Newspaper Page Text
iVEW YORK HERALD.
M?w York, Wednesday, Jon* 30, IMT. The Herald for Korope.. The Herald for Europt will be ready at 12 | o'clock to-day. It can be obtained at the office in wrappers, at six pence per copy, in time for the mails of the Cambria This steamer will sail to-morrow from Boston. News from Europe. The French steamship Union is now m her twentieth day, provided she sailed at the appointed time ; the Cunard steamship Caledonia is in her eleventh day; and the Sarah Sands in her fifteenth day. Some one of these vessels will arrive within a short time. Whichever one arrives first, her news will be of the greatest consequence to the commercial classes, and we caution the public against the flour speculators, who, as exjierience has proved, will leave no expedient untried to lorestull others. If the victims had taken our advice, not to operate either way until they received reports of the markets through some paper, they would not now have light purses. It will be seen by the following extract from the Belfast (Me.) Journal, that the speculators arc buay there in concui llllg mcuuo IU vumm The news ahead of others:? Within the past few weeks the Down tasters have been astonished by an exhibition of fireworks upon their hills. From the Scboodic hills, from the Cherryfleld hills, from BluehUl and from some hills in the vicinity of this town, perhaps as far west as Montviilo, these signal or telegraphic lights have been observed. The individual stationed at Bluchill, halls from New York, and that ie all the inquisitivenees of the Bluehillites can discover. He prepares his fireworks at the publio house, and of two oolors. one of which is blood red, the other a light color. At night be goes upon the topmost summit of Bluehill mountain, and watches for a signal from the east, when he throws up two lights, and is answered by lights somewhere in this vicinity The gentleman says the signal has beeu seen for a distance of seventy miles. May tne inystory not be connected with the flour speculation! When the Atlantic steamers arrive at Halilax. these signals may communicate the rise or fall of breadstuffs. and the intelligence lie thus carried to the magnetic telegraph, and tlius sent forward to the speculators. We always get the English news a few minutes alter the arrival of the steamship, and flood the city with Extra Herald? in half an hour afterwards. Surely people can wait a little while, particularly when they know that by doing so, they can buy or sell with their eyes open. Beware of speculators ! MR. BFNNETT'S LETTERS FROM EUROPE. The State of French Kingdom The Policy of Lonli Philippe?The American Political System?What will become of France! Paris, May 22, 1847. A few days ago, the king and royal family left the Tuilleries, and took up their residence at the royal country seat, at Neuilly, near St. Cloud?a very lovely place, too. This is the signal for the dispersion of the fashionable people from Paris. Louis Philippe leads the way, and the world follows after. The king is now getting old and feeble, but his talents and intellect are yet fresh and active. Indeed, Louie Philippe may be justly considered one of th? -aost remarkable men in Europe. For seventeen years he has now governed France in peace and nuietOver an unruly, ideal, fidgetty population of nearly thirty-eight or forty millions, he has organised a permanent government, and given them many of the elements of prosperity, with some of decay. This is a work that never wasaccomplished by the revolution, or the empire, or the restoration. Napoleon was great in war, but in nothing else. The old revolution only could break up and break down. It created nothing. The restoration attempted to restore the old regime of priests, monks, women, and coteries. It failed. Louis Philippe alone has accomplished the strange work of establishing a permanent representative government in France, on such principles only as can be appreciated by the French people. It is true he has been assisted by able men in other departments, and in the management of the Chambers, but 1 cannot resist the conviction that the king is the master spirit of the general organization of the present government, us much in its details, as in its most comprehensive view. The old dynasty lost the crown by their utter ignorance of the French people of the presentage. They supposed that they had been restored to the throne of Louis XIV., but had forgotten that France had passed through a terrible revolution, that had left its marks upon the whole race.? Louis Philippe, when he wus called to the throne by the aggregate factions that had banished the Bourbons, in 1830, found the people of France full of certain general ideas of popular liberty, but without any real practical knowledge, such as is possessed in the United States, or even in England. With great tact and facility of character, he adapted himself to his position, and out of this chaos and comparative ignorance, he has created a system of government which has given peace to France for seventeen years, and made for himself a great name as a statesman, politician, and man of talent. In that long period, Louis Philippe has had seventeen cabinets, or modifications of his ministry, but he himself has always been the leading spirit. A minister of the highest talents has little influence, unless he submits to the king and his system. At this moment, the active government of France may be said to be concentrated in a triumvirate, consisting of Louts Philippe, of Duchatel, and of Guizot. Duchatel is the Ministerof the Interior, and manages the elections, and the electoral body ?the press, and all the other internal arrangements on which the Chambers and the public depend. Gsiizot takes care of the foreign affairs, and foreign policy, and plays his part with skill. All the rest of the ministry are merely second rate men, pins to hide rents in petticoats, sad are put in snd put out, without any scruple or delicacy. How has Louis Philippe accomplished all this in such a country as France? How has he tamed the French people for seventeen years? How has he become the Van Amburg of his race and country, and manages his menagerie so well? I am persuaded that Louis Philippe has profited much by his journey to the United States, in the early part of his life. He travelled in the United States during that period of its history, when the organization of the democratic party was forming, under the genius of Jefferson and his associations. It is well known that Jefferson was the first statesman in the ('nited .States who organised a compact party out of th? popular masses. This was accomplished by a clue combination of popular feelings and local organizations in the several States, all bound together by ?i proper u.sir luuiiun ui pttuuimijc, unu me nuining of the press. In thai period, the number of popular voters in the United States did not much exceed that which Louis Philippe found in France, when he was elected as their king. The democratic party was managed in the United States, by the establishment of permanent administrative committees in the several States, who generally were men of much practical talent. This remarkable organization of the popular party existed lor nearly twenty-five years, and through three double presidencies. It was only broken down in the time of Monroe, and that principally by the enlargement of the electoral basis in almost every State, which had increased from 200,000 to nearly 2,000,00 dcr the presidency of Jackson, it is well known, that the old system was attempted to be revived by Mr. Van Buren, but it was found impossible to manage the electoral body, which had then grown from 300,000 voters, in 1790, to 3,000,000 in 1840. Hereafter, in the United States, no r*rt)* ?in k? permanent, and every Presidential election, so far as regards the man, will be more or lass accidental. It is impossible to organize a party to be controlled by one man, among a ma*a of four or five millions of voters I am persuaded that Louis Philippe has drawn his political knowledge from the I nited States, and only adapted it to the purposes ofnn elective monarchy in France; for as yet, the monarchy is only elective?not permanent. The action of the political institutions in England is altogether different from that of France or the United States. The separate houses of the nobility organize the elections?corrupt the elections?in! ffuence the elections?and then combine the power into two or three large factions in ParliaI ment. There is no central system, as in France. I The <]tieen is nominal, and the government is an I aristocracy. Well, then, how did Louia Philippe manage affairs, on his election to the throne of France, or the Presidency of the French people! I will explain. The population of all France consists of about thirty-six millions of people Of this number, j there are nearly nine millions of males, all good dancers, over twenty-one years of age, or of the same class who would be voters or rifle shooters, in the United States. Yet, it is an absolute fact, that out of this immense number of men, over twenty-on# years of age, there are only 200,000 entitled to vote for the members oi the Chamber of Deputies, whichisthe principal organ ofthe government now existing. The Chamber of Peers is appointed by the king for life, and is only an appendage of the crown, a sort of a towel tacked to the royal breeches, but possesses no popular influence. The manner in which the electoral body is restricted is curious. No Frenchman enjoys the privilege of being an elector, who doss not pay a direct tax of 200 francs a year to the treasury; and none can be a member of the Chamber under j paying a direct tax of 500 francs a year. Doth these taxes are laid by the government, and they refuse when they choose. Now it happens that the division of property in France is so great that the proportion of them rich enough to pay such a tax, is reduced to the small number indicated? 200,000 out of 9 or 10,000,000, over twenty-one years of age. The number of families in France, who only occupy as a freehold, about an average of eight acres of land, is nearly 4,000,000, representing a population of nearly 30,000,000. The number of families who have an income, either by land, trade, or commerce, in the towns, of $1,000 to $'2,000 a year, are about 180,000; and the number who have an income over $2,000, either by land, or trade, is only 10,000, or thereabouts. This throws the electoral power in r ranee, principally imu m? n?w no, auu uniuiig the merchants, manufacturers, hankers, and very few large landed proprietors. The great bulk of the nution, comprising nearly 30,000,000, and consist ing mostly of the small farmers, and very small traders, have no voice in the elections at all, and are entirely disfranchised. Now these are the naked^facts of the electoral system on which Louis Philippe has to act and to organize his government. How does he accomplish this! What materials has he to work withl Many and powerful are his materials; and if he'did not manage France us easily as he does, he would not be a very able man. I will explain. The king, or the government, has a civil list, or a hatch of patronage, amounting to 931,977 places and pensions of all kinds, yielding an income to the recipients of nearly 400,000,000 of francs, or $80,000,000a year. All this astounding mass of patronage is entirely in the hands of the king, and is managed by the several departments. Of this number alone, the Minister of the Interior, Duchatcl, has nearly 120,000 well paid and fat officials. Here are already nearly five places in the gift of the government to every single elector, or his friends. But this is not all. The regular army and gen* d'armts amount to r.early 400,000 men, and the national marine to 00,000 more. Here is another half million of tnan witV, nil tlmir mnnexinns. entirely naid and in the hands of the government?making in the aggregate nearly 1,500,000 of men, representing a population of nearlykstx or eight millions, in the pay or service of the government, and living out of the labor of the rest of the nation, who have no vote, no control, no influence, in the progress of these things, and are so many white slaves to the government. With such materials in his hands, Louis Philippe must indeed have been a great bungler not to have organised a strong and permanent government; and it is a sad commentary on the folly and ignorance of the elder branch of the Bourbons, that, in such a position, they made themselves so unpopular. At this moment it is alleged that nearly two hundred members of the Chamber of Deputies are paid officials, and receive places directly from the^executive. The whole body of electors, and all their connexions, are more or less in the pay of the government. I Vet, with such tremendous means of influence in the hands of the government, the opposition, | in a house of -169, or thereabouts, counts 169, and the conservatives, as the ministerial party is called, counts 300, of which 50, called the young conservatives, are now forming a party, or faction of their own, opposed to Guizot, the organ of which is the Prtuse, one of the ablest papers j in Paris. And now, with all the power and influI ence of the government, it is an astonishing fact thut almost every journal in Paris, except the Debats and one or two others, is opposed to the present government, although not all are opposed to the dynasty. In the various departments and provincial towns, the press is more under the control of the government, or rather of the Minister of the Interior. There are between i four and five hundred journals of all kinds pub| lished in France, the greater portion of which are political, and in favor of the present dynasty. But in Paris and in the large towns there is a strong opposition to the government and the dynasty, although it is kept in subordination by the September laws, the police, and the vast masses of military. The immense agricultural population do not manifest any strong political development. Ap compared with the sturdy and intelligerit farmers of the 1'nited States, they are utterly ignorant and imbecile. Fven in Paris and the large towns, political knowledge is very scarce. The lending idea they have ol effecting any political change is by a revolution? by lighting in the streets; not by a slow process of growth and development. The policy of Louis Philippe and the present ministry, seems to be to preserve, with the aid of the army, the present system of government, by opposing all electoral reform, and all organic changes in the action of its elements. As long as they have only 200,000 electors, with 090,000 places and pensions to give away, and half a million of soldiers and sailors to control the towns, rhey cannot fail to produce order and peace over all France. Yet, in process of time, the em ployment of such a large proportion of the population, to keep in order the rest, will lead France into the same condition which now afflicts Ireland. Only think of8,000,000 living in idleness, nnd.feeding upon the industry of the other28.000, 000! Such a state of society and government is, under a different name, almost the same as that which existed in France from the age of Louis XIV. to the terrible outburst of the revolution of 1790; and it is possible that a second edition of that event may yet murk the history of France, before the termination of the present century. I he whole press of Paris almost is now crying out against the terrible corruption of the Chambers?the avarice of public men?the dis graceful conduct at elections, and the shocking enormities of the politician*. Louis Philippt himself, and Guizot, perchance Duchatel, an generally admitted to be pure in morals, elevatec above the herd of the day ; but a)l the statesmer and politicians of France are acknowledged tc be the most corrupt and mercenary in Europe Political corruption, as it is called, is the verj system of the existing government in France, and it is of a shade deeper and more shamelest than ever can exist in England or the Unitec States. Indeed, the only way in which a popular government can be made comparatively pure and honest, is the principle of universal suffrage Into a popular vote of four or five millions, nc party or faction can introduce corruption sufficient to affect the mass. It is like an attempt tc sully the ocean by throwing into it a bucket ol dirty water. But universal suffrage in France 01 England, even an extension of the suffrage in the former of 2,000,000 votes, would almost, il nut entirely, upset and put an end to the present | dynasties of both. Ilence, in both countries, the I strong opposition made to uny extension of the i elective franchise. i In France, no other system of government could exist for a month, but the present one, which is composed of equal proportions of military despotism and official corruption. It is true the press has a certain ideal liberty ; but it never can lead to any practical result under the present regime. The whole Parisian press has not the slightest influence on the Chamber of Deputies. M. Guizot can remain minister, and control a majority, as long as the King chooses to keep him. Persoually, Guizot is the most pure, almost the only pure statesman in France. He may, indeed, tell that which is not strictly true in the tribune ; but lying is talent in European politics. He will not sully his name with bribes, places, or pensioners?in fact, he is only half a Frenchman in politics. # nt..?v..j.M /JiaMirh ths nresent government, or the repose of France, but some terrible popular ' insurrection in Paris, which may infect the military and the civil legions in the pay of the government. It was a defection of this kind which caused the revolution of 1830. Such an event is not likely to take place in the life time of Louis Philippe, who is cautious, cunning, and eminently discreet in all his conduct. He will never venture upon any coup d'etat, as his predecessor did. Yet Louis Philippe is not populur, except among those whom he controls. Whenever he goes out, he drives like the devil, and is surrounded with quantities of picked guards. He is almost a state prisoner in his palaces. His power over ths French mind is intellectual.? They submit to what they believe to be his superior energy and talent. But at his death, strange times may take place. His successors will be the Due de Nemours, as Regent, and his grandson, the Count de Paris, a boy of nine years of age, as King. The first thing that will take place, on the death of the King, will be a breaking up of the factions in the Chambers und a contest among the different leaders. The press and the popular impulses will then come into play, and no one can calculate the result. Already a party is forming to give the Regency to the Duchess of Orleans, the mother of the heir-apparent, and to take it away from the Due de Nemours. If the Orleans family divide and form different factions, they are gone forever, and France will have another revolution. Nemours, himself, is very unpopular, and has already given strong indications of returning to the ideas and customs ol llic ruin uuuiuuiir. aac id aucuiimug ictih and re-organize a court circle on the plan of the last century, and has already prescribed the dress which is to be worn at his balls. This is laughed at in all the talons of Paris, and ridicule is a terrible and efficient weapon in French politics.? In fact, the present dynasty, the existing government in France, is only provisional, or temporary. General. Taylor's Kitchen.?Through the kindness of a friend, who holds a high position in the American army in Mexico, we will be enabled to present to our readers, in a few days, an exact sketch of General Taylor's kitchen, al Walnut Springs, near Monterey, when old " Rough and Ready" was encamped at thai place, taken from a drawing made on the spot As might be expected, every thing about it h extremely modest and plain. It will be quite a treat to our readers. We shall give it to them in the Wttkly Uerald of this week. Emigrant Passengers.?From the 21st ol April to the 27th of June, inclusive, 74,184 emigrant passengers arrived at this port, of whom 2,073 were admitted into the Marine Hospital. Of those admitted, four per cent, or 197 died ; 1,227 recovered, and were discharged ; remaining in the Murine Hospital, 649. The Fine Arte. Major General Zachart Taylor.?A. lloffy, No. SB Walnut street, Philadelphia, has recently published anothor edition of a portrait of General Taylor, from an original sketch, taken from life, at Camargo, by Captain Katon, A. D. C. It is an excellent likeness, and | vouched aa such by Commodore Connor, Captain Inger bum oi vue nuu bbtw?i uiunarjr uuiuors. iv caa uc obtained in thie city of Charles Holt, jr., 166 Fulton street. Ono of the returned volunteers who fought under General Taylor at Monterey, has furnished us with a leaf of his diary, describing tbe personal appearance and manners of the great hero. We insert it here for the benefit of our readers: ? The hero of Buena Vista, around whose military brow ho many chaplets of fame have been thrown, presents in ins personal appearance many of those striking stamps ol nature, which mark tbe gentleman and the officer. Ol an average medium height, being about five feet, nine inches, he inclines to a heaviness of frame and general well developed muscular outline, with some tendency tc corpulency ; of square build, he now inclines to stoop and from t he great equestrian exercise the nature of hii life has led htm necessarily to undergo, his inferior extremities are somewhat bowed. His expansive chest sbowi him capable of undergoing that vast fatigue througl which ne has passedauiid the hummocks and savannahi of Florida, and the still more recent fields of Mexico His face is expressive of great determination?yet,still s< sottened by the kindlier feelings or tbe soul, as to rendei the perfect strauger prepossessed in bis behalf. Hii head Is large, well developed in the anterior regions and covered with a moderate quantity of hair, now tinged by the coloring pencil of time, which he wean parted on one side, eud brushed down. His eyebrowi are heavy, and extend over the optic orbit; the ?y< grey, full of tire, aud expressive when bis nienta powers are called into play, yet reposing as if in pleasant quiet, when in ordinary His nose is straight neither partaking of the true Grecian or Koman order his lips thin, the upper firm, and the lower slightly projecting. The outline of his faoe is oval, the skin wrinkled, and deeply embrowned by tbe many tropioal sum 10 WK110D Q6 UM urru CA|>utini. mo umiiuoid atT, iLnnn social and no oue ever left hi* company, without feellnji that ho had boon mingling with a gentleman of thu tru? olden timet. He at timet appears in deep meditation and it then not alwayt accessible. In bit military ditci. nline he it Arm. and expects all ordert euiana.ing frou iiit office to be rigidly enforced and observed?treating hit men not at helota or slaves, but exercising only that command which it neceaaary for the good of the whole To the younger offlcera under him, he it peculiarly lenient?often treating their little fauiti more with i fathi-r'*,forgl veuves, than with the judgment of a ruler In hit general toilet he doet not imitate the,beau Brum melt, and band box daudlea of the prefeat' fathlonabli epoch, but apparelt hit peraon in unmon with hit age and haa no great predilection for the uniform. In this however, be it hy no meant peculiar, for a majority o our regular military gentlemen aeldom appear in tbeii external* on duty ; and the atatlona to which Genera Taylor hat been aeaigned, have been in the warm anc tunny South, rendering the heavy blue oloth undreai coat, disagreeahlo to the physical feelings. I have gen erally teen him In a pair of grey trowaers, a dark vest and either a brown or speckled frock coat, reachin( lower than would suit the starched and prim bucks o modern civilization. He wears a long black silk necV handkerchief, the knot not looking at If he had beer torturing himself to arrange it before a full lengit mirror; he sometimes wear* a white hat, resembling lr shape those used by our flat boatmen, and a pair of common soldier shoes, not muoh polishsd. Arrivai, ok Crot.d ('<>1 n.?Wit hi n a few days there has arrived in this city, nearly one million and a half of dollars, two-thirds of which was on Government account, the remainder for one of our city banks We learn that other large sums are on the way to this place.?N. O. National, ,/une 31. The body of Mr. Kolsoin, who was lost from tha Chesapeake steamer on Lake Kris, was picked up by the captain of ths Franklin about three miles above Erie. | i Pare Thsatbi ? The eclebrated opera of Bellini, "La Inuiabalt,'' tb? music of which if no woll known by i our readers, and which if played upon " ry piano-forts in the United State*, will be perform ' 1 thin ev alng by ' the Italian company of Havana. Xh: . partition bai ' been rehearaed and will be performed eapeclally to pleaae the dilUtanti of our city, and will be performed by many r of the beat linger* of the company The part of Count Rodolpho if taken by Vita, and Amina will be person!' fled by a debut ant* in New York, Signora Carrantl de I Vita, lady of the barytone. This lady, wWU known to us only by hearing her at the rehearsal, seems to poaaesa a voice of very good compass, full of justness and acou racy; her features and face are quite agreeable, and it is said that she performs all that she doea with pathos and feeling The fact is, that she cannot have a better teaeher than her husband, for musical intonations and stage bufinoss. The part of Flvina has fallen on the sweet Perelli; and no doubt with his science as a composer, and his ordinary neatness as an actor, he will be very com, patent in it Signora Rainier! appears also, as Liza. There is, in short, an excellent selection of artists, which I will draw undoubtedly a crowded house to the theatre. The season is drawing towards a close, and the rest of the summer will be quite dull in New.York, after the I company will have left us. One must make haste and f enjoy, when occasion happens. Concert or Mammf. Flevri Jolly and Mr. Dcrreul. ?Our readers will remember that these two superior artists of Mr. Davis's French company in New Orleans will give a grand concert to-morrow evening, at the Apollo Rooms. The selection of pieces to be sung by them, (which we shall detail in our next article) evince excellent taste, and there Is no doubt that this musical festival will attract all the lovers of the art who are now In our city. Talent deserves rewards of applause and flowers, and Madame Fleuri Jolly will obtain both. The first appearance of tenor Genovesi is an event. This gentleman, whom we have heard pi ivately. possesses a voice of great compass, and he will be appreciated, undoubtedly. Signer Rapetti and Mr. Tlmm are engaged to perfoim with them. Theatrical. 1 Bowery Theatre.?Mr. De Bar will appear in three very interesting pieces, at the Bowery, this evening, vis: in " Rookwood ; or, Turpin, the Highwayman the comedy," The Tompkins Blue," and the dramatic spectaole " The French Spy." The revival of " jjookwood" at this time will be bailed witb pleaaure l>y all wbo witnessed it on iU first produotiou. Tbe " Tompkins Blue" is an exoeilentTomedy, and affords full soope for Mr. De Bar to exercise bis great talents Tbe " French Spy'' is a spectacle well wortb seeing, and would ot itself draw a large bouse at any time. Altogether, tbe bill to-nigbt is an excellent one, and one that we are confident will be properly appreciated. Castle Garden.?Tbe evening, at six o'clock, wearing a gloomy aspect, and tbe rain having oommenced at seven, prevented a vast concourse of people from attending tbe performances of the inimitable company now engaged at this delightful, invigorating theatre ol health and amusement. The overture to "Oberon" was beautifully executed by tbe orchestra, and the vaudeville of a ' Man Without a Head," was admirably acted. Tbe little favorite Miss Clarke, played, as she always does, with spirit. Walcott's Mr. 1 op is tbe finest piece of acting we have seen for some time. Miss Phillips enlivened us witb a very pretty ballad, and the piece generally was woll sustained. Next came tbe prince of rope dancers, Herr Cllne, wbo executed bis feats with bis accustomed agility and graoe ; bis evolutions on tbe tight rope are tbe most olassic and beautiful we have ever seen The cracovienne and polka by the Misses Wells were muoh applauded, and tbe Higbland Fling by La Petite Mary Anne was encored. In fine, the oompany now performing at the garden, are sure to attract large audiences every evening. Pai.mo's Oskra Hot'se.?There was a respootable audience at this theatre last evening, and the characters in tho three pieces?the "Swiss Swains," "Governor's Wife," and " House Dog"?were admirably sustained by Mrs. Tlmm, Mrs. Watts, John Dunn, Mr. W. Chapman and an excellent stock company. Miss Anna Cruise played Letty Briggs in her usual good style of acting ; and she sang the " Boatman's Dance" very sweetly.? There is a very attractive bill lor this evening?the " Swiss Cottage," " Devil to Pay," and ' Wilful Murder." Mrs. Timm is well known to theatrical folks as a clever actress, and every body knows the celebrated John Dunn, famous in the character of That Rasoal Jack.? Mr. W. Chapman is also a very clever comedian. In fact, there is a very excellent oompany at Palino's, and, as the ventilation of this house is on a new and exoellent plan, there is no doubt but the exertions of Mr. Burke, In selecting a good company,will be duly appreciated. The baths are in fine order, and under the superintendence ~r u. u r City Intelligence. Marriage in High Life.?A marriage in high life, took place in this city, yesterday, at half past two . o'clock. The parties were Col. William H. Folk, brother of the President, and Miss Mary L. Corse, daughter ol the late Israel Corse. The bridal knot was tied at tin residence of the bride's brother, Israel Corse, Esq., No 521 Broadway. The bridal party left in the afternoon train for Philadelphia. The Weather.?We had an agreeable sort of day yesterday, and rain fell in torrcntsduring the evening, i which was cool. The thermometer stood at 12 o'clock. M.. as follows: > ' Northern hotel 76 deg. > Delatour's. Wall street 85 '' Pearl Street House 80 " i 1 '.astern Pearl Street Ileuse 80 " t Pike slip 88 " [ The Effects of Heat.?The Coroner was called to hold an inquest also, at the City Hospital, upon the body t of Bridget McNulty, a native of Ireland, aged 30 years, who arrived at Quebec from Liverpool about the 1st instant, came directly to this city, where, after rambling ' considerably about the streets, sbe was suddeuly taken i ill, and died shortly afterwards in the Hospital, whither she had been conveyed by a policeman. Verdict, death ' by congestion of the brain, produced by excessive heat More Effects of Heat.?The coroner held an in quest also upon the body of a Oerman named John C. ' Kngur, aged fifty years, who was taken ill in the street on Monday afternoon, and conveyed to the City Hospital, where he expired yesterday morning, from the effects of heat. Verdict accordingly. The Annual Cherry Party on Randall's Island. ?It has boen the custom every year since Randall's Island has been in possession of the city authorities, for the Commissioner of the Alms House to invite the members of the Common Council, aud a limited number of guests besides, to go up and partake of the products of the cherry trees which abound on the island. Yesterday morning, at half-past eleven o'clock, six beautiful stages, each drawn by four horses, and filled with ladies and gentlemen, started from the office of the Commissioner of the Alms House, in the Park, and after a pleasant drive of about an hour, stopped at the foot ol 122d street. There the party embarked on board a large scow, and several smaller boats, and were soon landed on 1 Randall's Island. The company consisted of ladies aud gentlemen, in about equal numbers, perhaps 100 in all, who. Immediately on'arriving at the house of the keeper of the Ialand, Mr" Shay, began to eat cherries In earnest. Basket after basket of the delicious fruit was disposed of, and the guests were all satisfied. It was then proposed to take a walk to the grove, and the company set out under escort of Mr. Leonard, the commissioner ol the Alms House, who was captain of the expedition, and upon whose Invitation the guests had assembled. On arriving at the grove It was at once made apparent that preparation had been made for a more substantial repast than the cherries afforded. Two long tables were extended under the trees, which, though not yet spread, gave token of the good time that was coming. At a side table, a liberal supply ef lemonade and punch,offered an invitation to parched lips and dry throats,that was by no means disregarded At about two o'clock, several loads of substantiate, sueh as beef alamode, boiled hams, tongues, bread and butter, strawberries and milk, salads, he. lie , wert brought upon the ground and placed on ths aforesaid tables, and the company sat down to their repast. Ths invigorating breeze, and the walk from ths ferry, added to the ride out from the city, had given such appetites as made the appearance of the viands very agreeable ? The game of knite and fork was soon engaged in with great activity, and the grove was made to ring again and again with the merry laugh of the fair vieitauts, who enjoyed the thing wonderfully, and, by their life, gave a zest to the whole affair, which it would hardly have possessed but for their, presence. Bef>re the company had finished their dinner, certain watchful ones observed t at some knowing ones were making off towards the eastern shore of the Island, with sundry loaves of bread under their arms. An ox-teaui had some time previously gone the same road with a load of clams, and that circumstance, added to the mysterious movement of the bread, was an unmlstakeable indication that a clam-bake was about to come off ; In fact an intimation to this effect had previously been given, and now it was ho ! for the clam-bake! The ladies were as eager for this sport as tbeir companions of the sterner sex, and it followed quite naturally that some pretty tall walking was performed between tbe site of the dinner tnnlaft n mi fhn rnn It arkiiru t Its* slam. Km Ira wis tA <?Amn 1 off. All hands arrivod safe, and want at th? shall fish as ; if they had fasted for six hours at least. Some lingers - were burned, and some delicate tongues were mutt* to twinge with a slight scald initiated by the hot shells or ' over warm, juice of the clams; but It was.all sport, and k every little mishap of the hind only furnished occasion * for more merriment. But finally when the clam bake was at an end, the party prepared for their return ' to town. The river was recrossed, and the guests took * their seats iu the stages, which conveyed them up. All i was in readiness, anil some of the drivers, proud of their 1 respective teams, and determined to try their mettle. [ drew upside by side, ready for a start The occupants of the rival 'busses of course took a deep interest In the 1 result, and various encouraging words were said and in 1 ilccemenls. offered to the Jehus, in qrder to secure the lead. At length off they started, a little unfair play < being used by some of the passengers in one of the vehiI cles, to Induce the driver to start ahead. But It was a 1 glorious race, and at that same time one of the Wall 1 Ntreet editors, who is opposed to racing, was seen making 1 the very be*t time of the day In one of these same omui1 busses. So we go. i Farmers' Ci.ur, Tuesday June d!).?This being the regular meeting day of the Farmers' Club, the members assembled In more than usual strength, from the fact of the Hon. Dixon 11. Lewis, the Senator from Alabama having accepted the invitation of the club to witnesa its proceedings Col. Clark being called to tho chair, an article was read by the Secretary on the longevity of the onion, the truth of which was illustrated by the savory 1 vegetable being found in the hand of a female Kgyptiau mummy, after an entombation of 9000 years, retaining not only its primitive perfume, but all its inherent elements of vegetation, when transplanted to its mother earth. The article was headed, " The Longevity of the Onion," reminding us of the historical fact of the t'.gyptian idolatry of this odoriferous esouleut, as well as the modern hcmage bestowed open It by a popular ?nitinitr In the following attractive couplet " This 1* every cook'a opinion? No savory dish without an onion. ?' i The Seoretary read the programme of the twentieth annual fhlr, which will be held at Caetle Garden on the 6th of October next. All articles intended for exhibition 1 aro to be deposited on the first or second day of that month, at farthest The National Convention of Farmer*T Agriculturists, Gardeners, Ice., will take place at that time; also the annual ploughing match By a communication from Mr. Lodge, and an accompanying specimen. It was ascertained that the cherry bug hod been causing havoc among the apples, and recommended lime-water or tobacco jnlce as a remedy The business of the meeting had so far extended when the lion. D. H. Lewis was announced, and entered the club room, when a communication was read, to the effect that Mr. Burchard would deliver, on the first Monday iu September. a lecture before the American Institute, on the subject of Agriculture. The chairman requested Mr Lewis to give the club his views on Southern Agriculture, in wbioh the Senator acquiesced, although, as he remarked, unprepared with any particular digest lie impressed, from his own experience, the necessity of deep ploughing. His soil was a deep blaok, which had produced, for twenty years, a rich succession of corn crops, by which he acquired from 60 to 70 bushels per acre, and when shallt w ploughing was adopted, averaged only from 30 to 40 He generally ploughed from nine to ten inches, and with, sub-soil, to the depth of sixteen inches, for ths purpose of breaking up the lower soil, but not throwing It up The crop Ts worth from 23 to M) cents a bushel. This system is cow generally adopted on the Mississippi. The Senator recommended deep ploughing also for cotton, as calculated to dry the land. He described the tap root of cotton as penetrating two feet. The prosperous growth of cotton is regulated by the land, by an observance of which, an experienced planter can be guided as to the proper soil. Mr. Lewis, as well from his perusal of the remarks of Fetsoles, as from his own experience, advocated a searching analysis of ad the component parts of the plant, seed, fibres. Sic. As a manure, the seed was most valuable, and equally profitable as an oil, and enforced the necessity of the application of chemistry to the practical uses of agriculture, in the course of his remarks, Mr. Lewis BMbVU UO ffUUlU piVIOl ICklBlUg VVt U BV 4U UCUIS, bU the cultivation of cotton at six or Keren cents. He described cotton as a good manure for Indian corn, operating similarly to the oil cake. From eleven to twelve hundred is a good cotton crop. Mr. Williams offered to analy/.e the stalk if iMr. Lewis would forward the material, a request which the Hon. gentleman promptly acceded to. t'ol. Clark herevacated thechalr, to which Mr. Lewis succeeded, when Mr. Fleishman continued his remarks upon his travelled experience in foreign wool regions, illustrated by charts, containing minute drawings of various qualities of wool, their properties and classifications. A curious fact was here developed on the increasing quantity of wool-hairs in proportion to the excellenoy of the breed or cross?a country sheep, upon one square inch, possesses 6000 hairs. The improved breed by a merino sire and country sheep, for the 3d and 4th generation, produces 18.000 wool hairs to the square inch; in the 10th generation the fine wool predominates till the 20th generation, when the wool hairs amount te 27,000 to.tbe square inch. Mr. Fleishman warmly advocated a convention of wool growers, in which he was universally sustained, and it was the general desire of the members that facts of such high importance as be developed upon the cultivation of sheep, should be presented to the public eye in a more useful and permanei^ form, that could reach universal consideration and airoption through the medium of the press. Arrival of Emigrants.?The number of emigrants arrived at this port during Monday last from foreign parts, amounted to 262. Coast passengers 26. The Expresses.?We arc in daily receipt of favors from Messrs. Cloyes St Dennis, of the Springfield and New Haven route to Boston. .Also, to Munro's New Bedford Express, lor papers from that city in advanoe of the mail. Fire.?A fire was discovered on Sunday about 4 o'clock P.M.. at No. ill Anthony street. The alarm bell did ring at the time. The lire was promptly put out by the aid of the fire companies. Rural Pic Nic.?The daughters of Ileohab and Ashland have a sweet floral festival at Fort Hamilton tomorrow, leaving Pier 1, N. R , at 10 o'clock, in the American Eagle. It will be a gala affair for all whe are fortunate enough to be present. Mad Doo ?A mad dog was killed yesterday in the vicinity of Clinton street, East river. ^ Death nv Drowning.?Coroner Walters was yesterday called to hold an inquest at No. 200 Amos street, upon the body of John Kenan, a boy 8 years old, who was drowned by accidentally falling into the dock at the foot of Morton street, along the string piece of which he had been running with another boy. Verdict in accordance with the foregoing facts. Police Intelligence. Arrest of Till Thieves ?Officer Demarest, of the Otli wara, arretted on tvionuuy two Doys. called Thomas Cieifery and Jauiet House, on a charge of stealing $1 38 from the money drawer of Sarah Kreeman, residing at No. 459 Hudson street. Justice Roome locked the young rascalB up for trial. Wilful Driving.?Officer Ailams, of the 16th ward, arreBted yesterday, a uiau named Patrick McRuen, on a charge of violently assaulting and wilfully driving his horse and cart over a man by the name of Harvey B. Miller, infiicting several severe and dangerous wounds. J ustice Roome locked him up for trial. Jl Trunk Stolen.?A new leather trunk, marked on i the top H.W.J..on a brass plate, containing ladles , wearing apparel, was stolen from the Harlem Railroad Office, corner of J6 th street and 4th avenue, on Monday last. i Cutting a Afan's Throat.?A warrant was issued yesterday, by Justice Drinker, for the arrest of three young men around town, called John Briggs, Charley Brewster and Charley Burtlelt, wherein they stand charged with violently assaulting John Owens, iutlicting a severe gash on the throat, apparently done with a kuife, and otherwise bruised and beat him in a cruel mamier The Effects of Rum.?Officers Cullen and Kraily, of the 13th ward, found on Monday afternoon a girl about 12 years of age lying on the sidewalk at the corner of Broome and Cannon streets, in a state of insensibility, and almost divested of clothing She was carefully conveyed to the station house, together with an old woman, who laid by her side in a beastly state of intoxication.? Medical aid was procured by the teuder-hearted Captain Tilly, and. after a few hours, the poor child was sufficiently restored so as to be able to relate a small portion of its history. She stated that her name was Ann Maria Kennedy, and left Albany on Saturday last in company with her mother, and upon landing from the steamboat in New York, she strayed from her mother, and was picked up by this old woman, who was found drunk by her side, conveyed to various parts of the city, aud finally a dose of brandy, or some other intoxicating liquor administered to the poor child, which in a few minutes lulled her off into a state of insensibility, when she was found by the abovo officers. All the child's good clothing was stolen, and some old rags instituted in their place. This was done evidently by the old she devil, who made the child drunk, on purpose to steal the clothing to sell, in order to procure more rum. A Mrs Hink, residing at No. 183 Delancy Blreut. very kindly took charge of the little i xulTerer, in order to restore her to her p&rentR. Jlrreit una Bemh Warrant.?Officer Kartell arrested on Monday a man called George Westlake, on a bench warrant issued by the Court of Sessions Violent ^tstaull on hit Wife.?Officer Farley, of the 1st ward, arrested yesterday a Dutchman called John (Jransburg, on a charge of violently assaulting and beatlug his wife, inflicting several severe injuries on her body, and great doubts are entertained of the poor woman's recovery. Justice Drinker locked him up to , await the result. 1'etit Larceny.?Officer Pino, of the 10th ward, arrested, yesterday, a man callen Jacob Mills, on a charge ol stealing $2? iu silver coin belonging to Charles Keesler, residing at 107 Kssex street. Justice Timpson locked him up for trial. Law Intelligence. Supreme Court?Special Ohm-As the ,'uly term [ of the Vice Chancellor aud the August special term of , the Supreme Court will both fall through, Judge ?dmonds has announced that he proposes to hold a special term In this city on the 3d Monday of July. As the au, thority to appoint such term rests only with the Hu, preme Court, nothing certain can be known until the meeting of the Judges in Albany, on Monday next. In the mean time the proper mode of noticing motions [ will be " for the first special term, to be held at the City Hall, in the city of New York " At this term motions may be heard in causes pending in the counties of New York, Richmond, Kings, Queens, and Westchester. Court or Over sun Terminer, June 29.?Before Judge Kdmonds. aud Aldermen Purser and Crolius ? Tiial for Pasting Counterfeit Money?True K. Young was put on bis trial under an indictment for paesiug counterfeit money It appeared that on the 1st oi March last, be went into Deliuonlco's Hotel in company with another man. called for some drink and xegars. aud offered a f>lu bill of the Bank of Karmlugton in payment. .Vlr. Delinnnico said he had uot the change, upon which Mr. Beach, the clerk, changed it. keeping the price of the drink and legars. and giving the difference in good money. Shortly alter it was discovered that the bill H counterfeit. oonipUint was made at the office of the Chief of Police, a description of the man given, and the prisoner wan soon alter arrested by officer Norris. The defence was an alibi. The prisoner's counsel stated that they would be able to show where, and with wtion. the prisoner was, from six o'clock on the morning of the lit March, until? o'clock at night; from which it would lie impossible that he could be the person who passed the bill Some evidence to this effect was given. The court adjourned at three o'clock, until next morning Common Pleas June 19.?In this court there was only one case tried of any interest, except to the parties interested. Court Calendar?This Day.?Common I'ltas? 1b' Part : 71, 7?, 70. HI, 37, 61. Id I'art-IHH, I70X, 196, 100101,103,104. 306, 108,110, 113, 314,116, 118, 330,113, 10. Paintings?The flue collect ion of modern oil paintings uuw exhibiting at 313 broad way, upstairs, will be sold by auction, tins morning at 10 o'clock. Portable Dressing Cases.?I lie undersigned having the giestest fac.lines in the mBnulactu.e of above, are enabled to offer'lie same at mueli less price than the imi-orted. while in inauy lespects th* y aie grearly au|ierior. each article tout,lined being nl a sir.e mosl convenient lor use and ol a quality warranted to render satisfaction. Tor aale at O. SAUNDERS fc SON, 177 Broadway. opposite Howard Hotel. Metallic Tablet Haior Strop?The oldest and moat approved article now in u-e, having been before the pui lie for the last 3b yesr?, can lie had wholesale and r?' ''. rub.cribers', The public and atrangera are invited to etamine the va.ious patterns. SAUNDERS k SON, 177 Broadway, a few doors sfcove Courtland st. Every Mother's Book?Tinmauileated liy married ladies in the' "JJ*?1 "fijl tenors ol work, tins already enhanced thefirst r?miiv'0r r?,,|dre poverty, and th. prospect o a .^^^rimo.n il i.'.t. vent many prudent ^,|? V 'tTlf y'u important ser-eta. Th. lint here" awo, that w ilUel > ' I clmrMWrPf ,he author is not allowed to state ni uei. i univerwork, but he ran assure his ^ m;(, h,,?rfil ? is desigurd s?"y approved of hv those to, Am,ri(M1( Museum, and Z#ibe r ? < o comer of 6He"out a .d Third streets, Phih,delnhi. and of tlv. publisher, No. I A Utters enclosing addressed to the Publisher, will .n.sre wudtngthe boog, i post paid, to order. J*9 91 uB I JX-JJL-'J lie, with their usual sagacity, have found ou^that the pea thai somedealers aell at SI. and call the cheapest and heat pen in c ?!'?i W^wclythe same that J. W. Greatoo k Co, sell ior$i JO, with many other styles equally cheap. A liberal discount to the trade. Recollect, the ouly place to get the famous SI peu for Si SO, is 71 Cedar street, up stairs. ? RlcheUeu" Diamond Pointed Gold Pen Triumphant.?It isa mistaken idea that the publie eeu be mis led by slang terms or petty artifices into pay ug JO percent more for a mere name urou a peu, if it ia no better. The thiug has been tried again and again, and the result has always been disastrous. All we aak is for the public to bear iu miud that the ' Riohlteu Pens are to be had of J. V. Savage, 91 Kulton j strset, and nowhere else, and that we leave it entirely with thetn to say if they are not at SI a better and cheaper pen than ; those sold at S3 elsewhere. Other gold pens from 7J cents to | $1 JO, pencils mcluded Dytpeptls or IrullgceUtm.?AH that Invalids can desire iu this distressing and almost indescribable coin plaint is presented in Or. Wood's Surtnparilla and Wild Cher ry Bitters, a skilfully preyed and delightful Tonic and Ape rient, every d iy becoming more and more popular. Certificates of the ellieacy of this medicine may be had ot the ageuta. For nervous debility aud diseases of the etoiuach, it has no ' Soid wholesale and retail by Wyatt It Ketchum, 111 Fulton street. 193 Broadway, 311 Bleeclter street, N. Y. Price $1 in large bottles. jell It cod Tike Married Woman'a Private Medical Companion?By Dr. A. M. Mauriceaa, Profeaaor of Diseases ui Women. Second edition. Price $1. The great demand for thii mo?t important work (of which thousands are sold) has compelled the issue of a new edition. Kv.ry female ta getting a copy, whether married or iiumm ried. For sale at BUHGLsS, STHINGLK Ik Co.. 222 Broadway, under the American Museum; 2ui Broadway, and by Dr A. M Mauricean. at hie Medical Office, 129 Liberty street, New York: Zeiber Ik Co, corner ofCheauutand Third streets Hula.; C. F. Fiaher, Richmoud, Va.; Geo. Uedfield, TroyLittle U Co, Albany. On the rereipt of $1, a copy will be tranemitted hv mail (free of iioa'agel to all parte of the United States. Jill tit ei S -oney mahkbtT-' ~ Tneeday, June '4U-.fi P. M. The stook market wae rather quiet to-day. Some of the faucies went up and eome went down. At the first board Long 1 eland went up 1 percent; Jlarlem.)*; Canton 1%; Farmers' Loan )tf; Pennsylvania fi'a Norwich and Worcester fell off >* per cent; North American Trust Illinois closed firm at yesterday's prices. At the second board Harlem fell off per oent; Read ing Long Island .)*; Farmers' Loan .* ?. The New York, Providence and Boston Railroad Company, better known as the Stonlngton, have declared a dividend of two dollars and a half per share. This Is the first dividend this company have declared, and we should judge from the statement given in another column, that hereafter the semi-annual dividends will be regularly made, Governor Owsley of Kentucky gives notloe to all holders of six-year bonds of the State of Kentuoky now payable, that the State is In possession of ample means, and Is prepared to redeem the same on presentation at the public treasury, ills F.xcellency designates the 1st monuny <>i .\ugusL as me aay on wmcn tne statu will redeem all of said six-year bonds presented for paymunt, and all bonds then payable and not presented for payment will cease to bear six per cent interest, and will, after that day, only bear an interest of four per oent per annum until presented for payment. The Boston money market ooutinues plentifully supplied with money, and loans upon good securities, mortgages excepted, are readily negociated at six per cent and under. The Boston and Providence Bail Koad Company appear to be in a very flourishing condition, and its stock will without doubt be hereafter an eight per cent investment. '1 he Company was Incorporated in 1831; road opened In 1836; length, 43 miles; cost $3,109,500. The annexed table exhibits the receipts, expenses, net income and dividends in each of the past six years. Boston and Providence Railroad. Year. Heceiptt. Expand. Ifel Income. Dividends. mil $438,821 122.000 108,821 6 per Cent 1842 236,468 112,824 123,644 6 " 184 3 233,388 126,376 108.013 6 " 1811 283,701 113 836 169,866 0>? " 1840 360,629 162 802 197.827 7 " 1846 360,875 169,679 191,196 8 " SI,645,882 796.515 899,367 39>? " It will be perceived that the net income has fluctuated very much from year to year, while the dividends have advanced from six to eight per cent. The average for the last six years has been six and a half per cent The net inoome for the six years amounts to about one hundred thousand dollars more than the expenses for the same period, showing that the annual expenses amount to nearly one half of the anirual receipts. The local travel of this road is large, and almost daily increasing, by the addition of lateral lines. It takes all the through travel between New York and Boston, via Stouington, which comprises a large portion of the business between tho two cities, and whatever may go direct to Providence from New York by steamboat outside. The completion ot the Providence and Worcester Rail Road, and the connecting link between the Stonington A 1> ,.,.1. ?ill I... ....... .. .I? k.. Boston and Providence line. These roads will be com| pleted in another year, when we expect to Bee the net I earnings of the Boston and Providence company more 1 than two huudred thousand dollars. It must have a surplus now on hand from previous earnings, as its dividends have not used up its net income. AVe annex our usual table of quotations forth* principal State and other stocks used for investment:? Prices or Stocks is the New Vork Market. Redeem- 1817.. 1817. 1847. Rate, utile. fell. 26. June 14. June 89. United Slates G 1802 ? al03% ln7 al07% 10t-%al06% 6 1H6G 101%al01% 106 a!06 186%al06% " A 1863 94 a 96 99 alOO 97%a 98 ,Vew Vork. 7 1818-49 ? alOI% 101 al02 103 al04 G 1860-64-GO 102 al06 10G a 106% 107 alo7% 6 1861-62-67 103 al06 106 al07 107 a ? " 6% 18G0-G1-G6 101 al02% 103 al04 101 a!04% " 6 1316-7-8-9 97%a 98 100 alOOV 100%al04 " 6 1860-1-3 96 a 96 100 al6u% 1U0%?104 6 1866-8 97%a 98% 100 alOuV 101 *101% " 6 1869-G0-1 93%a ? 100 a 100% 100%, 104 " 4% 1849-68 96 a 97 97 a 98 98 a 98% Ohio, 6 1860 96%a ? 101 al0l% 99%tl00 " G 1866-60 96 a 96% 102%al02% I00%al00% ' 5 1860-66 86 a 87 ? a? 93 a ? " 7 1866 ? a 10?% 103 al03% 163%al04 Kentucky, 6 99%u 99% 104%ai06 104%*104% 5 78 a 82 90 a 90% 82 a ? Illinois, G 1870 40%a ? 48%a 49 47 a 48 Indiana, A 26 years 40%4? 47%a ? 46%a 46 Arkansas, 6 ? 30 a 36 ? a ? 37 a 39 Alabama, A 64 a 06 62 a 62% 60 a 61 Pennsylvania,A ?? 70%a 70% 83 a 83% 80% i sfl% Tennessee, G 97a 99 100 a ? 100 a ? N. York Clty7 1867 106 al07 107 alS8 109 a ? 7 1862 103 alOA 106 al06% 104 al04% " A 1860 92 a 92% 96 a 98 96%t 97 " A 1868-70 92 a 92% 96 a 98 96 a 97 BkCom'e N. Y full 90 a 90% 96 a 96% 99%a 99% " . scrip ? a 96 9'%a 98 99%a 99% .i. I. Liiie mi k i rum i/O. i? aiuc jus aiuo ius ai07 Farmers Loan St Trust Co. 29&a 30 36 a 36% IS a 34% Ohio Life IiU. & Trust Co. W-?U00 103 al06 105}* il06 Bank of U. 8. in Penmyl'a. *'?? 4% 5 a ? 4%* 4% N Jersey R. R. It Trans. Co 102 al03 106 al08 105 al06 Mohawk St Hud'n Railroad. 65 a? 69 a ? 69% a 70 Utica St Schenectady Rail'd 115 all6 125 al27 120 *122 Syracuse St Utica Railroad. 114 a? 120 al22 123%*U5 An burn It Syracuse Railr'd 103%*104 105 a!06 107 alOB Auburn St Rochester R, R. 100 *101 102 al03 102W1103 Reading Railroad, J*>*a 59% 63%* 64 66%* 67% Delaware St Hudson Canal, ? a? 190 a ? 185 a2?fl Reading Railroad Bonds: 72%* ? 78 a 79 78% j 71% Reading Railroad Mtg Bds, 72%a 72% 76 a 77 77%* ? Compared with the quotation* current on the S 1st of May it will be perceived that those for June 99th exhibit In many instances an improvement, but compared with prices ruling on the 14th of June there has been a falling off of several per cent In several of the soundest securities. We do not know what to attribute this depredation to, unless to the dull season of the year and the ab< nence of many operators. The easy state of the mo' ney market and the reduced rate of interest, are ex< treraely favorable for an advance in quotations fur all kinds of stock securities, and it Is the prevailing Impresi aion, that upon the opening of the fall trade there will be a very Important improvement in the market value of stocks generally. | Onr State and railroad stocks are steadily improving in real value. All of our public works have this season been exceedingly productive, and there is every probability of their continuing so until the cloee of navigation shuts up all the principal sources of supply. The financial condition of all the States owning public works will be very much improved.and the bonds^suoh States i ts Pennsylvania and Ohio, will hereafter command bet, tor prices in the market, and the prompt and full pay| ment of interest on their debts willlbe placed beyond a | contingency. The unprecedented demand, and enormous prices ruling for all kinds of breadstuffs and provl slons, cannot but exert a favoranie innuence upon tbo*#? : western State*,wbioh hare for *o many year* been *truggling along under the weight of large debt* and rapidly accumulating interest. High price* not only bring out every bushel of the surplus of former crop*, but they give a wonderful impetus to production; and we have no doubt but that in the State* of Indiana and Illinois, thousand* upon thousand* of acres of land have this year been improrod and brought under culiration from this cause, which would otherwise hare remained uncultivated and comparatlveljunproducllvw formuny years. It will therefore be seen tnat ft season like the one just passed, not only adds at once immensely to the wealth of the country at large, but produce* results, the good eifect of which is felt for ever after. The population of our Western States must,with existing Inducements to cultivate the soil, increare with greater rapidity than has ever heretofore been realised. Within the past three mouths more than one hundred thous ind foreigners, principally Germans, have been landed upon our shores, most of whom are bound for the Western Slates, where land is cheap, and the harvests immense. An influx to this extent for a Tery few years, will lilt up Indiana. Illinois and Michigan, and Increase the quantity of land in those States under cultivation, a tery largo per cent. There is ut present a largo quantity of first rate land for sale In each of the above named State*, but It will not remain long unappropr ated.. These State* are making strenuou* effort* to provide