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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, August 08, 1920, Image 1

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Partly cloudy to-day and to-morrow;
probably occasional thunder showers;
gentle to moderate south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, ,,84; lowest, 66.
hcisllj-d wrathur rupoit w til bo found on r SI.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, AUGUST 8, 1920 .-2:: ZliXX
New York. N. T.
Nominee for Wilson's Pact, (
1ml Declares Harding Is
Against Any.
Defends Article X. as Mon
roe Doctrine Applied to
Entire Earth.
Acceptance Speech Heard by
an Enthusiastic Throng on
Fair Grounds at Dayton.
Pt .i its CfrmwmtwH Ne
New TOSS Hbuld.
Dayton, Ohio, Aug. 7.--In formally
incepting the Democratic Presidential
ruination to-day Oov. James M. Cox
of Ohio assumed the role of champion
of Woodrow Wilson's League of Na
ming. The question of whether the United
Mates shall enter the league In con
cert with the other countries of the
world Oov. Cox described as the most
important which has confronted
America In a century. The issue he
attempted to draw squarely between
the Republican and Democratic par
ties. "Senator Harding, as the Repub
lican nominee for the Presidency, pro
poses In plain words that we remain
out of It," said Gov. Cox. "As the
Democratic nominee 1 favor going in."
Much of the acceptance speech, de
livered before a flag waving, cheering
host of Democrats massed In the
Montgomery County Fair Grounds, was
devoted to a defence of the league
covenant aa' President Wilson brought
tt home from France.
With all the bitterness and sar
casm at his command the Democratic
nominee assaulted the policies of Sen
ator Harding and what he termed the
&iyuwttk-abat ' led by Lodge, Pen
rose and SmoJt.
Karly Peace Promise Decried.
Senator Harding's promise of early
peace so quickly as a Republican Con
gress can pass its declaration for a
Republican President to sign. Oov.
Cox decried as meaning but one
thing a separate peace with Ger
many. Such a course, ho argued,
would make the United States an out
cast among the allied nations who
helped fight the Central Powers, now
Members of the league.
Oov, Cox opened the door for reserva
tions to the covenant, but he attached a
Itrlng tu prevent Its being swung suffi
ciently ajar to allow any reservation
tnat disturbs the vital principle.
Ford Cut Price to Meet
British Horsepower Tax
Special Cable Hespahh to Till SOU and
Nitw York Insuiti. Copyright, into, by
Tun Hi s am Nsw YoZK M, 'B.I
T ONDON, Aug. 7. An agency
of the Ford Automobile Com
pany has answered the threat of
the British Government to tax
foreign cars $5 per horsepower
by cutting the price of trucks
$2G0 and touring cars $126.
Agents of British cars can
not hide their annoyance of this
further competition from Amer
ica, while the users hope this will
bring on a general cut in the
price of all cars used in England.
Maibohm cars, also of Ameri
can make, have been marked
down $500 in four of the Eng
lish designs and in one American.
Acceptance Speech Shows
Nominee In Complete Ac
cord With President.
70,000 Immigrant! Landed:
at American Ports in
U. 8. Sues Reginald C. for
$84,685 and Frederick
W. for $92,090.
Japan Controls Country
Through .Military Coup,
Sun Vat-Sen Asserts.
Year 1915 Is Affected by
Action and Heavy Penal
ties Are Added.
Bituatjon of New Govern
ment Now Regarded as
Most Critical.
(500,000 CAME IN' YEAR ;
Unskilled Workers of Italy,
Spain and Central Europe
Crowd Liners.
Stand on League and His Mon
roe Doctrine Statement Brin?
.Toy to Republicans.
Iserial Id Tim Si n and New Tom HSSM
Washington, Aug. 7, Gov. 'ox has
been won over completely by the Wil
son wing of the Democratic party
and Is now in complete accord with
the President on the covenant of the
League of Nations, while the Demo
cratic Senators who voted for bind
ing reservations to Americanize ' the
covenant are left out in the cold by
the Democratic Presidential nominee.
This Is the view of Republican politl
caiobsen'crs here to-day after read
ing Gov. Cox's spoech of acceptance.
That It Is the correct view was Indi
cated by the general atmosphere of
.satisfaction In strictly Administration
quarters . this afternoon. Gov. Cox.
Administration officials agree, said
nothing sjbottt the peace treaty and
the league covenant that President
Wilson might not have said himself
In fact, his speech reads like one of
the President's trite pleas for ratifi
cation of the covenant without "nulli
fying reservations."
Oov. ("ox's remarkable statement that
the Monroe Doctrine is the "very essence
of Article X. of the Versailles covenant"
lias left mwic of the anti-Administration
Democrats and all of the ltepublli urn
gasping. How this article of the covenant, which
I'pon the subject of Article X., Which J PrPSS to drag the United States into:
uu roes or the treaty brand as particu
larly perilous to American security, Uie
nominee took up a defence that might
have done credit to Mr. Wilson. Article
he asserted, is the Monroe Doctrine
all over again, extending in Its applica
tion from the Western hemisphere to the
entire world.
Two reservations for which the Demo
cratic nominee has stood before were
put forward to solve the objections in
part They arei tlu a ,,atcment that
the purpose of the league is the preserva
tion of peace, and second, a statement
Hiat the United States wishes It under
stood that In Joining the league there is
no surrender of that constitutional pro
vision which gives to Congress the sole
light to declare war.
Senator James A. Reed (Mo.), one of
we most vigorous enemies of the League
f Nations in the Senate, whose stand
against the Administration led to his
wing denied a seat at the San Francisco
"omentum, is very much opposed to the
position taken on the league issue by
Gov. Cox, it became known to-day.
eed Tries to Chance Cox.
Sonutor Reed's course Is undetermined.
" was said by those close to him, al
though repeated efforts to reach him
tronnlly to obtain a statement proved
o he without avail. It was said he was
in a conference. It became known that
equator Reed, with an advance copy of
Oov. Cox's address in his possession,
'sited the Democratic nominee last
'light in an effort to have him change
hi' stand. This Gov. Cox refused to do.
Whether Senator Reed intends to bolt
the Democratic party could not be satd
definitely to-night. Some Democratic
'"ider were of the opinion that he
'ouldn't remain In the party and be con
ilstent. Senator Reed was one of the first to
a telegram of congratulations to
' rtx after his nomination. He at
led the notification celebration to.
y. hut left before It was over, Immt
lateljr after the statement with regard
league of Nations had been
Ob domestic Issues Gov. Cox pledged
?.w to a repeal of war taxes. In
H ining excess profits taxes and con
'imption taxes. National taxation, he
"d. could be reduced by two billion
'"' 'rs R year. He promised to cut by a
1 TO ystem the cost of national Gov-
nrnr-nt t0 four b1on doa a yeJ.
melmling the lnkmt ft, lhe ,.
MSt cn the national debt.
As i substitute for tho excess profits
' '?v Cox proposed a small tax.
I- 1 to m per cent, on the total
,"ss of every going concern, sug
fT ln exemption from Its application
r i. ''arners, salaried men. agri-
and small business men. The
7jWal la not new, having been con-
and rejected by the Ways and
ps Committee.
Pedal appeals for business and tabor
Conirtufd on Seventeenth Pag.
Sptnal In Tits Sin and Nsw TOSS Heiai.p.
Washington, Aug. 7. Unskilled ln
bor of Europe again is beginning to
flow toward tho United States In n
tide nearly equal to pre-war days.
Seventy thousand Immigrants land
ed at American ports In June, ac
cording to U announcement by Commissioner-General.
Camlnettl of the
Immigration Rureau, and a slightly
lrrger number in the preceding month
oi Ma'. Compared with a year ago
tills shews 100 per cent. Increase In
now arrivals.
Unskilled labor now is scarce
throughout tho United States. A
plentiful supply means lower cost of
operation, increased production and
Cheaper commodities for American
citizens and the Immigrants, according
to some officials here. It also means
reduced wages, according to lalior
leaders. A fight to pass laws to re
strict immigration is being planned by
the American Federation of Ijibor of
ficials and undertaken on direct orders
of the recent convention of the Fed
eration. New restrictive laws prob
ably will bo introduced in Congress
immediately after it convenes In De
cern ber.
Meanwhile the flow of immigrants is
expected to grow larger, officials here
say. Oppressed by high taxes result
ing from the war. lack of empJoymwit
because of factories not yet rehabili
tated and strained general economic
conditions, the workors of Italy, Spain
and Central Europe are flocking to the
United States. America again looms to
them an the "land of nromise mnA
plenty" as It did before August 4, 1914.
Steerage decks of every large liner
urm crowneu wun taces us they enter
United States harbors. Immigration
stations are working overtime. Immigra
tion officials arc rushed with hearings
to determine fitness of new arrivals to
become residents of the United States.
Immigrants arriving In the Govern-
j ments fiscal year aggregate more than
600,000 persons. At the rate at which
I they are coming the total for 1820
j should b- more than 1,000,000, officials
Taking into account that approxi
mately 400,000 persons left the country
during the fiscal year the net gain was
only 200,000.
Business men and Government officials
interested In seeing the Immigration
flood reach pre-war figures are not dis
couraged by the large number of de
partures. So long as the rate of ar
rivals remains as at present the net
gain will continue. The number of de-
it is pointed out
the territorial and political squabbles pi
Burope and permit Europe to take part
In directing affairs In the Western Hemi
sphere can be In any possible way com
patible with the Monroe Doctrine, un
der which the United States proposes to
keep out of European affairs and de-1 partures Is decreasing with each month,
imiun ilb luiciiuoii "i compelling cu-
rope to refrain from meddling with any
nation on this side of the Atlantic, is
more than the most agile sophist here
has been able to figure out.
Practically everybody In the Senate,
with the exception of a few Administra
tion leaders who accepted the Presi
dent's leadership without Independent
thinking, either privately or openly '
agreed that the Wilson covenant and the!
Monroe Doctrine were not reconcilable. Thc Amlltanla of the ,.unar u
The furthest the Administration leaders I wnU.,, Ieft Now York on Jul 31 made
,,.., In tl. .- arc, manlu .Iltrlna, thn !.,...- .... . . n . '
me iasi ass mues or the voyage to
Cherbourg on Friday In three hours and
forty-two minutes, beating the Maurc-
tania's speed record for short distances.
Phenomenal Record Presages
New Ocean Mark.
went in their arguments during the long
debate on the treaty was that the league
covenant did not nullify the Monroe
By devoting a third of his speech to
the treaty and the league covenant, and
relegating domestic questions to a place
of minor Importance, Gov. Cox has
bowed to the will of the President that
the league shall overshadow all other
issues in the campaign.
The Republicans here are delighted
with the political strategy by which
Senator Harding manoeuvred his much
puzzled opponent into this uncomfort
able corner. From this time forth In
the campaign all popular opposition to
the President's stubborn attitude on the
league, which has so long delayed the
return of peace, cannot help but be
directed against Gov. Cox.
Consolidation With A. F. of L.
in Prospect.
Atlantic Citt, Aug. 7. Frank Mor
rison, secretary of the American Fed
eration of Labor, stated hero to-day at
a meeting of the executive council of the
federation that the prospects for event
ual consolidation of the "Big Four"
railroad brotherhoods with the A. F. of
L. are "brighter than ever." Mr. -Morrison
said that "a threatened abandon
ment of negotiations for the merger has
been temporarily halted."
"You can say positively," he continued,
"that the engineers' application for ad
mission has not been withdrawn. The
rase of the conductors In In the course
of adjudication."
It is believed that the railroad con
ductors kill accede to the suggestions
of the A-nalgamated Order of Trolley
Employees concerning Jurisdictional dis
tinctions, and that the executive board
of the conductors will vote to come Into
the federation.
Announcement was made that 11.000
pipe fitters working for the railroads
are to be returned to the plumbers' and
rteam fitters' brotherhood, thus settllnr
another Jurisdictional dispute.
The last leg of the Aqultanlu's trip was
made at an average speed of 27.40 knots,
which is equal to thirty-one land miles
an hour.
A message received yesterday from
Capt. Sir J. T. W. Charlss said that the
Aqultapla reached Cherbourg at 3:42
o'clock Friday afternoon, making the
passage of 3,285 miles In six days one
hour and twelve minutes. The best
day's run was WS miles, which was
made during tho twenty-three hours
from noon to noon going eastward. Be
fore the ship left this port her engineers
declared she would beat her own record
of a twenty-four knots average and
the record of tho Mauretanla as well as
soon as she got used to oil fuel. Her
speed with coal as fuel had never been
as great as the builders expected.
The Mauretanla still Jiolds the speed
record -for an entire voyage, but tho
Aquitania's record of 27.40 knots, a
speed maintained for nearly four hours.
Is regarded as phonomenal. and the pre.
diction is made now that the old rec
ords of the Mauretanla soon will be
iinpfe Sums Charged Off as Not
Liable to Assessment by
Government. j?
Reginald C. Vandorbllt and IVed
trick W. Vanderbllt are accused of
Hiking Income tax returns for the
ear 191 j that were "Incorrect" in an
income tnx auit begun yesterday in
the United States District Court by
Francis (J. Cftffoy, United States At
torney. Tho Government seeks to collect
134,683 from Reginald C Vanderbllt,
who is alleged to havo reported that
he had no taxable Income. The Gov- j
ernment asserts that he should have
paid a tax on $443,828.72. From Fred
erick W. Vanderbllt the Government j
demands $92,090. 83, charging that,'
though he paid n tax for 1915 of J
$115,399, lie should have paid one of i
With the complaint was fllcd a stipu
lation w herein Anderson & Anderson.
attorneys for the VonderblHS consented ,
not to demur to or challenge the Gov-
crtunent'i pJiegatlon that the returns i
originally tiled were "Incorrect," and
that the word "incorrect" should also
be taken to imply that the returns were j
"misleading, false and fraudulent."
The Government's claim of $92,096.83 ',
against Frederick W. Vanderbllt In
elUdet a penalty of 5 per cent, and In- ;
ti rest, anil the complaint declares that I
Ids "return of the net Income for the :
calendar year ending December 31, 1915, I
was incorrect and misleading, and fulled
to set forth and show the true net In-'
conio of the defendant for the period on j
wbieti Ujc normal tax oi 1 per c-mt. was i
to be calculated within the meaning and j
intent of the uct of Congress, and that
Um) true and correct net Income of the !
defendant for that year on which the
tax was to be calculated was the sum
of $1,562,987.07.
"That by reason of the aforesaid the
defendant became liable to lay to the
United States an additional tax for that
year amounting to $87,711.27, said sum j
being the difference between thc sum of ;
$203,110.29. the tax legally due, and the
sum of $115,399, the tax actually paid." j
The amount of the penalty at tho rate
Of 5 per cent. Is $4,385.56, so that with j
Interest, the Government's claim Is for J
Concerning Reginald Vanderbllt, the
sutl specific that for the same calen
dar year he reported a gross Income of
$217,:tl 02, deductions allowed by law of
$84,479.06 and other exemptions aggre- ,
gallon $210,951.19, so that there was noth
ing left after making- the deductions
upon which to pay any income tax.
The Government contends, however,
that all these figures were incorrect, .
and the complaint nays:
"That the true and correct gross In-
come for that year Is the sum of $654.
770.1 and that the true and correct net
taxable Income upon which the tax was
to be calculated Is $43,R28.74; that by rea
son of the defective return the defend
ant became liable to pay to the United i
States a tax amounting to $30,033.80 for
the year 1915 on Income, that sum being I
the difference between $33,775 (the net !
Income he reported) and the taxes le-
gaily duo and the sum of $3,741.20; that I
by reason of the premises the defendant 1
Is required to pay the penalty, amount
lug to 5 per cent, of thc additional tax, i
or the sum of $1,661.69."
Frederick William Vanderbllt is a j
b. jther of the late William Klsmm Van- ,
derbllt and Of George Washington Van- j
derbllt, and sarceeded to the control of ,
the Vanderbllt Interests on the death of
his brother In Paris last month. Reg
inald Claypole Vanderbllt Is a brother '
of Cornelius Vanderbllt 3d and of the i
late Alfred Gywnne Vanderbllt, and Is
Dtst known as a breeder and exhibitor
Of show horses. He Is a nephew of I
Frederick Vanderbllt.
Crushing of Gen. Tuan Proved
Finishing Blow to Hopes
of Nation.
Pan-Germans Fight Allies' Demands With
Strike Which Halts Coal Mining in Sarre
fjMtfeJ Co Wit Denpatrh to Tub Bin HD Nkw York Hrtur i. Copyright, t!20, by Tim Bp
AM) Nkw Yokk rlKOAI.P-
JXrVRIS, Aug. 7. Pan-Germans in thc Sarre Valley huve opened a
fight against the Spa coal decision by calling a general strike which
becamo effective this morning, at which time the transporting and
mining of all coal was stopped.
The ttrikerR not only declare their intention to prevent shipping
coal into France but are demanding the reestablishmcnt of all rights
held by the German nation as before the armistice, while tho more
radical groups demand the withdrawal of French troops and the de
parture of members of the League of Nations from the administrative
The situation admittedly is serious and it is understood to be
more than likely that the region will be under martial law within the
next twenty-four hours. Stoppage of the mines means a reduction of
50,000 tons daily in the coal optput.
ind and France Alone
-Maintain Diplomatic
Unity of Action.
France Sees Soviets Not as
Government, but as So
cial Plague.
Allies Had Hoped for Moral
Support as Beds Press
Nearer Warsaw.
.Vprein! Cable ncpatch tn Tun BcM OT N8)
TOM llmon. Cnpirffllif, Mi, 111 Tin; Kln
and Nsw York HriiAiu.
Tokio, Aug. 6 (Delayed). -Conditions
now obtaining In China its a re
sult of developments In Pekin follow
ing the antl-Amfu revolt aro worse
than any known In thc recent history
of the country nnd pro-Japanese reac
tionaries aro In complete control of thc
northern part of the republic, accord
ing to a statement by Dr. Sun Yat
sen, formerly Provisional President of
ChlniL He declared that Chang Tso
Iln, formerly Inspector-General of the
three Eastern Provinces, with an army
if 300,000 men, was completely the
master of the situation and is holding
I'ekln, from which the aitti-.Iapa:icse
liberals were excluded.
Many persons who believed that the
crushing of Gen. Tuan Chi -Jut meant
a setback for Japan's plans Were "wil
fully mistaken." he declared, adding
that Gen. Tuan's defeat was really
engineered by Japan.
He asserted that Gen. Tuan recently
made an alliance with leading South
Chinese against the Japanese. Refore
the truth of this new alignment was
known among the Chinese, he said,
Japan swiftly utilized the existing
anti-Japanese feeling In Gen. Tuan's
own army and among his political op
ponents, thus succeeding in eliminat
ing him.
A majority of the Chinese and prac
tically all foreigners were fooled by the
Japanese tactics, lie said, and. therefore,
applauded Gen. Tuan's downfall as a
blow struck agninst Japan, whereas ex
actly the opposite was true.
Thus .Inpan, through Oen. Chang Tso
lln. Is now supreme In China, he de
clHred, and China's position Is more
critical than at any time during the
republlr, while the Powers wholly mis
understand the situation. He asserted
that China to-day faces greater chaos
and more confusion. This, he believed,
would lay thc foundation for a new
revolution, starting from the bottom, and
which would wipe out the reactionaries.
Dr. Pun expressed the opinion that
pence between the Northern and the
Southern factions was postponed indefi
nitely. When he was asked If Japan had a
monopoly of anti-Chfnese designs, Dr.
Hun replied: "All the Powers oppose
the new China, Vested Interests have
known What tn eXPSCt under old condi
tions. It Is not knoWTJ what new con
dlUona will be produced and, therefore,
they uphold the reaction."
Holds Up Armistice Envoys
Until Beds Guarantee State's
Lloyd George, With Army and
Navy Heads, Meets Soviet
Envoys To-day.
Citizens of Warsaw Called to Capture of Warsaw Considered
Choose Between 'Victory No Block to Eventual
and Slavery. Settlement.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen Is well known In
America and Is one of the leading revo
lutionaries In China. He Is lae son of
a London mission convert and was edu
cated at the Alice Memorial, Hongkong,
from which he was graduated in 1892.
He was prominent In the Canton con
spiracy in 1895, after the failure of
which he fled to Macao. Later he came
to America, preaching his doctrine of re
form In China, to which he gained many
converts in thc United States and In
England. He was in Kngland when
the Wu-chang outbreak occurred
atait CerrtsnoaaVml " Tim Si n um Nw
YoK HMULt.. C,pri0f!f, IDffl, b!l The Si N
ami New Yohk HSMU).
Hrkun, Aug. 7. The Polish Cabinet
gave the entire day to-day to a dis
oussion of the Russian peace confer
ence, says a Warsaw despatch, and
decided to wait before sending envoy
to the nplshevikl until the Soviet Gov
ernment accepts the two Polish con
ditions. They arc, first, recognition of
Polish sovereignty, and, second, the
obligation Of Russia not to mix In
internal Polish affairs. The original
plan to send peace delegates to Minsk
Immediately was defeated.
The Polish delegation is to be com
posed of representatives of the Cabinet,
army and Parliament. In the negotia
tions at Haranovltchl the Soviets were
represented solely by army officers.
One meeting was held In a sleeping car,
and was described as having been free
from unpleasantness.
A civilian committee of eleven mem
bers was named in Warsaw to-day to
organise the defence of the capital, fol
lowing the Issuance of a proclamation
which stated :
"Citizens ok W.nsw : The en
emy is only a few versts from War
saw. The capital of Poland is faced
by a threatening danger. Will nu
remain Inactive, or will you conduct
yourselves like slaves? Never:
Heroic l"iriberg marshalled thou
sands of volunteers, and In her hour
of danger all Iemberg was under
"Warsaw, which also has many
famous pages In her history, must
follow Imberg's example. All cltl
sens must organlxe for the defence
of the capital.
"The hour has come. Tlicro Is no
choice. Either war to the utmost
here with victory, or slavery ! The
capital shall not surrender ! Cltlxens,
to arms I"
Part Adds Denlnl to That From
London on Resorted Plan.
Pahis, Aug. 7. The Foreign Office has
Issued a categorical denial of despatches
of a press agency, purporting to be from
San Sebastian, stating that the Council
of the League, of Nations had decided
on the creation of ad International gen
eral staff.
The French Foreign Office denial fol
lows a similar denial from the head
quarters of the League of Nations at
I.,. ml, mi. which stated that the agency
despatch "grossly misrepresented" the
action taken at San Sebastian as being
the creation of a military staff, whereas
the actual purpose was to decrease mili
tary artnamenta.
Fireman Has Narrow Escape
Plot Is Suspected.
Detroit, Aug. 7. Authorities are in
vestigating what they believe may have
been an attempt to dynamite a portion
of the Ford Motor Company's plant here
...-u. tn.Hnv when a ouantitv of dyna-
; mite, wrapped In a towel, was found by
a flr'emun In the engine room of the dry
i kiln as he was about to throw rubbish
I Into the furnace.
The dynamite was traced to one of
! the waste paper baskets In the factory
!ard. from which It is the custom to
; gather rubbish for burning.
1 Several men were detained this af
' ternoon, but released after examination.
Governor Spent Penny for
Each Thousand Votes.
! ."prcinl fn Tiir St N .no Nsw Voik Hbjim d.
I Topeka. Aug. 7. It cost Oov. Allen a
' penny a thousand for his majority In
the Kansas primary. The Oovernor
I spent the whole sum of 80 cents In
I postage In sending out his petition for
the nomination for Oovernor. He had
, no other campaign expenses.
It is generally estimated that his ma
rjority will be more than eighty thousand.
en the Oovernor's expense may be less
I thsn one cent for each thousald of hl
It Is Approved by Diplomatic
Advisory Council.
By the Associated Prcta.
ToKto, Aug. 6 (delayed). Japan's
answer to the American note on the sub
ject of the Japanese occupation of the
northern half of the, island of Snghalln
was decided upon by the jCablnet to
day and later was approved by the
diplomatic advisory council.
This council is composed of eminent
Japanese and served as a sort of modern
body of elder statesmen, counselling the
Cabinet with regard to the policies of
the empire.
Tacoma, Wash.' Aug. 7. Reiterating
his statement regarding the existence of
what he termed an organized system of
smuggling Japanese Into the United
States, Representative Albert Johnson,
chairman of the House (Committee on
Immigration and Naturalization, to-day
said he would submit 1 evidence first to
the Departments of 8tate and Labor.
Within six hours of the Issuance of his
first statement on the subject eight Japa
nese, he said, were taken from the
steamship Eastern Temple at Seattle in
an attempt to enter the United States
Illegally and two others escaped In a
rowboat. He said such Incidents wero
proof that Japanese were lllagally enter
ing the country, but added the opinion
that the Japanese Government was
Ignorant of the routes used.
Home Henri Allies HaTe Author
Ised Occupation.
Rome, Aug. 7. Authorisation to oc
cupy Constantinople has been given the
Oreeks by the Allied patlons, according
to a despatch received by the Oiervotorc
Direct Constantinople advices have
given no Inkling that any such action as
Indicated in the foregoing was con
templated by the Allies, and there Is no
confirmation of the report from any
other source.
Red Cross and Y' Workers
Ready to Leave.
By the Associated Prtss. q
Warsaw. Aug. K (delayed). The re
moval of the secret file and other i-rcords
o'. the American Legation in Warsaw
began to-day. The Hrst shipment, In
charge of John Campbell White of the
Legation, was guarded by eight soldiers
of the American Typhus Expedition.
Jay P. Moffatt, Secretary of the U-ga-
tlon. Is remaining here and will aecom-
nanv the Polish Government if the Bol
shevist advance makes its transfer nec
Tho exodus of the population from the
city Is continuing. All women Red Cross
workers will leave here within the next
few days. Groups are leaving here on
every train for Danslg. Nearly nil the
Younr Men's Christian Association work-
; ers have left the city. The joint dls
! trlbution committee has closed Its rta
1 tlon here.
t'zrcho-Slovakla Issnes Statement
In Rnaso-Pote Conflict.
Paris, Aug. 7. Ciecho-Slovakl i has,
Issued a declaration of neutrality In the '
struggle between Russia and Poland, ac- i
cording to a Prague despatch to the I
The statement, which was Issued by
rw Milliard Hones, the Foreign Minister.
j also-announces -the Government's neu
trality in an nussian anairs in general.
Polish Women In Red Cross.
Csaoow, Poland, Aug. 5. Forty-nine
women's civic organisations having a
membership of 100.000 were merged Into
a Women's National Service Society
I here to-day, and offered their services to
i the American rica cross lor emergency
I work.
Five freight cars have beer, recon
structed snd equipped here for travelling
hospitals in the last five nights.
Fjirnal Coble Despatch to Tits Pcn AND Nsw
Yoik Hksai.p. Copyright. 1010, by T:is Sin
ami N'SW Yo:ik Hrrxin.
London, Aug. 7. Premier Lloyd
George went to Hythe to-night to
meet Premier Mlllorand to-morrow,
with the Russian situation consid
erably improved. Tt is reported that
as a result of a five hour conference
with Gregory Krasslne nnd Leo Kam
er.eff, Soviet envoys, yesterday only one
point now separates the British and
Russians. Noverthelesp tho second
meeting at Hythe to-morrow will be
accompanied by all the warlike ac
cessories which made the Germans at
Spa finally agree to disarmament and
the coal terms.
Premier Lloyd George is accom
panied by Lord Curzon, Foreign Sec
retary; Field Marshal Sir Henry Wil
son, and. significant -of tho steps con
templated, also by ' Baron Reatty.
Marshal Foch Is to accompany Pre
mier Millerand. They will cross thc
Channel aboard a destroyer early to
morrow morning.
Whnt may be the single point stand
ing between the employment of all that
Marshal Foch. Sir Henry Wilson and
BafJOn Reatty represent In the way of
naval and military power that might
be used against Russia has not been
Lloyd George and Andrew Bonar Law
are adamant that hostilities must cease
and that the Soviet envoys must be
ready to report the halting of the Red
advance by to-morrow.
In the meanwhile reports from the
lighting front Indicate that the Reds
may be able to report cessation of the
fighting-, but not until after the attain
ment of their cherished object the fall
of Warsaw. There Is a distinctly more
optlmlBtlr feeling In all official circles j
here to-night. While no specific basis
was stated for this, it was pointed out
generally that the original allied de
mands for the protection of Poland did
not exclude the possibility of the Reds
taking measures to assure disarmament
so lomg as they permit Poland her own
form of government.
Hence it was suggested that the cap
ture of Warsaw, which Is quite possible
to-night In view of the latest meagre
reports, would not block peace, provided
Moscow gives adequate guarantees or
the ultimate withdrawal of the Bolshe
vlkl outside ethnographical Poland.
Hence it Is believed here that either !
Gen. Wrangel or the presence of allied I
missions with the Poles, particularly j
the presence of Gen. Weygand, Marshal
Koch's chief lieutenant, would constitute
a doubtful element in the settlement
w iii i ii ii:im .run i uiny ivi HBsinc were in
some quarters reported actually to have
recommended to Moscow last night.
Whatever It Is, observers predict that
after the diplomatic victory the Reds
scored In answer to Lloyd George's last
declaration the Premier will have to
"stand a raise to avoid a call" with the
suit of military action In his hands shy
one card unanimous support of thc
British people.
The .Voruinp Post is practically thej
sole press supporter of going to the mill-1
tary aid of the Poles and Is going the
limit against thc Russians. Thc As
qulthlans nnd Labor organs are hostile,
while the others If not hostile are not
London reads the declaration of Count
Sforza. Italian Minister of Foreign Af
fairs, yesterday, as being largely for
home consumption. It was admitted
that Ttaly would like to stand out
against a blockade of Russia, realizing
her own future economic dependency for
gMS n, which she expects to get In trade
for automobile lorries, and that it was
necessary for Count Sforza to go on rec
ord to this effect for Russian benefit
as well as at home, where a bitter brend I
shortage la Imminent But it was
pointed out that while Italy may dissent'
from the principle of the blockade she
la powerless to interfere, and once Im-
posed upon she will necessarily "acquiesce I
In it. I
The Greenbrier, all rear-round, one night on !
coDUrtSM0UlMper. l)ooklos!'LAZA.J-4rfv
Evacuation of Warsaw
To-day, Berlin Reports
T ONDON, Auk. 8 (Sunday).
Warsaw will be evacuated to
day by the Polish Government
and representatives of the allied
nations, according: to a Berlin
despatch to the London Times
under date of Saturday. The re
port adds tha,t the Polish Govern
ment will retire to Cracow.
Stall Correspondent of Tim Si n and Nsw
Vozk HnuLn. Copyright, Mil, bv Tits ScN
Paris, Alls.'. 7. Opinion here Is be
coralng more nnd more alarmed nt
i lie repercussion throughout Conti
neutftl Europe over the military suc
cesses of the Bolshevlkl sgalnii
Poland ami the Billed hesitating1 pol
icy. Premier Millerand nnd Marshal
Foch left here to-night for the
Hythe conference. They are believed
to be hopeful, but not confident, of
getting Premier Lloyd George to meet
the situation with firm measures and
by adopting an allied policy that will
be more alone tho Hue of the r'rencli
theory that the Soviets represent not
a Government but a social plague,
with whose emissaries It Is useless Co
parley in the ordinary diplomatic
Every day's developments seem to
moke clearer that the Holshcvikl in
the llrst place have badly broken the
allied diplomatic front maintained
through the war nnd the Peine Con
ference. nnd in the second place to
have started o new fermeututloa
among the radical elements in monj
countries. Roth of those conditions
are giving the French u bad wise of
nerves. So far as the diplomatic
fronts are concerned France aud Eng
land are the only two nations trying
to hold together, Italy and the smaller
nations created by the peace treaty
which once bowed to thc Central En
tente's authority now adopting their
own policy and a new grouping
in which they are scheming for am--liltions
nnd playing the part as usuaL
Wuahlnarton Disappoint.
All this Is being blamed here on the
bad peace treaty, and this In turn is
laid to ITesldent Wilson's doors for
having forced his ideas on Europe.
Despatches from Washington, Indi
cating that the Wilson Administration
would not take a hand in the Russo
Pollsh situation, and was still offer
ing the league as the only panacea,
are causing surprise and disappoint
ment here; surprise because no one
sees how tho league could offer aiiy
effective assistance at present, and
disappointment because the French
Government had hoped the Wilson
Government would at least go ro fat
as to issue a statement of some kind
indicating moral support for Poland's
cause, which it was felt here might
have had considerable effect upon tho i
situation and particularly upon Ger- I
many, which being still technically at j
war, but desiring to rume relations,
professes not to know where the
United States stands officially with re
spect to the new Poland as constituted
by the peace treaty.
To add to tho fears entertained by
the French regarding Germany's atti
tude and the new tone of belligerency
Indicated by Dr. Simons, German For
eign Minister, in the threat to us
force if tho French cross Germany
toward Poland, is a secret treaty be
tween the Soviets and Austria, whose
terms wetre published yesterday in
Washington and comes as a complete
surprise to thc French Government.
Indicate New Allnnmeiit.
This treaty, through the somewhat be,
nevolent neutrality of the C-ceh and
Italy's quasi recognition of the Soviet
Government, Indicates new alignments in
Central Europe which the French re
gard as giving great encourugement to
the Germans to break the Versailles
In the opinion of more than one diplo
matist here, the Soviet leaders are clev
erly taking advantage of the general
European mess due to the fact that tin
peace treaty was superimposed upon tin.
league of Nation's covenant which will
not work or at least not In the present

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