sullivan.
Tho committee as at present con
stituted held Its last meeting to-day.
The new committee will meet and organ
ize Wednesday. Resolutions expressing
regret at the large number of men who
were leaving the committee were adopt
ed. Among them were several perma
nently identified with party councils.
They Include Charles B, Warren of
Michigan, Herbert Parsons of New York,
John T. King of Connecticut, James A
of Indiana, W. Murray
Crane of Massachusetts and S
kins ot Washington.
A Per-
Chicaoo, June 7. Word from Wash-
ir.cton that the bupreme Court had held
i national prohibition and the Volstead
act constitutional did not excite con-
ventlon delegates. Most delegates said
User were Rh'd the Question had been
Leaders said there never was a ro-
'blbillty of Injecting the liquor Issue tn
t tM'atform or campaign, ond xiVft that
the 'court has acted It was out of the
I way, they added, for a long time.
j Present Indications Point
. to Badly Split Vote on
First Ballot.
) Wadsworth Urged to Bring
! About Some Uniformity
0f Action.
Delegates Organize and Elect
Committeemen Glcason
in Role of Humorist.
r.n,r...t l Tiir Sin xb
YOrn HnutD.
Chicago. Juno ".Pressure Is Uing
j iT0URht to bear on United States Sen-
, the almost in-possible tos. It Is
.rather doubtful he could succeed It
ho tried
; jfcvause 0f tlie lack of a pilot the
id , clghty-elght. which
, . .
j mIKnt a Krpat force ln the,comen-
uon, is wnnuwins m me imb "
sea. It seems to oe breauing up ana
may be found on the rocks unless
some one arises to guide the craft.
At a secret conference of some of
the sectional leaders In the Blackston'
iast night an attempt was made
check up to learn how the delegates
mKnt be expected to vote. They dis-
covered the delegates wore split up
mong at least Ave Presidential can-
' ndatcs and that Dr. Nicholas Murray
EutIer mlht not B" more ,han ""y
of s'xtv votes on the first ballot.
Although mon like James R. Sheftleld
are pleading with their colleagues to
stick to Butler for several ballots on
the chance that the wheel may turn
in his direction the chances are thai
. each succeedlnc ballot will find the
Delt-ROte CIiuoac OflU-er.
No mention of Presidential candi
dacies was made at the open meeting of
the delegation In the Congress to-day
Privately there was nothing else dis
cussed, but It was thought be.u to wait
until the situation became clearer be
fore trying to bring the minds of the
delegates together on a definite Presi
dential programme. Adjournment was
taken subject to the call of Chair
man Wadsworth. The general under
standing Is that this call will be for
some time Wednesday. The selection of
officers resulted as lollowa:
Chairman, James W. Wadsworth. Jr.;
secretary. William J. Tulley. Steuben;
member of committee on credentials,
Jacob A. Livingston. Brooklyn, Kings
county leader ; member of committee on
permanent organization, wuuam names,
Albanv. former chairman of tne biate
committee ; member of the committee on
rules, Representative Bertrand H. Snell,
St. Lawrenre ; member of the committee
on resolutions, Ogclen L. Mills, .New
York, who has been chairman of the ex
ecutive committee, platform and policies
of the National Committee; honorary
vice-president of the convention, Mrs.
Florence 11 S. Knapp. Onondaga;
member of committee to notify the
Presidential nominee, George W. Aid
ridge, leader of Monroe county; mem
w,. nt th committee to notify the Vice-
Presidential nominee. George P. Urban,
member of tho National Commit
hmir to-day. Some of the leaders am
not get word of the gathering and were
somewhat peeved. Among those who
were not there were Senator Calder.
Jacob A. Livingston and former Senator
Elon R. Brown.
Miller Floor Lender for HooTer.
Former Judge Nathan L. Miller, who
might have stepped Into the breach as
a real leader except for the fact that
he Is tied up for Herbert Hoover, the
only member of the delegation openly
pledged to the former Food Administra
tor, was not at the conference. He has
prepared a speech with which to nom
inate Hoover, but It was decided to-day
that the best strategy would be not to
have a formal nomination, but to try
and run the Hoover votes up ballot after
ballot. Mr. Miller, however, will act as
floor leader for Hoover.
So far as ls known no other delegate
from New York Is prepared to vote for
Hoover, on the first ballot at least It
was reported that William L. Ward ot
Continued on TAIrd rage.
0 r. M. at Main Office, SS0 Ilroadimy.
1 r. M. al farmer Herald Office, Herald
Uuildinc, Herald Square.
t T. M. at all other llrunch Office.
u.ocaUnns liea on IMHorlal race.)
Pours Broadside at
the Press and at
' i
Proclaims Himself Lender 0fiK0X?s 1ln for n lntcrna-
Radical Element Within
the Republican Party.
Chicago Labor Launches
Open War on Johnson
n-j a Staff Carrespardtnt of The Sr. and
Nnv YoK Heiald.
QHICAGO, June 7. Chicago
labor came out strong against
Senator Hiram Johnson of Cali
fornia to-day. Hundreds of
wagons and automobiles plac
arded with signs reading,
"Senator Johnson is the man
who is keeping Tom Mooney in
a California jail" appeared on
the streets. The placard was
signed by the Chicago Federa
tion of Labor.
"Vote against Johnson" h an
other of the placards.
Gy o Staff Cerrcrond( of TUB Scn AND
New YoaK Herald.
Chicago, June 7. Before a meeting
of 10,000 persons ln the Auditorium
Theatre to-night and later to an over
How meeting of fully 15,000 which
stood In Congress street wlle he ad
dressed it from the balconies Senator
Hiram TV. Johnson (Cal.) sounded his
' defiance to "those who would disregard
the majority, the rank and file of the
! Republican party, and impress upon it
their own arbitrary wld.
I It was described by police who have
j handled such meetings ln Chicago for
twenty years as the greatest demon
stration of its kind ever In tho history
of this city, which has known so many
For twenty-nine minutes the great
audience Inside tho Auditorium stood,
cheered, waved flags and cheered
again Its greetings to the Californlan.
He walked out on the stage arm tn
arm with Senator ftorah ( Idaho)
promptly at S o'clock, and for twenty
nine minutes from his appearance the
demonstration went on without even
the surging and resurglng common to
such outbursts. It was spontaneous,
and time and again the roaring throng
shouted down the Presidential can
didate when he attempted to quiet tho
storm and begin his address.
Mnny Women n
Despite the numbers and the pressure
on tho entrances to the Auditorium the
multitude was good natured and ac
quiesced promptly ln the arrangements
which had been made with unusual care
to prevent disorder. The crowd, both
Inside and outside, was characteristic of
present day Chicago politics. That Is It
was made up about equally of women
and men, the women Joining In the
demonstrations with the samo fer
vor as the men, giving to It a char
acter precisely reminiscent of the
demonstrations that marked the birth of
the Progressive party eight years ago.
The samo singing of songs, popular and
patriotic; the big Chicago orchestra
played. Interspersing marches and In
strumental selections with the accom
paniments for songs in which everybody
There was everything from "Tlp
perary" to "I'm Forever Blowing Bub
lilels." and a few bars of "Onward,
Christian Solldlers." A selection of p.v
trlctlc airs starting with "America" and
ending with "The Star Spanglcld Ban
ner" aroused the greatest enthusiasm In
the period when the audience waa await-
Insiho appearance of the speakers,
The clamoring crowd In Congress
street conducted Its own demonstration
as a sort of reflection of and response
to the one that waa going on Inside.
Finally a banner was hung from a bal
cony window In sight ot the outside mul
titude announcing that Senators John
son and Borah would speak there after
the meeting Inside. The crowd on tho
outside, instead of tiring and leaving,
apparently grew as the wait continued.
Like Another "Teddjr."
Inside, sinning and cheering and ex
changes of quips and greeting shouted
back and forth across the Auditorium
occupied the time until the speakers ap
peared. The stage was filled with chairs,
and after all these were occupied a line
of people stood back to wall all the way
around It. It was with the greatest
difficulty that the police were able to
keep the aisles half cleared.
When Senator Johnson and Senator
Borah walked out from the wings to
the front centre of the stage the audience
was on its feet In an Instant the flags
fluttered out and the demonstration
Many of the women waved a flag In
Continued on Third Page.
I Oil
d V. M. Satardar at Main Office, M0
S r. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Pnlldlnc, Herald Sinare.
sJI ether Ilranch Office.
(l-watt-Mir llitcrt on IMltorlal Page.)
Draft Satisfies Johnson, Borah
(1 ot,lcr Irrecon-
tional Court to Rc Indorsed
in G. 0. P. Platform.
llv a itaf Correffondent of Tin Scn ami
Nnv York Hnuu.
Chicago, June 7. There will be no
battle on the convention floor over the
treaty plank of the Republican plat
form. An inner group of the Repub
lican leaders, representing all fac
tions on tho resolutions committee,
met this afternoon In the room of
Senator Kellogg (Minn,), one of the
mild reservation leaders, and agreed
upon the plank which will undoubt
edly be approved by the full commit
tee and by the convention.
Senator Lodge (Mass.), the floor
leader, wus present at the conference,
along with Senator Crane (Mass.),
Senator Lenroot (Wis.). Senator
Smoot (Utah) and Senator Borah
(Idaho). Senator Watson (Ind.), who
ls slated to be chairman of the resolu
tions committee, was unable to at
tend, because of important confer
ences elsewhere, but his views were
known and his approval was assured
The plank Is virtually that drafted ln
tho rough by Senator Lodge, with the
assistance ot Senator Knox (Pa.) in
Washington and modified slightly by
Will H. Hays, chairman of the Repub
lican National Committee.
Three Principal Points.
It contains three cardinal points as
follows :
I. DtnuicIatUin of the Treaty jf
Versailles,, lncjudlns the LeagU" of
Nations covenant as presented to
the Senate by President Wilson.
2. Indorsement ot the action ot the
Republicans of the Senate tn pre
venting the ratification of the Wilson
3. Indorsement of the Knox plan
for an International court o( arbitra
tion. To avoid trouble with the bitter end
Senators, led by Hiram Johnson and
Borah, it was decided to avoid specific
indorsement of the Lodge reservations.
In Its flnul form the plank may be con
strued by the bitter enders as voicing
disapproval of the entire leage covenant,
whether protected by Americanizing
reservations or not, and yet it docs not,
repudiate the action of the mild Repub
bicans who voted for the Lodge reser
vations. The i.latform will pledge the party to
continue Its attitude of opposition to
ratlflcatloVi ot the treaty as submitted.
This declaration is In effect borrowed
from the Indiana platform. But from
this on there ls a divergence. The
Indiana plank proceeds to pledge tho
Republican party to sustain the doctrine
of Monroe. The national plank will ex
pand this to Include also a pledge tu
maintain tho policy of Washington
toward foreign relations. That Is, the
Monroe doctrine excludes European
countries from America, while the Wash
ington doctrine of the farewell address
withholds America from European en
Senator Borah (Idaho) Is credited
with proposing the modification of the
Indiana plank which made It acceptable
to himself, Senator Johnson and the
rest of the treaty irrecondlables.
Senator Borah, however, declared at
the time that he was not among those
consulted, and he subjected the Indiana
formula to a scrutiny that was nowise
predisposed In Its favor. At the end he
sent word that !f a clause could be In
serted that would Include In It a reaf
firmation of the Washington policy he
could accept the plank.
nnruh Aftreea to Plonk.
Senator Borah said to-day he would be
satisfied with this statement of tlie
policy, and admitted his understanding
that all elements were united on it.
The fact that this delicate subject has
been brought to such satisfactory de
termination was given to-day as one
reason why Senator Lodge probably
would be made temporary as w ell as
permanent chairman. There Is nc longer
any particular occnslon for a demand
on the part of the Irrecondlables for the
measure of recognition which they
claimed at a time when there wns a pos
sibility of a contest over this plank.
Conferences were held to-day by
groups working In connection with plat
form and policies commltteo of the Na
tional Committee on various features of
the platform. The final framing of the
document, as a result of the thorough
study that has been given by the com
mittee ot 171 and Its sub-committees,
presents some dlfflcultls becauso m
much excellent material has been
brought to hand that a proper condensa
tion Is difficult In some cases. This has
been found particularly true In the
treatment of tho scries of economic and
soclnl questions that concern taxation,
the high cost of living, deflation and re
lated matters.
To lie Lowe, nxhnnattre Plank.
The necessity of making a clear, un
derstandable, meaningful statement of
the essential fundamentals In this con
nection has compelled tho preparation
ot a plank that is long and rather ex
haustive. It will bIiow that the nrlnnry
cause of present conditions is related to
the whole economic situation of the
world and that a large responsibility
must be borne by the Democratic party
Coiiiinied on Sixth Page,
Bettors Still Favor
Johnson and McAdoo
JOHNSON nnd McAdoo con
tinue favorites in the election
betting us quoted in the Wall
Street district. Each is at even
A few over Sunday changes
in odds were posted. Harding,
against whom 8 to 1 had been
Suoted, was changed to 5 to 1;
utler went from 10 to 5 to 1,
Hughes from 5 to 1 to 1 and
Knox from 10 to 5 to 1. Coolidge
remained unchanged at 8 to I
against, as did Wood at 7 to 5,
Lowden at 8 to 3, Hoover at 4
to 1 and Allen at ti to 1. Sproul,
added ns an entry yesterday, got
odds of 5 to 1 against his
Democratic odds, virtually un
changed, are: McAdoo even
Edwards 6 to 5 against, Cox 2
to 1, Clark 4 to 1, Davis 7 to 1,
.Marshall 10 to 1, Wilson and
Bryan 20 to 1.
Betting continues, extremely
light, nnd those willing to bet
generally want to wager that
any named candidate will not
win rather than that he will.
National League of Voters to
Get a Hearing Before
Resolutions Committee.
Education, Trices, Health and
Morals Among Issues De
manding Action.
Bu a Staff Correspondent, of Tne Sc and
Ntw YoaK Bruin.
Chicaoo, June 7. The National
League of Women Voters has estab
lished Us headquarters tn the Con
gress Hotel and Is issuing floods of
printed propaganda urging the plat
form builders to give a thought to
the league's planks on child welfare,
education, home nnd high prices, bet
ter conditions for women ln gainful
occupations, public health and morals,
and independent citizenship for mar
ried women. A hearing has been
promised before the resolutions com
mittee. The chairman, Mrs. Maud Wood Park
of Boston, has arrived from the Wash
ington Congressional headquarters and
Is directing the work of presentation of
the p'anks. She Is assisted by the vice
chairman, Mrs. George Gellhorn of St
Louis; Mrs. Richard E. Edwards of
Peru, Ind., treasurer; Mrs. Solon Jacobs
of Birmingham, Ala., secretary, and the
following regional directors: Mrs. F.
Louis Slade, New Tork; Miss Delia
Dortch, Nashville, Tcnn.; Miss Elisa
beth J. Hauser, Glrard, Ohio, and Mrs.
James Paige. Minneapolis. The follow
ing nationally known welfare workers
are taking an active part ln the work
at league headquarters: Mrs. Frederick
P. Bagley, Boston; Miss Mary McDow
ell, Chicago ; Mrs. Percy V. Pennybaker,
Austin, Tex.; Dr. Valeria H. Parker,
Hartford, Conn., and Mrs. Catherine
Waugh McCulIoch, Chicago.
Gov. Lowden has opened separate
headquarters for the women whj ara
helping his campaign or the nomina
tion. Mrs. Phillip Schuyler Doane Is
In charge, and Mrs. Lowden and her
good looking daughters are constantly
In the reception line.
Mrs. Hiram Johnson, who has never
posed for a newspaper camera, does not
appear at her husband's headquarters at
tho Auditorium. She takes no open part
in his campaign and denies herself to
newspaper women. She savs the Sena
tor knows what he Is doing and how to
do it, and adds that she will vote for
him and would do all In her power to
send him to the White House.
Mrs. Polndexlcr, however, Is to be
seen dally in her husband's headquar
ters. She Is one of the hardest workers
there. Mrs. Sarah Flannagan and Mrs.
James Latham of Washington assist
The , women most prominent In the
Harding headquarters are Mrs. Frank
B. Willis, Mrs. John Winder of Colum
bus, Ohio: Miss Georgia Hopley and
Mrs. W. W. Wood. In the Wood head
quarters In the Congress are Mrs. James
Russell Parsons, Mrs. Florence McKay
Kelly and Miss Ruth Byers of New
York; Mrs. Huntley Russell, Mrs. John
Carey. Anne Studebaker Carlisle and
Mrs. Maud Wood Parke,
Johnson nnd Wood Managers Sore
of Wlnnlnu North Carolina.
Raleigh, N. C, Juno 7. Conflicting
claims us to the results of Saturday's
Republican Presidential primary were
still being made to-day by the Stato
managers of Senator Johnson of Call
fornla and Major-Gen. Leonard Wood,
Iredell Meares, who managed the
Johnson campaign, declared hi candi
date had carried the State by a large
majority, while Zeb V Wclser, head of
the Wood forces, refused to concede
this. Insisting that the vote In the moun
tain districts wns 3 to 1 In favor of
Gen. Wood and would prove suflWant
to decide the result
Wood, JiOwdi'ii and Joliifson
Simguine, but Objections
Are Made to All.
Calil'ornian and Hoover to
Use Push Tactics if Op
portunity Appears.
All Eyes on Lodge's Kcynota
Address and Possibilities
in the Convention.
Bu a Staff Correspondent, of The Sum IM)
New Yoik Hqulo.
Chicago, June 7. One real flush ot
news, a shaft of sunlight ln the fo?,
has broken through tho mlnigo mill
the mystery of the- Republican Na
tional Convention preliminaries.
It is this: The Old Guard, weak
ened nml fearful ns it stands, hits
determined to put over Frank O.
Lowden. If that be humanly possible.
Fuillug In this Messrs, Smoot, Crane,
Hert, and Wntson, etc., plan to sum
tuons a committee of twenty repre
sentative Republicans nnd ask them to
agree upon a candidate.
In other words, the Old Gunrd.
weakened by tho illness nnd absence
of strong headed stnlwarts, even di
vided unions themselves, are forming
a hollow square with Lowdcti in N
For One Last Grantl Stand.
With their faces to the foe nnd thenx
is something admirable ln the pluck
of these harassed leaders they plan
one last fight, knowing that the odds
are Ave to one against them.- They
plan one ultimate battle, nnd then, If
It must be, they will give in nml
labor meekly with the Liberals anil
the middle of the roitdertownrd the
selection of n candfdnte io can win.
The Old Gunrd prays for Lowden
or darkness. If the excellent Gov
ernor of Illinois must be bl-.iten to
his knees, must collapse underth9
burden of thnt Missouri dough bug.
must, in short, be eliminated lecaus
of the shuddering fear of what the
Democrats would say from ptump to -stump
about Pullman car porters and
Pullman passes to the White House,
then darkness a sliort recess for con
ference nnd whispering would bo
Out of thnt might come something
vnltinble to the conservn fives, for If
they enn't get the whole loaf they will
take a slice. That proposed nominat
ing committee of twenty, an unheard
of thing ln Republican conventions,
planned ns it ls, has Its opportunities
for such subtle ones ns Senator Smoot
of Utah nnd Murrny Crane of Bnck
Bny, not to speak of tlie unctuous
However, the Idea is to name tha
committee sincerely and representa
tively and to abide honestly by Its de
cision If It can reach a decision.
Names on Conference List.
Alreadynames of men to be invited
to this remarkable task are murmured
hign up in tho private rooms of th
Blackstone and the Congress Henry
J. Allen of Kansas, Albert J. Beveridge
and Harry S. New of Indiana, SenatoP
James W. "Wadsworth, Jr., of New
York : Reed Smoot of Utah, Will Hays,
the chairman of the Notional Commit
tee: A. T. Hert, his shrewd lieutenant;
Alexander Moore of Pittsburg and .
few others. Tlie list is tentative and'
will require a lot of overhauling be
fore Thursday comes banelncr
the east.
Until to-night tho project had been
kept absolutely secret, although it was
nestling ln the basement of a good"
many ablo minds. Almost by accident,
a tall statesman from tho West, ono
sincerely perturbed over the wild and
purposeless lurches (as ho sees It) of
tho O. O. P. ark, revealed the plan to;
The Sux ano New YoaK Herald, a
little checking up hero and there in
quarters very sensitive to tho actual
goings on In this party corroborated
the revelation. Here Is the plan with
tho reasons that seem to the planners
to mako It Imperative:
Lato last night, when the leaders.
so called, wcro nil hcre, a series of
conferences was held to thresh out tho
whole troubled situation. John T. Kim
of Connecticut, bearing the ring of
Penrose, talked with Senator Lodge of
Massachusetts. Senator Reed Smoot of
Utah, Hert of Kentucky, National
Chairman Hays, Murray Crane of Mas.
sachusctts, Senator Watson of In
diana, Mr. Barnes of Now York and
some others of the oaco all powerful
These clmls. shifting from hqtel to
hotel, and Interlocking with corpora
tion directorates, mtifiicd the con
ferees, whether rightly or wrnnglv,
that Nood cannot w? nominated and
that Johnson must not lo ik jnat-d,
ThciC leading asplrantr bru.iid Owt

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