THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, AUGUST 8, 1920.
Strange Fate Befalls Cup Yachts After Their Racing Days
The America Serves
as Museum After
tures in Blockade
W recked on For
tune Hunting Cruise
By FRANK. L. CURTIS.
-r t-IIKN' Shamrock IV. was undergoing
A her final grooming for the Cup races
' at Jacobl'l shipyard In City Island
i monthl ago Hob Jacob! who known m
all, from the Old America down, noticed a
working KhoonoY heading into the little
arboi under sail and power. Her graceful
. k w re reminiscent of better day. Rob
yoked again, and recognized the famous
uid Puritan, defender of the American Cup
S85, when she twice defeated the chal
Whal becomea of the Cup yachts? Gone
the shown of yesteryear are moat of
iom glorioua old vikings the challenger."
n I defender! of the hundred guinea pewter
II Queen Vlctorin offered as a prize sev
, ritj yearn ago for a race around the Isle of
One of the Famed Old
Has Become the Lot
of Others Modern
he turned the other bMt over to the prime"
and she was used as a training yacht tOI
them. The Meteor I. the old Thlsth
mm a Watson cutter, built on the Clyde,
The Volunteer win lengthened after ho
race with Thistle and turned into a schoon
er. Hhe Is now a trader In the Azores ser
vice. Four yachts were built to defend the Cur
when Lord Dunraven challenged with tin
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mt mm wbl. would be defender.
VPiNIIIL. DtiMAtSUt ana kitSOLUTE. BggTg
Wight. The modern boats, built for speed
rithout retard to seaworthiness, have been
broken up for the value of their lead, spars
.nd sails. Pome of the sturdy old ones, like
the Puritan, are still afloat and in honest
One, at least, and it would be unfair
tell her name. Is engaged In the whiskey
smuggling business, and was identified by a
I of the writer down in Delaware Bay
about three weeks ago.
Most famous of all, the America, from
Which the Cup derives .Its name, is now laid
Lawley'l shipyard In Boston. She was
offi red for sale recently, and would probably
gone into the Aaores-New Bedford
trade had not a syndicate of yachtsmen of
the Eastern Yacht Club bought her with the
intention of anchoring her in the Charles
River, or at Marhlehead, as a yacht museum.
Tile America was designed by (ieorge
Kt i rs builder of famous pilot boats, and her
owmera were George L. Schuyler,
C. and Edwin A. Stevens, James A.
Hamilton and Hamilton Wilkes. She was a
m r 88 feet on the waterline, 22 foot
beam and 11 foot draft. She was the fastest
In this country and in 1851 her owners
M-nt her to England to sail in the races
The story of her victory over the entries
of the Royal Yacht Squadron has been Old
many times. The prize she won was the
Queen's Cup, since known as the America's
Cup In 1857 the owners of the trophy, at
the suggestion of Mr. Schuyler, transferred
II to the custody of the New York Yacht
Hub with an Instrument known as the
original deed if gift," making it a perpetual
Once a Blockade Runner.
The Ami rica was blockade runner in the
Civil Wat and was sunk in the St. John's
IUv . r in Florida, by a Confederate gunboat.
Afti r the war she was raised and was sailed
is yai bt for years under various owners.
All the America's rivals in the Isle of Wight
f an out of existence now. They were
sturd old vess,.s. and many of them went
Into pilot boat or fishing service.
Herreahoffa wonderful sloop Resolute,
which defended the Cup this year, calls to
mind the old Resolute, one of the finest of
the old schooner yachts. She sailed In the
race for the America's Cup which the Magic
won In IS70. Cambria, the British chal
i'nger. finished tenth. .
After many years service as a yacht the
Resolute was sold for trade. Like many
othi vessels Of her class, she went into the
Azores-New Bedford service. There are a
number of sailing ships engaged In the Im
migrant service between the New England
Pn una the Azores and Cape Verde Islands.
' bring over Portuguese and Spanish
Inunlgranta, who are employed in the mills
and ccanberry hogs on Cape Cod during the
I - -son. and carry them home when
; - won closes. The old Resolute is still
in this trade and the America might have
h" If the Boston syndicate had not bought
The first defender. Magic, is one of the few
its that have not been broken up. She
Tfrehoard schooner and until a few
Wai i ago was a coaster and fisherman along
th Florida coast. She was laat heard from
"t New 'Means, where she is In trade and
!r 1871 the Livonia raced the Columbia,
(he only American yacht until this year that
lost a race. Columbia was disabled and the
Sappho defended the Cup In the two subse
quent races. All these boats went into trade
and Sappho was lost at sea.
The next .challenger was the Countess of
Dufferin in 1876. She was a Canadian
schooner from the Great Lakes and was
badly beaten by the Madeleine. The Count
ess of Dufferin returned to the lakes and
sailed as a yacht there for years. Eventu
ally she was broken up. The Atalanta.
another Canadian lioat. challenged In 1881.
She sailed the Mischief, Some years after
the race she was burned In Chic ago. where
she was in service as a yai ht.
Did Not Belie Her Name.
The Mischief was a yacht ffcr some time
railing from Boston. She was finally con
verted into a working schooner and her sub
sequent career was dubious. She was in
trouble for smuggling on several occasions
and more than lived up to her name. She.
loo, has been broken up.
Sir Richard Sutton challenged with the
Genesta in 1885. She was a cutter built
especially for racing, but was beaten by the
Puritan. After the race Sir Richard "took
her home and lived aboard of her until his
death. His widow lived on the boat until her
death a few years ago. The Genesta was
unfit for trade and was broken up.
The Puritan after being used as a yacht
for years was converted Into an auxiliary
schooner and Is engaged in tjie Azores trade.
It was she that put in at City Island when
the Shamrock was In dry dock there. She
kept her sloop rig and was sold at auction
In New York several years after the race
with the Genesta. Commodore .1. Malcolm
Forbes bought her then for $13,500.
The Priscilla was one of the boats that
sought the honor of defending the Cup in
1885, but was not chosen. She was used
by Commodore A. Cass Canfield of the Sea
wanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club for several
years He altered her for the trials In
1886, but she was again unsuccessful. She
was sold later to Robert Lenox Belnan
and named the Elma. George H. Worthing
ton of Cleveland finally bought her and had
her on the Great Lakes until a few years
ago, when she was sold for Junk and con
verted Into a "party" Ubat. She is now. at
Rhophead Bay and takes out Ashing
parties. She went down to the races this
year, but only a few of the old timers
recognized her In her disguise as a motor
iboat. The first boat built especially to defend the
Cup was the Pocahontas, launched in 1881.
She was a terrible failure, and afterward be
came a fishing boat.
In 1886 Lieut. William Henn. R. N., chal
lenged with the cutter Galatea. She was de
feated by the American sloop Mayflower.
After the race Lieut. Henn kept the boat
In Dartmouth harbor, in England, where he
lived on her until his death, ('apt. Dan
Bradford, who sailed her against the May
flower, was In command until about twelve
years ago, when Mrs. Henn died and the
Calatea was broken up.
The Mayflower was one of two boats built
to defend the Cup; the other was the At
lantic, a failure. The Mayflower was sold
to Commodore E. D. Morgan and was In
the trials for the races In 18S7. Iater she
was converted Into a schooner and was
used as a yacht for many years.
In 19US five adventurous young men char
tered her to seek treasure in a sunken Span
ish galleon in the Carlbbeun Sea. The mod
el n Argonauts were R. A. Derby, New
York; Guy H. Scull, who was a Deputy Po
lice Commissioner under Arthur Woods; 8.
H. Noyes and Hayden Richardson of New
York and S. S. Boylston of Baltimore.
The party sailed from New York In Sep
temper on the old Mayflower, which had
been converted into an auxiliary schooner
and was owned by the Southern Explora
tion Company. They carried a crew of seven
men. Aside from admitting their destina
tion was the Caribbean, the treasure hunters
surrounded their mission with secrecy.
For two weeks they met with fair weather
and their hopes for a successful voyage ran
high. But two hundred miles east of Wat
lings Island they ran into a terrific West In
dian nurrlcane which was one of the worst
storms ever encountered in those waters,
("apt. C. Harding in describing the May
flower's experience said that for a day and
a night the stanch little vessel scudded
along with liare poles before the wind,
tossed about like a cork by the enormous
waves, which at times swept over her decks
and carried away all movable objects.
When day broke the wind was howling
and the storm had greatly increased. At
noon it reached the height of Its fury. Sev
eral times the Mayflower, struck by huge
waves, was thrown on her beam ends and
twice was almost overturned. Her topmasts
both times were under water as she lay on
her aide, but by a miracle she succeeded In
It was a terrifying experience for all on
board, and the treasure hunters, some of
Police Billy in Red.White and Blue
By FRANK N. EVANHOE,
HERE is a suggestion for the police
a weapon and badge of authority
all In one. I call attention to the
benefits that might be derived from the
adoption of a ten inch billy made of wood
and painted red, white and blue, especially
in cases where policemen work In civilian
As an effective weapon It would be a
worthy substitute for the familiar blackjack
which is made of a steel rod with a knob of
lead or iron at the end, Is covered with
leather and measures about seven inches.
You can fracture a skull with a short snap
o! the wrist. The symbolic significance of
the colors, of course, becomes apparent at
once white stands for peace, red for the
good blood of good Americans and blue for
law that Is, If the law la not too blue. The
practical value of the colors Is scarcely less
These are speedy times and the shield
that the police officer wears and is good
rnough In a way Is not fast enough for
the crook of to-day. whose Joy In life Is get
ting something from some one else and then
beating the police who are giving chase and
when caught beating the case In court.
Should the police officer be required to get
such a small billy painted or enamelled it
would not cost much. Crooks who make a
getaway with a machine could be quickly
overtaken if the officer instantly could make
his identity known. If he was In civilian
ciothes he could commandeer a car of any
good citizen without losing time in showing
his shield, and from the number of shields
cue sees nowadays it may be questioned by
the good citizen.
Now, we take a case of a man on a car or
a crowd anywhere. The, cry is, "I lost my
watch." People get excited. Should an
officer get on the Job in plain clothes the
shield has a poor chance to be seen, while
if a red. white and blue billy were held aloft
every one would know help was at hand
no room for argument and the good citi
zen would give a hand and stand. Should
one draw a pistol people may think you are
Retired Police Detective.
craay or that the thing may go off and
they go for cover. Should a police officer
rush In he could not tell which was the
thief at once, and by the time shields were
shown and explanations were made some of
the gang could get away, as often happens.
Red, white and blue are emblematic and
symbolic as well, and all good citizens stand
by the colors of Old Glory. The meaning of
this could be explained to the foreigner of
other lands who comes to this good land of
ours through the public schools, the natural
ization bureau and Immigrant stations; they
may never learn to read, but they can see
red, white and blue and easily learn what It
stands for, and that no one would have a
right to have one unless he was authorized
By showing a billy; to any one he would
not be apt to think that you were about to
knock off his block. You take an officer who
Is making an Investigation in a hotel or
apartment house often people will not open
the door on demand for some fear. You
could hold up the little club to the transom
and they would know that an officer of the
law was on the other side.
You go to any eity or town where there
are crowds and the police are expected to
form a line. To-day it Is the same as tt
ever was: "Get back, get back -why in h
don't you people get back?" Ac. Now, If the
little club had red, white and blue on it he
might call It his little "Betsy Ross." The
officer would have a chance to say some
thing like this:
"Now, my good people, get back there and
give little Betsy a chance to earn our
It would put the gathering in a better
frame of mind, and you could say the hard
things any time after. It would give the
officer a chance to talk at least, for anything
with our colons on It gets attention. I dare
say a crook would hesitate to pull the trig
ger or attack the holder of a red, white and
blue billy even if It were displayed by a man
In civilian clothes. Any police officer will
tell you that the defence when a policeman
Is assaulted or his commands disobeyed al
ways la, "I did not know he was an officer."
whom had never seen a storm at aea, mo
mentarily expected to see the little schooner
founder. That afternoon, while the May
flower was pounding her way through the
sea, her mainmast went by the board and
her foremast snapped off about twenty feet
above the deck. The once famous defender
of the America's Cup had become a hopeless
In this condition she was sighted next
morning by the steamer Advance of the
l'anamu Railroad Company, which lay to
and tried to give aid. Finding It Impossible
to lower a boat and unwilling to waste any
more time, the Advance steamed on her
way to New York.
Almost Yielded to Despair.
As the smoke from the Advance's funnels
fadeil away on the horizon the hope which
had run high in the party of adventurers
sank again and they gave themselves up for
lost Just when it seemed that the poor old
Mavflower would founder, and that her crew
had endured all suffering humanly possible,
the steamship Ran, from Daiquiri to Balti
more, hove in sight and rapidly bore down
on the sinking yacht.
The Ran came as near as she dared, but
like the Advance wus unable to lower a
boat. She endeavored to throw a line over
the Mayflower and rig a breeches buoy, but
all tc no avail. In each attempt the line fell
short. Then the captain of the Ran. al
though he realized he was unable to give aid
until the seas subsided, signalled that he
would stand by until the end with the view
of picking up what men he could after the
Mayflower went down.
That afternoon . the Hlppolyte Dumois,
lalep with bananas from Port Antonio, Ja
maica, to Baltimore, steamed up and Joined
the Ran, manoeuvring about the ship
wrecked vessel and trying to throw a line
aboard her. 'By skilful seamanship Capt.
Danlalson brought his ship to windward of
the yacht and shot a line across her forward
A dozen eager hands seized It and a cheer
Went up on the Norwegian ship when the
rope was made fast to the Mayflower's
broken mast. A breeches buoy was rigged
and man after man was dragged to safety
on the steamer's deck. After three sleepless
bights and days they were a haggard look
ing lot. The gallant old Mayflower, which
had managed to keep afloat until her crew
was rescued, sank almost Immediately.
The Atlantic, which was built as a Cup
defender and eliminated by the Mayflower,
was sold to Wilson Marshall and Clinton
Barnum Seeley, the latter one of the heirs
of P T. Barnum. She also was converted
into a schooner and was sailed as a yacht
for several years, when she was broken up.
Kaiier Got One of Them.
In 1 SS7 the Volunteer defended the Cup
aguinst the Thistle. The challenger went
back to Scotland, where she was owned for
some time by Sir James Bell. He sold her
to the Emperor of Germany, the then
Kaiser William II.. and her name was
changed to Meteor. She was the first of an
illustrious line of that name. The Kaiser
sailed her often in English waters and It
was she who sailed a dead heat with the
This race and the dead heat in the third
race between the Resolute and Shamrock
last month are the only two on record of
two boats starting and finishing In exactly
the same time. By a curious coincidence
the time difference at start and finish in
both races was nineteen seconds.
When the Kaiser bought the Meteor II.
Wh,ch HAS ONE.
MfST from The
. Tfie OTHER, from The
Valkyrie tt. in 1893. One of these, the
Colonia, now the Corona, a schooner yacht
and the property of Cleveland H. Dodge, Is
the only surviving representative of the old
SO-footer sloop class. The Corona is 86
feet on the waterline. She was out at the
races this year.
Another candidate wa.'l the Pilgrim, a
freak fin keel boat, built by a Boston syn
dicate headed by Bayard Thayer and Gen.
C. H. Taylor. She had a cigar shaped hull
with an enormous overhang, 128 feet over
all. After the trials her fin keel was taken
off and she was converted Into a power boat
and went Into trade.
A third aspirant to race the Valkyrie was
the Jubilee, built for Gen. Patne. She was
a combination of tin keel and centreboard
another freak. For several years, the
Jubilee was laltl up in Burgess's yard In
Marblehend. She was eventually broken
The successful defender. Vigilant, which
beat the Valkyrie in three consecutive races,
was afterward sold to George Gould, wfco
took her abroad the following year with
Hank Haff , her skipper. She raced In Brit
ish waters, but was not notably successful,
winning only three out of seventeen starts.
She returned to this country In 1895. E. A.
Wlllard had charge of her and she was used
as a trial boat against Oliver Iselln's De
fender that year. She has been broken up.
In 18s5 Valkyrie III, another Watson
sloop, wns lird Dunraven's challenger. She ,
ssiled against the Defender. This contest
was marred by the British Earl, who pro
tested the race on the ground that De
fender's ballast had been tampered with.
The charges were thoroughly Investigated
Corroded by Salt Water.
Defender was a fast boat, but In one sense
a freak, betng built of a combination of
steel, aluminum and bronze, which corroded
badly. She virtually ate heraelf up in the
salt water and was broken up. All Sir
Thomas Upton's Shamrocks have been
broken up. The challenger Shamrock IV.,
designed by Charles Nicholson and notable
for her spoon shaped hull, is now being de
molished at Jacobs's yard In City Island.
Three seventy footers were built to de
fend the Cup in 1887. One of them, owned
by J. Rogers Maxwell, was named Shamrock.
She has been converted Into a power boat
and took parties to the races last BMflth.
On account of her name a report was circu
lated that she was one of Llpton's Sham
rocks. The only Upton Shamrock now
afloat Is the 23 meter boat used as a trial
horse for Shamrock IV. In the opinion of
experts this stanch craft Is worth more than
the Shamrock IV, Resolute and Vanltle put
The schooner yacht Katoura, built by Her
reshoff for Commodore Robert E. Todd In
1914, has the mast of Shamrock III. for her
mainmast and .her foremast was the mast
of the Constitution, unsuccessful candidate
to defend the Cup In 1901. Another mast of
one of Upton's Shamrocks serves as flag
pole for the Atlantic Yacht Club at Sea Gate,
where Sir Thomas had his steam yacht Vie
toiia during the races this year.
The mast of the Columbia is a flag pole In
Queensboro Bridge plaza.
The Columbia, Constitution, Independence
(Thomas W. Lawson's unsuccessful boat)
and Reliance have been broken up. The
Resolute will probably lay up in Herreehoffs
yard In Bristol, R. I, until another challenge
is received. Vanitie Is now laid up at City
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