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II
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Mr. Wilson's Plea to tlio Demo
cratic National Convention.
All Americans feci, as this news
paper does, relief nnd gratification nt
tho nssurnnccs given by Mr. SKinot.n
of tho World, after his, visit to tlio,
Whlto Hotiso nml his long talk with
tho President, that Mr. Wilson's
health Is improved nnd Hint he Is
ablo to transact business with what
Mr. Skuioui calls "charncleiisllc YVII
sonlnn vigor."
But It Is evident from the carefully
prepared Interview wlilcii the Presi
dent gave to Mr. Rmnoi.D tlint.Jinw
ever eillcient Mr. YVii.hoy may be
physically and inontnlly, J1 imllllo.il
disorder Is Incurable. Ho still has the
obsession of his League. It is almost
as violent as It was the day he de
clared that the treaty and the Cove
nant would lie so Interwoven that
they could not bo cepnrnteri. It is
quite as self-glorlfled ns when he all
but boasted that he would Jam it
down the throats of the United States
f Senate and the American people.
I it. w. ,.!, hist .Innnars"
VVlieil .ui. " i""""
rfinilpnei'd the opponents of his Cove
nant to mnko It a cnmitttlgn issue this
newsnancr balled tliedi-.illcngegiaaiy.
In turn the ltepublican National Cdn-
vnntlon has squarely Joined Issue wltn
)ho President's jwllcy of putting the
TJnUcd Stntes under a suporsovc-r-kIimi,.,
. Mr Wit run snvs be Is
pleased that his gage has been tnUeii
tips ho scarcely could say otherwise,
put between the lines appears a weak
ness. The Wilson of the Selbold In
terview Is more shifty nml less trucu
lent. He cites McKisr.KY, Hurton
und Lomir. as Itepubllcnns who fa-
yftred a League idea before he him-
pelf took It up. As ir tneso or hhj
Other respectable Itepubllcnns were
oyer wilting to transfer to a suiter
state the power of Congre-s to make
war! As If these ever contemplated
tho surrender to Huropc of the Amor
Jpiin rlL-lit to Interprut, ns well as to
maintain, the Monroe Doctrine!
Mr. Wilson becomes positively (lis
honest when he tries to shift to the
Senate tho blame for delaying the
'official end of tho war as If the Sen
nte had not dono Its exact duty In
ndnnHiiL' such reservations as are
necessary to protect thel'iiItcd'States !
Mr. Wilson laments that war laws
remained n the statute books be
Cause the war was still otllelally on
but ho neglects to say a word about
tho Knox resolution which would
have ended all technicalities If he had
not vetoed It. k
Af th end of tho Interview the
render duds himself wondering why
tho President gave It out. The answer
piny be found in the general tone of
pcrvous npprchemdon which runs
through the conversation nnd which Is
riartlcularly tremulous when the Pres
ident Is talking about the Democratic
TJnUnnnl ftmvpiitlnn. Ih effect the
i interview Is a idea to the San Fran
; Cisco convention to stand by hlni and
: nil he 1ms done. "It is unthinkable
i thnt tlinv should do so and so." "I do
not believe that they will permit them-
. MJYCs to lie leil astrny, ami so uh.
Hyhat the voters , have said to the
Democrats at every election since Mr,
Wilson, sprang his Covenant on them
Is apparently of no Importance to the
President. In the face of the returns
ho reiterates, like a boy who has
memorized a piece, that the people
.want his league. And he wants the
Democratic convention to repeat the
piece after htm.
In this Inst the desires of Tun Srr
And New Yobk Hkralu are at one
with Mr. Wilson. We wish to see
the Uno clearly drawn between that
form of despotism which Mr. Wilson,
driven by his ambition nnd fretted by
I his gplcen, has exhibited nnd the con
I' ... ... . L..l.t-1. .1.. C .
t Eutuiionausai lor nmui mu oeiiniu
stood like a rock In the crisis of our
! nationalism and for which IlAitniNO
I nnd Cooliuok and tho Chicago pint
j form ollko stand, with the American
f people nt tneir imcKs. .
II Mr. Wilson imagined tnat tne
repetition of his challenge to put his
TTlslonary scheme to the test of the
ballots would discover any hesitation
ta tho solid ranks of the ltepublican
party he must be disillusioned by the
Immediate nnd unmistakable nnswor
of tho Itenubllcnn candidate for Pres
ident Senator Habdino enld:
"I am aura tho Republican party
wilt gladly welcome- a referendum on
the question of the- foreign relation
hlp of thla Republic, and the Ilepub
llcan attltuflo of preserved national
ity will to overwhelmingly lndoned."
No weasel words, no obscurity, no
dodging or dacklnjr there I Just tlio
blunt reply of a man who understands
tho platform, tho people and .tho
President.
George IV. Fcrklm.
Oeoboj: W. Pctkins Is dead nt fifty-
eight. In this span ho lived Tour Hun
dred yenrs. Ills splendid physique,
his extraordinary vitality, his keen
mcntnlity, his boundless nervous force,
his Immeasurable energy, bis great
human sympathy, his love of life, his
broad, deep Interest In affairs, In
people. In all human problems, his
devotion to his family and his friends,
his love of country ull nro gone,
burned out nt fifty-eight .
Llko tho lato Colonel Koosevelt,
ClKonaK W. Pkiikinb had no Idle mo
ments. Tho only rest hu ever had was
In sleep. Ho could not breathe the
nlr of Inaction. Ho had no hobbles,
lie knew nothing of frivolity, he
played no games. lie was a keen
reader of newspapers; ho hardly ever
read books. In tho problems engross
ing hs mind nnd In the tierce froy
of combat ho lived books ImioIcs that
meant a thousand times more to his
Intense nature than tiio printed pagos
from another's pen.
I lutvo known Mr. PK.niciNH Inti
mately for more man u quarter wi
century. Ho has been luucn in my
life; I much In his. Ho was nn
extraordinary creation, a genius In
ills world of activities. His great
common senso was foundational In
Is material achievements and among
men. Ills was noi a proiouim
mlnil, but a most resourceful, alert,
practical" mind. His Imagination and
knowledge of men and acquaintance
with men. coupled with his rare
powers of application, of tireless work,
mmlo him t)ie force ho came to be,
the big citizen be came to lie.
Starting life o poor boy In the West,
he became one of the country's rich
men-not one of our multimillionaire
group, but rich beyond his boyhood
I ream s. I am certain. Hut riches
opened to Mr. PniKiNS no door of
Idleness. He owned no racing stables,
no steam yachts. Indeed, as the years
accumulated with him, tho greater
became his burdens. As the genius
of the life Insurance world, the young
Napoleon of that great business, lie
dill the work of a dozen men. And
the same was true of him In his bank
lug days, ns u partner In the house
of Morgan.
Hut It Is since he retired from
business that the strain became
hardest on him. In these years he
has given his time almost entirely
to the service of the public. It Is
here that ho made the llnal sacrifice,
hero that ho gave his "all, the last
remaining ounce of his Inherent en
ergy and will, so richly and rarely
endowed.
No man anywhere has had a sweeter,
simpler, happier home life tnan Jir.
I'kiikins. His home was his kingdom.
and It was ltere In tills atmosphere,
with his wife nnd bis children, that
lie found his greatest happiness. Hut
even such a home could not turn his
ntense mind from work.
In all my acquaintance with men
I have never known one of more gen
erous soul i have never known a better
friend, or one more ready to go far,
very far, to serve another. To those
of, us who knew him best, who knew
tho true Impulses nnd purposes of his
heart, who found delight In his
buoyant, cheery, strong nature, the
world will be dulled by his passing.
I'ltANK A. MU.NSEY.
America's Unnecessary Fire I,os3.
The statistics of flro losses In the
United States presented to the New
York State bankers In. their annual
convention In Asbury Pnrk by J. F.
Van Hir-Ki: are not new, but that docs
not render them the less humiliating
to n people which prides Itself on
being practical. To the extent to
which It represents avoidable fires
this loss Is nn Indictment of American
flro prevention methods, from those
which lodge Incendiaries In prison to
those which tcacli a wanderer In the
woods to extinguish his camp lire
before ho leaves the site of his lodg
ing. Mr. Van ItirKH dressed the de
pressing figures thus:
"In tho year 1919 losses reported
to tho National Board of Fire Under
writers by Its members were esti
mated at $200,000,000. To this esti
mate we nOd 25 per cent, as represent
ing losses not reported to the board
and the valuo of property destroyed
but not covered by Insurance.
"This gives us the appalling figures
of 1325,000,000, or approximately
1900.000 a day for every day In tho
year. This has been exceeded In only
two years, 1918, when the total was
about 1:5,000,000 higher, and In 1906,
the year of the Ban Francisco con
flagration, which was, of course,. the
worst In our history.
'The proporty destroyed In the
United States In 1919 represents a
per capita loss of $3.13. In Great
Britain the per capita loss from the
name cause was the equivalent of (1
cents. For the leading countries on
tho Continent of Europe I have seen
no recent figures, but these countries
have uniformly shown a very low
record In past years, ranging from
tho equivalent of 23 cents In Ger
many, 37 cents In Austria and 55
cents In France up to a maximum
of i 1.10 In Hurjla per capita."
Ihls showing Justifies Mr. Van
THE SUN 'ANP NEW YORK HERALD, SATURDAY, JUNE, -19, 1920.
flrrEHo declaration that tho "destruc
tion of property 'by flro In this coun
try has been a nutlonal crime." Thcro
Is no reason why pur loss should not
bo as low as that of any other coun
try In which wooden buildings nro
used. Alt that Is necessary to bring
this condition about Is tho adoption
and enforcement of scientific building
codes nnd tho creation of a feeling
of responsibility among citizens gen
erally, To carelessness ahd downright reck
lessness tho country owes tho loss of
scores of millions of dollars in burned
homes, factories and shops every year
and other uncounted millions in lost
production resulting from fires. If
carelessness ond recklessness which
causo fires wcro penalized and pun
ished as they should, ho our flro loss
would soon bo reduced to nn amount
which would not muko us blush.
The Whlto Houso Oroundt In Juno.
In descriptive matter Incidental to
his Interview with tho President Mr,
Louis Seiholo reveals himself us n
floral naturalist of evident knowledge
and enthusiasm. Let us accompany
him on his Journey from tho execu
tive olllcd bulldlug to the Whlto Houso
proper :
"An nttendant piloted me under a
long trelllMil arbor abutting the for
mal Harden, riotous In splashes of
redolent magnolias, hydrancea, Duch
ess do Brabant rotes, Japancso
cherry trees and cllnsln; clusters of
Dorothy l'erklna nnd Carolina Test
out tree roses."
Mr, StnioLn found tho President on
the south balcony, which
"looks out over an Impressive stretch
of vlvety green lawn hedged In with
magnolias, Japanese qulnco, spruce
pines, mijoitlo maples and squat
doswood,"
In the middle distance was a purl
ing fountain, .about which n dozen
sheep were browsing, and In the fur
ther roaches towered tho Washington
Monument, "dnzzllngly white, dizzily
magnificent, but sombre In majestic
effect." As the Interviewer's eyes
swept the landscape It recalled to him
"charming vistas of perfectly plotted
estates In English Kent nnd pictur
esque clmtcaux In Normandy.
Surely n pleasant place to live In.
In spite of the Washington mugglness.
Bverybody will be glad to bear that
the White House grounds look so
well In the present tenant's last sum
mer thcro; nnd we think there will be
more than literary Interest In Mr.
SmnoLD's description among certain
residents of Marlon, Ohio, not to men
tion some optimists whose souls tire
In Sun Francisco.
Our Croat Maritime Rare.
(Ireat Ilrltnln objects to certain pro
visions of our now merchant marine
act, and Lloyd (ieukuf. has Intimated
to the House of Commons that rcprc
sentatlons on this head will be made
to tho Washington Government. The
remission of customs duties to a llm
lied extent on goods Imported in
American bottoms Is one of tho main
particulars which nro the subject of
Hrltlsh criticism. The Jones bill re
quires the President to terminate any
treaties or parts of treaties which
block this preferential tariff treat
uient for American vessels.
The opening paragraph of the bill
sets forth that It Is necessary for the
national defence nnd the proper
growth of our foreign nnd domestic
commerce that the United States shall
have u merchant marine of tho best
tvne. sufficient In size to carry the
larger portion of our commerce nnd
to act as a naval auxiliary In case of
war. For frank disclosure of purpose
that declaration would be almost lm
possible to beat, and for having the
courage of Its convictions to carry out
this purpose Congress deserves the
praise of the country. But no mnttcr
how frank or admirable our purpose
in building up a merchant marine, the
sooner wo realize what Is uhetyl of
us the better.
Before the war England, with more
than 20,000,000 tons of shipping, had
47 per cent, of the world's tonnage.
Germany was her closest rival, with
only about 5,000,000 tons. Our own
merchnnt nnvy amounted to a little
more than 2,000,000 tons, or about 5
per cent, of the total 43,010,530 world
tonnage.
To-day's world tonnage has risen
to above 40,000000, and England still
has nqout 41 ier cent. Hut the Ger
man competitor has disappeared. His
place has been taken by ' 10,000,000
tons of American shipping, about 22
per cent of the world's total.
These figures nre significant enough
to us, but they arc far more so to
England, n nation which exists by the
vitality of its ocean fleet. Our 10,-
000,000 tons are twice as much as the
pre-war fleet of Germony. Although
German operating efficiency and nat
urol conditions which made for an
even balance of outgoing nnd Incom
Ing cargoes, together with concentrn'
tloir of trade at Hamburg and Bremen
were great advantages, the German
Government bestowed a comparatively
small amount of favoritism on Its ves
sels: The great Hamburg-American
and the North German Lloyd Hues
wero built up with very little Govern
ment aid, because It was unnecessary,
But wo have now adopted about every
measure of encouragement employed
by both England nnd Germany, nnd
so Great Britain can hardly be blamed
for watching with something like
nlarm our 10,000,000 ton fleet.
The British have proved themselves
extremely adept mariners. When we
cuter the Meld with seriousness In our
every net England may not look upon
us exactly as she looked upon the
Germans. Vet It Is the privilege of
tho English, In fact It is their duty to
themselves, to employ every feasible
device to meet our competition,
This Is only another way of saying
that, whether it shall bo within tho
next few months or not for sovorol
years, the keenest kind of shipping
contest between this country and Eng
land Is bound to develop. Wo liavo
hoisted the signal for tho race by
passing tho merchant marlno act.
WUh tho expected protest from Eng
land tho manoeuvring for position will
have started.
It need not no supposed when Eng
land asks us to forego prefercntlut
treatment, tariff rebates, tax exemp
tion, reservation of cosstwleo trade,
cheap loans to shipbuilders, all of
which arc direct or Indirect subsidies,
that Oreot llrltaln herself has re
frained or Intends to refrain from
using such expedients horsolf.
England was the first nntion on tho
globe to subsldlzo her merchant navy
after thu advent of tho steam vessel.
Tho Cunnrd and tho Peninsular and
Oriental lines have been largo bene
ficiaries. In one part or another of
tho Hrltlsli Empire every known form
of subsidy or subvention has been
practised. The great steamers Lusl-
tanhi ond Mnurotaula wero tlwni-
selves built with tho aid of a subsidy
In tho shape bf u ?12,O.12,O0O loan
from the Treasury tit 2 per cent.
Interest. Tho purpose was not only
to give England tho -fastest merchant
ships alloat but to provide types of
vessels that would be suitable for the
use of the Admiralty ns auxiliary
cruisers In time of war.
Thcro Is no necessity to go Into
further details. If wo did not al
ready know it, our Hrltlsh neighbors
havo told us often enough that run
ning a merchant marine Is n difficult
enterprise which takes efficient man
agement nnd the closest vlgllanco to
prescrvo from disaster, it win pay
the nation to make a diligent study-of
shipping affairs, so as to be abjo to
help in the prodigious undertaking
which Is ahead of us.
Another Experiment In Spiritism
It has been the contention of tho
doubters, and the more conservative
spiritists have conceded It, that there
can be no conclusive proof of earthly
communication with the dead until
some soul sends back to earth a con
llrmable statement of some fact un
liiiown to any person except himself.
As tho late Jami:s II. Hyklop, one of
(he most eager of American psychic,
explorers, prepared for such a test as
tills several years ago, his death will
aiou.se unusual Interest among spirit
ualists and the Investigators of their
beliefs.
One of the founders of tho British
Society of Psychic Research, Fiuamnic
W. H. Myers, laid similar plans for
passing evidence ncross the gulf. He
wrote, sealed and locked up a mes
sage known to none but himself nnd
gave the key to n committee of trust
worthy Investigators, not to be used
until his spirit should have been com
municated with. A message eventu
ally arrived which purported to be
from Myers, but when tho box was
opened the writing found there did
not coincide with tho putative spirit
communication; or at least there was
not enough resemblance to convince
tho least sceptic, although it couple of
hooks have been written attempting
to prove that the great test had been
successfully made. After nearly
twenty years It Is admitted that the
Myers experiment wns a failure.
With the death of Dr. IIyslop an
other spirit willing to send a message
to a puzzled world lias gone abroad.
Now there are many more Inquisitive
persons than there were when Myeiss
died. They will nw-.ijt n signal from
the control, If there be such things as
controls. If a message from IIyslop
docs not describe what he wrote and
locked up In the safe of the American
Psychical Research Society, then the
unbelievers will stick to their Insist
ence that spiritism Is entirely sub
jective. Post office Inspectors have cleaned
up an admirable and what looks llko
a thorough bit of work by running
down nnd by n fraud order checking
If not wholly stopping a mean lot
of swlndlera who "have based their pll
ferlngs on literary ambitions of un
sophisticated men and women, tho lat
ter probably a majority of their vic
tims. After long investigation of their
operations Inspectors havo officially
and publicly bfanded as "Frauds" a
score or more concerns wearing hon
est and attractive titles who havo ad
vertised where they could that they
teach short story, novel, play, scena
rio and song writing, or edit nnd re
vlso and sell manuscripts of such
work for largo sums. These cheaters
tako such names as "Magazine,"
"journal," "Publisher," to fclvo the
Impression that they nro themselves
In tho market to buy manuscripts.
Some adopt names designed to deceive
with the pretext that they aro honest
associations or leagues of authors or
writers. They havo duped thousands;
havo swindled guileless believers that
thcro Is somo way of earning money
by writing other than by writing mat
ter responsible publishers are as eager
to buy as 'tho authors aro eager to
sell. Deprived of tho uso of tho malls,
thes? dishonest offerers of quick
wealth nro without their chief aid In
swindling.
Vartttle. 1
rurchaier I want a house with a porch.
Aent Sleeping or candidate?
An Operatic Star.
CUtterlnf and hindomc,
8c them a we pass.
Diamond worth a ransom
, Sparkl la the graa.
Wrought of necromancy,
Fabuloui In co-t.
They must be, fsncy,
Genu omc lark ha lost.
Hp, poor fool. Is mounting
Tar above tlio earth
Slnrlns, never countlns
Advertising worth.
McLiNOBc:cit Wilms.
PRISON METHODS
IN THIS STATE
Stern Old-New York's Way
With Its Criminals.
Imprisonment for any purposo, says
Philip Klein In his IVMou SUthoiti in
New York Mate, published by Colum-
bin, University, "did not seem to bo a
favored process with our fathera of
tho eighteenth century." ' Old New
York Justlco was sterner stuff. Aa
lato aa 1788 thcro wero thirteen cap
ital offences In this Statu, Including
treason, murder, rape, burglary, felo
niously taking goods from church,
housebreaking, robbery of persons,
nrton of dwelling or barn, maiming,
second offenco In felony nnd "thctt In
choso In nrtlon and hlso abettor to the
above." This seems Draconian until
we aro reminded by Dr. Klein that
under tho Colony laws of ICOt tho
death pennlty could bo Inflicted for
"denying tho truo God nnd Ilia at
tributes,"' or, In the case of a child
abovo 10, for striking n parent ex
cept when In danger of death or
maiming. In tho same period viola
tion of the soventh commandment was
n hanging matter In tho caso of two
married persons. Pirates, counter
feiters, runaway slaves nnd debtors
who perjured themselves wcro all
booked for the gallowa,
Nor were prisons consldored neces
sary for minor offenders. Branding
und whipping wero for thieves, the
stocks for Sabbath breakers, tho pil
lory for n variety of offences; tho sev
enteenth century dealt not lightly with
transgression. A man who atolo cab
bages from his neighbor's garden had
to stand In tho pillory with the cab
liages on his head, and then was ban
ished from tho city for llvo years. So
busy 'wcro the whipping post, pillory
nnd stocks of this city that a set of
theso instruments had to bo rebuilt
twelve years after their construction.
These wcro In tho northeast part of
City" Hall Park, about whero the
brownstone Court Houso now stands.
Hard by, between the Jail nnd tho
almshouse, was tho gallowa In "a
gaudily painted Chinese pagoda!" and
this was there as late as 1789, when
ten death sentences wero passed In
tho Court of Oyer nnd Terminer and
flvo executions held on ono day, tho
23d of October.
Thcro was tho prison of course, but
most of Its Inmates wcro debtors or
persons awaiting trial, Dr. Klein
found tho first referenco to imprison
ment as n form of punishment In tho
laws of 16G4, and barratry was tho
offenco so punishable. In 1702 a forger
or counterfeiter might be sentenced to
a prison term. In 1730 It wns decreed
that a slave who assaulted cither Jew
or Christian could be confined ns well
na flogged. In 1743 It becamo n prison
offence to sot flro to tho woods In Suf
folk or Dutchess county or Livingston
Manor. Not until 178S was dloorderly
conduct defined and Imprisonment
provided for It.
Tho prison camo forward as a cor
rectional placo In 1790, when New
York established Its first Stato prison,
wiped out capital punishment for all
offences except treason nnd murder
nnd provided life Imprisonment for
most of the crimes theretoforo pun
ishable by death. In tho city prison
tho debtors found their previously al
most exclusive residence entered by
minor malefactors: men who stole,
broke tho Sabbath or cursed, and
women who formerly had been
whipped, branded or banished. Unhap
py devils, tho debtors who lived In an
ago so devoted to the conservation of
creditors' pocketbooks! If they had
only waited a century for their whacl
at life, those luckless wights who
prcred through tne barred windows
into City Hall Park, they coultl navo
yawned their way through tho banlt
ruptcy court.
CURE BY COLOR.
Modem Sclcnco May Itcconsfruct tho
Blue Glass Rooms of Long Ago.
To The Sun and New York Herald:
Tho statements of Dr. Dlnshah. G. aha
tllall regarding tho Influence of color
waves upon the human body tend to
confirm recent discoveries In that direc
tion. However, his statement that red,
green and violet 'nro the primary colors
will not stand analysis, as green, for In
stance, In composed of blue and yellow
and violet la tomposed of blue and red
and this forces us to accept the theory
that red, yellow and blue nre tho pri
maries.
Tho most Important researches re
garding color havo not been In regard
to their effect upon the body directly
but upon the body through the mental
l.y and the nerve forces. It Is truo
that blue and violet havo various curn
tlve effects, as proved by tho recent
uses of radium, which gives off a violet
llghL
A fow very Interesting experiments
have been carried on within tho laBt
year for the cure of chronic nervous
ness by the proper use of color affecting
the mind and body through visibility.
Ono patient, who has suffered for three
years with a very pronounced caso of
nervousness, brought on by domestic
ttoubles, has been put Into finer physi
cal nnd mental condition than ever be
fore through this method. It Is too In
tricate to dwell upon at length, but It
was found that, tho red, yellow and
orange colors and their various tones
had A severe effect upon the patient's
nerves, and during the fall of tho year,
when the folln-o wns n riot of such col
ors, tho patient wns nt his worst. To
counterbalance this the patient was put
Into close proximity with blue and vio
let, nnd the Immcdlato quieting effects
were astonishing.
Tho effect of color through visibility
Is very similar to the effect of sound
through tho hearing. The highest notes
on a piano aro tho same' as yellow, tho
middle notes llko red nnd the low tones
represent blue. The present day talking
machine records. If examined with a
reading glass, will Illustrate sound waves,
but the waves of light, at various degrees
of rapidity which cause various colors. Is
a subject about which we have much
to learn. Many ablo artists employ the
ories of light In their painting about
which tho averago person knows noth
ing, and many a line painting possesses
a vast amount of work based on the
science of color, the existence of which
Is not apparent to tho layman.
MoNnor. S. North.
New Haven, Conn., June IS.
Natural nnd.
Commlerat
The rllly dupa;
The nupcrstate
I In the ibup.
Hardin; Jn!.
,lla- fell nil nM.
! "At ltaat 1 -on't ha lu cany Ohio,"
' Tic exclaimed.
democratsfor "ARDiNO
Tho ItCTolt Against Despotism WU1
Itcrc.lt AB.n,t im wu.
Take Them to tho Polls.
To Tint Run ano Nsw York Hmaloi
I nolo your editorial nrtlclo about tho
Democratic newspn, ors this morning. I
bollevo they nre mor properly Wilson
nowspnpers. 1 know many of our Dem
ovratlo nowspnpers aro loath to forsake
their old party even though It la neces
sary to sustain Trcstdent Wilson.
Hut the Democrats papers of which
you Bpcak cannot curry with them their
readers next fall. Tho Democratic re
volt against tho Administration began
In 1917, was acuto In 11. continued
In 191S, and In November, 1020, It will
bo Of great magnitude.
In 1800 a million Democrats helped
to defeat llrynn on tha grpund that he
was not a Democrat. This year more
than a million Democrats nro to oppese
tho candldnto of tho Ban Francisco i.mi
vcntloii ns a rebuke to tho 'ton Ad
ministration. The old tlmo Democrats, the bellovcrs
In Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, .Inckson
and Clevehind, feel that the l'reaiueni
nnd his friends havo forsaken tho prin
ciples of tho party.
At a dinner party in Houtnami'io.i
last Saturday night there wore seven
men Democrats. When tha news camo
nt senator Harding's nomination tno
host, nn old tlmo Democrat, spoko up
and suld "What do you think of our
ticket?" All seven Democrats said they
wcro to vote for Harding. S. J. T.
New York, June 18.
'DIVINE RIGHTS."
They Are at n Discount In tho Affair
of tho World To-day.
To TlIK SUN AND NEW YORK IlKBAlO!
The people are sick of the claims of
divine rights.
fhn iiivin rlcht of tho League '
Nations Is absurd, Does any man with
f.nllnarv Intelligence bollevo that Eng
land and Franco will hand the reins Of
government over to representatives of
many Governments? Will these domi
nant nations let any nuthorlty control
tholr affairs? Thoy never have nnu
m.ver will. No nation will let outsldo
Interests dictate or manage Us affairs.
Dors any sane man believe that a league
will be given greater power than tne in
dividual Governments possess?
No adornment divides its power.
Kngland went to war without asking
authority of a league, and this country
did tlio same. In this country the lrca
eral Government nnd not the Stntes rulo.
In Europe tho Governments and not a
lcairuo will rule. Only a wenKmlndeu
person believes that n league would or
could save tho world or manago mo ai-
fairs of the world.
. Gompcrs Is claiming tho dlvlna right
nf lnhor. which means tho dlvlno right
of labor leaders to usurp the rights of
ii.o nonnio nml tho Government, ine
Ronuhllean convention throw tho dlvlno
right claimants and their claims out of
tho platform and out of tho convention,
They did well.
Marshall says Wilson couia ue nom
inated and elected. Tho claim Is a dec
laratlon of dlvlno right.
After th next Presidential election
wo hope tho claim of divine right will
go to tin garbage can. S. IL bMlTH
Wn.KEsnAiiRE, Pa.. June 18.
O. HENRY'S FAME.
It Rests
on tho Understnndlnfr
ot
Millions of Readers.
To The Sun and New York Herald :
I havo read with a great deal pt nmuse
ment tho letter ot Louis M. Ellsbemlus,
who styles himself a "Genuine Short
Story Writer." It Is the purpose of this
"conllrmed stickler for absolute Justlco
In literary values." and ho feels, to use
his own phraseology, "It Is Incumbent
on my critical acumen to show O.
Hrnrv's tlnnl ncdcstal In tho Hall ot
Celebrities."
Tho pedestal upon which O. Henry's
famo as a writer tlrnny rests Is com
posed of millions of American nnd Eng
lish, readers, both young and old, who
aro entertained and Instructed by his
writings, whether thoy be classified
among the so-called short stories or
duflgnated aa sketches or episodes such
as ho wrote In the railroad cars rattling
down from Ithaca to our city. Thero is
scarcely a homo In America that has
not at least somo of his volumes. Thoy
aro Indeed as dellghtrul nnd Instructive
for tho Four Hundreds as for tho Four
Millions.
The status of O. Henry ns a unique
and entertaining author has been Hxcd
nnd determined by millions of npprecla
tlve readers and may no longer be
questioned by tho ludicrously ."critical
acumen" of your correspondent
I would refer your correspondent to
ono of O. Henry's stories entitled "Roads
ot Destiny," nnd particularly "Tho Main
Road." This story typlflos the quaint
old saying "Shoemaker, stick to your
last." The story may bo of Interest to
him. Bernard J. Iseckc
New York, Juno 18.
SEVEN YEARS OF CHANCE.
Plauslblo Explanation of a Negro
Theory Concerning Ivy Poison.
To The Sun and New York Herald
Your correspondent "H." quotas tho
negroes of Virginia as saying that pol
ron ivy virus remains In tho system for
seven years, and cites his own experi
ence as confirming the truth of 'this
belief, or at least as tending to con
Arm it
This Is very Interesting becauso of the
fact that .here exists a worldwide belief
that the human body renews Itself once
In each seven years, and consequently
the negroes' notion regarding the per
sistence of poison' Ivy virus seems to be
a variant of this folk theory.
Ebenexer Hogoe.
Cranton, R. I., June 18.
Call for Meteorological Information.
To Tub Sun and New York Herald
Has It ever happened that ip a rain
xtorm rain was falling on one side ot the
street nnd on the opposite side at the
tome time tho. sun wns shining nnd no
rain falling? Marjoric Law,
Brooklyn, June 18.
A Ktnturlir Woman's Treaanre.
from tHa Andtrton ,Vir.
Last sprint, 1010, Mr. Battle Laeetleld of
Ui Alton taction found a duck eig In om
drift on the creek. Site put tho egg under
a hen and It hatched a femal duck. Thus
far thl rprlng thla "orphan" ha laid
ninety-seven egg.
rpcrate State of Affair In Kant.
From the Ooklry Graphic.
If rvtn n poat wero enteneed to be
hanged a lol of ,'n'l,ni'al Irilnt would
ttart around wlUt
rare him.
a butltlon trying to.
WIlQm FTTTC
Siffns Sovon Other Measures
Under Spcclnl RuHiifir of At-torney-Goncfftl
Talmcr.
WATER POWER ACT IS LAW
Refuses to Act on Wood Pulp
Plan of Sonntor Underwood;
Issues Statement.
WABiflNOTON, Juno 18. The water
. . . .. ... ..(, In tllft
power development uni, iu
making, finally has become law.
Announcement that President Vinson
had signed the mcasuro prior to Juno 11
was made lata to-day at tho White
Houso. At tho Ramo tlmo It was an
nounced thnt he had failed to sign tho
Joint resolution repealing moat of tho
wnr time laws and the Underwood res
olution providing ror negoimuon vm...
Canada relattvo t.o the embargo on tho
shipment of wood pulp to tho United
States.
Another bill which failed to receive
tho. President's approval would havo au
thorUod tho War Department to tnim.
for motor equipment to the Department
of Agriculture for road construction and
other work. ,,
Besides tho water power measure tne
I'renldent signed seven bills passed In
tho closing days of tho recent session of
rnnirr. Thev Included nn net au
thorizing tho enlistment In tho military
forces of non.Engllah speaking cltUcns
nnd aliens. The President's action on
tho bills was mads known In tho follow
ing statement:
Th wentrtent having been ndvlsccl
by tho Attorney-fleneral In a formal
opinion that tho adjournment of Con
grcrs does not deprive him of tho ten
days allowed by tho Constitution for the
consideration of n measure, but only In
cnno of disapproval, of tho opportunity to
roturn tho meaoura with his reasons to
tho Houso In which It originated, nan
Blgnod tho following bills, each within
tho ten day period, of course. Tho bills
not Blgned failed to become law under
the usunl practice"
DETROIT NOW FOURTH
LARGEST CITY IN U. S
Cleveland Outstrips Boston
and la Fifth m List.
Wasiiinoton. Juno 18. Detroit, with
n numerical Incrc.iea nnd rato of growth
larger than Chicago's, and second only
to New York In tlio last ten ycura, a
now tho fourth largest city of tho coun
try, displacing Bt. Louis and outranking
Boston, Cleveland, iiniuinoie nnu u
burg, nil of which were largci than tho
Michigan city ten years ago.
' Detroit's 1920 population, announced
to-day by tho Census Bureau. Is 903,-
730, an increaso ot dzi.imj, or juo.i
per cent, Detroit' is mo oniy cuy i
10Q.000 or more wnicn nas more man
iloublpd Its population In the last ten
yenra.
Cleveland, also witn a largo increase,
has outstripped St. Louis nnd Boston
nnd takes rank ns fifth largest city of
tho United States. Tho Ohio city had
the nfth larcest numerical increaso of
any municipality In tho country In tho
last ten years. Its increase naving occn
exceeded only by New York, Chicago,
Detroit nnd Los Angeles. Cleveland's
population exceeds that of St. Louis by
23,000 and that or Boston uy aunosi
50.000. Its' totnl being 796,836, nn In
crease of 236,173, or 42.1 per cent., over
1910. .
FRICK PERSONALTY
TO BE REAPPRAISED
Pennsylvania Officials Expect
$25,000,000 Increase.
Special to Tub Sun and New York Hjsiuld.
l'lrrsnuan, June 18. Believing that
the personal estate of Henry C. Frlck Is
worth nt least $25,000,000 more than tho
value given to It In nn Inventory filed
hero several days .ago, which fixed the
value at 577,500,000, tho Stato will make
an Independent nudlt of tho estate for
tho purpose of taxation, It was learned
hero to-day.
If the actual value of tho personal
estate Is $25,000,000 moro than given In
the Inventory now on file here, or ap
proximately $102,000,000, the charitable
and educational beneficiaries of tho
financier will receive almost to the
penny the amount originally reported as
what they would probably get. In other
words, Trlnccton University will rccelvo
$15,000,000, Instcnd of about one-third
that amount, while other Institutions will
rccelvo their bequests In proportion.
The action of the Stato in stepping
Into tho controversy over tho valuo of
the Frlck personal estate was not a sur
prise here. In financial circles It was
expected, after the Inventory Bhowcd tho
personal cstnto to be less than originally
reported. The statement of President
Hlbben of Princeton to tho effect that
Princeton's gift from the steel master
would bo less than reported also was a
determining factor in the State's de
cision. It also was Bald here to-day that Mr.
Frlck's division of his personal eatnte
Into shares was ono of tho reasons for
much ot, the confusion regarding his
charitable bequests. At the time tho will
was filed H. C. McEldowney, one of tho
executors, placed the valuo of each sharo
nt $500,000, but this Is now said to have
been excessive.
TOBACCO MEN RALLY
FOR POSSIBLE FIGHT
'Cannot Afford to Sleep With
fanatics About,' They Say.
Atlantic Citt, June IS. Against the
arguments of anti-tobacco fanatics mem
hers of the Tobacco Association of tho
United States In convention here to-day
aam mat waranai ocn naa his pipe and
tho boys when they wero "over there"
liked their "emokes."
O. E. Webb, secretary-treasurer of
the association, said the tobacco Industry
cannot nfford to go to sleep "with such
ranatics around as those who put pro
hlbltlon on the statute books."
"Every member must act as n mission
ary to exposo tho falsehoods and falla
clous arguments of the antl-tobaccp
onslaughts by these so-called uplift so
cieties before It la too late."
JUROR SENT TO JAIL.
Threatened Companion on Panel
to BrlYip; Disagreement.
Chicago, June 18. Samuel Hades-
man, wholesale grocer, was sentenced
to-day to six months In jail for con-
tsmpt of court after ho admitted In
tlmldatlng fellow Jurors In a murder
trial by telling them he was n prlio
fighter.
The Jury disagreed and Investigation
showed that Hx7eemnn had refused to
concur with tho other eleven, who fa -
vorcd conviction.
AND
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
TUB BUS twit otinded bu fleit Dnu
n 1333 ; TlIK NEW YORK IIK1ULD
tea founded by James Oordon Ucnnett
(n 1835. TIIR SUN vancd into the con
trol of Charles A. Dana In 1868. ,
becamo the property of Frank A. Muntty
in lilt. TUN NEW YOllK UEIIAU)
remained the eole property of its founder
vntll his death in 1872, when Ms ton, aho
James Gordon Jlennett, succeeded to the
oumennip of the paper, which continued
(it his hands until his death in 191b
TlIK II EH ALU became tho property ol
Frank A, ilunsey in 1920.
IIlNINr.sa AND ICIIlTOItlAI, niTICKN,
MAIN BUSINESS AND KDITOltlAI.
OKFICB3, 260 BROADWAY, T12LK-
rjioNM. wortTii io.ooo.
I1KANCII (WIICICS for receipt ot ndver
tlacini'iita and ! of paper I
rWNOIl'AL UITOWN OFPICR-ll.rM
Building, Homld Bquao. Tel. Oreeley uooo,
IIAIH.KM OKFIOK-203 WEST 123T1I ST .
NIIAll BHVENT1I AVU. Tel 704 Moraine
aide. Open until 10 I. M.
WAHIIINOTON HKIOIITH OKlflCH-MS
WBST 1HI8T BT. Tel. 0O0S Wdaworth.
Open until 10 I'. M.
DOWNTOWN OKFI0R-I0S ImOADWAT
Opn 8 A. M. to 10 1. M.j Sunday, 2 I'. ,M.
10 1U 1. JU.
BROOKLYN OFFICES EAtim 11U1I.D
INO, 30.1 WABI1INOTON HT. Tel, 1101
Main. U COU11T BT. Tol. Rir.S Mnl
Open until 10 V. M.
1IRONX OI'l-ICB-fllS WILLIS AVE,, AT
MhTlI BT. Tel. tlOCO Malroa. Opmi until
10 V. M,
I'rlnrlpnl American and Forrlgn Ilureaua,
WASHINGTON The Muney Building.
ClIIOAao-SOS Bouth La Sallo at.
LONIION-40-43 FlMt t.
l'ABIB 10 Avenue d 1'Opera, 23 ttua du
Louvie.
There are ahout n,',0 advertisement reealv
lug station located throughout New York
city and vicinity where Bun-llernld adver
tisement will bo received at office rates nnd
forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
Eastern Now York Partly cloud to
day; to-morrow fair, with rising tem
perature, moderate varlablo winds.
New Jersey Partly cloudy to-day; fair
to-morrow j moderate temperature, gcntlo to
moderate northwest wind.
Northern New Kngland Cloudy to-day nnd
to-niorrnwj continued coolj moderato varl
ulilo winds, mostly cast.
Bonthern New Bnglnnd Cloudy to-day; fair
to-morrow, rising temperature; outhweat
wind.
WAPHINOTON, Juno 18,-Thn elornt that
wnn central ocr tlio Cheapenli liny yea
teplay lin parsed inatwnrd on the oci-nn nnd
the Mouther lia cleared grnvially thlouqli
out tho Bastern Stole except In New linn
Innd nnd New York, whero local showers
continue.
Bhowera nnd thunderitornu hnvo been quit
Kenernl In the Bouth Atlantic nnd (lulf Stntr..
Arknnrna, Oklahoma, Kaurn nnd tlio Itoeky
Mouulnlu region. Thero linn been n consider
nhlo fall In trmperalura'ln tho Allnutle and
Oulf State and temperatures nro now below
tho neasonal nverngo In nil part nf tho coun
try from the Itotky Mountains to tho Atlantlo
const.
In New Rnglnnri and eastern Now' York
the weather will be partly iloudy to cloudy
to-mnnuw nnd Bundny. with rlflng tcmpern
luro Sunday. In (ho Middle Allnntlo Btntes.
tho Ohio Valley nnd tho region of tlio great
Inhes the weather .1II bo fair, with mndernlo
temperature, both dava. In the South At
lantlo nnd Knst Oulf Ftatc tho wentlier will
bo unsettled, with local showers and thunder
otorms to-morrow nnd Sunday.
Oharrvntlons at United Rtnies tVmili.r
Bureau Mat Ions. Inlten nt H l. M. v-t.-r,l..
eenty-fltlh meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last I'l lira. Ilaro-last 21
Stntlon. lllzh. Lmr. meter. hr. tVratl,r
Anncnu
Albany ,VI
Atlantic City, nil
Baltimore .... 7S
Illsmnrck .... 70
('.I 21I.R0 .02 Clear
r.2 sn.im .ss cioudv
f.8 2LM .18 Cloudy
lid i'n.02 . . Pt.CI'ily
M Z)M .. Cloudy
52 IIUW l.-tt Itnln
M .10.00 ,01 Clear
no ,m.oo ,. cloudy
78 i'fl.PO M Cloudy
,11 .10.10 .. Clear
at .10.01 .. Cloudy
43 2!.t14 .02 Cloudy
r,H SO.OI .. Clear
M 20.R1 ..12 Cler
.',R .10.02 .18 Tt Cl ily
1(1 M.H4 ,. Cler
M .10.02 .. Cloudy
no 2IUN .. Clear
M 30,10 .. Clear
7(1 20.80 .. Cloudy
ni 21.PO .112 Clear
r.8 2!UU .04 Cloud)
r.s ro.on .42 cloudy
r,0 JU02 .42 Cioudv
M .10.21 .. Pt.CI'dy
(10 20.08 .. Cloudy
74 20.78 .. Clear
(12 ifl.W) . . Clenr
ffl 20.R8 .. Clenr
S8 20.08 . . Cloudy
.. ,10.10 .. Pt.Cl dy
CO 20.112 .. Pt.CI'dy
llo'ton .',3
Iluffnlo nt
Cincinnati
74
02
(12
(12
r,ii
r.s
m
r,i
IK)
Charleston ..
Chicago ....
Cleveland . .
Denver
Detroit
n.itveston ...
Helena
Jacksonville
Knr.rai City..
"0
i.oi Angeles.
82
na
Milwaukee .
New Orlear .
NN
Oklahoma . .
n
Mil adclDh a
(IH
(18
Pittsburg ...
on nnd. Me.
M
Portland, Ore. 70
nit i.aKeuity
Knn Antonio.. H2
San Illeiio. .. 70
Fnn Vrnnclsco 78
Bt. Louis VI
St. Paul 72
Washington .. 7G
LOCAL WEATHER rtECOHDS. 1
lUrometcr 2fl.R0 20.05
Humility R4 77
Wl.id direction N 15. E
Wind velocity 18 Id
Weather Cloudy Cloudy
rreclpltatlon 20 00
Tho temperature In this city yesterday, a
recorded by the official thermometer, is
shown In tlio annexed table:
8 A.M.. ...11 1 P. M....KI) 0 p. M....B7
(I A, M....M 2 P. M....MI 7 1. M....M
10 A. M....rn 3 P. M....ISR BP. M....M
11 A. M....M 4 P. M....r,n O P. M....M
12 A. M....35 DP. M....50 10 P.M. ...54
1020 10I9 1020 11)10
I) A. M 3,1 071 B P. M 5T 0
12 M ,1.1 (W 1) P, M .10 m
3 P. M 58 60 12 Midnight... S3
04
HlBhtest temperature, 00, at 4:30 P. M.
Ljwest temperature, 64. at 0:20 A. M.
Averago teinp:rature, 67.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Mayor Hylan will formally open the Tollce
Ilosorve air port nt Klshty-ncond street and
the North T.iur 2.30 P. M.
Duff O. Maynard will address tho em
ployees of St. John' fiulld at tho Floating
Hospital, Twenty-ninth street and the East
Itlvcr, thla afternoon.
"New York as a Centre for tho Amateur
Plotanlst," lecture by Norman Taylor at tha
Museum nulldlng of the Dotanlcal Garden,
lironx Pnrk. 4 P. M.
Darhnrn Frtctchlo Tost No. 43, American
Legion, first annual reunion. Hotel Pennsyl.
varla. 8 P. M.
Wall Paper Manufacturer Association,
meeting, Waldorf-Astoria, in- A. M.
Blttma Alphn Phi. dinner. Hotel McAlpIn, 1
P. M.
CITY. TO APPEAL GAS CASE.
O'llrlen AVI1I Arjtno Mntter In
Court on Wednesday.
Judgo John C. Knox of tho United
States District Court announced yester
day ho would hear on Wednesday mo
tions of the city to lntorveno in gas
compnny cases. John V. O'Brien, Cor
poration Counsel, wilt argue the motion
for tho city's right to become n defend
ant In tho actions which seek to have
the 80 cent gas law declared uncon
stitutional. Mr. O'Urlen met yesterday with
Mayors of several cltlei and other munic
ipal representatives to plan for com
bating the Kmplre State Gas and Elec
tric Association's application to be taken
up June 29 by tho Public Service Com
mission at Albany, asking for a reduc
tion In Hrltlsh thermal units from the
present 585 to 525 without reduction In
price, and with nn Increaso In price
In somo cases.
EX-SERVICE MEN GRADUATED.
K
of C. Turn Oat Clns of 4S2 nt
Free Nlffht School.
The first graduates of the Knights of
Columbus free night- school for former
service men nnd women received their
diplomas last night In the Auditorium at
Ninety-sixth street nnd Amsterdam ave.
nuc from Mgr. John Dunne, representing
Archbishop Patrick J. Hayes. The class
consisted of C2 students who had com
pleted the seven montus courses In prac
tical business and other commercla
studies.
The school will be closed until Sf"
lembcr. Among those at tho exercli!
wcro Dr. John O. Coyle, .State I
1 of tho Knights ot Columbus, tho lu.v
Jean 3. Wynne and Jamca F B tne.
T

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