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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, July 13, 1920, Image 8

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R iii " J.1I OU1N INJCiVV J. Ulia XXJUXVAXIU.. XUCiOXyAl. iJUUJl lO. W4w. 1 -
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POUNDED 1J33-183-, ,
, Frank A. Munsey. 'fntW -Ervlit
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All rlehtt o( republlcfttlon of pcll di
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f frt.ii ah tvnr m with mnu
lerlpu nd llluatr&tlona (or publication wlah
to Kv rtjetd artlclei rtturned they muit
WORTII 10,000.
The MardlQK Ideal of Gortrnment
la the American Ideal.
Ja no docamont, ofllclal or private,
bos the Ideal of Impersonal government
been more succinctly and moro elo
quently set forth than In the Constl tu
tlon of the Commonwealth of Massa
chusetts of 1780, which reads In Ar
tfcle XXX. of 'Fart I. as follows :
"In tho government of thU Com
tenwetlth the leclslatlvo department
hall never exercise the executive and "
IMIeUl powers, or either of them;
the executive nhftll never exercise the
kflslatlvo and judicial powers, or
olther of them: the judicial hall
Mver exercise the legislative and ex
ecutive powers, or either of them;
to the end It may be a government
erf laws, and not of men."
It Is a government of laws and not
of men that Senator Wabben O. Hab-
djko, tho Republican nominee for
President, has In mind when he de
clares that on entering the White
House ho will reestablish the prac
tkes which obtained In earlier days',
when Presidents treated lawmakers
as colaborers with them In the man
egement of public affairs, and. not as
Intruders to be bullied or cajoled
into subservience.
Such a rectification of practice has
never been more urgently needed la
the Federal establishment than' It Is
right now.
From the day Woodbow Wimon
entered the White House with n Dem
ocratic majority In each chamber of
Corsrcss behind him the progressive
extension of executive authority over
the legislative department aroused the
fears Of nil patriots. The Democratic
leadership in House and Senate, partly
from Inherent weaknesspartly from
partisan prejudice, Interposed no suf
ficient defence of the Independence of
On the appearance of Woodbow
"Wilson In the role of negotiator of
peace terms there began such an as
sault against the Senate as a coordi
nate participant In the treaty making
power as hod never before been at
tempted in tho United States.
The effort of the Executive to lm
1 pose his will on the Senators' and to
transform them from public servants,
oath bound to perform specific duties
In accordance with their obligations
Bad the Constitution, into mere rub
ber stamps to record approval of his
Will involved an attack on the whole
fabric of lour Government unparalleled
in our history.
The reform of these conditions Is a
matter of supreme moment for every
citizen of the United States. The res
toration of that balance of power
which the authors of the Constitution
aimed at, and which It had been the
purpose of enlightened Presidents and,
lawmakers to maintain, hrfs become a
first duty of the American elector
ate and n first obligation of Federal
It is to this Ideal of government by
laws npd not by men that Senator
Habdino has subscribed, and its at
tainment is a matter of more conse
quence to American citizens than the
poetical concepts of idealists who blind
themselves to national requirements
in order to devote their thoughts to
international quarrels which are none
pf our ljuslness.
' Mr. SwEtn la the Elwell Case.
fiwAKir has been able to show that
Joseph B. Elwell lived a loose life
tmd died of a gunshot wound inflicted
by a person unidentified.
Beyond this the prosecutor, has not
been able to go, though many reputa
tions have been smirched In the In
quiry and the names of numerous men
nnd women whose only offence was
acquaintance with Elwex have been
dragged'lnto the case.
Throughout tbo investigation of (he
crime one thing has been conspicuous.
It is the ascendency, enjoyed by the
District Attorney In the direction of
the search.
Tho city police, to whom the public
naturally looks for leadership In the
pursuit of lawbreakers, appear to
lave been subordinated to the repre
tentatlves of- the District Attorney,
with that officer at their head. Sir
Swarn himself has been the s6urce
of much, If not most, of tho Informa
tlon which has been given to tho pub
He". The police have practically main
tnlncd silence.
Persons who bellevo the mystery
surroundlOK Elweiis death Is not In
soluble and tliot the ' freedom his
assassin now enjoys is tbo result of
clumsy work by tho authorities nro
naturally criticising thoso.they hbld
at fault and it Is an. Interesting as
pect of tho caso that the pollco nro
presented by these critics ns moro or
less spectators of tho chnse, but re
llovcd by tho District Attornoy of
responsibility for tho success or fall
uro of the Investigation,
Governor Cox Must Give tho Amcr
lean Pebplo Straight Answers. '
Already Governor Cox when asked
to declare' himself on this or that Is
sue Is showing an Inclination to refer
questioners to bis record as Chief
vgsecutlvo pf Ohio. Now references
nro au rignt in tneir way. uc reier
oncca co back Into tho nast: they do
. . . . .. J.i
not carry into tne iuiure. xuey ten
what a man has dono with some par
ticular Incident that Is closed. They
do not guarantee, they do not even
affirm, what ho ' will do with sit
uations that are ahead of.hliu and
wldo open.
Governor Cox running for Pros!
dent of the United States must tell
tho American people, and tell them
directly and specifically, not what he
has done as Governor of Ohio but
what be Is going to do as President
of tho United States.
When the question Is put to him
either Governor Cox is going to .tell
the people of tho United States "In
plain English that he never will per
mit their Government to be interna-
tlonnllzetLby the Leaguo of Nations,
or he is going off the slate of the
American voters.
Elftier Governor Cox Is going to tell
the people of the United States flatly
what he will do when the labor unions
demand that ho agree to help give
them the railroads and set them up
In Soviet control of them, or ho Is
going off tho slate of tho American
Either Governor Cox Is going to tell
the pcoplo of the United States In so
many words how ho and his party .pro
pose to raise the taxes to pay the
Government's debts and keep the
Treasury solvent, or1 he is going off
the slate of the American voters.
Either Governor Cox Is going to
come straight out nnd tell the people
of tho United States what he will do
when the wets, wh6 nomtnatdd htm.
call upon him to make good to them,
or he is going off tho slate of the
American voters.
On any other basis than frank
declaration and square dealing with
the people of tho United Btntes, as
against all other Interests and classes,
foreign or domestic, Governor Cox is
going to face disaster. Wabben u
Hardimo will be a very trying man
for him to match swords with, be
cause Habdiso always runs straight,
An Unjust Salary Increasing Scheme.
The plan adopted by the Board of
Estlmato for the distribution of the
$5,000,000 pay Increase for city em
ployees authorized by the Legislature
is grotesquely Inequitable.
This scheme provides that money
shall be divided on the basis of 20
per cent, increase of his present salary
for each beneficiary.
Under1 this plan a, man receiving
$800 a year will be raised by $100
while a man receiving $5,000 a year
will be raised byl.OOO, or an amount
$40 greater than tho total income.
Including tho Increase, of the lower'
salaried man.
This illustrates the unreasonable
ness of the proposal.
" Tho money should be divided, as
President La Guabdia has earnestly
advocated, In such a way ns to bring
relief to tha municipal employees who
need relief most those drawing the
lowest salaries. They are tho ones
who have felt the cost of the ncces.
saries'pf life most heavily, nnd their
requirements should have tho first
The Aldermen have held up the ap
propriation resolution necessary to
carry this distribution Into effect, and
they ought to continue the holdup
until assurances are forthcoming that
the money the taxpayers -contribute
for the relief of underpaid municipal
servants will be Justly split up.
Empress Eugenie & Belle of an Age
Which Has 'Passed.
Posterity has very generally ac
cepted the view that tho Franco-Prussian
war was "deliberately broqght
about bvUhc Empress Euofiwir. Eager
to distract attention from the weak
nesses of tho Imperial Government,the
Empress embroiled France in a war
which was to rekindle popular en
thusiasm In the Napoleonic legend.
Such has been the verdict of, her own
countrymen; and only the softening
Influence of time has' allowed a more
generous estimate of her share in the
great tragedy. x
It is not easy in these days to de
fend the woman who set her face
against democracy. But is there
not Another side to the picture? Was
It to be expected that Mademoiselle
db Moimjo, the daughter of a Span
ish adventuress, the wife of a vain
glorious usurper, should automati
cally qualify for the role of Empress
of France as soon ns she crossed the
threshold of the 'JPulIcrles? That she
dominated the Emperor by her supe
rior capacity for decision was surely
no fault of hers. Unfortunately tho
qualities which she lacked could not
bo Supplied either by her husband or
by any of tho imperial statesmen.
With no one to guide her the cmt
bnrkpd on a career of amateur state
craft which led to the downfall of
hor own dynasty nnq tho. foundation
of tho German Empire
Nearly half a century has elapsed
slnco tlic Empress escaped from the
rabble- In Paris clamoring for tho
blood of tbo "Bonaparte canaille."
During all these- years she had at
tacked no one and uttered, no word In
her own defence.' Tho death of her
only sou In ono of tho Zulu wars put
an end to any political aspirations for
her family, Slnco that time she had
lived a life of complcto retirement,
mere rollc of a bygono ago. Perhaps
no man has expressed tho feeling for
her of tho younger generation so clo
quciitly os Lord Rosebkby. In a copy
he sent her of his 'Napoleon: Thxo
Last Phase" ho addresses her as "Tbo
surviving sovereign of Napoleon's dy
nasty, Tho Empress who has Uvea
on tho summits ot splendor, sorrow
nnu cuiaornwiio wuu buijiviuu uiguu
. i . . ia - - . I 1 1
una courage."
Railway Rate Increases to Pay
Illghor Wage Demands
When the' Interstate Commerco
Commission'' makes its freight and
passenger rate Increases tho railway
labor unions don't want these in
creases to be so listed, that they will
show what, the money ,is for. They
want nil tho new charges that will he
piled upon tbo public to bo lumped
together so that It may not be' seen
how much of the 'Increase Is caused
by the wago demands,
But the items should be listed sep
arately. The American pcoplo pay
all tho railway bills.- They are en
titled to know whero their money
goes and what tbey get for It
Just before tho war1 tho total re
ccipts of tho carriers were about
three billions of dollars a year. This
was nil. tho roads got for freight,
passenger, mall, express, milk, switch
ing nnd all other service. As tho
railroads got only three billions of
dollars of revenues from alt sources
a year, the American people paid at
that time only three billions of dol
lars a year for their whole 'transpor
tation service,
The year before the 'Government
took charge of tho railroads the total
expenses of tho carriers were $2,000,
448,000. That is to say, maintenance
way, maintenance of equipment,
traffic, expenses, transportation ex
penses, general expenses labor and
All the rest- put together cost the rail
roads In. round numbers three billions
of dollars.
But for the year 1019 the payroll
alone of the railroads Is estimated by
the American Bureau of Railway
Statistics at a trifle more than three
billions of dollars. Nobody estimates
it below $2,000,000,000.
Tho railway labor unions are now
asking for another billion of dollars
a year in their pay envelopes. If tho
award of the Labor Board to them
should bo three-quarters of a billion
the wage bllliof.tha; railroads will at
leasl bo somewhere between three
nnd a quarter and three and a half
billions of dollars. Then the Amerl
can people will be paying perhaps
half a billion dollars more for rail
way labor alone than 'the whole trans
portatlon bill of the nation was be
fore the war.
If the award of the Labor Board
should amount to half a billion the
Wage bill 'of the railroads, to ne paid
by. .the American, people, will be be
twecn tnree- billions and tnrce and a
quarter billions of dollars, or perhaps
quarter- of a billion dollars more
than all the transportation charges
against the American people put to
gether wero before the war.
Before the Interstate Comraorce
Commission Is through raising rates
to take care of Increased payrolls
awarded by the Labor Board, In
creased cost of material and o'thor
increased pharges the American pee
pie probably will be paying more than
seven billions of dollars a year for
their annual transportation charges.
And of that amount somewhere be
tween four and four and a half, per
haps even five, billions of dollars will
be for railway labor alone.
Then the 'American people will be
paying Into the railway treasuries to
go to labor alone a billion dollars or a
billion and a half of- dollars, perhaps
even two billions of dollars, more than
they were paying into the railway
treasuries beforo the war for labor
and . all other railway expenditures
put together.
So that the American people may,
know Just whero they stand in their
colossal paying of theso railway rate
Increases let tho Interstate Commerce
Commission henceforth list separately,
distinctly nnd specifically every rate
Increase that is made for labor or any
other important item.
Unintentional Humor.
Even in these vacation days copies
of the Congressional Record with
early Jurio dates continue' to arrive at
such odd times as the prlnfcr can get
paper on which to print speeches held
for revision. They nro interesting,
some of theso speeches j they recall at
times talcs dear' to childhood, when
unsuspecting minds are delightfully
stirred by conjecture as to whnt the
turtle stands on as It holds the world
on Its back; if the cow lumped over
the moon, good, but what did she
land on, poor thing?
These thoughts arlso after reading
a delayed and revised speech on the
water power bill, which provides every
safeguard of public lntorest which
leglslatlvo Ingenuity pretty constantly
exercised on the subject for ten years
could devise. Yet here Is n conserva
tionist of the school which shudders
to think of tho use of any natural
resource except 'by some Government
owilorshlp 'contraption who actually
believes that tho dish. ran. away with
tholspoon nnd has small If any doubt
as to the cow's surprising leap, and
who therefore sees in tho uoo of water
now running to waste: t
"A Ions grizzly arm reaching- out
to the most glsantlo grab this solOsh
Tv6r!d,ha9 ever eeen . . -
"The perpetual subjugation ot tho
American- people; . . f
"Ths-betinnlns- of universal mbn-
opbljr. ,
"It ts the fatent evIVevIl precedent
which makes' me fear thls'bjll. . . .
"Rapacity Is gouging and crowd
ing: j.
"Mountains of cruelty and injus-
,"Niato the "Roman tyrant l"
Ih these mid-July days such burn
ing words nro not reproduced here
with any 'heavy purpose "but that
readers may sharo tho cooling sur
prise revealed by a search of . tho
speech for tho 'horrid thing which
drew forth such hot words. It is
what?' Not candy making 'companies.
not petnut growing companies,, but
water-power companies l
Theso .feros with grizzly arms, not
reaorni Dureaus. with moro Federal
employees than a man can count In a
day, will transfer rushing water Into
electric power which, according to, re
liable estimates, will release the equiv
alent of 7,000,000 freight cars, render
unnecessary' the mining of 275,000,000
tons of coal, release the services of
800,000 miners to industries calling
for labor.
A light weight intellect need not bo.
qulto useless; it can supply light
summer reading.
Without-Us at Spa.
.Lloyd Geobqe's curt statement that
America was not helping to solve tho
problems before the Spa conference
nnd therefore had no right to crltlclso
the actions of European statesmen'
shows how disappointed he Is, but not
No cndof Inconvenience has been
caused scheming diplomats and dead
locked statesmen by our failure to be
led along the path which had been
prepared for us. Until the Senate ob
stntcted the League of Nations pro
gramme things had gone on merrily
enough for Europe. Our advice, It
Is true, had been Ignored, but our
money had not been spurned. Taxing
ourselves and deferring the interest
on debts of the European nations to
our Government gave them more free
money for the support of armies and
navies to keep their influence and ter
ritory Intact
Our Russian policy gave Lloyd
Geoboe n lever against the Soviet
Government to prevent cancellation of
the British, oil concessions .In Trans
caucasia. Our Mexican policy has
driven American companies to incor
porate in England to get the protec
Uon of the British flag. We have
politely refrained from making sen
slble loans to the-European nations
asking such help and offering mort
gages on railroads, factories and land
as security. Theso choice and prof
itable undertakings have been left for
British capltat.
At the Peace Conference our dele
gate asked the expulsion of the Turk
from Europe; advocated no punitive
indemnities and urged freedom of the
sens and disarmament Thescr pro
posals wero pigeonholed because they
did not fit into the plans of Euro
pean politicians. Tho self-determlna
tlon nrinclnle was adopted as a. sort
of compliment to tho United States.
But we find that to small nations
was given oniy tno rignt to vote
themselves Into buffer states for the
protection of their larger neighbors.
Even before the boundaries have, been
settled Poland, Georgia, Azarbaljan
and Armenia have become tho Joust
ing grounds on which tho disputes of.
foreign countries are settled.
Much of What help wo did give arid
are giving grows out of- a necessity
which cannot be disputed. But this
could just as "well have been given id
such a way as to prevent Europe from
gathering tho Idea that wo had. con
sidered ourselves divinely appointed
tq tho task of setting things straight
tho world over and then suddenly had
welched. Circumstances fortunately
have so shaped things that any future
assistance or advice to them from us
will be on a strictly business baBla,
That kind of help will be best both
for them and for ourselves.
Stakeholders have added an item to
thn hi eh cost of livlnsr by raising their
commission charged to bottom from 2
per cent of tho fltakea. to 6 per cent
This emphasizes tho trutn tnat tne
only sure winner In the long run-is tho
stakeholder or commissioner.
Capture 'ot Berodou. tho slacker is
confidently predicted by tho Depart
ment of Justice, which In tho autumn
of 1919 promised to reduce tho cdst
of living.
The Ideal Place.
For tha summer: A iplendld location.
Cnrroundlnis select and refined.
That ti cnj A step from the station.
Convenience, and. comfort combined.
Every room Is deUghtfnlly-alry,
The celling are notably Mgti,
While tht'-prodncta ot furrow and dairy
A bountiful table supply.
All the fruits In delicious succession.
A mellow and succulent- itore.
Wth the veg'Ublee form a proceaitoa
And, troop, day cy .day, to tne door.
As for mtllc, It Is sweet ss tha doVer
Which grows where-tns Alderneya (rasa:
Oh, Indeed, there Is 'not, the world over,
A spot more, deserving ot prates.
Now for any one' seeking- enjoyment,
Good table, amusement or rest
From, 'tho stress of exacting employment.
This house la undoubtedly best.
The service U thorough and steady
The terms are whatever you pltslet
And the name but' you've cuesied It al
Is Home, In' the county ot Ease.
n. ii.
Abolition proposed for an Ancient
Political Institution.
To Tita Sun and New York IlmtALo :
It Is my opinion that tho electoral col
lege la not only cumbersome and has
outlived Its usefulness but In one caso
at least It has shown the possibility of
not registering the .true vote ot tha
In the election of 1878 Samuel J, Tl
den, Demotrot, of Now York received a
popular vote of 4,2(4,886, while his Re
publican opponent, Rutherford ,B Hayes
Of Ohio, received a popular .vote ot
4,081,050. This gavo to Tlldena plu
rality of 550,035. That should havo
meant that the choice of tho ,'peopto of
tho United States was Samuel V.'Tllden.
However, tho electoral vote sh6wed 185
votes for Hayes and 184 for Tllden,
thereby making Hayes the President- of
tho United States,, although he had ro
celved fewer popular votes than Tlidett.
This Is an lnstanco of tho. Injustice
emanating from the system ot choosjng
President through the electoral college,
and is n sufficient reason for obliterat
ing It from tho pages of tho Constitution
of the United ptntes. It is a remnant of
the Inexperience of the trainers ot the
Constitution. Truo they made very few
mistakes, even as viewed by the light of
tho twentieth century, but this was one
ot thtm.
The next Congress, whether Republl
can or Democratic, will Indeed bo doing
a service to the people and -to tho sys
tem of Government of tho United States
In removing this Impediment toward that
Ideal Government of tho people, by, tho
people, and for the people, which was the
hope ot the savior ot tho Republic.
Nsw York, July 12. Jack Solot,
"Yonr Address Will Live Through tho
Ages,j' Ho Said at Gettysburg.
To Tub Son and Nbw YonK Herald
Who drat discovered the literary mertU
of Mr. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address?
learned what follows direct from the
lips of Edward McPherson, Clerk of the
House of Representatives, who sat on tho
platform and listened to the address.
B Edward Everett, known as tho silver
tongued orator, recognized as mo-fore
most speaker ot tho country, was Uio
orator of tho occasion. His fine address
consumed, nearly two hours. Mr. Lin
coin fQllowod, contrary to his custom
reading from a paper not a yellow en
velope, as has been stated, but a sheet of
white naner bcarlnc tho -Whlto House
device, which Identical Sheet is imong
the archives of the Military Order of
thn Ixiyal Legion at Philadelphia
TIr. Lincoln's address occupied barely
five minutes, and he sat down, much to
tho surprlBo of tho large audience, who
were visibly disappointed. Mr. Lincoln
noticed this and was chagrined at the
apparent failure of his effort But Mr.
Everett rushed to htm, and clasping both
of Mr. Lincoln's hands in ls warmly
:ongratuiatca mm.
"No," said Mr. Lincoln, "my remarks
are nothing. You nave aenverea tne
great address of this occasion."
"Not so," fervently protested Mr. Ev
erett "My effort will soon bo forgotten;
but yours will llvo through the ages."
This was the substance of Mr. Ever
ett's words, though amplified with his
superb diction and earnest appreciation,
Fj L. Hitch cock.
SCltANTON, Pa., July 12,
A New Sidewalk for Subway Patrons
Is Wanted.
To Tub Sun and Nbw York Hirald:
There Is a good deal of dissatisfaction
up hi this part of the city with the con
dltlon of the walk leading to Uie
entrance ot the Dyckman street subway
station, which, by the way, at this time
ot the year Is one of the most used
stations on tho Broadway, division of the
Interborough system, not oniy is tne
station used by residents in the neigh
borhood but It Is also used by thousands
of persons coming back from Interstate
The sidewalk Is too narrow to accom
modate the persons who endeavor to
reach tho entrance, and those unable to
find room on It are forced to use the
dirt walk on 'the left. Matters would
riot be to bad if the' dirt wallf were
smooth and even, but .It isn't It is
studded with sharp stones In some places
and Is worn into ruts in other places.
When rain falls matters are virtually
athelr worst The rain turns tits dirt
walk Into a mud path, making the go
ing slippery ana treacnerous. wnetner
It is up' to the .city or the Interborough
to Improve the walk makes' little differ
ence to those affected, but the general
feeling Is that something should be done
ob soon as possible to correct the evil.
Inwood, July 12. RiaiCENT.
A Concise Statement ot the Effect of
the Wilson Covenant
To Tits Son1 and Nbw York Herald :
On our last Independence Day one of
your contemporaries presented a picto
rial sketch entitled "The Two Great
American Doouments." It showed a
Colonial soldier holding a pamphlet in
scribed "Declaration of Independence'
standing beside a lata war hero dis
playing a document labelled "Leaguo
of Nations."
Outside ot the general ridiculousness
in this association, it Is striking how
especially . fitting to the present Ad
ministration is one paragrapni-or tne
Declaration setting forth one" of the
principles , for which the Colonial sol
dier fought:,
He has combined with' others to. subv
Ject u. to a Jurisdiction foreign to ouV
Constitution and unacknowledrcd by. oar
iawSifftvlns his assent to their acts of j
preienoea legislation.
J. Hbnrt.
TliartLAKn Falls, July 12.
Doable Significance of November -2,
Dates to remember: .
Election of President, Tuesday, Novem
ber 2.
Birthday of Warren O. Harding, .Tues
day, November 2.-, v
Let every ballot for Harding bo a
birthday-present and let it mark also
a new birth for Americanism, patriotism
and progress. - Thomas O. Mabvim.
Boston, July 11.
f ,
Admiral' Fare-holt's Unique Distinction.
From tha Armv and Haw Journal.
near Admiral Oecar W. Farinholt
U. 8. N., -who died from bronchial' pneu
monia 4t"Mare Island, Cat, June 20, had
a picturesque career and was the only
officer ot the navy who entered It as an
enlisted man and reached the crada of
Hear Admiral -Ithout (otnt through the
Naval Academy.
Precedents Seem to Bo Jn Favor ot
Stay at Homo Candidates.
To Tub -3un and, nsw York Herald :
The nomination of Governor Cox was
quickly followed by an announcement
that ho will make a speaking tour of
the country.- And now wo are told that
some of "tho Republican leaders are urg
int Bonator Harding to dd likewise. If
precedents have any valuo theso gentle
men would bettor pause long enough to
look over our political history.
In I8B8 General WlnQeld Scott famous
the world over and beloved In his own
country, made a speaking tour as can
didate of the Whig party. His oppo
nent, Franklin Pierce, remained at homo.
Pierco was successful and Scott was de
In 186d Stephen A. Douglas toured tha
country as a campaign orator. Lincoln,
I belloye, did not. Douglas was! dor
fcated and Lincoln was successful.
i In 1868 Andrew Johnson J'swung
around the circle," but it availed htm
In 1872 Hdraco Grcoley toured the
cquntry and- expressed the most em
phatic confldenco. that he was- to bo
elected, but he was defeated- and Gen
eral ' Grant, who ' had nbt appeared aj
a speaker, was reelected.
In 1880 General Hancock, who had
brilliant reputation, as a soldier , and
was an admirable citizen,- made a baa
mess as a campaign orator and was
defeated by Goneral Garfield.
In 1884 James G. Blaine, an accom
plished orator,, with n long legislative
record, appeared on tho campaign plat
form, apparently as a matter of course,
His opponent Grover, Cleveland, refus
Ing to tour or even to answer ques
tions, took refuge In the North Woods
to fish nnd read his Izaak Walton.
the election he was successful nnd Mr,
Blaine was defeated,
In 1896 Mr. Bryan, an attractive
orator with a .new and brilliant figure
of rhetoric, mado a lively- tour, whlla
Mr.. McKlnley did not go beyond his own
modest doorstep. But Bryan was de
feated and McKlnley succeeded.
Tho fact that a good orator draws
a largo audience of Interested' listeners
la no basts for assurance that all or
even a majority of them wlil vote for
him. It appears to mo that if the door
step was good enough for McKlnley It
should bo good enough and safe enough
for Harding, v Hossrmt Johnson.
New York, July 12.
Dr. Hyslop's Own Tests Applied to
a Sfcssago Attributed to Him.
To Tub Sun and Nbw York Hcraui
When Dr. Hyslop was living he made
this remarkable statement:
I regard the existence ot dlscarnata
pl'ritJ ns sclenUflcally proved, and I no
longer refer to the sceptic as having any
right to speak on the subject Any man
who does not accept theevtdence ot dls
carnate spirits and the proof, of tt Is
either Ignorant or a n.or&l coward. I
give him abort shrift and do not pro
pose any longer to argue with him on the
supposition that he knows anything about
the subject.
Also in various talks with mo he was
certain that survival had been scien
tifically proved, and he spoke rather
contemptuously of thoso who Intimated
that spiritism was a mere theory or
matter of faith. Then again, Dr. Hyslop
stated on -various' occasions when dis
cussing spirit communications that they
should contain two things : (1) supernor
mal information and (2) evidence of
personal identity.
Now Dr, Albert Durrant 'Watson of
Canada recently received through Louts
Benjamin, a medium, a spirit message
from Dr. Hyslop that was considered of
sufficient scientific value to warrant Its
publication, and it has this ridiculous
ending: "Yours In the faith of a con
tlnulty of life, James H. Hyslop." Just
think of It 'Tours In the faith," and
Just here we have difficult?' for the psy
chic researcher. iJoca Dr. Watson want
us to understand, ,that Dr. Hyslop no.w
isn't quite so certain of tho hereafter
as he was before he entered the here
after? And, If the future life was a
scientifically established, fact when ho
was alive why Is he uncertain about It
Then also we look la vain through
Dr. Watson's message from Dr. "Hyslop
for ovldenco of personal Identify. Dr.
Hyslop was a fluent talker and a volumi
nous writer, and his reports contain in
numerable references to himself, hjs liv
ing and deceased friends and their per
sonal affairs. So a vast amount of evl
dentlal data is available to any enter-
prising medium who wants to dip Into
me material, ana u is merciore possiqie
that we may yet receive a, message con
taining enough evidence ot personal
Identity to meet the demand of the most
exacting psychic scientist
And yet alas, even such a communl-
Cation wouldn't convert many .sceptics.
Even cross correspondence messages
might be unconvincing, for they would
Involve the quostlon ot collusion, on the
part of the several mediums, and also
exaggeration and misstatement by,those
reporting the phenomena.
But spirit messages, when not the
work of paid tricksters, are exceedingly
interesting to students of illusion, de
luslon and superstition, for wo see how
thoroughly mediums can suspend the
operation of the'lr reasoning powers and
glvo themselves up' to their Imagina
tions. Even tho best mediums have had
spirit controls or guides who, upon In-
vestlgaUon, turned out to be mere" dream
personalities. For example, Mrs. Piper's
'Dr Phlnult" evidently nover had any
exlstshco outside, of Mrs. Piper's mind,
arid, other medium's wno4weroco'ntfblle'A
by riato, Aristotle, Kant Spencer, -Dar
win wero Incapable of answering tha
JIAll .this; being painfully true,- the poor
sceptic, will continue to be a mora
coward or an ignoramus until further
. . i . . . . i . Htiut. ,.,r
New York, July 12. w. S. Davis.
' Stale of Activity.
Knlcker Tho-' League ot Nations won't
work'and cdrftplay.
Bbcker Fernaps u wui juai nnu
An Arkansas Traffic Note.
From "the Netcvprt CUUcn.
An automobile passed through here Monday
cii route to Will Beard's, the first car ot
the-season. There-are, some bad .places In
the road yet It rcmlndj us of tha elojr
train through Arkansas: first class passen-.
gers keep their seat, second class walk,
third class push. They seemed to be all
third class except .the driver, as they were
s,U pushing -when we saw tbem. .
Tha- Handy Town Ilead.
From ".tne rjottvlBe (fit.) Journal. t
In the downpour of rnln yesterday tha
sewer at tha corner ot Main and Fourth
streets) became badly clogged and had tt,
not been for the work of Mayor Booster,
who removed the gratings and cleaned tha
openings, some ot the Main street basements
would have been flooded. The Mayor was
completely drenched after doing this work, t
Education Board Badly ;gpl.i
v In Nanitaflr Successor
V (To-morrow.
She Is-Supported toy- Mayor-
School Principals Favor
When -the 'Board of Education meets
to'mbrrow-afternoon at 4 o'clock it will
bo 'confronted by one of tho knottiest
questions It has evcr.faced, tha election
of an associate superintendent
schools in-Dlace of Dr. John L. Tildsley,
Dr.- Tlldeley Is a candidate to succeed
himself, 'but has been bitterly attackea
by the Teachers' Union for his firm
action In dealing with radicalism in tho
city's high sehbols. On the other hand,
hn hn tha auDDort of the NaUonat
Rnnii-itv i.p.nirue. tho Woman's Mtmlc-
lrl Tniran' thA Publla Education As-
nnrinrinn. re iea uuu www w .
American- Legion, and twenty-one prln
clpais Of city nign scnoois.i
Mrs. Grace Strachan Forsythe,
nwa.ni n rifatrlct sunerlntcndcM,
mentioned as tho leading opposition
candidate. She is said to have tho sup
The board, It is satd. Is almost evenly!
divided oh the question or reeiesui-s
Tii- TlirtalB". Hla term exnlred Juno 80
but owing, to tho opposition whlcn dK
veloDcd to his reelection, no action nas
been taken by the board. There Is a
-nssihiiltv that It may ncaln be deferred
as, two members or tne Doara are oa-j
to aa out or ino cny on vatuuuiis.
Arthur S. Somers, former presioeni
of tho Board of Education, is ur.
Tlldslevs ' strongest champion on the
hnnrd. Ar tha meetlnir of the board on
Juno '28 Mr. Somers moved that the
election ha held, and In this was sup
nortcd by Mrs. Emma L. .Murray and
wrnnv, d. wiisov. The other three
members of the board present, President
Annlng S. Fran, Goorgo j. -iiyan una
Dr. John A. Ferguson, voted against the
motion on the ground that Josepn
YC3ka, another member of tho hoard,
who was ill. should bo present It Is
understood from tholr action In prevent
ing tho vote that the latter three and
Mr. -vesica, are aisnosea 10 view ur,
Tiidslev's reelection unfavorably. The
number of civic onranlzatlons which
have rallied In his defence may change
the lineup, however.
The most recent expression ot approv
al of Dr. Tildsley comes from tne
twenty-one high school principals, who
In a letter to the Board of Education
"It is our belief that failure to re
elect Supt Tildsley at this time will be
hailed as a personal vindication nnd
victory for all teachers whoso loyalty
has been suspected nnd whoso radical
tendencies have subjected tnera to sus
Dr. Tildsley was elected uctooer za,
1916. At that tlmo Mra Forsythe also
floured In the votlnir. Dr. Tildsley's ex
perience had Included tho prlncipalshlp
of both De' Witt Clinton High School
and the .High School of Commerce, so
his fitness for the ofricecf superinten
dent in charge ot high schools was ac
knowledged. '
The action of Dr Tildsley in recom
mending the transfer of six teachers
from Do Witt Clinton High School to
other schools for alleged radical the
ories and utterances resulted In an ex'
citing meeting of the Board of Educa
tion on November ,14, 19H. Dr. Tilds
ley was upheld, however, and .the teach
ers were transierrea wim oniy xnomas
W. Churchill, former president of the
board, objecting.
Slnco that time the Teachers' Union
has made several attacks on Dr. Tilds
ley, alleging that ho has "emphasized
Instinctive obedience and instinctive re
tract for nubile officials aa such" In
conformity with the Prussian system of
Recently Dr. Tildsley advised against
the publication in the sphool magazine
of a straw vote taken 'among the boys
of Commerce High School In which 234
of 2,000 boys who voted chose Debs for
President Later Dr. Arthur fli. woir-
son, -principal of tho school, presented
hla resignation on tho ground that he
disagreed with the attitude of, the .school
authorities regarding liberalism and
Tho American Defenco Society an
nounced last night that a committee of
members ot the board of trustees has
been appointed to attend the Board of
Education meeting to-morrow to pre
sent arguments In favor of Dr.Tlldaley's
reelection. The committee l headed by
Richard M. Hurd and the members are
Leo do -Forest, Henry Clay Silver,
Charles Lamey Robinson; Lyle E,
Jianun, j. u. r-nawurm ana jnooert
Rags, $S00 Table and Phono-
graphs Are Lost.
The conference of educational heads
ana representatives or tne Board of Es.
tlmate to fix the 1921 school budeet r.
solved Itself yesterday Into a- wholesale
slashing of Items. Annlng S. Praii.
president Of the Board, oft Education.
uia a Booa ueju ot xne pruning himself,
pai iwuuiny m mo requeaica lurmshlngR
for the offices of the advisory board in
vocational training, from which hn
slashed a handeqme rug ' a 'JSOO oak
table, twelve swivel chairs, a typewriter
ana typewriter tame.
Thirty thousand dollars wa- hIIm-i
off tho rqaea$ for supplies for work
shop Instruction In elementary school.
A,.request.,for" 111,870 for; phonographs
iiumBiim recurua to supplant
pianos lh nthletlo work was cut to
IS1000 and similar cuts were mnd tn
Qiner items. ',
' An item which n. loff lh ... t,,t.i
rn, . ' ... x UUUft.
IhoWever, was $71,000 "to remove the
jary wreckage," as George J. Loewv.
director of vocation activities. nt n
JHe explained .that equipment and, ma-
cninory ot '"tne uary system rs-tm
valued at $160,000 remained in some of
wo scnooi ouuaings and thai Ha r.
mpvol would permit the rebuilding of
Class rooms. -
i r , '
$5)00,000 FOE CHILDEE1T.
Manhattan and Brooklyn Women
Share In Estate.
Special to Tub Soj and Nrw -Yosk Heuu.
StRACOSB, July 12. Mr Adl. n
,Rood, Brooklyn, receives $io,000 and
josepmno wjiteier of Manhattan $1,000
from the $6,000,000 estate of Mrs. Ly
man a Smith, according to the terms
of the will filed to-day in the rtfflw nt
.Surrogate Sadler. Tho chief boneficla-
ries are Burns Xyman Smith and Miss
Flora Bernice Smith, son and dn.,h-
both of Syracuse. They receive h hnii.
of the property after tho tmilW be
quests are paid.
The will was written entirely in ir
Smith's handwriting. At the time of the
death of her husband, n
irfacturer. In 1917, the value of the nron.
put iuhicu urer to ner was about 1
300.0QO. The. Increase WAS dun tn In
ipOAtmenta MrjUSmllh made.
5 iMfe .S.m
THH BUN -teas founded by lien ban
in 1883. ; TUB N1SW YORK UEllALa
tons founded tv James Gordon JJcniteli
lit 1S3S. TUB SUN pasted intd he coil,
frol of Charles A. Dana in 1868, ;i
Iwflwe tht croetrtx ef Frxmi: A. .i;,u.-
,(n 1810. TUB NBW YOItlC UKRMo
remained tho sola property of its fbwdtr 1
until Ms death in 1872,tWim Ms son.ni.
James Gordon Bennett, tuccccdcd to tht
ovmersmp oj tne paper, wfttcA continued
in Ms handr until Ms death in mi.
TUB llBRAhD became the properly ol
Frank A. ilunsey in 1920.
PHONE, WORTH 10,000,
' DUANCII OPlflCKM Inr rr-r.lnl nf
tlsements and sale of papers;
Building, Herald Square. Tel. Fltsroy tiooo
side. Open until 10'P. M. . '
WEST JB1RT ST. Tel. 0008 WadiVortS
Open until -10 P. M.
Open 8 AM. to 10 P. M.i Sundaye, 2 p. ,
Main. 24 COUIIT ST. Tel.' M:8 Mate!
on until 10 P. M.
inONX office-CIS wilmb xvr .
I48TII ST. " Tel. ' 00C0 Melrose. Open until
10 P. M. . ,
Principal American nnd Foreign Bureaus,
WASHINGTON The, Muneey Building.
CHICAOO-208 South La Salle at.,
ONI)ON-0-43 Floot et.
PAItlS ID Avenue da l'Ooera. M n,,. tn
hie statlonJ located throughout New Tort
city and vicinity -whero Sun-Herald ester,
tleements will be received at office rales an!
forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
For Eastern New York Fair and
warmer to-day; to-morrow fair; mod--erate
winds, mostly south.
For New Jersey Fair to-day and probably
to-morrow: sllcrhtly warmer to-day. mod.
erata south winds.
or Northern New England Showers to
day: to-morrow nrobably fair: centle to
moderate south winds.
For southern New England Fair tb-ear,
preceded by showers In tarty mornlne in
east portion: to-morrow -fair; moderate
winds, mostly southwest.
ror western ew xorx rair io-cy,
warmer In east and central portions; to
morrow probably- ahowers, cooler near tlie
WASHINGTON. July 12. Pressure Is lilth
In the. East and South and generally low
elsewhere, with a principal centre ot de
pression over Wyoming. Treasure also re
mains abnormally high over the mid-Atlantic
Ocean. There were thunderstorms. In
the Atlantic States, the lower lake region,
alone the west Gulf coast, in the lower
Arkansas and lower Missouri valleys, Iowa
and tha extreme Northwest, and light rains
on the North Pacific coast. Elsewhere the
weather was fair. Temperatures were rather
high oyer all districts, excopt in the North
west ana over the "districts west ot the
Rocky Mountains, where they are below the
seasonal average.
uenerauy lair weather win prerall to
morrow and Wednesday In -the Atlantic
States, except Florida, while in the upper
lake region, the Ohio valley and Tennessee
showers are nrobable to-morrow nlnht anil
Wednesday, extending by Wedneeday Into lbs
lower lake region. Local thunderstorms are
also probable to-morrow and Wednesday In
the east Gulf States. It VIII be slightly
warmer to-morrow In the Atlantic States
and cooler In the northern. and western upper
lake region.
Observations at United States Weather Bu
reau stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday
seventy-fifth meridian .timet
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 bra. Barom- lost 24
Stations.. High. Low. eter. hrs. Weather,
Abilene tM
Albany 80
Atlantic City. 74
Pt. Ody
.54 Rain
.. Cloudy
.0t Clear
.34 Cloudy
. . Cloudy
OS Clear
.2t Pt. Cldy
1.10 Rain
. . Cloudy
.54 Pt. Cldy
. . Cloudy
.01 Pt. Cldy
.10 Pt. Cldy
.33 Cloudy
. , Cloudy
.. llaln
.. Clear
,. Cloudy
. . Cloudy
.34 Cloudy
01 Cloudy
.. Cloudy
,60 Cloudy
.33 Rain
. . Cloudy
.. Clear
.. Pt. Ody
.. Clear
.. Pt, Cldy
.. Ft-CW
.. Clear
Baltimore-.... 88
Bismarck,.. . 72
Boston 84
Buffa o 70
Cincinnati..... 88
Charleston.. 84
Chicago 88,
Cleveland.... SO
Denver....... 8(1
Detroit 82
Galveston.... M
Helena....... OS
Jacksonville.. 88
Kansas City.. 88
Los Anceles. 74
Milwaukee... 84
New Orleans. SS
Oklahoma..! SO
Philadelphia, 84;
Pittsburg.,". 8S, 63
rortlahd, "Me. 68 02
Portland Ore. B8 6fl
Salt Lake City 84 72
San Antonio. ,-Ba .74'
San Diego.,-. 70 ? T.0
fan Francisco -08 52
St. Louis.... 90 72
Ft. Paul. ......68 ..
Washington.. S8 ' '74
- 8 A. It. S r It.
Barometer ....'i i 30.12 30.09
Humidity ..t .' 03 9!
Wind-direction S. N.W.
Wind velocity 22 -tO
Weather .,.(., Cloudy Rain
Precipitation ,,..,t..v.....iiNone . JSR
The tenweratura In this city veaterdav. as
recorded by tha of feat thermometer.
snown in tne annexed tame: ,
8 A. M..,73 1 P. M...73 0 P. M. SI
9 A. M...74 2. P. M.i. 81 7 P. M...76
10 A.M... 75 3 P. M...79 8 P. M...CM
11' A. M...77 . 4 P. M...79 9 P. M...M
3 Mi, 78 5 P.M... 81, J0;P. M..
1920. 1019. 1!M. 1919.
OA. M.s. .74 (10 0 P. M....81 72
2 M 78 73 9 P. M.i.. 611 "0
3 P.M.. ..79 77 12 Mid 70 ,68
Highest temDer&ture. 8f. at K P. M.
Lowest temperature, 63, 88:30 A. M.
Average temperature, 73.
Announcement of tha winner nf the Farls
prize of the Society of'Beaux Arts Architect
at the ueaux Art Institute or Design, l.-J
East Seventy-fifth street, 0 P. M.
Meeting of tho. executive committee-of the
Recubllcan State Committee, lleoublloan'
Club.,2:S0P, M. . ,
Meeting to discuss tne cultivation ot aevs
fitetl France In thn atuilln of Miss Anne,
Morgan, 4 West Fortieth street. 3 P. M.
Cooperative Fashion Exhibition. Bush Terminal-Sales
Building-, ISO Westi Forty-second
street, 8 A. M. to o P. M. J '
Bookbinders Association, luncheon, Hotel
Pennsylvania, 1. P.- M.
Retail Millinery Associallon. luncheoB.Hotelj
Pennsylvania,, 1 P. M.
lAundry. uoard or Trade meeting, n"
Pennsylvania, 2 FirMl"
National Association or .icinisners ci uoi
ton Fabrics," 'luncheon. Hotel Blltmore, 1:30
Tmernnilanat" Atlfiirita at rtllt Posters and
BUlers of tho United. 8lates and Canada.,
coaVeotloji, Hptel Olaridge.. 9 A. M. ,aad 2.
Company With $4O$pb,O0
. n.flt ri-'f- "-
TnwreON, July 12. The Cunard
Terminal Company, with Its principal
office at -83 Montgomery street, Jersey
City, was chartered to-day In the of
fice o the Secretary or State. Its cap
italization Is $40,000,000, divided Into
shares ot. $100 each. .
Tho. chartering, it Is' stated, is the
beginning of tho Cunard's project of
building gTeat docks on the Jersoy side
of tho Hudson River. Application for
riparian rights, were made jycentiv l
the Newark secretary' of the tioaril of
Commerco and Navigation. -
The newly Incorporated company wiw
commence business with a. capital
($10,000,000. The incoporators are iir
Ashley Sparks, Delos w. Cooke, uk--ard
L. Walker, William J. G. Hudson.
Robert If. 'Blake5. Percy W. Whatmough.
Albert E. Wright and Harold Barer all
registering their address aa 21 Stats
street, Manhattan
- "-

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