Newspaper Page Text
M'.W YORK IfKR VLD.
<|?w Vol h, Ap*H *1, IMS,
We give I" another column * report ol a tec
tore delivered by the Rev. Mr. Clieever, a lew
rveuil* mm'i >? ?*f ol the luhiontW* Preatoy
tenan churcaoa up low a It i* the hr?: ol ?
of lecture* oste??blf designed to of*??i?e * move
ment in this country in (??? of "young Italy," or
that iBti-pipil movement no* pr*?reaaii?g tlirough
oai the continent. We thiak that Mr. I l*?ver
would be much more in the w*y ot obeying tbe
am.tuttont and *erviag the will ct his Lord and
Matter, by miaiaterinf to the apmtwa) ?*< ream**
of the thouaaad* at home who arc "perishing lor
lack ot knowledge." thaa by making huuarll ao
hu*v about religio political movement* ta loreifa
land* H* i?, h?wever, o?t ol the long li*( ol ea
thu*>a*t?. lanatir* aad ?<-etan?* th?t are on?Mntly
engaged ta lafl troiac the evil tt*a* >ae of o,poking
?act* of Ot?ri*?iaa?iy We eatiielv di?a,prove *f
til ?u?li moverneata. xitethef rpriMlM from Pro
tectant or Catholic bi<???ry?whether patromaed Uy
Biahop Hofht of Doc to# CSctver.
la adopting ?ad carrying oat th.a atitanaa
movement, Mr. Chcever overtook* n*?t < nly hia
own miaeioa and dnty aa a miatatrr of the gup*'
of peace, but aiao the ao'etna obi g?tu?o. aader
which ail the ciiaena ol thia Irea land btva beea
la d A portion of the great work give* unt< Re
publican Amirica to do, ia to prearat to all m?a a
?plrnilid aud practical example of aniveraal tow ra
tloa ia matter* ol religion Unlike tha tyraaatca|
dynaatiraof the aacieat wond. winch have incor
porated with them ayatem* of ecclraiaatical decpo
tiam, the goverameai aad institution^ of the I atted
State* have beea founded on the broad eat ptinct.
plea of civil and religioua liberty. To all citiaeaa
ha* been guaranteed the utmoat liberty of con
science?every man anting under hi* viae *ad fig
tree, with none to make him atraid?ao lordly
hierarchy to support? no haughty priesthood en
dowed by the State, ao favored eyi>t#tn of religioua
belief. Under this wiae and righteoos ayatem, the
various Christian aects in this country have, in the
mam, exhibited an example ol charity aad lorbear
ance more closely approaching the apostolic model
than can be lound in any other taad in Cnnstea
dom. The religioua liberty of thiacouotry is, in
deed, one of the greatest bletwing* which itsl onait
tution has secured to us, and every true patriot it
therefore bound to set his lace against ihe mtrodue
tion from any quarter ol any element which can by
possibility lead to the infraction <1 the sab guard ot
national peace and pro*|>erity. Hence it i* that we
denounce, in lerma ol most unqualified disapproba
tion, the movements ol such men aa Clieever?
fiery and declamatory bigots, who, like the laler
prophets, spoken of by Paul, go about leading
captive silly women and weak men?inflaming
sectarian animosities, and scattering eve ry ember
of peace and charity from the altar o( <*od.
The sound sense and intelligence of this country,
however, will always furn'th the antidote to the
poison, which these violent sectaries would infuse
into the hearts of the churches. This we have
seen most abundantly demonstrated in the utter
extinction ol the " native" party?a party origi
nating in a quiet, commendable, popalar
movement, in opposition to the mad and
intolerant policy attempted by a prelate'
of the Catholic church?Bishop Hughes?but
which in its very inception, plunged into th?
same criminal and evil conduct, which it was in
tended to chastise and prevent. Where now, is
Bishop Hughes and his Carroll Hall movement 1
He is glad to hide his diminished head, and his in
tolerant movement lias been utterly withered. So
with the "natives." They are gone forever
Mayor Harper and all?clean annihilated by the
indignant rebuke of sound und enlightened public
We are willing to admit that some ol the Chee
versofthe present day mean well?that all are not
actuated by priestly vanity?a desire for public dis
play?an ambition ot being distinguished in the
fields of polemical controversy. Some of them, no
doubt, entertain a sincere horrorol popery?it is to
them a horrible nightmare?ever present to their
excited imagination, as a terrible agency of blood
and torture. But Catholicity is not what it was
four or five hundred years ago. The Pope is aa
harmless as the Moderator of the General Assem
bly of the Presbyterian church, and the thunden
of the Vatican are as innocuous as the blasts of the
Presbyterian trumpet from the pulpit ol Doctor
Uheever. The venerable buttresses ol Home have
long since begun to yield to the advancing tide ol
the intelligence of the age. In France, in the
quarrels between the University and the church?
in Germany?in Switzerland?in Italy itacll"?
throughout the whole Continent, we see significant
tskena of change and innovation. Throughout
all the churches, indeed, a spirit of reform ia at
work. Bigotry, intolerance, ignorance and error,
still maintain, in many quarters, a foothold. Fanati
cism 18 active. Bui the great conflict has com
menced between ancient dogmas and the spirit ol
free inquiry. The dirge of implicit faith has been
rung throughout the whole bounds of Christendom.
Aeason and argument are taking the place of
priestly dictation. Every thing appears to betoken
the advem of the latter day of light and liberty.
Let Mr. Cheever, and all other mere polemics,
desist, then from a work which has ever been un
blessed of heaven?the work of sectarian faction
Instead of going abroad to Italy, and mingling in
the internal struggles of ancient Catholicity?the
throes of a new birth?let them set about extirpa
ting tke Antichrist in their own churches at home.
Let them exhort all men to love one another, and
give in their own lives and ministrations, a practi
cal exemplification of the religion of Jesus of Na
zareth, which may be summed up in the words
charity and virtue.
The Pittsburg Relief Fbsd.?'The Committee
lor the collection of contributions to this iund,met
yesterday evening at the Mayor's office, in the
City Hall, for the purpose of handing in the sub
scriptions they had received. The Mayor an
nounced the total sum paid in to him, in aid of the
Pittsburg sufferers, to be $15,634
The following are the amounts already subscri
bed lor the relief of the sufferers in Pittsburg:?
lv New York city $16 000
" Pennsylvania State 60,000
" Baltimore city 9 818
" Phil idcl;>hia 17,000
" York, P* 1 000
" Wheeling, Va 3 600
" Boston 10,000
" Raston 676
" LouWvills 1 ftilO
" Cincinnati &,000
All other places, in value 36,000
This amount will probably be increased to two
hundred thousand dollars before the subscriptions
Thb Late Disaraoeful Emevte in the Uni
versity or Virginia ?The late insurrection of
the studenia of the Virginia University, presents a
very painful subject of observation and inquiry.
For a considerable time past, that institution has
been in a state ol complete disorganization. Since
the assassination of one of the ProfesBors, a few
years since, all discipline appears to have been lost,
and in their last desperate effort to regain author
ity, the officers of the University have been entire
ly overwhelmed by that spirit of insubordinatien
with which they had so culpably dallied, instead of
crushing it in its first manifestation. We think
the whole affair should be at once investigated by
the L 'gj?lature.
* ' / ? .i
TaxAit Movements.?It is stated the Hon. Ash
b^Shiith, the Texan Secretary of Slate, is en
rwnit through this country t? England, and will
take passage in the steamer ot Thursday next.
m run (ItATI of K?w Vot# ? sr
rapid ia"reu?:o( pauperism ?& tint State befini t?
attract a food deal of attention. The pauper tax
now amount* to 960,000?a Very sufficient incen
tive to inquiring into this aocial evil. From the re
!>ort oi the Secretary ot State we extract the fol
lowing interesting table, which presents the statis
uca ol the nativity of the pauperism which exists
n our midst ?
The naabor of panon* native* of tlia
United States, was 14,48*
- " Ireland 7,379
" ? England. ...... ? 1,673
" " Scotland...... ?? 193
?? ?? Oermsny 761
" '? France 275
?? Wales 37
? " Poland 8
" Rossis *
" Norway 1
" Swed-n 3
r.uyii coming troai Canada
>>uaibsr reported without giving n^liv* couutry 794
?M*ny oi the Invh emigrants who arrive at thiB
Sor\ instead ol proceeding to the interior to the
we ?!, hang about the city, and failing to obtain em
p'-.ynn nt, (all iato the pati(? r lists. We believe
t <? the " Irish Emigraut party" ia doing much to
a'<i'e this evil. Intemperance ia assigned as one
of-h< ma n causes of pauperism. This subject ia
or>? <>t wbvi< us imjM>rtance and interest, and we
?lutl ao?a return to it.
?-pi?ct?p*t t'onvanTiow.?The stated annual
iure g of the Convention ol the Protectant Epia
rnis! C'iier< h, in the State ol Pennsylvania, wil'
o? hi Id in St. Aadrew'a Chnrch, Philadelphia, on
Turtday, the ? k ol May uext; each Church of
that drBonuua'iun ia the State may aend a lay
deputy or deputies, not exceeding three in number.
Tt?e ?n st important business of the Convention,
will be the election ol a Bishop for the Dioceae, in
ue room of iiiabop Onderdonk. We have aome
very curious and interesting information to com
-nusieste relative to the character, claims, and
ensu es of the prominent candidates. Our old
mead and leliow-laborer in Christianity, Dr. Tyog,
isoae of the principal aspirants
Is It So 1?We observe the name of hia Honor,
vf iyor Harper, at the head ol a liat at "Trustees"
ol aa establishment entitled a " Military Insulate,"
or aomething like that, of which it appeara the
moot important department ia to be a public bar
room, for the sale of gin-slings and brandy-smash
rra This does uvt seem at all consistent with the
immortal temperance project of the tin-pans around
? he Park Fountain on the Fourth ot July.
Fikk at the Bowaav Tbeatec.?Men have
been engaged all day cleaning ont the ruina ot the
Bowery Theatre. There was a rumor afluat that
aeveral per so hp, who had been in the dressing room
at the tune the building took fire, and not hsving
ume to escape, had lalltn victima to the flames;
but we are happy to learn it is without the slight
eat foundation. There is a report that Canul street
is to be continued to the Bowery, now that this
edifice i* destroyed, Meaers. Whiting acd Hamb
!:n hsving purchased a site nearly oppoaite the Hos
pital, in Broadway, for the purpose of erecting s
theatre on it.
THKATaiCAua?Mr. Andeeui.* ?'There was a
very good houae at the Park last night, to see s
repetition oi the performances for the benefit of
Mr. Anderson on the previous night. Mr. Ander
son's last speech, by the bye, was not by any
tneans so good as some of those which he deliver
ed on lormer occasions. It was too alilted?too
artificial?too much in the King Cambyses* veia.
Ilis former apeechra were tolerably good; they
had an air ofaincenty, candor and modesty which
procured for them a favorable reception. He now
appears to be getting into the inflated?stereotyped
vein?a/a Forrest or Mscready.
Again, we 6ay very afl?-clionateiy to Mr. Ander
son, take care. The popular breath that makea
favorites, can ako annihilate tbetn. It is aaid thst
Mr. Anderron in private, speaks quite slightingly ol
ihe prens of this country. Heaven knows he is the
last man in the world that ought to bresthe a dis
respectful aspiration with regard to the presj. Has
he really forgotten the history of his career st the
Important to IIayti ?The llulus Soule arrived
at New Orleans on the 17ih inst. with Kingston,
J a., papers of the Slat ult. The news is interest
Sugar had advanced 2t- per cwt, in consequence
ol the proceedings in the British Parliament U|On
the sugar duty bill.
Herard, the ex-President of Hayti, left Jamaica upon
hit expedition to regain thetbiel Magiitrary ef the black
republic on tbs a?:E of March. Ha parchaaed the Co
lombian achoon.r La Granada for tbat object, and
?>?t aail with the ( ommleilonera who had cobm to Jamaica
10 urge his return to Hayti. His destination is Pert au
W< (hall now expect to hear ol another revolution ,
when he arrival. Great e?eiteaaent prevailed at Port aa
Princo at the laat account*, and preparations wore on loo
to prevent the landing of Herard. The schooner Kashton
bad juit returned from that pert, what a she was Mt al
lowed even to land her cargo.
The Bottom Pott of yesterday gives the following
confirmation of the above: ?
Captain Beamsa, ot the St Thomas, arrivod yesterday
in 37 days from Aua Cayea, informs us tbat * great aa
citemeiit exlited whan bo left, Id conatKiuor.ce ot the dta
covery of Herard, tbo banlahod ex-preeidenfs plot to take
puaaei*ionof Havti It aeeass ho was to land on the
Aouth wilt end of tbo islsnd, collect his foroea of thoae
Iriendly to him, and take possession 01 all the principal
places by inrprise. The whole was discovered by the
interception of tome of hia letter* Many suspected citi
zens were srreSted and in prison, This threatened rovo
lution hsd a disastrous eftect on basiuess. The hsrbor
was itnctly bloekaded. No Haytion voaool waa allowed
to leave the port, not even a smsll boat, ander any pre
tence ; the penalty was seisuro and im prise ami at of tha
crew It waa decreed that any haniahed parson (oaari on
the ialaod shonl t befoitbwitb ahr.t; toe feet of hia appear
ance heiog proof enough that he was concerned in the
conspiracy sgiunst the government It wm balieved that
the osrly diicovsry of the plat would effectually prevent
Latb from Buenos A rats ?The Adeline and
Kliza, at Philadelphia, aailed from Buenos Aytes
on the 25:h of February. She bnnga aewa coahr
tnatory of that publiahed by us a day or two stace,
namely, that France and England wera la settle
the difficulties between Montivedeo and Raeoos
Ayres The English and French Admirals oa lite
Argentine station, have received instructions to
Naval Movements.?The U S steamer UlAee.
ton arrived in Hampton Roads from Philadelphia
on the 24'h instant. The real of the squadrna, the
St. Mary's, Saratoga, and Porpoise, were waitiig
iier arrival and their sailing orders The commua
belief ia that the squadron will proceed to the Gulf
Tits Brio Porpoise.?In regard to this veaaol,
whose movements have been the subject of marh
comment in ths Unitfd Htstes. snd part ic alar I y si WW
ington, the sst Pjrtlsnd jUmntrr aoya i?The Per|**aa
bulled from Branawick.in thia State, and s?ii#d last irom
here loraetbing like two years a<a. Bh* is caaaa idei
by Capt. Libbv, of Scsrborough. fiom oar peeosi ol
knowledge of those concerned In her, we tkiak thai they
are not chargeable with partial .??Uon la tha slavo tra4o.
though His poitiblethatiha miy hare changed hands
Ntw Steamboat for tbr Kxnmbct ?A ???
itesmbost, the John Marshall srrivod at this part (his
morning from New York She m Intetid'd to ply be
tween this port and ths Ktnnsbee du tag the eatoiag
Commxrci op Albany?The number ol mast* A
vessels lying at onr wharvra yesterday morning,
was one hundred snd aim. This number Is eaelaaivo of
all the stesmboats, tow boata, csaal and lake boata IM
t>y m am of which most ol the buaitxa* is doo*, th*
noopi and achoonars being employ<d only lor balky
ireight ?Albtny Jlrgnt, J!rr,l 3?
Miss (No.?Left this city, oa the 7ih mstaat, Joha
vlurray, 48 years old, quite gray, tall, thin, and
pallid. Haul individual was travelling to New York, bat
ieing in poor heslth Any .nlormaUon ol said individual,
i ridrsssedto 6 Hancock itreet, Bo?ton, will relieve the
?tlfTtricgi of s distressed family.- Jasfew .11 It, AprU M
The Debts op Mr. Clay?The Ktntucky Yn>
man says Mr Clay has reoently received rick present*
a?m hi* friends. Hi* debt to John-J. Antor of *mnus,
nd to the Lexington, Ky. Bank, of $*,000 have been paid
APPOINTMENTS BY THE GOVERNOR, April 26 ?
Sew York- Allen W. Hardio, inspeotor of boel aod park,
vhe James Karsy, resigned.
VNm Majrt L*i?f in* Mum.
The Uutd&icie armed at New Oileant oD tilt
ltfth inst., with advices from Vera Crux to the 4th
The New Orleans Picayune, of the 17ih, gives
the letter of Senor Cuevaa to Mr. Shannon, and
the circular addressed to the Minister* of Spain,
Prance and England, before mentioned.
To Hit Kxcillknct Wil?oi? Bhanhon,
Envoy Kxtraordinary.fcc. lie.,
National Palace, Strxico March 38, 184&.
The undersigned, AJi:.iater uf V .reign Relations, in ad
drsssinghiiLself, for the last time, to his Excellency, Mr.
Wilson Sbann n. Minister Plenipotentiary from the Unit
ed Slates, desires to inlorm him, that as both bouses of the
United 9tatea Congress ht-ve sanctioned the law In rela
tion to the Annexation of Teias to tbe territoiy ot the
United Stat. ?, an I astbo Minister Iron Mexico has with
drawn from his mission at Waahington, and prote?ted
against the set 01 Congress and tha Government of tbo
United States, diplomatic relations between the two
countries cannot bo continued.
VVUatcaa tbe undenigned add to wh?.t baa already
been said by his ??jvernmwnt upon th* grave eff-:nce of
fered Mexico by the United States, usurping a portion of
Mexican teiriiory, and vinlatug the terms ef trestles and
friendship, which the Republic ol Mexico has observed
on her p.rt as long a? her honor and tue desire to avoid a
ruptu e with the United states have permitted I Nothing
more, than to lament thMt two nations, free end tepubliCHU,
contiguju (vtcinos) and worthy of a fraternal u ion,
founded upon mutual internets and a common ai d honi'in
ble loyalty, should have cut short theii ftiendly relations,
and by an act as ofl'cnuive to vjexico as it is derogatory to
the h >nor of tiie American Union.
Tha undersigned renuws to his Excellency, Mr.
Shannon, the protest already directed against ai.nt-xa
lion; and moreover, would add, that theMbxic-in Rupub
lie will oppose the measure with all the decision due to
her own honor and sovereignty, end tbe 0>vemm?nt
ardently desires that con side unions oflojulty and Jus
tice thould yci outweigh with tbe citizens of the United
States, designs fur extending tbeir terutory at tbe ex
pense tf a friendly Republic, which in the midst of its
iiiisforturis (dugracias) seeks to preserve an unspotted
name, anil thereby the ri.uk to which its destinies cill it
Tha undersigned has tbe honor to offer to his Excellen
cy, Mr. 8hannon, his personal iespe.ct, and to assure bim
ot his very distinguished comsideiation
LUIS G. CUEVAS.
The general circular la aa follows
The undenigned, Minister of Foreign Relations, has
the honor totruntmit to his Excellency, the Minister ef
, the following circular, being impelled to employ
this means of transmitting to his [your] ?ovemment, in
this note, the solemn and formal protest of the Mexican
Republic, suggested by an act which, wounding to the
la?t degree the rights fend honor ot Mexico, is equally
deatructive to the universal principles of jtutice, to the
respect due free and intelligent nations, and the good
faith which civilization has fixed as the basis of interna
tional intercourse. His Excellency, Senor , will
understand that the underaigned has reference to the law
passed by the Congress of the United States, and sanc
tioned by the Executive, for the Annexation of the De
partment of Texas to the American Union
To present, in all ita deformity, this act of the Congrats
and Government of thu United 8tates,the alarming con
sequences of its conduct towards the Mexican Republic,
would be a useless labor, inasmuch as this note is ad
dressed to the representative of a nation as illustrious aa
it ia powerful, which,sustaining nobly the rank whloh
it occupies in the world, respects the laws of comity
(buena amistad) between foreign nations, and founds its
glory upon the immutable titles of morality and Justice.
The Government of the undersigned has no occasion te
exhibit all thu grounds upon which it relies for its resis.
tance of this measure of annexation, as they are ebious
and known to all, and as the feeling excited among the
friendly nations, and ercn those who have no official re
lations with Mexico, will be profound upon learning of a
measure so injurious and offensive to Mexico, and so ut.
terly unworthy the honor (*uen nombre) oi the United
But the undersigned will take occasion to obsetve to
his Excellency, Seror , that the American Govern
'nent having been the first to acknowledge the indepen
?l?nce ot the Republic ol Mexico, showing itself a zealous
partisan of libeity, has beeu the only one whiah has en
rtoavoied to usurp a portion of her territory. He would
also add.thut, ns it appears fiom recent declaration*, thu
<4e>ign* r.l the United States have been -sold aj tin friend
ship, which it was sought to confirm?first, by a treaty of
ainity, and by auother tor the a^Juslnnnt ot boundaries?
which bas now been completely violated. In aiding
Texas to sever herself from tbe Republic, tbe United
States were wanting in geod faith; but, in aiding to in
corporate Texas with thu American Confederation, and
leciaiing that thia has bsen her policy for twenty years,
?he his puisuml a course which has no parallel in the his
toi y of civil aed nations.
Mexico, to avoid differences whiah forthe most part had
nofjandation injustice (aa against her,) has submitted to
terious compromises , she has overlooked provooations
?nJ injuri-n, and has preserved Iter loyalty with such fide
lity as to give her more right?if the right she possesses
ran be increased?to speak out and protest, as the under
signed now does, sgaii st the annexation of Texas to the
United Htatrs. an4 against all its consequences. Thn Mex
ican Republic will employ in opposition to this measure,
n?r power ar.d her resources, and, lru?ting in the Justice
of bar cause, does not feer to give assurance, that what
ever m .y ho the result, ?.he wi.l preset ve the honor which
?t any cost she ought to defend in the very grave matter
Wiih this view the undersigned requests his Excellen
cy. ?-nor to give this protest its nroper direction,
and, at tbe an me lim-, tu itLrjii n.? ~?<irtiucr< -.?>
listmguished consideration LUIS G. CUEVAS.
Tbia circular was communicated to their Excellencies
?he Ministcta Pl'iiipMentiary of England, France snd
Apart fiom the above letter and circular, which we
have deemed of sufficient interest to give them entire, our
tiles con'sin little that has not been before known here.
The S glo gives n* credence to tbe rumors of another
revoln'iou, which have obtained currency in Mexico as
we 1 si in this country. These reports it attributes to
the orders ot Government despatching certain military
;bi'flams to the different Departments.
We have aeon notoing new respecting Santa Anna
It does not appear from the tenor of the official com
mumcetious what will be the nature of the resistance
Mexico will make to annexation. Senor Cuovas' lettera
are in a graadileqvent vein, but propose nothing defi
mtchmiU of Travellers.
We have very lew Arrival* to record at the
principal hotels yesterday, perhaps less than could
he supposed, at a neasnn that presented so many
facilities, and such early ones to the merchant
and trader for communication with the city. The
navigation opened early, and trade waa perfec'ed
and carried forward with a celerity unparalleled
by any former evidence of the premature inter
course with the interior. No doubt the succession
disaster* ?.n the Hudson have deterred some
from jeopardizing life and capital upon its too fatal
current?and until a legislative authority interferes,
or a railroad communication la established, cau
tion must operate--and, jurtifisble caution too,
when a a ni-irit of reckless competition and pecu
niary cupidity, comprise the (rincipal object ol
intnv ol the owera and managers of this important
chain of communication?we, nevertheless, find
he following : ? At the
AMtaitift?R. Br ags, Virglr.iSiS V. Bomn.do; Join
Oueat, WaaMogtac; W L. Brie Htllfsi, N H.,J H.Wil
Hsio, Boston; t>r C Barrey Phil?<l.Iphis; R B H-y
?.arrf, Tea at?t>. aa4 Kaonely, Virgtms, with tec o h^r*
Aitos-J H Rch'DSon N w Orl??nr; F. Oardensr
lwtwi|J R?hwi. I.iius;ri) C H Mjthsn, Hartford;
W nhaw, Oaoigia, ( olin < twphWI, Canada Writ; St on <
a Wtuchrll, Maine. J. B Anderson, R. C. sad twenty
fit* O. Uteroy.H.C |R J fjttmon, Canada West;
v| B Wurrtngtan. l'i n?l .a.otos Navy; Btaual Cosh
ana ko.tor. Jibm (i Brooks, Richmond; Juks H.
ilsmw A. Limiofft?a. Pailtdripkla. K H. Virgil,
Moijt ??ni; H FU.,4. ?; l Ruins KhU, rkiladrlpkis; J
Ue?rb. r ( It ag?. kUtba < ao.p , aai katl 's IWrlionr, O.
CstM, Baotou, U gargnsoa N O
Htntw-k. WikMi, NitabM; W Houston, Msrioa.
U*t'?n?,M Mathaws, Oswego. J A. Oale, Republic,
Okso, * Baggs,* anaia aad twenty ettj.re.
Bt >?#? ??.* ??M lioM. Ti< oSMt>rags; T H?gers. J P.
Pfcillifs, Mes?-a. Tko* S?aadota, Bmui; H B Htiltcd,
l*4Mw,Mt ??. k Trasa. and tee olk*ra
Ou?> I K WiUIim ko-t<n, Maj ir Ckatke* Maia
? B . * a. i., i *?? ittx; a si Anas,
<4eniao.noJ fern ctkwi
O r I atnkaM. Beolk Hndiey, Mais.,
Ho? J*m? a n< o't-r .?? ?' W I an, Nugars, A.
k *'aol??ll. Mm, J"'.? M 1 aitli, fo?l? I. lotus,Ckns
I t elan ? nglood. Jca <4 i or.it, ri>iU trlpkia, and
Tke <>r|ksss ?asn.i) us gHiag tmsiit* In Bavaanek.
Ti.o Nocho I aat.jy n>a to AogoHa.
Thai wroasl^tasa wtnssl to Mow Otleaas (ha
Meeaaa n It* i? k ar 4 a| or \ eg as* al(kl in tkal
Hj. loak ik- m kfotsrt lor Iko Nortk
Mr* IM, k? ;-T?ser nr rant la'* ofitw Aa*rirtn and
B< MNkai -?? ao ?eg.g>?eil at Va
?a*a ao ika lata to*no*
B.yawadkie till irsm t Mki?i|kk, ao tk* 1st
I M?j, aad tik.kat ikot> aold a-iwala lor ikioe
A* vira 1 ?0"1Mm|i SI tfca ?'? bMe theatre. *a ?ke
IHa laa-aoi ike wa* pem-??e4 ark ? ant ?itksaniul
?s?>ote >ai m r.gm I m Ika Stayi ?f a p?iM ol gvlit
n?o? ?ana ?ow . ?a? o< kar oM?a4
,0^?a?o? .i.eaa awoeg iko yooog aoo In Aal eiiy.
Tka wooacirary to fmmt rn tka Xao Tork < Imi la
?? *"?? asi tkosaoaf avaoing. woa ra*?t?4jr datWoyod, ha I
no Mjary oaadooo lo tka raavOM ooo?tm g tko eweua
kisag ?k? now ssoom. nai an KogUtk poo*r, ara an
nsonaad Ika Mta oka' PoAia <|?oir4iaa tka eootp-wt
ma ol a issiamn Jo<aa>, s at* m oakx. atM to yoisots
fraal wotisal lal ?L
Too nwNl yMt.lw m krt.a~i. ato ? pioaoi t >o r*f
iar?o oi k ifc- yaotkioi o a <* M u B< ito< aod tka Uu
? li4aa? Mokt^f.n II ? U..1 a* a ftaoi?i ott-kaa Moroha
tkal kO Will <44 adkliaool U? ala W Ik* itot *f Do
Tkatawa>a ta< k< oaa nfoa tko oraa ina of M
Monk's kaweCt to Nao urlsnai. aa tka itok l>?iabt tka
r.aatra waa ervwd?4 to ovary pari, and tka ytUm^araa
;ava aotlra tolMtaUoa
Tko lal to! Iros ato eugnaod al tka Bi Ckartrs tkaa
ra, Maw Orlaaat
?at. gMttk aad ataomi ?ask^a al kto eaopssy l*rt
Hew Oiloant fat Bt l aota, u? m* i;t. uAtsk
A now plat. eoMfei? hiIMi. at ka Botnaa Old 1*1
uw,"front Ik# (??*! A J li i? too# 1 , a yooag no?<K
'l?t, will aaaeaad1 ?ttktao at iko VM?t sirooi titMiia,
Tke Hatekiatoo knatti* tr-ivod In aaaioo no Plidny
'vaaiag Iroaa tkta eNf Tk?y wui giro aooaoart in tkat
city aa Hanky maiag
JJ bpistis ol Paul to the Csr*tktai>a,U cbsntsf, ?**
V trse?" Whtrt tkt tpint ?/ Ikt Lt4 <a, I Km is u^rrff '
[Thi? lecture was delivered en Wednesday eve
ung, in the Rev Dr Skinner's church J
The Rev Mr. Cuaavs* said?In bring
ing up the history ol the Wsldeneea to the period
uiaicated in the last lecture, we Hod that they have
,>a?ed through a aeries ol moet trmfic prrncn
tons. but alill they are preeerved faithful to thrir
creed, and saved Irom extermination The gues
>ion may well be asked, what la the aecret and
purpose of such undeviating persecution t Thirty
icven distinct onaeta of persecution, without taking
hto coiiatderation the ceaarl?*a ami continued
steady oppression that was undeviatinglv kept up.
For eight hundred years the Church of Rome se
verely harassed auu cruelly persecuted the only
Protestant Church immediately under her power,
not only by such meana aa could be uaed by the
jpiriiual church, but alao by the aid of such tem
poral power aa she could control During the same
time other creeda hate followed her example, but
convinced ol their errors, have ceased to pursue
them. To the Roman Catholic < hurch alone he
lon^s the proud pre-eminence of keeping the theory
and practice of religious persecution in fall play,
despite the remonstrance ol the who!* world, aud,
moreover, some of her own most eminent writers.
Alter kurli a length of time, during winch she hae
persibted in ?ucli a course, it is utterly impossible
tor us to say thut such a character will not he con
tinued. Aa well might we Migue that the hite ol
? he dtadly cobra or venomous rattlesnake does not
co?litiue aa poisonous aa ever. The evidence ia
a '(fit ient. No person would willingly entrust his
safety to the mercies of a fatal reptile; nei
ther can any put hia religious stale ia the
power of the Roman Catholic Church. It is
a development ol intolerance and persecution
unparalelled in (he world; it is a n ligion
which considers these means aa legitimate for the
purpose of conversion?it isarehgiou which,as soon
as it became sufficiently powerful by aid of iha
temporal powers it lighted the faggot, prepared the
rack, and made ready all the horrois ol the inqui
sition to carry out its cruel and intolerant doctrines;
it ia a religion that wherever it ia sufficiently pow
erful, place a heretics under different and distinct
laws expret-aly for the purpose of persecution, and
iliis it would do in this country had it the power.
WitneB9:the1erma of the oath taken by the Biahopr,
in which they swear to the utmost in their power
to persecute heretics. If an example of this system
ol persecution might be asked for by one of their
l>artiz?ne, the answer stands out clear and immedi
ate. Look at the Wsldeneea, in their case enough
can be shown to aatitfy the moat increduloua. Let
us compare the state of the Roman Catholic reli
gion with that of oura in this country. Have we not
a right to expect a reciprocity of feelinga in accor
dance with t?ur system of toleration and leniency
towards them 1 Have we not a right to demand
'hat such a state of things should cease to exist 1
That the suflferingsof the Waldensea have net been
exaggerated, it is but necessary for us to give an ex
tract from the works of a Roman Catholic rioble
maD. ? The rrotoftsoUinbabitants of the valleys of Pied
mont have always lived under the most oppressive and
galling restrictions, of which some are, the limitation of
the number of their schools, the privilege of a press and
publications being denied them; a protestant minister is
not allowed to visit the trick, save in the company of a se
cular Catholic, arid then his visit is limited; in the oon
lucting the att'aira of their commune they are obliged by
law to as^ciato themselves with a greater proportion ot
Catholics; and to sucl: lengths dors the rancor and hatred
nf their opponents carry them, that they seek out ths
vili st and lowest of their sect, so muoh so, that it has ab>
?elutely been known thai proper clothes have been far
nrhed far the draat-ing of the miserable objects that the
lesnitical wiles hive procured to take part In the Protest
tut alfii-s. Ian ply to the oft-repeated assertion of Ro
man Catholic*, that these are the works of the temporal
,<ovei nment, and beyond their control, and that, there
fore, the blame rests not with tfeem? the answer ii, surh
? ? nut the can;. Thvse are brought abeut by t ie cra'tv
wiles ol a Jesuitical spirit working on a government al
ready predisposed by thsir established form of religien,
which religion regards intolerance as a duty, and 11
me.au* that may be exercieed to bring converts within the
told df thoir creed, as legitimate and praiseworthy. As
Ute as the year 1838. eight persons settled at Turin, and
professing the Protestant religion, were ordered to retire,
under an edict o( 100). an edict which had lorg been in
Abeyance, but whioh the rancor and intolerance of reli
gioua persecution bunted up at this late day, to aid in
th> ir designs on our Frotestant brethren. For the truth of
these statements we can refer to the tctnal state of
thinga at present, as well aa to works which none
even of thsir moct prejudiced nnriizana could gainsay.
Having thns seen fjr ourselves the extent and persever
ing doctrine* of persecution so unwaveringly carried oat
j by the Romin Catholic church, it bscomes an important
| question find ore which the aspect of the timea fully Jus
' itftes ns in en quiring into, viz : How and why ia it that the
Roman Catholic religion pre-eminently over all of hero is
alwaya found a persecuting church 7 The whole founds
'ion of religious difference.", ling between these doctrines,
viy.: Jttkiifi ration by works 8nd justification by faith?the
i*eligi.^n of the first U that of the dab, and of the latter,
that ofihe snirit?the religion of the one Isthat of bonds
,md stripes, ana ot tne uiurr ur lovn, t?m. and p<tr??MloB.
They are typified in the son of the bondwoman and the sen
of the freewoman?the one was symbolical of religion by
work;),and the other of t)>at by lalth, nnri between the two
here has always been aa irreconcilable difference. The
see cf works and lorma may be upheld by rubrics, legal
<*nac>inenta and enforcements, itriprs *nd persecutions ;
he horrors and fears of the inquisitorial power, but it
i:oivi only as it Is established by law, and where
ibia spirit is thus (ottered there also grows the seed
at' religious petsecution Tl.ere ia it ajwaya mingled
with maligrity and never can becme a meek,
eidurirg suffering one, springing Irom ths per
tuisionaof the heart and the freedom of the spirit incul
cated by the doctrine of justification by faith, nut relapses
in'o the form of a remorreleaa and tyrannical deepotisaa:
uch as is the Roman Catholic Church, which starts with
the doctrine of|beinglhe onlyand infallible church beyond
nHWW |'..v ?>*?%IVU as uvuiea in ail, HIM 81 BTlCb IIIUIDM
the legitimacy of compelling all, by any nrini, to enter
ind be baptized. To tboae who clamor for a unity of
faith we answer, that had the reformers atald in the Bo
man Catholic Chutoh,there could have bran do religious
Ub?rty?the on ty demanded br Christ iathat of the spirit
and not that cf (orm?where liberty ii crushed, there is
the need of persecution aown?in auch a church, if it i*
acknowledged that all without ita pale will perish, perse
cu1 ion became* a religious duly; but ii it is beyond the
nniiy of form and man i? to be saved by the promp'ings
>fthe heart and faith, without reference to firms, then
persecution become* murder, and here reatu tbe odium
on the Roman Catholic religion- It ia not ao much the
mn lty of man to man that haa prepared the horror* of
th" fag got, th? rack and the varion* t irture* ol the inqtiiai
ien, aa the deluaion that out ?fthe pale of the Romec Ca
hoi.c religion there is ne salvation if the doctrines of tran
jubitantiatiou were tiue;if tbe idea that in tbepartakingof
?ha wafer, tbe body and hlood of the veritable Chri?t Jesus
are abaolutely and truly partaken of in vubitance, and
^ot in spirit only, a* tbe priest* make their unhappy
fljcta believe? then are they right in following out n
| <3 rem of peraecution. To kill, burn and deatrny he
?ome* a column duty, in ordei to compel all, for the aake
of their eternal welfare, to enter in and partake of it.
These are the principles on whioh the Roman Catholir*
>ct, nnd tbe only charitable way to account for their hei.
\ouiand unmitigated peraecutiona continued for such a
series of age*. 8e in the dootrine ef regeneration bv
iiaptism. II by the adminiatratlon of that rite complete
'egeneration ia aecured, then ought all children In theie
United States^ nay, in the whole world, be brought for
ward and baptiied after their faith. When I was in
Kgypt, I aaw come Coptic Chriatiana, who were accus
tomed when they went among the Mahommodan Chil
ean, to conceal sponges about their person*,
ind secretly drop the water on these children, and
eturn boastu g how m ny souls ty this means they ha I
?een iostrumeetal in saving. Poor aeuia, the1' knew no
?Mtcr Were thtse doctrine* true, then would all reli
<ion *ink into the mere obeervancn of outward forms?
hen mutt this true religion, and tbia only, be the one to
b't sought and sent oat to bear salvation to the world; then
? u?t missionaries sink into mere teacher* of form* and
v.servers of fact*?then might thev be merely bearer* o? I
?ponges and pail* of holy water; bnt wo must recollect
hit where on-) form is argued In be the onl?
ru* one, there is the apirit of liberty cruahrd.
Mil there is the *pitit of persecution predomi
jant. Denominational religion* are the bulwark*
?f religious liberty. It ia not sectarian te l^vn pe
"tillarly your own denomination, bnt It ia aecUrit'
0 exclude nil, save your own church, from the fold
-to argue that if men do no' go with you, they ar. nut of
< nri*i-t0 argue that it is not because lie follows no'
? hnel ,l.n' that he.follows not wish yti, and in thi* parti
cular laya the peculiar intolerance of the Roman Catholir
1 iigi -n. Form may be everything without the heart,
?t ill) I gislMion to aid it nnd compel its ob*ersance?form
nat bo n <?anra.l, but with >h? aure penalty of its h.-ing a
?-hi.' utingj religion; but feith is voluntarily and freely
,uiiir?!-eil trom the heart: with freedrm of argument and
l> ? i-h thi re ia r.o compulsion in it But there ia no right
0 c ai<el it.to form, "Where theapiritof the Lord i*
her? I* liken*." Tbo religion ef form withonC'allh Is nut
?jr.l. htu by Liththe heart is changed by the spirit of
he Lord, end where that i* there is liberty. Hence Paul'?
i-tle ti the Oaletians deprecating forms and arguing
a ihe JusiiAcation )>y faiih, and rejecting th*t of work*
|Tjr it |? writ?-n that Abraham had two son*, the one
1y a b >ndm?li, the other by a fre-woman. But he who
?** efthe bond woman was born ?t?er the flesh, but he ol
? i ewnmin wis by promise, which things are ar
illvgory. Now we, hr.thr.-n. a* I?aac was are the chil.
Iren o* pro i t?e But aathen helbat was horn after the flesh
>. r*' ~u' I liirn 'hat wb hoi n after the spirit, ovr-n so |t It
n*, nevertheless, what aaith the scripture 1 Cast out the
>.mi<i* oman sn>t her son for the *on of the bondwoman
?hall rot be heir with tlieaonof th free woman. So than
ethrea, we srenot children of the bondwoman but of
he tree " Wherever those who hold to Justification by
?Nk have persecuted, they have been far worfe than any
Inman ir ,nnnor*, or even Pope Innocent himself. If
1 ?Hn i *l?m |>er*4'auted, he waa wrong?better that reli
| ion itself ?hoold go down, than be upheld by persecn.
.n the true spirit ol religion i* a free spirit?a spirit
' iiheity le do evil, ii you will; but not of compulsion
a do geed, if you will not Sameness of aect is not ask
d for, but anion snd hsraony of spirit. There maybe
?at variety af form,and yet aonenessof apirit. There
.ay be a multiplicity af sects, and still ? ononess of spi
A*acaa< el mail i< stronger In a thousand different
i -gs af chain than it is in one wholn piece, so mev
iri'ties ot l*im beget one whole *nd uniform spirit
.tfc. crown may contain J wnls Jof many colore an*
<w?a. still the? rontnhute to the (glory of the whole
?* r f spirit hi gets tmth, bet oneness ol form.wi'ko"'
itli, hi .n intolerance snd peieeeu'lon. I hsd not in
filtering so largely Into Ihistopic;
. %?t1 h p-rulur crisis ef our religious a#alrs, a most
i i <1 mi i t?.so? the..- points is neceisery. The ntw'
cure I shall derate ta the views end future pro*pect? o*
W tldense. and all Italy They era suffering under
e pleasure ef torm; we wl*h to egtend to tham faith and
.?? Mt-I reiee up ia thatr bahelf a Christian apirit. When
r ? leak at the farhearaace lha Roman Catholic religion
receive* at onr fcaiua ia uUs land, wth?y? ? right to d?
turn m ?SttTRfto^^S
tor* They art us ? drltkal ?Ntu,,to?>
mm ??y b? at present ? lull, Hill the ?L^!??uL
mo la evident)y coming, else why ara
>ld cedea which hate been ?o """77"7? 1"
?vUeot they h??e mo mercy to axpaot U the artful ?*?
tareeol the JeeaHa ere allowed to praaall?aad tkaflret
utbreak ol religiaaa feeling in Europamay be the *>gBal
..f to thi m to a bloody persecution. I nfmany patta of Italy
riol-stanta aieaot allowed even burial Titea, and their
<?dies areoiwn sent to tie valley of the Waldensea for
loiriHeot And even there do iuecrtptiou la allowed on
tllf i^-i- mvo by petmi?slon ol priests, ?o feerlul are
iher of the vet yKont?tooe ot a Protestant-but can they
hu.h the voice ol Ojdf-t an they stifle the majesty of
t uthl fcv?rj|ioodol ground in the valley i? tue tomb
of a martyr- lenceali' ae ihey may irom the world,
?lot cannot hide It from the eight of the Almighty.?
I ll V bswUtore' blood erlee from the ground, and will nat he
uu?hed ? hy ?r? they ?o jealous aad severe against the
ntroducliou ol praaaae aa>i booke ? And ao obstinately
Mtinatiojr lUivUtMa of lb?irreli|iou? itatef 1 heir
nuvertt ie eo arret, that reeny telonted young men, who,
r/t^ bHr/? ol otl, miglt ho shining lighi? to the
jtinutrT tie caapilH u ptfi th^ir Iit* in manual la
nor, in order to aopport theme*ly*. end
contributethr many burjensornelmpoets ^feudal taaee
which ere levied by Ue Roman t.athollc Church. 1 heir
own ehntchr* are in *uch a dilapidated condition that
900**01 theairfu** Wu.abendoued.beiog unlit loruaa^nd
'ho**- 'het teaiaia ere at euch distanoee and In each eita
stiota, that many ol the aged eud infirm are unable to
er j the Meaaiuga of public worship, end from the oauaea
nnehlo to .^nt.ibuu, .vanthe
--..ii ..i?. nt ja oar 441 ooo (a earn which aeeaw email to
who bo.M oi.urct .etUat mm ??J.?* ?H, ^th^i
?kirh wp'. 'I ^ rwni'H nhulU 'in?- It It ior tuaaa
purpose thet I no? e.k ?? ur eonttibuiloDr Whica one
among ?? W. uid Ml ?I'h the ^rtv.l.ga cf ewnlng e itone
10 the* chutch I Who iho' ar ueue^to asalat thepoar
?iruaail ? e ud?cit id hi* mehingwiraight tha patha torlae
? " >y aefc your
*nd I leei ee?ur? d ihet t.e MrMiogol Ood wil!beattaahed
to ear tfiit'e Artii
Police 0?M-ir>ii. *-ATttarri# Eioatc rae*
Paison ?The iwe boye, named Peier Rulead aad Joaeph
joaea who were convicted >eeurday of a burglary and
.eatenced to the Hauee ol Rsfage, atM^ad ?aw^g
Irom call No 40, iu thesACOud coiridor of the P??n; ??/
forcing out tho i weiog of 'ha cell window, which is ol
iron They were heeid by eno of tha dep*ty kaapare,
who opaoel the cell door, t. ok out ,th? baya, aad piwad
them In ant ther cell . . ..
Potkbt Pk.ho.?Mi. O W. Qjedrich, of Turn T
Hell, while eliding on tha earner ol Bayard etraot ana
the Bowery leet erecmg, looklag at the Bra, aoma
man ptoked hi. pocktt ol $1* Na ai^ farhapa Mfr
G*o Wttar, recently paid-wed by Oor Wright, can tell
eomething about th? matter. .
A?oiHEa-Mr. 7. Matt,wkllaow batrtthe rtaambaat
Knickerbocker, ou her paMaga Irom Albany lairtJjjBnt,
we< robbed ol $M? - MOO of which la la
Button Bank, and the reeldue In |l?? billa tipan othar
banka of tha city of Boat on. .
A New Aaairai..?Jamea McCarty, racantly from tng
landfwaa arretted by a?car Harria for ataarfu
worth $13. and a pair of panta worth M.,framj^f?
Jv ol No. '14 Fulion ktreet. Another aileer watca,eup
lioaed to be atolea, waa found upon tha accuaed,tor which
an owner la wanted.
Coronar'a Uflee-DitTN raoii Awlixt.?The
coroner held an inqueat at No 17 Cherrr atraat, upaatha
body of John Leigh, a natt?e el England 44 yaara of age,
who died in a fit af apoplexy at the abore named place,
about 13 o'olock yeeterday. . ,, , ..
Kouna Daownan ?The Coroaar held an iaquaet to-day
at the corner of Water and Carllea atroet, upon theJ>ody
ol an unknown man who waa found drowned thie morn
Fatal Accidiitt.?1Tha coroaar waa called thia after
uoon to hold an inqueat at Na. ?7t Eaat ?th atraat. upon
tha body of a lad named Charles Hawkinaon, about nlna
yeara old, who waa killed accidentally thie marning, in
I 'be following manner: He had been clambering upon
1 the cart of a carman named Alfred Brand, who waa cart,
ing aome ahip blocka and log?, and although ha had bean
ordered off, he got on again, whan unfortunately one of
tha loga rolled off and cruahed the boy'a heed bet ween
tha log and the curb-atone. Tha coroner wiu hold an
Fibk ?About t o'clock on Friday craning, a Are broke
out in the aeap manulactory of Mr CharlM^Meineicke. tn
I rwenty-third street, which nearly
of the building, and for aome time it wasthought tlie a 1
joining houaea would haraaharrd tha aama fate. Deati
lute of "fire enginoa," Mr. Meinetcke, being aaiWed by
I lome ol hia nughbora, went to work to wem tke flary
torrent but all to no purpoee, and the lire still raged with
unremitting fury, f owerer, the alarm balog soundrdj
two or three ol th? Hoae aad Engine companioa, in a short
time alter ward*, were at their poet, and though drenched
with rain and very munh fatigued from two houra prari*
ous hard labor at the Bo wary Theatre lost noUmein
getting their hoae and "cnginea in requisition, and in a>
retr abort time aubdutd the liamea. Much praiaa ia due
to the fire compenieeoi thia city for their promptneaaand
williDgneas at all houra, both day and night, when their
asaiatanca is required. The damage done ia eatimated at
suout $1000, and Mr. Meineicke is, wa underatand, inaur
ed in the Hartford Inaurance company for $800.
Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Emmans and Deroe.
M. C. Patkbson, fcaq., Uutrict Aturney.
AraiL'Jfi.? Tiial for Uurglaiy?Sarah Dowd and Sarah
Ofirood ware tried upon in indictment for burglary in the
Lisitd degree, in entering the atoru ol Ollea Low re, No 94
Centro atre*t,on the night ol the 11th of March, and atea
linrllT in money and tonia eigara and other things, l he
jury conricted tiiam of a petit larceny Sentence, peni
tentiary 6 months. ? .. ,
The Jury were then diacharged for the term.
Sentence.?Cornelius Driacoll waa sentenced to the peni
'entiray for e menth? for keeping a dlforderly housa
Jlrrtit of a fugitive ?The District Attorney announced
hat a lemale named Suaan Jonta waa in court, arreated
upon a requUition from the (lovernor of Pennaylrania,
out as there were three indietmenta for grand larceny
igainsthar in thii court, he hoped that the might be com
fitted kere. and made a motion to that effect. The Court
' granted the motion, and ordered her to be committed,
Ditaheiiint Wilntiiti.?The Dia rict Attorrey atatfd to
the Court that in the cwa ol Patrick MaAndra, indi tad
?or an ataault and battery with intent to kill, committed
?n Febiuaiy laat upon Patrick O'Hara, it waa impoaaible
?or him to obt?in the attendance af tha witness, and he
I .uppoied he had aettled it cut of Court. Under the cir
-.umatancaa he mored lor the diacharge of tha priajnar,
vhich tba Court accedtd to, aod expreaaed their intan
1 ion likewise of punisking the wi'neaa when he could bo
-.aught, for forgettirg hi* r< cognizance a* a witneaa.
In the c?se cf Francis Martin, charged with atabbing
Edward Hagen, on tho 29 h of March, tha District Attor
'iey moved ter a discharge, iuconw quenoeol hia inability
'?o get the comf'l unant beloretha OrandJnry, notwlth
tending an attachment had been isaned, and every mians
aken to find him D.acborgcd.
In the cave of Wm Kimball and Jamrs Herbert,chargad
vith burglary, the Grand Jmy not having found any bill,
he defendant* were dNchirged fiom cu-tody.
At ISo'clock the Court adj mrr.od for tha term.
AraiL 34?Decisions. ? S'oah Kilty it aI? ods Joshua
Culver, jun.?Judgment for defendant, on demurrer
John Jt Morril ads Harris Wilson, Public Administra
Weland 11' Wheil,r ads William Youngs and George
Youngs - Report of referee* let a*ide, and they to hoiir
Before Judge Oakley.
A ruii. 26?Wills n lJurlem Railroad Company ?In
hi* cue, already noticed, the jury rendered ? verdict in
'avor ol plaintiff,for $IO<JO
Decision.?*ostjth Wood vs. D. B Riding?Motion, mak
?ng bill of exception*, denied without coat*
V. S. Commlaaloncr'i Office.
Aran. it ? Webster, the Pirate.?The captain of the (hip
"Norway" wti examined ' hi* day, in relation to the iden
ity ol the man who la confined at tho Tomb*, charged a*
vWebtter) the accomplice of (Ube Tha captain'* te*ti
ntony wan given on part of the pri?onor, which not being
teemed talsiactory, the priiontr itand* farther re
Common Flea*.?No#. 104, 106, JO, lit, 17, 11. 14, 19,
0*n Winfi -Id So itt, for President, and Hen. Alex. Bar
ow e( Loui'itma, for Vice Preaident, are propo*rd by the
The Pjtl*bnrif p^|,er5 announce that the Preildont h.i*
ubicribed (100, and tx-Pre*idtnl AUa>? $o(), for the luf
Me*?n Henry and Kunil are giving lecturei with gnat
mcce?* in Cleveland. Ohio.
The dwe'ling of Mr. Uer.ry B.irr,e<, near Blairtvlllr,
'a , having br^en recertii destroyed hy flue, on the Hatur
?y fallowing hi* neighbor* turned out and tnllt ar.o.bei
O-pc th-lft \ oho-ln, ii Creek chief, wi h hi* friend* John
Hog*, Davi.t Vaon, and ether*, whocompecathn Cherokre
(?'legation to Waehington City now on their way tbiihei
.-Mid through Van Burm, A'k , a few dayaiince.
Fi t H^nry Homer, E'q., ha* bi'cn recegiixi'd by the
Pn *iU*:.t ol tho Unltid State* a* Butnoi Ayrean Conaul
or B J?t*ri
The Orfnrd Organizer Mate* that the Hob. Ja^ob
'"hompson ho* H &igm d th? appointnunt ol Sana'er ol
4i*ti*ppi, received liom the Governor. He will be a
???iuiIiJhU- io> reelection to Congreaa.
D'I?r?>ll i? aho ihont y nltJiihing a row novel, "Sybil,"
vith n inctto pr<.mipi>ig a itore of par*o??litlea.
Copt. M?rr;a<ti* abi.nt pnbli?blsg a nfW wark, in Lon
I n j Mr*. Nottrn, i new potm ; Mr* B.C.Hall, anew
r|Fh talc, a d Cooper, anew novel j C?lley Oration, e
n Jley of hi* own contribution* to the periodical*.
The ffewiuryport Herald announce# the arrival oi the
Ion Cal-h (. uahicff on Thuwdny evening, and that *
little wai fired by the artilleiy of the plaoe in hoLor oi
ii* arrival. '
(fcj- The Floating Theatre ia now at ihe toot ol
/Union afreet?the berth ol the Great Weatfrr
?eain ship where It will do a great b <*inea* !t I# ?
,r*t rate location. Thu htutilii'iil place of amutement
>*erve* iviry -nr.onnfement. The performance art
hatteand beaut.fnl, ard rvery thing in orderly an I r<
. ec'able O^ntlemin need notfe^rto take their wivaa
nd daughter* to tee it
IHerllcel ffutio..? Th? AilTcriacmintftof th
rw V or'* Cnll?*r of Medicine aud Pharinao.??'*bli<hed fn
y ^nppreiwtiiii of (Jtncke' .in the enre of all di*e*?e*,wi)
l**ft*r appev oo Hi* fourth and l.iat eolnr.in of In'
?n-r. W. M UICHAHDSON. M. P.. Ar?nt
^Inei" fail f'niieil in* Ifnr.m* of rnllee.#5 Nuwa sir*
nalliy'a nagteal fain KxtrMtor, at hli
(eaey, ?7 Walker *tn?t. flr?t atore from Broadway.
Ileal'a lialr>Heatoratlre, at hll Agency, 07
talker *t. lit icor* raoM Broadway.
i. ?hrt' HihshotJs (jut Mi vnxk. ,7lt
rP?'Vomsss: Maw jee,- iTtK'wiiiror.Tiouiiiu
very grrat?and yet (h ? pl-atn t w,,m*n has the misfortune to
Itv' t Aairy Up . Dr. F. Gountuo't foudrei Subtiln for
eradicating tupeifiuout hair. would have remedied the detect id
??T " t?*c,uiN>"? to r*coid the fact* OouaAUo't
Italian Medicated Soap, from it* dilating properties, abeolute
ly prevent! the formation of wrinkle,, u the unu ume tt mt it
settlers to the lour winds every vettige *1 Tan, Pimplet, Sun
burn, Sallownett, freckles, or uy o'her cutaneona diuiguie
meut?leaving the tkiu a> white and clear u the drifted suow.?
Oouaauo's liquid Vtgttable Rouge ia a tpKdid !?d>erwe
MN< cartniaa dye for paVcheekt u,d lip.; while hit Oiecian
Hair Dye is uuiveiaallv used for coloring hair brown or black.
Ur O't. preparation of Lily White it a top?rb article for mak
ing dark and frough skina, whitrl tmnoth and teftJgAnr lady
hating her Toilrt well stocked wnh the eminent chemical ela
borations of D'. Oouraud, Bay absolutely bid defiance to the
apprnachea of old age !
Be very aura that every article is purchaaed at Dr. FELIX
GOURAUD'8 Depot, 17 Walker itnet, flrst store from Br. ad
war; as all compounds bearing thr same name nra irarisw if
sold at auy other place thin 67 Winii stiiit.
Agents. 74 Chaanut street, Philadelphia ; I Milk street, Boa
ton ; Backus It Bull, Troy ; Peirce, Albany, lie.
Cheapest Music In (he World!?All the
Bohemias Girl Muaic, lor the Piano- foite (Atwill's edition) at
only T\oo Centi a Pane, for sale at H. King's cheap Book and
Music store, 141 Fultou street, aeac Broadway.
Mistake! are often Fatal?Many atepjsoss a
slight cough to be a trifle, aud neglect it. It passes into eon*
simpuon and death follows. Sherman's Couth Loxatigee
would bare speedily remedied the evil. Worms kill ihoutai-ds,
and the cause is not susj*cled. Dr. Sherman's Warm Losesgss
1c Trifle not; if worms are suspected, laeort at
?i celebrated worm destroyer Dr. Sherman's waie
housa is H6 Nassau street. Agenie? lit Broadway; It Astor
House; 1*7 Had ton st; iK Bowery; 77 Last Broadway; N
he cause is net sniveled. Dr. Sherman's Warm 1
specific Trifle not; if worms am suspected,
to this celebrated worm daatroyer Dr. Bhermai
e is ltO Nassau street. Ageais?lit Broadway; ]
*27 Hudson st; iM Bowery; 77 Last Bruadw?>, w*
Willitm stieet; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and I btate
Ail l'hlladeluua babaerlptloni to the
Hlt&au> must be paid, to die tniy authorised JlgttUl, Zither
a Co., 1 Uil*r Buuding, Thiru street, near Cheetnut. Terms
?75 eseta a month, including the Sunday paper: or 05 cents
without it; delivered nee of charge la any put of Philadelphia.
Single copies for aale aa above, daily, at 1 o'clock?Price 2
The Wisely Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn
? iu?Price 6X oenta or S3 par annum, delivered in any part of
; Philadelphia, free of postage
[T7* All the new and cheap Publications for sala at their as
! taGliahineut. at soon as issued, wholesale and retail
[?7~ With the exception of one paper, the "Herald" is read
as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published in
that city, affording a valuable medium to advertiarurt. Adver
tire menu hauded to the ageuta at half past 4 o'clock, will ap
pear in the HpmIiI m?i <lsv ?4 lv
Saturday, April AO?6 P. M.
The stock market was rather heavy te-day, and part
of tho Improvement of yesterday ha* been lost Stoning_
ton fell off i per cent; Farmers' Loan J; Kentucky 6*S J;
Morris Canal J; Mohawk ], Long Island f; Harlem 1;
Canton 1; Norwich end Worcester, Vicksburg, Erie
Railroad, Pennsylvania 6'?, Illinois, and United States
Bank closed at yesterday's prises. A reaction, similar to
this, was anticipated, as it is asatl immediately after a
kudden and rapid advance.
There has boen some alight alterations recently in quo*
tat Ions for domestic exchanges. The demand ia very
limited, and the rates on the principal points reduced to a
specie standard. Exchange on New York, in tho West
ern and Southern States,ia scaroe,and tks rates pretty wsll
advanced. There has lately been some embarrassment in
the finances of some ot the moat extensive bill drawers ia
the interior of Ohio. A Cleveland house remains under
protest in this city to a large amount, and merchants of
that vicinity, who made remittances in the paper of this
house, have been or maybe serious sufferers. The ex
change drawers alluded to are intimately connected with
the Bank of St. Clair, of Detroit.
We annex quotations in this mtrket for exchange on
the principal poinia
Domestic Exchange, April 16, IMS.
Boston,.. P?r? Mdjs ApaUchictla, 1 a 3.4dis
Philade'paia para ? Mobile, specie,... Ma ? "
Baltimore, par a X " Mobile, St Bk nu, 6?ia 7V "
V irgiuia la 1M Montgomery tXa 7M "
North Carolina,.. lKa 1>4 Tuscaloosa Ojja 7Jj "
Charleston, X* A. NewOrleans,.... % dis a par
Savannah Ha * ' Nashville, 2 a2*di
Augutu Ka 34 Louisville, ...... ltfa lii "
Columkus la* 1J4 St. Ltuit 2 a 2Ji "
Macon-........ 0*? 1>S ' Cincinnati,. 1 slK"
Uni"ii, Florida. ..70 a75 Safety (?und notes X> X "
South L k T Co..75 alO Eastern notes,... X* 7k"
<tuoTATions roa Uitct7aar.nT Mohev.
Uncurr'nt Money. Broken bank Money.
Eastern, buk'bleiu Boston H' Bank of Oswego 20
Albany,Troy,Sclie.Ike... J4 Commercial, Oswego 25
Jersey Jt Clinton County as
Philadelphia M Watervliet.. , ..... IS
Baltimore............ X l/uited Stattt, flula 38
Safety Fund i. lted Back.Oirard Bank, I*hila 1
Virginia Iji Phenii, Charlestowu 45
Ohio 2k Newouryport Bank ?
Indiana 2>* Bank of Lyons 2j
Michigan 2>^a5 Illinois Stat* Bank 33
North Carolina I& Bk of Illi. at Shawnetown. 40
South Carolina 1*4 Commercial, Budalo 20
Tk? rates for uncurrent money have been advanced, in
consequence of the immense amount c Hiring for redemp
tion. Country merchants prclor bringing to the oity the
bills of the banks in the vicinity of their location, than to
run the risk of a bill of exohange drawn by individual
houses, or pay the jw.r o?nt many of the banks ofthe inte
rior charge. It la lor the inttreat of these banks to com
pel the merchants, it possible, to bring to tkis city their
bills, as it gives them a circulation they would not other,
wiie get. 1'he discount of uncurrent money will become
reduced as the supply falU cff.
The tells on the Susquehanna and Tide Water Canalo,
up to the 19th Inst, ef the prvaent year, amount to
$1S 303 M, against $ It .046 IS for the corresponding period
laat, showing an inert ue ot $3,118 *1, equal tothiity
?-hree and a third per cent
A great tlt?rt has recnnily been made by those engage 1
io thi sugar speculation, to get up an excitemtnt in their
tavor, by representation a that the augorcrep of the island
of Caba woull not be mote than onc-toird the usual ave
rage. Wu annex a statement showing the exports of this
article from Havitna and Matanxas for the irst quarter of
18*4 and 1845. The decrease in the exports for Hsvaua
is not so gnat as those from Matanxis. If the exports
f'om these two ports could be considered ao evidence of
tke csnditi hi ol the new crop, the fact of -sn enormnus
itscrrase in the production would be establishfd but we
csnntit consider th->m a-sefflcient criterion ol the extent ol
the crop. The sugar produced in Cuba this oe?son will
ba much lator coming to market, and the supply will,
without dcurrt, be much less than last year, but net te the
extent many anticipate, or speculators would have the
Exroars or Bvoaa raoa Havana and Matanxas raoM
MMJan. 1 to Mabch 31, lt4i|aHe |8<3.
/-From Havana?* <-Fr?m Metan'r-*
1844. I IMS. 1044. 1045.
To the U State*, boxea. .20 0?9)? 7021^ 21.<00 T K
" Ureat Britain, do 4,713 IM 2 960 1,300
" Co wet, do. 10,113 0,930 10,247 *,753
" Baltic, do...... 1,427 ? 2,|0I ?
" Ham nor* It Bre
men, do 14,012 7.92IH 4,015 4,0'?X
- Holland,Mo...... 2.0'i4 1.J72 751
" Belgium, do 1,704 ? ? ?
" France do 3.161 1,145 1,110 ?
?? 8 pair, do 24,011 22,106^ 5512 3,030
" Ita'y, d? ? ? ? ?
" 1 ririte, V. n k O.
Parts, do 5,310 1,474^ 12.750 70U
Tool... lOS.SliO* 44,iMH <3,410 1SJMH
Tha deernace in the export! of thia article from Hava
-)? and Mitimu to the Uci'ed State*, hat been earned by
he increaaed production a h'Die. The crop of thia coun
try new comiug iu will he nearly double that ef laat year,
JDd the demand far the *ugtr* of Cub* will be muoh redu
Jed. Thia ii not owing to the lmall tupply in Cuba, but
;o thi largo yield of om own crap.
v/Id Stock Kiolunca.
SO N Haven Canal
II0MU8 0'*,'?2co?p 113
~~1 ObioA't, M bM ?T
20*0 Kentucky ? ?
? Pennt) Ivauia }'?
iOW do ill
2000 lllinon ?pl
2S -hat Fallen Busk
II Buik ? om, full
i"0 Vickiburc Bk bM
SO North Hiwr Ini
2S <)u irdUu in*
10 Manhattan <>ai
ISO Farmer*' Trutt
'JO do bM
M do h 10
SO do bll
ISO Moriia Caaal
100 ('anion Co
SO L I iland R R
4tS do bnw
330 Harlem R R
M Mohawk R R
100 Stoaiagtoa RR bM 3VK
100 do bM
S Hoatatoiiie R R 30
IS Nor* Wot RR
50 I 'aaloa Co
IM IMeovon RR
j0 Nor k \S or
50 *ha \1otr.a C ?n*l
IS Canton Co
New Stork Cirhange.
Ohio ?'*. <M bnw V\i ? 100 *h* L Itland RR bto 70
! iflO d)
ian# lllimit 0't, *70
ISO alia Mimeta' Treat
inn Mi rri? Tnaal
S'l K Bo ton Ce
">0 Cantoa Co
Salva of llarkl at Bullae.
AtaaU-ft Mate. Cotton Villa llw. SI leaten and
Elaine RR I ml; ftrt W.tmb (ton J#Jt I hanie' Bark
''WJ; 6 fll be Bink I0H; 20 S.awmt Bilk MA, an Nor
V Wor RR IxvJm 7), IM fc B >.lc H mk ?'*?? '
land RR holm 76}; M Reeling RR til,
BUM a al Trada.
Anwra?Pnta are in very halted rrqneet, and we atlll
|UO o $4 0?i a $4 llj. P?ar a are iaeciive ead pi tree nrt
0 rtr hi aa hereto for*. Ikey are aew ketd at >4 Ma
B? ? war-Trime northern yellow we qaMa at M.-,
ri'h a llmite.i demind.
CoTtojf A ??ry good enquiry hat eaiited today for
til grade* cfcotfor, and the tale* tmonnt to ?*ao heir*
?,ie mmket ia alightly in faror of the htiytr. We nnnea
Upld> *Fl?riU M Orl # M*MU.
Good Middling. A
Middling fair,.. Ai a
Fair Ait a
Fnlly K.'ir A] a
Ooo l fair, 71 a
a a h
? ? T1
Freight tn Liverpool dull et id. lor aqnare belt* To
I tvro at Ji?.
Htr?Common qualitie* of North river heie, we qiio*!)
87J a 40o!. The demand it principally far thlpn > nt ?
'liate it bald at 42 a 4<c
WHt*aev--Driidgecatktare in m kI#tale demand at lie
Veatern ami pnaon berr>la are dull, but price* are aieadv
at as a M|o. '