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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 10, 1849, Image 1

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' TH
NO. 5452.
American Aiitl-Slnvcry Society.
Tbe second meeting of tbo session of this Society
took place yesterday morning, at the Minerva Rooms,
Broadway. Tbe meeting was well attended, considering
tie uupropitious state of tbe weather. We perceived
quite a number of the Society of Friends present,
as also several ci,,in.^ti ,he 1 aivoia'.es "f abjlitlon.
The meeting was called to order by Mr. W. L. ( iliaison,
the President rf the Society, who then proceeded
to read a series of resolutions, to the effect, that the
grand error of the American churches was in opcuing
the doors of their fellowship to the admission of slaveholders.
They ext laded the thief and Ihu robber, who
happened to have the si ciliar law a, aiust him ; but the
legalised in theft and robbery, whose guilt was far
greater, they took to their bosoms as brethren of Christ
Any uian weuld be blind to his duly, if ho gave the
hand of fellowship to tbe slaveholder, when he lias been
engaged in the prosecution of the abolition cause, it
wasirlso resolved, that what gave strength, extension and
perpetuity to slavery, was the Union; and which, upon
betug overthrown, by the non-sluvebolding States withdrawing
trom it, for conscience' sake and self preservation.
slavery must then be necessarily limited, and
speedily extirpated trom the A mcricaa soil. For these
reasons, the motto of every < hristian and patriot should
be, No union with the .slaveholder, either religiously or
Mr. Smith, of Boston, then offered some observations,
to the effect that he felt himself quite at home amongst
abolitionists. The cause in which they were all engaged
was dear to the heart of every citizen in thii great
Union. He considered that the lime for strenuous exertion
had arrived in Boston, many meetings had
been held, and resolutions passed, in testimony of the
adherence of the citizens of that city to the doctrine
of abolition. The continuous support which the
President had ever given to the cause of freedom,
was worthy of the utmost commendation The citizens
of Boston wished to co-operate with thoso of
New York iu the accomplishment of the common
object which they had in view. It only remained
for the cntiru North to be uuiied, and us.-uuie a bold
front, and then they might laugh to scorn the idle
boastings of the South, even though that petty State,
South Carolina, threatened them with an interneclve
war. But, if the North was convinced that slavery
was wrong and a crying injustice, then, if they did
not choose such meu to represent them in Congress
us would practically advocate the principles of abolilition,
and strenuously oppose the extension of human
serfdom, all their labors would he in vain, and they
would soou behold slavery extending even to the
shores of the Pacific. The speaker said that he would
conclude his observations by remarking, that of all the
men who represent the Southern interest, J. C.Calhoun
was the most strenuous. It was therefore the duty of
every true abolitiouist to vigorously oppose whatever
J. C. Calhoun advocated, and to support whatever he
Mr. Jaceson. Vice President of tlio Society, then
took the chair, in order to give Mr. Garrison an opportunity
of addressing the meeting. He said that but
few understood the principle actuating a vast movement,
and still more lew were there capablo of carrying
out a principle with practical -licccss. The spirit
of anti-slavery had not been compromised or diluted,
nor had they lowered their standard for the purpose of
obtaining the support of any political party. On the
contrary, they kept steadfast to their principles, although
it may have given rise to an amount of division
amongst the society, it was complained of by some
that they had started new tests of abolitionism; he
would assert that the spirit of the society was not
changed from what it was at its couimeucement; they
bad not raised uny new tests invidiously; they had
new tests, certainly But it should he remembered
bow long they had struggled for the principle that a
slave Is a niau, and which is the great animus of the un"tire
movement. Whatever, therefore, impairs or
degrades God's image, is, to a demonstration un
christian, inhuman, and diabolical in Its nature.?
Tlutv lin.rl ftrtnkt'ii of ?l Mmult.'i npims uhnlifinn
of slavery for a long time, but it was not
until lately that tliey talked of separating from the
Union, or receding from the Church. At the foundation
of the society, they could not broach such subjects,
because at that time they had a great work to effect,
which was to get tiie principle recognised by the
American people, until at last attacking slavery, bulwark
after bulwark, they had attained the attitude
which the socioty enjoyed at the present day. The colonization
scheme found favor lor a time with both the
North und the South ; but many were now opposed to
it, because they saw in it but on impracticable work.
And do not give it their support. The other test was
that of extending the right of universal suffrage to thi
colored population ; but that, like the colonization
test, was no test, now. of a man's anti-slavery opinions.
That was a principle which applied to the feelings ol
both whigs and democrats, and. when the time of trial
came, party considerations iuduccd them to retire from
the prosecutiou of the objects of tlie society, for they
loved their party better than the cause. He considered
flint all the out-posts of slavery had been carried, and
there should be no faltering?no retrogression. Tl?
church of America, he considered it his duty to stigmatise
as a pro.slavery cljurcli ; it was not Uu
church of Christ, for Christ came to redeem men
and not to enslave thein ; and on that very
ground a secession, to a great extent, had taker
place from many different churches throughout
the Union. The same obligation which rendered
it necessary for a man to go from out o? a religions
community, on account ?f conscience sake, waequally
obligatory on him in a political sense. lie
would take the opportunity of saying that, during tht
late political struggles, bis sympathies were with the
free soil party. He regretted their want of success; hut
it should be remembered that the Anti-Slavery Society
did not identify itself by any means with the free soil
party. If they did so, they would be giving up the
cause for the effect, because their object was the total
abolition of slavery, and not the prohibition of its extension,
which was the aim of the free Boilers in reference
to tho extension of slavery, he would ask, what
newly acquired territory was exempted from the cursa
of slavery .' He would point to Texas, New Mexico,
And even to California, has slavery extended ? One of
two things existed?either the coustitution of the
United States was a slavery document, or it was not. If
it were, their duty to Ood demanded that they should
no longer support it; if it were an anti-slavery document.
why should three millions of slaves exist in mieery
and suffering in this great Union at the present
moment ? It was formed by slaveholders, citizens ol
slareholding States, by men who, to enhance their
possessions, licensed for 20 years tho diabolical traffic
111 human flesh; it was clear, therefore, that it was not
an antl-slavery document.
Mr. Pmi.Mrs. chairman of the committee of conference.
then made the following report:?The committee
of thirty considered that the best interests of tho
cause required un immediate and strenuous effort to
awaken and renovate the anti-siavery sentiment ol
eastern New York, such a movement being, in their view,
not only highly important in itself, but the best means
of enlarging the circulation and influence of the . Intislai
rry Standard ; and they further recommend the
the services of Mr. E. tfuinoy. in additiou to those of
J. R. Lowell, for that paper. They further recommend,
that for the extnesive dissemination of the great antislavery
principle, funds he collected for the purpose ol
sending lecturers into Vermont and western Maseacbusetts.
They were happy to say that probably tho
Assistance of Mr. and Mrs. Kostor may be had in furtherance
of that purpose.
Mr. PniLLirs. in continuation, said that the State ol
New York was particularly open to the reception of the
anti-slnvery doctrine, and upon thHt account the committee
wbieh he represented, applied to all the support!
rs of the rouse for real and substantial support;
(i. e.) the dollars. The Anti-Slavery Society had reason
to blui-h. as regards the amount of support
wlile hit received, in comparison with the efforts
of the nirmhers of the different missionary societies
throughout the Union; and it was only in consequence
of the united efforts of all her members, centered
In one focus, that the church was able to do so
much. U hen this society censured the church, it was
but reasonable to expect that the members of the
society should show as much devotion to their couvic-i.
_ -V- . 1. . ..? . I,.!- ... <1... ...?
nun ui Lilt- UUUI "I ureu ?" "" > uuji.siiiiuun
/ of the different churches do towards their enterprise,
lie (the speaker) wnn obliged to find fault with tho ab>litionlsts.
because although they have Increased in
.numbers. yet they do not increaso in zeal ; they had
tired in tho harness, and left many things to be
done by others. Tho dlireront journals established
by the society, he wax happy to xay, were doing
much good in spreading the needs of disunion,
and nothing remained now but for the xtill roico of
principle to find an easy access into the minds of men.
Mr P. then suggested the expediency of making a collection
for the purpose of defraying the expenses of
tile meeting A collection wax accordingly made.
Mrs Ahhv Kr.i.lt Fostik considered that much b"ne fit
would accrue to tho cause In which they labored, by
the extension of the principles of anti-xiuvery in the
Kustern States, ami also In the eastern pcrts of Now
York. In tho latter named locality, she had to congratulate
the xoriety upon the support wkieli their
cause had received during the last year. In many of
the cities and counties up the river, collections had
ttren made in aid of the society, and oven, in many instances.
subscribed to by parties who had, hcrutotore,
either not joined, or were opposed to. the cause of a:?tislavery.
As on instance of tho increased favvr in
which the cause was looked upon, the principal advocato
of free soil, at Oyster Cay, lately expressed himself
to the eficct that the anti-slavery society was tho
best adapted to carry out (he principles ot abolition.
Mrs. Kosu r observed tliut slie intended to apply to Martin
\ an 11 men for the trilling donation of *4V0, in aid
of the funds of the society.
A Mr Niwtow then proceeded to address the meetng.
and after some few unimportant observations, the
chairman ruled that he was not in order; upon which
Mr Foster rose and said, he considered any person who
rune into a public meeting and took up Its valuable
time, by speaking on subjects which were not regularly
fatoro it. as a dishonest man To which soft iuipeaclint
Mr Newton replied, that not only were Mr. Kos
t,j 'a (>b?cnat ons out of order, as being peissnal, but
thi y were also ialse. (Hisses and laughter; during
which Mr. Newton quilled the room ruther indignantly.)
Mr Fosi i r then In a few observations, gavo a succinct
aec< unt of his labors In propagating the prinjphi
t'l il1*; society, during the last year, or rather, as
E N E"
be denominated It, morally revolutionising the mind
upon the subjeet of abolition.
.1 ,wr. Wtoi took the platform nest, and when just
inveighing against the Southeru slaveholders, and the
motives w hich prompted their political conduct (accompuuied
with very violent gesticulation.) his dis...
hi.. ? as unexpectedly cut short, by an aged lady,
who said,
" Mr. Chairman, please stop that man; don't you see
that he is deranged?'*
This announcement was received with shouts of
Mr. West continued, and denominate 1 all the advocates
of abolition present, as a parcel of pa:d slaves,
who went 11 ere eoltecting money, when they should be
going ubout doing what wae but their duty, for uothing
at all.
'1 he old lady once more Informed him that ho was
dcrau^eu. but not so much as he pretended to be, nud
further that he was dr.ving all the people away, which,
in fact. was i he case, for every one was bolting as fast
as they could.
The meeting then adjourned.
The afternoon meeting was called to order by Mr.
Uarrison, the chair being taken by Mr. ljuincy.
The ltev. Mr. Tiu-inoiiaiit, of Now \ ork. took tho
platform, and said that lie did not entirely agree in
some of the principles which he heard auuunciated
on the previous day at the Tabernacle. With regard
to the doctrine of disunion, he would say that he had
advocated that principle as regards the church iu connection
with sluvory People would not lay themselves
open to the anathemas such as were administered by
Mr Phillips, yesterday, if they followed the advice
which be would give them. aad that was, to take a position
alongside the slave?to put their shoulders under
liis work, aud to assist him with their endeavors. If
they did that they would not be open to animadversions;
but most public men, unfortunately, have taken
the side of the oppressor, which was opposed to the
will of (iod; and it grieved him much to see the clergymen
of Iris couutry taking a position alongside the tyrants?a
position which was opposed to the spirit wf tho
holy book and tho injunctions of Christianity, liut if
the church aud the clergy would only take tho positiou
which they should, they would not then be subject to
reprehension. He would go further than the free soil
party in reference to slavery aud disunion; he believed
that the government was responsible for the existence
uf slavery upon every square Inch of the territory of
the Cnltcd Slates; in it was vested the power of totally
sweeping it away. In support of his positiou the reverend
gentleman took a retrospective review of tho
different legal enactments upon the subject of slavery,
lie contended, that whether the constitution be a proslavery
one or not, when once a slave entered into tho
district at Columbia, or a free State, or was brought out
to sea in u vessel bound coastwise or not, that from that
very fact, he was a free man under the common law.
He further maintained ilia t a slave holder cauuot recover
a runaway slave, because the common law, knows of no
such thing as slavery ; it wus only in a slave State,
that a slave could be recovered. Nor should any citizen
of a free Stale iu uuy manner assist in the capture
of a fugitive slave ; on the contrary, by the very decisions
in the courts iu this State, a citizen was bound
to resist it by every means in his power. It was a duty
incumbent ou every man living on free soil to extend
its advantages, and the protection which the law
affords to the punting fugitive, fleeing from the pursuit
of those two legged hyenas. They should take the
ground of carrying out tho abolition doctrines
throughout the wide extent of tho Northern States,
and bv the dissemination of their principles induce
the public mind never to vole for u slaveholding
President. These were vast elements of power
iu the Northern States. Their citizens had been imprisoned
and treated with the utmost indignity iu
Charleston and New Orleans ; but the North had tho
power to take such a position, that the South would no
more dare to imprison a free citizen coming from the
North, on bis legitimate business, than they would
a citizen of Kngland. Yes, they hud tho powir
to entirely abolish slavery, if it be carried
out in good faith. In the stern advocacy of abolition,
which existed throughout tho Northern States, lie
conceived he saw the I'urilunieal virtue of their ancestors
springing up once morc?with the same fervent zeal,
the unflinching constancy, and Indomitable will of
the Pilgrims of Plymouth Rock.
Mr Havdock said that every one know the history
and nature of slavery, but he did not understand that
the constitution of the United States wus pro-slavery.
He considered that if any man wished to destroy the
present structure of government, by a disunion, he
would suggest a better form should be offered by the
party so proposing. He thought thut by dissolving the
Cnlon, instead of loosening the bonds of slavery, would
1 be the means rstlicr of fastening them the more tightly
upon the unfortunate slaves ; but. by hanging on to
them, be thought that much more benefit would accruo
to the abolition cause ; but if disunion be proved to
him to be the best course for adoption, ho would not
' onrtosc it. but would ilirht ou his own hook.
1 Mr. W. Phillips then offered some observations,
| and particularly dwelt upon the construction of
the constitution, in reference to slavery. He rc'
gretted very much that it was an institution which
. was recognised by the highest tribunals in the
. country. He differed with Mr. Till highest in that
gentleman's view of the recovery of fugitive slaves,
and maintained, with much force, that the right
of recovery was vested in a slave owner, according to
the constitution. That the laws protecting slavery
| were bad. required no illustration ; the slaveholder
knew that the luw was in his favor, aud the knowledge
\ that such an institution was wrong, was not a sufficient
! inducement to him to give up his slaves, because, by
' so doing, he forfeited his social position, his fortune,
and his children's expectations. The immediate misf
sion of the society was to agitate, to stir up the rell[
gious sentiment of the people, and to employ the press
aud their literature, as engines for tlia pnrpose of
changing these obnoxious laws.
| [Want of space compels us to curtail, in the above
briefmunner, this.eloquent speaker's discourse ]
' Mr. Brook, Chairman of the Committee of Finance,
! suggested that the subscriptions already made were
| no. sufficient to defray tbe expenses; that the subscriptions
be either doubled, or a collection made.
; The meeting adjourned after the collection.
American Tract Society?Twenty-fourth
Annual Meeting.
The anniversaries of this important society, always of
the most deeply interesting character, huve never failed
' to attract tbe most crowded audiences, aud their meeting
of yesterday w as very far from being an exception
to the rule. Tbe spacious ball of the Tabernacle was
crowded from tbe beginning to the end of the ceremonies,
with an audience in which the fairer sex largely
preponderated. And during that whole period, from
10 A. M. to very near 2 o'clock. P. M., there was not
upparcnt. on their part, the slightest evidence of lack of
interest, or weariness.
On the platform were a large number of clorgymon,
generally from abroad, as well as many laymen, who
have acquired distinction in philanthropic labors of this
The services were opened by Dr. Biiowjt, in. a very
' eloquent and thrilling prayer.
'J lie Hon. Thomas T. Williams, the President of the
Society, then brletly congratulated its friends upon its
fortunate progress. He rapidly traced its history; from
its foundation down to the present time, when its operations
extended throughout tbe world. He referred
to the important and gratifying results of its past labors,
and saw, in tbe present agitated condition of the world,
bright omens for the society's advancement in the
future, and appealed to all its iuterest, to persevere with
renewed energies in the good work they had commenced.
Moses Allk.v, Esq., the treasurer, then read the annual
report of that department, from which it appeared
that the total receipts of the year, in donations, were
$04,081 43 ; for shIcs. $164,218 78 ; balance in the treasury
last year, $140 00?totul, $258,440. The expenditures
for paper, printing, binding, engraving, translating.
and copyright. $148,b77 40 ; for presses, $2,723 36:
for colportage. $38,100 42; remitted to foreign and
pagan iunds. $14.000?total. $238 283. balance in the
treasury, $167 06. There was due on the 1st. of April,
for printing paper, on notes payable within six months,
$20,727 76. The report also shoWed that there was a
slight diminution in the umouut of donations for tho
previous year.
Merrs. Hali.ock and Cook, the secretaries, then read
Hn abstract from the annual report, from which the following
facts appeared, as the results of the effort* of the
past year':?
i ne number oi new piimicauons. in r.ngusn, i >erman,
French. Italian. Danish. and Welsh. of which 23 ars
hooka, if 145. Total publication?, 1,458, including 254
volumes; besides 2,387 in mora than lUO foreign language?
and dialect? The new volume? comprise several
nartntive? for the young, all of which are simple record?
of fact. The eerie? of tract? have been re-i??ued,
chiefly from new atereotype plate? and engravings, in
twelve volumes of 500 page? each. Circulation during
the year, 734 664 volume?, 7.203.682 publications,
234.409.300 page?. Total since the formation of society,
4.803,692 volumes. 104,153,674 publication?, 2.208,410.626
pages. Publication? issued gratuitously, 47,890.225
pag< ??to foreign and domestic missionaries, army,
navy, seamen's and Bethel vhaplains. literary, humane,
and criminal institutions, Sabbath schools, and iudividuids,
by colporteurs, und to life member? and directors.
In regaid to colportage, it appeared that, including
106 students from 23 different college? or seminaries for
their vacations, and 62 for the foreign immigrant population,
colporteurs have been employed for the whole or
pari of the year a? follows:?Vermont. 4; Rhode Island,2;
Connecticut. 4; New York, 75; New Jersey, 9;
Pennsylvania,43; Delaware, 1; Maryland. 15; Virglula.
38; North ( arolina. 13; South Carolina, 3; Georgia, 24;
Florida, 1; Alabama. 14; Loul?ana, 11; Texas. It; ArKan.-as
2; Mississippi, 5; Tennessee, 32; Kentucy, 23;
Ohio, 69; Indiana, 29; Illinois, 19; Mobile, 111; Wisconsin.
4; Iowa, 7; Michigan, 13: Canada, 3; Mexico, 2.?
Total, 480. 'J lie whole number in commission. April
1 was 268. The report presents a view of the application
of enlportnge to the German. French. Irish, and
N/.>rw<gian population In this country, and to the Cavuw'tan
Germans and the Mexicans. Colporteur? in
tTvjioughfore? have circulated 14 000 books. The
cIh'um of California and the republics of Central and
South America liavo received attention. The statistical
table# sin w that thelOlportenrs have visited341.071
families; flan versed on personal religion or prayed Willi
129 667 fami.'les; addressed public meetings, or held
pisyer-meetinj,? to the number of 12 623; sold 377,258
books, granted 4? l'i? destitute 98.819 books; and distributed
13 274 thbles and testaments furnished by
Bible Societies '1 hp spiritual condition of the districts
thus visited, Miki the necessity of such efforts,
may be inferred from the feet, that 02.536 of the families.
or more than a quarter of a million of people, were
habitual neglectera of evcngclical preaching; 40.575
families were destitute of all religious books, except
the Bible; 27.474 families wore destitute of the Scriptures;
und 38,21(1 families were Roman Catholics.
The waking mind of millions in France. Germany.
Austria. Hungary and Italy, and other lauds, their
struggles for freedom, und their success in securing the
liberty of the press, have laid claims upou the Society
greater than ever before; and at foreign mission stations
connected with our various Boards, the press is
,,n.,c,,..n.. ...nr...- nr..I --tin,, .. , i , I n ...... r ,,f
Muiiruuiij "
conversions, anil of the permanent diffusion of gospel
light, by tracts and books and the labors of colporteurs,
missionaries, and natire converts in foreign and pagan
lands, arc greater than in any previous year. Many
very striking facts havo occurred. In view of the
state und wants of all the foreign stations, the fallowing
grants of money huve been transmitted, and distributed
so as best to meet the immediate and more
pressing necessities, namely:?Kor the Suudwirh
Islands. $700; for China, Missions of the American
board of ( ommissioncrs for Foreign .Missions. Canton.
$300. Ainoy $100. Kuh-cliau $100; Missions of the American
baptist Missionary Union. Hongkong $300,
Mngpo$100; General Assembly's board. $300; Southern
liBplist Convention. Canton $100, Shanghai $300.
Siam, Baptist Mission $300; bunnah $300; Missions 'n
Northern India $3,000: Orlssa $300; Teloogoos, Lutheran
Mission $100; Madras $700; Madura $700; Ceylon
$700; Bombay $600; West Africa, Gaboon $100; Nestorians
$300: Syria $600; live Armenian Missions in
Turkey $1,200; Greece, llev. Dr. King, $300; Italy,
Tuscany $200; ltussiu $6tK); Sweden $100; Hamburg,
Baptist Mission, for Central kurope $700; Lower Saxony
Tract Society $200; Calw. for Hungary $200; llasle,
Dr. Marriott. $160. of which $60 for Dr. Malan, of Geneva;
Belgium $150; France, Paris Religious Tract Society
$1,000; Baptist Mission $400; Toulouse $300.
Total. $14,000.
Bishop Mr ad, of Virginia, appeared, to offer the following
Resolved, That the annual report, an abstract of
which has now been read, he adopted and published,
under the direction of the Executive Committee; aud
that the evidences it affords of the blessing of the Holy
Spirit on the enterprises of the Society in this and
other lunds, arc recognised with devout gratitude to
He said that he found himscit most unexpectedly,
and yet most gladly, at this auniversury meeting, the
first of any kind, old as ho was. he ever had the privilege
of attending. A life member, and a strong advocate
of the Society, he had been from its earliest establishment,
yet he had never been able to attend any of
its anniversaries. Ho had been asked to offer that
resolution, and make a few remarks in connection with
it. To tho first request he had cheerfully assented, to
the last 1m: had made at once a sincere and positive
refusal. But he had taken a little courage, and would
now offer a few remarks, lie wished to express his entire
npproval of the Society's designs aud operations,
and that they had ever commended themselves, since
its lormation, strongly to his head and heart. He regarded
its operations, as seen in those twelve bound
volumes of tracts, as offering decidedly the very best
practical, aud if he might so express it, the most unanswerable
answer to u most plausible objection oft
times raised ugainst their blessed religion. This the
reverend gentleman characterized, in substunco, as
being the difficulty of arriving at true Christianity,
front the wide and often bitter differences of opinion entertained
among the most learned men on great points
of religious doctrine. These twelve books ofthe Society,
in his opinion the result of the labors of a thousand
different minds, fully refuted that objection. With all
their wide differences of opinion, it had shown that
there were some things, and most important ones, too,
upon wliioh all Christian minds might rally. And how
was this effected? Was it by making religion a mere
negative thing, or by leaving out any of its great uud
important doctrines? Was there a denomination in
Frotestant Christendom?applying to it their own
standards?who would Kay that such an omission was
to be justly charged on the Society; and that any great
truths, held necessary to salvation, were omitted in the
volumes alluded to? (Jrantcd, there were some things
omitted: it was but those tliut were uot essential, and
which were influenced by a decent regard for variant
opinions on uuestious which were not distinctly settled
in the Christiun world. The best Christians, in every
uge, had disputed ill regard to them; and they were
not indispensable to religion. Such a spirit of compromise
must necessarily prevail, in order to secure sueccss
in an enterprise ol' Ibis kind. With a few illustrations
on this point, Bishop Mead concluded
by expressing the wish that every family in the land,
aud indeed In the civilized world, had a copy of these
tracts, and all able to read them in their own latiguago.
The resolution offered by liim was then adopted,
llev. Professor Raymond, of Madison University, was
then introduced to the audience, and remarking that
one hundred and six students, connected with twentythree
universities, colleges, and theological seminaries,
of ten different denominations, having been employed
as colporteurs for their vacation during the past year,
he offered the following resolution :?
"Resolved. That the society regard such labors with
deep interest, ns affecting the future usefulness of the
rising ministry, the tone of piety of the schools of
the prophets, and the spiritual condition of the tens
of thousands reached by the self-denial of the colporteur
Tlic Professor confined himself to the single point of
cclportogc. regarded as a branch of ministerial education,
and which lie held to be nn all but iudispcnsable
one. It had long been a problem how they were to infuse
into that system of education that measure of the
practical element felt to be so indispensable at the present
time, without, at the same tiino. lowering the
standard and impairing the efficacy of that intellectual
education felt to bo just as iudispeusable
and just as earnestly demanded by the exigencies of
the times. The college and scminury system was well
adapted to the latter, and their seclusion and protracted
attention to study, that most exclu it intercourse
of u series of years among those engaged in the same
pursuits, reems a most essential condition to secure
that strength, comprehensiveness, and balance of intellect
that makes the true scholar. But such men
must also acquire, from such habits, a want of sympathy
with the world outside, and a want of sympathy
with mankind generally. What was wanted, was some
modification of, or addition to the system, which would
enable them to turn out, not only scholars, but men.
The people required them, and it was of no use to
quurrel with thcra on that account. As the world
grows older It will grow wiser. Indeed, it was demanded
by the very nature of the sacred office itself,
and by the immense and sublime character of the
labor spread before it. What was the remedy ?
that was the problem. The young minister
needs more of this practical education than any other
profession, for his business was to save men?to teach
and convince them?to Interest and convert them.
Vet he is educated in a system which affords him the
least of this kind of education. The lawyer is educated
in the office of a practitioner, and so was the young
physiclnn. Both were prepared by a course of practical
experience in the profession they were to pursue, liow
was it with the minister? While yet covered with the
verdancy of the schools, he is pluccd in tho retirement
of the cloister ; what is done in the green, giving sad
omen of what is to be done in the drying. There he is,
locked up for three mortal years, with occasional intervals
of relaxation. Heaven save the mark: as though
it was not enough to exliuust a man, to cause him to
labor four-fifths of bis time without relaxing him all
the rest. What could be expected as the result of such
a system? Certainly as greit evils as they saw. Fortunately.
there was generally in youth a recuperative
principle, which combats the effects of this system;
and the result is. Unit it is generally the case, that
years of painful, ill-devoted, abortive efforts must be
spent, before the young minister, his eyes blurred by
constant poring over books, and strengtli exhausted,
regains enough of his native healthfulness, and ventures
to look on men, and seo them as they are?to regard
them as trees walking, and treat them, too, us
such. 1 his was not necessary ; and there must boa
remedy, and a common sense one. forntleviating it. It
raiincit lie done by abbreviating the course of study ?
to make the student a sciolist, in an agu of science ; to
make liiin half educated, when men are full of education.
A resident of New Vork, years ago, in connection
with this subject, once suggested, as a remedy, the
establishment of a Professorship of Kcligion and Common
Sense. Uut this remedy woull not do. I'ut the
piety Mini common sense of students into tlie liHiidH of
h professorship, and what will become of it? It cannot
be taught or imparted; it must be first imparted
in the germ by the (liver of all good,
and confirmed, Mrengthoned, brought out, and
perpetuated, by actiod experience, by actual collision
with the duties of life, and in no other way. The providence
of Ood had. however, provided * solution of
this problem. That was Qolportage. that wonderful
system whose infant tread shakes (lie nations, and
which, like every oilier divine idea. Is to accomplish
results stupendous just in proportion to the simplicity
of the ids a. It has nlready begun to work a revolution
in ministerial education, and students for the ministry
might as well take off their coats and go to work at
once on the improved plan The time was coming
when few would hold up their hunds in a Christian
church tor a candidate for the ministry, who had not
during Ills course of education accomplished tire or six
tours ns a successful colporteur. \ir It. dwelt on the
mi port a nee of such tours to the student, claiming that
lie would h am then by not only the laws of his physlcnl
constitution, and how to take care of it, hut secure
the physical exercise felt to be so necessary to the
health ol the close student. '1 he early rising, the
arduous physical labor, the daily trudging, with his
basket on ins arm, ruquired of the young colporteur,
wiuld bring him back to the study, having lcurnl a
lesson in a better peripatetic philosophy than ever
Aristotle taught, oris to be found anywhere in the
books, l abor and relaxation would be found here
uniti d. ard both in a bealtliy form lie would feel like
a giant refreshed with new wine, and make a student,
and be a man win n lie got through lie hoped tho day
was coining when the clergyman's inantle, the
Ivory-headed cnne to support their weak steps, the
coticave spectacles, the sunken chest, and the tottering
legs, would no longer be his peculiar designation.
(Applause ) In the colporteur school they would learn
milliners also. There maybe various opinions as to
what constitutes good mauncrs, hut all would agree
that l hristisn ministers ought to have the very best
1 in: study was not the best place to aei|iiiru sueli manners
such as give a niiiu case auu happiness, and givo
lOie and happiness to nil around him. Ministers
were proverbially deficient In (bis, so much so
that it lots become a reproach to say that
a man looks and sets like a uilni-l.r (l.auglitcr ) Mr
It. further urged that colportage was a good sch<s>l
ii r 111" minis try giving tho student a knowledge of
mml power of adaptation to tho world,'to be acquired
in ?0 Other way, and more essential to Ins profession
IURSDAY, MAY 10, 1849.
than to any other - teaching him at once that modesty
and boldness, which, lu the right form, do uot at all
conflict, lie urged that only thus could they acquire
that knowledge ot themselves, so requisite to know
their own capacity. It was not by oratorical efforts in
the pulpit, but by collision in society?with some old
hard-luudi d Infidel in the back woods, for Instance,
with a native force of lntollect, tho experience of years
and a practised tongue to back him?let him meet
such a mau in the midst of his admirers, and engage
him hand to hand?he would leave such a contest a
wiser and a better man. Such was tho school for a
minister, aud these only could he learn through
lessons of humau depravity. Mr. R. further contrusted
the colporteur system, as a means of education,
with that derived alone from oollegiate education,
showing by illustration the marked advantages
of the former above all. in that it would
teach the young minister how to love men, which
was but another thing to making them love him. The
triumphs of the Christian were but tho triumphs ot
love, yet it was the last thing they were apt to think of.
Let us (lie said) have this element in the ministry,
love witli the gospel, learning, loqucuce, ike., Etc. All
these with love, none without it, or rather all those
guided anil governed and used through love, will get at
the object and accomplish the end. Neither books,
lecturers, nor professors, will do this. The attention
must bo directed by this thing, aud directed to
men in all the varied conditions of human life,
and that could only be accomplished by intercourse
with man. The young student must bcccine
familiar with the miseries of crime aud vice,
aud then, if he has a heart, he would feel where to love,
and how the human heart was affected by it. He would
learn the comfort of love and the eloquence of tears.
Mr. H. said that his eonrlusions were that col portage
should be regarded as an all but?there may be exceptions?indispensable
branch of ministerial education,
until the providence of God und tho wisdom of the
I hurch devises something better.
Mr. K. sut down, greeted with the hearty and prolonged
applause of tho audience. When the resolution
offered by him was adopted, the following liyuin
was sung under the lead of Professor ilusting, the whole
congregation participating therein with great effect:?
Tune?Missionary Cltaunl.
Jesus shall reign where'er the sun
Dees his successive journeys run;
His kingdom stretch from shore to shore,
Till moons shall wax and wune no more.
For him shall endless prayer be made,
Aud praises throng to crown his head;
His name, like sweet perfume, shall rise
With every morning sacrlitce.
People and realms, of every tongue.
Dwell on his love with sweetest song;
Aud infant voices shall proclaim
Their early blessings 011 his name.
I.et every crcatuee rise aud bring
Peculiar houorH to our King;
Angels descend with songs again,
And earth repeat thu loud Amen.
The ller J. M. Stevenson, of Ohio, then offered the
following resolution:?
Resolved, That the destitute condition of great
numbers in ull parts of our country, the accession of
new territory, the unprecedented emigration to the
Pacific coast, the rapid increase of European immigration,
and the encouragement to labor for tho conversion
of our Roman lutholic brethren to a true ami
spiritual Christianity, demand thu speedy extension of
eolportage among thu various classes of our neglected
Mr. W. said he should confine his remarks to but one
of the points embraced in this reselution?the destitute
condition of grcut numbers in all parts of our country,
and particularly in thu West, in spiritual teaching una
direction. Not only was this the case before to a great extent.
but it bad been largely incieascd by the great
accessions of territory in that quarter. Their Roman
Catholic brethren?he was glad tho rcsolutlou styled
them thus, fur he hud no syuiputliy with those who
would throw Ihuin beyond the pale of their sympathy
and favor?were greatly interested. Mr. S. had no
doubt, that the church, and Protestants generally, had
little or no faith that this class could be converted, but
he wished, if possible, to convince them to the contrary.
The same idea had been entertained of tho
Jews, and the impression In the church was that they
were under judicial blindness, that (Jod hadgiven them
up, and that there was. therefore, uo hopes of their
couvcrsion. As an instance of this iceling, Mr.
R. mentioned the reply of an old Scotch elder,
one of the best Bible educated men in the West,
to him, on suggesting the conversion of tho Catholics:?"Tut.
tut nion, ye cauiia do ony gude
for them ; they'll a' gang baca to Rome : (Jod
has gi'eu theni up." Do (Mr. S ) believed that, under
the colporteur system, their conversion was not
only probable, but certain. He gave his reasons therefor,
urging tiiat the Catholic who, priest-ridden and
oppressed in his own country, left it for this, a Protestant.
where he found liberty and happiness, could not
hut be imbued witii favorable impressions of a religion
which afforded him thOM blessings. Thus he had lost
half of his Catholicism already. Then?particularly
w hen isolated from the influence of tlie ( atliolle priesthood
here, and subjected to Protestant influence, and
approached , by that influence, not violently, or in a
uuiiiner to excite liis prejudices, but by a colporteur
system, in which men who formerly entertained the
snnie prejudices as himself were the channels through
which tho arguments were conveyed to him?
the conversion of the Catholic was almost a
certainty. Mr. S. dwelt at some length on this point
? eulogizing the colporteur system, urging its maintenance,
and tho increase of its power and energy, and
illustrating, from his experience, the vast infiucnce it
exerted, and thu beueticial results it secured. In a
Western city, where there were from 1.200 to 1.600 Roman
C atholics, out of a population of five or six thousand.
und where, a year or two ago, they were forbidden
and warned, by tlie priests, not to hold intercourse
with the colporteurs, they were now anxious and
ready to purchase the books. So anxious were they to
get the Bible in all its purity, that they made up a
purse, and sent to Germany for a box of them. Those
i ngnged in this were all Roman Catholics. He related
some anecdotes, to show how, in some cases, their conversion
whs brought about. One instance, as follows:
?A mechanic, a good Catholic, having purchased a
Bible, sat down to read it, having promised to do
ur, IT#,r line ueilt iir.ll.in.f una sni.l n? <1...
next reading, he raid, ' Wife, If thin book be
true, wo are all wrong." She did not respond ;
and, on the next evening, be said, " Wife, if
this book be true, we are nil lost." Again he read, and
in the New Teetuineut, when suddenly he stopped his
reading, and. with tears in bis eyes, exclaimed," Wifo,
if this book be true, we may be saved." ile did believe
it, and, in a short time, was rejoieing in salvation.
1 bia occurred in u town where the change of feeling was
such as to cause the breaking up of a Koman church,
which previously had been well supported. Mr. S adduced
other aud similar instances in support of his
position, liiat the Koman Catholic population wero
susceptible and ready for conversion, and that there
prcvuiled among tin ui a general feeling oil tlie subject,
similar to what in protectant churches would be denominated
a revival. lie closed with a most eloquent
appeal to sustain the colporteur system, to which he
ascribed nil the lienor of this great and growing change.
1 he resolution offered by hnn was adopted, when the
Reverend Dr. I'oor. missionary fr?nt Ceylon, was introduced
to the meeting. He said lie had witnessed,
on his way hither, the wonders of the British Museum
?the mummies from Egypt?the wonderful remains
of ancient Nineveh; hut these were to him nothing,
compared with the scene spread out before him in this
sanctuary of the Lord, for there he beheld a cloud of
witnesses that the little drops and rills, which lie saw
rising on the Mount of God some twenty-five years
ago. had swollen into a Hudson River and a mighty
Mississippi at this day. (Applause.) Twenty-live
years ago, the very year this Empire State ship
was launched, tln-y sent forth a jolly-boat
on the coial strand of Ceylon, they formed the first
tract society in that sunny isle. He had been told to
he short; hut he knew It in subject was of interest, and
the patient sitting and encouraging looks of those before
liim, clieered liiin to tell his story, (\pplatise.)
-Vr. I'. then traced the history of the tract movement
in < lylon. 1 he first tracts they received there wero
printed at 11 aii'|uibur. and were brought there by a
n.an who wished a situation as schoolmaster He took
tin m with surprise, hut found thry were marked with
holy ashes, showing that they hitd been nfiianced to
the idol gods. Thus, he said, was it ever with your
tiacts where missionaries were not sent with tlieui ?
Ihiy bir ante eon tec rated to the heathen gods. The
next tracts wi re a parcel receivi d on commission from
1 r.innuibar? the work of a missionary, one who saw
the advantage of leaving his minks behind him. And
all iIn eld be impressed of sending out such missionaries
as would leave their tracks behind them, (Great
and prolonged laughter nt the revercned gentleman's
pi n.) Alter this, he himself hsd written a few tracts,
which he employed, ior want of a printing press,
(M njf* 01 inn siiu't'i i i"ys in in in*' iiaun m ilg u.lge,
i it a | aim leaf, with an iron style. Afterward* a print11
H press was lent nut, and a competent printer, but
i lie 111 atiih nt received from the governor won a grand
i sorption to that from all other tlritlih authoritleti
tlnie. before cr since. Governor Barnes did not tuko
a favorable notice of the operations of the American
missionaries within liis dominion*, and they were not
peiinlttcd to establish their press or extend tlieir operations.
He was & military chief, and it was shortly
alter the close of the war between their mother and
lnr duughter. and not in a manner highly rutisfnctory
to a liriti. h general. It was an exception, however, to
i.II the Iriainient they had ever received from tlie
British authorities of t,eylon. But he was happy to
ray. they had outlived Governor Barnes. (Laughter.)
'1 he six missionaries who were then in < 'eylon, when
tjuvmior Barnes procured an order from the British
govt 11,merit, that no more missionaries should join
die American Mission, and whom lie expected
wire soon to die off, contrary to all precedent in missit
nary operations, were continued in health and efUcii
nc) during a period of thirteen years Gov. Barnes,
i n having ' eylon. wns appointed .Major General of the
forces at < alcutla ; here lie came in contact with thn
tiovei nor Gi ueral w ho proved t i lie his superior, and
-i, l.e was eiit home, (in his nay. he stopped at Oyl
ii and then they sent lilm a copy of their tracts as a
pin t oi I licit love. (Laughter.) Dr. I'. farther traced
.In history i f the mission tlie removal of the restrictions
upon lh? in liy the British government, and their
n-inti rn ment by the arrival of some American misdiDMiies.
Ibeu it was, iu 1 Kg), that there printing
puss was established, aad the publication of tracts
lalrly engaged in. The Hindoo teamed men were actum
mid to put fortli a yearly almanac, in which
ellipsis. 4.C., were calculated witb a fair destee
of accuracy This gave them a great hold
ou the ri st of ilio people, which, in order to the
succies if the mission, it was necessary should
be wfakened. They then printed a native almanac,
which immediately secured a large circulation and was
eagerly sought after by the Hindoos. The heathen ono
being written, could not, of course, secure so large a
circulation. Kor fifteen years, the mission had used it
as a means t>f communicating religious as well as scientific
intelligence; until now. it had secured a circulation
of some 30,000 copies, and was sought after by the
i'rahmins oven, and had almost entirely superseded
the native nlmanao. lie urged, however, that in a
heathen tund these tracts, or other publications, would
be of little of little or no use unless in the hands of missionaries;
comparing them to the distribution of a supply
of ammunition, without soldiers or fire arms to use
it. Dr. P. then noticed the great influence which had
been exerted, through the Influence of the female sex,
upon the conversion of the Hindoos. Among them the
conversion of one female was of far more influence tliau
that of three males. (Applause.) After eulogising the
fairer sex. Dr. I'. described the manner in w hich four Indian
girls were induced to go to school. The idea of
education was. among them, one of degradation, and
they had found it impossible to secure tho attendance
of any of them at the mission school. By the aid of
golden darts, this difficulty was overcome. To explain
his meaning, lie would remind the audience that when
Aaron made the golden calf, it is said that he stripped
the people, tiiat lie made thcui naked, meaning that
lie took away their golden ornameuls. It is the feeling
of the East, that tlicy are not dressed, no mutter what
clothes tlicy uiuy have on. These four girls were poor,
though of pretty good caste, and were in this sense na
krtl. They were promised each a string of gold heads
when they should learn to road, and it wus with the
most astonishing rapidity that they achieved it.
'1 hese were the golden darts?(laughter) ?which achieved
what they held to be, in its filial results, the greatest
work of the mission. These four little girls passed
through a course of training, and continued with the
mission'until they were married. This (said the Dr.)
is a subject so fruitful, that I can scurcely ?(roars of
laughter, prolonged by the odd manner of the speaker,
covering his face with his hands.) The Dr. went on
to state that each of them drew around them a largo
school of females. On another part of the Island, a
school was secured, by the distribution among the
girls, of oil for the hair. With an eloquent appeal to
sustain the missionary, tract and kindred enterprises,
the reverend gentleman concluded his very Interesting,
humorous, and eloquent remarks?to which great, seat
was added, by his singularly quaint style of delivery,
and queer personal appearance? by olfering the following
resolution, which was adopted :?
ltesolved, That the remarkable providences of the
past year on the continent of Kuropo. by whieli many
nations have secured freedom of speech and the liberty
of the press, impose special obligations on this und kindred
institutions, to diffuse a pure faith uiuong their
ngitated millions : while the vast regions of i'agau
darkness demand the continued und redoubled exertions
of evangelical Christendom.
It was then stated by one of the Secretaries that (Jov.
Hawks, pf New Jersey, advertised to speak, had found
it Impossible to attend. Also, that Mr. John 11. Uouou
had ulso promised to do the same thing, but had not appeared
; and n call was madu upon the undienco to
know if the gentleman was present. There was no answer
; and so Mr. (J., if there atallduriug the meeting,
must have disappeared.
Dr Tvso followed briefly in somo playful remarks, in
whieli lie congratulated the Society upon its progress
audit lie favorable auspices under which the meeting was
held ; referring also to the fuct that, for the first
time, they hud un F.piscopai Bishop present with
them. 'J lie cause was like the uge?one of railroad
progress? and he warned those who opposed It to clear
the track, or they would he crushed beneath the wheels.
Chancellor Walwoeth then briefly expressing his
grutificat ion at the high character of the Society, proposed
the following resolution, which was adopted :?
ltesolved, That while the simple, sublime object of
the salvation of souls should he the chief inccutive to
effort in all the Society's work, wo would {rejoice In its
incidental bearings on popular education, the observance
of the Sabbath, the cause of temperance, und
kindred interests.
1 he doxology was then sung, all the congregation, as
before, participating therein, when the meeting adjourned.
Second Advent Conference.
Yesterday being the second day of the Second Advent
Conference, the sitting was resumed at 0 o'clock
The discussions during the morning were more of s
private than of a public nature, and had more refercncc
to the management of tbo affairs of the sect, and
the manner in which its principles could be best pro
mealed nnd advanced, than to the nature of the dne.
rincs themselves. or the arguments employed to susdin
or combat these peculiar doctrine*. The discusions
ware, therefore, of a desultory character, and
would not interest the reader. The following resoluion
wa? adopted :?
Whereas. we feel that we am under renewed obligaiona
to God in that he has enabled us to consider, bolero,
and devote ourselves to tlio promulgation of his
ruth, which has special bearing on the present, and,
a* we believe, the elosing age of the world ; and whereas.
God In his great mercy has constrained us, while we
have endeavored to serve him under the most trying
difficulties, arising from tlio Inutilities of those who
have gone out from us. the profane scoffing, ignorance
and bigotry of those who were never of us ; and under
more painful trials from those who are not satisfied
with tlie right to hold and express their views of incidental
opinions and measures, but are ever easting the
most unworthy insinuations, and making false statements
in reference to brethren who differ from them.
The Conference adjourned till half past two o'clock.
At half past two o'clock the sittings were resumed,
I'rofessor VV lilting, of Wllliamsburgh, in the chair,
llcv. J. Lm ii proposed the following resolution
"lt< solved. That while the mass ol professed Christians
regard the signs of the times indicative of the
dawn of a more glorious state of things In this >orld
we can only view them as premonitory cf the
coming and kingdom of Cli-;?tj &hil the introduction
of the world to come.''
'1 here arc two views, said the speaker, in Christend<
in. in reference to the things (iod has predicted an
coming on the earth. One class maintain that peact
and happiness and prosperity are coming, and thai
they will be brought about by the Christian principle
and by the reform measures of the age, till the whole
world is at last led to Christ; that this period will be
the promised millennium But the question was ?Did
tlie Scriptures teueh that doctrine ? What prophet?
what evangelist, ever promulgated it? That they
taught the doctrine of a millennium was true but
they did not tench that such a state of tilings would
be attained under the present physical and moral
condition of the world 1 bey taught the very reverse.
The spirit of prophecy first began by making promises
to Ibe Jewish natiou. and uttering threats in the event
of their disobedience. 1 fiesn threats were, that their
polity should be destroyed, and themselves scattered
over the luce of the earth. Those great Gentile empires
that were to effect that destruction were presented
in vision to Nebuchadncxsar, under the form o(
an image, of which the Babylonian kingdom was the
head or first, the Median and Persian the second, the
Grecian the third, and the Roman the fourth and last
Then, says the prophet Daniel, shall the God ol
Hiavcnsct Kp a kingdom which shall never be destroyed,
but shall brink In pieces all the othei
kingdoms, just as the stone, cut out of th?
mountain without hands, smote to atoms the
image which the King of Babylon saw In his
dream. There was thus, in that prophecy of a few
verses, an outline of the history of the world, at
least for n period of two thousand four hundred and
fifty years. The Jews were led captlvo under tlieso
n it i nif itiM rrli ii .s nik-pcnm v?*I v. 1r>?L of nil iiikIit (hn
Romans. How long this captivity whs to last, may ho
pet ii from the 21*t of Luke, in which Christ predict*)
that when the Jews saw tile Son of Man coming in a
cloud, Willi powerand great glory, tliat then they should
lilt up tlieir heads, tor that their redemption drew
nigh, it was not, therefore, the triumph of the gns111,
and the restoration of the Jews to their privileges,
tint was meant by the- millennium of the Bible. It
was loretold by the I'ropliet Xuchariah, in the ninth
chapter, that i hrist should come as a King to the
Jews, and tliat ho should come riding into their city
upon an ass. lie did come in Ills proper person to fulfil
tl>at prophecy, and rode into Jerusalem on the very
beast foretold. He went into the temple ami took possession
of it in the name of his father. Krom the inomi
nt ho set up a title to royalty, the Jewish rulers
si light his life. 1 hey rejected him as their king, " But
the stone which the builders rejected, the same became
the head of the comers." They, therefore, lost their
distinct right to tile blessings of tliat kingdom. Accordingly.
I lirist told tin in the kingdom should be tnken
fii in tbini und given to a nation bringing forth fruits
worthy ol it. The Jews were no longer recognised aw
the t xi lusive heirs, but were placed on the same footing
as tin: tic utiles, and such of them as were saved,
w i re only savi d by repentance and fuith in Jesus Christ.
1 bin lore. St. laid, though a Hebrew of the Hebrews,
did m t make I his ugroiiud ol any special favor to him
In in (iod, for he 'aid he counted all those things
hut lots In the world, snvs Christ to his disciples,
ye ihall have tribulation When Pilate asked Christ
whither he was a king lie said it was for this purpolo
he CHir.e into the world; but tliat such cirri
instances had now occurred that Ids kingdom
wt old not be of this world, but of tho world to
01 me. that in w In aven and new earth, wherein dwellelh
i ightvou* nass. Since the < activity in the time of
/ i ill knili. there was not one man of the house of David
who reigned for one hour. '1 ills was prophesied by
\ so kii 1. 'Jl -t cliapt) r: Thus saith the Lord ' >nd remote
the iliadt m and take off the crown; It shall be n<>
mole until lie conic whose right it is. and I will give it
I. ni." A ud to liim of right did the crowu belong In
I oke. lit chapter and 31st verse, the answer wu given;
" '1 luu s tin It bring forth a son and shall cull ids name
i i i s. lie shall be great anil be railed the son of the
highest and tlie Lord I iod -hall give with liim l lie throne
el ids latin r David, and lie shell reign over the house
ot J act b fore vi r mid of his kingdom there ?HnU lie no
I nil." 'I lu re can be no kingdom of Hod. therefore, on
I null, till I ill it rime St. laul. Ill Ids epistle to tho
< < lint liia lie. asked. "Could con-opt ion inherit incornipti.
n .'" 'J hen lore, it is ouly the saints who are
lulu n it-hep in thiol, or those that shall he found
wiiitli g tor biin at his coming. Hint shall inherit the
kurtii in But tlie latter must he changed clothed
wiiii in.mortality An immortal body is a necessary
,,i niifrulii ii ft r .hi lo ir ol glory. " That wldcb is horn
ot the flesh Is flesh; that which is horn *>f tlie spirit is
spiiit." Ileum tlie philosophical necessity I >r tlie now
L.ilh Ii lie (tie spikkei) were now iiui'odnot d lolhat
klligdt m Willi his pren ut body, he ni ght live out his
ij 1DL
three seore nnd ten j earn; hut ho eould not lire to enjoy
ft " kingdom that shall have no end." without an
immortal body. ( lory, honor, immortality." urn the
inheritance of the regenerated. Every lew. from Ahra
ham down to hid latest descendant. is entitled to this,
on the same conditions as the (ienliles. as promised to
tbem in the 37th chapter of Kieklel The experiment
of universal reformation had been tried under more
favorable circumstanced than had ever fallen to the
lot of modern reformers. The miraculous manifestations
of his divine presence to the Jews, and circumI
stanees heaped on circumstanced, so calculated to
impress them, had all their result in thla?" Hear,
H honvonn utivl xria-.. cut. H onrfl. I Ho va warv..
rished ami brought up children, and they have
rebelled against mo. The ox knoweth Ilia owner, and
the u?s his mastt r's crib; but Israel (loth not know, iny
people doth not consider." Thoy were more besotted
than the brutes. Such was the result of the experiment
Again. God said. ' What more could I have
done for my vineyard' Yet, when I looked that it should
bring forth grapes, it brought forth wild grapes." If
those circumstances were not sufficient to work a moral
I regeneration in that nation, what circumstances can
be expected to do so either as regards this or any other
! nation. Tho promise in the 2d Psalm was:?1"Thou art
my son; this day have I begotten thee. I will give thee
the heathen for thine inheritance, and the utmost parts
of tlie earth for thy possession.'' Then, again, we are
' told that the knowledge of the I.nrd shall cover the
earth as the waters cover the great deep. Thoy shall
not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith
, the Lord. In the parable of the tar s. Christ said the
tares should grow together with the wheat till the harvest,
nud thou should the tares be separated from the
' win at and cast into the tire, while tho wheat was
I gathered iuto the barn. Tho harvest was the end of
the world. The lire was hell, tho tares were th
wicked. The wheat were the righteous, and th
bnru, was the new Jerusalem. The signs of tho present
times, instead of being indicative of universal reform,
were indicative of the period approaching the end of all
things. These signs might he found in the condition
I of the empires to which he had before referred. There
was not a throne in Kuropo that was not shaken. What
was the condition of Rome ' The monarrhy of that
empire was no more. The monarch was in a foreign
laud, his dynasly was declared to be at an end. and a
republic was set up in its stead. Auother sign was
that the Jewish disabilities had ceased throughout the
world One of the lirst results ?f the French revolution.
last year, was to confer equal privileges upon
J Jews as upon other citizens; and Crlmoau, a Jew, was
! appointed Minister of Justice for the interior. Austria
I and l'russia followed the example The I'ope. on the
IKtli December, 1S48, decreed the freedom of the Jews.
| And so of every other country, with two or three small
| exceptions. Another sign was, that universal licentiousness,
predicted by all the prophets, as premo!
nitory of the end. Never was there a time, slnoe
I the days of Noah and I.ot, when licentiousness
abounded more than it did in the present day.
it might be asked why they made this a distinctive
topic for propagandisiu. Why not let it,
I like every oilier doctrine, take care of itself T Why not,
on the contrary, attend to tilings of a more practical
I nature? It was just because attention was paid to
, | other doctrines, and this, the most important of all,
neglected, that there was the more reason for their attention
to it. A Scotch clergyman being once asked
I why lie did not preach on the times, as all the other
clergymen were doing, his reply was, that if they were
all preaching on the times, they could afford to let a
poor brother preach on eternity. Moro than threefourths
of tho clergy of the United States never alluded
to the Second Advent, except by way of slur ; and it
was tlic duty, therefore, of those who believed in it to
proclaim it with the greater energy.
Rev. I.. D. Msnm iii.u seconded the resolution. He
said a resolution did not prove anything?it only declared
tho views of those who adopted it. They had
taken their stand against a grout many wlso and holy
and good men. Their elaiin wus that the word of God
was on their side, and the signs of the times also sustained
tliem. It had been said in proof of the spiritual
reign, that the gospel was now being preached iu every
part of the world. True it was, but this was no proof
tbut the gospel would he efficacious. On the contrary,
it wus declared to be a sign of the immediate approach
of < lirlst, when the gospel was proclaimed to all
nations. Christ himself and his apostles, with all the
aid of stupendous miracles, preached the gospel in
Asia, and yet did uot succeed in effecting universal
conversion there. Another argument iu favor of the
universal spread of the Christian principle was that
k there was now a general disposition for peace in the
world, and hostility to war. Hut how fur was this assertion
sustuined by facts? If they looked at their
I owu couutry, thoy found it quiet, after concluding ono
of the most nefarious wars that was ever waged. If
they looked at Europe, they would And every nation
in it making war and preparations for war upon the
I grandest scale. It had been asserted, before the events
of the last year scattered the assertion to the winds,
that such was the desire for peace in the world, that
wur was impossible. Kven before these reoent events,
war cost annually ono liuudred millions of dollars. It
took wore money to support one ship of the lino in the
British navy, thnu all the appropriations of tho united
boards of missions in this country for ouu year. Another
argument alleged was, that the improvements of
the steamship, the railway, and the eloctrle teloj
graph, wruld exert a moral influence upon the
world Tl>is he denied. On the contrary, he maintained
they were calculated to corrupt. Kverybody
knew that in large cities there was a greater tendency
to corruption than in smaller ones. Now the telegraph
would bring cities tbemsclvs together, and the result
be greater bustle, deeper immersion in tho things of
this world, aud greater forgetfulness of tiod. 80 far
from this speculation being borne out by facts, crime
had increased lu a few years in Scotland, 3,100 per cent,
in Knglund and America there wa< also a great increase
of crime, if they were to believe the newspapers. He
believed, therefore, that the signs of the times were
Indicative of the very opposite of what had been ali
leged by those who opposed the doctrine of the second
The resolution wns then passed.
I Rev. Mr. Konissos, of this city, iqorc4 tjie follow1
, Resolved?That our vIcwh of prophecy respecting
, Christ's coming, are legitimate conclusions from premises
long since established by the most eminent and
pious expositors of most i'rotestant sects, and are in.
dispensable to the unity and harmony of the word of
, tiod. Wo cannot, therefore, abandon them without
sacrificing our own reason and conscience, and our regard
for the long line of eminent men, who have m&in;
rained the truth since the apostolic age.
i | No doubt the world looked upon|tliose who. believed
as he did ?S a contemptible set of fanatics. Jesus
Christ uinl liis apostles were rvgnrdfd in the same light
in their day So was Luther, and ?o has every reformer
been unpopular. So fur from the increase of scientific
i knowledge being a sign of moral regeneration, it had
! been given by Daniel as a sign preceding general depravity
and the coming of Christ Look at Popery: how
it was spreading. Dr Moriartv had told tuem that
the increase of < atholics was to be numbered by millions.
Tin y spent more money ilj'on a cathedral in
( hlna. thun the Protestants of America hail dune in
missions for one year. The 1 atholics were endanger!??
| the Protestant missions in the Sandwich Islands, and
; iu India they were dogging the steps of our misslon1
aries. This was ail in accordance with tho prophecy
1 in Daniel, which said the little horn would wage war
against the saints till the Ancient of Days enmo. Again,
f one year ago. the whole of this city whs vocal with the
praise of revolutions in Kurope. To-day. re<|tiieius are
being sung over the death ot liberty. Vet this was the
, political liberty that was to herabi the spiritual But
1 it bad fallen back. There was one otli"r sign, and that
1 was the gn at battle of (foil Almighty that had been
predict) d in most of the prophets. Tho signs of the
times pointed to that consummation, and then it was
that ( lirist would come as a thief iu the night. There
were 300 clergymen in Knglund who preached this
doctrine with all their hearts There were 23 Protestant
Kpiscopal clergymen in Americ.-t. including bishops,
who gave it their advocacy It was the same doctrine
tor which the primitive fathers were brought to the
Rev. W. Himks seconded the resolution, lie said
f that resolution was true, the charge against them of
novelty was false. For three hundred years from the
< hrlstiancra. eve n till the Council of Nice, it was the
1 octrinc of the church. The earliest Protestants held
t The Waldenee* ami Alblgenses hidd it. Brightman.
Wicklifl. Luther. < alvin Vl?liin?iknn " _
held it. Tlio Synod of the Reformers at Augsbui-gii
fflrmcd it.
After a few words from the Rot. Mr IIalx. the resolution
was carried, and the Conference a<ijnnrned
In the evening At H o'clock, the Her. Mr. Mimes delivered
a lecture 011 Iter. 14. G, 7 lie contended that it
was not the business of i hristlan* to preach the gospel
in these days to the ungodly, nor to Attempt to conrert
them, but to proolnitn to them the fact that Christ inn
ec luiug. This they could understand and appreciate;
t ut ipeculations tn theology only distracted them
\\ hen uien luid time to speculate, ft was ao evidence
that they were not much linen tod about important
The services were conclude d by prayer and a hyinn
Amitveranry Exhibition of lite PuplM of
the New York Institution for the HJInrf.
Of all tlie assemblages at the Tabernacle during the
week, none equalled in Interest the exhibition of the
pupils of the "New Vork Institution for the Mind,''
which tn?k place nt four o'clock. Th spacious building
was erswded to overflowing, chiefly by tho fairer
portion of humanity; and we bare seldom witnessed a
more charming congregation of modesty, loveliness and
hi ncvolence.
The stage was occupied by the officers and pupils of
the institution, the latter presenting a -Ingularly interesting
appearance. Arrayed in their snow-white dresses!
and with their hair dressed 111 the most chaste and ele.
gHnt Style, the female pupils looked the very impersonation
of purity aud peace. Among thein there wore
many who richly deserve to be called belle*, and the demeanor
and conduct of ail was such as to command
tin' deepest and most respectful admiration Nor must
we omit paying an equally merited compliment to the
young gentlemen, who were also distinguished by tho
neatness, and indeed, elegance of their appearance.
The meritorious character of this excellent institution
and tho fidelity and ability of those entrusted
with its management, are well known to all amongst
us who take an Interest in those for whose benefit it
was founded. Wo cannot is sist the pleasure of giving
the names of those ladies and gentlemen who hare la
C'ealiwisril en Mc JBXgMA 1'agt.

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