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HUH New York, January l't_J P. M. BY BLKCTRIC TKLKUHAPII. Another Letter from General Taylor. Philadelphia, Jan. 13?10 o'clock 33 min. The following letter has jnst been received from "Old Rough and Ready":? Baton Rocok, Li., Dec. 30. GlNTLKMKN ? Your polite communication of the 17th instant, in whioh I am kindly invited to participate with you in your celebration of the approaching anniversary of the victory of New Oaleane, did not reach me until this morning. Although now ijulte too late for me to reach your city by the appointed time, I deem it nroDer to state, that had your letter reacted me at an earlier date, I ebuuld yet, I regret to say, have been uuable to accept your kind invitation. Private matters of much iniportattce to me, and the fact that my professional services are at any moment at the disposal of the governmcat, render it necessary and proper, that during my short leave of absence from duty, I should remsln in this vicinity. De plear 1, therefore, gentlemen, to convey to my fellow citizens of Philadelphia, my sincere acknowledgements far this undeserved evidence of their kind consideration, and my great regret that I am uuable to maka these acknowledgments to them in person, as 1 am thus compelled to forego the pleasure of meeting you on this Interesting occasion. I beg that you will acoept in my stead, the following sentiment : ? " The city of Philadelphia?The devoted patriotism Of her citizens illuminate the brightest pages of our national history." For yourselves, gentlemen, be pleased to acoept the assurances of my esteem, and believe me to be Very respectfully, Vour obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR, Major Oensral U. S. A. One Week Lathi from South America.? We have received by the bark Stella, Captain Oliver, files of the Journal de Commercio to the 26th of November, inclusive. * eruauy, we leuru wiai uapiuiu oiringnam, itiie of the eliip-of-the-line Ohio, is coming liome in the bark Kirkland, which vessel was to sail from Rio Janeiro onihe 2nd December. He was succeeded in the command by Captain Taylor, who went out puesenger in the Frigate Braudywine, for the purpose. The Ohio was to leave for (lie Pacific in ten days. Our files of the Journal are quite barren of political news, containing no accounts from Montevideo or Buenos Ayres. For the information of our medical readers to whom and the public generally, it is by no means divested of interest. We translate the following account of a purely domestic occurrence, by which it will be seen that the contest between homeopathy and allopathy is raging hotly ut Rio Janeiro. On the 18'h ult. died Mr. Leitas, jr , at Nictheroy. His body was carried next day to the cathedral lor burial. The ceremony was about to proceed, when an anonymous letter wus received, stating that Mr. Leitas hid been poisonedThe poison wus aconite, or wolfsbane, administered by an homeopathic practitioner, two hours before his death. The doctor was arrested, and the body opened and examined. Several black spots were seen on the int-stines, indicating the action of a strong poison. The homa>pathist ofiered to drink up his own medicine, but wms not permitted; a dose, however, was given to a cat, and the cat is still living The affair is still undecided, and is a subject of agitation and talk for alljlio Janeiro. The following, relating to the blockade of Buenos Ayres, is the latest we have from that quarter, dated Nov. 7th. The French have one tte. nisliip, one corvette, and six or seven smaljer craft, all lully armed, and are keeping up a strict blockade, both upon ships coming in, as well as going out. Notwithstanding all their efforts, however, several vessels are always at different timesgetting in and out, under skilful.captains, at times when wind and tide favor tliem. " The "Two Friends," which brings tins account, got out alter being twice chased back by the French. The Belgique, from Rio, ran aground in an attempt to get in, in sight of the blockaders. City Intelligence. Fine ?A Are broke out apout P o'clock, this morning. in the paprr-hanging and paper-box manufactory,oornrr of UraDd and Clinton streets. Tbe Are spread with great rapidity, and it was not until the upper story of the bouse, together with its contents, were entirely destroyed. that tbe tlames could he subdued. Tbe stock an 1 turnlture in tbe lower part or tbe bouse were very much damaged by water Loss $4,000. upon which there was an insurance of $3,000. Tbe origin of the Ore is supposed to bare been accidental. iiohhibli: Death.?A oolored woman named Kllxa King, residing at No. th"> Cross street. Ml into the Are in a At last night, and was burned to death before any assistance could be obtained. CITY TIIADK UK PORT New Voiik, Jan. 1:5?2 P. M. Asiiks?The market is firm this morning for pots at the advance noticed yesterday. Sales of 150 bbis at $5 <>3i a $5 75. Pearls are firm and in f?tir demand at #7. * ui iui^?a ii-ic was uui nine uuuig mis morniiiR. Suits yesterday of 7 or S00 bales at steady prices. Hi.ocr, &c.?There is a steady home demand for flour at ?6 00 a 6 12j for common brands of State and Western, and a good inquiry for ex. port at ?5 75 for tlie same description, but dealers, generally, will not submit to any abatement, and the salts are email. Of pure (ienessec, small lots changed hands at 25 a 0 37i, but no aonsidrruble sales could be made at those prices. Salts of Fancy at >6 50 a 6 and Extra at ?7 00 a 7 25. In Southern there is but little doing. Limited -a'es ol Alexandria at ?6 37t, at which the market is heavy. Hye llonr is scarce, nnd sin ill sales are done at ?180 a 4 b'2t. Buck wneat Hour if iirm ana enieuuie at .yz uw a Z Z-"> per 100 lbs , and $ I 00 a 4 31 per l>bl, and (?2k a 73 cts p^r bag of 23 lbs. Grain.?The market is firm for wheat, we no tice a good demand for export and milling ? S.i'es yesterday of 8 or 10,000 bushels at ft' 1 23 a SI 30 for mixed Ohio, #133 for prime white Michigan at ft I 13 for Western and New Orleans Corn is in moderate demand at btiu tin cents, for new Southern and Jersey, and 70 a 71 cents for mixed old. Ilye is firm and r'ot plenty?limited sales at 87 a 88 cent*, and delived. liarley is inactive, but little prime offering, which is held at 83 a 90 cents. Oats are steady and saleable at 11 a l(ic. for Jersey; 18 a 50e. for river; and 30 a 52c lor canal. Provisions?There if a better d- mir-.d Ii r mess Pork, with sales of 200 bbls in I f > ..? hi 73 for old and #11 75 for new; in old and <w prime, there is nothing of importance ooing. Ileef is steady nnd in moderate demand at former prices. Ihitier if steady, ami sub-able ? i hoi . c is heavy, but considerable sales a making at 0 a tor (tasks, and a 8< 1 r box* E NE" EVENING E Whiskky?The market in <|uiet 111 the absence ol uny considerable arrivals, the sales are small, at Jti cents lor fetate Prison, and small lots ol drudge at the same price. SHIPPING I.VTKM.IGENCK. Arrived This l)ny. St i i r.ilei ine, Jotiuanu. New Orle*u?, to Kroit It Hfki. Hliii, S muel Hicks, N*w Ottawa, to K K Colliu* Bark Z Ritw, Liveimore.St Mark*. to Stureei,Cleaim-n It c.o Brig L Baldwin, Bnuett, Savannah, to Dunham It Diuny. Stock Bichangt. $5000 Treat Notes fl'a 987* 5000 do 95)4 7 0 do 99 'a 5010 do '56 95>* 9C01 do 9l7* 9000 ll'iuoiu In Imp,'17 24 H000 do >30 99)2 11000 Reading Bond* 65 2000 Stale 6'? '62 M0>.( 25 ah* tlliuou Rank 10 4000 U S 6'* '62 92.'* 50 Heading RR >90 591* 100-0 do MKtd 150 do 591* 2000 do '67 99V* 100 do 59^ 5000 do '56 97)4 50 do >30 59*? 70C0 Ohio 6'a '60 9')>t 100 Karmara' Trntt 257* Portrait op General Taylor.?The follow incr pleusant and graphic "pen-and-ink sketch" of General Taylor, is from the able pen of the Rev. Dr. Wiglitman, senior editor of the Southern Christian Advocate:?Daybreak overtook us just below Uaton Kouge, on the left bank of the river. We have passed during the night that moat picturesque portion of the river culled the coast. The alluvial margin on both sides of the river spreads in breadth from four hundred yards to a mile and a half. It is the garden snot of the United States. Sugar plantations touch each other, and elegant residences stretch out as far as the eye can follow the bold curves of the river After the run of 150 miles, the Mississippi looks not a whit narrower than at New Orleaus ; its average width is about three-quarters of a mile. At Baton Rouge, where we toutjj a few minutes to take in passengers, there stands, in company with two or three oilier gentlemen, an elderly, plain looking man, who, alter u brief leavetaking, comes on board. We shove off, the breakfast bell rings, and we find our way to the table. I observed thut the entrance of our new fellow-voyager occasioned a subdued remark, and brought upon him the curious glances < i several spectators? and whispering to the clerk, who was about to take the head of the table. 1 asked who he was. " General Taylor," was the reply. "Indeed!" Lucky chance, thought 1, that threw rne on board this cralt There wa? the veritable " Bough uud Ready" sitting opnoj site me, sipping tiis coflee ; the most remarkable mm, in many respects, in the Western hemisphere. i had missed the gorgeous spectacle of his New Orleans reception?the most magnificent affair which had ever shaken that city with excitement; but vastly better, I had him now where 1 could nee nnd Mtudv the mnn?n unnn whose name belongs to history, and whose achievements place hint side by side with the great captains of the world. The first thing that struck me was his simplicity, an unfailing attribute orf' true greatness. lie ate, and talked, and carried himself with the unstudied ease of a little child. You would have supposed him some plain country gentleman, who dreamed not ol attracting a look or calling out a remark. All right in that line; thought 1, but how different looking and better looking than the million of lithograph likenesses which stare you in the face at the shop windows and every where else ! There is in the living original none of that extreme b.cadtb between the chin and the hack of the head, very little of tne protrusion ol the lower lip, to be found in the lithographs. In a word, they are n bundle of caricatures, one and all. He is precisely the height of your present correspondent; has a considerable sprinkle ol gray hairs, is 62 years of Hgr, erect and firm when 011 nis feet, with one of the kindliest expressions of face you ever saw. He had on a common blue frock coat with flat buttons, the covering of which was worn off, showing that it belonged to ?n nrrlpr nf fliinnru whirh nauuprl flivaw anmu two or three years ego. Still his dress as a whole was sulliciently becoming, though exhibiting no trace whatever of the military. As we rose irom the breakfast table I was introduced to the old hero. 1 told liirn I was troni South Carolina, and rejoiced in the good fortune which had allowed me to see him and tell him how much ilie people of my native State honored and loved' him. His eyes tilled with tears as he thook my hand warmly ; and 1 saw that the simple assurance of love could affect profoundly a man who faced the storm of battle with a nerve that never j moved. His conversation exhibited flne,_ clear, j common tense, without the slightest tinge ot any sort of affectation or personal vanity, In the course of the day. tie gave me the details of the great battle of Buena Vista, the key to all the ' successes ot the American arms in Mexico. Had that field been lost, the. fate of the war would have been entirely different, even though indomitable courage might in its long run have cut its way to the Mexican capital, 'lliat victory, won against odds so vast, gave a prcstigr to American valor that made the subsequent battles comparatively easy affairs. Hut I must put a curb upon my galloping pen, or you will never see the-end of this eputle. The General re maiiieu Willi us until inter preanidbi me next morning, and was landed at his own residence, on tne river, some distance above Natchez. I smiled to see the republican simplicity with which a couple of' his negroes, lield hands, who happened tone at the lantlinu, walked up as lie got <>n shore, and shook hatfps with him without dolling hat or cap, and the agression of delight with which they looked into his lace as he spoke kindly and familiarly to them. Our engine hell rung as soon as he touched the shore, and we were off. Fire in Cai.ais and Loss of Like.?At Calais, Me., January 5, the dye-hoube and stable occupied by Columbus Cooper were entirely destroyed. Six horses, besides carriages, harness, &c., were burned. A girl about twelve years old was suffocated in one of the upper rooms. Mr. Cooper, after getting out his wife and child, returned for the members of his family to the attic, and came near losing his lile in the attempt. He was found insensible on the stairs, as was also his wile's sister in a room near by. Insurance i on the house for $2,200?Mr. Cooper's loss is about $1,200.?Boston Courier. ILLINOIS LANDS.?JOS. SCI1I1<KKllSTKIN. of Jasper Ccuuly, l'liues. mi ageut for lltr sale and settlement of lands in Illinois, will be at tlie Merchants' Hotel, II CourtI unit street, below Broad way, from the llth to the 16th of Jau , and will be happy to meet any persons interested in Illinois lands. Keftr to Messrs. Thos. L. Davis, Lewis B.Binsse, aud 1 l.aae II Ueci ! 'PU THE CITIZENS OK NKIV YO?K. MKit 1 s < H sNTS AN O THK 1UBLIC U EN Ell ALLY? We present our ihauks for the r>pid increase of our business; a d which by our continued ell'?rts to satisfy you, an t that nur rslsh nin-nf line u ilh rtuiiinriHe rvneu?ri been iiihiIs known find for your conveniencs to merit your continued pat ouage. AnO, to othersMMWWil ed Willi BliVf nr* mMTI , in .1 ylnu it you want any ar icle of M'dicme, I'elumery, Cosmetic tin., tlia you car not find so estenuve and cheap an assortment as ut 121 Kulton st'cet No article but those of established good reinte iud genuine, will ever be sold or re- | coiiiDiended. WYaTT it KET'"H*M, wholesale and retail agents for the following:? Dr. I'phnn's 1'ile Electa try, warranted ui ell eases; L)r. Vv ood's Snrsapunlla i and Wild Cherry Unlets; Dr. Van /mat's Pills; Wii tit's balsam Wild Cherry ; Ay.es' cherry Pecor.il; Doll's 8aria|iarilla; Tompson's Syiup Tar and Wood Nsptha; 1 Swayme's Syrup Wild Cherry; Davis's Syrup Wild Cheiry and Tar; Ilerri'k's Meiticines; Jones's Ame.iean li?- i Itgouge. and Dr. William's Pills for Kver and Ague; linn, * Linitncut; \Vhitw ell's Catarrh iinnir aud Op deldoc; j 1 tileuu's I'erlumery, Hair Oil< and Cosmrtirs; Foster's Moun- I tain Cnmpnu id for the Heir; D) er's Medicines: Wadswartli's , Wild Cherry dlossrm Deutif.ice and Worm Killer, together with ever? article of patent Medicine, Perfumery, Cosmetics, itc.nl the Proprietors lowest puce . Ifvouareat a loss to know where to liud su-li aiticles, you nave only to call at | Wyatt it Ketcha i.'s, 121 Fnl.on street, three doors east of Natseti nd you are sure to h'id ihem. DH WISTAIPH BALSAM OK wild) rilKRKl in \ , a chutncsl eitrac of W ild r herry nnd Tar. Keerybcdy j knows that Wild Cherry p isaesses itnpjrtaut in-d.cunl propert ei; and Tar Water as al.ays been aumuustered in 1 | Con uinptlon.siiil Lung airec ioiit geueially, by our i Meat and i fc:t i tiTsicinus Various remedies, it is true, It re bren of* lered and puff d into notice fur the enre of diseases of the iungi, Fnd some have been found no iloiib, very us?fn', but of 1 all that hare yet been dtscuveied it is ad" itted by ihyairi.ius. at auccea-l?ul it* this. Kor Aaihmi. bhotvucti n( breath, aud imnar >ffecti>iia, it inay be pronounced a positive cart, it I hit cured Asthma in inauv cases ol ten a id twenty years , standing. after |i|i) siciana li i<1 declared the case be rued the reach nf medicine. Thi? Balaam is made from mitfthla I whi It Nature line rlaced iu all northern latitudes as an nutiih le lor ducasej rattled l> cold clinntra ' Nattre i? but the n*ine f r an '(Tret whn?e came ta Ood " Let n? not net ret | her plattieit dictue None genuine uuleee agned I. BUTTS, | in thewraip r. fold wholesa'e ai d tetail bv Mr en a. A B. Ml) Simla, too kulton at, < or. William, and by the drugi gials ite erilly. 1 BOSTON COUUII CONFECTION ?I Ma cetel.-atrd aud well linown ariicle hat been in eitenaive uae lor mt te 1 than twelve yeart. with the are teat a-'cr.-aa Itawrlltat b : |.>hed reputation in curing couvhi, colda, lioaraenraa, bron ' < l> 11a nun all pttltnor.nty e mplanis render" it utiueteas ty t > eiilvrge upon it" inertia. I la only to be -tided. that it la the o initial, ami only genuine Cough Candy, ami the only one w I ich a u illy e .ntu in nugli Uaiaam Sp'cinl i i Si t"'e?The pttbltr ar info m*d that Meaara R ttahton fc c > II I ger the agenta f >1 the aale of tint > ,,,|>r , ? hut j that the genuine e >n be btained only of the fi>|>wj.g duly .i luted agenta: Henry Joh ecu, J7:t Hrou'way, (reoeril " i I. S Id alio by A. L. \V iiilhin 77 Fast Di-adway and ( diluglon. ttll Hudson a vet. A'ao. Whitwtll'a Original Opmeldoc?I'rice ti eruta. The ' ear poaaitle cure fur ihenrr.atiim,eriron tproina Me Hewaieol initationa. Hold geuu ne only by H. Johuton, 111 U oadway.and Sands, 100 Fallen I BLASl l.NO i'OWbhK, ot aotyitir ultiiitv, and paleut 1 afely fuse, for e?l? bv ?,D kV.MIL) M. IOC AN, Agent | i Iroua Hitm fowder Mill. *7 Wall moot. W Y C DITION, NEW Texan Affairs. Ujr the ateamahip Yacht, Captain Crane, arrived ye terday from Ualveaton, we hare fllea or the papera fro that city to the itfth ult, inclusive. Major Usche haa been elected Senator from Ualveetc county in the reom of J. K. MoKinney, resigned Ti Legislature met at Austin, for the dispatch ot buslnes on the 13th ult. J. VV Henderson, of IIarris, was > leo ed Speaker, receiving thirty-four votes egalnst twent; four for General Lamar. On the 14th ult. the Senate organized. On the evei ing of the lftth, the two houses met and re-elected Uei Houston as Senator in Congress for six years, lie r ceived sixty-nine votes, the balance being thrown off c various individuals. General Wood is elected Oovernor; Mr. Greer Lieu Governor. Gov Ilemieraon's Message to the Legislature is pu listiedln fflw OaleetfMl Nrtei of the :16th ult The G vernor having fought for or in the war now wiites t< it. Alter adverting to the provocations of Mexio which brought about the war, ne goes on to say: " But why should I recur to facts which are so fam liar to you all ? It is not necessary to make an argi inent to justify this war belore the people of Texa We have all seen and felt the injustice ot Mexico, ai fully justify every aot of our government towards thi people If we could consent to take any exception! the course pursued, It would be against the forbearani shown ty our government, und its long submission I the repeated insults offered to our ministers sent t treat with Mexico for an amicable adjustment all disputes between the two nations; a ooun which was dictated doubtless by feelings of hi inanity towards a vain and weak people. It is the priv lege, and it Is the duty of every oltiaen, to oppose ti commencement or declaration of a war, which he b lieves to be urjust or unnecessary, for war la at all tim an evil, wbich should be avoided as long as forbearani is not the greater evil, but It is the duty of every oil /.en, whatever may be his opinion in regard to the n cesslty or justness of the war, to give to his governmei bis support, whenever she voluntarily, or by compulslo engages in such a contest; and I sincerely hope and b llev# that there is no oitisen of Texaw's* last to his ow interest and duty, or whose mind is so deeply imbui with treason, as to be opposed to the vigorous prnseoi lion of this war, or to refuse to aid in the prosecution i any other, which his Government may think proper i enter into, whether it is wagsd in defence of his own ii dividual rights, or in the protection of the sp nning jei nies ot abolitinuists " Aftrr expressing his surprise that some oommuniti irf* the North, who are constantly und violently d nouncing the war as unnecessary, UDjust, unholy, ai immoral?assailing acd denouncing the executive oft] Union for prosecuting it, and invoking the bitterest mi fortunes upon ail who favor or engage in it? th are, he says, the first who have raised a dispute regard to the disposition which shall be made ine territory ivDicQ mey anticipate will be conquer au<l retained by our government, and that they shou claim the right of appropriating auch territory to th? own exclusive use. It would seem, be adds, to be mo consistent with their expressed feeling of holy horror this war, if they should declare that they will n -v pollute themselves by placing their feet upon soil th acquired, nor pocket one dollar of its prooeeds. What right, he again asks, has the people of one po tion of the Slates to pass laws regulating and contrc Ing the rights of the citizens of another State, whei those who make such laws have no rights as oitiseni The South does not ask the Congress of the Unite States to interfere, directly or indireotly, through legi lation or otherwlee. either to establish or abolish slavei in any territory. All that we ask, Is, t at the republ oan principle of self-government shell not be abridge or trampled upon; that the people of each Territory at State shall be lett to pass laws suitable to their ow taste and happiness, restrained so far only as they bai expressly parted with their political powers by the eoi slitotiou of the United States Th? fnTfffoirff -TtraefH will al*e our renftern an Governor J I'luckney Henderson's message. Toe inauguration of the Governor and Lieut. Gove nor took piaoe on the 21st ultimo, with the usual cer monies. The remains of Capt. Walker were expeoted to arri' on the 33d ult , and committees hive been appointed t the Legislature to make eu table arrangements for the reception with appiopriate honors. The Supreme Court is now in session at Austin We learn that the official returns of the reoent oensu mutt the wbele population of Texas 140 OOo Gen Lamar, wbo is a member of the House of Repr sent-tives from Loradn, has Introduced the follown resolutions before tbat body: ? A joint resolution, protesting against the rslinqnis! ment to Mexioo of the country south and west of tl Rio Grande, conquered by and in possession of the Un ted States. Read first lime A joint resolution, respecting the incorporation of portion of the conquered provioces or stutes of the r public of Mexico into the State of Texas, with the oo s>nt of the United States, and resecting a cession of portion of the northern part ot Texas to the Unit Statee. Read first time. The anniversary ot St John the Kvangelint was oe! brated in Houston by the Maao lo Fraternity, on tl 37th ult., by a procession, eto. The Catholio Cathedral at Galveston is near finished. J he total cost of it will he from $25,000 (311.000. The orirnn la contracted for, and fa (o be bul In Galveston, at $3000. A dock and oblmu of bells wl lie obtained from Germany. A uew Methodist Kpiscopal Church was dedicated i Austin on Saturday, the ltith ult A democratic meeting waa held at San Augustine < the 11th ult.,when Major David G Hardlt g wasoalii to the chair, and a series of resolutions were passed, d QUDcUt >r; of the opponents of the present war. A similar meeting was to have been held at Hun1 ville on , Christmas day. Oen Ilum ton was to addrc the assemblage. The members of the Independent Order of Odd Ft lows residing in Houston, received the body of the U (.apt Walker, as it came up from Galveston, with b coming honors : they then escorted it out of the ci' on its way to Han Antonio After which, they passed series of resolutions, expressive of th?tr eete-m and r gret for the deceased.?(V O. HUti.Jdt 4. ARMY INTELLIGENCE. A late number of the ( iocinnn'i Commtrrial at; that the regiment of Michigan Volunteers (apirtii of which passed here yesterday and the day previously is complete; and the remaining companies now ^ii tered at Detroit, will follow their comrades in a few usy naval intelligence The naval court mattial, which was to hav* b*en hel at the navy yard, for the trial of Commnnder Pinokne is postponed sine die. Generals Quitman and Shields.?Our cit r.ens have had iin opportunity of seeing and i welcoming these two distinguished heroes froi the war Gen. Quitman appea rs to be about till years of age. fits hair, and his Mexican bean as he calls if, are silvered over with gray, live a casual observer would be struck by his liri ilinire Mild nrftimrtlnini llm uif u.i.l k,i-.nn are ihnse of the polished gentleman, and sueli i might lead one at first siglit to suppose that li was better suited to figure at the court than i tin camp, lint there is a manly and determine expression about his face and features, and a tin martial air lighting up his countenance, partiei larly when in pretence of the troopa, that we befit the man who rushed at the head of h division into the gates of Mexico, and first plan ed, with his own hands, the standard of hiscoui try upon the once imperial city. Hen. i^uitma will win golden opinions wherever he goes, n< only for his own gallant services, which hat been so handsomely acknowledged by lleneri Scott, but for his unostentatious demeanor, an lor the generous appreciation lie feels and e: presses tor the other brave commanders, win like himself, have won unfading laurels in tf. war. This I lit is u trait ot magnanimity thj cannot be too highly estimated. Gen. Shields is a much younger man?appi r ntly about 518 or 89 years of age. He is sma lerot stature, but ofcompact and well knit (rutin His quick, decided manner, and his fine, Hashir eye, indicate the impetuous courage thai has n ready won for him the title of one of the brave of the brave. "He is very difficult to mana^ in battle, even when wounded," Hiiid Genoti [Quitman, in pleasant allusion to his ruling agin unexpectedly into action, with Ins arm in a slim after having his wound dressed. The official r ports show "that he was always in front of tl line of battle, and at the head ol the charg Nor is the General any more at fault with 11 tongue than Ins sworu. His public addressi display great tact and address, and an easy ton nutnd of the ideas and words tunable to the 01 ctisian. Whether it be owing to his youth < Ins bachelorship, we know not and s<v no': bi certain n is, the General found much favor i ihe eyes of the lrtdk'8. A henutilul satin slill for his arm, on embroidered decoration for h cap, garlands and wreethe without count, attc the interest wiili which the fair regarded tl: brave !?Chareliton Xcu a. Dec 27. The Weather. Yesterday was as cold as the tli^rmometf re would a mlt some of them being too short to aocommodate tl decadence of the mercury On the Troy road, we tear th" mercury atojd 2I decrees below aero At the ra road depot at K.aat Albany. It was QJ degrees below sei st 7 A M In Troy It marked Is degrees below, ar In this cliy It fell to 17 degrees at <he .drgut aountli room and Stanwix Hall. .Monday night is said to ha' been the coldest since 1840, wh.n on the 17th of Kel ruary the thermometer stood ?t 23 degrees below '43, Its lowest point reached was 14 degrees below, ( iu" 111 u or r eiruiry .Tin iny .'/< g i/?. ,/uti 13. At Boston, on Monday nuht, ihe weather ??? tl coldest flint bad bean experienced hrre fit tliirtet years. In Jannnry. I83.V there bain* a large body nnow on the ground, ihe thermometer stcod oae raor Ing at thirteen drprera In low sero \ asterday mornli It wu at tai below at sunrise. and at nice o'clock stood at flye below In State street. In the a.i.xrnoo the wind changed to the South, and the weather begi H moderate, so that at Are o'clock the thermometer * at sixteen above In Milton, yesterday morning, it wi eleven degrees, and in Maiden, fourteen below ^ero. llmron ulitm, Jan. 13, At Portland, Me..on tbe lutb Inst,at sumlre,tl thermometer marked tw > dense* below sero, and tl WMttef ww teleawtf eoid nil 4a;. )RK I YORK, JANU1 I'oUtlcal Ir.lclllgt'nce. * Gk.n Cast in Michiuan.?The NU't R'puhlic?n ? placed the d?m? ot Gtmeral ( ass at the brad of its columns on Now Vear's day, as the democratic csndl'? date for the next 1'reaidonoy The Michigan Stats (,'ou> rention is to meet on the id of kebruary. at Lansing. > the new capital, when it is probable that ('ass delegates t* will be nominated or elected to the National Conven r- tion. An aim, in Ki.okida.?'The Hon Joseph B. Lancaster a' hat been elected Judae tor the Houthern Circuit of 11 Florida A hill ratabUgbiug a common achool gjgteui, " ban ragged both brannhea of the Florida I.eglalature. Not Haro to Pli-aur ?The whlga of Stephenaon t ocunty, Ildnoia, held a meeting lately at Freeport. and after other buainegg had been aenompliahed, regolved, |j. " That we ?hall gladly do battle agalnat. looofoonlsm. unn. der the lead of either Henry Clay, (len. Taylor, Gen lr Scott, John McLean, or any other good and tried whig. 0 duly designated by the whig party as their candidate for the Preaideney." lJ. Orru'tbi ok the New Jer?et Leoiilatkre ?The a. pergone heretofore mentioned in the Herald aa having ? been nominated lu whig caucua, were duly elected and l(j rpolnt'd on Tueaday, yi/.John < Suiallwood, < f Gloucester county. Speaker ; Philip J Gray, of'Camden. t0 Seoretary, and \V. B Grover. of Kage*. Kngrosaing je ' lerk cf the Senate; John W. C. Kvana, of Burlington. Speaker ; A M. Cummlnga, of Meroer, Clerk, and Mogeg 0 T tVebb, of Mercer, F.ngroaalng Clerk of the ilnnae Canaiia Erection.?The Montreal Herald ot the ?ith g* glvea the returna of forty-one membera, vir JI mintaj. terlal, l'J oppoaitlon and one doubtful j. Gen Tati.oh and the Legislature ok Kentucky.? le The regolution to invite Gen Taylor to vialt Kentucky R. has piaaed both bousea, uuanlmoualy. ra : je Affairs in Massachusetts.? Governor's ;l- Message ? Governor Uriels delivered his mes - sage hefore the Legislature ot' Massachusetts on it ,u:. 11.1. i o... ?i... <> ?:r.. iiir- inn iiihi nun imiuuiij^' uir vrry xmuiy J?' ing condition" <>l tlie State's finances, lie devotes rn considerable space to the subject of common d school-1, of the prosperity of which lie draws n ii. flattering picture. The railroads, benevolent inof slitutions, and prisons, all meet with a favorable to notice us to their modes of manifgeinent, and the n" results attained by each in their appropriate tt" sphere About a <|iiarter of the message is devoM ted to the subject of the war. He says:? ? But for the unhappy war, which still continues held tween our country and Mexico, the last yenr would have lie been one cf general ami un lloyrd prosperity to the pen is- pie of this North American republic Though in that sy war, the scene of action and of sutf.rlng has been transin ferred from our own territory to that of anotfcar counof try, yet the news of victory, an the borders, and in the ed interior of Mexico, has brought with it sorrow and woe Id tothoueand* of bereaved ones, whose friends have fallen lir in i attle. When shall the sword cease to devour, and re the blood cf our own citizens, ami that of the citizens of at our sister republic, cease to flow ? No human foresight er can predict that auspicious day. If the result of this us war is to be the conquest of the whole, or a large portion of 'he territory of Mexico, and its annexation to this re r- public, the consequences to be apprehended from such a >1- result.to the peace and harmony of the United States. re are far more appalling Iban the war Itself ine i ? question, whether the eonquered territory shall he >d free or slave territory, aud In due time formed s- into free or slave-holding States, already stirs up J the minds of men. and of States. In different secI tlons of this Union There are indications, which canid not be mistaken, that, if this momentous question is id forced upon the country, aud its decision rendered neu cessary, by the aouession of foreign territory, those who re will take sides upon it are determined not to recede from a- their position. Since the adoption of the federal ronstl tutlon, foreign territory has been annexed to the United of States, out of which five slave States have been formed and admitted into the Union ; and one of thosn States r- embraces territory enough for as many more. By their o- oooupation and pursuits, and by their unalterable opinions upon the political and moral nature of the Institu re tlon of slavery, the people of the free States are as effeo>7 tually excluded from the common occupancy of a slave >r Srate. as the holders of slaves are from living in a free Stste. Is it right and just, for the friends of that instl tutlon to press the arquisit'on of more territory, to be l>. oarvelout into slave States? In the assertion of their own rights snd In vindication of what they regard as the e- spirit of the constltu'ion of the United States, and of the 'g great truth, proclaimed to the world In the Declaration of Independence, that 'all men are created equal," it- ought not the people of the free States to say to them: le We desire no more territory ; and if you ins'st upon it li- and will ha e It. when It comes. It must be free territory' 1'ossesslrg a country large, enough in extent, for hun * dreds of generation* yet to come, with the fate of nation* e- maddened by the luet of conquest spread out before us n- on the pages of history; with the 'orebodlog of that in" ternal excitement and that fearful sect'onai array of ed parties determined not to yield their ground upon qucgti ins which have heretofore shaken this noble (Jni?n to e its centre, in full prospect, if new territory is tobeacquir tic ed. is it patriotic, is it wise, for our national oonnctls to push on this unfortunate war for purposes of conquest ? ly Wnether the territory of the eDemy ehail be conquered to under the name of indemnity, or in tbe epirit of arabi'Ion grasping f)>r morn domain, when possessed, the ques11 ' ion. shall it be free or slave territory, must be met and settled. I hazard nothing in sayiog that the grest body at of the people of this republic desire peace with Mexinn ?a peace just and honorable to both parti"*. It would >n be neither juai nor honorable in our government, to d"?d mand from Mexico. In her weak and distracted ton,11ie tlon, any terms of arrangement that it would not demand of a nation in all rerpecle our equal and with tf- which such a nation oou'. l not with self-respect comp'y tea The records of the past show that unrestrained power nlwtiyshasa specious pret-xt for its lawless exercise .1. r_: i.,,1 t I. 1.1 II P?l. t? ,li??.?ml A LSIT lit< u. Iiiunumr, J, .tiu.-lll^uur, le part#, agonizing under the otud wrong# indicted upon >e h?r by her p'underers. is a melancholy illustration of yi thi# truth. The author# of ber Injutlce have brought a upon themselves the endless detestation of mankind, e- If thi# government should, beoauso it ha# the physical power to do #o, march on to the subjugation or disinembermont of Mexico, or wring from b-r t?rm? which it would nothave demanded from that illustrious and pow f# erful nation with which we had. jus previous to thi# >n war, arranged a difficulty of more complexity than that ), existing between us end Mexico, it would b ing upon r- thi# republic the deserved reproach of all just men, and '#. be sure in the progress of our existence, to call down upon us, or upon our children, the retributive Id justice of heaven All the glory which heroic de d# y and unsurpassed valor can acquire, In such a war with such an enemy, has oeen acquired by our brave oountryiaeu; hut that glory hss been won by a vast I- outlay of treasure and a melancholy sacrifice of ll human life. Through the obanuels of trad" and of comII nterce, our expended millions may again be brought back y to enrioh our citizens; but those regiments and bri J g-tdes, of dauntless and vigorous young men, who b tve ' poured out their blood upon a foreign soil, or died of " disease under a hostile climate, will return no ni're for ie ever The monarch# and despots of Kurops look with Sf a strange and intense lu'erest upon this contest betwt en is the two principal republics of the new world That auie gust tribunal, the tribunal of mankind, out of respect to ll whose opinions our lathers, when th,y commenced their l(j struggle for independence felt bound to declare the rassons whloh impelled tbern to take up arm# against the parent country, will pass judgment upon the sufficiency 'i of the causes which have |pd us, now, when we are a numerous and powerful people, to prosecute a war is against a feeble and poor neighbor. And that Supreme t- ltuler of the world and Searcher of hearts, to whom they (I- appealed for the rectitude of their intentions, and for ,n the justice of their cause, will hold this people respon, rible for all the misery, blood, an 1 guilt, of this war which they might hare prevented, or which they may now prevent, by observing, in their conduct towards *1 Mexico, that divino rule of action, binding alike upon '1 individuals and upon nations, of " doing unto others as K- we would that others should do unto us '' In couutries n, whose rulers have usurped the government, and tramI,, pled upon the rights of the jeople, the responsibility ol I w ar. and of other governmental acts, is throwu lrom the people upon their rulers Uut, in u government like ours, where publio offlesrs are the chosen agents of the people, though those agents are amenable to their conslitueuts for their official conduot, when that conduct is e. approved by the people, the responsibility rests on them ig That the goverumentof Mexico owts a debt of some live |. or six millions of dollars to the citizens of this country st which, by the laws ot sa' ior s.it is bound to pay. and which ought to have been paid long ago. dors not admit id a doubt It is equally true. that, at the time of the 111 rupture of the friendly relations between the two governII niente. that debt was in the process of adjustment. Is if, it entirely clear that, in the differences between us, we t'- have been quite faultless on our part.and that there are i<> no wrongs on our part of which she has a right to com0. plain' Kach government charges upon the other the jH first act ot war. If she. as is alleged, struck the first Mow, and we returned it In oar defence, have we. as the stronger party, carried ibe war no farther than, by the ju?t principles of defensive war, we wight carry It? II t" hostilities were commenced, or are cnotlnued on out >r part, because Mexico failed or neglected to pay an honest in ueui, or to cniuiu** ntr lor au insult onerou 10 our go n vernmsiit, In refusing to receive and accredit oar puollo li; minister, in ij not the wisdom and the humanity of the ^ policy ot expendlog aeventy-flve or a hundred intlli"ua of dollars. In prosenuting such a debt, find of sserlfietn ten thousand Urea in repenting such nu inault. lie grave'* ' ly called in questim' The whole auhjeot of tIda ?ar belongs to the people of the United State* Their Interest and character are deeply involved In It. What I* paat of it belongs to history, what l< to come, depends upon ^ their government, and upon themselves. .? Love, Jealousy, asd Attkmpt ro Mubdfr.? ro At Whtto Plains, Al?., on the 26tli Dec., Miss id Dlnura Brewer was shot, and severely, it not ig fatally wounded, by n young man named tiooney, re who, according to liis own confession, had otlerh ed his hand to (lie young lady, and as slip hnd Id refused him. he determined no other should eall ,n her wile. He prepared lamselt with two pistols, le went to n cotton field where the young laity was alone, nnd immediately on declaring his interior nun, shot her down with one pistol, and then u- liisd the other alter she fell. One ball entered 'ft her breast, (he other her hip. He then went to " the house of h neighbor? told what lie hid don??gave upthe pie t oIr, and mud lie desired to ^ he hung. He also plead guilty, as charged, he^ fore ihe committing magistrate. The onlv rea_ son given by the prisoner for the horrid ant, was, that he had desired to marry tho git I, hut she would not liiiVc linn, and lie p;t ten d to kil: iter ' i? rather than she should Income the wile ol j ??oth?r.?MebUt lipoid and Tritom$t Jm> 4> | IER A RY 13, 1848. City Intel* Igt'iMM'. Si hooi.i in Nitw York ?Muoh is s?IJ in this day bout education. I'erhaps more is said than is done We wtra going oyer In the ferry boat to Wllliamsburgh yesterday, and on board the boat, we nottoed several boys returning from school It seems their patents send them orerto New York to school, paylDg a commutation of five dollars a year for the ferriage, which Is the half price for young persons We were curious to know how they managed in New York with their schools, and accordingly we addressed ourselves to a young lad ahout 14 to 10 years of ag-, returning from school with satchel on his back, who very politely r> plied to the questions put to him The youth of this country are gueral'y very amiable, and we love the simplicity and unsophisticated honesty of youthful conversation Now here wis e a sprightly, intelligent lad, who if his time bad been H properly engaged at school ought at his ago to be readtug Virgil and Horace, Cicero and Hallnst, and In Oreek. ' perhaps Thucydides. having uln a iy goue through Homer, Xenopbon, and Demosthenes In mathematics he ought at his age to have gone through at least the three (li st books of Kuolid, and the Tutor a Assistant ought to be familiar to hlm.ln nil its rules,being gene through several times. Well : we enquired of the youth, what do you leurn ' " Oh. all sorts of things " Do you learn Latin ? " No " Do yon leavn Oreek ! ' N'o " Do you learn mathematics! "No." Do you learn Krench! "No" Well then what do you learn ! * Oh, we learu to " read, write, and cipher " Now here Is education, and ? ; 11 pretty education it in?all that might be learnt ot <' an old wumnn at tit a week, teaching out of the horu 1 book Out then they add nominally to tbia, which they ' call an Kngliah education, geography, aetronomy, che- J mlatry, eto. And what doee all thia amount to ' It ia ? mere Kngliah reading. The children read, without un- 1 derstanding a word, something about aetronomy, che- I miatry. eto , and this mere reading lemon is ostentatious- * ly called ' studying chemistry, geolegy. mineralogy." and what not. It ta mere humbug. However, hh the J lad learnt "ciphering" we were curious to know how tar ? ho had gone. We asked, ttierefore. What are you in, in r ciphering? "In Long Division. Mr " Ilaveyou gone no t further? "No,air" How loug have you l>ceu to this t school? " Six jpontha, air " So here ia a lad, intclli- ? gent, ac.ute, cepable ol learning, if they would only traoh j him, and uiake bitn learn.who ban been aix montha, and has got no further than l.ong Division ! Now, we would t advise his parents to save their live dollars for ferringo, , and send him to some old woman:s school in the village, | sure. he would learn as much as ha can learn in New j York, whore it takes six months to >?rin<? m boy ou to I.ong Divii-ion. When a boy goes to school from the age of seven till fourteen, and is taught nothing hut reading, writing and arithmetic, seven yearn ot his life are wssted in learning almost nothing In the same space of time, with proper discipline, he might acquire the classics and mathematics, besides reading. writing, and arithmetic, which might be thrown into the bargain for nothing. The former are useful, not on their own account, but because they exercise the mind, oblige fixed attention, call the reaeoniug powers into exercise. ( and employ the time .usefully, which would be wasted idly. We are inclined to the opinion that our modern schools are a mere? Tiir. Wks rtiiR?The weather yesterday wasconsidurably warmer than the two previous days, and was very pleasant. The wind was low and the air braciog and healthy. By reference to the following, it will be seen that the corresponding date of the last year, wasoolder than yesterday 0, A. M. 14, M. 6, r M. 1849, January 11th. ... 44 31 33 1847, " " .... 16 44 41 1846, " " .... 34 40 37 The Thiiuiometeii?We learnt a ourious fact yesterday, in conversation with an intelligent oitiseu of New York, as we were warming ourselves at the e'ove while waiting for that slowest aud most tedious of ell conveyance, the Williamsburg ferry boat. This gentle man, it appears, has kept and noticed for sixteen years past several sell regulating thermometeis. and the cu rlous fact of which he informed us is this, viz that through ut the year, and it is invariably the case, on the north side of New York, it la in winter seven degrees colder thau on the east side, and in summer in the same places, seven degrees warmer We were told for instance, that this ditferenee has been observe*) to prevail regularly at the foot of 14th street, up town, aud the foot of Pikettreet, down towu At the Utter I place in summer, it is seven degrees cooler than it is a* r the former, while the reverse takes place in winter. This P is a curious fact?that in the same city. In two different u places, not far from each other, there should be regular o ly the enormous difference of seven degrees iu the tern- ? perature of the atmosphere We are almost. howev?r, ^ "t'rald to mention the fact, for fear the landlords (whose B ciiniditv is insatiable, and their houses unfit to iro inio till the tenant mattes hem habitable at hie own expend") ? ebould raise their tenants' rente in both places, becausof the greater warmth in one, and the eupertor coolness ? in the other The l'aot, however, Is ett&blished by re- f peated experience. * ? Ice on the Pavement.? We would caul ion the iu- " habitants against the practice of allowing water to be H spilt on the pathway! In some of the streets, the pave- e mrnt Is so covered with Ice as to render a passare f through them actually dangerous to life and limb We 1 were quite aroused the other morning. In walking along ( Spring street, to observe a ycung lady with two parcels. P attempting to pass one of these places. No sooner had she set toot on the lee than it slipped, and In saving her- ' * self, down tumbled one of the paokog -a, exposing very beautifully to view, the recruitments of a larder, ooa- '< I s'.stlng of eggs, and a number of other etceteras It as rather ? ssrio-comio affair, and was borne b/ tils lady with t e utmost good huuv.r. Much scenes are not unfrrquent, and though amusing to others, are by no means so to the suflsrer. j National Reform.?A preliminary meeting of the f leading Iriends of this measure took place last tfniig, > at the house of Mr. M T. O'Connor, No J7 Ontre st , c Mr David Marsble in the chair. .Mr. J MoClatohy t acted as Secretary. A series of resolutions, which will f be prrsrnted for adoption a* the meeting to be held this , evening, at the Lyceum, Broadway, were unanimously ( approved of < The object cf the meeting is to take into consideration the propriely cf adopting the Agrarian laws upon , the same basis as that upon whioh the Greek and lto- , man republios had been established. We fully sympathise with ill" working classes in their attempt to bet ter their condition. The meetirg this evening pr< raises to be a la: go one. Kibe ?A Cro brok out on Tuesday night, in the millinery establishment of Daniel iloyt. No it Lewis street, (i and the entire stock, worth $S00? entirely destroyed. British Protects e Kmiohait Society's Concert. We would again remind our readers that this entertalu- ( ment comes cfl to-morrow evening at the Tabernacle ? c We trust that the fivor of the public will b? extended largely towards aiding the charitable funds of this excellent society. Pardoned ? Patrick Me Quads, who was convicted * some time ago of reooiving icolen go ids. and senten-ed to live years imprisonment iu the State prison we understand has been pardoned by Governor Voting Accident.?A pair ol'vaiuable horses was attached to a carriage or ina nnapt unisn. wnun inrouva ivcn L Street, laH on Tuesday al'teritooo, accidentally tell into t a hole cut for the purpose of oonnectlug a private sewer. The carriage wm very much damaged, and the ' borars had to be hoist-d out by a derrick. The drive, escaped uninjulred The carri-ige and horses, we 1-aru, belonged to a (gentleman living in New Jersey, who was a then having them conveyed home. 0 Ship Kk*kk?This malignant disease prevails to a great extent in the city, there being cases of it iu ' almost ev'ry <|uarter. There are now several of the " policemen 01 the tbir 1 ward, lying dangerously ill with it, anj a number of the citis*ns sre attackel with it t The upper part of the city, particularly in the 15th and Id h wards, is infect"d with the Ire epidemic At the ^ prisent t!m? there are only about til y cases of the disease at liellevue Hospital but thst may be easily ac counted lor, from the tact that most of ihn emigrants 1 are detained at the Marine Hospital where there are at ' this time upwards of six hundred cases, one of whom is n Dr. Saowden, the physician to the hospital Police Intelligence. v Insanity ?A boy about 17 years of age. by the riatn<of Michael McLocblfn. residing with his mother in I hea c tre Alley, made a desperate attempt, yesterday, to stab u bis mother with a knife, while laboring under an abi rration of mind H* wa?. luckily, arrested before effecting w his design, and taken to the second ward station hou;? y for safe keeping. Destructive Kir.e ?On the niyht of the 1st j inst., a fire, which r> milted in a fjreat destruction of property, took place iu Albany , (ia It oommeuced lu a two story brick building, on the corn r of Broad and Washington streets, the lower psrl of which was occupied by M<-eer*. Hunt 4c Pynchon as a dry goods store, and by t apt Newman us a billiard ro.uu and on tec tienary, the upper floor u?ed for law offices and a Masonic lodge The height ot the building, as wi ll as the e extent of the tire on the roof at the lime of it* discovery, presented an attempt to extiueuisli It The ef- t forts cf our cit i -ns sere, therefore, directed to saving r what it nod* they might be able froui the stores, bloving ] up building* in the l>ne of the ti c. and -protecting the , building* on trie opposite nun 01 tne eirei-ir. i urine continued It* c urso. however. down Broad street. to- . wiids the river. to tbn Cl'y Motel, the lMt bouse ou that '' side of the atriet, and up Washington street, to the < livery stable, consuming a warehouse and several small c buildings Mad our city been lurnlshed with eogiu<* r the Ore could have been extinguished aooner; but sttua- (l ted as wa were, our cltlaeoa labored almost to exhau* a twn, without bring able to accomplish much, \uiong I the strangers who rendered their assis ance. and deserve the tbsnka of our oltij-os, we notlcej rapt. Bu bs, of ;l the Magnolia, who rendered good service la blowing up [ tbe bui'diogs. thereby lessening ( be danger on the oppo- li site side of the street. A gentleman inlorms ns 'hat the a explosion in blowing up tbe buildings wits heard twenty- J live miles I'hn stimsteg of lo-s ?re? .Mr. HunJi.ll, of ^ Connecticut. f> ??'00. insiiraooe >1600; Jesse Tucker, (i fclloiJO: Welch and Nelson, oruugls s >140; .Masonic ,i Lodge Mill Chapter, f400; II j l ock's aoilih'a thop. " MOQj W \V Mull frill, I, Him llltl v Nilea, fnOOO; I ! urn? II Kip ;, fini.it; L S n brim. ' >7010; >1 "ri Wall ifelder, fieriI> A Va?. u'a I ? office, fK'oo Mr Vaitott Infi rm? in ho haaa echednle 1< ot all the court papera lie had in oi? po?a?'?ion, ninl j?ili u bo able to retatluh them John Sinallrn about >7"0; t| lira. IMoklnpon and Nelaon, about >:t00; Hunt and I'ynebon, tMOU Thcpe gentlemen ware fortunate enough to aare all their hooka, ptgvre. and money Tboinaa 11, a Villi* )B I S n, cf N V . f "<> partly in ureil; lifter 1 an>i Hailed l?, of ,N x., partly utuied; I', J G 8troier, >iuiu; U. O Kenton, $000: Wiu Uloyer of v [ Aufuata, |*W, I be total low 1* Mt 4ewU ?t ' LD. iitw liitflllKtneci HirrnrMK loom. Inn |'j - .Special Term ? Befora lude" Kdoioinls Tl" l',o; i? rr rtl. 4*a/uiain On/fln >? IVtllnim Slrrtr nml nlh,r,, tiuittn ? Tbl* U a ?ult >atw?en the relator, ?a on? of the tninlafereot thaMatholist Kpircopal nhurch. and the defendant* aa tmrtaaa )f one of the aocietie* ofthechurah in Brooklyn. ManUniiiH *?? i?rnr I anniH innntha atne?, commanding tba lefendantit to admit the relator to thn uae o? tha pulpit >f the aooiety, hi paator and preacher, or to ahow oanaa ?hy they did not The defendant* bare mad* a return; in1' the relator. I>T hi* conned. **ck* in nii??h i? --A nnves fur a peremptory mandamus, ou the ground that h?r turn is not a sufficient answer to the writ Messrs. ) I,"on and Asa ';hl!d, nn behalfof the relator, insisted hat the religious societies composing the body of the ihurch. are especially protected by I iw, end that by the (institution and dlseipliue of the church, It* ministers re all united In one connection?that the bishop* are lected officers, and hv the express agreement of all parone joining the church, are rested with authority ta liefrthute annually the ministers among the societies ; hat the pulpit in the I entensry Society in Brooklyn, coming vacant in May last, Mr. Ilrlffln was appointed s the preacher, ami of right should occupy the pulpit ; hat defendants having Interrupted him. and not having hown cause for such interruption, be was entitled to a eremptorv writ to admit him. Messrs [)ik"man and Jreenwond. lor the defendants contended that the society n Brooklyn, was not a society ot this church ; that the Isliop hail no power to appoint a minister for them rlthout their consent ; that'hey. as trustees, had emiloved us minister another person, and deuiod that Mr. iritHn ha l a right to lie admitted as be claimed Thla ase isoneofiiuportar.ee to the great body of the Methods!. Kplecopal church, as it involves lis whole polity mil the respective rights ot ministers and trustees ? ['h* argument was concluded to-day by Mr I.ono on belalf of the relator. The decision will be given at an urly day. C'mci'it Coi'kt?Before Judge Morse ? Sirphtn Jl. ^rest. vt John H /luicce.?This was an action of asuinpsit. to recover tlm balance due on a promissory lote for f3II It appeared that defendant purchased wo parcels of lend In franklin county, in this State, on he Utb of October, 1H10, trom n Mrs >*?oraa Bown, ind that he gave the note in question as a part of the uirchnse money. The uute was afcerwards passed to lie plain! ill' 'I he defence w?s, first, that Mrs Bown?s .itle wi'H defective, inasmuch as upwards of 300 aorea of me of the parcels whs conveyed to another person, and hat the whole was subject to a mortgage Seoondly, hat Mrs. Bown and the defendant hart bud a meeting, md upon explaining to her that her title was defective, he said she would give up the note ; that it was in the lands of her son-In-law, who would give it up whrn -lalld upon; and thirdly, that plaintiff did not get possesion of the note tint I after it became due It was therein* suhj?ct to the same equities between the plaintiff nd defendant as it would in* between Mrs Bown and lie defendant Counsel farther coutend"d that at alt vents they would be entitled to recover the sum now laiuied against the damegea they sustained by reason if the defect, in the title. The Judge held that the only I. fence uvaiiable in the present form of action was the igreeinent between Mrs Bown arid the defendant to ;ive up the note ; hut the evidence did not show that hat agreement was perfected The defendant had his run-uy ?KHiDHr, virs. uowu, ior a nreacn or ner warranv deed lie, therefore, directed the Jury to flod for tbe ilaintilf. The jury accordingly found a verdict for plain.'ff forfiOl autject to the exception of defendant'! oounel to the Judge's instructions. For plaintiff, Mr. Glf'ord Common Pur si ? Before Judge l.'lshoeffer ?J" An Taper i)? Jam'i O ?Tills was an action to rsoorer damages for a breach of oovenant. On tbe 14th of ilay, 18.19. the plaintiff being tbeu Id years of sge, was lound apprentice to the defendant, who Is a brass founler for tour years, eleven months and nineteen days, nth the consent of his mother and llobert Taylor, hen one of the special justices, to learn the art and rade of a brass found-r The indenture contained i covenant on the part of the mater, that he would use lis best endeavors to Instruct his apprentice la tbe art ind myste-y of nis trad-; that he would also give htm toard and lodging during the term, and allow him (30 i year in lieu of clothing v , and also give him four lUtrtera schooling at h night school The plaintiff al>-g"S that defendant did not Instruct him according to im covenant. having only instruo ed him in a particular ranch of the trade, namely, the manufacturing and lolishtng brRss fur umbrella', and lefc him in total Ignoance of all (he other branches of it The defendant leaded the general issue. nod gave notice that be mould ive in evidence a variety ot matter to abow that he did ouipiy wiih his oovennni The jury, however, fouod verdict lor the plaintiff for 1>360. For plaintiff, Mr E. tndford uud Mr. De Kline; fur dekndant Mr. N. B. Hunt. Court Cf ortfrit si-sfioia ?B?fore Recorder Soott, nd Aldermen Del-arrest end Kelly. Tnml for Hur, ia>y ?Charles Walker, altos Wallace, nd John .VcKarlen. were placed at the bar. yesterday, or trial, on an Indictment for having on the 31st of Soember last, broken into the store of Roderick Sedg ick. No 131 Canal street, and stealing >400 worth of nods, consisting of rthbons, gloves. See The trial waa i) tinned until a late hour list evening, when the jury >und the accused gutlty, and the court sentenced -Valker to foury-ars and nine months; and McFarlandto our years and three months imprisonment In the State rison Coi r r Cai csms?This Day? Circuit Court? Nos. 5,93, 47, 61. 34, 66. 67. 69. Ill. 63. 6 I 61 66, 66. 67 C ?ion f'tras First Part?16 137.146 14', 149. 161. 161, 53 137. 169. First Part- /CO, 6 8. 10, 3.14. 18. 86, 76, 30, 1. 34, 36, 48, 48, 63, 6(1, 61, 66, 343, 108, 85, 3,64, 4, 69, Si rni Me Cot;a r OK thk T.nitkd 8tiTtl, Jen, II, 1848. -No. lot). Junnthan IV ami Thninai Nnmith vs. Thamai J. Sheldnn. et al. On n certificate of division in opinion rom the Citcuit Court, United States for Mlohlgan. dr. Cbl*f .luvtice Taney delivered the opinion of the lourt, disuniting tbis caui", ?r I remanding the same to ho said Circuit Court?No .It. Ilihmd King, tt al., ilaintilft in error, v?. TI.e United Statu. The argunent 01 this cau?e was concluded by Mr (tilpin for the liaintilla in error.?Adjourn-d till to-morrow at eleven >'clock. The President if the United N'a'es hi?s remitted the orfeiture in the matter of the bark Royal Saxon, an '.Dgllsh vessel, that wag seized at Philadelphia a abort ima sine?, for conveying more than a etrtaio number t passengers. MUct'llaiicoat. The Sandy and Beaver canal, In Pennsylvania, la Inisbed.nnd will be ready for navigation aa soon aa he we-B'her permits. Tho North Carolina Conference of the Methodlat '.piscopul Church was to meet in Wilmington, N. C , n the l ith inst The email pox ie said to he extending over the ncrtlia-iteru portion of the State of VVruiont, where it hra >rovril tutal in many instance i aiedonia, Orange, ,od Washington counties ore iDf-oted with it., An Irish row broke out at the new city at Hadlay 1 alls, last i vscing, and * military company was called ut from Northampton to cjuell It. Th? disturbance Tew out oi k Jirue lur uigncr Ksgfii. i ?? ouin oumi??t and a constable were severely hurt. The work* ?t he city have been suspended this week past, In codmuenoe of the strike among the Iri'h.?o.'tfon Trantript, Jan II. The telegraph line between here and Chicago is now II finished and in wrklng order By every stsge, the perabors are expected.? Mihvnukie paper, D'C. dH. The population of Madison, Wisconsin, according to he c nsus just taken, is I lot) In June, 1848, it wee Jii?a handsotiiC in r ale. A Wu i Dkskrvkr Compi,im*.vt?A public dinner il 0 bo given lu Washington to .Midshipman llcgeis. An Kn^lisbman nain -d I'latte was killed in Adams, Iocs., on Tuesday last, while felliug trees in the fcrest. During the year It H there will be six eclipses, four of ha sun, nud two ol the incoo .March 5th. a partial clipsa of the sun. visible March I'th, a total eolipaa 1 the moon partially visible. April 3d. eclipsa of the uii . invisible August J^th, another eclipse of the tun, nvisibla September Idth. a total eclipse of the moon, isibl? September d7th, eclipse of the sun, invisible It is snM by e i*r< narr-ri that s return of ringre's omet, which appeared in A D. ldbtand A. D 1658, i?y be exp cted this year. Mr and Miss Wemyss hava roturnsd to Cincinnati, here they seem to be especial favorites, this being their aird engagement in that city within a year la 11 Knllur-sa 'he Northern mall failed at Charleston, Jan 8th. 11 * ' ' in p irt at Charles on, ' 7ch. ? " " " " " at Raleigh, N. C., ' 8th. " " " " at Savannah, ' flth. at Augusta, Oa , " 8tb. Worth n Thought. 1r. Editor:? In your paper < t yestcrdav, "M." recommends reform in our city government tor the conetde ation of th- meetit j; <<n the 221 proximo, at toe .'nbertifele, anJ to that end, suggests emanctpa* ion from piny and political trammels Tins is .i thing worrhy the mint cordial approbation ct all good cmz us. L>ur how is it to be ceomplnhfd 1 By union of parties, or by aclamation r?t the people ! The method usually sported to in Midi en.-" t is to -elect some of the Id political hacks from different parties, in uch counterbalancing proportions, us that nether can boast a nnni nc.il advantage ; in siiort, n union ticket. Is 'his course to be adopted, or re the people to take tin-matter in their own lands, as tt-ey huve the |>ero ol Burna Vista, nd make personal, not political, merit, the st.uiard ' Nominees upon uu union ticket are usu11 y nc reed upon and settled by tne select few? he wire-pullers?oi the dirt-rent psrti-s. und In n tlie dear people are kuidiy called upou to nte m humble submission. It the citizens nre > lie called upon to vote tor individuals h-iviug n other quality ill u being atauach ptrty incn I t ' C tl III III ' 11 (1 litem, as IS i?I' Ulllli ... ici?, in all ju?ticr, let that be the Int. But in ir?r timed, wlieu ?ueli contrary principle* are dvoc.itciJ; when we have Mexican* without nd Mexican* within our border*, the manage(icnt 11 cur city, no !*? than et our rommon ouutry, should be put into 'he hand* it tc?a vi.il a. v ! -. I,!.* mliiur.o; whu.e,"