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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 31, 1849, Image 1

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NO 5564.
ggi Our London Com upon deuce.
London, August 10, 1819.
Hit Important Newt from Hungary?Hie Effect of
the Capture of Raab in Vienna, +c., jrc.
Important news has reached this city, to-day,
from the seat of war in Hungary, to this effect i
that either General Aulich has entered Raab,
VUl ujcxiurinau (JUIIUVH, WI ? <?* n*io JUIUV
piece of service has been effected by General
Klapka, the Hungarian commander of Comoro, a
fortress some twenty miles distant from llaab.
Several effective ealhes hive lately been made by
this same Klapka. The effect of this news at
rreaburg and Vienna was astounding, and the Austrian
party ut both cities even feared that the Mag- <
yarn would not btop short ot their own very walls.
By looking at the map, it will be seen that this
aflair must have taken place ou the line of communication
between Haynau and his lines of ope^
rations, and, as vast quantity of provisions have
been captured by the Magyars, either in Raab, or
going down the Danube, at a point near this city,
it will be clear that this is part of the commissariat
of the Austrian General. Now, as the country
which he has travelled over, on his way to his pre
sent quarters, nearSzegedin, is almost destitute of
provisions of any sort, and, moreover, ill supplied
wyh water, should he be thus cut off by a force in
the rear, without being able soon to strike a decisive
hlolr, his condition will be bud indeed.
Moreover, if defeated at Szcgedin or Grosswardem,
his chances ot fulling back upon Vienna will
be somewhat, but not much, better than those
which iVis French had on returning from Moscow.
. Yhe landstium will cut his army to pieces. Gen.
Haynau has a heavy piece of work on his hands at
this ihoir.pnt.
When the news of the capture of Raab reached
Vienna, the standing garrison of that place was
ordered out, and a telegraphic deepiich sent off to
Olmutz, for the garrison <>f the latter city to repair
instantly to Vienna. This is significant of disastrous
intelligence. It is said the Vienniese soldiery
have no stomach to march eastward, and as they
pasted through the streets, they were heard to
take leave ol their friends, saying?" F*rewell;
we are going to certain death." One regiment of
chasseurs >s snoken ol as having declared on the
preceding nignt (the 4th), that they would not go
to Hungary, until assured by the Emperor that they
would not lie sent into any dangerous afl'ray. This
l?, of couiae, an exaggeration ; but there is no
doubt that the couruge ot the Austrian troops has
been greatly cooled down by the late reverses of
their cotpiadas.
A correspondent of the K'dncr Zntung, writes
from Vienna, with Ha'es of the 5ih, stating that
groups of soldiers and otlieers had arrived in that
city, and aiso in Preshurg, without hats, covered
with dust, and running away from the direction of
Baah. These had brought with them accounts
that "the Magyar force that hud taken Raab consisted
of 10,000 men, and their impression was that
it w as the garrison of Connirn.
With regard to the operations In Transylvania
there is no certainty in the reports. One which
we have seen states that Percr.'l was beaten by an
Austro-Kussian army ; hut that B*m was afterwards
sent ta engage this force, and succeeded in
almost destroying it; the result having tv-en 10,000
men hort de combat 9a the field, and 8,(ji00 prisoners.
Tliis rumor is from a letter by way of Constantinople.
You will find inorr full details of Hungarian
news m the pajwrs. 1 have only sent you
such items us have not yet appealed in the columns
of either the London or Paris journals.
London, Aug. 4, 181!).
11}e Reaction in France? Illicit ts to be Lionet?
The Refugees in fsmrlon?The Asylum of Unfortunate
Re/ub/uam?American Revolutionarv
Men?Threatened Trouble between England
and the Continent?The (Jueen't Vmt to Inland.
The reactionary feeling in France has nearly
reached its climax, and men talk openly of an em- |
pire. A etu/> d'etat to t fleet this has been fore- !
told will take place on the 13th of the present
month. The Prince- President has just finished a 1
tour of conciliation, nud, in all parts (so say the 1
French papers) he has been met wiih enthusiasm. 1
The Assembly is now prorogued?the power ot the
executive is at this moment almost uulimitt d, as
he can, by the Lite law, declare the state of siege
nt any moment; and, by another beautiful billju.-t
passed, the press is no longer tree.
The French republic must fall. But does it fall
by the sentiment of the iicople! No The French
have been most treacherously dealt with, and to j
eflect th'ir betrayal, every means have been etn- '
j?;cn cu uiai was in uir power ui inr i) rum ? ledtfur. ,
The result is ims?IVctly natural. A revolution
that lUanges suddenly nny lonu-eat tb!ish>*<j system
of government, m j?I naturally, for a tune, beget
disorder nnd'distress. Business of all kind*
v will be t?rn''d from it* ancient channels, and, tor
a while, stiller stagnation. ("oprim/lplcd demagogues
will arise, whose words and act# tend to
l<n tiuce disgust anil dissatisfaction, and all these
evils will be laid at the door ol the tiew system
of govt i litne nt, w hatevrr it he. Such n the pre- >
aeiit reactionary feeling in France. The /anw
whoae shop* were patronized by the atr-ams
ol lari|tned mentals, wito ramify in a ihoi-taiid
Oirrctiotia Irorn tits court of royalty, aaw ih-ir pioa*
porous bt.sintta ruddeuly destroyed, and these, to
a nifcii, have turned loyalists ngiin.* Ttiese, m
i'arie, constitute a j*iw?rful body, and th--y will
lend their influence and their w-nlth toustsblteh
the. old system, with all its prrsii^r. Tbey nny
make France a kingdom? aft empire?wh it iin-y
will. I? will rot l ist lung. The sentiment of repttblicnnidhi,
once it hna t<ken roi t in the hearts
of a people, can never be destroyed. It m ist increase
ami multiply, l.endiis imybe allot and
bnni.'bcd? the press may be bridled and crumbed,
but all thia can only for a moment retard whii
must ultimately come to imns?ihai the wuole
world will become tepiibhcau.
I?ondon la at this moment filled with r fngers
at d revolutionists. Thejr ere here from all inrts ,
?all equally sulli rcra lu the cause of tepublican i
At the tc^tof the list, by rank, we have the b?- 1
iml.ed Nnpoh on, I'nnce ol < anioo: then i.edra
itoibii, nt the head ol lire rrfiiae.- i . wt Franco,
lleckr r. the ' teiman, 1 believe, is liere. or on me
way. miih a large number of ihe FUileri inaurrec- '
tioniets, who have br*n driven from Switzerland
t?i)d i"rrmcr. The latter, itself a republic, has refused
i toller and hospitality to these untor.iiusle
allien, who hate been detea*e?l in their cos I "-at
'again-1 the natural enemy of France and French*
m? r
We h?a e sl?o n number of b in?hed role, lium
the rafne quarter, * ho hive bren driven trout
Ktiiirr to gratify ilic rrv< nge of the fciupcror ~l
Jlueau ! uithrr, a l?tti h of Unman* nave r-a-lied
ue, Hud we may look fur(f?nbildi shortly, ii he
In in fortunate a* to recap* ft win the Austrian
Afwr this, a Urge number of Hungtrian huzsirs, !
who r scaped front 'he Austrian army at rl trdiuta, ;
Counts I'olski and Telehl are at th - li-ad of these.
SMime of th?m have been seal back lo ilt-ir c > j.tfry,
by tlio way of Constantinople and the Black
In additon to all there, your own rnuntry is not
without its revolutionary reprcNentaiivrs, ana body
of Americana, or Ainencan tr-nnans. nr* at pre ent
in l.ondon, under the command of Oaotain
Mayor Iteid. There, I hear, hating arrived too
late for the inrurrection of Biden, are about t<?
proce* d to Hungary, to take part hi that sir iggl*.
Von cannot Walk a hundred paces through 'he
streets ot London, particularly in th- neighhorhoud
id Leicester square?the resort ol the foreigner?
without trier ling number* of rn. n with tierce m mmtachrs,
looking unketopt, unwaahed, and unshaven,
aa though they had just eacapcd Irorn amne continental
dungeon. There in in >re treaaon plotted
in thin city than in all ilie world besides; and you
will esterm it a piece of new, when I tell you th it
serious aj>preheosions are entertained here, in hifh
quarters, loo, that it in the intention oi the " league
of Kings," alter they have nettled with ILingtry
; i'il I'sly, to demand ti ! hug I not f nil r p ir itio i
for the nnechiel they believe lo have bet ri plotted
I within her border*. I *hi told, no later ihuii an
fiour ago, by a aenth m?n well acquainted with
the diplomatic affaira i f the country, that an early
war bciwren LngUnd hereelf and the crowned
hrada of the continent, is an event neither improvable
nor unlikely
The ijueen >? at present on a visit to Ireland,
and her tour will met muney enough to feed hundred*
of thousand* of starving wretulte*. A whola
that cf armed tech's and tancy steamers, with a
large number of men-ol war, are crui/ing in h-r
rmpnny. while (he |.ea-untry, ragged mid
wrrlclod, sre dying ol (.mine. wuh in sigh' i.t
this barbaric splendor. "Are inere no stone* in
kearen hut what serve for the thunder?"
m r o.
Ovr Slag Sing Correspondence.
Sins Sino, August 3?, 1849.
The Cholera?flight of the Citizens?RusseWs
Croton File Works?The State Prtetm and ite
Management?The Number of Convicti? The
Punishment?The Hudson River Railroad?The
Telegraph Wires?The Ex-Postmaster.
The prevailing epidemic that broke out here a
week auo to-dav. has somewhat startled the neiv
pie who reside on the lower dock, where it first
made its appearance, and has since been confined
to that portion of the village; and, as I said before,
the only cause of its spreading so rapidly, is attributed
to the using of lbs water from a well on the
dock^which was apparently stagnant, and of course
impure. The authorities should take immediate
measures to have this well closed up, but as yet
they have done nothing to prevent the use of
this water. Although I apprehend none of the
citizens will use any more of it, yet strangers
might drink it without knowing anything of its
impurities. The population of Sing .Sing is about
2,600, the greater portion of whom reside on the
hill, where no cases have been known. The number
of inhabitants in that section of the village
where all the cases and deaths have occurred, will
not exceed 130; and the whole number of cases,
up to this morning, is twenty-four, and fifteen of I
them have proved fatal, winch still leaves nine
cases, who are all getting better, and will probably j
recover in a few days. No further danger is now
During two or three days after the first death by
tile cholera, the merchants and families residing
upon the lower dock became so much alarmed, that
they closed their stores, shut up their houses, and :
put for the country, to esca|>e trie dreadtul scourge
that was sweeping oil'their neighbors all around
tliem. Among the number who fled to the interior
of this county, was Wdlett Acker, a grocer from
the dock, and Mrs. Mangham, who were both
seized with the epidemic soon after their departure
from the village, and in a few hours they both expired.
Thus, they left their homes to escape the
tioriible disease that surrounded tlieui, hut, alas!
they were toon hurried to their graves. For three 1
dH>spa>t, the steamboat landing has presented a
dimial appearance, and business, the whole length
of the doek, lias been ?itirely suspended. However.
it is expected that the cholera will all disap- ,
pear by ihe middle of next week, when the mtr- .
chants will resume their business again.
I yesterday visited one of the most extensive
manufactories of its kind in the United Slates,
which is known as the "Croton File Works." j
Ibis factory was established some three years
since, by John Russell, Fs?i , who is the sole owner,
and is now considered one of our most enterprising
men in ihe manufacturing business. He is a mm
with a noble heart, and from the good feeling he
exhibits toward his operatives, has won for hini the
esteem of all who know him The various shops,
machinery, etc., that are connected with these hie
w orks, are nil situated on the hank of an immense
stream of w ater, and wilhiu a few feet of the great \
arch of the Croton Auueduct. I will now glance
at ihe difierent shops w here millions of taper liles
are tnaiiulaetured in the course of a year. The
fir.-t one is where a file is commenced to he in ide,
which is termed the " forging shop;" this has eight
toiges, wiin !<>ur 10 mi men in cacn. iur ne.vi is
called the "annealing shop," where they are annealed
and taken to another one to be ground ;
here there are eleven run of a,one, all turned at
tin Mime tune by steam i>ovver; thence they are
tent to the "cutting shops," where they are first
nicked on the edges, und then pissed over to
othtrsto cut them on the sides : this part of the
work is hII done by females of different ages, i
1 hey are then stamped by hove, and afterwards
sent to the " hardening shop," to be hardened ;
after this they are tried as to the hardaess, or rattier
to pass inspection Irom those employed to see
it they a'e all hard Hnd good: then they are finished
off and cleaned, when they are ready to be done
up in packages, labelled, and packed. After these
various labors are at an end, thev are stopped in
large quantities to the city of New York, where
A1 r Kussell has an agent, who attends to the sals
of them. The number employed at this extensive
file cutting establishment is from oue to two
hundred mules and females, who h tve constant
woik the ve?r round. There are upwards of 22,ix)0
of these files made here in a week, and in cutting
tb? in it is estimated that a hoy nukes tih,12i>
stiokcs in a day. The buildings cover front two
to three acres of ground, antf cost near $.10.0 s).
Tins vast Hi.ct complicate d establi Imient is c irro d
on by both steam and water power, and is not only
a treat credit to the Village, but ts the means of
giving steady employment to inanv of the villagers,
vi ho would, u uhoiit it, become a burthen to the
plat e. and finally an expense to the county. There
ate a great m.my copies of th?* Xrio York Hrm'<t
taken daily by the emplovees of this establishment;
and in pissing through the various slio.m I noticed
the iJt'ofrf a numbs r of times, lyiug near many of
the work men.
In visiting the State Prison, I did not hive tin|
leasuie of seeing the agent or w irdertt as they
mere bmh absent, but 1 was politely shown all
thiol ^h the male prison by the architect, Mr. Lent,
(who has la in connected with this institution for
nearly a quarter of a century.) The convicts are
nmstkably healthy, and the cell-, hills, shops,
\c., are all in an excellent and clean condition.
L'nic iwptofusely used in every nook and corner
of tin! pnsons, both node and fenule ; whitew-Mslieis,
ami the Crolou water, (which Is carried
fiom the H'ineduci to all parts of both prisons.) are
in o|teratiou neatly all the time, which keeps the
prisons sweet and clean. The management of the
ting Sing Stale Prison is aaid to h ?ve been bad
whdi under the control of a locofoco adimnis
tistion. bill whether it is altered much mure the
whig* liMVr ci me iulo jMiwcr, I Mm unable to ?jr.
a* I understand that mil* for heavy amounts are
now ot issue with thr 8tate and diflVtenl individual*.
I mIm> learned that a ret-.dent of tbe village
has mii account of ftf.SOU aga.n.st thr prison, which
baa hern standing romr two years, but those now
in nnwrr of <hiM institution nay that all those dt-hl*
sua suits were (nought about through thr ousin inag>
tnrnt of their predecessor*. The female prtion
ia conducted in an cscellent manner by ir*
worthy mat 1011, the amiable and accomplished
M re I >? ivi v.
The number of convict* now confined at tlirse
moon* is, males ( 51, females ; ami out of thcae
T.'A huniHn beings, in two buildings, there are but
iiIm nt 80 of them in the hospitals, and very few
deaths have occurred lately.
Years ago the punishment which was used here
whs the cat. hut now they shower the ni(ly and unruly
ones instead of whipping them. While at the
It wt r end of the prison, yesterday, I saw the ope.
ration p? rform- d It appeared that an Afric in had
betn ttilking in his room, which is against the rules,
and be wh? brought nut, stripped, and placed under
the ihowrr hath. Alter he was fastened down, the
com w ms piilb d, snd torrents of water poured oa
t< p ot his head. After he had been showered about
tl.r.,. nin.in, ? hs if?v. a de ilt-niri'/ veil, nil the
keeper In up on him, and he promised not to ulk
paw, und w?e taken out.
The laving nt the truck on this section of the
Hudson Kiter Railroad it rapidly progressing,
and it ia ex|? cted the tnunii will commence running
to Pet krkill in a few weeks.
'I neie are two telegraph lines pass through thia
yilluge from New York, out no otfice here. This
is, certnii.ly, a strung* idea, that one or the other
computus- do not establish one, as it is irnnort tnt
they should do so ; where there is a State Prison,
a Ksilroxrt, and 2,000 inhabitant*, it would certain*
ly |wy. I h.ttre In en informed that citi/ena of Sing
Sing intend to have a public meeting soon in relation
to thi? t|tieetion
Many of the people of Westchester county ap?
pear to ihink that "Old Zack" misaed the figure
when he removed Mr. George K. Stanton, the U*e
I'ostniHsti r of this place, as he was always a leading
whip of the county, and was appointed under
General llarri-on ; since which time he ht* kept
the office to the satisfaction of the citucns of Stag
Sing and vicinity. C.
FaTai. F.lsi.ostns at CnrienTuw. K?.?The boiler of a
planli g machine In lo?lngtnn. Ky . exploded <>n tVedt. ?(! >
It wa* thrown soma hundred yards from Its
original bed After baring Ita bed It flrat pa'Aed an
open ?pass of about 60 >arda. then entered a -mall
bask building of a honae. thenee Into a wheel aright
shop canjti.g along with It a man who wa* thereat
word; ihet.re through a etnu? yard, striking a huga
etoue. and cutting a pleee of the stone cleanly off
This collision gave It ao elevation of a few degree* ||
th? n paa?rd Into a house burying the man It carried
Wl'h It in the elds of the house leaving thia b >n?e.
It bulled ttwlf In another It thus pa??ed o?rr a distance
of not leee than one hundred yards aad through
flee hollow ?? all of which were framS The man
horn the holler bore along with It wa* torn Int t frag
moot* rart of hte clothes ah at an hour after werw
etlctlng la I he side of tha hou?c The boiler pa<-ed
directly i ?er the head of a woman, who wa< matting a
h- d ai d left her nnharmed It broke the ead of a maa
a ho ea- sawing smne and ent him severely on the
h>ad Another man. who in a small ehed saw tha
huge miseile cowitog and falling flat allewed it to pam
oter hi in The buildings are a romplets wreck m. cfarinsiifl
CAr.ttirle. -dug W,
Our Boutlkent C-orrespvitdenre.
Ghkknvii.l?, C. H. S. Carolina, I
August 22, ld-i9. S
Vinti to the Planters?Scmthem Court House ?
Town of UreenvxUt? Its Population?Water
Power?Paper Aft#*?Cotton and Woolen Mills
? /VWitwiytn-a? MfintA.fnritA.rf rsf XY/m/? P*/i'(v?/vm
?Junius Smith and Tea Planting, fc. &c. tjr.
My last letter to the Herald wai dated at CharlesBton,
the 3d inst. Since that time I have been
journeying in the upper section at this State, and
and spending my time among the planters of this
1 armed in Greenville on the 18th. Without
any exception, it is the prettiest southern village I
have yet seen, and were it not for the absence of
the usual quantity of steeples, one could very
easily fancy himself in a northern town of a
similar size. It is the Court House town of the
district, and of course has the usual Court House.
As all these court houses are evidently built after
the same model, I will describe one. It is a large
two story building, built of brick, with two columns
in front. The ascent to the second story is
by two circular stairs from the outside. Here is
the court room. The first floor, or the basement,
is occupied by the offices of the sheriff", clerk, commissioners,
and other officers of the county.
The census of this district was taken a few days
since, and it was found to contain a population of
13,552 white Inhabitants, being an increase of over
since the last census. The town itself contains
1,-tOO inhabitants. It is laid out very prettily,
the streets are named, and cross each other in city
fashion. Almost every dwelling, and there are
300 in the place, has a flower garden attached to
it. I suppose there is no town in this State that
has increased more rapidly than Greenville. Iii
1815, it contained but three or four log houses, and
the region belonged to Col. Alston, lie sold it
that year to a very enterprising man residing in
the mountains of North Carolina, of the name of
McBee, who did not, however, consider it worth
his while to move here until ISIHi. It began to increase
rapidly in 182<), and has kept increasing up
to the present time. It has been a court house
town since the revolution. Until 1824 (when the
present caurt house was erected) the court held
their sessions in < place built on four spiles, with
poles laid across, for the judges to walk and sit
.-it upon. For many years ptst, or since 1804, the
low country people have crowded up to this spot,
which was a taehioanUe resort iii the summer season;
carriages wave rolling about the forests, as
though it was a city, and every lot; hut for miles
round was put in requisition. Tlmre are now
several well kept hotels The Mansion House,
wheie I em residing, is a very large mid commodious
brick building, belonging to Col. Coleman,
and is kept in good style by Mr. Uurbeok, formerly
a Charleston merchant. His house is the principal
resort of the fashionables from the sea
districts. Like most ot these up country towns,
the water privileges are unsurpassed, and t he popu
lanon ik luimnti nit attention iu mnniiitctone*,
though here they have just commenced. The
Saluda river runs wiihin five miles wl this town,
and through the town passes a considerable
stream, called Keedy river. It has four falls within
a very ehort distance. It runs over ? bed of
solid rocks; a strong stone and iron bridge has
been erected for foot passengers, but none for carriages
and vehicles, as the water Is very rarely so
high that the stream cannot be forded A handled
yards below the ford is the (xr?t fall, of forty
fret, almost j<erpendicular. Nature had origin illy
m dr her arrangements that the Waters of Ifeedy
river should tumble over these rocks; but Mr.
Mclkf, the proprietor, lins altered the plan, anil
conducted it by a mill race through three large
waier w heels, w hich move, n'ght and day the in tehinerv
of two large flour mills, a few feet from
the (alls, which are dry. Thetie nulls have six
paint of stones, which grind about forty barrsl* of
flour per day and ten thousuud bushels of corn
annually. The |H*ncil of an arti-t only can do
justice to the view opt>osite the mills, oelow the
falls. The combination of old forest trees, tremendous
rocks, watvr wheels, mills, and inaguiheence
in general, can't he beut^ A few y.uds
below is a second fall; here there is nothing but a
saw.mill and a forge, where there inigki be a large
co'ton fuctory; below thrra is a third fill, wh-re
is a factory and paper mill, belonging to Mr.
&li Bee. Tney spin in the factory about a bale ef
cotton per day, with l?fc! spindles, but don't weave
any. This spun cotton la done up iu live pound
bundles, and rent off in wagons through the
rouhtiy, and to Tennessee, whi v it is sold for
9(>c. the bundle, or lrtc per lb. This factory had
but mat commenced spinning end card ng wool.
The jiaper mill makes a considerable cpi-trituy "f
writing and wrapping paper, for the home consumption,
but is inaloljr devstrd to miking pa;>er
for the urw.-jatpera in the region. Tue (iirtnvxUt
iW urt'tifftr r< lliineiiceij 111 tli>- 1'imi.rl >n
AtitiffgT, /siiTtnTriltr Hrmhi, and S^nth i*ulihinn
use paper from lina factory, so Chat you
ha\e a sample wi'hin call, if you with to tike a
l<>rk mI it Hut, to i < in'' back the strmtn (o the
Hour nulls, fit m win nrr f >t irtrd, this floor acluallv
readies New York. Two years ago, th?
Sooth received clieir Hour from the North. They
now-end it there. It ia sold ht te oa an average
of f.'i to ft!, nnd is wagoned in llam'inrg, >tf
an exprme i f ft| iier barrel. Srom Hsmbnrg
it gcea by railroad to Charleston, or by the
river lo Savannah. Southern wheat ia found
to he rijuiil lo any other? this region ii peculiarly
adapted to rt? cultivation?and weighs liore
about "0 lbs to the bushel, and if my memory
m rves tne it rarely exceeds til) Use. in the North *ud
Wert. The attention of the plinlera in this re?'ion
has been directed to its cultivation, and hut
or the great frost in April last, there would h tve
been double the ipiunttty raised that could by any
l ? tnliilii) be ground into flour at th? mills. Tins
terrible frost did more damage than you can
imagine. Nearly all the frii'ts ot the upc ?rn'ry
of South Carolina were cut off The region ir
famous for its fine fruits, and especially pe;?ch"s,
but there are none left, much to my regrrt. The
good |*oi>le of C.reenville ^re wide awake on the
subject of railroads, tbey are deternnn? d to h i ve i
railroad communication with Chiil-stnn. They
will build a railroad from henee to I.awrenceville,
which is thirty-three nnles, at an expense which
Ib?-y estimate nt fM.tmu i**r mite. hrom mw .-ncfvillr
court house 10 Nctrburs ia thirty miles mop*,
w hie h the people of those plaees are about to undertake,
and a railroad from Ncwburg 10 Colombia
la already underway, which will be completed
by next July, so that tnete ia a fair proipr-ci llut,
in about three year*, the people of Ch trie-ton
may rat ihrir breakfast at homr. and drink their
tra the Mm' evening in this village. Back a reanlt
would truikr a great place of Greenville, for
it certainly prisstgs a great many natural advantages,
and ita *nly dt?nto?*iiiage in, that ii i? n> arly
en < uttMe town ot the .South Carolina world.
There arc arveral other factiorien in Ike district
which I have not MM toviait.
j Kilgore iV Leater have a cotton factory, which
rnna 1,01VI epindlen?Mr. Barry hna one that lima
2G0 a pi ad Irs, and there ir another considerable
paper factory, belonging to Mr. Denh'tn. The
rags for both (taper tactonea are bought in the
neighborhood, and over tne Alleghany hill*, in
Tennessee. Besides rsgs Teomnre Mailte||a
01 er the mountain* for South Carolina conaumption.
Kan* in Joaesborough, Kant Tenneaaej, were
bony hi at fire centa per (Ioxen. The speculator
wagoned them acroes 200 mile* to Hamburg,
thence by railroad, MB mile*, to Charleston, where
he rold imm for twenty centa the dozen
There if a large coach la lory here, which m ikes
the moat perfect vehiclea of all description-, *ii|.(ily.
ingallihe rr pion about; tour hsrneas makers, a
j laige tannery, at.d lour Irit-h shoemrkers There
ia ri* hatter in the place, and any man who underi
i land* that branch of bueineaa, would make hia
fortune A blacksmith h'-re ia now worth |(>D,fX)d
' ? i.tlnr tpnlljr in Idacka. He had not an iron nail
when he arrived; hta incotvi" ia now very large
from hi* nlavra, whom he hirea out on plantations.
llebpion flourishes in thia section. Thar* i? an
Episcopal Church, and Mr. Arrhur i? the rector.
Tne Pienhytrriaaa have Mr GailUrd for their ptator.
Mr. <Jreen IS the rmaialer of the MethiMfiat
! Church?the only church that has ? steeple m the
place, and aa it is the fiiet Methodist ateepfe I ever
saw, 1 note the fact. The relehraf.d Kev Mr.
1 'eon I* prr ached last Sunday. He is famous for his
fcrentnciry in this section. He waa to preach at
a large town in a n> ttfhbortng district, and some of
the rnrgiegation, who knew hia peculiar habits,
told tnm thai he must be very guarded in his Itacuspe,
that the congregation were very moral and
nighly in'f llectnal, and would not stand any nonsense.
The reverend promised compliance; and
when ready to hep in his discourse, he cast his ey*a
over the gallery, where were assembled a large
number of negtwea anil tnulattoes, and instantly
twanged out, ? Brethren and sisters, I have been
it Id that 1 must he very careful in my language
that 1 am to ndd'ess a highly tn?e||?rtu J and moral
congregation; I would jnet like to ask iftestm*
of tnta moral congregation: "Where did all them
DAY, AUGUST 31, 1849.
yaller gals in the gallery come from 1" Thn Baptists
have a large society, and are about building a
larger edifice, which I sup(>ose will be erected near
the river, on account of the water privileges.
The very first person I met in this place was the
somewhat celebrated Junius Smith, the originator
of Atlantic steam navigation. He is now seventy
years old, and as active us a boy. lie has bought
a plantation here, and has planted it with tea. As
1 the first tea pl.nter, and the exjieriment in th"
I ITniffH SfntPil will nnoopaa snmii inforpotf I will
devote mv next letter to the subject, merely saying
now that the tea plant has been introduced into
this region with success, and 1 have no doubt will
prove of as great advantage to the South as the
cotton plant has been. Nohtiikknkr.
The Hi dins Bat courast a.*d the America**.?
The St. Paul's. Minnesota. lirgitirr, of tha l'Jib last.,
sneaking of the Hudson Bay Company, on their fron- i
tier, pays : Webave not space to enter into a history '
of tbil monster corporation?seoond only, si an uugtne i
of British oppression and cruelty, to the Kast India '
company in its palmiest days?but will merely refer to '
what it is now doing on the northern frontier of our
teriltory. The town of Pembina, situated on Red
Hirer, a short distance this side the British line, contains
according to the return of N. W. Kittson P.n<| , I
who was employed by (lor. Ramsey last June to make
the enumeration. bbO inhabitants Of these, 'JUt are
males, and females The men follow tha chase,
and engage in tha pursuits ?f gruzing and agrloulture;
and the women, besides attending to the usiial dome-,
tic art cations, manufacture most of the woollen and
linen fabrics necessary to clothe their families They
are. in sln.rt. a hardy, brave, industrious and moral
frontier people But how are they treated by their
a suiued lords and masters on the other side of the
line? I.etanycf thi m engage in the Iruttio of furs
with the Indians, and they are dragged before Judge
Tbom, or some other arrogant official, in the pay of,
orapaitner in. the "Royal Company," ao l lined a
tliou-and pounds sterling ! Their minions do not stop
to miiii ll lor the Jiith parallel, when on the track of
some p air tiader, who has bought of an Indian a fox
or lynx skin. No difference to tharn whether he is on
British or American ground Phauks to Mr Kittson.the
"1 ankee Trader. ' as the Bay < ompatiy'sagsnts
call him he has fully established bis claim at Pembina,
and the rich packages of furs he brought in this season
abuudauily ptoses that be is lully able to maiutaln it.
We have a narrative before lis. drawn up by one of our
suffering citizens which states that tn the spring of
1H44 he was engaged in business in the Red Itiver oolony
and was one day seut for by the (Joveruor, Alex- 1
andi r < hrlsty. on a charge of trading in furs. On rei
pairing to the (ioieruor's official scat. Fort Oarry. the
bcrushi ion wss staled by that diguiiary. and a flue of
' one thousand pounds tuipo.-ed updn him lustanter,
without the aid ot judge jury or witnesses l.'pou hii
. rclus'r.g to sign a bond for the amount, the door wag
fuitcmd and he was Informed ih it a compliance with
the exorbilaat deuiaud was (he only way to escape itn- (
prisonmeut Having no other recourse, ho was forced
to yield Three years afterwards, the same gentleman 1
w ss grsuti g a license. In aceordance with rules estabilsbidby
the (Joiernor and cnuntil to retail liquor*
at ins Hading home At great expense he procured a
fuj joy from the CJilted States; paid i he duty according
to law aud commenced business rather a bad
business by the way. but still a lawful one Finding
: he vas drawing too much custom from the - honorable
i c< mpany's" traders they speeddy revoked bis license, 1
I Slid seized his liquors Diey tjoally allowed him. on
kti average, about seven shillings per gallon for his
tptntd and lIk u turned about sua retailed tliein to
the Indiana at forty dhilliug*. Lather uioe buiine**.
Oiin for honorable gentletneu, who have the perpetual
privilege to trade by the great *eal of hi* ru/ul majesty.
King < Louie* II.
American ?nterprlee. and American capital will, in
time put mu rod to theae outrage* upon our trader*.
Hot the law* uuil power oi our government should bo
i tilt in that ijuaiter at oncn. Let the contemplated
fort at I'embina or near there, be built at once, and
well gnril-oued Let a county be erected in that region
hy our coming lepi-lat ur?. and let the people of
l'inibina bate a court of Ibeir own neat cummer All
this we can, and of right ought to do immediately.
IlreoaTrn KtTraw or Cai imam* ExKiiaTi?Choi.
Id* Amonii ink Im.un.? 'I he officer* of the ateamer
lira Inform Ui that they beard It dtated at Independence.
that a train ot one hundred an t ftf'y wagon*,
hi longing to ouiopaniee that bad started out laatapring,
fort aliforiila might ??m be expected back. The information
*> brought down by a mountaineer, who
give* a* a reason for the return of thic-e emirraut*. tha
aiekneaa and diatb among tliriu Although, ou account
of tie haitng excited dome Interest at Indmien;
di nee. we give hid report, yet we cannot give it implicit
c i nli me A not her California train e miprialug tire
wagon* crowd the Missouri river on their way tot ho
pinilid. on last Thursday The eiiligi nut* are from
1'iatte and aouie of the adjacent oountlo-. They pur1
pi ee, ot rourre to winter In the mountain* It i* stated
that i he cholera ha* been raging to aouin extent auiong
the Indian*, a dbort diatauce back of Kan-ae. The
8ae?, Ki'xe* and K?* Indiana liave all felt it* effect*
? verely Wbllat the epidemic w i* at It* wornt, thirty
Kmw hdlaas are-aid to havn died In a elngl* 'lay.
The disease ha* only very reeently began to rubildr.?
Si luvii Rrrti'lr, W?{?l It.
Ni.w Vnaa Po?r Dim i Arroiamnri, Ann id. lilt,
I - South Kerne, Allaoy. Letiben Lawrence; t.aglo Harbor
Orleans. Avery M Starkwether; Plymouth. i he.
bat go I'elil in Halloo, (iallupvilie Sebobai ie, VVei liuan
kwabki I ii m pi nt Manor. Jeff. r*on. Ja? (t tvaae;
VwUI Broome Lewi* W right; Kenn?t. ayugr Step'n
M Kpia ner South Mew Beillu. t henabgo. Me|?..-|
: I rai rial); < anaan < olumhia irl?ld'i'j Cannonevllle,
Uetaware i ben-ier Adam*: Bergen, flenesee William
IV > linger; Newville. Herkimer county. Ktrt Jones;
Holland leffere-'O. Samuel krink; Denmark. l.ewi*. 9.
T Lord will. rtainvllle. Onondaga, lienj B Scbenck;
We?t Ca'uo*. Orleans Harvey Noble. Jr ; Boaklrk *
Bridge Wa-tiiugton, t,e rge Manrhn.-ter; Oueoota,
' t'teego S?ntrel I Cook; Bandy I reek. (>*Wegn. Jobu
j U Ajir. Van Bun n ? enti?. Onondaga. Oeo W Marvin.
Orwell. ()?wi go Bvnj 1 Mwoa; Morton'* < or*
uerd. t rie nam* i batiged to Wwt' oncord. an I Ara*?*
! K O.-traodir, appointed Po?t Ma??er; frontier (X.
. O .) < llnton. John Vol i t; !' rt l.eyden Lewi*. J.ihn
H William"; Kenaieo. H.*t?ih-?tsr I sight i apron;
I Axeville i attarangu* II'race W I owley; Conheflton,
Biillnau, 1. I' I aialti , Limson*. Onondaga, John II. i
j LlBM| OtW ' \ *1 y Ml'g?uy 'Ih.'oiitinueil
Tnr r*(iiDtnt or Mrtujo. Amnnj the telegraph
newa In our p?(.rr f.( Tue*<l.iy *<? a paragraph of the
effect that the I rerldent of the republic of Metleo (VI
Iterrera) waa a'.out to r> Ign lilt office In fltotroft
1 piirtleuian ?h? b?a lately beeu appoint" 1 Minister to
; the I rraiutt Such in port (wbirh we are I* In g> on.
ral rireulati<a) in absurd upon the faro of It The
1 Irraldeut of Me&leo ciulA not. if he would resign in
1 favor of at. ji one Were hr to resign - though we do
not >now that he proper* to <io any such thing the
I Mloi.ter of the Supreme i ourt of I uattre |< the ortleer
who would nnrter the fundamental law. bsC 'in* charged
with the duller of freatdent "f the rnpubltr. until U
new t-lt rtiou should he bold?National Intrllip otar,
input U0.
( Minor If A i ratal a or tot K? rt me o> Vtwlti >**
! *.- We understand that Sennr Don Hnf.'l lti?n? ye?terdny
prwMit'd hi* nredenllalt to tbe Secretary of
Stale and *a* received n* t barge d' Affaire* of tbn
Rtpuhlic of New t.rainda to thta got rmneot Hi*
mission nec?*?artly sup* r?ede# that of tieneral fterrao
vlr ha* tor nome tiu>< pn-t nioet a rep'ablv dl'rhnrg d
the function* of hnvoy I \irv>rdln*? and Miui'ter
t'lrv.tiiif i ottftrv fretn t tie t nrre remihlie Hb.l ahi hal
eer. <1 the eatr-m of *|| who har> had the pl*-mura of
b<R< n ng p*r>< ualty at |ua.nt>d aliii lum H'agAtngfan
H'i*ithr, ??( ?0
Ti Ro?o?i arc all the (to In tha loterlcr of tha
Stat?of>*w York to connect wl'h tha f.rla P. t'lroad
t Tha plank rm I from Walton to tha railroad la progtt
p' r.g rapidly too'her plank r >ad la pmpoacd. to
nnllr I' Ifct with Walton; and In thraa yaara I lia?a
do doubt lk* road wilt b* axtcndad wa-t to Bingham]
ton lHl*?ara county la now only nix hour*' rid*
1 from tkla ally and I* opening a great Add for an tor.
to iw farmni Several I.on* Inland firmer- a a
abont to remote to Drlawara county, and many clllrrria
of New York propnaa to locate nrar the baoka cf
th? Olawara.
Tht Ottoman tmhaaiador In Pnrla
I r-ad In your paper. a abort tlnia ago an artlrl*
lt*adrd " Prffnoi of l irtliaatl n toplaj fr >m an
Kngll?b or Itanrh paptir and taka tba liberty of correcting
a< IT" afatementa mil- In It.
Pl1l.ce I alllmakl (not I allimarphl) tba preaent Ottoman
ami a tad or In t'aria la by no m-aoa of Tttrknh
origin, bnt a ftreek by birth and belonging to tha
hlghot arlatoyyary of that country, aa alao dooa bU
- tba Prltmat( alllmakl. who la equally rraowm i
for her beauty aa for the elegance of her manner# and
acrompllahma-nta I'hey war* all thafaablonin London
| during '47'a react n Tha rrtnre apaat moat of hla llf#
I In ( nnatanllnopia. and waa itinrn patronla-d by tha
i late Sultan and now anjoya tba antlra eonOdanoa of
I tba preetnt ona.
I he* you will (fly* tbl* a (tlaoa In your raloahl*
papar aa I from pa nans a I acquaintance with tba family,
ran rcuch foT tha arauraoy of my (tatymrnt. It. L.
Brooklyn City In telllgcnce.
Hrrtuau a Maar?OWIcer Wm i layton. arraatad
Ibraa dork thleta* pamad Thoir.a* Dnnn. lamaa |yay.
yon and Thomat field for dealing a boat of Ih* ralna
of $13. tba property of John t'ramptnn, of South
Brooklyn. Juatia* Smith committed tham for axtmlttation
Michael Scully, on# of tha city watchman, waa arraatad
by tifllet r sidnay t larton. on complaint of Ala*.
Jobnton l >q I ron tha atatamrat of Mr lobnaon It
appr-arad tbat op tba craning ol tha 2*th Inatant Scully
attempted to areyat a man namad lamaa Yarka,
| who bad he?n drinking a glaa* of aprnca baer. hnt Mr.
Scully thought Yarka bad bran taking aomething cla*.
and waa analoua to taka car* of him. aa ha would make
fifty ranta out of tha city If ha abonld aucaaad In bringing
him hefora tha maglatrat* In tha n tnlnt fortunately
howaaar for Mr \ *rh'a that prlne* of good fe|.
Iowa waaln tha dlggtna. and lotarpoacd hla arm, and
(tag ?hi- groaa act of IwJnatlna on a peaceable and
nm Sanding ctttaan. Tba juatia* lined watchman
Srnlly $13 AO. and lat him go We think tbnt Saully
will ha a Itttla mora caraful haraaftar, who ha takaa
hold of Thara ar* many auah caaa* a* tha abcra no.
currlag arary day. and w* do atnoaraly hop# that aarh
awd crary on* or thaaa watchman who taka ao much
npoti thrmadyy*. will racalra a -Imllar panlahmant at
wa# vi-itad upon Scully, for many of them really dc(Willi
City Intelligence.
SiniTur Miiimu?A warrant baa b??n Issued
against the tenaut of the basement 11 Water atreet,
for refusing to obey the orders of the City Inspector'
In clearing out of the house. The landlord of the
house ISA Liberty street, out of which so many families
were <y?cted, will be proceeded against for the expenses
of purifying it. The poor oreaturoe who were
turned out will also sue him. it is said, lor the rent
they hare paid him in advance, lie has been pleading
bard to get leave to hare the house opened for them
again, but to uo purpese.
Tut Cbstos Wjibh i.v thk Titian Annus ?The
water pipes tor the iroton water are now laid a? far
down as Sfcth street in Third avenue This will he a
-A - ... . .....i * ,i... * *
long that line, who have been in extreme want of water
No doubt the prevalence of oholera in that district
of the city we* owing. in no small degree, to the
want of that great essential ot life.
Kim ? Partridge's match faotory, in Twelfth street
near Sixth avenue, was ret ou tire about 11 o'clock on
Wednesday night, by the bursting ot a quantity of
vitriol. It was aoon extinguished, without much damage.
Tiik Dirwa-HKxr Ni'ishwcks .two the C'itt Authorities.?As
we stated i n Wednesday, tho City Inspector
gave orders to have the dung heaps removed, and the
owners anticipating him, had boats and were on the
spot before the men and boats employed by the Hoard
of Health, sod the latter could not tlnd a place, or raid
they could not. On being further urged to thoir duty
since, tbey were met by threats from the owners, one
of whom said that bis dead body should be walked over
b< fi re lie allowed the authorities to touch hts manure.
The result ot the intimidation was that no m*n (at
least so it is stated) could be got to assist in the removal.
It is. however, shrewdly suspected that the
men employed are men who are usually in the employ,
nn *t of the owners ot the manure. There are uiany
hungry idle uien in other parts of the city would be
very glad to pet suoli a job But where were the police
foiue that such intimidation and defiance of all
authority conld be carried ou in the face of day ? Surely
they could, at a 1 events arrest those who up to yesteidsy
weie certainly dumping this manure at 37th
street We raw them ourselves and the steueh, up so
far as the railway, was in o'eiable How the people
who remain In that locality (f ir a great number have
di serted it) ran live ia such a polluted atmosphere, we
cannot conceive There lias been no manure removed
ss yet from this spot The beginning was made at
loth stieet, and tor every load they are taking
a' ay from the latter, they are adding one to
the heaps iu 117th stieet. Hoh belong to the
seine parties, and it is now a question whether
tbey were ml inere'y removing tt from ltth to
37ih street instead ot i.eag Island. To give an idea of
the quantity of this abonnuatlou that has been collected'
in Ifiili street we may mention that on Tuesday, 1,270
cart loads were removed, and you wonld scarcely miss
what was taken away.
t Hon i Mn.oss.-We yesterday received several
choice melons, from Mr. M I) Oliustead. No &
Va?hlngton market. They are the lioesi specimens
of the Milling melon, and were r vised at Bergen Point,
New Jeisey IVir O has a gix d supply, and those who
aicfond of this dellcUus fruit should call upon him
to-day and procure tin-in.
Hal r> < 4*0 - Ami man and dead child were turned
out of the hnutr No 4Kt, < herry street by ths Modlord
They were brought to the elation house. where a
ciifln wee procured tor the child. which was bulled
about b o'clock on Wednesday moruing
No 10 Bnwr.sv?Alvord \ Bancker occupy
the lurt More No. 10 Bowvry; not Mr. Huggeus. a*
mentioned yesterday.
firtnvN ?The < olonel of the Tenth Regiment of '
State Intantry. la llalsey. not ilarley. |
The CiioaiN i.n Dnwoaa.? Yeetvrday morning, a
rather novel tale took place in the Fourth areuue.
The furniture of Calvary Church was brought to the
hnii'tni r lor debt contracted in tbe erection of the 1
building Th? re wu.<i great sacrifloe of property for
what coet 000 was eo!d for about f.'lOO I'he church
was under tbe partial care of Rev. Mr Southard.
Tsir. Easafu -This splendid clipper brig, built in
Baltimore, lie* In this pert, to rail for San Francisco,
with passenger* alone nhe i* cumidered one of tbe
fa^^t sailer* in the world Sba spreads 4..">00 square
vI^Qh of cauvai*. Mm la command'd by t.'aptaiu (Jrahaai
llosr* Kmlcd?Yesterday afternoon a horse was
killed in Broadaay. near Uarelay atreet. by the shaft
of a cart attached t<> another horse, running into hie
axle. The Dame of the owner could not be a-cnrtaln?d. j
It is a common practice to leave dead luxves In the
street and to con -eel the ownership lest the owner i
should have to pay for th? reninsal The conaeouence
le, that they are sometime* left in the street till they 1
become nuisances in morn reuses than oae, The
Ibiidaard health warden had the carcare removed
last evening, by the contractor who lives up at doth
stiei t 'I he contract U to sink tbe carcases In the
river, up at 4'id street; but It Is doubted whether this
Is aivaya done.
Aci id??t.? A man named I'd ward Roland fell from
the fourth story nl house No t'O Klin street, about half- J
part 111 o'clock. A M o?yesterday. It appears he h .d
been asleep close to the eilge of tbe wind .w. which is
n>atly level with tbe floor, and. accidentally falling
ever ?' ilaehed wgsin-t the cellar t-eps where be ?*?
picked up by pi liermau Bolanl. He was seut to tbe
Hospital In Broadaay.
fli M>iv It i si ss ? George tarry fell lown In a flt. In
Fulton street He was brought to the station house
about V o't lock on Wednesday i n uirig.
Aii ii rarst. Disiu Tbe coroner held an inquest,
yesterday at No <P'J loth street, on 'he body of ;, quel
Vol lit aged SJ rears horn In Inland, who cam* li his
<li s'h by ' he accidental falling of some Mafloldlrg whi -h
be eas taking down v part of the timber fell a inm his
l ack sad head, indicting such injury that death was
almost the immediate result. Verdict accordingly.
A Tor Daownan - We noticed in yesterday* //. ><?/./
the ac< Men al dri wnlng f a small t oy of si t years of
age by tbe name of John burn, in tbe North Klvrr M
pier No 3 111- parents resided at No. 4'J Whitehdl
street A verdict of accidental drowning wm rendered
jcatvrday by the coroner'sjury.
Tim f*ar nr mh. WKI'SHK.
1 In' fniill) mi'I Irli < of Vr Win we oer warp pa - >.i
I'j aii auiiOtllie*lii*nt In Ilia Hirtlil of the .Ktlh In-t .
H i o*lolili'D 1 ha de*th of thai gentlemen under elr. i
ttni*i<D?ti of painful ittin .VIr W I>a? loi)i( nf. i
fated under <J /uu?e of theluijx*. and on the morning
of the da* of hi- d?ath ha war tr< ubled with great op.
pr??rl>D and tfllficul'y nf breathing lla left lit a office
at uoor, to ui*- t hi* lawver. at the hail* of justice aud
after* erf* tirilad pl*<e? frequeo'ed by the young
man, llatlo n whore lorcerii a him we have pre rWrtta1}
mentioned. Having dlremered forged check* to the
an.runt of f< CO Htrrtrd In the rhamliar of hi* foroirr
h< arillna honaa. ha anppnaed that a *!*it to (i|wi*i frequented
by him would load to further dt*cov*rlea and
ao aapreread hufirelf to hi* fatally ?<iiii? day* b?fr>-e hi*
d-atb. Ill* vi-it to tha hou*a at which he ao *ud leuly
Had wa? from no improper nintlm. but on atrtrtly
burlnem pur pore* On leaving hir office. ha reqnr?-,e I
bla young man not to rlwr before li o'clock a* h?
wotild return at or before that htur; and th* tir-t iat'n
ati o they or bla family had of hi* death, waa hi*
d?ad body brought to hi* hoii"a, In Madt'ou arena*,
arrnmpan ad by bla lawyer, Mr. W elle,and the eoroner.
Mr W aire* r *? a man of remarkable ilouiertie halut*.
aud poeeerrtd the ertrum and aifretloa* of tbo*? beat
acquaint* J wi th bim
Nuraea for tltr City.
to all Ihe principal cilia* of Knr >pr that I bar*
nrn Nurtee" r>mp<.? a dlrtlnrt and regularly
ertabll-Led pri.fe??lon A rlrat.gcr taken 111 In Lond?n,
I art* or Am?tetd*m. ran at any moment pro.
cwra a nnrre by appltratlon to hi* phvdrlan or to
any ajoibeeary The*, valuable atteodanta are II.
ren*ed In !?< run, after rerring an appr*nliea-hlp
(it two y>ar- 111 an nnspiiai una *r# mm limy ; iiniuiea.
Nnr?<> are well remunerated and in t'.iirnpc that a"vcatlon
ai-gag** the aseluslv* attention of aome of tba
nn ?t intsIHicnt female*.
I know of no city. with *r|n*l population, that eon.
tains sr many stranger* aa New York If a stranger la
taken 111 at any of mr hurdred hotel*, hla greatest
nant (hetrg ah-int from relative* and frls-odel la a
gn< d faithful nuraa ; and yet at tb* prneent tline, on#
can hardly he procured no aav terma
In thle rlty tb?re are aome hundred* of ml Idle *g*d
fema'e* wh" ha*a reaelred a g"-d. plain adoration and
are fully competent and willing to undertake the duty
of nur?e* If the aotborltle* of tlie rlty wnnld give t h-lr
aid and countenance to the f< rmatlon of a aebool for
nuiae* almllar to thoae In hup-p*
lu erery hospital a certain number of female* *hou!d
be maintained by the puhlln. or by a fund r?laed by
private *bherri| tlen for tb? f urpoee. who should attend
on tb* alrk for two year*, and at th* expiration of that
tlrce ah'old be examined and rerelee a license. In a
eery Aw year* a eorp* of nuree* might thus ho form
ed that would prove to lie tbe moet valuable and useful
rlaee of pereon* la ?nr nlty The coin|i*o**tIon offered
| mn*t he such. compared to that In othar employment*,
a* to Induce re?per'able *"tn"n to enter the boapital*
1 he merchant* of thl* city are all Interested In giving
tbl* arrangement n helping band, aad I will venture
to add. thiy a*111 liberally eub-crlbe to *o laudable
an object 1 he eonntry merchant would vlalt Now
1 orb with more ercurity wera h* assured that la th*
event-of being taken III at a tavern ha would have food
imr-tng a* well a< medical attendance
I write tbl* in th* hope that tb? subject may attract
a'tfntKia e*p< daily that of tb* gentlemen of the pre**,
j who never tail to aid every human* project; au I I
cannot donbt they will do their duty on thl* occasion
The City of New York and It# vicinity would five
Stead* employment to Ave hundred competent nurses,
and the demand would Increase with the population of
th* city A committee of aiedlcal gentlemen could
I very anon make arrangement* to plane these nnrnes >n
the variolic hospital*; and I am sure a very large *ubacrlption
will be made her* In aid of th* plan which f
hope, will soon be presented to th* consideration of th*
Common Council >iy family having recently bevn
placed In a very nnpl***cnt predicament In noaac |uenre
of not being able |o procure competent nurses
my attention attracted to th# autyert of this article
I shall f?e| highly grallh"l If In making thla
ecmmunlration I ahoal.l he so fortunate aa to Indus*
aome philanthropic eltlaena to unite In rarrytog out the
plan I hav# auggected. WM. U MtTWibL,
H Broadway,
Tbe Chilian silver mine* ar* mill ylaldlag an Increased
supply of sliver, and trad* ?c*m*d pretiy brisk
In th* southw-?t port*
Li D.
Tfca Progress of th? Chol?r??
in this crrr.
Miiot'i Orrim,
New Yoaa, August 30? IS M. (
Tha Sanitary Committee of thU oitj report 11 death*
#f olinlera as basin* onearrof daring tha Uat 14 koM%
of which 5 were from ho*pit*l, and G in ptlrsta praatlce.
Omit, or thk Bosan at Hkalth.)
August 30 1849 (
Since yesterday, there here been reported to IMt
office three fatal oases of epidemic cholera, rii:?Bridget
t1U patrlck Urabara treet: Jobaoua Hilton BUae'd
buildings, Stele street, mi J Mary Menahan AUieito
street. C S J OOODRICll,
Physician of the Board.
llOSTO I A OR 30, 1MB
There were IS death* by cholera In thu city ap Ml
noon to-day.
l.owiu, Mass , Aug 30. 1 40.
There were T deathx by cholera In this city ay Ml
noon to-day.
Ai ??it, Attgtif.l 31 ?P. M
Sirce yesterday neon, twelve cave* anil nluu death*
f eholeta occurred in lliU city.
Kochustkii, August 30,I84t.
There were live dia'.hi; by cholera in this oity yoaterday.
Ilwrrsi.'i, A*irU't -10 P. M.
During the twenty-four hourx ending at noon, to-day,
there were tfteen cases and eight death* of cholera.
Nrw Obium August 28, IMt*
There 1b not the slightest apprehension hare in rela"
tii u to the cholera, there baring boon not a nevla
death from that dWa?e during the wees The l-atha
f.t m other disease* were 130, of wbioh two writ t\a. *4
by yellow fever.
Lem/ily. Date Casss Pmtit
Rochester Aug 24 4 ?
Middlebcrough, Milt Aug 28 2 ?
Newark N. J.... xu? 20 12 4
South Banv. ri Mars Aug. 24 1 I
Lowell, Max* vug. 2# ? T
IN?'ir?KNTN ftp THK CIIftl.KRA.
The Cincinnati Ccmmrrrtal of the 27th instant, save*
We saw a letter on Saturday afternoon, received by
Rev J. A Brtiner, of Covington In which it wan stat-4
that at the farm of Mr Henlck. four mil?x ah iv?
Bloomfleld. In this State. the cholera had tak?a fmm
tin* to another world, In forty.eight hours, the great
number of thirty-three persona. T he re were but few
left on the farm all of wliotu were lying dangsruu'ly
with the same disease when the letter started whtek
Was on Saturday laxt Thia Ix truly awful t'liscsuse
ssstgi ed Is, that the company had Irv-u dissipating o*
the Sunday preyieus. But few went from Bleeiafivbi
to render arslslar.ee.
Theatilrnl and Musical.
Bomrv Thkati'C ?This olil anil favorite eitaklish*
merit rt-opens on Monday overling oast, with an excellent
dramatic company. The interior U newly and
tiii'ti fully ili cerate J wllh a Inautilul drop ecene by
Mr. II. Ishtrwood. We nhall in our next be able to
announce the attractive talent engaged for the season.
Biioain*at Tnr?i he ? 11 *i i tv Ore*?.?Doniiettl'i excellent
opera of" Lucia di Laminermoor," wan repeated
Ia?t evening, but, we regret to nay, before a very thia
hou-e What the rauve is we cannot divine, unless toe
opria going close have not returned from the watering
place . Itcannotbeon the score of interior talent a* regarde
tbe prevent company, although it might have beeu
muoh better organiae.l I h? performance last nighty
tat en ae a whole, we* very creditable. Signora Bioeaorlatitl
waa in eicellent voice, and rang very sweetly ?
her note* were clear and dls'inot without the elighiwab
screaming. which at all tlinea, l? very grating to Iba
ear (f M'lence? her action win graceful, and her eipieh.ii
ii very phaelng. Slgnor Vletti hu.ialued tha
character of lluven.wood In a very creditable manner
- hi* nature! voice Is of a very pleasing i|iia'ltv and
hia falae't" very e?aet. To he sure o< a tenor, ha l< nit
to p< werfu', nor nr.,her d e i he po.seso the o >tn ao og
acme other, we have heard hut he posge.s.n* -otg leul
for tbe line of cha act is he i? cast for, end be t* dateitlrg
i.f merit fur his excellent fcaovlelgeof time,
blgnor Vila its Knrlno Arhlon displayed great arei-tia
ability?be la good in every character he undertakes;
hi. mellow baritone voice I* betb aweet ami pcwevfnl,
ai d in the trio, and chorutea it perfect, the h triaony of
the i tlier voces. At the con el in. m of Ihe -esiod a-t,
the tiio va. rendered aith inch nr.il) and hxrmouy by
h gnori Vleltl, Vita end Signora iiin'Mrcianti. a. to caH
f ull the loudest eheere tor Its repetition which was
ci n plied with. The duet. aim. at the oommeut-eai.at
(I tiie third act. between i.dger and lurico, ?< al
?Me effort and received It* reward In line, the entlrw
piece, with the exception of the iniwor charoc'era. was
well performed This evening, the aditnrsraof Pedes iw
will l>e plia-id to lenru tin' ah. will app-ar in the
<h darter of Mnfna In a hiah re.'e the exnsl.?aha wtli
h uipirtolby si, norn Vita' arruoti, in the part wf
Adelgi.a. The duct, la the reeor J act, where Norma
Ii <l in - is ? Or'go a to firm ert her children, is one of < hw
tri'-.t thrilling and beautiful aiu.lcat geuii we have vow
h a d VV iii|ie our n u cul di ' fiwt? to vtetl tha
Br- adway thie ev. alng to II ti n t? thia duet rendered
by 1 dee ci. and Vita Lnrrunti.
Nihio's liaaicv ? 1 a-t vvming the Ravels wevw
sain te ore the | a roi a of tbi- llourlehlng theatre, and
their arti iit-hlng performan- es ware received with tha
mid e Interest and epptau-e. n.tthei having suffered tit*
lightest diminution. Lrou iaveili'r nxpi lit* are iad*ed
*i rthy of probe. Of their bird, they arc, in oar opinion
matchless, The comic hwllet [ ant.nnlmc rati led
the- hour I.over..or llaive.t H< rue " f lilow d.and was
Mrirxlvllk (Im beartleat I|iirtibilina ntfcat
entertainment* went off In eg. llrtit atyle The audi
urn waa eery humeri and Ml; d not woeder
Kthli vtien *i'rtnMlri t he very gri at. and nouforW
able uc< ooimhdgtlon ?hi<*ti thlx thai* affo d< ft a
nitllrr li'i* ilruo tb* rrutd ur ho* lbUl-? the h?*t
may b?. i.o ihcmeui' Oct* wlintwter in (i ll I he recan*
which In a nrjr juiieloue arrangwineut. pr***nt?
an opportonity lu thi"?* who rwinirc It to y?t rt f ??hM
tit . while other* who may l??l di>ptiew.i can tnhelw
*1 ! fn ehtng klwm hy walking in the pr nil -nada
gallery 1 hl? < eentng the celebrated dramatic pantwinin
* nf ' Juki! ' * ill be performed which will be
cmhIi d by lh" a-tnnlvbing aod daring teata on Ihr tight
n pi in which I ? ? NifclH will If Ml! ugh a ran- If
ol hi* remerkahle exerci-e* Va her* ?ueh nivelitwa
and MWlnti t* are to be wi'n ward it la no w >ndwc
tbai tbete tin old he crowd* night after night. Thl?
Uiaf m* in to aoiiic exaggeration, but It ii aot ao.
Dt xtow'i Tin (tbi ? Mlxa Mary Tayl.tr < benefit laxt
eteing wax a bumper. Kerry teat wax filled at la
rarly hour, and the h* une pren ofed tl.e moxt brilliant
app< arai.ee T he fr?t piece waa " Sweetheart* and
Wire with an admirable et*t Mr T B Jobattwu eat
to have played the p?rt of tkn rid Admiral.but Incnp.
a*>|Het.ca ?f IbditpotitioB having prevented bi>n froaa
xti.i ytrg the pert. N f Cut p?rtorio*d it Ib bla ?'"ad,
and b capital r> premutation of the old gouty Aduiirai ha
gave Itllfy I ackadav war played of cnur-e by Mr nu?tro.
*Bd what artlei e< uld no tbia part more racily? His
lam* Dlaiione aud detpalr hi- bewailing* and weepings
were alt gleeB in the Ptyla whli h tble luloii'able ro.nedi?D
can no well amitue Mr* Knight played the part
c.f faun? with much excellence tier tender nr* of
the old Admiral the manner In whioh *he received rllw
unf rtunata bill; * ?.idre?e- v-r* nioat eiaallantly
d n? VI lut ihtll tt ?? i.f Mix 1'tylnr ' Nbt *ti n>
relrel with the n o-t en*hu*ia?tlc trplaae piared
h. r part With that atrhn'-e and rlmolly which always
N rl *roi? the public. Tba >on< o'. .leannall* and
Jeanrmt." which iha tuns in th? c">ur*a of the pi*?e,
wa? an it de?ereedly applauded Vr< Dyott, too as
Mi" liill dtwrrrr a fiber Mr* |) I* one of tha moat
u?i fi.l aod merltorb u* of the wmbor* of tha a * -ll-at
eosipaay at Burton * I: W t Urka, a? young KraofcIIij
ih alan raoelred moat haod>< m>ly la tsat, tha
whila ccncdy pa a ad nil with tba gregteet laeaagl
To-night. Mr Wright, who mad* ?urh a aueeeaaful
if. ' !.< tha nthar a??nu g wilt take a bene HI rh*a**edy
of tba Poor OenUrman" will ba played, With a moat
airalli nf caat, and other entertainment* of a ansb
amuatng kind Wa trnat Mr IV right will hara a fu*
hiuaa on thla bin Orat appeal to tha public
Ciiaiatr'a Miaerari.* - Slnaa thaaa ganluaa* (IrH
crtnmererd thalr annaarta In thlr etty, what rhansas
taiatakan place In arery part of tha world! Marias
ha* bean conquered. allfornla gold dlacorarad king*
di ma In F.nri p? haaa been tumhlad to placet change#
Without Bum liar hat* taken place, they, howaaar. atl|
arntlnua on tba aaan teoor of tbair way, bagging dollar*
and popularity arary aranlng and ao th-y will aowllnua
to da a* long a* tbay glee nirh admirable antwr|
talrmant* To-algbt they will glra an axtrs good pra'
granima cnmprl-ing all tbalr ba*taoog?, ho
C'arti t <)?an?* -Thla aranlng tha antartalnmants
will r> trmmaa with tba n*nal prom-nada coac-rta*
Tba progiamtna contain* aararsi acoallant maiodlas.
lloa*iai a krttwrr at Mntcri,?As Irlth girl, abwwt
16 >tar? <>f ag*. natnail k.lita Mear, waa urrattod. ya?
trrday afternoon at Hoibary charged with baring ate
tempt) <1 to kill tka Infant child of Mr Cyrne li M n%
by randng It to awsllow n apoonful of qnlckrllrar.
1 ba girl ba* bean In tba employ of Mr. Mor*a aa s ear*
rant for *<>ma ftn* paat and had the care nf hie ahtid,
an Infant about eti gi >nth* old finding tha ta?k rathtr
Irknotn* *h* determined to take Ite lifr nod pr?
cured and ndnilslatared tka qnlckrllrar tor tha pnrpoas.
Her resron for aalectlng thle moan* of death, ie ?tplalned
by tba faet that Mr* Mora* bad preeKMt* T
rau>ed her to throw away* quantity or qukksira _
ml ted with the wblta of an egg which had b?*n ?* d
f> r hilling bug*. Mr* M eaymg "it wse p n 4
tha children might gat It " iflar her arr*at the r aeon
?ha gar* fir the aat wse that eh* waa ' llrwd of 'a*
king rar* af the baby and wanted to g?t rid <4 l?,w
sod that the " darll had got Into her head " Hb# waa
taken b> fnrn .1 f. Waod?td? t iq In Koansry and ofdetail
to end mraty In 6 HIM) for bar sppas-ane* st ba
tie 11 term of tlia court of oainion i lea#, at I'a iha w,
in default nf whlah aha wae committed to amwer The
doae war eiiftlcsht to dcpatvh four s*a Batten IIcld
ArgutI 3?

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