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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, AUGUST 29, 1920.
Giving Crippled Soldiers Another Chance in Life
Institute Offering First
, Gleam of Hope Sets
in Training Handi
capped Men to Be
come Self -Supporting
BUILDING which owea the city noth
ing U that where a "School of An
other Chance" la twine; held dally, al
I nmf, la trutn, It oalla Itself sedately "The
institute for Crippled and Disabled Men."
riefore this tenancy a truainesa college was
loused there and before that the College of
I ' I lystoians and Surgeons. A remarkable
i coord, as will be admitted, but Its moat use
ful days are tho present, when 101 Bast
Twenty-third street sees Its floor apace de
voted to the training of disabled men In
printing, weMIng, Jewelry making, type
writer repairing, eiiomolltng and artificial
ilmb making. The school has been operat
ing since January, 1817.
At the moment thero are fifty-one men in
training; eight learning to .be motion pic
ture projectors, nine In typewriter repairing,
fourteen each In welding and Jewelry mak
ing, four In enamelling and one each in tele
phone operating and plating. Since the
school first opened 33i crippled men have en
rolled, and of these 115 men have been
pl:iced In tho work for which they trained.
T :ls means that upward of 800 alacour
aged dependents, likely to fall Into mendi
cancy, have been restored to an earning
capacity and are contributing to the eco
nomic status of society.
That may be tho way to phrase their up
lift In cold blood, but It does not exprese the
way these men feel; In order to do this one
must talk In terms of psychology. They
have been made over and life ia to them
no longer a menace or a weariness. These
"nee hopeless cripples now have a new state
Beginning of the Institute.
At the start a child of the American Red
Cross and Inspired by the certainty that
many boys would come back crippled from
the world war, the school became a sepa
rate and Incorporated Institution last Jan
uary. The directors of the Institute are
Samuel M. Greer, president; Douglas C. Mc
Murtrie, secretary ; Jeremiah Mllbank,
treasurer; Mrs. August Belmont. Mrs. Arthur
Scott Burden, Miss Ethel L. McLean, Miss
Florence L. Sullivan, C. G. Du Bola, W. J.
Hiss, Walter E. Hope, George Murnane and
The self-set task of the Institute was the
rehabilitation of men who are suffering from
injuries involving the amputation or loss of
use of a limb. It undertook no medico l or
surgical work, accepting the disabled man
"as la" and planning for his rehabilitation
in the condition it found him In. It chose
to meet the man whose limb had Just been
amputated before he left the hospital and
to cheer him up by promising to restore
him as an economic factor of the community.
Its work at the beginning was spiritual; it
comforted and held out hope before It be
gan the material task.
No mere amateur, however tender his sen
sibilities may be, la fitted for this first step.
What the social worker has to do when he
seeks out the disabled man at the hospital
Is to give him positive assurance that there
are many possibilities open to the handi
capped one. Without knowledge of what
these are the "angel of hope" fails in his
The next step is to bring the doubting,
disabled one to the school and let him see
how men with similar disabilities are being
trained. Then It is seldom difficult to plant
in his mind that ha Is to be "fixed up" as
.soon as possible In order to find a new place
in the industrial order.
Artificial Limbs Made at the School.
As the rehabilitation in half a dozen oases
in ten means a new limb or a pair of new
legs, and as the cost of these In the shops
was, for various reasons, so high as to bo
prohibitive, It early was determined to start
an artificial limb shop on the premises. The
best limb makers were engaged, improved
machinery installed and an effective organ
ization built up. The expense of this would
ibe offset, It was hoped, by supplying a part
of the product to the Government, which
needed to buy limbs for the disabled ex
service men. And it happily turned out
that the TTntted States did become a liberal
patron of the institute shop. The Govern
ment has bought these limbs, too, at a lower
price than they could be purchased from
For their own people the directors have
supplied limbs of approved type and best ma
terial expertly made to 377 civilians. They
sell them practically at cost to their pro
teges and on the instalment plan when nec
essary. Dr. John Culbert Faries has issued a
pamphlet giving a resume of three years
work for handicapped man. He has been
active In It since ita Inception and knows
how to tell about the work In a way to take
hold of the reader's Imagination. Tho crip
pled, and disabled have bfeen, unfortunatly,
always with us, but how to help them con
structively, how to use their remaining
powers and faculties In a way to make these
handicapped persons self-supporting, is a
more novel subject. It is one, however, that
finds Its interest ready made at the present
time. With tha publishing of the casualty
lists from the late war It. became painfully
clear that we would have to plan carefully
for what Is beat for the disabled soldiers.
The Institute was ready with data collected
by Ita secretary, Douglas C McMurtrle, who
had spent eight years gathering It in this
and foreign countries. The subject of crip
ples and their care forms a great mass of
literature on the shelves of the institute and
it is constantly being added to. From what
had been accomplished in other countries
for the rehabilitation of disabled soldiers Mr.
McMurtrle prepared a aeries of leaflets cal
culated to stimulate an Interest in the sub
ject. Your Duty to tho War Cripple was
one of these and others were Reconttruotino
the Crippled Soldier, and the Rehabilitation
of theWar Cripple. These booklets are ob
tainable free of expense at the institute.
An appeal to the eye was mad by the
More Than TBrec Hundred Already Restored
to Earning Capacity in School Which
Owes Its Start to the Red Cross
Log are referred to these place The tnsti
tute, however, oeodtoota no placement trmtn-
Inffi that Is, training on the Job In a shop or
factory. Sot Where such training Is avnu
able under satisfactory conditions tha policy
of ths institute Is to foster its growth. Ac
cordingly It does not start training classes
In such Industrie. This placement training
Is capable of tarn expansion, but It requires
careful supervision and follow up work,
which Involves the cooperation of the em
ployer. It easily win be comprehended that the
rigid requirements of a shop cannot be met
by disabled men until their morale has been
established, and In its processes the school
seeks to develop this in the individual and
thus lead him by easy stages Into habits of
of pttyatoal endurance or to assist in
their maintenance by part tlmo work musl
bar special consideration. Besides, n
handicapped man feels hla disability when
be has to work alongside of men completely
equipped. Where he works with other
handicapped peraons hla pride will lead him
to minimize his disability and to strive to
excel in his work. So it is again seen that
psychological problems enter Into the great
on Of complete restoration of mind with
as great a restoration of physical powers as
science can aid In giving.
The training activities of the institute he
gan in March, 1918. The first man trained Is
now earning MO a week as a mechanical
draughtsman In the employ of one of (lie
largest manufacturers of elevator:.. He has
but one hand. All expenses connected with
MECHANICAL DRAFTING CLASS.
printing of a set of eighteen posters snow
ing striking pictures of cripples at various
kinds of work. In this, the Illustrative age,
these posters have proved of great Bervloe
In visualizing what can be done. To look
at them Is almoat to helleve that in certain
cases miracles have been wrought.
These means of attracting attention to a
splendid cause are very well, hut the direc
tors of the institute realize that personal
visits of Inspection will accomplish much
more than they can. To see the cheerful
faces of the men of all ages who have been
given "another chance" and to watch them
at useful and remunerative work la better
than all the literature that can be riled up.
To hear but one of these crippled men say
with a grin, as the writer did: "I couldn't
believe In such good fortune for me, but in
a few days I shall go out from here a
skilled workman and able to earn a decent
salary," proved the efficacy of this school as
nothing else could have done.
When a cripple begins his course of study
In whatever branch the first aim Is to give
him confidence that what he Is attempting
he will accomplish, and before he has been
at his task very long he begins to feel like
a normal man. Having Imbued him with
this feeling the instructors know that their
most difficult task la done.
Working With High Spirits.
In the school may be seen the men learn
ing motion picture projection, and there Is
not one of them who Is not hopeful that
after ten -weeks' study to fit him for passing
an examination for a license he can go out
and get a $36 a week Job. Other cripples
have done this, why not he?
The class In Jewelry making is composed
at this time of younger men than those in
the other classes. Some of them are boys
of thirteen or fourteen and some are Just
passing out of their teens. In showcases
are displayed their work Jewelry In the
form of brooches, chains, pins, Ac, studded
with semi-precious stones and comparing
favorably with the similar things sold In
the shops. A fascinating display Is that
of flower pots containing little plants and
flowers wrought out of tin, but ao delicately
enamelled In colors as to constitute from
the smallest to the largest specimen genuine
works of art.
The typewriter repair clusa has been very
successful, turning out skilled workmen
who have always found employment. A
pair of good eyes, two good hands and some
mechanical ability are all that la required.
As this work can be done when the operator
Is seated, It makes no difference whether
he has two legs, one leg, or no leg. The
men are graduated out of this class after
four montha' atudy.
Printing Attract Many.
The printing trade Is fascinating to many
cripples, and as it ranks third in Importance
among New York industries they have some
reason for adopting it as a means of their
future livelihood. The "School of Another
Chance" runs a modern .printing shop,
equipped with monotype casters, cylinder
and platen presses and compositors' frames.
Pupils are given practical instruction in
caster running and operating, the elements
of hand composition, the correction of gal
leys, press. feeding and proofreading.
Caster runners can be trained In two
months, press feeders In eight weeks. Al
though It Is desirable that a man have two
good hands for this, trade. It la not absolutely
necessary, and legs are unnecessary. Crip
ples with an artificial hand and with finger
less stumps nre making good at It.
The oxy-acetylene welding plant Is housed
in a one story brick shop adjoining the
main building of the Institute. This proces."
Is used largely In shipbuilding, mending
1 token automobile and machine parts, type
writing machine and various type castings.
A man with only one hand Is able to learn
cutting In a month and welding in three or
lour months. The plant Is equipped with
freven welding stations, with gauges and
torches and one cutting station With port
able tanks; a sheet metal shears, a power
emery wheel, a gas forge and anvil. An
acetylene generator supplies the gas, while
the oxygen ia bought In cylinders.
Besides training men in Its own shops the
employment department has acquired .a
knowledge through Its Industrial survey of
manufacturers who will take learners and
will pay them a wage while learning. Where
the processes are suitable for 'the handi
capped and condition's of work are satis-
industry. Cripples who find travel on the
street cars during the rush hours almost
terrifying at first must be given leeway in
their hours of arrival and departure. Crip
ples who have to attend clinics for treat
ment must be accommodated; those who
can work only part of a day, either from
Sayville's Sorrow in Memorable Hose Cart Race
By CHARLES F. MATHISON.
THE Hat of eventa at the Olympic
games In Antwerp does not Include
a hose cart race, and no doubt a
suggestion for such a competition at the
international contests would have created
much merriment among the managers.
However, If it had been possible to stage in
Belgium a duplicate of the hose cart raco
that took place at Patchogue, I I., In the
summer of 1893 the spectators In the big
stadium across seas would be vastly enter
tained. In those days on Long Island ability
to hustle a hose cart a given distance with
a maximum of speed was regarded highly
by the community, for it was well under
stood that alow running to a fire meant de
struction. As a result, the fire companies of the vari
ous Long Island towns established an an
nual competition, .In which all the epeedy
hose cart pullers participated. In order to
make the contests attractive to the firemen
and lrsure the best efforts of the runners
substantial cash prizes were offered.
The chief rivalry in this event in 1892
was between Patchogue and Sayvllle, the
former town having won a majority of the
contests. Sayvllle was not pleased with this
state of affairs, and James Harris, keeper
of the leading hotel, was especially dis
pleased with the failure of the Sayvllle hose
teams to win first prize. Harris was ac
quainted with Alex Jordan, all around
champion, track and field, of the A. A. U.,
and he had a conference with that able
athlete. The result was that early in the
winter of 1892 the Sayvllle Fire Company
began to receive applications for member
ship at a lively rate. ,
Sayville's Mysterious New Firemen.
The rules of the hose cart competition
provided that, each member of a competing
team must have Joined the organization at
least six months previous to the annual
- All of the applicants for membership in
the Sayvllle company were at once made
members in good standing and, strangely
enough, none of the new members was again
seen In that vicinity till the day set for the
The conditions of the race were 300 yards
straightaway on the village road, with
coupling before starting and uncoupling at
the end of the distance. In order that the
Sayvllle team might have all possible facili
ties for winning the race, Harris had or
dered a new hose cart, of light model, with
bicycle tires and all modem Improvements.
There was a great outpouring of village
folk at Patchogue on the day set for the race,
and Sag Harbor was the favorite, with Pat
chogue second choice and Sayvllle a long shot.
The question of superiority ef the teams
Mysterious New Firemen Had Plenty Speed
. But Were Shy in Knowledge of Rules
Governing Long Island Contests
rtsted on the time made over the 300 yards,
each team to run aeperately. When the
writer reached the starting point the Sayvllle
team, gay In fire helmets, blazing red shirts,
blue trousers and an air of quiet confidence,
were lining up for their trial.
"S-a-s-s-h!" said one member of the team
as the writer approached; "pull down your
helmets. Here comes Ths Sun man."
It was too late, and an Inspection of the
team disclosed the fact that the men holding
the rope comprised the speediest sprinters In
America. Every dhe of them could do 190
yards In less than eleven seconds.
Those In the line were Alex. Jordan, all
around A. A. U. champion, who was very
fast on the cinder path.
Jack Thornton, runner up In the all around
Al Copland, champion In the low hurdles
and a notable performer on the flat.
Walter Bohm, A. A. U. and Intercollegiate
half mile champion.
"Dody" 8chwegler, a crack performer In
the high hurdlea.
Bob Fisher, who had scored In the 100 and
220 sprints in the metropolitan champion
ships. John O'Brien, champion amateur catch-as-oatch-can
wrestler, and a speedy man with
the spiked shoes.
Jack Norton, frequent winner In the quarter-mile
Louis R. Sharp, middle distance champion
runner and one of the moat noted cross coun
try runners In America.
It followed aa a matter of course that every
member of the Sayvllle team wore, spiked
running shoes, and all were prepared to put
Sayville on the map with a bang.
While the sprinters were trying hide their
grins Charles J. Harvey appeared In the off
ing, and was more than astonished when he
saw the makeup of the Sayvllle team.
"Suffering mackerel!" he shrieked, "I have
a bet down on Sag Harbor. Don't leave your
marks till I lay It off," and Harvey did even
time to the spot where he had made the bet.
On his return Sayvllle got ready to start,
and when the word "Go!" came that band
Science Baffled by Scents
SOME time ago there was held In Eng
land a "Wonders of Science Exhibi
tion" which served to reveal many
marvels to the public unfamiliar with the
work done with the microscope, the micro
phone and the micrograph.
The microphone magnifies sound as the
microscope does things seen. The micro
graph Is the Instrument used by the scientist
in taking pictures of things shown by the
microscope. More people .are familiar, to
some extent, with the microscope than with
the microphone. They know it is possible
to make objects entirely outside of the range
of natural human vision visible by the use
of the telescope for great distances and by
the microscope for minute things close by;
but few have any knowledge of the device by
which It is possible to hear a fly walk or a
Many other wonders of science were
nhown at Surbiton, but neither there nor
anywhere else has science demonstrated Its
ability to help the sense of smell. It can do
marvels for sight, hearing and touch, but
not for the humble and useful nose. In that
field the accomplishments of science have
Let a man stand two miles, say, to wind
ward of the point where a herd of caribou
will cross an open plain over which a fresh
breeze Is sweeping and It must be apparent
that only an infinitely minute particle of
whatever matter may be given off from his
body or clothing can possibly reach the nos
trils of any one deer In the herd. Yet, If
the man Is completely screened from sight
by a rise in the surface of the ground the
caribou will nevertheless catch the taint In
the air. They would be warned of the
presence of a wolf in the same way.
Yet science is utterly unable to detect any
thing which the olfactory nerve of the deer
senses and Identifies. It cannot see with a
microscope anything in the air which came
from the man. It cannot find any such
substance with a chemical test of any kind.
Instead of aiding the sense of smell. It is
entirely Incapable of matching it. Here Is
another realm for science to Invade and
subdue; but would the conquest be alto
gether desirable? It is a question whether
the average man needs to smell more things
or sense more acutely the things he smells
already. It Is thought that the gains would
not offset the losses under the prevailing
conditions of life.
of sprinters got away like a flash of light
Down the road they flew, raising a dust that
almost obscured them from view. Suffice
it to say that Long Islanders never saw a
hose cart rushed with so great a burst of
speed as that which carried the Sayvllle
vehicle toward the goal.
When the fliers reached the finish line
and their time, which was four seconds
faster than that of any other competing
team, was announced the runners were the
subject of much critical lnapectlon by the
judges. The time hung up was 48 2-5
"Where do you chaps hall from?" asked
one of the judges, looking auspiciously at
"Sayville," they answered in chorus.
"Sayvllle T' he Incredulously repeated.
"Well, Jewhllllkens, I'm in Sayville nearly
every day in the year and I never saw one
of you fellers there."
After the last team had run its heat the
judges got together to name the winners and
they held a long and, to the Sayvllle repre
sentatives, ominous conference.
Finally tfee Judges called the Sayvllle team
to the stand and the presiding Judge, after
clearing his throat and smoothing hla whis
"You fellers are pretty durn quick on your
feet, and you made better time than any of
the other teams.
"But let me tell you, young men, that this
here competition is under certain rules, and
one of them is that the runners shall not
wear shoes fitted with spikes. As every one
of you fellers Is wearing spiked shoes the
only thing I can do is to disqualify Sayville.
Sag Harbor gits first prlxe and Patchogue
Seeing the Humorous Side.
"Next time you chaps calculate to run In
this here competition fer Sayville you better
study up the rules a little before counting
up your prize money."
The grotesqueness of the situation ap
pealed to the risibilities of the athletes, who
laughed uproariously as they started for
Charley Harvey, however, who had laid a
bet off the winning team and put his money
on a disqualified team, never cracked a
Of the noted athletes who took part in
that race Jordan and Dohm have passed on;
Schwegler, O'Brien and Sharp are In busi
ness and still retain their memberahlp In
the New York A. C; Copland la a writer on
racing for the Evcnino Telegram, Norton
Is active in politics, and Harvey la a man
ager of boxers. Schwegler la a referee of
amateur oozing bouts, and Bob Fisher, who
at the time of the race was a member of the
New Rochelle Hose Company and an expert
coupler, Is still In the flesh.
Any time it is desired to put one of these
veterans in good humor it Is but necessary
to ask him Sayville's tlmo In the Mutt cart
this man's training were paid by the direc
tors, but it proved to be money well Invested
for after he got paying work, although tho
wage he received at first was but $15 a week,
he began paying back and he has returns d
every cent advanced him.
The class In draughting has been temporarily
discontinued for the reason that In the read
justment of industries at the close of the
war the demand for draughtamen fell off. I'
la to be hoped that a new demand may arl c
for It has been demonstrated that draughting
Is a suitable occupation for men of a certain
type who have one good hand and a service
able stump for holding the required Imple
ments In position.
The value of recreation is not Overlooked
ty the directors of the institute, and the di
abled men respond to every attempt to
lighten the weary monotony of the ordinary
cripple's life. Lectures are given with mov
ing picture embellishments. The men have
been encouraged to start a little paper, which
they edit and write for with great enthu
siasm. It bears the significant and striking
name of Thumbs Up. Also on June It the
Institute band made its official debut, fur
nishing an excellent programme for the third
annual field day. Under the direction of
James Watson, a crippled man, the fifteen
members showed how faithfully they had
been rehearsing all winter. Watson has a
leg missing, and the others have suffered
major or minor disabilities. Thla is the only
band, so far as is known, that is made up
entirely of handicapped men.
Some of the most interesting visitors to
the institute are disabled men who come of
their own accord to see how men with dis
abilities similar to their own ore being t rain. .
in congenial occupations. Advice is given as
to suitable artificial limbs and appliances
that may mitigate their condition and the
ideas sought to be Implanted are that life for
the disabled Is by no means hopeless, and
that every one of them should endeavor to
return to some form of activity as soon as
But the visitors who ought to be going
there In throngs are able bodied men and
women who upon seeing the fine work of
reconstruction being done would be inspired
to help It along. Society owes It to the In
jured men to give them a lift. By doing so
it will only be paying a personal debt.
TWO decades ago few would have ad
mitted the possibility of permanently
and regularly producing steam at
temperatures of from 550 degrees to (50 de
green Fahrenheit within the restricted area
of the ordinary locomotive boiler. Now thou
sands of locomotives use this superheated
steam, and its use Is Increasing.
By heating steam 180 degrees Fahrenheit
above the saturation temperature "hot
steam" is produced. With this Increase of
temperature the steam is dried and the
volume ia increased. But the Increase of
volume la less important than the suppres
sion of all condensation In the cylinders if
the superheat Is sufficiently high. Hot steam
being a bad ponductor It also reduces loss
by cooling in the cylindera. It Increases the
hauling capacity from 25 to 10 per cent, ac
cording to type and structure of the engine.