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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, AUGUST 8, 1920.
3 Strange Fate Befalls Cup Yachts After Their Racing Days The America Serves as Museum After Thrilling Adven tures in Blockade W recked on For tune Hunting Cruise By FRANK. L. CURTIS. -r t-IIKN' Shamrock IV. was undergoing A her final grooming for the Cup races ' at Jacobl'l shipyard In City Island i monthl ago Hob Jacob! who known m all, from the Old America down, noticed a working KhoonoY heading into the little arboi under sail and power. Her graceful . k w re reminiscent of better day. Rob yoked again, and recognized the famous uid Puritan, defender of the American Cup S85, when she twice defeated the chal lenger Oeneata, Whal becomea of the Cup yachts? Gone the shown of yesteryear are moat of iom glorioua old vikings the challenger." n I defender! of the hundred guinea pewter II Queen Vlctorin offered as a prize sev , ritj yearn ago for a race around the Isle of One of the Famed Old Ftacers Smuggles Whiskey, While Commnoplace Trade Has Become the Lot of Others Modern Ones Scrapped he turned the other bMt over to the prime" and she was used as a training yacht tOI them. The Meteor I. the old Thlsth mm a Watson cutter, built on the Clyde, The Volunteer win lengthened after ho race with Thistle and turned into a schoon er. Hhe Is now a trader In the Azores ser vice. Four yachts were built to defend the Cur when Lord Dunraven challenged with tin 1 I i d 37TV1 wiKiuiMfi. -ria r.it KtvSV TIP'S. TrX . ' . ! B 3)m J BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBm Mm M BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBIBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBm III A yV mt mm wbl. would be defender. VPiNIIIL. DtiMAtSUt ana kitSOLUTE. BggTg .n'i-.n-r.i!;iMTiM.h-i'i'i!N'iliiil7y Wight. The modern boats, built for speed rithout retard to seaworthiness, have been broken up for the value of their lead, spars .nd sails. Pome of the sturdy old ones, like the Puritan, are still afloat and in honest One, at least, and it would be unfair tell her name. Is engaged In the whiskey smuggling business, and was identified by a I of the writer down in Delaware Bay about three weeks ago. Most famous of all, the America, from Which the Cup derives .Its name, is now laid Lawley'l shipyard In Boston. She was offi red for sale recently, and would probably gone into the Aaores-New Bedford trade had not a syndicate of yachtsmen of the Eastern Yacht Club bought her with the intention of anchoring her in the Charles River, or at Marhlehead, as a yacht museum. Tile America was designed by (ieorge Kt i rs builder of famous pilot boats, and her owmera were George L. Schuyler, C. and Edwin A. Stevens, James A. Hamilton and Hamilton Wilkes. She was a m r 88 feet on the waterline, 22 foot beam and 11 foot draft. She was the fastest In this country and in 1851 her owners M-nt her to England to sail in the races there The story of her victory over the entries of the Royal Yacht Squadron has been Old many times. The prize she won was the Queen's Cup, since known as the America's Cup In 1857 the owners of the trophy, at the suggestion of Mr. Schuyler, transferred II to the custody of the New York Yacht Hub with an Instrument known as the original deed if gift," making it a perpetual International prize. Once a Blockade Runner. The Ami rica was blockade runner in the Civil Wat and was sunk in the St. John's IUv . r in Florida, by a Confederate gunboat. Afti r the war she was raised and was sailed is yai bt for years under various owners. All the America's rivals in the Isle of Wight f an out of existence now. They were sturd old vess,.s. and many of them went Into pilot boat or fishing service. Herreahoffa wonderful sloop Resolute, which defended the Cup this year, calls to mind the old Resolute, one of the finest of the old schooner yachts. She sailed In the race for the America's Cup which the Magic won In IS70. Cambria, the British chal i'nger. finished tenth. . After many years service as a yacht the Resolute was sold for trade. Like many othi vessels Of her class, she went into the Azores-New Bedford service. There are a number of sailing ships engaged In the Im migrant service between the New England Pn una the Azores and Cape Verde Islands. ' bring over Portuguese and Spanish Inunlgranta, who are employed in the mills and ccanberry hogs on Cape Cod during the I - -son. and carry them home when ; - won closes. The old Resolute is still in this trade and the America might have h" If the Boston syndicate had not bought Iter. The first defender. Magic, is one of the few its that have not been broken up. She Tfrehoard schooner and until a few Wai i ago was a coaster and fisherman along th Florida coast. She was laat heard from "t New 'Means, where she is In trade and "ill lervtoeablo, !r 1871 the Livonia raced the Columbia, (he only American yacht until this year that lost a race. Columbia was disabled and the Sappho defended the Cup In the two subse quent races. All these boats went into trade and Sappho was lost at sea. The next .challenger was the Countess of Dufferin in 1876. She was a Canadian schooner from the Great Lakes and was badly beaten by the Madeleine. The Count ess of Dufferin returned to the lakes and sailed as a yacht there for years. Eventu ally she was broken up. The Atalanta. another Canadian lioat. challenged In 1881. She sailed the Mischief, Some years after the race she was burned In Chic ago. where she was in service as a yai ht. Did Not Belie Her Name. The Mischief was a yacht ffcr some time railing from Boston. She was finally con verted into a working schooner and her sub sequent career was dubious. She was in trouble for smuggling on several occasions and more than lived up to her name. She. loo, has been broken up. Sir Richard Sutton challenged with the Genesta in 1885. She was a cutter built especially for racing, but was beaten by the Puritan. After the race Sir Richard "took her home and lived aboard of her until his death. His widow lived on the boat until her death a few years ago. The Genesta was unfit for trade and was broken up. The Puritan after being used as a yacht for years was converted Into an auxiliary schooner and Is engaged in tjie Azores trade. It was she that put in at City Island when the Shamrock was In dry dock there. She kept her sloop rig and was sold at auction In New York several years after the race with the Genesta. Commodore .1. Malcolm Forbes bought her then for $13,500. The Priscilla was one of the boats that sought the honor of defending the Cup in 1885, but was not chosen. She was used by Commodore A. Cass Canfield of the Sea wanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club for several years He altered her for the trials In 1886, but she was again unsuccessful. She was sold later to Robert Lenox Belnan and named the Elma. George H. Worthing ton of Cleveland finally bought her and had her on the Great Lakes until a few years ago, when she was sold for Junk and con verted Into a "party" Ubat. She is now. at Rhophead Bay and takes out Ashing parties. She went down to the races this year, but only a few of the old timers recognized her In her disguise as a motor iboat. The first boat built especially to defend the Cup was the Pocahontas, launched in 1881. She was a terrible failure, and afterward be came a fishing boat. In 1886 Lieut. William Henn. R. N., chal lenged with the cutter Galatea. She was de feated by the American sloop Mayflower. After the race Lieut. Henn kept the boat In Dartmouth harbor, in England, where he lived on her until his death, ('apt. Dan Bradford, who sailed her against the May flower, was In command until about twelve years ago, when Mrs. Henn died and the Calatea was broken up. The Mayflower was one of two boats built to defend the Cup; the other was the At lantic, a failure. The Mayflower was sold to Commodore E. D. Morgan and was In the trials for the races In 18S7. Iater she was converted Into a schooner and was used as a yacht for many years. In 19US five adventurous young men char tered her to seek treasure in a sunken Span ish galleon in the Carlbbeun Sea. The mod el n Argonauts were R. A. Derby, New York; Guy H. Scull, who was a Deputy Po lice Commissioner under Arthur Woods; 8. H. Noyes and Hayden Richardson of New York and S. S. Boylston of Baltimore. The party sailed from New York In Sep temper on the old Mayflower, which had been converted into an auxiliary schooner and was owned by the Southern Explora tion Company. They carried a crew of seven men. Aside from admitting their destina tion was the Caribbean, the treasure hunters surrounded their mission with secrecy. For two weeks they met with fair weather and their hopes for a successful voyage ran high. But two hundred miles east of Wat lings Island they ran into a terrific West In dian nurrlcane which was one of the worst storms ever encountered in those waters, ("apt. C. Harding in describing the May flower's experience said that for a day and a night the stanch little vessel scudded along with liare poles before the wind, tossed about like a cork by the enormous waves, which at times swept over her decks and carried away all movable objects. When day broke the wind was howling and the storm had greatly increased. At noon it reached the height of Its fury. Sev eral times the Mayflower, struck by huge waves, was thrown on her beam ends and twice was almost overturned. Her topmasts both times were under water as she lay on her aide, but by a miracle she succeeded In righting herself. It was a terrifying experience for all on board, and the treasure hunters, some of Police Billy in Red.White and Blue By FRANK N. EVANHOE, HERE is a suggestion for the police a weapon and badge of authority all In one. I call attention to the benefits that might be derived from the adoption of a ten inch billy made of wood and painted red, white and blue, especially in cases where policemen work In civilian clothes. As an effective weapon It would be a worthy substitute for the familiar blackjack which is made of a steel rod with a knob of lead or iron at the end, Is covered with leather and measures about seven inches. You can fracture a skull with a short snap o! the wrist. The symbolic significance of the colors, of course, becomes apparent at once white stands for peace, red for the good blood of good Americans and blue for law that Is, If the law la not too blue. The practical value of the colors Is scarcely less obvious. ' These are speedy times and the shield that the police officer wears and is good rnough In a way Is not fast enough for the crook of to-day. whose Joy In life Is get ting something from some one else and then beating the police who are giving chase and when caught beating the case In court. Should the police officer be required to get such a small billy painted or enamelled it would not cost much. Crooks who make a getaway with a machine could be quickly overtaken if the officer instantly could make his identity known. If he was In civilian ciothes he could commandeer a car of any good citizen without losing time in showing his shield, and from the number of shields cue sees nowadays it may be questioned by the good citizen. Now, we take a case of a man on a car or a crowd anywhere. The, cry is, "I lost my watch." People get excited. Should an officer get on the Job in plain clothes the shield has a poor chance to be seen, while if a red. white and blue billy were held aloft every one would know help was at hand no room for argument and the good citi zen would give a hand and stand. Should one draw a pistol people may think you are Retired Police Detective. craay or that the thing may go off and they go for cover. Should a police officer rush In he could not tell which was the thief at once, and by the time shields were shown and explanations were made some of the gang could get away, as often happens. Red, white and blue are emblematic and symbolic as well, and all good citizens stand by the colors of Old Glory. The meaning of this could be explained to the foreigner of other lands who comes to this good land of ours through the public schools, the natural ization bureau and Immigrant stations; they may never learn to read, but they can see red, white and blue and easily learn what It stands for, and that no one would have a right to have one unless he was authorized by law. By showing a billy; to any one he would not be apt to think that you were about to knock off his block. You take an officer who Is making an Investigation in a hotel or apartment house often people will not open the door on demand for some fear. You could hold up the little club to the transom and they would know that an officer of the law was on the other side. You go to any eity or town where there are crowds and the police are expected to form a line. To-day it Is the same as tt ever was: "Get back, get back -why in h don't you people get back?" Ac. Now, If the little club had red, white and blue on it he might call It his little "Betsy Ross." The officer would have a chance to say some thing like this: "Now, my good people, get back there and give little Betsy a chance to earn our money." It would put the gathering in a better frame of mind, and you could say the hard things any time after. It would give the officer a chance to talk at least, for anything with our colons on It gets attention. I dare say a crook would hesitate to pull the trig ger or attack the holder of a red, white and blue billy even if It were displayed by a man In civilian clothes. Any police officer will tell you that the defence when a policeman Is assaulted or his commands disobeyed al ways la, "I did not know he was an officer." whom had never seen a storm at aea, mo mentarily expected to see the little schooner founder. That afternoon, while the May flower was pounding her way through the sea, her mainmast went by the board and her foremast snapped off about twenty feet above the deck. The once famous defender of the America's Cup had become a hopeless derelict. In this condition she was sighted next morning by the steamer Advance of the l'anamu Railroad Company, which lay to and tried to give aid. Finding It Impossible to lower a boat and unwilling to waste any more time, the Advance steamed on her way to New York. Almost Yielded to Despair. As the smoke from the Advance's funnels fadeil away on the horizon the hope which had run high in the party of adventurers sank again and they gave themselves up for lost Just when it seemed that the poor old Mavflower would founder, and that her crew had endured all suffering humanly possible, the steamship Ran, from Daiquiri to Balti more, hove in sight and rapidly bore down on the sinking yacht. The Ran came as near as she dared, but like the Advance wus unable to lower a boat. She endeavored to throw a line over the Mayflower and rig a breeches buoy, but all tc no avail. In each attempt the line fell short. Then the captain of the Ran. al though he realized he was unable to give aid until the seas subsided, signalled that he would stand by until the end with the view of picking up what men he could after the Mayflower went down. That afternoon . the Hlppolyte Dumois, lalep with bananas from Port Antonio, Ja maica, to Baltimore, steamed up and Joined the Ran, manoeuvring about the ship wrecked vessel and trying to throw a line aboard her. 'By skilful seamanship Capt. Danlalson brought his ship to windward of the yacht and shot a line across her forward deck. A dozen eager hands seized It and a cheer Went up on the Norwegian ship when the rope was made fast to the Mayflower's broken mast. A breeches buoy was rigged and man after man was dragged to safety on the steamer's deck. After three sleepless bights and days they were a haggard look ing lot. The gallant old Mayflower, which had managed to keep afloat until her crew was rescued, sank almost Immediately. The Atlantic, which was built as a Cup defender and eliminated by the Mayflower, was sold to Wilson Marshall and Clinton Barnum Seeley, the latter one of the heirs of P T. Barnum. She also was converted into a schooner and was sailed as a yacht for several years, when she was broken up. Kaiier Got One of Them. In 1 SS7 the Volunteer defended the Cup aguinst the Thistle. The challenger went back to Scotland, where she was owned for some time by Sir James Bell. He sold her to the Emperor of Germany, the then Kaiser William II.. and her name was changed to Meteor. She was the first of an illustrious line of that name. The Kaiser sailed her often in English waters and It was she who sailed a dead heat with the Averna This race and the dead heat in the third race between the Resolute and Shamrock last month are the only two on record of two boats starting and finishing In exactly the same time. By a curious coincidence the time difference at start and finish in both races was nineteen seconds. When the Kaiser bought the Meteor II. Wh,ch HAS ONE. MfST from The CHMLENGEP, SHfWROCK . Tfie OTHER, from The CONSTITUTION. .... Valkyrie tt. in 1893. One of these, the Colonia, now the Corona, a schooner yacht and the property of Cleveland H. Dodge, Is the only surviving representative of the old SO-footer sloop class. The Corona is 86 feet on the waterline. She was out at the races this year. Another candidate wa.'l the Pilgrim, a freak fin keel boat, built by a Boston syn dicate headed by Bayard Thayer and Gen. C. H. Taylor. She had a cigar shaped hull with an enormous overhang, 128 feet over all. After the trials her fin keel was taken off and she was converted Into a power boat and went Into trade. A third aspirant to race the Valkyrie was the Jubilee, built for Gen. Patne. She was a combination of tin keel and centreboard another freak. For several years, the Jubilee was laltl up in Burgess's yard In Marblehend. She was eventually broken up. The successful defender. Vigilant, which beat the Valkyrie in three consecutive races, was afterward sold to George Gould, wfco took her abroad the following year with Hank Haff , her skipper. She raced In Brit ish waters, but was not notably successful, winning only three out of seventeen starts. She returned to this country In 1895. E. A. Wlllard had charge of her and she was used as a trial boat against Oliver Iselln's De fender that year. She has been broken up. In 18s5 Valkyrie III, another Watson sloop, wns lird Dunraven's challenger. She , ssiled against the Defender. This contest was marred by the British Earl, who pro tested the race on the ground that De fender's ballast had been tampered with. The charges were thoroughly Investigated and disproved. Corroded by Salt Water. Defender was a fast boat, but In one sense a freak, betng built of a combination of steel, aluminum and bronze, which corroded badly. She virtually ate heraelf up in the salt water and was broken up. All Sir Thomas Upton's Shamrocks have been broken up. The challenger Shamrock IV., designed by Charles Nicholson and notable for her spoon shaped hull, is now being de molished at Jacobs's yard In City Island. Three seventy footers were built to de fend the Cup in 1887. One of them, owned by J. Rogers Maxwell, was named Shamrock. She has been converted Into a power boat and took parties to the races last BMflth. On account of her name a report was circu lated that she was one of Llpton's Sham rocks. The only Upton Shamrock now afloat Is the 23 meter boat used as a trial horse for Shamrock IV. In the opinion of experts this stanch craft Is worth more than the Shamrock IV, Resolute and Vanltle put together. The schooner yacht Katoura, built by Her reshoff for Commodore Robert E. Todd In 1914, has the mast of Shamrock III. for her mainmast and .her foremast was the mast of the Constitution, unsuccessful candidate to defend the Cup In 1901. Another mast of one of Upton's Shamrocks serves as flag pole for the Atlantic Yacht Club at Sea Gate, where Sir Thomas had his steam yacht Vie toiia during the races this year. The mast of the Columbia is a flag pole In Queensboro Bridge plaza. The Columbia, Constitution, Independence (Thomas W. Lawson's unsuccessful boat) and Reliance have been broken up. The Resolute will probably lay up in Herreehoffs yard In Bristol, R. I, until another challenge is received. Vanitie Is now laid up at City Isla nd.