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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, July 15, 1920, Image 8

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IlJfc i9eK) 50tlU
FOUNDED 18.13.1833.
Publishers, XfO llroadwny.
Frank A. Munu-y. VrnUtnl.
tin In Wanlman. Vlce-piesldentl Wrt. T,
IJewart, Vice-president and Treasurer! .
)!, TltIiernglon, Secretary.
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patches Herein are mo rnw.
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arrlptu and llluitrallons for publication wish
In liavit rnlrrKrl altlclp rrttimrd tllfy InUSl
In all caaca aend alampa for that purpoae.
main misiNEPS ANn.nDirrorjiAL of
riflW. i"'l 1 1 ROADWAY. TELKl'HONh
WOllTIl 10,000.
Harding's Straight Talk on the
f.caguc Issue.
It may be, as 1'n.vxiaiN D. ltoosr.
rt-i.r frays, that tile Democrats will
6llck to their r.eague of Nations guns,
It Is hard to i-co how their Jlurphy
Izcd ticket can back away from them
Of course thpy know that a larg6
nnniber of the Penmcrats In the Sen
ntc were not with Mr. Wilson on Ills
covenant. Tim Democrats of the East
were not solidly with him; the Demo.
crats of the West were not.
Nevertheless, there Is uo question
that hundreds of thousands of Mr.
Wilson's followers are still entranced
with his personal scheme to Interna
tionalize the United States Govern
nient ami make the American people
subject to n foreign superstate. If
these Wilson Infatuates do not get
from Governor Cox the slmon pure
league doctrine they demnud tbey can
be ugly customers for tho Murphy
makers of the Democratic ticket to
handle at the national polls.
But If tho Democrats are willing
to take or must take their Murphylzed
ticket before the nation on that league
Issue no Republican wants to stop
them. Senator Haiiding, the ltcpub
llcan nominee, Is ready for them.
What lie has to say about that Issue
In rc.illty his first formal campaign
declaration Is straight out, with no
lfs, no whereases, no anything but
plain speech, honest conviction and
sound Americanism. He says; '
"Tho I'rejjdent demands, a cam
paign on this Issue; tho Democratic
platform makes tho Jssue paramount,
and Anally tho Democratic candi
dates unqualifiedly acquiesce. The
ecorc and more, of Democratic Sena
'Vora who voted for the Lodge reser
vations aro repudiated, the real opin
ion of the American nation Is flouted,
because tho President insists upon
his issue regardless of costs or con
rcquences. Tho Republican party
and candidates gladly accept tho
challenge. We aro more than willing
to make the election a national ref
erendum on. tho question whether we
ahall have four years more of Dem
ocratic readiness to surrender the
Senator Harding's clear, strong
'declaration stands for himself, for
the Republican party and for the
American people.- "
The Law's Delay In England.
For the first time In many years
there Is complaint of the law's delay
In England. Business has accumu
lated In the Kliig'rf Bench and divorce
divisions of the High Court of Justice
beyond tho power of the Judges to
deal with It, and Parliament lias
therefore presented an address to the
King prayhig him to appoint wo
additional Judges. This Is rmjrely a
form of legislation equivalent in force
nnd effect to the enactment of a statute
authorizing such appointments.
Under such circumstances the judges
ore really selected by tho Lord Chan
cellor. The present Lord Chancellor
Is Ix)rd Birkenhead, better known in
this country as Sir F. E. Smitk, who
visited the United States and Canada
during the war, whllo bo was Attor
ney-General of England, before his
promotion to the woolsack. For the
new Judgeships lie has named Mr.
HmnY Swift, a leading barrister,
whoso appointment has been uni
versally apprbved, and Judge Acto.v,
ft County Court Judgo, whoso eleva
tion to the King's Bench Division of
the High Court Is a new departure.
County Court Judges as mle have
not possessed tho attainments re
quired on the bench of the superior
LOtirts In England.
While the London newspapers recog
nize the necessity of taking some steps
to deal with the arrears of litigation In
the King's Bench and Dlvorco Court,
the London Times finds fault with
the Government for taking the Judges
nwny from their strictly Judicial
tlhtles to do other' work which ought
to bo' done by other public oflleers.
Tho Judges of high rank are generally
men of exceptional character and ca
pacity, who can be trusted to dis
charge almost any public function
vrlth ability, and of late years when
to many special missions have been
5n foot tbo Government has quite
naturally turned to the Judges to help
linnko tliom lip. Tho Lord jOhlcf Ju
of Kiiglmid, However, cannot W
well nilmliilster Ilio law In London
whllo lio la absent on n linnnclnl or
diploma tie orroml to ' tlio United
States. DurliiK tho nbsoucc of the
Judges thus employed in outsldo ner
vlco lltlfintlon piles up which could be
rciilily disposal, of If lliu Judges wore
not withdrawn from tho courts.
Tho obvious remedy Is to put nn
$nd to tho practice of employing tho
Judiciary In fields of public service
outside tho law. It wns i wlso old
aphorism which recommended tho
cobbler to stick to his last. In New
York tho framcrs of tho fundamental
law seem to have foreseen the tempta
tjon which would arlso to burden Uio
Judiciary with duties not strictly
their own. Tho Statq Constitution
prohibits the Justices of tho Supremo
Court and the Judges of tho Court of
Appeals) from holding niry other offlco
or public trust. Under this provision
It has even been doubted whether n
Supreme Court Justlco could hold so
Inconsiderable, an ofllco ns that of
nn unpaid trustco of Washington's
headquarter at Xewlmrghl
Treaty Revision Progress.
.The first historic meeting of states
men of the Entente and of Germany
to negotiate n revision of the Treaty
of Versailles has adjourned sine die.
The tlrst of a probable series of pre
meditated deadlocks between the op
posing statcsmeu has taken place.
The Allies want Germany to de
liver 2,900,000 tons of cal monthly to
help rehabilitate Industries destroyed
In France, Belgium and Italy and to
make up for production of mines de
stroyed In allied territory.
t'he Germans-offer to deliver 1,400,-
000 toas n month until October of
next year and 1,700,000 tons monthly
iftcr that for the ten year period pro
vided by the treaty.
The discrepancy between tho two
figures 1s so small that n compromise
might easily have been reached, and
therefore tho deadlock appears to
bo nothing more than a move to
strengthen both sides with their con
stituencies. Tho delegates went to
Spa not to promote- more disaster
but to chock further economic ruin on
the Continent., Diplomatic squabbles j
may obscure this main fact; they can
not niter it.
Without Silesia, the Saar Valley
nnd Alsace-Lorraine Germany s pre
war coal output was 90,700,000 tons
n year. Total consumption was 139,-
000.000 tons. (Germany was able
to produce an annual surplus of
funds from Industry amounting to
nbout $5,000,000,000. This surplus
watt of course contingent on full
coal supply and capacity operation
of factories. German mines are now
working at about 80 per cent, of
pre-war efficiency, which would give
an output of 72,600,000 tons of coal
in present Germnn territory. Re
ducing this by the 24,000,000 tons
demanded for the Allies would leave
48,600,000 tons, or 35 per cent, of
pre-war consumption by German In
dustry. If German Industry were
now reduced to anything like 35 per
cent, of pre-war earning capacity by
reducing tho. coal supply none of the
pre-war surplus of $5,000,000,000
would bo available for the settlement
of the Indemnity.
.These figures need bo accepted
only as estimates somewhere near the
exact production and earnings of
Germany. But tbey arc close enough
to show that the German position is
strong from the very point of view of
the Allies, who want to get their
Indemnity payments;
The treaty provides for maximum
coal deliveries of about 43,000,000
torts. In scaling this down to 241-
000,000 the Allies have done won
derfully well at the first sitting. The
deadlock shows that neither side was
willing to concede too much. It should
strengthen the delegotes at home.
By maintaining a discreet margin
over tho amount the Germans offer
to deliver the Allies have made
allowance for nny production which
may be unknown to them now. Such
a production Is not Impossible. Long
after the Essen works was sup
posed to be making machinery for
farm work tho French found certain
plants still engaged In making arms,
If, on the other hand, the Allies find
that the 24,1)00,000 tons demanded
are too much, nnd that even an lnva
sion of the Ruhr district will not
improve tho output, they can easily
scale down the amount J
On tho whole tho conference
proved extremely valuable. It re
moved the dispute over disarma
ment nnd, barring serious misad
venture, should clear the way for
settlement of the economic problems
arising from tho peace treaty.
An Ancient Canard Reappears.
Senator ' Habdino having been ac
cused of saying "a dollar a day Is
enough for any worklngman," and
having denied saying It, the political
campaign may be considered as fairly
under way.
Pretty soon wo sliall be told that
GovernorCox said something of this
sort Ho will deny It.
Perhaps the candidates for VIcc-
Presldont will be called on to assert
that they never malic this particular
ridiculous statement. The chairmen
of tho national committees are al
most certain to have their names
attached to It and to feel It expedient
to disavow It. Candidates for Con
gress, for Governor, for Stato legis
latures, for constable, for pound
keeper wherever men run for office,
are practically certain to be charged
with the authorship of this silly
declaration. '
An antiquarian ought to dig Into
political history and find out where
this pestiferous falsehood originated,
to whom It was first ascribed and why
this canard, out of nil tho lies the
Ingenuity of man hits fashioned, en
dures. Assuredly It never Influenced
a vote, for no person competent to
cast n. ballot can ho stupid enough to
believe anjbmly In public llfo would
tako thin nttltndc.
That this Imposture dntcs from tho
remote past Its form gives cvld6ncc.
A dollar a day I When was labor
thinking or thought of In terms oftn
dollar n day? At this present Junc
ture of affairs, at tho suggestion of n
dollar an hour labor gets restless nnd
regards Its reward as Inadequate.
Congress Fires Useless Jobholders
The Administration fpendcrs in
Washington got so In tho habit of
burning up the public's money during
the war that when peace enmo they
could not or would not stop their
squander. Names had been added to
tho payrolls to till war Jobs by the
tens of thousands. A year and a half
after tho armlstlco those names were
still sticking to the payrolls by tho
tens of thousands. The story Is tjet
forth liiytho Republican platform ns
follows :
"Aa an example of the fnlturo to
retrench which hns characterized tho
poat war policy of the Administra
tion -we cite the fact that, not In
cluding tho War and Navy Depart
ments, tho executivo departments
and other establishments at Wash
ington actually record nn jncrcaso
subsequent to tho armlstlco of 2,184
employees. The net decrease In pay
roll costs contained in tho 1921 de
mands BUbmittcd by the Adminis
tration Is only 1 per cent, under that
of 1920. The annual expenses of
Federal operation can bo reduced
hundreds of millions of dollars with
out Impairing the efficiency of tho
public service."
But if the Wilson Administration
nxo would not chop payrolls to save
the public's money, tho legislative
appropriating power could sponge out
names on those payrolls, and it did.
Tho Republican Congress refused to
appropriate the cold cash to pay all
those useless Jobholders. When terc
wasn't nny money coming to them for
sitting on their useless Jobs they be
gan to drop out fast.
In the last several months some
10,000 Government employees have
quit because tho Republican Congress,
not the Wilson Administration, got
rid of them. If those useless em
ployees average only $1,500 a year,
10,000 of them would total some
$15,000,000 it year. Some $15,000,000
a year will pay the interest at 4H
per cent, on some three hundred nnd
fifty millions of dollars of Liberty
bonds. If those dropped employees
averaged $1,800 a year the money
thus saved would pay the Interest
on some four hundred millions of
dollars yf Liberty bonds. If they
averaged $2,000 a year the money thus
saved would pay the interest on nearly
half a billion of Liberty bonds.
And if Congress with Its appropri
ating power could get rid of tens of
thousands of useless Jobholders and
save tens of millions of dollars a year
of useless salaries In spite of the Ad
ministration, what can't a new Ad
ministration and Congress, after
March 4, get rid of when they are
working together in the Interest of
Government efficiency and the pub
He's pocket7
A Group
of Northern
A group of islands about 300 in
number In the Baltic Sea has been
without an owner since the world
war. Tho dispute over these Islands,
according to an early statement of
the peace makers, was to be one of
the first matters to be disposed of,
Some of the conferences evaded the
Issue entirely, others passed It over to
the Council of the League of Na
tlons; but no attempt having been
mado to arrive at a definite settle
ment, the question of the possession
of these islands has been finally car
ried to the Spa conference.
Those troublesome Islands const!
tute tho Aland archipelago. They Uo
between Sweden and Finland, form
ing n chain of mostly rocky points
not more than from ten to twenty
miles apart from one coast to the
other. They arc now claimed by both
Sweden and Finland, and are the" ob
ject of a dlsputo between these coun
tries as bitter as was the dispute for
more than a hundred years between
Sweden and Russia and between
Sweden and her Scandinavian neigh
bor&. Two 6r three of the larger isl
ands are rich in agricultural re
sources, about eighty In nil are In
habited. The others arc mostly bar
ren rocks, but those possessing n com
manding' position or a site for n for
tress are cdisldered more valuable to
the nation owning them than If they
had ncrcs of tillable, productive land.
The Alands hold perhaps the strong
est strategic position In the Baltic
Sea. They extend across tho cn
trance of tho Gulf of Bothnia on the
north nnd He at the entrance to tho
Gulf of Finland; they are within
twenty-five miles of Stockholm, the
Swedish capital ; they control the east
ern coast of Sweden and the western
coast of Finland, and they are an Im
portant outpost on tho water route
to Petrograd. On account of their
strategic value Russia gobbled them
up with Finland In 1S09. Sweden
ihon began a struggle either to re
cover tho Alands or to have them
removed as n menace to her. After
fifty years Russia agreed not to
fortify the' Islands or to permit them
to be used as clther a military or a
naval base. Russia observed this
agreement until the beginning of the
wor.ld war, when eho fortified, tlicni
against tho Germans.
Tlils old struggjo of Sweden must
now bo fought ognln. Finland claims
tho Islands upon tho ground that they
wrro (xkcn by Russlu at tho tlmo slicl
nnnoxed tho Finnish territory, am
den contests thin claim nt only be-
cause sho believes tho Islands ore
hers through ovory racial and his
torlc right, but because sho fears tbey
wilt eventually fall Into tho hands of
tho Bolshevists. Sweden needs ibo
Islands for lior own economic devel
opment; besides, when conditions aro
restored In Russia, If ever they arc,
sho plans to build n railroad across
southorn Sweden and these Islands
will form a link which will connect
her transportation system with Abo
and I'etrogrnd:
From n strategic point of view
Sweden has every reason to fear the
occupation of tho Alands by a nation
that might becomo on enemy, Tho
Aland llnf, which lies between the
Islands nnd her coast, Is n deep chan
nel through which navies could pass
to her northern shores. Tho Islands
could no made Into naval and avia
tlnn bases which would afford nn
easy means of blockading her coast
nnd cutting off outsldo supplies,
Stockholm, her capital, and Upsala
aro both within rongo of modern big
guns on the Alands. Until protection
against these perils is given to Swc
den sho Is not likely to rest comfort-
nbly. It is posslblo that she might
have received tho security she asked
some time ngo If allied Europe had
not remembered so well her course
during the war.
May tho Best I)oat win !
That there has been less popular
curiosity as to the preliminaries of
tho 'race for tho America's Cup this
year than was the caso In former
years Is n fact recognized by nlHvho
arc Interested In yachting. The his
torlc associations of the Cup, the in
tcrnstlonnl character of the contest
and the technical details of construc
tion nnd rig of the challenger, Sham
rock IV., and the defender, Resolute
have failed to make tho appeal to
which we arc accustomed. Betting on
the outcome of tho rnco has been
light, and the trials of the sloops have
not called out discussion In the de
gree similar trials did in the past.
One explanation of this apparent
lack of public concern Ju the premier
event of tho yachting world is found
In tho fact that neither Shamrock
IV. nor Resolute Is a neyj vessel,
Both were built for the race sched
uled in 1914, which was postponed
on account of the war. The prelimi
nary excitement of that season could
not be revived, even nfter a lapse of
six years. This year too the Gov
ernment, In the cause of safety first
hns laid such restrictions on excur
sion boats carrying spectators to the
race that comparatively few persons
can hope to see the match, and' this
has bad an effect in restraining en
thuslasm. .The adverse effect or the
war on pleasure sailing must also be
taken into nccount.
Tet there has been no diminution in
eagerness for yachting since 1014 ; In
deed there Is every evidence that It
has increased. The experience of
great numbers of Americans In the
navy nnd the merchant marine nnd
the stimulus given to nautical mat
tors by the restoration of our flag to
n respectable place in the world's
carrying trade have been reflected In
many ways scarcely to be expected,
Toy boat sailing, for example, has
more practitioners, Juvenile and
adult, now than ever before.
Perhaps tho lethargy which has
possessed the public during tho prep
arations for the race will disappear
when the yachts are ready to cross
tho line. The general hope will be for
weather which will give each sloop
opportunity to show her best nnd
test the skill of the amateur sailing
masters who will handle them.
May the best boat win !
Capture of $100,000 worth of whiskey
consigned to a dealer in barbers' sup
piles suggests that a growing number
of barbers' patrons aro now answering
the question "Little alcohol on the
face, sir?" with "Why, yes er Inside
the face, please."
An expert who has been studying
the season's baseball probabilities is
all a-trcmblo over the discovery that
there may l no Ohio in November;
none to speak of except in terrified
tones, merely a battlo torn waste In
habited by shell shocked babblers. It
is his conclusive and abiding belief
that tho Cleveland American and the
Cincinnati National baseball clubs will
bo the contenders in this season's in
terleasuo series. Imagination bog
gles at the prospect of two contend
ers for White House honors and two
for world series glory all playing
their games to tho bitter end, at grips
in the lino of fighting which will take
all summer, pent in that temperamen
tal State. Friends must at once pro-
vido homes hero in Now Tork to be
occupied by Senator lUnoiNQ and Gov
ernor Cox, as Ohio will b neither safe
nor sano for a generation to come if
the expert's opinion shall bo Justified
by Cleveland and Cincinnati going Into
tho finals A devastating emotional
cataclysm would follow-
The Cop Itaet,
Bald tho Wind to the Sa: J
"It is up to u twain
It the Shamrock shall flee
Or the Resolute gain.
Let the best boat rejoice,
For I ay on my oath,
Though I may have my eholc
I am blowing them both."
Said the Sea to the Wind:
"I agree with you, matt:
Pretty hopes I have pinned
On the victory great.
I have preference atrong,
Though to tell I am loath,
But they know all along
r supporting them both."
Join Firemen In Donounoliiff
20 Per Cent Baals of
Hylan Assailed, la Guartlia
and Curran Tralscd by Low
Salaried Employees.
More than 40,000 city omployecs wolte
up yesterday to the fact that tho 20 per
cent, salary increase trranted them the
day bofore by the Hylan administration,
ostensibly to help the "llttlo fellow"
combat the IiIrIi cost of llvlntr, turned
out to be a blind for tho biggest melon
cutting the Tammany outfit has held In
many years.
Tho fact that stood out was that while
sums of :00 or 1300 wero belngr doled
out magnanlmounly to tho rank and file,
sioo.000 was passed up tho lino to
the Tammany leaders and political ap
polntees receiving: already ni6re than
$3,000 a year each, and somo of them as
high ns S10.000.
The spectacle of a cltv coi'cmment
handing out with one hand a 44 In
crease to tho $220 a year hospital cm
ployco who ministers to the city's alck
poor, and with tho other hand slipping
i,uou to a 110,000 district leader was
worth pausing to contemplate, the cltl-
xenry numiuefl.
Hero's How They Split. '
Here la a partial Hat of tho most rem
plcuous beneficiaries of tho Tammany
melon: i
John It, McCooey. Tnmmanv hosa of
Kings county the Mayor's own county
una nis js.oqo salary aa chief clerk of
the. Surrogate'! Court hnoated tn
110,800 ; P. J. Scully, city clerk and a
lammany district leader of Manhattan,
gets 1,400 added to his $7,000; M. J.
cruise. lammany leader n the Twelfth
Assembly district. Manhattan, boostod
irom J6.000 to J6.000 as denutv cltv
clerk: John M. Quale, leader of tho First
district, Brooklyn, gets $680 added to
his 13,300 salary as 'denutv cltv clerk
John K Slnnott, sondn-law of the Muyor
and son of James P. Slnnott, the Tarn-
nun)- leaner in me Twenty-second
Itrooklyn district, has SI. 300 added to
his $6,500 salary aa secretary to his
father-in-law; Frances W. Itakuee, the
Mayors stenographer, has her 15.800
Doostett ny JI.IKD; Augustlno Keller, ex
ecutlvo secretary to tho Mayor and a
Tammany leader In Manhattan, $960
added to his $4,800; John J. Glennon,
clerk to the Mayor and alro a Manhat
tan leader, $612 added to his $3,060.
The Horest set of employees In tho
city government over that Bort of a pro
cedure was the patrolmen nnd tho fire
men, for when Comptroller Charles V
Craig got the Increase bill through tho
Legislature they were under tho Impres
sion that tho appropriation was Vj bo
distributed on a basis of the name
amount to each employee. Joseph J,
O'RIclly. social secretary of the Patrol-
men's Benevolent Association and the
Uniformed Fin-men a Association, de
clared that It the patrolmen and firemen
had had any idea of what was going to
happen they would havo protested
axainst the Legislature authorizing any
Increase whatsoever. A resolution of
protest against what did happen Is on
Its way to the Board of Estimate by
unanimous vote of 2,000 firemen and
patrolmen representing the two organi
sations. The same resolutions extend
thanks to Henry H. Curran, President
of tho Borough of Manhattan, and F. H.
La Guardla, President of tho Board of
Aldermen, Republicans, for their efforts
to atop the Tammany grab with a $600
Street Cleaner Protest.
Tho street cleaners are quite as blue,
an 4 sent a delegation to the firemen's
and patrolmen's headquarters to Inform
them that tho street cleaners held the
samo view. More specifically the mis
slon of the delegation was to Inform tho
patrolmen and firemen that tho presi
dent of the street cleaners misrepre
sented the views of his men when he
told Mayor Hylan that the street
cleaners were satisfied with the 20 per
cent, basis of distribution.
They attributed their president's utter
ance to zeal to win the Mayor's support
for the long overdue overtlmo pay au
thorised by the Board of Estimate last
March, but for -which the Street Cleaning
Commissioner failed to send a payroll to
the Comptroller. ,
The men of all three departments wero
frankly disappointed that the Mayor did
not coma out and stand with the "low
paid men who need the Increase Instead
of voting for the Tammany grab basts.
Tho $600 maximum urged by Curran
and La Ouardla would have allowed a
substantial increase to high paid job
holders and at tho same time have
chopped Just In half the $70(0,000 Tam
many fund.
Not only was there disappointment
that' the Mayor threw the "little fellow"
down In favor of the big fellow with the
political pull, but thero was a very con
siderable amount of surprise, for there
was a widely circulated report, and ap
parcntlywell authenticated, that at the
beginning of the fight the Mayor was
favorable to the(J600 maximum plan.
La .Guardla nnd Curran both stated
that tho Republican employees receiving
more than $3,000 a year were willing to
sacrifice their Increases above $600. It
was clear all along that the Democratic
Borough Presidents wore standing
tralght out for the S700.000 melon,
Why the Mayor, first favoring the $600
maximum, snouiu navo uoppeo Is not so
clear. Tho fact -remains, however, that
the Mayor lined up with Comptroller
Craig's Democratic majority of tho
Board of Kstlmato to hand out tho big
sllco to the Tammany chiefs who sit
high In tho administration's family
Leaves for London Conference
on Imperator To-day.
Mortimer "L. Schtff of the banking
firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. was yester
day appointed chairman of the Ameri
can 'delegation of Boy Scout officials
which sails on tho Imperator to-day to
attend the first international confer
ence of scout executives In London
July 25 to 30.
With Mr. Schlff will bo Colin H. Liv
ingstone of Washington, banker and
railroad president and head of the or
ganization In this country; James E.
West, chief executive, and John M.
Phillips of Pittsburg, a member of the
executivo board. They will be Joined if
London by Bolton Smith of Memphis.
another member of the executive board.
This conference precedes the Interna
tional contests In which the Boy Scouts
of thirty-four nations are to take part.
Boy Killed by Fall.
Meyer Ercncurt, 8 years old. fell from
fifth story fire escape landing at his
home. 71 Bast Ninety-ninth street, yes
ttrday, and vu killed.
Public Utilities Report 220,
396 Tom on Hand.
The weekly report of the Public Sr
vlco Commission shows New York's pub
lto utilities have gained 32,000 tona of
(.oft coal over last wool:. Tho total sup
ply on hand at noon yesterday was
220,306 tons.
"The coat situation shows a distinct
Improvement this week," said Commis
sioner Nixon, in giving out the report
"Tho public utility companies are to bo
congratulated upon tho manner In which
they have stood together during tho
crisis, the more fortunato ones helping
the weaker companion."
A conference was hold by the. soft
coal operators and railway executives
at 61 Broadway to discuss the situa
tion and devise means of relieving the
shortage The only posslblo liopo lies
In the purchase of now equipment, tho
railroad men said. Their association
has recommended to tlio Interstate Com
merco Commission that loans bo made
to tho smaller roads In order that they
may buy cars and locomotives.
Court Holds 'Estimate Board
May Annul Statcn Island
The city found Itself yesterday within
striking distance of taking over the
actual operation o tho trolley lines of
tho Richmond Light and Railway Com
pany of Staten Island.
Judgo Thomas I. Chatfield of tho Fed
eral District Court In Brooklyn rendered
a decision upholding tho right of the
city to declare the franchises forfeited
by reason of tho failure of the company
to continue service. Tlio decision af
fects particularly the lines pf the Mid
land Railway, controlled by the Rich
mond Light and Railway Company.
Judge Chatfleld's decision followed
the action of tho Board of Aldermen
Tuesday night in authorizing nn appro
priation of $300,000 to purchase trolley
cars for municipal operation over Uie.
Midland rails. Tho bond resolution had
been hanging, flro all summer because
William T. Collins, Democratic leader,
could not muster the two-thirds major
ity to authorize the Issue, He whipped
tho Republicans In line at the end of an
eight hour session with a threat to post
pone tho summer vacation of the board.
Thero still remains a fight ahead for
the city, because the court held that,
even though tho city should declaro th
franchises forfeited, tho city cannot at
tempt to take actual possession of the
Richmond Light and Railway Com
pany'e trolley lines without permission
of tho court.
The opinion was handed down In the
court's declining the application of John
J. Kuhn, receiver, for nn order enjoin
Ing tho Board of Estimate from declar
Ing the franchise forfeited.
Corporation Counsel John P. O'Brien
said that the action of Judge Chatfield
opens tho way for another and more
vigorous fight on the part of the city,
The exposition by Lewla Nixon, Pub
lie Service Commlfaloner. of tho com
mission's power over rapid transit rates
under the recent Court of Appeals de
clslon caused Mayor Hylan to varn
the Corporation Counsel to be on the
lookout for "any propose raid upon
mo pouncis or ina pcopia uircugn an
Increased fare.
Big West Coast Cities Already
Throughout tho country commercial
aviation is gradually but surely spring
ing Into being, according to a report
mado public yesterday by tho Manu-
iaciurcrs- Aircrait Association. As a
whole the East Is lagging behind with
customary conservatism, while greater
progress Is being made in tho South
west and along the Pacific coast
The plans being mado In almost all
sections of the country, however. Indi
cate that within a short time regular
aerial transportation lines will be weav
ing the country Into closer union by tho
rapid communication they affor. Al
though thero aro only fifteen manufac
turers of planes and motors and eighty
five manufacturers of aircraft acces
sories In this country, twenty new air
plane distributing agencies have been
established throughout tho country In
the last few months, and new airplane
operating companies have been estab
lished In thirty cities and towns.
"Aviators are convinced of the prac
ticability of establishing passenger and
express lines throughout the entire Pa
clflo coast, which, roughly speaking.
consists of two creat mountain ranges
and scries of valleys," tho statement
says. "The plans for such linen now In
preparation qontemplate connecting San
Francisco wltn Los Angeles, San Fran
cisco with Del Monte, San Francisco
with Portland, Ore., over the Cascade
range, and Portland with Tacoma and
Seattle, Wash., with an almost certain
extension of this line eastward to Spo
kane. A ten passenger alrplano ser
vice already Is In operation between
San Francisco and Los Angeles, and a
seaplane mall and packaire express line
between Seattle and British Columbian
points will begin operations within a
few weeks."
At present thero are 160 airplanes tn
commercial use in California and fifty
more in Oregon and Washington. About
160 are flying through Texas. Con
tracts have recently beon let In Texas
for aircraft to be used In transporting
supplies between cities and oil fields.
Flying boats ,are becoming moro and
more common on tho Mississippi and
her tributaries and on tlio gr-iat lakes.
It Would Send Living Costs
Higher, Convention Hears.
Special to Tin 8un i.nd New Yoxk Itmis.
Ciucaoo, July 14. "A tax on adverj
tlslng, as proposed by the Thompson
bill under consideration at Washington,
would be the direct means of again
hiking tho high cost of living," declared
John Sullivan, executive secretary of
tho Association of National Advertisers,
speaking beforo the convention of tho
Hundred Per Cent Club here to-day,
"Advertising la mass telling, nothing
more," Mr. Sullivan said. "The average
Legislature has an idea that advertising
is something a business man does when
he gets up in the morning feeling good.
They believe advertising Is printing
paper, Ink. bunk. It is not It Is mass
salesmanship. The newspaper is tho
great mass sales counter. Advertising
actually lowers cost
"It would cost a- department store
Infinitely moro to send out 100,000
salesmen to reach the 100,000 people
who read Its message In the newspapers,
and this expense would havo to be
added to the cost. Tho Thompson bill
to tax advertising proposes to change
all this, and to malto advertising cost
more, thus taektng that cost onto the
cut of tho good"
Head of Shipping Board Warns
Country Must Proparo for
Keen Struggle.
Advertising Agencies Corpora
tlon Told of Need for Moro
Trlvato Initiative.
Rear Admiral William S. Benson, re
tired, now chairman of the United States
Shipping Board, gave warning yesterday
that the United States must prepare for
n keen struggle In the shipping field and
must cuard ngalnst dictation by other
nations In world commerce.
Admiral Benson, addrosslng 250 pub
llnhers nnd members of the Advertising
Agencies Corporation, who had assem
bled at the Waldorf for a luncheon in
his honor, emphasized that sn Amorlcan
morchant marine cannot bo built up by
dovernment owned ships. Ho described
Government ownership of vessels as a
deadening thing for Individual Initiative
In the shipping field and expressed the
hone that private owners would take
over tho Shipping Board vessels.
Admiral Benson also said the popular
Impression that the Shipping Board was
a thlmr of tho war was untrue, for It was
created in 1316 with the double purpose
of oldlntr national defence and extend
Ing the American merchant marino. He
said that 3,404 vessels of 11,178,741
gross, or 1K918.212 deadweight, tons
now fly tho United States flag. Of theso
tho Shipping Board owns 1,502, of 6,-
238,948 gross, or 9,358,421 deadweight
tons. .
The tonnage of tho Shipping Board Is
distributed among frade routes as rol
lows: Northern Europo. 38 per cont.
Southern Europe, 10 per cent; Africa,
S nor cent : transpacific, 10 per cent,
South America. 11 per cent; West In
dies and Caribbean, 9 ncr cent. ; domes
tic. 7 nor cent, and between foreign
ports, 6 per cent. Two hundred and
seventy-three vessels operate from New
York. Between two and thrco hundred
moro vessels are building.
"What wo In tho Shipping Board want
Is to have the people rcnllzo our prob
lem," Admiral Benson suld. "The war
has eliminated one strong competitor In
shipping and has left one strong com
petltor whose very existence depends on
Her merchant murine. Thore Is no occa
slon for International Irritation. I hope
to build up our merchant marine without
causing any friction.
"You should keep In mind, however,
lhat any competitor naturally will try
to dominate, so In treating of such sub
Jects in publications wo should be as
friendly as possible. On tho other hand.
under no conditions should we nJlow
anybody to dictate to us what our policy
should be.
"We face a struggle that will be keen
end a fight that will be severe. We can
not succeed unless wo make a united
cffoit Wo cannot Buccced with ships
operated by the Government. If a roan
has the United States Treasury behind
him It is natural that he will not make
as much effort as if he wero fighting his
own battle. Without criticising tho men
who operate our ships, I will ay It Is
irue mat tney probably remain in port
too long and that their repairs cost too
Committee Goes to Shipping
Board Head With Demands.
it tho terms of a new agreement which
tho board of directors of the United
Radio Telegraphers Association Is for
mulating are not accepted by a commit
tee of tho American Steamship Owners
Association -acting for the Shipping
Board and private steamship owners,
strike vote Is likely to bo taken within
few days by the 4,000 members of the
union scattered over the seven seas and
In all parts of the world.
The agreement between the steamship
owners and the radio operators Is to be
renewed, effective August 1. Two pre
liminary conferences have yielded noth
ing. Three minor concessions were made
by tho steamship owners at tho first
meeting, only to be withdrawn at the
conference held Tuesday. An executive
commltteo of three union men left for
Washington last evening to present their
case to near-Admiral William S. Benson.
Chairman or. tne united states Shipping
uoara. Tne operators want their new
agreement to .provide a eight hour day
with a monthly salary of J200 for chief
operators, $150 for Junior operators and
80 conts an hour overtlmo. Tho presont
agreement gives them J125 and 1100 re.
spectlvely, and a twelve hour day. Sen
timent ravoring a strike is said to be
very strong in the ranks of the radio
Hanging to Power Boat Blow
ing Out to Sea.
fijudal to Tub Sdn ao Niw Yosk Hkiums
bw .london, conn., July 14. A tele
phone messago was received at 9:33
to-night from Fort Mlchie. L. I., thir
teen miles distant, that assistance was
needed immediately to rescue, r?n
Murray, keeper of Little Gull Island
light, and his wife, who wero seen at
ousk ennging to his power boat in the
race, tho treacherous waters between
Fisher's Island and Little Gull Talnnri
soven miles off New London harbor.
Tho Scott Wrecking Company Imme
diately despatched the tutr Harriot .rM
I, Aju.unuiiciii unicitus sent word to
we -uiuu uuara stations hero and at
Fisher's Island to send boata
Long Island Sound In an attempt to
rescue the pair. A high gale prevailed
and when last seen tho keeper and
his wifo were still hanging to the craft
but were belngXblown rapidly out Into
AVIfo Denies Charge of Misconduct
Darin War.
Jean plchaud. automobile dealer vhn
served as an officer In the French army
and later In the American army during
the world war. sued Margarot Plchaud
of 2M West Fiftieth street for divorce
yesterday In the Supreme Court He
alleges that she entertained men at her
apartment during his absence. He also
asks tho custody of their dauirhr
Alice, 11 years old.
Mrs. Plchaud denies his charges.
Dayllsht Savin? Abandoned.
Chicago, July 14. Davllht
time will be abandoned at the rhinrn
stock yards to-morrow, It was an
nounced to-day, Ijvna explained that
the necessity for conformation with rail
road schedules prompted the
and that since tho doublo time standard
went into effect deliveries havo been
running an hour behind the market
echedules, "causing Inconvenience and
needless expense In overtime pay,-
77J SUM teas founded by Ben Dau
was founded by James Gordon Bennett
n 1333. TUB BUN patted into the con.
trol of Charles A. Dana in 1868, it
became the property of Franti A. ilunteu
remained tho sole property of Us founder
until his death in 1872, when Ms ton, alto
James Gordon Bennett, tuoceeded to the
oumerthtp of the paper, tohtch continued
tn hts hands until his death in 1918.
THE HERALD became tho property of
Frank A, Muntey in 1920.
PHONE, WORTH 10,000.
DltANCII OKFIt'KS for relelpt of aclver.
tltrments and sal of pipers i
Building. HeraM Bqusre. Tel. KlUroy 6000.
NBAK SEVENTH AVI). Tel. 701 MornlnV:
side. Opiin until 10 V. M.
WEST 18IBT BT. Tl. Ll)M W.rtiih
Open until 10 P. M.
Open A. M. to 10 P. IS; Sundays, a I m!
1NO. 303 WABirrNrrrOM ht. t.i im
M'n. COUllT 8T. Tel. B4SS Main
Opn until 10 p. M.
io P M Melrose. Open until
rrlnclpal American and Farelro Baream,
WABrimaTON-Tlia Munsey Building.
CII1OACIO-208 South La Salle It.
LONOON-40-U Fleet St.
I'AltlS . 19 Avanua ,1 VCin.r. .. Tin. ....
There aro about e.V) nrii.rtt.mn
Ing nations located throughout New York
city and vicinity where Bun-IIerald adver
tisements will be received at office rates and
lurwaraea lor puoiicailon.
Daily Calendar
Kastcrn New York Showers and
sotnewhat cooler to-day: to-morrow
probably fair; moderato winds, mostly
tew Jersey-Showers, probably thunder
storms to-day; to-morrow fair: moderate
wtaterly winds.
Northern New England Showers to-days
tO'mOrrou nrohahlv t.trt mM.r,t, ..( 1
and southwesterly winds.
Southern New England Showers and em.
wliat cooler to-day; to-morrow probably
fair; moderate westerly winds.
W estern New York-Showers and somewhat
cooler to-day; to-morrow fair; moderate
westerly and southwesterly winds.
WASHINGTON. .Tulv 14.prnr. I. i.
from the northern iiDner Inkn 'rpelnn .t.
Mard and (renerally high elsenhcro east of
the Rocky Mountains. There were showers
with numerous thunderstorms In the central
jalley, the lake reslon, the Atlantic and east
Gulf Htntes and light local rnlns on the
north Pacific coast. Elsewhere the weather
was fair.
Temperatures nero moderntf.for the season
over tlin western half of tho country, but
rather high over the eastern half until mod
crated by the afternoon showers.
There will be showers to-morrow from
Tennessee and the unncr ni,ir vnv
lower- lako region eastward and northeast-
2 lowowea ay generally rair weather
Friday and local thunder ahnw.r. in th.
north Atlantic and east Gulf States. In the
lower Ohio Valley and the upper lake region
the weather will be fair both days.
It will t somewhat cooler to-morrow tn
the Interior of southern New England and
the middle Atlantic States and In the upper
Ohio Valley.
Observations at United States Weather Tin.
rtau stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
seventy-flfth meridian time:
Temperature Halnfall
last 24 lira llaro- last 24 -
meter, hrs. Weather.
20.H8 .. clear
M.Rrt ,2fl Rain
r.0.00 .. Cloudy
20.08 .42 Italn
30.10 .. Clear
20.04 .. Cloudy
29.02 .04 Pt. Cldy
.10.30 .14 Cloudy
30.14 .. Pt. Cldy
S0.08 .44 Pt. Cldy
29.08 .08 Cloudy
30.08 .14 Cloudy
29.P8 .30 Clear
30.12 .. Pt. Cldy
29.08 .. rt. Cldy
30.1U .12 Clear
30.03 .12 Clear
29.90 .. clear
30.02 .. Clear
30.12 .. Cloudy
30.08 ., clear
2.M .08 Cloudy
29.98 .. Cloudy
29.90 .. Pt. Cldy
30.00 .10 Pt. Cldy
2934 .. Clear
30.02 .. Clear
29.04 .. Clear
30.00 .. Clear
30.01 .03 Clear
30.00 . 24 Cloudy
8rt . 7R
Albany 8,S
Atlantic City. 74
liHltlmoro. .. . DO
nismarclt ... fa
npfton fts
Huffalo 74
Cincinnati.,,, M
Charleston... 88
Chicago... t..
Helena. .......
Kansas City.
Los AnReles..
New Orleans. RS
Oklahoma .... 02
Philadelphia. DO
Pittsburg 2
Portland, Me. 78
Portland. Ore. 78
Salt Lake City 88
San Antonio.. 02
San niexo.... 70
San Francisco 04
St. &ouls.... 88
Washington.. J2
ram a n .
Raromcter 30.tr 2n.n0
lumldlty 04 at
Wind direction S. 8.W.
Wind velocity 10 .10
Weather Foggy Rain
Precipitation None ,14
int temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer. Is
shown In the annexed table:
A.M.... BO IP, M....81 OP. M... .8.1
OA. M....70 2 P.M. ...84 7 P.M. ...80
10 A.M. ...72 3 P.M. ...8(1 8 P. M....T0
11A.M.. ..70 4 P.M. ...87 S P. M. ...73
2 A.M. ...78 fiP. M....85 10 P.M.. ..71
1920. 1919
1020. 1919.
8 A. M 70 (V.I
6 P. M 83 73
0 P. M 72 M
12 Midnight.. 00 (S3
13 M 78 7.1
8 P. M 8(1 73
Hlxhest temperature. 87 at 4 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 08, at 7:13 A. M.
Average temperature, 78.
Averare ttniDeratura same data last var.
Franklin D. Roosevelt will sneak at lbs
weekly pstrlotlo rally In Bowery Mission, S
P. M.
The cooperative Fashion Eihlhltlon. Bush
Terminal Bales TJulldln. 130 West Forty-
second street, 0 A. M. to 5 P. M.
National Association of Drugless Practi
tioners, conference. Hotel Commodore, 1(1
. M. to 3 P. M.
Th International Snorting Club, supper.
Hotel Commodore, this evening.
Demands Include Recognition
of Closed Shop.
T. V. O'Connor, resident of tho In
ternational Longshoremen's Association,
left for Washington last night to pre
sent tentative demands to tho Shipping1
Board and ship owners for the renews!
union contracts October 1. Mr.
O'Connor would not say what the de
mands will be, but Intimated that the
closed shop may 00 Included.
"Wo certainly do not Intend to accept
the open shop." lie said yesterday. "We ,
have virtually a closed shop now and
would be foolish to surrender It."
Tho attltudo of the Shinning Board
on the closed shop was explained by
Its chairman. Admiral Benson, who was.
n the city yestorday. He said:
Tho Shipping Board Is not organised
for tlio purpose of settling labor dis
putes and will keep Its hands off In
dustrial conciliation matters, but as
long as I am a member of It It vlll
stand for equal opportunity for an
Col. Frederic A. Molltor of tho citi
zens transportation commltteo has add
ed ten trucks to tho "open shop" fl'
at work. on the coastwise piers, maklns
a total of tldrty-flve. This was noces
sary becauso moro ships aro arriving,
Cpl, Molltor said.
Huron Sails (or South America.
The Shipping Board steamship Huron
sailed yesterday on her second trip to
South America with 125 cabin passen
gers. Including Dr. J. M. de Azeveilo
Castro of the Brazilian Congress, who
takes with him an American wife, for
merly Miss Arna Deck of this city:
Felix do Alburquerque, reprcsentlniJ
Brazilian hide, cotton and sugar Indus
tries, and MorlU C D, Cup.hs.

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