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THE! SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, MONDAY, JUNE 21, 1920.
,4-4-f 3 Ujf KERR STEAMSHIP COMPANY Incorporated REGULAR SERVICES and FREQUENT SAILINGS From New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans and Galveston SPAIN rUlvTHiAh KUAN CIO HBUill'M SCANDINAVIA FINLAND I'rlnrliml Ofllco 17 Battery Place, New York Telephone. Whitehall 00 Ilriinclics I .fun-tie llullilln . t'nfi 1 1 II ink lllllllllDK a i. ii, m .Siiilon.il Inurnco l.a Bll HI Xi i i,mii Kx'lianKft lliilltllni - ) Sli Ui - i ,lf :' intemUnce - - j a Oriiiinn 1 1 l'li'VA Japan Hotel In Japan Proper: CIUZENJI (NIKKO) Lakeside Hotel KAMAKURA Kaihin Hotel KARUIZAWA Mikasa Hotel KOBE Oriental Hotel KYOTO Kyoto Hotel Miyako Hotel MATSUSHIMA Park Hotel M1YAJIMA Miyajima Hotel MIYANOSHITA Fujiya Hotel NARA Nara Hotel NIKKO Kanaya Hotel Nikko Hotel In Taiwan (Formosa): TAIWAN RAILWAY HOTEL Taihoku In Chosen: CHOSEN HOTEL Keijo (Seoul) Free Distribution! 120-pagc Handy Guide Book to Japan. Apply to Secre- u;, cue of Traffic Department, Imperial Government Railways, Tokyo. THAVSl SERVICE r V A R EAST ORGANIZATION OnVul l'anen;rr Agenti to the Philippine Goyernment JlVCASSAGE Tickets. hotel reservations and all travel details , for the convenience and comfort of trav elers to the Far East, for business or pleas ure. K'- thvi:i.i:us riii:iviw Tlir snfrt waj of currying fund. TIIOS. COOK & SON NEW YOKK - I'.- v'wav 69i Fifth Ave 11 ' 1 llftll f'..r iltlh HI L Til Uar layrioo Tel. Murray Hlil 01 7 1 B .. , , tiFTK'KS AT K lokoluma bbnnghsl Hong Kong !i IaldU to OERMANY POLAND HOLLAND CHINA JAPAN INDIA URAZIL ARGENTINA Ilulldinit - - - . . PJIll.ADKI.I'HIA NEW OKI, HANS UAI.VKHTUN CHICAGO HAN KltANCl.tCO I'AlllH IIOKDKAl'X ASTWKHI' IlilHN'T Association OSAKA Osaka Hotel SHIMONOSEKI San-yo Hotel SHIZUOKA Daitokwan Hotel TOKYO Imperial Hotel Tokyo Station Hotel Tsukiji Seiyoken Hotel YOKOHAMA Grand Hotel In' Manchuria: YAMATO HOTEL Changchun YAMATO HOTEL Dairen YAMATO HOTEL Hoshigaura YAMATO HOTEL Hoten (Mukden) YAMATO HOTEL Ryojun (Port Arthur) FUSAN STATION HOTEL Fusan SHINGISHU STATION HOTEL Shingishu It is as impossible to dupli cate the delicious flavor of FORMOSA OOLONG TEA as it is to duplicate the lustrous beauty of true pearls in shoddy imitations. Formosa Oolong te is flavored by nature oiiiy. It is pure; never colorfid. Your Grocer Has It if he Is a Good Grocer VARNS AGAINST NEW $20 COUNTERFEIT Drawn on Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. i Siifnu; fa The Kv and New York Heiuid. ' Washington. June 20. A warning of Ui new $20 counterfeit Federal Reserve I note, put In circulation recently, has I been Issued by W. II. Moran, Chief of I the Secret Service Division of the 1 Treasury Department. The bogus bill is described as bring I drawn "on the Federal Iteserve IJank ! , f Atlanta. Oa. ; check letter 'A ;' plate number Indistinct ; W. (3. McAdoo, Sec retary of the Treasury: John Hurke, Treasurer of the United Ctates; por trait of Cleveland." Chief Moron's warning says further- I "The nancr ts thick and stiff. .Much of I the small lettering on the face of the note is indistinct. The back of the note had had green ink apolled apparently with a brush, but much of the photograph ran bo discerned In places where thrlRGl tons. In April, 1919. only tight I 1 green ink was not applied, and even through the green ink. Tlils counterfeit should not deceive j I the ordinary careful handler of money" COREANS PROSPER WITH JAPAN'S AID 'unnci's liuprovo Houses anil Arc Well CIoIIkmI mill Well .Yd. ii,- ( i,,wu:ni;i; n, iionwoiitii. I A journey ihrotiKh Ouea to-day In cnouifli lo delight iivpii the most callous I observer. Prosperity In every whom -v1- itli'lit The best customers of Iho Japa nese Jewellers In Seoul niu ''oreim farm ers. There nrc new roofs on n majority of the ('mean home fiom Fusnn In I AnluriK u bright new root on 11 Cnrcnn homo : absolute evidence, of Iho prop perlty of the family henentli it I The Coroins ure well olpthed 11 ml well feil. Ilxeept an thoy are influenced hy rgitatnrs among their own people work ing from distant countries to whi'h they have expatriated themselves, the Corcnus me rontented, It Is moat imfoi innate, frn them tlmt thoy are 10 gullible, 1)0 . an-, must ni' the agitators a:o pollll- ju.ms lni h i vc not been In Corea for several viars anil do not appreciate me mati-nul anil social advaneement which I he ni-w gnveinnient has brought to the people anil eountry. Tin- gullibility of the Coreans Is nl mo,t incredible. When the Salvation Armv entered Cnren they floeltel to Its Ntandiuds with tiemondous enthusiasm. Their expatriates overseas sent word that the Salvation Army had arrived to free the people. When Its real mission was understood their ardor eooleil. When news of President Wilson's Jour neys to lluropo was so mueh In the pub lic print along with the publication of now airplane records and exploits, tlxso same expatriates sent word to Corea, nt the same time appealing for moro money, that the President was go ing to fly ftom Washington lo Seoul to f!lvc them their Independence. Thn Coreans even arranged signals lo show him where to land. llluinfK Ontnlilr AKltiilinn. In sponklng of this trait recently Cov. Saito said: "Two things are responsible for most of our troubles here In Chosen. The flist of these N the agitators In i mnica, China and Manchuria, most of whom have not neon m 1 oiea wr several years and eonseiiuentlv do not know what lias been done for their people. I seriously doubt the sincerity ,of some of them, too, for they tell their people nt homo such glowing tales of their work abtoad that they are main tained In what is to thorn luxury and this obviates the necessity for them to work. The other thing which nun's tit- trouble is the idleness of Hie Corean people In winter. "Coram homes are heated with a flrn under the floor, and the people spend thn greater p.'Ut of their time In win ter In these hot houses talking and en larging upon the messages they re ceive from abroad. I!y the time spring comes thev have lopeuled and enlarged upon anything of an unfortunate nature until thev aie ready for open lebelllon. This spit It lasts until they undertake the preparation of the land for the new planting and then things settle down The agitation grows less every year, be cause every year the prosperity and general welfare of the people Increases, and as we teach them the value of wot king for their own material Rain and to appreciate a government which assures them the possession of what Is theirs they gradually become Industri ous, contuiled cltUens. Under tlie old Coienn form of Covemment no citizen ,1.11 el show In any way that ho was tiinswruiia. If he did some official j would call on him and demand all his money. The Mllssncre ill the Church. It Is most unfortunate for the Coreans as well as for us that teports aie sent out from Corea as they are. When some Coreans were killed by Jap anese soldiers at Sulghen the report which went lo America said tint as a part of tho Japanese piogramine of stamping out Christianity in Corea our soldiers ami gendaimes enteied the church and killed twenty-seven Corcnn Christians. As a matter of f.u't, no effort has ever been made to stamp out Christianity In Corea since we have hail an thing to do with the govern mcnt, and what actually happened in , Sulghen was this : "A crowd of Coreans gathered in front of the church and held i sort of political meeting. When thej -"hooted '.Mansel', the Corcan cry of independ ence, Japanese policemen, two uf them, attempted to disperse the ciowd. The Coreans then stoned the polite to death and continued to throw stones rt 'hem until their bodies were terribly muti lated. Just as they wete finishing their brutality some Japanese soldiers and gendarmes came along in the "ourse of their march to Seoul. These men weir accompanied only hy sulsirdlnate otll cers, and when they saw what had hap pened to their countrymen they lushed to wreak vengeance upon the perpetra tors of the crime. The Coreans (led Into the church, shouting that It was lorelgn property and telling our piople that they could not touch them there. Cot eminent Miule Amends. "However, our soldiers, acting very wickedly wc admit, went into the church and drove the Coreans out. Twenty neven of them were killed, the church burned and some homes .of the stono throw-en, we,o .burned. hnmedlMely we iir.nu ""ii ".,"", jr" ' ' , I were shocked to learn that tho report was true. "Then we did everything in our power to make amends. We gave the mission- aries money to rebuild the church: rebuilt the destroyed home ; wo gave I money to every Corean family which suffered the loss of a husband, brother i or son, we gave every such suffcrir nj most generous allowance of lice to last , until the new crop could be harvested, i and we gave these same people finest seed from our experimental farms for the new planting. Of course, we pun ished the gendarmes and soldiers who I were guilty. In otlicial circles we did not know what an unfair repoit or tne tireaiirui occurrence nan neeu seni 10 America until long afterward. "We have had a hard struggle here In Chosen to convince the Coreans that wo had not come hero to oppress, ex ploit and rob them. They are finding it out now though, just as the Filipinos found out that you Americans went into tho Philippine to help the people there, and we have had one experience very similar to yours, in the change of many Corean leaders from bitter op ponents to stanch supporters of the new (overturn nt." v, iiknliiiinii Miliplni!r (iriivvn. The statistics of the Yokohama har bor office show that April, 1920. was the record month for shipping at that tuirl A tti.ti-lrv't !,t nil rntllitHna v.tvi. inn.'. nf roiirw. In numbers ami In tnn- i n;lKei wm, thirty-two ships and a ton-! I ,mKP 0f 123.823. The United Kingdom ranked second in' the non-Japanese list, ' with twenty-five British ships and 115 -, I American ships, with a tonnage of 27.- , while 120 entered Yokohama Harbor, the UnttcI Kingdom was represented 1 hy l-hteen rhlps with 8,411 on. NATIONAL CITY BANK! OPENS IN CAPE TOWN Other Hnmclii'S Arc Contem plated in South African Field Xrado (lood. Ulitclnl CvrrtluHlitttt la Tlir hi s im Xrw Yiuii; IlrsAio (3a en Town, Houth Africa, Alay l.'i The new stage In thn went develop ment of Atneilran financial enterprise hem is marked by the opening of the National City Hank of Now York, South Afilnm Branch, I,td. The compnnv Is teglslered under the South African Com panies Act, With a capital of 110,000 sterllnir, fully subscribed, and Its offbes are ''for the present at 32 Strand street, Capetown. Thin ta the first Anierlran bank to irperato In South Africa, and the object is, of course, to facilitate trade relations letwem this country and the fulled States At the outset business will be ronfined to collections and ixehunge Operations will he dliectid from Cape Town, but the establishment "f a br.mih at Johannes-burg, Transvaal gold fields, Is also contemplated, and later In the other blanches of the I'nlon The hank I has agents and conespondents through out the world, among lt principal agents being the National City Hank of New York The officials In charge bein aie W. I'. Jones and It, Cordon. The possibilities opened up by this enterprise are of a most Interesting character, and It Is obvious that tho bank Is In a position to offer greatly licieased facilities for commercial de velopments, since, In addition to the conduct of a full hanking business. Its correspondents In nearly every Impor tant trade centre In the world offer a banking service whiih should bo an Im portant factor In South Afilcan enter prises. So far, it Is understood the ex periment has been amply Justified, al though the bank has hem open hitlo more than a couple of months I'lniirlKlilngr Trade Nhoivn. The trade returns for the year 1015 which have li'centlv been published of fer some points of interest to the I'nlted States and Illustrate the flourishing con ditions of South African trade The to tal value of Imports Is ,rAT'JI,M nail of exports .CM.Onj.TO, eiimpnred with the pre-war figures of 1313 of C43,797,2T1 and xJJ.OTO.irC. It ,lll thus be seen that while t..e imports have increased b roughly .CO.il.Vi.MX), the exports have, in creased by JLJUVM"! The export figures, It should be noted, ror some unexplained reason do not in clude the most valuable export of all -namely gold and taking this into enn-slderntlon-about !;T0(i.0( for 1015-tho visible exports exceed the visible Imports by nbout i;W,0Xi,'l, which, after taking into nccount all invisible Imports, prob ablv leaves a balance In our favor of jrt.",.0on,000. Naturally a good deal of the increase In the figures is accounted for by the high prices. Comparing 1310 with 1013 the average value per ton landed which means roughly the Increased cost to the consumer has grown from 16 to JJ40, or more than IV) per cent. One of the most notable features in the leturns Is the falling off In the value of the Imports of cotton goods, which declined from 13,000,000 In 191k to 0,000,000 In 1910. The pre-war uverane was 3,100,000. II n y I iipt Much Mncliliirrjr. Another striking feature Is the enor mous Increase In the Imports of ma chinery of all kinds since the coniluslon of the war, duo partly to the Increased agricultural and industrial develop ments. It may be of Interest to know that during tho year 6,0oj motor cars I and nearly 3,0(0 motorcycles wero im ported. In exports tho development has been phenomenal. One result of tho war hna been to make South Africa practically self-supporting In the matter of food suppliis, and another to change It from a food importing country to a food ex porting one, though, of course, its principal exports are still gold, minerals and wool. The food exports for 1019 reached the total of 7,000.000. is lompared with the litle more than halt a million pnunds In 1913. These figures may seem Insufficient to those who are accustomed to the huge trade statistics of the I'nlted States, hut It should be remembered that we are denl- mg with a i nmparativi 1 undeveloped country, with a white population of pule ninr,' than a million and a half . NEW ZEALAND PLANS MORE WOOL MILLS Shipping and Labor Con ditions More Favorable. ArCKLA.Nl, May 15. Much attention of late lias been given tho question of manufactuilng more woollen ,;oods In New Zealand, since here some of tin; best wool Is produced, and at the low est cost of an where In the world. At present only about I per cent, of the wool railed In the country Is manu factured Into cloth or put to any othei use In this Dominion, but It Is rnought that at least 10 per cent, of the clip could be profitably turned Into fabrics here. In 101C (the date of the last census taken In the Dominion) there : -re ten woollen mills In the country, which gave I .....l....nn. tr. 1 Cfl7 , ...1 '"''."V" ', . '"' "'r !. . was pa.,Mn wages, turned buildings occupied by these mills mills were valued at $S35,8I1; the machinery in stalled therein $1,246,943. During tho year endoil March 31, 1910, the mills I i nnumneil 4 OOfi Olfi rimtnilq nf wiuirml i00 .ls compart,i wtn -t.m.OGl ,mtui3 p, 19(,6i a et gan of loss than ; ,)rr cpnt. n the consumption of wool ()urnB the decade. a Is claimed that since the war wages have Increased very mucli more In Kngland than In New Zealand and i that freight rates nrc higher both ways, so that, if sufflclent capital could be Interested, New Zealand wool could he turned Into cloth here more profitably than In Kngland ; and It Is urged that j the woolgrowcrs assist in this move by I ;- seems to be understood that the present '"'ft 3 in to ample i to protect the in- (ll,8t,' against outside competition. ShlpiihiK Concern llankrupt. ISubnos Atr.ES, June 20. Declaration 'was made by the Commercial Court 1 yesterday of the bankruptcy of the firm I of Ncwbery and Fernandez Benrhtcdt charterers of the Argentine National Transport rtahia Blanco, now In United .States waters. Claims against the con cern Include 156,000 pesos, submitted ; by the Government on nccount of ad- ' vances In connection with the oa'ter-i lng or the llama lilancn Uclliiiictiin I'litiM Aiiueiliict The City Council nf Wellington, New Zealand, has decided to expend about $500,000 in cutting two tunnels through the hills near the city to bring water from the Orongnrongo Itiver. with the additional expenditure of $1,110,295 for extra mains and other expenses to pro. vide a. water supply sufficient for a city of 130 000 people The present popula- tlon of Wellington and Its suburbi U rv rwiy kAa. i(KfVliaff tmfamttLAYrxtfJiZh fbYri, aftAmMk. remti $3. 8 iaism II" I if 1 1 The tiny little silkworms are hatthed out on the papers on which the eg-gs were laid, and then placed in small trays. From this time until these worms have spun their cocoons they are cared for most constantly, for the quality and quantity of their spinnings depend cntirepj tu'ppn the attention and feeding they receive. mm wm I EM '1