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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 22, 1848, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1848-01-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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ADVERTISEMENTS NEW EVERT MORNING.
DARK THEATRE-QRAND CHANGE OF FK&A
FORMANCK?Mruri. SANDS. LtNT k CO. 8
American Circa*. The fall**t and moit t?l?nt?d c.ropcnr m
th? woild, i* bow pcifarminc nifhtly m the aborc e.ubli.hmtut.
I he tronpe it compoeed of ^entiemen aodUdiee who
ell itifid first in their rosDecUte bu?uiete. end the feme of the
dancing hors-s and trained pouiss is as wide sptead aa it 11
deterred. Second week ?f Haraandet. Fust week of new
Pantomime, Every attraction in one grand bill. Clowaa, Pentland,
Lathrop and Gardner Dreaa Circle and Parquttte, M
ceuta; 8oxea. 25 cents - Gallery, '2>f cents; Private Boxes, ft
each. Children under It years of age, when accompanied by
their parents o<- guardians, to the dress circle, half price.?
Doors ooen at 6X?performance to commence at 7. N. B.?A
grand afternoon performance every Saturday, commencing at
iyi o'clock
Bowery theatre.-unprecedented triu
<nph achieved by the new National Spectacle of the
H VTTLE OF MEXICO, or the Capture of the Halls of the
Moetcxnmas, written and produced under the direction ol
Mr. Thomas Barry, stage manager of the Park Theatre,
Minted by Mr. Stevens. During which will be faithfully
dtpic ted the Storming ef Cliapultepec by the New York
Volunteers. SATURDAY EVENING, January ttd. 1818.
will be performed a new National Spactacle, entitled the
Battle of Meaico, or the Capture of the Halla of the
Mortraumas. Americans?General 8cott. (Commander-inchief
of the awny) W. Marshall; Capt Westwood, Burke;
Oaptain Wiuthrop, J. H. Hall; Signorita Iaidora, daughter
of Don Francisco, in lose with Winthrop, Mrs. Phillips; Leo
nora. her nurse, Stickney; Inez. Tie's Wife, Sutneiland.
Previous to which, tke dnma ol THE RENT DAY? Martiu
H-y wood, W- W. Marshall; Bu'lfrog, Mr. Burke;
ftaciiael Heywood, Mrs. Phillips Boxes 25 cents; Pit andGel1-ry
12)4 cents.
(CHATHAMTHEATRE?BENEFIT AND LAST APpcaranceof
W H. Kemp.?Saturday evauing.Jan. tad, the
ne formance will commence with the MILLER AND Hid
MEN?Lothair. Mr Sutherland; Kelmar, Mr C.Taylor; Karl,
Mr Hrrbeit; t laudine, Miss Hildreth; Ravina, Mrs. Wilkinsou.
After wjii. h, the MODEL ARTISTS will appear in
their admired Tableaux After which, W. H.KEMP will
g ve his entertainment of Gymnastic Feats. To conclude with
the dramatic spect?-le of VaLEN.'IIiSE AND ORSON?
Or?ou, Mr. W. H. Kemp; Princess Eglantine, Miss Hildreth.
Boxes. 25 cents; i*it, 12>4 cents. Doors open at half-past 6, per
MITCHELL'S OLYMPIC THEATME.-8ATURDAY
Evening January 2Jd, 1810, the performances to com
menee with the NEW PLANET?The New Planet. Miss
Mary Taylor; Jnno, Mia* Roberta: Venus, M'ss Phillips . To
be tallowed hy the WANDERING MINSTREL?Jem
Bags, Mr. Miteke 1; Herbert Carroll, Miai Phillipa. After
winch, ihe bur -ita entitled BEULAH MP A?Hector Ternploton,
Mr. 1 olland; Caroline Orantlv. Miaa Mary Taylor.
To cunr-iu le w th the WIDOW'S VICTIM?Mr. Podge
Mr. Holland; Jaue Chatterly, Mra. Timm. Doors open at half
paat 6, and the curtain riaea at 7 o'clock. Dreaa circle, SO
cerra. h.irea. 25: Pit, I shilling
ROADWAY TH nATRE.?BENEFITOP MRS FARren,
and her last appearance.?Saturday evening, Jan. 22,
The uer'onnaucei will commence with the play of the
HUNCHBACK?Matter Waller, Mr Fredericks; Sir Thom?a
Clifford, Mr Fleeting; Modus, Mr Letter; Julia, Mra Farren;
"e'en. Min Telbiu. To conclude with the LADY OF
LYONS?Claude Melnoire, Mr Fleming; Col Dumas, Mr
Barratt: Beauacant, Mr Fredericka; Pauline. Mra Fanen;
Madame Deschappclles, Mra Winatanlay; Widow Melnot'e.
Mra Watfa. Dreaa Circle and Parquette, SO cents; Family
Circlet 25 cents; Gallery, 12)^ cents. Uoora open at halfpaat
0, perform-ncc to commence at 7 o'clock.
Bit iAD rv A 2 A'UEaA'HE?THE OrttJA U w A* A HEa're
will, on and after Monday evening next, 24th inat., be
under the jni t conduct and management o? Col. Alvah Mann,
iti it ginal fonnder end proprietor, and Mr. E, A. Marshall, of
the Walnnr Street Theatre, Philadelphia, an arrangement to
thia effect having been entered into by the parties. The aole
management of the Theatre, ao far as its dramatic and theatrical
arrang. menta are concerned, will be in the hands of Mr.
Marshall, who wijl. he believes, be enabled ro call to his aid
inch talent in the direction of the stage and musical dei artmenta
as will, he leela assured, c> mmaud the approbation and
support of au enlightened and discriminating public. Under
these aew auspices, aided as tbey will be by tne united expe
riesee and facilities of the joint managemept and direct-on, it
is not doubted that the Broadway The tra, already admitted
by the united million to be unequalled in splendor of architectaie
and capacity by any Theatre in the world, will merit
and receive the. approbation of that public which has manifested
a determination to sustain and award to it the character
of thk Theatre of the American metropolis. Arrangement!
hare been made to *ecure the beit talent ot thia country and
Europe. A. MANN; R. A. MARSHALL
ASTOK PLACE OPERA-MONDAY. JAN. 24. WILL
be prrsen-ed. the opera of LUCREZl A BORGIA?Lnerex>a.
hig'ra Tereaa Truffi; Duca AlfWnsn, 8VSettimio Roaai;
Oanaaro, b'i S. Beuedetti: Uraiui, Big raLiettiUntil; Gnbetta,
8*r Srrem Srrim; Gaxtella, 8'r Lorenzo Biondi; Vitelloxxi,
8'r G. Piemonteti; Ruatichello. 8'r N. Parotai; Liverouo,
Mn. Salina Bonlard: Petrncci, S'r Francesco Gniberaao.
Boxes. i R.qne te and helcmiv .BI: ainphilhentre. 50 cents.
MECHANICS' HALL. 472 Bio-idway, between Grand
mo rtrooeie iteeeti?Crowded to overflowing with the
beauty and fashion of New York. Open every night during
the week except Monday Unabated tuceeai?Sixteenth
week of the original CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS, the
oldest established Band in the United Stater. E. P. Christy,
G N.Chiistv.E. Pierce, J. Haynor, C Abbott, T. Vaughn.
who?e original and itiira table Concerts are nightly honored
wi h crowded and highly respectable audiences, and unireraally
admitted to excrl every amusement of a similar character
1 ff.red in this citv Admission St cents: children under
It yeai-s half p-ice. Dots open at 7 o'ej.-clt?Concert wij
commence at S On Hiturday, Jan. 22 an Afternoon Concert
Do ir.? "pen at 2. commence at 3 o'clock.
D ROAD WAV OBEON? ENTRANCE THROUGH
I' . i mux's Saloeu?Under the nianagemrnf ?l Mr Eelsi.gn
? t'his srenug, Jan 22?BENEFI T OFSIG. G VALENTIM?P"-itively
last appearance of the Model Artists ?
Pai I Kivor'n Airs, by Mi?s C. Blancbard; Monterey, a patriotic
song, bp ,?-r. Nee'; Ventrilrquitm by S-g. G Valent-ui
Pari II to couimrnee with a apterdid ser.es of
TABLEAUX VIV A VI S.orlirirg Mae and Female Figures
by the MODEL ARTIB CES?rv-nazouiau'a Oath, Amazon
iau Triumph, Puben's Virgin, the Rose Girl. Telemaehns
in Calypso Island, the Thiee Graces, the Quoit Thrower,
the Queen nf Flowers the Female Thorn Extractor, nlypso's
Dream. Scene from the Deluge, The Evening Stars.
Scene of Jeal iusv the spy. Tablean in honor of G?n. Jackaid,
audolth* glorious Battle of New Orleans. Orchestra
Box Mi cents. P* quefte 25 e?nts, Boxes 12K cents Perform
4MKit 10Ail MU'KUM-P T- Barrcm, Proprietor ?
F. Hitchcock, Manager?Every Dav and evening thia
wrrk. coinuien'-iDK on Monday. Ja?. 17, 1848?Splendid eihibi
ioua and performancea, in the afternoon at 1 o'clock, and
alao In the evening at hilf pavt 7. MASTER AND MISS
WYEETE. aged 8 ai.d 12 yean, who perform the moat difficult
aoloa on the Violin and Hnrp. They appear every afterno
n and evening thii week. Laet week of ihe Ivorv Crucifn
Laat week, jwaitively, of CAMPBELL'S ETHIOPIAN
8KbENA.DKR9: Great Weaterti in the "Village
Lawyer." Madame Rockwell, the famona Fortune
Teller Admiaaion to the whole, 25 centi: children nnder
ten yenra of age. and old enongh to walk alone, 12X eenta.
Hea-rved fr-mr aeira, cue (hilling each eitra
H PHI L i t* ERstiX. ("irlluFEStlOR OF THE
FLUTE,) haa the honor to announre to hia frienda,
pnpila. and the public, that his ANNU aL CONCEHT will
take place on SATURD AY EVENING. January 22d, at the
Ai ollft Rooms, on *hich oeeniion he will be aaai?tsd by the
fallow lag e in ment talent:?Vocal perfo-mera? Mra Edward
Loder. Mra. hffiatcott, and Mr Philip Mayer. Inatrninental
performeri-AMr. H. A Wollenhiupt, and Mr. Kerkaieg, on
t e Pi-nofirte, M-a'er Bruno tVollenhaupt, (onl? twelve
yeira of age. whoae perfo-m >ucea eicile the admiration of all
who hear him.) on the violin, hia drat appearance; Mr. Hegelund.
on the Viioncello. Mr. Ahreoa will preiide at the Piano
Forte, Irornunme?Part 1?1 Divertimento?Piano, (for four
hand ) and VlC-ucello, Mesara H.iWollenlnupt. fc. Kerkaieg,
and llegeliind, Grund. 2. Sorg?" II labro aincero." Mra
Endnote. B tgiol), 8?.li?Violoncello (Souvenir Suiane) H.
W llegeliinu; 4. . .avHtinn?" Herimni Ph Mayer, Veidi;
3. Grand Rondo?( Boehm Flnte) I'h Krnat, J. W. Kalliwoda:
fi. Kecit rd A'ia?Vlra. Edward Loder llonini; 7. Grand
Concerto?Vnlin, Bruno Wollenhanot. (hia firat appearance
iu Am'riea) De Berriot. Part II?1. Sonita?Piano and Flnte,
(firat movement) H. Woll'nhaupt ana Ph. Etnst, F. Kichlau;
2. -nogi.f the Laik?Mra. Eaatcolt, Rndwell; 3. Solo?Flute,
? Introduction and brilliant variationa, Ph Krnat, (bv deaire)
Th B>ehm; 4 9one?Duett?Sem'rami e, Mra. E Loder
end Ph. Ma-e-. Roaeini; 3 Grand Dtio Conrertant. for two
pioio . H. Wollenhaopt and K Kerkaieg, Kreiea Herz. To
commence nt eight o'clock 'l ie' eta Kilty ' 'enta. to be had at
the mutic atorra, aud nt the door on the e?ening of the tperfornunce.
o at the teaidcnce ol Mr. ERNST, 393 Broadway,
Wiliccr itrrft
S'lNOAY EVENING CONCERTS.?MBLO'A alhamra
Salaop.?The nudersigned, leader of the celebrated
" Saiat-gn Mmie. Bead."at the r'qneit of numerous families,
reapectfullv announce* that he hai made arrangements with
Mr fohn Niblo.MMtttetoi of the above elesant establishment,
to vire h aenrs of Satdny Evening Coueerti, during the winter
reason, consisting of oreied Mui c, vie ?Overtures, Put
PonTil. Ariel, ' aatmpn*. Choruses, tic kr ; from the worki
of Hevdn, Handel, M o 1 rf, Beethoven, Spohr, Mendelssohn,
Rossini acd Bellini. The genernlly eipreased opinion of t^e
public u. on the Merit! of the above Hand. when rngtgrd et
iS.irntoi a. has indnrrd Mr "etmeider to en er into the above
arrargrtnent*. and he confidently trusts that a eorreapondiug
retnrti will he made by a Itneral and discerning pnblir. Tickets
or?dinis*tin 25 ceuts. The grand Saloon ta eiigniftcently
illuiriinated, nr.d I diei and gentleme'i ran obtain refreshments
of ihe highest order, with rateful and rearecifu1*atiendance
1 u roien:?nr.? at half put seyeu each Sunday evening O.
ft I H-v KIPKK _____ __ _
Lam but one.grand inbtmumental ON
CER I' at lie Tabernacle, on Situr lay evening, .lanunry
V. in?,t), the STEYKRYlARKISCHF, MUSICAL COMPAN
?hrngianime?Parr I? 1 O suing to Himhnrg, Orand
Marev\ '"itpelt; 2. ? vertore to "Romeo e Gialietta," Bellini;
3. r ,ria Walfi Stianss; 4. Pot Pourri, front the Opera
'La hilU i!u Kigiinenr, Donitetti. Par' J~5 Ferdinand
Q tadrilleiv ftraoii; H Sounds from Home (bv reqneat),
0 lug': 7. h inaleof ntactofllon Joan,".Vli xt't Pa-t3--8 Jobile-O-eriu'e
(bv pinicnlar desire). O M. v Weber; 9 Soldi*
a' Dai era VVnltt Lau er; 10 The Brava Pole, Mazurka
Laide; II Railro.d Gallop (by general request). Ticket! 50
centi etcli, to tc hvl ai mail Doo-i o|i*n at 65?; per orman-e
to comm-nce at o'clock. Tueaday, positively the
1 at Omni Concert. Second and I- f Orand Juttitimenfal
li. iietrt >' the Femt'e Ac-idemy, lirooklvn, on Monday,
January 2J _
IkOl'ti I'M ' -c H, M I TH I Nt '. K Afti <; -|;IJi'S-.S?
Select F.th:np n En erbuninenti at Columbian Hall, 285
Orai d street, l,-iw*-n F yth end ' .Idri-'ge atreeti.by the
S \l*LK BUOTIIER*?g?, D-ieea I.- fcc .etery Mnncav,
W ed . i.la>.nid ' a-ur'yy ev-ninc. Ttcktta one Shilling
Pert inaneea e mi. ? nge et g pT-eUely.
UANVMill'e M MMOi'i PANORAMA OF THE
Mississippi Hirer, ptr led on thr-r m l*:i of canvass, being
tie hri-sai paining in I n? worol, at the Panorama Bnilding. in
Bioadway.adjoiuiM N'l'l?s Garden. Oven evetv evening,
( uii'iav egceptc i.) Adiiiisaion, 50 centa; children hnll priee.
The Pnuorainx will c-untne nee moving at 7 o'M >rk precisely.
Afternoon eihibitionk on- Wedneadeyi 'fid Saturday!, at S
o I.IU a _
WAl.M I S'EJti . - i. . P'llL J HE LI HI A.
- aturd.y Fyri.vn. I rv?! I81R. will be perlormed
the drama of NATO :n"t OLD (II AHD-Havenac,
Mr, Hic.hr gi; f nrd H r?u ii'i, ? (.<i.n.n: Lady
M'l. It .g.i, Tube fo)#We-i v it, the hai'v and Hintajtie
Drnmi ic ,d?,-t'h. eni tlr l THE KVI iillt \ N r S DREAM ;
o , ih L'i til of Prodi'ir?Phd rnrerlt- Mr _ l.oaer; Mick
[ ' v'.ff, mr. A'bop *1: Pmro une-n, Mime eteaxc: tiemua
<tf Anirnr* Vr?. PI It*'. Wib'rulv Mr* MOiier* To co?c'ndf
with the fuwof LOV i* . I< A W AM' PH V HI ?KI'Xl"
hie, 'ir V'be tley; Andrew \Ir (Mo Ai.drewa; Lilben L<'(,
Mr A-Mer:.-. mr. II' r. v , . Ti.a- -r; I ?ma__Mre Ho?en
Ifiwnrv OK "A I T- N ilo\?GOTHIC HALL
BOWLINH SALOON, tin milt aplendid eetnlili hment
nf it.e kind in the world, aitnnteil in the moat central tnd
d?a'* h e p rt r f Promlwny. Ko- aale or ro let. ihe leaae and
(to d will f the nhoyn e?t?b|.?l m-ni. with e nM rlle'-a occn*
i the HiM, together with of'er rooma an'table f r Bi I aid
Tai'ei.xir otlur pnrpiaei ; wi h ell th fiiiurea, fnriiitnie,
lie k". in eowi late order The while for aale or to Iraee on
?nrh ierm? aa will make i* a , inJnremert for env one unali*
OmI for ant h An ean'-|!ahmenr Apply to JOHN Kit HAH
S Spirit ef the Timre Office, t Barclay etreet, from II to
i o'c'ork.
INTe. I'l h . a I r. H ai-i I 8 vi> I*. ? i * i > -i , r.iilLY
and efT ctua'ly efiectnally cored hi* the one of Pr A. B.
Look'a remedy A lew day?'nee of the medieiue product!
en niter'tmn in tlecondiriou of the atoatac. ,ao that liquor
heeomea r,lteu*irc to the aieht. rmellor teete. The remeoy ia
plena ant nod eaav to take, nor doea it intarfere with diet or c*
cnpat ion. f riretl; for aala by the Doctor, at Wyett k Ketfhaat'e,
Ul Feltee iUf?t.
E NE
NEV
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|1 /A/'vv \ Lir?m^ 1
V'W/ fc
History of the Kleetrle Telegnph?IU Rise
and Piogrtw In the United States.
We this day present to the readers of the
Herald, the results of another combination of the i
science and art of New York. The beautiful '
map of Morse's telegraphic lines has been prepared
and executed at much pains and cost, expressly
for the New York Herald. This map
not only shows the rapid, unexampled progress
of the lightning linesthroughout North America,
but it also displays the genius of another of our
citizens?of the inventor of cerography. The
inventor of this new style of engraving is Sidney
E. Mors*, Esq., one of the editors of the New
York Obterver, now in London, and it is destined,
undoubtedly, to produce a remarkable revolution
in the arts of printing and engraving.
But to the telegraphic map: Here is given in a
compact form the present condition of the tele- J
graph enterprize in North America. Thevari- j
ous lines that thread the country, and all the :
stations, are noted, so that our readers can see at
a glance, with what places they can be in instantaneous
communication. Quebec can speak
to Boston, to Detroit, to St. Louis, and to New
Orleans, at the same moment, and receive from
each an answer in less than five minutes, so soon
as a few miles more of wire are added, and which
is in rapid progress of completion.
Sixteen years since, (in October, 1832,) Prof.
Morse, on his return voyage from Europe, conceived,
on board the packet ship Sully, the invention
which is now exciting so much attention j
throughout the civilized world. Having the i
curiosity to know how he was led to the concep- |
tion of so novel a thought, we asked Professor <
Morse, some weeks ago, to tell us. He inform- j
ed ua that it occurred in the following manner:
After the usual mid-day meal, he and several
other passengers of the Sully were seated at the
table in the cabin, conversing on scientific sub- ,
jectspand in describing some recent phenomena oi
electro-magnetism, the experiment ofDr. Franklin
011 the Schuylkill river, to test the velocity
of electricity, was alluded to. The thought at
once occurred to Prof. Alorae, that if electricity
travelled a distance of three iniles instantaneously,
and could be made visible in any desired
part of its course, a system of signs might be
devised by which intelligence might be sent.
This was the germ of the invention of the
electro magnetic telegraph. In the leisure
of the Voyage, the invention tfius conceived
was nourished, and assumed, before the
close of the voyage, substantially the character
which infrks it tit this day; for it is a circumstance
to be noticed in Morse's invention, that it
was conceived in all its essential characteristics,
as he has personally informed us, in the firat half
hour after the thought had occurred. These
characteristics were the maiking of dots, as
signs lor numerals; the recording at a distance,
upon paper, in a permanent manner, these firms;
and by means of electro magnetism, or electricity,
and a single circuit of conductors. A species
of type was at once devised, and in the first
1- _r.L: :...i :_ XT v__i. u_ 1 I I.
wcriv nu^r iiiH arrival 111 new iuir ur u?u maun
tlie mould nnd cast the type; hut in consequence
of very limited means, nnd the preasure of professional
duties, he did not construct his instrument
complete until several years afier. This
was done, however, in the latter part of the year
1836, in the New York City University; and early
in the year 1S37, and frequently during the summer
and autumn of that year, its op*ration was
witnessed by thousands in our community, who
arc living witnesses to the fact.
These undeniaide facts prove incontestihlv that
the American telegraph holds precedence in .
time, to all others. Of Us superiority, every day
is furnishing evidence, both at home and abroad.
Let the daily work which it perforins testify.
While the telegraphing of ihe Queen's speech, ol
700 words, in two and an hall hours, alter much
rehearsing and laborious abbreviation, is blazoned
throughout Britain aa a moat marvellous
/
W Y 0
V YORK, SATURDAY M
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feat, the skilful operators of the American telegraph
in the United States, are in the daily habit
of transmitting four times the amount in the
came time, as the columns of the Herald daily
Bhow. The Governor's message from Albany,
consisting of 5000 words, was sent to this paper
in two hours and an halt, making the difference
as 5000 to 700 in favor of the Morse system.
One of the peculiarities otthe Morse system is
his conventional alphabet for the telegraph, composed
of the simplest cone?i*aMe elements of
signs, to wit: a dot or point, audi ftiioe the simple
prolongation of a point. It is thifc'ftrt of his invention
which enables him to accomplish so
much. We have not space to explain the eminent
advantages which are the result of this improvement
on the common alphabetic letter, further
than to say, that the remarkable simplicity
of the telegraphic machinery is one consequence,
and another of great practical use is the laculty
of speech?actually speech?with which the inanimate
machine is endowed. Morse's telegraphic
instruments speak, as well as write, their
messages. Nothing in the least analogous to
this belongs to any system of electric telegraphs,
as yet devised. It is the result of the
mechanical impressing of the conventional alphabet.
Prof. Morse lias often alluded to this
magical effect in private conversation; but we
have never seen it so well described as in the
following extract from an article " on the Electric
Telegraph of Professor Morse, by C. T.
Chester," in the January number of Silliman'i
Journal.
" F.aeh office has its peculiar call or signal, to whlchi
when the line ie In order, en immediate response le ex
psoted. Thai N expresses New York. Toe sound is so
fe miliar m instantly to arrest the operator's attention,
though he should be at a distance from the instrument.
Thns the American telegraph is phonetlo?it appeal* to
two senses Long messages hare been faithfully recorded
from attentive listening to the peouharsound of the
Instrument. There are systems of aMfVrtattens, too,
many ordinary words and sentences Mil expressed by
a single letter or numeral. By the aid of these, and a
quick ear, conversation may be carried oa between operators
with wonderfnl celerity. To the skilful operator
the little brass Instrument becomes an artlenlate creature;
it not only oooveys his written thoughts, but expresses
his passing smotlons. He deteote the Individual
with whom he converses, and oan reeognlze the effect of
bis own conversation, as producing pleasure, vexation,
or Indifference."
The tariff of charges for transmitting messages
differs slightly in their prices, on the various
lines, for the same distance. These prices are
easily ascertained at any of the telegraph
offices. The New Fork, Albany, and Buffalo
line has the lowest rates. When the numerous
lines which are now threading the country
shall have been completed, and in full operation,
a convention of the various companies will
doubtless settle a uniform tariff of postage. If
cheap oostage in the mail systen; is most profitable,
there is no reason to doubt that the same
effect will hold good in the telegraph; and, therefore,
it is for the interest of the companies to
reduce the charges to as low a standard as possible
; but it is doubtful if much reduction can
take place. However high the charges on any
of the American telegraph lines may seem, (hey
are trilling, indeed, when compared witn the
chargeb oa the English telrgrnphs. To make
this plain we give a single example. The charge
fir sending tweniy words Irom New York to
Poiighkeepsic, a distance ol about eighty miles,
is 374 cents; while for tweuty words Irom London
to Dover, eighty-eight iniles, the English
charg s are lis. sterling, or #2 42.
From the facts we have stated, it is evident
that the Morse system ot electric telegraphs is
most lik-ly to be universally adopted ; and that
sooner or later, by fair means or foul, the substantial
characteristics of the American telegraph
must be adopted in Europe. Already
there are indications in England which point to
this result. Wheatstone's and all the needle
telegraphs in operation there, are so inefficient,
miu 819 r*|?enmvr, cuini'itrcu Willi mumc umi
the Electric Telegraph Company of Condon, who
are monopolizing till the telegraphic invention*,
are eh jut to ndopt a new invention ot llun,
which is nothing more nor less than the dot and
line alphabetic system of Morse ; and from
which they are already anticipating such results
us shall tnrow into disuse all the former syst ins
used in Britain.
There is, in the history of the telegraph, if we
have been rightly informed, a chapter ol injustice
enacted towards Professor Morse in Engl and, in
183S, wnieh, when it sees the light, will not reHect
much credit on the acumen, the sense of
justice, or the impartiality of one of Eugland's
Attorney Generals.
We give below the list of the places already
connected, or soon to be connected, on all the
lines ol tr It graph, and refer our readers to the
map for their position.
'1 he great Southern Atlantic line, from New
York to New Orleans, is 18$i nules in length,
IRK I
[ORNING, JANUARY 22
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and passes through the following olaces, at each
of which there now ie, or soon will be, a station:
STATIONS or TIIS SOUTHERN ATLANTIC LIN*.
Nsw Yobs, Branobrille.
New Brunswick, N, i. Athens, Qt.
Princeton, " Hamburg, "
Trenton, " Auuuita,
Philadelphia, Penu. Satasnah, u
Wilmington, Del. Sanderaetlle. (branch to
Harre d? Grace, Md. MiUedgeTille )
Baltimore, " Irwinton, Oa.
wathirotor, D. C. Macor, "
Georgetown, ' KnoxfUle, "
Alexandria, Va. Calbotton, "
Fredm loksburg, Vs. Colhnbus,
Richmond, " Montgomery, Ala
Petersburg, " Green ? Me,
Gaston, Btarlington,
College, Monmerlile,
Ram: 1 oh, N. C. Claiborne,
Feyetterille, N. C. Goeport,
Cheraw, B. C. Mobile,
Camden, " Jaokson,
Colombia, " Penrllngton,
Orangsbnrg, " N*w Orleans.
Chablciton, u
The North-wesiarn line, from New York to
Buffalo and from Buffalo fo Montreal, in Canada,
l>v the north ahore of Lake Ontario, is about
1,020 fftiks in length, and passes through the
following traces, wnere there are stations:?
STATIONS OF THE NOKTH WK8TEKN LINK.
New Yore, Lookport,
Carmel, Lewlston,
Fonghkeepsie, (iueenetown, Canada,
Hudson, St. Catherine's,
Troy, Hamilton,
Alianf, Toronto,
Schenectady, Osbawa,
Little Falls, Port Hope,
Utica, Coburg,
Rome, I'lleTille,
Syracuse, Kingston,
Anburn, BrockrlUe,
Genera, Prescot.
Canandalgua, Cornwall,
Rochester, Montreal,
Buffalo,
From Montreal to Quebec. 180 Milta.
Montreal, Three Risers,
Bertbler, (Quebec.
The Troy and Montreal Junction, about 300 Milet.
Troy, N. Y , Vergennes.
Bennington, Vt, Burlington,
Manchester, St. Albans,
Rutland. Phlltpeburg,
Whitehall, St. Johns,
Orwell, Montreal.
Middle bury,
Side Lines.
Troy,Saratoga, 30 miles. Ithaca. Owego. BlnghampBjrisers.
Oswego, as " ton to miles.
Auburn, Springport, Ithaca, Hamilton, Dundae, WoodKlmlra,
84mll>s. stook, London, 70 miles.
Eattern Line a.
The New York and Baetmn Line, 587 milea.
New Yore. Hartford,
Stamford, Ct. Spring field, Mass
Bridgeport, Worcester, "
New Hatrn, Boston, "
Th Boaton and Portland Line, 74 milea.
Boston, Portland.
Salem,
Linet in Piagrtsa.
Norwich to Worcester, 88 miles
Hi A. l.tnot
Bnttox, Lowell, 16 miles.
WESTERN LINES FROM PHILADELPHIA.
Philadelphia and Ptttivill* Lint, 106 Miltt.
Philadelphia, Reading.
PottavlUe.
"Philadelphia and St. L***i* Lintt, 800 Mile*.
Philadelphia, ZabmtIIIi,
Lancaster, * CoLUMBL't,
Ha*ri}ii r<i, \ Dayton,
Carlisle, \\ CfRCISWATI,
Chambersburg, Mad'ton.
Bedford, I.wutilWc,
Pittsburo, VlncennM,
WeUerllle, St. Louie.
Wheeling,
N te?This line, writ to Si. Louie, f om Philadelphia, it
in litigation between the contractor and the patenters.
Pnder Contract with Peleeteee, and In Prip
greee.
T1IK SOUTH WRSTKRN LINE.
From New Orleans to Mainmort, aleut IU0 Miltt.
New Oblkaws, Lexington, Ky , branching
to Lonlerille, Cincinnati,
Mayrrtlle
Tumuobla, Alabama, Wheeling, branching to
Pltteburg,
Naihvili.b, Tennessee, Baltimorp..
DETATCHK* LINES
LnnltPllle to Canal, to Portland, Kentucky.
Bowling Oreen to Maramonth Cava, and Into the Cave
Bowling Oreen to RneeeUrllle, Ilopklnepllle, and
CUrkepllle, io Naehpllle.
Naehrllle to Memphla.
iiMiiTiiiv or p lurnuov, i? uuumtiu^ ni?u?uis
< olumbun, Ohio, through ( hilioothe to PorUmoath,
Ohio
Wilmington, Delaware, to Lewleton.
Baltimore to North Tolnt. *
Baltimore to York, Penneylranla, to Harritbarg, and
aUo iron York to Colaabia and Laaoaotoc.
i'XL. tji. ?I
ERA
, 1848.
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r~: -ry"
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MAP '"V. '
AUDITING THE LIVES or :"i
i'RO - MAGNETIC ^ ?
LEGRAPH, f
ATIOX, 7TE1.VC CONSTWTTTET),
^raWOSED.
- ~~ i
fTHK NORTH \VRSTIR N LINK.
From Detroit to Miltaavkit. about 3oO milti
Detroit, South Bond,
Tpafluntl, Nilee,
Ann Arbor, MiohifSR City,
Jackson, Chkioo,
Marrbnll, Southport,
Battloerook, Raolno,
Kalamasoo. Milwiuiii.
IN PROORKSS.
'arrrno to dbtroit; 3i0 milti
BurraLO, Sandusky,
Erlo, Toledo.
Cleveland, Detroit.
As every day changes the aspect of the tele- i
egraphic extension, it is impostihle to do more |
than approach the correct statistics. The lollow- |
inc is not far from the truth :
The total number of stations or offices on the
telegraphic lines, amount already to 155, each
office giving employment, on an average, to three
persons, at salaries varying from 300 to J200 dollars
per annum.
The total number of miles of country traversed
by the telegraphic wires, is about fi,88i)
miles. Of this extent, 3,240 miles are finished
and in daily use, and the remainder is rapidly advancing
to completion.
The lines already built arc not sufficient for
the transaction of the great press of business
which seeks this channel of communication; and
consequently some of the companies are already
adding to their facilities for serving the public,
by putting up a second wire. Nearly 1,000 miles
ef wire are thus in process of extension, or have
already beenextended,which, if ndded to the wire
already up, make an aggregate of 10,880 miles of
telegraphic conductors.
News from the West Indus?The Failure
of the West India Bank.?By the arrival of
the packet Ann 1). Richardson, at this port, we
have received full.files of West Indian papers, to
the 28th ult.
The rumor that the West India Bank had fail- |
ed is confirmed; and in order to lay betore our
readers all the information possible on the sub- (
ject, we insert the following, which we have
clipped from our files:?
[From the Barbados Mercury. Deo. 3 j
The West India Bask has stopped payment of specie
In redemption of ite notes; which, however, and depositee
of money, are as worthy of acceptance, and aa
valuable to all holding bank raoaipta, as on the Bret day
the Institution was established. It hae, during a period
of sevea years, realised tha most sanguine expectations
of the community; and the ceeaatinn of cash payments,
to the usual extent, arises solely through the brief space
of time allowed the manager here to communicate the
want of epecie to the several branch establishments In
the neighboring colonies, where there is a surplus of all
description of coins, that will, forthwith, be forwarded
to Barbados Orders have be?n dispatched for this su ,
nerahunrlant sunnlv anil the business of the bank will
b? resumed. within a short period, with the seme promises
of advant9ge; btMtt| the seme ronkdenoe of this
enlightened public, to whose souod judgment we ap;sal
in reasonable terms, and in sentiments whl rh bear no
sign of dissimulation. We do not, however, solicit the
holders of bank notes, or those whose mousy Is invested
in the bank, to be led to conclusions through our observations;
but ws do anxious y urge them, lu justice and
candor, to apply to creditors, merchant*, and dealers in
every kind of trade throughout the Island, and ascertain
the value of West India Bank not?* From snch
persons, who know the true condition of the hank's
affairs, they will leara that this paper Is valuable, and
can he rendered available at all tlmee. and te the greatest
extent, In purchases snd payments. Three arc the
parties who are capable of teetlng the solvency of the
bank. At the moment wa write, we dare not conceal the
truth, that the deepest conoern Is rightly manifested at
the soarcity of silver eoln for the general uses of whs
people. But It cannot be denied, that this want will be
relieved gradually. In the due course of time, and
throughHne natural channels of businers.
Ou the eighth of December, Ht a MUMfOM
meeting *f shareholders, held pursuant to public
notice, the following resolutions were passed :?
First?That this meeting views with the most intense
feelings of astonishment and regret, the suspension of
business by the West India Bank
Second ?That it is I he undoubted right and bounden
duty of all parties interested, to adopt such measures of 1
precaution as may seem best calculated for securing the
shareholders and depositors from further Inconvenience j
thsn may reasonably bs expected uuder the present ,
complexion of affairs. i
Third?That as a preliminary measure, it is doomed
expedient to appoint a Provisional Committee, to associate
with a uuiaber of the Directors, to examine ibe (
state of ihe bank's affairs, and report thereon tor the I
information of the shareholders and the public '
Vmirth?That I ha eommiltee ha emnowerad tO Call to
th.ir aeaietance tbe offlotali and wrvantd of (h? bank a* (
may Im required and to employ couniet, or olhtr aid
that m?y bo deemed ueceeaary I
The following is the report of the provisional "
committee t ,
The committee appointed under a reeolutton of tbe
meeting of nhareholderr, b*id on Wedneeday. the H-h |
Inetant. for inspecting tbe afftire of the Barbadoe Branch
of the Weet India Bank, have deemed it expedient te I
"3" "5TV
L i/.
MM Mk UMU
(Mil tli* Mid aharaholdara togatbar to-day for tha par
9y of laying Wot a tbam anoh a raport of tha poaitlon
?f tha bank, aa tba dooumanta and arldaaaa with whtoh
thay hava boon fumUbad. autborlaa Umb to rabalt.
Tba oommlttaa ragrat -maadingly that tha Waal ! dM
Bank. which baa Wn a Maaalngtotha I aland tor tha
j??r?. annuia nave tan oomp*U*d to MUp*Bd
specie payments ; and although it la not uneommon for
a bonk, under extraordinary filrmmttanoe*,* to suspend
these pnymants. and although every establishment of
this deaoriptlon la lisble to oaaualitleeaml loaaaa, jot tho
oommlttaa apprehend that had legitimate banking operation*
been atriotly adhered to. this unfortunate olroamatanoe
would not hay* taken plaoe
The oominittee. In the die charge of their dntlea, bay*
examined the principle officer* of the bank, touching
the oauaes which produced thi* occurrence. The manager
says?"In the Brat plaoe, I think It attributable to
the failure of Prime, Ward Si Co., New York, which
oauaed an interruption to bueinee* with that agency?
Heoondly, an advance took place In exchange in America,
which occaelnned a corresponding rise here ; at the
lame time the oouimlssarlat was negetiating government
paper her* at a lower exchange than the banks In the
third plaoe, I was acting In accordance with directions
n a letter from the Secretary, Mr. Robertson, dated the
13d October, 1847, desiring caution in the negotiation of
>111* of exchange."
The Secretary states -"That when he discovered that
there would be a defloienoy of specie, from the prooeedngs
of the commissariat,, he Issned c'rcularsto the managers
of the branch banks (this branoh included) to prepare,
by remittance, to proteot the oredit of the institution
in London ; and thereby have the mean* on whloh.
kt all times, he could raise specie, by selling at 8t Thomas
>r otherwise, where specie could be procured on the most
kdvantageous terms His instructions In Trinidad wste,to
k certain extent, not oarrled out, from neaeseity ; and In
Barbados,no attention was paid to them.that he oonld per:eivo.
The mimager's utter disregard of his instructions
knd recommendations.and his neglecting to answer letters
kddresssd to him by order of the directors, caused him
kt last to abstain from advising him, until he saw the
jrlsl* approaching, when he stated to the manager, that
:he Commlssary-dsncral had informed blm that he was
prepared to receive tender* for a very large amount;
in/i ailtiaaH t.hnf hn thn mnnaesuw?nknHU Iwstlr iha
lames of the parties baring the means of drawing npo i
aim, that he might prevent their tendering for bills, and
thereby prevent disappointment to depositors. That at
that time the manager was Indisposed as to health, but
his duties were still carried on. That at that time
there were no funds in the banker's hands that be eould
sttempt to draw for, the capital and deposits of this
Island having been absorbed in local advances."
The committee And that undne accommodation to an
utravagant amount?principally of a local nature?has,
'rom time, been afforded to some individuals, whose aotounts
show that they are still heavily Indebted to the
lanlr, and although by official doouments before them,
t is shown that the manager was repeatedly warned
ay the present, as well as by former boards of directors,
he persisted in a course se replete with Injury to the
establishment; and the committee cannot but regret
that the directors, when they found their remonstrances
disregarded, had not proceeds I to oarry into effect more
stringent measures to remedy the evil.
The oommittee find that cash oredits to a very large
amount have been granted from time to time by the directors
; and which in many Instances have not been
operated upon beuefloially to the bank. The manager
has also Incautiously suffered one of them to be drawn
upon before the necessary security bond was eomplatad ;
and imprudsntly allowed many?including some eurrent *
or running accounts to be overdrawn to a very considerable
amount.
In the list of those who are in this position, the committee
regret to see the names of. the secretary, manager.
and cashier of the bank ; who should have been
oautlous in setting an example so frougbt with evil; and
they are gratified to bs enabled to state that, the example
waa not followed by the other offloers at present in
the establishment.
The committee fiDd, that the failure of the firm of >
Barton, Irlam, k Hlgginaon, may operate Injuriously on
his institution; bills to the amount of ilflO 500 sterling,
drawn on them, passed through this branch, a portiom of
which was drawn h* ltiiri><n?r>n llun? "'! Hint* hm
and consequently without indorses* ; tome Iom mar
therefore be sustained, but to what extent, the committee
oaotiot ascertain; nor will it be known, until the dividends
of tboee brms be declared The remaining
bills are mostly protected by indoratre here, and ae the
p/oterting partiee may be considered auiHciently good to
meet those drafts, the loss it is presumed, if any, will
not be af such importance as to paraliie the exertions
of the establishment.
Tbe committee have examined the accounts and documents
submitted to their inspection, to the ?J7lh day
of November last ; and they think that after all engagements,
ere taken into consideration, and estimating a
very libiral allowance for losses, there will be a large
surplus ot the paid up capital remaining; and by collecting
the debts firmly, but with discretion, considerably
reducing the cash credits by closing soma of them
altogether, and by lessening tbe amount of others; by
the depositors granting a few montns defeaoenoe under
an allowance of full lulerest, by edopiing a different system
of nisuageinent, and piecing the establishment under
an active supervision by a commission, the committee
see no reanun wby the bank may not resums operations.
hut thin being only a branch of the general
establishment of the *Vest India Bsnk. they can only
speak with reference to their individual branch; and as
a general meeting of extraordinary directors, representing
all the shareholders, will take place here en
tbe 5th January next, they consider that no decisive
measures should be resolved on. until that meeting shall
have taken place; when, it the reports from tha diffe
rent branches be lound favorable, it will beeoma the i
duty of those who are interested to pursue that course
wbi.li may be most advantageous to the interests of all
parties.
The committee have ordered the branch balance
sheet to btr placed upon tbe table for the information of
the shareholders. They have not embodied it in their
report, because they are unable to furnish a detailed
balance sheet of the elTalre of the general bank; which
detailed* Kt m-ut cmi only be furnished altar th>- aonti
input* I meeingof extraordinary directors, appointed
to tukt place as before observed on tbe Alb of January
next.
B L TRIMINOHAM, Chairman.
The king of the Mosquito territory arrived at
Jamaica recently, in 11. M. ship Alarm.
The Haytien government has passed an act granting
a premium of three gourd* (or three shilling* sterling)
per 100 lbs on all sugars manufactured within the republic,
wit < the view of stimulating the reproduction of
that valuable staple throughout tbe several districts.
The universal substitute for sugar, at present. It a
thin syrap, used by all families in the island, and from
which a vast quantity of u miserable apology for rum,
cailrd "taflla," is yearly inade in tbe republic.
Tbe enormous quantity of 03 out) tons of sugar was
annually axported trcm Hayti. As much is not now manufacture
d as would load a ship's loug boat.
Several of the caue growers, since the passing of tbe
premium act, have begun to make sugar?though of but
a so so description as yet ; however, they will improve.
Balti.uojuc, Jan. 21, 1848.
Report of the City Re fitter? Heavy Taxes Imposed?A
Fugitive?Tin Mechanics?Models.
The City Register of Baltimore lius has issued
lis annual report, showing that the tax on the
#100 of assessed property in the city required the
current year, for State und city purposes, will
he about #1 50. This is about one-third heavier
than it was last year, and, 1 anticipate, places
the taxes of Baltimore higher thin those of any
other city of the Union.
Officer Russell, of New Bedford, Massachusetts,
left this city yesterday, having in his cus.
tody a man named John Jones, a f ugitive from
justice from New Bedford, where he is charged
with the larceny of it note of hand of ?50, and
th* forgery of hii endorsement oil the same.
Tiie mechanics ot Baltimore have at last
formed a regular institute for fostering and
nco iraging tne arts and mechanics, and seem
fetermiued to carry out fully the design of its
urganizution. They propose to establish u mechanic's
paper, and to hold an annual fur, the
first to take place during the session of the two
national political conventions the coining spring
The tirst Sundiy paper is to be started in Baltimore
this week, oy vour enterprising agents,
Messrs. Win Taylor &. Co., and is to be <a'leU
" The Enterprise " ft is to l}- edited by J. H.
Hewett, well known in this city as a writer of
considerable merit.
Burton's " Naiad Queen" is drawing splendid
houses, and is got up in magnificent sty le. 'I he
" Bath ot Beauty" is as attractive as Collier's
models almost. Ttie models at the liobiday /
street theatre are doing a tine business, and will
probably remain here a lew wei ks longer.
' mi CAN 1AU8TS-\ P\iii> WA>TfcD
X cither actire or ailaiit, with I <"? ) Ofltf to $1,0 u, 10 rn*
KtK- in in.rauibli lifii atid mle naineaa, < hlth wiI yicld ihr
r ili??iuK y??r? from tV'OO ('>.$> 'ow. per vcar. The hen of
reference r iven nd mi i ret Adlre.e, with real uaur, to
ill tnu I Me*. New >.>rlr_
TMIK INUJA MtBUr.H AM DOM I N AL ?UirOKi>.n
?nd Tru?>. pronounced by the Medical tAcuity in be <uperior
toll ,, l.c ?t'? IU nae, and fatiLg but me hvl 'he
price, limy jeioiiiidat the fnilnwiuy pUceaItinhroii, I I A
k I , IIDIU iwdwaj, and 1.) Aa'or Home; Vi ban ISt
Moatwav; 'I f It Co.. i Park Row. Tn. m ? K tirre,. 1
coru^r I>roao*?iv ?>iiu Wiillier itrret*, and a 11 Cher i*a> ect.~
)||? Dru*K'?t? in New Yoik.an.l Ur. o?lvii Alio ( ?i hoi^taie
noil r?cailt at tha (ioo<l>ear Krihber Kmporium, lit B oad
w xv. <tx'h'?nil\ Hole I
1/ ij I BAIL ^ \Ti> t i- 1Mb Fi -us oF int.
* bflrh( io?,? Hfbrew heocfo.'e tL <n ViMintion wn| bf
; ven Ht thr ( o)i?rurn li t >i r- nlw iy. rn M '.day
l?veilii y; 2litof b,i r IMS Tick la $5 toatmic 4 Gcu
leuiau nun 1 wo Ladie* J he Vfai..i*<*r? t*le'ire them??l?ea t<?
para uo ex rtinn itr eipet.ie io lender th ? 1 e of ih* moat
leudtd Bnliiof t e ?r ?o i \ li..tiled number of ti<kvt?
nil. wIi l euiue'. ficueft fo b- had I ihr 1 um . in e nuJ
>i ne ?nu?r?igi.e?:?won a inn m . ,3 nrnuw y. v 1.
Levy, 7J VVi Inm ure?t; Seles m 111 k Samuels 21 ( etf.sr
It'ra.; J 0 Walter, 40 Beaver it art; S Soh If ik r<<i h? s.
lis >roo? s'reet; John U. ''hi'l-ps St 1 ? . corn r .1 V.aiU.u
Laie m il Water street; V>>er Le.,u k Co , II Putt street;
V'a k l.eev 6' ihers ?*'?' '< * > I f; JuutiD Phillip- Its
P i ice stieet; SI. A -it hell Ms K oat srieei; L VI Mum
ison, 134 William street S 101..0* k Hart, 14) Broadway; il
Ksstor, J91 Bron , Mnu k t. o , t'Jfl Pearl street. (1
A

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