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TUESDA Y. MARCH 4?. U3T. The PolMieal Rtr?i?U*a mt IMC. There cma be no mistake in the signs of the times. There is a deep and overwhelming revolution now ripening in commerceandin politics? a radical change ia all the great business avenues of life rapidly ap proaching a crisis throughout the country. During the last two or three years our commercial and poli tical speculators have sown the whirl wiud? now they begin to reap the storm. Preparations are making in this city for an election that involves a general revolution throughout the Union. There can be no mistake. We hear it ? we see it ? we feel it ? -we can put our right finger on it. During the last three or four years the democrutic party, so called, have been preaching and teaching certain principles in politics and trade for the purpose of calling to their aid theaiganized inob to put down ? large banking institution? the United States Bank. To subserve the wretched purpose of the moment, this party callsd forth the jealousy of the poor to wards the rich ? they organized a ferocious feeling against banks and all the institutions of commerce, at the same moment that they themselves were cre anng in another quarter such institutions by the score. The groBs inconsistency of their principles and prac tise* ? the impudent tergiversations of their councils at Tammany Hall ? and their conduct at Albany and Washington ? were too glaring to escapc the repro bation and contempt of their duped supporters. How could it be otherwise ? The democrats of Tammany Hall avowed, in the same breath, hostility to the U. S. Bank, and frieadship to five hundred hanks, all ?'qually as corrupt and aristocratic. What is the con sequence of such inconsistencies ? this gross attempt at delusion ? A complete revulsion in their own ranks, and the creation of a new party, wluch, in spite of the folly of such men as Ming and his compatriot?, appears to be increasing and multiplying at every alep. Such is the fruit of treachery, mtrigtie, and avarice in one party. The Whig party continues steady in its original principles, a moderate and scientific use but not abuse of the banking insitntion? while its ancient antago nists are divided and torn into factions without end, on that very point. In this condition decs the dominant party coind into the field at the approaching election. Their gross inconsistences on the subject of banks ? their atro cious speculations in lands, cotton, papvr currency ? the rise of prices and rents in conscqucnce of these speculations ? are now accumulating upon their head one of the most astonishing revolutions that the city of New York exemplified, or the Union ever saw. We ?hew the field of politics from a neutral and indepen dent position, without caring who beats or wh? gets beat ; and it is our deliberate opinion, from the cur rents now setting in. that a more overwhelming de feat no party ever sustained than Tammany may ex pect to meet next week. The locopoco party never can, on us own dirty bottom alone, gam any inateriul triumph or permanent foothold in such a country as this. Thc.r principles and views are directly is the teeth of every civil and commercial institution ? thoroughly hostile to the principles of every man's business in this great business land. Their views are only the offspring of the gross deceptions and tergi versations of the Tammany parly. That corps of pa tnotgonly adopted thern to put down the U. 8. bank, but did not mean to carry them further. All the men of sense? all the prudent mechanics? all the shrewd journeymen yet lingering at Tammany Ha'l, will as soon as that placc loses its prentice, go over to the Whigs, and swell their ranks to thousands and thou sands. The Tammany party yet contains a great ma ny such men? men of sense? who merely continue from the belief that its power is invulnerable; but the moment that they see and feel this power gone, they ?re gone. Every thine conspire* to predict and point out such a result. The imbecility and weakness of Mr. Van Burcn'stdministrauon already liegin to be developed. It cre.'ps along like a reptile ? it is silent a* the grave ? it is afraid of its own shadow. Unlike the daring, noble, and energetic spirit of blackguardism which marked the tone of General Jackson's councils, and which yet inspires the locofocos and loafers with a congenial enthusiasm from iheir head quarters at the Five Points to the remotest limit of Corlaer's Hook, Mr. Van Buren can inspire nothing like aaparkoftrue courage? even the courage of a vagabond? into the droeping hearts of bis followers. The mantle of Jack* hoo, such as it i?, will be seized by the locofocos, and, as the Arabian conquerors did with the breeches of Mahomet, they will, undents mighty shadow, eatirdv breakup and be the death of the poor deenpit, smith old woman of Tammany Hall. Yet the locofoces will not enjoy the victory. A triumph to the wings begins a revolution that will ral ly tho wholecountry. A revolution incommerce w II also go on at the same time, and thus bring down prices and the expenses of living. From the ranks of Tammany, crowds will flock over to the wh:g? as swot) as it shall be known that they are to be rul%rs of this ooantry hereafter. ' Thus do we *?e that the destruction of the present dominant party his been caused by themselves. The urnble tergiversations ? the corrupt principles? the opposition to one bank on principle and support of five hundred for profit ? the atrocious land specula tions? the impulse they have given to tho?e move ments which have caused rents to r se and meat to double in price? nre all now coming up to secure their just punishment and to meet their proper vengeance. Look out ye supporters of Tammany. If you do nut get out of that political building, it will, like the Josephs banking house, bury you in its nuns. Your day has come ? a great change is at hand? the whole country ia now in the midst ?f an entire and radical revolution in politics snd in commerce. Nothing can stop it. Not a moment is to lie lost. If the sensible men yet with th* dominant party, want to save their characters and their can asses, let them escape -let them flee ? 1st them pack up the few principles they have and be off. For oar own poor seH we shall go pray. We care for no party, but that beautiful, thatenchsnting, that engaging party of which woman forms the pnde, the ornament, the d< light, the divinity ? tka all. Politics and politicians ore equally Wirt to us? begone! But of woman, we can only speak in the language of Milton, when she was first led thro' the bowers of Paradise by gentlt Maker and pre sented to oar gr at parent, thus ManHkr, bat tf iflpr?nt ??? . ??> lo?*l? Alir. That wtwi K??id fair in nil tH* wnrlrf a, nr i* Inr mania d utv in hsr contain . I n k? . whirk from that tim* infill "wrslaMa into mf heart , inWt k+ftire A nrl into alt thinff* frnm har afr Tb? aptnt of Im snd aawrp? debgkt. ? ? ? ? m m ? ? o? its cam', W hff hsaTsnIr Maker. I houjrii u*mm , And *iikW^ fcv h>*?oi?? j nnr uninlnrai'ti Of nuptial aanrtitr and marnaf* ritas; .Jtaco m hrr (Up*. Nmtm id Ware. In trtturp Jifnrt* nnd Un f.avarjn* d. rnnUt m,i r*rWtr ? ? ? ? ? ? ? a **'?*'1*1 I?f?> nf ainful thnuffcl. iMgraSa: sS*' As*with<l^>?in?. ma?t, aprjwsrf My pl'sitM raa?on To th# nai.twl how r I'nHNr U? hfc- the an that Iv ur Mm4 tha r wteftttl HifVi ???; Iks Km* *am Men of aratalastor. at. 4 each kid ; Jommi* I He b'rdi , fraab sales ami eMttr urt wUper'4 it t* the wood*. ?nd IWmh then winao Kluag rose, lung odors from the sptey ahrub, Disponing, nil tne tnoiwK bild of night ?s?n* a|K>u?al. and b:d ? a?te the evening star On tux kill top, to light the bride I lamp. Later from Europe. !t never rains but it pours. The packet ship Ku rope arrived yesterday with dales Id the 4th from Liverpool, and 3d from London. We have also re ceived our files per ship Montreal, from Loudon, to the 3d of March. The Europe was only twenty-two days from port to port, the Montreal twenty-three. ? Both ships wore boarded on Sunday afternoon, 65 mites outside Sandy Hook , by our news schooner Teazer, but our collector did nut reach the city until yesterday morning. The news is iinport taut both in politics and commerce. We have an nexed full extracts showing the state of politics in England, and ulso the course of the markets. This news we ha J in advance of th? Walt street pritits ? indeed, ?very other il*y ire beat them in sh-p tuics. Yesterday ice luid scceral arrivals that they had not. Only let us get into summer, and then we shall give them a pull. lCorrua|?udeiloe of t hi' Herald. ) LIVERPOOL. Fndey , February 2<th, l?37. Nutwitliatandingthe j:reat fall in the i rico rf Cotton, a?do?cn bed taiiur circelur oftiiv U'li, eome o/ the holder* seemud more tit term Brd on forcit.g ?alw lust week tluu ever; we may liave seen Ihematk. t in lad a stile, but rarely, if ever, in a won?e ? 'I lie buyers lad it a, I > heir own wui.aml kulti wvreata reduction of id to |d per lb on the reduced prior* of the week preceding? making the eritiie reduction usee the fir*t arm; U of ih<* new crop 2i tn .1 per lb , so as to leave the shipper al-out 13; to 13 cent* per lb. for liia otton. Last week (peculator* took tilw i, aoo hales Ameiican, and ex port buyer* about lid of tbeaam ? description. The chief aulea made in new L'p ai.J were from Si to Si, in new New Orle&ni from S tu 9d, and in now Mihile fioin Si to 9.'. In old of i be three aorta the bulk ? ' the husinesa was done at ?i toSJ. We give quotation* to aipiurc a a u<arua we can with the doc meof lust week. Tbestock of Cotton at tliia port, u* eatimatoJ on the I 17th mat amounted lo about 261,000 bales, against 143,000; and of American separate, we apiwared to have 130.000 against 73,000 the estimated stock at the same time in Ib36. The import of all aorta of c-itton int. the Kingdom sinoe the 1st January amounta to 224,000 vgaiast 143, Otw ; and of American Colon the supply has been 17s,0#0 agai ?t los wo bales. Turpentine?' The sale* last week were about 340 Ui la. at 111. 6d. ( or c * t. Ashes ? Of Montreal Pot about 260 Mils, were sold at 30r. and 160 do. Prail at 35s. 6d t.i 36*. per cut. Noebangein oar Corn market worthy tf being ineat:on. March id.? The sale* of Cotton this week have been as ollow* 90 Sea Island. is. 2il. a 2i Si.; 4260 Upland, <i a 9s; 68T9 Orleans, 6i a 9J. 10, Hi; 13 i 0 Tennessee and Mobile , 6 at: 4600 other kinds. Of which ?|i?eulali?r? tv ok 420 Egyptian, and export buyers 420 A mcrican. find 60 Seagal. We a edoarn in price id per ih. ih * week. March 4f/?. ? Our Cotton market is without improvement, and the continued pressure in money matters, the limited o; eiatioi * of thetradc, aud iIm a.ir.ost Ural absence of speculation with the in i r asing annuls of the new ctop, ill ttnd to keep it in a dull and drooping state. * Nochun e in Turpentine since the sa'? list wee.', at ll?. 4d. a Us t J. LIVERPOOL CORN EXCHANGE, Teb. ?6th.-There were s-veial vesru s with Out* and Oatmeal fresh up for this morning'* market ; for tke former tf ere was a very limited sale at seatccly tti.' rr.co> of last week? Oatmeal sold mure readily, several iMrcels ben u bought sit spevu utioii at 2Sa. to 2#.?. per 24o lbs. Thrmgh the bus netsin Wheat was only to a very moderate extent, jnioea of all rtwcriptions we*e very iully sustained. 4 ml good parcel' of Irish olu wore ? Herod lea* r eels, looo to 1200 <u*tter* ol Wumar w beat under lock wirenldatts per70lb?. Liverpool, 4th March. ? The LaUst l^ook of Things in London. ? The political sky, w? arc as sured, bears quite another aspect in London to what it wore but one fortnight since. In well informed cir cles of both parties, two conclusions are arrived at and universally adopted. The first is that the Tories have, by the unexpected majority against them on the Irish Municipal Bill, received their finalcou/x/e grace and may l>e considered as put iiors da combat for ever. The:r favorite boast is lost to them. They can no longer say ? "The King's name is a tower of strength which they upon the adverse party want." This is gone? his heart may still be with them? but recent events hnve opened his eyes to the precipice over which the deceits of the Tories were dragging the country 'o destruction? he has now got an insight into the real fetlmgs and wishes of the people. The second conclusion arrived at in the same circles is that, if the Ministers kn?w how to play their eards, they hnve now the gamu in their own hands. If they knoic huw ? it all depends upon this if? alwaysan im [Hirtaut word, it is here* pre-eminently important one. If they regard the late division as a tribute to their own popularity, it may lead to their fall instead of confirming them in office. Should they, on the con trary, loak at it as an approval of their advocacy of justice and equity, a tribute to principles, not to per sons, it may encourage thein to persevere in a course of patriotic and populnr measures which will set them above tin' at m< ks of every enemy. Both paths arc before them. And we would especially have them beir this in mind when the motions for vote by ballot, tension of the suffrage, the repeal of ihecorn laws and o: the window tax, church reform, and other measures rpon which the people have ;-*t their h< arts come before them. Let them not a^ain chill the popular ardour in their behalf, by trimming and truck r.ngto t!i? hateful faction wk> arc opposed to all good. Let them remember ? the stream will run on in spite of every obstacle ? it has swept away Toryism to its ruin? and it will sweep away nil who dnrr withstand the wishes of the peopU with w hom, at last, all pow er rests, as it ever ought to do, and now in this coun try ever will. Pabuamkxtabv Proceedings. ? After the excitc | mvnt on thesuhjoet of the Jrish Municipal Bill, this Inst week lias appeared exceedingly dull in its Par liamentary Proceedings. On Friday and Monday, the debate on the working of the new Poor Laws dragged "its slow length along ' in the House of Com mons. On Tuesday, in the Lords, Lord Melbourne movid foi a Committee to inquire into thu working of the Irish system of Education ? which led to a bt Du tiful "Ibire up-' on the part of that Christian prelnte jmr excellence, the Buhopof Kxeter, who labored most atrenwously with Ins holy pok?r, io stir up the einlxrs of bigo'ry into a blazing fire. The Archbishop of Dub lin nnd Lord Plunkett, however, pourvd so much cold water upon him and Ins zeal, that we hav? an idea that he is txtingushrd for sometime to eome. In the Commons, Mr. Tennyson D'F.yncourt deferred his motion for a repeal of the Septennial Act, at the re quest of Mr. Spring Rice, because Lord John Russell was not present to help him against the popular party. We presume he both felt himself unequal, by himst If, to ? n counter the eloquence and arguments which would have been bronchi against him by the liberal pirty, and anxious to nave his colleague to divide the shame with him. It is thus that Ministers fritter away by driblets the popularity which they cam on some great occasions. They were with the Reformers on the Irish Bill ? they w.ll join the Tones atrainst Mr. D'F.? ncourt's motion, while their acandalous j Plurality Bill remains wr I ten against then in town of the blackest hue. Well, well, we know whit hap pened at la^t to thv gentleman between two Mools On Wednesday the Lords did not sit. and the Com mons were almost exclusively engaged in committee on the New Imprisonment for Debt Bill. There was nothing of importance before the I .oris on Thursday, and the House rose early. In the Com mons, Mr. Labouchere brought in bills for consohds tine the acts relating to the Post Office, a department ot the public service which loudly calls for Reform.? The House had not risen when our acroants were sent off. tx>*D09, Thursday evening, 2 o'clock.? The follow ing are theaverajfs of grain up to Saturday last : ? Imperial Wr?hl? Wh?itSS? ??l , Rnrlry 3? I (hi ; Oat* ?Km 94 . It ; ?? <? 7d . Hmm 37? 7d ; P??a 37? hi A*tr?*al of tlm Mix whiafc rrgsialea ihr Duty W kii S7? 3d Raritr#* 7d ; Oat ? 334 ISd ; Rjra <oa at , Bmm Ma Sd ; Pfli WiM. n?tr on Farolm CnSI.-VlMl 2?? Sd ; Bsrl?-f |Sa lOd ; Oata lSa?d I II yv ?*?<! . Hrana llaOd : Phi IS* M Cite, 12 o'clock. ? Accounts from New York to the 9th nfi. state that the Exchange was 10 1-4, with a good supply of Bills.? United Stales Bsnk shares had fallen to 1 16. Montreal papers to the 3d of February represent the inhabitsnts ol the lower districts to be in great distress. The scarcity of money in the F.ngli?h Market continue* The money price for Consols is H9 1-2 to B R; and for the April account 90 to l-R. ? kicncquer Bills are 26 to 28 premium. In the Foreign Market Spanish stock* hsve slightly improved? Por tuguese stock is little attended to. From the country this morning, letters mve a gloomy account of the Shire Markets, nnd ihe bu?mea* here in vctv limited. Birmingham Railway ahan-s are 23 to 26 1 OroM Western, 1 to 2} North Midland, 1 2 to 1-2 ; Green wicht 2 1-2 to 3; Brighton (Stephenson* a) 1 to 1-2 premium ; and Southampton, 14 to 12 discount. Two o'clock? Spanish Active stock continues at 25 7-8 to 26 1-6. In the English Market Consols are 90 to 1-8 for the April aecoani. The following notice has just been issued by (he Bank : The Governor and Company of the Bunk of England do hereby five notice I bat an unci ufler Uie HU inal. , they ? ill be ready te iu rene u i>plica(k>n- fertouiu. upon the det?j?it ?r approved bill* "f .-\ehunje, not liarinji no-e than m.iety live Uayito run ; wehloaa* tube rt-pa id an or before the >5tn ?.?' A r?ril next, with inter**! at the rut" iifs/ r?T rent i*r annum, nnti to be tor luuitol not lest thun looo I. each. Bank of England, March 2, 4 o'clock.? Consols for the Account closed at 90. Fbamcb. Paris papers of Monday have been re ceived. It is fluted in one of theni, that a soldier has been arrested at Versailles, in consequence of die disclosures of Meunier, and it is reported he had con fessed that it was his intention to attempt the assas sination of Lotus Philippe. The Paris Sun, an En- i jjlish newspaper published in that capital, was seized j at the Post onice on Saturday, but for what offeuceis not slated. The trial of Meunier will, it is said, com- j inencc before the Chamber of Pee' 8 in a few days. Spain. ? Gomez has been shot by order of the Pre tender. His execution took place on the 17th, and in pursuance of the decree of a military inquiry held the preceding day. It was not in consequence of the in vestigation respecting his conduct while in the inte rior that his death was ordered. It was the result of an unsuccessful attempt which, in conjunction with j three other oltteers, executed,) he made to es- I cape from his prison at Bergara. He was arrested in i the act, and in '24 hours ceased to exist. To the ! last he denied that there was the smallest foundation j for the charges brought against him. On this subject the Morning Chronicle remarks The execution j of Gomez puts the finishing stroke to the character 1 of the Pretender and his party. It is impossible t? conceive an act so infamous, so envious, so ungiate- I ful. It is the act of a stupid monster, a brute, whose ' idioticm is only equalled by bis ferocity. Vet this is the man whom the Tories recommand and patronise. They wjuld put him on the throne of Spain tore ward his followers after his fashion ; whilst his foes, we shudder to think what must be their fate ! Every man of liberal feelings was the enemy of Don Carlos before; henceforth he must be execrated by every friend, nay, by every pretender to humanity." A te legraphic dispatch in Monday's Moniteur states that Don Sebastiin bad marched from Durangowith nine battalions for St. Sebastian. This move was made on the 21st, no doubt in the certainty that Espartero would not advance. Sarsfield is represented to be at Pampeiuna with 12,060 men, he having been rein forced by three battalions from the corps of Alaix. The Paris Moniteur publishes a bulletin, dated Feb. 2Bth announcing by telegraph from Bayonne, "that i Don Sebastian at the head of nine battalion of iafan- ! try, a squadron of cavalry, and four pieces of cannon, left Durungo on the 21st, and proceeded towards St. j Sebastian " Twelve battalions remained before Bil boa. General Saarsfield, on the 23d Feb. was still at Pampeiuna ; his force is about 12,000 men. The day previous three batallions of the division of Ala x had joined him. Driry-Lane Tusatre.? Forrest's performance, last nght, of Richard the Third , is the greatest triumpn, we think, he has yet achieved oh the boards of Drury-lane. The character is well s?ited to luni in every respect but appearance. Hut he made no at tempt (as Kemblu did, and Kcan still more success fully) to represent the physical deformity of Richard. His person was never better set off by all the advan tages of costume ? his various dresses being not mere ly magnificent but tasteful. His figure never appear ed more erect snd noble, or his action more graceful and unconstrained. The " mountain on his baek" was a mere mole- hill, scarcely perceptible, and seem ed designed as a sorto' symbolical or constructive re presentative of deformity. Of course it will .iot do for a tragic actor to deg.ade the character and lower the dignity of the buskin by such a degree of deformity as would excite ideas of meanness : but to personate Richard as Mr. Forrest does ? to invest the crook backed tyrant w ith all the manly beauty of a hero of I romance, seems a deviation from propriety similar to what tie would commit, if he were to take it into his head (ns a great actor is said to have done once in a country theatre) to play Othello white. It did not ap pear to us that Mr. Forrest introduced any new read ings into the part, or deviated, in any remarkable par ticular, from the manner in winch it has been repre sented by his most distinguished precursors. Such ncvelties are generally found to be errors ; fur Sltaks peare's true meaning, throughout all his parts, has al ready been penetrated by the many men of genius who have personated them, and a new actor, who, with out any affectation or desire to exhibit superior acutc ness, lakes truth and nature for his guide will be likely to play any of these characters in the manner that has been most ordinarily adopted by those who have gone b* fore him. Forrest, accordingly, frequently reminded us of more than one great actor of former days. In his frantic outbu'st* of savage ferocity? as in the scene where Richard tries, by sheer brutality, to break the heart of his unhappy wife? Forrest brought Iwfore our imagination the very voice, features and gestures of Cook. In his sharp sarcasm, bitter irony, and occasional familiarity of manner, he resent Itled Kean; and ir. the concluding part of the play, where the atrocities of the villain are lost in the mar tial spirit of the last of the Plantagcnets, be blazed forth in the heroic grandeur of Keniblc. Tl e whole of this fine performance is worthy of an analsys, into which neither our time nor space permit in to ente". It was received, bv an excessively crowd ed house, with applause* which well deserves the epithet ofenthusiastic ; and Mr. Forrest's triumphant success in one of the greatest and most arduous parts in the whole range ot the drama, must contribute greatly to exalt his reputation. More than usual in terest waeciven to the other pa'ts by the excellent acting of Miss Taylor, Miss Hnddart, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Wardc and Mr. Matthews, ? 7 \mts. Fashion* ron Mar<h ? Dinner I)rcs?. ? Robe, lig ured poult de Soie, u low corsage, rounded at top, and finished by a trimming of the samw material, set on full, and falling over. A butterfly knot of ribbon to correspond is placed at the l>ortom of the waist. ? Short ticht sleeves, fiaishtd with two falls of trim ming at the lower part. Cap of tulle bouillone. a low caul ami small round front, the folds of which are in termingled with moss roses ; floating brides of very rich white gauze ribbon complete the trimming. Morning lire**. ? Emerald green satin robe, the corsage made high and tight to the shape, is trimmed down the front with coqaes of velvet nblNin of a new form; they are continued down the centre of the skirt. The sleeve is made with a bouffant of mode rate size at the top, which if terminated by those falls of trimming that descend below the elbow, the lower part of the sleeve is a I ' A mad is. Bonnet of pale rooe satin ; the brim of a large size, is wadded, quilted, and divided into compartments by slight slips of whalebone; a trimming in the cap atyle, of blond lace intermingled with roses, is placed next the face; a low crown, not wadded, with a curtain of moderate *ize; it is trimmed in a very simple style, with rib bon to correspond. Worked inudin collar trimmed with lace. Evening Dress.? An open robe of blue red velvet, over a satin petticoat to corresp >nd ; the laiter is trtminrd down the front with a row of knetsef satin ribbon? they are of a novel form. The robe some whnt shorter than the petticoat, and rounded at the corners, is mmmed down the fronts and round the corner with a twisted rouleau of satin ribbon, which is edged by a fall of blond lace; a cluster of enquea ofribb >n. terminated by floating ends, ornaments each corntr. A low corsages sharply pointed at the bot tom. and trimmed round the top with a fall of blond lace, full knots of ribbon on the shoulders, and a pa pillion I *ow in the centre; short sleeve, ornamented with a knot of ribbon, a row of dents de loup, and blond lace ruffles. The head-dress is a poufT of blue gauze, ornamented with a bird of paradise. Necklace and ear-nng diamonds. The Moniteur publishes sn account of the number of i mancipation, granted lo slaves in the French co lonies, and which, in le* than one year, amounts to 2,802. The total number from the end of 1830 to the present per.od. is 29.%?, m. at Martinique, 17,R79t at Guadeloupe. 8.646 ; at Ranch Oiana, 1,291; and at Bourbon, 2,436. Flattering PicTcas or Mosals.? By sn official return, it appears that from the 1st of January, 1836 j to tin 1st of JariHar?, 1837, the London police appre- i hended no less than 72,824 persona on dimrent charges, viz i? 45.907 males, and '26,917 females.? Her did. Ws arc assured, says Ls France, that a medical maa ot Ghent has triad the use of Champagne in the cun of grippe, and that ike experiment was attended with great succeat. Dmmadtvl Calamity.? Capt. J. 8. Farren, of the Brig Montevideo, arrived yesterday from Cadiz, report* that the British government atearaer, from Malta, arnved Feb. 10th, at Cadiz, and the Captain reported that 11 Smyrna" had been destroyed by an earthquake, and four thousand lire t were lost. Tbeaty with th* On March 5th the following Chief* met the General in grand council at Fort Dade? Holatecbec, the heir apparent, Jumper, Abraham, Cloud, and other Seminoles, with Tim Bo v, Tascanaggee, and John Opaunee, (Creeks.) ? Hulatechee opened the talk, staling that his uncle Micanopy, old and infirm, could noi attend, but had deputed Jumper and himself to make arrangement?. The General asked if Micanepy had been informed that the primary stipulation must be, to leave the country immediately, he being paid for his personal property 7 Jumper replied in the affirmative, but de clared that they could not make their departure till the fall. The General replied that no long a lime was out of the question? that it was trifling to speak in such a manner ? that he wished to make peace, but was prepared for war. Jumper seemed indignant at the suspicions implied in the last remark, observing that men who had so long held a country retired some time to make preparations to quit. On the fol lowing day the same chiefs met, together with the re presentatives of Alligator, his nephew, Phillip's son, Pease Creek John, and concluded the treaty, which contains eleven articles, the principal of which are? Article 2d. The entire nation shall immediately remove to the country assigned them by the President of the United .States west of the Mississippi. Article 6th. The expenses of the movements west shall be paid by the United Stales. Article 10th. Micanopy to be one of the hostages. Signed at Camp Dade, on the 6th of March, by General Jcsup and four of the principal Chiefs. Cloud commanded the Indians at the attack on Dade. He is a fine Noking old fellow with a most benevolent countenance, nolatcchee is about 35 years of age, tall, well made, with a thoughtful mel ancholy countenance. Stats or the Nkwspafeb Pbess. ? The Tran script penny press has ceased its existence. For many months past it has pined m a galloping consumption, till it could stand il no longer, and so it died. The history of the penny press ?inee its establish ment is instructive and interesting. Probably $20,000 have been lost in vain attempts to establish penny papers during the last three years. Over a dozen different species have risen and sunk to oblivion. The Herald began as a penny paper, but is now a respectable " two penny" rascal. ? Yet the suc cess of the Herald and another has stimulated vari ous persons to attempt the thing who were utterly un qualified for the task. The whole original capital of the Herald was 9500 ? and not a single penny paper out of the twenty that have sunk to nothing, but have lost from ?500 to $1,500 and some of them $3,000 a pi<.ce. At this moment only two small papers in this city are doing any business worth preserving. There never were more than two that prospered at any one time. The Herald, we need not say, has surpassed all its contemporaries, both in advertising, influence, circula tion, and profit. In the midst of a life-and-death competition for the last two years, it has risen to be a star of the first magnitude. This has been produced by the experience, industry, knowledge, courage and capacity of its conductor. When I began the Herald 1 entered a field on which I was at home. For three years, from 1829 to 1832, 1 had raised the intellectual character of the" Courier & Eaquirer," while Webb and Noah, like two respectable animals in lions' skins, passed themselves off for the authors. Since I started the Herald I have proved that fact, by throwing both Webb and Noah, and their respective papers, en tirely in the back ground in relation to power, influ ence, wit, talent, variety and knowledge. Although my paper is small, it has from these qualities a larger circulation, nnd influence, than either the Courier or the Star, or any other half dozen in the city. Among the small papers I soon took the flrst rank, for until the Herald, began they were'unknown to the business and intellectual portion of the community. The daily press in this city are not all prosperous. Among the small papers the " New Era" is gradually losing its ground and its position. The only thing that has saved il thus far from early, death is a little support aad soup from the locofocos till after the elec tion. 3f the large papers, the Times, Post, Gazette, and Mercantile, are all sickly and dying. The three or four others are doing a tolerable business, but we believe the success of the Courier is entirely overra ted. That establishment is daily driven for money, while the Herald pays its paper-maker cash for all supplies, and its press manufacturer in advance. We shall gradually and surely make the Herald the '?greatest and best" daily newspaper that ever ap peared on this continent. I mean to link my life, cha racter, fortune, fate, all with it. My deliberate par pose is to surpass the Courier 6c Enquirer, and throw all the Wall street prints entirely behind me in every point and in every feature. If I live, I know 1 shall succeed in my purpose, for I never yet set my heart upon n thing that I did not accomplish. Meantime 1 entreat patrons, advertisers, supporters and the pub lic generally, to be easy and comfortable. The in crease of my business is such, that 1 shall have to set about enlarging very soon, and when I do so 1 shall show something pretty handsome, 1 till you. f "Pot vs. Ketti.e. ? Bennett hit* been held to bail I in the Hum of $10,000 for a libel on Hoyl, the former guardian of Maria Monk." So say the two unuentcnccd convicts of the "Sun," but it is only within one-tenth of the truth ? only SI, 090 -as near, however, as convicts can get to such an article as verity. Slocom, one of Maria Moak's loverahas sued Webb for $10,000 ? Hovt, us for $1000. The religious world will l>e bappy to hear of this. ? The whole of this imposture and fraud will now come out, and be the first ungownrd. We now cull upon the people of Montreal to pre pare for a journey to New York, and prove what sort of conduct was perpetrated in Goodenough's Hotel, and elsewhere, in that region. This trial will reveal as great a piece of fanaticism and imposture, as ever the world looked upon. We shall publish it in pam phlet form; with lithographs, notes, and illustrations. Lightbm oca DAau?iEss.? We give ?n another place the report of a trial, in which the Manhattan Gas Company wee plaintiffs, and Mr. John Reed de fendant. It is high time a Mop was put to the impositions practised on the public by these Gas Companies. The system they have of putting up gasometer*, and making out their ekarges thereby, ia any thing but a just one. These instruments will not keep in order for any length of time; and the different Gas compa nies, to save the expense of repairing them, make a genuine guess of the quantity of Gas consumed, and mnlct the consumer at their good pleasure. If a few spirited individuals would only follow the example of Mr. Heed, a reformation would speedily be brought ?boat. tt Louise Medina, the graceful dramatic muse af the Bowary, No. <* > is out on liawiie Todd, oa the subject of theatres. Louise, with her silver thimble aad needle of light, sews up poor Grant most effectually. A barrel of cider won't revive hina. PmiotofMT or S?*Tma ? We have a curious chapter oa this subject, which will be ready in a lew days. For the practice look ia at Boyle's, No. 2 Bookman street, where there is smoother shaving than in any office in Wall street. Small Bajoc Nwm. ? The money of the bumneaa maa and mechanic. iMPoaTAiTT Decision.? In the Supreme Court at Boston, an action was brought for breach of covenant,, Alger vs. Thatcher. The parties were proprietors in the South Boston Iron Company, and the defendant sold out his interest to Alger, giving a bond never to carry on the same kind of business. Thatcher con tended that the bond was an oppressive one, and one by which no one should be bound. The coart decided tor the defence, en these grounds; The law hcs for some centuries been clearly againM the validity ef such eoniracts, and nside from precedent, the principle seems perfectly sound, that soch a bond is illegal and void, as being against public policy. This case was an attempt to monopolize the market, oy meaae of such a contract. Another Fall.? Yesterday, a serious accidcnl happened, between 26th and 27th street!*, attended with loss of life, by the falling of a house undergoing repairs. A number of laborers have been employed, for some days past, in digging out the earth from the foundation of the house in question, in order to form a basement story. Being old, and sufficient stayu not being used, it suddenly came down, burying beneath its ruins several persons. Three men ware quickly dug out; two quite dead, and the third died almost im mediately after being removed to Bellevue Hospital. In a sh-?rt time after, two children were extricated from the ruins, and, most miraculously, without hav ing received the slightest mjuiy. A woman and child are supposed to be yet bentath the rubbish ; as also, several laborer*, and the boss mason. The greati st exertions are making to succor the sufferers. Since writing the above, we have learned that the supposition of more persons being beneath the ruins is erroneous. The names of the two men killed, are, James Shay, and John Williams. The man taken to the Hospital, at 8 o'clock, was not dead as reported. The woman and child have been extricated free from injury. Further Pauticvlars ? The house fell about ono o'clock, yesterday afternoon, it was a two story framc building, belonging to Mr. Michael Hull. Titere were three families living in the upper part of the house, all of whom were fortunate snough to escape with very trifling injuries. The Coroner held an inqneet on the bodies, and a verdict of accidental death was tecorded. These mer> have left wives and families. How to begin String well. ? Go to Mrs. Car roll's, 25 John street? ask for a vnpor bath? go in clear off the impurities of winter? come out? feel as brisk as a bee, and thus do you begin the spring of 1837, properly. The Fine Arts. ? The bust of Josiah Ogden Hoff man, late Judge of this city, by Signor Ottaviana Gori, 646 Broadway, sculptor, is now ready for the in spection of the public, at the Register's office. Mem bers of the bar and friends of the deceased, are invited to inspect the sume. Eighth Ward Coi*rt ? Before Justice Wyley. ? The Manhattan Gas Company v. John Reed. ? This was nn action to test the validity of a very important Kint to the numerous portion of the community who ht their stores and factories by gas. it being impe rative upon all such persons to submit to whatever charge may be inflictej upon them by the clerks and employes of the gas monopolists, as determined by the gasometers furnished by, and the property of, the said company. The defendant, a furniture broker, carrying on husine-^ at No. 25'J Hudson street, de termined to contest a claim made by the plaintiffs, and bring the matter to an issue by obtaining, vro or con, the verdict of a jury. The amount in d.spute was understood to be 823 22? but it was the principle involved that induced the defendant to litigate the matter. The evidence for ihe plaintiffs, consisted of Pro fessor Steele, Dr. Preston, and the elite of the che mical and scientific cognoscenti of this city, who de posed to the soundness and accuracy of the principle ?n which the gasometer was founded, and that, pro vided the machine was placed upon a proper level, and gnat attention paid to its being kept in a proper state of repair, no better or more nccurate lest could, in the present state of scienee, he brought forward for determining the number of cubic feet of gas that pis sed through the pipes of the company for the con sumptinn of a public or private building. For the defence, a mechanic, who had been exten sively engaged in the manufacture of metres, deposed that they were frequently very inaccurate, and were liable to variation from various causes ? such as the density of atmospheric pressure, the quantity of fluid containod in the metre, and other minor influence*. ? That in his own case, bis metre had shown to him a consumption for a certain iierod of 4600 cubic feet, while the Company had only charged hirn 4400. At another time, the variation between his metie and the quant it v claimed by ihe Company had been very con siderable, and the other way. Other witnesses also testified to the general inaccuracy of the metres far aishedhv the Company. Persons in the defendant's employ also proved thai during the quarter, endintr the first of November, three lights had been in operation, and the store kept open very late ? the charge for that ouarter being upon an average of 700 feet per month. In the succeeding quarter, ending Feb. I, the charge being 3.500 feet, being on excess of 1400 f?*t, while only tiro burners had been in operation, and the premises closed nearly tiro hours earlier. Other parties also deposed that they had been fre quently overcharge*) by the plaintiffs; and that, on re monstrating with the collectors, they had been told th.-.t after a meter had been in use for some months it would get out of repair and become unfitted to guagc such a subtle fluid as gas. Judge Wyley summed tip the case with great im partiality, and after a threedays' trial, the jury found a verdict for 1S00 feet for ihe quarter, being a deduction of 2000 feet from the quantity claimed by the plain tiffs. Counsel for the plaintiffs, Messr?. Morris and Prallj for the defendant, Mr. T. Warner, clerk to A. O. Hol land, Esq. - Police ? Monday, March 28. ? f\irwu? Driving. ?Two men, in the employ of Mr. Beach, who keeps a liver v stable in Anthony street, named Chas. Smith and Christopher Hopkins, were seized last evening with a violent desire of figuring as modern Jehus; and, accordingly, mounting a gig, proceeded to drive up and down Broadway at ? most tremendous pars I* or some time they eontinued thiscondnct in spite of the sho?tt and cries of the passengers, who, every mo ment, were fearful of some dreadful accident. At length, S. Osborn, one of the city watchmen, suc ceeded in arresting their course and conveyed them,, with assistance, to the watch nouse. They were fined each $5, and cons HI 37J, and to stand committed till the same be paid. i ' NARR1RD. On Monday, Mar> h ?7, |?y ihe R?v. Henry Chase. rapt Ihoma* F Latham, merchant, ef (ha city, ami son of Joseph Latham, F.a*i . si Brooklyn, L I., to Mian Jane, daughter "f the late Enacts Arret, of Potnpton, N J. O ! mar the Captain an<l hia mate Enjoy a world of ctauure. Nmce they're united to a Ikte, Which nought hut death can aeeer. ?o Mondar, Marrh *7, hy the Rev. Henry Chaae. Mr. Jam** Bran, el thi* rit/, to Miae Marry, daughter et CfceHea Handlin, of Pomptoa.N. J. * At Kingston, Ulster co., March tl.hy the Rev. J?hnLilli. Jo seph T. Rati*, of the firm of Howe ft Ha'wjtew York, to Mm Martha R WiUoti. daughti r of Jasaea U * llano, Esq . of tho former place. OlIB. Wat flpricrfteld, Mass , on the ifth Marrh, Mary L. Crocker, wifc of Capt. J a* Crocker, and daughter ef Win. Boad.N Y foimefly of Andoref, Maaa. (Jj? Kundar. March 10, Mr. Guleoe U. Wells, fonneHr of Phila delphia. aged T?. On ftumnjr, March ??. Jamea Q Railef, aged M rears On fltmday, Marrh N. Amelia Hkil in. raUet ef the late *????? Rkillin, af th.a rity. On Sunday, MarrJ?9S, Mr. James Hunt, aged Ttraais On llunday. Man h SS, Mr Frederick Butt, aged 41 years and 4 months On Sunday, Marck M, Mary Ann, measrt ef David Rockwell, eyed SI years On Saturday, March ?, Margaret, oil* of John Orahean tho Scottish peel.