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M O HWIWG HE RALP.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER If, HIT. The Forclfn Mew*. On oar outside will be found the foreign news brought us yesterday four hours in advance 0/ all the Wall street prints, by the famous newsboai Teazer, and also published in the Evening Herald two hours in advance. We are informed that the Echo left Liverpool two hours after the Gabbick, and arrived here several hours ahead of her. This speaks well for ?Captain M illicit. We alsu learn that when the Wall rtreet newsbaats boarded the Echo, and learned that aeTeazer had been ahead of them, they had the im pudence to say ? "your news will onlv be published n a penny paper, and no one will know any thing of t," meaning the Herald. Now it is well known that lae Herald lias a larger circulation than all the prints n Hall street combined? that it is more read by all classes ? uad that publicity in the Herald i9 sufficient to let the whole world know what is doing here. The attempts of the miserable Wall street prints, ?who caunot even puy their expenses , to slander the Herald and its fleet of riewsboats, will fall to the ground. We can and will beat them any day ? and so do the New York pilots uo. We mean hereafter to run down all these infamous, rotten, bankrupt prints- They cannot compete with us. They must _Jirst pay their debts. We have also to acknowledge files of papers by the Gan.ck, Capt. Palmer, the South America, Bsrstow, both from Liverpool August 16th ; also, by the Ville de Lyon, Stoddard, from Havre, August 10, via Ply mouth, August 16th. In addition to the foreign news on the outside, we add the following: The London times, in commenting on thispro9pect of fine harvest, says : ? " This blessing is not peculiar to Krance. Theac accoauts from Spain mention, that within the mcmo ry of man a liner harvest than the present was never Been." Lovoon, Saturday, Aug. 11. ? Muney .Market and City .VArv. ?This lias been u remarkably quiet day at the Stock Exchange, as we are still without any further news from the Peninsula, and nothing trans pired regarding home matters to aflect the value of thefun^s. Consols left oil' at 91 j sellers for money, 91J to J for the 26th instant, and 91 J to 92 for the October account. Exchequer bills, 47 to 49 prem. My the official returns of the amount of notes cir culated by the private and joint stock banks through out England and Wales between the first of April and the first of July it appears that the private hunks issued ?7,187,673 being a decrease as compared with the previous statement, of.C88,lll. As regards the joint stock banks there is a decrease of ?70,515; the j circulation during the quarter ending July 1st being ?3,684,764, and during the previous three months 1 ?3,755,279. The total diminution of the circulation j of the private and joint stock bank is, therefore, | ?158,626. As the reduction was expected to have been much greater, it may bn fairly argued from this I report thut confidence is rapidly reviving in the coun- I try generally, and that business is assuming a more cheerful ana wholesome appearance. August 12.? There has not yet been any disposi tion manifested on the part of the Directors of the Bank of England to comply wnh the wishes of many of the mercantile interests, by reducing the interesls of money from the high rate now demanded by the corporation for accommodations. The private bank- 1 ers, however, are doing business upon good securities at 1 t? 1$ per cent cheaper, but even at this reduction they do not find employment but for a very small Krtion of the balances they have now in the;r hands. ' is must continue to be the case until there is an in- j creasy in the transactions in the more important ! tranches of the manufactures of theUnited Kingdom. We are glad to find, by the accounts from Lancashire, that more business was doing in the principal manu facturing districts. The trade have bwught extensive ly of raw cotton this week at better prices; at Liver pool more than 20,000 bales have been cold this week. The late public sales of about 5,000 bales of colonial qualities, sold however at averages from 20 to 30 per cent below the prices obtained at the same time last year. There were buyers for the continent, as well as from our own manufacturing districts, who were very animated in their biddings for the supe rior samples of Australian and Van Diemen's Land ! whoIs. The latest intelligence received this week from the United States is to the 16th ult. The news had reached the principal commercial cities of America of the withdrawal of the support of the Bank of Eng land, from the houses here, who required further as sistance, and their consequent stoppage. It is satis factory to find that the information was not produc ts of any more disasters in the United States. The receipt of specie by the Bank of England, the Ameri can houses and others, by the packet convoying the present advices, was very nearly five hundred thou sand dollars, a considerable portion of it being in gold. This is another strong proof that the Americans are showing a strong desire to liquidate the demands our merchants have against them, as the consignments were in old accounts, and chicly bought at premiums of 8 to 10 per cent. It was estimated at New York, ' that since the Ranks had suspended specie payments in the United States, at least six millions of dollars in gold and silver had been exported from the United States. ? Jonjt C. Caliioi'!*'# Oeiwiotia.? Many papers are publiahtng extract* from Mr. Calhoun'a apeechea, tending to illuatrate hia present position in relation to the banks and government. They are all wrong.? The following extracta from a speech he delivered on the 13th January, 1834, on the "Removal of ihe Dc pomtes," cornea fully to the point : ? So long a? the question i? owe between a Bank of the United Btatea loc"r(K?rnn*>i i,v and that *y?i.m <it bank* wbtchliaa been <~rr it< <1 >.v tin will of tin' K*< n i? .hi ?i?ult to the understanding I* di-ri>or?e on the pernii iou* ten dency and ronaliititiomdiiy of the Bunk of the I niteii Mtate*? To bririf op thai r|neition fairlv ?nl legitimately, you mnrt go nn? ?tep farther ? v?? mart DIVORfK Ihe gn. tmmrnt nnd ikt kmnlnng iftirm. IN Mail rtfutr mil nawtM ?r>fA kn-Jrt. Y oil mu?l aher receive or pay away bank note*; too mu*t go Khc k to III# Oh I Nytipm of Uie Mraof bo*, ami if fold ami nlver. If yoo have a rifcht to receive bank note* at all? to treat them a* <i>?nev by receiving them ia yoor due*, or pay intft Item away k> creditor*, yon have a right to rreate a hank. Whatever the lovrrnmem receive* and treata a* money, la money ? a or), |f it l.e in ?i?v, then ilny have tile rigm. under the < onaf Million, tn reifulaie iL Nay, they are bound by a high obligation to adopt the mmt eftcient mean*, accwrdin* In the nature of that which they have reaognttcd a? money, to give it the uimnM liability ami amfarmitv of \ alne. And if It lie in the ?hape of hank nute*. tbe m<>?t efficient mean* of riving tho*e ((aalitiea, m a Bank nf the IJnited State*, incorporated by Congers*. t'n leaa yon pire the h irbevt pr ctical iinifonnity to tbe valtie of l.ank r>"t> - /. If ?? y?M Urn I 11 V>|. Utnnmi ( rrat fiem mt ? y*i< . mlntr iKnf >,,?* of tkr ('oHtl l-linn ?Air A p rwini., fU larmlum *\all kr ttnilnrm fhrnti ghn-t >Kr L'ai Utl vfVr? Tkrrt |? a* ntktr mltr nafuv, / rrprnl, v?u nrnut DIVORCE tkr <i? trnr wa/ rnhrrlg fvnm fAr fninlrmg tfrtrm. or, il not, ywuar n.| to fa<>rporau- a hunk a*, the only wife ?tart efh> lent ni nn< ->f triviu.' -iain.il' and nn<f'>rniitv to tlie currency. AND SHOI Ml Til K DKPO*ITES NOT RK HMTORKI) \NO TIIK FRRMKNT ILLKOAL AND I'NCONITITI'TIONAI, CONNECTION nr.TWKKN I TNB BXKCirTlVK AND TIIK LF.AOI'R OK BANK** f??NTINrir. I Mil ALL K t. R L IT MY DUTY, IK NO liNK KLMK MOVK4, T?? IN t Itnm CK A MKAJtl'HK T?? PROHIBIT OOVrRNMr.NT KHOM HKl K.IMN'd OR TOITHINO BANK NOTK1 IN ANT SIIAPH WHATP.VKR. A* TIIK ONLY WKANM I.KKT f?K *?IVINf> KAKKTY AND STABILITY TO THIC ri R RKNI Y, AND XAVINO TIIK <-(M NTHY KHOM COR RUPTION AND RITIN. Hrre it will be N?en that Mr. Calhoun ia the real FAiNKa of a divorce of government and hankitiR, and that Mr. Van Bur?n ia merely following hia lead.? Mr. Calhoun ia therefore a thorough- going loc?fo? o? ?nd ao will the whole aouth be in ? month. "WTwran- a gentleman, who will hav? no objec tiona to fight * duel at the tiaual diatanre, and who wdl aenti a challenge inttanUr to that r fleet. A re ward of $62,7S7 will he given any one ready to perform aoch a aervice. The advertraer ha? been try inf for twenty year* to fight a duel, but hitherto haa been entirely hafMed. Application* made today at J# o'clock, at the ofliee of the Conner and Enquir er, Wall ntreet, will receive early attention. N. B. " Prrmaaton locka and inako^aay atuckV' not wbe u<wid on the oceawnn JCY Rroolie' mm' rablc "Kxprean" ta merely a toad water ihe Courier A, Knfpnrtr pufla He editor and erhooa ita none erne important ft mi WuhUf(M-Wur wUh XhIm-ImI Position of Mr. Calfconn. Annexed will be found i highly interesting develop ment of ? crisis in the relatione between Mexico end this country. It is probable, therefore, should Mr. Vsn Buren be defeated in bis financial schemes, that a war with Mexico will be resorted bo for the purpose of burying his disappointments. The other intelligence, relative to Mr. Calhoun, is equally interesting. It abows distinctly his real posi tion. No doubt the opposition in Congress will do what they can te defeat the Treasury Note System, but if the administration and the conservative mem bers unite on that plan, they posses." the power to pass it in both houses. 'i lie reat campaign will open next week. We still anticipate the passage of all the Treasury measures. | Worn our Correspondent TalUyrand ? No. XV III.] Washington, Sept. 14th, 1837. A correspondence of an important and interesting character has lately been gome on between Mr. Van Buren and the heads of the Mexican government. Also, between Mr. Forsyth and the republic of Texas. j Some month or two since, the President, in great ' haste, sent of!" somewhat secretly, a bearer of des i patches, with official papers from the government, requesting an immediate and prompt answer to the I I charges therein contained, from the President of i Mexico. The question involved in the papers sent I by Mr. Van Buren, is one concerning some fresh ag gressions perpetrated by the Mexican authority upon the rights a:id property of our American citizens, instead, however, of Mr. Van Buren receiving an an swer satisfactory to his demand, the "bearer" has returned, bringing a renewed confirmation of these facts in an imperative and insulting message frem the new master of Mexico, who takes the occasion to stigmatize this nation as the friendly supporters of a band of robbers ? of course meaning our relations with Texas. The heads of our department are now in conclave, sitting upon this subject. What conclu sions they may come at, I do not know, but a <!c clnration of war seems to me as the only result that can come from this affair. It is thought thai the President will not yet lay this correspondence before congress. His object is, doubtless, to allord sufficient time to Mexico for ex planation. This he will not receive, ui.less it comes in the form of a renewed hostility. Mr. Adams' re solution, calling upon the President for the contents of this correspondence, was so modified by an amend ment, that the President can hold, or withold, the matter at his pleasure. The nature of this corres pondence is not yet known? I mean generally. Therefore, the above will be interesting, although it is but a garbled account of the affair. A very ex citing debate ensued yesterday upon the question of Mr. A's. resolution; twenty or thirty were upon the floor at a nine, for a chance to speak. Union and divi sion were the cant expressions that caine from mem bers when the admission of Texas was named. Mr. Bell, by a very judicious motion, cut the debate short, and moved for an adjournment. The members are kept in the dark upon the whole of this affair. They however feel disposed to send their answers baric from the cannon's mouth, should there be a cause for such a step. Mr. Forsyth is up to his ears in the business of Texas. The leading men of this republic have made overtures for its annexation to this Union. This doe* not appear to be the wish of the Toxian population. Poor deluded fools, are they not yet aware that the whole scheme is one of speculation, and that they are to be used as the principal actors in the drama? It is even so. The accumulation of wealth, no mat ter at what sacrifice of life it is obtained, is the gov erning principle of the Texian rulers. A report was current in this city last Saturday, that Mr. Calhoun had become a convert to the faith, or message of Mr. Van Buren. Why, I did not at the time send you this information, was because I did not Iive to it any credit. Let me now stale the position of Ir. Calhoun as I had the pleasure of hearing it from his own mouth. In 1834, while the question of the U. States Bank was before the senate, Mr. C. took the occasion to express his views upon ihi* subject, to use, if not the same language contained m the message ef the Prcsidrrri, at least the identical views, relative to an entire disconnection of the government from the fo cal banks. Here is the mystery upon which this ru mor was founded. During the reading of the mes sage, or at least that portion of it which speaks of our local banks, in connection with the government, Mr. Calhoun turned about to a friend, and observed, 41 these are my views exactlv." Mr. C.? however, did not intend to be understood as endorsing the senti ments of the message throughout, but to the contra ry. He looked upon it, with but this one exception, as being wholly visionary and absurd, and not calcu lated in the slightest to meet the emergency of rhe occasion with any kind of success. This is the whole and correct account of Mr. Calhoun's recanta tion. Mr. C. also observed, that he would not op pose a good measute because it came from Mr. Van Buren. The principle was what he looked at, and not the man. He would support the disconnection of Bank and Government. He advocated the passage of that atep in 1834. It was not Mr. C. that had turn ed to the measures of the President, but it was the President that had taken up and recorded the views of Mr. Calhoun. Thus stands the case, and thus stands the man. Mr. C. is yet in favor of a Nation al Bank. Does this look like going over te the Van Kuren ranks? You may expect from Mr. Calhoun a jjn ater display of tHlent, in taking his opposition to Mr. Van Buren this session, than ne has for some yen rs exhibited. There does not appear to exist any union of sonti mcnt between rJln y, Webster anil Callmun. They are all aiming al one object ? ondlliey will each select a distinct and different ground to work upon. Hut one thing is certain, and that in, their aniteJ efforts will ht* us* d to defeat the grand Executive acheme of issu ing, to a certain extent, the Treasury drafts. The bills I have reference to, are the on?s brought into the Senate by Mr. Wright, and in the House by Mr. Caiiibreling. These lulls are calculated, if adopted, lu throw the whole monetary affairs of the Union di rectly in the handa of Van Burcn and his Cabinet? and poor Benton ia glad of the opportunity thus af forded to keep bark a little longer his golden hobby, and will no doubt give them hi* hearty concurrence. It ia now understood in thia city that the radicala of New York will unite with the young men'a party of Tainmnny Hall. If this ia done, ihey will secure the next elections? for those of the conservatives thnt may feel disposed not to ktep with this party, will not amount to over one third of the numbera that left the hall some months ainee to join with the radicals. It will be beyond a doubt one of the moat important elections that will have taken place in your ci:y ainee the panic season of 1834. 1 will write you again by tonight's mail. German Literature. Nr* Yosk, Sept. M?h, lien. J. O. Hr.Hinr.TT, K Mi-nmr Hir : We takr til* liberty In | preaentinff rou a calamine of oar German Circulating t.ibra a, awd thr four fir?t number* of oar "Mu?etim of the beat rrraaa Classic*," ju*t puhli*hcd. Knowinr you tn lie a man of ?ri?nce. and a friend al the ? lerman Literature, aqd amu?inr a?, a? ?tib?cr ihrr? ol voar llarald. *o often with vmir wit and geniality, we tkou,'hl il on nur pnrt a <lntv t? retaliate ia wnw way. t'l ? Bwawa Ian*? I east ? ill fa*or with ihe wHI educat ed Americana, and a hint in your paper, recomiwndinr our enterprise, would frtainly tie of antne aae t* o?. We remain wiUijiral ri ?prrt, yours, R IUDI k fAI LRIN, 471 Pevl atreel. A??swra.? Certainly? your politeness deserves a hint, and the beautiful typographical excution of your publications deserves patronage. 1 have often ad mired the profundity of the<*erman mind? tho deep feeling of the German literature? the courage of the * Jermin philosophy? and the splendor of the Herman poetry? but unfortunately I only know it through translators. I, other was the first intellectual revolu tionist in Europe. He changed the history of the world. We, even in this country, and at the dis tance of three centuries, still move nnder the impulse originating, in part, in the deep recesses of Germany. The same revolution which begun in religion, is now marehing into philosophy, literature, and science. To read (Jtrthe alone in the original is worth studying the language. I wish I had time. f~V Kncossm Rtnsn, he merciful to Jcame Deans today when you pronounce her sentence. I doubt very much whether Justice Hloodpood raw straight '!nl evening He ma iful, Itecordr*, ?e henv ri i* ?ffcifcL Mamcewbm amot M bat.-Out readers we already well aware that our meat marksta contain aome very bad batehera? that is, butchers whose conduct is ve ry bad? they blow meat, they stuff meat, and they pUte neat; and the common council have passed an ordinance forbidding the butchers to do this, end ve ry properly too, undei penalty of a very heavy fine. But tome will ask what is blowing meat, plating meat, and stvJUng meat ? Let us explain. When a | butcher kills an animal which looks very fiat, scant, or sunken in its internal arrangements, he introduces a quill under certain parts of the skin, and blows his own nasty breath into the orifice, until the animal as sumes a plump and fine appearance ; this is called blowing , and is mostly piacticcd upon veal and lamb. To stuff" meat, is to take the superfluous fat of one very fat animal, and thruat it in behind the kidneys, and other parts of a lean animal, until the latter looks like rich fat meat. To plate meat, is to take the call, or other portions of the fat of a fat beast, and dress over, or plate a lean one, by splicing the fat dexter ously upon different parts of the latter, and thus de ceiving (he buyers in regard 10 the quality of the meat they purchase. The fat of one animal generally be ing found sufficient to plate three lean ones. All this is iniquitous, and ought to be punished most severely; and we are happy to find that the meat inspectors, i Capt. Triggler and Mr. Vonck, have laid informations against, and cxacted fines from, several regular butch er?, for violating the ordinances in these cases made and provided. These two gentlemen were old butch ers, and their appointment was greatly desired by what are called " regular butchers j" and it is a sin gular fact, that since they have been in office, they have fined more regular butchers than others. One of their first acts was to fine seven butchers, all of a row, in Washington Market, including one of their successors; and the other day they brought up one of the assistant aldermen, (or stuffing mtat, contrary to the ordinance, and to decency. We waited on Mr. Blunt, the corporation attorney, to get the alderman's name. Is it not Nash? We have been told so? but can't get a sight of the complaint. Mr. Jilunt.? 1 can't say; there have been a great many butchers brought up and made to pay the fine for stuffing meat; but I feel a delicacy in saying who are complained of, because they may be innocent. Very good, Mr- Blunt ? but Justice John Bloodgood says, and we believe he knows, and we believe he tells the truth? that the reason why we so seldom hear of the regular butchers being complained of and convictfd for these villainous practices, is, that they know the superintendents or inspectors cannot be deceived, and therefore the instant that they are com plained ofj they come up to the office of the corpora tion attorney and pay their fine. "Very true ? but it's a heavy job for them," says Mr. Blunt. And so it ought to be. And we pray yow, Mr. Blunt, as you value our good opinion, which is worth much, to handle all these fellows without gloves ? gve us light ? tell us the names of all the butchers, including aldermen, that stuff meat? and if they arc proved innocent, we will make it known, and vica versa. Let us have the list of names, Mr. Blunt. The community require it, and we will have it. Give us light, Alderman Nash. Pawning a Piper. ? Shakspeare says, "nothing can'st thou to damnation add," and asJds himself that we should not gild refined gold, or paint the lily. ? Rearing this in mind, it may be thought superfluous to attempt to add any thing to the ridicule already ob tained by the Highland Society; but one fact that occurred on Monday is too good to escape being re corded ; they took a piper with them from this city to keep them in countenance, and to impel them to deeds of daring, not drunkenness, and feats of bravery, not folly. Whilst in the midst of the appropriate air ? "Comeunder my pladdie, and sit down beside me," a bailiff' sat down beside him, touchcd him on the top-knot, and arrested him for $32. The society shelled out to the "uttermost farthing," but could not raise enough to release him. So they left hitti "alone in his glory," and came "bock again" without hiin, singing, most sorrowfully, " lie'* o'er the river nnd nwa'. Willi Jock, the Sl?ei .ir? nion." W? understand that s Five Points loafer raised more than the whole Society, and ultimately went his bail. Rase Instance or Honesty. ? Benefits or Ad vebtisinq.? A gentleman named Davis Taylor of Connecticut, inserted the following in yesterday's paper : " PHCKRT BOOK LOST.? This nrtrrnoon. Mixta! 3 e'clock, a i?ocket bi?ok, containing from 2M to JETS, be tween 23 Ji?cnb?treet,and Mr.II.lt Morgan'*, corner nf Front street nnd Peck Slip. The finder will be liberally rewarded, by leaving it wiUi Mr. II. R. Morgan. I>. TAYLOR." Yesterday before noon it was found by a hoy nam ed William Veates, 14 yearH of age. Yeates and his father, i tho are both rcry poor, delivered the book to Mr. Taylor. Comment in needless. There are two honest creatures in Gotham. "Train Hp thy son in the way he should go " Ac. Rascality.? Yesterday afternoon the following ras< s came tinder the cognizance of the police Magi strates, which, we regret to say, they cannot take hold o? and punish the offender*. A poor Irishman came up to the bar and made this statement: " Sir, I want you to see me righted. My name's Pat Laughleen, Sir, and I live at 54 Tallman street, Brooklyn, and I work very hard for a living, and 1 tad saved 919, all up in specie? and I thought to make a little by it. and I brought it to New York, and took it to a broker at the corner of Pulton and Broad i ray, and they agTe*d to give me 7 per cent for it i and they paid me in bad bills? here's two of them Sir ; and when I couldn't paaa 'em and. took 'm back? they said they never save the 91 to me, but admitted they Rive me the $5, and would'nt tack it back." He here produced a 95 bill, purporting to be drawn and payable by the " Kirkland and Safety Society Bank!" Tins la the money issued by the Mormon* ites with the notorious "Joe Smith" for cashier and director. The Irishman had hardly left, when Mr. Isaac T. Ailard, of Uoxbury, Mass., came in snd said?" Sir, I've just rcached this city. I brought on 92?0in small bills on the Kastcrn Hanks; snd finding some dirti culty in parsing them, took them to the store of a bro ker, 100 Chatham street, and he discounted them for me, by giviag me a bundle of bills, which, after I left his store and examined thern, I found to be post notes on the " Manufacturer's Rank of Belleville, New Jer sey, "payable 12 month* after date, which I can'l pass, nnd which the broker will not take back again unless I pay him ten per cent for so doing." The magistrate* cannot interfere ; bnt if the above be not*pccimens of pure and undcfiled rascality, we know of no set that ever was a base one. We shall go round today nnd get the names of these brokers for the benefit both of themselves and the community generally. Meantime we call upon the Grand Jury to do their duty to the community, nnd endeavor if possible to protect the?tnterest a of the poor against the terrible shinpla?tsr system. The Grand Juries of Buffalo have already acted ? why not thone of this city? Dec un i hu.- The penny Transcript is ?horn of 40 wpisre inchon y? sicrdny. By nn4 by it will loss its whole drapery. Litraaturb va. Printing. ? John Howard Payne, the author of a great deal of nonaenae, bombast and buffoonery, brought an action agnnet William Wal lace Snowden, the little Ladiea Companion, and get ter up of amall matters, including baby linen, for the fair sex generally, for the enormous sum of 810, for furnishing the following articles at per invoice : Two and a half stale jokes at $1 a joke very dear $2 50 Five puffs for Hamblin'a theatre, in order that old Snowden might get the bill printing, at 50 cents each? cheap 2 50 One plagiarism from Paulding re-vamped for the present period at 92? moderate 2 00 An old song to a new tune 0 75 A story so full of lies as to exclude all traces of sense 1 00 General services to do dirty work for one week, including aoap and candles 1 25 Total *10 00 Snowden lives in the 14th ward, and the suit was brought in the second, therefore Mr. John Payne, Brutus, Charles the Second Howard, saw his cause kicked sans cerem on ie out of cou't. And Snowden went away 6inging, for he can sing most sweetly : " What can ennoble fools and knaves and cowards Alas, not all the blood ni ad ihe Howards." An Incorrigible "Critter." ? A decent looking, but not decent behaving woman, natned Mary Mala ny, was brought up to the police on the 22d of Au gust, for stealing shoes, from John Walker, of 230 Canal street. She was so far advanced in preg nancy at the time that Justice Bloodgood deemed it his duty to discharge her. The night before last she stole some goods from Elias Hogan, 27 Broome street, was taken to the upper police, and discharged by Justice Palmer yesterday morning, on account of being so near the time of her confinement. Ycateiday afternoon Mr. Hogan saw her come out of the store i of Thomas Evans, 67 Catherine street, and put some j handkerchiefs in her bosom ; he stopped her, searched j her, took her back, and found the property was stolen from tke store. She was taken to the police, and being ?o near the time of her confinement, she was confined in Bridewell, where she will probably be confined in a few days. Bowyer found 5*107 in specie and bills in a bag in her bosotn. Wilson, 49 Nassau street, three doors from Liber ty, manufactures pocket books, manifold writers, lead points, and other fancy goods. We have before us a most elegant specimen of a "Port Folio" and "Manifold Letter Writer," which almost defies ima gination, with the mode of writing in everlasting car bonic ink, two or more copies at once, described in three languages, English, French and Spanish. Eve ry man of business, every gentlemen, every lady, eve ry person of taste and leisure, ought to have such an inimitable Port Folio. Ladies and gentlemen, do not believe what I say? call and see it. Tho one we have, is a beautiful deep sea green, embossed and bound in shining steel. D" We ask again who are the Directors of the Stuyvesant Institution ? What is the reason that they excludethe enchanting painting of a ' Circassian" from the exhibition? Don Juan and Haidee is in deed worth a sight? but why banish a gem because some may be fastidious ? lloni seit qui mat y il pense. Or Graham, the brown bread lecturer, gives a dis course tonight in Clinton Hall. What does he think | of broiled chicken and Haul Bartac ? CrH. Russell gives a concert at the City Hotel on Thursday evening next. Mrs. Watson, Miss Lewis, Brough and Edwin sing upon the occasion. New Music. ? We have just received four songs:? "The Camp Meeting", as sung by Rice in England? "Two Ballads for hard timrs," ? "William of the Ferry," ? "I cannot love but One," ? by Isaac Cow ard, of 92 Hndson street. We are now up to our eyes in crotchets, quavers and semibreves. New Caricature. ? Major Joe Bunker's last Pa rade, or the fix of a Senator and his 700 independents. Too good for description. Go to Robinson's, 52 Courtlandt street, fork out the specie, and possess yourself of it. Er The " Pickwick Clnb" in tins evening's paper. ! Vr The communication of the Treasurer of the Bowery this evening. He docs not deny the fact of paying out shin plasters ? he only does not remem ber. Vr In the remark we made the other day on the i election of John L. Graham, Keq., to the Brigadier Generalship, we alluded to Mr. Sandford, who by mistake, one day, was made a Major General by Go vernor Marcy. That's nil. 8 pick or War. ? The "Old Men's General Com mittee," of Taminany Hall, have denounced the Pub lic Meeting called next week by the, "Young Men's Committee." What will the boys do1? Meet in the Park. Let's have some fun by all means. Bv SorTHF.RTt Kxrarss M ail.? The yellow fever seems to lie about the same as our yesterday's report. The Commercial Bulletin apologises for the omition of many of their advertisements hi consequence of several of their hands having been attacked with the prevailing disease. On the 7th no less than 300 passengers arrived at that port. A great imprudence. Gamslsrs. ? A nest of gamblers was broken up the other night bv the watch and taken to the Upper Police. Well done watchmen ? break them all up, and break their heads into the bargain. A set of scamps and srnpegallows, who ought to be sent to tho State Prison, or be sent to fight Oceola and his locofoco Indians? opposed to him they would meet their match. We are told that an Alderman has interfered in some way to mitigate punishment. This mn't be true; at least it seems too improbable ? and vet our spy, Vidocq, haa brought as word to that ertect. How is thn, Aldermen 1 explain? explain ? -tell us what called forth your sympathy tor gamblers? we deal with every onealike? handle all without mit ten*? maul alike the malefactor and the magistrate, when they alike oflend. Aldermen have no more chance with us than gam blera have. Can any bodv tell ua what Alderman waa taken up by the watcn six weeks ago, found "lively" in the streets ? " Do you know who I am F said the Alderman, when he reached the watch house. " No." " I'm an Alderman !" "Impossible; Aldermen don't get so." In that he was mistaken, for the Alderman got be hind the desk of Capt Fisher in the watch house, and exclaimed, " by virtue of my office I discharge that watchman who took me up, and by virtuoof the same office I hereby discharge my self forthwith without ceremony, fee, or reward." Can you tell us who that Aldorman was 1 can you. canyon? There were no gamble' s, dicers, or domino plsyers in the watch house that night, or the "lively" Alderman would have discharged rhem. ? Who was it ? Ma. Benkrtt, ? I think I in formation respecting Col. Webb a p 76?9?4?7. as itresdon the 4tk of this wontli. I cannot tel what 76 means, but 9 i? 'he ninth month (September,) 4 means the 4th, snd 7 means 7 o cloak. The whole, as I tahe it, msana this .? "Th? Union club (of which Webb is a member,) wyi m?t.n *-pt. Htk, st 7 o'clock." This Union Ofub, a? I ?mferstand, consists of * net of men who me?t at their house, at No. 343 Broad 1 way, next to the Athenaeum Hotel? a large three atery brick houae, which, if you notice, yon may ob aerve lighted on particular evenings ? nightly, toarink wine, (Hay cards, and amuse themselves with snck like intellectual pleasures. Tou may possibly hear from me, respecting this, again, if I can pick up some more light on this sub ject. Yours, respectfully, B. C. MONEY MARKET. Friday, Sept. 1?, 6 P. M. The money market and the stocks took rather a start tfc* morning. A general l'eeliiig of buoyancy begin* to prevail u the street. This new tone arises from the glimerlng pros pects of hope, coming to us from Washington as well at Iron Europe. Let us give the details. By the most authentic account* from Europe, it appe.-trs that the cotton market lias improved, and the money market i? getting over its difficulties. Nothing so readily aftttcu activity here, as any prospect of a returning tone to the cotton market in Liverpool. Sinca our last account!, a rise has taken place, bin this ri?e is attributed to the backwardness of the Lr. States Bank in fetching its great shipments ol cotton to market. Tl.-e engagement* of this institution in Europe, for the present year, are probably as follows : Jaud 'in Loan, $0,000,000 Dividend-, t 300,000 Bands and post notes, S, 890,000 Aggregate, $7,000,000 These engagements fall due, gradually, in the counts of the year. It is poss.lil? that portions of the leao effected by Mr. Jaudain, inay be renewe.l. This operati- n may redu.e this year's liabilities of the bank, and still leave a large amount to be regularly met wi h necessary funds. In the early part af the season the bank shipped large quantities at the low South ern pricc ? la the later part at higher prices. In Liverpool the bank controls a large quantity of these shipment*, hut it is !>?. lieved iu agent* keep it buck from market until ihuir etigage ments demand a sale. To this movement some attribute the advance in the price in cotton. If this should be the correct solution, it is easy to perceive that the rise in cotton will not be permanent Th<* price will go back and throw the exchanges into their former condition. It is alao believed thatu similar policy has been pursued by the Morris Canal, or other institutionsor house* engaged in the cotton trade. Again? the money market in England ii beginning to ac quire a new stability since it was ascertained thai the Reform ers had triuaiphed in the Ituuse of Commons. Tms arises from the peculiar views of the Conservative awl locofoco par ties across the water. The English Conservatives are hostile to the joint stock banking system of that country. On the coc* trary their loccfocos, as we would call them here, or Reform ers as they themselves call them, with C'Connell at their head, are decidedly friendly to the joint stork banks, and a redeema ble currency. The l?st House of Commons had commenced a severe examination ot the banks, both private and joint stock, in connection with then cent revulsion. The committee re Itnrted <n part many bad practices, so much so that the Conser vatives indicated a ftro?g disposition to close up an J pat an end to the system altogether. The result of the rec-nt elec tion, wid therefore preserve, intact, the existing banking sys tems of England. Th-- revulsion in her Ameiicun trade will gradually disappear, and her manufacturers will again find employment, after the commerceof the world si. all have re covered from its dilapidation, as it must do in cour^ of time. From every part of the world immense masses of specie ancl produce are rolling into England. These masses will at oace give strength to her currency, nn:l materials for her industry. Probably during the last six months, $ 20, U) 0,000 in specie, or nearly that amount, have been imported into that great empo rium of the wur Id. It will thus be seen, fiom these facts, that the commerce of the world is gradually recovering from its disorders, and time i* restoring the healthy lone of its action. In this country the same sympuuns are developing them selves. The practical measures before Congress are as fol lows : ? Treasury notes? an issue, $20,000,000 Renewal of the suspended bonds, 10,000,000 Repeal of the October instalment, ft ,"00, 000 Aggregate measures of relief, $39 ..000,000 Thu> it will be seen that the govern meat proposes nearly |40, 0 00,000 in every shape a* a measure of relief lowards the Trea-ury and the mercantile interests. One of tlie-e pleasures, the repeal of Uie distribution act, may affect the cngajemenw and contracts of the state*, but that is no reason that the mea sure should not pens. The nett amount ef relief, proposed by tkese measures, may realixe something like $20, Oflr .000, partly j in the shape of extensions and p\rtly the creation of new credits to lat e the place of the irredeemable bank currency. ? Opposition may undoubtedly be made to these measures ? ami much debate mav be created? besides vast emi?ions of patri one iadignatl"n, but from appeal ances we are disposed to be lieve thai no effectual bar ran We placed to their ultimate suc cess. These are not times to stick on ceremonies. If Congress means t* act, the sooner it act* the better. The "divorce ot government from bank," so much talked of, *111 hardly be mooted ; and the attempt to identify these measure* with an ideal Treasury bank will equally fall to the groand. Taking all these measures as one, they are, Je farto, an is*oe of government credit to lake the place of mercantile and bank credit* destroyed or curtailed by the revulsion. Hy terrible mismanagement, during the last two or three years, both by banks and government, the country has been thrown into a condition unprecedented in the annal* of commerce. The bank* are vlowly recovering, and it i* to be hoped that govern ment, bank*, und the merchant* will all unite in the tame plan of getting' the country out ef difficulty as fast as possible. In consequence of these event*, and indications of evenly t'aings are beginning to brighten up a little. Stock* are rising slowly. Exchange closed today at 121} to 124 for the packets tomorrow. There i* little however going forward. The spe cie market i* active, hut at raiher lower price*. The great int'ux of specie has measurably reduced the per centage. ? Probably $250,000 will go abroad tomorrow to France and England Sale* at the Stock Ruhmifc. Sr.PTEMBCR r*h, 12, M. 213 IT. S. Rank, c 117) 50 Mohawk, ? 3 (I* 71 1* do 1 17J so llarletn, ftti vi D? l. L Hud. * tit d* 70 al lio w ?Vf do c 75 25 Bos. L Prw. Wi 120 .to r 75i 20 do c ?f 150 do b 3* ds 7r>l AO N. J. k T. R.K. *3 ?? no u>> ilrii 75} 50 St#inint.'ton, h4od? 00 "># do bl5ds 7^ 25 (J lira, l? 10 Us 117 70 Ho 7.51 250 Long Island. 57^ 25 <io c 754 6 Mirch. Marin*' In*. 78 75 do 75i 40 Km River, 7'' 200 do slOds 75 100 MankaL U. I* 1 50 <lo bSda 751 iUtiO Rntidi Ue?t.bill*> i 50 do I, d w 7.'?l fWOO Treasury D raits, 10*1 fiO Farmst i Trust, U2 $5000 do. 104 20 Kentucky, ?fl |^i t o American Uold, 10?; 10 V irk<ri>urgh, 70 $4600 MlllcN ?oil*. 1004 V? Mechanic Rank, 1100 Five Prm* fMM. "? 50 Ailsntic, Brooklyn, ?2 5700 Hall Dolt*. IMfc Lafayette, Clnn. t2/ Cotton Markel. Kail)**, Sept. 15. 6 P. M. The information received ywwrtay from the Hotuli, it of no importance whatever. The New Orlean? market continoao ateady. Rain on the 7Ui inst. were 362 bales. at ?Jc a 1 He. There were ? number of arrival* from Liverpool and Havre today, by which we hare received rr polar letter* from o?r correapoodenta in both place*. It will be seen that this staple boo slightly improved in both marUt but the advance I* not expected ta he sustained for any length of time. It to occasioned, by the agent* of the United <4tat> < Bank, an?l tbe other institutioBa that bare shipped cot ton for the payments of these bond* ami port notes. They have recently came to Uie determination of holding on to their cotton for tbe present, or at to art until ibey can obtaio brttar prices. Tbe mamruvre brought forward the manufactory ami speculator*, which immediately caused a brisk demand io spring up, and an advance on tow <|ualitle* of cotton, particu larly those of American description*. It la linpoartUI* far co*. ton to advance under existing circumstances. During tlie month ot June tbe importation of cotton into Liverpool was never before exceeded since the camineatemen of tbe cotton trade between that and this rouatr>. Tbe fesa tity imported In a (ingle week aireeded 00,000 bale*, 70,000 of which waa from the United Stale*. Since that period very heavy shipments have been made. ? hi r correspondent in Havre writes that tbe ad- ance wdinot last iong, and that a farther redaction ia expected at tbe floor of tbe season, in consequence of the expected iarge supply from all tbe cotton growing countries. We refer our readers to tbe letter annexed. Ilsvar., August R, 1837.? Cottons have again e p-rtenaed aft advance ot 2 a Sc. <ince oar last respect* of tbe l*t instant, mm! there is a decidedly better leeling amongst (be holder* and the trade; itheinir expected that regular purchase* most be conti nued for the want* of die consumption darn* the coarse of tbe> month, whilst hut small suppliei can be looked for Irom your side for the next few week?. Some ot the principal holders in Rngland are Miid to have com* to the determination of withdrawing from the matket, at the low price there, which have io coiwoqience become much firmer, aod this circumstance has also ha some influenc e on the improvement we have to advise. In this improvement, I however, we mnst add, we have no confident '- for thefatore, ' and anticipate oo the contrary, lower prices for the Imwt pun of tbeseaaon, in coin* quern r or probable large stock* and ?np plies. The stock in Liverpool was estimated on the 16th alt to he> :i'H,flfO bale*? and the increan- of io* ports in 1*17 over those of tbe previous year wa*73/?22htdeo. We publish the fable 'hew ing tbe statement of tbe general import ot cotton into Ki ghtod