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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, March 13, 1848, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1848-03-13/ed-1/seq-2/

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Rorll-wfit Comer of Pnlton and Naum its.
DJIILY HF.K.11.D-Evny day. (Sunday included.)
I rtnli per copy?%1 Per annum?in thr I nited .Slain.
Kuropran tuhtcribert, 914 per annum, to include t\e pott""h'KKk'Lr
HKRJiLD?Every Saturday?** c<mti
per cory-ti peiannum?in the United Staff Kuropean
?uhtcriheri, tSprr annum, la include the .
Jlm edition un thr P> e>ick at well at in I he r.nglieh language)
will he published on the day of the departure of
each IIearner far any part in Europe. with intelligence
from all pirrti of the American continent to the latest moment
.Subtcriptiom a t* advertisements received by
Mestrt. Oalignami it ere f'ivienne. Par.t: P L Sim nil',
ID C-rnkiU, and John Miller, bookseller, Henrietta itreet.
J.on don
PRE*IDEtm.1L HER.1LD-F.iery Tuesday-One
Dollar for the Campaign
ADl ERTl SEMENT'S (renewed every morning) at
teaton.ibh pncei; to b written in a plain, legible manner
7'*i F'Tivlnr not rt tr'ontible for errort in manutcnvt
Pftlb TIN (f of all kind-, execul ed hean'ifully and with
dripntch (hderi rectived at t>if Publication Office, corner
of Fiiito'' <i'id Saltan tlreeti
.1I.L LETTER'S ' v mail for t-^bicrirtioni, or with
adirrtirrmenti to /?? poll pa;i, or the pottage iriU be deducted
frotn the inonrv t emitted
important new tolirited from any quarter of the worldaid
if ii'ed wit' he liberally paid for
NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymout communica
hont. tVhatertr it intended for insertion must be authenticated
by the t:nme and addreti of the irri>r; not neceitai
ily /or publ cation but a? a guaranty of hit good faith.
We cannot u"dert rke to return rejected communication/
JiLL PJIVMENT8 to be made in advance.
''ARK THEATRE? 'Ju?lh-Whiti Hdbik or thi
ftrrtM-L Ilu'iion dVk Pci^trc?Omkiivi.
BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery?Peoh-i'i Ca!?D'Dati
?Sam Patch in France?Thirfk.
CHATHAM THEATRE, Chatham meet.?Macbeth?
What do that ta? mi for i
MECHANICS' HALL. Rrondway, ??&r Broome?Chrii
TT'I MiNtTRELa?Ethiopian 8IN?;IN?4?6rRi.Ksqi'E DASCMi
CONVENTION HALL, Wooatai street, between Hons
ton and BltacJier ?Sable Brothers, Ethiopian sinainfl.
Plating, ke. lie
PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Honaton atraet.?
Bantard'i Panorama or thi Misiutirri.
BROADWAY ODEON, Broadway.?Model Aktisti
Hew York, Monday, Harth 13. 1MB.
Circulation of tha Herald.
Sunday Herald. Marob IS 13.020 oopiaa.
Aggragata iwua of ah rata laet weak.,... .. 187.644 "
ATaraja of Daily. Weekly. Sunday, ko. .. 40.440 "
Publloationcommen??d yaaterday at 10 m. put 8 o'clock.
" flniahed at 7 "
Newi from Kuropc.
The steamship Cambria, with two weeks'later
news from Europe, is now nearly due, and will
probably arrive here in a d;iy or two. Her news
is anxiously looked for, in consequence of the
revolutionary movements in France, and other
parts of the Continent, and wiU doubtless be very
Xh? Treaty with Mexico.
We give on our first page, a full and corrected
copy of the treaty with Mexico, which was ratified
by the Senate last Friday, by a vote of 37 to
18. We have had a copy of this treaty, as it came
from Mexico, in our possession, and under our
control, ever since its arrival in this country, on
its way to London and Paris; but certain considerations
of propriety towards the Senate, and
regard to the public interests, restrained us
from giving it to the public until it had received
the sanction and the proper amendments
of the American Senate. That sanction
it has now received; and we accordingly
Uke offthe interdict, and give it to the world, as
it came amended from the United States Senate.
This ratified treaty with Mexico will now become
the topic of all the journals, and the subject
ot every tongue, for many months to come
The war with Mexico is ended, and its results
are before us. It lacks two months of two years
since the first battle was fought upon the Rio
Grandf; and now we have, after a succession of
forty or fifty brilliant victories?all of them
without any defeat interposed?made the acquisition
and acquired the possession of a territory
as large as one-third ot Mexico, equal to half a
dozen modern kingdoms, and reaching trom
tbe Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, with river*,
mountains, bays and harbors innumerable
The firBt Punic war between the Oarthageniann
and Romans grrw out of similar complicated
and meagre difficulties which have marked the
first w?r between the United States and Mexico.
But the Komans and Carthagenians fought
with each other for the period of twenty-four
years before they could obtain a peace. In
thia age of enterprise, of steam, end of electricity,
we can do more work, can pass over
more ground, and can perform more fighting, in
two years' time, than could have been done in
twenty or forty years by the ancient world. We
have gained lots ofglory, and we have paid, and
yet shall have to pay, lots of money. The war
with Mexico will cost us about the same price
which the last war with England cost us; but
we get more for our money than we did by that
war, both in territory, in influence, and in power
Pt-ece is now positive and certain between the
two r? pui-lict", and all its commixed and happy
effects will follow in its train, upon the trade,
commen:", and business of the country. We
have not the slightest doubt but that any government
in Mexico will ratify thistreaty, proceeding
from Washington and sent oa to Queretaro for
assent. They cannot helpthemselves. The money
to be paid will be an inducement. Whether they
are willing to ratify it or not, the United States
need not care a straw about it, but shape their
conduct under its terms, with the belief that the
treaty will be ultimately ratified ; and if not,
still their course will be to act accordingly, just
as if it w? re ra'ified. Therefore, we shell now
have peace for years and years to come, with
nothing to trouble us, either foreign or domestic,
except the little debt of over a hundred millions
But what is that, compared with our resources
1 Tea or twelve millions a year devoted
to that object, would pay off the whole deb
in the course of twelve years; and during tlia
time, the commercial growth of this country
will enable us to spare twice that
amount. In all this time the tariff controversy,
the sub treanury dispute, and all the other
financial questions which have divided the
country, will be held in abeyance. We shall
have nothing more to think of, for years to come,
but to husband our resources, to build up our
greatness, to take advantage of the state of Eu
rope, and to prepare, upon the first opening of
the strife with Kngiand or Spain, to annex Canada
or Cuba, with the same facility with which
we have now annexed nearly the half of Mexico.
Canada and Cub*, therefore, if you please,
prepare, both of you, for this natural consummation
of tint great event which must take place
upon this continent?your annexation.
While the end of this war has come, leaving
us the consideration of our glory, and a hundred
millions debt, at least, for certain, the very natu..i
:... 11 r> "AvV.01 . i.? .1...
I ?i rnijuii y tuiiitn "i'? " iv/ uc uic
fleet of all these events upon public men, politi
cat parties, and the general policy of our republie,
at the approaching Presidential election!''
la commercial affairs, we shall have a prodigy
ous 6pring and energy /or the n>'Xt Jew yearssuch
as will be without any previous parallel.
But in political allaire, there will be suddenly
some (treat changes to take place, t printing out
of this new state of things?this new age, now
dawning upon us Irom this Mexican war and
its glprious termination.
Some facts connected with thm war strike us
more forcibly and more curiously than others.
It was a war which, though (trowing out of the
annexation of Texas wiih the Union, still was
accidental; and the bresking out of actual bos- 1
tilitie* between us and Mexico, was unexpected
and sudden. It has now suddenly terminated,
mcs! prosperously to the United States. But the
I i i l.immtmtrnmmmmmtmmmmmmimmimmmmmm
cofiduci ot parties ?nd of public men, during ite
progress, has been most curious and confused.-*
At first, both parties appeared to agree together
in the declaration of war, with some very few
and inconsiderable exceptions. But as victory
followed after vietory, and as more
money was required to accomplish these
brilliant victories, new and strange phe
nomena ih.n became apparent in the political
world. The whig leaders began to tind reason
for crying down the war throughout the country,
principally, however, upon the score of the ex
peuditure ami money winch was required to
prosecute the war. But, singularly enough, in
the armies which made these expenditures ne.
cessary, the best generals and the best soldier*
were whig#, and nothing else than whigs. The
democrats fought for their country in Congress,
| and the whigs upon the field ot battle. The
conduct, moreover, of the old democratic and
the old whig leader?, seems to hav* been
strange and inconsidcra'e. What u spec(
table to contemplate ' Webster and lienton
; opposing this peace, hnd Calhouu, who was
originally opposed to the war, now nobly
and ably sustaining the treaty, and exerting
himself to the utmost to bring about its ratification
! Webster and Benton, with a few ultra
politicians following at their tail, seem to have
acted like spoiltd children, or enfant? terribles,
as the French call them. What can be the
meaning oi all this 1?what will be its effect 1
It seems that in the Presidential campaign, Mr
Polk is now certainly in a very singular and
happy position. He b'gan the war. He carried
it through. He has now ended it, successfully
and brilliantly, after forty splendid
victories?after the acquisition of immense
glory and territory, and only a hundred
millions of debt. He is a lucky and a fortunate
man. He appears to be, as yet, the only man in
the democratic ranks who will be able to harmonize
all the difficulties and contentions which
divide the party, and to overcome all the Wilmot
disturbances and quarrels which the little
nnlifiolAnq nf tho /lav kava striata/! 117^ A?
I - - ? ~ ~ w. w V' v -kl,U' " v UU "U
think that the swindle practised upon Mr. Van
Buren, four years ago, will ever be repaired.
Mr. Calhoun's position is equally as strong and
commanding as that ot Mr. Buchanan or Gen.
But what will be the condition of the whigs!
What will be the position of Mr. Clay! What
that of General Taylor! We are very much disposed
to believe that the termination of the war,
in the manner in which it has been done, and
the qutrrels of the several Generals and miliiai
ry officers (which will yet bring out many new
developements and much " soup") will tend to
throw so much ridicule, farce and odium upon
military politics in general, that the public will
be induced to abandon military men altogether
for any other purpose whatever than mere
blood and carnage, and go back upon statesmen,
who have heretofore guided and influenced
the different parties. In such a situ?v.;~?
-1?1J --- ?
vu ?.? uiiufji, nc c* 11 ii u i u uoi dc surprised
to see Mr. Clay the candidate of the
whig party on one aide, and Mr. Polk the
democratic candidate on the other side.?
Most certainly Mr. Clay owes it to him.
self, at this crisis, to come out again, and
explain his position anew, and to take before the
people a more national, a more comprehensive,
a more liberal and enlarged view of the public
interests, than he did in his famous speech at
Lexington last fall. If he were to do this, it
would operate to do away with the bad effects
of that, for him, unfortunate harangue.
These are aome of the views and some of the
conclusions which occur to ua at this particular
crisis of public affairs, immediately upon the
track of the ratification of that great and important
document, the treaty. It will take yet some
time for indi*idualu aud parties before itiey will be
able to settle and adjust themselves to the new
order of things. Our merchants, our manufacturers,
our tradesmen, and business men generally,
will have less difficulty than the politicians
to do this. A time of prosperity is about
to open upon u?, greater and more astonishing
than ever before has taken place in all the past
history of this republic. Our military deeds
and military fame, together with our financial
power, will secure for us peace with the whole
world, and particularly with Europe and South
America. The nations of Europe, standing as
they do upon the eve of a general revolution
among all their governments, ' will see that
.1? ?1- r ?J
ttiv Hie vui; Bkautc, lUC uu\y ircc tuiu
happy people in the whole civilized world. We
have, therefore, every reason to be pleased with
the commencement of the Mexican war?with
the carrying out of this war?with the peace?
with the treaty?with all the negotiators in it,
great and email?with the conduct of both parties
in the Senate?while we laugh at and ridicule
the child's play of those who put themselves in
opposition to the current of the age, whether as
politicians, or as journalists, or as editors, or at.
loafers Up the sails again, and away belore the
Credit to whom Credit is Ditk ?Our amiable
contemporary, the Courritr des Ktat* Unit,
charges ua with publishing, without giving him
credit, certain passages of their news, and using
it in the columns of the tVeekly Herald transmitted
to Europe. Captain Jonathan Downing once
tound & loafer wearing his coat and breeches,
which had been stolen from Captain Downiug's
ship, and which this loafer had altered in the
buttons and flaps of the coat, and put on and called
his own. Captain Downing stripped the
gentlemun of his borrowed plumes, and kicked
him down the stream, after he got his own.
We are much afraid our amiable contemporary
i> in the same predicament. For the last eight
or ten years, the Courritr has been quietly taking
our own newi?both foreign and domestic?
> translating it into their own language, and ihen
passing it of] on their innocent readers and the
community, so as to make it appear that these
i (Torts, in gleaning and getting news, were got
up at vast expense and wonderful pains. The
very passages in question, which he charges us
with publishing without credit, are simply but a
rttumi of the news taken originally from the
columns of the Herald, and translated and passed
ofl on the readers of the French Courritr as original,
procured at vast expense. Instead, therefore,
of talking in this silly way, our contemporary
should pay the following bill, which would
..... i.. ..?u ?r . ...... u.,._ ... ?.,.i ...
him to-day and make payable to-morrow :?
The Courritr del E'ah-Unii,
To Tha Ntw York Herald, Dr.
To forniahing the French paper with foreign
and domestic news for eight years, at >2,000
per year, $16 0)0
Deducting for blunders of the hrenoh
Courri'r, and alrto for bad translation*
of good Kogileb %i roo
Deducting for polling white kid*. 7 A
" for lojurle* done to hit vanity, 150
" for effeota on hi* pufft 600
?? 3 715
Da)ano? now doe >13,37ft
Tine is the amount now due, which we propose
to take in instalments of #3,000 for four
yars, that being the time allowed tor the adjuatinent
ot the demands between the I'nit?d Slates
and Mexico. These are very fair terms. Will
our contemporary issue stock at six per cent., or
pay it in annual instalments ? We shall take it
either way, but want very much to have a set
tlement before lie ruturns to Paria, and forgets,
I in the gaities there, all the favora conferred upon
him in the United State*.
Nkws from St Croix.?We have received a
file of the St. Croix jlvi*, from the 80ih Decern ber
last to the 27th of January last, but we do not
find in it anything of interest. It is a curiou.i
looking paper\
1 i i it j i- -! i?
Tb? ateamer H?i mana, the Moond ehip In the SouthRmpton
and Bremen line, built in thia oity by Meaara
Weetervelt k McKay, for tbe Ocean Steam Navigation
Company, under a contraot made by Edward MiUa,
Egq. with the government, for the tranaportation of the
American maiia between New York, Southampton, and
Oermany. made her trial trip on Friday and Satnrday.
The keel of thia veaael waa laid ahortly after the
launching of the Washington, the pioneer of the line,
about four months ago ; since which time ahe ha> been
In the bands of Messrs. Stlllman, Allen Ic Co. receiving
her eaginM and other appointments. She is now oompleted,
and ready to take her departure The appearance
of the ship, as will be seen by the above representation,
does not differ materially from the Washington ;
nor doea her model present any new feature, la
form or build. She it, however, larger, and more
aystematieally arranged, both as regards the
conveniences through the Interior, the appoint
stents on deok, and her style of rig. Her length
of keel is 337 feet ; upper deok, 240 feet; breadth
of beam, 41 feet ; depth of hold, 31 feet ; and
measures, according to carpenter's calculation, 2360
tons. Her frame is oomposed of the very best material
in present use, being well seasoned white oak. All her
erooksaad bends ara natural, and put together with
great ears. The keel and kelsona ara af great power,
forming a solid mass of heavy timber, of more than seven
feet in thlokness, and fastened through with heavy copper
belts. She has also a bilge kelson, seventeen lnohes
square, running the full length of the ship ; each side
of this are four additional kelsons, whloh serve as a bed
or resting plaoe for the engines. They are about four
and a halt feet high,and tun the whole length of the floor,
fore and aft, which adds muoh to the strength of the ship.
She is doubly planked, oommenolng at the keel, with a
8X inoh plank; and running up to the water mark, they
reach 6 inches in thickness; aoross the timber heads
the planking is over 8 lnohes. On the inside of the
frame there, are wood and iron braoes, fore and aft, running
diagonally from the main deck to the water mark,
and many of the bulk heads on the lower d?ck, near the
engines, are double, and put up with massive timber,
running at anglee; this is done with a view to increase
thf stiffaess of the vessel amldehip, in the vicinity of
the engines. The deck beams are supported by lodging,
hanging and diagonal knees. Her deok is flush,fore and
ft Ratvun I. ? <- '1 - ?* -? 1?
' whioh extends to alther end of the wheel-house, and
I are about 16 feat wide. The oompanion way* leading
below are perfaotly secured against watar making Into
them, by the proteetlon this hous* offers, and it is an
well contrived that the wind can have bat little or no
. effect upon it. . A portion of this forms a floe large en|
trance to the engine, which is finely finished and orna!
mented by polished brass railing* and iron gratings,
i leading through the various sections of tbe engine*. The
rplendid entrance and cirenlar stairway to the main sa'
loon, is also und?r this covering, snd Is always approached
with as much security, and is aa well kept, as
a drawing room. Tbe galley for the servants and crew
is under the forward part of tbi* hout e, a* i* also tbe
cow pen, poultry, &: ; but they have no ooonection with
any other part of the vessel, aud are entirely out of
i the way of passenger* and crew The wheelhouta stands
. chock aft?Is a neat and strong struoture. well arranged,
{ and fitted with apartments for the oonvenlance of the
cllc?rs of the *hip.
Tbe deck i* protected by a bulwark thrae feet high,
' tha after part of whioh has a nice nat work of some sixteen
inches in height.
Tbe oabin is fitted in the most luxuriant and oostly
manner; the style adoped by the artist appeals to be or
tbe Elizabethan order, with a slight mixture of native
I fancy. The decorations are elaborate, and the innumerable
mouldings, surface-, and pannels of eaam?ior
crystallzid forma, exoel in splendor of design and arrangement,
tbe most rcagnifloent production* of art
aver produoed on board of *hip. The sculpturing and
j painting diiplay the highest order of talent. There cau
be nothing, in either painting or eculpture, to surpass
the exqalMte production! dl*played in this saloon; tbe
close imitation of natnre in both oonatitnte the excellence
and the ability of the nrtists. The general appearance
of the saloon is li(ht and elegant; tbe rich
gilding, decorations and paintings, so harmoniously ar'
ranged, excite the mo*t pleasurable feeling* It is
about 90 feet long and '.20 feet wide ; on each sidn are
eleven aectiona or panels, ornamented with circular
landscape views These sections ara between the stateH ,.
-UK? .14. ?f _K1?V, _?.?
I tied celumns on twlntf<J pedestals, surmouuted by ?
1 capital, richly and highly decorated each supporting elaborately
worked trusses, on whlohrestthe deck or ceiling
beams These truww are profusely sculptured and finely
gilded, each having the face and bust of a lady of the
Klizabethan age, in alto rrlitro The ground work behind
the columns is enameled. The cornices are beautifully
ornamented and polished. The door pannals are
richly polished and ornamented, with a carved wreath,
riohly gilded The ceiling beams and p*nneiings overhead.
nre edged with carted and gilded moul iicgs, and
are otherwise ornamented
The lurniture in this saloon is principally polished
>7!ilnut. plain but rich, relieved by some four or five
patent iron frame settees, covered with crimson velvet,
nnd "o ingeniously constructed that in a moment a comtortable
lounging sofa may be arranged. The carpeting
' throughout, state rorms and all, is bruisels, of th? most
oostiy description. The mast and rudder casings are
octagon finish, with mirrors in each r<iuare,and a oluster
column on eteh angle. An elegant sofa sets under
the stern windows, over whloh are three splendid oil
paintings, the tint representing the harbor and a perspective
view of Naw York: tn? other la a fine view of
I the city of Bremen, and in the centra la a correot and
I well executed picture of the Hermann. The cabin or
\ saloon re< elves light and air through three large ver|
tloal sky-lights, ornamented with stained glass of a
great vaiiety of eclers, beautifully diversified
The ltdles' private saloon, which is located nearly
midships, is one of the moat costly furnished rooms of
its site perhups in exlstenoe. The furniture Is that
used during the reign of Louis XIV, white and gold.
; oovered with oostiy crimson velvet. The wails are com|
pletely bidden from view by large mirrors, of various
forms, gorgeously framed according to the latest French
1 style The acfas. lounges, and chairs, are of the most
1 ncjuisite workmonship. The plane, tables, and chande
noir, vutirr)n/uu witu iun uevuiaiiuui Ul III* r00Hl, IDQ
are la perfect keeping with the magnificent r?lv?t caroetlng
that eorm the floor. Nothing reems wanting in
thin beautiful apartmsnt either to pl^aa* the eye or
comfort the body The state rooms ar?> Urn* and fitted
for two persons, having tw> berths, adorned with tapestry.
and settee* covered with crimson velvet; they are
furnished with Brns<els carpets, well aired and light?d
by circular port* on the side, and dead lights on deck.
' underneath tbe main saloon, and entered from It by a
I mahogany staircase, are state room"! ten feet square,
cme containing four sleeping births, some Mi, and
others lew, calculated to accommodate families or partie*;
they are more comfortable than tbote in the main
sil< on. being large, retired, well lighted, and elegantly
! lu:msbed. On this deck are located the storeroom,
' baggage room, mall room, wine cellar, &o
The fore cabin contains a large number of -'ate rooms
of greater dimensions than those in the sfter part of the
ship ; a saloon used by gentlemen as a lounging or smoking
resort ; besides a number of splendid apartments,
I used by 'he efllsers of the ship. This cabin nan be entered
from the mala deok, or through a p?sssg?-way
leading from the after saloon. Adjoining this is the
clerk's office, handsomely furnished, and & large room
occupied by tbe engineer*.
The klteben I* located Immediately foi ward of the
engine-room, and connect* with the main saloon through
tbe pantry ; an apartment, by the way. destrving of considerable
notice; not because of 11* great Im portance to the
passengers, but on account of its decorations and splecdid
arrangement* Here Is placed every thing for tbe
comfort ol all on board;ieveral mahogany oases and iron
chests for silver plate, dessert services, tea and diuner
sets, water filters, urns, and a variety of table necessaries.
The engina-roCtai is entirely distinct and entered by a
soparate door; It la tastefully fitted and arranged, with
I mm ..?.i r<i>?vi ?. n- ? it irneecteee 10
I a current of fre*b air paMingtbrougli the room The plat
lormft and gangway* are guarded with Ria*itT? poilihed
I hraf* rod*. Kept in fine order; u*nr the engine room are
the b. rtb* fur the chief engiurer and hid a*?i*tant*; and
alio, tb?,*e for the Bremen aud ooal trimmer* Immediately
adjoining the engine*, are l?r<e itorerooin.i, for
the uie of tallow, oil, fco ; and one large on* deeigneil
u a machine chop, containing ? ? ry requisite tool uaed
in renairlrg She ha* two tide lever marine engine*,
nfe.ch, aooordlng to the boglbb mod* of reckoning, are
ML l"W??P?"WW
1600 hone power, cylinder t> feet in diameter, 10 feet
troke. weter wheel :tt>X feet diameter and 8 feet faoe
The oylindere are cued around with wood on the outaide,
with lining of felt oloth underneath.
The foreoaatle ia between deoka, forward of the fore
hateh, arranged with good bertha for her erew. The
ohain looker* are below this, in the lower bold, and in
the between deoka there ia a eaaing with doora In It,
which enoloaea the after part of the obalna in their deaoent,
and alao nerve for a baggage or lu??age room, after
the hatohea are oloaed The windlaaa, although between
deoka, and entirely out of eight, la worked on deok.
We omitted to atate that the ahlp haa ample and oomfortable
aooommodatlona for 160 flrat olaaa paaaengera.
The Hermann, when fully manned, including offloera
and servants, carries 130 peraona. The offloera are gentlemen
of Intelligence and much experience ; all having
seen years of aerTlce, and are oapable at any moment to
teke the reaponsibillty of a ateamer or % sailing vessel ?
Captain Crabtree la Known to moat of oar merchanta
aa a gentleman of aterllng abilities?oompetent not only
from great .practical experience in marine affalra, but
from nla well stored mind, and hie knowledge of ateam
and Ita appliances. The namea of the officers are aa
follows : ?
E. Crabtree, commander ; Edward McKeige, first offl
vmr , jhb. u dibit, u. a. ;> , uuiix manier ; r.owua a.
Barnett, U 8 N , seoond officer ; Mr. Belcher, third officer
; Dr. Tombs, surgeon ; John L. Crabtree and Mr. A.
Mills, clerks; Samuel A. Smith, steward ; John Vendewater,
chief engineer; John Gallagher and Dugald
Brooks, first assistants ; Henry Brooks, second assistant;
Lieut. Thos. Brownell. government agent and inspector;
Westervelt and MoKay are the builders of the ahip ;
StUlman, Allan k Co , angina builders; Cutter b Yonng,
oarpantars and ornamental carvers; David Calllouatta,
ornamental worker, drawing, composition and gliding.
The trial trip was made from this port, starting from
Governor*' island at.ll o'clook, A. M . on Friday, and
returning to the pier on Saturday at fi o'olook, P.M.,
after a very sueoessful run of 376 miles. Her speed,
power and general qualities, under a lull head ef steam,
also under canvass, .and then under both, were sufficiently
tested, and in every respect she gave the moat
decided satisfaction in the performance of her trip.
Her steam was raised so as to enable her to make over
thirteen mllee an hour, wbioh she did with much ease,
and was perfeotly manageable in every respect. It blew
a heavy gale from the northwest during eighteen hours
of the time, when Capt. Crabtree hove to. and stopped
her engines for the purpose of trying her sailing qualities.
She was run in various directions in the trough of the
sea, with the wind ahead, on her beam, quartering and
astern; in every movement and position she behaved
noblv. Her motion against the sea and the heavv stale
then isglng. was excellent, and elicited the moat enthusiastic
expressions from, her oommander, Lieut. Brownell,
Mr. Mills, and the nautical gentlemen on board.
She U now at her dock, No. 4 North river, and will be
ready on Wednesday to receive visiters and freight. She
will leave positively on the aoth.
No one can look upon this noble ship , even in a casual
manner, without being astonished at the great amount
of thought, labor, and expense, whioh must have been
applied, toproduoe such a vessel. No matter what her
suootss may be, her desi nera deserve great praise for
the industry and perseveranoe displayed through the
progress cf this great enterprise, from the signing of the
contraot up.
Ma. Clay's Visit and Mr. Clay's Departure
?Mr. Clay will leave New York to-day, on his
way westward. It is stated that he will remain
at Newark from nine o'clock till four, P. M , to
receive the visits of his friends in that only civilized
city in the State of New Jersey. He will
then depart for Philadelphia, Baltimore, the Alleghany
Mountains, the (Dbiu, and home.
Mr. Clay has been about six days in New York.
He arrived on Tuesday last, and leaves to-day
His reception has been most magnificent throughout
the whole of this period, and the attentions
paid to lum by both parties, and all parties, including
both sexes, have been more appropriate,
and more delicate, and more fitting
his position, than those which he formerly
received in New York, about eight years
ago, and which we remember very well?
how he was cheated, and so forth. Yet those
attentions have been very burdensome to Mr. Clay
in various respects. It is not so easy to shake
nanus wim mousunas 01 oig-nsiea ieuows, or
kiss the pretty lips of thousands of pretty women,
without feeling the effect some way or
other, even in an old statesman, who may be all
bone and sinew, except th? head?that being
aquafortis. What Mr. Clay's opinions may
be on the reception he^net with in this city, it is
not a matter of much consequence to inquire.
He seems to be pleased, and he says he is. One
of the most interesting tableaux on the occasion
was the conjunction between him and Ex-President
Van Buren, friendly and smiling towards
each other, after a long life of disunion, asperity,
and political rivalry.
With all these manifestations of respect to"
wards Mr. Clay from (lie whigs of New York, it
is yet a mooted question whether they would not
cheat him again. They are a very unreliable
set of men?the whigs of New York?and their
character is very fitly represented by Thurlow
Weed and Horace Greeley, in the matter of public
taith and private reliance.
Since Mr. Clay'a arrival in New York, a very
important event haa taken place in the political
world, and that is, the ratification of the treaty
of peace with Mexico, and the probable termination
of all our difficulties with that country,
with the annexation of a vast territory, and alj
the usual results growing out of a brilliant two
years war. We should like to know Mr. Clay s
views and opinions, at this particular crisis in the
history of the country. From this day forward,
we begin a new career of peace and prosperity;
and although Mr. Clay has committed tome mistakes?and
one of them was his speech in Lexington?there
can be no doubt of his patriotism?
his real love of country?his independence, and
of all those feelings which would render
him capable of filling the highest office
in thii great nation. With the exception
of some speeches, which amounted to little,
and a few rote*, and some ridiculous
and immaterial movements, the whigs of this
countiy have served in the ranks of the American
army in Mexico, as nobly as the democrats
have. They have fought, and bled, and died;
and Mr. Clny himself need not travel beyond the
sacred limits of his own family to be convinced
of this great fact. We are convinced, that on the
subject of the Mexican invasion and the Mexican
war, after the asperities of the moment are
over, both parties will takr great credit for that
great movement of the United States which has
covered the country with glory, given to it additional
territory, and a name that will give us
peace with every other nation lor at least a cen
tury to come.
We should like to know Mr. Clay's views on
this subject; and we think he ought not to leave
\rtv Y< rk without delivering a speech, so as to
give liia friends information on the matter, and
riiak'1 them acquainted with the position in which
they Mand. This is a most interesting crisis,
and every great man will have to adjust his
watch to the great time-piece of destiny and
? ?
1 " "
TOWHUPBC nrmjjcwicK,
Oar despatches by telegraph last night were
not so interesting and important in their features
us usual. From Washington, we learn that Major
Graham has been despatched as a courier to
Mexico, to notify that government ot the ratification
of the treaty by the American Senate.
It will be seen that the sabbath has been again
desecrated, in Baltimore, by brutal riots among
the firemen, in which several are said to have
been killed, and numbers seriously wounded.
We have the proceedings of the State legislature
on Saturday, the Northern line having been
again put in working order.
From Augusta, Georgia, we have New Orleans
markets and ship news to the 5ih inst., received
at that place by overland express, and which
was the only matter of interest worth sending
over the lines.
Courier to Hm co
Washington, March 1*2,1848.
Major Graham left last night,with news of the j
ratification, post haste The treaty will follow i
in a few days. The President has something
more to ask of the Senate. W. j
From the South.
Augusta, Gko. March 11, 1848.
The overland express from New Orleans, with !
papers to the 5th inst. has arrived at this place; but
it brings no news of importance. The mail from
New Orleans failed to connect at Mobile on the
2d inst.
The telegraphic line between New Orleans
and Mobile commenced operating on the afternoon
of the 4th inst.
From Washington.
Washington, March 12, 1848.
The nominations of Hewlett, for surveyor of
the port at Coldspring, Ireland at Greenport, and
Garret at Camden, have been confirmed.
The remains of Captain Hanson, who was
killed in Mexico, arrived here this evening, and
will be interred with public honors on Tuesday
or Wednesday next.
Firemen's Riots in Baltlmnre^Beveral Persons
Killed and Wounded-firn, ?StcBai.ti.mork.
Sunday evening, March 12.
There was an alarm of Are in this ciiy to-day,
which was the occasion of a dreadful riot among
several fire companies. The Independent and
Watchmen joined against the New Market and
United, and from one to two thousand men were
engaged in the fight, which occurred at the corner
of Cathedral and Madison streets. Pistols
were fired into the crowd, and stones, bricks,
clubs, etc., were used with the greatest violence. ,i
A man named Anthony Hughes was shot dead:
three others received balls in various places, ana
a large number were seriously wounded, some
of whom, it is thought, will not recover. Several
arrests were made by the police.
A store was burned down at Fells' Point this
morning, subsequently to which another severe
riot occurred. Disorder is prevailing everywhere;
the alarms of fire are frequent, and the
belligerent companies are collected together, and
threaten vengeance upon one another. So
stand matter* at present.
Alb?t, Maroh II, 1849.
petition for an appropriation.
A petition vu received from the Commissioners of
Emigration for an appropriation.
evening ichoolj in the citt of new yoke.
Mr. Bubch reported a bill authorising the Board of
Education In New York to establish evening sohoois.
the cohuiiuit general.
Mr. Hall reported favorably on the bill to repeal the
aot to pay Henry Storms extra compensation, Ico.
bane capital.
Mr. Aybault reported against the bill to authorize
incorporated banks to reduoe their capital. Also, a bill
to authorize the Catiskill bank to reduoe its capital.
clerks for the surrogate') office.
Mr. Boceee reported a bill to provide for the appointment
and payment of a clerk or olerks In the Surrogate's
office in Queens oounty.
A bill was offered authorizing the Exohange Bank of
Uenesee to change its looatlon, and passed.
protection for emigrant!.
A bill for the protection of emigrants arriving at the
port of New York was recommitted, so as to make it applioablc
to emigrants arriving from other points.
reoulatino the formation of banks.
The remainder of the session was ocoupled in debating
a bill for the formation of banks. The bill was sent
to a third reading.
deaf and dumb institution.
W. S Smith reported a bill to reimburse to the Deaf
no uuoiu institution Certain uaprnses incurred lor
Stat* pupils.
itl'EcVl COritTT RIOTS.
A resolution m adopted for the aopoiatment Of a
aeleot oommitte? on the petition of W W Nile*, the
owner of the buildings destroyed by the mob in Queen's
countj, with power to visit the localities, and make all
necessary investigttion.
lowo island canal and navigation company.
Mr W 8 Smith reported favorably on a bill in relation
to Long Island Canal and Navigation Company.
appropriations i or raw york dispensaries.
A bill was passed making appropriations for the New
York Dispensaries
theatrical fund association.
Mr. Bowie, on notioe, brought in a bill to lnoorporatr
the Theatrical Fund Association
tonawanda railroad company.
The bill allowing the Tonawanda Railroad Company
until 1861 to lay down heavy rails was passed.
brooklyn city hospital
A bill to amend the charter of the Brooklyn City Hospital
was referred to the appropriate oommlttee.
Ntw Orleans, March 5?40,000 bales of cotton were
sold during the week; fair at. "X a 77? Sugar?fair at
V,' a 3}?, small sales. Molasses steady and In demand at
18 to 34 cents The sales of flour during the week were
10,000 barrels; Ohio and Illinois at $6 l'JX and $6 36;
oholoe at $6 39; St. Louis at $6 60 and $6 76 Freights
had an upward tendenoj K (change was limited.
Fittsbi-ro, March 11, 1848.?Cotton?The market
was steady, while prioe* continued about the same.
Flour?The market was rather depressed, and prices
were inclined to droop We could hear of no transactions
worth reporting Corn?Nothing doing; market
heavy, with a downward tendenoy in prices whiskey
?We note sales of (>0 bbls at 18c. Oats?Sales of 140
saoks on private terms. The river had 8 feet of water
in the ehannel.
Shipping Intelligence.
New Orleans, March 5?Arr ship Australia. Cld ships
Acs. aud Camera. Boatnu: FnirfifltHi hriff Mar* Jabm. Wil#r.
N York; ichr O Woonerna, Philadelphia.
Tint Drmocbatio Movkmbnt foe thi Artroachino
Election.?But four weeks are to
pass before a new city government, clothed with
the appointment of two thousand 'persons, and
the control of the annual purse, containing two
millions of dollars, will be elected. The wires
ot the democratic party have been straightened,
and have brought out the following candidates
for the Board of Aldermen.
JVarii. War it.
1st. Dr. Stephen R Harris, 9th. Freeman Campbell,
Oliver Charllok, 10th Nell Gray,
3d. Jamas C. Stoneall, llth. Amoe F Hatflald,
3d. Campbell P. Whits, lJth. Ab'm V. Williams,
4th. DennisMulllns, ISth. Thomas K. Downing,
KdmniUI Fitsgerald, 14th. Denis Csrolln,
Ath. Sampson Moore, James M. Bard.
6th. Thomas Oilmartln, lAth. Klnatban Thorn,
Fredario D Kohlar, 16th. Abraham Brown,
7th. Solomon Townsend, 17th. James W?l?h.
8th. Robert Getty, 18th. Moses W. 8. Jackson
In the first, fourth, sixth, and fourteenth wards
all expectation of a reconciliation in the party
is at an end, and two democratic ticnets in each
of these wards will surely run. in several of
the other wards two tickets are now talked of;
but the chances are that the party will come to
the scratch on the morning of the election, with
but one ticket.
We shall give their lioard of Assistants in a
day or two.
The democrats have been for some time in
quite a state of consternation in relation to their
candidate for Mayor. John J. Cisco, Lccles
Gillelfdar, Robert Kelly, Frederick R Lee,
Campbell P. White, and a score of smaller politicians
about the eves of the party, havt? been
talked of for the chief magistracy of this city of
a half a million; but objections sufficiently strong
to threaten defeat seem to present themselves.
At lust an echo has come forth, that William F.
Havemeyer will, if strongly pressed, accept the
nomination. The ch.inces, therefore, are, that j
ex-mavor Haveme/er will auain be before the I
people for this honorable office.
Moses (r. Leonard it* again a candidate for reelection
to the office of Alms House Commissioner.
Wm P. Mies is also again in the field
lor this nomination.
The national reform party have nominated
John Cominerford for Mayor, and Wm A. Maxwell
for Alms Iiouse Commissioner. 'I hey
polled over one thousand votes last spring, all of
which went for Mr. Brady.
' ?"" ?
Jmpoetaut p*om V*h?*u?t.a?Flhhit of tm
Whit* Population.?By the arrival of the brig
Orbit, Captain Andersoa, 23 days from Porto
Cabello, we are in poRsesHion of moat exciting
intelligence from this republic.
We learn that the white inhabitants of La
(ruayra aud Caracas are flying ia all directions
from the vengeance of the black and colored
races, who have completely overawed these ci
nes, una nave assumed so menacing an attitude
towards the whites, ns to inspire them with a
dread of being murdered if they remained.
The party of Monagas, the President and
Founerite leader of the blacks, himself a Creole,
were going about the streets, in armed gangs,
and impressing all the mixed races or blacks
they could find. One colored carman was forcibly
dragged from his cart and carried oft ; and
the impressment's going on daily.
It was rumored from the interior that the
whole of the country was on the eve of a general
revolution, and that the celebrated General
Paez was nuking gr^at tfforts to rally the
The white population along the aea-eoast were
trying to ercape out of the country. Most at
them were going to the Island of Curacao, and
taking passage in different United Slates vessels.
Mr. F. Weisman, lady and family, came passengers
in the Orbit, being obliged to abandon
their beautiful estate, by this dreadful panic.
To the time of the Orbit's sailing, no actual
murders had been committed by the blacks,
since the assassination of the national representatives.
\'ery Latk from thk Sandwich Islands.?
We have received, I v the arrival of the ship
Brutus, Gapt. Adams, vices from Honolulu to
the 9th of November 1
We learn that busin was unusually dull at
Oahu for the seaBon. e many recent arrivals
of full cargoes from the United States, England,
and China, had glutted the market with goods of
all descriptions. The amount of merchandize
entered at the custom hotse between August
1st and November 1st, was nearly $-100,000, first
cost, more than ever before known?the net consumption
for the last four years averaging but
$863,478 yearly. Exchange on the United Slates
was much in demand, and whalers' bills had
risen. The market rate at the sailing of the
Brutus was three per cent discount, and in some
instances, bills had been taken at par. Merchants
were shipping specie to China, as a means
of remittance to the United Stales, on account
of the scarcity of exchange.
In politics, matters were more quiet than
usual. The claim of the lirra ot Ladd It Co.,
American merchants, against the Sandwich
Island government, for 8378,000, for alleged
breach of contract, &c. was still unsettled. This
suit had excited much interest and feeling in the
community, as its successful result seemed to
offer to the creditors of that firm the only pros*
pect of their being able to meet their liabilities,
which amounted to about $200,000. The Sandwich
Island mission was a creditor to a large
The government had undertaken and completed
many works of internal improvement. Lead
pipes had been laid from a stream in the Pauoa
valley, back of the town, leading to a reservoir
on one of the wharves, for the supply of fresh
water to the shipping, which has long been a desideratum.
The Brutu9 watered at this reservoir,
and the water has proved to be excellent.
The two streams crossing the road to Numanee
valley, has been spanned by substantial arched
stone bridges. Stone wharves and piers were in
process of erection, and a new stone custom
house and court house were being built by the
Capt. Griswold, of the American whale ship
Audley Clarke, committed suicide, by cutting
his throat, in a fit of temporary insanity, on Sunday,
October 24th, and died the Sunday following.
His remains were followed to their place
ofinterment, in the Numtnee cemetery, by the
shipmasters in port, and many of the residents,
the flags of the shipping being displayed at halfmast
on the occasion.
The temperance cause seems to be firmly advancing
at Oahu. Five ye?rs since, it was
deemed an almost hopeless undertaking to organize
a temperance society at Honolulu. Now,
in addition to the Oahu Temperance Society,
which numbers about 70 members, and supportMmonthly
paper, the Ouliu Fountain, verv
creditably, a new society has been organized,
cawed uie ruecnanics una w orainginen a w asumgtoniaii
Total Abstinence Society," which promises
to have a very beneticial influence on that
class of residents.
A theatre has been opened at Honolulu, at
which no performers are admitted, unless they
are "total abstinence" men.
The following table will show the increase of
Hiwaiian vessels, within five years:?
In 1843 ,10 vessels, 44S ton*, value $J7,400
In 1844 .16 " 778 " " 41,000
1*1848 39 " 4696 " " 73 OtO
In 1847 65 " 3070 ?? " 108,000
of which 23 are owned by natives, and 32 by
The Polyne?ian, of Sept 11, 1347, states that
two officers of the United States sliipCyane, Dr.
Maxwell nnd Mr. Miller, have leased of the government
100 acres of land, orillawuii.for a collVe
plantation, and hopes that other foreigners will
be found to follow their example.
The American ^whaleship A. H. Howland,
Capt. Walker, sailed from Honolulu, Oct. 23d,
for New Bedford, haviBg as passengers Rev. C.
Forbes and family, Mrs. Dibble and family, and
Master Emerson, all of the American mission
at the Sandwich Islands.
[From the Polynesian, September 18 ]
The accounts from the Kamsobatka flret of whalers
are bad. Upward* of fifty ehips are reported as having
done nothing. There have been several eevere shock*
of earthquakes felt at tea. in that region, which are
suppoaed to have frightened the whale* off their tuual
feeding ground* 1'be ehips that hare arrived hero
thos far, have averaged good fares fet the season.
CovNTEariiT Coin?Abundance ot Bolivian dollars
and baif dollars of date 1830, coarsely executed, are in
circulation in town. They beve a dull, pewter look.
The public should be on tneir guard against receiving
them. They have been brought to the Islands within a
few weeks.
The Rev. Mr Richards died at Honolulu on the 7th
November, 1847, after an Illness of tbree months. He
had for several years been a missionary, and latterly
Superintendent of the Board of Kduoatien.
Died, on board ship Brutus, on 37th May, 1847, at San
Francisco, California, of liver complaint, Jamee Wilson.
Intelligence from Brazil.?We are in the
receipt of the Mercantile Journal, published at
Rio de Janeiro, of the 28th of January. It contains
nothing but commercial information, of
which we annex a lew extracts
[From the Rio Mercantile Journal, Jan. 38 ]
Aotlvity tu oooaelonally, manifested In tha various
market* during the yenr, but the amount of baeines*
was below that of 1(46, and. taken altogether, the result
wai by no mean* satialaotory.
Import a were, with tew exceptions, excessive, and the
natural, If not almost Inevitable, oons'qtienoea ensued.
Trade in th^se article* with which the market wai overcupplied,
became, In a measure, forced ; prices declined,
and credit* previously unreasonably extended, were
still further materially Increased
Kxports, in u far u regards the primary article of
production were unprecedentedly extensive; nut any advantage
which may otherwise have been derived from
thla increase of production and eiport, was completely
neutralized by the very low prloes which ruled more
particularly duriog the full of the orop season.
The onlv legislative enactment, of the past sessions,
immediately oonneeted with commerce, was the deoree
of 1st Ootober last, by whioh it was determined, that,
on and after 1st July, 1*48, the tonnage dues on foreign
vessels, and the duties on merchandise Imported into
Braxll in foreign vessels,and cleared for home consumption,
be lp?r?ased 88,V
Kxempt from the additional 3Tj, the vessels of stiah
nations as admit Drssllian vessels into their ports upon
the s.ime terms with referenoe to all and every description
of port oharges, as national ressels ; and also exempt,
all mtrchnndiie ins pot ted In the vessels of such
nations ss receive the produce of Brastl In Braslllan
vessels, at the same rates of duty us If Imported In the
vessels *f the respective nations
The unnsusl faolllty with whleh money waa obtained
until late in the year, If, In our opinion, to be traoed to
the faot that the Treasury wants were mora moderate
than In previous years, and to the effects of theourrency
bill, whioh came into operation on the 1st January By
meaes of this bill, an addition, or rather, an auxiliary,
to the circulating medium was created Oold and nil
rsr onln, of certain descriptions, haying b-cnrae legal
tenders, were used m th? m?nn? of interchange, and
thud formed part of the circulating medium, whloh was
consequently lncreaaed, to the fimut that the legal trader
coin had currency.
To thin extent, then, has the measure btn useful;
but the lerviee has not been without a!l*y, In the trouble
occa>lon?il by maklog and receiving piyuients In upecle
The examination, and weighing, and reexamlnatlon,
occupied unnecessarily, a oonsij?able time, and
this was experienced not alone l.y iuuividuals. but also
In some of the publlo departments at times, to the prejudice
of the national interests, for whenever the legal
tender ooln oould be purchased at ? fraotlon below the
declared value, the opportunity was not lost, and this
*M of frequent occurrence during the year. In lsdi.

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