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NEW YORK HERALD.
New York, Thurtdiy, Merck 31, IMS.
Important from Wiukington?Relatione of
the I'altcd States with Mexico and with
We received last evening from a private corrrspondent,
(not our rec u'ur one) on whose accuracy
we can rely, some iuforniation on the relations between
this country and Mexico, which do not for
bode a long continuance of amity either with that
Kepublic or with England. We hope for the best,
but we fear the worst.
<>u the same day that the news reached Washington,
through the public prints, of the invation of Texa
by Mexico, a special messenger arrived with despatches
irom the American Minister at Mexico,
which opened a new 6cenc in the relations ol the
two nations. The exact contentp ol these despatch.
etbave not be^n.an'l cannoioi mum nr, n"vonu,
but enough is known to cloud up the future. The
President and his Cabinet have been in council every
day, except Sunday, since these despatches were
rec -ived. In tact every high officer of the government
has been tired out by discussion, excitement,
an I labor. The foreigu relations of the country are
i i a critical condition.
It appe ars that Santa Anna refused to deliver up
th- American prironets at the demand of Mr. Ellis,
or Mr. Waddy Thompson,we forget which. A long
c >rretpondence took place between Santa Anna's
g vernment and the American Minister, in which
th- American functionary and the American people
were treated with great haughtiness and disdain.
It is also supposed that Santa Anna's expedition
into Texas, has been undertaken under the advice
ol Mr. Packenham (a brother o! the General Killed
a' the battle of New Orleans), the British minister
at Mexico, and that the money has been furnished
by the English abolition interests in London, on a
guarantee of the churches and mines of Mexico ?
It is also believed that the English government have
a design to take possession of Cuba, as soon as the
Mexican war shall have produced sufficient confusion
in the south, to give any color for such a proceeding.
The East India and abolition interests in
England, have influenced the new British ministry
to encourage this state of things, in order to blot
Texas out of existence, as a nation, get possession
of Cuba, and abolish slavery in all the Spanish
West India Islands, by way of destroying the Union,
and the growing power of the United States towards
a great deal of discussion on these point*
in the cabinet, we learn, that despatches have been
or will be, sent to Mr- Thompson, the American
minister at Mexico, to make a peremptory demand
under the law of nations, for the liberation of Mr.
Kendall andtbe other American prisoners?and, if
this demand be not complied with, Mr. Thompson is
to demand his passports and return to the United
States at once.
On all these important points, we further learn
that there is a perfect unanimity between the President
and his cabinet. The ditierences of opinion that
recently aroae between Messrs. Webster A* Spencer
on the one part, and the President on the other,relative
to the repeal message,have entirelygiven way to
he higher considerations that grow out of our foreign
relations. The President's financial policy is now ,
acquiesced in by the minority of the cabinet?and
his views are believed to be the only practicable policy
that is calculated, with the quickened action of
Congress, to place the country in a state of defence
against the clouds that lower all round the horizonDuring
the present summer, the British steamers
will swarm all over the coasts of the United States,
from Boston to the Gulf of Mexico, and into every
inlet and bay of the West Indies they penetrate. It
i? believed that the British government have deter
mmrd.to blot TexasIrom the tamily ol nations, and
to sum und the Anglo-American republic with a cardon
of military troops and steamers to Irighten us
into their own terms.
The future is big with important events. It is time
for the people of this glorious republic to wake up
from their deep sleep, and to prepare for that mighty
conflict that is yet to take place on the Atlantic between
the principles of a republican government, and
those of a monarchy?between the Gothic prejudices
and tyrannical barbarianism of paat ages, and
the hopes, the liberty, the civilization and the glorious
independence of the future.
Speed Against Time.?The gnat flaps its wings
t the rate of fiteen thousand times a second.?
Hence the peculiar humming aonnd it produces.
City or Ague.?The city of Cairo, in Illinois,was
ten feet under water at the last accounts. Steam- 1
bouts landed and received passengers at the door of '
the Hotel. 1
CosTSADfcaED.?There is no malady at Marshall,
Michigan. That is as healthy as any other place
on the peninsula. t
IhscLoavua.?'There have, been several more ar- T
rumnf rniwnn in Raliimore connected with the ?
robbery of Nicholson, the broker. It eppeors by )
confessi* n of one or two o t nm that a band of the j
most depraved rascals bn e infested that city for a i
long time, perpetrating the greatest crimes with al- <
most perfect impunity. Houses have been fired, (
stores r- Ik dwellings broken into, and highway l
jobberic: t* imitted. Young men were pnucipally 't
engaged in these villainies. i
Mori Cooir Killing ?Captain John t*cott, ot
Vermont is preparing to call another Texas meeting,
and probably his proclamation will bo issued to-mor- ]
Pex5v Virtu.?To cheat the Custom House, '
and steal paragraphs from your neighbors.
New Theatres.?Charlotte Cnshmalt is going'to
baild a new theatre?so is the Rev. Thomas Ham*
b'.in?so is Mr. Manager Wilson. la addition to '
this, we learn that Captain John ??coit of Vermont '
intends to build a great Coon Theatre, as soon as he 1
thrnniTh with Texas.
T?ir Daily Newspaper Pitw-Wf are very
much disposed to think that the only daily papers
that will be able to stand the revulsions of the age,
are those sold for tiro <rtU? per copy. The sixpenny
and peony papers are conducted on wrong principles
o! finance. In order to save their bacon, the
penny papers ought to come out at once and put
up their price to two centj. Thsn all would go as J
memly as a marriage bell.
Temperance?These Temperance processioos i
are queer events It teems that mankind cannot !
even muster moral courage to be virtuous in soli- |
rude. If they reform their bad habits, they want t
the excitement of society, company, drums, fifes, I [
banners, crowds,'processions, and all kinds of pa- 1
rades- Alas' poor human nature ! 1
Citt Despatch Tost ?We are glad to hear that
the business of this establishment is on the increase,
and erelong, when the accommendation d affords,
ia the delivery of letters three times a day, shall become
more generally Known and appreciated, |
we predict that it will receive as large a share of
public support as its asefulnesa entitles it to. We
are surprised to hear that there should be any difficulty
in nndezatanding the nature of the free stamp
system, it being precisely the same as buying omnibus
tiekets, and giving one for each ride. So the
free stamps ran be purchased at the principal office
or say of its branches, and one attached to a letter
sends it free of postage to any part of the city.
N war. Rui>t<v?i'i at Bottai.O, N Y.?Commander
Stephen Champlin has been directed to
open a rendezvous at Buffalo, for the enlistment of
seamen, ordin try seamen, landsmen and boys, for
the naval service. He has chartered the steamboat
Mon'roe for a receiviag v?a>el.
Mil it aav Mov cMcsr?General < raines has laft
Washing!no, lo join the troops on the Texian 1 arder.
Pra/riMr 1.yell's Qeslofy on Um Cssl F*r MilM
Mr. Lyell's lecture list night was on the great
coal formations of Europe and AmericaHe
stated that on both continent* the coal was irvariably
found between the old red aand-stone and
the new red sand-stone formation*; and it was (oily
to look for them in any other relative position ?
Above the coal lie th# post pliocene rocks, the terti
try, the challf, the green marie of New Jersey,
the iron and greenlsands, the Uxfoid clay, the Oolite
or Jura lime-stone, the blue and white lias, the new
red sand-stone, and the carboniferous shales, ironstones,
and lime-stones. Below the coal came the
various slate rocks, green-stone, hornblende rocks,
old red sand-stone and granite. The State of New
York wis composed of these old rocks beneath the
coal, and therefore no coal could ever be fouad in
this stale. Tha locks immediately associated with
coal seams are conglomerate, lime-stone, shale, grit,
and aand-etoae, and some argillaceous iron ore.?
The coal beds in this country precisely resemble
those in England although 3500 miles apart; although
the geological structure of the earth varies
immensely on dill'eient sides of the Alps and
Pyrenees; yet these latter are so much more
modern, that the beds forming them were not
deposited at the bottom of the ocean when the
coal was formed. Coal was known to be of vegetable
origin. Thin slices ot it has been examined
by a microscope, and the annual rings of growth
of various trees, the medullary rays, and even the
spiral vessels were very distinct. So they were
sometimes in the limestone connected with the
coal. Innumerable leaves of plants, and even large
trees are found in the coal ferns, the bark carbon
i/rd, and the inside percolated with sand. SOU different
species of plants are found among the coal
bed*; and even the inllorescence of the feme have
beeu preserved at the back of the leaves. The sigallana
has been found in the coal?a tort st large
free fern; -12 specie* ol this tree; also one specimen
of the colloptaris, a large tree resembling in its ge<
uera the arborescent ferns of the present day. These
all iniera warm and humid climate; much warmer
than it now is where coal is found; for we find it even
in Melville Island and Baffin's Bay. Pises have been
also found in the coal; not resembling our northern
pines, but of the class arcolari? the pines found at
Norfolk Island, and the north part of Chili. Also
other equi-cetaceous plants, the caiamites, dec-,
larger than auy now extant, and which must have
lived in a climate warmer than can now be found ia
any part of the globe. One stigillaria was found 70
There are two theories aa to the formation of
coal. One is that treea, and ferns, and moss, and
islands of plants were carried down the rivers to the
sea, as is now seen in the Mississippi, and particu
larly iu the Quorra in Africa ; after getting out a
certaia distance from the land, they become water*
logged and sunk; tken the delta of the river
changed, and in course of time spread out and covered
this vegetable mass with sand and mud- The
other theory is that there was a great accumulation
of vegetable matter oa one spot, in the same way
that neat now accumulates; and that by far the
greater part of the coal has grown on the spot where
it is now found. After it accumulated for a long
time, the land sunk down, and was submerged, and
sand and clay, &c. deposited in layers over the coal.
At a section on the Bolton Railway, several trees of
the lepidoilendra class were found growing upright
with their roots growing in a bed of clay; some
were 15 feet in circumference, and 11 feet
high, broken o(T short; a thin seam of coal was
above the clay in which the roots were ; this
was caused by the leaves, moss, grass, tfcc.; then
came a deposit of sand from an overflow of water,
eleven feet deepfthis broke otf some of the trees and
bent down others horizontally; then came a bed of
iiae clay, with ao plant but the stigmaria in it; this
always formed the floor of the coal. Then came
other overflows and deposits of sand,then a bed of line
clay.then coal,and then a bed of sand. In Wales, in
90 seams of coal that were examined, the fire clay
was found under everycoal seam,and no plant but the
stigmaria in it. This stigmaria has all its leaves
pierciag through the surrounding mud ; when the
stigmaria is found in any other bed the leaves are
all stripped off This plant is of a familv and genus
entirely extinct. In the Hloseburg Coal Field and at
Pottsvtlle and Mauch Chunk Mr Lyons found the
same rule prevail with regard to the stigmaria and
fire clay. The anthracite coal was proved to be of
iwmp see as the Bituminous coal, not onlv from the
relative position of the strata, but from the peculiar
plants and trees fouad in it. The stigniaria grew in
muddy swamps and morasses; then part of the morase
becams dry enough for other trees and plants
to grow on it; these accumulate and form the vegetable
deposit, since become coal; then an eruption
of the water, and a bed of Band deposited on the
coal and so on.
Alter refering to the great Dismal Swamp in this
country, as being a case in point, where a similar
process was going on now; and a few remarka on
the climate ot the earth when coal was formed ?
Mr. Lyell concluded by paying a tribute to the state
nonlnniatd nf Vtitv VrtfL unH Pannavlvanio alir) m 1 ri
they had conferred an enormous benefit on the community
by preventing any more useless and foolish
attempts to find coal where coal could not be
New Yofk State Erect.?Governor Seward has
signed the bill creating the State tax, but in such a
sneaking form as to take away all the merit. The
Liovernor's message is as follows : ?
Eiecftivc Chiuick, March 2t?th, 1942.
To the Assembly.
The chief proviaions of the act entitled " An Act to
irovide for paying the debt and preserving the credit of
he State,'' arc the impoaition of a tax, and an indefinite
uitpension of all the works of Internal improvement.?
rhese important measure* are contrary to the policy
vhich I have on all proper occasion* reommended, and
o which, with the most respectful deference to the Legislature,
1 am obliged by convictions of public duty to
idhere. But the question is of a nature purely legfsleive,
and the measures proposed have not only the approbation
the of fiscal administration/! om which the Executive
is constitutionally separated, but are represented
>>y that administration to be absolutely end urgently necessary.
Although dissenting frem these opinions, yet
believing that the Executive could not consistently
with the spirit ot the constitution attempt to control the
leliberate action of the Legislature in regard to auch
measures under such circumstances, I have given my
Msent to the bill, an J it has become a law.
WILLIAM H. ir.WARB.
On this Thurlow Weed conies ou! and abuses the
Legislature, and tries to raise the cry of " taxation."
Fudge! The whole respectable portion ol the Whig
>nrty are in favor of the tax?and the course of the
governor and the State Barber will be to swell the
auks of the Democracy tenfold.
Ou* Police-?The Late Ahrkcts-?It must be
lighly gratifying to our police authorities to find
that their conduct in recently clearing the streets
of the street-walkers that have so long annoyed respectable
persons, has been approved of by ninatenths
of the community. Scarcely a day passes
that a letter is not received, thanking them for what
they have done, and urging them to continue in that
Here is one that was recently received:?
Ntw Yon, March 39,1813.
Dras Sis,?I hope you will excuse the liberty that
I am about taking in writing to van, but I mast plead at
as eaeuse the fart that I am a widow, with four girls sad
two boys. My dear departed husband left me at his damite
a small income, barely enough to clothe, educate,
and lurnith the necessaries of life for a genteel appear,
tnce. I often heard my poor husbsnd say, that you had
children, and that jrou woulJ endeavor to put a stop to
the licentiousness of the youth ofour city, and truly did
lie speak, for by the last week's paper, 1 see yoa have
made a commencement. In (lad's holy name, f say go
>n with the goad work. Slap not till yoa have driven
the harlot from tha sight of the virtuous, for, of a surety,
evil communications corrupt good morals.'* For woe
It me, well do I know it?my oldest son has fallen a vie
tim to the harlot's vile arts, and has astranged himself
from hit almost broken-hearted mother. It was in Broadway
he first met this fit agent of tha devil How long will
it be if this tin it not destroyed, before perhaps one of
my daughters, or oae of your own children, may be the
next victim, i?o on, in (rod's name, I say, and may ha
prosper you. sn<l make your days long in the land, shall
l* my constant prayer.
A WIDOWED MOTHER.
Over fifty of these letters have been received at
the police office, and mostly from widowod mother*,
whese daughters have been insulted by these creatures.
Let the whole of this nuisance be abated
and then a respectable female will not ba afraid to I
return home alone ol an rvrnmr. for no on* mill
then dare to insult her.
Aroint Wiuh asd Till Tuirut^i Cause.?
A great many persons have reflected unjustly on Mr.
Welsh since he joined the temperance cause, that
he has been inconsistent; inasmuch as they have
supposed that he was still connected with the Terrapin
Lunch, ft is due to Mr. Welsh to say that he
has had no connection or interest ii that or any
other establishment wheie any thing stronger than
coti'en it sold for more than twn yearn- And we
hope that all who join the temperance aauae will be
as consistent as he has been.
Review of Books, Ac,
Zswon 1?Harptrt, Brolktrt?This ii Bulwer's last
novel. It is impossible to criticise it; it is equally
impossible to state its c?teals. It is a wild, lascivious,
thrilling, singular roinaace; and we do not
think thst any female, unless she has a very strong
mind, should be allowed to read it; particularly an
unmarried one. There are two seductions, one
adultery, and any quantity of murders in it. The
sconce is laid in Naples, Venice, the isles of Greece,
Pahs, &c. The time is during the French Revolution.
Itobispierre and his party figure in it. The
una liuiu.inuu or, a nuint,r unit ktlldcllt of
magic aud wizardism, a beautiful peasant girl of
Italy and a lovely young actress. The artist loves
the actresB; she loves the s'.udent; the student seduces
her and runs oil' to a Greek Island with her
where she has a child ; the artist then seduces the
beautiful peasant girl,aud goes to Paris. After this,
the student, Zancni, and hisladye love, Viola Pisani,
go to Venice; the artist Clarence Giyndon goes
to Venice, aud induces Viola (to run away from Zanoni;they
all met in Paris during the revolution; the
Italian peasant girl, becomes madly jealous of Viola
for daring to seduce from her the affections of Giyndon;
Z anon i comes to Paris in search of his wife,
and a terrible denouement ensues, in the midst of
which Robespierre is killed. The work is beautifully
written; but in parts is, we think, too licen*
tious. The scene of the attempt to carry off and
ravish Viola by the son of the old Visconti, is well
told; the dancing and drinking tete, the wild Tarantula
dance, the love scenes under the trees which ultimately
leads to the seduction of the peasant girl
Fillide, is given with great power. The
drunken scene between Merval and Glyndon
equals that between Bob Sawyer and Ben
Allen in Pickwick. The scene where Zanoni's
Mistress gives birth to a child is thrilling?
The discourse between Citizen Couthonand Robespierre
about Pwcusseau's works and his system ot
love is amusing. And the whole mixed up as it is
with visions, wizardism, and the Kosecrucian philosophy;
and the strange ideas about perpetual youth,
render it ooe of the most extraordinary, exciting and
dangerous books we have read in a long time. 1h
Zanoni, Sir Edward Bulwer deals for the hrst time
with the supernatural; not after the fashion of Mrs.
RadcliiT, nor yet of the regular Forest of Montalbano
school, but in the lofty, refined, poetic and ideal
vien of Paracelsus and hts followers. He brings
before us no grisly ghosts or vulgar witches, but
makes us acquainted, in his own splendid and im.
posing way, with the subtle sad potent essences that
were invoked by the high aspiring chymists. And
singularly beautiful is the manner in which he has
educed, in connexion with these, the poetry of human
life and passion.
Tux Liscau?ll'ilty and Putnam ?This is an
account of the gipsies of Spain, with^an original
collection oi meir songs auu puciry. iuc wuuie la
historically true, yet, like every thing connected
with the gipaey race, it equals the wildest romance.
It is a work that should be found in every library, on
aecount of its being an authentic narrative of a
strange race of people, about whom no one before
has taken the pains to rive ua a correct history.
Who that has read Mrs. Gore's wild and
lascivious tale of the " Bohemian" would not wish
to read all the authentic details that could be collected
about the Ztngaree. Scott has lightly touched
the subject, but he had no means of seeing them
to any extent in real life. Buiwer in his " Disowned"
gives a sight sketch of English Gipsy
Life, but no more. Most persons associate with
the name of a gipsy girl, great personal beauty,
activity, licentiousness, unlimited amours, adulteries,
Arc. Let every one read this book and judge
eoisbuanh Review.?Mrt. Maton, Pine ntreet.
?Already the reprint of this sterling periodical is on
our table, although only brought by the Columbia.
It is reprinted in a style fully equal to the English
edition- The present number is a very carious sne.
New Music ?The following pieces nave just been
published:?" She laved Him, but she knew it not,"
by Firth At Hall; "I hue naebody," by Ceslain,72
Liepenardatreet;and " Sailor Boy," by Firth dr Hall.
And Attwill baa publiahed three or four very e.vqaisite
pieces in fine style, viz.:?" Woman," "The
Mother of the Soldier Boy," and the "Manhattan
Waltzes." " I hae body now," is a very beautiful
ballad, in A minor, three-eight time, the words by
the Ettrick Shepherd (Hogg), sung by Mis. Hardwick,
whose style of singing this description of
song is unrivalled. We are tempted to depart from
our usual course, and transcribe to our pages one of
the stanzas of the requisite poetry:?
I has use body now, hae nee Mdy now,
To meet me upon the green,
Wi light locks waving o'er her brow,
An'joy In her deep blue e'en?
Withe soft sweet kiss an' the heppy smile,
An' the dance of the lighteome lay,
An'the wee bit tale o'news the while
That had happen'd when I was away.
The Brahams, both elder and younger, have arrived
in town after a highly successful tour in New
England. During their visit at Boston, Mr. Charles
Braham, the son, made his debut as a vocalist, and
came off with greet eclat. They make their ap.
pearance to night at the Society Library Rooms,
with a rich programme. See advertisement.
The Italian Opera At New Orleans, have taken
the French Tnea'.re, a? a pi* aller, after the conflagration
of the San Carlos. Madame Sutton, hither
to kept in the back ground by the rivalries of some
of the troupe, lias made her appearance in the
Bride of Lammermoor," and has given great satisfaction.
The New Orleans Bulletin lays:?
Madame Sutton, one ol' the iweeteat congitreilea tha
ever sang a bar of muiic, baa been, in the three nighta of
her appearance, moat completely hidden, in coniequence
of the inefficiency of her auppart That Rossini's thricediluted
opera of " Lacia ?li Lammermoor,'* on the last
evaningof ita representation, waa, deapite of its plagiarism!,
one ol the sweetest productions we ever heard,
because the ' Lucia's" choice and beautiful portions
were brought before us by a great artiste. The lady,
Madame Suttou, had to sustain the burden of the whole
opera. She did it, and did it welL Antognini waa once
singer, but the voice is lost. ?
The other papers and private letters speak highly
of her success. Antognini has failed entirely. In
consequence thereof, he attempted one day to cut
his throat, but that was a failure too?tor he instill
alive and well.
tv _ TV sL? 11 - - -^1:^
11 El*RV IVVitlLL, IHC wcti Mivnu ?nii}ur vuiaun
who ?uog and set to music so many songs in this
country, made his debit in London on the 23d February,
in a vocal entertainment at Soho Square. The
Morning Chronicle has the following remarks:?
Ha [Mr. Russell] sings with intense earnestness end
I great expression, snd, in one most important particular,
we have no hesitation in saying that he ie anrivellad by
any English singer, Draham alone osc p?ed?this is, the
clearness, variety, and force of his musical declamation.
There was no book of the words, which, we soon feund,
wss wholly unnecessary ; for,though someofthe pieces
were narrative and descriptive poems of considerable
length, they were delivered as clearly and intelligibly
as i? they had been simply recited. The gross inattention
to thia essential requisite, even ef our most eminent sing
srs, is a subject of oar never ceasing complaints and remonstrances.
We ha?a often told thorn to toke looaona
from B rah am; and we assure them (however little they
may relish it) that they have an immenae deal to learn
from Mr. Russell. It is evident that the management of
his voice ami utterance has been acquired in the Italian
school of singing: and hia own good eense haa shewn
him, that, while distinct articulation of lsnguago does
nut necessarily detract from the beauty of vocal ronnd,
indistinct utterance deprives vocal sound of its greotett
charm, its power of heightening and enforcing tho expression
of sentiment and pissioo.
lie was highly successful, and an engagement on
a larger acale was the .eeult.
Steam Siur Briti-h Qi eev,Captain Keane, will
leave Antwerp, on the 1st of May, for New York.
Patriaiu u or Asierii a ?Deacon John Whitman
of East Bridgrwater, Mass, entered on the one hundred
and eighth year of hia ace, on the 28th instant,
and is in good health.
Eves Sailiso ?Three ships, the Gentoo, Bazar,
and Massasoit sailed in company from Calcutta and
arrived at Boston, on the 2Nh instant, within a few
-f ?-k ?iK., TK? throe rantains met to
noum ui c?vu v?uvi. ...? ? ?f ? ?
grthrr at the Boston custom house, last TuesdayLvuschii
VasrssDAr.?Notwithstanding the hard
times, a ship sod a' steamboat were launched
yrstarday in the upper part oi this city. The ship
is called " Samuel Hicks," aad the steamer "Curtis
Peck." one after an old and respected merchant,
and the other after a worthy and well known
steamboat commander- Smith At Ihmon hare
"hown their skill in the ship, and Lawrence Jr. Sneden
in the steamer- Both vessels are finely modelled,
strongly built, and are n cred.t to New,
A.votwzr DomOCBATJC NoMIRATIOR is the FoiTRteemth
Ward-?About six hundred Democrats
assembled last evening at John Hetaey's long
room, in Prince street, t to approve of the nornination
made by the oiket nominating committee.?
They presented the names of Abraham B. Davis,
the present Assistant Alderman as a Candidate
for Alderman; James M. Miller, the auctioneer,
for Assistant; John D. Spader, for Col-1
lector; Francis Gilmer and James Bard, for Afseesors,
and John 1- Stevenson and Charles Deshays
for Consumables The meeting was addressed by
John A. Morrell, Esq , and the nominations were
received with enthusiasm, and adopted unanimous[
ly. The other branch of the party have nominated
EdwardS Inner, for Alderman and Kooert nariuey
for Assistant. The Democratic majority in the ward
for Alderman, last fall, was only 230, and if both
tickets are kept in the field, the Whigs will carry
the ward without any mistake.
The Whig Unionist Association turned out last
night with a band of music, and marched through
several streets in the lower part of the city.?
Where are the Democratic Patriotic Spartaasl
Disturbing the Dead.?During the last severs]
days the vicinity of Delancy and Christie streets
has been the scene of great excitement, caused by
the removal of the deceased bodies of persons in*
terred in the churchyard, formerly belonging to the
Baptist church, nader the ministerial charge of the
Rev. Mr- Chase. Que of the insarance companies
having obtained a mortgage on the property, they
have recently foreclosed it, and consequently the
bodies were about to be removed to make way for
the erection of dwellings. A large meeting waa
held there on Tuesday, and decided resolutions
passed, disapproving of this "unrighteous course."
On the same evening it was discovered that work,
men were engaged in excavating a space about
twenty teet square in the centra of the large burying
ground in'Christie street, between Forsyth and
Stanton, which bolongs to the Rutger street new
Presbyterian church. Upon enquiry, it was ascertained
that they were removing the ground in order
to build a vault, and that the trustees of the church
had ordered snch a proceeding without the consent
of the relatives of the deceased who were buried
within the 9pace, or anv notice having been given
them. Sixty or seventy bodies had been taken up,
and amang them some that had not been interred
hut a few months. Yesterday mnrninar the
was visited by a large number of persons, whose
relatives are deposited in the gronnd, and he immediately
repaired to the scene, and was received by
several thousand persons, who had assembled to
witness the proceedings. The workmen were then
ordered to discontinue their operations, and the
crowd dispersed to meet at 4 o'clock in the after* 1
noon. At that hour about three thousnnd peo- J
pie, men, women and children, were present. The
meeting was called to order by placing Job Haskell j
in the chair, and the crowd was then addressed by
Mr. Benedict Taylor of the Transcript. John M.
Bloodgood, Samuel H. Llevd, and his honor the
Mayor, who concluded. The Mayor stated that
the trustees had represented that they had obtained 1
permission ot the relatives of the families to remove
the bodies to another part of the ground, but
he had since ascertained, to his entire satisfactirn,
that such was not the ease, and he t
therefore ordered new workmen to be eaga- t
ged to re-deposite the earth from whence it was ]
taken. The foundation of the vault has been t
laid, and the wall raised about live faet. The work- 1
men, under the direction of Alderman Lee. imme- '
diately commenced throwing the earth back, with- !
out removing the stone-work at the bottom. We
saw a number of persons on the ground who recog- ,
nised the coffins of their relatives, and one whose j
wife had been buried within a few short months.? f
Many of the silver plates had been wrenched from
th? coffins by the workmen, and the bones and <
pieces of coffins were scattered about in every direction.
The burying ground bad become nearly
tilled within a few years; and it is stated that the
trustees having receptlyerected a new church,resort- 9
ed to this expedient, among others, to raise funds in "
aid of its completion- We also perceived that a
space of about 200 feet square, in the south part
of the yard had been covered with earth several l
inches deep and all the grave it on en taken up and re- 1
laid! The object of this is alleged to be the burial i
of bodies over those already deposited, in order to a
raise fupds- Such proceedings are disgraceful to 1
uj uuuy vi IIumere. nuo arr incy t won are
their names 1 The meeting finally adjourned to
meet in the Park this afternoon at four o'clock, ,
when we trust somebody will propose that the i
bones removed shall re-iiterred in the ground, and a
monument erected over them with an inscription in
commemoration of the event. This church-yard is *
very large and must contain several thousand peo- '
pie. We saw one coffin deposited within sixteen
inches of the top of the ground, which is in direct
violation ef the law upon this subject.
On stepping into the ground at the corner of I
Chrystie and Delancy streets, we found a woman
armed with a pistol, guarding the grave of her husband
and children, and also perceived the monu- 1
ment erected by the company C., of Washington *
Guards, N. Y. S-, L. I., to the memory of Captain
Edward MarRehher, who died November 6,1839 ,
Will the members of that corps allow his bones to
be ruthlessly taken from the grave where they deposited
We also understand that the bodies in the Second
Avenue Presbytt rian Church are also to be removed
in a few days. < 1
The meeting in the Park is called at four o'clock.
Let every one who is opposed to such sacrilegious ,
proceedings attend. <
Police.?The only case of interest before the
police yesteiday, was a charge preferred by Eden S. |
Webster against Charles Wilson, distiller, of Brook- '
lyn, for obtaining the loan of #910 from him under 1
false pretences. He states in his affidavit that Wil- :
enn lliPAimk Kid oUrlr TaKsi Huoku nvoeentml a '
WM, UIIVUJll Ut" VIV ? 'VUU 9 UH-VMIVV |
schedule of his debts amounting to about $9000, ,
which he informed Webster was his liabilities. Mr. ,
Webster knowing that his property waa mote than
sufficient to pay this sum including the amount desired
from him at a loan, advanced th-; monies required.
Since then he has ascertained, according
to his own story, that the debts of Wilson are far
above the amount Btated in his schedule, and he
therefore preferred the charge of falae pretences.?
Wilson was ordered to find bail in the sum of $2000,
which he procured.
Sodden Decease.?A person named Edward 1
Bowerback, a native of England, aged about fifty
years, was round dead in hisoed at his lodgings, in
the Athenaeum Hotel yesterday morning. He retired
at an early hour the evening previous, complaining
of slight indisposition which he was subject
to at intervals, and was found a corpse. Mr. B.
came to this city a few months since to settle up the
estate of a deceased brother, who had been engaged
in business in this city. He had boarded at the Atnenaun
only about six weeks. A large amount of
notes of hand, tec., were found in his possession, all
oi wnicn were iransitrrru iu me puunc numiui?imtor,
who will take charge of his tfiects until his
friends arrive to administer.
Pns No. 1, Nsuth Hivr.?TV hose duty is it to
see that this man trap is either filled up or surrounded
bv a fence to prevent the loss of life that has lately
taken place within its enclosure I If it is that of
the corporation attorney, why is it not attended to.
Two men and a horse have been drowned within
the opening during the past few months!
Delaware ard Raeitar Caral is open for the
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW TORE.
Stephen B Masters, fsrmer, Buihwiek, to bo declared
bankrupt April 90
John R Oaborno,clerk, Cairo. May 10
Janes H Cook, aaerchant, New York, April 30
Joseph Henry Howard, brewer, do 90
Ban* Ingratitude In an Old Man.
0(7- There la an old man iu thi* city?wo dare not
give hit name- helives in B d atreet. Two months
inro ho wa* attacked with email pos; hie bride arrived
last week, a rich young heiress, a doomed one. The old
man got better, but aa hit face was inflamed, and still had
eruptions on it, hi* akin was yellow, brown and anhealthy;
and worse (till, hii hair all fall of the tap of
his head, and the aides were covered with raity grey
k.ir kanl with fever and Ailed with dandriff tie naw
looki young. rikUh and handaome?hie akin ia healthy
and olear?hia hair Jark, clear, and growing faat. What
cauaed tbii ' The great Italian Chemical heap cleared
hia akin, and Jonea' Oil ef Coral Ciroaaaia reatored hia
hair. Thia old aaan refute a to giro hia nana. Theae
atiiclaa are aold at the aign of the American Eagle, S3
Chatham atreet. Try them once.
ft^-PEALE* ME8EUSI?We really do not know
when we hare had a heartier laugh than laat evening at
Peale'a Mutenra Rome of the hundrrda who have paid
that popular eatahliahmrnt a vieit within a few daya peat,
will doubtleea recollect the two full length portraits of
a atately knight and dame that adora the wall of the En
hibitien Hall on the left, aa you enter. Harrln|ton, one
of the BMet remarkable men of the age, full or fun and
eccentricity, threw hia voice unexpectedly in auah e
manner aa to make thoaa two courtly poraonagee disoourae.
The audience atartad, anrprleed, cortoua, wondering.
and one enqniaite, partly in coneequeace of
ligktneaa of material, and partly of tightneaaof atrapa,
left thahall amidet a roar of ineztingulahabla laughter,
early a (ami culottes.
(0- Fur our usual Southern Corrmpondmee, f?,
by tku morumg'* Mail, tee fourth page.
BULWBR'g NEW HOVEL, FOR 93CBNTS!
An EXTRA QUADRUPLE BROTHER JONATHAN
will be published on TUESDAY NEXT, April 5th,
coalmining this popular novsl complete, from the London
edition, in S vols.
It mill be printed in the Library form, affording a valuable
addition to the first volume of the Library Jona
tuan, which Closes on tho 23J Inst.
This will alio be a rare opportunity for peraoni wishing
to forward their country friend* the lateat and moit
popular novel of tho day, as the postage can be only
from 8 to 4| cents to any part of the Uaion.
Single copies 38 cents?to be had at the Brother Jonathan
offiee, 163 Nassau street, at Axford's News Office
168 Bowery, and of all the newsmen in the city.
0?-THE QREAT TRAVELLING CIRCUS?Rockwell
k Turner's magnificent troup are to set out upon their
western exhibition next weak The Bowery Amphitheatre
is nightly crowded to witness tho brilliant
achievements of T. V. Turner, Oscar Stone and Napoleon
Turner, " le beau Chevalier." Oossin keeps ths
house in a continual rear, and the vaulting and other
gymnastics are unequalled by any other ooaapony. It
will be the only Circus out this season possessing every
variety of equestrian talent.
flrj- AMERICAN MU3DUM?The monologue called
Oldond Young Nick, play e<l here by Winchell, is one of
the moat amusing stage performances we havo ever
seen. It is one rich batch of original jokes, wonderful
metamorphoses, rapid chaages, scenes of magic rentrilo
quism.fcc. Every ckarecter n performed by Winchell,
and the whole reminds us of tho remark of the quarrelsome
husband, that although the law made him and his
wife one, a person would sometimes think there weraa
doxen of them. Winched'* personation* are inimitable;
his drolleries are unique, and his whole performances
are fall of mirth, life and interest. Booth the comic
infer continues to please all who hear him; and Mrs
Phillips receives great applause. No plsce in the city is
more lully attended than this. The mysterious gypsey
girl cam be consulted day and evening.
0(7-THE SEASONS?When the frosts of autumn
have withered and decayed, and the cold blasts of winter
have stripped all nature of its folisge and beautiful
fringes, leaving naught but one "wide waste of unproductive
desolation," the smiling spring opens with its vivifying
influences, and again begins to clatke the fields
and trees with their accustomed garments, till in the
maturity of summer they appear decked in all their usual
luxuriance and beauty. So when sickness and neglect
have caused the human hair to wither and decay,
Oldridge's Balm of Columbia never fails to restore it,
with renewed strength and beauty. The genuine is for
ale, wholesale and retail, by the proprietors, Comstock
k Co. 71 Maiden lane, New York.
ttj- GENTLEMEN?It would be injustice to your
pulmonic remedy to withhold from the community my
experience of its vsdue for the removal of hoarseaeee,
Gain in the side, and cure of weak lungs. 1 can only say
lat after a long and tedioua disease, occasioned first by
a cold, which nearly ruiaed my coastitntion; when nearly
every other remedy had proved ineffectual, I was in
ducad to try your Clarified Essence of Hoarhound Candy,
which having uaed aa directed, 1 was permanently
restored to health. I was so much reduces 1 feared at
onetime I should be under the necessity of retiring from
my professional duties. My present health I attribute to
the use I made of your Hoarhound Candy, and cheerful
ty I would recommend it to all suffering from such complaints.
I am youra, respectfully,
J. D.HART, reoeat Pastor of Baptist Church,
To Messrs. Pease li Son, 45 Division st
Agents, Zieber. 87 Dock street, Philadelphia; Raw Is,
k7 State stieet, Albany ; Redding, 8 State st. Boston.
[From the New Orleans Bee, of March 18 ]
THE CITY BANK.
(K7> THE result of the examination of this Bank by
ho "Board of Currency "cannot fail to bo gratifying to
he Stockholders of that iaatitutioa as well as to tne pub
lie generally We publish the questions propounded to
he officers of the Bank, and the replies thereto, together
with the certificate of the Board of Currency. For our
>wn part we are glad to see any institution rise superior
o the persecutions that have been directed against that
lank. We csre not who or what it is that has been the
>bject of unjust, continued and concerted attsck.it isgraifying
to witness him or it survive such persecution. It
an evidence of the power of truth and justice against
Questions to the Cashier and other Officers of the City
Bank of Now Orleans by the Board of Currency.
Has there ever been any money loaned to any person
n nom or iuii ui lwiiiiiic, vi m ?uj viuir manner,
intil the nme wu submitted lo the Board of Director*
ind authorised by them ?
Answerte 1st Question.
There never has been any money leaned on note* tines*
regularly and previously authorised by the Board,
tills of Exchange are taken by Committees appointed
aouthly, and the Bills so taken have always been re
;ularly reported to the Board at the nevt meeting and
(Signed.) R. J. PALFREY, Cashier.
Has the President or any Director obtained any moMy
from the Bank by overdrafts or in any other illegal
Answer to 3d Question.
Neither the President not any Director has ever ob
ained any money from the Bank by overdrafts or in any
>tker illegal manner.
(Signed.) R- J- PALFREY, Cashier,
CHAS. A. F. RONDEAU,
Gen'l Book Keeper,
CH. BOURCIER, Book Keeper.
R. TAYLOR' Book Keeper?
Has aay loan ever been made to the President or any
Director, or any other person without the usval dis:ount
Answer to 3d Question.
No loan has ever been made without the usual dis:ount
(Signed,) R- J. PALFREY, Cashier,
CHAS. A. F. RONDEAU,
Oea'l Book Keeper,
Are the* books and cash of the Bank regulatly examined
and balanced 7
Answer to 4th Question.
The cash is regularly counted by a Committee appointed
for that purpose, monthly. An inventory maae
?f the tame and entered in a book kept for that purpose,
which inventory is signed by said Committee, and a report
made to the Board at its next meeting, which report
[a entered on the minutes. All the boeks and accounts
ire regularly balanced en the 38th February and 31st
August of every year, and said balances entered in a book
kept for that purpose, and certified attar examination by
I Committee. There never hat been any dilferenoes in
the books. All the accounts have balanced to a cent
since the Bank commenced its speratiens.
(Signed,) R J* PALFREY, Cashier,
CHAS. A. F. RONDEAU,
.Gen'i Book Keeper,
CH. BOURCIER, Book Keeper,
R TAYLOR, Book Keeper,
J. OU1LLOT, raying Teller,
Has the President or any Director borrowed any mt
ney from either of the Branches 1
Answer to 3th Question.
Neither the President nor any Director of the Bank
baa ever borrowed any money from either of the
Branches. (Signed.) R J PALFREY,Cashier.
What ia the President's Salary, and haaany extra compensation
ever been made him in any manner ?
Answer to 0th Question.
The President's salary ia >1300 per annum. In 1839 an
extra compensation of $1300 was allowed to him, but
lor that year only.
(Signed,) R J. PALFREY, Cashier.
Nu the Bank ever loat any money by any person
who waa a Director of the Bank, and if ao, how much 1
Anawer to 7th Question.
In 1930 one of the Directora of the Bank failed, and it
may possibly loae about $5,000, but that depends on the
value of real estate taken to aecnre the debt. Thiai the
only inetance of any loaaauatained by the Bank through
any ot ita directora.
(Signed) R. J. PALFREY, Caahier.
Haathe Bank ever loat any money by the defalcation
of aay of ita otiicore, and if ae, how much 1
Answer to H'h Question.
In W.ti the Bank loat $4 150 by a defalcation of ita
Porter-, no other defalcation haa ever occurred ia the
mother Bank. The late Caahier of the oAce at Netchi*
tochea ia a defaulter to a conaiderable amount, but It is
not expected that thej Bank will loae more than $30,000
by hia defalcation.
(Signed,) R.J PALFREY,Caahier.
Question 0 h.
Haa not the City Bank opened credits in Europe, and
have not such credit a been used by the Bank to tempo,
rarily raise money 7
Answer ta Oth Question
Th* Bank has had open credits in England to the
amonut of ?70,000 sterling, but haa never used them as a
meaaa of raising money ; on the contrary, the Bank haa
always had a cash balance in the hands of Hi banker*
at London, _
?-1. II i Plt rarr Caahier.
Voigneu) ? ? ?
personally appearel hclara me, J. Baldwin, Recorder
of the Municipality No. 3, acting aa Jurtica of the Peace
duly cemmiaiioned and worn, R. J. Palfrey, caahier ; C.
A. F. Rondeau,general book-keeper ; Charlea Bonrcier
and Robert Taylor, boeh-ke?uere; Edward Onillot and
Joacph Quillet, tellers. all of the City Bank of New Or
laens, who aeaerally declared en oath, tbat the foregoing
anawt ra to the qa> ationa of tne Board of Currency,
?nbacribod by tkem reapectirely, are true.
New Orleana, March Id, 1841.
(Signed,) J BALDWIN, Recorder.
OFFICE BOARD OF CURRENCY, \
Naw OaLtaiaa, 17th March, 1811. )
Thia ia to certify that the Board of Currency here
mado a careful examination of the aituation of the City
Bank ; that dhey have compared the different itema of
ita.eaeetta with the statement furniabrd to them, that in
their opinion the character ef the portfolio ia highly aatlafactory,
and the affair* of the Bank are in a very good
and aound condition;and further, that ao far aa thoir ex
anaiaation haa permitted them to judge, ita operationa
hare been conducted in a manner beneficial to the paItUe,
profitable to the stockholder*. and redact great credit
an these who hare been charged with tha management
thereof. By order of the Board,
(Brgnadj R. D. SHErilERD, Freaident.
0&- COLONEL BEAVER. Poetmtrter at Batevia, is
knowing to tk* feet, that Or. Bingham, of Genesoa
ooenty, agod oven 70, and far more than 17 year* vary I
bald, has Bad his hair .tally restored by the mao of one
bottle of the Bala of Columbia from COMSTOCK AND
The following poetical effusion was received through
the Poet a Ac a at Philadelphia, by the agent of Oldridge'e
Balm of Columbia, end we recommend it to the attention
of all onr readers who value a lunuriant crop of hair
The night was dark, the wind was high,
And howled most pitruusly ,
High in the ?kjr m> wig did By?
A grievous loss to m .
The hair from off my head was gone,
And the wind uuw wusealm ;
Of all men I was most forlorn,
Until I tried your Balm!
A precious Balm it was to me ;
It did say hair elate ;
And in the class I somotimes *. ?
My oneeBivested pate.
Now on my hood are glossy ourls,
In ringlets Qne and brown ; #
In itrongeot wind* ray hair unfurl*,
But doe* net le*T* ray crown.
Bald-keaded Man ! 1 oft exclaim,
When inch I chance to meet;
A Bala i* *old?a preciou* Balm?
At Ninth and Cheanut street.
The gentleman ha* cauae to rejoice that he ha* no>
longer any occasion to wear a wig. There are two
| agencies in Philadelphia, and only two, for?,this admirable
article, N. W. corner of Ninth and Chesnnt, and
B. E. corner of Third and Race streets, and in New
Tork at 71 Maiden Lane only, and warranted to reoro*
Joe* the hair.
The Balm of Columbia ha* been imitated bv a notort
ou* counterfeiter. Let it never oe p irchasrd or used
unices it have tho signature of COM STOCK A CO, on a
splendid wrapper. This is the only external test that
Will secure the public Irom deception.
Address COM STOCK * CO.
Wholesale Druggists. New York..
ON, SOLDIERS. ON.?The rate of the Mexicaaa issealed;
three hundred New Yerk? r? arc in armt, and
ready to set outfor Texas. This I* cheering news. It
is likewise cheering new* that hcadachei^ough*. colds,
worms, seaaickuess,drowi*ine*s, nausea, and low so'T^ia
may be cared by Peters'Lozenges, nod in faO. ikat peter*'
Lozenges ere the most certain, a* tb?y moot
popular remedies for these complain'; n'nieh have ever
been di*covered. It 1* lurther tt> ba remarked that thay
are to be had at 469 Broadway, loo end 330 Bowery, 410Hudson,
S3 Fulton and 310 Chatham streets; end at 00
North Sixth street, Pbil. Dr. Peter* he* received very'
large order* for his Lozenges per the Columbia,
ft?- CHATHAM THEATRE.?A rich treat is offered
at the glorious Chatham to-night, J.U.Scott appearing as
vurainai nieeeneu. supported oy Mis. Thorne a* Julie
de Mortemar, Mr. Hield is De Mauprat, Steven* as Baredas,
C. Mestayer. De Besighen, and Mis* Mestayer a*
Francoi*. Added to which Diamond and Whitlock appear
in original banjo playing, aorgsand dance*, and
he effective drama ol Jack Sh?ppard, terminate* an entertainment
thataaust draw a crowded house.
to- THE FOLLOWING SKETCH IS FROM THE
u Which lead* the mind to soar too far
Till our own weakness shows us what we are."
Arthur M was the son of one of England'#
weal:hie* and proudest peer*, and Nature had showered
her best gift* upon him as lavishly as Fortune had. A
form and face of Autinous, like perfection, were but the
tinsel which decked hi* brilliant and cultivated mind,
and hi* time properly emplo>ed had still intervals
which afforded him abundant opportunities of acnilirinv
thai* liwhtne aeeAmnli?Km,>?ts swKUW fet? -
Jens value at perhaps too high a rate ; aought. after;and
flattered ae he was, it need not be wondered that vanity
waa awakened in hiai, And though ao reatrained by the
politeneaa of hiapaature aa not to lecaen hit attractiveneaa,
till it had been fully aroused; and aa he cantered by the
aide of the fair mlatreaa of hie young heart, and marked
the bright glancea and the admiring gaze whieh followed
him,it muat be owned that aelf lov . seemed aa though
it were about to enter the liata with the ether and purer
But there came a change o'er the unalloyed happiness
which ha had hitherto exueriened?the roaeleai waa
crumpled, and the drrami of the Sybanits were diaturbed
?hia frienda remarked that while the aameoutward circumstances
existed which had wreathed hia face in.
smiles,that face wore an expression which might have
been the effect of physical suffering, but which they ascribed
to a deeper seated cause; when questioned by
them, he evaded giving an answer, said their imaginations
had deceived tham; one after another, however,
hia favorite active amusements were displaoed by those
which he had before termed dull. Chess supplanted billiards.
and the club received now more of his attention
than too horse and the dance. At length, in the height
of love, and the season, he left London to bury or euro
hia ari?n> a urlnial .ilia. hi. ?? I?
ha mob re-appeared with all hii former vivacity of annor,
and better far than that, free from the vanity which
had been hii greateit fault.
One evening, a confidential friend with whom ha waa
enjoying a bottle of wine in hii dre*ing room, asked
him far an explanation of theae it range changea in hii
character. Arthur hesitated for a while,but at length thus
aniwerad?" A complaint which 1 have alwayi considered
ai miaerably insignificant, rendered of no account all
that dexterity and grace nnan which I so much prided
myself, and my vaaity received a death blow; when I reflected
upon now slender a foundation it was built, there
remained than (the fauh being cured) onlv to subdue the
disease which had t fleeted the care ; this will esplain
all:" he handed him a small bottle, which he had takan
from his escritoire while speakiugit was labelled "Hay's
This is the same article which has acquired m high n
recaputation in this coountry of late,and to be had at N.
W.oorner of Ninth and Chestnut streets.and S. E. corner
of Third and Race streets, Philadelphia, and 71 Maiden
Lane, New York.
ft?A NOTICE. OF THE GRAND (FREE) CON
va.Hr. ai " ia? Climax" Saloon, in Ann street, laat
night, ihall appear to-morrow. It will auffice now to
atatethatthe "young laity"1 who haa juat boon engaged
there elicited, from a crowded and faahionable audience,
the aaoet rapturoua plaudita and encorti.
0Q- ROCKWELL AND TURNER'S MAGNIFICENT
TRAVELLING CIRCUS ia drawing treses,
dously at the Bowery Amphitheatre. Napoleon Turner,,
the Adonia of the troupe, and hit brother Tim, the invin
cible horseman, both ride this evening. Beaideathe
reckless end frightful horsemanship of Vacar Stone,as
the Cumanchee Indian, Gossin keeps the house in a continual
roar with his never failing merriment and thrloe
told jokea. The vaulting, tumbling, dancing, postering,
every thing done by this inimitable corps, goes beyond
any thing ever witnessed. They travel next week.
Shsbman's Lozanuts are going it strong, in all
the principal cities, coughs, colds, headaches, and all
nervona diseases yield to th? m sooner than to any ether
medicine. The Doctor can be seen at hie office, 104 Nassau
street, or his medicines can be had at 3 Ledger Buildings.
Philadelphia; 3 .State street, Beaten, and Franck
Taylor's Washington City.
00- WE COMMEND the establishment of Grandjeaa
No.l Astor House, in Barclay street, to the notice of
strangers visiting the city His assortment of perfumery
is of Bret .rate order, and his own compositions for preservation
of the hair are based upon a scientific knowledge
of the subject for which they are intended. This
simple fact has secured the estmsive patronage which
they have always received fro our citiiens.? Com.
City Despatch Poet.
44 William strait.
r?i.*cifAL Office-Letters deposited before half put
8, half peat 12, and half past 3 o'clock, will be sent oat
for delivery at 9,1 and 4 o'clock.
Bbasch Officcs.?Letter* deposited before 7,11 and 2
o'clock, will be aent oat lor delivery at 9,1 and 4 o'clock.
AI.EX. M.ORCIG Agent.
Wednesdays March 80?0 P. ft.
The a ale* at the Stock Beard to day were not large
bnt at a universal fall in rate*, a general deaire to aell.
being manifcat, particularly in fancy atocka,of which de criptiona
are now the greatest number offered. Many
atocka and bond* have coma bach from Europe to realiae.
Ulinoiae* fell } per eent; Indiana ?**, };Long
Iiland 1; Mohawk i; MecUanica Banking Aaaoeiatiea 2
per coat Tko diapoaition to aell those atocka, in which
tho public have loat confidence through their miamaaagoaaent
or apeculativa operation* ia very great, aa la
manifest in tho fallowing list of atocka otfored for aalo at
auctionob tha 4tL April:?
324 (haroa ot the stock of the Canton Co. Baltimore.
200 do do Mechir.ies' Honking Association of the
city ot New York.
14 do do Manhattan Bank, of the city of New
90 do do New York, Boston and Providence Rail
Road Co. (otherwiae Stonington)
100 do do Farmers' Loan and Truat Co.
Theee stock*, M is understood, will be sold without ro
aerre. Tho operation of the stock market ie curious,
but natural. Where a number of substantial retired mot
who lire by lending their money, are joint proprietor*
ofa company, and are satisfied of it* good management,
they all stand ready and anxious to purchase any of tho
stock tket mty bo offered for sale, presently some of the
weakest holder* get^ehort of money, and are ebliged t#
ell, the other stockholders eagerly buy tho stock thus
offered, which gradually becomes concentrated In tho
hand* of tho most aubstsntial men. An inataaco of thin
is the Jefferaon Fire Stock, which aelia at 9 to 4 prom.
on th? other hand, when similar men hoid siooxs,
in other inetltutions, in which they here loet confl
dence, tbey first attempt to alter the direction, and /ailing
in that, tell out their ttock. Ao instance of tkia ia
the Mechanics' Booking Association, which has fallen
from 80 to OS, end the Bank of C>me?erce, which is quoted
to-day at ?0s70.
Sslea of bills on Philadelphia were made to-day at)
prom. The tide of specie sets rapiJly from this city
tenth; about $400,000 hat gone on in a few dayt) yester.
day $06,000 went from the B ink of America, and $10,000
from the Phenix. This is the natural operation of rn
sumption, Thestream will follow the oourae of specie
peymenta uutil it meets that coming from the West lxdloO
end Mexico, through New Orleans. While sv beak*