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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 29, 1843, Image 2

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NKU \ QHK HEHALPew
Tork, RnmlHy. Jmttmmry <0, 1843. '
Mew l.lternrj" Oepot Opened. |
J AMKs UORDON BENNETT, Ja?in other word*, t
U jtun ?<iiitur has opened, at hli j.iipf,'* Heuai.d otlice, c
North W?( corn*r of Nassau and Fulton atreela, a depot v
tor the sale of all the fashionable and current 1 teratureot h
t
the tg? He mean* by tlui to take the wiml out ni tne >,
tailed Moaea Y- Beach, and to confine that aleek old rat ;
to hu Jacksonville, Ulater and Malone ahinplaatera, inclu- v
ding alto his oyater cellar. For a catalogue of the work* '
lor aale, aee advertisement.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Ja.,
Hia kg mark.
New Yore,-J8lh January, 1S43. "
Popery?Protestantism?Christianity.?Bigoted
and intolerant as is the religious world, even in ,
these latter days of light and liberty, there is a grow- ,
itig increase in the number ot calm, impartial, and
reasonable theological writers. There are some
pure and enlightened spirits, who furnish some antidote
to the poison of violent and blinded polemical
disputants. Brownlees and Cheeveis do not make
up the whole body ol our Protestant clergy; and the
fanatics of Champlaiu are by no means a fair s|>ecimen
of the Roman Catholic priesthood. The last
number of the I^mdon Quarterly Review contains a
long and remarkably able article by a distinguished
Frolestant writer, which presents in striking contrast
the calm, just and philosophical view of the
origin, character, influence and tendencies of Popery,
which an unprejudiced and disinterested mind
can take, and that which presents itself to the be
wildered vision of the iurious and bigoted sectarian.
Tlie great error which lias characterized the long
warfare of Protestants against Popery, has been
the assumption by the former that the latter is the
Antichrist of the Scriptures?the " Man of Sin,"
and "Church ot the Seven Hills," against which
such terrible denunciations have been uttered by the
prophetic writers of the Old and New Testament, i
The writer in the London Quarterly, demonstrates !
the utter falsity of this position, and by a great accumulation
of arguments, establishes the truth, .
which we have ever maintained, that Popery is i
bat a remarkable and singularly efficient amalga- '
mation of the principles of the Christian faith, with ,
worldly policy and temporal authority. Let us give <
the writer's views on this point, in his own precise
and forcible lang age:?" What, then, is the essen- ]
tiaily evil principle which constitutes Popery, as dis- 1
tinct from tha Catholic spirit (Christianity) which
it held, as if were in solution, and by which it has j
been preserved from utter destruction 1 It is the i
principle of centralization and unity in the Church, !
carried to a height Jar beyond the limits affixed by its
great Founder, and /gathering the whole of Christen- (
Horn rjund one lexal antl visible point, for the purpose '
of giving to its movements the greater energy, per- (
tnanence and poirer ; in other words, it is the creu- ,
tion ot one oecumenical bishop, to supplant the col- t
lege of bishops, and for the purpose of spreading and
upholding a spiritual empire upon earth." tl
This expresses, with great conciseness and truth,
the true nature and character ol what Popery iias a
been. Pottery is, however, undergoing marked and '
rapid cltange, es|>ecially in this country. The au- r
thority of the Papal See is becoming weaker and t
weaker. That great cohesive and maintaining
principle lias lost its fi rmer sway and all-pervading f
influence. Roman Catholicism, us respects its r
mode of propagation and extension, has become
more assimilated to Protestant Episcopacy, Methodism,
and .Presbyierian'sm. As(to the fears resj?ectjng
the rapid progress ol Popery to universal
supremacy, expressed uy the Brownlees and Chee- 11
vers, who are constantly fanning the embers of dis- Jcord,
and casting around, on all si les, " firebrands,
arrows, and death," they can only excite pity and c
contempt in the tninds of all who take the trouble 1
ot studying the present aspect of the times. j
There is a more dangerous enemy than Popery
at the gates. Religion and morality, and the best c
interests of society, are threatened with a more dis- ^
astrous tempest than the thunders of the Vatican. (,
A carelully disguised infidelity, under the mask of i|
superior intellect and refinement, is busily at work, ^
sapping the very foundations of christianiiy, by inspiring
diotrust cf the authenticity of the Bible, and j
the supremacy of human intelligence and wisdom.
This wears something of the features of that anti - g
christ which has been predicted to ppread moral ^
desolation in ihe latter day. 1
Thk General Naval Court Martial, to which
we alluded yesterday, will cot.vene on board the
North Carolina on Wednesday next, the first of *'
February. The Court will be composed ol the fol- ''
lowing members:? '
President?Commodore Downes.
Commodore Read.
Captains VV. Compton Boitou. t(
Dan. Turner. n,
Charles W. Skinner. 1
Isaac McKeaver. U
John H. Aulick. It
Bladen Dtilany.
John Owjnn, and
Thomai W. Wyman,
Commander* Henry W Ogden.
Irrine Shubrick. and ii
William W. McKean.
Judge Advocate?Samuel Rush, of Philadelphia.
Commander McKenzie, who received yesterday
the older for his arrest, will be tried upon three ^
charges?the first murder, the second cruelty and
oppression. What the third is, we have not heard.
g
Theatrical Revival.?An astonishing revival in g
theatricals has taken place in this city. A lew
months since the theatres were deserted, now they ^
are all crammed from the pit to the ceiling. What j
is the reason of this] It is perfectly evident, ihe
prices have been lowered so as, in the elegant and
accurate phraseology of the bills, "to meet the ex- r
lgencies of the times " The middling classes are s
the only persons who can afford to pay for amusements
now-a-days The upper classes, who formerly
monopolized the->e enjoyments, are now in a
state of lotten bankruptcy, and can scarcely pre- J
serve their souls and bodies from dissolution, but \
the middling classes, who conduct the business of *
life on the cneap cash principle, can enjoy and J
arnuse themselves. But they wilt not pay much in 1
this way, and the managers in reducing the prices
from one dollar to twenty five cents and half-a-dollar
at farthest, present these classes of society
with the proper facility of procuring cheap amuse- i
merit, of which thev are now a vailing themselves T
? c
to the fullest extent. o
tl
Chatham Thkatrk?Thome h is indeed reduced ^
his |>rices, but hot exhibited a determination to place
a loadstone at his doors. This we state from positive
knowledge on our part. We hspt>ened to call
at the Chatham on some business, when we [>er
ceived that all was ac'ion and industry?canvass,
paint, dec. displayed largely the preparations mak- ?
ine to produce the grand pintommie called the
" Black Kaven ol the Tombs," which will indeed j'(
surpass expectation. This pantomime is one of o
whose merits we need not say much; the bills will ?,
more fully particularize. Brown, Davis, Mulligan o
and Oakie appear together in it?numerous tricks, r
beautiful transformations of scenery, dec. will take .
place. Thorne, we wish you had a larger theatre? !
there an enough to reward your untiring exertions, J
by filling it nightly ; you are always first to hit the
right nail on the head. The drama of "Crazy
Jane," will he |>erlormed with the above; in both
pieces the whole of litis talented company will
appear.
Nkw York Pm/?ts.?These hard working, enter- J
prising men, have a petition before the Legislature, (
asking for justice. It is to he hoped that it will be
given to them They have waited and suffered long 1
enough, and now is the time for reward. Let them
have their right* at once.
I iianks- To 11 irnden aud Adams, for Boston pa- "
per*, in advance of'the mail MB
Cltjr Illicit l?{?- <?-?'
Hansen HiMiBLr. ?Mr. Charles Cunningham, of 613
iMowick street, appeared at the low?r politt? oltice yeserday,
and made the following statement :?i hat ou the
3d instant, a man named James Crawford, who resides at
9 Greenwich lane, called upon him an 1 stated tnat hit
Tother, Adam Cunningham, of Middietown, Delawari
uumj , hi iuii etuir, nmu given mm, ivonu recently on I
sit to that place, the sum of (60 to deliver to Cunning
iam,on hi< arriral in tbiscity. That while on hia routi
0 thiicity.be waa stopped near Stone Bridie, Ul*ter co
iya man who Jumped iute tbe road,from behind a tre',an<
iretented a pistol at hia breaat, demanding hia money
1 hich troin b)dtly fear he delivered, including the (fr
ilaced in hia charge. That the whole amouut of mone;
in hii person, at ihetime of the robbery, waa $l?i. Pre
ious to mikiug thia statement, he hiformed Cunningham
hat the mouey waa taken trom him at a bouse whera in
tad lodged at the above named place. The contradictor;
tatements, with au injunction of secrecy that he wishei
o impoae upon Cunningham, at the time of relating th
uppoaed robbery, induced him to cause Crawford to b
irrested by officer Baker, on a charge of embezzle
ment, on which he haa been committed for furthe
investigation. This faahion of robbing one's tell ha
recently become (jutte common, but it is rare that a mat
is induced to commit such a peculiar felony for the smal
sum ol (60.
Tuc Shootiisu Cast.?Upon examination of witneste
yesterday it was ascertained that William Dyer, who we
a hand on board the schooner Wm. B. Marsh, is the n at
who tired the gun ou Thursday evening, when by th
four little children were shot. After firing it he askeStephen
Seabrook.one of the hands, il it was loaded, as h
iuuu|;iu uic Km iin'i >uuv:>cuuaeD! loe i>oy? over. 11
aid he thought the children were attempting to itea
wood and he wished to frighten them away. He escape
the same evening, and is still at large. His residence is a
Middletown Point, New Jersey.
The Riec Cais ?The woman Ellen Johnson, of No.
Pell street, who alleges that a rape was committed on he
person at a slaughter house in that street on Thursda;
night, appeared yesterday at the lower police, and state
that on the evening in question, as the had issued fror
the grocery at the corner of Pell and Doyer streets,wher
he had been to obtain a glass of beer, she was seized hv
? hite man, and forced into the slaughterhouse, whei
another person, who appeared by the feeling of the hai
ol his head to be a negro, who was inside the house
threw her on the tioor and attempted to violate her person
but was unsuccessful That she could not make a noli*
as her mouth was filled with something by on? of the twi
men, who said to the other, " Give her hull If she don't li
till," and then kicked her in the side. Two young mei
or boys, one a negro named David Laver, and another I
white boy called David Lent, were arrested on suspicioi
yesterday, and the woman recognized them as the twi
who attempted to violate her. They were committed fo
rurther investigation. On her examination, she statei
previous to drinking the beer at the grocery, she hai
lrank three glasses ot brandy. She says she is a marrier
woman, and that her husband is in Philadelphia. Thi
'.ircumstances are hardly sufficient to justify tha magis
rates in committing the boys tortrial.
New York Legislature?In Senate, Jan. 26 ?
Petitions were presented for and against the repea
af the Exemption Law. By Mr. Foster, relative t<
>minon Schools in the city ol Brooklyn.
Mr. Dickinson moved a call upon the Comptrolle
or a report of the amount of State debt, of all kinds
ind the average amount received for auction anr
<alt duties for the last five years, <5cc., which wai
adopted.
Several bills of local interest were considered it
Committee of the Whole, and the bill to abolish the
tffice of Inspector General o* Sole Leather in th?
:itv of New York, was passed.
The bill to aid the New York and Erie Railroac
vas taken tip, hut slipped over without debate 01
akingany question thereon.
A hill grantingan extension of time to the North
imerican Trust and Banking Co. was passed, and
le Senate adjourned
In Assembly.?Numerous petitions were preented
for and against the repeal of the Exemption
il?'. ^
nv ivir. niBBAKD? ror a momncanon ot the law
elative to |he inspection of oils; lor the repeal of
he fire limit law of the citv of New York.
T.y Mr Thompson?Of John Haggertv and many
ither mercantile firm-' of the city ol New York,
ora law allowing the .Utica and Schenectady Railoid
to carry freiaht.
By Mr Jones?Tlie memorial and remonstrance ol
he Marine Insurance Com iani-9 in the city ot New
fork. against the law now landing contemplating
in alteration of the Pilot LawsMr.
Flagi.kr otlered a resolution, which lies over,
ppointing a committee to inquire into the sale ol
he Ithaca and Owego Railroad, with power to send
r?r persons and papers.
Rj'porU ? Mr Hi,.t,,!i bill to incorporate the Amerian
St ?r Mutuil Insurance Company in the city of
lew York.
Mr LsLAND.a bill to incorporate th* Atlas Mutual
nsurance Company in the ci?y of New York.
The committee of 'he whole, Mr. Foster in the
hair, passed the hill to incorporate the New York
boating Dry Dock Company.
The committee of the whole, Mr. Wright in the
hair, passed the hill in relation to the Trustees of
he Seamen's Fund and Retreat in the city of New
fork.
The House, in committee of the whole, passed
he bill for the amendment of the charter of the
Jowerv Insurance Co.
The House, in committee ol the whole, was enaged
for a while with the bill to incorporate the
layuga and Susquehannah Railroad Company, but
'ithout taking any question adjourned.
The Next Steamer.?No steamer will leave Engind
till the 4th of next month?the Acadia s'arte
ten. On the 10th, the Great Western leaves. Af?r
that day we shall have steamships in abundance
otn England, France, and Belgium.
Northern Express. ? We are constantly indebted
, k. d..11.. Aw n aii
I a. viiKiwj vu.f aim a. uiicii wv vuf'j', iui /iiumiv
apers in advance of the mail. Pomeroy Ac Co. run
p the river and over the Housatonic Railroad. Pul u
Ar Copp arrived here yesterday at half past 7
'clock
Fall in Pricks?It is said that the butter dealers
i this city will lose a Rood deal of money, in conscience
of the early opening of the Hudson. The
:ock was never before so large, and prices never sc
>w. Other kinds of produce have been affected in
le same way.
News from India.?It will come by the Hotjin
;uer, which was to leave Liverpool on the 5th in
itant.
sream-hip Caledonia.?This steamer will leav?
ioston next Wednesday for Halifax and Liverpool
der letter bags will close in this city on Tuesday.
NaviGAtioN.?Mild weather continue,s and tlx
iver is, therefore, still open. May it never close
igain.
Bankrupt List.
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK.
Stearni A. Houghton. New York.commia ion merchant
*mf! Newman, New York, phyaician ; Angelina Brown
few York, boarding housekeeper; John D Arthur, N
fork, late merchant ; William Adama, New York, agent
lamuel Ro ? e, Windham, (Jroen Co , laborer; Jonathan
Vilt, New York ; John Low Sattord, New York : John M
leelman. Flathuah, Kings Co., farmer ; John CatliD, N?w
fork, merchant. *
Superior Court.
Bifore Full Bench.
.Ia?. ?T)rrt glon. ? f\ V S' Ifotte vi. Tinker! L'/ih
Zand! ?In our r(.'|>ort of this case on Friday we wereeroneoiisly
informed, and published, that the Sheriff refusd
to j ay over the money. He did not refuse to pay it
ver, but merely waited lor the derision ot the Judge ol
he Superior Court, ami upon receiving acertifirate ot the
eciaion of the Judge, he immediately paid over the mi
r
V. S. District Court.
Before Judge BetU.
Ji"s. 18.?In re Jamei Hannrt, Jr. per Curiam?This it
petition by n creditor lor a decreeof bankruptcy against
ie debtor. Objections to the decree are Interposed, by a
nr.I |>eraon, a party in interest, which in effect are a deinrrer
to the petitioner.
The points argued have accordingly been w hether there
i enough n|>on the faceot the petition to entitle the crediir
to a decree of bankruptcy in invitam against his debtr.
The Judge here proceeds to stute the (minis of the
as at length, and then says?I have strong doubts whe
h?T the proceedings could be sustained without a direct
llegation that the debtor was a trader at the time he comnitted
the aets ol bankruptcy. On the other pointa, it ap
.ears to me the caie is cleai , that enough is not stated to
object the parly to these c otnptilsory proceedings, ami I
ball accordingly lake the broad ohjnction that tifion the
edition it does not appear that the party has committed
my act of bankruptcy.
Circuit Court,
Before Judge Kent.
Jais. as?Matthew T. Wot/a, e, et at. vs. ban I K.Morte.?
This was an action of trover, to recover goods alhged to
tsve been obtained under false pretene.es. It is alb g-d
hat the defendant represented himself to be ol sge, when
ie was not. A case precisely to this against Mr. Morse,
vas tried in this Court a short tim? since, and fully re
torted in the Herald.
M'-Ke,n V liisworth for plaintiff; Cutting and Blier
ood for defendant.
Court of Common Plena.
Before Jodge Ingraham.
J?s as?J/etthulh ip 8chull^ vs Juhn Clark ?This wai
n action on a note ol some The deb nee was thai
t was a stockjobbing transaction
Mr. fc. Saniord lor plaintiff j Mr. Jordan for defendant.
Mercantile library Lecture*,
James G. Bennett. Ksq. :?
Dear Si*,
1 havr rend wiili much satisfaction your true and
timely remarks, in your valuable pa|*r ol Thursday,
respecting the course pursued by the directors of.
' and the course of lectures delivering before, th?
1 members of the Mercantile Library Association,
i 1 have been for many years a member of the institution,
and have attended its lectures nearly every
, winter since th-y were established; have ever enter
turned for it the most friendly feelings, and antici'
>nled fo it and it < lectures, a growing repututio'
1 ind usefulness i hut I inus' say,for the last few yean
it has sadly fallen short of e\-n previous attain
it merits. Their presentcourse of lecturesaredecidedli
, insipid and unprofit thle. Who alter list-mug to ai
unmeaning and unintelligible flourish of flowert
n phrases, abou. "(renins." "Shirt of the Age,'
" Romance of the times," (which I would dehoe
e was the tickling the fancy ol an audience lor fills
r dollars an hour) by theie " wise men of the east,'
i whose reputation have tar outran their worth, find?
P nimself wiser or better!
f The influence ot the institution generally, 1 also
think ol late, has not been so beneflcial as it ought to
have been. lathe present class ol merchants and
r clerks .more remarkable for sobriety, integrity,
useful intelligence, and business habit*! I trow not.
11 I fear they are more desirous to make a figuie in
] ih? drawing than in the counting-room; moreainbi
fious of being " Bvrons" ( is Boz verv express vely
terms th m) than Barings?the study of bookkeeping
? is c >ns dered beneath the " dignity ol their nature,"
i md the rules of etiquette wi h thetn are more imn
port mt than the rules ot business
Imtead of having meetings lor mutual improve.
. ment in debate, intercourse and consultation, the\
1 must get up an anniversary festival, to cot a figure
e in the papers, and at which to their shame, with all
e their stores ol knowledge, the v have not available
il minds sufficient to respond to the sentiment, " Th,1
Merchants of New York," but rely upon an editor
, to do it. Shame!
Formerly,at their annual meetings, we were wont
to see assembled our old and valued merchants, and
8 their countenance and advice was listened to und
r respected; but now we have a tgathering of nugy
nacious youths, who epout and electioneer wiihall
J the nir and gusto of a hack politician, so that di-ir
iMilished cornerstone, the worthy President of the
a Clinton Hull Association, can hardly restrain their
? impetuosity, much less sharpen their wit. Hut it'r
r the " spirit of the age."
T h<\iiA (Ka itrucwnf Kno vrl nf rli eiiof orn tuill nnf K?
, . ...V ........... ui.vvxxo mil
i, -low in learning a lesson from the " ezprea-mnot
'i the spirit" of its members, (as I understand they
9 will gain a loss of several hundred dollars by their
* present course of lectures) and instead of sendma
J to other cities (or men to lecture on every subject
, but what is usclul, and paying extravagant prices,
b let them encourage native talent upon philosophir
cal, Scientific, or commercial subjects; and instead
1 of catering to the fancy of the public at the expense
f and detriment of its members, let their aim be to
1 make honest, capable niTchants, and useful citi"
zens; then may the merchants of New York be as
distinguished for their iutegrity and intelligence, as
the city is for the safety an i spaciousness ol its har.
uor, and Clinton Hall be, as it ought, their Alma
| Mater. Koscok.
Anti-Slavery Meeting at Fankuil Hall?Abr
by Folsom on her Feet again.?Yesterday the
Massachusetts Anti Slavery Society commenced its
j annual session at Faneuil Hall. Francis Jackson
s Esq., the President, called it to order, and altera
few preliminary proceedings, Mrs. Abbv Folsom
, arose, with a bundle of manuscript in her hand, and
? gave notice of an intention to read it. The I'resi.
dent said the first business in order was the reading
of the annual report ; and requested Mrs. Folsom
I to wait until it was read.
r With much apparent reluctance, the she-orator
consented to do so ; and as soon as the report wai
finished, she was on her taps again, " with spectai
cles on nose, ' and commenced reading, when u
motion was made that she defer it until the Treasurer's
Keport, which was next in order, was read.
Mrs. Folsom?Mr President, you told me I might
read my address as soon as the Annual Report was
read
President?You are mistaken ; 1 requested you
to defer it until that Reiairl was read, and I now
again request you to defer it until we have the Treat
surer's report.
Mrs. Folsom ?That's it?all about dollars and
cents?the miserable dross before truth and justice.
[ Rut I want to read my speech now, and 1 appeal to
the meeting whether I may not.
; The question was then taken on her being allowed
to proceed. There was a single " aye" (Mrs. Fol,
soni's own?It could be heard among a thousand)
I and numTous voices in the negative.
I The President declared it the decision of the
meeting that >he should not proceed.
" Doubted," exclaimed Mrs F in a voice somewhat
refembling Mrs. Fitzwilliam's " Pee-ter."
The voie was again taken, and Mrs. Fo'som's
single voice alone was heard in favor of her interruption
of the proceedings. Finding 'he vote against
her, she determined to " read her piece" whether or
no. All attrmpts to stop her without force proving
unavailing, she was permitted to go on and have her
own way, and she read a long tirade against the Insane
Hospital (of which she was recently an 111inmate^?against
the Houses of Correction?against
every thing that could restrain men, and particularly
women, from doing just as they pleased?and
wound up with proposing the form <tion ofanew So
ciety, which should have no ?fficers, and no restrain"
against the universal use of the tongue.
As thi' oration was enongn for one day, we "mizzled"
when it was concluded If the rest of tlio
proceedings were on a par with the commencement
we doubt whether the world will be emancipated
for a whole year to come, if not longer.? Bust on
Mail.
i
Fanny Elssler.?We find the following in a Paris
paperPillet, the director of the 0,iera at Paris,
having obtained a decree of 60,000 francs damages
against Fanny Elssler, in consequence of her breaking
her engagement with him, lately proceeded to
! seize some rich furniture which remained in the
apartments occupied by Fanny before her departure
to the United States
The Vlarquis * , who had known Fanny Elssler
and Iter sister at Vienna, presented himself, and
claimed the furniture as the attorney of Madmotselle
Theresa Elssler. The question was argued before
the court?the opera director maintaining that all
l the furniture, except a few anicles which he was
ready to have separated from the others, was the
property of Fanny before her departure The apart:
ments, however, were hired in the name of Mdlle
i Theresa, and the bills of the articles were made out
, in her name. The court decided that the property
belonged to Theresa, and that the seizure was of no
efTect With regard to damages and interest, it
was decreed that there was no reason for granting
any thing on that accoun', and the opera director
was condemned to pay the costs.
New Packet ."imrs.?Walk up to the ship yards
and see the new packet ships an the stocks. The
sight is worth the walk.
Well Filled?All the ice houses, notwithstanding
the mild weather.
Beautiful Sight?The Park Fountain every
day.
; Abu.n-ant-Coughs and colds in this rity. Cause:
thin shoes, and sudden changes in the weather.
i Extortionate ?The driver of cab No. 26 ?
| Don't ride with bim.
Works Well?The new fire district system
Curious.?Our streets are as dusty as in midsurn>
mer.
0(7? We know not whether Barnnm, of the American
Museum, is a Millerite, but if he believed in the speedy
destruction ol the universe,he could not crowd on attrac
tion* and novelties any l ater. He announces for this
week such talent and m igniucent attractions as cannot
tail to produce a daily and nightly overflow. Of these
ar# three eminent vocalists, ten beautiful dancers, ini
eluding that rare genius, La Petite Oleste; the biilliant
animated tableaux, and two grand military spectacles ?
1 Napoleon crossing the Alps, and the Burning of Moscow.
We had nearly forgotten what every body should remember,
that this is positively the last week of the remarkable
Gen. Tom Thumb, Jr , ol Liliputian celebrii y.
(Ry-THE QUESTION SETTLED.?Persons who still
doubt the nower of Hewes' Nei vc nn.i Rnnp I.iniment ?nr)
Indian Vegetable Elixer, to cure all cateaol rheumatiam,
contracted niuacles ami rord*, ntif) joint*, swelled limb,
and gout, ar? requeated to call on (he agent*.Waar*. Comatock
V llo*?, 26 Magazine atreet, and get the name* oi
genth men of the firat atanding, who have bem cured ol
the e complaint* by thu remedy. We do not want you tci
t ike our word lorthia, but a?k person* who have mifl.-red
for year* with rheumatiam arid gout, and are now well,
what haa cured them, and they will tell you He vet' Net v.
and Rone Liniment and Indian Vegetable Klixrr?N. Orient*
paper.
The aaine article can be had of C.xnUock It Co. 71 Mai
den Lane, NY, and Copiatock fc Williama, No. fl Narth
Fifth atreet, Philadelphia.
(K7- WHAT THEY WILL DO -II ia a (act that Dr.
Sherman'* Worm Loienge* are an infallible remedy lot
the acnurge* of extatener It ia a fact that the Cough
Lozengaa made by the aame gentleman nev-r fall to eutr
a cold or cough, when prop-rlv administered and takei
in aeaaon It ia a tact that bia Hea'lache Lozenge* curi
the very worat headache In ten minute* That hi< Too
Mau'i t'.R.ter i. a delight ol remedy for all rheumatic at
i fer.tiont f)r Hbertnan'ii W irehouae i* it 10H Nnsaati *t.\
g-nta, 110, 27* and t.Vl Broalway: 227 H ildsotl atreet
I in B twery ; 77 Kail BroaJwav i US William atreet, and 131
Kultou atreet, Brooklyn.
I BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL ?
I Mathlngton. 'J
[Correspondence oi the Herald.] ?(
Washington. Friday nigh\> ;a
Jan 27, 1*43. 5 W
Drath of the Exchequer In the HomeLarge
Vote In favor of the hub-Treasury? ^
Expresses?Oregon,
The Senate did nothing to-day, but the He me b\ m
h large vote, 193 to 19, gave the coup dt gract, t<
Mr. Webster's Exchequer.
It was Private Bill day, but all that was pushe
ff Mr. Russei.t. got n resolution passed that afte' o
next week, the House should meet at 11 o'clock, A pj
M. Cost Johnson presented several memorials it u
favor of his great government stock p'an ; all whicl If
were reported to the Select Committee, who tir? 'n
lohnson, Gentry, Casey, Adams, Tom Marshall.
Cravens, Morris, Cooper and Howard.
Then the House took up the Exchequer. h
Mr. Fillmore took the floor to make the las'
peech on the subject. But as on a motion ti n
re-consider, Mr. C J Incersoll, (one of the mos h
talented men in the House) made a most excellent
speech, 1 have given him in full in preference to m
I?. 11til
Vlr. Fiu.morf. sbid, the reason why the Committer
lid not report ariv plan, whs becausp Mr Cu"hins!V
Inn wis already befor* the House undisposed of; i 10
najori y of th" Committee were in favor of a U. S "J
li-tnk As to the safe keeping and disbursements oi h
the public monev, there w-s the ect of 1789, siatine "
how this whs to fie done by the Treasurer of th" U. ">
States, and there was the joint resolution of 1816 f0
stating that the dues were to be paid in gold and ail- In
ver. And the penal part of the Pub-Treasury waa 'r'
still retained, and made even stronger than before
Mr. Fii.t.mork consumed the rest of his hour in read- b\
ine and commenting on a speech of Cushing's in 1,1
1837 (in dales and Seaton's Register, vol. 14, paM ar
1, page 883.) in which Gushing denounced unmerci
fully, just such a scheme us the present Exchequer. ,r<
After he got through, several tried to get th? P"
fl?or; but the previous question was demanded, and h
tellers were ordered on seconding it
Mr. Thompson (of Miss.)?I move to lay the en
whole subject on the table. (Great excitement, *?e
and several on the floor.) >f
Gushing-I call for the ayea and nays. *>
They resulted, ayes 66; nays 141. 'h
ISo it was not laid on the table. The question n
then recurred on the previous questior?this was '"b
seconded 98 to 75?and the previous question was 'o
then put on Atherton's amendment to the resolu ??
lion of the Committee of Ways and Means. Here cn
it is. and it is in fact a regular Sub Treasurys?t
"And that the Committed of Ways and Means be in. oa
structed to bring in a hill regulating' the collection, safe- I >
keeping, transfer, and disbursement ot the public money, re
in such n manner as shall, as tar as possible, substituti (?
provisions of law for Executive discretion inthe manage ro
ment of the finances; shall prevent the moneys of the c
people from being used for purposes of private speculation '
and emolument, and shall render the Government independent
of the agency and influence of moneyed corpo- Pr
rations." . ca
This was onlv rejected .by six votes. The vote to
was? an
Ates. Noes. gr
10S US fn
And as six votes would have thus caused the vc
House to restore the Sub-Treasury, you had better ar
publish the names. an
Ykas?Messrs. Arrington, Athertoa, Beeson, Birtlack n
Black, Bowne, Brewster, Aaron V. Brawn, Chns. Brown m
Burke, William O. Butler, Green W. Caldwell, P. C. Cald to
well, Cary, Casey Cttapman, Clifford, Clinton, Coles, Col- rf>
qu'tt, Cross, Cashing, Daniel, RichHrd D Davis, D iwson,
Dean, Doan, Doig, Eastman, John C. E l wards, Egbert. ,
Ferris, John O Floyd, Charles A. Floyd, Fornance, T F
Foster, Gerry, Gilmer, William O. Goode, Gordon. Gustine,
Owin. Halste 1, Harris, Hastings, Hays, Hopkins. I'h
Houck. Houston, Hubard, Hunter, Cnarles J. Ingersoll. ha
Wm W. Irwin, Jack, Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Is.iar (n
D. Jones. K*'im, Andrew Ke nedy. Lewis, Littlefl-ld 'ic
Lowell, Abraham McClellan, Robert Mc.Clellan, McKay Jn
McKeon, Mallory, Marchand Alfred Marshall, John T
Mason, Matth-ws, Medill, Miller, Newhard, Oliver, Par- .
menter. Partridge, Payne, Pick? ns, Re id, Reding, Rench ea,
Reynolds, Rhett, Riggs, Rogers, Roosevelt, Sanfard,
Saunders, Sewell, Shields, William Smith, Snyder, Stei n
rod, Sumter, 8weney. Jacob Thompson. Trotti, Turney. I'll
Van Buren, Ward, Watterson, Weller, West brook, Wood w
?105. an
Nayb?Messrs. Adams, Allen, Landnff. W. Andrews, lit
Sherlock J Andrews, Arnold, Aycrig, Babeock, Baker. tl<
Barnard, Barton, Birdseye, Blair, Boardman, Borden, ha
Bolts, B riggs, Brock way, Bronson, Milton Browa, Jere jH
minh Brown, Bnrnell, William Butler, Calhoun, T J ...
Campbell, Caruthers, Childs, Crittenden, John C. Clark,
Staley N Clarke. Cowcn, Cranston, Cravens, Gariett "
Davis, Deberry, John E Iwards, Everett, Fessenden. Fill
more, A. Lawrence Foster, Gates, Gentry. Gidd'ngs. "r
Patrick G. Goode, Graham, Granger, Green, Hull, Henry, *11
Howard, Hudson, Hunt,J. R. Ingersoll, J. Irvin, James,W he
C. Johnson, J. P Kennedy, King, I,ane. Linn, McKennan. h\
Samson Mason, Mathiot, Mattocks, Maxwell, Maynnrd ,.v
Meriwether, Mitchell, Moor.*, Morgan, Morris, Morrow
O-horne, Owsley, Puarce, Pendleton, Powell, Ramsey, u.
Bi-njtmin Randall, Alexander Randall, Randolph, Ridg
way, Rodney, William Russell, Jatnes M- Russell, Saltou
stall, Shepperd, Sla.le, Truman Smith, Stanly, Stokely.
Stra'ton, Alex. H. H Stuart, John T Stuart. Summurs. je<
Taliaferro,John B Thompson, Richard W.Thompson, of
Tillinghast. Toland, Tomltnson, Triplet!, Trumbull, Un- ve
derwood, Wallace, Warren, Washington, Edward D Vl
White, Joseph L- White, Thomas W Williams, Christo tn
pher H. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Winthrop, Yorke, i.
Augustus Young, John Young?115. ^
This vole astonished the House, and every body (I
tsked what had become of the great whig majority ,n
The qnesiion was then taken on the resolution o! |e
ilte Committee, as follows:? io
Resolved, That the plan of nn Exchequer presented to he
Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury at the 1 >at scs ,|sion,
nnd enti'led " A hill amendatory of the cereral act* hu
establishing the Treasury Department," ought not to b>- 1()
adopted.
This was adopted, ayes 193 ; nays, 18. Here arc ..q
the names, with those ot the guard. You see f;a
about 20 members were absent. /u
Yr.as?Messrs. Adams, Allen, L. W. Andrews, S.J, An- stl
drews, Arnold. Arrington, Atherton, Aycrigg, Babcock ei
Baker, Barnard, Beeson, Bi'lack, Birdseye, Black. Blair m
Boardman, Botts, B >yd, Brewster, Briggs, Brockwny, f(>
Bronson.A. V. Brown, .vtilton Brown, cnartes Brown, t
Jeremiah Brown, Edmund Bitrko, B irker, Burnell, Wm ,
Butler, Wm. O Butler, Calhoun, Campbell, Caruthen n
Cary, Casey, Chapman, Cliildi, Chittenden, J. C. Clark j!r
9. N. Clarke, Clifford, Clinton, Cole*, Colquitt, Cranston, h<
Craveus, Cross, Daniel, R. D. Davis, Dawson, D- ati, Dr. 10
berry, Doan, Doig, Eastman, John E<lwards, J C Ed je
wards, Egbert, Evere't Ferris, Fesseuden, Fillmore. J. G en
Floyd, Fornance. A L Fns'er, Oaten, Gentry, Oerry, w
Oilmi-r, Oiode, Gordon, Graham, Granger, Green, Gus- fe
tine, Owinn, H ill, Harris, Hays. Hopkins, Houok, How- .
ton Howard, Hubard, Huntar, Hunt, C. J. Ingeisoll, J R ''
Ingersill, Irvin, James, Cave Johnson, J W Jones ,'tl
Keim, Kennedy, King, Lane, Lewis, Linn, Littlefleld, 'h
Lowell, A. McClellan, R M.-Clellan, MrKav, Mc- sa
Kennan, McKcon, Mullory, Marchand, A. Marshall, 8 in
Ma?on, J. T. Mason, Matbiot, Mathews. Mattocks, ,,f
Msxwell. Msynard, Medill, Meriwether, Miller,Mitchell. [ (
vtoore, Morgan, Morrow, Newhard, Oliver, Oihorn. , j,.
O wsley, Purmenter, Partridge. Payne, Pearce, Pendleton '
Pickens, Powell, Ramsey; B Randall, A. Randall, Ranilolph,
Read, Redlnir, Reynolds, Rhett, Ridaway. Higr>. ,f
Rodney, Rogers, Roosevelt, W. Russell, J. M Russell t"
8altonstall, Saunders, Sewell, Shepperd, Shields, Slade, ha
T. 8m'th, Snyder, Sprigg, Stanly, Steenrod, Stoke, or
ly, Stratton, Alexander H. H. Stuart, J. T. Stewart, qu
Sumter, Sweeney, Taliaferro, John B. Thompson, ^0
Richard W. Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Toland, Tom- ...
Iinson, Tiiplett, Tro'ti, Trnmbtill, Turney, Underwood,
VanBuren, Wallace, Ward, Warren, Washing!-n, Wei- !
ler, Westbrook, Edward D. White, Joseph L. White,
Christopher H Williams. Joseph L Williams, Wood. ri"
Vorke, Augustus Young, John Young?193. be
\?rs.? Messrs. II irton, Borde i. Bnwne, G. W. Cald a
well, Cowen. Cmhing, Foster, P. G. Qjode, Hulsted, Hud mi
on. Irwin, W. C.Johnson, I. D Jones, Morris, Rencher. re(
Tillinghast, T. W. Williams, Winthrap ?IS.
>Tr Buknkll moved a reconsideration of th' ca
vote, because he wanted to say that he condemned do
the conduct of those who would do nothing for the 'hi
country flu
Ciiari.es J. Imokrroll then rose and renewed the he
motion to reconsider. All the members crowded na
up to hear him, and i He House whs as still as death, nn
Mr C. J Imiersow, raid?This measure. Mr. of
S|*?nker, relating to the Exchequer, originated with pr<
the President; whereas the only legitimate origin of
any measure to regulate tl?e great monetary power th<
of these United StHtes is this House of Ifepresenta'ives.
(Here Mr. Underwood, a (/lay whig, from go
Kentucky, and a man of great talent, criecf out. jm
^ Good, that's good doctrine.") Ann I want to nr
see this doctrine held and sustained by all parties. f,i
and it will tend more than anything else to the paci- co
ficatmn and harmony of all parties on this great tat
question, and to bring about some good measun it
lor regulating the currency. Still, Mr Speaker, 1 fo|
feel a deep debt of gratitude towards the President hit
for what he has done; and ! think the country is not in
sufficiently awake to the importance of the debt it in)
owes Mr. Tyler. It has been said that lieisa Pre. ?r?
sident without a party; and 1 am not certain that it At
is absolutely necesfl.ry to have a large party tonus- |irt
tain him. Hut at any rate, pirty or no party, h? si
lias taught the people that there is a virtue in the wi
Constitution of which they were not hitherto aware ca
That all the duties of the Government?executive? hit
legislative?judicial?may be carried on by a gen (I0(
tlemnn not prepared by the people for the first office; tVN
i'.d tb.it vet in this new and difficult aspect, every Tf
thing works well On the liapi>ening of this new yo
coti iogency, which now occurs for the first tune in Ai
the history of ourcountry, we are satisfied that then in
can he no check to our excellent institutions?that of
ill will go on as before, and work with harmony >
ind 1 wish the country fully to understand end np \V
nreciate this, as showing that at all times, undei
such oircumstances, the regular and constiuitiona
unctions of the Government will he properly per yo
ormed This fact is a striking snd most satisfactory >t
leinonstration of tfie truth of what Mr. Jeffersoii no
ai t, that this is the strongest Government ill tie r>
vorid. The practical demonstration of all this con ,In
Mtii es a deep and lusting debt ol gratitude wliicl .e|
ve i we to the President. Hut although all my r> o
tiions and intercourse with that g-nilem m hav< it
been ol a kind and moat respeetlul character, yet i iro
%
1 j*
* strong reason tor opi^s'itim on mv part that this
(cliequrr is recommended by the President at all
tia House is not so generally familiar as it ought
he with the act of 1798 1 have studied that act
??t thoroughly. And I almost think that that ornic
act, coeval with the days of Hamilton, ol
ashington, of KIN worth?
Cushino?Of Madison?
Ingkkoou.?01 Madison, and all the great IramerF
the Constitution, who came into Congress under
t Constitution?that that act contains the gem and
sis of all we want; and that by our departing from
nrincioles of rhnr not haa naltooH all nnr ttraoonl
Acuities; and that only by returning to those prin
>!es shall we recover out lost ground. I am by no
'utis committed to the Sub-Treasury scheme. 1
ited for it, and sha'l vote for it again; hut I am not
dded to it And I still say that the Independent
eaanry ought never to have been made an Exe ive
or a party question at all. This was wrong ?
the principle in it is right, it is sufficient for us to
i for the principle without allowing it to be made
i Executive or party measure. The act 6f '89 gives
the basis of ail we want, and if we were to go
ck to it, we should find it infinitely better for all
e purt>oees of trade and commerce than a United
ates Hank Subsequently to this act,a passage in a
essxge ?l the Preside! t was supposed to recom
rid he sabli-hmino a National Rank and hence
e first United States Bank was started, and this
r a Inns time became the depository of govern
enf funds, and the great regulator of the currency
id exchanges; and this continued increasing m
wer until we saw. in the time of the late United
ates R'nk. that it became the despot for party purges
Then, sir. came the State hanks, which 1
Imit were started by our party. (Laughter from
e whigs, and cries of " That's candid.") These
ere set up with a view to counteract the banking
the National Bank; and this struggle went on,
nning through the suspension ol specie payments
England, until this country was literally and
nlv almost banked to destruction. Now, sir, we
e fast recovering from that. Let us take warning
i the past?and look well what we do for the fure
The President recommends n treasury bank
id I. for one, do not feel nil the holy horrors that
hers profess to feel at such an institution?hu' a
*a.-ury bank, such as he recommends, with large
per issues, not all based on specie, t nd to have
a nnvi'p r nf ia<rii| 11 f i nrr thp pypIi it nffpu is fh*? mnai
rmidable nnd most fearful of all the powers that
in he imagined. You, Mr. Speaker, well remem
r an eloquent speech m ule on this floor in favor
the United States Ikink, (and of which then
ere 100,(KM) copies printed and distributed,) where
e argument turned entirely on the power of the
ighty exchanges of that institution. Fir, theseexlanges
are the main stimulus, the most dangerous
mentation of that inordinate, extravagant spirit
speculation, which has been the curse of the
mntry. And, sir, no government, with my vote,
all have the power to issue paper "promises to
y" that is n't dollarfor dollar based on specie. Yet,
tm not bigoted; I am willing'to look atthe measure
commended by the gentleman from Massachusetts,
lushing) and to give it all due consideration, and
adopt any portion of it that I believe to be bene
ial to the country. But I cannot yield to this
easure, which has been pressed, and no uadult
cssed upon us by the President! From all that 1
n see, hear, read, and learn, the President seems
have made the passage of this Exchequer a strong
id favorite object. Sir, with all the respect and
atitnde that I feel for that distinguished man, that
ct, sir, would be an additional reason for nie to
>te against it. But to return to the act of '89, sir;
e gent'emen aware that that act not only creates
i Independent Treasury, but an Independent Serreru
of the Treasury 1?one who is not obligated to
ake his reports to the President, but must report
this House. And this Mouse can at all times, by
solution, call that Secretary to_ the bar of the
oiise?not being under the necessity of writing to
m for any information it may want, and receiving
ritten answers; but the House has the power ol
icing that Secretarv of the Treasury there atthe
r, and then and there to question him to the
llest extent as to the state of the finances, the pub.
treasury, and every matter within the scope of his
ities. A peculiar power, this, nnd showing what
as the de-ign of the wise and prudent framers of
at act. That act of '89 has not been altered
ace?it still s.ands in the Statute Bock, and there
will stand until something better shall take its
ace. Now what is this measure of the President,
Itich has been twice recommended in his message,
id about which there has been "somuch comnto>n"
(laughter) and a long debate, and a speech.
>out which so much has been said,and which I shall
ive something to say about, from|a gentleman who
not o"ly very distinguished by his proper name,
it who has been sometimes called Titan, and
metimes Tiger, and Hercules, nnd Demi-God,
id sometimes Vesuvius, and Mont Blanc, and a
ucible, and a lion, and sometimes Samson?and
1 sorts of things 1 (Roars oflaughter ) As to hiing
called G?d-like, that's nothing, sir. For the
rperbolical exaggerations in this House, throw
'erv thing else ssid of him out of this House, far
tollies-hade. Now, that gentleman, in his celeated
speech at Boston, which was so widely cirilated,
and which has created so great a sensain
far and wide, says, that if there is anyone subct
which he does thoroughly understand, it is that
currency and finance. Now, sir, I say he knows
ry little or nothing about it. (Great laughter.)
t least, sir, w th all due deference to that gentlean,
I can only say, that if he understands it. 1
in't. (Hoars of laughter^ He says, tm, sir, in
at speech, that he's a buljionist. I deny it!
..augliter ) He's no bullionM at all, sir No
an can be a bullionist, who will give to the Presi nt
the power to is-ue paper money as he proposes
no. iNow, nr. lie may t>e Mont blanc, he may
Vesuvius, he may be a tiger, a Titan, a Samson,
whatever else you please, but I deny that he's a
llionist, if he would give to the President that vast
wer of regulating the mighty exchanges cf this
untry. Now, at, instead of his views being the
initiations of a master mind, as they have been
lied, I pronounce them crudities and puerilities,
(Laughter.) No man who had thoroughly
idied the subject, would thus express himself, units
he was determined to carry his project over
en's minds and through men's minds, by |he mere
rce of his ipic dixit. Sir, he says that he will pledge
a reputation that this measure, if tried,would relieve
e coun'ry. Yes, sir, it would relieve the country,
ecisely as it would relieve him, or as it would re ve
me, if either of us were sick, to go and gel
ly well drunk, as it is;terined ?(Laughter) muny
'nilemen here know well what I mean; and the
irmus effect it would have?(Hen* the members
ere convulsed with laughter, particularly Briges,
e President ol the Temperance Society.) No
>ubt, sir, we should feel unconimonly happy and
mfortable for a little while; hut, then, asour friend
e President of the Temjwrance Society would
V, we should have to get up next morning with h
osi shocking headache, and with nil the rem rsi
a disordered-tomach. (If oars of laughter) Sir,
>elif ve that the c >uutry is, to a great extent iniced
to believe that Congress can relieve the
ople, if it will And I, for one, will give all due
cention to every measure proposed on this subject;
id if my vote can give relief, the country shall
iveit. Sir, without any reference to party views
feelings, or any connection with any miserable
estion of president making, I am disposed to
iubt the propriety of passing any new meusure just
present. I know that nothing but the terrible
nulaiinn the country has undergone could ever
ve caused it to make up to the subject of the curncyasit
has done. But, sir, I think it will he
iter- much belter?if we can keep the doctors ofl
little while longer?wh'lst the patient is recoverr?for
he is getting bettpr?and ihe country will
cover better, and sooner than by any nostrnms of
y kind thatweean administer. Because, sir, we
n do nothing that is not future, contingent, and
ubtfiil. I denv. sir. that n nalsv has overtaken
r country, an has been stated I know thut the inence
ol the banking power in this country has
en immense and disastrous ; and that influe nce
s struck in every direction. But still, sir, it has
t palsied the country. Look nt our immense crops
wheat, of cotton, of com, ot almost every kind ol
idure.
A Member?Yes, but what price can you get for
rn I
Fimokrsoli/?I am asked how pricesareto lie made
od attain 1 Can we do it by any Treasury hocut
cut f Let us be honest and many, and say so. Let
look to Mother Earth and her eldest daughter,
ibor. They arc doing the work of relieving the
untry, and will continue to do if. Let the Secre y
of State, instead of spending his great mind?if
be n great mind?and I admit it is a great mind
r making speeches?let him, instead of spending
i great mind about matters with which he lias noth3
to do, and ol which he knows but little or noth
let him spend his great mind in his legitimate
ivince?extending the commerce of the country,
present the commerce ol all our Atlantic cities is
isfra'ed. and the men are standing idle in the
eets and wharves. He could make arrangements
th many nartsof Europe, Asia, and South Ameri,
by which our commerce could be increased dou
and even treble Where w- now export #60,1,000,
in a year or two we might export #160,000,),
in cotton, wheat, tobacco, rice, every thinglore's
a legitimate plan for raising prices: put
ur Exchequer thus in Germany, in Asia, in South
rierica?put your Exchequer there,and make them
your favor, and you will neither have to complain
the prices or hard imea. And then let Mr Tyler
the candidate for the next presidency, or Mr
blister the candidate?
Wish?Oh, that won't do.
IxmtRsot.L?It will make hut little difference to
' r prices. And in two years, if all the energies
the country he expended on these great constitu
nal objects of this Government, that is the in use
ol Ciunmerc , weshall have no more trenhh
out prices and c irrency. And then,instead of ex
lding all our laculties in vain?instead of tryine
get hi tlie hi ail through the toe- ? we shall stnk>
one right at the heart of the whole thing?am
m the extremities to the centre every pulsation
> ? J '
wi!l;bent with opulence, contentment, hard money,
and with all that a nation eun enjoy. I hear, sir,
That the Secretary of State is ahant to leave us i hut
then wf hear all sortsof things now a (lava, and such
Grange things all the time, that we scarcely know
what to oelievc. I hear that he is soon to leave us
on a sort ol collateral mission to Lord Ashburt'n's.
lie it so, sir: 1 shall vote the appropriation, sir, with
^ great deal of pleasure.
Wise?So get rid of him.
A Locoroco?Send some other man.
Inokrsoi.l?No, not to get rid of him ; but I think
him eminently qualified for the importance of
the errand. Great Britain, sir, is desirous of receiving
all our productioas upon the true principles ol
reciprocity, and the subject is one of vast moment
to us. She will take our wheat?our cotton,
rice, tobacco, corn.
Wise?Yellow corn?that's in my line.
A Member?You're great on yellow corn.?
(Laughter )
Tnoersoi.i..?Let this be accomplished, and if will
he worth all the speeches ever made in FanuillTall
or any where else on that or any other subject. And
here, in my place, I take the opportunity ex cathedra
m ten mmio turn nis attention in tne subject. m
this House, sir, it is difficult to tell how to vote?the
subjects now-n-dave Ret so mingled and mixed up, ,
and changed and altered that it's almost impossible
to tell how a vote will atlect n question. (Laughter
and cries of "That's true ") Therefore, 1 shall vote
as well as! can My views long ago were that a
TT. S. Bank was an obsolete idea. The Secretary
think?so now. Put 4 or 5years nao he thought and
said that a IT. S. Bank note was better than cold or
silver So we've gained something by having some
ideas ohsoleted. The IT. S. Bank, then, is gone ?
' nm not wedded to the Sub-Treasury. But Twill
'five mv cordial support to any good measure of relief.
But I cannot vote to give the Government the
exchange power?T cannot vote to allow them to isJ,te
paper money. But anything that is really beneficial
without injury shall have mv silent vote I
wish, not with a view of President making, that matters
might remain as thpy are a little while lon r
*r; for this country is recovering fast. And if the
President will only apply the g?af talent" of his Cabinet
in the legi'imate ohjec's T have named, it will
immensely increase our wealth, energies, and resources,
nnd places us on a prou 'er and better footing
than we ever possessed I have been ob'iged to
he n little desultory, sir. in these remarks. For the
fact is. that nq man knows what the subject is go:nffto
he in this House one minute from the other?
there is nothing certain here hut uncertainty?and
therefore, unless he gets all the speeches
teadv that he is going to speak during the
session, why his speech must he made up
of odds and ends and a little of every thine.
(Laughter and ncry of "True, every word of it.")
Do gentlemen know that the late war was carried on
altogether by paper money as well asthe revolutiontry
war. In the three years of the late war there
were issued .?120,000,000 of Treasury notes and loans
by acts of Congress. In the seven ve?rs of th" revolutionary
war there were issued S360 000.000 of paper
money. And in the same proportion ihat three
is to seven,"compared with the above amounts,there
was the pnper issued. And it is from this that we
shall entirely recover; but I believe we are in a fair
wav for it, and fast getting health and strength. And
T will never give mv vote to bring back a state of
things that was a stain upon the records of the nation?a
great canker in the heart of the country.
Mr. Jonks, (of Md.,) then said he voted with the
guard, bejaose if "-as the duty of Congress to provide
*<wir plan of currency.
Mr. \Vi*f said, for the first time this session I felt
hunerv, and went below to get a scrap. (Laughter )
Had I been here I would have voted for the proposition
of the gentleman from New Hampshire, and not
on the resolution of the Committee. Therefore I
hope 1 shan't he charged with dodging
yt- n...... ??:,i ?i.?..i.i i .-j r? .?
i*11 m *;rr. nam uc nuuuiu imivvt VUICU iur IK1C fCPdluti"n
end against the amendment.
Mr. Everfit moved to lay the motion to reconsider
on the table. This prevailed, and the House adjourned.
So the Exchequer is disposed of in the
Hou--e. Next comesCushine'sproject.
The Sknatk took up the Bill to prevent the employment
of private expresses on mail routes, a copy
of wh'ch f sent you. Merrick defended it. Henderson
said it was unconstitutional Tt was postponed.
Mr. Etnn spoke again on the Oregon Bill,
and the Senate adjourned till Monday.
It seems to he generally believed here, that Congress
will adjourn, I'tiving everything as they found
it. It is also believed, Mr. Webster will retire soon
after the 4h of March.
Hon. Dan. Jackson has gone to Virginia on a political
tour, to trio up the heels of Noah !
W. H. A.
From Campeachy.?The schr. Apalachicola, Captain
Place, arrived yesterday from Lerma, six miles
distant from Campeachy, having sailed thence on
the 5th inst.
Up to the last advices, the siege progressed as previously
announced?more or less firing daily, with
little execution. The Mexicans expected a reinforcement
o I 2000 men. under the command of Santa
Anna in person, which they anticipated would at
once settle the qnesi ion in his favor.
It is estimated that the Mexicans have lost, since
the landing of this expedition, from all crush', killed.
sickness, desertion, Jcc , over one thousand seven
hundred men.
It is asserted that the English officers and crews of
the steam vessels are anxious fpr instant active operations,
but that the Mexican commander is determined
to wait the arrival of reinforcements from Vera
Cruz
7 he briar Win Crawford, hence from Campeachy,
was captured off the port, and sent to Lacuna for trial.
The reason of her cupturc was the intention to
violate the blockade.
The British hark Cunningham had arrived at
Campeachy with supplies from Vera Cruz, and had
gore to Lacuna to load with logwood.
Com. Ribeaud, of the Mexican service, and Don
Anezan, of Vera Crnz, came passengers in the Apalachicola.?JV
O Com. Bit/., Jan 18.
Latest fro at Rio nx Janeiro.?The hrig Su?an,
Laud emu n, at this port yesterday, Railed from Rio
on the 11th December. The editors of the American
are indebted to a mercantile friend for the annexed
letter
Rio ok Janeiro, December 13 1842.
Since th- 8-h instant the arrivals of fl >ur have
reached 10.350 bbls. Our flour market rem ins
quiet, bakers havinx provided for their immediate
ware.*, and knowinx that large quantities are on the
way, are verv indifl'erent about purchasing Silea
for con iimplion are limited to ?ome hundred hhl*.
Richmond, which r tailed at 1711500, creti f, while
the William Price's cargo ha* heen taken for export
at a prir.e equal to 14||850 credit. on shore It is generally
thought that prices will give way, bs the
stock is in several hands and will continne toaccu ,
.ii.i.?*jo .i . ?~r a
peculator*. The slock is estimated at 27,000 bbls.
of which about 10,000 Richmond, snd 1,500 i
Philadelphia are in first hands. We quote
the prices of coffee as follows: superior 3||800
a3l|800 ; good 3||3fl0a8||550 ; ordinary 3||000a3||250.
The last dales from Pernanihuco are to the 28th
ult. Flour w?s dull of sale, and the last transaction
was200bhls Philadelphia al 17||000. There remained
on sale 1200 bbls. American, held at 18al9|| per
bbl by retail.
FromBahia, we learn underdate of 30th nlfo that
flour was selling bv retail, Baltimore, at 19|| and
Richmond at 22||500.
By the brig "Susan'" which sails from this port tomorrow,
I hereby inform you that the U. S. shi|*
"Delaware," "Columbia,'' and "Decatur" are at
Montevideo, ih?- latter expected at this port daily.?
The "Concord," which sntled from this port on the
2nd July lapt for the Eastern coast of A frioa, has been
looked iorthe last month. The sloop "John Adams"
is b!so on the coast of Africa, and is expected here by
the 1st of February. The schooner "Enterprise" is
now on a cruise. The Delaware and Columbia are
expected byth" middle of January. This harbor is
at present without an American man-of war ?Bait.
American, Dec 28.
LATEST SOUTHERN! SHIP NEWS.
rutLAPKLPHi*. Jvi ?r? Arr El'intr, Baker. Boaton: Two
Brot err May, Sin* Sing; Elite, Scout, New York. Ctrt Wm
IVnn. A'kirn, Bntlnn. I
Btl.TiMiinv. ,1*1. <!7?Ar' 'nun LmHerman. Rio He Janeiro;
Argo, R.rH, Rio Oran-ir; Flom, McN'ear, NO-leans; Msr'hs,
Hor?e? Rorioe; Te n T liirn, Clark. NYork; Emma, Johnion,
Ho. CM Eleanor, Hnhba, Charlenton; MparUn, Btubba, Franktort,
Me, __
Ai.n?snni?, DC. Jm 77?SIH Victory, NYork.
Hichmoso. Jin *>? Slit I,?nrhbiirg, NYork.
NoaroLX, Jin??The Albnno. Bnaion, from NOrleara for
RiehmonH. pirneit up Jami? Rivrr yrntrrday. 2Jth?Tha
Allien. lorHott. rdatn. went to ye* ihi?M*>'ning. A brig nuponneH
the Junes Gray, from Neweaatle, Eng. baa gone np
Jamea Riper, . ? - ,
I lUrnilTIW. Mn??.B'inic??I, null,
Ryder Ronton; iVrraaw, Hnrdiek. Attakanan. In the offing,
Tnetia, (Rr) from Liverpool. CM Ltiraa, Kldrtdge. Antwerp;
Hnolhimrt Merb. at, New York; Anion, Bark man, do; Granite,
(lo.lg.fen. Wrr; Indie"
SavannaH, Jd" U?A.r I moIiii, Harding, Porttmoulh. CId
Henry Chaa-, Htrrlm .11, NYorh.
Monti r.. J?n 19 -ArrLetl'Ii Heyer. Relfaat, leland.
Ngw OftLKim. J?n 17- An Colnmbna Boaton; F.bro, Perrv,
Galvraten; Sin.y, Mvrfck Baltimore; Empreaatio. Cellini,
Havana; Hern, Saliare, do; John McRae. Gilford, Att'k |m;
Orator, Pavia. Mobile; Bntan Lndwig, 1I0: Mercli'lit, Walter,
\Vnrk; Ar.tiieM-oIi, Pine, Lerma; ( aaaiua, PrWtley, St
(ago de Tuba; Van Btiren, B iheoek, sr Mark". CId Alabama,
Rtinker, NYork; Tamer*. Whitney,Havre; Diana, Freeman,
Liverpool; Bridgrtown, Betty, do; Adeline h If. I it. a, 11 ' plain?,
Baltimore; Snltalia, Buretlla, Genoa; Ada, Major, St Pierre,
VI art.
B|inhen.
La Grant*. Porter, from New York for Savannah, Jan 23,
Cir ?e H t'l- ra? SSK VO mile". I
Klilih. tli II*11. fr ni BaUimo-e f. r Rio de Janeiro, Dee M,
in in lea from Rio.
O' ..rve Oirtli.er. f om Rio do Janeiro for Baltimore, Dec 13.
at IJ10 8, Ion 31 W.
Ki?rel|fi> Porta.
Rio nr Jtainn, Dee |i?In port. Tharlea Carroll. Lee,
>om N. w York,line; Bombay, Gav, no do; Fnnklin. K nne'v,
from B non, do; Maripo* . Hai'e, from NYmk via Capo
1e Verd?! Inc" Tonk'in. from Baltimore, line; Leila. Phillip",
10m do. for NYork, t div't Ad vno, Tronh. r. in Hi hmond,
lie; Wm Priee. R ile-rfa, from Riliiinore. di"ir; Zot (I (man,
M 1.1 llirlitn ltd, for N V > It 1 iliya S'd Mem* in, On well, for
Vf'n 011; !? , Krie, (I mby, fordo; fith, Go rye GatdtieV,
'.lenoti for Baltimore j t; b, Scren , VvI ,r., for .In
Hio GnanDv, Nov grt, Bin. k Hawk. Rohinaon, from
v V01 k, inn;; John Lu.lt i., M.iaoO, for 8. 1 allutinea and Naw
Ifork, aoou

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