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22 I! ii '1 1 13 It fl.ii': i 1 1 i r i :!! 'V v. 'I j 1 J "1 , : " lit f 9 11 I I M M .1,' 1 i IN n Is . 1 1 4 m m 6 I In fact there Is constant agitation la railway nmutreaent as U opmttog la vwbern Europe, for It ! for STlW 5t11t England tie withdrawal of Brit-'tb road to-Ja,y. Hie Atsertcan peo- rounded by an almost Inprercable TfJfiyHr SKUBSSS Cr jroow from fcei bre they plt'a total traniporUtloa bill was in ring of defence. It wa occapled by and XHE NEW YORK HERALD, rorxDEb tits-its. gEW TQRK HATXTjr'J thz evx-YinKALi corKkatjon, rlJA.'uuTi"" r... IHfll, m ml. "rl" 'T yk fiic tunm : - in cnii. MAIL SUEfcCBtlTtOX IUTEJF. VT uSSa,. jtSSj,. DAILT Ml M? ei7(WT otv r r, TAII.T 1 Ff-NrJlT II PAJl.T our ' ??.' IM. AA llLkt. mMnn M4ff. Ar . W vmw vjsim. tv. luwini l-ri h vtii'r -miuii . P-A.i ItT-J!- s"rIW- "bit U adwltte-lly 4Mtaste- the roads did doc pay out a Mn;!e red'whciher or not the sympathy of Bui- J merelr showtnc us through the salien . j dls.tolnted that the author who tries V4 "y.. Atutaf the dtle- l-tUxi .j.."". 9i ut fiierFe wjwur w ,ceni ior snyiiun: in me worm eicrpii - m bh rernap5 some oner iMiKan' ij uiuurr bum wno tnsirts on, . , . v.," ,i,.,. eatta from tr.e tsaw :uw. Lo1?a rnCK- AS r,h rrench. Eosll and ItaIlan,Ubor tbe American i-r-Ie t-vday'cw try extended so far as the j5f "tentton to r iVrafi ra?iKl """ ke "h . h.,e i fy to n,U. j trbbl: of Wf-, is merely a mat- J ifrt, '"l1;6 ' My that MliS p:-r-ol!ls WM wU"c ' So" Canldlan'dSona. frotr tt ! .Htw Twit ! !aluK.r like turning their -mns on. war frnIU alooc hundred-, of mill-Iter of conjecture. , n.i. . . to maie bricks without straw it Is n K nrair.-r of Windior read a r""VKKrf" - cfriiw i iw Mittr '"'U Tremendoailr Uramatlr Contest, am ritn f i-wiu t t:lti brl r l- r-4 ... ir r 'ri fr fa hut fM14 irtiilM rtturr Unjr t ta :i fiM iS rtrs- t OiAt I""V- WAi.v nvBJsrjfTitn editowa. or- riCia. nKOA&WAT TEtXntOSK. WOHTH !) Moral Result of League Panle. Tnlll their cries of pal" HUt b" tklcs we had not realized that tlif New rorkrfmc4.tlw.U orW and othT. W.Ion orsaas could w. cruelly, hnn b- Senator MACMc'a treatment the same time and 'which cone - of their prc-iou- lcazue of N'atknJm-ntly w won by the Yankee boat In his speech of acceptame. Violent j on tlmf allowanre. And yeterilay a as Is the ufffrlnj; of anj uiiwiUj wonuipper an'i vnnmwi . . ... , . t.l. r.r. r the prevnt Mate of the IWpne JjAtst.-ro's handling of It, awl ghastly a Its future may aKe9r to tbcra tin - der what he yet lias In store for U. we iione we ball not l,e resardel as bnitaliy unsymf-athetk: when wet counjel soeh fortitude and alni amld the dlaster a will permit a tricki-n( end howllne lea?uer still to tee, .still K-ttle the ra'e- And no matter which i )t WJJg tt.,tf) he flJeiJ letcrmnati0E1 bad dfmonitrs1te'l his vision and ca to think and -ven to spwik the truth. ( yacht the nrxt declMin. flie fin-' f foxiziAlnz a 'Swefjh (.000y m bUi'l'ty as a business man. and r.s a In the midst of Its p3nl- shrieks. ;irt.ymnhip which ha markM Urn natIre'u,"e j't u givtn l0 few mcn werful factor In the upbulldlnr of for example, the WorM a-u Sen--struszle will remain alwoys a jHeasant j . ' . ,Mi.a,ion ' the railroads of this foumry be had ator IlAtbi5c a follows: "The other article I of his political eretd. such taxation! the tarirf. foreign trade, ehlpptog. debt and rt trenctam'ent, blch are perplexing matter minds of the earth, ar merely alluded to tcltkout plan or policy." But In his spefx-h Senator Hacdixg laid distinctly and peclfically of tho. Tery questions : "llsr.y ut thK deelaratlora de er a Wer tipretrton with sore enyjtilloM of pVii to e.-nphuiie toe filth. Such expreiilORi follow tn dije time. 1 promUe you." And what Senator Haeoi.g prom laes Ih- will fulfil. Europe's New War Menace. Doubtful as the outlook appear on the Kuroian continent as the realt or uimian success apa.n me i-oies,. It . a iriNtake lo assume at this early date that another great conflict Is Imminent. Fundamental unity of pur pose Is almost entirely larking among the nations In ech of tbe two groups which might be expected to Join issue on opposing shies. At any rate, the elements at work In the present disorders are the out come of tho disunity among the Eng lish. French and Italian Governments, which cannot see things In tbe same perspective. If tbtrc ere any soli darity It would probably make Its appearance In a Vet comprising Bus elu, Germany, Bulgaria nd Turkey, nnd perhaps one or two of the suc cession States of the former Aus trian Kmplre. Although the pivot of the present trouble Is Poland, the ierlpliery which makes this pivot possible extends to the fringe, of Europe ami takes In part of Asia. The attitude of all the Powers toward Poland must be Judged in tbe light of events else where. With the situation In Ihe Near Kust as critical ns it la at present Ktigland could scarcely afford to make war on Bussla nt the risk of unnulllng the settlement, highly bene ficial to KuKland, effected lii Turkey. Kngland would have nothing to gain In giving up her gains In Transcau casia to savo Poland for France. There Is Ihe Important German con sideration to be reckoned with as well. Germany professes neutrality In the Polish affair with lluisla. In Its own Interest the German Govern ment could not well profes anything else. Germany has no desire lo help France by Joining the Poles, but It Is fairly certain the Teutons will culti vate Hussion friendship at the earli est possible moment. This cannot bojlonenow because the Allies would not permit It. But In case of wor on Itussla by the Entente Germany would be likely to come to ;m Immediate understanding with the Soviets, which would mean abrogation of the treaty of Versailles for the present r.t leajt. Japan, knowing t Ijc ' proximity of Bti'sisn forces to India, would have n difficult tlmo. ing herself that she could thing Ijy helping the Entente, III odtlltloti tu these factors the attitude of ihe people tente notions. Poland does not pre-( the oiicratliig "ttielrnry of the rnll-l t0nnlUt movement In Europe, choi-e sent a moral Issue like Belgium. The, roads as not only to afford a properly for Ills hcnl(imrin. Its protec supreme need would be to rally the) wage to the workers but also tv nl-J tlon made a strong appeal to the Mos pcople of France, Italy nud England j low a proper -return to the railroad jiii Turks and Bulgnrs of .Thrncc. from their war weariness, and this1 investor." It 1 n cold, Imnl fact that In tbn uext plnco Ailrhnoplc Is one appears to be out of the question, only a few years n;o, under the same' of the most ttrongly fortified podt!c3 UtU$ are now b-fnr U'cd lo rmxll-s Eri:- uk lalJte.K. A Ilk demod I SH- lor sxmetitum 3a; is Fresce. NO -jcfa t tettfU. wlthwt uAAltrs. js fUmtUjti U tft i rt tJi Fraoce aivJ Ksglanil i nay bt Aitvuifi Hi tbelr pre - , - - . of a merh more radical un. A ctanse of thla kind ha$ already curred In Italy. Poland' caste, , ... . .. . ... wnicn U now me caU Ol utnnrfi I Eorland nor Italy. -old be notoly 1 rUK- If radical xmsaent were In ' jovrer In England and rrance. ln i..f.!ru.n niBrtMiN m frtrnAfhln- If th mail iifa! nt ;?,Hota Into a dictator. Itsla feel pay earn a cnt of dividend. If! which his forcej ?ai well nppllel; )r er. Intd nt Wds Muff4! she road dU not pay w Him a cent lone report gay they came from Bui t:j.lif Is mm" dolor the MnSn Allied of ln;eret on their debt. If the roadi'raria. another that tfeey were sarrep- utaen are wiJIIas u rlk tlwl I .khUk. t. r.. n. rhAlr rnrfir ipropre hy reltitir dictation from the ... w-3i?ief. I Wter lias there l-eea U'h n tre - ( mHvioii.Ir tlraiualk- tvtiteM fr tb America" Cud as that befreen Sham rJ JV sir Tiiow.. I.tnoM s rbal - leaser, and Iteolute. the AmerU-an defender. Iltil by CiiAaixs Kaa-vas .iruuh 'li. With Shamrock IV. twice a winner Captata Adams faced a hard Job when be erred the Martins line for th- atoumlln? nice of WfJne'sday. a race of thirty mlteo In which both yachis covered the rouw In exactly win for hlutmrock I. meant that the . I .1 I .... C rt . . . . 1 i up kvqiii hi itumv wiiu air i iiouai. . , - r " , - n ..tint iji nc uwiir; ui7?ciw aftf-rtThat win was not to b. The Amerl can .uhl'-vod a ien cut victory after' a Mrrj??le whldi caused the blool toj,, w w T0J(AB- itcnt oref f0 v,iim with added swiftness lhrouSh j the u-ins of thoe who know the fine points of sailing. Thu In lieat w the sloops now wand alike. The next victory will mwmrs for two i-o;,lc to rh-rlsh. j.Sam Gompers's Sap of Sli Hun j dred .Millions Out or the Public, j Mr. Sam Goiinsf. president of tbe American Federation of Labor, calls the six hundrel millions of dollars of jtvasc advance to the railway workers only n "-op." ! 1 We Ahal! not argue bre with .Mr.; iGouflss the reasoaableneiis or tbe ' iinreswjuableupfs of hi opinion that (the awird was roo losv. although Six I hutidrel millions of dollars cannot K-fJii to be a mere trifle to tte Amer ican pf-ople w-ben tboe added wages put n pew hunlen on their backs of six dolian a year to every man, woman ond child In the country put. at an average of five persons to a family, tw burden of thirty dollars n year on the average American boehold ,Jl)t w Jo fc Mf nwrm t0 itask now for some of his deliberate misstatements lu connection with his confemptuou opinion that six hun-iban dred millions of dollnrs lifted out of tli- American pocket Is n sop. Mr. GoMrr.ES says: 'This whole clamor and specula tion Is an evidence of th Intellectual bankruptcy of railroad statesmanship sr.d of railroad operating genius. The railroad executives have the guarantee of the Government that a t per rent, dividend will be supplied by the Government If It cannot be earned by the roid. "It does not aem to have occurred to either the Government or the rail roads that it might be possible to In creafA railroad operating efficiency to a point that would eliminate the ex tra cost. I venture to say that It Is possible so to Increase 'the operating efficiency of the railroads a not only to afford n proper wage to the work ers but also to allow a proper return to the railroad Investor" Now, Mr. Gompkbs N no Ignoramus. He Is as sorhlstlented as he Is blatant. Therefore .Mr. ftyMwaa known It Is not a fact that the railroad execu tives or the railroad stockholder "have tli guarantee of Ihe Government thut n O'per cent, dividend will be supplied hy the Government If It cannot be earned by the roads." The facts are that under the new law the traffic rales must be so regu lated ns to jrlve n mass return ap proximating 0 per cent, on the masi cnpltnl engaged In certain territorial divisions, nil the roads In each divi sion lumped together. But this will not guarantee or give many roads 0 Ier cent, dividends, and Mr. Gompevs known It will not. Some of the roads In Ihe territorial divisions will not Ki t half of 0 p?r cent, and Mr. Gow rins knows they will not. Some of tbe roods will not got nny dividend' nt nil, nnd Mr. (iourns knows they will not. Furthermore, It Is a fact that under the law railroads cannot get the bene fit of IncrciiHcd rales unless the Inter 7i ii n- iMuiiivi wna .-e-ti 'iitc' i trn:iiir in iniihf n itr i n.ni run- mi i a t atari cti ntiiirr int dmiiW ii di ' -a t Tn i no nnv rnn ntr triri u , At. - t. .1 t ......v. . . ,ia,Aitj -l un i. r. . - . - - (Olivine jjp,, t,)at ,hcre i tcnomlc, comment that It was Ihe first Turkish capital Th- btavtr .tiii h, gntd . trtt, ,ty )e ,nat M!ss Reynolds alo traces s rn In a walk any afternoon on Fifth ' n,.V.V i;. i. vJ. r. , ' ? gain any-, mnnngenietit. and Mr, Gum runs knows i i-,mn. nn, nan .oiislilerr..! ,.ni. of .Th"'' blr1 u.p h "' M ." back to Mollere We know her bctt -.;.,,... -.vhen alris are solmr l.on.. f,n, "M.ose of six ,.nnlml:, .. !ltl,nfnct. fh. h,.lt' ...,ces of Mm,.. This '!:! 'rjl f ... "ul.t. " The society's Element d. Iherols Again, ns n, Mr. Gomi-kkss acr.'.. ,.tu. ron.on, wl.v JafabTava.; ' : flourUhed- In many comeiiie wore hil bwn annoyed by these men and J .rj'r. -?ac of ,U no reply had neen received 'r- ,.. , ., ... . ... . . i""" " 7. The elf Itipf"! up from his rocky Islr. i ' rhe Itivais. Jiany a nero nnas tnc many t mes I ftlt ike exposing this I .. ' ' "m Hearing comple- a'ayor. of the hn-,: hi l i.it "It S tlOSSlble Wl to lncrISo'n.. tf.-i.ler ! l he Turk !i v. .' . ... J.... .. . . . . . . . : ui. i ..-,,. ,.ii,i... I H 1 lnls tlon was cons ilcred to.,lav K.. ' THE SUN1 the B!borbod of only three bill- la dollars a year, and Mr. Gou- rtx toon h is imci. 11 is a ia tll tlx Maf aloe now paw to the Marcs in the CalLan war and orreo- railway workers are more by hon-'dwcil only becaute Uj Turkic mill- dre4 of million of d)lcr a year rary poner rivrhere bad failed. j ibrnn tat total ot of operatic; the' It is Jn ihU tlroax poiltloa that . . ...... ... . i . . . . ,Mr. uommm snowa it l a fact. It li a fact, therefore, that If the road now pot their coal for nothing. j ... n.. . k. t u wf roaaairx iuJr mu ior uoiuic. ; If thf road jot their looomotlres and frelsht rar and pafjeaser can for nothing If the road pot all their up- did rwt pay or earn a test of priad- 1 r. I Aft thlp .liktrf if f ll rvuilt i1frl.1l not pay or earn a rent of tases if i i . . . . . . I . .,.H1 wos oi wiir. s inr ijhjic loam nr 'rW for tlw total cot of ojratlns , the occupation of Thrace and i th road before the war. And Mr.to the carai?n in AMa Mln.r. They IGouMxi knows all treat Is a hard. . oM So Mr. Goiiraw kno-as It Is the Hayrolls which bare devoured the American railway earnings and are now emptylnj the American pjbllc's pocket. A Dream That Came True. Fifty years a-;o to-day the colony of New Sweden was foantkd In the njr1heni of Arootook county. jxiaine Berinnlnz with a total roDU- j - gJ0n fj, gftj-n ,ew Sweden nowj In the later year? of his' well i W)tajn,' a thouand Inhabitants of (rounded life Wiixiam K. Vaxdexbu.t. i sii, i,inh or -Jeirent. while the ! w hoe death orcurred on Tburlay In 4- eolonlei adjacent number , nr(,r . .h,.nu,n,i tni.rt. The rolony owe its exitene en- tlrelj to the effort of one man, the Sweden by Preslden' Lt5C0L.t early In l' d; wit as0ne'ofourconsuls,Mr.!'' Ithoui vn aco-ilred a nrofound : . , fn thA s,Tedll,h rhara - - . when h returned home In 163 q le!r vl,,Je,t ,re8m, bB, Mr Thomas's splendid vision has actually ; American inuustnes. materlallnil. With Infinite difficulty j iIr- Vasdemiit was completely he finally succeeded Irr settlns nnh"!""' tnr I1" he was 10 PIa-v Immigration bill Incoriwratln? his n manasin; the vast properties con scheme pawed by the Suite Usltla- tmllel by Ills family. Great pocs- ture. and In 1S70 be returned to Sweden to induce the risbt class of pfflplo to emisrate. ' vben wc consider that Mr. Thomas could offr his immigrants iiothlus lo ,ear"- ,J-V "Ui"--more tiptlns than a tract of the ' " Intricacies of the business of that forest primeval and an unllmlte! ..' coloration and the others alllel with rortunlty for hard manual work thej't- Tlie tralnlt.3 he receive In tbi success of his Aenture Is all the more Iriwl of hls llfe ot ,he UUn0,t astounding. There were no movies! value t him vrlwn he was finally in those days and no Immediate pre pect of high wages. But tbe immi grants came, and because tlioy llkel life In the New World they stayed and !m back word to their friends at home to come out and Join them In the new Sweden. Of all the model rommunltles dreamed of by philosophy from i Aeistotm; down to CotxKiUCK none leen more successful than this colony In tbe north of Maine con ceived, brought forth and reared by President I.i.ncoln's consul In Sweden. It Is Interesting to. note that In thl conimuuity founded long before thej phrase red blooded American was coined the very bet type of Ameri canism has been produced. Though founded entirely by foreigners from another continent, New Sweden sub scribed to more than her allotment of Liberty lionds nnd sent more thnn her quota of sons overseas to fjght for the American Ideals of liberty and civilization. The Greek and Jafar Tayar Bey. That the Greeks are not finding the military occupation of Thrace so easy a task as they expected Is evident from the official reports sent out from Athens. After the bombardment of Itodosto and several other ports on the coast of tho Sea of Marmora by n combined fleet of Greek nnd British warships the Greeks succeeded In landing their troops. This nrtny of occupation was opposed by a force of Turkish Nationalists at I.nlc Burgas nnd detachments furfher north were baited by artillery fire at Karagacb. The war in this bit of the old Turk ish Empire Is on ground fought over In tbe last Balkan wars. Chorlu, Kirk Klllse, I.tilc Burgas were points 0n the line of the Turks' retreat back t Tchntalja. thc outer defences of Con stantinople. It Is n rough country, cut with deep ravines, crossed by few roads nnd skirted by one railway, only the eastern or Marmora end of which the Greeks ha vis been able to control. Across this country nnd up the Marltza valley thc Turkish Na tionalists, are fordng tho Greeks lo fight their way to Adrlanople, which they must control If they are to com plete their occupation of Thrace. In old Turkey In Eiiroix1 Adrla nople was next to Conytantlnople and Salonlcti In size. It was n't otic time AND NEW YORK HERALD, SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1920. lit HbmIsbs after the defeat of the Turkish a ray at the Sfaipka Paw; It wiumwi a siege irom vctooer 10; Turks are tnakins their Ian stand. The size of Tatie Bey't army Is a natter of Kpectilatlon, althonrji It has been itated with aie decree of an thorlty that be has under his com ma nd abwt W.OO) men. Another matter of speculation is where he ob- ! tI&en fno -Troll ami mnnlflnn vlih Uitlously Introduced Into Turkey from fetern Karope. Aaln, M army ls;ne wuntu. J. made up entirely of Turks; ta!i i?. not 'jiitthk i5-iin,J inni i rk. -... .1. .. . . i . i m - . have apparently finished their work in A'la by alnin: control of the laud awarded to them. The IwJIcatlons are that they will find the prccnt force In Thrace Insufficient and that the Kuropean .ampaljrn will prove the more difficult of their fwo venture. Jafas Tatar Vj I maklns the last stand of th Turk In Europe outside of Constantinople. Mr. William K. Vanderbllt's Nota ble life Work. ' PrtS devoted htmelf to the enjoy- jmcnt of port, and to the pre-nt j seneratlon of now-ipapr readers his asociation wiin toe recreuiions oi outdoor life Is thoroughly familiar. ut to overlook hit years of hard awl fruitful labor In the construction of . the transportation system would be 'zravelr unjiif-t. Before lie betook hiwelf to pleasure Mr. Vandebbilt much to do with the development of ! bn (JU1 ao lnvl,e the grandson ot ', Cotxixtrs Vasdumilt to a life of ' Instead lie was put Into the mfe of ,ne -N'ew York cpntral- ther(! ' Promoted to executive omce. The record of the Vanderbllt lines for the time during which responsi bility for their direction rested on Mr. Vandeehim's shoulders Is one of continuous expansion, consolidation nnd improvement. He proceeded on :hc theory that only in n territory great in area and producing goous of the ino't diversified klnd could effi- i c,ent- c,leaI1 an(1 a:l!,fJoo' service 1 rendered by n common carrier. His Ideal wn a railroad system, or alliance of systems, which should be Independent In that It relied on no other road to penetrate the country It served, nnd wblcb, summer or win ter, should not be compelled to move empty cars from one terminal to an other. To get the goods for such a business manufacturing, agricultural and mining sections must be linked together. Studied with this Ideal of economical operation In mind, the pol icy followed by Mr. Vanoerbilt nnd the results achieved by blm appear as a splendid conception designed not merely to Improve tbe estate of a pri vate family but to benefit the country and all Its people. The history of America cannot be written without tribute being paid to the men of courage, vision and high patriotism who had the wisdom to build for the future and to disregard the customs of tbe past In their treat ment of national problems. William. K. VANDrnniLT was one of these men. Our fnends th magicians performed many wonder compelling feats at their convention dinner this week, but none of them possessed the wizardry neces sary to reduce the high cost of living. The old parties have failed Seitotor Robert M. La Fouxmc of IFIiconjin. That Is, failed to accept Battle Bob at his own valuation. Try to pick cripples' pockets at shrine, two Btfpccts are caught and two escape frcm church. Sempapcr haltlnt. A quartet of the most contemptible criminals recently exposed to public scorn. Anyhow, Colonel Brtan may con gratulate himself on having escaped the Presidential nomination or tho Committee of Forty-elght. The Flight to Nome. Th btr looked up from hla honey feait: "What' that I hear?" growled the ihaigy litem The frightened mink crltd, "I.ok alive!" I Tht fa lie streamed from the ipaeet van At tht elant plnlont lnnoH patt. Tht illttr fox In lilt tarthr hom. f,..b.rf Thtv are tht tlmlsntii hminrf trt. I Nome." Rut tht wild blrrl tang with a iparkllng eye, "Xhl spirit at progrttt pti. by," SflV.Ni ISTI.NO. rprn uitc .ji, ,...,. . ,ii, lugi, ,u .ii, pcmcv w ,. i nuoaii- . wut i iiiuusui, ni can nnt H,H, , w.. . - -. feminism m the ibsttivJttMkW&W3S& r , , ,. B , fi; y. r" Woman' r. - Emancipation. It U prticulirlr ArproprUte that one of the pubSJcatJoas of tbt Vaaaar a.n...,...,., e.-..w..... . . ....... ct.jcji la-Ku ic Toted to the study of feminlam. In T inteUectual strli-Iror. It wa not un-' . Urrd Laiy in England. It54-Kt0 i ta the middle of the laat century that j nT,-,ft(,riMiv rrrwr (Houghton MIBln Company) Mlas the Idea, of a woman "a a self -s-affic SCEN T OPPOSITION HEI1L Mnu Retnolm has asaembled a f oodly log. eelf-dlreetins IndlrMuallty, re- company of learned women and pre- ; por.lble for her own destiny, and i sented them to u for our lspec- capable of playing- an Important part 'ycw. York Port Interests Op tion, It Is not the author's purpo to In dvlc and national affairs," became , v attempt any vsation of their schol- at all prevalent. Mias Reynolds's . jioSCtl tO Project 3IaV aitJe, setentlflc or liurar) worlc She '.learned lady I coMequeatly any I -oil wishes rather to show -the number of ' woman llvlnir between HW and 17J; iace JiepriSBl. women, whoe I, teresta were lntellec- j "ho foreahadowed by some mental ac- . tual. whose chosen pursuits had to do ttrity the educated woman of to-day. with books and thlnjs of the mlndar.d 1 there had been any EnsUsh ttM i Thi Scjiw J,'1 wko were demandmj: a new freedom , bivalent to the French salon durins DrreoiT, July itTlf.'r Of ,i;.pr.on. new tralntnc and ' W "LJu uk o.tunate that Mis antique dtaler who answers qutMions In raonosr.tebl very soon S; . ia TT tn r B"u,m-, selected waa remarkably small. cooperation of the to Govtrnments w. . ,p. nJ tat W" mi!ht ?v ' however, a perio-i of awafc-" within teh raonths. bought U left hanring in it pUc slra- enlnp rnd-r the Tljdor, th(l a;y SiMrai Prosrlmm of actios by ply becau to dealer would not take ,ftrn xomen tbe mle, ol tht .jMti forces repremd la thU 5 ,nnd U.Lk ab0!St " . , . ! he court, but with the coming. Of the ; la taking deftalte form. 1. MIh Reynolds rather reminds us of RtoratJon ft thjlt punned to present th who. P. the uncommunicative antique dealer. UtmlaK ml?ht Ma,tlhlnff more to the present cosgress xt it at'J She devotes more than half the book than an u i0T prl-! o through a Wa. tr- the Mographfcal details of someceH. ,.We aPre consclou,.- says . : 'm .a fifty to ,a hundred learned ladlu -butt Mta Re)-noIdj. -of . stir ofted 8U. '.flomt ..v riiuiaj -"" " j preparation as ror a crtsis. it is tnis aumptuous catalogue, however accu- preparation that she haa recorded rately and carefully It is compllwl. nh such scholarly care. We hesl We want to know something of the j tate to say that the learned ladles are relative importance of the learned women Mlas Reynolds baa enumerated. ; them, but If the author should con- j mti the resistance to the waterway We should not mind even if the author ' tlnuo her study of feminism down to offered by jealous transportation in occasionally took up the cudircls In 1 the nineteenth century we confess teres In New York. fc!enator Lenroot favor of some forgotten bluestocking that we should follow her with even dejtared that If New Vori: tried to op Above all w should like to know how ; greater interest rwe requests of so many of the SUtes learned lad.es of the seventeenth , ; and eighteenth centuries ptvtd th. j , Election Manual. i York for Improvement and devel- way for the emancipated woman of; CM,U,B" mu"uui' I opment In IU own harbor, which couW to-day i Jexctft Election Manual lor 1320 j not b accomplished without the con fer complaint with Mlas Reynolds-, Matthew Bendfr & Co.. Albany) j tent of the Western members of Con acholarly work may possibly be a con-. hxn mado its timely appearance, Rlv-1 gresn fession of our own weakness. We Sna ourselves tonelnir for an infusion U Macaulay's cocksurenesj. Macaulay might not have told us so much about each individual lady, but we should ( tion This volume Is a standard au- -j-ji-raitia! Transfer, Cost and Coast have known far more about their gen-, thrrity on this complicated and highly ' vltt Trade." Sir. McEIwe said D- eral contribution to learning-. H would have swept us along with that 1 ness of the work Is indicated by the rfiould prepare for the construction of ringing emphasis that always carrier . fact that it includes a political calen- i modern ocean wharves for the retep convlctlon. and b'fore the end of th i dar. tables showing where sections of ( 'ion and loading of ocean ihlrs. book we should have been prepared firmer' laws are to be found in the V(f,T Vork Take, Liberal View. to swear that the modern doctrine of women' rights was entirely due to some obscure seventeenth century pamphlet that he had discovered. Miss Reynolds, however, adont a very' different historical method There was no steady growth of learning among women during the period of which she writes The berfnnln o' me new ideals for women were so mciestwd unassuming, so casual and unself-consclous that at the time they could hardly be recognised aa begin - nlngs. The author Is consequently unable to argue her cae from one noint to arother a, Maeaulav rn!ht nJt a. V ti , u " ha e done. As she says in the ex - wiiem. ruuimoj) di me ciia oi me cook, . - nat was actually accom-' pllshed In the century before 1760 was ' a lavish sowing of seed, a steady In-, filtration of new ideas, a breaking uo of old certainties as to woman's place In domestic and civil life, and an accumulation of examples proving Arthur P. Stent's comment regarding j riU c'oua!7j.;tne Mldd!e We3t and the women capable of the most varied in- l5 two Rocserelts Is true. The clique t nan." tellectual aptitudes and energies." that nrminated F. D. P.ooseve'.t had Just 1 j. r. Haskell, head of the export de One of thc old certainties, however, i ll5t thought In mlr.d to fool the peo- ! rriment of the General Motors, strong- wtlch was never questioned even by j th most advanced ed women cf thc Dcnod vru the l-inelv nrrl.ilne n. ' perlority of the male. Lady Mary : American of them all 1'ctor.s house organs, reaching approxi- Wortley Montagu and Mary Astell, ! T! e nomination cf Franklin D. Roosa-1 'foHowng two of the most advanced women ofjvelt is another of the long lut of swm- ;aco.irdlng to 31 r Dunn are to-day sopl their day, would have been horrified I dies perpetrated on tbe American people porting the project. T Sex and New .at eny suggestion of woman suffrage, j by f ie Democratic-party. Do you rec- Toek Herald, the Timri, Globe, Tri Mary Astell, who was branded as ajognlxi these: "He gav us the eight bunr, Evenlnj fast and Journal of crank because she believed in higher education for women, never questioned for a moment that wive must be gov erned "absolutely and entirely by their husbands and never seek to question their authority." She did, however, entertain the ridiculous theory that girls had mlr.ds worth training and that education was their natural right. On account of these extraordinary views she was mercilessly lampooned by every wit In town. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu never advocated anything so advanced as a girls' college, but she did more per haps to -vindicate the general Intelli gence of her eex than any other woman In England. In an age when education among women was too often a synonym for pedantry he writes to her granddaughter not to think 'her self learned because she can read Latin or even Greek. "True knowledge," she says, "consists In knowing things, not words." Sho herself had had the luck to be "tumbled Into a library" at a very early age. but she never made the mistake of substituting books for life. Of all the literature produced by the learned ladlta of Kngland before 1730 only the letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagn have successfully stood the test of time. The general attitude toward learn ing for women in those days was very much the same aa our own feelings toward woman suffrage ten or fifteen years ago. In several of the Spectator essays Addison hits off the aspirations of the eex with that good humored satire that always raised a smile but never touched his victim on the raw. Swift's denslve laughter at the ex pense of women with any pretensions toward learning Is Infinitely more bit ter; but the stage Is as always the best mirror of public opinion. Ever since Mollere had satirized JIme. do Ram boulllet's coterie In the "Prfcleuscs Rldlct'les" the learned lady had taken her place aa one of the recognized comic types In contemporary drama. Along with the doctors, whose one ac complishment Is a smattering of bad Latin, the wild Irishman and the fop pish, empty headed beaux, the learned lady became one of the lnevltabie In gredients of a successful farce. Eventually the learned lady mot'.f; in those "damned story books." Inci dentally it Is Interesting to note that the circulating library Is usually blamed as the root of all evil. "Had I a thousand daughters." says Sir An thony Absolute, "by heavens, I'd as soon have them taught the black artaa t'.Crtsoms throughout the rr.' u mar Derhaps b tbourht that P0" Mi Reynolds Is stretching; the point far when she Include the typcai t.nflmHfl .mJwm rt A WlL- that MUiuAIr devottd to learned UxUm. U must be rBnbri. however tSut t i must rficraiwiru uwicicia ilr MUJOr a tr.e itrm leameo .a the broadut po'-b! nt. ,A w ,h nvr-r. rnnntry I nave uri sr cuicr. ai h js. - ever, the efforts of the learned women r- .u w.. .1.. all ouricrUin,y lnso llut tU ,0Ul acblev - ;ment of women in literature, art or , d rf fc m sh has i hardly worthy of the attention given lng the New York State election law as amended bv the Lesrljlatura ; s amenaea oy tne ivguiaiuro oi MO complete with annotations, placatory note, form, and instmc - technical sabject. The exhaustive- consoiioatea election law. consuiu-. tional provision concerning elections . elections, elective onicers, Ciiuensnsp ar'd naturalization; the political divi - . lon cf New York stf' lh PensJ I Uw P"Ions for the punishment of - 'lon thieves and other violators of reeulatlnsr elections in the minor ntM0 t '1 El" . sutxtivisions or tne &ta.e. 7h're ta no ,ue. ion concerning the '- egulating elect.ons which can- n" anw'ef from, the Manual. nd nral lndx ' conveniently ' arranged to assist In quick reference , t0 ,he (nlni pages , DEMOCRATIC TRICKERY. Sh0wn In Mr. Hoosevelfs Nomination and tbe Party's Campaign Policy, To The sr.- a.nd Niw Yok Hxau: j P'e Into the belief that the Roosevelt ' ' Democrats and thus capitalise tho sterling Amerlranltm nf tht rre-,'..- hour day' ; "He kept us out of war"? , l . ... I am very much concerned now with I the slogan that Is teing passed around , -,..iL for the coming campaign. Ostensibly the major Issue Is th League of Nations. Tet In going the rounds every Demccrat I have talked to falls to ay a word about It, but dos say. "The Republicans put prohl- bltlon on the country. Cox will undo what the Republicans have done." Yet many newspapers think that the issue Is the League of Nat.or.s. If the Demo- . ... .u...Tj ... . . ... crats should tmorge successfully In this campaign these newspapers will tar that the League of Nations. won In a national referendum. The Democrats want to win this fall. Nothing Is too dishonest for them to capitalize as long as they achieve their aim. Put the League of Nations ques tion alone to a natlonaj referendum and the result will bo !0 to 1 against It. Warren G. Harding spoke sooth when he said that the Democratic A initia tion was characterized by a readiness to surrender the Republic. W. S. NswAHK. N J . July J. THE AMERICA'S VICTORY. Boat BUger Than the Tankee Yacht In the Race for tbe Cup. To Th Sun and Niw Tork Herald; "Orfordness" I mistaken In writing that the America was "by far the largest boat In the race" when she won tha Cup. The Alarm was of 193 tons and Constance of 21S tons, while the Am-r-Ica was of 170 tons, and there wero several boats of over 100 tons each. Regarding time allowance. It Is a. ruts entirely up to the contracting parties iimicij ut iu mi; vuiiiialuiik parties 1 to the rsces, Jtst the same as a rulo In any other game. It was not the rule governing the race for the Amer ica's Cup and consequently was not In force st that time. - This Is not the only rule ' that hss been changed In j i ...... 11 r-. r . . . . I Bli-mn jedrs. n. r. V.IIAMEXRI.A!?.' WarwicK, July 23. lone woman, do? Vew York. July 23. J. M. R. Eat) Solution, rromethfu ttolt the fir.- from htartn. "The coal hortait doern't worry me," h annonneta. ana eiec; ye omcers tne protons ; .tcn Tidewater As.-ocla- j 1' .o-.r'uJe SSmit I Of the T-nlted States statutes affecting. tim ,h f0n0wtng statement: I laatle gtatea and New ERflaad. -rr- Needed Proieel.on for G., on Flflh.PPl Vyiey 1) , , A,enue' ntnueTn be h- VX,1, Kn nslt0 the Board of Education in .'.--larf -To The svx and Ngw VoK HERau: .ure'ln the rld V""0" ' has refused to give the , v t am very much pleased tr, read that! I rff,n, for suc.h,ac.1!'"? T'u M",4. ... .,-.. . asked to atcertnln their rc3S- - .1.. ...1.... Li... ....... .1 .. " - ...... ...v. -' n.c .v..lc v...,, r on motor rfiWnP'F.TP. TAWTTTJC VfT oatt. ! -the citizen mav lu.lrt tl.eir 'tint " An t TTT-in mA nni f UK LAHED 1U bKA Tidewater LOngTCSS aUCVCIOJi , . . j M M ,1 aiv-...v. c illicit oiaiva Aniviin.. - w v . . ., ,u. tij.. , hr- la aeirwrawwi J. 1 s-. f.J v . reeotut-oa of the Canadian pledging lmmtdUte act'n la delegates That actual work ewM be Urtd br commission will have concluded Its in quiry before the adjournment of th ses. sion March i. A strong har.ded course was proposes ! vy Sntor Lenroot of Wlcenaln to The need of local preparation ror , ocean ships and ocean trade waa yivia- i -- '2lZ.f r ' ' . ,h. ducuision on r.oit and all other cities Interested Robert Dur.n V YorK banker -Thc huitnejs Interests , cily are -aavjng a careful survey and ,' ' he St- !-: seaway rwe. While to some this development seems agalns: the future growth of banker and business men are In sym- i T'vt' wllh t!,!j 0W 8Rd w! , fc t Jt meinj t0 , suu.5 -x-Tork depend, to a great degree on rte RX0-;a anc! pr0.per.ty of the WVit for its own growth and rather ' t .an attempt tht impossible and become , ,h. on)y sfcpptes ,or oar export 'trade It will, after further study and n;,r light, aslst the Weat in solving i her transportation problem. Th hear- i ng of the international Join, comm.'s- ( minn to hp hM In Ntt'Ynrl: next fall will 'be roost interesting, bringing together lV v tv" as.' lhAe fu,ture TeIoPBjcnt !' fsvors the development of the St. i Lawrence P.lvr ! articles favoring It in the General I Commerce. The list continues to grow, I he AHrftft. ' T ; HO""'I "-preaeni oi tne Loited States Grain Corpotatlon, gave flrJ. l4ndlnK w ,how thlt te no jor.ger C0Ud handle the wheat for the West. A large percentage of the 1913 (crop has not yet bor. removed from the j elevators of tbe Great Lakes, and there lls no Dlac ta which to store the crop cf thls ytsr' h ,ald' Found Itntlronda Inndeanate. . nf ,h. r..,,. . , ,,",. "K3.? , f'nS ruination unless some solution of th present transportation difficulties is found, the speaker continued. He gave figures to show that his firm had or dered hundreds of carloads of grain transported from Chicago and Manito woc, Wis., to New York for export, and that after waiting months It eventually nao to dc moved by toa,t. Grain stored by his firm at Buffalo for months waiting removal to New Tork was moved with great peed to Montreal by lake boats down the St. Lawrence. With the closing of navigation last fall there was H.OOO.OOO bushels of grain at Buffalo. Despite every effort to have this transported to New Tork. the task of carrying It across the State was not accomplished until a few days aro. In Kansas alone there are 48,000,000 bushels of wheat In the elevators and on the farms. Mr. Moore declared. With the new crop being harvested the farmers were facing a situation which assumes .alarming proportions and they were wont to be discouraged, and flgured that when they did their bit to Increase production their effort was of no avail. "These difficulties which farmers and business men have suffered due to car' shortage make them feel that if It were possible they would go out of business and await return of safe business con ditions," he said. n.,,.,,n,., v-.i. n,-, a U:,lh,?-dS: velopment of the waterways nf' .h. country ns the greatest question the people have ever faced. The St. Lawrence project was not something that the country could get along with out, but an absolute necessity In the me oi me greatest producing section of the nation. Business men of the states 0:1 me great iiKe and the Mljsle ring Board. The tankera k-I- chartered with option of purchase, but if the options are not exercised, it was said, the board planned to call for scaled bids. Four of the vessel., Br 0n the P. rifle coast and two at ' Issonville Fi Fch Is 420 feet i igtl, ,nj has a dead height tonnag-. A 7.509. P and Easrr rn vic.-Drealdent of the Great I 't'Z.'. -tilT . .r "r' ."Vr" 'be AND THE .NEW YORK HERALD. iijj, rnr .vctr vork heka:d H.C4 founded by Jam Gordin 5i-ur; in 112V 17 SC.V paiicJ info tit f0l e CkarUt X. Data ( ltd tra--vr ( jn-cperfy e rrok A ii.ur, (a lilt- TUB SBVT YORK UBBXtl rrmsxntd ike sole progeny of tit ft-.vXt unffl Ait Jfalfc U;j, ifAVa An m :i Jatnt Gordon Bttt, twc&ei i encntrthip of (aa yijtr, tekick r:Uvc-s ate Aos4 bard ait tfeoth u rfK HERALD hrcarc tht prof-fr?-, ncstNrW axd mnonxsL omcT. MAIN" BITSI.VESS A.VD EOITOP.U OFFICES. MO RROADWAT. TEIS PHO.VB, WORTH 1 ,. BK-SNC'n OIT1CES in ml;t :i iff. tlrmtaU AM o! rPt-i PRINCIPAL UPTOWN OFT2CE-KMt Btl4lJLg. trW &TCr 7H n-j-rr yi HArxEM omcK-w, west jsth .- NEAR Bfn'ENTH AVE. T. t4 y.rjrr.,( t'.i CKn ntn 10 P K. SVASJH1NCTON HEtOHTP OrT;cX--.M WEST IS1ET ST. TI. KOT WaIi.-..-. Ofn oi!B 10 I. M. DOWNTOWN OmCC-y KPJiAZrxi T Oc A M. to 10 P. M.. gsrtiji. : I y BROOKLYN omCEP EAftLE KCTr INC. Ui WA5HIN0T0N ST 7 n 14 CO CRT UT. Tri. MA a -O;o usill IO P M. BRONX OFnCB-51! WILLIS AVZ -14TII ST. Tef. 15 Mtlrot. Ot . 10 P. V.. TrlaHrxl AnrrirB and fortlfs Dtnim WASHINGTON Tfc Mctr Brn. CHICAX-S itb L :; -. LONDON 40-41 Hff 1 rARIS i Aiwnst l Operi. J P. ij Lwsit. Thf r r ibsa! SW t4rt!a" Irx tiAilJ kwitrt throadwnt Ne T -t Cllf a4 -UtUr tH 8as.Hft4 it. liWMU nni t rcIvil At eltt rvui i. fenrSl fr paMicAtloa. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York Loral '-i-v der showers to-day; to-morrow pr'M- y cooler: moderate fresh touth'ts; ntd. shifting to northwest to-night. Fr Nw Jery Cr-Klt:! toltr. t"r -tfcar.dr thvrm. t-raorrow fair. fsh-; cooler txetpt cm the tMh ea Par Northern Nr EniUnA Shccri - i!ay an to-morTr. except fair t-int-: -VersMBt xr Ne Haaapifcir- Por Sooera Neir E(ifU.3-T--.f ihoeri tc-cajr ard to-olsM t-ar- praftattr fair and or&at eeaier. For Wettern Nr York Tfcontr !-.? to-Cr. i ft-morrow prfrtiWjr fair tti --t what coder. WAnUNOTON. July .-TS !-.M- thai wai onr taat SuU DiMi lac. -r;; haa raorei ta ntirn Oatarto with - what Iwrtwi Interjity it was br thn.Kierihowfrj In the lake rtrl txi lhr cttt 1m lal thttr.drihor . AUaetx asd Eat Gulf Ftatra a.-.J y.- -. of the extrrmt West a.Kl Sojlit! the Otntral Vatlejr. the Plaint St t- tte Northweit the weather iraa fair H ; ttraperatcrts cenllsoed over the P.a.'-j Statei and rxtea! e! to 'he f to that the vara -a c nwrt a . dlitrlcts eait of the Vj. Mjor-a -j j the northern upper IrVe a&J iutn EiulanS. In tht usser UV rerl. th Ohio valltr. Tcrwi-t and tls sr-i-portlent of tht Eaat Gulf an Sssti A-. laatlc dlftrtcta, the vtathtr wtU bt rtt ally fair to-morrow and Eo&day, whilt the touthwan! toeat thuadrhwn fr- ably will continue. Temperature! wir r. hish except In Uit lakt reglsc. alihoct.. wnl bt toniewfcat colr to-morrow i outhtrn upper take and wtJtem ta!i slor.s and on Sun jay In the middle Alias Statei. Obnnlo.",i at L'nlttd Statei Wcau-t-Bcrtau tiatlotu, at S T JL ytttrrji f-enty-flfth ratrfdlan tlnit. Temperature RaWs ! tat U hr. Raro- last 14 Station!. Illth. Low. meter. tr. Wat!i- of New York ' rontIr-UI"X ooaaar in Mrjfuim . t Ablltst 9 7 .s; c- Altany SO M S.TO -S3 VvA- Atlantic City. 71 M ZM .11 Raltlroort ... K - 7S .7S C-t D&sartlc . .. M M .(C .. cifi- Boiton M 72 74 OsvC Buffalo .... 7S 68 .S2 .S Raia Cincinnati ... X 7S 3.50 .. c.r Charltston ... M 7 .M .. pi C Chicago BS 7 SJ.M . Cl't- Cleveland ....W Cd SD.SJ .. rt . ItnYtr 82 SS T)M CToa-r Detroit . ... K 70 S9.5S .04 Crf-jc- Galrtrtoo SS SO 10.00 C'ta' Htltna K SZ l . Jacltjonvlllt... SS 7 30.00 C.o.t- Kansas CIO'.. OS 7S So cie- I Los Antle. . S3 0 rj.W c.a Milwaukee . . fn; SO 2.w Cti: Ntw Orltaus. re 74 3.5 ; cioa-! Oklahoma ... W 74 aM .1 c:s- Philadelphia . fl 71 31.7 Cloj; Pltuburg ... bs 72 M.72 Pi C j Port I and, Me.. 74 S4 2J.74 .70 Cl0Ji Portland, Ort. 7S M 30.02 . . Pt C "j Salt Lake Clt M 74 23 JK .. Clv.i- San Antonio.. M 7 29.90 .. Ot- 3an Diego.... 74 R a.W .. Cita San Francisco 01 .'.4 2?.?S Cla.- St. Louis .... PS S3 29.S2 Clta- St. Iaul M 7S 29 8S . . CU- Washlaiton .. 76 29.S0 .. Pt.C. tr LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. S A M. J P V. Raremtttr 29.93 2TT Humidity no Wind direction S. f' W Wind tlocIty t IS Weather rt. Cldy Pt C t. The temperature la tjiia city y.n'.rdi' I J ri y tht official therraem.t.r. ( thown In the acneaed table: irtcipitaiion s Swi 8 A. M...SO 9 A. M. . .69 1 P. M...7S 6 P. M. . II 7 I' M . r M : 9 1' J! 1,1 10 p m :j 2 P. M...79 3 P. M. . .SO 4 P. M...S1 5 P. M. . .S2 10 A. M...77 11 A. M. . .72 12 M 7C. 1820. 9 A. M....W) 12 M 74 1919. 15)1 It It P. M. t T3 t P. M . . 50 SO 12 Mid. . : 71 71 3 P. M....W Highest temperature, K, at 3 P M Lowttt ttraptrsturt, SS, at 6 A M Average temperature. 74. EVENTS TO-DAY. "The fiiatt Tarli at Dttll't Lsit. Wti ' lecture by Dr. A. R. Stout In the Mjh.-s Building of the Botanical Cardi-n. Tw'.x Park. T P. M. Esperanto Association of North Amt'.-a. business station, Bahal Library. 41. Midii-i avenue, to A. M. : txcurslon to Inttn:' Park, 2 r M.; tnusicale and concert. &" logical Hall, 225 West Ftfty-elfhth itrtet. I P. M. ASK HYLAN TO ACT IN TILDSLEY'S CASE Defense Society Hints 'Loy alty' Cost Him Post. The American Defense Society r.xis public yesterday a letter to Mayer Hy lan calling Upon him to demand of ti Board of Education their reasons f" declining to re-elect Dr. John t. T:'dt ley a an associate superintendent Tv) request to the Mayor was contam-'d .r. resolutions adopted by tha so-iet) tait Wednesday. Thc resolutions set forth that t rii been published that "Dr. TI'ds'e.. ' 1 be disciplined . for his action Luney'a .Unrill Grn !c;it. 1.1-lt. The Coney ttlnml Mard! r.-ai be held September 13 to f ' ' These dates viere decMed uro i v meeting of the Coney tsUn . ' " Association last night, ti.t-.' f ' ' celebration will be dlsouMt '. at a in; n:xt Krlda night. I3f P. r. ' r?