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JVEW YORK HERALD.
"*'w York, Monday, September ISO, IMA, Supplement to the Herald. We publish a Supplement this morning, with the Saturday's proceedings of the Episcopal Conven tion. and advertisements. It is for city subscribers only. The Butler and Hoyt Correspondence-Po. Iltlrnl History of the last Twenty Years. The excitement created by the publication of the private correspondence given to the world by Mac kenzie, still continues to increase. This is not strange. I he conduct and character of men who have figured more or less extensively in the politics of tins State and of the Union, have been thus brought before the public, in a manner calculated in a remarkable degree to stimulate curiosity and speculation?|>artizan malignity, personal vindic tiveness, and the innate depravity of human na ture, have had fresh materials from which to elaborate abuse, calumny, and irritating remark,? philosophic men who look coolly and calmly on men and things around them, have been furnished with new and piquant details over which to laugh or to mourn?whilst the manner of the publication in self, and the conduct of the parties concerned in it now the subject of invesiigation by the officers of criminal justice, contribute in no mean degree to give zest to the appetite, with which the public de vours these disclosures, and to add intensity to the excitement which they have created. We have gone into this matter in a philosophic, instructive and entertaining manner, correcting wrong impressions, giving correct views of sundry interesting movements, throwing a flood of light, in fact on the whole matter so far as we have pro ceeded. and by supplying important facts and accu rate historical details, giving to the disjointed and dark revelations in " the |>amphlet," some, thing like form and intelligibility. Thus the whole movement that resulted 111 the nomi nation and election of Marcy as Governor of this State has been made as clear as a pikestaff, to the great edification of the public, and the especial advantage and guidance of all historians who may hereafter undertake to record his life and services-services, we say, for has not Marcy fold " Dear .lessee," of his deeds in the last war, giving him to understand, that he is not at all a chip of that kidney described by the clown in the ? Hunter's Tale,"-" Not a more cowardly dog in all Bohemia; if you had but looked big, and spit at him, he'd have run!" But in this way we intend to continue our review of the politi cal history of the last twenty years. We have the intimate and thorough acquaintance with the sub ject which will enable us to do justice to it. For a period of ten or twelve years we mixed and mingled with the leaders of the democratic party We know them well. We know the machinery of party poli tics. We know the mode of tactics, public and private, which these leaders adopted. We know the secret springs of action which regulated their conduct Thus we are enabled to give a faithful and complete history of the movements, before and behind the curtain, which have for nearly a quarter of a century marked the career of the great political organizations in this State. Thus, out of our wicked and sinful connection with corrupt politicians we have happily been enabled to produce something that will not be wholly valueless to the public and the cause of political morality. We found them out in time. With a respectable philosopher in one ol Shakspeare's plays, who happened to get into the society of rogues-" Sworn brothers in filching" who made a tmieous discovery of their charac ter, we can say-" Their villany went against my stomach and therefore I cast it up." It ja now a fitting time to make a nice dissection of the men and movements of that day, for the benefit of the present and future generations. The history of party politics in this State for the last twenty years, is, indeed, full of interest. We have had a variety of eventful reigns. For several years the Uintonian democracy ruled the State and developments under that regime, interesting enough, can be made. Then the Van Buren dynasty came ! in, interrupted for four or five years by the Seward whig reign, and again resuming its sway, in con sequence of the weakness and folly of its rival. | But Van Burenism is now in the last stage of decay The great, overgrown, pampered, and insolent in fluence that for years fattened and battened so com fortably on the dear democracy, is now a miserable paralytic, tottering on the brink of the grave. Van Burenism has not a leg to stand on. Like Napo leon and the old Manhattan water-works up town it has fulfilled its destiny. What is to succeed it'it is not very easy just now to tell. Political organi zations are at this moment in a state of transition ?Yew elements have been evolved. New influences are at work. The whole machinery of politics is undergoing great changes. Doubtless the conven- 1 rion movement will lead to some singular develop ments in the politics of this State. At all events it ' is clear that the reign of the old dynasties has been ' terminated for ever. One new feature in the signs of the times is too remarkable and too interesting to be overlooked. It is this. Until recently the politicians controlled and ruled the newspaper press. Editors were mere tools in the hands of the political leaders. But a new species of journalism has of late years appeared, and grown up into commanding influence and power, j over which the politicians in vain seek to exercise control. It is the independent journalism of the coun try. Formerly,the politicians drove the press?now the press drives the politicians It laughs at their . threats?it scorns their support or favor. The party presses have lost all influence. They no longer sway public opinion. They are hardly worth the sum Martin Van Buren?"the victim of imposition"? loaned to a certain "graceless dog" in New York five dollars a-piece. A mightier, because a purer and more elevated journalism, has shorn the vile presses of faction, jobbing, and corruption, of their powers of mischief, and is] fast driving them from existence. Like the morning sun, whose all-search ing beams bring to light the hidden things of dark ness, and before whose approach the midn ight rob ber and assassin flee with hasty steps and muttered malediction,the independent newspaper press ot this country is now exposing the dark deeds of profligate politicians, and fast expelling from our midst the un principled men who have converted the high pLces of the republic, where honor'and patriotism alone? ?hould ever dwell, into dens of thieves and sinks o' infamy. And it is with these views of the duty and dignity of independent journalism, that we mean to review the political history of the last twenty years, subjecting men and measures to a just and impartial examination. So wicked politician and virtuous citizen, look out for something rich, edifying and instructive. The Anti-Rent Trials.?Our reports, to-day, are very full and interesting. It will be seen that the ? ase of Dr. Boughton, alias Big Thunder, will go to the jury to-morrow afternoon, with a probability that he will escape a verdict of guilty. The trials at Delhi are more extensive and mors important than those in Columbia county, from the fact that more are implicated m the crime of murder; and also that the anti-renters on trial there are made .of different sort of stuff from the whining Big and Lil >le Thunders at Hudson Although these trials do not yet strike directly ,nto anti-rent.sm, the po litical influence they may have ln this State will cans? our reports to be read with a great deal of in terest. Bermcda.?We received Bermuda pajers to the 19th inst. by the Princess Royal, arrived yesterdny The colonial legislature was prorogued on the 18th and seven waterspouts were visible Irom the island about the same time. It was thought that there ti.id been spouting enough in the legislature before the appearance of the water ones News from Ber. muda never amounts to more than this Theatric**.?The prosperity of the theatres since the present season has commenced, is lite sub ject of general remark. It has, indeed, been most extraordinary. Every place of amusement has been crowded. The minor theatres have been doing an excellent business. Niblo's under admirable management has had a wonderfully prosperous sea son, and still in the full tide of success, will close with a new comedy written for Mrs. Mowatt. The Bowery has been crowded night after night, and its treasury was never in a more flourishing condition. So great, indeed, has been the revival in theatricals in this city, that the attention of capitalists begins to be directed to investments in dramatic property.? Moses Y. Beach, the celebrated financier of Fulton street, has, we understand, loaned money to two of the theatres in this city, for the purpose of patronizing and encouraging the drama. This is exceedingly creditable to Moses. He had already given evidence of his intense desire to benefit society by contribu tions to churches and religious societies, with the laudable design, we doubt not, of supplying " the stated preaching of the gospel" to this wicked gene ration. Now he stands forth in the character of a patron of the fine arts, Shakspeare and the drama. But the Park Theatre has experienced a revival that is beyond precedent. The engagement of the Keans was profitable in the highest degree. And the dtlrut ot Miss Delcy was the commencement of another brilliant period in the season. She has made a most extraordinary impression. Her sing ing, acting, beauty, fascinating manner are the theme ot universal remark. She came here with a very exalted reputation, and she has fully realized the anticipations which had been formed of her talents. Miss Delcy appears to-night as " Agatha" in " Der Freischtitz"?one of her best characters. The laBt prospect of the Italian opera next winter has disappeared. Valtellini quite convinced from the manner in which the committee of the patrons of the Italian opera, who talked largely enough, but failed in doing anything, have acted, that there was no rational probability of re-establishing it here, has bade us farewell and sailed forjltaly. English opera, indeed, appears now to be the rage; the ap|>earance ot Miss Delcy has created quite a furor for it in this city, and the lovers of music in Philadelphia and Boston, are impatient for her advent amongst them Templeton, now in this city, should at once unite with the ojieratic trou|>e at the Park. If he attempt to give "lectures" or concerts on his own hook, he will tail most assuredly. Phillips failed and ac knowledged his mistake before he left for Eurojie. People will not go' to concerts now. They want the worth of their money. No individual, how ever talented, can alone sustain himself. The mis fortune with many artists who come here, is to fal| into the hands of persons who cannot give good advice. Mr. Templeton should beware of commit ting such a blunder, as to follow the advice of per sons whose position in society, judgment and know ledge of this country and the public taste, are not of such a character as to make their suggestions of any value. He should at once unite with Miss Delcy?appear on the stage?and then he is certain of a very successful and profitable career in this country. The idea of first trying concerts, and then in case of failure appearing in opera, is a mistaken one. Altogether the prospects of the drama and Eng lish opera, were never so promising in this country as at this moment. The Episcopal CoKVKirrioN.-The animated and exciting discussions in tins convention, on the case H'sllop 0nderdonk, have terminated in a man ner quite ulerent from the anticipations of many, n fact, the Bishop has had a decided triumph. He of S, ** StiU,a Blsh#,^is t0 be paid a 8a'ary of 42,o(Wayear, and a provisional arrangement has been made for the discharge of the duties of the episcopate We are thus presented with the singu lar spectacle of an ecclesiastical dignitary receiving a reward of #2,500 a year, for.doing that for which in other circumstances, he would have been mulct ed in a heavy fine by a court of justice and a jury of his fellow citizens. We are also furnished with evidence ot the superior strength and power of the high church" party, over the ?? low church men ' our pious contemjiorary, Colonel Webb included. ' We issue in a supplement to-day, a full report of uie closing scenes in the convention. Very Late from JIavti. The Wm. Nelson Gapt. scoit, arrived yesterday from Port au Prince' whence she sailed on the 14th inst. We have re ceived by her our regular files of the Feuille du Commerct. On the 5th inst. a Haytien man of war captured two of the Dominican schooners of war off the east end of the island. Affairs at Port au Prince were quiet when the W N. sailed. By letters from Jamaica that had been received at Port au Prince, it was ascertained that Riviere He rard, the hero of Praslin, had left there for Santa Martha in New Granada, where he proposed set tling, as the Granadian Government had their at tention directed toward him. No fears were enter tained in Hayu of his making another sortie similar to that he made from Jamaica. News, from TEXAs.-Our last advices from this newtjtate inform us that everything is now ready lor I her final admission into tins Union. The Constitu- ' tion is complete an abstract?of which we have I pven, and the day for its ratification by the iieople has been set apart. Candidates for the office ol tZT' are ae'ec,ed- and by 'he first of January 1846, Texas will be a State, with her Senators and Representatives in Congress. On the outside will be found the intelligence that came yesterday. The Second Mormon CRUSADE.-According to the latest intelligence, the efforts to exterminate the Mormons continued in Illinois with unabated fero him h gi'Ie t,le 'ate8t Pttrt'cu,ar8 in another co mn, and although they appear rather wild and con radictory, they are yet sufficient to show that the This w agfU"St the Mormons is almost inappeasible howcver'WU1 "robab* - iiJHLdOAiD0F,Ass'8TAVrs w,u ineet thi? evei> ' > a o. the " Board of Supervisors." The latter Boa^J continued in the IS IlT'" N,E,WS ~The B,cam8hiP Cambria, if she ?in her usual luck, will arrive at Boston next Wed nesday, with two weeks later news from Europe. Maryland Election. The election in this State for members to Congress, will take place next Wed nesday. The whig majority, last year, was 3,308 Court for the Correction of Errors.-There was no quorum in Albany on Saturday ; the court meets again to-day. Mails for Euro,The Britannia leaves Bos -'I-' Wednesday, for Liverpool. We under ,hal sh" "kes out no negro passengers The Monster -Steamer left Liverpool on Satur ay, on her second voyage over (he ocean. New Manufactories ?There arp Louis, a sugar refinery on Z erec,m? in -St. Lswia and O'Kallon ?tr?at, Wm """bwest corner of The main buiJ.Jing fronti 100 ?? B.e,cher' P'oprietor hack ?0 feet on'OTallonhi . "h.Uwia itr*el whole, and it ii to he ?,* .toriM hi?h'eme?t under the haaement. h'Kh, eieluaire of the vZ"*U*Ar"KR -h ha" ra,ned every day up to ""'"'I tiHwhl!"/! mncr ?ur none? Of the Uhh /nst, r"'n ?irice tht lit ini'tant on*> * of withuu, 'avorable. I, ? r'l! fL, T".d,y ?I'P?*n"ice, aru more inatant .JnnfJ- * ,hat at Na,v Vork UP the Theatrteale. J Park Theatre?To-night we have the grandopera o< " Der Freyschutz," with all the original music. Miaa Delcy, having recovered from kerindisposition, takes the part of Agatha; Mr. Gardner that of Hudolf, and Mr Brougli performa Caapar. To speak of the aplendid muaic of thia opera, and ita romantic plot, would he to tell a thrice told tale. It ia one of the moat magmficeu piecea that haa ever been aung, and with the preaen operatic troupt, cannot fail to be attractive. Bowery Theatre.?The eminent performers, Messrs Conev and Blanchard, commence to-night in the drama of the "Highland Drover." Thia ia a piece admirably calculated to .how their peculiar style of acting, al.o the wonderful .agacity of their dog., who have, in time, gone by been favorite, of a New *ork public. The play Ugolino." and the .pectacle of the "Black Rangers," make up the evening'" amusement. Caitle Garoen.?The Vocal Concert, and Burlesque Operas of the troupt, tha' are now performing here, ap pear to be the rage, from the large audience, that they nightly attract. To night they give a concert compri sing all the most popular melodiea, and close with the Opera of Buy-l-Dare. Ntai.o'a Garden ?Mra. Mowatt and Mr. Crisp perform to night in the "Stranger," a play admirably calculated to show the excellence to which they have arrived in the dramatic art. They are ably supported by the stock company, and, we doubt not, will have a aplendid house Palmo'. Opera Hoi-se.?In consequence of many re quests, the Etheopiau. prolong their concerts for a few Bights The admirable style of their performances ia the theme of all who have witnessed them. They have an entire new programme thia evening, comprising many favorite airs. Bohert Circos. -Ellsler, the famous French perform er, take, his benefit thia evening. E. S. Connor is performing at rittsburg. The Keans open to night at Baltimore; they have sent on for Mr. Dyott to support them. The Orphean Family are giving concerts at Cleave land, Ohio. Sporting Intelligence. Pedkstrianism.?The footrace of two miles, for $1100, between Jackson, the American Deer, and Wm. Barlow comes off to-day at three o'clock on the Beacon course, Hoboken Thia ia to be .ucceeded by a trotting match between John Anderson and Lady Washington. For some days past the betting on the footrace has been mo.t lively ; the latest was 8 to 6 on Jackson, 7 to 5 taken freely. Cricket ?An interesting single wicket match for a pair ot Batts is to come off on the ground of the N. York Club, near the Elysian Fields, Hoboken, on Wednesday, between Mr. H. Wilson, of the Brooklyn Star Club, and Mr. A. Barrett. Some beautiful play is anticipated. Handsome Rack Plate.?Peyton R. Johnson, Eaq.i proprietor of the Canton Course, has caused to be mauu' factured in Baltimore, a beautiful set of silver plate, con sisting of a magnificent Pitcher and Sugar Dish, each rest ing upon a silver waiter. The price of the Pitcher and Waiter was *1*0?that of the Sugar Dish, which is ehas efl to correspond with the Pitcher and Waiter, $97,50 making in all $-.177,50. They are intended to be run for, free oi entrance, at the ensuing October races. City Intelligence. The Api-roachino Radical Convention.?In a few days from this, will be commenced, at Clinton Hall, under tne auspices of the venerable Robert Owen, one of the most extraordinary conventions that ever inet in this city?one which will eclipse all that have gone be fore it, in point of singularity, startling propositions, and radical tendencies. It will aim at no less than a complete destruction of the present system of society, and upon its ruins a building of the new social fabric, which, in the eyes of the new philosophers, is a temnle whoso gates are of pure gold, and whose inner walks are more beautiful than ever before the fruitful mind of man imagined. These philosophers addrj?s themselves to all classes of society; to the rich and ?o the poor alike The lich are told that the new world will open to them greater advantages for mental, moral, and intellectual happinesss and enjoyment; while, at the same time, the beauties of a homeland all the attendants upon a home, shall bloom around them, rendered far more beautiful by the new light that shines upon them. The poor are told that in the new world their poverty, physical cares, and and degradation shall cease to trouble them; and that, under the full blaze of the new social sun, they shall warm into happiness, wealth and peace. And all the high, low, rich, poor, young and old, are addressed by these philosophers, sometimes in the rough guise of mathematical calculations and statistical tables and sometimes in the honied words of eloquence, painting all the beauties of a Paridise blooming around them. All crime, all poverty, all misery, all care, say these philosophers, will cease with the introduction of our new system. The light of science will, for the firs time dawn upon the world, and lead all into the paths ol learning, virtue and happiness. Well, truly, these are comfortable assertions. A reasonable prospect of a mil lennium ia one not to be at all regretted, but on the con trary hailed with joy. But the idea of such a happy state of things being caused by a mere change in the outward conditions thrown around the man (which is the manner in which these philosophers propose to do it-the idea of thin great world.which has been rattling along through | the universe for so mm t lotiiind yea>? ia its own track, being suddenly transformed into a heaven?looks verj improbable to say the :east, iu the eye of the true philo soiber Not by any sudden blow is this plunet to be turned out of its course. Not by any one specific, (any "Morrison'a Pill," as f.arlyle quaintly has it) is the whole outward Hppearance and inward life of this world and its inhabitants to be changed from what it now is to a Para dise. Slowly and surely, from the tirst dawning of tune, up to the present, has this world progressed, and slowly and surely until the last faint ray of twilight shall be ex tinguished, shall it continue its onward course. These little mushroom movements will not hasten it they aie but as Hies upon a mill-wheel-but as seconds in the boundless ocean of eternity. The leader of this new movement is Robert Owen, a man who, for the last fifty Tears has labored incessantly in this cause. His honesty no one will deny, as he has spent a fortune in experi ments,and although his success has not been very great his zeal and hope still beam as brightly as ever on his venerable countenance. Altogether thii will be on# of the most curieus Conventions ever held It will be com posed of philosophers, savant, and singular poople from ull put ts|of the country. All the miseries of life will bo tiken up, discussed, and disposed of. The Robber* ok Mr. Rowley-Suit Against the Steamboat CoMPANT.-ln ourl account yesterday, of the lobbery of Mr. Rowley, wo made one or two mis statements, owing to the hurry with which it was ne cessary to get up the report. It seems that the money was ftiMr Rowley's vsl.se, which he gave to the bag. gage master, and received a check, as is When he awoke, his valise was gone, while he still retained the check. His pocket book, containing many valuable papers, was also taken lrom his poeket. He has com minced a suit against the steamboat company for the recovery of the money. Humbug.? Some of the Sunday papers have attempted to furnish food for the gossips, and old maids of both sexes, by the publication of a story of a china mer chant who wished to go to Albany, but was too lato for the boat, and returning home, found a young gentleman at his house in a "peculiarly perplexing predicament." Such stories are occasionally got up by some braiuless paragraph writer, whose last idea has been exhausted, and who revives this old story forthe purpose of "tilling up." Run AsHoar..?The steamer Koskiusko, of Hartford, left there on Saturday atternoon with a large number of passenger*. About IS o'clock yes'erday morning, when near Jackson Ferry, she ran ashore and very much frightened the passengers, particularly the ladies. But little damage was done. Another.? Our worthy friend Bishop Hughes, seems to have many " little responsibilities." as well as grave charges literally " laid at his door." Vestorday morn ing a fine little girl, with a noble head, was found on the venerable Bishop's steps, carefully wrapped in a cloth, and lain in a basket. This is the tnird case of the kind which has occurred withia a few mouths past. Coroner's Office, Sept. as.?Sudden Death.?The Coroner was called this atternoon to hold an inquest at No. 60 Leonard street, on the body of a female named Lucy Morgan, a#native of Gloucester, Mass . aged about 23 years, who died suddenly about 10 o'clock this morn ing from congestion o( the heart, produced by cfl'usion ol water on the chest. Verdict accordingly. Police Intelligence. Sept. 28 ?Robbing a Fateenger.?Mr. I.ucien Lsney, of this city, while on his passage on hoard the steambont Columbia, from Albany, last evening, u us robbed of MO in bank bills, and a promissory note for $100 Agreeable to the statement ot Mr Laney, it appears that ho retired to a state room, and locked the doors. Notwithstanding this precaution, the state room was eutered unit the pro perty was stolen. It is supposed that the thief, with the aid of forceps, succeeding in turning the key. More Property Recovered.?Several hundred dollars worth of property, atolen from the store of Tiffany, Young St Kills, of Nos. 109 and 180 Broadway, has been recovered since Saturday morning last. Arretted on .Suspicion.?An individual roriespor.ding with the description giTen of the robber of Mr Itowley, on board the steamer Massachusetts, was arrested this afternoon, on suspicion of heing the offender) hut on be ing taken before Mr Rowley, the latter was unable to identify him. He was therefore discharged. Arret! of Ftraped Cornicle.?Two escaped convicts from the F'enitentiary, Blnc.kweil's Island, named Frank McGlaughan and Joseph Warren, were last evening ar rested, and sent hack to their old quarters. Violent Jleiault ?A man named David Cummings, was arrested and detained to answer, for a violent assault and battery on William King, who was so seiiously injured that he is not expected to surviue. Attempt to Pate Counter/-it Money -Three' men who gave their names as Samuel Johnson, Andrew Moore, and M. Vokr, were nrrestad last evening lor having attempted to pass counterfeit moaey, to Mr, Strell, of No 212 Grand street, after being informed that it was had by Mr. I'eter Austen, corner of the Bow ery and Hester street, to whom they hsd previously en deavored to pass it. burning Gunpowder Joseph 1- ? hnney last evening endeavored to amuse himself hy burning gunpowder in the sti eets, lor which offence he was taken to the Tombs and committed to answer. Shameful Proceeding Two individuals who gave their names as William Mackay and John Bennier, last even ing forcibly entered the dwelling of Mr. Kdward Tengo No 173 Kli/.aheth street, and conducted themselves in the most disgraceful manner towards the ineinheis ol the family. They ware subsequently arrested and held to answer IIkai.tii of New Oki.kanh - So Ur us we can learn, the city continues remarkably healthy. We hoar of no yellow fever in the Hospitals or hi ordinary prar tice. It is now the latter part of September, and theia ge?m? not to ba th? slightest prospect ot iu epidemic y Q. Tr opic, Sept, 90, Yesterday'i Religious Serrtoeo?Robert Owen and the Socialists. The Socialists of the city had a very crowded meeting Kit night at their Hall in Franklin square, to hoar their founder and master-spirit Robert Owen, explain the fundamental doctrinei of Socialism, alto the objeots that were to be attained and the principlet to be diacutied at the coming World's Convention, which he hat been mainly instrumental in originating. The room was crowded at an early hour, and at a little aftertaeveu, Mr. Owen entered iu company with some others. He was accompanied to the desk by quite a handsome young lady. There were quite a number of females among the audience, and they all appeared to be very attentive to what was said. Mr. Owe* commenced by saying that tha civilized world, so called, was divided into artificial sects and classes, which were the meaui of creating and perpetu ating disunion, anger, ill-will, lie.; theso difficulties nave deranged the faculties, and instead of promoting a cor dial union among men, which is the one thins requisite, they have trained up a spirit ofoppositio.i. The question is, what causes all this, when it is acknowledged that the prevailing wish of all is to obtain knowledge, truth, und all that is beneAciul. Singular as i may seem, this state has aii<eii, nut is continued from the excess of goodness in humanity. Man is so constituted as alwsy. to po?ess a desiie to think and act rightly and lie happy, fhi* feeling is always at the bottom of his actions, and for which he will make any sacrifice, and for this nurpo eate liis unti;,ug efforts de voted at this present day, in order that fu'ure genera tions may be spaicd his suttVrings. If the means were made known by which this end could be attained, is it to be doubtsd that a general enthusiasm would rrise 7 It is tins spirit that pervades all men's actions. This morn ing he stated that the two great objects required by so ciety in practice, are a supei fluity of wealth and a cha racter to rationally enjoy it when created ; there must he the means also to enable society, in this new arrange ment, to supercede all presenteircumstances, and changa them for a superior character. Those means hava been discovered. We have come to a very short point, three things only are necessary, viz.: a good character and oc cupation for all, that will yearly create superAuity and a change of character. These it will be the object of the convention to consider, and enquire how they can be joined in society. Teople think that tba distinctions of party, country, lie., will oppose the common union of so many. Such will not be the case?their priva'e interests will not for a moment otter any impedi ment to the grand interests of the whole. Is it thought that the present state of things is at all calculated to ensure futuie happiness to the tiumuu race? Such nas been the intention ol all, and why should not parties come forward and withdraw the veil which has darkened them so long, from before suffering humanity. Before there can be universal union there must be uni versal charity and knowledge; they both emanate from one another. Shall we be able, in this World's Conven tion. now to create these views and principles ? 1 think we shall, tha materials are well prepared. There are now great exc.itemonts and differences pervading all classes of society,and from those causes we may anticipate that all will the sooner tire of them, and unite with our de sires and principles, which wero created with man from the beginning till now, and will continue with him as long as he it on this earth. Is the time come when all are prepared to abandon the local prejudices forced on their minds by their individual education? 1 think the world is greatly prepared to abandon them. The trial will be made, at this Convention; it will be seen whether the eternal laws of nature will not tri umph over them. All that will be required of us will lie that we all openly and for ever abandon these errors; they are but three; we are but to change them, and abandoning three palpable errors, adopt three truths. The advocates of all religions under tne sun will now discover the reason of the failure of their objects; they will see that the disunion between man and man is fatal to them. The time has arrived for the priests of all re ligions to abandon those mysterious tenets on which none will ever agree, and at once to unite in teaching their pupils the essence and spirit of all religions, viz., charity towards all who differ from them. Tnis is the religion that ^alone can become universal; it will termi nate all wars, and secure the peace of the world. Let the public be now so instructed that they call upou every priest of uncharitable, because opposing sect, to relin quish teaching their mysterious doctrines, and com mence now to instruct all in charity and kindness. If they want texts let them search the scriptures, there they will And abundance of them to teach their disciples this divine charity, without which all is naught. Then, and not till then, will the population of this world be come good and happy, the earth highly cultivated, and men with all their nigh and noble faculties fully develop ed. It is with a view to effect this change for the benefit of all without exception, that the Convention is to meet, and he was rejoiced to know that means were at hand to effect this great and glorious change. At the conclusion of this address a collection was taken up to defray expenses, and Mr. Owen made a further address, after which they separated. Dr. Bush's Discourse at the Society Library? Last Evkwiwo.?A dense congregration Ailed up every available place in this chamber last evening long before the hour appointed for the service of the evening. The avenues in the immediate vicinity were also thronged, and a bevy or two of some of the light fingered gentry could be discovered in the hall, apparently anxiuus to nave a dive into some of the tempting reticules which were passing in. By far the greater proportion of the congregation consisted of ladies dressed in the very pink of A shion. At 7j o'clock, Dr. Mush commenced the service ol the evening by reading a hymn from the 3rd Selection "Glo ry, etc.," which was chaunted by the congregation, acj companiod by the organ. After which he offered up a prayer invoking the blessings of heaven and for the rege aeration and happiness of his flock. The congregation then sung the 208th Selection. He then commenced tiis discourse by alluding to the doctrine of Swedeu tiorg, by which it became a question? did the Scripture recognise a race of beings spiritual and above man 1 They ought not reject it, nor ought a mere prejudice against Swodenborg induce them to reject it. 1 his is the case in relation to the doctrine of the resur rection. This was confirmed by the Saviour, as he said he had touched such bodies and there was no proof of de iusion upon it. It is well known that the term angel im l pliee a messenger, Hnd man, while discharging that ser vice, was as much an angel as the angel itself. If a man be an angel on earth, his spirit is an angel in Heaven.? There it nothing inconsistent in the idea that those we call angels are human spirits in an uncreated state. The spirits of evil were legions of fallen spirits underthe in fluence of the devil. All the angels reso ve tlio'ii'd ves, as they saw in certain passages in the ^enpture ; the Scripture was perfectly explicit on ibis sub ject, and their existence was not to be doubt ed. There wore several instances to he found in the Scripture showing tho existence ol the fallen angel'. This was to bo found both in the ol I and new Tes? anient'. In connexion wi'h this he co.il I instance the mnuy pas sages to be found in the Scrq tines in lelalinn to '?onoo and Gomorrah, 'Lowing that a igel? were men. 3 lie in ol ptide had originally < ease I tl.c fell ol the angels, and this ought to warn the ( hriatian community against prido ; nut it also ii-ferred to fornication and the other -ins which the Christian woil l were guilty of. The Old Testament Imd made allusion to the sons of God who nad been seduced by tho daughters of men, and having sinned produced a race ol giants that eventually brought on, by their transgressions, tho deluge. This was paral lel to the Sodomites, who went after strange tlesh, in seeking t le daughters of men. it meant the crime of for nication. As these Sodomites went abroad in search ol lust in the words of the Apostle : ?" AnochLOl Me ten arkk.x iiautos," which in the oiiginal Greek meant An gels, not preserving the government of themselves, (not being able to restrain their passions.) Such of those angels as had trangressed were condemned, as the words of tho Gospel declared in the original Greek, " Tarta roaas," send them down to Tartaius. He went on to say that he coutemled that according to numerous passages in the Scriptures, that angels were not u different race from men. To he sure, the fall of man, it was contend ed, was brought about by the temptation of evil spirits, which showed the existence of evil spirits long before the fall of man. He contended that the evil spirits which were cast out by the Saviour, in the performance of his miracles, were human spirits, and Swcdeuborg's teach ing affirmed this. The ohjacts which SwedenDorg affirms he saw in the other world, he (Dr. B ) could not undertake to say he bad seen ; but, the doctrine lie had laid down was forcible and worthy of consideration by the reflecting Christian. Angels, according to Sweden borg, were the spirits of men who were once clothed in human nature. Swedenborg told us he had seen them, talked with thum, and conversed with them. An angel was a being hearing the likeness of God and man, called a man in bis material body, was called an angel when divested of that body. They were a superior race ol men, that had fallen from their original purity, and those who were skeptical had no reliance upon Fait ii. Angels were also calleJ men in Scripture. Lot called the three angels that came to Sodom, " men.-' The Angel Gabriel was called the " Man Gabriel" in the Scriptures, mid in various other passages angels were called men, and he believed they were men who had been disembodied In his concluding remarks, the Kev. Dr. intimated his intention to deliver his next lecture on the Phenomenon oj AfrAwirrism in connexion with the Doctrine of Sweden ltorg, when the congregation separated. RellfgloiiH Intelligence. The consecration of the new Hebrew Synagogue, on the corner of Lloyd and Salshury streets, Baltimoro, took place on Friday lust. Among those present on the oc casion, were the Kev. Mr. Healey, of the Baptist church, tne Kev. Geo I). I'urviance, of the Presbyterian church, the Kev. Wm. Hamilton, of the Methodist church: the Itev. .Mr. Shrigley, of the Culvers <list church: the lion. J. I'. Kennedy, and other distinguished citizens. Previ ous to the comu encement of the ceremonies, the Kev Mr. Kice, Grand Kabbi of the I'nited States; the Rev. Mr. Ansell, resident Iteader for the church; the llev'd Vlr. Louse, ol Philadelphia: tho Kev. Mr. Isaacs, of New Vork, ana the Board ol Trustees of the church, arrayed themselves in white satin scarfs. The latter gentlemen took part in the services on the occssion. On Sunday afternoon, tlie cornerstone ol a ? atholir church whs laid at Frankford, by Bishop Kendrick, with appropriate services. The Kev. Mr. Spear lias resigned hi* rectorate of one of the Kpiscopal churches, and beeomo one ol the edi tors of the Kpiscopal Ror.oidei. Colon rzat ion.?Tho Rev. A. M. Cowan, agent o the American Colonisation Society for the State of Ken tucky, is now in Louisville, to prosecute the business ol his agency. His object, as we tin lei stand tiom turn, is to raise $.'>000 in Kentucky, for the puichase ol atiar-i of land forty miles square, of the natives on tho western coast ef Africa, within the bounds of Liberia, through the sgency of the American Colonisation Society. The tract is to be for the sole use of Kentucky, in tiitnishing a home for her free negroes, ami those slave* who may tie set tree to go to Liberia. The purchase is to hear the mime of Kentucky FrostIand Bick wheat in Warren Conntv.? Our neighborhood w;ih visited by n white from yesterday morning, fortunately a considerable part of he un usually large buckw heat crop of our county is rut, and much of what remains standing is so far advanced as to be out of danger of injury from the olemonts Our men lion of a large crop, means that an u .commonly iBrge quantity of grain wa< sown, urid that the yield will he .1. ?|1.. n i l .J generally heavy Heir Here, (tVaircn County,, .V. ./) Jlpallo. " MtritiiRRERH Aki<k?tku.?The two mm, supposed to be leaders in the murder of Col Davenport, Itock Island, Illinois, were ar rested last Saturday evening, at Sandusky ' ity, by the Sheiifl'of the county whore tho inurder was committed. A gold guard chain was found ou one of theru, and identified as the one worn by the mmderod man -(,'/??hnd J'tain Jhtler. I Affair* In. Texas?The Sew Constitution? More Troopa, die. | From New Orleans Papers, Sent. 20.1 Tbo Texas Ksgister of the 2Sth ult., published at Wash ington, says that the cotton crops in that region ure do ing well. General Taylor had asked permission of President Jones to incorporate the Teaau force under Capt. Mays with his command. Alfred Pollc, a relative of the President of the United States, was recently eleoted Chief Justice of ths county of San Augustine. Tho Texan papers havs given to the public, for the first time, the secret treaty hetwoen Sintu Anna and Texas, by which the former obtuined his release when a prisoner. The Galveston News says it wes found amoug the papers of Gen. Austin. Originally the treaty was inclo-ed in a letter written by Santa Anna to Gen. Jack son, then President of the United States, and the whole accompanied by another letter, written by Gen. Austin, at Santa Anna's request, to the same distinguished man, soliciting his mediation and influence for the settlement of difficulties between Mexico and Texas. Gen Austin's letter explains fully the grounds upon which Santa An na obtained his release?ail of them having reference to the solemn pledges made by the latter to nse all his ex ertions to obtain the acknowledgment of Texan indepen dence to the Ilio Grande. The Mexican Government naver sanctioned this treaty, although they regained their army by it. iu the event of the adoption of the Constitution by the people, an election for Governor and Lieut. Governor will be held on the 3d Monday of December. The vote on the new Constitution and on Anneiation to be taken viva wee. The vote on the latter is to take place on the 13th of October. The Galveston Civilian has the following, furnished by a gentleman who has travelled in Mexico over the route he describes : The Atlantic und Pacific may be connect ed by the waters of the Kio Guussecualco and the Bay of Tahuantepec., on the Pacific. This river runs into the Gulf between Vera Cruz and the mouth of the Tobasco river ; it is now navigated with bungos of several tons burthen from a point only fourteen leagues distant from the waters of the Bav of Tehuantepec to the mouth on Uie Gulf of Mexico. The people convey hides and indigo with such articles of traffic as they have, from the neigh borhood of Tehuantepec, Xanatipec, und other towns ad jacent, and the trip is made down in less than two days; they then return with their boats. From the Bav or the Pacific, to the river Guassecualco is nearly a dead level. General Taylor has despatched Major Fauutleroy, of the U.S. Dragoous to Austin, for tiie purpose of procur ing 100 more Texan rilemen, which number, with those now in the camp, will make 300 of that description of force uuder Gen. Taylor's command. Colonel Harney, now at Fort Ouachita, is ordered to occupy the town of Austin, with the three companies of dragoons under his command. Tne following is an extract of a letter dated San Anto nio, August 10. " We have been visited during the last few days by about 150 Camanches, among whom are the chiefs Santa Anna and Buffalo Hunt. A small party of traders near town were captured by them, and one of the traders killed and robbed of his money.- j.The Mexican traders have been released by tho Indians, but the latter held on to the money, lie. taken from the traders." We also learn from the same source, that on account of the nu merous bands of marauding Indians traversing the coun try between 9an Antonio and the Rio Grande, the trade at San Antonio of late has been rather dull. The people on the frontier at San Antonio and other places in that region, are much displeased at the position taken by the U. S. troops at Corpus Christi, for without a force at San Antonia of several hundred men, the whole country is left exposed,to Indians and Mexicaus from the upper Kio Grande. Two candidates were already named for the office of Governor, General Husk, who was the President of the Convention for forming the Constitution, anil General Juines Pinckney Henderson. On the subject of tiie circular issued by our Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Walker, intended to prevent the shipment of debenture goods to Texas from the L'ni'ed States, with the intention of returning the same, free of duty, aftci annexation shall have been completed, the National Register says :? "Importations from Kurope, into Texas direct, cannot fall within the scope of the circular alluded to ; for it is not to be presumed that the government of tho United States would deny the right of tho merchant to make such direct importations, and thus deprive Texas of her lawful revenues ; nor is it to be presumed that they would, after annexation, by retroactive law, prohibit the introduction of the property of the Texian merchant into any of their ports. As well might they undertake to confine the locomotion of tho Texian citizen within the present limits of tho Republic." It is stated by the Arkansas Intelligencer, published at Van Buren, of the tith instant, that numbers of poisons had passed through that place on thoir way to and f om Texas, who had been ami were going to see the country and select homes for themselves there. A party of gen tlemen, residents of Van Buren, had also starred with the intention of travelling over the greater part of the (about to be) new State, with the view of selecting suita ble locations to settle on. [From New Orleans Picayune, Sept. 20.] The company of the U. S. troops which was remanded to Baton Rouge, for the protection of the arsenal, has re ceived renewed orders from head-quarters for Texas. It is expected that a company of the 5th Regiment will arrive soon and be stationed at Baton Rouge in place of the former. Wo learn from our private correspondence that the ?team frigato Mississippi sailed from i'ensacola on the the ltith instant, hounu, it is supposed lor Aransas Bay. The whole squadron is now in the Gulf, save the frigate Potomac. A strong force is at work upon her, und it is confidently believed that she will soon be prepared for sea und sail for Norfolk. [From Washington Union, Sept. 28 ] Despatches as lute as tho 14th instant have been re ceived from General Taylor, but they contain no impor tant information. Arista had been at Mier, but not ac companied with a military foice ; nor was there any in dication of the concentration of a Mexican lorce on the Rio Grande. [From Galveston Civilian, Sept. 6.] The Texian revenue schooner AJert, Capt. Symplon, arrived this morning, from Corpus Christi, which place she left on Friday evening. Another company of sixty Mexican traders was in when the Alert left. They seemed very friendly and coufiding in the good intentions of the troops towards them. They report that no important addition has been made to the military force upon the Mexican frontior The .Mexicans are withsnt money or supplies, and deser tion takes place as fast as impressments. Gen Arista, it is said, contemplates no movement against Texas, and would not undertake one. if ordered with the means <<ow or likely to be under his command. The best ac counts place the regular force at Matamoras, at less than one thuusand men. Krom others, however, it would seem to be larger. A Mexican who came into Corpus Chiisti, informed a merchant there that 2,800 men had been marching from Tampioo for Matamoras?that 40(1 men had died on the way, and three hundred were still sick. Whether the remainder had reached Matamoras our informant did not seem to understand, several de serters, Mexicans, came into Corpus] Christi with the Mexican traders. No Indians have heen discovered of late in the neigh borhood of Corpus Christi The Amoricuu troops enjoyed remarkahle fine health ?but sixteen we understand, being on the sick list. The fort and buildings of Cel. Kinney have been pur chased for the use of the United States, and are now oc cupied, we believe, by the General and staff. Capt. Bell's company of Texan Rangers number about fifty men, and is said to bo better organised and provided for than ever. From their knowledge of the country, and of Mexican and Indian warfare, they are regarded as a useful and necessary adjunct to the lorces under (Jen. Taylor. A letter from Corpus Chrsti, dated August 30, says : ? A Mexican just from the Rio Grande, reports that the whole extent of country between Laredo and .Matamo ras, on the east side of the river, is full of commissioned paities, sent out in consequence of the increase of trade, to intercept and cut otf all parties passing to and from this place. Tint Coxstitutiow of Texas.?AVe glanced at some of the peculiarities of the new constitution of Texas, yes terday; to-day we must conclude the subject by men tioning a lew otlier provisions. It provides that the ordinance passed by the Convention on the 4th day of July last, assenting to the overtures for the Annexation oi Texas to the United States, shall tie attached to the Constitution, and form a part ol the same. This must he continually borne in mind, as the creation of new States is therein provided for. The city of Austin is assigned as the seat of govern ment until 1860, after which it is to he located by the people, by a vote to be taken in March, in a mode point ed out. The Supreme Court has appellative jurisdiction only; the district courts have jurisdiction both in law and equi ty ; and in all cases in equity, either party may claim a trial by jury The pardoning power is vested in the Executive, ex cept in cases of treason and impeachment. The Gover nor possesses the veto power, qualified, however, as in the United States Constitution. Iti no case can the Legislature authorise the issue ot treasury warrants or treasury notes, or paper of any de scription, to circulate as money. The Legislature has power to protect by law, from forced sale, a certain portion of the property of all heads of families. The homestead of a family not to exceed two hundred acres ol land, (not included in u town or city,) or any town or city lot or lots, in value not to ex ceed >200(1, shall not he subject to forced sale lor any debts hereafter contracted ; nor shall the owner, it a married man, lie at liberty to alienate the same, unless by the consent of the wile, in such manner us the Legis lature may hereafter point out. Taxation is to lie uniform throughout the State ; the Legislature may pass an income tax, and it may exempt from taxation V4oO worth of the household furniture or other property belonging to each family in the State The Legislature cannot contract debts to exceed in the aggregate the sum ol >1(10,000, except in case of war, to repel invasions, or suppress mum notions ; and in no case shall any amount he botrowed, except by a vote ol two-thirds of both Houses of the Legislature. In conclusion, we copy enti'e the provisions of tic proposed ( onstitotlon in regard to sIhvbs : Si c. I The Legislature shut) have no power to pa <* law s tor the emancipation of slaves, without the consent of their owners, nor without paying their wnors, previ ous to such emancipation, a full equivalent in money, lor the slaves so emancipated. They shall have no power to prevent emigrants to this Htate, from bringing with them such persons as are deemed slaves by the laws of any of the United Htites, so long as any person ol the same age or description shall be continued in slavery by the laws of this Htate : Prmrtdtd, that such slave shall be the buna fidr property of such emigrants : Ptavidrd, also, that laws shall be piissod to prohibit the introduction, into tliis Htate, ol slaves who have committed high crimes i in otherstates or territories They shall have the light to pass laws to permit the owners oi slaves to emanci- J pate them, saving the rights of creditors, and preventing I them trom becoming a public charge. They shall have I lull power to pass laws, which shall oblige the owners ol slaves to treat them with humanity ; to piovide lor them necessary food and clothing ; to abstain from all injuries to them, extending to lite or limb ; and, in case of their nnglect or refusal to comply with tho directions of such j laws, to have such sluvn or alaves taken from such own er, and sold for tho benefit of such owner or owneia They may pass laws to prevent alaves from being 1 brought into this Htate as metchandixe only. Hrc.Q. In the prosecution of slevea for crimes of a higher grade than petit larceny, the Legislature shall ( hare no powor to deprive them of en impartial trial by a petit jury. 8 re. 3. Any persou who shall maliciously dismember, or deprive a slave of life, shall suiter such punishment as would be inllicted, in case the liko ott juc j Ua l l>een committed upon a tree white person, and upon like proof, except in case ot insurrectiosi ol such slave i. Important from Illinois?Civil War Troubles of the llormoiit?Tlirir (extermi nation?Continued Kxoltviuent?Flight of some of the l'cople. [From St Louis Republican, Sept. 20.] Warsaw, Sept. IS ?The civil war now rapine here has assumed a violence of character and lee fun, of which those who have net witnessed its manifestation, or heard the expression of the parties, citu lorm no just estimate. I do not believe it could possibly be much more violent or unrelenting. The anti-Mormon s are tirmly convinced that they and the Mormons cannot live in the same community ; that ouu or the other in'ast go, and by a process of reasoning, if it may be called rea soning, upon their teal or supposed wrongs, thej r have justified to their own minds the right to indict si ,y vio lence which will drive tho Mormons away. L'nd> ar their present impressions they would feel themselves j justified in taking life, if such a contingency, in their vis w, was necessary to the attainment ot the end desired -l! ,e driv ing of the Mormons out of tho county. There ar a many here, if tneir language may be taken as iudicati ng their real thoughts, who would have no compile otions in killing a Mormon, especially if engaged in a light or fray. Nor can it be said that these feelings, U .is deudly hate of the Mormons, is confined to a few. This morning, 1 went out to the theatre of tl ie difficul ties, Green Plains, or to Col. Williams', tha head quar ters of the Anti-Mormons. About four miles ot it I passed the ruins of some four or live buildings, tha ra sidsuces of Mormons, which hail been burned down on tl is day pre vious. They were still blazing and smoking . General ly, the houses of the Mormons were small lot ; buildings, of but little intrinsic value ; but some of tl ,e ruins [ passed wow of the better class of large log houses. At the site of aae, there stood the stack* of thr e? chimneys. In every instance the chimneys wore staj iding monu ments of the ruin and devastation ui-ound tl ,om. A mile or so further on, J witnessed the 'process of de stroying the houses. The anti-Mormo uis.as .the best means of driving the Mormons away, have reSSlived to burn down all their dwellings, but at the s ami 'time Tmuvilest a proper anxiety not to inflict injury sijioji the sick, and not to dostroy any moveable propei'tr, or any of the grain or crops. In this they are cart >iul, and, I believe, where the contrary has beeu the ras ?, it lias been acci dental. On arriving at a place called 8t.'in| ;town?a num ber pf Mormon residences being built' u long the road, euchheViog attached to it a small larm--l u tf.e lane in front of Oi.'? of these buildings were ahoul . twenty armed men, on hor8?,,ac't, drawn up. Withiji, tl ie family, con sisling of the pa."ent al"' a number of ilau vhters and sons from about eigbteOw >?ar? down, assi ?tei and urged on by two or three of the armed posse, \ ?ero currying and throwing out ?very moVe^0 thing. Vh?? lamily were working witii great assiduity' "w indutatrj?, and it was painfull beyond conception, to w'itues* i.sen i toiling thus to prepare their own house for tho sacrhxci'. Still, they did it with more composure than I Could ha ve comman ded. Kxcept the mother and one or two of t he youngest children, the re t worked with even a forced appearance of pleasure, and would reply, or laugh wn h seeming freedom, to the jests and jokes of the men wl 10 urged on the work. At length, everything was retnot ed, even to the Mooring plank -a fite wis' then kindled in one cor ner, by the aid of clapboards ait.' other dry col nbustibles; and in ten minutes the flames Sauced over the labor ot months. In this way, the part) served sr.x or seven buildings?of tho number, a tvandse.1,10 fiamo house. As 1 passed one plane, a solitary female, .?PPareI'tly past the meridian of life, was walking alone, W? l'.1 mou,'ufulstep? and down cast eyes,around the smoking s map which con stituted the ruins ol her home. 1 suppose that was her only shelter. The sight might have dr?v"n P .J" 1,1 sterner material thau I can boast of. Ono m<iv' w .?.WUI burnt out had twelve in lamily; his house,of bew h' had been recently put up, and a smile ol joy uod Itv,Ir"' for a moment lit up the faces of his family, at the *ug& tion that the logs being green,would not burn; butjt wax only momentary, for soon it was all in a hlazo. From this place, the armed party passed over to the. Bear Creek Settlement, and soon the ascending columns of black smoke told that tho work of destruction was go ing on. In various other directions the ascending smoke, gave notice that other parties were out. As iar as I can ascertain, from a free conversation with persons onga ged, there have been destroyed?including those burned in the Morley Settlement?between 70 und 100 houses All have been swept in the Morley Precinct, and be tween 20 and 30 ruins may be seen in a short ride in this vicinity. In many coses, the loss has not been great but in deprivation imposed on the unhappy residents, it has been heavy. From the seene of burning at Stringtown, 1 went to Col. Williams', the head quarters of ttie anti-Mormon, party. Wo met n number of armed men at vartotta houses which we passed oil the way, and at Colonel Wil* liams' there were a number, but the larger portion of the anti party engaged in this business, were out on scouts, as they call those parties sent out to burn down the buildings. Col Williams, Col McCauley, and several others, whom I mot and conversed with, are old men, and for many years have been citizens of the county. They are respectable men, and some of theut have filled high official stations, but in their opposition to tho Mor mons they are irrevokahly fixed. Those with them were determined looking men. 1 regretted to notice among the number, several youths and two small hoys. All breathe hut one spirit?that is, that ono party or the other must leave, and any means are justifiable to drive the Mormons away. About eleven o'clock, a couple of gentlemen drove up, in gieat haste, and announcod that Mr Bftckonstos, tho shcriif of the county, was in the praiiie near the camp, witii live hundred armed men. Instantly tliete wns a call to arms. Those who had horses were despatched to ca 1 in the scouting parties, whilst a small company on foot were marched through the woods to the prairie. An en gagement seemed to lie inevitable, and I expected to see a Tittle bit of a light. I soon reached the prairie, and got iu a position to huve a near and good view of the conflict As I belonged to another parish, and was not in any way identified with the parties, I felt no uneasiness and was not so much interested in the result as the activu parti zans on the ground. Upon gelling my station, I saw Buckanstos, with about two hundred mounted men, well armed, approach ing from the north west, on the road to Nauvoo. His men were well mounted, und, backed by sufficient cour age, ought to have done efficient service. He was march ing in the open prairie, in the direction of the burning buildings on Bear Creek. Information of the approa h of Backenstos had been sent to the scouts engaged >n thing these buildings, and they had to roturn by~a road cross ing the Nauvoo road at right angles. The scouts an I a numhet' of others from Col. Williams', soon appeared on a hill, each having the other in full view, repainted a hundred yards or more. Now for the roar ol the guus, and the clash of steol, the deadly conflict, the struggle, the groan, and all that makes up tho excitement and hor rors of war '. The horses are at the top of their speed, each party keeping on their way. Alas! for my high expectations ! The Auties held on for the cump, urging their horses by every possible means. Backenstos fol lows after, and if there was not n tight, it was at least an exciting race. Some of tho Anties took to the corn fields, while tho horsemen followed the road they were oil, through a lane -seme returning to camp, and some tak ing the nearest route home, or to thick woods. Backeu stomen marched up to tho foot of the lane, wlier they ma !e a sudden halt. I can only account fur their nut continuing the pursuit, by supposing that they feared an ambush was laid in the corn fields on tho side of the road. I did not see or hear a gun fired, but one mm-a Mr. Lindsey, ol the Anti party?and his horse, weie wounded by a discharge of buckshot, but not seriously. Bucken stos soon wheeled his men, and returned to the road on which he had beon marching, and turned in the direction of N'auvoo, to Golden'a Point, where lie is encamped to night, about 14 miles from this place, and the same dis tance from the encampment of the Anties. Backenstos went, on Tuesday night, Irom Nauvoo to I'arthage, with about ,'i00 armed men, and removed his family fiom the latter to the former place. Ills posso of 200 were a por tion of the MX). I do not believe it is tho intention ot Backenstos, or of his men, to give the Anties a fight. In fact, I begin *o believe there is no such word in the Mor mon dictionary aa courage. Men who will suffer their houses to be burned down in broad day, and in their own sight, and will not fight to protect them, caunot possess a particle of courage. In the evening. I returned to Col. Williams' camp, where I found many ol the heroes of the day's conflict. It was amusing to listen to the accounts, apologies, ami various versions given of the afl'iir. No two agreed in all particulars, and not one run from any tear of the cou sequencea'to himself 1 reached Warsaw about dark. The Twelve Elders, or principal men of tho Mormons, have addressed a proposition to the anties, which was received this evening, and which, I trust, may put a final end to this war. The Twelve propose that they will leave Nauvoo, and the county, nex' spring, provided hos tilities are suspended, and the vexatious suit* whivh they charge the auties to have instituted against tlieui. are withdrawn, and they are allowed peaceably to dis pose of their property, and prepare tor their removal ? riiey have appointed a committee of five, to correspond with a committee of an equal number on the part ot the old settlers This proposition is well received by many of the citi/ons of Warsaw, and if they do not reject it because ol the language in which it is addressed to them, (they thinking it disrespectful) it will moat likely lead to a settlement, anil to the removal of the Mormons from among tin'in. It is very desirable that this sheuld be the result Mr. Backenstos, the Sheriff of Hancock county, who has distinguished himself as the leader ol the Mormons in the Into civil war in Illinois, has issued a second pro clamation, in which he gives the following account of the inannor in which Mr. Worrell came to his death : "After parting with the gentleman who escorted me [from Warsaw 1. I tiavelled about a mile and a half,when I discovered nn armed liody of some twenty men on the Warsaw and I arthage road, two or three mileN eastward of mo, and going towards Warsaw. I watched them, and on discovering that lour men, mounted, lctt the main body, apparently to strike a point in ndvance of me.with all the speed of their horses, I put the whip to my horse As I was travelling in a buggy, they taking a near cut, evidently gained on me. The chase lastod tor two miles, when I overtook three men with teams. I informed them that aimed men were pursuing me to take my life. I summoned tliein as a posse to aid me in resisting them I dismounted and took a position in the rnad, with pistol in hand. I commanded ttie mohbers to stop, when one of them held his musket in a shooting attitude, whereupon one of my posse fired, and, It is believed, took effect on one of the lawless banditti. We remained and stood onr ground, prepared tor the worst, for about ten min utes The muhhers, retreating some little distance, made no further assault. I then made my way for the city ot Nauvoo, where I am at this time." [Krom the St. Louis Era, Sept 20.] Various and contradictory are the statements now afloBt concerning recent disturbances between the Mot ? motis and the old citizens of Hancock county, Illinois On Wednesday we received an account of one man's he ing killed ; yesterday of another having been wounded in a skirmish. Some accounts statu that there have been :|00 houses burnt ; otliei a say I V), and others again set the number down at 20, bO and 100 About as much le fiance -hould he placed in the -tatementot the other acts and depredations hs can be given to the destruction of houses. It is plain, Irom the different accounts in this particular point, thnt there is not much truth at least, in regard to the number burnt ; just so, in our opinion, the balance ol the rumors peit.itning to blood shod, civil war, Mormon exterpatlon, transcendent md universal excitement should be received. The latest accounts we have are by the steamer Botaai