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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
Vol. II., Ho. Uil-Wbol* No. 4104. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 3, 1S45. PrlM Two Cooes* THE MEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Kvory day. Price 3 cent* pel copy?$7 J5 per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday ?Price 8| cent* per copy?to 124 cents per annum?payable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual price*?olway* cash in advance. PRINTING of all kindii executed with beauty and despatch. (ff/- All lotter* or communication*, by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be ja>st paid* or the postage will be deducted from the subscription money remittee JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaoraiiToa or th< New York HckALD Kstabi.ibiimj.iit ?ar??t onrnar r%f ffiUnn Vt?q?oti ROt IK AW A Y stacks\ ON and after Augurt 1st, ISO, will leave the City Hotel, st 3>,j n clock P. M. daily, uudsys excepted, for Far Rocks way. Rt> turning, le u C* Ho- Pavilion at 7,1,. A. M., for New York, cross ing at tlie South Kerry. All orders to be left at 3(0 Pearl street, sul lm*rc H. CONKLJN. MALI-, LINE FOR. BOSTON. DAILY UVTiR THE LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD, VIA A'FAT T.OJiDOtT, NORWICH .}? WORCESTER. At 8 o'clock in the Morning, from the Koot of Whitehall street, South Kerry?Sundays excepted. Way Crates are iu readiness to receive baggage for New London, Norwich and Worcester. Baggage for Boston goe* through under lock. jdldtfrc FOH NEWPORT AND PROVIDENCE. KARK FIFTY CENTS KOR THE SEASON. On Mondays, Wednesdays, and Kridays, over the Long Island Rail Road to Greenport, thence to Newport and Provi dence iu a splendid and commodious Sound Steamer. This Line leaves at 8 o'clock 111 the Morning, from the Koot of Whitehall street. South Kerry. ju 16 tfrc FARE TO BALTIMORE #3 Through in Seven Hour*. NEW CASTLE AND FRENCHTOWN RAIL ROAD AND STEAMBOAT LINE. The unrivalled Steamboat ROBERT MORRIS, Captain J. M Douglass, will, on mid after Monday, June lb, leave Dock street wharf, daily, (except Sundays,) at 3 o'clock, 1'. M. Pas sengers will arrive iu Baltimore at about 10 T. M. Fare only ?I. This Line is comiaised of the following splendid and last Steamboats:? Robert Morris, Captain J. M. Douglass. Ohio...., Captain L. Davis. Constitution. Captain J. Chaytor. George Washington Captain J. Trtppc. This Line leaves Bowly's wharf, Baltimore at 3 P. M.? Tickets for Wheeling and Pittsburg can be procured ou board the boat. UNITED STATES MAIL LINES KOR BALTIMORE. Fare $3?Through in Sir Howe. PHILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON AND BALTI MORE RAILROAD LINE. Via Chester, Wilmiugtou, Elk ton, uvrede Grace, Ike. On and alter Wednesday next, June 25th, the fare between Philadelphia and Baltimore, by tlie Mail Lines, will be reduced to S2. The Trains will leave as follows:? Frotn Philadelphia, I Kroin Baltimore, Depot llih and Market streets. Depot in Pratt street. Daily, excepr Sunday,at 8 A.M. I Daily, exc, Sunday, at 9 A M. And Daily, at 4 P. M.,| And Daily,at 8 P M. Wheeling and Pittsburgh?Tickets,through to Wheeling and Pittsburgh can be had at the Depot, Eleventh and Market sts, G. H. HUDDKLL, Agent. For further information, apply to J. L, SLEMMF.R, at the office of Adams St Co. 17 Wall street. June 24th, 1845. je29ec LUNtTlSLAND RAILROAD COMPANY. H REDUCED FARES. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT, TRAIN8 RUN AS FOLLOWS, On and after Hth June, 1846: Fr?m Brooklyn l)rpot? Boston Train?8)4 A. M. daily, Sunday* excepted, (topping at huimingdnle and St. George'*Manor. Accommodation Train?9>* A. M and 5 P. M. for Farming dale and intermediate plaoes, daily, Sunday* excepted. Accommodation Train, Jr.M. for Greenport, daily, Sunday* excepted,stoppingut Jamaica, Branch, Hempstead, and iheks vilh, and .,11 the shipping place* betwoeu Hicksrille and Ore en port. From Ghreenport Depot? Boston Train, daily, Sunday* excepted, at 12)4 o'clock M., or on the arrival of the steamers from Norwich. Accommodation Train?At 5 A.M., daily, Sunday* excepted, forBrooklyn and intermediate place*. From Farm midair Depot? Accommodarion Train, 6)4 A- M. and 2)4 P. M., daily, Sun day* excepted, for Brooklyn and intermediate place*. From Jamaica Depot? Extra Train, 1^ P. M. daily, Snnday* excepted, forBrook lyn and intermediate place*. The Be.ttou Train* stop only at Farraingdale and St. George'* Manor. The Accommodation Trains *top at the following place* on the road, going both way* to receive and deliver pasaeu gcrs, y ix: Bedford 8 Deer Park 69 Eust New Vork 12)4 Thompson M<0 Race Course 18)4 Suffolk Station 1 00 Trotting Course 1844 Laku Road Station 11854 Jamaica... 26 Medford Station 1 H>A? llrusliville 3I'4 Millrville 160 Hyde Park, 17 mile* 37)4 St. George'* Maner.... 1 62 Clowsriile, (during *e?- Riverhcnd I 62 ?ion Couu,) 3744 Jamesport 1 62)4 Hempftead 37)4 Mattetuck 162,'* BrailOfe 37)* Cutchogue 1 62h> Carle Place 41 Southolu 1 621* Weitbury 44 Greenport, Acc'n. train. 1 7644 Hicksvilfe 44 Boiten Train 2 00 Farmingdale 62)4 Stages are in readines* on the arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take passengers at very low Fares, to all parts of the Island. , Baggage Crates will be ill readiness at the foot of Whitehall Street, to receiv* Baggage for (lie several Trains. 30 minutes be fore the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. L /""Rookaway Baggage taken iu separate Crates. julOre TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. i-.Al'Kl-.ss AN11 Id f INKER PACKET LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh vis the Pennsylvania Rail roads and Canal?through iu 3)4 days. The above line is now in fall operation and offers gnat inducements to persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The cars are built in the most approved modern style, the boats are fitted up ina snperior manner,and every eflort is made by the proprietors to conduce to the comfort and convenience 01 travellers. The scenery on this route is unrivalled, and the Seat cham of Pennsylvania internal improvements is well wot y of being seen. By this 1 ?ute passengers avoid nil the fatigue* and dangers at tendant upon stage travelling, and at the same time makean ex peditions t, ip. The cars leave ever,- morning at 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad vised to engage their places at Philadelphia. Office in Philmlel rina N. E. corner of Cliesuut and Fourth streets, and at No*. 3 anil 16 South Third sts. A, CUMM1NU8, Afpst. Philadelphia, May 17, 1245. For information, in the city of New York, apply to B. H. KNlSELL. Agent lor D. LEECH St CO.'s Line. 7 West at, N.B. my!7 6m*rre FOR SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTER?The ,very last tailing N. Vorlt built packet ship Y AZOO, 670 tons, live oak and locuat top, live oak transom, s|aou ami forward and after cants, carries 22(H) hales New Or leans cotton, and has handsome furnished accommodations for 26 passengers. . Appl V 011 board at Jones' wharf, or to E. K. COLLINS k CO , yfflec 56 South street. FOR SALE, FKETgHT OR CHARTEH-Tha very fist sailing barque HOME, Captain Watts, loiilt in Baltimore one year since of the best materials, carries about 4,(100 barrels, and has handsome accommodations for twenty passengers. Apply to Captain Walts, mi boaM, at Pike street wharL or to E. K. COLLINH k CO. jl7 rc 56 South street. " FOR NEWCASTLE, EN'GLAND.?The well know 11. fist sailing coppered anil eoPPewf stened j ship RAMBLER. Baxter, Master' having all her iglil eng.lgt d, will sail ill a few d.ii s. For light (Wight, or passage, having good accommodations, pi,|y to WOODHULL U MINTUHN, jvMrrc 177 South street 1-ilK I.VvEKI'OOL?pack-1 01 tin- 6 li > |ptcmt.er ?The splendid new paeket ship HENRY CLAY, _jE. Nye, master, 1260 tons burthen, w ill sail as above, 1 icguo.r day. Having unsurpassed accotnnioilalOoiis for cabin, seeond cabin ?,ol steerage i?<h lengers, persons wishing to secure Berths should make early application on hoard, loot of Maiden Lane, or to the subscriber, JOSEPH MeMURKAV, 100 Pine street, comer of South strt et. The splendid packet ship Patrick llenn , .1. C. Delano, mas ter, Iti'lti tour burthen, will succeed (he Henry Clay, and sail lkc<tli Qt-iober, *11 rc Ar'rAc PACKtl 8 FOR HAVRE?(Second Line.)? Th" Packet ship UT1CA, Captain Hred-rick Hew JHpMl|?* in, will sail on the 1st September. Her freight or passage, apply to BOYD k HINCKKN, *4 cr No. 9 Tontine Buildii g, enr Wall "nil Water sfs. "35 k~r?0R LIVERI'OOL-Tlie New Line-Regular t i?l 2t?t September.?'The superior fast sailing lv--t ship QUEEN OF THE WEST. 1250 tons; pt rii.titi \\ oodhouse.dridge, will sail as above, her regular jr. for freight cr passage, having splendid, Inrgs snil roinfortnhle ite roriins and calou, ajiply 011 board, west side Burling slip, to WOODHULL k MINTURN, , . 87 South st 1 eet. Price of passage f|nn I'lie packet ship Itoch -ster, 800 ton*,''apt. John Britton, ill sui-i mil the Queen of the We*t, a ml mil on In-r rcgu r day JBst QCtOPOf. jyJ2 sC ST WAN 1 El) IMMEDIATELY-A ?hip to load tor pV n ?onthern port?Apply to ISttffa ft. K. COLLINS k CO., ?fee 54 H"t|th street. nffJr- FOR LlVERPOOL-Nrw Line?Regular Packet '''si?,'11 "?c/f,fast s illing Packet slli- .111 HAN, Capt. Geo. B. Cornish, of 1100 ? ill sail n* above, her regular day. Her freight or passage, having accommodation* unequalled for leiidof ?T comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS k CO., 56 South street. Price sf Passage U00. Packet Hhip Osrriok, ( apt. B H. Tr*sk, will *nree?l the heridan, and tail Mth Octnbor, h>r regular ditv. guMrc PEOPLES' LINE OK STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. alSAQ /SI DAILY?Sundays Excepted?'Through Di C? li" r rt at 7 o clock I' M., from ilie Pier between SfcMaBflhsriK.< ourrla idt and Liberty streets. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain R. O. Crnttenden, will O ' ou Moodjr, Wrdn?Hl? V and Friday Eveuiugs, nt 7 o'clock. Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Ceotaio A Houghton, will leave ou Tuesday, Thursday and Svturday Evenings, at 7 ?'clock. At j ? clock P.M., landiug at intermediate placer, from the fool ofBarcliy street Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Cart.M. H Truesdell, will leave in r.londay, Wedueaday, FridaT and Sunday Afternoons, at 4 o'clock. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain L. W. Brainnrd, will leave on Tueaday, Thuraday and Saturday Afternoons, at5 o clock Pasiengers taking either of the above Lines will arrive in Alba ay in ample time for the Morning Train ol Can for the eaat or west. Tlur Boats are new and substantial, are furnished with new and elegant state rooms, and for speed and accommodations are un rirailed on tlie Hudson. Freight taken at moderate rates. All persons are forbid trustiuy any of the Boats of una Lute, without a written order from the Captains or Agents. Kor passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. Setmilz, at tie- nffi<? on the wlmrf. si r LONDON LINE OF PACKETSy-l'acket of 7tli September?The sidendid and favorite picket ship _____urHI I ? \DELPHI A, l'Kio tons burthen. Cap'.. E. Dunn, will ail on MONDAY, Sept. 8th, li?r regular day. The ships of this line being all 1000 ton* and upwards, per sons about to embark for the old country will not fail to see the advantages to he derived from selecting this line in preference to any other, as their great capacity renders them every way more comfortable eu<! convenient than ships of a small class, and their accommodations for cabin, second c ibin and steerage passengers, it is w ell known, are su|>erior to those of any other line of packets. Persons wishing to secure berths should not fnl to make early application on board, at Pier No G, North River, or to Ur. & J. T. TAPSCOTT, At their Genera! Passage Office, 75 South st., corner of .Maiden Lane. Persons wishing to tend for their friends, can have them brought out in this magnificent picket, or any of the tegular line, sailing en the 1st, G'h, 7th. 11th, 16th, list aud 26th of every month,on favorable terms Application to lie made as above. Drifts for any amount, payable on demand, without discount in ail the principal towns of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, c iu at all limes be obtained on application (if by letter post paid) as above. sir FOR LONG BRANCH, OCEAN HOUSE, RUMSON, EATON TOWN, SHREWSBURY St MANASQUAN. The n"w and elegant low pressure steamer EDWIN LEWIS, Capt. Corliss, will leave from Catharine Market, touching at PierNo. 1 E. R., each a ay, as lollows :? Leaves New York, Leaves Eaton Town, Ang.13?Wednesday, 19R a.m. Aug.Pi?Wednesday, 3 r m. 11?Thursday, 11 " 14?Thursday, 3 " 15?Eri 'ay, 13 M. 15?Friday, 4 " 16?Saturday, 1 p M. 1G?Saturday, 5 " 17?Sunday, 6), a.m. 17?Sunday, 4 " 18?Monday, 7 " 11.'?Monday, 3 " I'l?Tuesday. 7)? " 19?Tuesday. 4 " 20?Wtduesuay, IS,1 ? " 20?Wednesday, lft'g a m. 21?Thursday, 7 " 21?Thursday, 11 22?Friday, 7% " 22?Friday. 11X " 23?Saturday, 8 " 21?S turuay, 12 M 24?Sunday, 7 " 24?Sunday, 1), r.M. 25?M mday, 8)* " 25?Monday, 1 " 26?Tuesday, 9 " 26?Tuesday 2 " 27?Wednesday, 10 " 27?Wednesday, 2 " 28?Thucdny, 11 " 2S?Thursday, 3 " 29?Friday, II.'J " 29-Friday, 4 " 30?Saturday, 12 M. 30?Saturday, 4 " 31?Sunday, 6 a.m. 31?Sunday, 4 " Stages will be in readiness to convey passengers to all parti of the country. a13 rc MORNING LIN IS AT 7 O'CLOCK, FOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate landings, from the Steamboat Pier at the loot o Barclay-street. Breakfast and Dinner on board the boat. JgLeaves New York at 7 o'clock, A. M., Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday, and Troy at 6 o'clock. A. M., Albany at 7 o'clock A. M. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The low-pressure steamboat TUOY, Captain A. Gorham, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at7 o'clock. The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroot, oo Mod dnv, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock. For p.vs.-.age or freight, apply ou board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. Notice?All goods, freight, bnggage.bank bills, lpecie^orany other kind of property taken, shipped, or put on board this boat, ' 1g must be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bng gage, See. jelSrc NOTICE. STATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. The Steamboats SYLPH an<f STATEN ISLANDER will leave New York every hour except 5 P. M., commencing at I 8 A. M., until 7 P.M. Leave Staten Island every hour except 4 \ P. M., commencing at 8 A. M., until 7 P. M. N. B.?Uu Sundays the Boats will leave every hour from 8 i A. M., until 1 P. M., and from I P. M. until 7 P. M., every liall hour. jy 12 NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE. .yji FOR ALBANY AND TUOY DIRECT. i2L i , . Pfc?L?n Vf*? a' 7 o'clock, P. M.?The steamboat EM uf w ar IMP E Captain K. I!. Maey, will leave the itcamhoat |der foot of Gourtlaudt street, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Wm. H. Peek, every Vlimday, Wednesday and Friday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. a or Passage or Freight apply on board, or at live office ou the mhnrf fwf* DKAKT8 ON UXll&AT BRITAIN AND IRELAND?Persons wishing to remit mo ney to their friends in any part of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales,can he supplied 'with drafts payable at sight, without dis count, for any amount, from ?1 upwards, at the following placet, vix: In Enouand?The National and Provincial Bank of Eng land; Messrs. J. Bnrned it Co , Exchange and Discount Bank, Liverpool; Messrs. James Bull 4c Sin, Loudon, and branches throughout England cud Wales. In ibkland.?The National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial Bank and branches throughout Ireland. In Scotland?The Eastern Bank of Scotland, National Bank of Scotland, Greenock Banking Company, and branches throughout Scotland. ... _ , , . The steamship Cambria, sails from Boston on the 16th Au gust, by which all drafts can he 1'orwjr.led free Apply to W ? ot J. 1. X A1 SvU I m. , jV!9 re 7G Sonth st. cor. Maiden lane. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. aCji THE Royal Mail Steam Ships CAM BRIAand I1IBERNIA, will leave Boston Hor the above ports, as follows^yiz-? ( ambria, 4". H. E. Judjins, Esq., Commander, August 16, 1845. liibenna, Ale*. Ryrie, Esq., Commander,. .September 1,1845 Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifas 20. For freight or passage, apply to ?7rc D. BHIOHAM. Jr., Acent. 6 Wall it. & I 45 AiVJL BETWEEN NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL. THE Great Western Steam Ship Compa I ny's Steam Ships. ? The GREAT WESTERN, 1700 tons, 150 hone power, B. R. Matthews, Fisq., Commander. The GREAT BRITAIN, 3,500 tons, tfOO horse power. Lieuteuant James Hoskcii, R. N., Coinmaldcr?are intended to rnn as follows:? I GREAT WESTERN. From Liverpool. 1 From New York. Saturday August 23. I Thursday Sept. 18 Saturday October 11. | Thursday....... .Nov. 6 GREAT BRITAIN. From Liverpool. Saturday )uly26, l&IJ. Saturday Sept. 27. Saturday Nov. 22 From New York. Saturday August 30. Saturday Oct. 25. rday isov. 22 Saturday Dec. 20. Fare per Great Western, $100. and $5 Stewards' Fees. Fare per Grrat Britain, from $80 to $12", (and $5 Steward's fee,) according to the size and position of the State Rooms For freight or passage, or other information, appiy to RICHARD IRVIN, au7 2aw4m*rc !>G Front street. ~ FOR MOBILE?New Line?The sidendid Packet slop GAZELLE, Captain Treadwell, wno goes to E. mil)' u/v/auuuu, ' njitaiu i iruunt u, vt no RUfs tu _ the city w ith freight and passengers, w ill hare im lii.,,i,i ,. despatch for the above port. F'or freight or passage, in either cabin, second cabin, or steer age, all nl which will ue taken at much less than the usual rates, hy applying to JOHN HERDMAN 4t CO., a2'? rc 61 South street. DKAKTti AND NOTES* COLLECTED. W. CL ARK, DODGE Ik. CO., No. 60 Wall street, are prepared to collect Notes and Drafts payable at tnc fol lowing places on the most reasonable terms, viz:? Boston, Providence, Newport, Portland, Philadelphia, Har risbnrg, Lancaster, Reading, Pittsburg, Wilmington, Balti more, Annapolis, Washington City, Richmond, Norfolk, Pe tersburg, Fredericksburg Wheeling, Raleigh, F'ayetteville, Wilmington, Newborn., Charleston, Columbia, Camden,Che raw, Hav>un<l), Aukumn, Mobile, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Columbus, Cliillicothe, Indianapolis, Louisville, Lexington, Nashville, Memphis, St. Louis, and most other chief towns in the United States. New V re August 11th, 1815. all lm*rc j7 bTstouvenel, IMPORTER OF WINES, No. 39 John street, informs his friends nnd the lovers of good Wines generally, that in order to supply the great demand, he has made arrangements to have always iu store, and to receive direct from Bordeaux, Wines ol the first qti dity, from the proprietors direct. The well known houses following are sufficient recommen dation ol the qualities of the Wines, without further details :? J1'VwchHr"'" 41 Ua,*tier' proprietor. ofVignobles, CawGVrva,., \ ?Borde.ux, N. B.?J. B. H. undertakes to sell Wine for family nse. by the dozen or gallon jv2flm''er LAMPS, GIRANDOLES, AND JAPANNED WARE. r|1,JE Subscriber has just received from his manufactory, a A large and splendid assortment of Girandoles, in Gilt, Bronze and Silver, triu med with fine English Cut Drops Also, a very superior quality i f Solar and Lard Lamp*, ol vari ous patterns, with Cut and Plain Shades, Chandeliers, contain ing 2, 3.4 and 6 lights, suitable for Parlors, Churches and Ho tels. Also, a large assortment of Gothic Lanthornt, for Halls, with Cut and Stained Glass, which he will sell at wholesale and retail, at reduced prices. JOHN W. MORGAN, 154 F'ulton stria t, one door Flasoof Broadway. V14.?Oil han't, 20 dozen of the Doric Lamp, for Camphine, gf superior make and finish, at a very low price. aul7 lm*rc NOTICE. TO MERCHANTS, SHIP MASTERS AND OTHERS. THE SUBSCRIBER would respectfully inform them, that he has been iu the empl.y of the late Samuel Dcmilt over twenty years, and the late Samuel Demilt haying beouentlied to In in the Transit Instrument, two Astronomical Clucks, and the use of the Observatory, it ishis intention to continue (in connec tion with his son) the business ol manufacturing, repairing and rating Chronometers, and dealing ill Nautical Instruments. Charts, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silver Ware. Sir., al the old stand, No. 239 I'earl street. D. KGOEKT. jll# I WOOft * TP TO TAILORS RIMJOSE who desire to attain a correct knowledge of Fash A lour.ble Cutting; in nil its various branches. w< uld do well to obtain Stiuemrts' Complete Work on the mhiect, which can he obtained of the Ruthor only, at No. 113 Broad way Priee- from >B to gin p., Pnntr an4 'n't At BAKU V, Artist m ||Hir, No. 146 Broadway.?Wigs ? and Scalps upon the Ventilating and Gossamer system, approximating the nearest of any yet manufactured to the natu ral head ofhair. Toupees, Plaits, Bands, .Seams nnd C urls, cheaper than any other linnne in the city. The trade supplied. Also manufactured from Indies and gcntlcmena hair, Neck lace* Bracelets, Vvitcll Guards, Rlugs. Flnw.ri, Earrings, lie. A" sail lm*me Movements to Mie Seat of War. The store ship Lexington sailed yesterday for Texas. Site has on board 600 troops ; 250 six-cham bered rifles; 500 single do; 1200 muskets; and a large quantity of ammunition. Annexed is a list of her oflicera s Francis B. Ellison, Liuiit Commanding ; Lieut. John J. flasson ; Passed Midshipmen, iienj. 8. Gautt, Acting Master; Malancton li. Woolsey, Frederick W.Colby, Edward F. Tattnall ; Passed Assistant Surgeon, John J. Abernethy ; Acting Purser, F. II. Fleming. We have received trom one of our correspondents the following account of tfie embarkation of the troops on board the Lexington:? (Iovernok's Island, Sept. 2, 1815. This has heeu a busy day on < iovernor's Island? some five hundred troops leaving for Texas?the en thusiasm and joy that seemed to lighten up the countenances of the soldiers, and as the iear-pierc ing life, anil the spirit-stirring drum sounded in their ears, their souls seemed in arms and eager for the fray. Lead us on to victory was the cry that animated every heart. It was a singularly interest ing scene that transpired about half-past two o'clock, when the soldiers were all ready to em bark on board the war sloop Lexington. A large body of troops remaining upon the Island, escorted them down to the steamboat that was to convey them on board the sloop; the parting scene?bid ding farewell to their companions in arms?was touctiingly pathetic ; though unused to the melting mood, the tear silently trickled down the cheek of the weather-beaten soldier. At tins moment the drum sounded its marshal notes, which closed the parting scene, and as the vessel sailed from the clock, the load huzzas sound ed from the vessel, and was responded to with great enthusiasm by those that remained on shore. While these warlike preparations were going oil, and almost every soldier was anticipating the plea sure of meeting the enemy of the country, there was one, as he marched down toward the vessel, had lost that fire of soul that animates the soldier in prospect of war, and he thought to be a soldier in peace and a citizen in war, was by far the most de sirable, and as he saw there was hut half an linur, and he hould be on the way to the tented field, he lost his courage?his warlike valor was gone. At this moment arrived an officer, and imparted to him the glad tidings that lie had a writ of habeas corpus and that he must come with him to the city, where, yesterday, the brave young soldier was discharged Uy Judge lngruham, under the advice of J. F. Hub iusou, Esijy his counsel, and permitted to go home and see his mother, and relate his hair-breadth escape. We have no further intelligence of importance by the southern and western mails. We annex all that has been received ;? (From N. Orleans Bee, Aug. 25] Tho steamer Neva, has been bought by Government, at Cuiro, lor the sum of $7,60S. She bus "arrived at our wbart, and is to proceed to Aransas Bay forthwith. The Neva draws twenty inches water, and will suit admira bly for a ligiiter. We learn also that the steam schooner Augusta, Capt. Oillett, lias been chartered to carry horses, Ike., to Aran sas Bay. i uptain Gibbons of the ship Suviah reports Left tho anchorage oil' Aransas, on the Kith instant. The steamer Monmouth, came oil' and reported tfiat there was a rumor ashore that war had been declared by Mexico. Captain G. confirms the loss of the schooner Swallow. General Taylor had left St. Joseph's Island for San Patricio. On the doth instant, 100 miles west of S. W. Pass, saw schooner Mary Wilkes, Captain Docker, from this port, lor Aransas Bay, with Go vernment stores, horses, &c. 18th instant, suw schr. Ed S. Lamdin, from New Orleans for Arausus, with Govern, meat stores. Yesterday morning, five companies of CoL Dakin's new regiment of Volunteers forTexes, were reviewed in Lafayette Square, by Gen. Gaines, accompanied by his Staff. The Lone Star Guaid, which organized in the 3d Municipality on Saturday, mustered at the same time, together with several companies of the Irish Brigade, under the command of Lieutenant Carrigau. After the review, General Gaines briefly addressed tho gallant fellowN, and complimented them highly on their efficien cy in their new duties. Colonel Dakiu responded in a lew words, after which tho whole body, comprising 257 men, all told, marche I down St. Charles street to Poy dras, thence through to Camp, down to < anal, passing down to St. Charles, and up again to Lafayette square, whore the companies separated. The majority of the men, though unaided by the outward display of military uniform, yet appeared made of such stuff as will prove them to lie no easy foe to conquer. May they be victo lious in all their engagements. [From the St. Louis Reporter, Aug. 25.] ?'It is evident that the Mexican Government has been tampering with the Camanches, and perhaps other tribes. It is, therefore, tiie duty of our Government to authorise some citizens of Missouri, in whom all have confidence, to raise a sufficient number of volunteers, to overawe the Indian tribes, protect our traders, take possession of New.Mc ico andtl.u-s interpose an American armybetween the Indian tribes a.id the Central Government of Mexico. There is no other economical, expeditous and safe mode of defending our western frontier. The first regiment of Dragoons is mow on the prairies, and, when last heard from, w as at Fort William on the Arkansas. The U. 8. forces hitherto stationed at the different forts on our wes tern liontier, have been ordered into Texas, and wc must depend on volunteers for frontier service. Indeed, "no other class of soldiers should be sent on a military expe dition against New Mexico. We can depend on men accustomed to prairie life. They can endure the fatigues incident to the campaign, know how to obtain supplies for the troops on the murch, understand the mode of deal ing with the Indians and securing their good will, and many of tlioso who will volunteer are fainilinr with the face of the country to be traversed and the country to be iuvaded. Such a movement as is suggested, will be of the utmost importance. It will prevent Mexico from concentrating all her forces on the Texan frontier, and calling the Indians into use agaiust us. it is a precau tionary or dclensive operation, which should command tho instant attention of the President. Let action be prompt.' Farmer* Club. Sept. 2.?Subject or Discussion, " Prki'abatioi* or (Jroumd roR Wheat Crop.''?This feeing one ol the periodical days of the meeting of the Club, a less than ordinary assemblage of the farmers were called to order by the unanimous appointment of Mr. Towntend, of Astoria, as chairman, and Mr. Meigs, as secretary. Tlte ununial absence ot members may be attributed to tho circumstances connected with the uncertain tenure of the room in the Institute?the occupation of the farmers in the saving and preservation of their crops, and the or ganisation of tho systems requisite for the upproaching Fair. Few, under these contingencies, assembled. Xotwith. standing, the usual hour devoted to desultory remarks, was perhaps profitably expended, about the disease in potato, which still seems to distract the attention of the Club, and which, from the evidence of the chairman, would seem perfectly imaginary. Mr. Meigs read a translation from the Highland Agricultural Society of Scotland, showing the progress of this diseaso in Bohe. inia and other countries. A desultory conversation fol lowed upon the nature of the animalculic that penetrated tho most robust fruit trees, and amongst other remedies proposed, a chemical solution of molasses was recom mended. Then ensued a dissertation on the apple moth, by which it was proved that every female bug lays thirty eggs?that the worm is long, and hns sixteen teet. Some body said thnt ten tons of turnips contain one ton of dryed food, the oil being only three or four ounces in a ton weight Then the potatoes were discussed again, and it was positively proved by the chairman that neither his neighbors or himself liad any cause to complain. It any disease exists, the cnusc rests with the climate. This discussion was protracted until the period of the re gular subject, but so few were the members, and so cir cumscribed the knowledge errn of (hut /etc, that the " Preparation of ground for wheat crops," was consigned to the tomb of all the Capulets, and the peculiarity ot the soil and climate for the growth of llax, recommended as tho theme of the next discussion. There were not more than twelve members present, and certainly the time of the eluh was expended without much profit to the public, the press, or the reporters. ProfesKOi Mapes attempted to impress many useful and important facts in connection with the miscellaneous theories advanced, but Mr. Meigs overruled all by his well known dogma, that deep digging, even to seven feet, was jthe only remedy lor barren noiIJ Nkw York, Sept. 2,184."). Editor N. Y. IIerat.ii? In your paper ol this morning, yon enunternte six villages and cities which, by this year's census, exhibit an increase of population amounting tofdXH). Hud you included Williamsburgl), the increase would have been more than doubled. That village had in 184(1, 5,(MM. Jiy the census of this year it has lising 11,500. Destructive Firk at Ancanter, C. W.?We learn Ironi Canada, last night, that on ISuntlay night about ten o'clork, a lire broke out nt Ancestor, i . \V., which consumed the Ancestor Hotel, Wentworth Arms, two stores, the post-otlice, and a number of other princi pal buildings in the place, together w ith live horses and several carnages. The fire is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary.?Rnchrater Jlmtrican. Circuit Court.?The Hon. John W. Edmonds, of the first Circuit, arrived hi this city on Saturday evening last liom the north, where lio has boon holding a circuit, and will preside during tho sitting of the Court which convened yesterday. Judge Edmonds will deli ver bis charge to tho (fraud Jury this morning. The Court convenes at s o'clock ? Oatrtii, St pi. 2, i Newt from the Anti-Kent Heglon. We received the following additional parti culars by the Northern .Mail of yesterday morning. [Krom ttie Albany Argun, Sept. 2.] Dki.hi, August 30, 184->.?Last evening the posse un der Lieut- Steele, returned, bringing with them eleven prisoners?noue were taken in disguise. One of them was arrested in the act of taking provisions to the In dians. The collection on Dry Brook dispersed on the approach of Steele. Their place of rendezvous was dis covered, ami their den broken up. l>r. Jonathan C. Alabeen, arrested a few weeks since and discharged on bail, has been again arrested for as sociating with, and addressing tho natives since his dis charge. Ho seems determined to merit punishment, and to court conviction. I have not been aide to ascertain the names of those brought in, or how deeply they are imidicated. This evening the Otsego company arrived, under the command of Captain K. A. Bowles ; they mustered about 90 men. Notice having been sent to the adjoining towns that the Governor hud declared the county in estate of insur rection, and that a new force was to be organized, a large number of the yeomanry of our county assembled here on Thursday to offer their services. The number desired was obtained long before the lilt of volunteers was exhausted. [Krom Albany Journal, Sept. 1.] Dki.hi, August 29.?1 have just returned to Delhi, and have hardly hud time to look around me, to ascertain what may nave occurred during my absence, of interest to the public. The Governor having declared this coun ty in a state of insurrection, a force of some 300 men has been organized under the !!Uh section of the Act of April 13, 1345. This judicious step on the part of the Governor, gives general satisfaction. The men are en listed for the entiru service ; mid all of them, I believe, are volunteers, from every part of the county. This foice, unlike the posses otganized by the Sheriff, is com posed of men who can leave home during the service without sacrifice. 1 have not conversed with many ol out friends, but I apprehend this is all the assistance our county require* from the State. Let it be settled, that the enormous expense which tnu?t grow out of this trou ble is to be assumed and paid by tiie State, and old Dela ware. however painful the duty, is willing and ready to attend to it iu person. There are, us nearly us I can ascertain, now upwards of 70 prisoners in custody, and a posse is now out in Mid dletown and l olchester, under the command of Frede rick Steele, a brother of Bob Steele. He is a Lieutenant in tho U.S. Array, and obtained leave of absence unil ar rived in Delhi a few days after the murder of his broth er. Tho Coroner's Jury is still in session. During my absence, I understand evidence lias been elicited, impli cating many of our most influential citizens. It lias also boon proved, that a large party of down-renters assem bled at BlooniviUe iu March last, for the purpose of ma king au attack on Delhi. They expected to meet at Bloomville a regiment from Schoharie; then to march openly to Delhi, tear down the jail, set the prisoners at li berty, and amuse themselves by burning the village at their leisure; or to use their own language, Delhi was to bo "turned into a turnip patch." At that time our vil lage was amply guarded, and would have defended itself successfully against any reasonable force; and the very men who were concocting this hellish plot and carrying it into execution,w ere untiring in their elforts to inculcate the belief throughout the village and county that Delhi was in no danger?tbat,the posse was a useless and child ish expense; and they even came in and proposed a compromise, niter assuring us that they were about abandoning their disguises, and purposed no further resistance to the execution of process. Tliey were made to uiiuPi??? i, that by delivering up to the authorities every man whonad appeared disguised and armed, con trary to the act of January 28th, 1845, since tho passage oftliatact, burning their disguises ar.il paying their rent, they could compromise, and in no other way. Two can non, loaded with nails and ball were kept in the street, so planted as to rake it in cither direction, and every part , of tho village was guarded?" every house was a fort, and every window a port hole." The down-renters find ing their elforts to throw us o/l'our guard unavailing, and deeming an attack under these peculiar circumstances rather a hazardous experiment, abandoned the project altogether, and Delhi waked up next morning looking much more like a fort than a "turnip patch." Since 1 commenced this, a part of Steole's posse have re turned bringing five prisoners. The remainder of the posse are still back with fiie more prisoners. They wore all arrested at a place culled Dry Brook, where a number hail concealed, and it was supposed, had fortified themselves. A number of blankets were found in the woods concealed under large rocks. The place is in a wild remote pait of the county, where they hoped, 110 doubt, toeluac tho vigilance of the posse. Dklhi, Aug. 30.?The grand jury for the Common Pleas was drawn last week, and like that previously drawn for the Oyer and Terminer, is composed of the right kind of men?men who will not swerve from the high path of duty, either to protect their friends, or to avenge themselves upon their enemies. Kvidencewas yesterday elicited before the jury, tbrowning additional iightupon the dark plot of the down renters, and placing some more piomineiit men in n rather unenviable posi tion. It seems that the officers of the town ol .Muldle town, in returning the list of jurors from that town, struck off every up-renter, and returned none but na tives. 1 mode a slight mistake in my last iu reference to the posse, 100 of whom, it seems, arc from Cnadilla, Otsego county. The prisoners mentioned in my last as having been taken by Steele, were brought in last night in the night?1 believe five in number. Most of the day bus been spent in selecting otlicers to command the seve ral companies lately organized. The Jury is still in session. Troy, N. Y., Aug. 22,1845. Caseof Green, the Murderer?Efforts for his Es cape, fyc. A small remnant of the " merciful," headed by a few of the hang-hating clergy, and unrevoking politicians, are making the last desperate eflort in behal! of the unfortunate Henry (1. Green, now awaiting, in the jail of this place, the execution of his sentence for the murder of his wife. Notwith standing the well known mulish obstinacy of the Executive, when his interference is sought in cases so clear, it is believed by these no-hang drivellers that there is influence enough " behind the throne," if rightly exerted, to get the sentence of the prisoner commuted. At any rate, no stone will be left un turned, or argument unused, opposed to capital pun; ishment, and.in favor of Executive clemency, in this extreme case. We are expecting such journals as the Xeirs, Tribune, dec., to chime in and ring their accus tomed changes, and think tliey must be waiting an invitation. Come, gentlemen, it's your duty to speak out, and begin now, (not wait until the day arrives,) if you are opposed to capital punishment upon prin ciple. We have already been told much here at home; but what is most relied on, and most fre quently dinned in our ears, is this: If there is no more mercy shown us in the latter day, than we show one another, our case will be even more terri ble than we sometimes hear it depicted. Specula tion of that sort we can stand easy enough, but when they ciime to bolster up their doctrine with idle de clamation and historical untruths, it is time to look around. Green has powerful and influential friends who, no doubt, will do to the last what they can for him. That is natural and justifiable, although there can be no rational doubt in their minds as to his guilt. In deed, it would be hard to find ten |iersons in the en ure county who believe otherwise, and less sympa thy for any poor unfortunate creature could not pos sibly be pumped up. Yet, a tew compassionate souls, who have " a poor opinion of the law," when it conies to be executed, are trying to move heaven and earth for a reprieve. I need hardly add, we have no idea here they can possibly get one, and that public opinion would not sanction it. It may be interesting to many of your readers to learn how the young man who worekthe weed upon his hat and drummed upon the railing with his fingers during the trial, and when the most fearful testimony was given in against lam, bears himself, since ihe itn IxirtHii! fact has been established, once on a time, that money will not always save a man. fie did not appear to realize his situation until he reached the ,ail, after sentence, when he was much atlected. He gave full vent to his feelings, and has scarcely been up and dressed since. Mow well prepared he is to meet his fate no one knows. Jle used to be a member of some church, I believe, and in good and regular standing, and is occasionally visited by the pastor of said church. Mani fa< i runs in Manchester, N. H.?A corres pondent visiting New Hampshire, writes as follows of Mancheiter :?" At about 10 A. M., we touched at Manchester, now the most populous town in New Hampshire?numbering about 11,000 inhabitants, and it has grown up within a naif-dozen years. The buildings arc now nnd of brick, and large factories are in progress of erection. I was told that they could not procure brick so fast as they wanted them for building Here they hav e the advantage of u fall of sixty feet, and they improve it to the best ad\ antage by canals, 8te. The Amoskeag < o., tho oldest and most wealthy, have lately built a very large addition to their mills, five stories high. The stock j of this company now sells at $1,A10 a share?which originally cost $ 1,000. They have now on hand a surplus of ((>000,000) which they have(accuinulated in the last four years. Independent of this, their dividends have 1 been so large as to cause a rise in their stork of more I then #0 per cent. The water power here is double that Of any other place on the Merrimack, not even except- | ing Lowell. The Amoskeag < o. control and lease most , of thisfpower ; they.have also purchased other site, in . o Titer to keep off competition or to use them at some I future lime. 1 believe they have already purchased that valuable water power at Uwvcn's h alls, on the southern boundary of New Hampshire. The first cotton factory ever erected in New Hampshire was on the Suncook, in Pembroke." Election in Massachusetts.?An election for member of Congress in the ninth district, look place yesterday. The candidates are Artemas Hale, Henry Williams, and I.aban M. Wheaton. It is extremely doubtful whether any choice will be effected. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Parker, and Aldermen Meserole end Compton. M. < . P?mnoK, Esq., District Attorney. Sirr. 3. ? Trial of Leonard K. Hodgkinn far Murdrr.? The prisoner was arraigned at the last term of the court, for the vs illu 1 murder ol Jesse l.tte Burtis, (a young lad aged about 17 years) on the day of February last. The prisoner is a genteel looking lad, about 18 years of age, and was respectably dressed. Daniel Lningston, impleaded v, ith him in the indictment on the same charge, took his place beside the prisoner, and sat with him du ring the trial. Both seemed to hare suffered a good deal from their long confinement, und were looking pale. After a vast consumption of time in swearing a jury several on the jury panel having been set aside on the ground of entertaining conscientious scruples, as to finding a verdict of guilty in cases of murder when death would be the penalty, the following jury were sworn :?Tarmenus Doxy, ioremtin ; Thomas Bennett, Davids. Drujier, Garrett Burgess, George Bacon, Ed ward 11. Senior, Peter Mcl.aughlin, Charles Shanard, James 1 toehlord, Edward Lampson, .Martin Benedict, James H. Stephens Mr. Patkrsow hereupon opened the case. The young man upon triul was acquainted with a young lad named Jesse Lee Burtis; and it would be proved in evidence, that they were seen together on Sunday, the 23d Fehru | in y last. They would be able to show that the step-lather of the deceased returned from his business on the 22d Fe bruary, and placed a sum ol money in his bureau, amounting to about *11)0. "? tlie following Sunday, the step-lather and deceased went to church together, and alter returning from church,the hoyalter sometime went away and never returned. The step-lather, Mr. Barker, subsequently examined bis bureau, and found that about *100 were abstracted from it. They would be able to show that the deceased, Burtis?who was a lad of about seventeen years of age?toe prisoner at the bar, and another, named Livingston, were seen together on the 11th and 2Ath of tho same month, and were together at a house in fcith street, taking refreshments and drink ing. It would he shown, that the prisoner, llodgkins, and Livingston, went to hire a boat to go up tho East river; that the) lelt in a boat, in company with the de ceased, alter making a bargain for hire of same, and in the meantime, getting some refreshment in the shape of pies The tacts would be luuud material ill the course ol the trial Tho boat was hired l'rom a man named Smith.? The three proceeded down the river in the bout alter some delay in getting a stone anchor. Tins was Smith" s last sight of them until be found bis bout at a place called Die "Novelty Works" in two Jays after they had left.? They never returned the boat to Smith. They would be able to show that llodgkins denied having seen the de i ceased otter the 23d February ; ami could prove he was 1 with deceased on the 2 Ith und 26th. That he went to a i man named Woodworth, previous to his starting in | ttie boat,and asked him for a piece of jackliue, that would 1 keep long under the water, which excited the curiosity of Woodworth, who asked him what business he had of the line, to which the prisuuer replied, he wished to drowu a dog. In lelutiou to the pies, they would he able to show that they had purchased some previous to leav ing in the boat, and when tho body was discovered it w as ascertained that raisins were found in the stomach, which by chemical analysis it could be proved had only been there for about an hour, as they were not sufficient ly digested. The pies they purchased contained raisins The head was severed from the body, the trunk remain iug, und the hands were mutilated |The step-father told ! the Coroner previous to the post-mortem examination, that if it was the body of his son,a certain mark would be discovered on the left foot. Those were the main facts of the case, which was to be disposed of solely upon cir cumstantial testimony, upon the nature und character of which he would tuke occasion to dwell very fully in his summing up, as circumstantial evidence was often more imjiortant than ilirect testimony, lie hoped the jury would discharge their solemn duty without fear,favor, or misplaced leniency. t Joiefh D. Bah sun, (step-father of deceased), was the j first witness sworn, and examined by Mr. Paterson.?I ? reside ut A3 Orchard street; i have a family, and had a stepson, named Jesse Lee Burtis; the last time I saw J him was on the 23d February; he is now dead, as I he ; here; he went to church on the '23d of February; J lost some *100 on the evuuing ol that day; they were taken ; out of my bureau, the drawer of which was unlocked; 1 - saw a piece of cake on the top ol tho bureau; sometime 1 afterwards, hearing that a body was discovered near I Blackwell's Island, I repaired there, and identified my I son's clothes, which be wore on the last day 1 saw him ; 1 did not then examine the body, which I ordered to be sent to the Alms House at Beilevue; 1 told the Coroner trie noxt day about a mark on the left foot, by which 1 could discover it it was the body of my son; the Coroner examined the body, and found the scar; 1 then recog nized the body; 1 recollect distinctly I said if the body was my atep-sou's a scar would be discovered on the foot; i viewed tho body, and recognized it as the body j of my step-son; there was no head on the body?it was merely the trunk; 1 discovered it was the body of my son only by tho scar upon the loot; I never saw Hodg kins until the 25th; I asked him about my son; he said no saw him witli me for the last time, on the 23d, going to chuich; this was on Tuesday evening; 1 went to the Station House No. 10, and desired Captain Thorn to send tor llodgkins; I went from llodgkins to the Station House, direct; two of my brothers were present; tlie prisoner came there; he denied having seen my son af ter the 23d of February; I went to Hdth street, on the 20th February, and learned tliey were together at a tavern j there, on the 24th February; in the interview at the Sta tion House, Livingston was present, and tie acknowledg ed that Burtis and Hodgkins, and himself, were together on Monday^; but Hodgkins denied that he was with them on Monday; Livingston then said to Hodgkins, "We might ns well own it, as not?they have got wit nesses to prove we were together on Monday;" Captain Thorn asked him how it was that they did not agree in their account; Hodgkins did not reply; 1 next saw Hodg kins near Ivipp's Buy and Beilevue; he was in company with his lather; he said they could not get a boat to search for the deceased; this was ou Tuesday ; Hodgkins acknowledged on the Wednesday following that my son, Livingston, and himself, were together on Tuesday, sitting on the church stoop; my next interview with him was at the Upper Tolice; he then said they went out on Tuesday on the river iu a boat; i asked Hodgkins where they went with the boat. Crete-examined l*y Mr. Phvxix?My son was tallerthan the prisoner; he left our house before this circumstance on a Sunday ; when deceased last left, I am not aware that he had any misunderstanding with my wife or my daughter; 1 am sure iny bureau was locked; I had the Key in my pocket; I missed my money ou Sunday even ing; the doors of the house were locked; 1 recollect having gone to 85th street; 1 know a lad named Barr; 1 went to see him; this was after my son's death; my son was at a public school, No. 9, Mr: Ketchum's school; 1 did not hear that a report was current in the school, that , my son stole the money; I advertised about the robbery on Monday, and again on Tuesday; 1 did not mention names; I did not wisli to expose the boy; 1 was told by a boy named Wright that Barr could give me informa tion about my son; when I went to Barr, i got no infor mation from him; I thenmet llodgkins; he saiil I would find my son ut the second avenue; I charged Hodgkins and Livingston with naving participated in the robbery ol my money. [The affidavit of this witness charging the prisoner as " an accessory after the fact," in tho robbery wus here put in und read by Mr. I'lieuix. It was dated 2sth February. The prisoner was arrested on the affi davit, anil examined at the police otfice. He was dis charged.) I never knew tho boys, and never saw them until Tuesday evening. Ai i nn ? MiTsroan examined by Mr. PaTtcasox -I was assistant keeper on Blackwell's Island iu February last; I was passing on the river on tho 18th May, and saw a body (loafing on the water; 1 brought the body on shore and gave notice of it to the head keeper; there was no head on the body; I found it floating uearblst street; there was some clothing on it; 1 should think it was the body ol a bov; 1 towed it ashore; there weie convicts with m# in tho boat at the time; 1 made no search in the pockots. John A. Smith, eraminrd hy Mr. Patersnn.?I keep a boat letting establishment at doth street; 1 know tho pri soner at the bar; 1 saw him on the 2Ath ot February last; lie was in company with two others; they came to hire a tioat from me; 1 did not like to hire it to them at that time ol year;l hired the boat to them; in about an hour alter, I told them it was unusual to lure a boat at that season; they said they wanted to go lor pleasure on an excur sion; they said they wanted some provisions; 1 told them 1 would get them some milk and some nies; tho girl got them for tliern; they went away iu the bout; I told them if it turned out to l e stormy, to leave tbo boat iu some place where I could get it; they then got started, and said something among themselves; j they suul the) were going to Newtown Creek, aud as they intended to stop, they should have an an chor stone; I let tlicm have one; it was a large paving stone holed; it weighed about 3 i pounds; 1 told them, it the) w anted to go to Newtown Creek, they ought to take the steamer; they said they went partly lor plea sure; after starting, they went in a contiary direction from what I expected, they did not returnand wentin search of the boat; I found it near the Novelty works; the anchor stone was taken away; I found the oars there also thov never came back to me about ttie boat after they'took it away I saw the prisoner afterwards in jail ; lirota dollar bill for the boat and the lelreslimenU; I know not what sort of pies they got, there was a large steamer launched on that day, and they went below the steamer my name was branded on the oars; tho oars w ere left in the Novelty yard; the name waa partly scratched olf. ... , , ,. J. Lam. i \ testified that lie belonged to tho Novolty Works, and was a watchman; saw a hoat near the Novel ty Woiks in February last; a steamer was laiincned there about that time ; 1 w as on duty ou the night I dis covered the boat; the oars were in the hoat ; there was no anchor stone in tho boat ; it was tiod to tho dock ; that's ail I know about it. Jami s Gam AiiiifR testified ho was employed as a la borer at tho Novelty Works, and saw tho boat by the light of a lantluirn, in company with ttie last witness, on ttie night in question. Witnesses testimony merely cor roborated that of former witness, from whom nothing material was elicited. Wii.lum Mchhav, another laborer in employ at tlie Novelty Wot ks, corroborated the testimony in rotation to the boat. Wili.iam Cou.HER, ship builder, residing in ?Sth street, testified that the steamer Niagara was built and launch ed on the 26th February, UUA, near tho Novelty Works j ao other boat was launched ou that day. John A. Wiiouwakh testified?He is a clerk to a ship builder residing in Hester street; I know Livingston ami Hodgkins; 1 know Livingston and llodgkins the pri soner ; they called to see me lomo time in Februai> last ; tney tamo to the store where 1 work; llodgkins came to the storo and asked me about a line which l had in the steie ; I gHve him a small piece about a yard and a half long ; the store was at 198 Houth street ; this waa on Washington's birth day ; he said he wanted the cord to drown a dog, and that unless it would last a long time in the water it would be useless ; I never gave him any I cord before ; , it was about noon when he came ; I did not see Livingston there at that time ; he wai there af terwards with llodgkim. Police Captain IIiham Thorn, sworn.? Examined by Mr. Patf.hso!*.?The first time I saw llodgkins waa at the police office, in the presence of Mr. Barker. We went to Barker's house, and llodgkins said to Mrs. Barker he had made no arrangement with her son to go to Boston with him. After this, went to Mr. Jennings' house ; nothing transpired there worthy of note. I met him on the Mon day following, and we had a conversation. 1 'old him a reward was offered about Burtis. and as his father was a policeman, if it waa in his power, he ought to put it in his way to get the tewanl; he said nothing at tne time. I told him there was much noise about the matter. He told me that on the Monday when the reward was offered he (llodgkins) and deceased were together at a house at With street, Hurlgute, when the paper containing the ad vertisement about the reward was shown to deceased, uud that he laughed at it. I saw llodgkins and Livings ton in the prison alter their arrest, llodgkins first denied having seen Burtis at all ; he subsequently admitted he hail seen him. A boy told llodgkins at the police-office that be saw him in company with deceased. He then ad . initted it. L)r. A. <>. Rawsost, Coroner, testified he held an inquest on the body, on which was a coat, vest, shirt and trow sers. Mr. Barker was present at Bellevue. He told me previous to the examination, that I would discover a mark on the left foot if the body was his son. He point ed out the mark and recognised the body. I saw the post mortem examination. The stomach contained rai sins that were not digested. The body bore marks of his having come to his death by drowning. Witness' testimony chielly had relerence to the state of the body when decomposed or in process of decompo sition after drowning. Adjourned to this forenoon. Court Intelligence. Or.WFRAL Srssioxs, Kept 2?Before the Recorder and Aldermen Seaman and Rich. Jonas B. Phillips, Esq., act ing District Attorney. Receiving Stolen Goods?Charles Wage, alias Weiga, indicted for receiving stolen goods, consisting of sugar, coilee, Stc., stolen by a colored boy named David Walker from his employers, .Messrs. Hyde and Ely, No. 19 front street The colored lad, was call ed on the part of tho prosecution. He stated that he stole the property and sold it to defendant, and for which ofience he had been contined in the city prison. The ju ry acquitted the accused. The Grand Inquest ?The following gentlemen were then sworn as Grand Jurors:?James D. Phyfee, William Wyckoff, James Grigg,Thomas H. Beal, John W. Howe, and T. W Bell, in addition to those sworn yesterday. Recognizances Forfeited. ? The following persons, failing to appear when called upon for trial, their re spective cognizances were declared to be forfeited?viz: John Kerwin, indicted for an assault and battery, with intent to kill James Patterson?bailed by Thomas Wynn and Samuel Baker in the sum of $300 each. Mary Wood and Matilda Green, indicted for robbing Charles Con verse at a house in Anthony street?bailed by John Hunt, Wm Lewis and John F. Cully. Isaac Thompson, indict ed lor a grand larceny. Mary McAvoy, indicted for re ceiving stolen goods?bailed by Benj. Ferris in the sum of $300. Jane Met "all alias McCoy, indicted for keeping a disorderly house?bailed by Samuel A. Cunningham, in the sum of $500. Donnnick Crassons, indicted Tor an assault and battery on Phebe Jane Relle?bailed by John A. Slamm in the sum of $500. William Gilbert, indict ed for an assault and battery on Mary Gordon, by driving his horse and cart against hor?bailed by Cornelius Scheuck in the sum of $500. Samuel Organ, indicted for un assault and battery upon I.ouisa Gillot?bailed by Matthew Cornell in the sum of $200. There being no further business ready, the Court ad journed until II o'clock, A. M., tomorrow. Exemption Law.?An important decision was delivered at Utica by the Supreme Court, in relation to the Exemption Law in the case of Quackenbush vs. flanks, at the last term of the court, which was he.'d in that city. The cuse was brought up from the Onondaga Common Tleas. It appeared that Danks sued Quacken bush in replevin in the court below for taking a horse and harness. In January, 1837, one Fitch recovered a judgment against Danks in the Supreme Court, in an ac tion uponcontract, for $83 85. In January, 1843, an alias fieri facias was issued on the judgment, and delivered to Quaekenbush, who was a deputy of the Sheriff of the county of Onondaga, who took the property in question hy virtue oi the execution, and for that taking the action was brought, Danks, the plaintiff, claiming that the property was exempt from execution by the act of 1842. The plaintiff was a householder, and (beyond the horse and harness in question) had no property but such as was exempt from execution by laws passed prior to the act of 1S42. The plaintiff drove unother horse with the one in question, but it belonged to another person. He worked by the day,-and used the team for the support of his family. The defendant insisted that the law of 1842 did not apply to then existing contracts, and if it did, that it was unconstitutional. Tne court charged the jury that if the team was necessary to the support of plaintiff's family, the property was exempt from sale on execution by virtue ol the act of 1842. The defendant excepted. The jury found a verdict lor plaintiff, assessing the value of property at $66, on which judgment was entered. t. mr.K JrsTicK Banvsosr, in delivering the opinion of the Court, took a long review oi the statute of 1842, known as the exemption law. In the course of bis re marks he took occasion to say, that it was insisted by the plaintiff below, that the exemption law of 1842 ap I lied to executions lor debts which were contracted liefore the law was passed. This is denied by the de tendant. But if the plaintiff prevails upon that point, the defendant then insists that the statute is unconstitutional, on the ground that it is a " law impairing the obligation of contracts." Under the old law, many enumorated ar ticles of property, when owned by a householder, were exempt from sale on execution, and from distress for rent. (2 R. S. 307, 82, and p. 501, ? 10.) Then came the law of 1842, which provides, that " in addition to the ar ticles now exempt by law from distress for rent, or levy, and sale under execution, there shall be exempted from such distress, and levy, and sale, necessary household furniture aDd working tools, and team, owned by any person being a householder, or hav ing a family for which he provides, to the value of not exceeding one hundred and fifty dollars." (Stat, 1812, page 193, section 1.) There is a proviso to the -ectioii: outfit has no bearing upon the present enquiry The plaintiff had no property which was not exempt by the old law, except the horse and harness in question; and that property was subject to levy and sale on exe cution at the time the debt to Fitch was contracted, and his judgment against the plaintiff" was recovered. Upon the plaintiff's construction, the effect of the law of 1842, in this particular case, has been to withdraw the whole of the debtor's property from the reach of the creditor. That may not, however, affect the principle. If, after the debt has been contracted, any portion of the debtor's property can be exempted from the creditor's execution, I see no reason why the exemption may not be extended to the whole estate of the debtor, be it large or small. After commenting on the statute, the passage of which relieved the debtor from the former penultv of imprisonment for non-payment of debt, His Honor referred lo a decision of Chief Justice Torrey in the case of " Bronson vs. Kinzie," which fa vors tho opinion that " the necessary implements of agri culture, or tha tools of a mechanic, or articles of neces sity, or household furniture,"may, " like wearing appa rel," he exempted from sale en execution. This is not going far enough to include the plaintiff's herse and harness, but I shall lay no stress upon that considera tion. If the question turns on what is " necessary" for the debtor and his family, the learned Chief Justice will tiiul it impossible to stop with the articles he has men tioned. The husbandman stands in as much need of a farm as he does of the " implements of agriculture," and " household furniture" is not more essential to the head of a family, than a house to live in. The mechanic wants a work shop, as well as the tools of his trade; the lawyer must have a library, and to all classes, money or property with which to purchase food and raiment, Is as neeufnl as anything else. And besides, what would he sufficient for one man, would be little better than no thing to anuther. The " necessity" of one may be satis lied with the exemption ol property to the value ol one hundred and fifty dollars, while ten times that amount would not satisly the urgent wants of another. There ? ij, I think, no well defined middle ground between hold ing that none ef the debtor's property can, by a subse quent law, he withdrawn from the reach of the credi tor; or else admitting that the whole of his estate may ho exempted from sale on execution. In tho case be fore us, the exemption law saves all to the debtor; but m\ opinion would bo the same if it had ouly saved a part. Such property as was subject to execution at the time the debt was contracted, must remain subject to execution until the debt is paid. As to future obliga tious, the legislature inay make the exemption as broad as It pleases. It may abolish credit altogether. But it cannot legislate backward, and annul the force of prior obligations. In relation to the die tnin which has been mentioned, I will only add that it was virtually over ruled by tho decision iu " McCiackei) vs. Hay ward. So long us that case stands, the exemption law of 1842, when applied to past transactions, cannot be supported. Judgment was accordingly reversed. Criminal Carelessness.?We are informed by Captain Chan. Weaver, of the schooner Joseph M. Warren, that in passing West I'oint on his w ay up, a number of musket bolls, fired by lomo of tho cadets,who were practising at a target, passed through the rigging and sails ol his vessel. The Joseph M. Warren was in company with (five or six sails sloops anrl schooners, which receiveil similar favors, the crew ol one at them being obliged to run below for safety. This occuired between a and 6 o'clock in the morning on the 38th ult, and when the vessels w ere abreast of tne parnde ground f upturn Weaver says that three balls passed through his sails ; one narrowly missing a man aloft : another pass ing within two feet oi a nand forward, and a third whistling by within anything but a pleasant distance of his own ears. The schooner was about 200 yards from the shore. The crews of the nearest vessels shouted to tiie marksmen, hut they either did uot or would not hear.?J'/oy 1Vhig. Quebec Fire.?The receipts for the sullerers by the late iires at Quebec, up to the '26th ot August, were $164,086. t letter has been received from Lord Stanley, address ed to Lord Metciille, notifying him that twenty thousand pounds sterling are placed to his credit, to be applied in whatever manner his lordship may consider moat condu cive to the welfare of the sufferers. The " London committee" writes to Quebec that the Board of Ordnance had ordered 5 391 great coats, 400 blankets and other stores to be sent out immediately The City Council of <4uebec, at a meeting on the 22d ult , ordered that many of the narrow street* in the su burbs should bo widened, and at the same meeting they ? ?solved that the assessment on all propeity destroyed hy tho fires of the 2Hth of May and 26th of JMS should be remitted for the current year