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mbttNBfe HE KALI).
New V*rk, ThsmiBT* 9mts. ??? |For Ufal inllif? ?? ? P?f** The change* in the political gale now blowing over the country, arc as rapid as those of the hurricaB*, M explained hJ" E?|?jr,lhe enfRt meteorological phi losopher of the nineteenth Ccntun . A few days ago <tbe wiad blew from the wot, and now, after a lull, which generally takes place in the centre of tin. hur ricane, it begins to come upon u* from the south in smart breezes, accompanied with, glimpses of sun ahine and shower. Dropping metaphor, the election for Speaker, of R. M. T. Hunter, an independcnt'Slates Rights politi cian from Virginia, is one of the most remarkable eveuts of the day. We hare already revealed some of the causes which would produce this astounding result?but the kalf of the secrets are untold, un known, nsoircamed of. Our information from Wash ington comes from the right quarter, and wc how promulgate to the north, that the election of Mr. Hunter it the tignal for a re-organization of thi great State?' Rigktt party of the Union, with John C. Calhoun or General Scott for their next pre sidential candidate, in the election of 1840. This is the end and aim of all the recent movements and counter-movements in Congress?the electioaeering for speaker?the defeat 'of both the whig and loco foco candidates, and the triumph of an independent states rights man, in favor of the separation of bank and state, bat against the re-election of Martin Van Burca for the presidency. We further bear that Mr. Ilunter will appoint the committees of tbe House, with a riew to a full ani searching investigation of the defalcations and rogueries of the present party in power. In this policy he only carries out the real views of Mr. ?Calhoun, who will now be the masterspirit cf the states right party in Congress, aud take tbe lead, even of the whigs, in making war upon the derelic tions and dishonesty of the administration. The cab inet of the White House will carry, without any op position, their Independent Treasury system, but that ?ery success is the knell of their defeat and dis solution. In the broad and latitudinariau principles of the whig party, as taught by Webster and Clay, the States Right party do not agree?hence their separation and re organization, under Calhoun in the Senate, and Hunter in the House, in order t? restore, as they believe, the economy and simplicity of the time of JeiTerson. A few days will make further and more extraordi nary develnpements. We were the first journal to give the public a true solution of the state of parties in Congress, and to uasae, in advance of the event, the very person who would be elected Speaker We have equally accurate information on other im portant arrangements, which are not yet ripe for our columns; but a few days of pleasant weather will make them so. Ia the meantime, we have no doubt but the States' Rigbt party of the southern and wes tern states will hold a convention next summer in Richmond, Virginia, and there, after due delibera tion, raise tneir flag, and nominate JOHAI C?. (y'ALVIOl'N, ef Nsath Carolina, * nil GB.1, WKKFIFLD -COTT,ef Virginia, FOR PRESIDENT. oa iilO JOHN TYLER, OF VIRGINIA. FOR VICE PRESIDENT. Under this flag, it <? expectcd th*t Georgia, South Carolina, Nortk Carolina, Virginia, and Mississippi will rote for the State Rights party; and, !n conse quence thereof, no election bein* made by the peo ple, the three candidates, Van Buren. Harrison, and Calhoun or Scott, will be carried into the present House of Kepreseutatirea for their (election. Gen. Harrison has no great force in the South, and can. not take any of their votes ; Mr. Calhouu, how aver, will defeat Mr. Van Buren there, and stand a much better chance in the House, for the same rea son that Hunter has done in regard to Speaker, than cither Harrison or Van Buren. In faet, it may be aaid that in the present state of parties throughout the Union, John C. Calhoun and the State Rights party hold the balance of power, and can determine who skall or whe shall not be the next President. Clay and Webster are on the wane, and Scott and Calhoun in the ascendant. What a strange turn things are taking ? Who would have dreamed of these events, we now view, ? month ago ? None?no not one. Phil adsi-thi a Manx Frauds.?For further de velopements of the bank frauds of Philadelphia? ?relative to the Schuylkill Bank?see money arti cle. Which bank in Philadelphia is next to ex plode 1 Monk Pauso^s ammo thi Petticoats.?The Rev. Charles O. Kimball, late secretary of the Mas* eachusetts Baptist Convention, has been depo?ed from the ministry for " gross improprieties, unbe coming a Christian " We must turn parson our self, in order totaste some of these delicious impro prieties. _________ Taorai.r in the Winwam.?Since the changrs in the "N>w Era," and the establishment of the new " New Era," there has been nothing but trouble in the esmp of the locofocoa. At laat the climax of one of the New Eras appears to have arrived.? Bell's New Era was indebted to Gould & Banks for ?560 of back rent, aud the latter attached the power press on which the paper was worked off. This, however, as it tnrns out, was merely borrowed by Bell from Robert Hoc At Co.; and the latter, in order to secure his properly, sent a dozen men to the old " New Era" ofliee at six o clock yesterday morning, and took the press away from the premises in less than half au h<>ur; leaving the execu'.ion " not satis* fled." Dtamoerivt Stoam.?Sunday, a very severe atr.rm swept along the Eastern coast, destroying property and life to an almost unparalleled extent. The hurricane blew down chitnneya, nnrooffd bouses, uprooted* trees, and blew over shrds and fences in great abundance. Vessels were driven cahore, and foundered at sea, from this to Maine, and Hoards of fifty lives lost. The damage cannot be precisely eit'uuted. Some, hewever, set it at $1,000,000. The storm was moat severe at Glou cester. At that p'ace, twenty schooncrs were driven ashore, and sixteen of these west to pieces Seven teen deed bodies drifted chore soon after. Eighteen schooners rode nut the Ra|e, |)Jr cutting away thsir ?MMta. For further part.enlars, see Maine news. We rut the following from the Boston Advertiser, Mr Profe.rf.r Espy It rather strengthens his theory. One of (He most remarkable eirium-tswe. esnnerlrd with thi. tale is. th?t at Hara.table, on.y ?ft w,|,, from thl, eJly in ?? S.R.R. die<-et-?n, it Mtw Lard, from nil* ?h, morning, (n norm on *(W which, while the r?U was most ??rer? ih?W'nd 10 * hreese. nn l ? ?iftuMnfc ai.ri B Wcontinuing liirongb lha ift.rnoun ami Mart Fim-Two fires recently occurred at St. l.ouis. I he s'oreof Mr. E. W Paul waa consumed; alao the dry goods store cf W. H. Anderson and the shoe store of D? A. McLaughlin TuSSlliyiwi ?Hi lirtm, aai a?t m We*we4yy, thai heing Chriitau. Mwf?( tor eleftnt 1M1 ??? keen ilwdy eapftC) w4 we understand that G. W. Fe?thersto?heagh, Esq., wl Col. lke aortheaatera boundary e?aHiiiila?en, return home in her, with H. Tanered, Esq., member of tke Britiah House of Commons, who ku recently made ? long vi*it to thia country. The Siddons hai been one ol tke meat fortunate ?hi|?a tliat ever cruasod the At lantic; antl the bwindary ?ommissionert' will he aoon landed in Englaud with their report, which we truat will settle the difficulty between ihe two great nation*. But this en pattant. Speaking of the Siddons, we cannot refrain from noticing 'he great improvement that has been made in ship building within the past few j csr?, particularly in the mercantile ma ine. There is uot much to be said respecting ourgovern nu-nt vessels, for there can be nu material improve ment made in them ao long as the nary in controlled and fettered aa it ia by an imbecile Naval Hoard. VVithin three year* back every veaael built for the merchant service has some improvement, however ?light, over the one previously launched, and they were ccnatructed, a* far as one poin'goes, alike: tliey were aharp built, as much for speed a* any thing else. It to< k along time to find some plan to buiU thipa ao that the speed should uot take away from the " cargo room." All our packeta were construct ed on a combination of both principles, or that was the intention when the keels were laid. Not till re cently have the long flat floored ships been brought into existence; and they are now likely to supersede all others differently constructed. The Siddons, the Roaciua, tbe Sheridan, and the Garrick, are called flat floored ships. We apeak of them in particular, because they were the first built on the l ew plan, and being better acquainted with their history. They compose tbe dramatic Liver pool line of packets, arc the largest merchant ships in ibis country, and are now the mod el * from which every ship will he built. Several have already been launched, as near like them as poksible. We are glad to ace this, for it shews that geniua wi.l succeed in everything From the commencement of our packet ships, juat after the iast war, when Adam and Noah Brown were the great New York ship builders, there has been an emulation on the part of their owners to ascertain the best models forsaiiiug, splendor and carrying cargoes. Every exertion has been ui&da to bring out the geniua of our naval architects, and with great success.? When the Garrick was launched with her poop decks, high man of war bulwarks, spacious room be low and flat floored, scientific ship carpenters cou demned her and said that she would neter make a passage to the westward, and even her builders Messrs. Brown & Bell, successors to Adam and Noah Brown, shrugged their shoulders. She was sent to Liverpool and has succeeded admirably ? Two others, the Sheridan and Siddons, were launch ed soon after, and looked upon aa failures; they also succeeded, and the Roaciua waa then built, which completed the Dramatic Line, and ahehas proved to be the fastest ship out of this port,going either to the eastward or westward. As old experienced ship masters asserted that they could not make a good passage 10 the westward, wc have examined our files and made the following table, showing tbeir last twelve westward passages. For 1839. Grr>ick Iioteiut. Strident. Sheridan. S3 30 3d 14 'it 96 2J 30 31 93 26 84 79 89 01 These passages average n few hours more than twentr-fight day* each. Thia i* the great teat for passage* to the eastward are no criterion of the sailing qualities of a ship. These Tacts show how rapid the improvement in mercantile ship building has been. Not so with vessels belonging to the navy. With the exception of the six new sloops of war, there has been no change, and government vessel* are now built on the ** old system." This is caused by the indolence and imbecility of the Naval Board. Why not en* gage ship builders from New York, Baltimore, and so on, and extend a liberal hand to the gentna of the country! lticdne, and Secretary Paulding should recommend a change in affair*. We have seen too nuioh of this sluggishness in the American navy, and the time has arrived for improvement, and improve ment weinust have. It was but a short time since that the packet ship Siiidoas, Captain N- B. Palmar, beat the fr.gate United States, Cant. Kearney, ten mile* in a* many hours, with perfect ease. The lloscius, Capt. Collins, also outsailed the English frignte Pique, two dhys, in crossing the Atlantic ? Such facts cannot b? controverted, and when gov irnm-nt vessels are thus beaten by merchant ships, it is time for a change. Com. Hull, now in the Ohio, ouce said that the Siddona and Roscius would outsail any vessel in the'American navy. Beating the frigate United States is a proof ot this, for she it the fastest sailer we have. Fire and I be Fire Depnrtneal in (bin City* The alarming frequency of fire* in this city re cently, and the vast amount of property destroyed within the laat two months, render it necessary to call attention to this important subject In the eight week* last passed, property to the amount of more than a million of dollars ha* been destroyed; and in each instance there is every reason to believe that the fire was the work of an incendiary. Since the first of January last, thirty Insurance* in New York have lost over $2,800,000 of money by fires; and the probability is, that before the year is out, the amount will be increased to $3.0(M),()00; making an avernge loss to each office of $100,000,in the short space of one year. Wede not intend to say, for a moment, that the Fire Department have not done their duty ot all those fires, to the fullest extent of the powers they posses*; but we do say most unequivocally, that the fire department requires rrnovating and strengthen ing in some way. It Contains among it* members some of the most excellent and capable men that ever breuthi d the breath ?f life; bm still it is lameu* tably inefficient to arrest the progress of great fire*; particularly in the large buildings down town. Nor do we believe that the new fire law of Alderman Willis, by dividing the city into five districts, Jtc., will in any way mend the matter. The evil lies deeper than that measure will reach. 1 he present inefficient system should be entirely done away with, and a new one established on a plan somewhat similar to that of London or of Paris. The insurance offices here have lost two and a half mil* lion* of dollar* in a year, under the present system; whereas if they hail a well organised body of paid firemen connected with the Insurenee Office* atid tinder their control, the whole expense, including losses, would not amsiunt to a million annually; and an organised body like those of London, would be twice as efficient as any volunteer force; or an ar. rangement might be made by wl.ieh the corporation and the insurance offices should bear the expense joihtly. At any rate, the subject requires the serious at tention of our merchants and our insurance compa nies. There is very little doubt hntthat the desperate body of incendiariea who laid Mobile in aihe* thi* summer and fall, and who caused the destructive fire in Philadelphia, are now in this city; and nnlef* the moat efficient preventive measure* are taken, we shall have a succeafion of most destructive fire* thi* winter. Let our citiKens look to this matter, and act accordingly. Quick Worn-Hi.es* that Ball.?At the late Thistle Ball, on Saturday Ia*t, there appeared a very beaut ifnl girl, with a bright black eye and fine, white, broad forehead. A phrenologist, who was present, fell desperately in love with her, and finding her out by mean* of an advertisement, he proposed to her yeaterday, and is to be married to her toaimrow. So much for the effect* of that ball. Who will not *ay hereafter, "keep such ball* rolling Abolition? ttfUruriion */ ? Church The cm cregetional meeting house in Wolcott, Conn, was Imrri!! on the Iltk bit. One of the stoves was filled with powder at.d set fire to. It exploded, and destroyed the church. fim lut, fiwHui lilf?llj tw? Mi *??, fcwiriy m Attorney at tlM Bar is fMtMpkit?wm us I80S it 111 Mirktt ttieet, practicing M *? attontey?in MM, or dHnibouU, h? removed to 11# Cheataut ataaet?and tkare Ha* retided aatil vary lately, whan ha wia dHven out at Cbettnut (treat by the ilinmul for houee* to be aatverled into piteu of basinets?he luecrtM ti e l?te Dirtf Lenox ia (jie presidency. Mr. L- at* the brother of your wealthy Robert Lenox, of New York, at ill living. Mr. D. L. had lueceedcd George Clymrr, who had hern Preiident. Mr. Clymer wm oue of the siguers qf the declaration ol independence. Mr. Read ia an amiable man, with uo great deal of ci|?acity, and Certainly was ut ao period ol' hit life lilted for I hi- sta i tn to which he was elected?Ve never pot e***d ei eipy <vf character to be fitted lor >he presidency of auy bunking institution?hit son, John M. Read, Esq , the prevent U. 8. District Attorney, l? a gentleman of talents and energy, ai;d Wa-. mavy >tari ?g? President of the Federal Select Council of Philadelphia. Jot!* Wkl?h ? Born near St. lieorges. state of Delaware? one ol our most eminent mei chants, now doing busim-** at 51 South wharte*?pethaps wbe ?>f the inoit industrious men thai ever lived?wat tu 1*03 in butioett, under Ihe firm of Welsh & Mari*, 27 "South wharvet?and in 1907 the firm we* Welsh. Maris & Evans, 31 South wharves. Mr. W. i? one of our be?t and m?st active merchant*?be ha< aii^wd 4 handsome for tune? houestly and honorably acquired?and ha* brought mi> a laigeaud re-|<ectab!e family?tie ha* four Or five ton*, all of them respeced. atld universally e?teemrd. Mr. W. may proudly and justly say, where can you pi int to another faintly of sou* like mine. The Ui ited State* may b?; challenged to produce men more honorable and a< much respeeteJ, as the sou* of John Welsh Mr Welsh hat been quite i? mnrh blr<s?d iu In* danghtert?he ha* one daughter married to Da vid Lap ley, Jr., quite a wealth* nnn?another to Joseph H. Dulles, the fre*id?ut of tbc Beaver Meadow Coal Company ? Mr. Dullet it origiuall from South Caro-ina. Latiudnn Chevea, E-q., onee Speaker of the House of Represent alive* of the United Slate*, and afterwards President of Ihe United Stales Bank married Mr. Dullet't sister. Mr. W. ha* another, married to Dr. Wm. E. Horner, the Professor of Anatomy in the University of Petin*) Ivania. Mr. W , tome seven or eight month* tincc,purchased at diflVrent time-, over I fteea thou sand dollar* in pott note* of the Philadelphia Loan C?m- any? lie generally bought at from 1J to 2} , er cent per mouth dit count?it wa? a matter of turpnte lhat a gentleman of hi* peiiMra ion could have allowed himself to be svrii.ilI -d by inch a dishonest concern, it being ratten to the core. The nominal capital of the Philadelphia Loan Company was $600,000?but there never had been paid in over $30,000?but Mr. W. wa* not the only sufF-rer? other* were *wiud!ed out of ? 1 i11 greater amount*. Mr. W. will probably never get fifteen thousand cent* lor hi* claim?but our monied men had aa idea lhat all the peat note* issued by thii Company were bottomed on collateral security, pledged with the Company-but when an investigation te< k place, after the failure of the company ia July last, it was found th*t nearly all the post notes had beeu issued by the company to support it from bankruptcy for the time lieing. Your old neighbor, Joseph R. Chand er. Esq of the Uuited Stats* Oacette, could furnish you with a detailed history of the concern. Mr. C h? Id stock in the in stitutiou, not all paid up; a day or two before the explosiou, he atsigued over hi* ttock to one of th? carrier* of his p&per, and took up hi* n-Jte* given for what iiittalincm* remained unpaid, and substituted hi* carrier's uot? s in their place. That trans action it on the minute booh* of the company unexpunged; it wa* fondly hoped by In* friend* that he would have coire for waid and re-assumed it?but to thi* dav it has uot been done. Samuel Ferguson Smith?Wis formerly iu the drug bu. sines.- at 76 South Sec nd street, under the firm of W. Leh man *i'd W Smith & Son, Ihe firm wat afterwards Lehman It Smith; he retired mauy year* ago from that firm with a hand tome fortune; many years after h; went into the large auction establishment of ihe late 8il.ii E. Weir, under the firm of Lisle, W'irkCo; Mr Johu Lisle.ofthat firm,heing t.i*brother-in-law, afterwards the firm became Weir, Smith k Lewis; he 1* now entirely retired from all business; the auction establiihment wa* at 20 South Front street, iu the house occupied by the late firm of Jackson Riddle k Co. Mr. S is a geuileman of most excellent busiue** rapacity, and it much esteemed, and de*erv. ed.y to: he ha* alwa>* been ex -cetlingly close ia money mat ters; he advocate* at Ihe hoard, onty legitimate buiire** paper being done; be doe* not at all like mere accor mot'atinu p iper, and ha* no patience at all with sheer s;n cv.lator* paper.? He only took the (?'. into .'?!* name tome eight or teu years since, that the public tkould know what Samuel Smith he was. Samuh. W. Jo?*s?Was formerly of the firm of J. net. Sin11 li fcC#.. 103 North Frout street? lm partners wtre Jacob iU<Jgway Smith and C. W. Smith, sous of old Junes Smith, and oep:u ws of Jacjb Ridgu iy. the inill onare. The original Grin wh< Smith It Hio'gway. lfi? North Front street, cotnj o ted of Jimrt Smith and Jacob Kid^way. Tint house atai'e an imm?n?e fortmie in the Antwerp bu^ntst?pr'iicipall> in St. Domingo colfee, Mr. R. being American consul at Antwerp. Mr. J. it a CdiitLii", prudent in in ; never venturing into stock ?peculation#?he ii nrnit etcetdit gly clo?e in money matter*, mid never s;tet:d? a dollar uuueccstarily. Josr.rH It. Kvah?, 31 Sooth *h?rui-one of tbe bcit h?J moil houorable of our Phihlfcdelpliia merchatita. fie it the brother-in-law of John Welth, aud wu many ytart since hit partner. He it pstt owner iu the Loudon line of uacketi from New York During a loi g and somewhat eventful lilc, no per con can be found t > say that lacy knew him to do ? dishonora ble actio?. He was in lutioett uutil within the last te-i years, as Muris&t I'.vnn . After the dissolution with Mr. Maris, he coiiti u?d the hn.iuess ut Joseph II. Ksant, at the old placc; and every bu-iuets nan in Philadelplii ?, will (ay?1< ug u ay lie live to continue it N r. K pot?e?ses business capacity to an eitra ?rdiuary degiee : his very countenance pourt rays energy and 4eet?ion "f itiMMlur?H? ps?f< the gprstalatini; men of the ray nnhetded ?nd unnoticed. He it a kiwi husband?cod father?aud po.,?eiaet sincr.ty of friendship without alloy.? Woi.ld tl at we possessed many mora like Mr. F. To know hi n is to love and esteem h.in lie would make a most excel lent President for the Bank. *, Charlies OaArr?Was f?rmcrly a loerehaat, hut never much known; he it the brother or Frederick Graff, suprrta icodent of the Fairmount waterworks. Mr C. (J. has l>een fir some years one of the directors of the Union Cainl Con. pany.and has done himself no great credit by tome of his transactions on behtlf that company. Mr. O. mam-d, tome twenty years ago, a daughter and only elii'4 of an old Oerman, who left a large fortune behind him Mr. (I. it well known in this community as a connoisseur of painting, and kat a very laige and valuable collection of oil paintings; he has alto a passi >n fur old coins, kc ; his large fortune Iim ? nabled him to make gteat outlays: as a virtuoto he thinkt himself unequalled, but tome of tur Jewt think thnt thee are a match for him u> ( selling antiquities} do not understand me to say that these Jews have ever taken him iu in selling old coins, medalt, he. lie., that t* not puttible. Wili.iam Phillip?Wat left a large estate by bit father; he residid very nearly thirty years in a large three story brick hou?e, 200 South Front street; he has removed within the last richteen months, to the large and splendid mansion which he had built at the south east corner of Spruce and lllh streets ? He is well known as a great shaver ofbusinesspaper, he has added vasy considerably to hit large estate; he it exceedingly clote and penurious; lew men ar<- lietler known to aote broken. lis is not the proper persm to be in the board of any bank Joshua LoTtTurT ? K v?,y old Philadelphia merchant, I now retired from business, was, some thirty years ago, in the dry goods business, at 10 North Third street j he hat massed a large fortune. He watengaged with Semae Spark I mau iu a kind ?f partnership, as part owner of two or three I thipt , nnt of th'm was the skip Factor, and another the Hi;, potior?-has had a couaUng ho-?te, for th? last twenty.five j ear*, la Ch'irrh alley. The Htiladelph a office of tie Cam den, N.J. Rank has alw*iahe?n kept in part of his c< not ng liou-e?l.e has always been rousi- ervd as a father of that b>nk. Mr. L. la a member ofthe Society of Frrnds. tad al ways has had the reputation of bring a shrewd, knowing man. His principal l.udnes*, and that only because lie ctnnot be idle I it colliding dividem1* fur his F.ngltsh friends, and remitting I t* them. One of hit danghtrrs is named to Richard Price I one of the directors of the United Stain Rank. Meet Mr. L | where you tai I, lie has always a benignant smile on bis coun tenance. ili.iam WonatLL?Formerly a dry good ?erchant, at ! 139^ Market street, aitrrwa-ds ?t 67 Market ttreet, and af ci that at 133 Market tfrert. and from 'here removed lo 191 Mar ket s'rect When Ibe firm hec?me W. k J R. Worrell, af'er be'ng there fur acme time, they moved to 177 Maiket stree', wl.ere tbe firm ivts altered lo Worrell and Richardson, and after that to Worrell and Jenningt. The firm it now W. kj. R. Womll,'JiThurch alley, and engaged in the importing business Wr. W. is a go d business man, and well under stands the standirg of moil ef onr business honaet?he hat lat terly paid but little attention personally to bushiest ; he is highly este md by all who know him Daring onr summer m'>ntn? he msy be teen, almost every fine afternoon, riding in the railroad car, to the bridge at the inclined plane on the Columbia ililroal, aud u?edto .?e g?nerally accompanied by the late John Horner, who tad been a ssfcoleta'e grocer?a warm hearted but hasty Irith-a n. Mr W . I otten thought, ma<!e a sincuUr choice of an almost int>narthle companion ? Mr. II. was well known as an etceedingly positive min In hit oi/ini'Ht. aud did not like the idea of anyone differing from him in opinion. RoaraT PaTTrntosi?Well known hi this city ns Major (general Pall?ra?in a wholesale grnner, at 1M Market street. ' The firm is H. Patterson It Co, and it at fotlosva 1st, J (ieneral Patters, n?id, William C. Patterson, tbe General's i hn ther, who married one ofthe daiu.hter*t of Ibe late L*yi ! Kllmabcr. a person who well known in Philadelphia ae ? | maeufseiurer of bran ly Hn. senritt, kr By Mitt K - ? he received somelh.ng like gUOM ?Id, J. F.ngle Negae, Ihe ne phew of Mrs General Patterson, and U?e gramlsonof Ihe late ' old J"hn Negus, who. at one time,kept the Ferry bouse lower | side of Market street wharf. As n gards General Patterton, ! he hat been almost every thing in tarn-? military nan, I politician and last, though not least of nil, a very heavy nole | thnVtP. lie has been w?!l known, until within the last twelve months as an is?uer of his own paper to vast tnmbers of ouv neeily men of business. He Wonld receive from that class of prrsont their own noten. hnnked with notes taken from Iheir ronntry enstomer*. at cnllalrrat ?ecnrit|s>- he w? uld then civ* them hisnotee, beeomirc due a few day* after thrift. Th'-se people would then go oat of doors and get the MenerafS paper these J, at I a 14, or two per rent per month, or wkalevtr rale ttiey could drive a bsrgein at. la Ibat kiurt of Vusinett, he has noded materially to his wealth. At the time the tagttern and t- nth western banks were chartered, ht went into |kt purchase i ol many of Iheir stneks ; tkat, however, has not li^n a Mtlree of profit to liim It is al?o taid of him, e hen be wae a whole sale gr<scer, at 387^ Market tlreei, aud nH^rwardt. when ?1 JHtI Market etreel. and before the railraada an.l canal Improve. inents wer# innde?thnl, in forwarding tbe g >ods of western merchants,be wonl i fre^nentls maks bargains with the nrag j gorn rs, to take part payment ot tl.e -meant of Ihe roetif gar I ria.r in brandv, >| irits, kc. attnrii.g tl.em that thev would ne ' enahled to t?ll it on Use rnn'e, at a hatidsoibe proSt. Wbat namhers of th^m realised proCts, oa tba| hind of iaeaeI men*, nerd hardly be merti'n"d ; hat Hieir I stea, p sr?r r?|t,.ws, are well known. Iteaeral Patterton anrrhaeed some three yearn tir.?e, from Col Jolm Hart Powell, the splendid mansion be I M m?M tl Um ? W. nmr of TktrlMiU aad Lmw4 | lktr? miiw, H th> pre?I ??it. ii ptuwiljf l rttk.?ti?i mi wooM?y, wwlllii LtlUi ? world judge him as 'hey My think proper. I Quurrm Cuwiill,?A Seoie' mil, u4 elected on aotk nit President o( St Andrew* Society. Mr. C. *?*? well ka*rwn as the cuhier of the Philadelphia Bank for over twenty tve jeers He It a cautious, prudey* man, a ki.id atfec'iouale husband. an iarlu>*ut father, aiid a good Iriend ; but he had keen though#, for m?iiv years previous to resicuiug the cathier skip, iot to have had sufficient energy. y.r.J.B. Trctor wa? made cathier a few yean tiucc, when Mr. C. resigned. Mr. Trev >r, at the lime of hie election, ?n? ca-liier of the W?stsrn Bank. On hie acceptance of thr casliier?hi|> of the Pnilad?l eia Bank the Director* of ti e Waat.ru Bunk elected Mi. M. Israel 'o fi I hi* place. Mr C makes imoit valuable di rtcior <.f the tmalc, on account of hit leug acfiaioiane* with the customers ?f tli** ban* He it ijaile a valuable mei..h?r?f the Board He jt quite eaiy in circumstances, haviug, b) the ?!e?tli ..f hit tuMier-i* law, the late David Laptlry, rtCi ived ?ointtiiaslike $49,000, mm! Hit family iu. y receive ?on*eiliiug i more tome of tWete da)t from a litter of Vrs. C. He has uvoidto j ? l tl.e iprrulatiout of the Hit biolli< r in--aw, David Lap. ?Icy, it well knovmi a* a rote shaver. Thij it noticed, to avoid any injustice to Mr. C. I do uot like thv iniioccut inan to sutler j in |iublic 'tiunalio i, for the faultt of others. I kicHiin D. Woou?Dry good mercliam, l'^7 Market tt ert I '1 ke rtr.n it Woi d and Atbotl, formerly Wood. Abbott, auo I w oo.l They occupy the premise a where Jamet linhrie and , Co. formerly resid d. Mr. \V. it a gentleman ef m tt eacel I lent IiimImtmi capacity, and maj be coatii ercil >t iKitacttiag a ; fnl? kiintvted.e of buthses* men geue ally. Mr. W.iii? Hit , |tnted lo to at lar at any one in the U' ard for tne relief uf tin I regular butii en man * ho may I e in ajtflic stot for discounts* I Mr. W. alto potsesset a full knowledge ol the value of real es I late, Had I occatioo to puruliaae a dv. elliug, I know of na i man more competent tp purchase it cheaper tl.an Mr. W. cou'd ; but you must lei him have entirely hit own w: y in the business. Few would be enabled to gtt the better of hnn. Mr. W. w-l| kn ws hit capability for any tiling of that kind, and he may well be p ood of il. John Duncan?Of the Arm of Duncan k Brother, hard war* merchants )84 Market street. Thit gentleman it a ton of General William Duncan, who was a h<rdw?re merchant, 45 Market itreet, and was for many yearsoue of our leading poli ties s ; the General was made Surveyor of the Port of I'nila delphia by Dr. Andrew Jackson, L. L. D. I believe the cele brated. and justly to. Harnrd Utivertity, at Cambridge, (Mats.) <*onferre<l the oegree on him. Wlieu hitpretrnt De mocratic majesty came to the throne, the General was remuv. sd,tj make room for that consiitent and never varying De mocrat. Col. O. W. Riter, otherwise called Dr. Riter. Dr. K wat Recorder of Deeds of the ci'y and county ol Philadel phi*, under the administration of Oct. Shutie, but on Gov. Wolfe coining uto power, he turned him out. Some of our good Democrats have said that Dr. R. bad once made an ex clamation, that if Gen. Jacktou was ever elevated to the Prcsi deney. I e would leave the United Sta'es?but it was only by enemies of the Dr. put afloat, let it he known to the world that Dr. or Col. Riter his si ways been, at be is now one of the niott consistent Democrats that ?rer lived. Senatcr Mike Snyder, of Manayuuktayt it is a lie. whoever siid it of theDccUr ? the S<n.<tor ob?er ved that he is|oneof the very but men that ever lived?auil healio tayt that he ua ver was a lortune hunter, as many have chaiK?d him with btiug ; let it be understood that the Dr. hat alwayt Item as oonsiaientiu his Democracy as ou> frited Harry Siinptnii. now in the Custom Houie, he rother of Stephen. Mr. Duncau the Director, it a gentle man of ^ood bu linrss capacity, auddoet not often apply ?n be half of their est ablit anient fir the needful. They tried to pettuade him to go into ttock tpecu!ationt, but h* wat not to be caught?although hit fiien '? believed that if Tommy Wick eraliam wit employed, he Mould make at ^ood a hand at possi bly could be got to make operation! with?at he would not charge loo much for serving through a regular apprenticeship There nre alio elccted to thi* bank, by the legia lature of Pennsylvania, in addition to the regular di rectors elected by the stockholders, four directors, (two by the Senate, and two by the House of Re presentatives) to represent the stock owned by the State in this institution. The State of Pennsvl vania holds one million in the Hank of Pennsylvania, and $500,<X)0 in thin bank. The class of persons who bavk been uniformly elccted to represent the interests of the State by the legislature are never selected on account of their excellent qualifications to fill tbe office, but always on account of their be ing political partisans. In almost every instance, these banks have been losers by Stuta directors. There has, however, been some lew exceptirus; but they have been few and far between. The orricE or United States' Marshal,?This irapoitant post has changed hands. Mr. Waddell, who baa ?n ahly filled the duties thereof during the last eight years, laid aside his baton on Monday more ing, aud was succeeded by Anthony J. Bieccker, a g??tleinan well known and respected in this city, as a gentleman, a man of business, and no " butt, ender." This appointment is one of the best which Mr. Van Biircn has made of late?and although it has given mortal offence to the ?? buttenders," it has gratified the people at large. We cannot, nowever, permit this opportunity to pnsM, without testifying our deep regret at the loss of an official like the ex-marshal, whose urbanitj and readiness to accommodate,?lint only the public whom he ia bound |o serve, but tb% press,?whom he regarded as the organ and representative of his employers, the people, and therefore felt himself bound to afford them every facility for the acquisi tion of any information which might come to his de partment. The arohives and records of hia office were ever open to ns at all seasonable hour*, and the thanks of ourselves and cotemporaries are emi nently due to him, for that courtear, which we have often lamented the absence of, in the conduct adopt* ed towards the press by many of the subordinate officers of this city. From what we know of bia successor, we doubt Dot of his pursuing a similar course, and that the Marshall'* office of the southern district will, while under his auperiateadence, he conducted on the same principles, and the clerka and officers employed be of the same gentlemanly order as those who held their commission from Mr. Waddell. The " butt enders," it is true, make a great noiae; bnt who cares for them 1 Not we. Mr. Becker ia for the sub treasury and cash aystem,and so art we. Cheap Amusements.?We are not only rival ling the Parisiaaa in the number of our theatres, hut many of our managera, like those of that city, are reducing the pricea so as to make the stage a constant resort for all classes, and thereby lessening the influence of the ram shop and the gaming table. We have now four small theatres, where a highly rational and talented performance can be enjoyed for twenty five cents, and one at the low charge of twelve cents. These cheap theatres artia ccuse J|nence becoming very popular, an 'we notice oar act witb both pride and pleasure, that the audience" which assemble there are not a whit behind the dear theatrea in either external appearance or r*specta hie deportment. At the Olympic the pit tickets are only one shilling, and the consequence is, that be* tween two and three hundred nightly assemble to listen to the warblinga of Mr. Beily-te view the bright eyes of Mrs. Plnmer, or te enjoy the acting of Brown, Mitchell aed Johneon. At the Chatham James W. YVallack and his brother play for twenty five cents; and at each of the am phi theatrea a ra tional evening's aainieacat can be obtained for fifty, twenty five and twelve aad a half cents. Can any one wonder now why the large boeses play to empty benches 1 Moore's Melooucs.?A beautiful edition of these exquisite songs has just been published by Linen &, Farwell, 229 Broadway. It is admirably got up, and quite equal to any imported work. The bindiug is in exquisite taste,and was esented ia the publisher's own admirable bindery establishment; which is without any exception, the best in the city in every respect. /fesfracftu* Storm.?A violent hurricaue paased ever the eastern part of Grenada, (Misa.)on the 14th alt., tearing down trees and houses and carrying the fowls in the farm raids through the air at an tin precedented rate. Half adoien negroes belonging to Col Wyatt were injured, hut not seriously. L BnoAnwAr Cinitrs.?In accordance with the wishes of a great number of the frequenters of this genteel resort, Messrs. Welch, Bartlett &. Co. have resolved to give an extra performance on hatnrdays, commencing el 8 o'clock ia the afternoon, in order to afford juveniles an opportunity of witnessing the exhibition. On Saturday nest this arrangemenqwill commence, when the pupils of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, bjrbermission of their principal Instructor, Mr. H. II. rtet, will be present at the performances. Bow rat Ampii tTiiEATRt.?This establishment continues its onward course, producing novelties and new quad rue id ial candidates for public favor every week. On Monday seven juvenile or lilipn tian performers, made their debut in a new piece, got Up forthr occasion, called ?' Pony Races " Thi? is a mere tnflr. destitute of plot, yet the skill and hon if we may be allowed the term, of the little actors snd actresses kept the audience in a roar for a fell hour by " Shrewsbury clock." The perfor mances concluded with a grand battle. In which the wholf .i rrrvith of the stud was concentrated, and some \(r? astonishing feate ?f armt end leg-il... played. The attendance wal aamtroni nad fashion ?E POSTSCRIPT. Thvmdat Momhuo. 2 o'clock. BY THIS MORNING'S MAIL. NO IWK?SA<-?. Who Hone ?rgaaiaesl-Thc Nowlrntr Whig* B?l NWMH in. The House hat been organised at last, and all the membrn sworn in, except the whig* from New Jei sey. The Speaker has declare 4 thai their eaee must stand over until the committee of the House decides upon it. The debate wus not finished when the House adjourned en Tuesday night. Our corres pondent's letter gives all the details. ?WAtHINOTON ClTV, 1}*C 17, 1339. Mr. Hunter, the new Speaker, called the House to order today at twelve o'clock, and delivered bis inaugural address. His speech mas a very good thing of the kind, and was a* well received as could have beeiexpected under the circumstances of the case. He was not the choice of any jiartv in the House, and of course there were uo political syco phants in waiting to give the cue of applause to tbe House or to the galleries. He baid that lie hud been elected to the place he then occupied, not by reason ol any peculiar merit that he possessed; but by reason ot hi* holding an independent position in the political uretia of the day, and because he was not the blind and devoted fol lower of the chariot wheels of any patty now in ex istence. He said that he bad principles and views or his own, whieh he had not abandoned, and should not abandon; bat, whilst he adhered to this, he should pay a respectable consideration to tbe opinions of others. As be was elected as an independent man to thenlace be occupied, be should maintain bis in dependence, and instead of being the speaker of a 8arty, be should be the speaker of the House of lapr sentatives. He thanked the House for the honor it had conferred on him, and pledged himself to perform tc the best of his ability, the chancier that had be*n ass giied to him. When he talked about his being an independent man, and avowed that he would not be the speaker of a party, the Locofocos turned pale, and the Whigs were suffused with .crimson. " A no party man," exclaimed a voice; "it's no go;?a dead bite, by Jupiter, all roui.d ! He is a going to carry water on both shoulders! O, no! it woa't answer; we can't stand it, no way you can fix it. Jones, lend me your penknife!" As soon as Mr. Hunter had delivered his speech, Mr Dromgoole, ol Virginia, r<>se and moved a reso lution to aelopt the ruUs and orders of the last Con gress. Mr. Lewis Williams, of North Carolina, moved that the motion do lie on the taole. After a small confab between Messrs. Cost John* son, Dromgoole, Mercer and others, the question e*. Mr. Williams' motion was taken by a"Jres and noes, and was found to be ayes 116, noes lib The cba^r very promptly voted in the affirmative, and tbH decided the question. As (his was (he first question that was brought be? fore the House after the election of Speaker, and as it was purely political, the decision of the chnir, as vou will at once perceive, makes him as one friend ly inclined toward the whigs. Tbe decision was the cause of some sensation on both sides, and yet I do not know that it was entitled to one half of the importance that was attached to it. Mr Craig of Virginia, offered a resolution to reg ulate the admission of members to seats in the ball of Congress, but it was voted down by acclamation and without a division. The speaker now called on the members by states to come forward and be sworn. When New Jersey was called, the name of Mr. Randolph alone was read. That gentleman declined making his appear ance, and the call proceeded. After all the States had been eallcd, and the Speaker was about to swear the delegates, the New Jersey members, who held the Pennington certifi cates of election, made their appearance, and de? mandtd to be sworn. Tbe Speaker was understood te reply, that be could not comply ?rtth their wishes, ahd that 1m woulJ lay the matter before the House This little incident produced much feeling through* out the House; and when the Pennington certificate men were seen to advance, the farmer part nf the House rose instinctively; and, a few of the meet hot headed whigs and locolocog advanced to the neigh borhood of the bar, looking daggers at each other. The Pennington people, however, were somewhat wary an^. prudent, and very quietly retired eutside of the bar. The Speaker now elated the faet, thnt the Pen nington men had demanded to be sworn, and that ha had refused to accede to their wishes. He said that if they bad cone with the r credentials, and tha ease had uot been previously acted upon, ha should not have any ht sitstion iu administering the oath; but as it was, he referred tbe whole subject ta the Housa for its decision. Mr. Wise?If any objection had bean made to the sweariae of the Penniegton people 1 Mr. Speaher was understood to reply in tha af firmative; and went into an explanation of the coarse be bad adopted. Mr. Wis* tkea offered a resolution, resolving that Meiiri. Aycrigg, llalsted, Mafoun, York, udStriU ton, be not allowed to b? aworn. He aaid that hia object, ia giving the resolution a negative character waa, to rive to the Jersey men the benefit of hia vote, if this House were eqaallv divided, for in the avant of a tie, ita negative complexion would sec are to it an adlmative operation. CWthia reaelution a debate took place, and which, at four o'clock, when the hon?e adjourned, waa no nearer ita end, than t hw New Jersey case waa, when I it first made it* appearance in Waatiiilgton. The result of the election of Speaker, of yester day, has drawaaaide the curtain, nod let the world into a view of one of the moat detestable political quarrel* that ever existed. It appear* that Mr. Cal honn and Colonel Benton are at swords poiata. Mr. Calhoun wanted to place Mr. Pickene in the chair of the Speaker ; Sir. BoHo* ??id no ; it ehould not be; and reeollectisc tliat Mr. Pickens, ia a speech he delivered in the year 1835. accnaad the Colonel of rnhHara trunk at Chapel Hill, awore most luxtily, that Pickens should not be ran. Mr Calhaan. being thus foiled with Mr. Piekena, . was reaov to compromise, for the food of the party, and signified that he wonld be satisfied if Mr. Dixon I H Lewis were pat into the chair. Accordingly Mr. Lewis submitted his name to the caacua, and Mr. John IV. Jones, of Virgiaia, did the aaire thing. The vote waa taken iacancn*, and it stood fif'y for Jonee, and forty>nine for Lewi*. The nomination, of courae was givea to Mr. Joaea, and Mr Lewie acquieaced in the decitlen. ' ll wns also agreed in cancns, that if it shoald be | ascertained that Jonea could not be elected, then Lewis waa tobe taken op. This was done; and when Jones found that he could not be elected, h* with drew. The Jonea party now say that the friends of Lewie did not act in good faith; that they did not come np to the support of Jones, as they were hoard to do hy their pledges; and the Lewi* party aay that the Jonea parijr cheated them in convention; took ad vantage of the momentary absence of ten of their men. and sprung tha vote at an unfair moment, and thn? deftauded Lewis nut ol the regular nomination. These two parties, both of the same faith and mode of worship in the political ehureh, new de nounce eaeh other with a zeal and a frenzy that ia scarcely to be believed. The fact ia Calhoaa aad Benton will yet manage tedivide the administration. Mr. Calhonn is rallying the State Rigble and Nulli fication party of the South, and ia preparing for a bold push at something. He ia not disposed to follow the Administration : ne would lead it, if he could,aad hia attempt to do so, brings him In immediste collision with Mr. Heaton. Von may look eat for a regular " flare up" before the lapse of many montht. Mr. Van Buren has got the whooping cough, aad Mr. Clav has tot the North Carolina heartburn. Yours, 4.e. ToaiAi Tnorr. ? Iff- t*CTl7*r.8 Off ftlUKftrr.ARK ?Ticks'* to Mr Himneea** tJoerae "f Leeturss si Clinton Hall, msy be had far ft i ash, st the Ail or House, at the Awertcaa Hotel, at Wiley ii fVntni's and Francis's Bookstore*. and at ?he entrance of Ike Admlsskia for a singteseeelagiaeeeM. T"* Lto Ispsa lake place ?*ery limeade) aa?l ?atnrd*y erenings, at half |?s?t ?tr?a o'clock, m follows: TUer?!:?t 19 Pse. Lear and Rinnan Bad Juliet. Pstttrdny, 14 Dec. Hamlet. Thursdsy, 1^ Dee. Othello sod other nays. Hxlurdaf, 81 I lac. Merrhst.1 of Va?nc? and other Plays. Thursday,a? Dea. The ft.roaolie fowsdics. H*4?rday. Dee. tkoksp* arsis fwtla < leans. dlt-11* lVJ IjspiInG from Uis ire ou last Oeiwrttsy night ia Oder JYl ?lr?et, one An* dcaMe p?reo.?tee (Inn, (iereiae silter moan ted, J. H. Co. per1* poteat, bssiae e^rated en the rifc, " imported by Tho?. Tyrer. II lebwAd, 1%.- *fl informs lion .sspeeting the Mute will be ibth.fcf.illy restired at 6? Ce Jar street, Sd lloee. *1# H*