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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1920. be AND THE NEW YORK HERALD. FOUNDED I8M-UM. r KEW YORK, WEDNESDAY. AUO. 18. 1920. THE SI N HBKAI.H COHI-ORATION. Publishers, io uniaw. Krnk A. Mum..-' . I'rseldent. F.nln U Vld ,n .,Llit. WS. T IViiri, Vice-president n.! Treasurer II. Tltherliigton, Secretary. It. S.OU 2.3:1 Sl.w Mi .40 .03 tt.HI 1.50 NEWSSTAND PRICES. Dally, Iwo rente o copy Id New iork city. Hire rent, within t lull" d '' g elsewhere; Bunds), file 1 " tea rests. MAIL UMUJUFTIOM KATES. One Six .On Bv Mall. Postpaid. Year. Moulin. Mont DAILY A HL'Nl A v. . llIMfi DAILY only 10.00 SUNDAY only 4 00 UN PAY only, Canada BOO FOREIGN RATES. -DAILY A SUNDAY... S26.00 11330 DAILY only U.OO III'VlllV ,.nlu It ,." .11- a'1 checks, money orders. Ac. to b mad paabk- to Tho Hun-Herata. European Edltloa. Puhllshrd In Parti every day lu W r, Price In Pnrla-25 centimes, dally and "pARIH OFFICE. 49 AVENUE DE L'OPBItA Information concerning advertising ltt lor the European Haitian my M obtained from the main New York office. The Associated Press l exclusively entitled to ilia use for republication of all MM des patches credited to It or not otherwise credited In thin paper and alao the local pro a puhllslieil herein. All right" "f republication of special ilea panhea herein are lo reserved. If our friends who fuvor ua with nianu cilpta anil illustrations for publication wish to have rejected articles returned they must In all cases aend ItSSSSS for that purpoae. MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL Of FICr'.H. 280 BROADWAY. TELEPHONE. WORTH 10.000. Senator Moses's Fight and Bight to Retain the Seat He Octuple. A staff correspontlent of this news paper who lias recently visited New Hampshire gave lis yesterday an un commonly picturesque aud vivacious account of Senator llEORcii. H. Moses's canvass for reelection to the L'nlted Stales Senate. Perhaps uo more spirited contest la now in progress wiLliln the range of vision. The pri maries are to occur three weeks nance. I" Now Hampshire, as every body win understand, the primary election i Senator MOSES'S battle ground and the Important antagonist is his Republican rival for Domina tion At the primary polls on Septem ber 7. We say Republican rival, nl l hough it Is alleged by ouf corre spondent that Mr. Huimn N. Spacl liixu voted Democratic two years ago and figured as an ardent advocate of the Wllsou League of Nations and the unaltered covenant. It Is only fair to Mr. Spaui.uxo, however, to note the circumstance that he de scribed himself as u "Republican" in the autobiographical note furnished to "Who's Who" late in 1017 or early In 1918. The Si n and New York IImald Is Instinctively for MoSES, We like his gumption, we like his fidelity to the constituents he represents In the Senate. We admire the loyalty with which he conducted a losing fight for General Leonard Wood lu the Presi dential' primaries and the equal loy alty of his prompt and effective acqui escence lu the party's decision in favor of Senator Habdino. And to his highest credit be It remembered that nobody detected more promptly or denounced more vigorously than Senator Mosrs of New Hampshire not only the humbug of the covenant anil the futility of the Wilson League but also the complexity of the Versailles Treaty even with the covenaut dis sected out of It, to use President Wil bON's phrase. Mr. Moses's siech of thirteen months ago on the Treaty of Peace with Germany was a masterpiece of perception and prediction. It would be hard to find a Juster characteriza tion of the Wilson covenant than that which he presented In a little more than one hundred words, as follows : "I am In full accord with the views which the opponents of the League of Nations have expressed. To rny mlnd the proposed covenant presents features which endanger our rights of sovereignty, which shackle our freedom of Judgment and action, and which bind ua to perpetual observ ance of stipulations, uncertain and unknown, to be laid upon ua by a foreign concert acting under the moat sinister of all the powers ever exer cised by the old order of diplomacy, which we have been told has passed away the reservation of the unre stricted right to act which the mem bers of the League take to them selves under the provision of Arti cle XV." Then Senator Mosks proceeded to examine the body of the treaty Itself, apart from the articles relating to the League, and to exhibit the Inextri cable thicket of complications Into which the proposed convention would thrust the L'nlted States. We hope that this remarkable piece of analysis and prescience Is so liber ally current in the New Hampshire campaign as to be In the hands of every Republican who Is called upon to judge between Senator Mosrs an framing and applying tha moot oo sentlal of her Internal statutes. "Ones drawn Into these meahee of Internal complication. Mr. President, It will be difficult for us to extricate ourselves, and t would have the Sen ate and the country realise fully, bo-, fore wa sot our seal of approval upon this Instrument, Hist It means com plete departure from all the tradi tions and principles which have gov erned us from the foundation of the Hepubllc ; that It means our entrance Into snd our active participation In all the numberless brolla which now exist In troubled Europe and which the next few years will multiply." Impressive,, tlieu? But how much more Impressive now when (loveruor Cox and Mr. Fhanki.in I). Roosevelt the eugineer statesmuu and the lire uiau-statesmau on Wuuoaow Wilson's single track line--tire urging the coun try Into these meshes of International complications and these swiftly multi plying broils of conteutlous races: That speech of Senator Moats in tho l'nlted States Semite on July S3, 111!, Is Indeed a document for August and September of 1920. GeOBOE II. Mosks Is one of tbe men at Wushlngton whom the now united and progressive Republican pnrty cannot spare In the times-that are' coming, Mr. Baker's Delusion and Mr. Uoyd George's Confession. The speech delivered yesterday by Newton D. Bakeb before the Demo cratic State Convention In Ohio that political document which we de scribed yesterday as passing through the malls as official business under the postal frank of tbe Secretary of Wur was devoted Almost entirely to a idea for the Wilson covenant. Of Its physical weight, so great that it would have cost Mr. 11a keb 10 cents to have put each c py In the mails with first class postage affixed, we have already spoken. Its Intellectual ponderosity may now be referred to. Mr. Bakes, after an introduction of some two thousand words historic and Idealistic, tired at his audience a paragraph evidently intended to con vince doubtful Ohio Democrats of the practicability of the superstate into which Mr. WuaON sought to fuse the L'nlted States : "It must be remembered that wa i are now talking not about a League of Nations, but the League of Na tions Twenty-nine nations, Includ ing all the great civilised Powers of the world and most of the minor Powers, have accepted the treaty of Versailles, and the League of Nations therein provided for ,has been organ ized and la at work. Its central office is established, ita secretaries are accumulating material, treaties are being filed with It. and contro versies among the nations are being referred to it for action. We, must determine, therefore, whether the United States Is to become a party to this League." The League therefore functions, ac cording to Mr. Wilson's Secretary of War and warm supporter. It must have astonished Mr. Uakes's hearers when, after this preliminary tlescrli tlou of the twenty-nine cylinder en gine, he made no mention at all of the battle of Warsaw, raging at the moment Quite Ignoring tbe conflict along the Hug, Mr. Ham. a suavely followed ills assurance that the League Is "at work" with a declara tion that In that organization lies the only practical way to end aggression, oppression and war. Of course Mr. Bakes Is not alone among statesmen in his delusions about the League and Its working. About twenty hours before Mr. Bakeh delivered his speech in Columbus sev eral British gentlemen rose in the House of Commons to ask the Premier why the League (concerning the ac tivities of which they evidently be lieved as Mr. Baker docs) had done nothing to end the war between Po land and Soviet' Russia. The reply of Mr. Lloyd George was admirably candid: "I am quite willing to consider the question raised by Mr. Clinks and Sir Robert Cbcil as to the desira bility of having brought? the League into operation In connection with the Polish question. It could not have been done. The League cannot oper ate where there Is no unanimity, and It Is quite clear that the Allies have not the same views regarding Kus sla and Poland." Thus the leader of that Empire which holds by far the greatest vot ing power in the League confessed that the League "cannot operate where there la no unanimity." How often does Mr. Lloyd George or Mr. Baker or any other professing admirer of the League think unanimity would be found among the Powers, say ten years hence, when the commercial rivalries of Europe ore again at their height? If there Is no meeting of minds between France and England I ! when the memory of their great war Mr. Spauldino. In studying It every body will find therein prognosis which In thirteen months has become fact, prophecy which events are n'ready verifying. Kor example: "Whatever may be said of the bale ful consequences which will flow to the l'nlted States from the operation ef the League of Nations, they are. after all, In the future; whereas the provisions of this treaty Immediately ad without recourse thrust us aulo matlcally and by authority Into the endlosa snarls of attempting to set new boundaries for contentious .races hi Burope and impose on us a share In the k of holding Germany In leash, of stifling her commercial and industrial development, and even of partnership Is stHI green, what amity may we look for among nations less sympathetic when the pinch comes? One threat from inside his own country and the British Premier re fuses to cooperate with France for the preservation of Poland ! If anything was needed to make complete the ludlcrousneas'of the situ ation Mr. Lloyd Georuk supplied It when he added, as a secondary excuse, that Russia declined to have anything to do with the League. He did not mention, so far rs we know. Article XL of the covenant and Its bearing on this particular point. Lest any reader has forgotten the brave worda of that article, let us quote the first sentence thereof, for it makes more Interesting Mr. Llotd 1 Geohoe's plea that the League cannot act In tbe praaent crista because LeiIine has declined League Inter vention : "Any war or threat of war, whether Immediately affecting any of the members of the League or not, Is hereby declared a matter of con cern to the whole League and the league shall take any action that mny he deemed wise and effoctus. to safeguard the peace of nations." Nothing could read more plainly. Nothing could menu less when a great Power decides that It will not risk the overthrow ef a Ministry for tbe aake of Poland. "What Power in the world," asked Mr. Bakeb yesterday, "would venture an aggressive war lu the face of a league comprehending all the nations?" Well. In the face of twenty-nine signatures to Article XL. the Bolsheviki have ventured this very thing and one of the covenant's sponsors and the spokesman for the greatest Power In Europe admits the helplessness of the League and rele gates the boldest promise of the cove nant to the dim shades where twlneth the woodbine. discomfort. But could we ever be tempted to administer reproof of so extreme a measure as that suggested by the woman reader of tbe Review and "kick him In the face"? This does not appear to be good form in these parts, for we have never seen It done, although we have heard men under such circumstances growl down at Tony, "Hey, I'm not a horse." The only jtoaalble explanation for "Woman Reader's" suggestion Is that she is a zealot In the cause of reform of commercial bribery and tipping, and tobeaseelot is to cultivate rhetorical speech. We deplore tbe day a boot black's somewhat heavy pressure on a woman's corns shall bring to pass such a punishment as Implied In the organ of the opponents of commercial briber' and tipping. Doom Stalks ike rrolteer. When we see the concerted action toward Increuscd produetlou on the farms, the enormous accumulation of merchandise stocks Jammed to the roof of both foreign and domestic ware houses, aud the constantly shrink- fc , -m a ltnt let ns return to Mr. Baker an' ug iiuying power oi our un.pt.. the words that fall aa pansles from i customers, it is time to watch for tne cruinDiiug or me tissue paper his tongue: "The long delay In the ratification of the treaty has appeared to break to the heart of the world the prom ise which America made lth Its lips." Of course, America made no prom ise that It has not performed; and the world understands thni tho l'nlted eral tendency in Europe b down- States is not bound, legally or morally, i ward, the London Statist reporting Ita A LANDLORD OF LONG AGO How Colonel Williams of Peeksklll Raised His Hotel Rates. To Taut Bun and Narw Tosk Hbsalo: "The cleanest villus on the Hudson" has a new story, and It's just as good as any the Hon. Chkuncey If. Depew ever put off on the public about this place. Many years ago the Kagle Hotel was kept by Colonel Williams and ona of his boarders for years was John Hal stead, Sr. The' high cost of living both ered people then as It does now. One day the Colonel came to Mr. Hal stead end said, "John. I have some very bad news for you and I hate to tell you, but I feel that I must. Eggs have gone up to II cents a dosen. vegetables are hard to get, and they have also raised on flour. I don't know what we arc going to do." Then putting his arma around Mr. Halstead's neck he aald with tears in his eyes that he would have to raise Mr. Halstead's board from IS a week to 18. 5(1 a week. Mr. Halstead was indeed surprised and said, "Well. Colonel. If you must raise me I will have to pay It." This did not break a delightful friend ship of years, but there were strained r.-in t lor s for several days. Mr Hal stead, Sr., waa a rich tanner, and the high cost of living at that time must have nude him sit up nights wondering bow be could make both ends meet. But Colonel Williams raised hhn all rlg-ht snd got that extra fifty cents a week. Nrw York. August 17. T. V. W. PI ALLEY. SHORT LIVED HONORS. to carry out rash pledges made with out Constitutional authority. But what American can view the League's failure in the case of Poland without 0f tne situation, and so far ns it af thanking Providence for the refusal of j fectg poekelbook of the purchusei the Republican Senate to let us into mi Impossible mess? fort in which the profiteer has an confidently established himself. Th Ion: suffering consumer breathes a i sigh of relief when he reads the slg-j nlticant announcement that in the! month of Julv nrlees In this country! A Snake Remembered and a Man For. dropiied 2.6 points, according to gotten at Panama. HriHltlreet't index, and that tbe gen- To Ths Sum akd New Took Hsbuld: In your paper of Atflruat 1 2 F. L. Hoff man writes: "Some day there will be built at Panama, overlooking the beau tlful bay, out of voluntary contributions the world over a monument In enduring brome to (Jorgas's memory as one but for whose vision, devotion and work nil the rr arvels of that most inspiring region nilnht never have come Into being." I doubt It. Unless that "some day" Index number on August 1 at 254.0, a decline of 1.1 points. But this gives only a blrdseye view at the retail counter offers limited cause for rejoicing. What Is mon in inJ.v th nermle Are too Drone to pleasing, ami vnnt inoicaies more forgct Practical Art Prises. j positively that the day of the profiteer Ij( dfl-than seven years ago there died Art prizes have been changing their s passing, Is tbe condition In the mar- j another irember of the Isthmian Canal Character to n marked degree In re-jkets for commodities which figure In Cm mission and a close friend of the cent years. Instead of being offered;, ,. everyday wants of the aven purely for works of sculpture, paint-, consumer. In the Chlragw wheal Hi of pnf1neerlns lriumpH of lng and water colors they have come! strong efforts have Dee ll mane to snow jrnuma m, end, upon compie to Include objects In which utility Is; that because the crop this year will , tion ()f ng achievement at Culebra, was mournad throughout the country. The cut ht made was by act of Congress nai 'et! In his mrmory. But to-day the people and the press the reason for being, with ariigtici.ne sngntiy miner uuu ui jem form as the secondary element. Archi-i the price should be much higher. But tects aud American schools of design. despite this nrgument then- were such as that at Cooper Union, have J more sellers than buyers, which meant ' clnjf tQ Culpbra Cut preferring to helped to bring about this change. tendency toward Q lower price. 1 here . pcn,etu.ito the name of a snake than Architects appear to be more sen- were more traders who recognised the sltive to the opportunities thus pre-' underlying conditions, the slackening scnted by tula broadening lietd than I demand from abroad and the move any of the other classes of practltlon-! toward economy at home, untl wnue ers of the tine art Thus, soon after j these will uot reduce the consnmp- the first traffic tower uppeured on tlon of bread they are certain to cause Fifth avenue the Beaux Arts lnstI-( n reduction in prices. , tute of Iiealun offered three prlaeal Coffee is another indicator. Last for the best design for such struc-jweek it closed 31 to 70 ndjnta lower tores notices of the competition being! In the New York market, due chiefly ...., uni.wiiu ihrnnirhnnt tho cotKl-l to the heavy droit In futures. The .-,111 1 1. I.'" 1 try. As proof of the widespread in-! drop was not on Indication that the terest In the scheme und of tbe I consumption of coffee has been cur growth of the practical element In tailed, but coffee traders as well as design lu this country, the prizes were! wheat traders know that coffee enn- t remain at its Inflated price level won lu their order by architectural students of Pittsburg, Hoover and New York. Artistic traffic towers would be a great improvement over the present skeleton structures now on Fifth avenue, for these are simply monuments of the practical rather than of the beautiful. Another practical art prize of un usual character has been offered by a Chicago artist to the Illinois chap tcr of the American Institute of Architects. It Is for "the best design in color showing an interior of two walls with at least one window, one door, a mantel and appropriate spaces for the distribution of the following standard sized paintings: one 30 by 40, one 20 by 24. and one or two 16 by 20 framed canvases." The object of this prize Is to bring about n co operative spirit between architect and painter and to stimulate the archi tect's desire to make a more artistic and appropriate use of wall spaces than in the past Our own Architectural League has offered a prize for some years past for the same purpose: to bring about cooperation between architect and painter by having an architect anda mural painter workin collaboration on a design for a room Interior. In practice, however, tbe results of this portieulsj collaboration could only lie afforded by the rich. The merit of this new Chicago prize Is that Its principle could be applied to every home where there are pictures. Judging by the haphazard picture hanging seen In tbe average home, there is room for much Improvement in this general practice. Reforming the Bootblack To that Interesting periodical which bears the sonorous title of the Com mercial Bribery and Tipping Review a contributor who uses the signature Woman Header" proposes a sympo sium on "Why I Oppose Tipping Boot blacks." The source of her Inspira tion comes from the following experi ence endured by the contributor: "Last week a burly bootblack, i infuriated by the fact that the gen tleman who had preceded me in the chair had foiled to tip him after he had 'wasted good time on the cusb.' as he told me, nearly took my foot off In expressing his wrath. He whipped the polishing rag over my sore corn until he nearly provoked me into kicking him In .the face." The editor remarks, "this Is in line with much testimony reaching the Reviexe." Many who are troubled with that form of pedal grievance which the dictlonnr.v politely describes as "a horny thickening of the cuticle" have had experiences similar to that of the woman reader of the Commercial Bribery and Tipping Review. The manbiuidllng of our feet by a boot black has been the cause of sharp I DO If everything else goes down. The same story is true of textiles staple cotton and woollen goods hav ing shown a decided fall In the last few weeks. The pricking of the silk bubble is no longer news. But the drop from 4.400 yen to 1,200 yen a bale for raw silk In the six months Just ended opened the way for what Is now Impelling In other textiles. This Is ! year of liquidation ill which the profiteer has various end precarious chances f escaping with his ielf. In his favor he still has the railroad congestion and tbe high price of credit, both Impeding full measure production. Agulnst him he hus the inevitable reliction from an orgy of private and public spending, a reac tion which Is causing consumers to pause now liefore buying at high prices the things they would not have hesitated to buy a few months ago without asking the prices. The Government reart Just issued shows more money lu circulation and consequently more credit than ever In the history of the country. The buy ing power of the population baa not been reduced, but self-control and good sense have Increased. This spells cer tain and pitiless punishment tor the profiteer. We do not recall having found in the fiction of crime the device used by Detective Grkkr In a successful effort to recover $f5,000 In stolen bonds from an experienced and suspicious thief, too clever to deal with a pretended sick receiver of stolen goods, however artful the disguise. So the thief waa Induced to meet a sure enough sick man fever, Job's comforters, bad cough and everything and gave himself away. The "receiver'' was Grrbr's side partner, McCormick, hon estly on sick leave. Detective story writers please copy. Being "dead to the world" Is a fig ure of speech understood even before It cost 110 a bottle to got that way, but It was never understood to Imply immunity from a District Attorney's summons servers. Choice Seats.' Crouched and graaplng tha wheal Ut an automobile Is the height of bliss aom can attain. Although others aver That they greatly praftr A seat In a ewift monoplane. The bridge of a yacht Is the happiest lot. Say aome who quit dote on tha brine. While a berth on a ship That to Cuba may allp la for thoae who enjoy air Ilka wine. Then tha seat cf a trap And a Air full of snap Is for thosf who like steppers that step. And the old mcklng chair On the porch pulls for fair When the weather quite bolls out the pep. nut the luckiest guy , Is the one who'ts spry He Is spryer than I, 1 conf ie And can push thro tha push And then gntb In the rash Half a seat hi a sabsray express. Marsici that of a national bi ro So why assume that "some day" some, thing will be done down there In memory of General Oorgas? S. S. Sr.ra.rT. New York, August 17. HOT DAYS AND HOT HEADS. Effect of Raging Slrins on Man's Tem perament and the Weather. To The Scn and New Yobk Hebalo: Dogs have no more to do with the heat and humidity of the so-called dog days than they have with the hideous gar goyles that look down from the roof of Westminster Abbey. Dogs are moro apt to gc mad in December than In July and August. log days take their name from the fuct that the dog star, Slrlus, the most brilliant star in the heavens, rages from about July 3 to August 11. During this period we have hot. sultry, muggy weather, so that life is hardly worth living, and during this period also Slrlus rises eolncldently with the sun. Their association is about over, and we shall goon he comfortable again. Astrology holds that persons born be tween July 3 and Auirust 11 are opt to be quick tempered. They are governed b their hearts, not by their heads; afffctlinate, quick to resent an Injury, qulflt to forgive, apt to go to extremes In all things, born to rule, not to be ruled Such are the children of the Sun. as they are called. As I was born on August 3 I am proud to say that I belong to the order. Abinoton H. Carman. PATcHoora, August 17. PRICE OF THE LEAGUE. Practical Besnlts ha Europe of Mr. Wilson's Work In Paris. To Ths Sun and New York Heraj-d : In the World Is an Interview with P. B. Ipyes, an American delegate on the Inter-Allied Rhlneland Commission. Some of his statements sound like God's truth. He says: Our hand ran ha eeen all over the map of Europe. Our representatives and diplomats at Verse tiles are largely re sponsible for the plebiscites, civil com; missions and other clauses of the peace treaty. Had It not been for America Marsha! Foch would now be running In military fashion not only the Bh In land bu'. many another part of Germany. In fact, ona Is almost provoked to soy that 'If America had not Interfered at all In the making of the peace treaty It might hava been better for Europe. Anti-Liaocb. JTrw Tosk, August 17. JOHN GEIB'S BIRTHPLACE. Families of tbe Same Kama Are Liv ing at Stauderahelm. Herman . To Tint 8i;n and New York Hbbalo: I read Alger C. Olldersleeve's letter in your paper and wish to Inform him that the town he aaks abou I not Stan denhelm but Staudernhelm, a town of about 1,500 or 1,800 Inhabitants. It la beautifully situated In the valley of the Nahe some twenty miles from Its con fluence with the Rhine and About ten miles from the well known Spa Kreux nach. There are several families named Oelb living In Staudemheim. They too may be descendants of John Oelb, whose grave Is In St Paul's churchyard In this city. . taweoLD Poos. New York, August 17. Hudson Waa aa Eagllshmaa. To THr. 80S A KB NSW Yoax Hsbai.s: What nationality was Henry Hudson, for whom tha Hudson River was named? J. rj. 8. Bbooklis), August 17. In Elyslan Fields. Cautious 8ptrlt-Is there any ragweed In that asphodel? A Cordl.il Kansas Imitation. From the Effingham Sew Leaf. If you do not go fishing or uniting, and hates DO work to do, and tho street ho do loafers to interest you, you might go to church, and the churches will be glad to sea you, no matter who yovjaara. Newspaper History Associated With Ponil's Hoston Office. To The Bvm and Naw Yobk Hbbauj: C. P. Butler'a letter regarding the origin of the name of PI Alley hi Boston, made famous by Ponsl, seems to imply that the situation of the Globe may have been largely responsible for the naming of the alley. But the Herald probably exerted a gTenter Influence and the alley's annals would be Incomplete with out mention of that paper, as for many years before the Olobe came into ex krtenne the Hnrattl offices were close to Pi Alley and thtro remained for more than fifty years. The Pott, the Joureml and the AdvrtUer were older, but the Herald was one of the earliest In News paper How. The Globe started about 1171, whereas the Herald began In IMS and In 1161 took up Its location close by PI Ally at 103, now 241, Washington street, where It remained until 1878. when It occupied Its now building at 13S Washington street, tho third building south of PI Alley's archwny, and there continued until It removed some years ago to Its present Tremont street location. While the Globe Is opposite PI Alley the Herolrf was really on It, for from Its luter Washington street building ex tended along PI Alley an L In which were the editorial and mechanical de partment. One squeesed between its walls and bulging draft horses that had hauled the great rolls of news print for the press room. Newsboys gathered In Pi Alley, not so much be cause "newspaper offices hnd them do so" but because here was the HrrrtM's delivery room, and- the newspaper men who looked down on different nationali ties did so from the Herald's windows, for these opened on the alley. Here was the rear door leading to the stairs, the direct route to the edi torial department on the second floor, city and news departments on 'the third and composing room on the fourth, and these were In general use by staT mem bers except when pay days or out of town assignments with expense advances caused visits to the cashier and conse quent descent by the front stairs Into the Washlnsjon street business office. All these floors had windows on the alley and there being no general city room reporters were quartered on the third floor, three or four together In small rooms, and from their windows one looked directly Into the alley and discerned not only the newsboys but the quaint sign of the Bell in Hand, for that ancient and then cheerful taproom adjoined toward Court Square. Its sign I saw recently still In place, and If its days of usefulness In summoning the thirsty are really over it should be pre served hi a historical museum, for-It rivals most of Its kind to be found over the taprooms of old London. Officially PI Alley is William's Court and so appears on city maps and street signs, but Is never so called by those who knew It well. Tho latter name had Its uses, however, for Herald men when on assignments in small New England towns, it being Important to avoid all c ues to their newspaper connection, ad dressed mall news matter not to the HeroW, Washington street, but In the name of the editor, Mr. Smith, Jones or Brown, at Its building's street number in William's Court, but Pi Alley would have served as well. B. Ni.v V.. us;, August 17. N.Y. MERCHANTS FOR HIGHER RAIL RATES P. S. C. at TTfarhiff Oots Many Reqnests to Follow Fed eral Board's Lead. lit J&rnt AND CITY SKS FOR A DELAY Wlllard Says Advances Vlll Do Much to Cut Down Cost of Living. THE NEW YORK HERALD. THS UVN wa founded by Hen Day ta Ills; Ttih! HBW YORK H ERA 1,1) teas founded by James Gordon Bennett in 1836. THE 8VS poind into the oox frol of Chariot A. Dana in 18(1, it became the property of Frank A. Muntey in 1916. TUB NKW YORK IIRRAll) J remained tin tole property of itt oundn unrii iit aeatn in llvz, tvAen Als son, alio James Gordon Bennttt, succeeded to the ovtneriMp of tha paper, which continued In hit handt until hit deals in l'jH THH in i; a n became tho property of franh A. Mwtey Jyi 1910. YOU-ALL. Evidence of Its Tse in the Singular as Well as In the Plural. To Tin Sen and New Yobk Hald: You print a letter suggesting the in corporation into pur language of "You all" aa the plural form of you. Your correspondent asserts that naturally this could not be confused with the singular. Unfortunately his argument Is based on an Incorrect premise. You-all Is, like you. both singular and plural. It is n. product of the South and, to him who knows his 8uth, is redolent of the negro. Your correspondent could never pro fane you-all by requiring It to be plural if he had ever beer the solitary occu pant of a Southern village store when a single, old time negro entered and, having removed his hat as an act of genuine courtesy, delivered himself of the following: "Good evenln', white folks, has you-all any groun" peas? We-uns 'oman Jes nachally frotttn' for some parched groun' peas." 'oman be ing an abbreviation of woman, meaning wife, and ground peas being peanuts. Cot-RTNET Campbell. FORBSTON, S. C, August 15. MIGHT AND A WRIST WATdH. The Blacksmith Reminds a Spectator of Washington. TO TlIB SUN AND NSW YORK HERALD : A few days ago I was passing the shop of my friend Jones, the village black smith, when my attention was arrested by a volume of sound unusual even In that noisy spot. With curiosity aroused I entered the shop and found the worthy smith bent over the anvil and raining repeated heavy blows upon a small object thereon. In response to my question he In formed me that ho was repairing his wife's wrist wutch. Filled with awe I walked away, the while my thoughts turned to that other noisy shop in Washington where a Prmocratlc Administration with deft touch solves our delicate economic prob lems. George B. Alvord. Hartford, Conn., Xugust 17. Why Railroad Workers Travel Free. To Ths Son and Nzw York Herald : "Fair Play" asks If railroad employees should not pay fare If they travel when no, in actual service. Has he read the decision of the Railway Labor Board, In which it Is definitely stated that in handing dewn the wage award the con cession of passes was taken Into con sideration? Had this not been done the employees Would have received at least 10 per cent, more Increase, thereby In volving a higher rate for the commuter. Railroad Wosker. Nsw Yosk, August 17. Breaking the Ice Trust In Kansas. From the Concordia Blade-Empire. Ica cream which was frosen and packed In hallfrom the storm which occurred here five weeks ago was brought In to Mr. and Mrs. C. B. March by Mr. and Mrs. Will Newlngham Saturday. The hall drifted Into a draw on the Newlngham farm and waa rorered with leaves snd straw, which have kept It from melting. The Newlngham have had enough Ice tor their hems and dairy usa froro, tha drifted hall and they sny they will have enough to last quite a while longer. Home of the pleoes ef hall are said to he as large as hen's eggs. kyrrial to Ths Bust asp Nsw York HaiALO. Ai.bant, Aug. 17. The Public Service Commission nt Itji hearing to-day on the application of the steam railroads of the Stato for permission to file on five days' notice ths Increased freight and passen ger rates, as recently announced by the Interstate Commerce Commission, re ceived hundreds 'of letters and tele grams from chambers of commerce urg ing favorable action toward the rail roads. It is sought to have the new rates In effect on August 2s. The hearing room was filled with rep resentatives virtually all the railroads of the State, headed by C. C. Paulding of the New York Central and Daniel Wlllard. president of the Baltimore and Ohio -Railroad, who served bh chairman of the eastern district railroads at the hearing before t lie IntSratatS Commerce Commission. About the only opposition came from representatives of the Corporation Coun sel of New York clly. tha Btata High way Commission and build ng materials concerns, who objected to the i.ropost-d rates on road building material, and travelling men's organisations, v. ho o-i- posed the new passenger ratsa, Tin now schedule, proposed an increase ol s0 per cent, on all existing freight rates and advanced the passenger rate from three to three and six-tenths cents a mile. Following a suggestion of Cliiirlea H. Hill, chairman of the commission, n con ference was hold between Air. I'ltuldlng and other railroad attorneys, anil It was stipulated by the railroads that thn ap plications were made without prejudice to the right of the commission, In case It grants an order to file, to suspend particular rates on complaint or by the commission's own motion for Investiga tion. Further than that the commission reserves decision. Says Capital's Time Has t ome. Mr. Wlllard. who waa called as a wit ness, told the commission that nothing will do so much to bring down the high cost of living as Increased rates and In creased revenue to the steam carriers. He declared that labor had been re warded, but that capital had been work ing for nothing. He compared the con ditions under which railroads operated in 1916 and at present. Cost of labor, he said, had Increased. 103 per eont. since then, of coal 102 per cent and of other materials 100 per cent., while the advance hi freight rates had been It per cent. Baaed on present rates and with the present wage award he Indicated a deficit of $5411,000,000 in 1920. Revenues of roads In the Eastern dislfict were estimated at 1S, 000,000 and expenses at ISS7, 000,000, and, Mr. Wlllard said, the deficiency muRt be met by better operating methods. He said that about 80 per cent, of the roadH' freight bustneas was Interstate and about 20 Per cent, intrastate. Mr. Wll lard argued for a proper readjustment of freight rates to oth.ir States, saying that if anything intrastate tariffs should be greater than through rates. "It is simply a case of tho higher com of living among railroads n with in dividuals," Mr. illard said. Aaka to Await City's Action. Assistant Corporation Counsel Fet tip :i.ke.l that the commission defer any or ders on freight and passenger rates af- fecting Greater New lork until an in vestigation could be made by the city authorities. He argued that the Public Service Commission should not follow Ilia order of the Interstate Commerce Comn.isslon, and that the question was vital to the residents of Greater New York He, however, would favor in creaseH where it wns shown they were ncctssary. Ha asked for an opportunity particularly to look into the railroads' appilcatlons so far as they related to bong Island and certain New York com muting travel. Chaliman Hill said the commission would take Into consideration the ap plication of Mr. Fcrt'g and announce its dtc.'sion later. 1 SEEK NEW RATES FOR NEW JERSEY Railroads Ask Commission to Validate Lease. in sim.sm and rniTwaiAL omm, MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL, OFFIOBft 210 BROADWAY. TILE. PHONE, WORTH 10,000. IIKANt n OFFIt RS for receipt of advar. ti and sale of papers: l'UINCIPAL UPTOWN OFKI0B HeraH ntillrtiiiK. Hernia H.iuaie. Tel. Kits Roy H Altf.KM OFFK'B-203 WKBT 1ISTH ST . NEAR SEVENTH AVK. Tol. TW Moniln, elite. Open until 10 P, M. WAMIINCTON UEItiHTS OFFICE-rAJ WEST 1SIBT ST. T.I. 9008 Wadawor-!.. Open until 10 P. M. DOWNTOWN OFFICE-200 I1ROADWAT. Open S A. M. to 10 P. M. Sundaye. 2 P. M to 10 P. M. nrtOOKI.VN OFFICES EAGLE BUlLn. INO. 30.1 WASHINGTON BT. Tel. llf) Main. 24 COURT BT. Tl. Msg Main. Open until 10 P. M. BRONX OFFICE-MS WILLIS AVE., AT MSTII ST. Tel. 005U Melroaa. Open until 10 P. M. Principal American and Foreign Bureaus. WASHINGTON Tli. Munsoy Building. CHtCAGO-20S South La Ball st. LONLMON W-43 Fleet at. PARIS 49 Avenuo do I'Opera, M Rue 4s Louvre. There sre shout MO advertisement reealv. Ins stations loenteil throushotit Now v,,. ( city anil vicinity where Sun Heral'l art. . tlaemenls will be received at office rates ri ! forwarded for publication. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York Elr to-day and probably to-morrow ; no change in temperature ; gentle north winds. For New Jersey Fair to-day and to-morrow ; not much change In temperature; gentle north winds. , For Northern New England-Fair to-,lsy and to-morrow; not much change In tem perature; gentla nnith winds. For Southern New England Fair to-day anil to-morrow ; not much change In tem perature; gentle north winds. Fer Western Ni w York-Fair to-day and probably to-morrow: rlslns temperature; gentle, variable winds, mostly easterly. WASHINGTON. Aug. 17. -The area if low pressure that has persisted over the Eastarn Htmoa dtirlns the last several days Is drlftlni: eastward and to-nlglit was pac ing off tho Atlantic mast. It Is being fol lowed by rising pressure, cleailnt; weather and diminishing litiir.ldlty over the north and middle State, cart of tha Mississippi River. The pressure is nhnorntslly low nvrr the Rocky Mountnln and western plateau regions and rlalni: over the north Pacific atatas. Normal temperatures prevail gen erally over the United states except in tie upper Mlsaourl valley, where exceptionally hiiih timperatures preiail. anil over tha Southwest State, where temperalurca ie maln below- normal. High temp, ratares continue In the Inter ior of Callfnrnlu, while much cooler weather hal overspread the north Paolfle State", There were scattered -showers and thunderstorms dining Tuesday in Hie- Atlanta: and liuli States, Tenness.e, westesn Kansas. New Metclro and nortli Utah. Fair weather pre vailed In ulier parts of the country. The outlook for tho middle Atlantic and New EtiKland State, Is for fair weather snd mild temperatuie. For the south Atlantic and cant Quit States partly cloudy weather will prevail, with local thunder showers to. morrow and Thursday, and for the Ohio Valley ,nid Tennessee and the region of the great lakes fair wtther, with rising tem perature both daysT Observations at l'nlted States Weather Ilu- reau stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian, time: Temperature Rainfall last hrs. Raro- last "4 Stations. lllch. Low. m-ter. hr. Weather. Abilene 84 t:s tM ..HI Cloudy TbeNton, Aug. 17. Argument to vali date the application of the Pennsylvania and New Jersey railroads running through New Jersey for lncressed freight and passenger rates was made to-day before the Board of Public Utilities Com missioners by Henry Wolfe Blckle, at torney for the railroads. For some rea son the hearing had been delayed be yond the legal date for the filing of applications for increased tares, which was on August (. The petition of the railroads was for an extension of five days in which to file notices of advances of 40 per oest In freight rates and 20 per cent in pas senger fares. Mr. Blckle argued that tho Increase had been granted by tie Interstate Commerce Commission, that the shippers had expressed their will ingness to fay them and that they had been allowed by the Public Service Com mission In Pennsylvania. Mr. Blckle also told the board that commutation tickets issued on August 1 would be valid throughout the month, even If the new rates are approved. J. Russell Carrow of Camden, a for mer member of the New Jersey Legis lature, protested against any Increase In fares and declared tnat it tne increase is approved for one road It should not fol low that other companies should be given Increases also. "Wall 8treet has brought many of the roads of the country to the verge of bankruptcy," he said. "There is no aibany Atlantic City Ihiltlmore Hlsmarck Boot on Buffalo Cincinnati. . . Chail'-MtoD. . . Chleago Cleveland I'enver rc troll Galveston Helena Jacksonville. Kansas City. Los Angelts. Milwaukee. . , New Orleans t iklahoma Philadelphia. I'lttshurg Portland. Ma. 74 Portland, Ore. RS nlt Laks City 74 San Antonio. . 00 San Diego. .. . 7S San Francisco 04 St. I.ouli 86 St. Paul 8 Washington.. t2 -..; 78 sa ft 80 TS 84 as TB M M 86 76 SB ft sr 71 B9 as a 82 71 70 7S OX 70 OS liS 82 OS 00 00 00 80 02 JO 68 00 7S 711 70 BO II 08 72 OS H 74 r.n.io Ml i,S .ill OS 211.70 30.10 30.14 30.10 SO. 10 30.10 30 14 2!l 74 30.10 30.00 20.74 30.00 30 02 211.84 SO.I8 30.00 30.04 30.14 30.18 20 itS 29.02 20.82 20.82 30.06 30 02 30.10 .01 .22 1.22 Clear Cloudy Rata Clear Clondv Cloudy Clear , Clear Clear Cloudy Clear Clear Pt. Clay Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Cloudy Cloudy Clear Pt. CIdy Rain Pt. Cldy Cloudy Pt. Cldy Clear Clear Pt. Cldy Clear Rain LOCAL WEATHER RF.f'ORDS. 8 A.M. 8PM Barometer 30.07 30.12 Humidity on .84 Wind direction W. N. W. Wind velocity 17 Weather Cloudy Cloudy Precipitation None Nona The temperature In this city yesterday, as recorded by the official thermometer. Is shown In the annexed table: 8 A. M.. 73 1 P. M...84 0 A. M...76 2 P. M...85 3 P. M...8T. 4 P. M...84 B P. M...82 1910. 06 6 P. M....80 6T P. M....7 68 12 Mid 71 Highest temperature, 81, at 3 P. M Lowest temperature, 72, at 3 A. M. Average-temperature, 78. 10 A. M...78 11 A. M...B0 12 M. . 82 120. 9 A. M....76 12 M 82 3 P. M....85 11 P. M...80 7 P. M...77 8 P. M...77 0 P. M...7.1 10 if M. ..72 1020. 1910. g 63 14 HOW RATE INCREASE HITS LONG ISLAND Ralph Peters Sees No Need to Boost Living Cost. Ralph Peters, president of the Long Inland Railroad Company, gvo out a statement yesterday In which he pointed cut how the freight rate Increase granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission swill affect the cost of living on Long Island. He said the statement was made In the hope that the spreading -i the facts would help prevent-proflteer-Ingv An Increase In the price of some commodities, he said, might be Justified, but usually the transportation charges are so small as to be practically negli gible. The Increase over the present rate on one bushel of oysters shipped frcr Sayvllle, U L, to Brooklyn will amount to seven centa One peck of potato. shipped from Rlverhead, L. L, will cost nine mills more under the new rates. "One hundrer pounds of sugar shipped from New York clly to Huntington. Lu I., will cost eight cents above the present freight rate, an advance of elght-tentha of a mill per pound," the statement says. 'The rate on a pair of men's shoes . ik. VT...- t reason wny um viu "i . . .,... ..... . ii,.llw,.,,i I 1 railroads declaring from cent, dividends." s So 10 per TO WITHDRAW FARE PLEA. A Georgia EoaaoniUt. From the Dublin Trtetn. Roaring the red, even If It calls for the spoiling of the child. Is a good economic tef fat these limes of high priced lumber. Philadelphia Company Reverses In Proposed Increase. Special to T ns Best akd Nsw Tosk TTjsuld. Philadelphia, Aug. 17. Permission of the Public Service Commission to withdraw the fare Increase petition now before . - will be sought at once by the Philadelphia Rapid TAinsIt Company. That was announced to-day by Thomas E. Mitten, president of the transit company. will exceed n.llla" the present charge eight Financial Congress Sept. 24. Paris, Aug. 17. The date of ths ln trmatlonaj financial conference to be held in Brussels was officially fixed to day. The confereenwlll meet on Sep tember 14. , EVENTS TO-DAY. Examination for candidates for admission to the Naral Acaslemy at Annxpolls, Custom House, 9:30 A. M. Second annual convention, American Legion of Kings County, Twenty-third Reglmant Armory, Brooklyn, afternoon and evening. Award of fifteen l'lstlngulshed Sen-4-Crosses for valor In France, City Hall Paf- Conventlon, C.remd Lodge. IndrpendvO Order of Odd Fellows, Metropolitan Terns'.. Seventh avanua near 14th street, 9 A. Mi and 2 P. M Flald men's convention, ftuardlan Life In surance Company of America. Hotel Penn sylvania, 9 A. M ; trip to Coney Island " the afternoon. Luncheon, Flat Work Club of New Yo'V Hotel Pennsylvania. 12:30 P. M. SfsajttBI and luncheon. Leather Belting Ex change. Hotel Pennsylvania. 11:30 P. M Meeting, Mseler Butchers Association. Hotel Pennsylvania. S P. M. Meeting, New Tork Young Republican Club, Hotel Pennsylvania, 5 P. M. Carnival for the benefit of tbe Army and Navy dilub fund, Long Beach, L. I . after noon and evening.