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NEW YORK HERALD.
Nnr Vork, Monday, July M, 1MT?
lb? PnnriM or BUain?Increase or tlu
EnglUk Steam Jfarjr,
A contributor to Blacktoood'i Edinburgh Magaxini,
in writing on the subject of ocean ateam
navigation, says that the use of steam is yet so
palpably in its infancy, yet that infancy is so gigautic,
that it is equally difficult to say what it
may yet become, and to limit its progress. It
will have the one obvious advantage to mankind
in general, of making the question of war turn
more than ever on the financial and mechanical
resources of a people, and thus increasing ?the
necessity for commercial opulence and intellectual
exertion. And again he says: Kngland is
at this moment building two hundred steamships,
with guns of a calibre to which all the past were j
trifling, with room for a regiment of lund troops,
besides their crews, and with the known power
of defying wind and wave, and throwing an
army, in full equipment lor the field, within a
few days on any coast of Europe.
These were the sentiments of an able English
writer, just two years after it was conclusively
proved that the ocean could be safely navigated
by steain vessels?conclusively, we say,
because several voyages between (jrcntBritain
and America had been matle successfully, and
the problem solved beyond a contingency. And
yet, wiihin that short time, we learn that the
English government, so eager to possess themselves
to the fullest extent of this tremendous
discovery, was building two hundred steamships,
" with guns of a calibre to which
all the re^t were trifling, with room for a
regiment of land troops, besides their crews,,
Sic-, &c., and with the known power, fee., lie.,
of throwing a fully equipped army on any coast
in Europe, within a few days." Such was the
promptitude with which the Britiuh government
urdertook to avail itself of this great discovery
in modern warfare.
The English welWknow that their strength lies
in their navy, and that without that, which they
term 44 their wooden walls," they would be comparatively
defenceless. It behooves them, therefore,
to he alive to the propriety, nay, absolute
necessity, if they desire to preserve their
power, of turning to advantage within the
bhortest time possible, every discovery which
the advancing progress of science may make
in every tning appertaining to naval warfare.
While in the height of her power she was
the enemy of every nation, and as a consequence
the hand of every nation is raised against her,
and it needs but an opportunity, or a coalition
to be formed among the nations whom she has
wronged, to crush her. This she knows full
well, and knowin.' it she is augmenting daily
the means of defence in which she has always
relied, and with which, let the truth be told,
she has been so wonderfully successful. That
she is aware of the necessity of augmenting this
means of defence, and that she is doing it,
we have already shown. The last news
we received from thence informed us that
the keels of several additional vessels of
immense tonnage had been laid, and
that preparations were being made to add still
more steam-vessels to the navy. We cannot but
admire the foresightedness of the English cabinet,
and the perfect propriety of their determination
to not only maintain their naval strength,
but to augment it in every way practicably.
But let us enquire what the United States of
America have done in this respect. Let us enquire
what we, who are destined ere long to
" rule the mam," have done towards encreasing
our naval strength to such a point
as would enable us even to keep dominion in
our own seas. Nothing, orj next to nothing.
To be sure, Congress at its last session,
voted appropriations for building twelve steamships
capable at any moment of being converted
into formidable vessels of war, and the government
previously built half a dozen, more or leas.
But allowing all this, what have we done to improve
the advantages which steam ocean navigation
opened to us, and which have been so strikingly
used by Great Britain 1 At the very time
when our politicians were blustering in the halls
of Congress on the Oregon question, and absurdly
speaking of our invincibility, our ports would
all in the space of three months have been
blockaded by a force against which we could
not have contended without steamships.?
What would have been the consequence if war
had occurred on the Oregon question ? Why,
in proportion to the extent and magnitude of the
English navy, and our own, we would have been
worse off even than we were in the war of 1812.
And what would be our condition now, if a war
broke out between us and Great Britain on the
Mexican business ! At peace with the rest of
the world, she could send to our shores a fleet of
oteamships that would be irresistible. We are
obliged to say irresistible, no matter how humiliating
it may be to our national pride. It may be
said, and to a certain extent truly, that our merchant
marine could be nrined and made service
<tble in an emergency; but of what service would
it be it our porta were blockaded by the enemy \
Ah the truth must be told, we have not availed
ourselves of the advantages that have been placed
within our grasp by the success of ocean staam
navigation. We have looked listlessly on while
our old and powerful enemy has been augmenting
the only means she possesses of injuring, us in
case of a war between the two countries?a contingency
which is likely to happen at any moment.
She professes great friendship towards
us while we aTe supplying her revolutionary
weavers with cotton, or feeding her
starving millions with corn; and were it
n?t for the blight in her harvest last
year, we are not sure but that for the sake, as
she pharasaicnlly says of preserving the peace
of the world, she would not have entered into
un armed intervention between us and Mexico.
Her friendship is not to be trusted. Sooner or
later, a war?a war of principle, to be maintained
by physical force, and one which will turn on
" the financial and mechanical resources ol a
people"?will be waged between us and England;
and while she is always ready to strike a blow
I at the moment when it is necessary, it becomes
he, it tvc aic nuc iu our miMQioD, to dc prepared
for it. England will not sink into a second-rate
power without an efl'ort to prevent it; and the
onward progress of this country in bo great that
she will be a second rate power before many years. |
The ' meteor flag' and the ' stars and stripes' will, |
we cannot tell how soon, float in the breeze, in
a contest for the supremacy of the seas, and it I
behooves us to be prepared, lest the wrong one
should succumb. To make us successful in a
war with Great Britain, we must beat her on tyrr
own favorite element ; and that we have the
means of doing so, if those means were properly
employed, there can be no question.
We hope that the next Congress will take the
^abject of increasing our steam marine into consideration,
and carry out, on a scale commensurate
with the importance of our country,
mid more especially commensurate, with
"the exertions that England is making to
increase hers?what the last Congress commenced
on a small scale. It is not our place to
?eek war, but many ysars will not have elapsed,
ksfore it will be forced upon us, and by a nation,
whose very existence will depend uaon crippling
us; and, as we said before, we shall be false to
our trust, if the stars and stripes be not victorious
comnop toi'snt?Rot hbowrds meet this svfiBlng ?t ?
The Gas Companies or the Old World and
those or the New.?By the last news received
from London we learn that a new gas company
wasabonttogointo operation,andt atitpromised
to supply the citizenB with light at a price fifty per
cent. lesB than that charged by the company
which has had the monopoly of the business for
a number of years. We do not know the price
charged by the old company, but we are safe in
saying that it is not as high as what is charged
by the gas company in this city.
What is there iu the way of our having a gas
company in this city that would supply our citizens
with-the article at a less cost than we now
pay for it 1 The business, at present, is in the
bunds of a company?the members of which are
revelling in luxury on the profits they make from
the store keepers, and feel so independent that
they care not a whit whether you use their light
or not. Public opinion we had always thought
the most powerful corrector of aouses, but it
seeins that its eihcacy in correcting the imposition
practised in this respect, haB either not been
applied, or else has failed in obviating the evil.
If a company willing to charge a fair profit,
cannot be formed, what is to prevent the proprietors
of hotels and other large buildings from
manufacturing their own gas! It ia easily accomplished,
and cun be manufactured without
much trouble or labor, at an expense infiuitely
less than they are charged by the gas companies.
The experiment is about to be tried at the new
Broadway theatre. We understand that Mr.
Mann is determined not to submit to the impositions
practised by the g-is companies, and intends
to manufacture gas for his establishment.
The materials for doing so are all ready,
and he is sanguine that he can make as
much as will light the new theatre and another
building equally as large, at a cost of fifty
per cent less than the gas company would
charge them for the theatre alone. The space
which all the apparatus will occupy, he expects
will not be more than six feet by four. Would
it not be well for our hotel keepers, whose gas
bills form a heavy item in their yearly expenses,
to look into the matter ? What reason is there
that they should pay fifty per cent more than
theirbrethren in Philadelphia !
The Four Government Steamers.?The decision
made with regard to the points at which
these steamers have been ordered to be built,
has struck many with surprise. When Kitterry
was announced as one of the places selected for
building one of the largest government steamers,
we at first thought there was some mistake, and
were for a moment puzzled in thinking of its
whereabouts. Another large steamer was given
to Norfolk to build, one to Philadelphia, while
one of the smaller size was reserved for New
Now it is said that the West Point Foundry is
the only one in the United States prepared to forge
a wrought iron shaft of proper size for paddle
wheels; and that New York and Philadelphia
alone contain suitable steam engine establishments
on a scale of sufficient magnitude for building
ocean Bteam machinery. It is also said that
the hulls of steamers should be erected as near
to the steam engine manufactories as possible,
aa it is necessary for the ship carpenters to
confer with the engine builders as to the
dimensions, form, and space of the machinery
to be emboweled in the hull.
It is notorious that New York in every respect
is better prepared for building ocean steamers,
and has actually launched more of them than
any other city, and yet of the four war steamers
ordered by Congress, the government at Washington
only gives her one to build, nnd that one
of the smallest size.
Where is Kittery !
T..? If k.va nnl nonuprl
their croaking about the crops, it is full time
that they do; for notwithstanding all their wise
predictions, and the partial blight which they so
continually harped upon since the commencement
of spring, the result is, that throughout the
country, the harvest now in course of being
gathered, will more than average an ordinary
yield, while the seed sown is at least one-third
more than in any former year. Allowing even
that the potato crop in Ireland and England will
be a complete failure, which is allowing much
more than the accounts from those countries will
warrant, the excess of Indian corn alone in
the United States, will be five times as much
as would be required to make up the deficiency,
throwing overboard the wheat crop?the whole
of which has nearly been gathered. What will
the speculators say to this T But what is of
more importance, what will European countries
think of our agricultural resources T
This is the first time that our agriculturists
have been stimulated to uny extent, and the crop
of this year will be an index of what they could
do in emergencies. It would seem, indeed, that
our destiny is not only 10 eievate me uiubbcb ui
Europe to the standard of freemen, but that we
are to feed them while we are so doing. What
a glorious mission !
Arrival or the Ska Witch.?This beautiful
ship, belonging to Messrs. Howland & AspinwaU,
which u few months since attracted so
much attention, has just completed her firBt voyage.
She arrived yesterday from Canton, having
left that place on the Sd May, and was but
sixty-two days from Anjier to this i > She
brings three days later advices than have been
received by the last overland mail. We have
files of the Hong Kong Register up to the 27th of
April by her, and the overland mail to the same
date, but they contain nothing beyond which we
have already published.
Bowt.ir Theats*.?Two splendid pleoes at the Bowery
to night?the ''Naiad Queen," and the "Mountaineer*,"
with M1m Juila Turnbull, Mr. Burke and Mr.
Marshall. Large as that establishment is, we doubt if
! it can hold all who will be desirous of attending Then;
j is no man in the oeuntry better adapted for a manag.tr
I than Mr Jackson, and no place of amusement more en'
tertaining than the establishment under his oare.
Castle Gasdkiv ?If a oool and beautiful retreat du
ring me HUmiDer nklod. m doi> luinoieui laceuuro w
patronage, the proprietor* bare now playing at tbia
theatre, an excellent vaudeville company, who keep tbe
audlanoe In eontacy during their performance. Thin
evening the amusement* commence with the comedietta
of "The Widow'* Victim." the respective part* of which
will be well filled by Holland, Waloott. Misses Phillip*
and Clarke, and other member*. Mr. Waloott give* imitation*
of several distinguished actor*, after which a
"Pa* de Trois," from La Bayadere, by the Miise* Well*.
Ml** Phillip* will *tng tbe two admirable ballad*, "Land
of tbe We*t," and "My own Native Land ? Thl* in
iUelf 1* a good night'* performance, but the graceful,
elegant poature* and danolng of Herr Cline, will conclude
the evening'* amusement. Aa we under*tand, the
Chinese Junk in a few day* leave* tbia city; tbo*e who
wiah a peep at it* exterior, can go early, andaee her from
Vauxhall Uamdck.?A new era In thl* agreeable
place oi amusement will commence thl* evening. Mr.
Delacroix will exhibit hi* celebrated automaton figure*,
and M'lle* Malvina and Bruce will perform several favorite
dance* Mr*. 8harpe, Ml** Bruoe. Mr. Qoayle and
other* will contribute tbelr share toward* pleasing all
whom* j it tend We do not know what our up-town
I viv?vu? wwum mi uniy ior \n\w piacr I n?j ? * * wo
i may 'ay. at their twtj door* a beautlfal And cool re*ort.
| where they can enjoy themnelveiito their heart*' content
| every earning Therewlll be a grand ball th?w on Wednesday,
under the direction of Mr. J. Parker.
Pamo't Om.*a Hoi Notwithstanding th? heat of
the weather. tb? French Ballet company hare excellent
hounea every night. The management, encouraged by
the great auecef* which ha* attended their performance*!
hare, at great expen*e. engaged the famed Mr. Charle*
Winter, who will make hi* flrnt appearance *lnce hi* retarn
from Brazil, thl* evening, In hi* graceful and daring
feat* on the tight rope The amuftetnent* will commence
with an overture, nfler which the Knpliiih Vaudeville
company will play the laughable piece of " Hunting a
Turtle," which will be followed by a grnml p?? nalionate
Eipagnnl, by Mile*. Adelaide, Julia, Kloraand Mathllde.
Mr. Charle* Winter will then go through hi* daring and
agile movement* on the cor dr. imHut The entertainment*
will conclude with the beautiful ballet of " Le
Moltaoiieur*,' In which the talented Lehman company
I will giv* rare upeolman* of dancing and cotnlo action
N*w Bkiunton T'awlion?Hekz tin Sivoai'i Conciit.?W*
war* praamt at the musical toirit given by
these two rminent artists to tba inhabitants of Htaten
Inland, on Saturday last, and we ware again delighted
with the sweet and admirable melodies performed on the
piano by tba celebrated u>aa?tro, Henry Hers, and on tba
lolln by the " little man with the great soul," Camillo
Slvori Tbare were assembled nearly three hundred of
the most fashionable people living on the Island, and they
were highly delighted at hearlug these two unrivalled
masters. The style of playing of Mr. Herz we remarked I
was very much improved, if this can be admitted: bis
execution, since his last appearance among us, has much
improved. This gentleman hull already given one hundred
and four ^concerts throughout the United States,
all of which have bten rucoessful. Amid the pieces performed
by Mr. Hart on Saturday evening, we particularly
admired a new composition of his own. oalled "La
Valsa d?s Sylphes." This la, beyond doubt, one of
tb" prettiest gems of the wreath of musical works
written by this composer : in this piece U Included tba
enchantiug ballad of Moore. "Tbalast lloseof Summer,"
which is beautifully united to the waltzing melody.?
Mr. lleri performed the variations on different parts of
"Lucia of Lammermoor," with great ability and science.
The reception of the variation on " Le fri; aux Clercs,"
was equally graat; theaa uncomparable melodies wera
compos- d by Harold.
iNow for Camillo Slvori. We praised him as he
jHiutrtHtl in mir artinlA of Mahirikv I mm I.??<t huvt* now to
' speak of hi* wonderful execution. What Dew eulogium
caii we put upon the "Carnival of Venice," thai original
sketch, which in of itsslf a petite comedy?a laughlog
conundrum of a funny clown. "The Prayer of .VloRen."
witli its grand intonation*, wan also performed by
Sivori, with tbe genius of the great Paginini This is
the highest praise we can giTe in favor of this artist.
Tbe evening'* performance was cloned by a duetto concertant
ou "William Tell,".in which llerz' and .Sivori alI
ornately obtained the universal applause of the audience.
Alter tbls, tbe party broke up; some returned to
different landiugs, on a steamboat hired for the occasion
: others went louuging on the large piazza
of the pavilion, to breathe tho fresh air blowing
from the sea, the waves of which were brilliantly
silvered by a splendid moonlight. llerz
and Sivori leave tbia oity ttr.s evening on their way
to tbe North. Their intention is to give a concert on
Wednesday or Thursday next at Saratoga Springs, and
tbenoe tu proceed to Niagara Falls and to the < anadas.
We trust they will meet with the sucot-ss tbey merit on
their professional journey. These two eminent artists
will again be with us by tho Grst day of Octobcr.
Pake Theatre.?Old Drury, re-painted, re-docoratod,
re-cushioned, Stc., will open its doors on tbls day week,
2d of August, with the English opera. Tbe artist who
will be at tbe bead of the musical troupe is Mrs. Anna
Bishop, who is said, by the English papei s, to possess
great musical talents. We hope this actrice lyrit/ue
will be appreciated t ere as she has been throughout Europe.
Tbe opera selected for tbe debut of this lady is
tbe English version of Doniiettl s "Linda di Cbamounix."
tbe inusio of which was much appreciated here
last winter at Palmo's Opera House, when sung by Harilt,
Benedetti, Sanquirico, and Beneventano.
The Weather?We were visited yesterday with an
agreeable and refreshing shower about 4 o'clock, P. M.,
which lasted during tbe evening?the wind blowing from
the south. In the early part of the day the thermometer
stood as high as 90 degrees in the shade; and those
who went to Hoboken, Williamsburgh, Conoy Island,
Brooklyn, Staten Island, and to various other parts of
the surrounding neighborhood, in the early part of the
day, enjoyed the cool of the evening on their return.
ExrccTED Dukl?We arc informed that an affair, of
what in falsely called honor, is about to take place in Philadelphia,
between a member of the Second City Troops,
and a member of the State Troop, both of whom are
highly respectable citizens of native birth?a Uerman
and a son of the Oreen isle. We hope the polioe of our
sister city will take the necessary steps to arrest the matter,
and prevent the effusion of blood on a question, the
difficulty arising from which could no doubt be explained
to the satisfaction of each party in a few minutes. The
man who tights a duel, and kills bis adversary, is a murderer
to all intents and purposes, and all the water in
the Delaware would not Bufflce to wash out the stain.
An Eickllf.nt Plan.?His Honor, Mayor Brady, has
deputed six policemen for special duty, between Keade
and Oey streets, on Weststreet, in order to attend to the
landing of passengers from the various steamboats in that
vicinity, and render assistance to all and every person
who may require police service. These men are detailed
from some of the up-town wards, which render* them beyond
the reach of any clique or set of men who might
possibly expect to receive favors from policemen of that
ward. This system has now been in operation for several
weeks past, and has been found to answer to perfection
Krknch Steamkh Union?As we stated in yesterday's
paper, this One steamer left her dock at hair-past
four o'clock on Saturday, proceeded in grand style down
it?...? -i? ?,i
Buttery she fired a farewell salute to the city of New
York' by which all the gallant officers or the I'nion have
been so well received. The number of guns was twenty-one,
but we remarked with vexation that no auswer
wax made by the peace maker* of Governor's Inland.?
Wc could not ascertain the reason, for the French steamer
was adorned with the American Hag at her mainmast
ami at her bowsprit. After having haudsomely shown
herself in the bay, the Union weut direot to the Narrows.
We understand that she passed over the bar without
any accident, and is now a good part of the way to
Kurope, where she will bring, with our last news, the
narration of the kind and polite rnoeption with which
she was received in our port, and the wishes of our people
for a long duration of the friendship between France
Thk Chinese Jumk ?And so we are going to lose
our long oued friends, and they are soon again going to
brave the perils of the deep sea, on their route to hogland.
Our citisens who have not visited them will perhaps
regret it if they do not do so previous to their
final departure, for of all the curious sights this
is the most curious one that has ever been seen
in Gotham, except perhaps when good old Hendrlek
Hudson made his first entrance into our bay,
and astounded the natives. We trust, however,
the captain will yet reoonslder his rash resolve, and not
leave us at least for same weeks. Our country friends,
and those of our citiiens who are rusticating, are all
axioua to see her, and will be sorely disappointed at her
departure. No, our friends with the unpronouncable
names and astonishment proof countenances, must not
be allowed to go, at least until we have all seen aud appreciated
Accident.?A lad named Dyer, fell overboard at one
of the wharves at Williamsburgh yesterday, and was
drowned. His body was not recovered up to a late hour.
Bathinu at thk Wharves.?This nuisance, long
complained of, should be promptly put an end to, as we
observed several ' grown boys." wltn beards upon their
chins, yesterday swimming during the day in the East
Kiver, and elsewhere in the vicinity of the wharves
There is, we apprehend, an ordinance in existence
which provides lor such uuisance as this during the
day-time. The polioe should look after such grown
boys as Indulge iu swimming recreation in the noon-day
in the vicinity or our wharves.
Aiiizc or Bread.?The bakers are sadly at fault since
the arrival of the lat" nnwi, on the luljiict of the assize
and regulation ot the price of bread. Hour having now
reached a reasonably fnir price, the publlo hav? looked
forward, for the last lew weeks?though in vain?tor a
fair sised loaf. We hear of several who now b?ke their
own bread, and who speak largrly upon an economical
plan they have adopted: and it may not be out of place
to remark that the system is an excellent one. affording
an average saving or nearly one third of the prices exacted
by the bakers. The low price of flour at present,
the quickness with which an aotive housewife can prepare
bread for the oven, and the moderate charge of two
or three oenls demanded at any of our domestic bakeries,"
where baking is carefully attended to. gives a
cheap, substantial, economical and solid loaf of bread to
those who do not wish to bake at home. VV? earnestly
recommend the plan for a few weeks, and we feel assured
it will bring the bakers to their senses.
Kikes.?Yesterday morning, a fire was discovered at
N?. tJ14 Broadway, occupied by James (J. Dugan, in the
garret of the premises. The Are was pteinplly put out
by the police of the 10th ward, by the timely application
01 water. Damage trifling
Another fire also broke out yesterday morning In the
varnish factory of Goodhue (k Co , oorner of 40th street
and 10th avenue The building was burnt totbeground
?damage estimated at The premises were not
insured. The fire, it is supposed, originated accidentally.
Diiorderly Cat.man ?We noticed in the Hrrald a
few days ago the arrest of a oartman by the name of
George T. Hall, on a charge of assaulting a miin whom
he was driving a load for. Instead of Mr. Hall, it was a
cartman by the name of George Batchelor, who was in
liquor at the time; and the way the error occurred was
by Batchelor, upon his arrest at the I'ulloe office, handing
in the oard of George T. Hall as his own?thus Mr.
Hall's name became published instead of Batchelor.?
We state the correction injustice to Mr. ilall. as we
are mrormeu ne is a strict temperance man, sua a very
Ji Funny Mistake.?We have often heard It remarked,
and with truth too, that ft house wan never made to aooommodato
more than one family, with peace and c.oratort;
and to illustrate this adage we give the following
funny mlttake, showing the errors that are liable to occur
where more than one family reside in the same
building It appears that one Timothy Uannon and I'atrick
Dunn occupied separate apartments at No. 301)
Elizabeth st , and on Saturday n ght l?tt Timothy had
been out to a wake, and, after attending to the sacred
rights of his departed friend, returned home, to console
his wile and family; but being somewhat strengthened
both in mind and body by frequent drinks of whiskey,
tiken with his bereaved friends, was unable to tell, upon
ascending the stairs to his own room, whether he had
passed up one or two flights of stairs, but supposing
himself all tight, passel Into the second story room., occupied
ky I'atrlc* Dunn, instead of his own, on tho third
story. All the rooms on each floor being made alike,
Timothy soon pulled off his clothes and jumped into bed.
as he imagined, by the side of his wife, aud then
soon fell asleep This pasred on exceedingly Well,
until near morning, when Patrick came home, and observing,
by the light of the moon, the bed to be rather
crowded, placed his hand upon a head which he thought
was his wife's, but, aia? ' it had whiskers, l'his rather
astonished poor l'at, which led him to tako another observation,
when, being satisfied of the tact, he struck up
a light, and, sure enough, there lay innocent Tim in the
arms of his wife, both last asleep, looking as sw> et a* two
doves ratrick, at this unexpected sight, was unable te
contain himself any longer, but lustily called out
'Thieves! Robbery' Murder! Watch' Watch "
which alarm brought to him the assistance 01 officer
Donnelly, of the Fourteenth ward, and poor Tim was
taken into custody, and carried before Justice Timpson,
where Catharine Dunn appeared with her hunband, and
1 preferred a complaint against the unfortunate Timothy.
Timothy upon being examined by the msgistrate, declared
that he thought he was in his own room, and with
his ?wn wife, or he would never have entered the room,
and as.- ured Mr. Dunn that he was exceedingly sorry for
what be had done, and assured the magistrate that such
a mistake should uever occur again if lie would only let
| him go this tine. The magistrate upon hearing the
can*. considered the charg? could not be sustained; consequently
b? discharged the aoeuaed from eflftody after
a MT?r? reprimand, strongly impressing upon tha mind
of the prisoner. that he must be more careful in future.
Jim it of >1 Convict ?Officer Costeilo of the Oth ward
arrested yn*t?riiay k woman called Bridget Johnion, an
escaped Qourict from Blackwell's I eland Justice ,
Drinker sent her back to her old quarter* to finish her
term of sentence.
Rubbing a Monty Draiorr.?Ofll<vr Costigan of the :
lUtb ward arrested on Saturday nl^ht a man called i
Robert White, on a charge oi atcaling fc'JO from the !
money drawer belonging to Cornelius Rennseiin. grocer,
corner of Allen and Hester streets Justice
Ketcham locked him up for trial.
Caught on the Shop Lift ?A bov calling himself C has.
Romer, was caught yesterday by officer Cullen. of the
1 Uh ward, stealing a lot of suspenders from the dry
goods store of T. Bewell, in Grand street. Justice Ketcham
locked him up for trial.
Straiing a Coat.?A fellow called John Keece. was arrested
yesterday on a charge of stealing a coat valued at
* '>, belonging to Tutnam Rust, residing at HJ Varick st .
the ooat was reoorered from an old clothes shop No. AO
Orange street,where it had been sold by the thief. Locked
up by Justiue Drinker for trial.
Caught at Last.?Constable Joseph of the 4th ward,
arrived in town yesterday morning from Albany, having
in custody a man by the name of James Madison Loud
alia* " Mclietb," whom, the above officer arrested at
Ureenbush, opposite Albany. It appears that the prisoner,
some few mom ha ago waa arrested in this city for
passing counterfeit money, and three indictments procured
on the several charges; Loud waa bailed out and
has sinoe forfeited his recognisance to appear for trial,
and has since been at large until caught on Saturday
last, at Oreenbush, while on his way lor Boston. Justice
Drinker looked him up trial.
Charge of Burglary ? Captain Wiley, of the 1st ward,
arrived in this city yesterday morning from Albany.
i- ....I.J. . .... k. ?v,? huKi.i
"-" """J ? " ?? "J ?> ' ?
.VicCrt-ary. whom bo arrested in AJbuoy, on a charge ot
hurglHriuuily entering the Tribune office, on the UOth
July instant, by forolng open the window iu the rear ol'
the building, stealing therefrom ?ome $16 or $18
In silver and pennies. This young rascal was formerly
in the employ of Mr. McKlratb, and was
detected in the act of robbing the premues at that
time, but thrpugh the kind intercession of Mr.
McfcUrath, after his conviction judgment was
suspended by the court, under promise of bU parents that
they would send him to sea; instead of which, he has
beeu working at Albany. Suspicions are verystiong
against this young man, he having left Albany, and was
lu this city at the time of the burglary, under pretenoe
of visiting his mother, who was lylug sick; instead of
which bis mother was in good health, not did he go to
see her nt all. but returned again to Albany Immediately
after ihe robbery. The accused was locked up by the
Chief of Police for a further hearing.
In Ungrateful Hatcal.?A voung German boy about
18 years of age, short stature, light hair, almost white,
full face, and light complexion, called Charley, In the
employ of Krancis Wolf, cane maker, No. 82 Milton at ,
while In the absenoe of Mr. Wolf and bis family yesterday
afternoon, robbed the premises of 17 silver oane
heads, 4 do dogs beads, and 3 silver horse legs made for
the top of canes, together with 0 silver tea spoons, and
$90 in silver coin, valued in all at about $130. This boy
Mr. Wolf obtained from the German Kmigrant Society
In Greenwich street about four weeks ago,and was learning
him a trade, when yesterday the rascal robbed the
premises aud run off.
Mari*k Court, July 44.? Before Judge Smith. Jlntoine
Hinckine, by his next friend, vt. John J. Fastentine,
and another.?This watt an action for assault and
battery?the damage-it were laid at $1600. Mr. A. Benedict
conducted the plaintiff's case, and Messrs. Brady
and Urifflth appeared for the defendants. The plaintiff
is by birth a Bavarian, aud about eighteen or nineteen
years of age. The defendants are Prussians?one the
master, and the other the mate of the Prussian bark
Kmile It appeared that in April laAt the bark was at
Rotterdam, and about to sail with passengers for this
port. The plaintiff presented himself to the oaptain,
and told him that he wished to oouie out to the I utted
States; that he was unable t* pay his passage, having no
money, but offered to bear a hand at any thiDg he could
do on board the ship during the voyage. The Captain
employed him as cook, but It appeared that after the
ship had been out a iew days, his cookery did not seem
to give satisfaction. He was put out of the galley,
and If the witnesses are to be believed, the captain,
mate, and sailors had no other amusement during the
voyage than Hogging and torturing the plaintiff. Three
or four witnesses, who were passeugers, swore that he
was brought on deok every day during the passage, and
guv iruiu eigui IU VHQ IUUDB, tiuiut'iiuioH ugub auu BUIUOtimes
heavy, according to the hu ..or in which the captain
happened to ba. On one ot those occasions, and
when he complained of sickness, he was compolled,
against hin will, to drink four glassed of proof brandy,
and Hogged after drinking each glass. On another occasion,
a rope was tied round hit neck, and a stone, weighing
-JO pounds, fastened at the other end. He was then
taken by the legs and let down by the side of the vessel
until the top of his head touched the water, the stone
having sunk to the length of the rope, and kept suspended
in that situation tor some minutes, until he got
weak, when he waa hauled up. At another time, when
there were biles or sores on his hands, and when be could
not straighten his Augers, the captain aua mate forced
his hands into an ir?u screw-pre?s, and screwed down
the plate until the blood oozed out at the ends of his
nails. On his arrival iu port, he complained 10 some of
his countrymun of the treatment he had received. An
attorney was then employed, and the present suit instituted
; upon which the captaiu had him arrested as a
deserter Irom the vessel, and put him in prison. Upon
application to Judge lietts, he was handed over to the
Prussian consul, wtio investigated the affair, and set hint
at liberty. These are, substantially, the facts detailed
by the plalutlff's witnesses. After the plaintiff's oase
had closed, about half-past six o'oluck, the Court adjourned.
'J'he cause was resumed this morning. Mr. Brady moved
to dismiss the suit, on the ground that the jurisdiction
of the court was ousted by the treaty entered into between
the King ol 1'rusMa and the government of the
l.'nited States iu 1H2H, which provides that the consuls,
vice consuls, and commercial aguntB of the King of Prussia
shall have exclusive cognizance of all disputes and
differences that may happen between the captains of
I'rusiau vissrls and their crews; and because the consul
had Investigated this matter and discharged the plaintiff,
there was an end of it. Judge Smith denied the
motion, in as much as the relationship between plaintiff
and defendant was broken up. The plaintiff was not returning
to Prussia, but avowedly came to remain here;
he could not, therefore, resort to the tribunals of Prussia
for redreis. The treaty, be thought, applied to crews
returning to Prussia in the same vessels, where thev
might, it ttiey were agrieved by the mui?r?, resort to
the court* there tor redress. On these grounds be would
deny the motion. Mr. Brady tben opened the defence,
and wid they would prove the whole case to bt^a conspiracy
concocted by the plaintiff, bis witnesses and a
boarding bouse keeper, lor tbe purpose of obtaining a
verdict agaiust tbe delendants. and pocketing tbe
amount, hour of tbe crew were then examined. They
admitted that the plaintiff was (logged about eight or
teu times during the voyage for tbelt, neglect of duty,
and lor being dirty; but flatly contradicted tbe plaintiff's
wilueasts in regard to the other charges made
against the defendants. Verdict for the plaintiff,
Court Cai.em>ah.?Common Fleas, July 30?Before
Judge Ingraham ? Nos MO to 'JJH inclusive?being the
whole of the remaining causes on tbe July term calendar.
The Watering Place*.
United State* Hotel, >
SaRatooa Sphi-ioi, July 33, 1847. )
Weather at Saratoga.? Morninge and Evening! at Saratoga.?Jl
Ball at our Hotel.?Paintings and Lotteriei.
? The State fair.?Jl Serenade, Q-c.
I continue to feel myself translated from tome abhorred
and ostracised precincts to a purer and a brighter country,
which 1 often regard with transport as a type of
those oourts lrom whose radiant chambers all mortal
things are restricted?while I am here 1 do not caro for
an interview with St. l'eter, who carries in his girdle the
skeleton kuys of the gates of heaven.
I continue to admire the evenings and the morning*
of Saratoga; there is intoxication in tbe vsry air we
breathe, which comes to us from a peculiar point In tbe
skies, as if perhaps It had been first respired by angels for
Ul espt daily.
of the beautiful women from the throng which id gathered
ther? advances Into the Interior of the room, and
neat* herself at a piano forte of the Chlckering <jutility;
these lovely amateur artists often display a rapturous
sweetness. a matchless and magioal grace, a
fascinating naivrti, and an entire faultless execution
which is untaxing, and which makes me remember aome
critical notice* of Jenny Lind, that I have seen sornewbere
Ab' in there any thing more divine In this
world than such a throng of lovely women, all in simple
white robes, and aome of them in an enchanting half
In the evening we go into the parlor again; tho scene
I* new. A powerful orchestra ia in poaltion at the end
of the room, and aeveral ebony gentlemen are removing
the centre tables. In this superb parlor the entire furniture
of which ia disposed with admirable skill, wo are
suddenly introduced into the midat of toe most felegant
and refined aociety of America; we see the axure eyes of
the bright haired daughters of the north; we see republican
coronet* heavier than duoal coronet*; we
see gold and precious stones and fine satins, and outlines
of alabaster arms beneath niualin cinctures; we aee passion
In tho brilliant eyes of the daughters of the south;
we see their raven hair interwreathed with golden
orange ilowers; we see tiny feet and tiny hands Twenty
of these beautiful women, accompanied by twenty
gentlemen, advance into the middle of the room and
the ball begins. In a corner, contemplating this scene,
with hi* arms folded on his breast, we aee Major. Oen.
Patterson, of the army of the United States; Lieut_
Col Abercromble, of the army, ia standing a few feet
frrv.o him H?ilvtn<r with a hnurl: the room, of course.
In crowded full, buch a ball, with such appointment*
and Mich company, wan given last night, and such an
one will be given again to-night.
Home fine paintings, by Oillaumet. a great French artist,
have been exposed at lottery, and will be drawn for
Proofs that the Agricultural State Kair, to be held here
ia September, will be the greatest festival ever seen in
America, continue to be furnished to me, Many persons
who design to be present, hare already engaged
rooms at this h?>t*l, and rooms are bring, constantly reserved.
Invitations have been issued by the committee
to Lord Klgln. the Governor (Jeneral of the Canadas,
nnd to Mr. Van Buren, the ei-President of the United
States; these gentlemen will probably signify their acceptance
of these invitations Col. Johnson, of Oneida
county, upon whose herculean shoulders has been
thrown the burden of the preliminaries, has already
j arrived. This gentleman is contracting for the erection
1 of the necessary buildings, fences, fcc. Sic The plot of
ground where this fair will be held, Is a One level meadow
of about twenty-flve acres. The soenery In the vicinity
Gentlemen, we onmm?nd you to Mr Gridley's shooting
gallery, and to bi? fine bowling alleys, under the
supervision of the gentlemanly Mr. Haynes, for an
Whila I write at midnight I am listening to the aoft
j and deUaious muaio of the brut bud; It ! a Mraotda
and It 1* a proof that the proprietor* of thla noble t^Ul
are willing to do any thing to promote the happineea of
their guests; they have engaged thia elegant band forth*
entire aeasou I am listen ng to the music; It roll* skyward
up to the fountain ot the blight moonbeam*; It
guxhei and echoes through the leafy labyrinth* of the
prtrX; across the park I wee an open window; I toe a
beautiful face; I almost nee the veins of the tebipie which
is rusting upon a snowy hand of wonderful beauty; the
superb head is drooping, and the fair features are wrapt
la a contemplation of the melody; not Tara's harp, nor
the idolised artistes of the continent?nor an orchestra
ot angels?can create any thing more dirlne and delicious
than this; the melody dies?It dies.
St. Lotris, Julylftth 1817.
frontier A'ews?Rumored Destruction of Bents Fort
anil Fort Mann?Indian Hostility?Mexican Intrigei
with the Indians?Robbery and attempted Murder. 4"cOur
latest advices from the frontier are to the l'ith. I
There was a rumor at F ort Leavenworth, derived from a
person Just in from Council Grove, that Kort William.or
Bent'* Kort, on the Arkansas, had been attacked by Indians,
its garrison massacred, and the fort burned or destroyed.
This rumor Is generally credited, though the
source whence it was derived, an II lian rumor. Is anything
but Infallible a* to correctness. A thousand rumor*
are always prevalent among the border tribe*, very
few of which are entitled to much oredlt. It is also
stated, and this I* probably true, that Fort Mann, situated
on the Arkansaa, near the Caches, has been destroyed
by the Indiana. This post was established last winter
by a United States wagon master, by the name of Smith,
"n'l MflnnHv uliun/lttnuil h* nnnthtiP nf thi) mix*
name Five hundred dra oons have been Rent from
Fort Leavenworth to reinforce Lieutenant Love, and
chastise the roving Camaaches. The meaMes prevail to
an Marmlng extent at the Fort, and man; persona have
died Capt. Barnes' company from this city lost seven
or eight members from this disease
1 am Informed by a gentleman who came from Santa
Fe a short time since, that he saw an old Kiowa Chief on
the road, who apprised him of the hostile disposition of
the Kiowas. Camanches and Arrapanoea. The Chief
stated that about the middle of last winter a number of
Mexicans from Sarta Fe had visiUd a council of the
tribes named, according to previous arrangement. The
Mexicans informed the I ndians of the contem plated insurrection,
and solicited their co-operation, perticularly as it
regarded the cutting off of trains and reiaforoeraentsfrom
the United States. The Mexicans argued that should
the Americans be permitted to hold possession of the
oountry, an Influence would become established fatal to
the predatory Interests of the red men. On thu other
hand, should the prairie tribes oombine, they might so
hurruss the enemy as to lead to an abandonment of the
country, and insure the continuance of the power of
the Indian over the Spanish descendant. They offered
to the Indians full prices for whatever merchandise,
arms, or stook they might take from the whites, and a
suitable allowance for suoh as it would be necessary to
destroy. For each American scalp a large reward would
be paid, ?10. The tribes named acceded to these terms,
nH th?* m?nv ni'tu nf hnutilltv thaf. hnvu fllnnn nnAUrrHfl.
are no doubt eolnly attributable to the counsels of the
Mexicans of this delegation. I believe the Government
of the Unlt'd State* has never been apprized of these
facts; or probably larger military forces ere this would
have been sent on the plains.
A robbery, and diabolical attempt to murder, took
place near the town of Barry, in i'ike County, Illinois,
on Monday last A New hnglander, by tb<> name of
riper, was waylaid by two men, one of them disguised as
a negro, and after being dreadfully lacerated with a
bowie knife, wan robbed of about $2,700. One of tke
perpetrators is supposed to be a person by the name of
Crissup. He is represented to be about thirty years of
age, dark complexion, and without whiskers, over six
feet high, and very athletio. Of the money. $400 was
in $10 gold pieces. There were also two $60 bills on
the Merchants' Bank of Boston; $300 in 5's, 10's, ana
20'b of different Massachusetts banks; $500 or more in
New York oity bank paper, and the rest in various New
York bank bills.
The exciting rape case of Samuel J. McComus, the
victim being a little girl nine years of age, oomes on on
Monday next. ARGUS.
Richmond, Va., July 21, 1847.
Milts?Water Puwei?Proposed Railroads?Character
of the Virginians?Generosity?Public Institutions.
In my rambles through Virginia I thought a few facts
connected with this State would not be uninteresting
to your readers, and as Richmond is the oapita) of the
State, I concluded to give you somo particulars respecting
The city of Richmond is situated on the James river,
and has got a population of about 25,000. It oan boast
of some as fine edifices as uny city in the United States
for Its size. 8t. Paul's Church (which has been ereoted
witnin tne last two or tnree gpars.; stanus cuunpituuuB
as one of the moat extensive and costly in the United
States. It has also got several very fine and commodious
hotels. There has been a new one opened within
the last jear called the City Hotel. They are all well
regulated and conducted establishments.
There is a spirit of enterprlze pervading the citizens
of Richmond, which I have never seen in any other
part of the State, except Lynchburgh, which latter is
known to be the greatest tobacco manufacturing town
in the United States, in comparison to its size. There is
a great amount of business done here yearly. There
are now in operation one cotton, and two woollen manufactories;
and if we be allowed to glance Into futurity,
Richmond In the course of a few years, will beooine one
of the greatest manufacturing cities in the Union, and
I suppose next to Lowell, stands unrivalled for its
amount of water power.
The internal resources of Virginia are unequalled by
any State in the Union. Pennsylvania not even excepted.
It possesses inexhaustible supplies of ore and coal
in the bowels of the earth, which only require a proper
spirit of enterprise among the inhaMtauts to be developed,
and the means of transportation increased, by
means of railroads, canals &o What a pity it is that a
State of such immense internal resources should He
waste, and its inexbaustable mines unworked! The
question may be asked, what is the reason of this inactivity
on the part of the inhabitants ? The answer will
natu.ally present itself? slaverv. But how to abolish
this evil Is the next question. I (Irmly believe that seven-eighths
of the slave holders of Virginia would willingly
dispense with slavery, if the slaves could be disposed
of without injury to themselves or owners. Wo
must wait for time aud the force of public opinion to
abolish it. The negroes are nearly all well fed and
clothed, and their masters are bound to support and
take care of them when they grow too old to work; and
when they are taken sick, they have the family physician
to attend them.
The life of the negro is much better, except in a few
oases, than the majority of the untortunate lower classes
and paupers of Europe. Thi-y have got no oare on their
mind* Their muster. Tor His own saKe, nupporu ana
feed* them and their children,in order thai they may be
able to do their work properly. They ham their frolic*
and fedtlvitien among themselves. where they laugh, joke
and enjoy themselves to their hearts' content. Of
course, in some few cases, their masters are hard and
severe, but by far the majority of them live as I have attempted
Virginia has latterly exerted herself to awake
from the lethargy in wnioh she has so long lain ?
There is in ooutemplation the extension of the
Louisa Railroad from < Jordonsvllle to Charlottesville
and across the Blue Kldgo Mountains to Staunton
and a macadamized road is about to be made from Staun*
ton to Scottsville. Those improvements will act as outlets
for the surplus produce of the great valley of Virginia,
which is well known to be the most fertile rrgloi
In the State. The time will soon come when Virginia
will take her stand among the great manufacturing and
agricultural States of the Union. All she wants is ao
The Virginians are, in general, a very respectable and
friendly people, the old pettier* especially. If a traveller
stops at a plantation and requests a night's lodging, he
is almost certain to meet with a warm reception, the
best room in the bout* will be given up to him, with a
request to make himself at home I do not pretend tc
say it will always happen so. but In most cases it does.
The public Institutions of Virginia are well conducted.
and do honor to the State. There is a Lunatic Asylem
in Williamsburg, under the superintendence of Dr
Ualt, and another la Staunton, under Dr. Strlbllng ?
There Is also a Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institution It
Staunton, and It Is astonishing how the instructors oat
teach the blind to read with such rapidity and corrcct
ness The letters are all raised upon paper, and by feel
inv them the nuDils distinguish their formation. 1'hi
blind are taught to play on different musical instrument*
and altogether form a very food band and discourse mu
Mo to the visiters, who come from different parts of tlx
State to see them.
Those institutions are not only an ornament to tbi
State, but they confer a great benefit on the unfortunati
inmate* Tfee pupils are also taught trades, by meani
of which they are enabled to support themselves whei
they leave the institution.
Grkat Flood.?The Natchez Fret Trader, o
13tli, tuiyp:?Thin cily und the neighboring coun
try was visited on Sunday with oneot the heaviest raim
ever experienced by us It commenced early in thi
morning, and continued to fall in heavy torrents, with I
few short intervals, (or about eight or nine hours Bonn
dwellings In the citj have sustained injury, but not of i
serious nature '1 hose two splendid brid/es over th<
St Catharine, one on the Washington road and th<
other on the old Court House road, and erected by tbi
county at a very great cost, we learn have been carrle<
away by the torrent that swept the creek. In additloi
to this some of the planters have lost a large number o
cattle, and had their crops and land greatly injured
Krom the quantity of rain which fell on Sunday, we ha<
congratulated ourselves on the probable exhaustion to
a time of the source of supply, but Monday mornlni
gave us a second edition of the lormer rain storm, which
though not so severe, would at any other time be se
to assume a more favorable *pp?aranoit. and the "rain;
season " may be regarded as baring terminated Th
weather gage, kept by a aclettiflc gentleman of this cltj
Indicated HS lnche? an the quantity of rain which fel
during the storm of Sunday morning; 3X Inches fell yet
Noorhead't Graduated Magnetlf MaeWnM
?1 heir be.mtiful imtrumentt bate received llie genera) a|
probation of ihe medical profession for their ? mpliciiy an
power In caars of Scrofula, Dropsy, Krjaipelas, Deafneei
1 urvatuiesof ihe .-tp,n?, Tic Doloreaui, Paia'ysi", Kpilepti
Fin. niH particularly all Nervous) omplaints, the emc^cvr
the Magnetic Machine is truly wonderful. Price of the IMi
chine $R to $13, accompanied with full directions and warran
ed. Sold wholesale and retail t>v _ ,
D <; MOOBHKAD, 1*3 Broadway.
Oold Pent,?" ltleticllcua" I rlumphsnt .
The luccet* of th*?e pena, being pUced by public approval b<
youd * doubt, it it renlly amusing to wirneaa the twisting an
turning of tho?e who have labored ?o hard to get tneir per
substituted for the *' Richelieua. Aa the public
the matter in hand and will determine whether the
liens," at S2 only, will *rite a* well and last aa long aa thoi
1 pens sold for $3 SO elsewhere. we a e content Only keep rh
fact in \iew,that the ''Richelieua are lorsale by J. Y a
, \age, 02 Kultou street, SJl(l HO wlwr# OttlMIvOltt "W
j from 76 ?Mti to $1 01.
Pre?tug fl? -It liu been the d^torthe
tu r?ud?- theae cmi u compact u possible, withoniaeelroylugthe
utility of the articles contained in th?;?;
J?* ?h.? have ?ucc?td?il, travellers a>.d tin public
# i Mi invited id call and cuoinfl. The ?ub??'rib?r?
",?il the cheapcat auti mutt compact Dresung Case*
<>'the kind manufactured
O. MAl/NDERg k RON. *7 Broadway. v
Fin* Cutlery__The Salxcrlben' UMttmwit
222*?S?liil'y K'""bl. ?ariety pattern of Pen, Pocket. Deak.
k. w . * ' V* "wiety of choice Kaxort,
Naif Filea, TieT? kc pu,ch""r A1*0' 8,1
- i? n a 2- 8AUNDER8 k SON.
177 Broadway, few duora above Courtlauat it.
NavlgaUon of the Ohio River.
_ P[ar" f ""' State of Rivtr.
Louisville. July 19.. , .3 feet 4 in
Wheeling July 90. . . .3 feet. falling
Pittsburg July 'JO.. , .3 feet 8 in foiling
Cincinnati July 17.. . .3 feet 4 in falling.
Sunday, July Mi 0 p. M.
The stock market during the past week baa exhibited
little more activity, and prioeahave in several instance*
advanced several per cent. We can attribute this principally
to the iniluenoe of oornerlng operationa in
ome of the fancies, to the improving prospects relative
to the value of others, and to the general disposition
among operators to get up a speculative movement, to
enable them to get out at prices above those now ruling.
The abundanoe of money seeking employment, enablea
speculators in fancy stocks to hold larger lot* than they
otherwise could; and so long as money remain* plenty
and the rate of interest below six per cent, there will not
be any material decline in quotations. In anticipation
of a speculative movement as soon as the s?ason opens,
holders will carry as large lots as possible, at any sacrifice
at even a muoh higher rat* of interest than that now
eurrent. The banks have, for some time past, afforded
extensive facilities to stook speculators, and as the prospoct
at present is favorable for a continuation of their
loans, perhaps to a greater extent during the next quarter,
than during the one about closing, there is every
probability of the anticipated upward movement In
stocks commencing immediately after the quarterly returns
of the banks for August have been made.
With all the contraction the banks of this city and
State may have been forced to make within the past
week or two, and with all the transfer* that will be made
a day or two before quarter day from the line of loans for
stocks to the acoount of " cash items" in the shape of
checks, which will be counted as " oash items " In the
returns, and returned to the drawers the day after the
reports are made, they will exhibit a very great expansion,
compared with previous returns in the line of loans
and discounts, and in the circulation, without a corresponding
addition to the amount of specie. This expansion,
or even an inorease upon it, the banks will no doubt
maintain, until there are indications of a ohange in the
position of our foreign trade, in the finances of the government,
or in tbe operation of those measures regula J
ting the financial affairs of the country, which hare for
ame time post been in existence but alnkpst Inoperative.
We may expect a rapid and ruinous contraction in the
banking movement of the country general*/, should
there be any material improvement in iiuotavjona for
foreign exchanges, of which there is every probability.
The importations for the next three months are lifter
to be unukually large, and the expanded and depredate J"
state of our ourrency is calculated to open markets here
for the manufactures of Europe, to a greater extent
than demanded by our wants for consumption.
The imports into this port for the week ending the
33d Inst., compared with those for the corresponding
week last year, were as annexed:?
COMMERCE OF THE PoBT OF NtW YORK? iMPOBTI FOR
IVcelc.enditig July 23d, 1810. 1847.
Kmc Croud* $166,780 81,900 Dee. 84,888
Dutiable lioodj 1,426,241 1,498 539 Inc. 73,MB
Total Meichandize...(1 492 029 1,180.439 Dec. 11490
Specie 1,8)0 12 994 Inc. 11.195
Tottl.. (1,493 C29 1,493,4<4 luc. 30>
Dutiei Received 447,448 391,641 Dec. 64 807
Merchandise warehoused during the week, amounted
to $103 308, the duties on which amount to $3S 100;
showing In the aggregate an increase In the lmperts of
dutiable goods of $170 600, and a deorease In the duties
received of $32 701.
This exhibit* a decrease In the average per oent paid,
but as the revenue from customs under the new tariff, U
derived from a more extended list of articled, the duties
upon the Importations Id the aggregate, are likely to be
larger tbia year, than upon a corresponding value of Import*
in any year under the tariff of 164:}. The great
falling off In the value of free goods imported under
the tariff of 1846, shows that the lists of goods entered
free uuder that aot, is very limited, oompared with that
A large importation of foreign merchandise, during
the tall, would evidently have a tendency to tighten the
money market, as the importation of ipeoie would not
only be totally suspended, but we should have to export
very largely and to a great extent on our own account,
to prevent an exportation of specie from tills
side. The present appearanoe of the crops, and of the
arvests, indicate enormous returns, and there is every
probability of the price of breadstuff* ruling unusually
low throughout the next year. Should such anticipation!
be realised, the manufacturers of Europe will be
able to turn out Immense quantities of goods, markets
for which will be found somewhere, most probably in
this country. In oonsequenoe of the redueed supply of
ootton. and the high prict-s ruling for the raw material,
prices for manufactured goods will no doubt be pretty
w.-ll up, which will swell the aggregate value of the importation,
without giving an overstock to glut the markets.
The annexed table exhibits the quotations in this
market for each day of the past week, and at the clos*
of the week previous.
Quotation* for the Peincifal Stocks in the New
Sat. Mon. Tut Wrd Th'v Fri. Sat.
Trewury Notes 6's. ..IOC 105* 105* 105* 101*106 106
New Yurk State 6's... 106* ? ? ? ? ? ?
Ohio 6's 101* 1#"* l?* 100* - 160* ?
Kentucky 6's 100* 100 - 10*100* ? ?
Pennsylvania i'? 78* ? 78* 79* 80 80 ?
Illinois 48 48 47* ?47 ? 47
Indiana 6's 45 44 ? ? ? ? ?
Rending RH Bonds.. 76* ? ? ? 77 77 ?
Reading M'tge Bonds. 7?* ? ? ? ? 73* ?
' Heading Railroad.... f>6* M* 85* W* 66% 81* 68
Norwich Ik Wor..... 53* 53 13 53^ 53** 44
Krie Railroad, old... ? ? 61* ? ? 93 ?
Krie Railroad, new... 82 ? 81* ? 81* 81* ?
Harlem Railroad 62* 61 6 <I* 62? G3tf 65W
. Long Island 32? 32 31* 32* 32)2 32* 3J*
Mohawk 75 ? ? ? ? ? ?
Stonington 56 ? ? 56 ? ? ?
I Farmers'Loan 3i* 34 34V 31* 34* 34* 35*
1 Canton Company.... 48* ? 48V 48t ? 48 48*
Morns Canal 18 17* P* 17* 18* 17* 17*
| Vickshurg II* 11* ? ? ? ? ?
United States Bank... 4 ? ? 4* ? ?
blast Boston It ? ? ? ? ? ?
North AmSi Trust... ? ? ? 9 ? 9* ?
A comparison of price* ruling at the close of the
1 market yesterday with those current at tbe oloae of the
previous week, exhibit! an Improvement in Reading
Railroad of 1* per cent; Norwich andWorcester, *;
Harlem. 3 ; Long Island, 1 ; Farmer*' Loan * ; and ft
decline in Illinois of 1 per oent; and Morris CaBal *.
The Bank of Mobile has declared a dividend of two
and a-half per cent, payable to tbo New York stockholder*
at the Mrrobnntk' Bank, on demand.
The Bank of Missouri, after setting aside one per oent
as a contingent fund, has declared a dividend of five per
oent for the last six months.
The annexed statement exbibita the amount of ooel
shipped by Lehigh Canal, for the week ending 19th lust.,
and since tho opening of navigation:?
Lkhioii Coal Trade.
Thii Wttk Pirvioutly. Total.
By L'h'gh Co 6.020 lltom 79,4?A ?6 M.-VO 01
I Him i?Hun ... 3.<10 Ofi 60 111 00 61.00.1 1.5
Bea?rr Meadow. 2.991 00 41.711 00 47.706 O0
Hntleton 3,1 It OA 44.70] 00 47 91' 00
' Buck Mountain. 19 (i0 20,ill 00 ai.stoi 00
i Hummiie.nnty.. 791 00 11.366 oo 11.161 00
i From White Haven. 373 OO 4,ltt 00 4,500 I'O
\ Toul 17,771 01 201 20l O 213 094 16
r The amount of coal transported on the Philadelphia
r railroad, for tho week ending the 33d Inst, wu 33,360
I tons, and for the year up to that date, 083 046 tons. The
i receipt* by the Schuylkill canal amount to about 100 000
f tons, making the aggregate receipts of anthracite coil,
j up to the olose of the third week in July, 1,000,763 ton*,
r Block BxnnanM.
[ IJ100 Tr?u Note* 106 5# sh> Long hi RR tJ 33
$2000 tin I My* 200 do bOO 33K
t $110*0 U8 0'*, HOT 106 100 do al 33M
. $21000 do l?62 101? 120 do 332
$l(Mi0 do coupon 10'?X 200 <l? blO 33M
' $7000 III Mpl BoijmB? 47 210 do b30 S3)2
' 100 sh* Farmeis'Tr >30 3th' 100 do >10 Stv
I?0 do 3iM 100 do boo S3M
II 50 do Si^ 110 Harlem RR 61)2
I. IM do 31 710 do 63&
10 do b30 31K M do >30 ?3Ji
10 Mnrri* C*n*l ITJt 100 do * blO 04
SO Reading RR 6T* 4tt do 64
' 10 do (30 67H 1K0 do 64?
> M do 6* 50 do btO 01*
J SO do *7% 100 do 04K
' Herood Board
210 Famen'Trait 35W 50 ah* Harlem RR r,5W
I. 1? 0 do b30 35K M do 61*
300 do 3 K 500 do blO faV
M do b30 3^H 3?0 do >00 61
10 Harlem RR >60 61 .->0 do $( 6iV
100 do ti3 65)< 100 Long tiland 3(2
100 do blO 11)2 100 do blO 33*
" <150 do b3 65)4 40 do >60 3 }2
!J 050 do bl .10 fan ton b 10 4I1>4
JO do >3 65)^ 10 Reading 60
" I 50 do t3 6.5$ 10 Nor It Wo? bS 14
?00 do blO 05)J 10 do bl4 HX
f New Stork Kirhange.
i. 100 ilia Harlem RR >30 6V.( 10 ?li< IlnTt m HIt ra?|i M U'
a- 40 Jo bl 6 IK .50 t!o cull 61H
u : SO do c*?li bJ)2 UNoffc W?rRR?a?b 13K
ltd do (Mil UK M 1 iN U||