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HOXOAY, MARCH 8f, 1837. Very Late from Europe. Yesterday and Saturday the Republic and Roscoe, fnm Liverpool, and the Havre, from Havre, all arri ved, by which we have received numerous lilts of German, French and English papers to the 4th March from Havre, and 2d lrosi Paris. The political new8 of the greatest importance is that from England. The whig ministry has triumphed by a majority of 64 on the motion sf Lord Egerton (*ow er, relative t? the church. The chartering of new railways is going on very rapidly- The cotton Mar kets are extremely rtuctuating-aometunca up, some times down ; but the general character is downward. The meney market in London is getting a little more easy, but this arises from the prospect of a tall in cot ton, a check given to American trade, and the import of specie from ihe United States. The revulsion in England, by the skilful management of the Bank, is moderated and softened in its progress to healthy ac tion. Fbance. ? Several American sailors belonging to Ihe ship Columbia, who had been imprisoned in the jail of Havre, in i^ori sequence ol a disturbance which io?k place between them and the crew of a trench vessel, have all been liberated. They were detained in prison twelve days. The American captain getting impatient, put to sea two or three days after the oc currence which gave rise to their arrest took place. Fifteen warrants were issued on the 1st of March, in Paris in the affair of Meunier and C hampion. GirandeUti de Saint Ciervais, and Le Blanc, a veteran officer of the Imperial guard, have been arrested. They have undergone an examination. 'I he result is at present kept secret. A master tailor of ihe name of Latnpson has also been arrested. The re maining warrants have as yet not been executed. Meunier is entirely recovered, and has been again examined. Extract of a letter from Pau, dated Feb. 25, 1R37. " The Uaeen's troops and the Carlists remain each of them equally inactive; but the most unfortunate affair for the Queen's cause is the entire disbanding of the foreign Legion, left without pay, and in a inest deplorable state from the want of munitions and ne cessaries. Scarwly a day passes but parties of them Are conducted in by the ' gend armerie.' Sixty have this very moment arrived." Jj* We have little or no reliance in the truth of the alxive. ? Ed. Herald. The following will serve as a curious specimen of the veracity of French news, aud of the credit to be attached to ruuiors coming from that quarter. United States anp Mexico.? A letter addressed 1o the M> mortal I 'vrdeloi states that the United States have seized upon California, a revolution hav ing been eU^cted m its lavor. It adds, " a war is on the point of breaking out between the States and Mexico. The American Minister has received his passports. Pa bis, Feb. 28th. ? Stock Exchange , Feb. 24, half past four.? A heavy market, caused by stock being Eushed, has created a decline in the quotations. A tali as likewise taken place in Spanish and Portuguese, particularly in the former. " We are assured," says the Messager, " that the French government has offered, through M. de Ba rnntu, its mediation at St. Petersburg for the aJrange msatof the difficulties existing between England and Russia, in const quence of the capture of the Vixen; but it is added that the Russian Cabinet has replied, xh?' Russia, having acted only as she was authorised to do by the trtaty of Adruinople, owes no -aiisl'ac tion to England. Be this as it may, Count Mole, it is said, hus not lost all hope of success. Provided with full [lowers from Lord Palraerston, he is stated to have sent a courier on Saturday night te M. de Karante, charging him to ren< w theoflcrs of media tion, and to acquaint Count Nesselrode with the ba ms on which the affair of the Vixen may, in the opi nion of ihe Cabinet of the Tuileriea, be amicably ar ranged." ' We have seen a letter from New York, written by a|wrsou fully competent to judgeof the state of poli tical pai ties in the United States, and which confirms the opinions expressed by us yesterday, as to the in accuracy of the rumor stating that General Cass is oil the poinl of quitting his diplomatic post in Pans. The celebrated Pouschkin, the most distinguished pot t nf Russia, has keen killed in a duel in at. Pe tersburgh, with his brothrr-m-Iaw, M. d'Antbcs, a Frtnch officer in the Russian service, and the adopt ed son of a Foreign Minister accredited to this c >urt. The qjiarrel, which has terminated so fatally, origina ted in aome family disputes. Tliv drceasod survived his wound about two hours; his adversary has been also seriously wounded. A letter from Orleans says .?"The Chamber of Commerce is engaged on the question of the estab lishment of a public bank m this town. This bank, authorized by the government, like those ef Nantes, Bordeaux, Lyons, Marseilles, and Rouen, will have the privilege of is lung its own paper. We are assured, says the fJaix, that in the space of one month, about 600,000, or two-thi ds of the inha bitants of the capital, have been attacked by the grippe. Admitting that of this number only the half have received the visits of their medical attendants five times each, we should have a total of 1,500,000 visits, which at 3l'r. per visit, the ordinary price, would havepr<Kluced a sum of 4,500,000i"r. Dividing this sum by the number of physicians in Paris, who may be reckornd at 1000, each of these gentlemen woald have gained (supposing the division of practice to be equal, ) 4,500fr. The foot pavement in Paris laid down to the pre sent time, amounts in length to 101,317 metres, or about 20 common leagues: so that there still remain upwards of 100 leagues to be accomplished. The Tempi says : ? "The reftorts which have for some time been circulated relative to th< marr;age of the Duke of Orleans with a princess of the House of Mccklcnb+nti are beguiiiing to ssaume a degreo of con sistency. Trie Prussian government is stated to bciu lavor of this alliance. The ("ourritr du Midi states that the 200 Carlists who were taken in tfee environs of Lelivia, for viola- j tmg the French territory, havelx-en sent le the Puy by detachments of twenty-five men each, under ea rorts of gendarmerie; and adds that*one of these par ties which passed through Montpellier presented n most miserable appearance, being covered with ne thing but rags. A letter from Bucharest, dated February 3, givrn by the < 'on*tiiiUionntl, says : ? We learn that the Socie ty formed at Athens fnr disseminating elementary education in Greece. and which ha? announod its readiness to admit all foreigners who were willing te conform to its statutes, is a purely p<>Micn] society, the object of which is to sell Greece to a Russian Prince. All thePhananotcsnf Moldavia, the Creeks in the service of Russia, and the Russian no -les who form .he Court of the Emperor Nicholas, have be come members of the Society, the direction of which is entrusted to the Cabinet of St. Pet??rshurKh. Rus sian agents are traversmg this eountry and Bnlgana, stirring up a revolt ngainst the Grand Seignior. For wime time Pnnce Gnyka has been looked upon by M. Ruckman with an evil eye. It is confidently stated that Oen. Katandgi, who has quitted the Russian ser vice. is about to take the commsnd of the troops ?f Walachia. All these circumstances arise from the intrigues of the Russian (loveriiment.'' Losnow, Feb. 24 ? I?rd Francis Kger ton's amend ment has l?eing rejected by a majority of H8; the namhers being For the amendment, ... 242 Against it, ..... 322 This, with 32 paired off, the Speaker, four tellers, and the vacant seat of Angles. *, make 602 Memben accounted for ; 56 having yet to explain the causes of their abarace. The majority, this year, exhibits an increase of Ifl, as compared with the precisely-cor responding division ef IK16, but a decrease of rt. as compared with the final dsciswMi upon the subject last aession ; we mean the decision of agreement or disa rreement with the amendment* of the Honse of Lords. On Lord F. Ejrer ton's motion, March 8, 1836, the numbers were? For the motion .... 243 Against it, 307 Majority, .... 64 On Lord J. Russell's motion, June, 10, 1836, the numbers were ? For the motion, .... 324 Against it, 238 Majority, .... 86 As compared, therefore, with the latest division upon the same subject, the majority has rather diminished than increased. It will be seen that in the absolute force of the Conservative party, there has been un increase of four since June; in the ministerial party, an absolute diminution of two. ? [Standard. IIAV'RK MARKETS, March t, 1*37.? Sule? of cotton. 13 hule? Loiiiiiuna, flax 50--M3 Uo. fll2 5e? S71 do. 1107 -?5 .Mobile, I'ltt 1? (ir?rriu f 125- -Si do f 130-15 do. f lift 60 45 do. ft*l--10do. 1 181? 90 do. lwi. Total, I out, tile* Kuom Florida. ? The treaty with the Indians has b?eu concluded ; notwithstanding which, prowling bandj of the savages continue to commit depreda tions in various parts of the territory. These are doubt- i lwss wandering bauds, who have not heard of the truce. On the 12st instaat, rufts crossing from the | west to the east side of the Suanne river, were seen, supposed to b# those used by Oceola and his men, | coining to Gen. Jesup's camp. Jumper, Little Claud, \ Abraham, and some other chiefs were in. The whole nation are immediately to emigrate to the west. Un til they do so, hostages, of whom Micanopy is one, are to remain with the Major Gen. commanding. Nkw Bubbles in Wall Street. ? Floods of fresh speculators are coming into the field, trying to hum bug, cheat, cozxen, and swindle each other, since the ; community will no longer consent to the operation. No harm done? let Greek rvect Greek. Certain ?rog I shops, eating houses, and oyster cellars, in the neigh- i borhood of Wall street, are crowded every day with these new Hocks of harpies. We have president#, secretaries, stockholders of all kinds of Granite com panies from Maine to Nova Zembla. They are buy ing, selling, exchanging worthless scrip for any thing they can get ? even a glass of grog for a single shire, and then the buyer loses. Some distinguished speak ers, writers and politicians are engaged in these gra nite bubbles. Then again we have the mortgage bubbles. We know of a parcel of lots near Utica, each worth #50 i apiece, hawked about in the shape of bond and mort gages, for 8750 each. These chaps get " Alo *7.i) the brave and the fiir linof.ne" to giv? a bond on such worthless lots for $S00 apiece. With these mortgages they go round the eating hou ses ? "come, won't you take a drink" ? " your health, Mr. So-nnd-so" ? "don't you want to exchange some property with me?" ? "I have got capital mortgages on lots ih the city of Utica." Not long since a poor fellow from Michigan, who had some choice land there, exchanged it for these bonds aud mortgnges, and after a long search he found lie had lost his all, and came out a beggar. The principle fellows who blow up these bubbles are young orators of the grea: political cause, who make the welkin ring s.t Masonic, Tamaiany orLo cofoco Halls. In a day or two we shall be prepared to have a pull at these bubbles with our own pipe. ? How beautiful we shall make them rise up in the bright sun's rays before they burst. Oh ! oh! oh ! Di'el in the Fashionable Circles. ? This sin- | gulnr affair grew out of a more singular circumstance. | It appears that a young midshipman, the son of the president of a public literary institution (not the He rald) in the neighborhood of the Park, had been long attached to the lovely daughter of the president of a public illitcrary institution in the neighborhood of the new Custom House in Wall street. After many years ! of her happy acquaintance, lie was ordered to join his squadron, about starting in search of prizes of an other kind. With an unwilling heart he obeyed the summons, and after a sad adieu bid farewell to all his heart held dear. While he was gone, the younger son of the worthy president of a highly respectable fancy stock institu tion, thinking, no doubt, that as this middy had de parted without making quite sure of his girl, that he had a right to try his fortune with the young lady, whose sire dealt in fortunes, being ntrtr at a dinrount , and moreover, as he himself wore at times the brass j buttons of Uncle Sam's sleeves, though at present not actually in service. In his person favored by dame nature, and m intellect above the common order, his attentions were not rejected. For a while he was hippy ; for residing not far fn?in the object of his at tentions, he could the more frequently enjoy her so ciety. One evening in the early part ?f this month, as he wbh as usual in her company, the door opened, and in walked the absent midshipman. Confused and amazed be coolly bid thern good evening, forgetting that his absence entitled hnn to a cordial welcome. " Few and short were the words he said," and ma king a hasty bow, bid them good evening. To be short ? the next day the rival received a note from W. S., the middy's friend, demanding an inter View. It was granted. The friend was a southerner of renown in the way of pistols and coffee. Thev met. In.ult after insult was offered to the poor un offending rival, and they parted. It was s>on ru mored that Mr. M. had n grossly insulted by Mr. W., and dared not resent it. But no! his spirit was not gone. On Saturday evening he met Mr. O. op posite the City Hotel, and after demanding an apology in vain, he pulled Mr. G's nose. The next morning a challenge was sent and accepted. They meet to morrow morning at 5 o'clock, at the Elysian Fields, Hoboken, when and where they will defend their honors. As it is expected to b? a bloody time, our Ariel will be present, and report accordingly. Ma*ia M?kk awp her CoABJirroas.? While we wereconeratulatiagourself that Maria Monk and her coadjutors had begun an action at law against "mine ancicnt'' friend, Mr. Webb, lo ! and behold! we had no conception that they were preparing a similar bomb shell to fire at us? but so it seems. Some one of Maria's fair lovyers has commenced also an action against us, and puts us, noltns re/rrur, in the samt ca tegory with the gallant colonel of the Courier. We also learn that a similar suit at law ia preparing for Col. Stone, and how many more we know not. The believers of fair Maria appear to be a bold set ofmtn. They begin to feel the cffect of the press upon their incredible imposture*. Their sweet god dess and her religion are in danger. They have accor dingly invoked the strong arm of the law to protect them in their impostures. We for ene are not afraid of the results. Let Webb, and Btone, ami Bennett, be sued as much as they please, it will be difficult to make the world believe Maria is a bit better than she should be, or her believers more honeet than they can be. At all events, the backers of Maria will haee their bands full, if they must go before a jury in New. York, and ask protection for their forgeries, we should like to know the fact. It ia now time to po over the whole ground of this most grose and daring imposture, palmed apon this community by Maria Monk , and do it wa shall, pret ty soon and suddenly. ' Ditiimimid Scicwn. ? On Saturdiy, between 12 and 2 o'clock, A M., an act of self destruction, which for coolness snd determination, vies wilh the late case of the Baron del Caatel Rotto, wm committed at 48 Maiden Lane. Thia victim was a native of Germany? his name Andreas Stephen Eckert, born in Wurzburg, Bavaria, 32 years of age, and a clerk in the house of F. Geb hard & Co., No. 24 Nassau street. On Satarday morning about 2 o'clock he was dis covered by one of the boarders of the house where he resided, lying in the middle of the floor of his bedroom weltering in his blood. An alarm being given, it ; was found jhat the unhappy man had endeavored to accomplish his destruction by opening the veins of the left wrist and arm, nnd also each artery of the tem ples. On cutting the latter, it is supposed from weak ness, the razor slipped, making a hideous gash on each cheek. Finding that death came not, the deter mined suicide again seized the razor, and inflicted a dreadful wound in his throat, but which failed to de prive him of life. He made a second attempt, and inflicted another wound, which also proved ineffectual. In this state, he was discovered, perfectly sensible, but unable to articulate, from the hole in his throat. On his dress ing table Wis found a slip of paper, bearing his name, and birth place, and requesting that a particular fnend should be sent for, as also the Messrs. Schultz, of the firm of Messrs. Schultz & Schwann, 26 Cedar street. The deceased was of a melancholy temperament, which a continual yearning for home, and a longing to return to his " father land," had of late mush in creased. He had frequently declared his intention of committing suicide? alleging, as an excuse, that he was troubled with " bad thoughts. ' He had also a great dread of the approaching snmmer, fearing that the heat would have such an effect upon Ins nervous system, as to drive him mad. La Combe, of Murray street, was promptly in attendance, but the unhappy man was beyond the reach of his skill. He lingered till half past 9 in the evening, quite sensible of his condition, but showing no regret for the rash deed; but, on the contrary, opposing all the assistance, as far as lay in his power, that was tendered to relieve him. After being placed upon his bed, the physician sewed up the wound in his throat, but was obliged to open a portion of it to allow him to breathe. Ths only word he was heard to utter was the word fcri-/ (notice or letter.) Among the fouror five letters he had written, was one to his cousin, directing him to see to his funeral, and to send a ' Token- scht en (cer tificate) to his friends in Bavaria. To show the desperation of the man, the following circumstances must be noted : ? In cutting his wrist and arm, the edge of the razor was turned up and notched, by coming in contact with the bone. He then took a second razor, wrapping a piece of paper around it to keep it firm, and then in flicted two horrible gashes in hi# thrcraf, completely severing the windpipe. The Coroner held an inquest on the body, at twelve o'clock yesterday, when some of the above facts were developed ; and the jury returned a verdict? Death from cutting his throat with a razor. Fi'ithei Paiticulaii. ? The following is a copy of the notices Mr. Kckert had written, and placed in different parts of his room. " The name of the unfortunate man is Andreas Ste phen Eckert, of Wurzburg, in Bavaria. ? Send immediately for Mr. L>?ui8 Doathc with Messrs, Schwann A Schultz, No. 46 Cedar street.? Bra nl ;gam with Mr. John C, Kayser, No. 57 Cedar street, G. A. Scharpf, William street, No. 82. Endorsed ?>n the back was ? "Andreas Stephen F.ckert, clerk of Messrs. Fred erick Gibbard & Co., No. 21 Nassau street." Medical Ui askerv,? The following note was re ceceived yesterday, and will speak for itself.? Dear Sib,? I am happy to see that you are cutting up Brandreth, the great quack. There are others equally bad. I have had a tremendous toothache for thu last three weeks, and 1 could not find any thing to cure it. 1 looked in the papers and saw the adver tisement of Leander Darn, stating that he could cur(' it. 1 went down ami saw him? bought a bottle of his German toothache drops, and used them as di rected. 1 do not hesitate to say they did me more hurt than good, for 1 had the jumping toothache some time afterwards. Now, Mr. B., 1 wish you would expose this ? cut him all up, and you will oblige a subscriber of your paper. Peteb Johnson, 45 Amity street. To Jam** Gordon Bennett, Esq. It is utterly impossible to find room for the many evidences of the atrocious quackeries perpetrated by Brandreth, that importer, who can neither spell nor wnte with ordinary accuracy, yet pretends to he I the author of a play which is furnished him by Grub stre et writers at so much a page, and a pair of breech es as a present. Brandreth has succeeded in his quackeries by his system of advertising, and the cor rupt support of the Sun. These uncaged birds of the penitentiary have been the cauae of flooJing this city with ejua< kcries of all kinds. What the ( oun er" is in stock, and lot. and saltpetre quackeries, so is the Sun in medical quackeries. In a few days we shall be prepsred to show up the unsenteaced con victs of the Ain, and to prove that they and Rrandreth have been the means of more' unmitiguted evil to the health ??f New York, than any system of quackery and pretension that ever was invented. The principal cause of the success of such mnorant j quacks as Brandreth, arises from the plan ?( adverti sing, and keeping his naaie before the public, if edu cated, scien'ifie, and skilful physicians were to adver tise and state modesily their systems and their cases to the public, they would se*>n destroy every vestige of quackcJy in New York. It is the false delicacy of medical men that is the cause of i heir want of success. Why will not the regular medical men think of this? Nothing bat their coining forward and taking the lead in the plan we propose will ev?r h t them from obscurity, and destroy sueh impudent quacks as ?rnn dreth and his two convicted editors, whom he feed* j and pills to deceive the |?eople. Chicago, Feb. 28, 1B30. Dka* Btin?rrr,? A voice from the far Wmj cries unto yoa for help! help ! ! Do for heaven's cake aac your influence in Bending up the better portion of your surplus of ten thousand beautiful young ladies. Illinois, Wisconsin, and Toway, will do their dsty. If we are driven to ( utremities. wr muat petition for a portion ?' the public lands for their special Ixmefit, as an in ducement Your Hernld sets the old and the young, the rich and the poor, the high nml the low, itching for the dear creatures. Oar native ladies won't quite answer the purpose. Your paper roots its way to al moat every corner of our territories, and shakes the sides of all. Your subscription list must increase from this quarter, the coming year. There are hut few of your eastern people that know much of eur north western country. Many of our pioneers might give an interesting account of their adventures. <?. The above morreau comes to us wntten on the mar gin of the "Chicago Commercial Advertiser," thus choating the Post Office for the purpose of helping the ladies. Trely do we wish to send our beaotiful sur plus to the weet. We have hundreds and thousands of lovely, virtuous and accomplished femalee i? the Atlantic States that weuldbe proud to get a good hee baad la peace, and plant themselves like eo many rosebuds in the smiling prairies of the west, to blow and fill the western ur with their fragraace. Every year, when the western merchants cone here to buy goods, they take a supply for home consumption with them. In the present stagnation of trade, we are not sure but to send a colony of beautiful Babmes to the Romans of the west would be doing a very useful thing and a good business. Ladies who would like to go can leave their names at the Herald office. We shall get up a caravan and people the west with beau ty, loveliness and truth. Oh ! Lord ! how it warms my heart to think of it ! Lafayette Bank. Mr. Bennett : Dear Sir.? In reply to your enqui ries respecting their implications with the Messrs. Joseph A Co., I beg leave to state that the cashier and one of the directors of this bank inform me that they have not a note of those gentlemen on their books, and that the Messrs. Josephs owe them 25,000 dollars on loan, far which the bank holds, as collateral security, 40,000 dollars worth of Man hattan Gas Light Co. stock at par. There is no stock of the institution standing to the credit of the Messrs. Josephs on the stock ledger. This I presume is the information you called for in your paper of the 22d instant. If so, give this a publication, and oblige one interested. Napoleon. The splendid paintings of La Belle Nature and Daphne de l'Olympe, by Boudet, are of the most ra vishing description. La Belle Nature, which is very properly personified as a beautiful woman, r?al<ses the beau ideal of female loveliness. The statute of Cle opatra, in the same exhibition, almost breathe?, and whilst gazing on the vivid image, we cease to wonder at Mark Anthony's infatuation. The Dioramic Institute ? C'itv Saloon. ? The Messrs. Hanington took their benefit at this enchant ing little place on Monday evening last, on which oc casion they produced three new pieces, by Messrs. Brngough and Walker, which are among th# most attractive features of the exhibition, and which, we are happy to say, were eminently successful. On this occasion, the house was crowded to excess atnn early hour, and many holding tickets were unable to pro cure seats, in consequence of which the same enter tainments have been repeated every evening, to houses equally crowded. The performance of the German minstrel is, de cidedly, the first musical treat yet offered to the New York public; and we are glad to see that they estimate it properly. Mr. Caaderbeck is, undoubtedly, the most gifted, extraordinary, and original performer now in America. His imitations of various instruments, are perfect; and his performance of Yankee Doodle on ?ne string, a la Paganini, is most wonderful. We are certain that these German minstrels will become quite the rage. We hear that the proprietors of this attrac tive and fashionable little place of amusement, intend enlarging that portion of the saloon devoted to the audience, for the better accommodation of the numer ous visitors attracted thither by the tempting treat prepared for them, as they hare, at considerable ex pense, re-engaged the German minstrels for the ensu ing week, in addition to their already strong list of at tractions. The Twin Letters. ? Extreme youth ha# sundry misfortunes, although the great William Pitt success fully vindicated himself from a suspicion of incompe tency on accoum thereof. In youth the passions are strong, the judgement weak, and the sumof knowledge not always s# great as it might b? ; and young folks are apt to make sad blunders, when they undertake to speak of things that happened while they were yet in a slate ofunappreciating juvenility; or as it is some times called, first childhood. Especially in politics, there he many perils in the way of youthful aspirant ; and above all, of him who sets up for an enlightner of the public. Into oneef thea? have our young neigh bors of the Times been greviously belrayed; annul discovering a prodigious mare's nest, they have fitted upon their necks a stock not fabricated by Mr. Davis, of silk and whalebone, but of a totally different des cription ? cominonlydesignated a laughing-stock. We have been looking on very quietly for several days, to see how cleverly they would go to work to make themselves ridiculous, in the eyes of all who are old enough to remember the savings and dointzs of a dozen years ago ? suppressing al! our manifest tokeus of enjoyment that an occasional chuckle, not indeed inaudible, but like the voice that haunted the imagina tion m1 Virgimus, " so faint and far that nothing lives 'twixt it and silence." If we had ourselves helped them into the snare, they could not have entangled themselves in its mechcs with a more emphatic gravi ty : but really there is so much bonhemmie in their unsuspecting innoccnce, such a lamb-like beatiti^le in their absurbity, that the joke is beginning to lose its relish, and our gleeful] inn rest to merge in a feeliny of tender-hearted compassion. We must interpose in their behalf, and save them, if we can, from putting on the significant bjt by no means attractive dec ra tion that was once bestowed upon roaring Nick Rot torn, the weaver. Our worthy friends have been pwtting themselves lo charges? or at nil events to trouble, which they an known to hate worse evtn than they do the United States Hank ? in rummaging up a pair of documents, facetiously denominated by them the " twin letters'," Jated in 1B21, and alleged by them to have been writ ten by a jentlemnn, now a candidate for the office of Mayor ? in other word*. Alderman Clark. By the help o! these doughty documents. the cunning editors of the Times are seriously minded to blow up the whig candidate, if not the whole whig party ; and, therefore, they are paraded in the columns of the "only democratic organ." after an abundant prelimi nary flourishing of nearly a fortnight. We can ima gine with what loving and delighted eyes the good young men of the Times have d"voured their sheet this morning? bow they are at this moment hugging themselves in the belief that they have utterly dis co an fit ted the alderman. Delusive joy! fallacious cte dality ! If their knowledge of tain and thin?* had but extended back to 1821, they would not now re quire to be told that the twin letters over which they are so glad of heart, were nothing more than a politi cal squib of that ancient day ? both written by a poli tician who yet pursues his vocation in Albany? both originally published m the Albany Microscope ? both utter strangers to the mind and pen of Alderman Clark in their creation ? and both exploded, thirteen years ago, in the column* of all the newspapers, and the knowledge of all who are old enough to read them then, as nothing more or less than ? a pair of hoaxes! If the editors of the Times will step into onr office, we will show them the whole history, in the Commercial Advertiser of the 8th of January, 1824. And here's one of many existing evidences of this matter: ? Pram i he Ainetican of IVr 31, nr. 3. "The following letttr from Mr. Aaron Clark une quivocally contradicts the authenticity of the letters published yesterday, and ascribed to him ; and we are gratified that this gentleman, with whom we have no personal acquaintance, should have been on the spot to have so immediately refuted the injurious imputation. The letters were handed to us by one who certainly believed them to be genuine, and so published by us. We cannot regret the publication* as we presume Mr. Clark will not, ?imv it has fur nished him with an occasion of completely refuting a charge of baseness which has heretofore, secretly at least, been circulating against him. "Naw York, Dec. 31, 1823. Gentlemen: In your paper of yesterday, I perceive yeu have copied from " The Albany Microscope' two lettera whicft that paper in the year 1821, published as having been " intercepted." The editors of that paper never dared to connect me, by name, with them, nor to assert that they were written by me. At the time they appeared, they were known to the pub lic to be wholly s fiction. You sre the first persons who, to my knowledge, have ever seriously pretend ed that 1 was in any way answerable for them. You promise "cheerftdly to give place to a refutation, if it can be made." I now positively and unequivocally declare that 1 never wrote, dic'ated, or sent, nor was I directly or indirectly concerned in the writing, dic - tating, or sending, ot any letter or letters, such as you published and attributed to me in your paper of the 30th of December, 1823, nor of any other letters of th* tenor, sentiments, or purport ef trie same. For the farther evidence of the truth of my declaration, 1 appeal to Mr. Sharpe, Mr. Spencer, and to the very editors of the " Microscope ; '-and I assert, without the possibility of a eont radio t ton, that the said editors of said Microscope never had the least shadow of foun dation for such a publication. Yours, respectfully, Aason Class/' COMMERCIAL. Wall Street, Monday, March ??. Th* greet oMnwcitl revuhoon of i?37 roll* onward with una bated rapidity. Failures continue -pri<-e* are falling? aad the whole fabric of (peculation aad ovortraaiug gradually coming into the *kape of a pictureeque ruin. Some of the miserable Walt ?treet print* endeavor to prep up rottennea* by ixjual rot ten - nee* try to continue imposture by farther impo*titre. In *onn; <iuartera there la a bold hlackgaard impudence, an in the " Coi* ner,"? i? nthera, a mawkish, ridiculou* sympathy a* in the " Ame rican." There ta no print tliat seize* the lealurea of the time* wnb the daring spirit of a philoa .pl>er? with the bold impartiality nf a 'man of a century but tlie Herald. Ducoimeced frnin all ?pec ulatiom, we unravel with impartiality and justice the variotn shade* and varieua web* of speculative fraud? and ctedit? and currency und humbugs. We bare the whole sensible and discreet portion of the country with us, aud only th? speculators, and tU; fools, and the rogue* , are against us. On Saturday the revulsion, there' ore, continued, in spite of the attempt to patch up the affairs in England, and to repieernt that country as having recovered and seen the worst. Slocks continue the same -neither refloating oor going u head. The transactions, however, are Iriffliug, and what is dor.e is generally done forcaah! Fancy stocks are extri mely variab'e, und fancy lots and fancy towns utterly unsaleable. The capitalists continue to purchase Blocks for cash. Since the season of failure began, they aie very chary of commercial paper. Money is as tight as ever, which we Lake to be a pregnant reuson that we have not seen the worst o? the revulsion. Failures roill not cease till the price nf money enmt* back re 7 ptrctnt in th * itrcct or out of it. Any thing beyond tbc logal interest is produced by efforts to ?a>e character anJ to prevent failure*. There is no want of money in thebrnkf, notwithstanding the low stock of specie. The private and i>ublie deposits were never so large. It is the want of confidence that makes money scarce. The usual commercial securities are not now received, not will be I nkedat. The following aru Saturday's operations in tho general markets ? A sale of about aw packages of foreign and domestic dry gooc s, by Micks, Lawronce & Co. at 8 months, approved note*? it was well attended and tho goods sold at fair prico*. Also, 15 ha'f pipes fourth proof London Brandy, a'. II, 82 a 83 cents, 4 m?i. Also, 35 bags KioCoflee at M)|. 90 days; 30 do. Sumatra do. 9u9j . low; 4 do. Manilla do at ioi cash. Also, 5 krl*. imported Nutmegs, at #1,25, 4 raw. Also, 300 boxes raisins 171 a 50; lOfl half do 371, cash. Al*o, 6hhds. Holland Oin at 81 cents, 4 mos. Also, 8 tola Zame Cur rents, at 7J, 4 m h. Alio, 14 bones starch, at 6| cash. Also, 37 kegs butch Herring at 40, cash. Also, 5 casks garden seet's #2S. cash. Also, 14 hrls. damaged flour, at 6, cash. The Flour market is extremely dull, and wi'hout apy change. In Mo!a<>t* no alter utions since our font. Hire continue* at 3| a 4. Sugar* remain lit lust quotations market uu II. In Tobacco no operations sinec our last. The Cotton market remains about the same. The news by the I tica had no effect. The accounts of the Liverpool markets are dout tsd by aome-they think that it was a hoax Fieneh account* also were received yesterday of the Cotton market, which some supposed were favwrable? others the contrary. The truth ought to be told. Thine engaged la gt'ly in specu' at ive business, are hold ing out their neck* like so many geese, trying to catch a twig on which to hang a hope ofb?tter times. The Wa'l street prints are leagued with th< se speculators, end the pubic ought to take their ?tutenient* of a leaction in Europe with many grains of allow ance. The Courier b'? twice confessed it* guilty conduct in con c ahng the real state of commercial afT.iirs, both in Liverpool and in New Orleans. WIhi cay believe self convicted deceiver* ? W? are in a healthyreaction. Since the year 1*25-6, wc have not had such a crisis as the pietent. The resemblance between the present times and that period, are fluking and instive:ive. Let us purse the sahjert. In 1824. there began in England a spitit of speculation which, in less than two yearn, increased the bank and commeroial medium* 200 per cent, and added 50 per cent to tho prices of produce? the wage* of labor, and numerous staple articles of merchandise. En gland went mad in stocks, mining companies, cotton, wages of la bor. floor, and provisions. The indeiiendeiice of .South Amuica had Iwen acknowledged in 1824 The mama begen in the fkil of that year, and by the spring of 18S5, it had r ached its height. In three yea'* up to the latter peiiud? that is to r y, from 18*2 up to 1825, every article had nearly doubled in price, without any increaso of consumption. Beef, which sold far 4d. to td. in It", fetched 10 to I5d. in 1825. In the United States the same mania prevailed, but to a mom limited extent. In shipbuilding for Greece and South America in cotton? in fancy ?tock?, then called Bond Companies? in foreign imports ? in exchange, this cnuatiy wu equally carried away with tin; torrent th t swept over England. Here indeed Hour provisions and Und* were anatteeled at that period? and in this rospeet the crisis of 1825, in this country, differs frnm that of 1837. Bankma institutions also, out of New York. were unaffected, foi at that lieried the Massachusetts banks hud an average cicuation of Ju times their siwcie lia?i*.and yet were safe. Tbis country, in 18i5, had overtraded in cotton? shipbuilding - bind com panic*- some few hanks, and ftreign imports? but in England tlie mania had affected every relation of bcsineaa ami ? v- ry department of active life. Such was tho *tate of thing* produced 'try ihe spirit of speculation and overtrading between the monthof Ju'y, I *24. and the month or April, l?95. We give dates anil figures f-oin the records oft holi day*, whieh we have preaeri-ed for the public lier.efit. In the inontls of Match and April. 1825. the great reaction began. Failure followed failure in England, und tlie panic was soon com municated to thui country. I'r.c-s receded 20 to 50 per cent, and the circulation of the bank and commercial mediums diminished from 405 millions to 45 millions in a few month* liurmg tlx highest state oftbe mania the circulating medium ol Eugland w*< e*timated tho* Pr.vate Bank notes, ?70, one, mm Specie in gold ami silver* f.ank of England notes. Bills oi exchange and personal notes. ?40S,aM,M0 The panic destroyed bank n-tcs. M.MiO.POO Bills ?f exchange, i*?.uo<..noe Specie exported. 5,?Hj0 ooo :?o.ueo i ??-, Leaving heyon *? the reach of panic, millions. i.? S.oec.ooo The effeet of thm general dnmption of confid-nce was tremen dous. livery article of merchandise- tlie wages of.lnbor? the in terest of money -T-rov is ions, cotton, and colonial produce all fell The following table will slmw the fall of price* at their da<e? given ? Fric * nf article*. April. 18VS April. ix;? English 'hree per cents. *84 77 J French five per cent*, 1N| H St. Doming" Coffee, 4tt New O lean* Cotton, l?" *d Hugar, " On the 2nd of November, ta*, the internet of r.oney hadfalen to 21 and 3 per cent in London. In July ?f the same >ear. wage* were reduced to wit penny per duy, and manufactured good* had. fallen 50 to W percent. Tins was the condition of England-it was tbc same in tin* aaam try among all those article* which the mania bad raisid beyond their value. But in the l*nited State* the mania of IMS wa* par'ia I to tiiat of 1037. Di ring Ihe preaent cn*i*. the w holo country haa I een engaged inrpialtngoff the cup of *t>eeolation Cotton, lands eegme*. inereh?ndi*e. lianks. rail road*, every thing and every state have l?een at'ected. I?rovisioos. land, and tlie wage* oflabi.r were untoucWd in H?5 now theM item* are tlie very <-l?meMs of tl?e madnes* of the tmee The hrear b of eonfideuo- has only Ih gun. We must go through the tame proces* whmh England did in im The revul*ion I* only in the laid. II enU. lands prmMtorx (lour cotton have commenced the retrograde movement. Vet it ought not to grieve any one let as rejo.ee It i? theory modeto cuie the ma.liH.-s of the tins*. The failure* ahead, annou-ced are a beginning aad so far .? sat.sfsctory The coMKrcal nuiliuraof tlus country has outrun the bank an.lsp.rw currency, (?to 4 Money w not renlly acarcc The. reMt er II U thot men hart ml' red into too on** enfeu^ment, to buy article . mt price* beyond their real wt<?< One fact sho** tl? enrrent ot t'ungs. In tW2, 'he whole eirbange ot>er?lion* ol the L'. State* Bank amounted t? a ht< Mover tu>o h*ndr?4 miUiun* in UM, th* nineteen deposit bank* had increase.! tkese o(?rati*n* in exchange to i an million*. The natural incraaseof trade ha* been great, btif j( , uuW n<rt and did aot wairant such an inrma*e of c<**mercal pjjp,., a< 1*0 pa* 8*nt m four year*. Whit then? That paper wa* without real worth, and based on property far beyond it* value. From thave recollection* ofthe experience of pa*t time*, we pre dict that in Ma/ch. 143*. cotton will lie I to l? cent. How t^-beel ta cents - the wage* of labor and rent it per cent lower than pr* nent price* and fancy lan<la and kit* ?0 or ?0 |*r cent We havo better umea hefo e u* Price* of St* i* at tha Hew York Hxchaage. March ?. r. f> Bank, Ml, 1 4 Farmerv t r ^ I7ai a tank, l* ^ uk * True* Co IM, IWf Pbeni. Rank, ill. IT* hM4 ?? ro ir It R Bank.m ifci'll'ii r -!'i -n it Til Dal * Hm 71. T?l, Tf wfc ' Moms ("anal Oa. W, H, 1 -0 Mechanic. Bank. t? ? fVT R. 1?. W k S, s?"li !? " ?. s I, r^- J Vrkslawg Bank. T? fSlJTffTl t? IHimn* Baar?7 ^ lt ? f^of stock. ?? m * Bank. Kentucky, S3! p StnVPhll. ?? M * M-d. ... Tl. TO Oirar^ Hawk. W ? ?*^* ic"^w I?INNeK?*D. E?1 the iodc ff^~T? THE Pt n(1 Tl.estren. has. I" fhtarable manaeei ?? I th* *" n> rfd |hj< pr<lfl? e*T th^ the *noet hberal man^ M**l"? J nf Npw Vork Fire American rhpatre. Bow^MW (h, ?lh instant, at JH parta?ent ? g Fireman s i*ong. wntten fortha oe iSJ illi l.? Mr H Cberle . together with a favorite p-aee. T^w^tn^Me w,tl Toflrthm ^ n il. nf th?* <Ia? H# wHl lik?? ??tt wofifiont Fnnklin TliHlty*. (Ihtthiiffi 8q??rf.on Tvcwlay lTf nldisrsu? SStThW."'