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NEW YORK HERALD.
IwthWMt corner of Fulton and Nassau sts. jajiks ookoon bknnktt, PROPRIETOR. TfW DAILY HERALD?Thi ?c edition,, 1 renf? per top y -tr^ruuoi. THE MORNING EDITION ie publn" ?d al 3 o'clock, A. M., and di,tributed before break/a,t; ihefret AITERNOON EDITION ran he bud of the newt* beyi at 1 o'clock: and the tecoitd at 3 o'clock. P. M. THE W EEKLV HERALD, for circulation on rAi# < onHnent, ie publlehed every Saturday, ut fi'i centi per ropy, ar # per aMrmtn; for Circulation tn Europe, and printed tn Prench and Englieh, nf rente per ropy, or %4 per annum-, the latter price to include the portage. ALL LETTERS by mail for iuh*rriptioni, or loifh ndnertieemente, to be poet paid, or the pottage toil! he deducted from the mn?i emitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important newt, tolicitrd from any quarter of the world; if need, will be lihr rally paid for. NO NOTICE taken of inonymou, rommuniraJlone. 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MONTAGUE IlALL, Brooklyn?Pamprei.i.'? Mii??trel?. New York., Thursday, May lO, IM?. News from Europe. The news by the llibemia is now fully due over the wires. The Anniversaries. "We are now in the midst of the New York anniversares?those assemblages of Moralists, Christians, Philosophers, Atheists, Saints, and Sinners, who are generally brought together at this season of the year, to exhibit the curiosities of the mind, and amuse and instruct their generation. During the last few days we have been enabled to place before the country fuller and more accurate reports of these anniversaries than have ever been hitherto presented to the American people. The interest and influence of such assemblages have, without doubt, been increasing for some years past; n full account of their progress and of I their opinions seems, therefore, to be a necessary part of journalism, and of the history of our own extraordinary age. Fifteen years ago, solitary and alone, we commenced this curious historical record in the columns of this journal. IIow vastly both the meetings and the journal which recorded them have grown into importance since that time! Already about half a dozen of these assemblages have been recorded in our columns, most of them cf an ordinary and common-place character, disclosing movements made to forward religion and morality upon the old plan, with the old weapons? money, Hlusie, unu iiirmueiiwijr. iiuiuiiig ui a very exciting or interesting character has been exhibited, except in that assemblage where we find the original agitators of anti-slavery assuming un important position, relating to the history of their past transactions, and disclosing what th^y mean to do in future. Anti-slavery is a species of socialism of American growth. During the last ten or twelve years, I we h?ve had importations of foreign socialism, both from France and England, and, singular to relate, he French system of socialism seems to have surpassed in popularity and progress that of any other foreign manufacture of the kind. The anti-slavery agitators, now assembling iu this city, are boasting, day and night, of the success, thus far, which they have achieved in purtially disorganising the two old |>arties, and forcing both of them to assume more or less their own ultra ground. In one of the speeches made at one of their meetings, the speaker congratulated his auditors upon the fact that they had forced John Quincy Adams to take the ultra ground he had assumed long before his death, and that they, by their agitations, had compelled both the whig and democratic parties at the North to come out as far as they had already done, upon what is called the free soil question. Wc think there is some ground for these agitators in taking this amouf.t of credit to themselves. But they do not confine their operations or denunciations to the political parties of the day. We perceive that these men, with a degree of energy and recklessness without parallel, denounce almost the whole Christian church of the land, aud hurl condemnation against the whole body of clergy, for the course which this class of public teachers has pursued for some years past. Thus, We find that politicians and politics, clergymen and the elm b, the constitution and the laws?in a word, al: the settled institutions of the country, I meet win the general denunciation and condemnation of these agitators, because slavery exists in the Southern States, and they cannot reach the evil, as they call it, there, and root it out. There can be no doubt but that these agitators, who have generally sprung from lloston, and who only come to New York annually, to pour out their opinions and denunciations here, have operated to an extraordinary extent upon the public mind of the North, during the lust twenty years. Under their influence, the anti-slavery party whs organized in the general election of IHII, and jiolled over (?0,fXt0 votes at their very first eflbrt. Under the same influence, though with a slightly different name, the free soil party was organized in the North, and four or five times as many votes w ere polled, laying a foundation for the complete disorganisation of the old whig and democratic parties. The antifclavery men may, therefore, take credit to themselves, not without grounds, for obtaining a victory 1 over both the great factions which hitherto have governed the country, by oj>enmg the door to a state of tilings which must inevitably bring the North and youth in dreadfully hostile array against each other, at an early day, and possibly even at the next session of Congress. The proceedings and the seeches at some of these unniversaries, therefore, haw an important and practical hearing upon the progress of public events of a general and national character. The nnti slavery men are, however, not alone in the business. The socialists of the French school belong, in a degree, to the same formation, and are included in the same category. Albert Brisbane lias just come back from France, from which country he has been ordered away by the government, in consequence of his inflammatory speeches upon the subject of socialism at some of the meetings of the socialists at Pans. The socialists on this side of the wa'er, whose organ is the New York Trilime and its coteries, and who received the first genn of their doctrine from philosopher Brisbane, are also very busy, and will exhibit themselves in their speeches, debates, and their love-feasts, to the admiration, the surprise, and the laughter of the community. But there is one feature connected with this singular agitation of all descriptions, which begins to owakt n the uttrntion of sobriety and seriousness. They B|>pear to be approaching towards a general union and combination with each other in working upon the public mind in such a way and as utterly to disorganize th? two old parties, and to throw the whole country into a violent disagreement and disunion upon the question of antihlavery, the results of which may bo seen in the i next Congress. It is in Una |>oint of view, to which we wish to direct the attention of the community, that these societies are important) far tatf Begin to eajutet something beyond mere tarce, extravagance, and folly. Hitherto these socialists and fanatics, of all kinds, have ranted and raved, sometimes in Boston, sometimes in New York, occasionally varying their exercises with a love least, at Brook Farm or some other place. But since the influence which they have exerted upon the two great parties is wen and felt in political action, they nre assuming more importunt uirs, and will evidently attempt to affect more dangerous and more hurtful purposes Uian have hitherto been known. The friends and supporters of the Federal Union would do well to hold themselves in readiness and in unison with the present patriotic < hief magistrate ut Washington, for there is, we suspect, u bad time coming in Congress and the country. Progress of tlie American Newspaper Press. The enterprise recently and successfully undertaken, by which, on the arrival of the European steamers at Halifax, the intelligence brought by them is conveyed by express to this city, and from this central jioint diffused all over the country, hns, naturally enough, attracted 11 great deal of attention. It bus received the favorable notice of the Press on the other side of the Atlantic, and its importance and value have been abundantly felt and appreciated throughout the United States. Some of the smaller journals, however, have raised quite an outcry against the arrangement, representing it as an "odious monopoly," a wicked "confederacy," and what not, on the part of the influential and leading journa s of New York. Of course, the prime mover of t is terrible piece of immorality in procuring early intelligence is found to be the proprietor of the New York Herald. In all wickedness of this kind he is quite an adept; and, as usual, in this fresh transgression against all thilt is pure, and lovely, tmd of good report in the way of newspaper enterprise, he is the chief offender. Well, we suppose that he must submit to his fate. and be set down as incorrigibly depraved in all matters of this nature. These curious accusations against this new enterprise in journalism, suggest, however, the propriety of a brief review of the progress of the newspaper press of this country, and a glance at its present condition. When we entered on our career in this city, twenty-five years ago, it was an easy matter to publish a newspaper. It was a task quite within the compass of the exchequer of a loafer and the brains of a blockhead. Neither capital, nor intellect, nor genius, were at all necessary to establish a daily journal in those times, just as, at the present day, we see, almost every week, one or two obscene sheets make their appenrance, under the name of newspapers, issued from filthy cellars by some desperate vugabiyids. The newspapers of that day relied altogether upon their exchanges for news, and, of course, the intelligence which they gave the readers was meagre, stale, und unsatisfactory. A new spirit shortly afterwards was infused into the daily journals, and, for the first time, "expresses" were introduced. These expresses consisted of the employment of relays of swift horses, by means of which interesting intelligence was carried from Philadelphia, Boston, and other important points, to the city of New York. Occasionally these expresses were extended to very considerable distances, and the beneficial effect was speedily acknowledged by the whole community, especially by the mercantile and commercial classes. Intelligence of an important nature, exercising influence on the state of the mar. kets, and the general operations of trade, was thus taken out of the hands of monopolists, and diffused throughout the whole community. The construction of railroads opened a new and w ide field to the newspaper enterprise, which had then just begun to develope itself. Locomotives were now employed instead of the old "pony expresses," and often at a great expense to the newspaper establishment for whose benefit they were used. The circulation and influence of New York journalism were now rapidly augmented. News from all parts of the conntry was conveyed to this city with great industry, and at a very heavy cost. Extras were issued with the utmost promptitude on the reception of the intelligence thus obtained, and circulated all over the city and country. The result abundantly demonstrated the value of those arrangements. A great accession was madu to the circulation of the journals which conducted those enterprises; and, again, but in a still more marked und extensive manner than ever, the great masses of the commercial and business community were benefitted and secured against the injurious effects of monopolists and speculators. All stand alike in the advantages which the press extended. By the discovery of the electric telegraph, or the application of that wonderful discovery to practical purposes by Professor Morse, another great era in the history of newspaper enterprise in this country was introduced. At once availing itself of this powerful agent anil auxiliary, the press employed the telegraph to the fullest extent. The expenditure thus involved is very great. Not less than fifty thousand dollars per annum is expended by the ussocited press of this city, in carrying out those telegraphic and express arrangements, against which the small journals, here and elsewhere, rail with so much nmustng bitterness. For this large expenditure, the newspapers in question receive an adequate return in the increased and increasing patronage of the public. They become more valuable and more necessary ; and in this public patronage the best possible evidence is afforded of the high value which the community place upon these telegraphic and express enterprises. Indeed, the public benefit which is thus bestowed by the journals of this city cannot lie exaggerated. Talk of monopoly and exclusiveness ! Why, this is the* very arrangement which defeats any and all attempts to obtain a monopoly of early intelligence. There is not a business man m the community who is not directly interested and benefitted by this arrangement. By associating together and expending sums which defy competition, the press puts it out of the power of individuals to monopolize for tln-ir own exclusive benefit the important intelligence which it gives to the whole country in advance of all other means of obtaining the news. All this is perfectly obvious. The secret of all the miniature tempest which certain small obscure papers have attempted to raise about our express arrangement*, is found in the fact?melancholy and incontrovertible?that the establishment of a profitable newspaper, now, requires an enormous outlay of capital. Newspaper property lias become valuable, in consequence of the progress of journalism, and its promptitude in availing itself of all the improvements c>f the age in locomotion and telegraphing. The simple reason why these small fry call out against what they term "monopoly," is, that they do not possess the means of making such newspapers as arc wanted now-a-days. Publishing newspapers has become a costly business. The expense of telegraphic news for a single week would almost break down half a dozen of the struggling little jotirriuls, which d uounce all those arrangements by w hich the public interests are so essentially promoted, and the great newspaper establishments maintained in public favor. These are the sad and simple facts in this whole bnsinoss; and it is quite likely that the " monopoly," und " exelusiveness," and " confederacy," and other wickednesses of which we have been guilty in newspaper enterprise, will continue, even in a stiU more aggravated form, notwithstanding the passionate remonstrances of those of our fellow-sinners who cannot, to the sume extent, sin against the public. It so, Tag and Boiitail.?The socialists arc to have their gathering at the Minerva Rooms, this evening Brisbane, the great martyr of this iaith, is to be present, it is said, and wi I doubtless hold lorth wuii ?,K)hioiiC vi^or. We shall giro a lull I*poet ?| tisa prove**Uif?. Tun Gbf.at Theatrical War.?Macready yet in the Field.?Mr. Macready is a man of pluck.. He does not intend to give tip the ship, at the occurrence of the first storm. An announcement has been made that he will appear to-night, at the Astor Place theatre, which will be seen, by referring to the theatrical advertising column, in this day's journals. He has been induced to try his strength and hick a second time, by an invitation signed by Washington Irving and a number of other gentlemen, which we published yesterday, requesting him to finish his farewell engagement on the American stage, and assuring him that they and the friends of order in the country will support him against all rioters. He has also caused to be published, a series of statements and letters, from llulwer, Fonblanque, and others, residing in England, completely disproving all the charges hitherto brought against his character by Mr. Ferrest; and also exhibiting Wikofl's testimony as utterly false and disgraceful to that notorious personage. These statements and letters will be found in another portion of this day's Herald. On the other hand, we perceive that the opposite party, or the " b'hoys," the elementary tno'i of New York, the rowdies, rioters, or whatever else tliey may be called, are ulso determined to dispute litis question, and fight the battle o Waterloo over again, or get well licked into the bargain. Here is the pronunciumento which was issued yesterday, by those chaps, and posted on vacant places and posts around town:? WORKING MEN, SlIAI.t. AMERICANS on ENGLISH RULE j.n this city 1 The Crew of the British steamer have Threatened all Americans who shall dare to express their opinions this night, at the Engi.isii ARISTOCRATIC Opera House ! We advocate no violence, but a free expression of opinion to all public men. WORKINGM E N ! FREEMEN! STAND 11Y YOflt LAWFUL RIGHTS! American Committee. This is cer'ainly a bo'd and during step on the part of the rioters ; and unless the Mayor, police, and public authorities, aided and assisted by the committee who have invited Mr. Macready to the field?unless they manage the aflair with more skill than Matsell and hismendid on Monday night, the b'hoys may be able to accomplish their work a second time, and drive Macready again from the stage. It is, therefore, a very curious question in law and government, as well as theatricals, which is now mooted, and which will be determined tonight, at the Astor Tlace thentre. Shall un organized mob or the public authorities conquer T? As to the pretext put forth, that the seamen of the British steamer in this port has intended to take the course attributed to thein 111 the hand-hill, we do not believe there is a word of truth or reality in the matter. We have heard, indeed, that many of the rioters say they have a precedent in the history of theatricals in this city, for persisting in the resolution that Mr. Macready shall not make his appearance again, for some years at least, after having been driven once from the stage. The precedent to which they refer, is that of the case of Mr. Wood, who happened t? get into a quarrel with a critic attached to the Courier and Enquirer. The energetic proprietor of thutjournul organized a highly respectable mob, went to the Park theatre, and drove both Mr. nnd Mrs. Wood from the stage of that establishment, nnd the former for a while from every American stage thereafter. The riot was managed with great skill and generalship?even brigadier generalship?and we believe if the talent displayed on that occasion had been properly employed by Mr. Polk, when a certain application was made, he might linve succeeded in finishing the war with Mexico sooner than he did. The management of the mob on last Monday night, and the generalship displayed on the occasion, was very good, but certainly not superior to that which characterized the Wood riot at the Park theatre. Both generals deserve consideration. Now, it is well known that it was considered a settled case, that Wood should never appear again on the American stage. But he did appear again. In Mr. Macrcady's case, there is a like difference of opinion, and a similar crisis. The respectable, literary, and philosophical portion of the city are determined that he shall appear again, and have the decision of Monday reversed to-night. If they are properly supported by the Mayor and police, and if there are courage and capacity in Washington Irving and his associates, to act with as much skill as they write, we rather think that Mr. Macready will succeed, nnd be permitted to play his engagement, and act before all those who wish to see him in his fine characters. Under these views, we think that although there may be much excitement around town to-day, and a good deal of threatening about certain corners, we do not believe there will be any successful attempt to drive Macready from the stnge to-night. The conduct of the rioters, on Monday night, lias roused the feelings of order and propriety in the community, to such an extent as will render all attempts at riot utterly ineffectual and impracticable. The newspapor press, with some inconsiderable exceptions, is also very strongly in favor of order and justice in the business. Mr. Macready himself has committed no offence against an American audience, not even ngainst Mr. Forrest, notwithstanding all that Forrest has written to the contrary, or all that Chevalier Wikoff has instilled into his too credulous ear. The rioters will be well licked to-night, or the city again disgraced. Mr. Forrest ought to be satisfied?and so should the " b hoys. "A Paniei. Comf to Juooment."?The eminently enlightened "guide, philosopher, and friend" of the universal human family, and progenitor of a dozen isms, not forgetting Slievegnmmonism in newspapers, came out yesterday with an awful tirade against the entire dramatic profession, and the whole generation of dramatists, from Sliukspeare to John Goesin Massa (Ireeley characterizes Ihe profession to which those affectionate beings, Macready and Forrest, have devoted their lives and limbs, as " a miserable vocation." Well, it is, at all events, as good a vocation as that of a l'ourierite. In point of costume, the dramatic performer is decidedly superior to the scarecrow philosopher ; as to taste and temper, the player has also the advantage ; and in point of morals, we presume that both " vocations" may be set down as about on a par. Indeed, judging front some of the Fourierite love-feasts, we are rather inrlined 10 think l/tat the Fourierites have got a peg or two farther than their brethren of the dramatic profession. Philosophy is a very funny " vocation" nowa-days, and there are some great " actor?" out of the dramatic profession. Tun Case or Caitain Tibiikits.?We have examined the case of Cupt. T., and, therefore, susl>cnd the statement of the passengers of the ship Pacific, sent to us. We do this because we think it is clearly n case to be deeidud by the courts. If ('apt. T'h. statement he correct, it looks like a case of piracy to dispossess him of the command of his ship. Nrws prom Cat.iforma.?We may expect to receive very late ntelligenee front San Francisco to-morrow or next day. The Creseent City, from Chagres, will probably arrive before Sunday, with advices from that place to the 1st inst. It is thought that the steamship California arrived at Panama previous to the 1st. Mori Sueveoammonism.?The story started by the 7Vi/>v*w, of the appointment of Mr. Foote, of IJufialo, to a South American chargeship. Supreme Court. Present, Justices iones, Edmonds, sad Rdwsrd? Mil tti W > 0, W, Htm J J. .11 i n v*. L??,?MUfcen ?p, aaUI-pow a?4*r The Capture of Slaver, called the Harriet, of Philadelphia. We received rite following account of the capture of a bliive brig, by a recent arrival from St. Helena. We give it for puohc benefit, and await further intelligence:? On tho 11th of February, 1R49, Her Britannic Majesty 's sloop Cygnet brought to St. Helena a brig she bad captured, sixteen days previously, ou the went coast of Africa, with a large cargo of slaves. amounting to between eight and nine hundred. The brig prove* to be tba Harriet, lately belonging to Philadelphia. At the time of capture, atie had 011 board eight Aiuericau seamen?via.. John Anderson, mate: John Davis. Kdward Day. John Williams, Samuel R. Daves, William O'Donnell, John Hall, and Thomas Uerners, seamen; all belonging to Boston and Philadelphia. These men give an account, stating tliut they were the original crew of the brig under (lie command oi'T. D uling having leit Boston in June last; that lliey had been to one of the ( ape de Verde islands, and thence to Uahia. in the Brazils, with a cargo ot salt; there she took on board a full slave cargo, which she carried to the west coast of Africa, and, after landing the chief part of it. Captain 1 ulingsoiu the vessel to a Brazilian, who went out from 1 nliin us supercargo in her, anil who then assumed the command of the vessel. At this time, Capt. Duling told the crew that they might go on shore, and tiiat he would pay them off. This happened at Ainbriz, at which place there were two American lirigs, on hoard ul aim 11 the crew endeavored to get a passage, hut without mcci ts. The crew, dreading a sickly climate, and being thrown on shore among a parcel of negroes, u here there was neit tier government nor protection and being uncertain if they did go on shore there and survive, (and the uncertainty of a proper opportunity "tiding to take them away.) chose the only altera 1tive. of availing themselves of the oiler of the Brazilian supercargo, of remaining on hoard the Harriet as passengers. to work their passage back to the Brazils, to where the vessel was bound. A very short time after, ,. C..11 u.1,1. IV ?|F|?CUin, It IUII "t|Vt. ft rtu. ..u ....... tt, " .... ?uti r. urms. anil every other necessary for a slave vessel. mid then instantly despatched, with the addition of seven men to form the crew. After being three days at sea, she was captured us before mentioned; but on the boats of the Cygnet boarding her, she had the Autericun flag displayed, and. iu consequence of tiring upon the boats, John Hall?being then at the wheel? was shot through the shoulder, and another of the crew received a severe cutlass-wound on the skull. The American seamen say that no time during the voyage did they receive the least intimation that the Harriet was to have been sold iu Africa, or be engaged In the slave trade; because, hud they known it; they would have quitted the vesssel at some other port. "W'e have other statements connected with the above capture, but choose to await later intelligence before publishing them. TiieGoi.p Doujvr.?We saw a handful of gold dollars yesterday in the hands of Mr. Dinamore, of the firm of Adams Co., the express agents. They were fresh from the mint at Philadelphia. They are smaller than five cent pieces. On one side is the head of liberty with stars, and on the other, on the margin, the words " United States of America," with a wreath enclosing the words "1 Dollar, The coin is small, but beautiful. Theatrical and Musical. Bowerv Theatre.?A most numerous and fashionable audience were in attendance last evening, and the play of the " Stranger'' was performed much to their satisfaction; indeed, east as it was last evening, it could not but give full satisfaction to the moHt critically inclined audieneo that ever assembled. Mr. Ilnmblin was the Stranger; Mrs. Shaw, Mrs Ilaller; and Mr ltyder, the Baron 8teinfort. F.ach one of these artists plnycd|their part most admirably. The Stranger was, in the hands of Hnmblin, most splendidly performed; and the vehement rhccring and repeated outbursts of applause, which were bestowed on his acting, were well merited. Mrs. Shaw, us the unfortunate Mrs. Ilaller. by her admirable elocution, appropriate acting, aud tine declammlon, was really great; and never have we seen this part more perfectly filled. Mr. Ryder played the Baron with his usual good taste; he looked the soldier well, and his scenes, both with the Stranger and Mrs. Ilaller. were admirably performed. In this play, it is not so much the 'acting, in any one of the parts, that makes it pass off well; it requires a perfect cost like the one of liistowening. to give it that smoothness and interest whi^h is so desirable in all performances. The comic parts of Solomon, the man of letters; Peter, his son; and Charlotte, the Countess'servant, were well sustained by Messrs. tiilbert and YVinans, und Mrs. Sutherland, tiilbert made an excellent Solomon. with his pomposity, obsequiousness, and correspondence; whilst YViuans, as Peter, made the audience rniir nirutn U'ith 1mUfrVltf>r \1 r llv'in in tht> uftupniiiaii ' Born to Good Lurk," played Paudeen O'Rafferty Tory capitally. Mr. Hyun nightly increases in favor with the public, ns an Irish comedian and vocalist of the first class. To-night, the tragedy of" Macbeth," which was received with audi enthusiasm on Monday evening last, will be repeated, by request, with the same cast as on that occasion, viz.: Macbeth, Mr. Ilumhlin; Macduff, Mr. ltyder; l.ady Macbeth, Mrs. Shaw ; dancing, and the farce of the " Happy Man," with Jiyan, as 1'addy Murphy, will conclude the entertainments. Broahwat Tiieatrf.?At an early hour last evening, this beautiful and spacious theatre was filled in almost every department, to witness the performance of the Indian character, " Mctamora," by the great American tragedian, Kdwin Forrest. When he first appeared, the house resounded with cheers, which only ceased when their favorite commenced his part. The chieftain of the Wampanoags. above all other characters which this distinguished actor personates, seems to its to be one that particularly suits the histrionic abilities of Mr. Forrest. Indeed, we doubt much whether auy artist could cope with him in this line of character; he represents the red man to the very life; and, during the piece, made some remarkably beautiful and effective points. which drew down the loudest acclamations. His scene witli Nahmeokee. where his child is dead, was sustained with great ability; his depicting the conflicting passions of n parent tortured and saddened In beholding the dear object of his paternal care separated from hiui for ever, together with the heurt-torturing reflection that his race was entirely defeated, and no means left to protect his wife from the persecution of the palefaces, except by his own knife, which he plunged in her heart, was represented reluti in ?/>rculiim. Nahmeokee, by Miss Wallack. was pretty well sustained, as was also the nart of Oceana, by Mrs. Abbott; but, to our mind, a change in the cast of female characters would be a great improvement. Dyott, as Walter, was excellent; in fact, every character he is cast for re- i reives all the attention which an educated mind and a proper conception can impart to it. The other actors ill tile piece sustained their parts with the best of their ability. After the curtain dropped, there weie repeated calls for Mr. Forrest, hut he did not appear. The I farce of " Vour Life's in Hanger" concluded the per- t formanccs of the evening; when the audience retired, highly delighted with the rich treat they had received. 1 Astor rt.air Tiieatrf.?The play of "The Merry J Wives of Windsor" was performed at this beautiful thentre to a thin house. With an admirable cast, and all that attention to the business of the stage, which j we have a right to expert from the experienced and accomplished gentlemen who have been entrusted with the management, the performances of last evening ' merited a house crowded to the door. No doubt the j recent occurrences operated disadvuntageously. The reaction, however, will lie prompt and complete. We ' are convinced that a brilliant season Is in store forthii theatre. We never saw Mr. Huckett represent Sir John in better style. Kvcry light and shndow?every ' point and tailing?*11 the eccentricities end oddities of 11118 llllTlcllll CIIHrtlirr ?nt umiukhi uu, nun HIIHUI'IIcncy and nrtlstlcal genius which nro so well known to distinguish Mr. Hackctt'a representation*. There is no 1111111 on thestngc at till* day. who ran approach Mr. liaekett in this part, which lie has indeed made his own. Scfton as I)r. ( atus, and Tliippcndolc as Slender, wi rc all even an exacting admirer of the play could hare desired. The merry wives worn represented by Mrs. Pope, Mrs. Murder, and Miss M. Phillips?and their performances deserved high praise. We must not forget to make favorable mention of Mrs. Henry's Dame Quickly. It was spirited and effective. The old rstaUislu d favorites?Mr ('.W.Clarke, (Master Ford.) Wemyss, Bridges. Fredericks, Mo Douall all sustained themselves iu the most creditable manner. V'e congratulate the management on the strength and excellence of the company It embodies a large amount of acknowledged and varied talent; and possessing the materials for a successful campaign, wo cannot but hope for a prosperous season, during w hich other talent, in the bullet, opera and pantomime, will doubtless l>e secured To-night. Mr Macrvndy appears ns Macbeth." No disturbance, we hope, need he apprebended At all events, we are assured that any attempt to create disorder, or Interrupt the performances, will he promptly and effectually quelled. National TiitATRr..-?'The splendid speclaele of the " F.nchantor" Is attracting very crowded houses nt this Ihiatre, and the universal opinion is. that it is without exception the most magnificent piece of slage splendor ever produced at this house. From the first tothela-t sceno.lt Is one succession of most splendid stage effects, processions, cliorusscs. dances and the various parnpliornnlia of the grand spi clncie of themodejn stage. The seem ry is arranged in a peculiar manner, ami the sudden transformations and changes are most ingeniously mnnagi d Nor does the piece want for Interest in story ; tile plot of it Is founded oil the legends of the crusad< re and their deeds ot valor, to recover the sacred sepulchre ( liatifrnti. liicld. Tilton, Seymour, Pivrdey. Danes, &.c .all have parts in i(. and T. <J Uootli and W 11. ( hapinan. as the ( hristian and Saracen squires, are very comical indeid. Mrs. Woodward play her part well, as does also Miss Miles. The ballet company is finely drilled and with Miss ( arline at their head, pi rlorm a number of beautiful dances The dresses ol ; the large body of supernumeraries are all new and of the most spi lollil description. Wo recommend this piece most heartily to the public. Briiton's Tiir itrk This elegant theatre, the troipe ? of which contains the best comic actors in New York, L was wi ll filled last night, and the entertainments wont ' r off in a very good style. The farce of ' Ills First Peoca- r dillo" Is very funny, and was rendered with much h humour by Messrs. Johnston, Jordan and Mlssos Chapman and Hlffert The hurletta of "User Nanny" ramc J m xt; It was performed ns on the first night of its ap- " peaiancc and had the saine success. Tim best pcrfor- ^ niance of llie night was ihndcdly the comedy of "Tho 'poodles." Mr Timothy Toodlo, taken by Mr. Burton, . and Mrs Toodle, taken by Mrs Vornon, were most ex- ^ ocllcnt, keeping the audience convulsed with laughter Of Mr Burton, as an actor, we have spoken In the highest terms, wo cannot but repeat that his performsiwxs" are those of a genius and a mauler in his profes- 11 n. anil the agplaiUf Which he reeePvws Is always I spooUuMOua, rapHuron*, Ml n>pM At'? Mm f Vernon, the in a lady who de?arve? the higtxwt eno v mium* for her able delineations in every character worth anything in which she appear*; ?he wan reoelved with much applauiio. Messrs. Lynne and Jordan, each in their Unr, were equal to their companion*. Tabernacle?M* DaMrrraa.?Thi* great favorite and excellent vocalist, whoso plaintive, touching ntyle of ballad singing i* ao generally admired, will give one of liia delightful concert*, at the Tabernacle, ou Friday evening next. Here if ? fine opportunity for all the religion* sects now in our city, of speeding a few hour* in the purest rational enjoyment, without compromising their religious scruple*. Ma*. Emma Gilluvoiiam Bostwicx.?We are gratified to learn tlmt thi* ludy whose musical talent* and exquisite voice have been confined to a very limited sphere for the last few years, has. at the urgent solicitation of her many friend*, consented to come before the public, in n concert of no ordinary attractions, in the course of this mouth. To say nothing of the amiable and retiring character of .Mrs. B., which of itself should gather troops of friend* around her, her bird-like voice and artistic though simple and touching style of hallad singing fully entitle her to the cognomen of the American Jenny I-ind ; and we are much mistaken if this debut of Mrs. U. does not prove an agreeable surprise to many who huvo never before had the pleasure of listening to her enchanting voice. We understand that she is to be assisted on the occasion with the cftieiunt and attractive talents of Messrs. Burke uud Uotrmun, and other distinguished artista. Cnitivrr'i Minstrels.?These indefatigable minstrels Rre giving moat splendid concert* thin week, and delighting the vast cruwilf) that uttond them beyond mcuHure. They have it peculiar tact in reuduriug the Kthiopian music of the ihty in the most genteul and artistic style, and their performance*, a* specimens of musical excellency alone, nrc worth any muslcia i's hearing; besides all this, their genuine wit and really laughable burlesques, the ' Voyage Musicals " and " CowbeLiogiaus," are great features in their entertainments. Vadxhall Garden.?Mr McCarthy, the Irish cotnodian. is giving Irish entertainments, entitled " Mirth and Melody of the Kmcrald Isle," interspersed with original songs, sketches, tie., at the above saloon, lie is assisted by Miss Funny Frazier, a beautiful ballad singer. The programme contains a variety of beautiful songs. New Oreeans Serenaded*.?Those who have not as yet heard this excellent band of musicians and vocalists. bad better do so at onee. us they leave the city after Saturday next. Some of the sweetest singers in this city are attached to this baud Any one who has heard Collins, while rendering his beautiful ballads, with a fine, clear, counter-tenor voice, which is managed with great musical science, will hear testimony to the faet. Hut there are others equally attractive?Messrs. Kncnss. Suaine. anil Zorer?whose choruses are rendered with exceeding harmony. The violin player also deserves well. In tine, wherever they go, they must succeed, as they possess all the requisites necessary to plensethe most acute ear. The Microcosmic Views.?The spectators at the Chinese Rooms last evening, were delighted and enchanted by this extraordinary exhibition. No description could do justice to the beauty, novelty, variety, and magnificence of these views. They embrace the scenery of half the globe?beautiful pictures by einl nent artists, statuary, portraits, and a grout variety of subjects. Kvcry person who has witnessed this exhibition is delighted with it. It is certainly one of the most attractive entertainments of the day. Camfreel'* Mim&treli are singing to crowded houses over in Brooklyn, and we are glad to see thoy are coining to this city next Monday night, when they open at the Apollo Saloon. They are a first-rate baud of singers, and have met with much success everywhere they have played. Madame Aucesta.?AVe have been Informed that this truly accomplished and most graceful Juntruse will shortly appear at one of our principal theatres. It is now some considerable time since we have had the pleasure of seeing this incomparable artist moving in all the grace and elegance of her profession, and hope to see her permanently engagud at one of our theatres. It will result iu putting money in the coffers of the manager, ns we know a ballet, well sustained, will always be sure to command respectable patronage. Sherman & Povey's Panorama of Northern Mexico and Taylor's Campaign, so favorably known in this city and Philadelphia, is row being exhibited at Panorama Hall, 70 Court street, Boston. City Intelligence. The Weather.?For the first time aiuce Saturday I...A IE,, . ...I ..I.- .?... -I..IVI- J *t.-l un, ???. run mivi anj nnc limmr.auu mrir up|irUT.l lire was hailed with delight by all the people of this groat city and the thousands now congregated in it. The morning dawned with the face of the sky obscured by dark clouds, and every appearance indicated a further prdtrartiou of the storm. About seven o'clock, however. the sky might be seen at the northern horizon, and as the day advanced, the great expanse of darkness and dreariness gave way to as beautiful a (lay as May has brought. The streets were again filled with moving masses of as lair creatures as ever trod the soil, and all seemed happy and gay. But with all these?a bright sun, a clear sky, and invigorating air?there wns one thing which teuded to mar the pedestrinl enjoyments. The streets Jwere filled with mud. and so much so, that it was with the greatest difficulty that ludles could cross them without the total destruction of shoes. As thu afternoon advanoed. the wind again changed to east, and floating clouds passed over the city until nightfall, giving token thnt the itorm had not yet ended. The evening was far more pleasnnt tlian any of the week, which was doubtless hailed as a favor from |Omnip?tonre upon the anniversaries which they were engaged in celebrating. Tiie C'itv Evf.sikg Sciiooi.s.?The report of the Committee on Evening Schools, of thu Board of Education, has been made, and shows the schools, while in operation during the last winter, to have been productive of great good, and generally prosperous. There were eleven male and four temale schools in operation during the last winter, which were organized and supported at a cost of $14.28(1 78. of which sum $3,384 3ft were expended for property which still remains on hand, nnd which will be ready for the commencement of another term. tVhen tho schools were opened, nearly seven thousand pupilH were registered, out of which about four thousand attended regularly. Of these, five hundred und fifty-one were over twenty-one years of age, and two thousand nine hundred and fifty-four were over sixteen years of age. making a total of three thousand five hundred nnd tweutv-flve who were too old to attend the day schools. The number that could not nnd wns 872; thnt could read but Imperfectly 1.508. The number that could not write was 1.500. and 3.007 were not acquainted with the simple rules of arithmetic. To tills report is appended a report from each of the teachers engaged in the schools, all of which show, that while from poor attendance many have made but little ndTuurcmeut, a great many who were perfectly ignorant before were enabled, at the closing of the schools, to read with considerable ease and fluency, besides having acquired much of the other branches of study. I hut those schools are. and will continue to be productive of good none will doubt, and there is every reason to believe that through the means thus afforded, those who hud arrived at the ages of manhood and womanhood, p- rfi rtly destitute of education, may be put in the < njoymeiit of that aid which will enable them to arrive at n sperlahle if not enviable literary attainments' A large portion of the scholars are of foreign birth, who seek these schools, not only as n means of acquiring ar, education, but for the purpose of learning the English language. To such, it will be of two-f dd advantage. In their nntive lands, they had not the privileges of schools, and were consequently ignorant, not r??ily of the world, but of the important subjects of tlielr own countries ; but now, having in their power tho adrantnges of education, may not only become acquainted with the language of the country, but with more of their nativities than ever before. These schools should lie cucournged ; and though the city may be at considerable expense in this establishment anil suooort. the remit of an enlightened and educated people, now wrnpptd in ignorance, will more limn repay the outlay, and thousands be made lmppy. F.xt fission or thi Irtimii Houar.?A moil Important addition to the Irving House is now about to lie made. The workmen are now engaged In taking down the large four story brick building at the corner of iteade tn et. and adjoining the hotel It is the intention of Mr Howard, the proprietor, to extend hi* already capa -ion* building over the lot of ground, and to run to lie extreme end of the lot. thereby forming a wing to rreapond with'that on the eorner tC Chamber*street t will be of the name sixe. five stories high, unit replete villi everything necessary for the nceouiuiodation of lis patron*. W hen complete, it will vie with any lot el in the country That portion of Broadway was jreatly improved by the erection of that part of the louse now completed, but will be far more se when the aboln of the block preeonts a towering and stntely grailte front Mr. Howard I* a most energetic man in the :onstruetion and direction of liotc1*. and Iiiin thus tar tivi n universal mti-dnrtlon to the th nixand* who have latronimd him. In this, his last effort, lis lias been iui > c.-sful. and will probably lie doubly so when all hi* irrengement* shall huve been perfected. Fai si Kailroao At cinrsx.?At near 4 o'clock yesterlay afternoon a very heart-rending scene took place at he corner of Centre and Walker street An inter sting little girl ef aln ut four years of age, by the lame of Henrietta l>ow nle, residing with her mother at So. 121 Walker street, was endeavoring to rross the tn* t ju>t as one of the long cars belonging to the Harem Railroad Company was passing along towards Iroc me street ; the child hecnine confused at being so 11 ar the horses, and before she could recover herself to i t out ot Hie way, she was knocked down by one of the torses, and before the driver, George I'nddock. had ime to stop the ear, the wheels passed over her, sen-ring he right thigh, smashing the bone in the other thigh; he li lt wrist was also rut off The little sufferor was miiirdialciy taken from the street by Cnpt Magnea, of ho fith wnrd police, and conveyed to the corner store, nil nn dieal aid sent for; hut the limbs of the child bong in sncli a state that it was considered prudent to i nd it to the rity hospital. Ofllrer Baker, ol the fill rnrd, arrested Paddock, the driver of the car. and iroiiglit him before Justice Lothrop, who conitnitteu liln to nwait the result of the injuries to the child In order was issued by the magistrate for the arrest ot In nms Ward, the coiulurtor of the ear, in order that he whole rase may be thoroughly Investigated, It was llcgid by I apt a i n .Magnea, tliat I he driver was talking nth some person at the time of the aerident, and also ias driving his horse# at a speed beyond that allowed ,y lew Since the above was written we li ive ascornlnrd that the child died at about 8 o'clock last cveling. thus surviving near four hours after the injuries, etaifiing its senses almost to the last. An inquest will ic held to day on the body Aitwkwtai. Dnowniwo. The Coroner hold an inquest cstcrday, corner of Thirty-flrit street and Sixth venue, on the body of n rhild agi-d two years and our months by the name of Lester Long, who was nissiiig but a few minutes, and was found soon after in In cistern, quite dead, where the poor littla fellow had iceucvidi ntly trying to dip some water. Verdiot, death ,y Rcoldentai drowning. Hon. Joel Jonea, I'msidrnt of (lirartl College, me tendered Inn resignation, to teke effect on the. si of June, at which time an elecuon will be held o surr? lb* vaf M?f TFXEGRAPlllf HTELLIGEJIC 5. mGllLY IMPORTANT Fill M WASHLXCTOX. THE PHILADELPHIA APPOINTMENTS MADE. THE NEW YORK COMING. The long agony is over In Phila lelphla. The dospatrhes which *f annex settle the important appointmerits in that city. The derision is against Peter Sken Smith and others, and in furor of W. L>. Lewis and others of a mixed ilk. Wo are sorry for Peter, but destiny is destiny. Mr. Morris, the editor, has alsa lost his chanee. These appointments came from tha influence of Messrs. I layton and Meredith. We suppose they will be satisfactory to the country. Now for the New York appointments. They will probably coma on to-morrow, or next day, or tho day after, or sumotime before lsi2. Tho chances of Youngand Bra ly are ^^^B Appointment of U. S, District Attorney, Collector, Postmaster, anl Nural Officer, tor I lilmdelpltln?'Tlie U.K. Murahnlstilp? Influence of Member* of Congress, dec. Washington, May t), lkl*. Unexpcc edly, tho Philadelphia appolntmonts wera taken up to-day. W. D. Lewis was appointed Collectoc, and Kiln aker, > aval Ofllcer. Tho New York Appointments were not taken up. ANOTHER DESPATCH. Washington, May 9?P. M. ^^^B Philadelphia is disposed of-the following appointments to important offices in 11 at locality having boon ^^^B made to-day :? John W. Ashmead, United States District Attorney. William D. Lewis, Collector of tho Customs. W. J. P. Wbito, (lato chief clerk.) Postmaster. Peter C. F.llmaker, Naval Ofllcer. [Our telegraphic despatch makes an unintelligible atlusion to the United States .Varshalsliip. But we have received from Philadelphia a rumor, that John Brooke Jones has been appointed United States Marshal for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.) It is understood that tho President was In favor of the appointment of Gen. Peter Skon Smith to the Collcctorship; but lie was out-voted by the cabinet. ^^B Mr. Levin lias undoubtedly exerted much influeno* in reference to these appointments. The vote of on* member of Congress, at the next session, may be worth more to the administration than u thousand public meetings. This, probably, explains the appointment of Tallinadge to the Marshnlship in Now York, as well as the result of the competition for the Philadelphia and other offices. Official Appointments toy the President. Washington, May 9?8 P.M. commissioner of patents. ^^b Thomas F.wbank, Fsq., of Now Y'ork, in place of Ed- ^^B mund Burke. ^^B L'anlel McCollock, at tackolts' Harbor, N*. Y. united states marshals. ^^b Anthony F.. Roberts, for the Fastern District Of Pennsylvania, vice Helm, removed. John S. Myrlck, for the Northern District of Florida vice Myers, resigned. land officers. Charles L. Stevenson, Recoiver at Mineral Point, Wisconsin, vice llcgnett, removed. Gideon Fitch, Receiver at Jackson, Mississippi, vice Glenn, removed. James W. Drake, Receiver at Tontotoc, Mississippi vice I.cland, removed. Daniel Hicks, Recoiver at Sault St. Marie, Michigan, vice Patterson, removed. Austin Morgan, Register at Jackson, Mississippi, vie* Couherd, removed. ^B Henry Acker, Register at Sault St. Marie, Michigan, vice Hunt, removed. ^B Robert W. Boyd, Surveyor General of the Publlo ^B Lands in Louisiana, vice Landry, removed. postmasters. ^B Henry I.. Brown, Providence, Rhode Island. Ezra D. Hamilton. Hartford, Connecticut. Brasilia Slosson. Geneva. New York. James McGain. Cumberland, Maryland W. C. McAlister, Jackson, Mississippi. Richard B. Alexander. Tuscumbia. Alabama. fii ni W A melt. K.AAtcrn Ponnsvlvnniu. H Great Excitement?An Attempt to Run Negroes to .the North Detected. Richmond. Va., May 9 -9 P. M. A man named A. S. Smith, a supposed agent of the abolitionists, sent a box to Messrs. Adams it Co's. express office, in this city, marked a< merchandize, and directed " To P. Williams, Buttnnwood street, Philadelphia." The box was placed in the freight cars, bnt on examination it proved to contain two negro slaves, who were provided with cans and bladders of water and other necessary contrivances to sustain them on tlio trip. On the discovery being made, a telcgraphio despatch was sent to Krodcricksburgh, whore Smith was arrested and taken bark to Richmond, where hs was committed to jail to wait an early trial. Sailing of the Royal Mali Steamship Cambria. Boston, May 9,1849?P. M. The Royal Mail Stonmship Cambria sailed from her wharf to-day with seventy-seven passengers for Liver pool and a fair mail. Passengers.?From Now York?E. B. Durand, Miss Wright, J. C. Johnston, W. M Lummis, J. Lewis, Jr. Huffman Suwarkerp, W. H. I.ee. O. Bliss, D. Lane, F. Atterbury, F. C. Foote, W. R Stewart, James Taylor, W. Inglis. H. Slmonds, C. Schaeller, W. Jung, II. Brewstor, P. Bussy. Radello Edwards' and P. B. Fernando. From Philadelphia?T. Merry. From Baltimore?Miss Buckler. News from the Isthmus. Baltimore, May 9?11 P. M. The New Orleans Picayune publishes an account 0 the first successful nttcmpt to cross the Isthmus, by C'apt. Terry, on boats, (probably the Nicnrnugua route 'k meant) and speaks favorably of the route. In returning. he met the boat Panama, commanded by Capt. Ryan, of New Hampshire, witli a crew of 30 men?al hnnds well. r Meeting of the Board of Health?Progreag of the Cholera, Ac Cincinnati, May 9th, 1840?10 P.M. The board of health, to allay any unnecessary excitement and toconnteract the exaggerated reports abroad, hnve resumed their > aily reports, and, this ovnning, report 24 cases of cholera within the last twenty-four hours, and six deaths, four of which originated in this city. The wctithor is very plcnsant ; the river has rlsea four feet since yesterday. Rlac In the Muskingum IIIv or?Navigation Suspended, Cincinnati, May 9?6 P. M. The Muskingum River has risen to a fearful height, and navigation is almost entirely suspended. Considerable damage line been done. Mnkial.nirhl.r: N r.w Oili iki, May 9 -4 P. hf. In the cute between Louis Blanc (waiter in ths restaurant Kept by Mr. Alparrett) and J. P. Chandler, the Jury returneil a Tcrdlct of manslaughter. Tbe Coal Tra<l<>, Am-. Pittsburgh. May 9?6 P. M. One hundred coa boat* left for the lower mar eta to dev. There Is *1 teen eet of water In the channel, and falling. First Arrival from Rochester. Aisatv, May 9?7 P. M. The first arrivals of the sensnn from Rochester were to-day. The boats were all well loaded with produce. Markets. Bai-timoks, Ma 9?6P. M. The market for flour continues steady, with fair sales, at f 4 fi'.'X for Howard street, and }>4 7f> for city mills. Rye flour is quiet, at $3 a $.1 12^ Snles of yellow meal lit 7-'i About 400 bbls. Maryland red wheat is quoted nt jil 06 a f>l 10 For eorn. the market is steady, with tales of 8 000 bushels, at 63e a 64e. for white, and S7c a 6He for yellow Oats are dull, at 2.r>c a 2Sc. Tho provision market is without material change, and tho sales are but modi rate. Small sales whiskey at idc., In bbls. Ai bast, May 9?6 P. M. Receipts by canal, within the last twenty-four hours : ?Coin, 9 000 bushels ; oats, 8 600 bushels. Flour continues dull Fur corn the demsnd is more active, and the sales are 16.000 bushels yellow, at 60'^e , which la lower. Oats moved to the extent of 4,100 bushels, at .'IS So. Buffalo, May 9? 6 P. M. Receipts within the past 24 hours?Flour, 6,000 bbls.: wheal, 30 000 bushels ; corn. 2 (W0 do. There is a good demand for flour, and the market is steady. Sales ef the day are 3 000 bbls at >1. For wheat the Inquiry Is fair, with sales of 7 000 bu-hels common Western at 7He. The corn market is unchanged and steady ; salsa are making at 46c. Freights are unchanged. Cinoiivivati, May 0 -10 P M. Tbe flour market is firm with moderate business, at fcat.ey lu4stuliM?tol to 76s. pot bualieL liM \ __ l