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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, JUNE 27y 1920 8 1 Belgian Olympic Likely To OOIE . RAY, 1,000 YARD RUN STAR.. By JAMES 3. MITCHEL. ANOTHER Olympic Is almost upon us, and for the seventh time since the Inception of the world's greatest sport carnival the American athlete will be called upon to maintain the prowess of his nation against the picked performers of the whole world on track and field. Each of the Olympics held In the different countries have been Remarkable for spectacular gran deur, but the coming one at Antwerp gives fair promise of being the most goiveous 0f tho lot.. All the crowned heads of Europe, all the heads of republics, new and old, have prom ised to be present, and already steps have been taken In the way of preparation for their reception. In fact tho Olympic games this time will be an out and out victory celebration; and what will be more appro priate, It will be In the propor setting, that Is, on the very site where a brave little nation struck Its first telling blow In the war, and the blow that proved to be tho turning point In the fight. Governments Give Aid. Not only have the foreign potentates, high and low, given assurance of their sympathy with tho Olympics but several Governments have contributed toward the maintenance of the teams. The French, Italian, Swedish. Norwegian, Greek and Danish authorities have donated large sums, and a few have gone so far as to engage professional coaches to school the prospective contenders in all the finer points of their specialties. For tho first time In the history of tho Olympics tho United States Government has come forward with some help In the shape of an offer to take the teams across the ocean on a transport, and while the policy Is commendable It would be still better, and no little wonder, if the Government defrayed all the cost of sending the men to Belgium. It would be only paying back a compliment, for when the American Expeditionary Forces organized a team to compete in the big meet at Paris the Amateur Athletic Union, out of It- slender exchequer, gave $5,000 to help the- project. Besides, did not the athletic clubs with men and money do their duty in tho late war? In the army and navy men. could bo found who were either athletes at college or from the clubsv and in the long roster of those who fought and bled and died, the .names of thousands of athletes will ever be recorded. America Weak in Sprinteri. Among the majority who interest them selves In the progress and development of athletics an idea prevails that the track and field team this time has only to take the field and wade, smash bang, to a tri umph in every Item of the twenty-two which make up the standard set of compe titions. No more foolish opinion could well be Imagined. That America will capture the point championship in the purely ath letio section is fairly certain, but the glory will not land on the Stars, and Stripes with out some hard knocks, disappointments and stout opposition Is something almost as cer tain. With the exception of the 1908 Olympic at London, America has always reigned su preme In the sprints, and not alone with first place, but with minor points did the fleet footed men swell the grand total In a preeminent style. It Is to be feared that the case will not be the same on the Belgian stadium next August, as some dangerous contenders have already appeared here and there In the Old World. What makes it dubious Is that to-day we have hot a tip top sprinter who could be relied upon to rattle off the "century" in better than "evens" or the 100 meters in 10 4-6 seconds. , Of course It is unknown what the tryouts next month may show, but at present we have a few men capablo of 10 seconds for the 100 yards and no better. One of the strongest and most consistent sprinters is Charles Paddock of Los Angeles, wha Is supposed to be able to cover the cen tury in 9 4-5 seconds, but it Is worth while to remember that when ho runs anywhere outside of California his form has been found to be little better than mediocre. Along with Paddock there is Brown of Princeton University and Lo Coney of La fayette, who was Ineligiblbjo run In the Intercollegiate. Either might consider him self lucky If the watches gave him a mark of 10 seconds for the 100 yards. For a while last fall there were high hopes that Bill Hayes, the national champion, might round Into a real Olympic flyer. He spent a term at Notre Dome University, and while there disappointed his partisans by his poor work on tho cinders. A powerful strong sprinter with a raking stride, It was thought that when he was thoroughly wound up he would exhibit a grand turn of speed, but if he possesses the timber of which recordv holders are modelled he has yet to show it. So far as It Is now known our most dan- MATT MCGRATH FAMOUS HAMMER THROWER genius foes In tho dashes will be contrlb, uted by England, and they are W. A. Hill of the Polytechnic Harriers and Harold M. Abrahams of Cambridge University, whoso three brothers havo been famous In English athletics for years. Both are. young cam paigners, and although they have never been clocked to do better than ten seconds they aro aa sound for these figures ns any raised in the British Isles or elsewhere. Of tho two Abrahams seems to be a better and more aggressive competitor, especially asho has beaten Hill on level terms. In tho annual varsity meet between Oxford and Cambridge Abrahams won tho 100 yards in 10 seconds flat, and when it Is taken into account that the track was wet and that a strong breeze blew in the face of tho run ners it can well be Imagined what this young sprinter will do on a good track in dry weather. He is said by those who have seen him to be a big powerful, striding fellow, with no great style, but thomost effective method f tearing along of any sprinter of recent years. The young Cantab has been coached by hl3 brothers, and all they want la that he might bo able to get away from the mark with more speed, when they expect him to do something like 8 3-5 seconds for the cen tury. The best recent report about Hill Is that he ran as good as 10 1-5 seconds on an uphill grass course, which, if correct, means that lie Is showing well Inside the "evens" margin. A capital line will b posslblo on the English sprinters after their annual, which takes place at Stamford Bridge, London, on July 3, when all their foremost aspirants for places on the Olympic team will be out for an airing. As to the material In the course of preparation by the other countries it Is Impossible to form a definite line, but If tho rumors come true both America and England are booked for a surprise. In Bor chard Belgium has a sprinter, able, It Is claimed, to get rid of the 100 meters In 10 3-5 seconds, and perhaps faster. His only drawback Is ap unsteady style while on his mark, but It Is claimed that when this fault has been remedied the Belgian will have no peer at the 100 and 200 meter races. South Africa and Australia aro supposed to have exceptionally fast sprinters, but be yond some newspaper stories it Is yet a mystery what tho alleged wonders can do Halting the March of Bubonic Plague Rests With Us By JACQUES W. REDWAY, F.R.G.S. -UMANITY may well stand in fear of two diseases, typhus fever and the bubonic plague, which are slowly making their way westward as an aftermath , , ... of the world war. Ordinarily, when condl- tions are normal, typhus may be kept under control and Its geographic limits may be circumscribed. But the conditions have not been normal and In a large part of Europo the disease has reached an epidemic stage mai is pasi coniroi. vureaay sporauic casea have reached tho American Continent and it Is bound to be a troublesome factor in the next few years. The carriers of the typhus bacilli, In most Instances body lice and fleas, aro well known. The prevention of tho bubonic plaguo la a mo'ro difficult matter, for although tho spe cies of fleas whlcli' carry the plague bacillus are not travellers per se, the rats which are hosts to the fleas are great travellers. The "oriental" rat Is any sort of rat that is gathered by ships calllog at Oriental ports. For the greater parUUns the brown rat or the black house rat species that are com mon In every continent Perhaps tho rata of the rice fields in China and India arc infected by the bacillus bearing flea; but not being migratory they need not be considered as carriers. The common flea is known to havo been a carrier In at least one locality whero the bubonic plague became almost an epidemic. It Is likely that other Insects parasitic upon HUMANITY may well stand In fear 01 Qf the dlsease A specita 0f flCa apparently bubonic plague have been expressed by varl two diseases, typhus fever and the native of Egypt it bears the appropriate ous authorities. I base a layman's opinion htihnnin nincnm whlih nm slnwlv name Pulex cheoois seems to be the prime thaMt was the bubonic plague from the fact Kings, Queens and Presidents Will See World's Best Athletes CLINTON LARSON IN THE HIGH JUMP life w -?:' 1 U''- F. FOSS, NOTED POLE VAULTER. under reliable conditions and correct timing. Pretty much the same conditions will at tach to the 200 meters, as the same men will carry the colors of Uncle Sam In both. So far we have seen no one tried over the distance, but Brown of Princeton seems to be the best of the early seasonNthat Is if we are to go on his work at the intercollegiate championship. On that occasion he won the 220 yards In 21 1-5 seconds, unquestionably the best Instance of furlong sprinting seen in America this year, That we will havo a few good nien for the 400 meters was demonstrated by tho performance of the quarter mllers in the big college event, O. O. Hendrlxson of 'the University of California, showed his heels to the field In good time, and among those who trailed In behind him were R. S. Maxam and both animals and human beings may also carry and communicate tho specific bacillus of the disease. A species of flea apparently native of Egypt It bears the appropriate name Pulex cheopis seems to be the prime carrier, and It is tills species that Is almost always found as a parasite on Infected rats from the odent n ,s common enoUBn throughout tropical Asia, the East Indies and Africa. It does not .occur In Northern Europe and the Infected Insect parasitic on the brown rat of that part of Europo la of a mferent SDccIes. It does occur in southern Russia, however, and most likely it came mere from beyona tne Caucasus Mountains. tn any case the flea Is tho carrier of the bacillus which causes bubonic plague. As a matter of fact the bubonic plague always has followed much travelled trade routes. Tho epidemic described by Justinian, about the middle of the sixth century, was brought to Europe from the Nile delta. It had spread over' Egypt and from Egypt, It was carried to Constantinople, where the mortality exceeded 0,000 in the course of a few weeks. Thence it reached Italy and France. It also followed a Phoenician trade route along the Barbary coast of Africa. No ono knows the total number of victims of the disease, but It probably ran Into millions Tho procession of the black death, in the fourteenth century, which snuffed out more than twenty-five million Uvea In western Europe about one-quarter of Its popula tion followed almost exactly tho same routo Armenia, Egypt, tho Balkan Peninsula, Italy, France, Spain and all western Europe. It seems to havo spread into Scandinavian Be Most America's Chances ( by U. u. EARL EBY, ' CRACK RELAY RUNNER. Earl Eby of tho University of Pennsylvania, though it might bo taken that the latter ran In order to collar the points rather than with any serious Intention of annexing the title. The material that the other side of the world might put forward in this event is largely problematical, especially as Eng land has two men in G. M. Butler of Cam bridge University and B. C. D. Rudd of Ox ford who will be fleet enough to beat 49 seconds.and these figures are closo to what will win the race In Belgium. Sweden Is very sweet on Engdhal, Its champion for the distance, who has shown 48.6 on the Stockholmttrack, but It Is worth while to remember that Butler took the measure of the Swede at tho English championship of last year, when the Light' Blue president captured tho title in the good countries from England. Grave doubts as to whether or not the black death was tho that It originated In the "locus" of the bubonic plague and advanced over tho same routes. I must confess also that the Influ enza variously called "Spanish" and "Rus sian" Is traced from the same locus and has followed pretty nearly tho same lines of advance. The InnliR Is snmewhern In thw eglon of Chinese Turkestan: the exact focal. psjnt does not seem to be known. From tho Beginning oi me nueenin century ouiorcaKa In Europe followed at Intervals roughly estl- mated at about thirty years apart. Appar- ently the disease has seldom appeared In India east of the Indus River, but this may prove an error of fact. v xne oneniai rai, wnicn is usually me Drown rat, is the chief factor in carrying tho Mi- lectea nea. xne Drown rat travels in saiqng vessels, steamships, river barges and freight cars. It smuggles Itself Into boxes and bales brought by caravans. Tio wanderlust of the animal Is strong, therefore Its spread along trade routes. Tho brown rat Infects the black rat, and when the rata succumb to the disease the fleas forsake them and become parasitic upon man. There seems to bo a dlfferenco of opinion as to the Ufo span of tho infected flea, but probably it does not materially exceed sixty days. f A physician long in practice in Java I re gret that 1 cannot rerall his name told mo that it sl'igle bite of an Infected flea It Is marked oy a characteristic spot rarely Spectacular of All At' PAT RYAN, HAMMER THROWEK iy UHDBKWCOD time of 49 4-5 seconds, that Is for the 440 yards. , The race for tho 800 meters will, if noth ing else, bring together Earl Eby, the In tercollegiate champion, and B. C. D. Rudd. the Oxonian Rhodes scholar from South Africa, who created such a favorable Im pression here by his great display In the half mile at the University of Pennsylvania relay meet. Except that some unknown might" come out of the woods within the next month Eby rates as the strongest mid dle distance man In the United States and one on whom will fall the task of being our foremost representative abroad. His best time for the half mile is 1 minute 54 3-5 seconds the first day of the Penn relay meet, -and it was a most singular coincidence that Rudd should hang up the same figures on the following day. Shrewd judges have It that Rudd will show much faster time this summer, that ho Is a much stronger man than the Penn sylvanlan and Is possessed of more courage and driving power when it comes to a tussle on the homestretch. In Mayer of Cornell and Sprott of California the Olympic selec- tlon commltteo might find good second string brought on the disease in a human being. but that several bites were nretty sure to be tnu i. mtinn J Th ornprion Jith K,,KAni i -"r " San Francisco a few years ago has added valuable knowledge concerning the disease In California not only were rats infected by the bacillus bearing fleas; the Infection opread to the ground squirrels of Contra Costa county, carried probably bv the com mon fleas which are numerous 'there as7' In other regions where dry summers pre- van. The statistics of the progress of the disease do not furnish all tho information uesiraoic, out they show- that the common flea may be tho sDeclflc carrier of thn Wlllna and that rodents other than rats also are distributers of tho fleas. ' In Its westward advance the plague al- ready has reached the American continent, ji is sporadic at vera Cruz and Tamplco; It is pretty certain to reach ports of the United States during the summer. The fact that It Is panedemlc need not give alarm If the usual precautions are taken namely, to pre vent rats from leaving pest laden ships, and also to prevent the landing or the entrance of unsterlllzed merchandise from an Infected locality. But no matter how careful Dort authorities may be sporadic cases will prob ably occur. There need be no fear that it will reach an epldemlcrstage, however. If humanity desires to exterminate the bubonic plague stamping It out at the Infected ports of tho world Is work at the wrong' end of tho trouble. Extermination must begin In the arid regions' of Central A&ia, tho problem being to find tho focal point. .2 Vf CHARLIE PNDDOCK, SPRINTING CAMPION 5W U.f u, material to Eby, but very likely the mm nilttee will wait till nfter the tryouts to sc jtrhnt may be forthcoming. Heretofore the great evnt of the 01 vn plo games has been the marathon race. In this time It looks as If the climax of b meet will be the 1,500 meters. Two mnn exceptional calibre will supply thi th IM ,Iole Ray. tho Impetuous boy from C'riciiv and A. G. Hill, the present English ehnm plon for the mile. Ray has run nion fa' miles than any amateur that vyv llv i and Is holder of the present American Winn1 plonnhlp, which he won laat Sqptt'inlwr ' 4 minutes 14 2-5 seconds, while Hill has env cred the same distance In exactly the ham time. No two better amateurs ever met, nrr they excel the ranks of the profession V with the exception of George and Cum mines, whose memorable race twenty-eh years ago produced the professional rotor' of 4:12 seconds, which has since rematur unbeaten. All sorts of theories are now Indulge ti. as to what Is liable to happen when R.n and Hill step to the scratch together, but qnly time can reveal the result As far as gameness, stamina and determination are concerned they are about evenly matched, but the only point possessed by the Saxon, Is that he Is speedier than f ho Chlcagoan, as he Is holder of the English half-mile cham pionship Jn 1:551-5 seconds and Is said to bo even still faster. Whero thq trouble to Jole might arise Is In the flnnl dash for the worsted, whero Hill's extra speed might carry him to victory. "The only salvation that might appear feasible to the American Is to run the Briton off his legs for the full journey and then trust to his great lun? power to carry him to tho goal at the finish No Long Diitance Men. To courff on a single win In the long dis tance runs would appearto be little better than a day dream. With such a wonder a Guillemot, .the young Frenchman, In trim In the 5,000 and 10.000 meter runs, tho 3,000 meter steeplechase and tho marathon It looks aa the best wo will be able t6 ac- complishls a few stray points here an1! there. The Swedes have a hard customc In Backman, who not only Is champion o' his own country but Is holder of the long distance Brjtlsh "title, and who on paper 1? better than the best we can now depend upon. When it Is remembered that tho Boston and New York A. C, maratWons failed to unearth tho talent there is hut the slight est chanco of anything promising from the future.. Peter Trlvoulldas, a Greek, won the Boston race and will run for hla native land In the Belgian contest, and Hannes Koleh mainen, the Finn, won the New York A. C team. He says ho will not take part in the he will not be available for the American team. He says he will not take part- In the race . at all. The runner every one will have to reckon with Is Christopher W. Git sham, the South African, who finished sec ond In Stockholm and who Is at this stage moving In record form. He already has ar rived In Belgium and will have the advan tage of a couple of months training on the Olymplo course. The United States competitors will meet a big stumbling block in the high hurdles. Earl Thomson, who, Is now a student at Ti . . -. l. n.n , , , Ml iniuiuuuui vunt'Ke, is a uunaaiun una icijitvJii iiie -uuiiiiiuun, so inai 1113 aciviva and his world's record of 14 2-5 seconds will be lost to our team. It Is possible that Fred Kelly, the winner of 1912, may round into shape, but even at his very best he conld- S" ' er" ul "'"l m3i "B Z hardly hope to cope with Thomson. There are a few likely men for the 400 meter hur- rtllo on,l ,., -,,- Field Contests Will Save the Day. Where the American team should score heaviest is In the field events. A close analysis of tho possibilities Indicate that It will rest with the "whales," such as Pat Ryan. Matt McGrath. Pat McDonald. Arlie iMucks and Merchant to save tho day for the United States. Except the unforeseen happens we should account for four places. m the liammer, 56 pound weight, pole vault, broad' lumn. nnrt with tnt nntnf tallies In the high jump, '16 pound shot and dlscw throwing.. We need not expect much In the Javelin, aa at the present moment there are four men In 2urone able to hurl the spear over 200 feet, and that is feet further than the American record. To go on past per formances there la not a polo vaulter In the world who con touch Frank Foss or his world's record of 13 feet 3 9-16 Inches, ma4 last season. Sol Butler of Dubuque has record of 24 feet 10 inches, and should he make tho team and repeat the performance ho will be In a class by himself. America will be found to be weak In the walking events, especially If George Gould Ing, the Canadian, should again flash on the scene. Bridges, the one armed English heef and toe artist, is the best of tho Europeans and Is about on a par with William Plant the American champion, but neither could hope to stay with tho Canadian when at hi' best. (1 v22kJ!iU-i " 5C'.