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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, August 11, 1920, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
Thundershowers to-dty ; to-morrow,
partly cloudy ; fresh southwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 80; lowest, 7a.
1 . 1 urn thr report will l found on the Kdlioi'al
aaa.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
A HAPPY BLENDING
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserve! the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
VOL. LXXXV1I. NO. 346 DAILY.
ft-
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11,
1 QOfi PMVHthtt ''J'". ti 1 Kun-Hiratd Corporation.
&&J. Entered as Mcond cl matter, I'oit Office, New York, N. r.
PRICE TWO CENTS 1
IN NEW TORK CITY. ' J
THREE CENTS
WITHIN Son Mlt.KS
rOtm CENTS Kl.HKWItKP.rl.
STRIKE ON B.R.T.
IS OP TO COURT,
EMPLOYEES SAY
Unions Ask Mayor to Over
rule Garrison, Who Re
ject Demands.
JUDGE TO HEAR PLEA
triees to Receive Labor
Delegates at Office Here
on Monday.
RECEIVER STANDS FIBM
pets Plan to Force 'Closed
Slini fulls Pay Request
Ruinous.
Plot Scented in Closing
of Textile Mills Here
Apteral In Tub Hun and Nsw York Hbiuih.
WASlilNUTON, Aug. 10. The
Department of Justice for
more than a week, it was learned
to-day, haa been investigating
the closing of textile mills in
New England and New York to
determine whether a conspiracy
exists among manufacturers,
A special investigator left
Washington several days ago to
Hurvey the textile centres at first
hand. His identity is being kept
secret, it was said to-day at the
department. District Attorneys
have been instructed to coop
crate. Mill operators sixty days ago
were unanimous in declaring
high prices were due to under
production, according to Depart
ment of Justice officials. Now,
the officials point out, the oper
ators declare production is ahead
of consumption. This would be
an impossible tipnsformatoin in
two months, officials believe.
OHIO PRIMARIES
BRING CHEER TO
HOPES OF 6.0, P.
Davis for Governor; Brown
and Willis Neck and
Neck for Senate.
COX ACCUSED OF
FIGHTING SUFF
BILLS IN SOUTH
V
A litis Declare He 'Sent
Agent to Block Ratifi
cation Measures.
PARTY VICTORY SURE INQUIRY TO BE MADE
Weakness of Democratic
Ticket Named Yesterday
Is Well Known.
Dayton Lawyer Reported
to Re Working: With North
Carolina Opponents.
HARDING KEPT OUT OF IT i DESERTION IN TENNESSEE
Undlej M i.irrison, receiver of the
p K. T by rr fusing yesterday to con
sider demands which he declared
would mean establishment of a closed
shop u well as financial ruin brought
sNut a crisis In the company's long
standing controversy with its em
ployees. Union leaders immediately
arranied to appeal to Judge Julius M.
Mayer of the United States District
Courl at 2 O'clock Monday afternoon.
They say that unless Judge Mayer
yields lo their demands or submits
thm f.ir arbitration before the ex
piration of their present working
acrcfiiint-. at midnight of August
K, they will call a strike. The com
pany's attitude, they asserted left
them no alternative except backing
down, and that they insisted they
would not do.
In A letter to Edwin L. Smith,
Chairman of the executive committee
representing the Amalgamated Asso
ciation of Street and Electric Railway
Employees of America. Mr. Garrison
ddserilied his views in no uncertain
term. The demands for changed
norklng agreements wee only a re
iwed attempt to roerce the company
btt sponsoring the closed shop prin
cipal, already denounced and rejected,
I, while the demands for higher
: iild. if eranted. plunge the sys
tem Into complete ruin.
Obeying: Court' Order.
tn if he were disposed to enter
tain the demands, he added, the court
lreai had forbidden him, as its agent
and representative, to listen to demands
emanating from union workers and
Nader? ho were not connected with
the B R. T or Its employees except as
rational officials of the union, profes
sionally eneoRed hi taking up arms for
local unions As the demands had come
him thew national officers, Mr. Garri
son .ir:d, he could not even consider
them without disobeying the order of
th rourt
Ai oon as they had assimilated the
of this letter the executive eom-
- reversed Its original Intention of
Wbmlttlng it to a vote at mass meetings
la night and instead put In a long
distance rHtnhone call for Judge Mayer,
who la on his vacation, and reported
after .nursing with him that he had
"nsenteri to receive them and hear their
n- Monday at his office.
-t the same time the members of the
eOT.miuee announced with emphasis that
they would precipitate a strike In the
event tiie iourt refused to comply with
thir demands or else leave them to an
arbitration board. They made no denial,
however, of Mr. Garrison's statements
Or hit assertion that the demands in
volved the closed shop principle.
Referring to the demands submitted
the letter of the receiver read:
Th papers that you submitted are not
chants in the existing agreement, but
ire three new and distinct agreements
with three local divisions of the Amal-
mated Association of Street and Elec
tric Railway Employees of America;
fn representing the surface employees,
nn the mechanical employees and one
th elevated and subway employees.
These agreements would make an ab
solutely closed shop. Under the clrcum
itanrej there can be no point at this
time, m entering Into any negotiation In
"jam to these proposed agreements. I
have always refused to make a closed
'hoy. i have always refused to enter
Into a contract with anybody other than
a committee of employees. As you know
I have taken this course under Instruc
tions from the court, whose representa
tive I am.
See Financial Rata.
"mil the court changes Its instruc
tions In this respect It Is useless to have
ay negotiations, because I could not
u"der the circumstances enter Into any
uch agreement. I recently, as .you
now, voluntarily offered an Increase of
Joges which went to the limit of the
financial means at my disposal. Even
J" you were asking me to modify merely
he exUtmjz ri?rem.nt Hh the em
ployees I couM not possibly entertain
suggestions contained in the papers
'emitted.
t'nder the most favorable construc
"on of the different demands It would
J1'' total of at least $18,000,000 to
"Jjlotlng wage payments.
The. wage payments now aggregate
approximately 25.000.00n. and the gross
' '" P r ximates $40,000,000. so that
what you are now asking for would be
"iugh to ..'. .orb all of the entire gross
wtmiss of the property. In other words.
,u are row asking that all the money
JONES, WITH 75,
TIES VARDON
American Youth Lends British
Veteran in Early Stages
for Golf Title.
Cleveland Mayor captures
j Nomination for Governor
In 2 to l Vole.
I to-Suffrage Legislators Said
to Have Flopped Over to
Other Side.
WILSON NOTE DENOUNCES SOVIET;
DEMANDS FREE POLAND AND RUSSIA;
ALLIES WANT U. S. AID IF WAR COMES
COMMONS BACKS
LLOYD GEORGE
House Places Sword in Pre
mier'.M Hands After He De
fines Polish Policy.
GIVES CONFIDENCE VOTE
Soviet Peace Terms Prove Bet
ter Than Those Asked for
in British Note.
DIEGEIS 71 THE BEST
Sets New Inverness Record
2.H Start Play for Open
Championships.
hi.
th
"at it taken In shall be paid out as
go without a penny for supplies, ma
'Hals and other necessities. If granted
ur demands could have only one re
' hlch would be lo stop the opera
tion of rna().
e.k"'"''1 S Mnden. general manager
er tn. Ft p. T , said that the company
willing to grant the ebrht hour
J1' Out at the present rate, of pay
the hour. The other demands, ninety
"'r "S all. involve besides this closed
, "! " h Increaaaa as 82 to M cents
hour tor motormen and conductors
Wnace c.,r,, n0 receiving 12 to 62
wan an hour gj to 92 cents an hour
wttng from (it to 52 cents an 'hour.
"Jsl 6oteln,rie.n plan. Kaot MfWHu
S'nf rorrrjp.iiidrnf of Tin Sis so
New Vosk Heoai.i.
Toledo, Aug. 10. Harry Vardon, the
veteran English golfer, who jiad won
the British championship before Robert
T. Jones of Atlanta, Ga., was born, had
a chance to-day In the opening of the
tournament for the national open cham
pionship tosee of what sterling material
the little fellow is made. With Toledo
the Mecca for the world's leading
golfers the gallery on the reconstruct
ed Inverness links selected Vardon and
Jones as the pair to follow. Slashing,
sparkling golf was seen, and at the j
end of the day's play tha youngster,
was on even terms with ttie master of j
the links, each with a card of 75.
Jones, familiarly called Bobby by all j
the golf world, grasped the situation at
the start. That he was thirty-three
years younger than the Britisher did
not at all fenze the youthful Southern
champion. Hole after hole he made, ap
parently oblivious of the reputation of
the Britisher, and at the end of the out
going trip he led by 34 to 40.
The Southern champion, who haa
fallen In weight recently, set a terrific
pace, scoring two pars, a birdie 2 on
the 135 yard third and pars on the rest
of the first nine, while Vardon. trapped
on the first and second holes anil tak
ing three putts on the fourth, could do
no better than 40.
The luck changed on the homeward
trip. The Briton with a birdie 3 on the
859 vard eleventh, a on the 150 yard
thirteenth and 3 on the 332 yard eigh
teenth got home In 35, one under par,
despite 5s on the 40 yard sixteenth and
430 yard seventeenth. Jones began to
And the traps and miss putts on this
nine and expended fortyo-n strokes, so
that the scores were even at the finish.
Everybody to-night is wondering what
"Bobby" will do to-morrow and what
his total score for the qualifying round
will be.
H y Says He's Worried.
Can any one Imagine big Ted Ray of
England being worried over the possi
bility of hl not qualifying In the open
golf championship of the United States
or any other kind of a golf tournament,
for that matter? Yesterday the gallery
following the tall Channel Islander was
trotting in his wake as he limbered up
for the classic while remarking on how
the American boys would have to work
their heads off to keep him from carry
ing their championship cup back to
Merry England.
The first of two qualifying rounds
played to-day over the Inverness links
brought Ray nothing better than an 80.
and as a result the man who in 1912
won the British open championship Is
worried over his prospects. He says
he Is, at least, although It Is just as
well to Interpolate that not many who
know his capabilities as a golfer be
lieve that he Is in earnest or that he
will not come back with an exhibition of
lintaimanshlp on the second qualifying
round to-morrow that will land him well
up among the sixty-four who become
eligible to play off over seventy-two
holes on Thursday and Friday for the
title.
Jhere were more than seventy players
better than Ray In this opening spin.
Whereas a day or two ago It seemed
that loll would be required to qualify,
It now looks as though 158 will do the
trick. Ted should do thtt comfortably,
tor he showed In this round that ho can
spill strokes all over the course and still
get around In fair figures. For the big
Briton It was something akin to an off
day. for only in spots did he settle down
to steady play. Even wltn 40 out Ted
should have finished comfortably In the
70s.
Bar Make a Slip.
Walter Hagen, the American cham
pion, put a 18 to an outgoing 40. Ray
also seemed to be playing the same sort
of energy conserving game, but whereas
Hagen cut It -Just fine enough to be safe,
Ray slipped at a most Inopportune time,
taking six on the par 4 sixteenth and 5
on the par 4 eighteenth. That Is where
old man gloom perched upon the broad
shoulders of Britain's mighty driver.
It Is only fair to say that Ray was
out of luck; for Instance, that on the
sixteenth was attributable chiefly to a lie
in a wagon rut. The ball was hole high,
but from that miserable position Just off
the green Ray took four more to get
down. From the seventh Ted had been
bowling along nicely, but this put a
erlmp in his game. Still he had but to
make a couple of pars for a 79. which,
Continued o Ninth Page.
Spcciol to Tub Sin ami Nrw VcaX HaaUA
CoLUMBfS, Ohio. Aug. 10. A sub-1
stantiiil victory for Harry L. Davit
of Cleveland In the Republican Guber
natorlal contest and " clou race be-1
tweon Wralter F. Brown of Toledo and;
Prank B. WUlla of Ada for the Re-;
publican Senatorial nomination were
indicated to-night on the face of the ,
early returns from the Ohio primary,
elections to-day.
The chief Interest came in the Re-
publican contests, A. v. Donah ey of
New Philadelphia receiving the Demo
cratic Gubernatorial nomination with
out a contest and W. A, Julian of Cln-
: cihnatl practically dominating the
l Democratic Senatorial contest, with ,
A. K. O'Nell of Akron as his only and
little known opponent.
The primaries are of national in
terest because of their bearing on the
I Novemlier election, in which the Ohio;
! State ticket will be important as af
fecttnt the battle for the Ohio elec-1
toral vote between Senator Harding
anil Gov. Cox.
Davis took the lead on the early re- j
turns and maintained it on practically
two to one basis as the night pro- j
grossed. While the first reports were .
from city districts. In which it was
conceded that Davis wa the strongest I
it was doubted throughout if he could
be defeated. Neither Ralph P. Cole of
Ftndlay nor Representative Roscoe C j
McCullough of Canton made anything j
like the showing of Davis.
As rcenrds the race for the Repun-
lican Senatorial nomination, it md be
late to-morrow before the results ate
known, so hard is the fight btweon
Brown and Willis. Judge R. M. Wana
maker of Akron, the third of the Im
portant Senatorial candidates, seemed
to be the tail ender.
Brown Looks to Cities.
Willis's showing in the cities caused
surprise to the friends of Brown, al
though they lost none of their confi
dence that the one-time IVogresslve
leader would come through on the final
figures. While they admitted Willis
could count on a heavy vote In the dry
small town and rural sections of the
State, they expected Hamilton county
(Cincinnati) and the Western Reserve.
In which Cleveland Is the centre, to
pile up a large vote for Brown.
Republican leaders hailed with con
siderable satisfaction the probable
nomination of Davis for Governor, on
the ground that his candidacy would
have a special appeal to those voters
who ordinarily would follow Gov. Cox.
Davis Is liberal, hailed by some as wet.
and he Is a progressive type, highly
satisfactory to labor.
The Republican ticket is strengthened
either way In the nomination of the Re
publican Senatorial candidate, politi
cians declare. If Brown is victorious a
large Progressive sentiment Is appealed
to, because of Brown's Slate leadership
of the Roosevelt campaign In 1912 ; If
Willis wins, he Is strong In the rural
sections and with the drys. A Davls-
Wlllls ticket would be eminently satis- 1
factory to both urban and rural ele- :
ments.
Repnbltran Victor? Assured.
(m the other hand. Julian's nomlna- 1
tlon on the Democratic ticket Insures i
almost a clean sweep for the Repub
lican nominee, whether it be Brown or !
Willis. Julian Is a shoe manufacturer
from Cincinnati, ard he appeared In j
the race apparently as a stalking horse
for Gov. Cox. Had Cox failed to win
the Presidential nomination, it la gen- !
erally believed that Julian would have
withdrawn In Cox's favor. Julian can- j
not, by any stretch of the imagination,
be regarded as a State figure, which
fact alone would give a distinct ad- j
vantage to either one of the possible i
Republican Senatorial nominees.
Julian had the Indorsement of the Cox
machine, and so there was much sur-1
prise and much significance In the
vote which was received by his opponent,
i O'Nell. While It In no way endangered ;
' Julian's chance of nomination, nobody :
I ever supposed he would be able to get
; such a vote, for he does not belong to '
I the organisation.
I Even In Montgomery county. Gov. j
I Cox's home county, O'Nell received 975.
1 against Julian's 1,743 votes, from the '
j first eighty-seven of the 209 precincts
i to report. O'Nell never even entered .
the county In the campaign. It Indl-'
! cated, politicians said, significant hos-
' tlllty to the Cox machine,
j Senator Harding did not participate in
' any way in the Republican contest, i
I maintaining a strict policy of "hands
off," because of his desire not to Inter-
fere wtlh the universal Republican har-1
mony In Ohio.
Special to Tux Si n ami Niw Vosk Hesald !
rULCIQH, N. C, Aug. 10. Suffrage
lenders working for ratification of the
Anthony amendment by the General
Assembly now In special session de
clare to-night that they will Investi
gate a widely circulated antl-suffnige
Story that Gov. James M. Cox, Demo- j
oratlo nominee, has a personal repre-1
tentative in North Carolina anil Ten- !
nessee working against ratification.
The antis declare that a Dayton
lawyer has boon here two weeks work
ing under an assumed name and reg
istering from Philadelphia. He hid a
conference with them last nlffht, they
nay. The absolute confidence of the
antis In the rejection by the General
Assembly in the face of the Damo
Oratlc State and national conventions
is explained by them. Gov. Cox does
not wish the two Southern States now
in legislative session to ratify and
thereby Jeopardize the solid South.
Moreover, the antis declare that Sen
ator Simmons, who has been a mild
ratlflcationist. has yielded to Gov Cox's
wishes and will not press for action at
this time. Such was the circulation of
this amnilng story to-night that the j
suffragists are calling on their leaders
to get their candidate definitely de- I
clared.
The suffragists would not risk n poll
to-night, though they deny the accuracy
of the antis' lineup, which is twenty
two of the forty-nine Senators and sixty
five of the 120 members of the lower
House. Of the 121. 114 are here and
the antis declare they liave uixty of
these pledged, with five more yet to come.
No suffrage bills were Introduced to
day. Gov. Blckett's special message on
ratification Is expected Thursday.
Washington, Aug. 10. Tennessee
legislators, supposedly pledged to sup
port efforts to ratify the national wo
man's suffrage amendment pending be
fore a special session of the Legislature
there, have gone into the opposition
mr. i,-ir to a statement Issued
by the National Woman's party here
to-night, which asserted that In conse
quence "a majority for rattncation nas
disappeared. The speaker of the lower
house of the Legislature, the statement
said, was among those who have coma
out against the amendment.
"The change In the Tennessee situa
tion can be traced to one thing only,
the failure of Gov. Cox and Gov. Rob
erts of Tennesses to put sufficient force
behind their public pleas for ratification
to insure favorable action," Miss Alice
Paul, national chairman of the Woman's
party, said In a statement commenting
on the situation.
CARAWAY OUTRUNS
KIRBY IN ARKANSAS
Early Return Indicate Defeat
of Senator.
LtTTT.r. Rock,' Ark.. Aug. 10. Scatter
ing early returns from to-day's Demo
cratic State primary' show Representative
T. H. Caraway running far ahead of
I nlted 8tates Senator W. F. Kirby In
the contest for the nominstlon for United
States Senator. Every one of the early
precinct reports gave Caraway a ma
jority. The early returns showed ex-Repre-aentatlve
T. C McRae slightly In tie
lead for the Gubernatorial nomination.
DEFECTION AROUSES
SUFFS IN TENNESSEE
Speaker Walker Announces
He Will Oppose Ratification.
Nashville, Tenn.. Aug. 10. Pre
liminary steps looking toward Joint
action by Republican and Democratic
members of the Tennessee Senate favor
ing ratification of the Federal woman
suffrage amendment were taken late
to-day at a meeting of leaders of the
Democratic ratification forces In the
upper house. Senators E. N. Haston of
Van Buren county. Douglas Wlkle of
Williamson and Frank Fuller of Shelby
were appointed a committee to arrange
a meeting with Republican leaders and
It was expected a conference would be
held some time to-morrow. In addi
tion to the appointment of this com
mittee Senator Haston was selected
Democratic floor leader for the con
test. The Joint ratification resolution was
Introduced to-day In the Senate and
uA.. .M ,.ndr thA rules went over
until to-morrow, with the leaders plan-'
nlng to refer It to committee.
There was much speculation to-night
as to when a vote on rauncauon wouia
be reached. The committees. It was
said, probably would arrange a Joint
public hearing Thursday or Friday
night. The resolution might be reported
the following day and go to a vote Im
mediately. Some legislators nenevea
the Issue would be settled by the end j
h. v, u hut others were of the ooln- .
Ion a vote would not occur before next
week, since Speaker Walker declared
to-day that aft attempt In the House to
rush matters would not be permitted.
Speaker Walker announced to-day
that he would oppose ratification, and
his defection from the ranks of the suf
fragists occasioned much discussion.
He had been regarded as a stanch suf
fragist, and It had been planned that he
would Introduce the ratification resolu
tion In the House.
Envoys to Urge Moscow
to Accept British Terms
T ONDON, Augr. 11 (Wednes
day). Two members of the
Russian mission left last night
on board a British torpedo boat
destroyer on their way to Mos
cow to urge acceptance of the
British terras with regard to
Poland, says the London Times
this morning.
-
Special Caolr Druparra to Tin Si n and Nsw
Vosk Hbau. Posyrtfhti IMO, by Tn ICM
ap Nsw Voik IfRSAi.n.
London. Aug. 10. In effect the
House of Commons to-night placed a
sword In the hands of Premier Lloyd
George after ho had declared before
the members that "the independence
of Poland and Its existence ns an In
dependent nation Is an essential part
of the structure of European peace";
that "repartition of Poland would not
merely be a crime, It would be a peril,
and we have to consider both these
contingencies as a asls for our
policy."
Almost simultaneously with this ac
tion by the House of Commons the
Moscow Soviet Government published
its peace terms to Poland a move de
signed to remova any excuse for the
use of th sword by the British, for
the Moecow authorities actually offer
better terms to the Poles than hsd
been asked for in the British notes.
To add to the Premier's perplexity
the so called Bolshevist element In
England, the British Labor party,
threatened that it would paralyze
the arm of the Government If It at
tempted to wield the sword against
Russia.
Premier Seek ApproTal.
The Premier went before the House
seeking approval of the Government
and of the Hythe programme, demand
ing that the vote on the second rend
ing of the consolidated fund bill, then
before the House, be a vote of confi
dence in connection with the commit
ments made with Great Britain's al
lies yesterday. His first words In ad
dressing the House were:
"I am still hopeful of peace."
He got the vote of confidence without
an actual division, but obtained It only
after a debate which was marked by
the most bitter personal allusions and
actual attacks on the Integrity of at
least one member of the Cabinet.
AS was said In these despatches, the
sword which the Premier asked per
mission to wield was largely a suppos
ititious one. Even in the event of being
called upon to use It. the Premier ad
mitted that It Is a sword of lath to be
used merely to place a wall around
Russia by means of a blockade.
To-night there Is every reason to be
lieve that the need of using it will not
develop. However, should the optimistic
hopes of the British Premier not come
to fruition. Mr. Lloyd George, replying
to a question from a member, made it
clear that Great Britain and France
would call on the I'nlted States for aid.
"We are certainly going to appeal to
America," he said. "There Is. of course,
the difficulty In America that up to the
present she has not ratified the treaty
and that the treaty is the subject of
conflict between the two great parties.
"It Is not In our power to say what
view the American Executive will take.
I am only judging from the attitude of
America at the peace conference. She
was a strong protagonist of Polish In
dependence. No man could have taken
a more determined and zealous part In
setting up Polish Independence than
President Wilson, and I am certain that,
whatever differences of opinion thero
may be In America with regard to the
League of Nations, there would be no
difference of opinion In their general
attitude towards Polish independence."
Rlatht to Demand Guarantees.
The Premier again made It clear that
he had warned the Poles against enter
ing into a war on Russia and declared
that it was the opinion of the British
Government that the Bolehevikl had a
right to demand of the Poles proper
guarantees such guarantees as any na
tion would exact against similar action
by Poland In the future. The Govern
ment here, he declared, had never ques
tioned this Russian right, but that what
'Warsaw on Eve of Falling' as Reds
Seize Station Three Hours Distant
T ONDON, Aug. 10. A Moscow wireless message received here to
day calls attention to the fact that Malkin Station, occupied by
the Bolaheviki Sunday, is three hours by rail from WaTsaw, which, the
message adds, "is on the eve of falling."
Reports received from Polish sources by the Exchange Telegraph
Company's Amsterdam correspondent say Poland has accepted the
offer of the Hungarian Government to send a few regiment to par
ticipate in the war against the Bolsheviki. Hungary, it is said, ia dis
posed to send some 10,000 soldiers and war munitions and material
and to place the Hungarian Red Cross at Poland's disposal.
Peace negotiations between Letvia and Soviet Russia have re
sulted in an agreement on all outstanding points, and a provisional
peace treaty will be signed to-day or to-morrow, it was stated in an
official despatch received from Letvia to-day.
President Takes Issue With
Premiers in Policy To
ward Bolsheviki.
NO DEALING WITH BEDS
Present Government One of
Brute Force and Without
Honor, He Says.
SAVE NATION FOB PEOPLE
CRAFTY HAND IN
SOVIETS TERMS
Bait for Poland's Arms With
Offer of Territory at Lithu
ania's Expense.
ALLIES .MAY INTERPOSE
FAKE U.S. NOTE
ANGERS FRANCE
Publication in Paris of Alleged
Statement Favoring Reds,
Arouses Feeling.
Aid Promised to Prcservo Po
lish Independence, in Mes
sage on Present Crisis.
REGARDED AS OFFICIAL
i Bed Representatives in Lon-
dnn fnL- Pnhlii Tovma tn Ro
lll'll i i . i i iiwiiv ' '
Submitted at Minsk.
Information Sent by "Embassy
at Washington as Views
Given to I". S. Press.
f.i'-.ol raMe Prspofrh tn The Si n n Nsw
YnK HSBALD. CnpjHoftf, I9-'0, hy Tn BCM
ma Nsw York He&ai.d.
London, Aug. 10. While the House
of Commons was discussing what
might be the conditions which the
Bolsheviki would present to the Poles
n:. Minsk to-morrow, the Soviet mis
sion in London published an outline
of what the Moscow armistice and
peace delegates will demand of Po
land. A significant feature of these terms
I that the Reds propose to give to
the Poles additional territory in the
east in the regions of Blalystok and
Ghelm. It should be borne In mind,
however, that this generosity on the
part of the Bolsheviki would be at
the expense of Lithuania, to which
this territory was allotted.
The Bolsheviki demand that the Wol-kovlsk-Brest
Lltovsk-Blalystok-Prawcvo
railroad line be. placed at their disposal
for commercial transit to and from the
Baltic. This also Is significant In that
this line would then connect the Bol
sheviki with Konlgsberg, In east Prussia,
thue throwing Russian trade to Ger
rrany rather than to Poland.
The conditions provide for a hlg re
duction in the Polish armed forces and
that all arms not actually needed for
equipping the forces which are allowed
Poland shall be turned over to the Bol
sheviki. It Is believed in well Informed
quarters here that there is a chance for
a hitch over this provision, especially
In view of the fact that the Miles are
no more anxious now than they have
been In the past to see the Rede in pos
session of large quantities of munitions
of war.
The conditions contain an offer of land
to Polish cltlsens who have been in
capacitated In the war. This Is regarded
here as a typical example of Bolshevist
propaganda.
Continued on Second Page.
CLOSING TIME 'Zi&g
t $mtX AND NEW YORK HERALD
DAILY ISSUES
r. M. at Mala office, tM Breadwar.
S r. M. termer Herald OffW, Herald
Balldtns, Herald square.
S f. M . at all ether Branch Office.
(Location listed on Editorial Page.)
SUNDAY
ISSUES
Main Office. tSO
f r. M. "atordaj at
nroaowa.
S P. N. at former Herald Office, Herald
Rolldln. Herald aaare.
S P. M. at all ether Branch Office.
(Location listed on Editorial Page.)
By the. AteoMatfd Press.
London, Aug. 10. The outline of the
terms Soviet Russia Is proposing for an
armistice to the Poles at Minsk pro
vides first that tha strength of the Polish
army shall be reduced to one annual
contingent of 60,000 men. together with
l the army command, and an "army of
administration' (apparently a perma
nent force) to aggregate 10,000 men.
The second of the terms la that de
mobilization of the Polish army shall
occur within one month.
The third condition Is that all arms,
excluding those needed for the army
forces specified, shall be handed to
Soviet Russia and the Ukraine. Other
terms are :
Fourth All war Industries shall be
demobilized.
Fifth No troops or war material shall
be allowed to come from abroad.
Sixth The line of Wolkovlsk, Blaly
stok and Prawevo shall be placed fully
at the disposal of Russia for commercial
transit to and from the Baltic.
Seventh The families of all Polish
.citizens killed, wounded or Incapacitated
In the war shall be given land free.
On the other hand, the terms for Rus
sia are:
pirt Simultaneously with the Polish
demobilisation the Russian and Ukrain
ian troops shall withdraw from the
Polish front.
Second Upon the termination of these
operations the number of Russian troops
on the Russian frontier line shall be
considerably reduced and fixed at a fig
ure to be agreed upon.
Third The armistice line shall be the
status quo, but not further east than
the line Indicated In tha July 20 note
of EJarl Curson, the British Foreign Sec.
retary. The Polish army shall with
draw to a distance of fifty versts from
that line, the tone between the two
lines being neutral.
Fourth The final frontier of the In
dependent state of Poland shall be In
the main Identical with the line indi
cated In Lord Curson's note, but addi
tional territory shall be given Poland
on the east In the regions of Blalystok
and ahelm.
Paris Honor Bop Seoats.
Paris, Aug. 10. The American Boy
Scout, who reached Paris yesterday,
got an official reception at the City Hall
to-day. The Scouts will leave Parla
this week for a short visit to the battlefields.
Si.frlo! fable Despatch tn fill Hi n ano Ni
Vok ttaattD. CnpvrioM. taio. bv Tub Sis
NO Nsw VotK Herald.
Paris, Aug. 10. - With tension here
growing visibly over the Russo-Polish
situation French feeling has been
greatly aroused by tho publication in
Paris Monday evening and this morn
ing, through the medium of the French
Foreign Office, of what was described
as an official statement of tho Ameri
can Government to the press of the
United SUtes on the Russo-Polish
question, wherein Washington seems
to taka the side of the Soviets, who
were likened in this French summary
to the American patriots of 1778.
If It develops that tho Stato De
partment In Washington did express
such views in a press statement it ia
feared here that the result will he
extremely unfortunate for Franco
American relations, for it haa come
at a time when the French are sens
ing new perils which are greater than
any since 1918, and the French are
becoming more agitated dally.
In Secretary Colby's note on the
Russo-Polish situation, made public last
night, there is nothing that could be
construed as upholding the Soviet Gov
ernment. On the contrary the note con
demns all that the Bolshevist govern
ment stands for and declares It is un
worthy of confidence, trust or respect.)
RecelTed From V. S. Kmbaaay.
Expressions of amazement and Indig
nation comparable only to those evoked
here by President Wilson's Imputation
of French imperialism a few months
ago were heard In French official cir
cles following the publication of this
summary of what purported, to be the
American attitude.
While the Foreign Office permitted tlie
publication of the summary In the Paris
morning newspapers In the form of a'
communication to the French press,
doubt was raised regarding the correct
ness of the views expressed in it as be
ing a true statement of those of the
Wilson Government This caused the
Foreign Office to send out a word of
caution this afternoon, despite the fact
that Its information was received yes
terday direct from the French Embassy
In Washington in the form of a despatch
tn code purporting to give a complete
summary of what the American papers
published ss an official Washington
statement.
The summary given out last evening
did not contain anv reference to a re
semblance between the Russian Bolshe
viki and the American patriots of 1778,
but the correspondent of The Sun and
Niw York Herald was assured that this
was in the despatch received here from
the French Embassy in Washington.
Aa It Appeared In Paris.
The following Is what the Foreign Of
fice here gave out:
'The American press publishes a com
munique regarding the policy of the
United States In the Russo-Pollsh con
flict, according to which declaration the
Russian army Is at the present moment
Bolshevist because Lenlne Is at the
head of the Moscow Government, but It
is really and essentially a Russian army.
The chief of the General Staff ia Gen.
Bruaslloff, who was well known In the
regime of the Czar, and around whom
are grouped other Generals, such as
Pollvanoff and Kuropatkln.
'The Russians have no territorial am
bition and It can be admitted they have
no wish to sacrifice the sovereignty of
Poland.
'The American policy desires to safe
guard Russian territory until such time
as the Russian people have regulated
their Internal affairs. It expects thus
to hasten the reestabllshment of peace
and order In Russia."
The action of the Foreign Office In
Inspiring a note of caution this after
noon was due to the fact that no news
agency carried such new from Wash
ington as the French Embassy despatch
brought to Tarls.
Pear If will rt id Reaa.
In official clrrles the comment on the
alleged statement was that, if It were
true, It was most unfortunate, becauso
of the discouragement It would cause the
Poles and the encouragement It would
Continued on Second Page.
THE GRBATEHT BODV Bt'll.DF.K
Father John' Madlclaa Is all pur feed.
No drugs. Jliu.
Special to Tub Bi n ad New Yore Hsraid.
Washington. Aug. 10. In what It
probably his most important diplo?
malic pronouncement since tho Inter
change of notes (lui'liiK the progress
of the world war, PresUleut WiUun
called upon the allied Powers to-day
to announce that they will safeguard
Uussln proper ngnlnst territorial dls
liieiiihernieut, declared lils unalterable
determination to oppose any recogni
tion of the Soviet regime and prom
ised to usp every effectual means to
preserve Polish political Independence
and territorial lutegrlty against Bol
shevist aggression.
The note Is signed by Balnbrldge
Colby ns Secretary of State and ail
dressed to the Itullnu Ambassador,
but the document represents the per
sonal viewpoint of President Wilson,
who has had the matter under con
sideration for some time.
in view of the Hythe conference
agreement, the failure of the allied
Premiers to announce that they pro
pose to respect the Integrity of Rus
sian territory and the Intimations
that a genernl European conference Is
In prospect with possible recognition
of the Soviet regime, the United States
note takes direct issue with the al
lied Premiers.
In effect Mr. Wilson proposes that
all final peace settlements in Europe
in which Russia may be Interested
shall await the coming of the time
when Russia shall have found herself
and shall have thrown off the Bol
shevist yoke. His note carries with
It, presumably, the Intimation that
any settlements made without the ap
proval of this country will not be
regarded as final.
The note Is Intended as much for
consumption in Russia as In other
countries and Is designed to start a
backfire against the Bolsheviki re
gime, which is condemned in the most
scathing terms. With the exception
of tho President's excoriation of the
German Government, made in his re
quest for a declaration of war, there
has probalWy never been a more bitter
arraignment of any governmental or
ganization than that directed against
the Soviet regime.
This regime Is described as faith -Iohr
and unworthy of confidence) and
respect. It Is referred to as an or
ganization which la unrepresentative
and maintains itself by the applica
tion of brutal force. Ita attitude of
warfare against the rest of tha world
Is recognized In the statement that It
acknowledges that the Bolshevist re
gime can be maintained only by
bringing about revolution In other
countries, Including the United States.
U. S. AGAINST SOVIET:
FOR A FREE POLAND
Wilson Defines Attitude
Note to Italian Envoy.
in
By the Associated Press.
Washington, Aug. 10. The American
Government's position on the Russian
Polish situation was outlined In the fo -lowing
note, dated to-day, to the Italian
Government, addressed to Baron Camillo
Romano Avexsana, Italian Ambassador
to the United States:
"The agreeable Intimation which you
have conveyed to the State Department
that the Italian Government would wel
come a statement of the views of this
Government on the situation presented
by the Russian advance into Poland de
serves a prompt response, and I will at
tempt without delay a definition of this
Government's position not only as to
the situation arising from Russian mili
tary pressure upon Poland but also as to
certain cognate and inseparable phases
of the Russian question viewed more
broadly,
"This Government bellsves in a united,
free and autonomous Polish State, and
the people of the United States are ear
nestly solicitous for the maintenance of
Poland's political independence and ter
ritorial Integrity. From this attitude we
will not depart, and the policy of this
Government will be directed to tho em
ployment of all available means to ren
der It effectual.
"The Government therefore takes no
exception to the effort apparently being
made In some quarters to arrange an
armistice between Poland am) Russia,
but It would not, at least for the present,
participate in any plan for the expansion
cf the armistice negotiations into a gen
eral European conference which would
it. all probability Involve two results,
from both of which this country stronglv
recoils, viz. : the recognition of the Bol
shevist regime and a settlement of Ru
sian problems almost Inevitably upon the
basis of a dismemberment of Russia.
Aid for Rasslan People.
"From the beginning of the Russian
revolution. In March, 1917, to the pres
ent moment the Government and the
people of the United States have followed

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