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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 26, 1848, Image 2

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NEW YORK HERALD. 1
(
rtliwHl oorncr of VnlUa and Hum? (tt> <
. i
J AIM ICS UOHUON BBtHIBIT, I
PROPRIETOR.
TU DAILY HHK.iUl- Throe tdtttone rvrry MjLtwiwiti
mtr con-1T S? > ' ..????. rv MOKM.YU KDTTION m
kNuW .it 3o'clock A. M . at d dietrtbvted before breakf<i?t ;
the Ant A/TKR\tMJ> KDITKJN ran be h id of the nev?>*>yt
at 1 oVU-k P u~i the >ecemd AFTERS tH. IS EDITION at
W Q'cUM k
^THa WEEKLY HKRALD?hurry Saturday, for etrrula
(to* on the American iontmrnt?1% emit per copy, $3 UK ( ""
rnrna Horry i|r??n picket da y, ft European nrcuuittcn,
ft per tMWi. to t nc I tuie the poet a fe. The European fdifwni
mil be printed in (A? Frrnrh n lui Enplith iattfuayM.
Al.l LETTER5 by m,ill for tuberryptwne, or udth advrrturmentt
te be pmtp<itd, or the poet ape will be doductM /rem
^ITIuVtaA YCORRK.VFO.VDK.WK, coHtawMn;i?fx>rta?<
mm. Nik-Hal ^rm II?| ??arltr of the world, \f ueed, totU be
. _ _ f. k.
pvbltthed nthe tnorntnf and tifUrn?11 editiotu, )at reatonable
prrn, to h? vrittrn n a fiawi, UfibU matmtr: the proprietor
mot reeooneibU for rrrori m manuscript.
HI) >0' <C'fc' fkeaof (i?onym<)t/i rMmuimMliMii. 1? A't?r?r
? intenrlea for viirrfion mult be au'hen'i-ated by the
name and addrett of th' tertlrr; rot t ecettartly for p*b'u a
ho?. b*toea (r?ar ulyo'tu jioai/rtifA. cannot return
rejected fom?nunicat*ofi?.
PJtfN-JJMJ o/ ali JiW? erected beautifully, and vith
letpntch. Orderi recnred at the Ofct, corner of Pulton and
The HERALD ESTAULISIIMES'T It open throughout the
mi,hi at ipell at dap.
~ AMISEMENT8 THIS RYKNOTQ
BO WERT THIiTU, Bowery?Lion or mi BnnrJomnny
Atsini' Yotase to tub Moo*? Abduction or
Nut a?Ii Btdbb.
BROADWAY THEATRE, Bioadway ?Mowte Cbuto.
MATIOH aL THEATRE, Chatham Squn? Damon md Pt.
tmia& -Twin Biothiii?Lenu M^Tivk SMiiOJitM?PawtoBUE
BURTON'S THEATRE. Chajnban (treat? Old Enoiik Qeh
Ti.uAK-CAiirvKMA Ootp Mihei?Wmere'i Babnum?
BROADWAY CIRCUS, Nui SprlEf ?E^ubetbiabim.Rc.
MECnAKieS" HAI.L, Broadway, Nwi Broemo?CnBirrr'?
llKTBEL'*? ETHIOPIAN SlNeiK*.
MEIODION -Viboima Sebevadebe
ROC IE". T LIBRARY?Cahteeix'* MmmnA
ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, Bowary?Vak Ambveoh*!
OBAMi REP ACEB1E.
STUYVR8ANT IN'iTITl'TE. Broadway, near Bloooker itmt
?Ifrw Ohi.eans BiBinAnni' Ethiopian Coboebte
BTOPPANI BALL, corner of Broadway and Walker (traet?
White'* 8*benai>eb?? Ethiopian Singinc.
MI S1CAL HALL, 539 Broadway?'The Hohnstock's Last !
Oo?c?BT. I
New Vork, Tnurtay, Decomber M, 18*8. |
Actual Circulation of the lUtmldi
Deo. 2.i, Monday 30.160 oeplea.
The poMlemtio* of thi Herald enmmenned yonerday M 2?
mica;** I'nti 2 o'clock, and Aniahed at l.r> minutci b*lore 6 o'olook.
ClrtulatioH or the ether Littdlng morning
Journals*
Courier and Enquirer, (daily) 4.800
Journal of Commerce 4.800
Express 8.600
Tribune 11 600
Aggregate 24,600
Errors in tbe above estimate will be aorreoted on
adequate authority.
THE CALIFORNIA HERALD.
Map of tbe Gold and Quicksilver
Region,
&c. &c. &c.
f Tbe cilirobrcia Hihald, to contain a great deal of
Taluable information relative te the Gold Region, and
the route* thither, accompanied by a MAP OF THE
GOLD AND QUICKSILVER REGION, will be published
at ten o'clock this morning.
The map, we received a day or two since from Call.
fArnta If la tlia U?.a? a?, A tnA.? aaanaa^a <n awiaf.
nee ; It wee drawn on Ute spot. since the discovery of |
the rich gold mines, by an officer of the army, and embrace!
all the principal points, distances,&c.. ic.,in El
Dormdo. Such amap, with the information accompanying
it, will be of the greatest value to thoae who remain
at home, ai well as to those who intend to seek a
fortune, ot something worse, in the rich Talleys oftks
Sacramente.
The California Herald will be ef the same siie of
theNaw Yon* Hkbalo. It will be sold In wrapper*
ready for mailing, at sixpence per copy.
It can be had in time for the steamer'* mails.
General Taylor's Appointment Policy.
The good people of the Union who are not in
quest of office, in common with ourselves, have
perfect confidence that General Taylor's appointment
policy will be dictated by a "-sole reference
to justice and the public good," to use the language
oi Washington; but as this may not be so clear to
those who are desirous of serving their country in
public stations, it may not be amiss to direct the
attention of this large and patriotic class of our
i?11nw ritizpna tti Hpnprnl Tnvlor'a nwn rpp*nt
announcement of his intention to execute the
office ofPreeidedt as it was administered by Gen.
Washington, and to inquire, particularly, what
was General Washington's policy in regard to distributing
the public offices.
On the 30th of last month, the survivors of the
veterans of 1815 waited on General Taylor, at
New Orleans, to pay their respects to him; and in
reply to their address, on the occasion, he made
the following gratifying announcement: ?
General Taylor said that he had not been ft candidate
tut the Presidency of his own accord, bat he had
been placed in that situation by the voice of the people.
who, h? supposed. had made him a candidate from
the belief that it might be is his power to bring back
the governmt n' t? its original parity. New that the
fact ot hit election to that exalted station had been
definitely settled, he felt himself not otherwise interred
tban to perform the executive duties ia faithful
coaiorxnity to that beautiful eyitem ef government
framed by the wisdom and patriotism of oui anceatora
and presided over for eitcbt years by him who stands
distinguished and beloved before all o hers, living or
dead, as the ' Kather of his country'" On his own
account he had nothing to gratify but a feeling experienced
by every patriotic citizen for the advancement
of the prosperity of the nation, and the happine?s of
the people. All be could promise was the faithful discbaige.
to t*e best of his ability, of bin duty to th.' constitution
and the country; and if. in the performance
of it the expectations of those who elected him should
b<- r*alized he would b? more than grettly repaid for
11 the abor and anxiety which he should have to
encounter.
Now, General Washington's appointment policy
was one of the chief glories of his administration?
an brimuiisirution which General Tavlur uroDosea
to revive, because of its purity. What was tiia1
policy 1
The following extracts from Washington's letera,
to different p?r>on9, will ahed so much liyht
upon this question, that we do not think it possible
to mistake its solution. The system of Washington's
appointment policy being therefore known,
we can, in consonance with Taylor's speech to the
veterans of 1815, safely predict that Taylor's system
of distributing the public offices will be precisely
the same as that of Washington's.
FVom Sparki' Life o/ M-'athmgion, vol. 1, ch 16.
No part of tb? ('resident a duties gave him more
anxiet) tti&n that of distributing the < dices in hit |
gift Application* innumerable Bownl in upso him.
en beiore be left Mount Vernon. many of them from i
hi* pertonal friends. and other* supported by toe recoBJiueudalloti*
of his friends, nor did they cease as
long as any vacancies remained. He early prescribed
to b'mseif a rule, however, from which he never I
awerved, which was. to give nu pledges or encourage- .
inent to eny applicant He answ.red them all 01 rillj but
avowed hir determination to twep^nd a decison till '
the lime of making the appointment ^bomd arrive, and i ,
then, without favor or bus, toaeiect mob iudivldua s
as ia Lit judfiiuent we're best qualified to execute 1
with faiibft.liieM and ability the trust r?poe*4 in
them Hn sentiments and motives are w?U expiam?d
in a l?it?r written to a gentleman who had
?oi died an flics for another person ' From the mo- 5
meat ?h> n ih- nec?s?ny bad become more apparent, ' 1
aio be, '?nd as it were iuetitabie I anticipated with a (
heait U led wub dlstr s?, the ten thousand em barren
nienu perplexities aud troubles to which I must again i
be eip< m a in the evening of a li'e already nearly cm (
sound in publle cares Amonx ail these anxieties, I
will not conceal from you. 1 anticipated none greater '
than those that were likely to l>e p.oducd by applica I g
tints lor appointments to the different nffl ies which |
would be created under the n-w government Nor "
will I conceal tt.amiy appreheDtiont hat* already bean \ a
but t<>o well junitu) M-aroely a day pa*ee? In which
pp Iratlanf of obi kind or another do not arrive; In- ! '
rou u< b that l<?d I n*>t ear>y adopted aom? general
(<iu.ciplee. I tbuuld before thi? time have been woolly j
oreupwd lu thin bualt.ee* A* It ! . I have f >uud t'ie K
riiimi'*-' Of antweii- which I hare b^-en McMflIaiecj Q i.
five lb uiy own band au ?iiuj?t maupporlab e burden
to rite 1 he poliiU In which all tbeae aonwera Here ,
Agreed In abetatHM are that (h?uld It b? my iol V) j
go again Into public tflloe, I would go without being 1
un<**r any poialhie rrg*g-?ente of any nature wnat- ],
?o?*er, tbftt. to f?r ? I knew tny own baan, I would
ft It tie |fc the ren.uteat degree Influenced, In ina ling I >
tr l: !' t IfTf, M 'inif-ra the !l"|i 1 ,
m Mn4| m4 tk*t, tk* ?tW kill, ttrn Ikiafi, la
ny opinion, ought principally to to regarded. maty,
A* lta*M of ebiiMtM to fill tbe oompwitlTt
ililnu from tto former merits tod sufferings in servise
at tk? different candidates, lid the dtatrtbatlon of appointments
In m equal a proportion u might be to
perrons belonging to the different States in the Union.
Without precaution* of thU kind, 1 dearly form*
the rndlrss jealousies, and possibly the fatal ooaw
<|uenoes.to which * gOTernment,depending altogether
on the good will of the people for its fsubli-hm-mt,
would certainly be eipo ed in iU early stage*. Besides.
1 thought, whatevrr the effect might be in pleasing
or displeasing any individuals at the prisent moment,
a due conoern for my own reputation, not loss
deciMvely than a *acred regard to tha interest* of the
rrmmunity, required that I should hold myself absolutely
at liberty to net, while lu ofBce. with a sole reference
to justlca and the publio good." In practice,he
verified these declarations, acting in every ease with
perfect independence, looking flrot to the national interests.
and next to the best means of promoting thea,
and admitting no other ground of preference between
candidate* whom pretensions war* in othar re spec U
visual, tban that of former efforts or aaorl flees in lerring
their country
Extract of ? Letter from Central ITathinfton to Edward
Rut ledge, datid Xew York, May bth. 1789
I anticipate that one of the moat diffloult and delicate
part* of the duties of my office, will be that which
relates to nominations for appointments * * * *
Though from a f jet m whieh I have prescribed to myself,
I can say nothing decisive on parttoular appointments,
yet 1 may be allowed to obserre in general, that
nothing could he more agrveable to me than to hare
ona candidate brought forward for every office, with
such olear pretensions as to secure him against competition.
Extract of a Letter from General Waihington to Mrt.
Maly H'ooittr, (u idow of General Wooiter, who died
of woundi received in an action with the Urolith, at
Dankury, Jlpril,\"~T ) dated New l'ork, May 21, 1789.
I have duly received your affecting letter, dated the
8th day of this mouth Sympathizing with you, as 1
do, Ik the great misfortunes which have befallen your
fWmily in consequence oi the war. my feelings as an
Individual would forcibly prompt me to do everything
In my power to repair those aisfortnnas But as a
public man, acting only with referenoe to the publio
good, I must te allowed to decide upon all points ot
my duty without consulting my private inclinations
and wiahes. I must be permitted, with the belt lights
I can obtain, and upon a general view of characters
and circamstanoea, to nominate saoh persons alone to
offices, as in my judgment shall be tbe brst qualified
to dlsoharge tbe functions of the departinsntsto which
they (ball be appointed Hitherto, I have given no
decisive answers to the applications of any candidates
whatsoever. Nor would Si be propsr for me, before office*
shall be created, and before I oan have a general
knowledge of the competitors for them, to say any
thing that might be construed as intended to enoourage
or diacourng? tbe hopes which individual may
have formed of succesa I only wish, so far as my
agency tn this bu.-ineas is concerned, that candidates
for office would rave themselves the trouble and consequent
expense of personal attendance. AU that I require
is tbe name and such testimonials with respeot
to abilities. integrity, and fitneas, as it may be in the
power of tbe asveral applicants to produoe. Beyond
this, nothing, with me. is neceaeary, or will be of any
avail to them in my decisions. In the meantime, 1
Deg you win oe persuaaea. maaan, mac lot tne result
be whatever It may. I can bar* do interest to promote
bat tbat of the publ'c.
Extract of a Letter from General fVaihington to David
StuLrt, dated New York, July iM. 1789.
Nothing would give me more pleasure than to
serve any of the descendants ol Oenetal Nelson, of
whose merits, vbrn living, no man oould entertain a
higher opinion than I did At the same time, 1 must
confess there are few psrsrn* of whom I have no personal
knowledge or good information, that I would
iah? into my family. where many qualiticatinni are
neresssr> to fit them tor the duty of it, to wit : a good
addiers. abilities above mediocrity, st-creoy and prudence,
atiention and industry, good temper, and a capacity
and disposition to write correctly, aud to do it
obligingly. Most clerkships will, I presume, either by
law or custom, be left to the appointment of their
principals in office. Little expectation, therefore,
could Mr. Nelsoa or any other stranger bare from this
source This latter consideration, added to the desire
I feel of serving the son of my old frien4 and acquaintance.
has induced me. at all hazards, to offer Mr.
Thomas Nelson, his son. a place in my family.
Extract of a Letter from General Washington t"
tiuihrod IFIuMmIM, dattd AIru- York. July 27, 178U.
Von cannot doubt my wishes to see you appointed to
any office of honor or emolument in the new government.
te the duties of which you are competent; but
however deserving you may be of the one you have
guggested your standing at the bar would not justify
my nomination of you as Attorney to the Federal District
Court in preference to some of the oldest and
most esteemed general court lawyers in your own
State, who are desiroui of tnis appointment. My political
conduct In nominations, even if I were uninfluenced
by principle, must be exceedingly circumspect
and proof against just criticism; for the eye* of
Argus are upon me. and no slip will pass unnoticed,
that can be improved into a supposed partiality for
friends or relatives.
Extract of a Letter from General H'athington to Jame?
Madison, da'ed Xew l'ork, .higutt 10, 1780
My solieitude for drawing the first characters of the
Union into the judiciary is auch. that my cogitations
on thla subject last night, after I parted with you. hava
almost determined me. aa well for the reason just mentioned,
aa to silence the clamors, or more properly
aofUn the disappointment, of smaller characters, to
nominate Mr. Blair and Coi. fenaUtoii u AuMiita
and Tl'trict Judges. and Mr KJmund Randolph for
the Attorney (Jeneral, trutlw to ib?tr Moepltio*.
Extract oj a letter ftom General Washington to Joseph
Jones, dated Xew York, Nor. SO, 1789.
In every nomination to office, I hart enieavored,
as far as my own knowledge extended, or information
could b? obtained, to make fitness of character
my primary object. If, with thla, the
peculiar necessities of the oandidate could be combined,
it has been with me an additional inducement
to the appointment. By these principles, in a proper
degree, have I been influenced in the case of Mr. Griffin,
wbo is not only out of office, and in want of the
emolument of one, but has been deprived of the former
by my means ? an(j ig now entirely oat
of employment. This circnmstanoe. added to the
knowledge of his having been a regular student of law,
having filled an important office in the Union In the
line of it. and being, besides, a man of competent abilities
and of pure chaiaeter, weighed with me in the
choice. [Mr. Griffin was appointed Diatriat Judge of
the United States in Virginia J
Extract of a letter from General Washington to Edmund
Randolph, dated 31MA Nov , 17H9.
For, having in every appointment endeavored, as
far as my own knowledge of characters extended, or
information could be obtained, to se'ectthe fittest and
most acceptable persons, ***** it would givs
me pain if Mr Wythe, or any ef bis friends, should
conceive that he has been passed by from improper
motives I have prejudices against none, nor partialities
which shall bias me in favor of any one. If I err,
then my errors will be of the head, and not of the
heart.
Extract of a letter from General Washington to Wm.
Eitzlxvgh. dated Sew York, 24th Dec ,1789
In appointing, persons to office, and more especially
in tbe jud'cial department, my views have been much
guided to those characters who have been conspicuous
in tbelr country; not only from an impression of their
services, but upon a consideration that tbey had been
tried, and that a readier confidence would be Dlased
In them by the public. than in others perhaps of equal
merit, who had never been proved.
Extract of a Utter from General Waihinnlon to John
?9rm*frong. dated Philadelphia. 6th Feb , 1791.
Having in all cares of application for appointment
to cfflce. prescribed, as an invariable rule, to myself,
the right of remaining to the last mom-nt free and
unengaged, I did not find myswlf at liberty, even in
yo?r regard, to deviate from that rule; which youjwill
be so go< d as to assign as the reason why I did not
answer your letter of last spring. I have the best disposition
te s-rve the person whom you then recommended;
and in whatever may comport with ciroumstances
ard public propriety, I ifcall be happy to do so.
At present I know not what ofllr.es may be created,
and applicants multiply witb every new office, and
some of tbem come forward under such fair pretensions
and pressing wants, that preference it difficult
and painful to a degree. In a word, to a man who
has nr. ends to serve, nor friends to provide for, nomination
to (dice is the most irkr.ome part of the executive
trust.
Here is the chart of the President elect. Will
all the office-seekers, " from Dan to Beresheba/'
go to w ork and calculate their chances from these
elements, before they disturb the old hero with
their applications ?
S ETTLEMENT OF THK I)lFFfC?I.TIF.S IN OHIO.?The
difficulties in the House of Representatives of the
General Assembly of Ohio have, we are glad to
jterceive, been placed in such a position, as to ren
der it probable they will shortly be satisfactorily
settled. The contested peals are to be submitted
to a test, and left to the judgment of the remaining
nn rubers. Although there has been much delay
'n arriving at this conclusion, we are glad to see
that party spirit has given away to sense and mode)
ation at last. The members must work hard to
remove the stigma which their recent disgraceful
onduct has inflicted on their own characters, as
well as on that of the State of which they are rep
esentatives.
Affairs i?j thi Celestial Empire.?We re;eived
by the last steamer from England the overand
China mail to the 28th of September, incluuve.
It contains a great deal of very curious
ntHligpnce relative to the internal affairs of
^hina, a few eitracts of which are as entertaining
is a novel. We give several of the extracts in
mother column of this day's Herald; they convey
i very correct view of the way affairs of state
re managed by the Celestials, and will repay
erusal.
The Leading Characters or Europe?We
:ive, in another column, a few sketch's of the
?ading men in Europe. Thfy are, of course,
ncomplete, but are interesting a* t<i as they go
OrmiNO or the New Have* Kaii.road.?We
^hiii that the road to New Haven was op?nfd
eeterday. A train arrived in this city, and cam-*
n rv< TV'r"
TIm Battery lalmrfeaiRt?Mere Tim
Change mt UerernMeiit.
Two of our cetemporaries, who are steeped to '
their eye-brows in all kinds of speculation and
trading, are calling vociferously (or the enlargement
of the Battery, and threaten to ostracise the
members of the Common Council if they do not
I ass the measure immediately. It Beems tint
these speculators, not content with an increase o|
the taxation, amounting to three hundred thousand
dollars during the last year, making the enormous
aggregate of three millions of dollars for the taxes
oi the coming year, want to saddle the unhappy
people of New York with another half million of
do'lars at the end of another year. Is there, for
goodness sake, never to be an end of this base,
bare-faced, impudent corruption and public plunder,
ingl We expect no relief under the present organization
ol the city government. All the vast
and extravagant expenditures of the city government
nre made by the respective committees of
both boards of the Common Council, and the perfect
recklessness with which they are authorized,
prove at once that we need an alteration in the
form of our city government?such a one as will
make each individual connected with it, responsible
for his doings, and amenable to impeachment
and punishment for malfeasance in the discharge
of his duties.
We need not tell our readers that we have, for
years* past, demonstrated this as the root of all the
evils which we suffer from extravagant and reckless
legislation, backed up by extravagant and
reckless taxation. It is apparent, that it is the
want of a system of government similar to that o
the several States, or of the United States, that we
???,J ?i ?.> I .< ? L
iiccu) anu iiiat nr uiuoi nave, it *rg wibu hi BlU{i
the flood-gates of corruption and extravagance that
have been so long open upon our unfortunate Citizens;
and the tide of which has finally reached a
volume of such magnitude, that it threatens, if not
reduced, to overwhelm us completely. Our citizens,
from the oldest to the youngest, and of both
sexes, are the sufferers. The taxes are in the first
place laid on property, but the mechanic and the
working man have eventually to pay them. Hence
arises the extravagantly high rents, and the annual
migration to Brooklyn, Jersey City, Williamsburgh,
and other placeB contiguous to the metropolis,
of thousands who find their means insufficient
to pay the high rents demanded for tenements
in this city, and at the same time support
their families in comfort. This is a serious injury
to New York. What, we would ask, has been
the cause of the increased and increasing value of
lots and houses on the line of the New Jersey railroad,
of the land in Westchester county, and in
Kin^s county, while land in the upper part of the
city, in the vicinity of Harlem, remains the same?
It is the increasing amount of taxation that is annually
imposed upon us. The best portion of our
population, our honest and hard working mechanics
and tradesmen, are thus driven away from the
city, because their means will not allow of their
paying the high rents demanded. The increase
of taxes for the coming year is nearly three hundred
thousand dollars, the greater part ot which has
to be paid by the industrious poor. A still greater
increase may be levied next year. Is it any wonder,
therefore, that there will be this migration to
places where there is a relief from this overburdening
taxation!
The only remedy for the abuse, the corruption,
theextravagence, and the wilful waste of the public
moneys which characterizes the government of
the city, is the establishment of a system of
government, the members of which, from the
highest to the lowest, would be responsible and
tangible. In order to show this more conclusively
we refer our readers to the following table which
we have compiled for the purpose of showing the
population of the States therein named, and the
expenses of carrying en their several governments
:?
Etlimated popv- Total Ex8(al? .
lation in '47. penditure.i.
Massachusetts 8bO ooo $478,760
NewVork 2.780 000 2,181 001
Pennajlyani* 2, ISA.000 8.080.813
Delaware 80 OoO ?
Maryland 495 000 1 004,453
Virginia 1.J70.000 735.040
South Carolina .. 006 000 847.704
Georgia 800 000 349.299
Alabama 690.000 287.061
Mie?i'Slppt 040 000 323 757
; Louisiana 470.000 423.740
i Tennessee 050,000 042.314
I Kentucky 855,000 165 001
Ohio 1,850,000 S 483,141
Indiana 080.000 ' 188.300
Missouri 800.000 329 481
Michigan 370,000 165 300
The government* in those States are all responsible
and tangible. If there be corruption, it can
be stopped; if there be extravagance, it can be
checked. Hence we see that in the State of Ohio,
with a population of one million eight hundred
and fifty thousand people, the expenses ot the government
are more than half a million less than
(hose of the municipal government of New York.
The expenses of the government of the State of
Alabama, with a population of six hundred and
ninety thouAnd, are only $287,051, while the expenses
of the government of New York city, for
the year 18-19, with a population of about four hundred
thousand, are estimated at $3,016,664, and
the probability is that that sum, large as it is, and
appalling as it is, will not be sufficient for
the purpose, in consequence of the leakmess
of our vessel of government.
Now, we have tried the system of governmental
present in existence here with all parties?whig,
democrat and native, and with the same result?
we have tried it long enough, and if the public are
not convinced that it should be changed, we do not
know what can convince them. No matter what
professions of reform and retrenchment the whigs
may make before election, they outrun the demoj
crats in waste, extravagance and corruption after
their election. The democrats, in their turn, do the
1 same; and so did the natives, when, by way of
i variety, and for the fun of the thing, as much as
I anything else, they were elevated to the control of
the ci'y government. There is but one remedy,
' and that is a complete and radical reorganization
: of the whole system of government. A system
similar to that of the States, or of the general go;
vernment, is called for, and we must have it
8ooner or later. We must have the legislative
branch divided into two houses, each elected in different
years. We must have an executive or Pre
sident, and ^einust have bureaus and departments
for all the divisions of the government. When
this shall have been accomplished, we may expec
a reduction ol taxation j we shall have the mem
bers ofthe city eovernment paid for their services;
1 we shall have them all |>ersonally responsible ; the
public business will be managed by the heads of
the departments, who will be liable to the law for
the execution of their duties, and our city will
not be disgraced, as it is, by corruption and extravsgance
of the worst description.
Fataj. Accident mar Hastins*.?On Sunday
nifht laft, the roof of the old brewery, at Dobb'a
Ferry, near Hastings, fell in, when two young
Irishmen, of the names of James Sherwood and
Patrick Fay, were instantaneously killed Tftis
house has been lor some time past used as a
boarding house, and the unfortunate young men,
who were laborers on the railroad, were lodgers,
and happened to be in bed at the time the accident
occurred. Another person had Ins knee severely
bruised, and several were slightly injured. We
are not aware of the cause of this untoward occurrence,
but, from the inquiries we made, we understand
that the roof, which was eighty-four feet
i ii.. J i
long, W8I viry unuiy am. "ty,
paitly from its original defective construction, and
partly from the superincumbent weight of the
laige distillery chimney, which it was but illcalculated
to sustain. The coroner's inquest wil'
doubtleM throw some light on the subject. The
young men bore an excellent reputation, and were
imah r>tecnr-d by all who knew them.
Th* Cholska Ejccit*mk&t.?The gold feverf
Christmas holidays, extraordinary weather, and
vaiious other topics, have contributed much towards
allaying the panic which was caused a few
days ago, by the announcement that the dreaded
Asiatic cholera was among us; still we regret to
pay that the excitement which was so heedlessly,
and we must say foolishly, raised, has caused
considerable damage to the trade of our city, more
particularly among the shipping interests. The
report went abroad that the cholera was m New
York, and the consequence is, that at the ports of
Cuba, and most of the West India islands, a most
rigid quarantine is exacted from vessels arriving
from New Ynrlf lor with nUon Kill? nf
health, all recu'arly certified and attested, the authorities^
these islands, with certain New York
papers full of cholera articles, in their hands, cannot
help regarding our city as an " infected district,"
from whence the seeds of disease may be
brought, even though there may be no actual case
on board the vessel. We heard of a case, a day or
two ago, where the master of a vessel, bound to
the West Indies, was about to go round to some
other port, and take his departure from thence, in
order to avoid being put in quarantine on arriving
at his port of destination.
Now this js all too bad. Here we have the commercial
relations of the empire city of the Union
thrown into confusion, our citizens alarmed and
panic-struck, and the greatest excitement produced
generally, and all on what grounds 1 Why, the very
extraordinary and unheard-of fact, that two poor
Dutchmen have fallen victims to eating too much
sourkrout, and washing it down with a superfluity
of Dutch beer, for Buch, in sober reality, do we
really believe to have been the sole cause of the
two "awful" cholera cases conjured up by certain
wise men of Gotham, and which served as a
text for certain speculators, who wish to have the
Quarantine ground removed from its present location,
on which to raise thiB groundless panic.
An excitement regarding cholera was started a
week or two ago in New Orleans; there, however,
the Board of Health was on the alert, and the card
they published was a moat proper one; and it our
own uoara 01 iieaitii nau laaen similar care nere,
all the trouble which has been the consequence
would have been avoided. Their repDrt was as
follows:?
BoiiDot lli) tm.?A special meeting of the BmrJ
of Health wn ?< ' ? this day. in consequence of a rumor
which wu circulated yesterday, that two oases of
Aalatio cholera bad appeared In our city, from a ship
just arrived from Havre The Board, therefore, used
due dliligenta to ascertain the facts in reference to
these case4 of disease, which they feel assured were severe
attacks of cholera morbus, brought oa and aggravated
by long confinement on shipboard, and improper
indulgence in fruits on the arrival of the vessel.
The public have nothing to fear from these cases.
A. D. CROSS MAN,
President of the Board of Health.
A. Hfster, Secretary.
We are informed, on good medical authority,
that the two "awful" cases reported in the city
were nothing more than cases ot the same 'nature
as those reported in New Orleans. The first one
died from excessive and injudicious treatment;
the last irom not having any in time. We migh1
say much regarding the ridiculous figure which
the Academy of Medicine have cut in this matter.
When this body was first organized, ii was with a
great flourish of trumpets about raising the standard
of the medical profession, cVc. They may have
raised it privately, tmt publicly tney certainly have
not as yet. Let them try to do better in time to
come. As a professional body, none can stand
higher as scientific and respectable members of
society than the medical men of New York; but
they do not seem to get on well together in such
societiesf; what is the cause of this, it is hard to
tell. To conculde, we would once more assure
our citizens, and all those doing business with
New York, that there it no Asiatic ch?lera here,
nor has there been this year.
The Steamer Isthmt-s, which was to have
sailed vesteiday, for ChagreB, could not go to sea
in consequence of the almost impenetrable tog
which hung over the bay and city. She will saij
this morning, should the weather clear off. She
goes out in command of Captain Baker, and carries
out about sixty passengers.
Theatrical and Bins leal.
Bowtft Thiitri.-One would have thought that
the very unfavorable state of the weather yesterday
would have been sufficient to dampen the ardor of the
holiday folks, ai far as going to theatres was concerned
; but it had not the slightest effect that way,
as we 8*r?r saw the Bowery more crowded on anj ocl>l?n
It laat A?anlr<* T *af /vf TnU
the boaM was filled as close as we thought it well oould
be. but last night it wag even fuller ; the private boxes,
Shakspearrs. and. Indeed, every inch of the house
was occupied, and all betore the ourtatn rose for the
first piece. The afternoon performance was also
finely attended, and the morning exhibition of the
wild beasts was also well attended. The house was
beautifully decorated with flags, greens, &o ; and altogetber4the
soene of that immense house, so densely
filled with a most enthusiastic audience, was one
which it was well worth paying the prioe of admittance
to see. The various performances of Herr
Drieabach and his animals; the farces; ballet dancing
by Ciocca, Neri, O. W. Smith, and the ballet company,
the grand romance of "El Ilyder"?all went of! satisfactorily,
and great was the oheerlng and applause
which was lavished on everything that was done during
the day and evening. To-night's bill is first rate,
so that those who could not obtain admission last
evening, will do well to go and see it.
Bkoadwat Thiathx.?"The Count of Monte Chris,
to," expressly dramatized for this theatre, byO. lf_
Andrews, Ksq , from the celebrated novel of Alexandre
Dumas, was presented here last evening, for the first
time, before a densely crowded house?every available
place of accommodation, from pit to dome, being filled
up. Indeed siace the opening of this popular and
highly fashionable theatre, never before did it appear
so jam-full. Considerable anxiety was felt, by many
who had read the work of the distinguished author,
to witness this grandfomantio spectacle ; and the vast
erowds who attended ft. seemed highly gratified with the
performance. The plot and design, the general features
of the work itself, have been admirably grouped
together for dramatio representation, from the able
pen of the literary gentloman who lia* prepared it for
the American stage ; and from Its enthusiastic reception
upon thine board* on last evening, it will unquestionably
have a run. The scenery has been prepared
also at considerable expense ; and the superb manner
in which It has been fitted up displays much taste,
on the part of the artist. The character of Kdmend
Dante*, a sailor, afterwards Count of Monte Cristo, by
Mr. Lester, was a powerful and ably sustained personation
Dyott as the Abb* Faria. a prisoner In the Chateu
d'lf acquitted himself with infinite ability; and in
the Interview with Dante*, where he foretells the
successful progress ot republican liberty in Kurope,
whieh he predicts will follow tho example of America,
he was greeted with a round of applause from all quarters
of the house The cast altogether acquitted tbnmselves
In a highly creditable manner. The various
Incidents, and the voluminous material of whioh this
splendid drama is composed, will insure for it along
run at this splendid theatre, where it ha* been got out
for the flr*t time with *ucb decided success. The work
itself has earned a deep sen*atlon in Kurope; and
when tiroduced with *o niitnv advantages in dramatic
form, upon the American board*, and by so powerful a
cart. It cannot Tall to be a source of deep attraction.
It will be repeated this evening.
National Theatre.? Christmas come* but once a
year ; but we should think that the managers would
lika it to come once a week, If not oftener, were It
always to bring auch large audience* as those that
attended the National at both afternoon and evening
performance* In the afternoon the house was
crammed, and In the evening it was found neoessary
to stop selling tickets at a very early hour, and we
should think a* many applicants were turned off as
would have well filled the house. Holiday audiences
are always good-natured ones, and the performances
yesterday passed off so well, that if they wished to be
dlrsatisfied there was no possiMe way of being so
Scott. Cbnpman. C W Clarke. Tilton. Booth Pardey,
Herbert, aid all hands, were in fine aitlng order ; the
new pantomime went off with great tela!, allotting
shouts of laughter, and the greatest hilarity and good
feeling prevailed. The heuse was most tastefully deno
rated with green, and tbe front of it rtreased off with
fisgs of all natlnns The weather was unfavorable
enough yesterday for theatre-goers, still that did not
stop them from resorting to the favorite National
To night a capital bill will be presented, and as the
oempany comprises some ef the most eminent talent
in tba t/nion, Justice will nodonbt be done to all their
parte
BciiTOf?'? Thkhtii. Notwithstanding the insle.
mency of the weather, Barton's was cramied, la?t
night, with a highly respectable audience The pieces
.1... ?? ?V. .. California (Jnlil Mlnaa'l <> I nn* did
Sham Amour," and th? " Counterfeit PrM?ntm?ata,"
and n?Ter did ? wIImm thaw pl?r < racalva graatnr
applause, the audience being perfectly enraptured,
especially on the representation of the gold digging
tr/r^n. Wm? f<irtn ar?>. m doubt, truly raprejantad
ii thU scene; and all thoM who wish to jo/ a goad
laugb u well m those who wi on the ??? of atartiag
for that country. w? particularly recommend to go
and mi Burton'* California Region this evening together
with tba " Old Kngliah OiitUua," and
"Wbwi'i Barnum three places that ran never fall
to attraat a full honaa.
HoHMTooi'a Last CowcaiT.?A great variety of th*
beat mualcal game appaar in the programme of tha
concert whioh will b? given thla evening by thaae eminent
and dearrving art lata In thta season of sunoeaalve
muaioal talent, when the cltisena of New York
have had ao many opportnaitlea of judging the respective
marita of all. we do not deem It neceaaary to aay
more of there artiste than what haa already appeared
before tbe orltloa of this city. However, we will (imply
ay' they poraeae abi.itles of a very high order, and we
hope their laa* oonoart will be attended, this evening,
bo a large aaaemblage of those who delight in hearing
the aoft and delicate tone* of the vloltn. wkioh are ao
acleatlfloaUy produced by Mr Charles Hohnatook.
Madam Anna BuHOr?The Information will be received
with muoh pleasure by the muaioal gentry of
this olty, that the grand muaioal composition by Dochsa.
called "The Voyage Muaioal." will be repeated
next Tueaday evening. If we may jndge of the mualaal
tas^e of our cltiaena, we predict that the Taberaaole,
vii Bfrujug, wiit no uiununu in everj uaptriu^av.
Independent of this mammoth production, the great
favorite, and the quean of tone. Madam A Bishop. will
again sing tome of those plaintive and beautiful alra
which were followed by reiterated cheering at her last
oonoert in the Tabernacle.
Benefit or the Park Orchestra.?This splendid
affair, which comes off nest Saturday evening, under
the direction of Mr. Max Maretiek, promises well. Several
of the most distinguished artists, Italian and
otherwise, have already volunteered their aid on this
occasion. It is a laudable work, and should be well
patronised.
Chkistt's Minstrels are determined to keep up the
excitement during Christmas week, and each evening
they will give a new programme, and vary theirentertainment,
so that one need not hesitate to go a second
time for fear of hearing the same thing over again.
They have a deal of tact, these Christy's, and know
hew to suit the public taste as well as any one.
New Orleans Serenapkrs. ? These aristocratic
darkles are a touch above the ordinary, and aim at
giving moat refined and elegant concerts such as will
suit the taste of the most hypercritical musician.
That they succeed, the crowds of our most fashionable
oitizens that nightly throng their oonoert roomgshow.
The grand finale of tha Fireman's Song is always much
applauded
Camfiikll's Minstrels did a fin* business on
Christmas day, and will no doubt continue <t all
through tha week, as they calculate ta bring forward
all their most attractive muaio, dances, statuary ho.,
during this festival time. No one who visits their
concerts will regret the outlay.
Melodeor.?In addition to the singing of the Vir
glnia Minstrels, the visiters to this snug house will bs
amused by the beautiful ballad singing of Miss Reynoldson,
danolng by the infant Carlina, fco.?This
house Is always well attended.
Stoffani Hall.?White's Serenaders have com'
menceda series of their excellent ooncerts at this convenient
location. The universal favor with whioh
this band is regarded will insure them full patronage.?
They give a capital conoert this evening.
Broadway Circus.?The grand entertainments o'
yesterday attracted, as wan anticipated. Immense
crowds. Santa Glaus made his appearance, well supplied
with the promised variety of toys for his young
customers, which were distributed with liberality. The
equestrian and athletio exeroises, together with the
general performance, passed off with muoh success.
Yesterday was a regular galk day at the circus.
Zoological Hall ?Notwithstanding the heavy
storm of yesterday?the rain eontinuing to pour down
heavily during the day?the menagerie was visited by
crowds of our citizens, who seemed muoh delighted
with the appearance of the beasts and birds. The exhibition,
altogether, afforded a treat to the groups of
visiters who crowded the hall during the day.
KcMr'n Lyceum.?At this house, which has been beau
tifully fitted up Kemp, the favorite Clown, holds forth
nightly, assisted by a clever company, in a variety of
amusements. Kemp is well worth seeing in his extraordinary
barrel performances.
movements of Individuals.
The following were a portion of the very few arrivals
yesterday, at the respective hotels Americin?Benj.
Brose, U. S.N.; C. A. Forrest, Philadelphia; 11. Smith,
Boston; C. Whitemarsh. Washington; Gen. Cazeneau,
Texas ; Thou O'Snaughnesay, Cincinnati ?
Jlitor?W. (iongerson, Boston; E. Hobart. do; R. 11.
Blitcbford. do ; Waterman Sweet, Amsterdam ; Geo.
Lumpkin. Georgia; W. Bates, Massachusetts; E. Leo3ser,
Pennsylvania; W. H. Seward. Albany; Thos. Herbert.
Boston ; H. Chadwick, do. Howard?W. K.
Clarke, New York; S. Gordon, Delhi; A Waner. Boston;
C. E. Wood. Lockport; E. Fitzgerald, New York;
Edward Bell, England; Hon. Gideon Reynolds. Troy;
Hon E Skimmele. Kingston; E. L. French, Canada;
Ool. D. Saunders, Washington. Irving Houte, (How
mi's.)? A. B. Gillman, Cincinnati; E. K. Johnson,
Newburgh; C. Phelps, St. Catharine's, Canada; Dr.
McArthur, U. S Navy; A. J. Cheesebrook, Philadelphia;
Capt. K.Dglish.iTlft Light Infantry, Brit Army;
, A Beren, England; Lt. Duncan, U.S. Engineers; Rev.
C. D. Jackson, Westchester; Lieut. Day, U.S. Navy,
General Taylor's Visit to Lotilsvllle.
Baton Roitok, La., Dec 6, 1848.
r.rvn rut. . I ?),? hnnnr ?n tho
' receipt of your communication of the 18th nit., kindly
inviting me. on behalf of my fellow-citizens of Louisville.
to visit jonr city, and to sojourn a few days with
yon. while on my way to Washington City.
This hospitable invitation Is cordially accepted. I
shall endeavor to reach yonr city about the 10th or 12th
of February next, when I shall be most happy to offer
to you. personally, my acknowledgments for the courtesy
of this invitation, and to renew my acquaintance
with my old friends and former neighbors among you.
With my best wishes for your health and prosperity,
I remain, gentlemen,
Very respectfully, yonr ob't serv't.
Z. TAVLOR.
Law Intelligence.
Ij?tir**ti:*o Case.?Fourth District Court.?
Morgan IK. brown t>?. John Crockett Chapman and
Wife.? Our readers will remember the particulars of a
proceeding last summer, in the Fonrth District Court,
by which the defendants, who aramost respectable and
excellent citizens of New Orleans, were brought np for
a contempt of Court. In being concerned in an attempt
to withdraw a young lady, their niece, from the guardianship
of Morgan W Brown, a citizen of Tennessee.
The yeung lady in question inherits a large property
from her father, who died while she was q'aite young,
leaving Brown as bis testamentary guardian. The
defendants, thinkisg that Brown was unfitted, on various
grounds, for the charge of a young lady, and that
her education wonld be seriously neglected under his
care, took her away from Brown's family, without his
consent, and bronglit her to this city, whither Brown
pursued them, and suing out a habeas corpus, was sustained
by the Fourth District Court, in his rights as
testamentary guardian. He has since i<ued the parties
for damages for a tort or injury done him by th's
alleged interference with his rights as guardian. Defendants
have set up the following exnoptlons to the
plaintiff's claims
1. That the testamentary guardian cannot sue in
this State, as such, without being qualified here, anl
wiifl toe provai ot me testator s will
2 That it does not appear that plaintiff is the duly
qualified guardian of the said Mary MeNeil. (the
ward.)
8. That the said plaintiff, as guardian, appointed in
Tennessee, hu no authority here to maintain his said
action In manner and form as set forth.
4. That plaintiff's appointment as guardian does not
authorize him. in law, to maintain this action in the
Courts of this State.
This Court has no jutlflcatlon of torts or trespasses
committed in Tennessee, as laid in plaintiff's petition.
?JVfic Orleani Delia. Dec 17.
The Ykllow Fever in Ibervtllk.? We copy
the following startling paragraph from the last
number of the Sentinel, published in the town of
riaquemine:
The Yellow Fever.?We are pained to record the prevalence
of this distressing malady la our vicinity. The
case* that have come to our knowledge are of a very
virulent type,and most strangely exist to a great degree
among those who have roughed it through life up
to tbii time, with continued good health and strong
sinews, and who, beside, have lived through the destructive
climate of Mexico, and gone unscathed
through showers of Mexican bullets. Hut destiny will
have Its course, and we have not the least doubt, If
this unexpected fever does not subMde very soon
among those of our friends who have taken it, they
will be carried off?to the regions of Califorhia a paradise
which many of them, doubtless, never expected
to reach. Soberly, we must dl-continne publishing
those bewildering account* of California gold, if we
with to retain any of our subscribers.
Our cotemporary is informed that this identical
"fever" in racing most violently in our midst?
. - j i l : j i_ * i
inarm, 11 may naiu 10 nave anumru au cpiaemic
form? and threatens to " carry ofl" many of
our resident population. Strangers and the nnaccliniuted
stand no chanre nt all, or very littlt?, of
esca|>e.?Ar O. Picayune, Dec 17.
Hemp.?The Western (Mo ) Frontier Joumil
say?:?
The new hemp crop of Hatte county Ib said to excued
the" orop of Uat year In quantity but la regarded
M Inferior In quality. Income parte of the county,
especially fast ut Dalle river, It la considerably below
an average In length. It will therefore be incumbent
on the farmera to handle their hemp with more than
ordinary care.
The same paper in urging upon hemp growers
the importance of greater attention to the preparation
of this staple, says:?
Mlaeouri hemp whem well cleaned, la superior to Kentucky
hmip, and In the LouiaTilie market will out-aell
it at leaat five dollars per ton A letter from a Kentacky
manufacturer. lately received here, atatea, that
all the Mlatourl hemp 1* below tha Kentucky, ai to
cleanness.
Tiie Falcon.?Thin fine steamship, Capt. Thompson.
leaves tomorrow for Chagrea, with the mails
for California and Oregon, and a large numlier of
passengers. We understand that the veB*el is
crowded to her utmost capacity with passengers,
on their way to California. Her departure is a
notable incident in our n*val career. She goes to
form a connection with the American steame"? in
the Pacific, by which to maintain a more intimite
communication between our poaaeaaions on the
two oceans. It can hardlv be that any part of so
eximxjed a plan ni operauona win mccanu pmcoilv
in thr outset; hut aa it depends upon the steamer
Falcon and her commander, we haw no apprehensions?
N?w (Mtam Pitaywm, Dtc. 14.
TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE#
The Ohio Lr|tiUlnrc~The House Organise* >
at but.
CoLiiaieua, Dee. 23, ISM.
The H(un la organised. Thli morning, Dr. Tova
bead, a tree soller from Lorain county, ceiled up hi
resolution! again ; after a rambling dlaoueaien, the}
were ubatentisllj adopted, end the House organiaad
The reaolutlona are to this effect
Reeolved, That th> o< rtilioalea of memherahip which were hand
ed to M?. S * ill (txctpt thcaa of Me?ara. Snenerr and Bunjan,
> f whig*J hail be pi??ud to tha ck-rk'a deak. end It ad with t oau o
the f.iriy.two on Mis tf at, tecoxnimua Mr loiter aaohar-nan
for the parp ne ol oigaattat on the ttrat du ineaa tranajotad ahal
l? the cuoaideretion of the foilowin* pro|>oe<tion :?
That Meaara. Pupli and fieroa, [deuiooratel u?. bv their oerti
flcate*, prima facie titled to beiti until thair claima attall bi
finally decided u|-on their mrrit?. On which renoletiin tha aeid
l-uKh and Pierre (hall no b? entitled to to e, but the nme a >a?
naulntino shall be decisive ol the pr n.a ficie rwlit of laid Fuji
ai.d I'ieroe to eeats, but notmni m the afoicsiid pr oeelioii thai
*e construed to interfere with the riiht of either Mean*. Sieneei
and Runvn. or PugU and i'ieroe. to ooutdit for Mate After il.?
orgaaiiatlon.
Mr. Leitkk, democrat, sett m chairman.
Mr. McClure, whig, acta a* clerk.
A? I close my deapateh, the He as* has not adjourn,
ed. The probability la, there will be nothing done
until after Cbriataaa.
Markets*
New Oeleaiti, Dee. 29,184S.
Cotton ?The Canada1* new* hu bad a favorable effect
upon the market, and eal-e of 4 000 bale* were
made y?"f*erdajr. at higher rate*. The market closed
firm. Hour?Sales of 14 000 barrels were made at $4 N\
Corn remained unchanged bj the new*. Provision*,
a* laat quoted Nothing new in freight*. The weather
warm for the season.
City Intelligence.
THE CELEBRATION OF CHRISTMAS IN NEW YORK.
The anxiously expected anniversary ha* pasaed, bu*
was far from being what was hoped. When the morning
first dawned, the oity ?a* enveloped in a fog, the
density of which baa not been ajualled. About tha
hour of aunrise, the rain began to desoend, which continued
at interval*, during the whole day, and up to a
late hour at nlgbt. The antiolpated pleasures of th*
day did not oome with it, though around the fami.y I
hearth, there were doubtless hour* of pUasurable conversation.
The little obildren, as usual, reoeived thsir
present*, but the Btreeta were in auch a condition ai to
prevent their making their regular Chriatmaa viaita
tions. The oity, during the early part of the day, praRented
an unusually quiet appearance. Nearly all the
tores were olos- d, as if for some general mourning, and
*he solemn peals of the churoh bells sounded from fit
lofty towers; but few persons assembled to oommemorate
the occasion. It was not like a Christmas day, fo. I
joy and pleasure were not visible. The unweloome messenger.
whose appearance begets sorrow, and breaks
asunder the tendrils of alfeotion which bind themselves
around the heart, did his work; and. ever, aad
anon, the solemn moving of the funeral tuin but too
plainly told that all were not happy. In that
circle, where through a long series of years the day had
been commemorated in feasting, sorrow reigned The
aged sire, whose life had been spent in the servioe of
those dearer than all earth beside, was borne to his
last resting place, until Ood shall summon the nations
of the dend to the great final tribunal How sad ti?
pioture now! But a short time sinoe, health and happiness
shone in every countenance; now sorrow and despondency
prevail. The axe has been laid at the root,
and the tree has fallen. The branohes bow tnelr
withering heads, which nought oan raise but the promise
of llim who holds the world in his baads Ood
chasteneth whom be loveth:" a decree filled with hope
and inspiration; one wbicn, though rending to th*
bright anticipations of the heart, and causing " sorrow
for the night, will bring him joy with the morning.*'
The day was auspicious to the soene?wrapped in
gloom, and foreboding of sorrow. But, aside from
that mourning circle, as the day advanced, though
the rain oft poured in torrents, there werethosa
who seemed to enjoy the little pleasures of the
day The volunteer military companies turned out
in considerable numbers for target practloe. and,
as usual on such occasions, appeared to good advan- ,
tage; each oompany accompanied by a band of good
musio. The toliowing are the companies which passed
tne llrrahi olnoe hulton lliucs. ( apt Wat?on; Kron- .
tier Guard*, ( apt Cbanes; Mar*h Light Guard*. Capt.
Llppincott; Packing flouse Guard*. Capt. Brownell;
Clayton Guard. Capt Clements; Gilder's Guards. Capt.
McManus ; Tompkins Guards, Capt. W. C Anderson,
and the Artificial Hangers, Captain Blake. The
last named excited more attention than all the rest,
from the peculiarity and comical appearance of their
uniforms. The principal pioneer represented ths
world moving to California, and was really amusing to
look upon. The other members of the company were
dressed in every possible variety, from the handsome
uniform of the American soldier to the gaudy trappings
of the wild man of the forest and the Sikh of the
Indian empire As the night grew on, the scene waa
quiet, and the blackness of darkness prevailed.
Christmas has parsed in joy and sorrow, and as another
Christian anniversary rolls round with the wheels of
time, great changes will have been wreught, but. as
with the last, there will be a mixture of pleasurable
and sorrowful meditations.
Cholera.?The following Is the report of yesterday:?
Quarantine, Statin Island. >
December 21. 1848. (
To Hu Hono* the Mayor :?
No new case of cholera or death has occurred at
the Marine Hospital since last r.port Respectfully,
ALEX. B. WHITING. Health Officer
The resident physician reports, that no case [
cholera has ocourred within the limits of the city since
his last report.
CALiroBrui.?The Rev. Dr. Beecher delivered a discourse
on last Sunday evening, in the Congregational
Churrb. corner of Broadway and Fifteenth (treat, on
a subject intimately connected with the present gold
mania, and the part which the Christian ought to
pursue in the premises. After reading.during tne exercises
cf the evening, the whole of the sixth ohapter
of Mathew, he selected as his text the twelfth ver<e of
the fourth ohapier of Hosea, as follows My people
ask counsel at their stooXs. and their staff d<-clareth
unto them,'* &c., &c. Covetousness is deslaredtobe
an Idol, and the word whioh signified idol in ancient,
has become the same to signify wealth In modern,
times. In ancient times, too,old men leaned on their
staffs, and in the present day men rely on money as
their staff. Both are, therefore, idols. After dilating,
at some length, on the erili of covetou?n ess, and of
pursuing the acquisition of wealth, and making It an
idol, Mr. Beecher placed the Christian of the present
day in the position occupied by Christian and Hop?ful
in Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress He oomp?red California
to the little h.ll callrd Lucre in that wo -k. and
which was represented to contain a silver mine, by
digging which, Hopeful and Christian uiUht become
wealthy Those imaginary persons declined the invitation
extended to them by Demos, to turn in and see
the mine, but followed on in ih-ir progress, regardless
of both the invitation and the prospect of wealth thus
extended to them. This formed the theme tor some
lenghty remarks on the necessity, on the part of the
christian of the present day, to resist temptation, in
conclusion, he prayed that, as x gards California, the
christian may resist th" temptation as Hopeful and
Christian did that to turn in and see this hill Lucre,
with its slivrr mine
Tiir. IIeniiv Street Thaoeov.?Dr. Wa'ters. our
very efficient Coroner, visited the city hospital y-s ? day.
and had an Interview wi'h the Q-rra*n vimia
Maria Klnater. who was stabbed by (toiger, while 'n the
bloody affray with Marks on Friday la?t, it the res dence
of Marks corner of Walnut aad Henry sts Siehamo
far recovered that on being questioned by the Coroner,
yesterday, as to bow the Hffray took place between
Cieigeraad Mark*, she gave the following aoonunt: ?
She said that on Friday about 11 o'clock, ueiger name
into the room where she and Mark* were sitting. and
turned the key. and said to her. " Viaria. are you married
to this man?" (metain* Marks) Sbe an<wer?4 no,
but that tbey were going to be in a fewdays (Jxiger
then banded Marks a dirk, and said to him "de'end
your woman.'' (iriger then si**?d Maria and stabbed
her twice; sho fell on the floor. Oelger and Marks
then began to out at each other with the dirks ; she
then fainted and has no recollection of anything that
took plack after that, and had no knowiedg- of th?ir
being dead, until to day. Dr Thompson the skilful
bouse surgeon of the hosplUl, appears to haye great
hopes of her recovery.
Mehtai. Dic?4Noir.?r?T.?Th** Coro?*r h> Id an tannest
yesterday, at No. 102 Chambers street, on toe
body of Henry H. Seymour, a young medical student,
aged 2f> years, born in New York, who came to hie
death by jumping from the i!d story window of the
aid bouse to the pavement below, receiving such bodily
injuries that be died in a short time aft?r. It
teems that this young man. a few days a*n tonka severe
orld which turned to a violent typhoid fever; and
yeoterday morning, while young m<n hy the n mie
of John Ken. and a female servant were in the ro > n,
the deo?asod jumped out of bed, in a deranged state
of mind, ran to the window. thr?w it open and sprang
out, falling ? distance or oyer .j:> reei 10 inn pavement
below Th? movement* of the deoeaied were no rapid
that those Id the room were unable to arrest bit prograss
The deceased ?ii a young man of promising
ability, and would, shortly. have pa>sed his de* ees
Tbajury rendered the following Tarllot:?That the
deceased ram* to hi* death by jurnping from the 2d
story window of house No. 102 Chamber* street, while
laboring under delirium from typhoid fever
Dkath nv Busniho.?The Coroner held an inquest
yeeterday, at the olty hospital on the body of an o 4
colored woman, by the name of Julia Ogien 80 y?ar*
of age, a native of ilpaln, who name to her d ath bv h -r
clothes accidentally taking fire from a stov-1 n the liouaa
No fl.r> Franklin street It appeals fr >o? the testimony
that after the poor old woman's clothes to?? Are, she
ctied out for assistance, and Mr Blenn?rhssi?t jumped
out of bed an4 endeavored to put out the fire; in
doing so. he set fire to his own clothl g;onaif ths Inmates
of the house assisted in extinguishing the
(lames, and on seeing Mr. B ennerhaa*t'? clothing
on fire tried to put It out, saying, >' Vnu are on
fire, too " " Never nilnd ma," said Mr. Blennarhaasat,
'let me alone and save the colored warn an " Tha
poor old oreatura, altar a draadlul suffer) ng of sooa* ton
hours, died. The deceased was a slave with Mr B'.ennerbaaset
and was In his s?tv|ne twenty vaars raiding
on Blsanarhaiset's Island,'n the Ohiaami twentv years
she ba? been in the service of his eon, the present Mr.
Bleanerhasset. who Is now lying very sink from tha
barns reovived 1 n the endeavor to put out the flames.
Aciohht.?On Tuesday afternoon an aooldentoa
rurred In the Bowery, near llonxton street by which
one of the borees belonging to tha rallroid was killed
A pair of horses attached to the milk wagon of Mr
Denk. took frlcrht and ran off The driver on tha car
saw them approaching him, and. with a view tn av)i I
areidrDt, dropped the pile, and drove his hor p? hy tha
f
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