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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, AUGUST 29, 1920.
Giving Crippled Soldiers Another Chance in Life Institute Offering First , Gleam of Hope Sets Remarkable Record in Training Handi capped Men to Be come Self -Supporting BUILDING which owea the city noth ing U that where a "School of An other Chance" la twine; held dally, al I nmf, la trutn, It oalla Itself sedately "The institute for Crippled and Disabled Men." riefore this tenancy a truainesa college was loused there and before that the College of I ' I lystoians and Surgeons. A remarkable i coord, as will be admitted, but Its moat use ful days are tho present, when 101 Bast Twenty-third street sees Its floor apace de voted to the training of disabled men In printing, weMIng, Jewelry making, type writer repairing, eiiomolltng and artificial ilmb making. The school has been operat ing since January, 1817. At the moment thero are fifty-one men in training; eight learning to .be motion pic ture projectors, nine In typewriter repairing, fourteen each In welding and Jewelry mak ing, four In enamelling and one each in tele phone operating and plating. Since the school first opened 33i crippled men have en rolled, and of these 115 men have been pl:iced In tho work for which they trained. T :ls means that upward of 800 alacour aged dependents, likely to fall Into mendi cancy, have been restored to an earning capacity and are contributing to the eco nomic status of society. That may be tho way to phrase their up lift In cold blood, but It does not exprese the way these men feel; In order to do this one must talk In terms of psychology. They have been made over and life ia to them no longer a menace or a weariness. These "nee hopeless cripples now have a new state of mind. Beginning of the Institute. At the start a child of the American Red Cross and Inspired by the certainty that many boys would come back crippled from the world war, the school became a sepa rate and Incorporated Institution last Jan uary. The directors of the Institute are Samuel M. Greer, president; Douglas C. Mc Murtrie, secretary ; Jeremiah Mllbank, treasurer; Mrs. August Belmont. Mrs. Arthur Scott Burden, Miss Ethel L. McLean, Miss Florence L. Sullivan, C. G. Du Bola, W. J. Hiss, Walter E. Hope, George Murnane and Arthur Woods. The self-set task of the Institute was the rehabilitation of men who are suffering from injuries involving the amputation or loss of use of a limb. It undertook no medico l or surgical work, accepting the disabled man "as la" and planning for his rehabilitation in the condition it found him In. It chose to meet the man whose limb had Just been amputated before he left the hospital and to cheer him up by promising to restore him as an economic factor of the community. Its work at the beginning was spiritual; it comforted and held out hope before It be gan the material task. No mere amateur, however tender his sen sibilities may be, la fitted for this first step. What the social worker has to do when he seeks out the disabled man at the hospital Is to give him positive assurance that there are many possibilities open to the handi capped one. Without knowledge of what these are the "angel of hope" fails in his mission. The next step is to bring the doubting, disabled one to the school and let him see how men with similar disabilities are being trained. Then It is seldom difficult to plant in his mind that ha Is to be "fixed up" as .soon as possible In order to find a new place in the industrial order. Artificial Limbs Made at the School. As the rehabilitation in half a dozen oases in ten means a new limb or a pair of new legs, and as the cost of these In the shops was, for various reasons, so high as to bo prohibitive, It early was determined to start an artificial limb shop on the premises. The best limb makers were engaged, improved machinery installed and an effective organ ization built up. The expense of this would ibe offset, It was hoped, by supplying a part of the product to the Government, which needed to buy limbs for the disabled ex service men. And it happily turned out that the TTntted States did become a liberal patron of the institute shop. The Govern ment has bought these limbs, too, at a lower price than they could be purchased from commercial manufacturers. For their own people the directors have supplied limbs of approved type and best ma terial expertly made to 377 civilians. They sell them practically at cost to their pro teges and on the instalment plan when nec essary. Dr. John Culbert Faries has issued a pamphlet giving a resume of three years work for handicapped man. He has been active In It since ita Inception and knows how to tell about the work In a way to take hold of the reader's Imagination. Tho crip pled, and disabled have bfeen, unfortunatly, always with us, but how to help them con structively, how to use their remaining powers and faculties In a way to make these handicapped persons self-supporting, is a more novel subject. It is one, however, that finds Its interest ready made at the present time. With tha publishing of the casualty lists from the late war It. became painfully clear that we would have to plan carefully for what Is beat for the disabled soldiers. The Institute was ready with data collected by Ita secretary, Douglas C McMurtrle, who had spent eight years gathering It in this and foreign countries. The subject of crip ples and their care forms a great mass of literature on the shelves of the institute and it is constantly being added to. From what had been accomplished in other countries for the rehabilitation of disabled soldiers Mr. McMurtrle prepared a aeries of leaflets cal culated to stimulate an Interest in the sub ject. Your Duty to tho War Cripple was one of these and others were Reconttruotino the Crippled Soldier, and the Rehabilitation of theWar Cripple. These booklets are ob tainable free of expense at the institute. An appeal to the eye was mad by the a kaaaaaatltofe&. More Than TBrec Hundred Already Restored to Earning Capacity in School Which Owes Its Start to the Red Cross Log are referred to these place The tnsti tute, however, oeodtoota no placement trmtn- Inffi that Is, training on the Job In a shop or factory. Sot Where such training Is avnu able under satisfactory conditions tha policy of ths institute Is to foster its growth. Ac cordingly It does not start training classes In such Industrie. This placement training Is capable of tarn expansion, but It requires careful supervision and follow up work, which Involves the cooperation of the em ployer. It easily win be comprehended that the rigid requirements of a shop cannot be met by disabled men until their morale has been established, and In its processes the school seeks to develop this in the individual and thus lead him by easy stages Into habits of of pttyatoal endurance or to assist in their maintenance by part tlmo work musl bar special consideration. Besides, n handicapped man feels hla disability when be has to work alongside of men completely equipped. Where he works with other handicapped peraons hla pride will lead him to minimize his disability and to strive to excel in his work. So it is again seen that psychological problems enter Into the great on Of complete restoration of mind with as great a restoration of physical powers as science can aid In giving. The training activities of the institute he gan in March, 1918. The first man trained Is now earning MO a week as a mechanical draughtsman In the employ of one of (lie largest manufacturers of elevator:.. He has but one hand. All expenses connected with MECHANICAL DRAFTING CLASS. printing of a set of eighteen posters snow ing striking pictures of cripples at various kinds of work. In this, the Illustrative age, these posters have proved of great Bervloe In visualizing what can be done. To look at them Is almoat to helleve that in certain cases miracles have been wrought. These means of attracting attention to a splendid cause are very well, hut the direc tors of the institute realize that personal visits of Inspection will accomplish much more than they can. To see the cheerful faces of the men of all ages who have been given "another chance" and to watch them at useful and remunerative work la better than all the literature that can be riled up. To hear but one of these crippled men say with a grin, as the writer did: "I couldn't believe In such good fortune for me, but in a few days I shall go out from here a skilled workman and able to earn a decent salary," proved the efficacy of this school as nothing else could have done. When a cripple begins his course of study In whatever branch the first aim Is to give him confidence that what he Is attempting he will accomplish, and before he has been at his task very long he begins to feel like a normal man. Having Imbued him with this feeling the instructors know that their most difficult task la done. Working With High Spirits. In the school may be seen the men learn ing motion picture projection, and there Is not one of them who Is not hopeful that after ten -weeks' study to fit him for passing an examination for a license he can go out and get a $36 a week Job. Other cripples have done this, why not he? The class In Jewelry making is composed at this time of younger men than those in the other classes. Some of them are boys of thirteen or fourteen and some are Just passing out of their teens. In showcases are displayed their work Jewelry In the form of brooches, chains, pins, Ac, studded with semi-precious stones and comparing favorably with the similar things sold In the shops. A fascinating display Is that of flower pots containing little plants and flowers wrought out of tin, but ao delicately enamelled In colors as to constitute from the smallest to the largest specimen genuine works of art. The typewriter repair clusa has been very successful, turning out skilled workmen who have always found employment. A pair of good eyes, two good hands and some mechanical ability are all that la required. As this work can be done when the operator Is seated, It makes no difference whether he has two legs, one leg, or no leg. The men are graduated out of this class after four montha' atudy. Printing Attract Many. The printing trade Is fascinating to many cripples, and as it ranks third in Importance among New York industries they have some reason for adopting it as a means of their future livelihood. The "School of Another Chance" runs a modern .printing shop, equipped with monotype casters, cylinder and platen presses and compositors' frames. Pupils are given practical instruction in caster running and operating, the elements of hand composition, the correction of gal leys, press. feeding and proofreading. Caster runners can be trained In two months, press feeders In eight weeks. Al though It Is desirable that a man have two good hands for this, trade. It la not absolutely necessary, and legs are unnecessary. Crip ples with an artificial hand and with finger less stumps nre making good at It. The oxy-acetylene welding plant Is housed in a one story brick shop adjoining the main building of the Institute. This proces." Is used largely In shipbuilding, mending 1 token automobile and machine parts, type writing machine and various type castings. A man with only one hand Is able to learn cutting In a month and welding in three or lour months. The plant Is equipped with freven welding stations, with gauges and torches and one cutting station With port able tanks; a sheet metal shears, a power emery wheel, a gas forge and anvil. An acetylene generator supplies the gas, while the oxygen ia bought In cylinders. ELECTRICAL SWITCHBOARD Besides training men in Its own shops the employment department has acquired .a knowledge through Its Industrial survey of manufacturers who will take learners and will pay them a wage while learning. Where the processes are suitable for 'the handi capped and condition's of work are satis- industry. Cripples who find travel on the street cars during the rush hours almost terrifying at first must be given leeway in their hours of arrival and departure. Crip ples who have to attend clinics for treat ment must be accommodated; those who can work only part of a day, either from Sayville's Sorrow in Memorable Hose Cart Race By CHARLES F. MATHISON. THE Hat of eventa at the Olympic games In Antwerp does not Include a hose cart race, and no doubt a suggestion for such a competition at the international contests would have created much merriment among the managers. However, If it had been possible to stage in Belgium a duplicate of the hose cart raco that took place at Patchogue, I I., In the summer of 1893 the spectators In the big stadium across seas would be vastly enter tained. In those days on Long Island ability to hustle a hose cart a given distance with a maximum of speed was regarded highly by the community, for it was well under stood that alow running to a fire meant de struction. As a result, the fire companies of the vari ous Long Island towns established an an nual competition, .In which all the epeedy hose cart pullers participated. In order to make the contests attractive to the firemen and lrsure the best efforts of the runners substantial cash prizes were offered. The chief rivalry in this event in 1892 was between Patchogue and Sayvllle, the former town having won a majority of the contests. Sayvllle was not pleased with this state of affairs, and James Harris, keeper of the leading hotel, was especially dis pleased with the failure of the Sayvllle hose teams to win first prize. Harris was ac quainted with Alex Jordan, all around champion, track and field, of the A. A. U., and he had a conference with that able athlete. The result was that early in the winter of 1892 the Sayvllle Fire Company began to receive applications for member ship at a lively rate. , Sayville's Mysterious New Firemen. The rules of the hose cart competition provided that, each member of a competing team must have Joined the organization at least six months previous to the annual tournament. - All of the applicants for membership in the Sayvllle company were at once made members in good standing and, strangely enough, none of the new members was again seen In that vicinity till the day set for the race. The conditions of the race were 300 yards straightaway on the village road, with coupling before starting and uncoupling at the end of the distance. In order that the Sayvllle team might have all possible facili ties for winning the race, Harris had or dered a new hose cart, of light model, with bicycle tires and all modem Improvements. There was a great outpouring of village folk at Patchogue on the day set for the race, and Sag Harbor was the favorite, with Pat chogue second choice and Sayvllle a long shot. The question of superiority ef the teams Mysterious New Firemen Had Plenty Speed . But Were Shy in Knowledge of Rules Governing Long Island Contests rtsted on the time made over the 300 yards, each team to run aeperately. When the writer reached the starting point the Sayvllle team, gay In fire helmets, blazing red shirts, blue trousers and an air of quiet confidence, were lining up for their trial. "S-a-s-s-h!" said one member of the team as the writer approached; "pull down your helmets. Here comes Ths Sun man." It was too late, and an Inspection of the team disclosed the fact that the men holding the rope comprised the speediest sprinters In America. Every dhe of them could do 190 yards In less than eleven seconds. Those In the line were Alex. Jordan, all around A. A. U. champion, who was very fast on the cinder path. Jack Thornton, runner up In the all around championships. Al Copland, champion In the low hurdles and a notable performer on the flat. Walter Bohm, A. A. U. and Intercollegiate half mile champion. "Dody" 8chwegler, a crack performer In the high hurdlea. Bob Fisher, who had scored In the 100 and 220 sprints in the metropolitan champion ships. John O'Brien, champion amateur catch-as-oatch-can wrestler, and a speedy man with the spiked shoes. Jack Norton, frequent winner In the quarter-mile run. Louis R. Sharp, middle distance champion runner and one of the moat noted cross coun try runners In America. It followed aa a matter of course that every member of the Sayvllle team wore, spiked running shoes, and all were prepared to put Sayville on the map with a bang. While the sprinters were trying hide their grins Charles J. Harvey appeared In the off ing, and was more than astonished when he saw the makeup of the Sayvllle team. "Suffering mackerel!" he shrieked, "I have a bet down on Sag Harbor. Don't leave your marks till I lay It off," and Harvey did even time to the spot where he had made the bet. On his return Sayvllle got ready to start, and when the word "Go!" came that band Science Baffled by Scents SOME time ago there was held In Eng land a "Wonders of Science Exhibi tion" which served to reveal many marvels to the public unfamiliar with the work done with the microscope, the micro phone and the micrograph. The microphone magnifies sound as the microscope does things seen. The micro graph Is the Instrument used by the scientist in taking pictures of things shown by the microscope. More people .are familiar, to some extent, with the microscope than with the microphone. They know it is possible to make objects entirely outside of the range of natural human vision visible by the use of the telescope for great distances and by the microscope for minute things close by; but few have any knowledge of the device by which It is possible to hear a fly walk or a caterpillar crawl. Many other wonders of science were nhown at Surbiton, but neither there nor anywhere else has science demonstrated Its ability to help the sense of smell. It can do marvels for sight, hearing and touch, but not for the humble and useful nose. In that field the accomplishments of science have been nil. Let a man stand two miles, say, to wind ward of the point where a herd of caribou will cross an open plain over which a fresh breeze Is sweeping and It must be apparent that only an infinitely minute particle of whatever matter may be given off from his body or clothing can possibly reach the nos trils of any one deer In the herd. Yet, If the man Is completely screened from sight by a rise in the surface of the ground the caribou will nevertheless catch the taint In the air. They would be warned of the presence of a wolf in the same way. Yet science is utterly unable to detect any thing which the olfactory nerve of the deer senses and Identifies. It cannot see with a microscope anything in the air which came from the man. It cannot find any such substance with a chemical test of any kind. Instead of aiding the sense of smell. It is entirely Incapable of matching it. Here Is another realm for science to Invade and subdue; but would the conquest be alto gether desirable? It is a question whether the average man needs to smell more things or sense more acutely the things he smells already. It Is thought that the gains would not offset the losses under the prevailing conditions of life. of sprinters got away like a flash of light Down the road they flew, raising a dust that almost obscured them from view. Suffice it to say that Long Islanders never saw a hose cart rushed with so great a burst of speed as that which carried the Sayvllle vehicle toward the goal. When the fliers reached the finish line and their time, which was four seconds faster than that of any other competing team, was announced the runners were the subject of much critical lnapectlon by the judges. The time hung up was 48 2-5 seconds. "Where do you chaps hall from?" asked one of the judges, looking auspiciously at the sprinters. "Sayville," they answered in chorus. "Sayvllle T' he Incredulously repeated. "Well, Jewhllllkens, I'm in Sayville nearly every day in the year and I never saw one of you fellers there." After the last team had run its heat the judges got together to name the winners and they held a long and, to the Sayvllle repre sentatives, ominous conference. Finally tfee Judges called the Sayvllle team to the stand and the presiding Judge, after clearing his throat and smoothing hla whis kers, said: "You fellers are pretty durn quick on your feet, and you made better time than any of the other teams. "But let me tell you, young men, that this here competition is under certain rules, and one of them is that the runners shall not wear shoes fitted with spikes. As every one of you fellers Is wearing spiked shoes the only thing I can do is to disqualify Sayville. Sag Harbor gits first prlxe and Patchogue second. Seeing the Humorous Side. "Next time you chaps calculate to run In this here competition fer Sayville you better study up the rules a little before counting up your prize money." The grotesqueness of the situation ap pealed to the risibilities of the athletes, who laughed uproariously as they started for Sayville. Charley Harvey, however, who had laid a bet off the winning team and put his money on a disqualified team, never cracked a smile. Of the noted athletes who took part in that race Jordan and Dohm have passed on; Schwegler, O'Brien and Sharp are In busi ness and still retain their memberahlp In the New York A. C; Copland la a writer on racing for the Evcnino Telegram, Norton Is active in politics, and Harvey la a man ager of boxers. Schwegler la a referee of amateur oozing bouts, and Bob Fisher, who at the time of the race was a member of the New Rochelle Hose Company and an expert coupler, Is still In the flesh. Any time it is desired to put one of these veterans in good humor it Is but necessary to ask him Sayville's tlmo In the Mutt cart this man's training were paid by the direc tors, but it proved to be money well Invested for after he got paying work, although tho wage he received at first was but $15 a week, he began paying back and he has returns d every cent advanced him. The class In draughting has been temporarily discontinued for the reason that In the read justment of industries at the close of the war the demand for draughtamen fell off. I' la to be hoped that a new demand may arl c for It has been demonstrated that draughting Is a suitable occupation for men of a certain type who have one good hand and a service able stump for holding the required Imple ments In position. The value of recreation is not Overlooked ty the directors of the institute, and the di abled men respond to every attempt to lighten the weary monotony of the ordinary cripple's life. Lectures are given with mov ing picture embellishments. The men have been encouraged to start a little paper, which they edit and write for with great enthu siasm. It bears the significant and striking name of Thumbs Up. Also on June It the Institute band made its official debut, fur nishing an excellent programme for the third annual field day. Under the direction of James Watson, a crippled man, the fifteen members showed how faithfully they had been rehearsing all winter. Watson has a leg missing, and the others have suffered major or minor disabilities. Thla is the only band, so far as is known, that is made up entirely of handicapped men. Interesting Visitors. Some of the most interesting visitors to the institute are disabled men who come of their own accord to see how men with dis abilities similar to their own ore being t rain. . in congenial occupations. Advice is given as to suitable artificial limbs and appliances that may mitigate their condition and the ideas sought to be Implanted are that life for the disabled Is by no means hopeless, and that every one of them should endeavor to return to some form of activity as soon as possible. But the visitors who ought to be going there In throngs are able bodied men and women who upon seeing the fine work of reconstruction being done would be inspired to help It along. Society owes It to the In jured men to give them a lift. By doing so it will only be paying a personal debt. Superheated Steam TWO decades ago few would have ad mitted the possibility of permanently and regularly producing steam at temperatures of from 550 degrees to (50 de green Fahrenheit within the restricted area of the ordinary locomotive boiler. Now thou sands of locomotives use this superheated steam, and its use Is Increasing. By heating steam 180 degrees Fahrenheit above the saturation temperature "hot steam" is produced. With this Increase of temperature the steam is dried and the volume ia increased. But the Increase of volume la less important than the suppres sion of all condensation In the cylinders if the superheat Is sufficiently high. Hot steam being a bad ponductor It also reduces loss by cooling in the cylindera. It Increases the hauling capacity from 25 to 10 per cent, ac cording to type and structure of the engine.