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command or the Rifle*, (Paralfor 9. Smith'' eorpe) from
tha Uudlnft at Vara rru* to tba capture of tha metropolis. <J'Q Scott, in hi* Jaapatohaa. *peak* of him in tb? highlit term*, for gallantry and daring. Ha haa dona a* oir-ctlru a?rrica at any offlonr whatever ba hi* rank, in th? .It-I t. Major L. e*cap?d all tba danger* of tba c uipalgn, until tha army ?at down before tha city. Durio.. lb* ?" an oceaalon whan Major L waa in tha not of il!?monntioR to raoeirx order*, hi* laft arm waa ahot off br an aacopat ball. Ilia appaarancu *ufllcea to pViw that thd rifle* bad tba proper maUl la th*ir lomtaiute oooimandlDg officer. i ap.?ln Kearny? Eyary body la familiar with thi* glorious off esr'a farm* and deed*: hla nobla contempt of me, bio aaorlflcaa of money, tima. pain*, to bring into tha fluid * troop worthy him and tha oountry. 1 la loat 1.1.4 laft arm in a brilliant charga at a Oarita, near tUf gataaof tha city, on tha point of entering pell-mell wi'a tha flying ntuny. Cc.plain Ainaon, of the Knglneeri, i? the distlngnUhed oCluer mentioned in tush warm turma of commendation by (J- aTul Scott, for hU bold reoonncltnancea in front of the .raiT. to whr.ie acieuee, seal and intelligence much oi thu BUCC4** of our army waa owing. He waa badly wound d at Mclino del Key. . HKtBln VlBTtift ITirat IT W ArMllurw n niAflt brilliant anlOAi ing soldier. Ho wta in command of the irlorlous Tiylor battalion, and figure* In a multitude cf affair* ><:U? the eucmy, wherein he and hla brave follower* r 7-red themselves with glorr. At the sanguinary tight o.* Chuiu-uioo, ha lost hi* left arm. and ooouple* a prominent position among tha daxzilng galaxy of heroec rwoo'dad in Soott's despatches. There are others?Colonel* Moor* and Burnett, Captain Heynolos. etc.?who are here temporarily, reposing from their toll* of the late campaigns, to whom their >rrat?ful countrymen, In every town through which they van, will rxhibft the nam* warmth as that whioh they -.y* met here The roar of cannon whioh welcomed tue 'u?r?es, from tbe riaoe d'Aruies and Lafayette Square, on Wednesday last, and the ehout/l of joy and gratulation from the auilenc* at the American theatre, the t"tzu? nwninir. are btit an evrnest of what awaits them iu every section of the republic, whither their professional duties or their domestio relations call them. [Krom the Mobile Journal, Not 27.] The gallant Capt Masou, who made the daring reconuoietince. at Ccntreras, previous to the battle, and the heroic M%jnr Wait*, who dlitlngulihed himself at Molino'del Rey, where he was severely wounded, arrived Inthis city yesterday, and are at the Mansion House. We learn that the gallant Msjor Bragg, of the United Si?tev urmy, will acoompany Gen. Taylor on his return frmn Mexico, and that he may be expected in this city in the course of a few days on a visit to bis brother The man who, in tlie language of Uen. Taylor, " laved th? .la) " at Dueua Vista, will meet with an appropriate rtceptiou from our citizens. THE ItECKI'TION OF CKNERAL, TAYLO*. [krom the New Orleans Tioayune, Nov. 25 ] The committee appointed for the reception of General Taylor, day before yesterday sent down an express to Colonel Maunsel White's plantation The colonel it ri ijUK?ted to send down an express to the Balize, and receive the eirliest intimation of the arrival of the illustrious old hero at that point. When the newa Is rereived in this city that tne general haaarrived at Colonel White's plantation, a steamboat will be immediately denpat-shed with the committee of reception. The general, 011 his arrival, will be met by the military and civil functionaries of the r-lty in the Place d'Armes. He will then be ercorted to the cathedral, where divine service, w? understand, will be performed After this, a proctwslon slil be formed, And the gallant old hero will be e-corted to the St. Charles Hotel, where, for the first day, lie will give his levee. The hospitalities of the city are to be tendered to General Taylor, and a reception will >>? given to him that will vie with that given to General Lafayette on the occasion of his visit to New Orleans. INCIDENTS OK THE WAR. The Rifles (Brigadier General P. K. Smith's) landed in Mexico 700 strong, of which only 260 remain fltfor duty. The Voltiguers, tinder Colonel Andrew*, landed t>50, and ..'Oocly now ran bs mustered. Death, wounds, and diseii?ei amount for the remainder. Other regiments have stiff- led as severely. NEWS FROM THE BRAZOS. [i- rom the New Orleana Picayune, Nov. 3.) Thf ?ohooner Panama, Capt. Porter, arrived here last night from the Brazos, having left that place on the 17th ln?t To the politeness of Capt. Porter, we are ind*bted for tiles of MaUmnras papers,and the Monterey Gvzilti, ' fthrfS lth of October. They contain no newa of any importance Dr. (Jeorge Bullard, an American physfi .1.11, wm killed, a short time ago, by two Mexicans, at FUcaiea Grande. The Moaterey Gazette, in noticing the murder, says We hum from a friend, who received a letter frcm riicitreK Grande, that an Amerioan, Dr. Geo. Bullard, l'.vlbien murdered by two Mextoans They came to )w house under the pretence of getting medical ai . lie went to the bouse of the supposed patient, and. lien uhont entering, they stabbed him in tbe breast, kiUloir him ln?tantiv fJeu. Taylor had cot arrived atMatamoras on the)7th Inst., though he wes hourly expected. \ THE SALT LAKE PTEAR SANTA FE. [Krom the Santa Ke Republican, Oot 9.} In calling the attention of the poblio to some of the BOOTOM of wealth in this territory, the article of salt ought not to be overlooked. Among civilized nation! th?ru <a necessarily a great consumption and daily uie of it, i.nd to the people of New Mexico, If driven to the United atat.ee for it, it would be not only onerously expensive, but oould not be obtained by the poor classes .!nw ""iscly nature has provided for this animal want! The ol Providence, if a becoming reflection be exmimL in visibia in all his works. Just as the distance Jrom a fc reign market would render superfluous and un;>routkhl? immense and unoonsumed agricultural pro't the territory, so on the other ha d articles of prime end iaubpensibie use are found within convert limits. A hundred pounds of salt imported from '.he Unite i States would oost, apart fro n the first cost of t'ao nrtiole, about ten dollars ; but here it oan be obtained ohenpor than in the United States. The sole exi? r of procuring the salt is the price of transportation. About seventy miles south of Santa Ke, and forty vast of the Del Norte river, is the famous salt lake. It i< -tveral leagues long ani of considerable breadth, and ir the reservoir lor several streamlets that, at certain DnW'.lB) pVUa. biiOU WBIiVt 1BW lb N B UUUIIUUU ICVOUtvsla. There is found salt enough to supply not the unitary only, but hHir the universe. It It transported not only to different parts of the territory, but finds mnrltHt in 'b? neighboring departments. Yet there are other localities t^nt supply It abundantly. It is said ^.i?> a ?ingiu man, with great facility, coulil, in the salt olleot, in a single day, five hundred bushels. The wliole surface f.f the ground is ooTered with It to a eoni li?r*ble dopih, and having above It a thin sheet of Mni. v, iot conrsM. deeply impregnated with it, but not of euiiinUiit quantity to hold *11 the salt In solution) by the application of the h?ud or a spade is readily thrown into tear- Hndtlie wagon or animal brought to transport It in driven into the lake and loaded without the least dellfWlMIHUHlllWI The salt, when carefully removed, is or a rieau white oolor, as clear and beautiful as the best American table salt, but oftentimes, from the hurry and carelessness with whioh it is taken up, it ! dls colortj by the intermixture of other substances, and hence lis fiichy color. Like that found iu distant localities, it is generally more or less tinged, unless boiled, by foreign bodies; but in evoking it, it Is relieved entiiely fr"m tliwn lleri the people have an inexhaustible store ol' an article of necessary consumption. There la no doubt or question about the quantity. It is apparent to every observer, nc? is it possible that any Inorease of population,er the augmented consumption of it, ean ever render the people dependent on remote prod uotionl for a supply of It. Here It Abounds and will continue to abound, regardless of the animal demands that may be ma le on it Nature has providently looated it in a position to furnish the surrounding districts, and there it will ever be to season the food and gladden the tongue of all auimalt?human uad brute, it is a noble provision of Nirlnlty ; and while it evidences one of the productions of the territory, It invites, also, tbo enterprise of xtirring men. It opens a field for active industry, and shows now some men and their means might b? employed. ANOTHER GREAT RIDE IN CALIFORNIA. [From the National Intelligencer, November29 ] The subjoined feat of Major Archibald H. (Jiilesple, late of the California battalion, and an oflloer of the Marin* Corps, and Captain Wm. Findlay, of the California battalion, is induced by an aocount, already published in th'j Intelligencer of the 23d instant, of a ride mado by Lieut. Col. Fremont from the Cludad de ios Angeles to Monterey, in Upper California, and noder the circumstance* believed to be the most extraordinary performance of horsemanship on record, and as an additional evidence of the excellence and unparalleled powers of endurance of the California horse. Mejor Gillespie and Capt. Findlay left San Diego at half past f> o'olock on the morning of the 13th of April, and reached Ciudad de los Angeles at half past 11 o'clock in the evening of the same day, a diatanoe of ful! fine hundred and thirty-fire mile*. They used or umplctyed but four home* each, and were subjeeted to full three bourn' detention on tba road, In m?nov and at points to wit: forty-five minute* at Agua d? F.nde, one hour and a half at the Miasion of San J una, and fifteen minutes at tba ranobo of Juan Avlla, m .Spanish gentleroau. This extraordinary ride, it is confidently believed, has never been equallud in one day, either in California or any where else, but by ona other gentletnnn, and that waa between the same points ?by Don I'io r ito, ex-governor of i alltornia. Neither of tba ?eutlemen complained of exhauatlon or remarkable atigue. and are now In thia city a* witnesses on the court martial of Lieut. Col. Fremont. The ride of Lieut. Col Fremont la the more extraordinary, became it waa continued for four consecutive day* in one direction. and waa almoat immediately resumed; but this one day'a ride establishes, aa I think, the proposition j assumed of great energy In the gentlemen who per- I formed It, and the uncommon powers of endurance in tb-j (tallfornia horse INTKLI.IUKMCE FROM THE TACIFIC. liy a letter written from Masatlan. dated the i3d of Sej.-.eaber, it if stated that the Portsmouth arrived there, bringing the information that a squadron, oonelitlogrf the Independence, Dale,Congress, f yane, Treble, and Southampton, is expected in thia port, for the pv,rpo?eof landing 1000 men to take possession of the pUcu. 't his squadron will also proceed to destroy all the for- ! tiOvations of Kan bias, Guaina and Acapuluo. The Mootade of Coin. Shubriok has been most strict ' iih intention 1110 iea?e a garruon or j.yv ? idler* at M.u:it.an, with one of the frigate*, while the remainder ot the i-ijuadron proceed along the oomI to execute the ! destruction ill tliu different fortification*. It in klro gtated In thin letter, that two *hlp* of the line aud twf> frigate* were expected on the count, to reinforce the squadron already there. MILITARY MOVEMENTS, [From the New Orleans papen, Nor. '23 and M1 1 To-raorrow the tJ. H. ?tntm*hip Edith, will start for I Vera Cruz. One of her pa*?enger* will be Col Bankhead. who goea down an Ooyernor of Vera Cm. The f.-'ith will, *l?o, take down paeeengera and fioyernmant floin. 1 he eteamboat Mary Stephen*, Capt. I,u?a?, arrived e*U,rda> from Ht. Louia, bringing down from JelTernon barraela fifty-two reirult* for the tith Infantry, under the commend of Lieut. Hooper Port ai" Pnnoi.?du Commeret liare l>*en received at thi? ortice to thr l7Ui ult. Thty i ?r#destitute vi n?wi el any iattrHi. I NEW YORK HERALD. ??w Tort, Monday, Dwnrnbn 8, 1HT. To CormpoBJiBM. So notice can i< taken of Mnyatiii e?a?Mici<tMi Whatever it intended for iiwirNm must to authenticated ">? lAr na?e ?>t(i addreti of the writer ; ? ( nectotarill for publication, but at a guaranty of kio good faith. tVe oannot undertake to return refected communication* The History of the War. Wc give in this day's Herald, a continuation of the history of the war with Mexico. We have obtained the material from th? Areo Iri* and Genius of Liberty, of Vera Cruz, American Star, North American, El Monitor Rrpublicano, &c., &c., of (lie city of Mexico, the New Orleans papers, icc., &c. All these journals are to the latest date, brought by the steamship Alabama, at New Orleans. The details now published are particularly interesting,and contain the romance and the reality of the war. Intelligence from Europe. Our telegraphic report from Boston, dated last evening at sunset, states that the atmosphere wu clear and that, the Britannia was not then in sight. She is now in her seventeenth day. Blcctlng of Congress. The thirtieth Congress of the United States, in the sixtieth year of the present Constitution, meets to-day at 12 o'clock, at the capitol at Washington. It is almost needless to suy, that this is one of the most important meetings which probably has ever taken place upon this continent since the meeting of that body of men by whom the Declaration of Independence was declared. The action ot this Congress upon the questions which force themselves before it for deliberation, must necessarily produce results of one kind or another, affecting not only this continent, but the whole civilized world. "We do not allude to the approaching presidential question, or to the ; efforts which will be made, and the intrigues which will be engendered, in order to produce any particular result affecting the next PresirliMicv Men m?rp m?n Hwinrllc into innirniifi cance before unchangeable principles and measures which impress a direction upon futurity. One of the most important questions which ever was brought before Congress in this country, will now b? presented to that body in the shape of the pacification of Mexico. That in, what is to be done with the conquest of that wonderful country1??how peace is to be established !? (but not whatjsort of treaty shall be made 1)?how we shall put an end to the war ! What is to be the destiny of that country ? The excitement which the Mexican question has now created throughout the Union, is unsurpassed by any thing in our day. Public men, who have long since retired to the shades of private life, could not resist the contagion of the moment, but must come out with their views, whether they are worth any thins or not- Amidst the various plans for the settlement of the Mexican question, and for the pacification of that country, we have seeu nothing approaching to the feasibility or practicability of the plan which has been suggested by General Quitman, as given in a letter from that able general to a friend at Washington. He advises government to retain its present position in Mexico, and its grasp upon that country as we now hold it, and to await the issue of future eventa accomplishing the destiny of that nation, which events would naturally and gradually result in the annexation or amalgamation of the two republics. On the other hand, the politicians have started a preliminary question about slavery in the new territories, under the designation of the Wilmot proviso, and certain parts of the country are now agitated with the discussion of this merely preliminary matter. The attempts made to create an excitement upon this question of slavery, as it concerns Mexico, is much the same with tha( agitation we have seen made for the last twenty years by some fanatics of the North. Moderate, sensible men, of all parties, possessing true American feelings and principles, ought to discountenance such an immaterial question at once, as being merely the isolated efforts of little people to make themselves big in the different sections of th? republic. It is a mere farce, all this hubbub about the Wilmot proviso. If the people of the State of NewYork thought it to be their interest, or suited to their principles, to re-establish slavery among them tomorrow, no power in Congress, or in any State or States, exists to prevent them. If the people of new territories, before or after their admission into the union of our States, chose either to abo lieh or to establish this institution in their country, it is a question in which they, themselves, alone are concerned, with which Congress and other States have nothing to do; it is out of their reach. Th? Wilmot proviso question is a merely local question, which has been seized hold oi by political knaves in order to give themselves importance in their particular sections, by taking sides either for or against it, as the case may be. The real, the great question of the day, is the pacification of Mexico?the annexation of Mexico ?the disposal of Mexico. This is the question, and nothing else. Now upon this great question, the Congress, which meets this day, will have to determine one way or the other. In some quartefs, it has been recommended by those who are opposed to Mr. Polk, to let him alone, and leave him to settle the Mexican question as he may. Let him take the responsibility. But the position of parties in Congress is now oo nicely balanced that every party must take the responsibility in the settlement of this great question, even if they i i J l. :a :* L.. ? : piifiuiij h?tr iu iivuiu li uy iiui vuiuig. |?articular parly control* the American government; but in the present singular condition ot things, j every party in the country is represented in the j present executive and Congress. This state of ; things will give to their deliberations peculiar characteristics, and the great importance of the question they now have to decide upon will bring ! orth all their talents and all their eloquence. I Looking, therefore, upon the importance of j this session of Congress,we have made arrange- I nients for reporting its proceedings, and commenting upon ita doings and deliberations, far beyond what has ever yet been done by new-paper enterprise. We shall represent fairly and juetly the movements and policy of each party, independent of every party, of every faction, and of every man. We shall do justice to all. N'kw Providence.?Hy the brig Gcorgiana, Captain Breton, we have files of the Gazette and Guardian, published at Nassau, to the 20th Nov. The project of steam communication between lhe islands of the iNew Providence government seems to ' nirross the attention of the press and the people. A capital of ?6000, they say, will u. .L. i i;c iri|uuru i?? uuii nil ill iiiai f iilf" piHii. Accounts from Tobago, ot a recent date, apeak of a severe storm, which made desolate the whole place; the inhabitants wore houseless,and many in need of food. A bum ofjt200 was publicly voted bv the legislature for the relief of the suffering. Malay Pirates Attack on nil IIilcna.? Th* ftast India ship Helens, belonging to Messrs. 'IrUwold, of this city, which arrived here on Saturday last, was attacked, we understand, by a strong party of Malay pirates, some where near Java^Head. They were gallantly repulsed by Capt. Kyre and his active crew, with the loss only of the cook's ear; which, however, wm owing to the coDf|U<jumi?paruhit rf gnaurv i0 lite mtlh The Independent Pus*.?One of the most remarkable developments of the age, in reference to the newspaper pretm, during the last few years, is the large number of those journals published in large cities that have thrown off their dependence on partiea and politicians. In New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Baltimore, there has crown up a number of journals possessing large circulation, and whose establishments are conducted entirely independent of the great factions of the day, and of all the miserable politicians who have heretofore been the magnates of the press. Up to to the establishment of an independent press in the large cities, commencing in New York, all the journalism of this city was under the dominion of politicians and parties. Those manacles have been thrown oil, and their power and influence nave increased considerably during the last few years. We might nole a number of journals heretofore attached to mere party, which have thrown off the trammels of politicians, such as the Courier and Enquirer, of New York; the Courier, of Boston; the American, of Baltimore; and several in Philadelphia. Those journals, it is true, support the principles and measures of certain parties, but not blindly. They discuss them?they give opinions of their own?they are independent of politicians and parties; and they have contributed very much, in conjunction with the independent press, of which the Herald led the way, to give an organ of thought and opinion in the large cities. We think that in the approaching Presidential election.the independent press of the United States will assume a much more independent position and character than it has done for the last forty years. The attempts of the drivelling politicians of [the day, belonging to all parties, who are generally nothing but briefless and half educated lawyers, trying to get a living out of their legitimate line of business, the attempts of such men to get up caucuses and conventions, and give them as the voice of the people, and to intimidate the press oflarge cities, will he met with a resistance which they are but I ??!? Drcnir*rf tnnnno.se. Ocean Steamers.?Next month the first of the Liverpool steamers by the British North American company, will be sent from Liverpool to New York. Two of those steamers are nearly ready, and the other two will be prepared for crossing the ocoan by the middle of next summer. If the first of the line should not be completed by next month, the Cambria will take her place, and commence, at least. The Liverpool company is the only one that has succeeded in establishing a permanent and profitable steam line across the Atlantic. They will increase their number of passengers by coming to New York, and in process of time, we huve no doubt, the lines now running to Boston will be given up altogether. Two-thirds or more of the passengers that came by the Boston lines heretofore, will hereafter.come by the steamers that terminate in New York, and more than twothirds that cross the Atlantic by steam, will go from New York. This will be the first perinanentline between Europe and New York.? The London line, the Boston line, the American line, have all failed. The American line to Southampton, and tht French line to Havre, are ut an experimental condition. We trust that ' both will eventually succeed; and it is probable that the American line, with the experience which its managers and officers have had, will succeed ; but the French line are not so accessible to the improvements of the age. In less than three years we may expect at least one steamer a week in New York; and that the whole of those steam lines will be, in a short'ti me? concentrated in this city, there can be no doubt' But more that that. As soon as those lines are completed between Liverpool and New York, or Southampton and New York, or Havre and New York, together with the lines between New York and Havana, the probability is that the increase of travel will be such as to destroy entirely the present West India steamers between Southampton and Havana. In a few years people will want to travel cheaper, and will desire to go to Havana and other parts ot the West Indies from Europe, through New York, thus making this city the great central i point of contact between the two continents. The same causc which will break up and break | down the Boston lines of steamers, Hill produce a similar result on tlie west Jndia lines. illdeed, according to projects now on foot, and the events maturing on this side of the Atlantic, we should not be surprised to see all the late Chinese intelligence come through the United Stater, and through New York, to England, and perhaps, too, from their Indian possessions. The world is in the midst of a wonderful revolution in every department of human life. Benevolknce and Fashion.?The blood of Abraham still mounts the cheek of beauty. On Thursday evening last, a most interesting and beautiful toirie was held at Constitution IIill, by a number of distinguished ladies, forming the Hebrew Society, of this ciiy. The names of the managers were theseMrs. J. B. Kursheedt, Mrs. Harman Hendricks, Mrs. J. Lyons, Mrs. Henry Hendricks, Miss Sophia Tobias, and others, directresses. As soon ?s all the dark eyed daughters of Israel had assembled, rivalling in their charms and brightness the royal court of David himself, a sign was given, and all took an opportunity to ?it around a splendid table, groaning with the delicacies of the season. Mrs. Harman Hendricks headed the table, and the rest of the ladies took their places in various other parts. The dinner was a most elegant and rrcherche affair. All the delicacies of the season, by land or water, lresh and salt, were collected there to provoke the appetite and to cheer the heart. Simple water was used, with the exception of some few sad drops of champagne, which were carelessly sprinkled around the table, and some how or other got within the rosy lips of the ladies. .Some of the sons of David made speeches; and some of the daughters exprested more in their looks?in their bright eyes?and in their smiles, than all the speeches in the world. At the close of the dinner, the tables were removed, the music struck up, and the whole .... j .1 i. uumj'aiiy ui/iiiiuciibcu uautiiig waji^cp, (|Ua- I drilles, polkas, and every other species of dance including David's dance before the ark, which diversified the evening. Kverything went ofl'in the moat brilliant and picturesque style, and the celebration was delightful throughout. During the last year, the doings of this society amongst the poor sons and daughters of Israel, have been considerable?having expended large sums in furtherance of their benevolent objects. In the approaching winter, their efforts will be great, important, and useful in their day and generation. They have commenced in the right way, and we hate no doubt will be of immense service in relieving distress during the ensuing season. Abraham, Isaac, and .lacob forever. The Boston Fori.rriev?The astounding forgeries recently commuted in Boston?an account of which was exclusively published in this journal on yaturday last?have awakened Home pe- j | culiar sensatioti9 in Wull street and elsewhere, i It is feared by a greai many shrewd men that the ' \ system of business in our large cities gives en- ' < couragement to forgeri *, and that such felonies are much oftener committed thin people are ge- j ' nrrally aware of.'Indeed, we have heard recent- i J ly some intimations of sucli a remarkable ctia" j I rarter, in referenceto similar things,that wr can't | trait ourselves yet to allude to them in any other wity than the p'e?? ntj but time will bring ihem forth, atuj wr -liH.il rail far tU? period to irriv#, j < .U. ll9?II . onia Intsll Iknci.?"We are still in the midst of a great ui profound experiment?the establishment < >t the Italian Opera in this city. The extra uight given on Saturday turned out an extra failure. The managers and we have done our best to hu rnbug the canaille, but they will not be humbug ged b y us. What a pity ! It is an absolute fac t, thy t a gentleman counted the number in the I >ox es, and he could only make out twenty-seven* with about one hundred and thirty-nine and a ' little boy in the pit. The amphitheatre, or inw tagerie, had only a sprinkling in the wings, for * no one will go behind the great chandelier, and l' a the parquette people are afraid of being under th- at immense apparatus, for it looks terrible,when w e recollect that a similar instrument fell down in Washington some years since, and smashed,* not twenty members of Congress? for them we could have eusily spared at any time, th ry are ge tting so bad?but twenty or thirty enipty?eaVj. Extra nights won't do. The vulgar will not put up with aecond-hand clothes. Tne man agers have been led astray by the success of t'ae Extra Herald; but they should have n.<j .1? ?? :reu an jc.xira rttraia nas always some ?extra news, but an extra opera night is only ft second hash. Tl ?en, again, " Beatrice di Tenda," a new opei -a by Bellini, has been condemned by the fash ionables, and by some of our musical critics. ir we beg leave to differ with all these crit' ice. That opera contains some choice music; and if it had only been well put forward by the mac ttro, it would have been successful. Barilli put it on without much tact, and accordingly he re tained all the idle vagaries of Bellini in it, instead ofiutting them out,and presenting the opera iu a bea utiful and condensed shape. Even in Italy, tht - whole of a composer's muaic is seldom given, an d the maestro on this occasion has exhibited do talent or judgment, for under other circumsti mces, we believe this opera would have succeeded I, even in spite ot the opposition of the critics. ?The next opera to be given is "Sonnambula," m d the artist who is to prepare it for the public, is Bonzanini. From what we have heard of. this distinguished maestro, we have no doubt h? will avoid the blunders and want of taste wh ich have characterized the manugement of Barill i. But the re is also another treat in store for us. I'Amina" is to be taken by a young American, a native of Boston. This young lady is said to possess a gre it combination of musical and theatrical powers. She has been several years in Italy, studying her profession, and makes her first appearance in " bomnambula." "Hernani" is to be re o?uted to-night in consequence ol the unpopula- | rity of "Beatrice di Tendu," and its cutting up by the critics. Looking over the whole experiment for the last fortnight, we must say, there are grent doubts about its fttdccesM yet. We have no doubt of the success of the Italian Opera in New-York. Wc only doubt the present company, the present management, and the present attempt. The poor Italians, wr very much fear, have been sacrificed , to ignoranct: and presumption. Men may possess talent for speculating in lots round about town, or in buying and selling cotton, or in operating on the rise of tobacco and segars; but it is altogether a different thing to speculate in Italian Opera with any degree of success?to operate on the press, particularly such a " chartered libertine" ns the press ofNewYorkis. The Council of Ten, as they are called, have made a fatal mistake; but we fear, while they get the rewards of their speculation from the first receipts, that the poor Italians will be made, in process of time, very good candidates for the Alms House. The Italian Opera is a refined amusement, and it must succeed in New York; but those wiio have the manngement of this attempt are utterly ignorant of the subject, and their ignorance,we very much fear, will produce a lailure of the whole concern. The highest species of Italian Opera in Europe, requires and receives the patronage of both London and Paris. The same company }>lays alternately in both those large capitals. Something similar must be done on this side of the Atlantic, having reference to Havana and New York. We learn from our musical correspondent at Havana, that the Italian Opera commenccd in that city, on the first of last month, a season of twelve nights?the re ceipts of which, from subscriptions alone, amounted to nine thousand dollars. They had a new tenor, Signor Lorini, from Italy, and expect the great Rubini there in a short time, by one of the steamers to Boston, and he will pass through New York on his way. For year*, Rubini has bean the greatest Italian tenor in Europe?although he is now a little pasti, y?t he is wonderful in his way. He has been pushed out of his place in London and Paris by Signor Gardoni, a young man of extraordinary powers and great personal beauty. If Rubini could be caught on his passage through this city, he would be a valuable prize to any theatre here. But it is very certain that unless there is some combinatian or union with the Italian Opera here and in Havana, to play alternately^. both places, there can be no prospect of a permanent establishment of this species of amusement bcre. "We shall endeavor to do the best we can with the materials we have ; but we v#:ry much fear that bad management will sacrifice the poor ltananp, ami nesiroy incprriuge 01 ?rsiaDiisning such amusement for some time to cfflrne in New York. Tick?Tick?Tick?Scene m the Telegraph Office ?We were pie#ent, yesterday afternoon, at the New York and Boston tele/graph BtHtion, when the operators were in attendance, and anxiously waiting for the steamer's newp; and having nothing to do at the moment, one of them, very expert at writing, and who tells by his ear fromtlic " tirki" of the machine, just as well what it says, us though the sounds cainc from a human tongue, commenced a conversation with the operator in New Haven, as follows;? "Tick, tick, tick ! What are you about 1" "Tick !?Nothing." "Tick, tick !?I have a fnvor to ask " Tick !?What is it 1" "Tick, tick, tick, tick, tick !?It is raining like the d?1, and 1 wish to borrow your umbrella." Tl.? was tKon t r a n uf?rrr?/1 t/i man in Boston, who was addressed as follow-n ? "Tick, tick, tick!?Has the steamer arrived v "Tick !?No." ; "Tick, tick !?How ie the weatlier V , "Tick 1?-Clear." 1 "Tick, tick !?Enough said." This talking between neighbors from one to 1 two hundred miles apart, deemed to be conductid with as much ease and ex|?diuon as it car- 1 ried on between two gentlemen across a room in , the samc^uilding. We believe the davil, who has been perambulating the world for the last five thousand years, has packed up his tail in his trunk and absconded, like any other vagabond of the age, when the business is taken oul of his hand*. The frragularftlea of tlie Malta. KpiToa o? thk Hk?ali> : ? As jrou hava dona a graat d*al of good by noticing tha regularities of tha mails, and aa rnuob mora remain* to ] M dona in tha aama way, I gira you an initanca A l?t- j Mr win taknn from the Poat Offloo this morning, whioh ranmall'd and poat marked ' Urnanflald, Mas*., Oct. i!>," and haa b?en, tba L?rd knows whara, alooa than. It naunot bava bfon on account of mladlrrction or any < luohctuaa, for it la addressed to ma at ' No I treat, Naw York," and now coma* to ma through my < ImiX, aa moat of my letteraeome. Your*. I A HUBflcniBKli. 1 Vaw Vork, l)o?. 5, 1817. I Tb? *b>p Areola, Cant. Hoodlaat, trrivtd ?t Naw Or. ] laaus on tba J)tto olt. ftp? N?v * *rk. Mi tblrtaan iJms, l aitb 9IMMMP In Thutrle*! Mid Bfualcml. Fabe Thcatec.?Mm. Abbstt takes a benefit at the Park theatre to-night, and if the meets with the snoeest he deserves, there will be full benches. During the past season, Mrs. A. has betn almost nightly upon the stage, and has met with the marked approbation of the audience in several instances In the play of the "Cavalier," she undertook the leading female character, and 1 suooeeded so well that she was frequently called before the curtain to reoeive the congratulations of her atodlj tors. The bill for this evening Is "Loniien Azsoranoe,' . In which Mr. I'ltcide will appear as Sir Harcourt Courtly; Mrs. Abbott playing Grace Harkaway. and Mrs. O Jones Lady (jay Spanker; the remaining characters to be represented by the talent of the Park dramatic oorps. Two overtures will be performed by the Orchestra, and the entertainments to conclude with tha larce of " Per- ' fr?tlon," in whioh Messrs. Bass, Dyott, A. Andrews, aud ' Mesdamee Abbott and Dyott will appear We shall be j disappointed, if the merits of the beneflolary are not ! duly acknowledged by a large attendance. Bowery Thkatre.?The "Ulselle, or the Willies," a ballet, in which Miss Julia Turnbuli appears to great advantage, will be performed at the Bowery theatre this evening. The now drama. th? > Hn-tU." will also be performed. These two pieces on the same evening, present rare attractions, which, we doubt not will fill the theatre to overflowing. The manager of this house deserves every encouragement for his exertions to please his patrons, and we are hippy to say that his efforts are properly appreciated; for no house in the olty can boast of such steady and liberal patronage as he Is receiving. Chatmam Tmicathh.?The much admired play of "Love and Madness," will be performed at the Chatham Theatre this evening, with fuoha cist as will ensure each part being done justice to, and sll who may wltnesi It pleased. The " Model Artists," and the "Holland and Carlo Families," will also display their powers and their iorms, which are as perfect as we ever saw. The pantomime of the " Uolden Key," will be added to the evening's amusement*. Ci*cu??Bowrnr Amniitiii:ati?e.?The performances here to-nlgbt will be very funny. Frank Grower, "the greatest negro of them all," who was a member of the first negro band of minstrels that ever appeared In this city, and who is a perfect burrioine in his personation of the African, has been engaged by Mr. Tryon. and will prove quite a feature in this evening's bill. He has not performed in this olty for some time past, but oomes back full of fun and wlttlolsms. The equestrian performances will be varied and pleasing, as usual. Cole, the India-robber man. will tie himself in a bow knot, almost; and, as a finale to the whole performance, Brower will appear In his oomlo mock opera of Ob, hush!" Christy's Minstkkli.?A really good entertainment will bear frequent repetition; at least such is the oase with these soodologers of the world of negro minstrelsy. In olden times, troubadours used to rove over the country, giving vent to their feelings of love fjr their mlatresses by the performance of heartstlrring melodies on the guitar, and sighing forth verses full cf adoration, ito. In these times of ht>rrlnir lnoldents. we think that our modern troubadours show much more sense. t'brlsty'? troupe, for instance, Instead of wasting thair individual breaths In thaunting forlorn lore dittiei, get together m a Jovial cet of fellows?black tbeir faces, abarpen thelv witticisms, and go through the leDgth and breadth of the Union, givlrg amusement to thousands, and ga'.aering dollars by the handful. Tboy are the very pinks of negro minstrelsy, as every one who has he*rd them will agreo. To night they commence their f>?nth week with a splendid bill. Mi'iicai. Illustrations ok Hhakkspkare.?T is entertainment will certainly be attractive. S i are, to be sure, ha* been served up in many dlff ways on the stage in tbis city; sometimes admiral it other times but indifferently ; and, indeed, m i'a acting goes, it would be scarcely ftlr to expect t mlnent actors filling every cbar?oter in his playi- a unluckily eminent actors ere not so plenty; and allowing that the prinoipal characters are well 6- Unrated, it is always unpleasant to see the inequ uich is so apparent on the stage, when the can ting draw i s pmc ur are ineflloiently represented Vow the entertainment proi ected by Mr. Lynne oh 111 this; be purposes to give readings or severs re beautiful passages from different plays, ai .panics these with remarks ; aud as lllustr. great poet, he bas engaged the servioes of l inent vuoalists, who will slog various passagr i j s and odes, which have been adapted to mum i English masters. We may mention that the loi. dies and gentlemen compose the band of vooalists, viz : Mesd. E Loder, S A Jones, and Mies De Luce, Messrs Andrews, and S. L. Leacb. The chorns is seleoted from among tbe members of the American Musical Institute. The first entertainment will takeplaoe to inerrow evening. Law Intelligence. Uptited Statics Circuit Couiit, Dec. 4 ?Present the circuit and District Judges?Decisions?Lori?e Mtitt. 4'C , vi- Sun Mutual Imurance Co ; Jattjth H. Taher, vt. Tht tame. ? Loring SUigi ft. The Grntral Mutual Imuranc* Co.?Judge Nelson stated, the Court disagreed as regarded thtlr decision on the motion for a new trial. A bill of exceptions was, however, taken on the trial, and the defendants would have the benefit of them. The verdicts were taken subjeot to adjustment of the amount. If counsel desire the adjustment before judgment is effeoted, th?y oan go before Judge Belts and dettle the amount. Motion for new trial denied. Thtmat Promr aga nil Levi nni Moiei Cook?This was a motion in a patent oase. for a new trial, made by the defendants; the ground taken was, that the patent was bad on its face Judge Nelson ?We think the patent on the face of it is good,and that the Invention la for a new manufacture; and, therefore, within the provisions ot the patent laws Another objeotlon was taken at the trial and renewed on the argument, namely, that the Court erred in admitting the declarations of the patentee on the question of priority. The patentee told of the discovery he had made to the witness, and it was objreted that that evidence was incompetent We think that it was evidence only of a simple fact, showing that he was at a paitlcul&r time master of the .invention, which is only evidence that as far back as thut period he hed made the discovery; it turns out that he wai the inventor of It It is thereiore, proof of the time the disoovery was made only. It sp peared in the course of the trial, that the patentee had never manufactured any of the article in thin country, and. also, that ho had never manuf>ntur?i< It In mi country abroad. bat that he we tit Into the market where the article wm manufactured under the patent procured by hi* brother in England, and purchased it there and imported it here, and upon thin state of the case, it is objected that the patent does not protect the articin in the hands of the patentee in this country, that the claim In elf act is, a claim for a monopoly of Importation in the ale of the artiole from abroad in this country; which is not within the scope of the patent laws. It appears that the English patentee procured 1 he article to be manufactured in England by one partiouiar house, and that plaintiff has furnished New York and other cities in the United States with it, and defendant has procured the article in the saine way, by importing it into this country. Now tbe question Id, has the plaintiff a right to go into the market and bring the artiole into this country, and exolude all others from dealing in it ? We think he has not that right secured to him by tbe patent, and on that ground, we grant a new trial, oos's to abide the nt Trinidad Qurtuit adi. Stephen Jlrnold,'I. nl?Tbls ? WtUUgUV WM ? V/UUVI BUV IUI kUR BI1V UI BUiy? founded upon a written agreement, bearing date in Ootober, 1846, entered Into between the parties (the defendant anting lor and on behalf of the government of Spain,) whereDy the plaintiff* agreed to srll to the Bald government or Spain a ship with all her furniture, taokle, ko , an she then la; in the harbor of Philadelphia, for and in consideration of the snm of $49 000. to be 1 paid when the eaid chip wan examined, Hie., each party blndlDg himself and hi? heirs, be , In the penal sum of $40U0 to perform said agreement. The action is brought ' by the Arnolds on this agreement to rocover the pur- 1 nhaee money The defendant demurs on the ground 1 that the oont.ract was executed by defendant as agent 1 of the .Spanish government, and that he is, therefore, > not personally liable for the purchase money I but It ia I clearly settled by the Supreme Court and the Court of < Errors, that m between individuals,,the agent, In order < to bind the principal upon the execution of an instrument, must execute it in the name of his principal ; if * not, the principal, is not bound, nor is the gent bound I personally ; but if he signs and seals wit h hi* own name > and seal, he Is bound personally, and the principal Is < not; but it Is said this case Is taken out of tbls rule; that defendant was a public agent, and that although he had signed it with his own name and seal, yet Inasmuch as It was known th?t he executed as an agent for bis govern- | Dent, it takes him out of this rule -Dexfsrvs Hodges, ( reported In Cranch." I have looked Into tbo several au < Lhoritiee, both in this country and in England, and I Lbinx this rule is limited to the time while acting in their public capacity, and this defendant does net profees to be government officer, but states himself to be limply an agent of tha general government to pnrchase this article, and that he had authority from his govern ment to make the purchase ; that he was merely appointed agent for this particular purpose, and executed the contract In his own name, and bluds himself and hU heirs It teem* to an. therefore, that the demurrer is not well taken. Judgment for plaintiffs on demurrer. Hogg and Delatnaiei adi. Emtmnn?There is a provision in the act of 193d, authorizing tbe Judge of ibe Circuit Court, in bis discri<tion, to allow a writ of error (notwithstanding the recovery fell short) to review the ca'e, by tbe Court above. 1 um reluctant to a'low a writ of error, but as there are, perhaps, com* questions in tha case wbiob ought to be reviewed by the supreme Court. I am, therefore, equally reluctaut to refuse a review of those questions by that tribunal, when respectable Bounsel express a desire thut they should be reviewed. 1 am, therefore, inclined to allow the writ of error in a ijualiQed manner, but I am inolibed to restrict the parti?? to certain questions, and thst the case should be pubmttiod ou written argument! before tbe first of February next. and. also, that the plaintiff in error should give security for oosts. Execuios of Ecklord adi. Untied Slatei.? Wilirn vi. Pucker ?Those two esses are reserved for further consideration. Ltjdia A. Justice. vs Israel S. Tucker.? In this oaae, which was tried on Wednesday last before Judge Ingraham, after tbe defendant's counsel bal finished the opi-niDg of tbe defendant's esse, plaintiff's counsel stood up anu said that every allegation made by defendant's counsel in respect to the plaintiff and her frailly, waa fslee and unfounded. In the hurry of drawing up the report, the reporter omitted to state this Net, but added at the bottom of the report the words, "this Is the (Jetsudant's version of the case.'' Coubt or okrotbal Simons.?The December term of this court commences at II o'clock, thia forenoon. By the politeness of Mr. Deputy Keeper Lindon,of the Ulty i'risou. we give the following list of prisoners returned by the Keeper to tbe Court of Seasons for the December term, who are now in prison awaiting their trialMurder, 1 ; burglary, 3 ; grand larceny, 14 ; riot, 1; bastardy. 3 ; petit laroeny, U ; indecent, exposure of t prion, 1 ; bigamy, 9 : wttaMMMi 3 | abandoning?, i | , wdoniy, I | ftttwupl if f?p*. JI Wm 1, FpWIV ( | nil I 11 I I II ? II <| Cltjr Intelligent*. Tut Board or Health.?A mae'log of the boifd ?M bald on Saturday at tha City Hall We understand the ebjsct of the meeting waato take into consideration the draft of a bill to amend an aot passed at th* latt (radon of tb? Legislature. for the regulation of Immigrant passengers, the sixth section of which transfers the tnmagemen' of the Marine Hospital, on Staten Itland. tram the Board of Health to the commissioners of emigration A oommlttee aa? appointed to inquire and report whether the bill, if passed, would deprive the board of any, and whet, .powers now vested in th?m by law The 19th section of tha new bill, if passed, will commend itsrlf to the public. It will .forever put a stop to the Irauds and nefarious practice* so lohg carried on with impunity by some of the boarding bonss keepers of this city. The section referred to reads aa follows : ? "All persons keeping boarding houses in the city of New York for the purpose of boarding emigrants, shall be required to bare license from the Mayor of said eity for said purpose, and eaoh person so licensed shall pay the sum of $'2o per annum, and shall give bonds satisfactory to said Mayor, with one or more sureties in the penal sum of 9500 for their good behavior, and the said Mayor is hereby authorised to revoke said lioense for cause ? livery keeper of such boarding house shall cause to be kept conspicuously posted in the public rooms ef suoh house,the rates or prices which will be charged for whatever they may havs to furnish or sell, In the English. German, French and Welsh languages; and if they shall oharge and receive, or retain the baggage of suoh emigrants, to enforce payment of a greater sum than the rates or prloee posted In their houses, the offending party shall be deprived of tbeir license and be punished, by floe, not less than $50 and not exceeding 9100, to be recovered by the Commissioners of Emigration." Common Council.?The Board of Aldermen hold* forth in regular meeting this evening. Police Intelligence. Charge of Qrand Lar tny ?Officer M'ClolUnoe.of the 19th ward, arres'ed on Saturday night, Ellen Sherwood, alia* French Louisa, together with Daniel J onus and Elisabeth Holt, on a charge of robbing Benjamin O. Welle of a gold natch and. chain, valued at $100, and a pair of spectacles, while in a hous* of disrepute, situated at No. 43 Lauren* street On the arrest of the aocuied parties, the property was found in their possession. Committed by Justioe Mrrrltt for examination. " Dropping''' <m u Dutchman.?Two pooket book "droppers" oame the "drop" on ft Dutchman, by the namo of John Back man, while promenading along Wast street, near Washington Market, and for the book filled with, worthless Ulobe Bank bill*, the simple Dutchman was Induoed to give up bis watob, worth about $10. Soon after, finding out hi* mistake, hu applied to Justioe Osborne, who at onoe dirpatohed one of bis vigilant officers, Mr. Crosett, who, in lees than an hour afterwards, recovered the watob, and chased the ' droppers" over to Jersey, where the ratcals remain, ftfTald to return to the city. Violent Jit mult.?Jacob Smith was arrested, on Saturday night, for violently assaulting ?*d beating his wife. Locked up for trial Charge of Stabbing.--Offloer Thomas, of the 10th ward, arrested on Saturday night, a man oalled John Jennings, on a charge of stabbing with a knifs Michael Hoffman, lnfliotiog a severe wound. Looked up for trial by Justice Merrltt. Stealing Sega eg.?Offloers FuUIinan and Holland, of the 4th ward, arrested, on Saturday night, a man oalled John Doll, on a charge of stealing 3000 segars, valued at $30, lrom the store of Mr Gottab*rger, corner of Chambers-street and Centre. Justioe Osborne looked him up for trial. * Till Thief.?Officer Dwyer, of the 1st ward, arrested, n Saturday, ft fellow called Oeorge Williams, who was detected in stealing 40o. lrom the money-drawer of Englehart Breham. Looked up by Justioe Osborne fbr trial. A Dithuneit Relation.?Officer Throckmorton of the 14th ward, arrested, on Saturday night, a young woman by the name of Sarah Knox, on a charge of stealing $70 from her aunt, Mrs. Catherine Buckley, residing at No. SO Howard-ntrrxt Oi starching tlis person of the ftcoused. the mijor part of the money was recovered, ftl4 on wr. mcjr n LIIU IIUV. |UCiri HI1J lUJtir^O DCIOrS J US" tlcn Kh mi. (the wan discharged from custody. hand f ircr/iy.-Officers 3te]ihun*on and Wooldnd?e,bf th?6th ward, arretted, on Saturday night, a woman oailud Auiand* Wray, oa a charge or robbing Wm. Van Houghton of $45, while Ina home of prostitution in Klizebeth-streat. Justice Osborne looked her up for a further hearing. Juvenile. Thi-tti ? Two boy?, about 14 years of age, by the namea of John Iograham and John OMlrlen, were arrested yesterday on a charge ?f stealing $29 In bank bills, belonging to John W. Melmner, No. 240 Greehwichstreet. Justice Osborne locked them both up for trial. American irt Union, Mr. Editor?in the last four yeara the Art Uuion has purchased of me but two piotures -one last year,and one this present year; and yet, In theirlistof prises, distributed last December, may be found three others, and this year they have bought from some indivldual,already, two more pictures. Now, 1 protest most solemnly against this injustice ; against this clandestine manner of getting my pictures, it is a uireot injury to me professionally; inasmuch as they have secured these pie- ' tures, at lower priees than I oan afford to paint them for, and neither party has at any time condescended to oonsult me about the matter. I was under the impression (nay, Indeed,! a in certain.) that, at onetime, it was a standing role with the Art Union, not to purchase piotures unless they were bona fide the property of the artist. Your obedient servant, THOMAS DOUGHTY. Slavery in Fkench Guiana.?On the llrh of December, last year, we brought to the notict of our readers the legislative proceedings In the Freaoh colony of Qui ma, consequent upon the reoent laws of the Krench Home Uoverument for modifying and rega iming ine lonuuuion 01 aiavery in tba Krenob oolontea. We ?re now indebted to Capt Cbeever, of (ha brig Oaaelle, for oopiee of fartb?r legislative proceedings of tha Colonial Council. At tb? i?Hion of tba 81at 01 Augoat, a series of propoaitlona vara offere4 by Mamra Saovage and St tiuantin, aa the g?n-ral basis ot a new plan of colonization and emancipation, for Kraneb (lulna Tba report goaa into muoh detail ; bat tne following ara ita principal features : ? I'he inhabitants of Franob Guiana will accept tba Immediate emancipation of their flares, and will give th-.ir aotlre aupport to that measure, on tha following conditions : By the taint act whioh ahall proclaim emancipation to Uuiana, there aball be allowed, by the parent atata, an indemnity of tbirteon hundred aod seventy five franca for each slave, of all ?g*? and sexes, exiating in tha colony. [ l'hla estimate is the medium value, officially ascertained ] Oi the amount of thia indemnity, two-thlrda ahall ba paid to the proprictora. The remainder ahall form a common fund to secure tha Introduction of bound laborers into tba colony. The laborers destined for tha cultnra of tht aotl ahall be drawn principally from Aala and Africa ; bnt lab rera designed for tbe direction of the oultlvatora, fco., may be brought from Europe. Eaoh nronrietor ahall bave tha right to receive the tatae number of bound laborers that ha possessed of slaves. On tba day wnea emancipation *h*U ba proclaimed, those hitherto slaved shall be subjected to an engagement of fifteen, years, and ihall remain attached, until tba oampietion ot thin engagement, to the establishments to which tbey respectively belong. The main propositions were accompanied with ample details; the whole being referred to a ojmmitteeof the council, who reported upon tba subject at tba Octob.r lewion. Tba report goes into tbe subject at great length, and presents the following oonolueioca:? If it were possible to oonsider this qaestioa abstractly from its luture consequences, It would ba easy to say, from tbe oolonial point of view? 1st Tha 81 ate grants to each proprietor of slaves an Indemnity equal to tba value of said slaves, and of tba property to which they ara attached. 3d. Emancipation is proelalmed In tha French colonies. From the metropolitan point of view, tba formula would be still more easy. 'IVe following edict would ba luffloient: ? Emancipation ii Proclaimed in (A< FrmcK Colonial. Tbe committee on a lull view of the plan, submlttad tj Messrs. Nauvage and St. Quantln. observes that It proposes to attain two objeots:?1st. In accomplishing he great measure of emancipation in Uuiana, to reduce k inn fth ? noaithU tHn awrv- neua w? metropolitan government, In order to give to the proirietors an Indemnity which they would oonaider sufficient. 2d. To favor, with no other sacrifice, r reiult aa lesirable a? the llrst?the development of colonization. The committee And the combination* proposed for ;he attainment of thli double end, acceptable. The plan has the advantage of emancipating from the oolo3intn, and of presenting not only no Impossibility, but aot even any serious difficulty of execution.? Saltm Qom?U*. Thk Norwegians in Wisconsin.?We learn, 'roin the Milwaukie Sentinel and Gazette, that the Norwegians of Kacine oouoiy held a meeting on the Hh instant, at whioh it waa resolved, that the Norwegian population of Wisconsin numbered about 16,000, md was therefore entitled to Ave delegates in the oonrentlon soon to assemble, to frame a Slate constitution ror the territory. They nominated two of their number, Vlessrs. Reymert and Krogh, as delegates from Raoine, ind farther resolved, that they would not support the candidates of any politioal party, whose constituent* ibould not support their candidates at the ensuing eleo ion We regret this move. Nothing Is mora to be ieprecated. In a country like ours, than clanship, or *x>lu*ive political organizations, baaed upon the accident >f bir h Sush tidit.gR und to keep alive tod strengthen ojurioua prejudices, anil prevent that fueling of nationility which should be aherisbed by every Amerioan eltisen, whether native or adopted We want do Norwe;ian Storthing, Uerman Diet, or Irlnti Parliament in our ) iiQiry, and if men from beyond the *ea oo t>e her* lo if joy the benefit of our cheap noil, and rocIhI and politi>*l institutions, they should deport tbemirlves ?o ai not ,o arouse jealou?i?r and heart-burning* The mere faot hat the Norwegian*, or any other olaaa of immigrant* rom foreign countries, band themRelves together aa iurh u<geRta tne Idwa that, not content with tha privilege* iciord-d them a* citiiti r. tboy aim at Romethirg beyond, ind provokes counter organisation*, opens the door to lemngoguery on both sides, and reaultR in the rule of a corrupt faction, that will wield the power, thus obtained, eoklesa of the consequenceR to the .State so the Individual advanosment of Its members can be promoted. )n this Norwegian move In WlioonRin, the Stntiml mnd fitzcti' comments, with muoh point and truth, u folows: ?Kvery political organitatlon. whether origilatlng with native or adopted oitiz'ns, whish tends to teep three two classes of our population distinct and ipart from each other, Is wrong in itself, and injurious n its results The Norwegiens in our ter; Itory, like ither portions of our people, are entitled to all the inluence, both in and out oi our legieiative hails, that belr numherR. their industry, and their moral worth lea?rvt; but this Inlliieuoi* shunt J be exerted by them, lot ?r an organised body banded together by the tie of i common birth-place, but as IndiTldual citizens. and in dr.ue of ih? right* freely accorded to them, In this, the ?nd of tfctlr adoption "?HuJ]all Currier. Santa Martha.?We hwvfiles of ihe Mercantile Gazette, jmblislied ut Smta Martha, to he 2<\ ult. No qrW9, Wt ?rr under obligations oC*pt*in Tleoly. of brig Towphinc, for a iiftfply >i r*'