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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, June 26, 1920, Image 6

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L I'ublUlitn. MO llroadway.
F Frank A. -Manny, VtMntl
. xrv n warflman. viw-preswijiin "
. Vtmrt, Vice-president and TMur
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a t,n ,.it,i, ii. with manll
twtpta and Illustrations for publ lea Ion wish
T0pjTO ITJl'Cvr" ailli.ir. .
in -Ail cases scuu diuhhi "
WORTH 10,000.
N'd White Houso Long Dlatanco
!lV('ln behalf ot President Wilson It
IS denied that no is going w ntmress.
the Democratic National Convention
i delegates, each ami every one, by
menus of a long distance telephone
noilfldliig board arrangement In the
convention hall.
This paper, for one, accepts 'the dc
'nlal without hesitation. Too often to
need further demonstration Mr. Wil
son has proved that lie can Iiosb his
narty statesmen, lenders, managers
and ofllco holders without dlscussln
matters in detail with them. He enn
'be'lho proprietor of his party without
permitting his partners in the ven
ture to approach the presence or
without vouchsafing an explanation
of, his decrees transmitted to them
through an attendant. He can ordain
tho destiny of all Democrats, all
iAirierlcans, all creation, without wust-
Jrig telephone brenth on those most
directly and tragically concerned.
"fTbo liegemen of the President carry
MS platform drafts in tneir portrouos.
a'fiey havo the white list of the ilelc-
.l.r. .I.,. .,tA ti 1m rnnfnt mill tllO
RT LLlllUa LUlll. lilt IV Il'M
HbAck list of the delegates that are to
Do snot tnrouun me sKyiigm. xey
have the edited and censoreJ speeches
ot'the orators. They have the selected
lfo'ck of sacrificial ponts.
triiere Is nothing else to do but press
tho button and commit tho slaughter.
Italy's Indirect Taxation.
cjh reference to nn editorial article
sljbwlng the discrepancy between tax
ation In Knpland and In Frnnce and
ltly, with the result oh foreign .ex
effanges, an Italian financial authority
reminds us that the comparison did
not'.take Into account the revenues
received by Italy from Indirect levlps,
fetjirap taxes, &c. The budgets of the
three countries do reveal that the ex
ceptions of the Italian critic were well
taken, but England still remains far
In i the lead:
f iiper capita. England. France. Italr.
ifWct tax 75.75 .$11.68 10.78
Irl'd'ireci tax.... 30.25 39.60 28.66
Total tax.
Badsrct deficit.
'Proper tar. .$140.00 $86.28 $79.44
Franco and Italy are not as wealthy
nS-Englnnd. but at that their taxes
nrt?.wer In proportion to annual per
ciipi(u income tiuui is me cusu wiui
England. The percentage of total tax
r capita ns related to per capita
come follows:
England. France.
ricorae $255 $187
otat taxes 106 61
41 27
To bring about a sounder condition
French, Italian and English finance,
end to Improve tho exchanges, the
per" capita taxation must either bo
raised by tho amount of the deficits
or trovernment expenditures must be
reduced by that amount. The three
CToYernments have been working on
plans to achieve this end in 1020-21,
buf thus far it appears the British
Government is the only ono which
will bo able to strike a balance be
tween revenuo and expenditures.
'France and Italy have many men
disabled by the war, and this fact is
Soften put forward as a reason for
mitigating tax burdens. But Instead
it should bo u?cd ns a means of
impressing on the able bodied the
duty of assuming tho additional re-
!lty. It makes no difference
whether a nation of 40,000,000 inhabi
tants has a million or. ten million able
iibodled producers, tho consumptive
JcapJacity," or nt least desire, remains
almost the same, and tho cost of nd
:rnl'nl8terlng a Government of such a
: population Is virtually the same as it
.tun minium 01 liruuuwra were mucn
, 'vffrhntor.
This is why a smaller per capita
taxation In Italy and France is really
jpore burdensomo than heavy taxation
la, highly productive Great Britain.
tln the iaua country the total tax.
i jfHhongh larger per capita and In lh
igate, eon, becauio It la spread
unong more producers, bo less lrk-
some. This Is ono of tho Inoxornblo
laws of economy, and dcstrnblo ns It
would bo to mltignto the task nhertd
of both Franco and Italy, It Is not
posslblo so to do,
Manipulation of foreign exchange
bucIi ob has occurred In recent weeks
may tnako It appear to superficial ob
servers that tbo underlying conditions
havo Improved, but a rlso thus artl
flclally produced will be followed by
a renewed dccllno until the cold flg
urcs can bo set down showing that
trado balances hnvo boen Improved by
Increased production and wider (lis
trlbullon and that budget deficits havo
been reduced or wiped out by ade
quate taxation or drastic Government
Cutting the ITcarl Out of tho
Mr. IIoovF.it has called, through tho
columns of tho Evening Post, for tho
elimination of Artlclo X. from tho
Treaty of Versailles. This Is tho ar
tlclo by which tho members of the
League of Nutlons "undertake to re
spect and preserve ns against oxter
nal aggression tho territorial Integrity
and existing political Independence of
nil members of tho League," nnd Pres
Idcut Wilson calls It tho "heart of
tho covenant."
To cut the heart out of a living
organism would bo a dellcato opera
tlon, which might be successful, but
from tho unavoidable consequences of
which tho patient would undoubtedly
To cut tho heart out of n cadaver,
such as tho covennut of the League is
In this country, Is a post-mortem ex-
plolt of no particular significance.
However, tho suggestion made by
Mr. Hoover serves one Interesting, pur
pose. It directs nttention to Mr. Wir..
son's bud luck with two hearts that
of tho world, which does not break
despite his gloomy forebodings, and
that of the covenant, which has not
a friend left except himself.
Regular Tammany Stuff.
Tho letting of the East Fourth
street pier looks like good old Tom
many Hull stuff.
Never was dock spacu more vnlu
able to the city than now. Never
have railroad conditions made the
careful utilization of the piers more
Important to the city than now. Never
was it more important that piers
should bo let not only with regard to
tneir money vnluc but with an eye
to tho purposes they should serve in
bringing food to this port.
Three established steamship compa
nics, whose business Is needed by this
port, applied for the East Fourth
street pier. And. yet, in spito of the
city's supposed policy of letting piers
only to ship owners, the Sinking Fund
Commission has voted to lease this
pier to n concern which has not
claimed to have a ship and of which
nothing Is known except that ono of
Its members is the son of a Tammany
district lender; a leader who openly
demanded of city ofllciuls that they
give the lease to his son's firm 1
The members of the Sinking Fund
Commission who voted to set aside
nn honest rule are tho Tammany
Comptroller, the Tammany Chamber
lain and the Democratic chairman of
the Finance Committee of the Board
of Aldermen. Tho two other mem
bcrs, the Mnyor nnd the President of
the Board of Aldermen, adhered to
public policy. Mr. La Guaboia has
openly denounced the proceeding nnd
Mr. Hylan at least did not lend his
vote to it
The result of this reversion to what
Plunkett called honest graft Is that
this pier, instead of being put directly
In the hands of ship owners who will
use it, Is In the control for ten years
of middlemen who have it In their
power, what with the lack of piers,
to frighten commerce away from New
York by charging what they will for
Taxes With Your Eyes Open or
If It wero as easy to convince the
public nnd the lawmakers that "taxes
Is taxes" as It is to convince them
that "pigs is pigs" one of the world's
problems would bo much simplified.
But the history of taxation shows
that it is inevitably associated with
indirect, deceptive practices, calcu
lated to yield revenuo to the Govern
ments without letting the taxpayer
know exactly how or to what extent
he is separated from his money.
For this reason tho Individual who
has. the courage to come out as an ad
vocate of open and nboveboard taxa
tion deserves much credit for his
temerity. Such an individual! Is Sir
Frederick Lewis, chairman of tho
Gnlf Line, Ltd., who has created n.stlr
among British business men by propos
ing that honesty be introduced in tax
gathering. Instead of roundabout
methods nnd obscure terminology, to
say nothing of loopholes for tho un
scrupulous, he would substitute a sin
gle, fixed levy on profits which would
leave no doubt In n business man's
mind how much he bad to pay and
would remove the possibilities of hid
ing large portions of Income where the
collector might never find It.
Sir Fbedebick proposes that the
British Government abolish the excess
profits tax altogether. Ho brands It
os n vicious tax, tending to stran
gle Initiative, promote dishonesty and
discourage thrift. To anticipate the
withering criticism such as that "the
Government would bo left without rov-
cnue," that "inflation would Increase,"
tho "rich would evado taxation," &c,
sir Frederick shows that English
taxablo profits arc about 1,300,000,.
ow. By every hook nnd rrnnir r
oxlstlng mothods and with tho 00 per
cont. excess profits tax a yield of 024,'
000,000 might bo obtained. But if the
excess profits tax wora abolished and
a straight lovy of two shillings six
peneo wero added to tho present In
coino tax of six shillings in tho pound
tho Governmorit would colloct 029,
000,000, or nn increaso of 5,000,000,
with much less disturbance to the
business men of tho nation.
This substitution of a straight,
fixed profits tax for tho excess profits
tax Increasing with tho sIeo of the
profits, Sir Frederick points v out,
would let tho business rann know ex
actly what proportion of his profits ho
would hnvo to pay In taxes. Instead
of concealing or cutting down his
profits by extravagant spending, In op
crating costs or In other ways tho
business man would simply set nsldo
two shillings six penco In tho pound
as a fixed sum. Tho Inccntlvo would
bo to stimulate business rather than
to cut down business. Sir Frederick
believes thnt this Inccntlvo would add
fully 25 per cent, to the taxablo prof.
Its of British business by bringing
profits out of concealment or by stlm
ulntlng Initiative, multiplying produc
tlon nnd Increasing profits.
Tiro scheme has won many follow
crs, probably becauso It Is so simple.
Its adoption of course Is another mat
tor. Tho .British lawmaker, llko our
own, Is an adherent of tho doctrine
that your taxpayer likes to bo fooled
about what ho pays and how he pays
It, though tho Indirect tnxe.s and
roundabout methods of collecting them
may cost him heavily and may do the
country much hnrm. To the polltlclnn
tho economic aspect of taxation still
remains a minor detail.
Lincoln, Too, Confessed.
A few days ago we commented
cheerfuliyupon the great Democratic
discovery of Senator Hardino's con
fcsslon of lack of confidence In him
self that part of a speech made In
1017 In which he said, on being ac
cused of Presidential ambitions:
"I should llko It said, slnco this
question lias been raised, that I think
too well of my country to wish one
of Buch Incapacity .In so exalted-a
position." '
A New Jersey reader, Mr.'iscEUT
Wierman of Camden, writes to us as
"In 1858 an editorial friend of
Lincoln wroto htm that ho would
llko to talk to him on the subjoct of
announcing his name for tho Presi
dency. Lincoln's reply was, in part:
'I must In candor say I do not think
myself fit for tho Presidency.' This
you will nnd moro fully in Tho Truo
Abraham Lincoln,' by William E.
Lincoln wrote practically the same
confession to Samuel Galloway on
July 28, 1859: "I must say I do not
think myself fit for the Presidency."
Later that same year, in a letter to
J. W. Fell, he wrote:
"Herewith Is a little sketch, as you
requested. There Is not much of It,
for the reason, I suppose that there
la not much of me."
In Februnry, 1S01, three weeks be
fore his inauguration, Lincoln &ld
In nn address at Stcubcnvllle, Ohio :
"I fear that the great confidence
placed In my ability Is unfounded.
Indeed, I am sure it la."
Probably tho Democratic strategists
of those days pounced upon these con
fessions of Lincoln as their descend
ants of to-day grab at Warren Ha&
dino's horrible admissions.
Representative Volstead's Defeat Is
Not a Victory for tho Wots.
Some of our wet friends are con
gratulating themselves overmuch on
the defeat for renomluatlon of Itep-
rescntatlvo Andrew J. Volstead, nu
thor of the prohibition enforcement
law, In the primaries in the Seventh
Congress district of Minnesota.
There Is nothing to suggest that Mr.
Volstead's failure to win the Repub
lican nomination can bo fairly Inter
preted ns a sign of dissatisfaction
among the voters In his district result
ing from the identification of ids nume
with tho Volstead act.
His successful opponent, tho Rev
J. Kvale of Benson, is now and
lias been for years a strong advocate
of prohibition, nnd there is no reason
to believe that wet voters In consid
erable numbers chose him ns their
candidate instead of Mr. Volstead
merely to humiliate the chairman of
tho House Judiciary Committee.
In tho primary contest Mr. Kvale
had the Indorsement of tho Non.
Partisan League, whose organizers
hnvo been nctlvo in Minnesota for
somo time, nnd Its opposition appears
to have been the principal factor In
Mr. Volstead's failure to win tho
It is possible of course that some
tupld advocates of n 'prohibition en
forcement act less stringent In Its defi
nitions than the Volstead act may
have Joined with the Non-Pnrtlsan
League to knock out Mr. Volstead.
If this is the enso they will unques
tionably live to regret their conduct
Non-Pnrtlsan League victory Is
about as nourishing for tho liquor
trndo as n Prohibition party victory
would be.
Athletes Who Como Back.
The so-called gentlemen's race nt
New London, which serves to whet
tho nppetlto for the regulnr four mile
classic, gives the Ho to tho theory that
oarsmen never como back. A gentle
men's crow consists entirely of gradu
ates who on one dny of the year agree
to forsake tho rolltop desk and enduro
excruciating agony for tho honqr of
tho alma mater and their own self'
esteem, Tho rnco only extends over
n half mllo course, but for tired bust
ncss men thnt half mllo Is Just ns
gruolllng as any of tho races of their
palmier days.
This year tho Ynlo gentlemen de
feated tho Ilarvard rowinunry, but
tho Crimson aristocrats may well
claim n certain pride in their defeat,
Two of tholr number wero battered
veterans who wero graduated in tho
lost century when tho oldest oar In
tho Ynlo boat was still on tho business
end of the feeding bottle. Nor was
therace lost by any weakness on
tho part of tho Harvard graybcards.
After tho first quarter mllo ono of
them developed a tendency to dig
up tho bottom of tho river, but thfc)
wob moro duo to excessive enthusiasm
than physical fatigue. Whllo tho bow
of thcllurvnrd boat was indulging in
scientific research tho Yalo crew
splashed on to victory.
Tho rival crews may not havo been
conspicuous for n smooth finish, they
may oven hnvo been slow In getting
their hands nwny, but this will not
detract from tho general Interest In
graduate races. As long as tho great
oarsmen of yesterday take this pra&
tlcal Interest In their old sport the
cynics can nover convince us thnt col
lego athletics are not what they used
to be.
Sound Economic Doctrine From
tho Grand1 Army of tho Kepubltc
In n day of sleazy thinking about
economics, when there Is a notion in
a good many heads that livings may
bo won from the earth without hari
work, and tho contention that legls-
lativo ciiuctmcnts cau nullify natural
laws has defenders, horse sense like
this from the uddrcss of Commander
Joski'ii E, Ewell at yio opening of
tho encampment of tho Department of
New York Grand Army of tho lie
public Is ns welcome as a fresh breeze
on a sultry July day :
"It would eeem quite obvious. If
politics wero laid aside, that the old
method of adjusting wage sched
ules, tho constitutional way, is tho
better, and that is, through tho free
and voluntary agreement ot the par
ties Immediately Interested. This la
the only practicable way under tho
Constitution. The parties In turn
aro under tho domination of the so
called law ot supply and demand,
which la not only an economic law
but Is also the pcoplo's law developed
by them In tho ordinary course, of
business transactions.
"It Is the law ot liberty, equality
and Justice. It gives to all an even
chance and, special privileges to none,
It Is the universal stabilizer of prices
and tho only competent wage price
adjuster. If not wrongfully deflected
by force, violence, unlawful restraint
of trade, or market manipulations, all
of which should be under tho ban of
the etatuto law, It Is an lntalllblo
"It may give a scant measure ot
wage as It docs in all foreign coun
tries, or It may give a generous meas
ure os it usually doen In our own
land when It has free course ; but If It
gives a scant measure the fault la not
with tho law but Is due to deficiency
of demand. .This the Government has
no power to supply ; only private Indi
viduals can do that, and with them It
Is entirely voluntary.
"Thus tho Individual voluntary
Initiative is the ultimate basis of all
Industrial activities. But "whatever the
law ot supply and demand gives,
whether It bo scant or bountiful, It Is
all the economic conditions warrant
or will allow."
This is the doctrine of equal privi
leges for nil, special favors for hone.
Under policies based firmly on It
America has grown great nud given
onnortunltv to all men within her
boundaries to prosper. To suppress
those policies, to look to Government
for what is to be found only In the
heads and henrts nnd muscles of men,
Is to deny the lessons of all history
and Invito tho penalties folly lnevl
tably brings on Its practitioners.
The first Yankeo troops arrived in
Franco three years ago to-day. Wo
wonder about tho first American
soldier to set foot in the battle country.
Did he como home again? If ho did, is
ho back In tho old town at tho old Job,
taking tho Bame old (In a manner of
speaking) girl out for a ride these
Juno nigniaf
At tho United States Department of
Agriculture farm at Bcltsvllle, Mary
land, tho admlrablo six-year-old hen
Lady Victory has a record of 214 egg3
In her pullet year and 779 eggs In five
years. Sho Is hale, hearty and Is lay
ing eggs enthusiastically. If in the
past five years all tho adult human be
ings In tho country had labored as suc
cessfully and produced proportionately
as much as Lady Victory has we
should hear less about tho high cost
of living than 'wo do.
A cry that runs from soul to soul:
When do wo get our winter tool?
ner Vacation.
"My annual rncatlon ot
A month will soon be here,"
Bs.ll Mabel, "and I cannot take
Ttie duds. I wora last yrar.
6b I'll go out and purchase non
A summer dress or two,
A pair ot pumju, a parasol.
And hat and sweater new."
Poor Mbl bought a fluffy conn
Of organdie and lace.
And floppy hat with roses wreathed
To shade her pretty face.
Then she, alail ut down sad wept
Llko one ot hop bereft,
For her vacation trip was ott,
Bhs had no money left.
Hecxi Txmta.
The Poet Who Was "a Spe
cialist in Intellectual
"Tho dangcrouu edge of things,"
says Browning, is what intcrosts us,
and Clough, according to Mr. James
iNBUtr Osborne, was a "seeker after
peace," ono of thoso who instinctively
avoid dangerous edges. Nevertheless
Clough waata figure of tremendous In
tercut to his contemporaries, ana from
tho number of reprinted editions of
his works ho apparently still com
mands the attention of tho lltorary
In hla Life of Clough (Houghton
Mifflin Company) Mr. Oaborno defines
him as 'a "specialist In intellectual
honesty," and this description proba
bly explains his enduring popularity.
Dcsplto tho fact that posterity has
como to regard Clough as a failure,
or at least as a man who never thor
oughly found himself, his poetry Is
still read nnd his name still appears
at tho head of many a literary essay.
Tho men of his tlmo were Inclined to
rato him, moro highly than wo do to
day, Lowell had no doubt that Arthur
Clough was a man of genius. Emerson
saw In him a "now and hotter Carlylo"
and Matthew Arnold says that Clough
was ono of tho two people ho cared
most to plcaso by what he wrote.
It Is ono of tho cruel Ironies of life
that tho very name Clough, as Mr.
Osborne says, "has been In danger of
becoming a byword for Irresolution,
although no man developed nnd re
tained a greater power of will or a
moro remarkable superiority to tempta
tion." If ho failed It was perhaps be
causo of this very Intellectual honesty,
because he always was torturing him
self with tho rellgibus doubts and mor
bid self-analysis that possessed so
many of tho brilliant young men nt
Oxford in tho early nineteenth century.
An undergraduate who could wrlto a
scries of sonnets entitled "The Blank
Misgivings of a Creaturo Moving
About in Worlds Not Realized" was
not likely to attain any great measure
of worldly success until ho had defi
nitely emerged .from hi3 own particu
lar slough of despond.
And yot Clough was no mere dream
er of dreams. Ho believed profoundly
In tho gospel of hard work even when
he could never qulto distinguish the
goal before him. Speaking of his fa
mous poem, "Tho Bothie of Tobcr-na-Vuollch,"
Mr. Osborno recogniies that
Clough was more essentially modern
in this respect than somo of his better
known contemporaries.
Thero Is less Imagination In It. for bet- ,
ter and tor worse, and less Illusion, than
In "David Coppcrfleld" or the "New-
comes" less poetry In a sense. The most
Important thing to life to Dickens la sym
pathy; to Thackeray It Is honor: but to
Clough It Is work. Clough held Me read
ers down to tho Inexorable reality they
were so glad to escape through the hu
mor ot Dickens or the sentiment of
Thackeray. Ho held them Cowii to. the
central truth that man must work to
live, and always under circumstances
falling short, In some respect or other,
of IJcal dignity, and holding out, ex
cept In rare loses, no prospect of any
adequato lfturn for tlio Individual.
Clough never lost sight- of tho fact
that man must work to live, and in
1S52, dissatisfied with the literary life
of Oxford and Lonilon, he wrote to his
friend Emerson to ask it thero was
any chanco of earning a living "any
whero between tho Atlantic and tho
Mississippi by teaching Latin, Greek or
English." Emerson induced him to
take tho next boat, but like moat of
Clough'a ventures the visit to America
was not a financial success. Tho fol
lowing year Carlyle found him a post
at tho Education Offlco in London,
a work that occupied him for the re
maining eight years of his life.
Mr. Osborno passes over this period
rather too briefly. It was tho hap
piest time of his life, nnd although not
marked by any great literary activity
his American experience had given
him something of tho practical atti
tude toward life and work that he
had always lacked. Ho remained as
he always had been a specialist In in
tellectual honesty but a specialist who
had added to hla staturo in tho eyes
of the -world by mingling with hla
fellow men.
A Naturalist's Enthusiasm for
All Kinds of Birds.
If It were ever customary for a man
to apologize beforo mounting his fa-
orlte hobby horso Mr. W. H. Hudson
would be morally it not legally bound
to beg forgiveness of ids friends for
inflicting another bird book upon
them. In tho introduction to his Ad
ventures Among Birds (E. P. Dutton
and Company) - he pleads guilty to
having written several books on birds
three, four or flvo (as a matter of
fact ten would bo a nearer cstlmato),
and yot lie cannot resist tho tempta
tion to "reveal, to testify, to point out
tho path to a new enchanted roalm"
which ho has Just discovered.
Many ot Mr. Hudson's previous con
tributions to ornithology havo dealt
with bird life in Patagonia or the Ar
gentine, but iii this collection of es
says ho has como back to his natlvo
England for Inspiration. Thero are
In tho British Isles somo two or threo
hundred species ot birds, and it is in
tho continual observation of a few of
theso. varieties that Mr. Hudson has
sought his adventures.
At tho very outset ho warns us not
to expect ,tho ordinary adventures of
a sportsman. Mr. Hudson despises tho
man who kills a bird Just as ho de
spises tho man who "only loves a bird
when he holds It In a hateiui cage."
This aversion to sportsmen extends
even -to vermin killers. The wretch
ho kills a little "mousing weasel" is
Just as bad as tho bird fancier who
would Imprison a nightingale, or tho
landowner who Invites his friends to
murder pheasants.
When It comes to eaung gamo or
red meat tho author's idiosyncrasies
aro even moro pronounced. Ho ad
mits to "eating eheep and pig and
somo other beasts, always excepting
cow: also fowl, pheasant and various
other birds, wild and tame"; but he
says "I draw tho lino at wild geese.
would as soon eat a lark or a quail
or a nlco plump young Individual ot
my own species as this wise and noblo
bird." '
Lit we overlook theso few eccentrici
ties, and, indeed, they add rather than
detract from tho general- Interest of
tho bock, Mr. Hudson a adventures
aro such as we would all gladly share.
Ho differs from most naturalists In
being preeminently an intellectual ad
venturer. "To add a now portrait to
tho gallery existing in tho mind" ia
to him tho very fessenco of happiness,
but it matters little whether it be the
portrait of somo rare specimen or of
a well known old friend.
Mr. Hudson is ready enough to bo
scorched by tropical suns ana ae
fourcd by moaqultoes "Just for the
sako of seeing a congregation ot big
birds in tholr breeding haunts," but no
is equally capablo of conceiving
montal adventure in an English farm
yard. Ono of hla chapters ia'devotod
to tho common domcstlo duck, which
sorves aa a springboard for rcpoatcd
plunges into psychology, history and
modlieval legend.
In tho middle of his description of
the goldfinch, n common enough bird
in certain parts or Engiana, no is
suddenly reminded of a poem by .Me
lendez, ono of tho lessor known Span
ish lyrical poets of tho eighteenth con.
tury. Tho nlghtlngalo of courso sug
gests a wholo train of literary allusion
but Mr. Hudson is very careful not
to offond his readers with an oaten-
over ho quotes It Is because ho wants
to drlvo homo his own opinion or bring
out somo point that might otherwise
cscapo our attention.
Strangely enough Mr. Hudson gives
tho first place among songsters to
tho blackbird, "becauso of tho, beau
tiful quality of Its volco and its ex
pression duo to human associations."
Tho nightingale, skylark and marsh
warbler nro usually classed as the best
songsters, but In tho authors opinion
tho "warbler Is too imitative of other
birds, whllo tho nlghtlngalo and tho
skylark lack tho variety of tho black
bird. Mr. Hudson would havo orni
thologists pay moro attention to tho
language of birds ,when considering tho
question of evolution, and in particu
lar to the lnnguago of his beloved
blackbird, in studying which ho him
self could spend "moro than half
lifetime very pleasantly."
Tho general lack of interest in bird
music ho attributes to tho devastating
effect of modern civilization, for which
llko nil good naturalists Mr. Hudson
has scant respect. Tho loud Jarring
noises inseparably connected with life
In big cities havo spoiled our car for
tho small exqulslto strains of birds.
Tho motor cyclo 13 a horrible object
"shaking tho earth with a torrent of
When he finds a fellow enthusiast
over bird music In tho unromanttc
cuiso of a commercial traveller Mr,
Hudson is acnulnely surprised. Nor
can ho understand how nn iron worker,
a "worker In an ugly material en
gaged in making ugly things," can be
as deeply interested in tho flight of
birds as ho Is himself. Throughout
the "Adventures Among Birds" there
aro numerous digressions along tho
hypatha of speculative philosophy that
would seem to lead directly to an un
Bworvintr belief in tho doctrines of
Buskin. Mr. Hudson has all Ruskln's
horror of industrialism and all his ca
pacity for faithfully transcribing na
ture to tho printed page. Whether ho
is describing a bullfinch or a lapwing
or a wild gooso ho delights In linking
up his observations ot animal life
with preconceived theories ot conduct
and moral Dhllosophy.
This overlapping of nature study
on tho borders of literature and phi
losophy is peculiarly typical ot the
Anirlo-Saxon and In a man mcsseu
with Mr. Hudson's well stocked mind
tho result is always pleasing. Thoso
few people who study animal llfo for
Its own sake without any regard for
tho human reaction will probably
chafe nt some of tho moro discur
sive adventures. The great majority
of readers, however, who are too hopo
lessly civilized to thrive on undiluted
natural history will bo moro than
grateful to Mr. Hudson for sharing
with them ids deep lovo of birds,
blended as It is in his caso with a
real feeling for literature, a nine
teenth century philosophy and an oc
casional "pinch of personal prejudice.
They Are Going lo Defend Thorn
selves Against Unfair Attacks.
To The Sun and New York Herald:
In your newspaper of June 23 appears
a statement accredited to Judge fclul
queen of General Sessions stating "taxi
cabs and highway robbers go together
Just as naturally as corned beet and
In tho dty of New York there are
employed several thousand taxlcab driv
ers, tho majority of whom oro good
average citizens, and when such an ut
terance Is mado from tho bench we must
confess our surprlso and Indignation.
If It would not be asking too much
ot the learned Judge wo should llko to
bo furnished with' the exact number of
taxlcab drivers ho sentenced during
the year 1913, and also tho number of
sentences passed upon citizens other
than taxlcab drivers, to tho end that we
may understand perfectly the exact de
gree of criminality of taxi men as shown
by the records.
Tho Greater New York Taxi League
has been formed for the purposo of pro
tecting the rights of the public hack
men, who seem to bo a target for all
thoso who deslro to vent their 111 will.
- If It be that the taxi man is less law
abiding than the average citizen the
fault evidently must be with the License
Bureau or with the. hacking ordinance.
It would appear to thinking men that
If the honorable Judgo would proposo
tho sane remedy Instead of indulging tn
vituperation and abuse against the gen
eral body of taxi men it would promote
tho public welfare and not create a feel
ing of distrust between the public and
Its faithful carrier, the public taxi man.
John Ullman,
President Greater New York Taxi
League, Inc.
New York, Juno 25.
An Indlctmont of tho Administration's
Policy In Advocating Them.
To Tnn Sun and New York Herald :
The propaganda to lnduco subscribers
to register their Liberty bonds for' their
own protection was nothing but a dodge
to mako It Impossible for thein to "un
load, no matter what their nced.j were.
For more than a year during the war
I served as an emergency man tn a
bank that was receiving large subscrip
tions to Liberty bonds.
I made it a point; In spite of Govern
ment instructions, to dissuade any sub
scriber who asked for registered bonds,
for even then one could foreseo what the
outcome would be.
What a bad taste has been left In tho
mouth by the whole conduct of the Gov
ernment relative to the bonds t
NonWALK, Conn., June 24.
The Fain Oat of the Fanetare.
Fori corrftpenrtmee Aiiixvitt Courier
Journal. Coming to Farls from Nicholas county
John Mason was compelled to stop by a
punctured tire. Ha discovered tha ptmetur
to tvn been caused by a cold stickpin sat
with three smaH diamonds which a Jeweller
Itcre said was valncd at 300,
Searchers for 'Overshadowing,
Orimo' Decide Thrco Months'
Host Is Necessary.
OHmax of Work Reached With
Indictment of Murphy and
Others in 'Glucose' Case.
The Extraordinary Grand Jury which
came Into existence last August and has
since kept tho municipal administration
In a constant otato of apprehension will
adjourn on Wednesday to reconvene our
Ing the nr.t, week la October, starting
out in quest of the now famous but still
unidentified "ovcrsha,dowlng crime" ana
reaching Its climax with tho indictment
of Charles F. Murphy, boss of Tammany
Hall, tho twenty-thrco Jurors, headed by
Raymond F. Almlrall, have .fat almost
continuously and havo come to tho do
clslon that they need a rest.
Members of tho Jury said there was
no dissension on matters ot policy or ob
Jectlvo within the body, but that they
havo grown very tired of the work and
that It was unanimously decided that a
vacation .was necessary, Ono of them
put It this way:
"In tho first placo we havo had to
fight llko tho "evil for every inch of
ground gained. We constantly found
ourselves disagreeing with tho District
Attorney's ofllco; wo found mysterious
forces at work over night and wit.
ncsses oddly changed In a few hours' nb
sence. And we discovered unexpected
opposition from certain quarters In tho
city administration. It was strange, In
asmuch as we wanted to do what they
profess to want to do prove thero was
or was not mismanagement of the city a
'We havo done our best, even if wo
havo not travolled as far as we would
llko to. But this constant bickering
nnd opposition nnd this tremendously
irksome business of trying to learn
something that thoso who know will not
tell la warranted to fray nerves. Be
sides, put any body of men together on
One Job for ten months and you'll find
them getting rather tired of seeing ono
another. Brothers will fight If con
fined together long enough. We all
realized this, and after laughing at
oursclvos wo decided It was time to
tako a vacation. Believe me, we shall
como back with a wallop In October."
'inero is no quarroi between tho jury.
men nnd William Band, Special Deputy
Attorney-General and their legal ad
vlaer, concerning the recess. Mr. Rand,
who was appointed to this advisory post
oy gov. smith when It became appar
cnt that the Jury and District Attorney
Swann could not function together, was
anxious to continue through the sum
mer, but Mr. Almlrall and others told
him that It would be better for all con
cerncd were they to take a vacation
and give their brains a rest
Tho Jurymen say there was no dif
ference of opinion among them regard
ing the ethics of bringing Domlnick
Henry out of the Tombs to testify about
the James E. Smith nflldavlts. They
claim it was entirely proper; that Henry
was not bullied, threatened or given
promises of liberty. Ho was naked sev-
eral questions that had absolutely no
bearing upon his present predicament.
they say, and when the brief lnqulsl
tlon was over he was taken back to his
cell. The Jurymen say that Henry
canio beforo them last Wednesday ot
his own free will nnd with full knowl
edge of whero he was going.
Reichstag Meets to Take Up
taxation Proposals.
Berlin, June 25. The German Chan
cellor, Konstantln Fehrenback, has com
pitted 'ho formation of a Cabinet com
prising representatives of the Centrist,
uemocratic ana German Feoplo's par
The oilU'lal list was clven out as fol
lows; Chancellor. Konstantln Fehren-
bach ; Minister of Justice and Vice-Chancellor,
Carl Helnre ; Minister of Foreign
Ariairs, ur. waiter Simons; Minister of
Finance. Dr. -Wirth ; Minister of tho In
terior, ilerr Koch; Minister of Defence.
Jtcrr Gessler: Minister of Transnort.
Gen. Groener; Minister of Food, Andres
Hermes; Minister of Posts and Tel.
graphs, Johann Glesberts; Minister of
tconamics, Herr Scholz ; Minister of the
treasury, Herr von Raumer.
mo portfolios of Lnbor anil Ttprnn.
f tructlon havo not yet been filled. Helnze.
" ran.-!!, urssier nna uicsDerts were
mcmDors oi mo Fehrcnbach Cabinet,
formed on June 2. which resltmod I mm..
dlately after formation when Majority
rutiaujia reiuscu BUpport It.
The new lteichstasr. which me v.ir
day and immediately adjourned, owing
iw .ura vauinei crisis, met nenin tn-rfnv
The most formidable task confronting
,i .a me emergency ouugct, which asks
u crcau ot n,iuu,goo,000 marks, cover
1020 tll Perld from JuIy t0 0ctobcr.
rinnnco .Minister Wirth pointed out
that the expenditure under all heads
largely exceeded that estimated and the
revenues had fallen below that Dolnt.
The- emergency budget Includes 6,100,-
uuu.uuu munis 10 cover tne deficit of the
nationalized stato railways and nnst
Herr Wirth said the new Government
win te called upon Immediately to rtr.nl
with tho difficult problems of repudia
tion by the railway pfnployees in tho
leucrai oiaies or tne wago scale fixed
for the whole country.
Resolution Prnlaes Work fop nig;
Palisades Playtrronnd.
Tho New York unit Nirn, Tr. t-.,
fftades Park Commission at a mectlne
juaiGiuuy, w,m jvivuuru v. Ldnaabury
presiding, adopted a resolution on the
death of George W. Perkins, who had
been president of the New York com
mission slnco It was founded. After
tracing the conception ana development
of the Palisades Interstate Park, the
resolution reads:
"Mr. Perkins combined the Ideal nnd
the practical to a remarkable degree
Tho Palisades Park, although the most
Important, was only one of the many
proJocU which he wisely conceived and
wisely exscuted in the public interest
Ho Is worthy of all the tributes that aro
being paid to his memory, but the ral'.
sades Interstate Park will stand as his
monument grander and more enduring
than any which could be fashioned by
the hand of man."
All Bar Dnllotlnff Gives Coveted
Honor to Eites Sncdecor.
Atlantic Ott. N. J., June 25. Con
cluding tho hardest fought election in
Its history, the annual convention of
International Asoclatlon of Rotary
Clubs to-day elected Vstcs Snedccor ot
Portland, Ore., president over John Dyer
of Vlncennes, Ind.. on tho third ballot
The contest lasted through the entire
'His election VlrtUaJlr ajumma fh.
lection of Edinburgh. SMtland, for the
'.621 convention.
27TJ5 BUN was founded by Ben Dai.
in mil TUB NEW YORK HKltAT.ii
too founded by James Gordon Ucnndi
n 1835. THN BVH pawed into tho eoiti,
IroJ of Charles A. Dana in 1888. m
became the property of Frank A. Muniet
remained the sole property of Us founder
until Ms death In 1872, when his ton, aim
James Gordon Bennett, suoceeded to th
ownership of the paper, which connui
in his hands until his death in 1018,
TJ1B IIERACD became the property of
Frank A. lluntey in 1920.
PHONE, WORTH 10,000.
, IlItANCU Ol'FICKH for receipt of adver
tlsemcnts and sula ot papers v
llulldlnj. Herald Bquarc. Tel. Clrccley WW0
MAH BKVENTIt AVE. Tel 701 Morning'
side. Open until 10 I. M. h
WEST 18IBT ST. Tel. WWS Wadsworth.
Open until 10 P. M.
Open 8 A. M. to 10 I. M.i Bundays, 2 1'. M
to 10 I'. M.
WO. 303, WASHINGTON ST. Tel. 1100
Main. 21 COUIIT ST. Tel. BI.18 Main.
Open until 10 r. M.
148TU ST. Tel. PC" Melrose. Open until
10 ' M
Principal American and Forelcn Hurraus.
WASHINGTON The Munsey Uulldlng.
CIHCAGO-208 South La Sallo st.
" LONDON 10-13 Fleet St.
PAHIS 4Q Avtntm iln l'Dnrrn. t.Q Tin At.
There are nhnnt ft.0 ndvrttMTiAnt
Ing stations locatod throughout New York
city and vicinity where Sun-Horald adver
tisements will be received at office rates and
lorwaraea ror puDtication.
Daily Calendar
51 .
Eastern New Tork Fair to-day and
to-morrow; moderato temporature, gen
tle varlablo winds, mostly northerly.
new Jersey Fair and mild temperature to
day and to-morrow: ccntlo north and north.
cast winds.
Northern New England Fair to-day and tn.
morrow; mild temperature; Eentle varltbli
winds, mostly northerly.
Southern New England Fair to-day and
to-morrow; mild temporature; gentlo vari
able winds, mostly northerly.
Western New York Fair to-day and prob.
ably to-morrow; mild temperature; gentle
varlablo winds.
WASHINGTON. June M. All" nressura re.
mains hleh cast of the MIssIssIduI River unit
on the north Taclflc coast and low over the
Plains mates, the southern plateau and south
ern Iiocky Mountain regions. Thero have
been local showers within the last twenty.
lOUr hotirn In thn mfrirfl Atlnnfln Mnrl ..nttt
Atlantic States, along the Gulf and north Pa
cific coasts nnd the Missouri and extreme
upper Mississippi valleys. Fair wCather wm
the rule in other parts of the country. Tho
temperature has fallen Over the llocky Moun.
tain and plateau region and has risen In the
plains States, the middle Atlantlo States and
Georgia. Temperatures remain generally
near tho normal except In tho far Northwest,
where the weather Is cool. The ouUook Is
for shower In Florida, nlon the' east eulf
coast and In the upper lake region. It will
remain fair elsewhere east of the Mississippi
niver, to-morrow and Sunday. Mild temperis,
tures will continue over the eastern half
the country during the next forty-eisht hourt,
Observations nt United States Weather H
reau stations taken at 8 A. M. yesterdaj
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 hrs. Daro- last 21
Abilene 02 72 20.M .. Clear
Albany so 04 30.12 .. Clear
Atlantic City 74 fi r.0.12 .12 Clear
IiAlttmoro' .. S2 AS 30.10 .. Clear
Bismarck .. SO 2 20.M .. Clowly
Boston ..... 7(1 70 30.10 ,. Clouily
Buffalo ..,, 72 00 20.21 .. Cleai
Cincinnati .. 80 00 80.2! '.. Olfar
Charleston . 8(1 74 30.14 . 00 It. CI.
Cljlcago .... 74 01 30.20 .. Tt. Ctl
Cleveland ..08 (14 30.28 .. Ft. C
Denver 72 58 2D.78 .. Cloudy.
Detroit 74 64 30.28 .. rt. Cl.
Galveston ... 84 80 30.0H .22 Clear
Helena CO 40 30.00 .. Clear
Jacksonville. 82 Tt 30.10 .. Clear
Kansai City. 80 ns 30.00 ,52 Clear
Los Angeles. 72 00 29.00 .. Clear
Milwaukee .. 70 02 30.20 ., Clear
New Orleans 00 80 30.02 .. Cloudy
Oklahoma .. 00 70 20.0(1 ,. Clear
Philadelphia 80 08 30.14 .. Clear
Pittsburg ...70 00 30.22 .. Clear
Portland. Me. "ll C8 30.12 .. Clear
Portland, Oro 02 R2 30.18 . 08 Cloudy
Salt Lake City 78 M 20.70 .. Clear
San Antonio. 00 71 2n.iKl .. Clear
San Diego,.. C8 00 20.8S .. Clear
San Francisco nfl B4 20.82 .. It. Oily
St. Louis... 88 70 30.10 .. rt. Cldy
St. Paul.... '78 .. 20.0S .34 Cloudy
Washington . 78 CS 30.1G .0(3 Clear
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Barometer 30.14 30,13
Humidity 80 40
WInd-dlrectlon N N
Wind velocity 12 18
Weather Clear Clear
rreclpltaltlon J .31
The temperature In this 'cltv vesterriav.
recorded by the official thermometer' la
shown In the annexed table:
. Ct 1
, 65 2
. 67 3
. 70 4
, 70 S
1020. 1910.
1. Itt 72
.. 72 C
.. 71 7
,. 74 8
,. 75 0
.. 77 10
0 P. M. ... 7(1
0 A.
, M.
12 M
. 70 7(1
O P. M.. 74
5 P. M.... 74 77 12 Mid 72
Highest temperature, 77 at 7 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 01 at 4 A. M.
Averago temperature, CD.
New York State Federation nf Business
and Professional Women's Clubs, second an
nual convention. Hotel Blltmore, all day,
"Evernreens for American Gardrns." Ie.
ture by Arthur Herrlngton In tho Museum
Building ot tho Botanical Garden, Bronx
Park. 4 P. M.
community ciuft, dinner. Hotel Astor, S
. M.
Zeta Tsl Fraternity, convention. Waldorf-
Astoria, all day; banquet 7 P. M.
PUT AT 105,000,000
Growth Less Rapid Than in
Previous Decade.
WASIUNOTOJf. June 25. The nonula-
tlon ot Continental United States is es
timated at 105,000,000 by J. A. Hill,
chief statistician of the Census Bu
reau. His calculation Is based on tho
combined populations of 1,403 cities and
towns for which statistics have been
Tho increase since 1900 Is Dlaecd nt
about 18,000,000, showing the growth
ot tho country has not kept paco with
the previous decade. Almost complete
cessation of Immigration during tho war
iaV the chief reason assigned for tho
falling off In growth. Other suggestions
were the two influenza epidemics, re
turn of aliens to their native lands and
deaths of soldiers abroad and at home
during tho war.
The aggreirato nonulatlon of thA cities
and towns on which the estimate was
made Is 41,029,854. This Is an average
gain of 26 per cent, compared with 35
per cent in tho previous decade.
Charles II. Flint la Chosen Presi
dent Trustee Selected.
Announcement wan mnAn vptlonlnM-
that at a meeting of tho Maine Society
Of New York Charles R. Flint was
elected president.
The trustees chosen are Frank A.
Munsey, Guy K. Tripp, chairman of the
board of the "Westlnghouse Electric and
Manufacturing Company: Harvey T.
Gibson, president! James O. Blaine, Jr..
vice-president of the IJborty National
nan, ana jonn s. Dennis of main.
& Co.

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