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NEW YORK HERALD.
Sew York, Thursday, September 18, lM5.j EXTRA HERALD, WITH Important News for Europe. The steamship Great Western, Capt. Mathews, will sail this afternoon at 3 o'clock, for Liverpool; and her letter bags will close at two, and half past two o'clock. This steamer will take out some very interesting and important intelligence from all parts of this con tinent. The recent movements in Oregon?the steps taken there for independence?the fresh revolution in Mexico?the probable dismemberment of that re. public?the success of the United States in their Texas annexation?the initiation steps taken to oc cupy California?the progress making in manufac- j lures on this side of the Atlantic?and the prosper- \ ous condition of this Union, will present to Europe a spectacle such as she has never yet beheld. In order to enable those interested in these mat ters to send the latest accounts of these movements to England, and to Continental Europe, we shall publish an Extra IIerai.d at half past one o'clock, this afternoon. Price two cents. Foreign News. Although the Britannia is not the fastest of the ocean steamers, yet we shall look for her news some time to-day. It will be twelve days later?to the 4th instant. The Approaching Election-New and Im portant Issue?A Crisis In the History of the Country, The approaching election in this State may to many, at first sight, appear quite devoid of interest. It is far otherwise. Never, perhaps, since the organ ization of the government ol this State, pr the es tablishment ot the Constitution of the United States itself, has an election taken place so lull oi import ance?so pregnant with mighty consequences, as that one which is to take place in this State in the month of November next. It will not be a mere party contest. Principles o the very highest im|?ort ance, and involving the integrity of the present sys tems ol religion, morals,government and law, are at stake in this election. A new issue of the most impo sing magnitude is presented, and if ever the sober sense?the sound intelligence?the enlightened pa triotism of the State were called on to more than sual vigilance and eflort, it is at this very moment. W eare no idle alarmists. Let our readers look with us for an instant at the present condition of parties in this State?the strange combinations which are manifesting themselves? and the threatening signs which are, day by day, presented with increasing clearness, and then let them answer whether there is not ground for serious apprehension. As we showed yesterday, in a manner which we are inclined to think did not fail to Hash conviction on the mind of the discerning and independent rea der?both the political parties of the day, have reached that period which the history of the past has marked, with such remarkable precision, as the limit, the ultimatum of their existence. Political organizations, like man himself, have their alloted time?their natural periods of adolescence, maturity and decay. To-day he puts forth The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blouomi. And hears his blushing- honors thick upon him. The third day comes n frost, a killing (rost, And, when he thinks, good easy man, full surely His greatness is a ripening, nips his root, And thus be falls. Both the old parties in this State are in the throes of dissolution. New political elements are evolving themselves?new combinations of strange import are in process of formation, and thus at this very moment we are presented with the extraordinary spectacle oi the union and concerted action of Philosopher O'Sullivan, one of the accredited organs of the old democratic party,and Philosopher Greeley, the favored mouth-piece of the old whig party in this region. Both young men?both enthusiasts? both deeply imbued with all the vague, visionary, wild and ultra notions of the day in philosophy, morals, religion, and politics; although differing in some minute points, they have assumed the leader ship andconduct of the new revolutionary move* ment which has taken up the affirmative of the Con vention question, and under covert of an ap[>ea] to the people in favor of a reform of the State Consti tution, seek the utter overthrow of the existing so cial, moral, and political system Greeley and O'Sullivan may, indeed, be regarded as the Diogenes and Democritus of this extraordinary movement. O'Sullivan, from his temperament and habits, gives a dash of humane sentiment and poJi fsst?a sort of intellectual dandyism to his philoso phy ; but Greeley regards with a scowling and fero cious eye all the refinements and luxuries of civili zation; and as he stalks abroad, his misshapen form, attired in strange and outri garments?significant ol his supreme contempt for the common herd of man kind?he cries aloud against all the established fenns of society, and religion,'and civil goverment. He is a root-and-branch?a " three-times-through and-through" radical reformer. Nor ia O'Sullivan one of your timorous, fearful, cowardly advocates of half way measures. He, too, wants an entire change in the judiciary system?demands abolition of capital punishment?contends for abolition of slavery?declaims against annexation as a mon strous iniquity?denounces what he regards as gros8 injustice in the laws regulating the tenure of pro perty?sympathizes with the poor, slandered, op pressed and persecuted reformers, the anti-renters and is, indeed, as bold, resolute, and enthusiastic a revolutionist, as you can any where pick up in these days of revolution and change. Thus, then, abolition and anti-rentism?socialism and pshycology?Fourierism and folly?anti-hanging and anti-law and order?transcendentalism in ethics and revolution in every thing?Greeley and O'Sulli van, mix and mingle in one strange motly move ment, whose watchword, loudly reiterated in all di rections, is "The Convention and reform?reform and the Convention." Day after day the columns of the Tribune and the Morning Xncs teem with ap peals, more or less vehement^and intem|ierate, in fa vor of the Convention, and an entire remodelling of the State Constitution. Fierce and funny squab bles, it is true, take place every now and then be tween these two prints on the momentous ques tion of the duty on fourpenny-nailsand cotton sheet ngs; but lii.fraternal concord, both maintain, with friendly emulation, theadvocacy of the Convention, and all the radical changes which are'by that means ?ought to be produced. Thus,.gradually and with a rapidity for which it is difficult to acc unt, the new revolutionary party has been in process of formation out of the decomposed elements of the two old poli tical parties. Banged on the side of the Convention, wr have now in open and imposing array all the wild, extravagant, visionary and revolutionary no tions ol the time, marshalled and led on by Greeley and O'Sullivan, the two great Girondist leaders of the age. All this has not proceeded without inspiring alarm in the minds ol the intelligent, sober, and conservative classes of society. We early perceived the crisis that was approaching, Long since we -sw-r-and no extraordinary faculty of toresight was needed to make the discovery-that the period must sooner or later arrive, when the revolutionary principles?the ultra theories and doctrines, which then to many appeared the mere ravings ol dream ing theorists?and the conservative influences which maintain society in a state of peace and order, must come into collision. That time has arrived. The conflict has already commenced The Courur orui Enquirer, and Expre?*, even in the darkness of their intellect, have thoroughly awakened to a conviction of the danger that now threatens, not the old political or ganizations merely, but the safety ol the, .State itaell This feeltng of alarm is spreading it 10 I true, a portion of that journalism which calls itself I independent, is standing aloof, and ailects to main 1 tam neutrality. Thus, the Sun-?'JVi? Sun?Com mercial Advertiser, and other prints of that class, do i not touch the subject, and cautiously refrain from an ! expression otjopinion on the remarkable and portet ; tous change which is in progress. Hut they must soon show their hands. Every man in the commu nity must soon show his hands. All the old land marks of political partizanslnp are fast disappearing. Two new parties are now to occupy the field?the revolutionists and the conservatives?the ultra-phi losophers and sweeping reformers of ah grades, and t they who conscientiously and faithfully adhere to the present systems of morals, religion, and govern ment?who would maintain the tudiciary in all its freedom from mob influence?who would preserve inviolate, all the existing guarantees by which the rights of property are secured, and who would maintain, at all hazards, that christian faith which is the surest safeguard of individual and national prosperity. Intelligent and thoughtful men of all parties?we speak as unto wise men?judge ye what we say ? The great principles which maintain society in peace and order, are now most seriously me naced. No longer confined to little knots oi crazy philosophers, the revolutionary move ment embraces strong political influences, and wields the power of presses, sustained and sanctioned by both the old political organizations of the State. Anti-rentism?abolitionism?Fourierism ?socialism?incendiarism?ultraism of every de scription, are banding themselves together, in oppo sition to the conservative influences of society.? The hosts of the Conveniion are as miscellaneous as the army that collected under David, after he fled to the cave Adullam?" And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him, and he became a captain over them." Is this a time for inaction! Is tins a time to fold the arms, and look calmly on, as the swelling tide of revolu tion sweeps along! What is there in the present constitution ol this State, in the organization of so ciety, that demands the radical and ruthless changes which are so insolently demanded! Is it true that our judiciary system?that our representative sys tem?that our laws regulating the rights of property, marriage, and so on, are defective and unjust! Is it true that our holy religion is a mockery, and ought to be exchanged for the cold and barren moralities of a false philosophy! No?no. Knaves or fools are all those demagogues, orators and scribblers, who are thus assailing our civil and social institutions. The constitution ot this State has stood the test.? We have gone on prosperously under it. Our State has increased in wealth, in population, in all the ele ments of prosperity, in an extraordinary ratio.? Peacs and plenty have tilled all our borders with joy and gladness. If evils have presented themselves, they have been the result of a defective administra tion of the constitution and laws, not of the consti tution and laws themselves. Let the constitution be preserved sacred and inviolate. This election, then, will determine an issue ol the most momentous interest. The antagonism has fairly commenced between the revolutionary and the conservative principles of the present age. Is it not time for the friends of law and order, and the constitution to be up and doing I Let a public meeting be at once called in this city, and a deci ded stand be made against these banded influences of disorganization and change, which threaten the introduction of general anarchy and disaster The present, is, indeed, one of the most interesting crises that lias ever taken place in the history of the coun try. If the revolutionists be successful in New York, the movement will spread all over the country, and the stability of the republic itself be seriously endanger ed. Wise men of all parties, again we appeal to you Are you prepared to see the bonds ol society rudely torn asunder 1 Depend upon it, if this revolutionary movement be not checked, it will produce wide spread anarchy and ruin. Even grant?which we are by no means disposed to do?that the leaders are actuated by pure motives?by a conscientious desire to effect salutary changes, they are going to work rather like incendiaries and madmen, than sober and rational reformers. As one of the most philosophical of the historians of the French Revo lution has well said, when speaking of the Giron dists of another day?"The common proverb that ? hell is paved with good intentions,' shows how generally perilous conduct, even when flowing from pure motives, is found to lead to the most disastrous consequences." We have spoken at some length on this subject. But we feel its importance. And our words have not been lightly spoken. Let the wise and patriotic mark them well, and act as be comes fri-nds of the State and the republic, when the day of election comes. Travel to Europe.?The Great Western, to sail to-day, has about fifty passengers engaged, and that will be the least number that she will carry out on this trip. When we take into consideration the fact that the most splendid of our packets sail this month, ^ and at the rate of one a week, the Western has more than her share of ocean travellers seeking airs abroad. We cannot resist mentioning that the Cale donia, which left Boston on Tuesday, had but thirty eight in her cabins for Liverpool. Our amiable little j neighbor city, which happens to be the d?por of the Mail Line, will probably, however, get up a subscrip tion to fill up one of their steamers on the same principle that governed her in giving three or four thousand dollars to have a passage, seven miles long, cut through the ice in the winter of 1844 to get the Britannia to sea on her regular day. There is, how ever, to say the least, a good share of enterprize in Boston. We are very glad that the harbor of New York is never frozen up, tor three or four thousand dollars pilotage lor each ship would be an enormous sum forustopay. To the Working Classes ?In the Wisconsin, i Michigan and Illinois papers, advertisements are ! continually appeairng lor laborers, carpenters, smiths, Arc., while in this city, ana other large towns, there are hundreds out of employ, and many others only hall employed throughout the year. In the former, comfort and atfluence await the indus trious, while poverty aBd wretchedness are entailed on the mass,by their superabundance,in these vicini ties. Every enterprising man, really anxious for em. ployment, may lind the means of working Ins way to those parts where his labor will be appreciated and well rewarded, if he so desires. That sea son of the year is now fast approaching when it be hoves many to look a little before them. Statues ok Great Men.?Efforts are making in various parts of the country.to collect subscriptions, for the purpose of erecting statues to Jackson and Henry < lay. It is all very just and proper to raise a statue to Jackson. He is dead, and his deeds merit commemoration. But we don t perceive the pro priety of erecting a statue to " Harry of the West." He is alive and well?hale Hnd hearty?and stands as good a chance as any man to he President of the United States lie has stuff for two presidential campaigns under his buttons yet. Wait a little and see what can be done with him. Experimental Trip.?The United States steam cutter Legare, left the naval anchorage on morning for New Y ork, the object of the trip being to try the speed of the Ericsson propeller. The Legare is to make another trip to New York, immediately on her return, to tost the speed of the I.oper wheel, so as thus to ascertain the comparative speed and advantages of both improve menU The experiments have been committed to the direction of Captain Alexander V. I-razor, of the Hove tiuo Service. We took the above from a Philadelphia pa;*r ol yesterday, and since then the cutter has arrived here. Annexed is a list of her otlicers: A. V. Frazor, Esq, Commander; Charles Orover, First Lieutenant; William Norn., fUcond ditto; I A Webster, Jr., Third ditto: E. T Hyatt, Fourth ditto ; John Dougherty, Chief Engineer , J A. Haggles Assist Burg j John Bryant, Boatswain lohn ret, Ounner, Wm Harrison, Carpenter. Anti-Rent Trials ax Delhi.?The proceedings at Delhi next week will be ivery interesting The Court ot Oyer uttd Terminer opens next Monday I Modern Thieves.?In looking over the first num ber of the Police Gazette, lately started in this city, we were astonished to find the vast amount of pro perty that has been stolen in this city within the last two months, which has not as yet been recover ed, and which we ure afraid the owners of will never see again. We took the trouble to analyze the dif ferent advertisements, and classify them according to the articles that have been stolen, and the result we find us follows, viz :? There has been stolen in absolute cash during the last two months upwards of $9,000; gold and silver watches nearly one hundred, two-thirds of them valuable gold watches, and the whole number probably worth $6,000; fifty dozen silver spoons, of all sizes, worth in all probability some $800, besides a variety of other articles of silver plate, worth perhaps some $500; one dozen horses, worth, say, at a low average, $600, besides a quantity of cloth ing, wearing apparel, books, table linen, &c., worth in allperhaps $500. Here w? have, in all, property to the amount of $17,400, in the short space of two months, taken from our citizens by the operations of burglars, pickpockets, and thieves of every kind The reader will remember that this is merely the property that is advertised in this one paper, and is by no means the sum total of the whole amount thai has been lost. Many robberies have been commit ted which neither the public nor even the police know anything about, as from the miserable man ner in which these matters are managed by our po lice, those who have the misfortune to be robbed, frequently content themselves with their loss, und do not even seek a police olficer, well knowing that the experiment of looking for the thieves will prove to them almost as costly as the articles they have lost, and that in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, even supposing that by some extraordinary mis chance the criminal is arrested, the restitution of their property is by no means a natural conse quence. It is well known that the thieves of this city form a perfectly organized body, and that as professional brethren,they are all |>erfectly well known to one ano ther,that they have their regular clubs,meeting places, dec., where they assemble to discuss their plans, and carry out their projects. As in every other commu nity, there are those who take the lead, and are look ed up to by their fellows as superior officers. And in fact the whole body of thieves is as regularly di vided, and governed by their own laws and rules, as these United States are. A fund is set apart as a refuge in time of trouble, aud many an unlucky rogue who has been placed in a somewhat insecure position, by his deeds coming to light, has owed his liberation to the well directed scattering of a lew thousands, and to such an extent has this system been carried, thut this city has become the rendez vous of all the European burglars, thieves, &c., who get out of luck on the other side ; and the proof of it is, that within the last eight weeks we find in the list of advertisements, to which we have before re ferred, no less than one hundred and eighty-four distinct robberies are stated to have been committed in this city, or more than two every twenty four hours, and this, as we have before observed, by no means includes the whole number, and what is the most extraordinary part of the story is, that none of this property has been recovered or any clue been found to it. The Police establishment of this city comprises within its body many men who have devo ed years of their lives to the profession of thief catching, men whose business it has been from their youth upwards to track criminals through all their tortuous windings, and keep the run of all those who make crime the means of obtaining an apparently easy living. These men have had ample means for ob taining a perfect insight into all the various strata gems of criminals, have a perfect acquaintance with the persons of all the principals who manage the af fairs of the criminal community; and in fact, of their experience in affairs of this kind, during the last quarter of a century, has been put to any kind of use, they cannot tail to have become as thoroughly ac quainted with all the arts ot the thieves as ihey them selves. Seeing all this, it has become a matter ot serious enquiry among the community at large, as to who it is that is to blame for the great laxity evinced in apprehending ofTenders.recovenngstolen property, and the general fulfillmentof police duties. If a citizen is robbed of a large sum of money,unless a reward 'B offered, almost equal in amount to that he has lost, what chance has he of recovering it 1 Is it because the thieves cannot be found 1 Then how comes i that immediately altera large reward is offered, the thieves are found I Can there be such a thing as the thief offering a higher reward to those who will let hint go tree when once he has been captured 1 And have any inconveniently knowing thieves ever been captured most summarily for small offences, and hurried off to tell their secrets to the four walls of their cell in fing fchng I All these questions naturally present themselves, when we look at this affair in a calm manner. A new body of police have lately been organized from among the people?the majori ty of them are probably not as much acquainted with the ways of criminals as their predecessors, but the public safety loudly cries out for a change in the mode of arresting thieves. The citizens of this free and enlightened country pay high enough for the law and justice that they obtain?for Heaven's sake let it be pure and undefiled. War News.?The intelligence from the south, by yesterday's mails, is not ol much consequence. It confirms, however, that which was received on Tuesday. Steamship Caledonia, Capt. E. G. Lott, with'the semi-monthly muil, left Boston for Halifax and Liv erpool on Tuesday, taking out 55 passengers, many of whom will stop at Halifax. Sporting Intelligence. Cricket.?Another match of this noble game, haa been rande up between the Brooklyn Star Club and the eleven playeri of Shetlleld, Lngland, for $600, to commeuce on the ground of the former in Myrtle Avenue, on Tuesday next. This has been caused by the dissatisfaction of the Shettieldcrs at the recent match, they not having had sufficient time to finish their innings when sunset was called. On the present occasion the game will be played thioughout. and wili no doubt occupy the greater poition ol a second day. Mr. James Wilde is engaged to cater for the occasion, and as usual, he will do honor to the players, visitors, and himself. It is proposed to hold n second meeting, on the L'nieii Course, alter the Trenton meeting, which follows the first meeting on Long Island t'ANTos Cot'RiK, Baltimore.?Great preparations are being made lor spoit to come off w ithin a short time on this course. Hurdle races, foot races, trotting and pacing matches, are announced. A number of gentlemen who arc anxious to see that course properly kept up, men ol high respectability, have nobly come forward as friends ol Mr. Peyton II. Johnson, the proprietor, and have taken upon themselves the responsibility of securing to the Winner the amount to be put upon aach day's race This lias been made known and arrangements huve ac cordingly been enteied into with gentlemen owning stablta Last, West, Noith and South, to hrmg on their horses .Many a crack nsg will-bc there, and, from what has transpired, it is presumed not lets than fifty horses w ill bo brought on Among tliem, ^Boston and Fashion will, probabiy, contend for the four mile purse. Nachitochks Jockey Cli h Rai It will he by far the most brilliant meeting that the club has ever hebl The purses will be very laige, and LeCumte, Wells an j Hammond have lull btnngs in training Kenuer, Binge 1 nrari, Liii l ock, Parrot, and others, have engaged trnin ing stables near the course. The purses will be largt enough to travel lor. Moore, of ( olurubia, Miss., challenge* " any man's nag in the United States, that will carry its entitled weight to a catch," over the Columbus course this fall, three or four mile heats, for any sum Irom $600 to $6,000 a side, hall forfeit, against a " little consul mare" that he has. The Finnerier?Sonic idea ot the very exten sive interest of this Commonwealth in the fisheries, may he learned Irom this fact, that there is employed, this year, Irom the port ot < floucetter, 140 vessels, man ned by over loon men I This fleet i? principally enga ged now in mackerel fishmg. Gloucester probably has nearly double the interest in that business of uny place . in the I 'nion, at) I it is in fact becoming the great macke rel market for the country It will be also lor other kinds of fish, particularly halibut, the fishing for whicn is not pursued hy any other people About WOO tons of shipping are employed from this port alone, in the fishing business,and this business ia also quite important and ex | tensive at the neighboring pons of Annisquam, anil Rockport. Mackerel barrel - have been in unpreceden ted demand for a month past in Olwester. The country, lar and near, has 1 oen traversed in flliest ol ' them, and many have been brought Irom the British Fro vmces Some of our largest fishing establishment* are entirely destitute As high as fl.b'i have been paid, when the usuil price for them is pi cents Hoittn Couritr. Very Late from Texas?Further Intelligence from Mexico -Important Naval Move ments* We have received late intelligence from Texas?' of the progress made in the Convention at Austin, and of the enthusiasm of the people in iavor of the "Mother," as this Union is called. Also, further interesting intelligence from Mexico, giving the state ot parties in that republic?the tresh rupture with France?the probable overthrow of the present Executive, and the establishment of a Federative government with the Constitution of 1S24. [Krom Now Orleans Tropic, Sept. 9. J The Maria Spears, Captain Kelt, arrived here yoster !av from (ialveston, which place she left on the lid inst ... i *" L- i? si..s ii., i *: i....i 1 We learn fiom Captain Kelt, that the Convention had not udjourned when he left. No later news had been recei ved from Corpus Christ!. The brig Hope Howes, Shaw, hence, arrived at Galveston on the -.'d. The steamer White Wing, Goodrich, from this port, arrived on the lid and was to sail next day for Corpus Christi. The steam er Leo had been chartered by government, and sailed on the ihld ult. for the same place. On the 4th, off Ship Isl and Shoal, the U. S. brig Porpoise was spoken, standing to the 3. W. L'inter the proper head will be found other memoranda, furnished by Capt. Kelt. We received no papers by the Maria Spears. We are indebted to a friend lor the Galveston News of the-JOth? three days later than previous dates. There is nothing important, or even interesting. In fact, Texas papers at this time are provokingly barren of news. Austin dates arc to the 15th, two days later than be fore received. We glean a few items from the Austin correspondent of tho News. The Convention hy a large majority have lised upon -11 Senators and 06 Representa tive, to constitute the Legislature. There hail been an animated discussion of two days ou the qualifications of voters. An amendment was adopted, but ufterwards set aside, placing ail residents of Texas, at the time of the adoption of tne now Constitution by our Government, ou the same tooting us regard* citizenship and suffrage, it was doubtful how the question would be Anally settled. It was impossible to say when the Convention would ad journ. A great amount of business remained to be done. The Legislative Report had not yet passed to a third read ing ; the report on Genoial Provisions, and the Schedule, were to come up for amendment; and tho whole Consti tution was to he arranged and examined before its final adoption Besides these, the boundary question, and the organization of the State Government, were to be dis posed of. President Jones arrived at Austin on the 14th, and a resolution was offered the next day for the appoint ment of a committee to wait on him and consult with him touching the propriety of re-organizing the State Government at once. Many of tho President's friends asserted that he favored such a position. The News says that a genera! joy, for the first time after years of privation, danger and desolation, now per vades the great West. " The mother," it continues, " as she presses the infant to her bosom, no longer trembles for its life. The broad and glorious flag of our father land again waves over us, and gives joy, peaco and secu rity to all." [From City of Mexico Siglo diei y N'ueve, Aug. 96. J " New Difficulties ro be Encountered in the C ami* aion oe Texas.?Since those propitious moments of triumph, with which we were blessed eight years ago, have been lost,everybody has agreed tacitly and express ly that a war with Texas ottered almost insurmountable difficultiee, difficulties ever more and more indissolu ble, have been transmitted by every administration to ' it* successors. At the present time J111*? fortune has managed to bring upon itself all the errors and mistakes of this long period, and she has to put an end to a question which compromises at the same time domestic order and the credit ol the Republic. It is necessary therefore to know, beloro criminating our actual Governors, that they cannot bring buck the time which is past, they cannot undo what has been done? they cannot repair faults which are beyond calculation, (Irascmdmcia indefinida) and create those elements which have already been annihilated. Ihat during the last eight years that we have carried oil war against Texas, a step has never been taken to recover it, nor to prevent its increase, is a truth which nobody will deny, unless we consider as effective measures, absurd decrees if they were not worse than absurd, which compared the Texas war with that of Yucatan ; imposition oi con tributions which were spent before they were collected, and raising ol troops which remained at an enormous distance lrom the theatre of war, and whose evi dent object was to secure, by means of numerous bavonets, a power opprobtions and ruinous to Me.x ico Let us be permitted to take, as a proof, what passed during the time of the dictatorship ; because, in the lirst place, it was then that the war of Texas was most talked of, and when, apparently, great er preparations were made for it; and in the second place, the iniquitous lollowers of that administration are those who believe in the iacility of the campaign, on one side, and the inability of the present government, >n the other. Under the luinousand execrable empire of the Seven Laws, the Republic slept the peace of the grave, except on the field oi battle, and in the dungeons where the f ederalists were expiring. It would thus have been a singular anomaly, if administrations, dead to every feeling, except of couise, to that of vengeance, should have iiad sufficient comprehension or lorce to prepare, it not to undertake, a campaign, which, if it prove a tortu nute one for us, requires the most indefatigable activity, the most clear-sightrd provision, tho most steadfast ener gv the most brilliant patriotism, and the most refined in teliiecncc. Tho establishment of n strong frontier line, the tormation of deposits, the erection of strong places o' defence, in a word, that which was worthy of the word, preparation for the campaign was not only neglected but entirely forgotten by all our governments, without one single exception. It is impossible that the actual gov ornmont, even with u thou*aucI times greater elements than they now possessed, could provide "gainst all that is wanting, and without which it is not probable that our arms will prove victorious. "The funds destined for the campaign, and which, if I economised and allowed to accumulate, would now bo I sufficient to undertake the campaign, have been diverted frjiu their original object; indeed, so much so, that the soldier* of Matamoras have been obliged to become me chanics in order to gain a subsistence Besides this, contributions which had been imposed with thecharacter of mere assistance or subsidies of war?that is to say, as provisional ones?were declared perpetual; to the sub version of all good faith and morality; which po.nts are really tho credit of the government. The result is that now it will be necessary to tind gieat and sudden misfor tunes, which will wake up the spirit of ihe public, in order that our citizens may lend themselves, willingly, to new sacrifices. The imposition of any new contribu tion will meet great resistance, which would not have been tho case had the large sums alieady collected been destined to their original and sacred object. " Policy, on its side, has done nothing to level the road to victory The Spanish and Irish colonies, which feel so much sympathy for Mexico, wore withdrawn Rom us in that horrible campaign (worthy of the times and of the barbarians of Atilla, commanded in 1836 by tho illus trious Mexican Captain. After haying worked up, by cold-blooded and horrible assassination, the feeling of all humane and civilized men, we have done nothing to re tain that sympathy. nor to laid in the territory oi Texas an assistance which might provo a prop to our subse nuent operations. We nave done nothing to foment the spirit ot Abolitionism, which, early or late, will dostroy the strength of the Colossus ol the North.'' The writer then goes on to state tho deplorable case of insubordination which a part of the Mexican a?>" has lately committed in San Luis Potosi. He says that ino discontented Chiefs instead of employing their arms aeninst their enemies, have turned them against their own government, which is on a had foundation, and which thev detest In order to prove the mal administration of the Government, in respect to the army, the editor makes the following Latin quotation:? .Ktrrnum taanet sub ptclora vulnas. (From the N. O. Picayune, Sept. 9.] The appointment of General Bustamente as Command er in Chief ol the Army of Texas, is announced in hi Monitor of Aug. 29. This is a post which he had long sought but it may be doubtful if his own aspirations may not nring him in collision with the mi itary chiefs al readv too numerous for the command ol the army. Nor does he possess the energy and ability to command uni versal confidence. He lias old enemies to conciliate, Ins own designs will be suspected, and he will surpass our expectations if he succeeds in so concentrating the power ul Mexico as to make an invasion of Texas iormi The Department ol Tamaulipas had made, through its Assembly, ft pompou* tender of the services and re sources of the Department to the Central Government for the purposes of the war, hut some of the papers ol the some Department ate quite as clamorous in calling upon the Government for protection against loreign invasion This last arrival docs not bring us many lurtherdetails I ubout the affair ol San Luis and the apprehended revoln I tion there ; the dales are scarcely late enough. t is easy to see, however, that the country is trembling w ith apprehensions of furtner civil commotions. The editor ol the Courisr lias seen letters from Tampico which give a complexion to the revolt oi Sail Luis quite I fterent from the Mexican papers, and which strengthen the apprehension* expressed by the editor oi hi Uejen. These letter* state that the troops positively refused to ' march to the (rentier, and that a revolution was appre hended from day to day, the head ol which would he Gen Paredes himself, who had with him at Sau Luis To tosi live or six thousand men The object of tho revolu tionarv movement would be to abolish the central sys tem nl government and re-establish the federal institu tions of IMJ4 Such an occurrence is not improbable, thinks the Courier, as Geu. I'sredns has always been re garded as one ol the warmest advocates ol Ihe lederative 1 "to'induce the belief that disaffection does not prevail through the army, the President on the 91st of August, addressed a circular, through the new Secretary of war, recalling to the minds ol the military his circular ol .larch last; reiterating his reliance upon the army to bring to a victorious issue Ihe I'exnii campaign.and up ,n Ihe militia to preserve order al home , denying tho in tention-. imputed to him ol destroying tie army and breaking down its in'luence. nti-l particularly applau 1 ,ng the heroism with w hich the Kourih Division, un-lei the worthy Arista, had endu ed privations which ?h? xecutive had in vain sought to religve, and was stii, anxious to reward, ' that their example might excit. theii companions in arms to honoi and glory." This strikes us as rather * hollow-tieanod document, follow ing ?- immediately upon the affair ol San Luis; but tin (tovernment is deteimined to louk upon that a* long a* possible at a mere ma/iade. One ol the Sig/o'i most eloquent articles it devoted to the perils of irresolution, as illustrated in the administra tion which has succeeded Santa Anna. The government bus thus far existed by the tolerance of opposing far. t.ons, jealous of each. No silininistration can long re tain power by pursuing such a course, and therefore the Siglo urges upon llerrerathe infusion of eneigy into bis policy, to check Ihe lawlessness ol aspirants ami thwart the designs of the enemies of republican institutions.? I'hn is urged as Ihe only means ol sustaining his own government, which, if it succumb*, say* the .Stele, will i.e succeeded by the reign of anarchy, to bo followed in its turn by yet moie brutal despotism. The agent ef the house of Li/.ardi h 1 ornpany, in Mex ico (M. lleiigough) haslaken up the difficulty in which the house is involved tvitli Mexico, and her new agents, s-chiieidei k t'o., and replies to some lellections.of one ol the papers at great length A long supplement to the Si fin, ol the 94th ult., is occupied with this buslnee , which, however interesting to the parties, is not wo the trouble ol unfolding to our render* Ihe French Minister, tiaron Allnye V7P <f/,k ul? i munlcate-l to the Mexican government on the Jam that diplomatic communication! bet ween France and the republic were close 1 Sr. De t'aatro, the Spanish Min ister, ia charged with the protection of French residents in Mexico. The Siglo calls for the publication of the correspondence in the premises; but it is understood that the Minister was dissatisfied, as well he may have been, with the judgment pronounced upon Sr. Oiler, tor the patt lie took in the indignity ottered to the person of the Minister and his suite. Oiler was acquitted on the ground of. not being aware of the otticial character of the Minis ter at the time the insult was ottered, and in considera tion of his long incarceration. The Courrier Francaii is excessively indignant at this decision, and those who carefully rend ol the grossness of the injuries indicted upon the French Minister, will not be surprised that he is lucensed at the lame conclusion of the affair. [From the New Orleans Bee, Sept. 9 ] The 6th regiment of inlantry, from Detroit, arrived on Sunday week, und were to leave on Wednesday last for Corpus Christi. The followiug is a list of the officers:? ('apt. K. H.Smith, commanding company of II 6th regi ment; ('apt. J. Lynde, of company F; ('apt. J. L. Thomp son, of company D; Capt C. C. Libley, of company K; Surgeon 11. C. Wood; 1st Lieut. R. B. Marcy, A. C. S. and A. A. U M.s -d Lieut. O. Dens, Adjutant; 1st Lieut. J. 11 Whipple, of company (J; 1st Lieut. N. B. Russell, ol company II.: 'id Lieut. S. H. Fowler, ol company F.; id Lieut. I'. Sugenbell, of company D.; id Lieut. M. Rosen erantz, of company E.; Brevet id Lieut. T. J. Wood, Topographicul Kngineers. [From Mobile Tribuno Sept. 10.J The news which we publish this morning, will be found, on perusal, very interesting. It heretofore bus been our opinion, from information from high authority, that the arrival at the city of Mexico of Mr. Arrongoiz. the late Mexican consul at New Orleans, wo"ld be the signal for the declaration of war. We believe so still ; uud our readers will observe that in all our information, the Bchooner Kelainpago, with the ex-consul on board, is net yet noticed as having arrived at Vera Cruz. When we lieur ol her urrival there and receive no return ac counts of a declaration of war, then wo shall be disposed to believe that the policy of tho Mexican Government has been changed, and that no further rupture than at present exists, will occur between the two Govern ments. [From the Mobile llerald, Sept. 10.J Pkniacola, (Fa ) September 8. 1 have barely time to give you the news which "leak ed" out of the frigate I'otomac, just as the muil is abuut closing, of the sloops of war Saratoga and St. Mary's sailing. These two inimitable sailing ships will make their exit from our port to-day, to paits unknown -it is presumed, however,they will visit the port of Vera Cruz before returning. 1 shouldn't wonder if my next infor mation was to inform you of the departure of the whole tleet, as our mails are getting to be a little more "fre quent" than was stated by your correspondent "C." [From the Norfolk Herald, Sept. 16.J The U. S. schooner Flirt, Lieut. Commanding Chatern, from Chagres, via Vera Cruz, with the 11. S. Mail, an chored in Hampton Roads, on Saturday night. She brings no news irom the Pacific Squadron, hut the good news (hat the oliicers and crews are all well. Theatricals. Park Theatre.?There was another great house last night. " La Sonnambtila" was again perlormed, and with, if possible, increased excellence, so far us Miss Dolcy and Mr. Gardner were concerned. Wo have al ready spoken at length of their performances, and have nothing to add,except that the favorable impression made by the fntrprima donna lias been deepened. She is al ready an immense favorito. To-night " Cinderella" is to he performed?MissDelcy as the heroine?a role in which it is said she is equally ettictive.as in that .of " Amina." Another crowded house, of course. Miss Delcy and her lather, Mr. Rophino Lacy, have received $300 a night since their engagement commenc ed?that being a third of the aggregate receipts. The Keuns realised, during their brief engagement, $5000.? Such is the prosont prosperity of the Park. Bowery Theatre.?The tragedy of Macbeth, with Mr. Ilamblin as tho "noble Thane," was porformed at this house last night. Of all Shakspeare's plays, tliis, in our opinion, stands next to Hamlet in beauty oi language and sentiment, and, moreover, it is the play, that to our view, lias been least understood by the various great actors who have undertaken the performance of its principal character The voscillation of character, and iafirmity of purpose I which Macbeth displays in the earlier part of the trage dy, and which gradually gives way to the more har j dened and determined front that he puts on when he has, as he funcies, made assurance doubly sure, by the in sight into futurity, given to him by the weird sisters, is a change which few tragedians give naturally. In the opening scenes, according to our conception, Macbeth is pictured as one who has hitherto been content with the honors that lie bears, and he seeks for none else The fatal meeting with the witches, and their predictions cd future greatness, dazzle him; but he still lacks the har diness of advanced crime.to accomplish the deeds which helancies will bestow on him the' honors theyprophe cy. At this stage, fady Macbeth is the one who edges him on aud supports him. Banquo's doath tain shocks him, nor does he become fearless till his further intorview with the witches, who, though the, shew him that Banquo's issue will succeed to his tlkir?-' i! aMUre h,m that unless seeming jmpos tiH th?n*,ln aP?'e,n ht Wi" remaitl "ate; then, and not till then does he become perfectly secure aud careless of the worst that fale can bring against him Krnm ihnt time he throws aside all dependuuee on fady Macbeth and is himself tho prime mover in his affairs: her death even docs not move him beyond tho passing exclamation " She should have died hereafter, There would have been time for such a word ? WOnd Pi " 0,1 . n Prel,hecy- " Kaar not till Birnam j wood do come to Dunsuiane." Even that is dispelled and his last hope that " he bears a charmed life, which he fini/.'l; ? if ?"e.?r w oman born," is also dashed and he finds that he ' has been paltered with in a double sonse by juggling fiends, who keep the word of promise to thei ear and break it to the hope .? Even then tfie .tern relentless spirit that has arisen in him is not cowed slrti'" "? "?u"." ?"d l'1*' Yr- H. looks every inch the king, and tho variou stiuggles of the mind and tho final determination of enewv Thtrr/,Ve" a h'm W|th Breat and lenthefainoius dagger soliloquy was most excel, lent, betokening the inward workings ol a vascillati m I horror h^hado"^/0110*'"* the. do"th of """can. the I norror no had of again viewing his victim, the look ol I ntense agony mixed with apprehension, when Macdufl given TheVe a11 wer" ?''miralily git en 1 lie scene where the murdered Banuuo con. Im^i 'i"n i" th? tmn,luet'ha" > in fact, all the remain ,>,eCf W'0r,e mo,t e*colleiitly performed, and P.fi 78 ?Ur 110t allow 1,8 to note them- In the of Ytf iT' ^? ranno' ,elrain from remarking the beauty f?"l "performance, where Macbeth feeling his \l?f f?",UC ehai-ffod with blood," refuses to fight Macdufl alleging at the same time that ho bears a charm i ff!!" nd,tbl" ,a8t illusion dispelled, the hv th. i^f? the communication has on him, till roused " vet win h ? Macdufl, he says, though all has failed, w?. L . h.6 -ry. .th0 la,t- Thia ,c?ne we wouhl say was most admirably given, hut wc mustconclude The ir an l'It^ rl,arac,*r" were well sustained, and the mu ? c and stage appointments were excellent The Myste ries of laris was the afterpiece, with J. II. Scott as th i Uiounneur. The house was crowded, as it ha. been douhtIeii*w<n?,M?v "a,nt>lln's engagement, and as it (JouhtJefts will be throughout. To-night. we have Vir ginia* and the comedy ol Speed the Plough. < *ITLX Osspki, ?The selection of popular negro airs that are nightly given by thetroup, under the direc tion of Harney Williams, that are now performing here, is most amusing; and the amusing Irish stories and dnnces, by the same eccentric genius, Williams, causes roars of laughter. The beautiful selection of Cosmora mas are viewed with great interest, as they give a faith lul depiction ol countries in every portion of the globe The refreshments are excellont, and the promenade be tween the parts of the concort. afford a fine opportu ne) for viewing tho surrounding hay and saenery by moonlight, unuer tho most lavoiahle circumstance*. Nibi.o's Oarok*.?Niblo-the magnificent Nihlo-has quite recovered his temper, and last night received our reporter with his usual courtesy. The saloon was crow ded with a very elegant and fashionable audience, and as one stood on the piazza and looked on the Garden, on which the full moon poured down a flood of silvery splendor, whilst the enchanting strains of tho French company fell upon tho ear, it was as like a scene in fairy land as any poet could desire. The opera was "Robert le Diablo," and we need hardly add that it wont off with the greatest rclnl?much hotter, we think than when performed at ihe Park. To night the French com" pany play The Grown of Diamonds"?one of the most popular and delicious operas is to be performed. ?TH?,kl7A'* Hr""*"';a?--The continued large audi encos that are nightly attracted to listen to the beautiful melodies of this ...iiouetroup, is a sure guarantee thai the public thoroughly appreciates these concerts 'p0 night the programme is entirely changed, ami thev in troduce many of iheir best songs. [( so w? mav call them as all of them are "best." ' Jim Crow Rbe is performing at Buffalo, and the Or phean Family gave their closing concert at the same place on Aioiidti) evening Irtst. ..tT'orti'Sr\|9etrOP M'"' " ,he " few "a8 Professor F W. Horncnstle i,; about to give some ol t-harnung entertainments in 1 hiladelphle Tiir f tai rax Oskna is Vun j -vi', have accounts of the success of the Italian Co pany - florgoese, To nasi, rerozzi, ( anbi and otners in the city of Mexico be) made tneir <<?!, i m " | Puritan!," and their succe*. was complete They suhaeqiiently appeared in " Luc is ' '-am.iierrnoor' nod the " Elixir," with undiminished applause. Asa matter of course, Borghese is deemed the great feature of the company. Her person and hei uoting are extolled as highly at her singing. De Begnis is giving sea hat at the Olympic theatre Montreal. Me had appeared twice since Madame Pico left, ami was very much applauded. Antognini was to give a concert at Rnsro's hotel, Mon treal, with the Andrews Family. fetters have been received from Nanquirico, stating Ihnt he had been unable to get a company lor New Vork he himself will return here in October .So there is hut a poor chance for Italian Opera next wintor. From tiik Wkst?We leurn that Captains Sum ner unci Alh-n's companies of the First Regiment of Dragoons have returned to their ststions at Forts Atkin .i^'iS",!!! b 2* their summer campaign on ii No^,,, K?d riter 1 hey found among the Hloux In. .Hans, three ol fhe mmderars of Mr Watson, of Ola*, gow, who made their escape last fail from the troops, af ter having heen apprehended by them near fake Tiaveri. These munlarar* have been sent to Dubuque for trial - City Intelligence. Muddy Stuhi.-ft doet teem altogether too bad that we cannot have our atreet cleaning to regulated, that ao ?ioon aa a slight shower baa passed over it will not leave the atreeti in such a horribly muddy condition. Yester day mottling we had a little rain.uud the paving atones of "Broadway were lett covered with a good thickness ol" mud. In Philadelphia the streets are regularly swept twice a week, and that city is noted for the cleanliness of its streets. It is given as u leason that our streets are so much dirtier than those of Philadelphia, that much more of the kind of business is done here that causes dirty streets. This i* very true, and we should, therefore, the ottener have ours streets cleaned. In passing through Providence very eaily a few morn ings since, we were very much pleased with the simple yet effectual mode pursued there for keeping the streets cleap. A largo, strong negro, stood in themuldle of the street and with a long broom swept ttie dirt on botii sides, from whence it was taken up by a cart which fol lowed. This is done every morning before the citizens begin to move, and each man has his particular district to sweep. Could not something of this kind be adopted in some of our streets? Chambers Street Savings B ink.?There is a great complaint made by the persons who are in the custom of doing business at this institution, in regard to the care lessness of attendance, and the hours at which the tank is open. The bank is only open on Mondays, Wednes lays and Saturdays, and then only two hours, from 4 to 5 P. M. This arrangement is undoubtedly very pleasant 0 the clerks and officers employed in the concern, but not at all convenient for those who have business to transact there. On the days when the bank is open, there is such a crowd of persons there, that it is impossi ble always to got through with the business of all, and many are often obliged to go several times before tliey can gel their business completed. This should not he so. This bank is an useful institution, and all the ar rangements shouldlie convenient, so that it should fulfil the intention of the founders. Why could it not be opened the whole of at laasttwo days In tho week? Native American Convention.?The NKtivo Ameri can County Convention met last eveniug, and made some nominations for the Stute Convention, but noiio for lie. gistor and Assembly. We shall have them in a few days. Union Missionary Society.?This society (colored) met yesterday ufteinoon, ut Zioti's Church; corner of Church and Leonard street*. Shops and Shoppino.?It is a subject of frequent in quiry among the ladies, which is thebestand cheapest place in the city to purchase a silk dress, u shawl, and so on. Some say let us go to Broadway, and we have fre quently given the same recommendation ; but further in quiry into what New York leveals to the curious, at once determines a contrary course. Our best stocked stores are not in Broadway, nor are the fashionable goods all there. There are other streets in New York that are almost wholly devoted to that branch, and amongst them use would particularize as first, Cutharine street, in which may be seen stores far eclipsing any others in any part of the United States. Wo would men tion that of tho Messrs.Lord b Taylor,as the leviathan of Now York, as it unquestionably far exceeds uny other in extent of premises and in amount of stock. Some idea muy lie formed from the depth of the store, which is one hundred and eighty by fifty-five feet. This house seem* to be conducted in the most systematic mannor, making but ono pi ice, and as we are informed employing eigiity hands and upwards, thus giving the most sigunl proof of what may lie accomplished even in what might be termed a bye-stieet, by enterprize, industry, and perseverance. IIahrmbcru Rifle Corps.?The Harrisburg Riile Company, Captain C. Seiler, arrived in the city yester day afternoon from Philadelphia, where they stopped for two days. They were escorted to the Park by Company 1). Second Regiment of Governor Guards, Captain f'arr. Here they were reviewed by his Honor the Mayor, their drill being distinguished for its neatness and acouracy. Alter visiting the interior oi the City Hall they marched to the Arsenal, there to be again reviewed by General Storms. Krom the Ar-enal they returned to their quar ters at the Exchange Hotel. They are a fine looking set 01 men and well deserve the praise given them by the Philadelphians. From one of the Philadelphia papers we cut the lollowing "Admirable Drill.?The Harrisburg Rifle Corps pa raded yesterday afternoon, and drilled in the State House yard The logularity and order of their move ments, and their superior discipline excited much admi ration from those who witnessed the sight." They return to Philadelphia this afternoon. Laiioe Organ ?A large organ, built for Dr. Pott's church, will he publicly exhibited there this . ftornoon. The church is ut the corner of University Place and Tenth street. At the Peter Funks Aoain. ?Our worthy Mayor ia determined to enrry "the warinto Africa." Having suc ceeded in breaking up the mock auctions of Chatham street, he has now pursued the same plan, which he used there, with the more genteel swindling shops in Broad way. Yesterday, a man was stationed in front of them with the sign, "Beware of Mock Auctions," hold above him. This treatment induces a very lugubrious ap pearance on the faces of the Peter Fuuks. They will soon give up in despair, and our city will be rid of these ras cally swindling shops. Movements of Travellers. The Hotels are again crowded, with traveller* return ing, and a mors than usual number of merchants arriving to complete their fall commercial arrangements. Among each class we find the following?at the Amkricar.?A. B. Means, 8. C.; 8. Salsburv, Worces ter; Mr. Coleman, Philadelphia; Mr. Kipley, Georgia; llov. J. French, Washington. D. C.; Judge Wayne, ria vu'-.nah; II. U. Yager, Louisville; C. A Lamar, Savan nah; W. Middluton, Chaileston; J. P. Jones, Philadel phia; M. Hale, Troy, Thomas B. ilice, Wilmington; A. B. McLaughlin, Georgia. Astor.?Owen Fitz.immons, Augusta, Geo ; H. W. Stevens, A Woodfall, N O ; J. A. Galant, Philadelphia; Mr. Kendall, do.: Mr. Hollingswortn, do ; J. Brodriok, Boston; J. W. Brooks, .Philadelphia: J. Barber, Ken-; H. Tanuersly, Michigan; J. A. < nmpbell, Illinois; H. Halkett, England; J. Whittaker, Providence; t.l Hamm, Troy; W. H Kurnis, Philadelphia; T. Townsmn.'. Alba ny; Jas. Burbauk, N. O.; Mr. Corhin, Washington City; J. H.Gardner, Boston; Capt. Tucker, Indiana, Jos (?>!> penheim, Charleston, S. C.; Geo. Peabo-ly, Philadelphia; Mr. Van Kanslaer do Citt.-H, G. Perkins, Oswego; II. H. Neff, Philadel phia; Lieut. Barron, U. S N., Va.; R. Kyle, N. C.; A. Williams, Alabama; J. M. Miller, Ohio; S. Snowdcn, do; Mr. Eddy, Va.; L Kempor, Philadelphia; M. Gardner, Mass; G. Phillips, Boston; A. B. Reiiy, Baltimore; .VI. Neave, Cincinnati; E. Cooke, Hartford; L S. Coninh, Springfield; T. B. Dunn, Ahingtou; J. Davies. Norfolk. It. V. Alussy, Philadelphia; H. C. Kirk, Baltimore. Fraisklir.?Capt t qutteinlon. Albany; W. B. Evans, Plymouth; O. Pratt, Conn ; W. Wtiitton. Pinrmont; E G. Stone, Clintonville; S. Marsh, Boston; A Ahawhor, i in oiunati; T. Uwiglit, N. H ; Edw Sebring, Charleston; I. \dams. Ky.; G I). Smith, liiifUlo; J 1) Hine, Ohio; T. B. Meeker, Mich.; Jason Sexton, ButUlo; T. ulicr, Mich.; II. H Forsyth, Ky.; James Law, Tarry town. Olohk.?J. B. Dunn, Abingdon; J. Kuntis, Boston; A. Lardner, Pbilad; E. Howlauu. Boston; J. E, Harvey, AC; Capt. Drosher, Boston; E. Kersher, Philad; L. E Cas moreau, Alex'a. Howard.?J. French, Boston; B. Humphreys, Miss; Ed. Sleep, N. O; E. W. Caddy, Md.; J P. Hunt, Kensing ton; A. M. Williams, Rochester; W. King, Ohio; A. D. Klim, 8. C; Col. John Carpenter, Wash'n; J. Davy, Va.;' Geo. Van Hiram. Philad; Mr Prevust, do; A. H. Higbee, Ky ; Messrs. Wortlungtori and Sloppington, Va.; George Gates, Albany; R. P. Smith, Prov.; Lane, Belton. arul I.el tis, Florida; E D. Herman, East Point; J. T. Baily, N. C; Geo. Armour, J. C. Haswoll, Washington; S. 8. Clarke, Charleston. Large Sale of Cabinet Kiirnll ure?We are requested to give notice tint the large ami vMiiiliia side of >-l eg ill t Rosewood. M.diogiuy sod Black Wainul Cabinet Fur niture, adveitised to cuke place at (h- Coliseum, No I >'l Broad way, on Wednesday. 17th instsnt, hy Mr. JaCob 8. Pi nt, was postponed. cm account of the onfavo able state of (be wruthe-, till FRIDAY, iflth. when it will positively come off, rain or shine. K' r particulars tee the auctio..C;r,s advertisement iu the Journal of Commerce and Express. KtHloplait Screnaclera? Palmo's Opera House.?Night after night, since the appearance of Geimon, Haningtnn. Pediam, and their I lentrd colle cgiies, amongst its, has Pn mo's 0|iera Hume exhibited a just tribute to their re spective merits Last night, notwithstanding the numerous other attractions in the city, the " Ethiopian Serenaderi" con trived to charm a house, tint no Italian or English Opera could cotnm md, with an improved style, versatility of character and variety of harmony. They intend, 'lua evening and for the te rn iudcr of the weak, at lenat, to confirm the public opinion > f their pre-eminent superiority, and with snrh a combination of original talent, they must he admitted ai superior in every re spect to any similar preteudsri to their line of operatic enter tainment. Gownrtl's Concert mill Lsectuvc, this Kve iling, at Franklin Hall, Chatham Square?See advertisement. I.sdies free. To Nelf-Mharliig Gentlemen, possessing a strong heard and tender face, the Metallic Tablet and Strop of G. 8 under* is the only article now hi use that wil1 obviate tnetr difficulties A most convincing proof of their uiilify i , that the flrst cutlers in Loud hi. viz. Colem oi, I Hvym >rhe t; Millikin, 301 8irand: Lowcock, 35 Cornhill ; Thornu I , M4 New Bond St., have them for sale, and recommend tlt-m with the use ol'tlier own cutlers Mannfactor,, 177 Broadway. Public Caution ? I bnvc uiulerstoorl there Is a j> raoufrom I'hilnd-lphi t offering a counterfeit of Braodreth'a Tills iu this city, to agent* of Dr. Braudre'h, and others. It is hoped thiv cautiqu will prevent the nirue succeeding. A mure full description of the article md the seller, in a day or so. B BrtANDKETH. 17th September, 1645. I?10\ K Y MARKET. Wt'dnrstlay Sept. 17?ft P. N. The stock market it grndually improving. Price* to day ahow an advance of a fraction upon those correal # vesterday. Norwich and Worceater went up 1 por cent. Erie Railroad 1. Canton J Farmers'Lonn J Ohiort'aJ. Reading Railroad i Stoninglon, Long Island, Morris i anal, Penn'a ?'?'?. end Illinois, cloted lirin al yesterday's price*. The sales weta to aome extent nt the improve me lit. The subscriptions to the Erie Ittilt >a I now exoeatl two millions ot doll us. The doubtful p out has been passed, and the rest will ensilv ho obtained Seveial huge capitalists have not yet suhseiihed, and many of those whoae names are already down for large amounts, will. If necessary, increase the turn to make tip any balance that may he required. We are informed that aeveral Urge sum* have been subscribed to the stock of the Ogdnnsburg and Champ lain.milroad during the last week at Boston. The original subscription of >35,000 of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence, hi* been increased by the firm of A St A Lawrence,to>40,000. The >1,600,000 guaranteed by the Bostonhin* with the >600,000, the principal part of which has already been subscribed in the counties of St I.awrenre, Franklin, and Clinton, making >3,000.000, tho estimated cost of construction, and putting the road in operation will, be yond all reasonable doubt, be subscribed in the courxe of a few week*. The Georgia railroad has been completed, and cur* now run from Augusta to Atlanta, a distance of 173 miles into the interior of the Htate. This road will, in e few months, he extended eighty miles further to the Ooste oaule river, making en entire line of two hundred and