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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, August 15, 1920, Image 2

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countr-atrok will briny th result da
lrrl to tret Waaw from immadlat
danger Th Had, however, r mak
inir a little proarcaa daily at varloua
point, jartloularly directly In front of
the city and through ths rivalry thrust
on th northwest.
Th Husslsn are now facing at varl
oua ill'1 the Waraaw defrnalve line,
long which the Polish newapapere for
daya paat have been Inalatlng ths enemy
would be checked In hie drive upon the
capital, which ha been carrying him
from tlx to ten mllea dally In hit sweep
from th northeaat and eat
n Milt line the Pole are expected to
maje their flnal atand, and many, but
HOI nil, of tit, mlllmrv obiervSr are
confident that the rtuaalana will find
thejnaelvea (gainst an Impregnable de
fen, e It la to thl line that the Pole
have ben withdrawing, ao aa to atand
with their backa to the National me
tropolis, and it is hr that Poland's
beat troopa ars now grouped.
Meantime precautions have been
tntfen agalnat an encircling movement
by" the Tied designed to rrnaa the Vla
tula above and below Waraaw and to
enter the city from the weat. War
mw'i defense extend from the fortress
pf. Noo Deorleyek through the fortreaa
of Zegrje, through Radymln, Just be
yond which the Holshevlkl brought up
artillery to-day, through L'eglow to the
forties of Ivangorod, sixty kilometer
above Warsaw on the Vistula.
In their westward drive the Reds,
crossing the Bug River in the reilon of
Jlrest Lltnvsk, occupied Kledloe Wednes
dsy snd Thursday reached Kaluszyn,
Just eM of Warsaw. Kalusiyn Is with
in gunahot distance of the line of de
German Commentator Declares
President Tries to Resur
rect Himself.
American Executive Called
Greatest Failure in Era
of Failures.'
Poles Claim Repulse of Attack
Southeast of Capital.
Pasi. Aug- 14. Continuation of the
Eolshe k advance toward the sector
of Xovo-Gcorglevek-Zegrie, northwest
nf Warsaw, is reported In to-day's of
fv irtl communique issued at Warsaw.
Bolshevik csvaliy, the lonimunlqu '.
has reached Slerpo, about twenty mile
north of Plot."k. Some relnforv! ilc
tnrhments of Bolshevik Infantry at
tsrked Naslex, twenty-two miles noi Di
li et of WarMW, but were repulscJ.
What Ihc Poles consider an Important
defeat for the Bulshevlkl In the region
southeast of Warsaw Is also recorded
lr the communique, which says:
"We arc continuing to regroup oor
detachments destined to defend the
ripltal. contact with the enemy being
Only Those With Emigrant
Permits May Enter.
TONPON, Aug. 14. The rush of Polish
refugees to Oan-'r, is created such a
aerlous sltu.Mior ra that Sir Reginald
Tower, the Hig ommlsaioner for the
free city under th league, has decided
' o alio-- an; ne to enter the free
tI uxcept emigrants with
Amerl' i iees on their passports n
route 10 the I'nlted States, says a Dan
rig despatch to the London Tm:i. All
the refugees are examined on the fron
tier of the free city domain and are
turned back unless the American vises
are on their paper.
A camp for the refugees which h
been organised now contains 15,000
A despatch from Warsaw to-day
states that the condition of the refu
gees In that city Is so critical that the
entire Jewish press Is appealing to the
r:ihhis to tliiow open the synasoguee for
their accommodation.
Holy See Asks That Free Na
tion Be Spared.
Romi. Aug. IS. The Otoerratore Ro
mnnn, the official organ of the Vatican,
publishes to-day an evidently Inspired
article on Poland, saying the special
benevolence of the Holy See toward the
"noble, devoutly Catholic, chivalrous
and brave Polish nation." la well known.
The Tope, It Is recalled, had asked for
the independence of Poland ever since
August, 1917, when he addressed his
peace proposals to all the heads of the
belligerent States, and had repeated this
request In his Intercourse with the heads
of the States, particularly President Wil
aon. "We do not wish to nor can w now
ascertain whether the responsibility for
the offensive lies with Poland or Rus
sia, or whether not only England but
France tried to restrain Poland from
her risky adventure," continue the ar
ticle. "What It la possible to know la
that the Holy See from the day on
sVhlch Poland wa restored to national
life ho never ceased to exhort her to
moderation In asking or even accepting
territories Inhabited by majorities be
longing to other nationalities.
"These exhortation were repeated
several times, both In Rome and In War
saw .
"The Pope urged the faithful after
the outbreak of the Rueso-Polish con
flict to pray God for two favors only,
namely, to spare the Polish people from
the supreme misfortune of again losinr
their Independence, and to apare Europe
from the horrors of new war.
Prague, Belgrade and Bucha
rest Sign Agreement.
Rome, Aug. IS. n agreement has
been reached by Ota Prague. Belgrade
and Bucharest (o c rnments, called the
"Little Entente,"' for the self-protection
of Czcscho-Slovakla, Serbia and Ru
mania against Russia or enemies in the
Balkans, according to the OiornaU
d'ltalia to-day. To make this coalition
more effective, says the newspaper, the
"Little Entente" Is anxious to have the
Adriatic problem settled, so that Serbia
may be free from any threat on the
part of Italy.
The Glornnl d'ltalia expresses the
view that the present affords a good
opportunity to Insist upon the applica
tion of the pact of London, while let
ting Flume look after her own Independence.
Will Enter War Only if Her
Frontiers Are Endangered.
Iff iol I'ohie Despatch to Tna Scn am Saw
TeK HaaALD. Cor1oftt, ltti, bu Thb Sim
an New Yobk Hasui.D.
Vibnna, Aug. 14. Tension here was
greatly relieved to-day when the Hun
garian Government announced that for
the present at least It would oberv
atrlct neutrality In the Ruaao-Pollah
war. According to the announcement
Hungary will enter the war only In the
event her frontier are endangered, and.
In that event, will flrat consult with the
Entente Powers.
The reason back of Hungary's aban
donment of her war policy. It was au
thorltatlely stated. Is the view of the
Premier. Count Paul Teleky. that the
Hungarian army Is not trustworthy
enough for major military operation,
and therefore he hold that It I advta
able to spare It and th people from
poaaiffe disappointment.
Bintt I orrttponitrnt nf Th Hun inc. Naw
iosk Haatio. CnpyrigM, tux, by Thb Sun
nd Naw Vosk Hibii.d.
Bmi.N. Aug. 14. President Wilson's
Russian note cannot have an Important
Influence on Europe, and I interesting
chiefly ns an attempt of the Prealdent
to come hack Into foreign affair. Thl
view was expressed to-dsy by a man
repute-1 to he one of the leading Wllaon
lans of Germany.
"I have long expected that President
Wilson would try to resurrect himself."
he said "But this note is an anachron
ism. WhOfll can It Influence? Not Eng.
land, not Germany, not Italy, only
France, to whom Wilson can say, 'If you
are reasonable with respect to Russia,
we will ranrel your debt,' but France
was already against recognition of the
Bolshevik!. I always have reapect for
the msn who announces moral principles
and hold to them, but President Wilson
only talks about moral principles If he
were willing to pay for them, then they
would count.
"President Wilson never has been
great anough to say, 'I am so devoted
to my principle that I am willing to
lose th Presidency." Instead he said
'I must remain President to support
my view.'
"His last note announces fine truth,
which I believe In. But self-detertnlna
Tension Caused by Polish
Situation Believed Past
Pari, Aug. 14. Temlon between the
French and British governments 1 rap
Idly abating, in the opinion of most of
the newspaper here. The situation
which arose through the recognition of
Gen. Baron Wrangel as head of the
South Ruaslan Government is so Im
proved, that, according to L'Homme
I.tbre, another meotlng of Premiers
Kllltrand and Lloyd George at Boulogne
will be unnecessary.
One of the clroumstances which may
best favor a resumption of close col
laboration between France and England,
says the Pefif ParUien, is the agree
ment now realised between France and
the United States on the Russian ques
tion. The EoKo de Port voices the sami
'Bolshevism Is an enemy," the news
paper continues, "and England knows
trat perfectly. The only questions In
volved are those of tactics and not it
sentiment. These may separate her from
France, but the voice from oversea re
mind her with special force of European
duty, and It will help to efTace all diver
gencies between France and her allies."
The Figaro says the Washington note
relative to Russia has had several good
affect in that It has brought moral aid
to Poland and cleared up the diplomatic
Washington Gets Summary
from Neutral Observer At
tached to His Staff.
Promoted for Bravery, His Ex
ploits Brought Him, High
Military Honors
Continued from First Page.
the ParJ report that the Soviet Govern
ment had accepted the Brltlah peace
terms was Impossible, because no such
terms have ever been offered to the
Also It was stated authoritatively that
nelthei Premier Lloyd fteorge nor An-
tion has a corollary In non-Interference drew Bon'' '-"" Lord Privy Seal, ever
and, no nation believing in It ran Inter- j discussed with Lconin Kraeine or Leo
vene in another's affair unless It Is i Kanienerr, "Soviet envoys here, unythlnc
Itself Imperilled. Pres'dent Wilson has I beyond th essentials of a scheme for
new reiterated hi well known ntr-ase
ol two years ago, hut the Bolshevlki
understand better than he.
"Tney will establish Bolshevik re-
glme In Poland and let the Polea outside
of Warsaw rhooae which government
they wish. President Wilson protests
thst the Bolshevikl do not represent the
majority of the Russian people. It Is
still no ground for him to Interfere.
That Is the affair of the Russian people
and no concern of a believer in self
determination unless his country Is at
tacked. I read the note, and I must say I
was surprised It was not worse. Presi
dent Wilson has a sentimental attach
ment fo: Poland, hut he cannot afford
to awaken the hostility of the Russians
because America needs s friendly Rus
sia behind lapan. Things have greatly
changed since the Versailles conference,
but President Wilson has the time and
evidently believes he can come back
now with the same principles he enun
ciated and abandoned then. He e
a resumption of trade between Great
Britain and Russia, meanwhile treating
the Soviet as the de facto controller of
large and desirable quantities of food
supplies, but reserving anything like de
Hire recognition by the family of state
for a general conference subsequently.
Nothing Is known here of a Parle
conference of Ruaslan border States
with a view to activity combating Rus
sia nor of Hungarian mobilization, both
of which have Just been reported. While
the cooperation of the Russian border
States s envisaged In the Lloyd George
programme If the Minsk conference is
not fruitful of good results, th Premier
has stated that It was only with a view
to cooperutlon In bringing economic
not military pressure to bear oh
In so far a Hungarian mobilization
Is concerned, the latest news received
here frrftn Budspest Is that the Whites
In control there are not strong enough
to urinjf nils Him it.
. it was pointed out. however, that cer-
Bv ( Assndofeif Prsa.
Wasminoton, Aug. 14. An Informal
Inquiry Into the character and pollcjes
of the anti-Bolshevist leader In South
ern Russia, Gen. Baron Peter Wrangel,
has been begun by Government officials
No Immediate anticipation of recog
nition by tho United State Is Involved,
ofllclflla said, but should the Inquiry
develop satisfactorily It Is thought pos
sible that the lemnts clustered about
th Russian leader may afford a toad
o th creation of condition In Russia
permitting her reacceptance among the
mie report on the career of th Rus
sian general already ha been r'erd,
rltttg by neutral observer attached
to the staff of Gen Wrangel, It is snid
to he the first authentic summary of ti e
nntl-Bolshevlst leader's achlcvrnien;
received in Washington
Gen. Wrangel, but 33 year of age.
according to the report, began his ca
reer In the Russian army by enlisting
in 1901 as a private In the Norse Guards
Regiment, sfter having been educated
as a minlnig engineer. Though his re
mote ancestors are seld to have come
from Qemany his stock Is described as
or Baltic provinc? derivation,
Leaving the Russian army In 19"',
after promotion to a llautananey, Wran
gel reenlltted upon th outbreak of the
Russo-Japanese War and waa twice pro
inoted for bravery. Subsequently he
was graduated from th General Staff
Academy and at the outbreak of the
European war was a captain, command
ing a oavalry squadron.
H distinguished himself with his
squadron In 1911, taking a German bat
tery, for which he wa decorated with
the highest Russian military order, the
Cross of 8t. George. Promoted to the
rank of Colonel, he wi appointed an
aid to th Csar and later bcam com
mander of the Flrat Transbalkal Coa
ack regiment, with which, In July,
lilt, hu captured an entire battallun and
several maehln guns. He wa then
promoted to the grade of Major-Gen
Following the flrat day of the revo
utlon, when tho mccessful Ruaslan of
fensive In Gallcla waa preceded by a dis
orderly retreat, Oeneral Wrangel Is I1
to have rendered etn'h service "ss to
Jiave prevented a great military disas
As a division commander and after
ward In command of a cavalry corps,
he continued with the army until the
disorders of the revolution had de
stroyed Its discipline completely.
Gen. Wrangel then retired to the
Crimea Arrested by the Bolshevlkl, hs
very narrowly escaped execution, his life
being saved only through the heroic de
votion of his wife, who fallowed him to
prison and after persistent sppeals
finally obtained his release.
In tn- summer of 1018 with the
growth of the volunteer anti-Bolshevik
army he got command of a brigade un-
ler Gen. Erdel. Succeeding to command
aa a rraull of the Illness of his chief,
Wrangel with other volunteer force
outed the Bolshevlkl troop and lib
erated the Kuban, Inter entered Stavra
pol and finally attained In February.
1!H9. the liberation of the whole the
north Gnucaaus and the Terek State,
capturing 40,000 prisoners and an enor
mous quantity of material. He was
then promoted to the rank of I.leutenant
Gcneral and placed In command of the
Caucasian army.
Stricken with typhus fever. It was not
until April, when the volunteer army
hadjwiffered hesvy reverses, that he wa
able to resume command and on account
of th necessity of reforming the scat
tered elementa of tha force of Oen.
Denlklne he waa delgnated a military
adviser to Oen. Shilling.
With the evacuation of Odessa and
tha reduction of Shilling' responsi
bilities, Wrangel t proceeded to Hva
tapol, where he waa Informed by the
British Admiral there that on account
of previous difficulties with Gen.
Denlklne that officer requested that he
leave Ruasla. He retired to Novoroaslk,
where he prepared the evacuation of the
wounded, and then left for the Crimea.
"The nervouanea of the troops," the
report declared, "reiultlng from th
nWI of hi retirement, forced him to
leave Russia for the time, but on April
14, 1920, public opinion, clamoring for
a new leader, cauied Gen. Denlklne,
then head of the volunteer army, to
reilgn and a council of Ruaalan Generate
to elect Wrangel aa hi logical euc-
Subjugation of Poland as Part
of World Drive Suspected
in Washington.
Russian Situation Believid to
Have Been Strong Influemo
on Japan's Action.
Document Said to Explain En
tire Matter of Occupation.
Washington. Aug. 14. Japan's roply
to the American note proteatlng against
Japanese occupation of the northern
part of the Island of Saghallen was re
ceived to-dny at the State Department
The note was described as a lengthy
one and It waa understood that It went
thoroughly Into the whole question of
the Japanese policy In Siberia. Ths
document, together with the original
American note, may bo made ptlMtl
next week.
HONOLULtfi T. H.. Aug. 14 Japan
expected soon to call national muss
meeting of It citizens to obtain their
views on foreign affairs, because of the
Increasing gravity of the international
situation, says a Toklo cablegram to the
VippN I'ji, Japanese vernacular news
paper here.
The despatch, giving press opinion on
Chinese political changes, declares the
new Chinese cabinet Is "decidedly pro
American and anti-Japanese In senti
ment," and declares some Japanese
expect s social revolution In China.
.Sffiinl tn Th Bi r Nn Ngw TOM Knalgt
Wahin(iton, Aug. 14. Important In
formation received In Washington to
day confirmed the auplclon already en
tertalned In official circles that Bolshe
vist Rurnla I contemplating the offer
ing of term to Toland which will he un
acceptable to the f'nJted States nnd to
the allied Powers. It appears thin noth
ing less thah the complete domination of
Poland by Soviet Influences will satisfy
the Government of l.enlnn and Trotiky,
and that inch subjugation will he but
the Hi -tl.-ti In a desperate world d.-lve
icr Sovletlsm everywhere.
The chief terms which are understood
to be under consideration are the virtual
dlsnrming nf Poland by limiting Its
regular army to J0.000 and the aiming
of 200,000 workmen who will represent
tho Soviet power In that country. Other
terms nre connected with this proposal,
all of them highly objectionuble and de
signed to foist upon Poland the same
tyranny of class that exists in Russia.
The purpose If to make of Poland th
bridge for Soviet Infiltration throughout
tho rest of Kurope and of the world.
Such a course, it Is recognized, would
not only destroy Poland a n free demo
cratic government In which the majority
would rule, but would destroy the pur
pose of the- Verftlllc conference to
build a buffer atate between Russia ,n(!
defeated Germany,
Theae advance notice of the nte
tlona of Soviet Ruana ar ,, t ,
have a alrong Influence In hap,., ,h,
course President Wilson will t. ,
hla proml to ua all "available .
to save Poland and to dfa: the
ther progress of Soviet Ism Tn. Z
also Influence the Washlngtu,, QovorT
mnt In relation to .I.,.n,.
- -- sii'i-iipanoy
of tha northern part of ,ne island of
Sakhalin and of Kaatern Siberia
The fact that It is ..
I Covrrntni.nl ,,. ....... V
......... . ..fc.....e in a sor d
crusade has been placed taW. Secretary
of State Colby ,M m.. fi..T.u.. . .lr
extended conference between him mA
... c .... . i . OI.I.HL i . . nrj
e- "Miuiniiri in .idpnn to.dav
Thla conference, which was formal hi
character, presumably took up the msi
tei-a into which tb t'nit,4
quired and wa alio for the purpose of
. .fi.i "" .no .inimin'w position
Is said by Japanee pologuta to he
harmony with that of the inn, i , .., .
It Is contended that larun i '
taking advance tcps to atmu the (Id
of Bolshevism, which is dir., ted iigmnst
Asia as well n Kurope nnd th,. fn,,.j
States. The Japanese will hnts .. ,.
understood. In their formal not of rPpv
to the United States that thalr right to
take defensive action In their arihera of
Influence In Asia Is guarantee! anfat
the I,anelng-Ishil agreement, hihI iiit.
erated In the arrangements thai were
made at the time of the organisation
Of th consortium to finance ob (0
China The Japanese hold that it rould
bo folly for them to sit Idl) hj while
Bolshevism Is directing Its menace t0.
ward them and the rest of the world
Aik Why Government Does Not
Hrr.imllre IlUaslltll Soviet.
Montevipbo, Uruguay, Aug. i a jj0.
clii list member of the chamber of Peru,.
Ilea to-day interpellated the Foreign
Mlnlater regardthg the Government at.
tltude toward Immediate recognition of
the Soviet Government of Russia. Thy
asked him why relations with Russia had
not been resumed and whether there ha.i
been an ngrement between Uruguay ant
other countries on the subject.
dentlv does not know that he was the "m Powerful French sources have never
greatest fallurejn.au era of failures.
Allied Coal Board Ready to Meet.
Pari, Aug. 14. The Interallied repa
rations commission announced to-day
that Germany had been advised even-'-thing
is ready for an early meeting of
the coal commission at Essen, as pro
vided for m the terms of the Spa agree
ment. Germany has been asked to
romlnate her member to that commis
sion, the snnouncement stated.
asnief categorically the assertion that
certain fictions in France more or less
secretly enroursgei the Poles to com.
mence on their tirst mad adventure to
ward KlefT three months ago
Despite the temporary success of rjen
Wrangel in South Russia sanest opin
ion here Is that as soon as the Bolshe
vlkl wore off the Poles they win repeat
the dose to Wrangel. He may be abie
to defend the Crimea, but he can not
live there, since It grows nothing much
save grapes
1 -mBLw
W MV8M MasMt)
Will Close Out
Beginning Monday, the Following
Important Values
Afternoon and Evening
FormerIy$125to$225....at $55, $75, $95
Light Colored Summer
Formerly $55 to $85.... at $25 and $45
Light Weight
Evening Wraps 1
Formerly $150 to $295. .at $95, $ 25, $ 65
Street Coats Wraps
Formerly $95 to $245.. .at $55 and $95
Sport Skirts
Formerly $38 to $65...... at $9 $25, $35
Street and Semi-Dress
i Formerly $125 to $165 at $5 5 and $75 '
Sheer Handmade
, Blouses
I Formerly $22 to $32 at$l2,5
The evenings are rich with pleasure
sweet music fills the air
THE world of music is yours tonight!
There is a great recital at Carnegie
Hall. The mighty Rachmaninoff is
playing. Although you are many miles
away you may attend the recital through
your Ampico. You will hear
Rachmaninoff playing in your home,
just as he plays at Carnegie Hall.
Next, in lighter mood, you attend the
latest musical comedies hear Broadway
successes played by such favorite artists as
Victor Herbert and Gitz Rice. Fritz
Kreisler then plays for you the piano
arrangements of his own compositions.
Then on to the Biltmore Cascades,
brilliant with lights and gay with music
and dancing. Call up your friends
select a few of the Ampico's latest dance
records, played with a swing and rhythm
that is inimitable for dancing Ampico
records are unequafled, and in your own
home you may give a dance that in gaiety
and brilliance will rival any metropolitan
function. 4-
AU of human experience and emotion
are expressed in music. Laughter in the
Danse Humoresque, played by Levitzki.
Sadness in the Adler interpretation of the
Sonata Pathetique. Martial ardor in the
Marche Militaire, played by Schnitzer.
Love's yearning in Ornstein's emotional
interpretation of Liszt's Liebestraum.
The deep bell note of tragedy in Rach
maninoff's Prelude, played by the com
poser. A world of magnificent music,
expressed in majestic beauty by the
To you in your home the Ampico brings
the crowning gift of music played ex
actly as you've heard great pianists play on
the concert stage it is more than a piano,
it is music itself, for within its case lies the
genius of tje world's grea.t composers and
of. a hundred modern master pianists.
You are cordially invited to hear this wonderful instrument reproduce the playing
of great pianists in the Ampico Studios.
Uprights from WS0 Grands from $2500
The Marque Ampico, foot operated, from WS
FiflhTtoenw at Thirty ninth 0t
m ;
A n Evening at
Home with
Mpproductrhjf J-kana
Mebdit RacAmammjf
Prelude G Minor Rachmaninoff
Prelude C sharp Minor
Etude No 2 Um
Scherzo, Op. 39 C sharp Minor
Triana Alhenh
false Danst Humoresque"
Staccato Etude Rubinstein
6th Hungarian Rhafisodie Liszt
Nocturne in F sharp Major Chopin
Liebestraum Lizst
Jeux d'eau y 'Ravel
Liebesjreud Kreisler
Marche Militaire Schuben-Tausig

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