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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, August 28, 1920, Image 6

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VOVNMD ism-um.
I'ublliliers, J" Hroadwa)
Flunk A. Munsey, I'iralavni.
Irvln Waidinan. Vice-president: W'm. T.
Jiawart. Vice-president nd Treasurer; 11.
II. Tltherlnglnn, :
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three rents within mi miles und four cents
elsewhere; Sunday, flta ernle; rssewheir,
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mail sit.hcrhtion r.M'KH.
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tft'NDAY only, Canada o.on "
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SUNDAY only........ .7J 84J
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payable to The Sun-Herald.
Lnropenn Ldlllon.
Published In Turin svry day In th ycr.
Prion In Pails-IU centimes, dally and
Information concerning advertising rates
for tho European Kdltloii nmy be ohliilneil
fiom the main Nw Vork office.
Tiir Associated Pre is xelmtvly ntitid
to Um use (or republication of ail nw (
patches credited i" u "r not oUtMwl
credited In this paper nncl also tlio local,
news publish hrln.
All rights of republication of spoclul des ,
patches herein an- alio reserved.
11.1th street, Wednesday, and now
enjoy honorable earn la the aervlce of
the 1'urk Department. Their retire
ment ims been earned by honest work.
Nobody will stop to pat the rudlator
np of their successors, or to drop
lumps of aiignr luto tho gasolene
tanks; the sentimentalist who In
dUlgod In such famlllurlty would DMT
word of power from the firemen.
A motor propelled fire englno la an
Interesting;, n respect Inspiring DMA
rhino, but It hai no romantic nppenl.
Tho horses of tlio Fire Department.
have been among the most picturesque
possessions of the city, particular pets
of i lie children. An Injury to a Are
hnrso has been n cause of resret to
all ; proposals to Hel! thorn for general
working purposes have Inevitably
a routed Opposition, frequently ending
In pttrebBM anil pensioning for the
horse. There will be no atntlmeilt
petit on the motor. Porhups It Is
well; the drain on human sympathy
has been heavy of late, and the elimi
nation of the horse muy relieve some
overstrained natures.
ended last March and the estimated
results of the year ending next
.Mn n il :
Fiscal year Mllllons-
endad March- , 120 ( , 1921 ,
Co eminent fuar-
ai.tes nr. ii .... fin
Revenues i Is . i .... 228.0 ....
Expenses Us i .... 28.0 ....
Net deficit (M.5 .... UM
Deficit, Irlah rail
ways I.a .... "2
Total deficits. ..
k i34.3
If nur frlanda who fnvor ua with mano
crlpia ami Illustrations f"r publication wull
10 have rejerird arlb'lea relurneil lliey mual
in ait oatra isnd stamps for that purpata,
ticks, isn liltoADWAY. TBtiBFHONB,
Governor ( o and Ills Fifteen Mill
ion Dollar Corruption Kund.
In a liemlllue stretching across Its
front page yesterday our neighbor the
lV'orfd nnnnounced that "Cm Prorea
Huge Fund by Republican Secret
Files." That is to say. It accepts as
'proof i be statements and inferences
and exhibits of the Democratic candi
date's stump speech at Pittsburg ujgut
before last.
All that Governor Cox h;is done yet
Is to make statements, draw infer
ences ami present exhibits which con-
. htltute tllO case lie lias offered to sub
rait to a competent tribunal for ex
amination and ascertainment. The
word "proof," used so loosely by him
self nud by the World, implies the
verification which Is yet lacking both
us to dimensions and purpose of ex
penditure. Governor Cox has ulleged the ex
istence of o corruption fund of $i.v
000,(100 In the hands of the Republican
campaign managers. His associate on
the Democratic ticket had alleged n
corruption fund twice as large. Gov
ernor Cox at Pittsburg came down
from $15,000,000 to $8,140,000, main
taining, however, that this was only
part of the Iniquitous whole. He Is
alleging "secret quotas" covering about
one-half of his $10,000,000, and Is In
ferring tho rest of the 51o.000.000
from the ratio of thp population in
scheduled territory tothe entlro popu
lation of the country. V And his figure
of $8,145,000 Is reached, not by the
presentation of any evidence that such
a sum has actually been collected, or
that It Is now in the treasury of the
Republican organization or that the
whole or any part of it is to bo ex
pended In a manner abhorrent to law
and morality, but on the strength of a
typewritten copy of the regional quota
or levies of un alleged drive after the
fashion of those drives which have
become In recent years so painfully
familiar to the American people.
So far us the "secret quota" busi
ness Is concerned, the World and the
rest of the world have yet no more
"proof" through fioveruor Cox's foxy
utterances than the publication of the
quotas arranged, let us say, by the
managers of the recent Iuterchurch
World Movement drlvo would have
afforded of the actuul collection and
possession of the sums regionally as
signed to the local agents of that en
terprise. And the Imputation of a
sinister purpose to the promoters of
the fund would be about us legitimate
In the one case as In the other.
All this Is smart on tho Governor's
part, like many other smart and sly
things he has done; but the smartness
is not exactly of the kind that Invites
personal admiration or wins personal
The Investigation of Governor Cox's
artfully insinuated charges, we hope,
will be prompt and thorough. His
statements and his documentary evi
dence ure proper subjects of Im
partial inquiry by Senator Kesvox'b
ifub-comnilttee. So also would be the
money raising enterprises of the Dem
ocratic organization and Its allies and
associates In the League promotion
buslnesa But as yet, as to the real
size of the Republican campaign fund,
or as to any sinister purpose to em
ploy that fund for the corruption of
the electorate, there Is not a scintilla
of "proof" In tho sense In which the
TTorld Impudently uses tbe word.
An Increase in freight and passen
ger tariffs was put Into effect last
recember; but In spile of this there
was a large deficit. Another Increase
Is now lo be adopted that will clear
the ledgor of the KttO loss and also
tho deficit of .Vl,r00,000 for 1021.
Willi the Minister of Transport hand
ing the public u railway bill calling
tor f0r,000,000, the British miners
have chosen an unfavorable time In
which to propose nationalization ,f
c.irii mines which would mean more
future deficits for the public to pay.
Is Tour Coal In?
The public wan told last Winter tliut
it probably COUld get next winter's
niithrnoltfl mure surely and perhaps
I'hoapcr If the orders were placed
early In the spring. It was argued
that spring and summer acceptance
by the consumer would do away with
the dull season In tho bard coal fields
und put the coal ou the cars at 11 time
when the railroads could handle l!
autre rapidly.
We believe that ninny thousands of
forehanded householders placed their
onlers in March or April, agreeing to
pay on delivery for whotcver coal their
dealers could bring. It is Just as cer
tain that many of these provident
persons ure still waiting for the cart
to rattle up. Now we hear the excuse
from the trade that coal has been
scarce In the Kust because tlie middle
West offered spot cash. As If the
anxious folk of this region had not
been willing to do business O. O. D.
or even pay In advance if it would
help their dealer !
The nervous man with an empty
cellar must be thinking that the coal
business Is still as Mr. EbbBtS said
of bsscba'd In Its infancy. His milk,
his ice, his newspaper all arrive on
time, but he cannot get his coal In
August though he order It In Febru
ary. One month the coal men report
that New England lias a coal famine;
the next month that region Is said toj
be overcoaled.
Two days ago the Department of;
Justice forecast n reduction In the
price of coal. Yesterday the mining
companies announced that the ncv
freight rates had added 70 cents a
ton to the cost.
Nobody expects to get coal as cheap
as It used to be. Nobody expects thai
the coal men can store their coal and
deliver it all the day before the fur
nace Is to be started. But the public
does think that an old industry ought
to have some fairly good system of
apportionment by this time.
Manhattan Will Miss Its Fire Horses.
As men who would resent being
called old recall even now the glories
of tho Volunteer Fire Department and
shako their heads sadly over what
they feel to be the inadequacy of blue
shlrted professional firemen In com
parison with their predecessors, so for
years to come there will be citizens
to lament the passing of horses from
the equipment of tho department
plant in Manhattan. In the good old
days men handled the machines.
Horses supplanted them. Now gaso
lene engines are used exclusively In
this borough, and soon horses will be
banished from tho fire houses In the
other boroughs.
Mutt, Jeff, Doc, Carl and Carnot
a typical list of fire horse names;
were the last survivors of the splcn-!
did stable the fire fighters once had. !
They answered a false alarm from
BBS quarters of Engine 47, y . West
The "Little Entente."
Eugland and France arc said to
look with some concern on the forma
tion of tho "Little Entente" by mutunl
agreements among Hungary, Czecho
slovakia, Jugo-Slavln and Rumania.
From the military standpoint such
an entente might hove Its dangers.
But on economic grounds as things
are now It Is an absolute "necessity.
These small Stntes cannot obtain the
barest! essentials without, traversing
one another's territory, using one an
other's railways, highways and tele
graphs. Csecho-Slovakla and Hun
gary are dependent on their neighbors
for access to the sea.
Since the signing of the armistice
these small States have been para
lyzed by the luck of mutual agreement.
There has been plenty In one place
while a few miles away there was
starvation because there was no In
terchange of supplies.
Dr. EoiAon Benes. the Czecho
slovak Foreign Minister, declares the
Little Entente Is not Intended as a
military alliance to promote mdre
trouble In tho Balkans. If it were It
would merit Immediate repudiation by
all the Powers. But if, on the other
hand, It Is intended to bring about
economic unity among the Balkan
States the Little Entente deserves the
strongest support.
British Hallways Deficit and the
Threatened Coal Strike.
British coal miners threaten a
strike to force nationalization of the
mines, but they gather little support
for their cause outside their own
ranks. Even the shlpworkers repudi
ate n movement which would give the
miners an advantage by depriving the
nation of coal and putting millions of
Industrial workers out of their Jobs.
But aside from the social questions
attached to nationalization, England
has had a financial lesson In Govern
ment control of railways that will out
weigh any logical argument the miners
can muster In favor of repeating the
experiment with the coal mines.
If the advocates of Government con
trol were to search for nn Idenl test
the railways of England would un
doubtedly be their Immediate choice.
Hants are short, business is concen
trated, transportation expense Is low,
topographical conditions require no
expensive, heavy equipment, there Is
no unprofitable luxury passenger ser
vice, fuel Is plentiful and compara
tively cheap. Yet Sir Egtc Oxddes,
Minister of Transport Issues a state
ment which stamps Government opera
tion of railways in Great BrltAln as a
dismal failure. The statement covers
the actual results for the fiscal year
The Future or Clark I'nlversll).
A change In tho presidency of Clarl
University at Worcester, Mossachu
setts, Is an important event In the
history of that Interesting institution.
Ir. O, Stanley Hall, who lias lieon
iis president since its foundation, has
now resigned, and ho Is to bo suc
ceeded by Vr. Wallah; W. Atwood,
Who is professor of physiography at
Clark University was founded In
1887 by Jo.nab V. CtABK, a retired
business man of Worcester, with tin
endowment of $2,000,000, which was
somewhat Increased upon his death.
There did not seem much need of add
ing to tho number of higher Institu
tions of learning in Massachusetts nt
thut time. The State could boast of
Harvurd ns the greatest university in
the country; and it also possessed
Wllllnms anil Amherst, to say nothing
of Tufts College and Boston Fnlver-J
slty. There were also two colleges
for women, Smith and Wcllesley. In
deed, right at Worcester there were
also the College of tho Holy Cross,
maintained by tho Roman OtthollcS,
and tho Worcester Polytechnic, a
scientific school of high und growing
Amid this abundance of educational
opportunities the necessity of another
university was not Indeed obvious.
The intention of tbe foundor, how
ever, was to make it a school for stu
dents who had already been graduated
from college a post-graduate school
for original study and research.
It was not designed to attract large
numbers of students; the object was
'Kkther to Induce young men of excep
tional promise and high Intellectual
attainments to continue" their si utiles
at this new university. It is only
fair to say that the results have been
far moro gratifying than many hos
tile critics predicted. Cnder the pres
idency of Dr. Hall Clark University
prospered and became specially and
favorably known us n school of psy
chology. Now that William Jamks
dnd Professor Roves of Harvard are
dead, Dr. Hall may be regarded as
the most distinguished of American
psychologists. He taught psychology
with success at Johns Hopkins Univer
sity In Bnltlmore before going to
Worcester und he has naturally made
his own scleuce tho most important
deportment of Clark University.
Under the new president, however,
psychology Is not likely to occupy the
foremost place In the curriculum.
Coming from the chair of physiogra
phy at Harvard, and having already
taught that science In the University
of Chicago, Dr. Atwood will bo cer
tain to give prominence to what has
been' the favorite study of his life;
and students specially interested In
physiography may be expected to seek
Clark Uuiverslty under the Incentive
of his influence.
The word physiography is generally
used In ordinary conversation ns
synonymous with physical, geography,
but it is really a more comprehensive
expression, comprising all the natural
phenomena Included In the description
of the earth's surface. Professor
Huxley, who was one of the greatest
teachers that ever lived, published a
small volume on physiography In 1877
which he described as "An Introduc
tion to the Study of Nature," and this
book Is a model of what an Introduc
tory treatise on the subject should be.
He ridicules the method of teaching
physical geography which begins by
telling a child that "the earth Is an
oblate spheroid moving around the sun
In nn elliptical orbit." Taking a par
ticular district of England, the basin
of the River Thames, as his subject,
with admirable lucidity he explains,
from the facts which may readily be
observed there, all the principal phe
nomena of meteorology, the movement
of land and water, the action of earth
quakes and volcanoes, the effect of
life upon tbe earth's surface antl
finally the configuration of the earth
Itself and Its movements.
The Importance of such studies as
this became evident in this country
during the late war when the Depart
ment of Science and Research In tbe
Council of National Defence caused to
be prepared and published for the use
of military students In educational In
stitutions and crimps a number of
books on introductory meteorology,
military geology and topography, the
geography of Europe and other sub
jects fulling within the scope of physi
ography. Tbe Interest and the utility
of this science are realized to-day as
they never hare been before and the
Increased attention which It Is likely
to receive at Clark University Is there
fore fitting and seasonable.
Dr. Hall has signalised his rettre-
ment from the presidency of Olark
University by tbo publication of a
now book entitled "Morale: the Su
preme Standard of Life and Conduct."
This work Is designed to show that
the superhyglnue, best designated ns
morale, Is Indicated by all history snd
especially by tbe events of tbo late
war as tbo supreme modern standard
of human endeavor the goal which
every right thinking man and woman
ought to seek. Tho book Is written
In an optimistic and hopeful spirit
and differs from the works of many
psychologists In the answer which It
gives to the question "Is life worth
living?" The author would certainly
be prompt to answer that question In
i lie affirmative.
Votes for Absentees.
This year for the first time in New
York citizens otherwise qualified to
vote at tho general election who ore
unavoidably absent, from the State or
from the county of their residence on
election day may vote. The privilege
of absentee voting Is not extended to
those who are away from homo merely
for pleasure. The golf player will not
share the travelling salesman's rights.
A picnic party will not entitle n man
and a woman to vote by mall.
The statute provldos that not later
than seventeen days before election
the elector seeking jiermlsslnn to vote
while absent from his domicile shall
file with the Board of Elections an
afildavlt establishing his identity and
"A brief dencrlplion of his btlsU
iiraa Of occupation, or of tlio duties
whic h rcqulro suoli absence ; a state
ment of tho sprdul circumstances by
which such absence l required, un
less audi duties, occupation, or busi
ness urn ot a natura to ordinarily re
quire ubaencs from the State or
county or to ordinarily requtro trav
elling beyond the boundaries of the
State or county, which shall Include
among others the followlnft: em
ployee In the operation of railroad
trains, when tbo railroad or tho run
of such employe crosses tho boun
dary of the county; commercial trav
eller, actor, and Federal employee
having an office or position outslilo
of the county ; a statement that the
affiant applies In good faith for an
absentee voter' ballot or set of bal
lots, as the case may be."
The Board of Elections may muke
.such investigation of tho applicant as
seems necessary. Lists of candidates
e.re to be prepared and special ballots
are to be printed and ofllclal en
velopes provided. The envelopes re
ceived by the Boards of Elections from
absentee voters by noon of Friday
preceding election day will be distrib
uted among the polling places and
there opened end the bullets counted.
This is a new system and those who
Intend to tuke advantage of the oppor
tunities It offers should study It. Tho
Legislature has sought to exclude op
portunities for fraud and to confine
the operation of the statute to those
wnn legitimately deserve Its benefits.
The number of these has been esti
mated at many thousands.
Bishop Siiatlbr of Nebraska says
England will be dry by 19W. When
similar predictions were mado about
America half a. score of years ano
John Barleycorn's adherents laughed.
Perhaps there are free born English
men who laugh at the Bishop now, but
who In this country will share their
A window cleaner who would not
strap himself to the building on which
he was working fell yesterday and
died from his injuries. Among the
discouraging things about the safety
first campaign Is the fact that thoae
who most need protection frequently
refuse to protect themselves.
Light Shed on Pretent Prob
lems by the Career of a
Great American.
To the excellent series ot biographies
denominated "Figures From American
History" Messrs. Charles Scrlbner'a
Sons have Just added Alexander Ham
ilton, by Hcnrt Jonbs Ford, professor
of politics in Princeton Unlvorslty.
There could not be a more seasonable
publication. More than any other one
statesman Hamilton Induced the
American people to adopt the Conatl-
tutton of the United States. More peo
ple aro Interested In that instrument
to-day than over were before. Noth-
ing can be moro conducive to a com
I prehension of Its value than a knowl
edge of tho ltfo and writings of Alex
ander Hamilton, its greatest advocate
before the bar of public opinion. Ills
fumous paper in support of It rati
fleatlon, published undor the title of
Thu JVfferalfcif, throw a flood of light
on some of the most Important qucH
llons which are ngltatlm? the public
mind during the present Presidential
campaign. Hamilton wss keenly alive
to the necessity of limitations upon
the executive power under tho national
Government. A study of his enreer
Is a lesson In American statesmanship
of tho highest type, and tho lesson
can be learned with pleasure and
profit from this new biography of
Hamilton by Professor Ford. .
Thn romantic elements In Hamil
ton's life present a special appeal to
womankind,- and such a book as till
I should be of more than ordinary In-
terest to many of I be new voters under
the Nineteenth Amendment.
The fact that tho llfo of a grout
man ha lircn written before Is no
good reason why it should not be
written again with reference to
changed conditions of historical de
velopment conflrjnlng or condemning
tho correctness of his doctrines. The
fact of bis caroor remain the same,
of course, put tho light in which they
aro viewed may be very different Tho
successive memoir of Alexander Ham
ilton only strengthen his title to the
admiration of his countrymen.
It Is ns probable as any hypotheti
cal assumption can bo that If Hamil
ton, when ho left his West Indian
birthplace lo seek u liberal education,
bud gono to oxford instead of to
Princeton bo would have become an
English Instead of nn American states
man. In tho middle of the eighteenth
century, however, the commercial and
social relations between tho British col
onies In the West Indies and thoso on
the American mainland were very
close. It will be remembered that
Washington" only Journey overseas
was a trip to Barbados, where ho suf
fered a severe attack of smallpox,
when he was a young man. Hamil
ton hoped to obtain permission at
Princeton to go through college In a
shorter time than was prescribed by
the curriculum, but President Wlther
spoon held that bis institution was "a
government of law and not of men,"
and tbe ambitious West Indian wa
turned away to King's College In New
York, now Columbia University, where
his namo appears In the catalogue
under the year 1771 with those of six
teen other students who were then
admitted but did not complete their
course on account of tho disturbed
state of public affairs.
Tho biography of grout Americans
has lately becomo an attractive field
of endeavor to English men of letters,
and their success In this field has In
(tome instances been marvellous. It Is
dlfllcuft to bellevo that such books as
Lord Chnrnwood's monograph on Lin
coln mid Frederick S, Oliver's essay
on Hamilton can have been written
by men who were not born in Amer
ica. Biography is the life of history,
and this contribution to American his
torical literature comes appropriately
from a professor In tho Institution
where Alexander Hamilton wanted to
go to college. We commend Professor
Ford's useful and Instructive book
especially to the new voters of tho
present day and generation.
Plan have been perfected for a mon
ster Zeppelin. .Vee from Washington.
It should not be necessary to call a
great, dirigible, lighter than air flying
machine by a name which brings ter
rible memories to so vast a number of
men, women and children.
The Turkish Government has de
cided that the Sultan. In person must
lead his troop against the Nationalist
forces. Being a king these days is
almost as hard a Job as It was In that
remote time when a monarch held his
throne only as long as he was able to
defend It
Among the patrons of Po.vn, the
Boston get rich quick artist, were
"former liquor dealers, a wealthy spin
ster, a building contractor, business
men of high standing, a sporting pro
moter, soldiers, real estate dealers,
manufacturer, police inspectors and
laborers in large numbers." When
cupidity is aroused the credulity of
those who should .know better Is as
great as that of persons whose Igno
rance Is held to explain their folly.
Affronted clouds leek to cool the
furnace of Franklin Roossvblt's ora
tory. In the valley of the San Joa
qnln, where there axe adults who never
before heard thunder, never before
saw rain In August, the candidate
spoke in a rain and thunder storm.
Alas! HI voice turned the rain into
hissing steam and his last word was
hotter than his first
Straight Tip oo Church FahUeHr.
17arc(fr corrttfondtnci In fk Boston
Somabody aik4 me UM CAroafcla corre
spondent why It wa that I wrote about
th Zlon Church all the "blaaeod" time.
Wall, It I mutt aiplaln, I will do to, for
what U (ood for tha ffooae la food for th
gander. Thla church apptere to be at th
present time the only one whoee people or
congregation, to called, aver have newa. Now
la that explained clearly? Tou are welcome,
I'm aurc.
Three ef a Kind.
I met an oyater coming back
From month upon tho ocean track.
Regarding Europe, he waa dumb;
Concerning wetneaa he waa mum.
He took hla way directly aouth
To meat with othera cloee of mouth.
"I am at one with them," he ald.
And quickly toward the eoup he aped,
MoLamswMH Wium.
A Record of tho Red Cro$$.
After contributing nearly 1300.000,
000 to the Red Cross it is only fair
that tho public, should know how their
money was spent. In The American
Red Crots in th& Great War, pub
lished by tho Macmillan Company,
Mr. Hjsnrt P. Davison gives an
account of his stewardship. If tho
word were not already overworked we
might say that ho had written the
"romance" of the Bed Cross, for in
deed tho harnessing of nntlonal Ideal
ism to tho intensely matter ot fact
problems of a world war savors dis
tinctly of an ultramodern fairy story.
Once tho wagon has been hitched to a
star some one must be responsible for
its steady progress, and, fortunately
for the Red Cross, Mr. Davison proved
to be the right man.
The early history of the Red Cross
activities In the war bears a startling
resemblance to the story of the army
and the navy. In the beginning of
1917 war with Germany wa still be
low the horlron. Crippled by the offi
cial attitude of Washington that peace
must be maintained at any price, the
Red Cross had been unable to make
any preparations for tho inevitable
storm. By the very nature of Its
work, however, It was able ;o p
under way more quickly than ihe
ordnance department for inst ince, or
the aviation service. Chapters were
formed In every city and the member
ship rose from 200,000 in January to
22,000,000 by December.
Xo one except the efficiency expert
with a pure passion for organisation
derives a thrill from the knowledge
that "a chapter Is a geographical unit
having Jurisdiction over a county or
a largo city," or that "It reports in de
tail to one of the fourteen division
headquarters." Mr. Davison has wisely
not attempted any description of the
various administration committees.
He begs us to remember, however,
that "a Red Cross chapter Is not
merely a sublimated sewing circle but
the appliedVhumanlty of a whole com
munity." It was with the constant
thought of how best to apply the tidal
wave of humanitarian feeling so that
it would wash away the misery of war
that the complicated machinery of the
Red Cross was devised.
The decision ot the War Council to
give the children a share in the na
tion's business was very largely re
sponsible for the immediate popularity
of the Red Cross. By securing the
eager services of 11,000,000 chil
dren a vast reserve fund of energy
was .suddenly called Into being.
Whether it were carpentering, or sew
ing, or stenography, or any other of
the countless lines ef endeavor. Ihe
Junior Red Cross waa always ready
with volunteers.
The work of preparation at home,
Interesting a it waa, cannot be com
pared with the actual achievements of
tha Red Cross abroad. Mr. Davison
has rightly devoted the greator part of
his volume to an explanation of how
the innumerable tasks which con
fronted the Red Cross In Europe wero
met and overcome. The first Red
Cross cnmmltalon arrived In Franco
In June, 1917, with only the vaguest
idea of what It would be able to do
In the way of relief. "With tho Amer
ican passion for reducing every project
to a business formula," says Mr. Davi
son, "the commission built In advance
on tho old Red Cross basis of military
and civilian relief, thinking thut tho
work 'would readily divide and eub
divldo itself under these heads for
purosos of organization und develop
ment. What It actually did was to
begin relief flrst and work out the or
ganization afterward."
Tho policy suggested to the Red
j Cross by General Pershing in the
iMummer of 1917 and enthusiastically
adopted was to devote all its energies
toward the relief of tbe French
'civilians, hator on when the Ameri
can soldier became one of the dom
inant factors In Franoo the Red Cross
had workers in the flold at every point
where they could by any chance serve
him: at the port where be landed, In
the stations through which he passed,
on his way to camp, nt tho camp It
self and finally at the very front
At tho beginning, however, the lied
Cross sot to work to rollevo France.
It undertook to care for tho sick, to
housn the refugees and to maintain
it constant stream of necessities, in
cluding everything from threshing
machines to kitchen towels. In a
Word, the lied Cross backed up the
French Civilian until the American
army was ready to comn to tho aid
of the French soldiers. To enumerate
the varied activities of tho Red Cross
Is In itself no easy task.
If the Red Cross had contented ItsoK
with Retting up hospltuln at Kvlan,
where the repatriates were cared for,
If It had done nothing beyond the
establishment of health contres In
munition districts, It would still have
earned its reputation as "the god
mother of good works." Without do
nylug tho excellent services of tho
Young Men's Christian Association, the
Salvation Army and tho Knights of
Columbus, we question whether full
Justice has ever been done to the much
greater scopo of tho Rod Cross, It
i mbraced not merely the army but the
whole civilian populntlon.
Though Mr. Davison is Justifiably
proud of tbe American Red Cross ho
is perfectly willing to acknowledge
how much it owed to our allies. He
goes out of his way to pay trlbuto to
t lie magnificent effort of the British
Red cross. "There was no sceno of
suffering," hn says, "whether near by
or distant, in France or Mesopota
mia. Italy or Palestine, wherein Great
Dritrin did not bear the largest part
of the sacrifice." In tho same way
with Italy and France, Mr. Davison
never fulls to mention tho splendid
cooperation of Government officials.
The work of the American Red Crows
stands out all the moro prominently
by reason of his cordial acknowledg
ment of tho sacrifices of the Allies.
Thero are times when Understate
ment Is even more effective than the
continual use of superlatives.
"The American Red Cross In the
Oreat War" Is tho best propaganda
that we know of. It is the record of
what 30,000,000 men. women and chil
dren could accomplish by acting to
gether as one team. Under tho di
rection of Mr. Davison, who never for
a moment forgot that he was after
all only nn agent, the Red Cro made
good America's claim to idealism,
Former War Finance IMreotor
Snsfgests 'Bank for Com
mon People
Eugene Meyer, Jr., Discusses
Troblem Before Senate
Forecast of a Day When Electricity
Will Do Gasolene's Work.
To The Scn and New York Hkiui.d:
There is pressing heed of a far cheaper,
cleaner and moro nearly Ideal motive
power than gasolene
A development of this kind has long
been retarded which should have been
hero five years ago, but now the press
ing gasolene question has Sfccelerated
this movement, and electric motive
power loom up a the. logical solution,
provided tho cooperation of the electric
llrhtlng companies establishes charging
and exchange stations throughout the
cities and there is standardisation of
the different vehicle batteries so any
vehicle with standard batteries can
make exchanges. When these thing are
brought about the propte will demand
the electrification of all vehicle in the
large cities and suburbs, as they will
be far more economical, cleaner, cheaper
to operate and mere sanitary for the
The change Is bound to come, and
Europe to-day foresee the situation bet
ter than wo do, preparing for It by es
tablishlng hydroelectric Rtatlons for gen
erating electricity for lighting, power and
charging purposes.
Imagine New York quiet raslets, and
the great economical changes mad by
the electrification of moat vehicle. Then
life would be worth living In the finest
city in tho world ; but to-day New York
Is smoked and choked with gasolene
terrors. J. B.
Niw Yosx, August ST.
fa tension of the poitul avlng
aystem at an attractive rato of Interest
by the Government to furnish "banking
facilities to th great body of th com
mon peoplo" was urged yesterday a a
financial construction measure by
Kugeue Meyer. Jr., former managing
director of the War Finance Corpora
tion. Mr. Meyer appeared at the Invitation
of Senator William M. Palder before the
Henate Hpeelal Committee on Recon
struction and Production, sitting In the
: engineering rioeieties Huunnig, vt oat
Thirty-ninth street. He argued for
I amendment to existing luglslntlon so a
; to authorise payment of a 4 per crnt.
rate of Interest on postal savings its-
I linulta I , . u ! .... I nf 9 ...... ,.,..! nm nt
present. The financier lo advocated
Increasing thn number of pot office
authorised to receive ucli deposits from
r..500 to nil of tha r.ono post office,
brnin lipK and Niiii-atntlons.
Proper organisation and administra
tion by the Government Mr, .Meyer
said, could gain saving deposits within
a year sufficient to pay off the float
Indebtedness of tho United State Gov
ernment n,i also expressed the opinion
that with proper handling deposit
could ho increased to such an extent
as to cover in addition a largo part, If
not all, of tlyi Victory Ijoan. amount
ing to moro than $4,000,000,000, ma
turing In 1S23.
Taking up Treasury certificates by
postal savings, ho added, would relievo
the banks of thn burdon the Oov.im
ment Imposed on them during the war
and since and would permit the banks to
use all of their available funds for
business and Industrial purposes. It
nlso would relieve tho Federal Reserve
system of thn redlsc.ountlng of aovnral
hundred millions of certificate. whlch
would Improve the reserve position of
the Federal Reserve banks. The re
demption of certificates, furthermore,
would bring nboui, ho said, a rlso In
Liberty Bonds of from 5 to 10 per
cent, and relievo the bank of hundreds
of millions of loans now being carried
upon Liberty bond.
Mr. Meyer thought this proposed ex
tension of postal savings facilities also
"would bring forth fmm H..ra .
minimum of $230,000,000 n coin and
currency," which thus would bo restored
to circulation. Raising the Interest
rate, the wltnees thought, would mean
the Raving of large sums of money now
going from "Ignorant people Into the
hands of swindling promoters of wild
cat scheme." A low estimate of this,
ha Said, would bo $200,000,000 a year.
John L, Parish, secretary of the Ad
visory Council of Ihe Rea Estate In
terests, who was trre only other witness
at yesterday's session, said that, al
though the total amount invested In
"VHSff durlnsr the first ' month
of 19Z0 Is far In advanco of that In
vested during th corresponding period
of last year, the net amount so Invested
is surprisingly low. Ho estimated that
not moro than $15,000,000 had been
actually newly Invested In mortgage
loans, and against that sum there arc
nearly $J,000,000 net during the half
year that ha been withdrawn from
mortgage investments In Manhattan real
property aiono. Thee withdrawals, he
thought, were due largely to the pro
visions of the State and Federal income
tax laws, and tho unfortunate condition
would not be relieved urtTll the Income
from mortgage has been made exempt
from the provisions ef these laws
wli c?mm.lttPe wl meet again on
Monday in Boston.
Sonnd In Form and Sentiment.
To Th fltw ai?d Nsw York H skald :
A Republican banner on Broadway near
Maiden lane ha on it the following
legend :
Eight years has btan mora than enough.
I am wondering why "ha" instead
of "have" K. K. McLarsn.
New York, August 27.
"Has" refers to the time elapsed;
"have" would refer to thsT number of
separate years.
KaMM Trg4y Averted.
From Capptr'i Weekly.
Abe Martin reports a near tragedy In tha
Moot family, Mr. Bra Moot atarted to
shoot her husband but failed In tha attempt
a the bureau drawer wa swollen.
Alike. Ontalde Bad la. ,n
US Toronto Olota.
A ease of dynamite waa stolen from a rail
way ear near St. Catherine's la mistake for
whlakey. It' hard to tell tha difference
thesa days.
Csnoeetkat Big Oame Sport.
FannlnfftSUs eomtptmtUnt RUtgtfUld Prtt.
Byron A. Beardaley oaught a anapplng
turtle naar Mud Pond so large that h could
stand upon Ita carasaoe and th turtle would
walk off with him'
Tbe Baal Matte.
gblomon embarked on hla magto carpet.
"But can you find a housa fee It to go
in we aaked.
TIIH f(;.V tea otmdsd By Ben Duu
teas oundd fry jamei Oordon Bennett
in 1S3S. nil-: Itl'H passed into thn oon
trol o Charlei A. Oana in l mis.
oroamo the property of Prank A. Jfunsry
in 191. THN NSW YORK HBRAl 0
remained1 the tole property of If foundry
until hit death in UTIi when hit ton, ah;
Jamr.it Oordon Bennett, tuceeedrd to (hi,
ownership of the paper, which continue,
in hit handt vnfll hit death in 191s
THE UKUAl.D became the property ol
Frank A. Uuntey in 1920.
PHONA worth 10,000.
IIIIANCII OFFICES for rswlpl of dvei
tlaenieiita and eulo of paparai
llulldlng, Herald Square. Tel. Klir. (toy i.e..
NEAn SEVENTH AVE. Tel. 71H Mornlni
hi. . Open mo II 10 p. M.
WK8T 1SIKT KT. Tel. 0mS Wadortl,
open until III P. M.
Open S A. M. to 10 P. M. . tliindaya, I: M
to 10 P. M.
INO, 30.1 WAHH1.NOTON HT. Tel. 1100
Main. 114 COI'RT ST. Tel. M.18 Main
Dpmi until ID 1'. M.
MST11 HT. Tel. IsSW Melrose. Open until
10 P M.
I'rlnelpal American anil I on ian BtrMM,
tVASIIINOTON-Tlis Munsny Building.
CIHOAOO-ltOS South La Hallo at.
LONOON-40-43 Fleet St.
PARIB 40 AVSBU da I'Onera. US Rue s n
There aro shout 0.10 advertliement NMltt.
Ina stations located tlirotiahout New Vork
elty and vicinity where Hun-lterald adVer
tlaemeiits will hn received at nfflca rates u
rnrwariieii mr puiiuratinn.
Daily Calendar
Kor Kastorn New York Cloudy to.
day; showers to-morrow; not much
change In temperature; gentle, variable
For New Jersey Cloudy, probably showers
to-day and to-morrow; nut muoli change In
tompi rature.
Northern Now England-Fair to-day, to
morrow cloudy, with pmhably ahowcra; not
liuieli ehange In temperature.
Houtluin New England Cloudy to-day, to
morrow ehowors; not much change In tem
perature. For Western New York laical ahowers to
day and to-morrow; no rhango in temper
Charles . Hughe Sees Die
content Among Poor.
St. Louts, Aug. 2T. Etabl!hment of
legal am oureaus throughout tho United
States to give free legal advice to the
poor was recommended as a means of
checking tho spread of radicalism by
sneakers to-day t the convention of the
American Bar Association In session
hero Th association waa aaked to as
sist in every way to encourage tho es
tablishment of uch bureau, epecially
in the larger cities. The speakers in
cluded Charle E. Hughes, Reginald H
Smith, a lawyer of Boaton, and Ernest
L. Tutln, director of publlo work, Phil
adelphia. "There Is no more serious menace"
Mr. Hughe declared, "than the dlecon
tent which. 1 fostered by a belief that
one cannot enforce hi legal right be
cause of poverty. To spread that no
tion Is to open a broad road to Bolshev
ism. The poor man must have legal ad
vice, and except in the simplest matter
ho need akllled assistance to present
the merits of hi cane. Simplicity In
court procedure and tho multiplication
of tribunal with special functions are
not enough.
"Without opportunity on the part of
the poor to secure uch aid It I idle to
talk of equality before the law. Tou may
provide the machinery of courts, but to
have juitlc according to law. save In
a vary limited olasa of cases where a
judge may act a adviser, you mut have
the aid of lawyers. The legal aid o
clety Is the poor man's lawyer and give
him the essential assistance ha cannot
obtain elsewhere,."
The Legal Aid Society of New York,
Mr. Hughe aakl, gave advice to 14,000
applicants last year. Had It not been
for tha bureau, he said, the majority of
the persons probably would have gono
without proper legal counsel. Mr. Hughes
urged that free legal advice be given the
poor in criminal as well a in civil cases.
William A. Blount of Penaacola, Fla.,
was elected president of the association
to-day. He succeeds Hampton L. Car
eon of Philadelphia. W. Thomas Kemp
of Baltimore and Frederick R Wad
ham of Albany, N. Y., were reelected
secretary and treasurer, respectively.
Army Officers of Right Bepabllea
to Study la United State.
Washington , Aug. 27. Army officer,
representing seven South and Central
American republics and Cuba will at
tend the United State aviation schools
in which course in flying open about
October 1, the army air aerrice an
nounced to-day. Countries which have
accepted he invitation of the Adjutant
General are Oautemala, Venetuela.
Kfcuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, l'araguay
and Cuba.
Chile also has accepted an Invitation
to send two non-commlssloned oTtlcer
to the air service mechanics' school at
Kelly Field. Texas.
f t
. . ft
WASHINGTON. Aug. 27. The air pressure
Is lilRh, but falling In tho Gaatern Blates.
high off the l'aclflo coast and low over th"
Iloeky Mountain region and the weattrn Can
adlan provlnees. A dlsturbaneo of eonalo
erablfl Intensity is innvlng eastward aiuiig the
North wrat gorder. Thtra havu been shower
within the last twenty-four hours in tlie
Houth Atladtle ai)d Gulf Htatea, Tennornv,
tho Ohio Valley and at srnttered points In the
Rocky Mountain and northern plateau re
gion and In the north Pacific coast. Tem
peratures are above normal along the nortli
ttH border from Mains to Montana and
pnernlly below normal In other ration!, hi
New Kngland and New York cloudiness
Increase, charing to-morrow, and be fol
lowed by ahowers by to-morrow night and on
Hundny, with moderate temperature. In the
Middle Atlantic, South Atlantle ami Rati
t.ulf States tho weathor will bs unsettled
to-morrow and Hunday, with ahowers and no
material change In temperature. In Ten
neases, the Ohio Valley and the region of
tho great lakes the weather wilt bo partly
cloudy to-morrow and Sunday, with local
ahowers and no material change in tern
rerature. .
Observations at Fnlted States Weather Bu
reau stations taken at S P. M. yesterday,
seventy-tlftli meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 hra. Raro- last 24
Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs, Weather.
Abilene SO 72 2I1.S0 .10 Clear
Albany sff 74 SO. IS .. Clear
Atlantic City. 74 70 30.11 .. Clear
Haltlmora. . . . 7S OS 30.18 .. Cloudv
niamarck 8S B2 29.74 .. Clear
Boston SO 6 30.IS .. Cltar
Buffalo SO d 30.12 .. It. Cldy
Cincinnati.... 80 84 M.fs) .04 Cloudy
Charleston... 80 74 30.04 1.11 Rain
Chicago....... T4 88 30.22 .. Clear
Cleveland 74 oil 30.08 1.42 Rain
Denver 78 (js 2S.S8 .. Cloudv
Oetrolt 78 86 80.04' .14 Pt. fi.lv
Galveston.... 88 82 28.M .. Pt. Cld'y
Helena 72 02 28.66 .. Cloudv
Jacksonville. . 02 72 30.02 .46 Cloudy
Kansas City.. 80 U4 29.00 .. Clear
Los Angeles. . 74 BS 80.00 .. Clear
MUwaukae... 72 62 30.02 .. Cloudr
New Orleans. 84 7S 28.08 .24 Cloudv
Oklahoma 82 70 28.8S .88 Pt. Cldy
Philadelphia. . SO 68 30.20 .. Pt. Cldy
Pittebnrg 78 68 80.10 .. Rain
Portland. Me. 82 86 80.18 .. Clear
Portland, Ore. 70 RS 29.88 .34 Cloudy
Salt Lake City 68 r4 20.86 , 66 Cloudy
San Antonio. . 96 74 29.82 .. Clear
Ran Olego.... 72 82 29.98 .. Clear
San Francleco 06 ft 80.08 . . Cloudy
St. Loula 82 64 29.84 .. Clear
St. Paul 82 78 29.94 .. Clear
Washington.. 78 68 80.14 .. Cloudy
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Barometer 80.28 30.11
Humidity 75
Wind direction N.E.
Wind velocity 4
Weather Cloudy
l'reelnltatlon NoVie
The temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer, U
simw n In the annexed table:
8 A. M. . .07
9 A. M. . .70
10 A. M...72
11 A. M...74
12 M 78
9 A. M.
12 M
3 P. M.
1 P. M...70
2 P. M...75
3 P. M...74
4 P. M...74
fi P. M...76
1820. 1919.
.70 03
,'r, 02
4 6
6 P. M...78
7 P. M...74
S P, M...TI
9 P. M...BH
10 P, M. . .117
1020. 11.
M....7S 70
0 1. M 119 7
13 Mid 06 63
6 I.
Hlgheat temperature, TT, at 12:30 P. M.
Lowest temperature, Sfl, at 6 A. M.
Average temperature, 71.
Gov. Cot, Democratic Presidential nominee,
will arrive at the Grand Central Terminal
from New Haven at 10:07 A. M. ; reception
at tho National Democratic Club, 617 Fifth
avenue. 10:43 to litis A. M. ; luncheon at tha
Hotel Commodore. In the afternoon ha will
apeak nt th pcllco field day games at
Slieepahead Ray.
The Zionist Organization of America will
give tho first showing of films depleting Ufa
In the National Jewish Homeland In Pales
tine at Carnegie Hall. 8 P. M.
Dinner, si-ei- Tax party, Ksene'a Chop
House, 7:30 T. M.
Free public iectura by Dr. F. J. Reaver on
"A Trip to Colorado," Brorut Park, 4 P. M.
Historic pageant and field day by the Park
Playground Children ot Brooklyn, tho Long
Meadow, Prospect Park, Brooklyn, 2.30 P. M.
Convention, American National Association
of Masters of Dancing, Hotel Astor, 0 A. M ,
2 r. it.
Queer the Motor Boat Man
Never Thought of It.
tptciai to The Sett asd New Yoik Hauis.
Sasanac Lakb, N. T., Aug-. 27. John
D. Rockefeller, who 1 visiting hi brother
William at the latter' camp near Paul
Smith', met a motor boat owner on SL
Kegla Lake to-day and tho motor boat
man ventured to ask th oil king If gaso
lene ever wa going to be any lower.
"Oh. yes," said Mr. Rockefeller. "It
Is bound to be lower so long as the pub
llo continue to consume more than the
well of the country are producing!"
Ho grinned and embarked with his
brother in Leo Kelly's motor boat, leav
ing tha questioner scratching his head.
Mr. Rockefeller and hi party went for
a two hour tour of th upper and lower
Bt. Rcgl lake with Kelly, anl when
the oil king disembarked he shook hands
with the guide and remarked :
"ThI la the mot fun I've had for tea
dollar In twenty year."
He gave Kelly a ten dollar bill, eight
dollars for boat hire and two dollar a
a tip.

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