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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 21, 1850, Image 2

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Affhirk on the Ea?t Side o( the Atlantic. j
Our Liverpool Correspond ??ce.
Liverfool, december 29, 1849. t
TJit Wtii Imlia Mail Contract Sytttm?Tki A'ica- 1
ragtui Que$H<m?'Die American Steamer*, fc. \ j
A good deal of interest is just now felt in the
mercantile world, at the probability that there
eeems to be of the West India Mail Packet Company
obtaining from the government a renewal of
their contract; and no wonder, for it is a well
known fact that advices Irom the west coast of
America, Vera Cruz, and varioui parts of the
West ladies, are continually anticipated via the
United .States, by the Cunard steamers, and in all
such cases the di?satiefaction is very great and
very reasonable. For my own part, I can conceive
nothing more monstrous than for the British go- i
vernment to venture upon such a step. A nioditiration
of the routes or circulation f.?r this mail
tervice has, it is true, been submitted iu the
columns of the Vimn, for the gu'libility of th"ae :
*hot>e ken cannot see through it; it it i-sctrrely
likely to go down. It is proposed, you will be
aware, that the company l?uild four n< w steliners,
of equal (mark tin word) power und soeed with
those of the Cun ?;d line, und of tonnage from 2,'MX)
to 8,000 each. Vt ry good Tb? -e -te un-r.s ?re to be
allowed one d?y to co il at St. Thortus, (th-first
point at which they will touch, and where, oil/,
iliey urt t<> io ;1,) w hich, by tli-n -?v itTlf Ml,
they arc to arrive at, on the outward pj re, in
twelve da) s. I must here rem irk, that for a-t- nr
to Hecomplith that distance, which is -"tdn vnai
3,<>22 miles, in twelve days, iif .pi v.ilrnt to h?r
arriving at Mew York (supiKv-Mtig the v sael bound
lor there) in t?n days 15ut the cou-"i:nption of
coal in steamers ol such |>ower wouM cerf iinlv
not be urH> r en hty-ftve tons ;,--r .-in . The<pi ?nt tv
?t coal to b*- thlten on luiird at St Thomu would,
therefore, he ov< r 1,000 ton-* pn !>ably not lesi
1 flLil 1.200 ItinK for I i'm hi jf I !i . t i. rnr tiff ?>n
<'it}k than t>velve would be occupied by tin? p*?iNow,
I ; k any rea?onnble mm, whether
?urh conlinj.' could b* t fleeted ia double the time
To mn 3,622 mile* in twelve d;iv?,
would be ii fpei d ?;re.iter by it If i-i a r ule uarl a
I: lfl j < r hour than itiyihin.: ihe VI c i*" ', or any of
hut ilan, b?s jet il'ii The proposed n'*w
111,111?*re \* ill coat, it is t -tunated, about I (Nri.(M)O.
T'.i.- is ;.!! \> i> tine, in I no d< ubr. tic y will, when
? {'. ', l.e noble ciaft. Hut what i> to become of the
old thtps, it- a puzzle to nie. Our thing is ceriatn.
the l''>vi runieut never can conaen' to n irrant e?pi il
to what the company has enjoyed uiui- r tlie exist11
7 contract?namely, fl isw.a'k) p r annum
I- it in t mo t rxir-'OHllnary, how blind the
Ei plieh government have been to the plain fact,
thm a considerable, the moat considerable portion
of the v. otk ilt ue by the We at India m til te un>-rt<,
cosld h..ve b < u perfonaedby the CmHat mi
?t vtiy little additional exj?en?e to th* country*
};> means of n lin- of steam r- bet*v-en New York
im.o the tevral port;' in the West Indies, at which
it in nec< scary to touch, the communication could
b?* greatly ex|?'tfifed. Jamaica couH b?? cornn'tiiicui'd
with, ordinarily, in 17 days (it ia now generally
l!>), New Orleans in IS'to 20, (it is a i
ttchif yetnent if tlie We*t India inail steim-rs ae<
omplu'h the ame duty in 2S days) : and throughout
ihe whole wheel an euiml acceleration might
be i ll- ci? d bt a saving of at 1<- ist 2-"> per cent. The
The Wi; t In ;i,i Company receive ?.211.(MM)per anrum,
nr.d the Cunard Company X 140,000 or XIIV
000 per annum. Could not. I nsk, the entire service
be perform* d by one or < ther of these companies,
for X280,(XX)? Who can doubt it T
f "Jli 14 j or i f thi.s subject, the Nicararuan route to
ihet'acilic is likely to occupy men s mind* to
treat ext? til The grand quesliou will be, is his
Momjumo Ma jetty to ha\the protection of h -r
Eriianuic Majetty : and if so, does " Si. Joan,"
alius 'S^t. John," alint "(Jrey Town," belong to
Morguito or Mr. ra?ua T Ii is alleged with ureal
firii i ? ! , l.y a \\ liter in the Cchmiul Magaztiu.
tit Nov ruber i- lid IV ccliiler. (u'd the p.ijier has
l:.t<)' been rr-puhlmhed in the form of a pamphlet)
that Nil aiagtra never anv ?ea coist on
ihe Atlantic Miie of the Isthmus. This question of
communication with the Pacific is certainly one
of tteat nn int nt?of paramount interest, not oaly
to Grest Britain, ht.t i?> T,,n?*r<lljr. Tii-re
can be ho doub', thr.t t-hor'ly the Nthnria will be*
con > the highway to the J.'ast Indi#a hiu) Chun,
ant' to all the numerous inlands ia the Wester.i
hrmi?phrrr, and cf course to the went coist of
l>? h Americas ; mid the roi:t>- by C*pe Horn will
t?li into dcMielude, urid w ill he, - re loltf, almost
li iiiot tn. I forward the j?uuii>hl t referred to
< n WfiiwM'iy and Thursday nights, we had
piles of wind trim the north, "with tremendous
i nailsut n tt rv i!? I ?uruig the-ebb tije on Thurs?'n)
Hud yettrrday, there waa a very heavy sta on
i1 Mi r.-ry, . ml . m ;i?t- in. t ! > dock the Niagara
(which arrived from ihr CNde on Monday hint,)
at 1 lyh wat? r \> tterdav, failed, and she had to let
her anclu r m the riw r. A yale from due north
i- m nv v ; ' rare here I do nat recollect it idowlofi
so In rd from i|> it quart* r since the 1th February
I' M, which tale prevented the 44 Acadia"
t< ui. h - < , esthe mails i ou!d not be got on
I. . id of 1 r. Some snow frll on Thursday night,
or 1 \i t terd.iy and 1 ?s? nijtht we had a keen frost
l? To. A. M ? The wind continues unabated, but
hs* ve? rtd a p?-isit west.
Ottr la i man Cot ra?|>oii<lcnce.
Riilid, December 18. 13 J9.
Tft anfi Prut'inn />i/ft" ?'/ /? C'iKfnlrrati'-n?I^rtlrrn'tcm
cf the OM Rfgi tu?Progrtu
ij Pui lir t^im i?Chrittm it FutivnU ?
PrJ'fkt tm tkr St me, gfr.
The report ?f a change of policy of the Pru'sun
cabinet, or n.ther the al>?nJonm*nt of tii? project
cf flii* rcr federation, which is t r.ithlio lint
fmu mom of a reconciliation betw<>? a the latter and
the Atisfri.m cabinet, h;n of late framed adegree
of probability, winch rv< a ilie anxiety <>t the tfo einrr.^nt,
in calllne together tli? Iteicfutuff to
Ftfurt, nr.d the < ni!eavoni of the official or^nn in
behalf of the (xrman unity, have not Iw-n able to
Ween. Whatever m iy h*re b? ?*n the vi<l"n? anil
at-hrine* indulged in by th?* IVimuu cabinet, with
re*pect to the supremacy in t?ermauy, it teems
t<> hp, now, beyond a douSt, th it the decided a'.litude
since assumed by Austria hn determined the
former to alter it* coutae in regard to the union <|iien*
ti?n: and it may he considered as equally ?-tt!ed
thai, on the Hiitmatum o( Austria, winch imaw
e?pertr?t to he ernt in, PrtlMia will be prepared to
gve up a. toy ether the plat of the confederation.
Tie latter, i? r< itt< kiuie a Otniui i^rlUnvnt,
at lnii.li t<ware ih.it AuMiia refuse* to recognise
tlir imci>, d;i) b<- eaiti to barf t> ea guided merelir (
I ) tf e nirtue of jtiatifymi; iteelf before the world, (
in renin uii'if lie H >rt? unto the last, whiNt an
m.< rvi. tiwg with Auatr.*, that matters tre to be i
?< it . .1 m , >.y, tin* t?e< u roine to. A ru >ture |
?rnh the atirr |*>?< r, ?hicb would hare probably
Ud 10 a t>neral I.i hi,ran war, being f<?r the preNit
a?oidet<, the mihI|?I atleatioa of tlie govero*
M.< at l.rt', null 11 'tie nitaiMvrtal pa,ere, is no*- ,
directed toward* krrplaf up. aa i? were, the *p- (
? : ii? n, ttutil it w i'i lie tsm?* to ,
V M VI i ' > . ' !>I tl.. I?! . ?! far lK? f. i
4 iti> , i i *? ill tall U| ?'ii I'mwia
i 01 - .??.. i'..* ? ( the . ft'ici*! organ a, ,
1 i i . ; ? f i re < ii the i mirae (
it .? 'I >n ?' i,?" """
i . i' ? i'.e i' r? -?i >u winch 1 ,
i " f - n < *? ry * ne , .tnd alter the |
* Mn i't ttn t?W it.fw on iW j-aii of Anatm, and
if t i t. it i toveirwm w '1 not o to war |
.i - \* hiw>wr ih- r in!* . ? r? in |
?i M. m ! ?? r n :> hi Hi'- *ht of 4
t4)actu?? TVi? ill* ct miiii?'?ion whirn ha*
?> I " i" to m til- arr men ti>r th* (
i 'It it ?>i i n K? 11.j* n that cny, an^ ???h* r ]
I. ? i t > i ; on r ?i 1 i?> he f fing on, can- |
i . . . ; hi; 'ii wrli r-?r>?rd to itir n* ,
.<< sir g"?erMiicntto five ti|>the plan of th? ,
mi fat k M? n n* co <*?r.i' nr. and come to j
a ?. i.-r il. f. e?i with Aii tri.i with r*?^ct to (
i nii.iijr W.ih iiie at>und<>am?iitcf \
n.ii ? i? .i. . <'ed thtt a m i.tili ation of j
" ? ' : ml (hit <' > int Von \
An n , v >n hel? ntrinc to the ultra con- ,
*< ?. a. .! UxruMyr iif lined toward* Auatna, '
an .II ?1.1 r ' in It i? heltcreif that, at the f
?an?e in , ?J. . th> u/> /*?/*/, which h?u been t
alf.i t i i1 e d t>y iit^ ai i-a-ntment oi an Auatnan i
a?<< I'r -.a..., at Krtnhfort. anJ which,
in ti r t"*m .-Vin n.?at ?.t the HundetUf, in the ,
t. tr> i? ?? .'.rf *c< ?f. |i..th' trea'iea of l?l\ tJ
w.l" in-l--in.fira- .
?!** 1 IVm*-ia. it i? ?t*i#i,_ i?? *n - -
-' > or w> irie<l -]
iiiiI Aiillia 1 j
W . the .4 *?i.l I <: I 1? O^rmadT tl
lit* (kit* N ?i?df l?cmaltjr re??ofe,i, imhlic o^aion at
?b? |f "?i m? n > ni nut be i H n??.n?n _
1+ ri < jr I. I rg ? I f t r?-*ery where L
lhal decider! rm>ral nwwrtim, wh ?H cannot l* t.
e*e? bjr p*iT?i<-?l f. rT'via a Kill for j
tke rm'tirii'tiioa of ik? Jew# b?# j?at beea c trned ,
lathe la*ari*n i biKkfr. ik tfct tdmaaion <>l r
lli' J?? wie I he jniMm wmr* in Havana, from
hull they a^re hitheno e|rl?ded. >i?a hee? ,le- j
ru-ed by irreat m* -nt* ?< n?< ig-.?em neat |
Thi?, !< ? , ih* <(,.. fi >11 \?? ' }>>,w of Wurm- ,
l?er? b?a mrrit "*ly protend, that the c<n?t- "]
tot ion of the rear f?l??. arhii h haa been formally ;
kx liah' H, ahowld be Mill reforded ? ?n<| t
ha* re?"l?ed to |'re>eai a* addreaa to the Kin?.
I ray i*i for the fiBa| abrogation ot the aaine |? (
like maaaer, the |<r?N throughout Oermaif de- a
elarea it?elf aiawit the reartiocarv and tile r
machination* and lair pne* which hare o? late ^
beet carried on, aati ha?? b?eg n full? rerealad a
n the trial of Waldeck. From e very where ad- n
Jrecses, congtutuluting the latter on his lib^ratioa, \
ire wnt in- Another great triumph ha* likewise t
Been ginned by the acquittal of the deputy Jacu'iy, i
it Konigtberg, who ha* been tried oa the charge n
i>t high treason, for his liavin<r tiken pirt '
in the deliberations of the lite National A - in- <
t>ly, when that body had removed from i
Frankfort to ^tutgird. Tli* accas-itioa against I
Jacoby was principally founded on the spch*s
he had held in that assembly, and on th?* proclamation
to the German nation i-mied by the
latter and binned by him, in which all Pit* government?
of Germany which refused to c irry out tin
ree-olutu>ns uf the assembly, had been declired
puilty of treason ng-tinst the people. The i iiu?tice,
however, that he alone, though ooe ot the
principal leader* of the democratic party, should
be made responsible fi r the is of the \ 'ional
Assembly and for speeches he had made in hi < capacity
as rnoriber of the same, could not fiil t'?
cause the jury to return the verdict of not guilty. i
His acquittal is regarded as another defeat of tlie
government. similar to that it has suot iin-J ia the
trial of Waldeck.
According to accounts received to-d.iy from
Frankfort, the Austrian and Prussian commissioner*
have arrived nr that city, and the Archduke
John is about to resign the central power into their
The uktinl C' rit-tmas exhibitions a* Milenz's and
Kroll's saloon, end other fashionable es'abli<hnients
of tins capital, have atrtin been opened this
year, and rho?v a tine display of taste, with th tt
mixture cl fun, farce slid humor, which is the i
principal charu< (eristic of Chn*irn is entertain- 1
mrnt.'. A prand puppet show, in which a 11 the
potitic .il < fvract? r-i ot the day are represented, and i
v. holf m from re.d life copied, ha* beeno|>entd
at the lloiel d Pru ie, and h is bren placed
under !> dnen n of ?lie principal wits of lierlin.
'1 he author of the I. mo.isi ie< '-H.-rlinat Night,"
?hich ha? now b??n ai'eii for the h'tadred and
fiftieth tim# >1 ibi ^^taillrr theatre, and still
Btti ( ts ful iio'i-r- whei.ever it is repeated, h:is
i>>; - ei! comidy or ('.tree c.iil'd "J5?*rlin
and < i .n i," I1 1 ?e n< t< d at the theatre in the Ha? 1
ie| i I'rn? i'-, which is daily crowded to I
(in-- ! Aery .inner of satir- an I caricature
1 . . ! the i<"'iticil character# and movements
of the d . s, mule ii * of, whilst neither the
mm - 'i;"iiln rs, ibe c u^titution, the < !er- |
"r i; ) imi.: ? i-e; 18 miireu. l lie
t . mp i fr? I'iruily laid in_ China, f?r the |
, . . i ilii nit' a more etrikinj? contrast in
i, v.|'i! it. tl i< i s (>l that interesting country
v i'Ii ! ? in >11 i' Mir- I Ins been nuobservation
1" lienIly in."If <iii tins occasion, that though
the mid. h ml n>\ len-f of ili?* th'ne*"* world '
ii iv I hat unlntf 1 i '?:> , they
i r" i oih'. .. c in ' d w:ih tho*e which Germany
l'i -?nt lit tin- ti:>" 'lit; and that as regards
ii. <)U' M'on "I a m:< i'i ful centralization, that
fill tuny l?e mid to have equally the adv.iitnge
?\*?r the latter. What ii tier nun ]
unity if < mpnred with ' hinr-e unity, which has
rsut'cj (it ral thousand years! l'esid?*9 this
latce, in which the uhlime end the ridiculous are
ii | piW blended . th?re are likewise other representation*
jjivrn, ront-;niiiir equally important
liiutrf and hi* ons with regard to German politics.
'I'll'1 event*, since the r< establishment of the old
rtft""r* ?r the time of the m>.called passive resistiii
i r, **l'*n (i? tier?l Vr-n Wran^el entered the
cepH"! at the head of the troops, and the llerlm
citi/ens deliverrd up th?-ir arms, are hII recapitulated
: mid it i< tound, that, though the same system
has been curred on ever since, matters have
beccn.e wnge instead of better. Passive resistance
has, at iast| become complete pnssiveneit,
which Is -how ed even in the exercise of th?* ristht
ot voting by the liberal?, and has ended with the
retir?nient of the whole liberal patty from the
scene of political life. Satire is the only manner
of resistance now thoncht of, or still practised.
In addition to the Christina* theatre at the Hotel
cle Pruasie, n veral others h?ve hern opened at different
ettabliihmentc, and hkewine at .Mil^n/.'s and
Kroll's, on a tmaller footing. The magnificent saloons
at i he latter > stabhshment have been fitted
out and decorated in beautiful style ?the forrtiT
represent'!':.: a Moorish palace and garden, in the
fashion of the /Ihamhra hi Hpaui. broil's hall
Iih* nren ir-n*l?'rtiird ir.'oao alh-jorir tl picture of
I be uni*rr>i?\ ia w hieh ihc fonr eleinenta f?m four i
different groupr, iuto winch the whole room ia_difiMi
IffttMaiHlAtM(bw d the earth, fire
air, und w?ier. The id> a hn? t?-en conceived un 1 '
executed by an eminent aftiat ?f i|im rupitfi', .in-l I
the firrdi>gemeat < f the d.lieieot allegorical MtM>
ilea ia niudr with ureat uc'r Hie e<r*hli?hm<;nt i
i? every evening tbi<'D^ d by the gay world of thla i
capital. ___________ 1
Our I??llnn Curtr?|>ondrnre.
\Aii k?, I re 4, IS 19. j
Thi Pn$ent Slat* ct ftalff?'I'tif Coni/wt of t!i? i
jlmirinin Comim* f 7' t A"i?i* of ami J
//re 7'. Jt A, < ?/in.: < I r* i / .Ij ' lirt, 4' t . .
Tlip rtcBl mi all ?r?' n"v uivin* place thiough i
out the It il'nn lVnin !t I tin ? ?tr ti" an! painful
contia?t to thote which, a few mouth* <ince
were *o full of pfomiee for the luture. Lvery i
State haa ngitii Ivrom* l.itle better than a province 1
ot \umnb: tven Srrd-nia, the mod powerful ami
independent country in liuiy, i? evi<J?ntlir luH i- I
rnced, or tether dictated t??, by the d i -!, ! 1
ep^le. There the Chamber* have b-en prorogued,
bet'Httfe the wonin T s \< t o i 111 icnu :/ 1
qui itisn w?i to lir vflrimve to AiMtr. i. I
'I he > <>? </ hit'.:, no w?< order 1 t > ta ? 1
thi* rtep Nearly nil the t urn' of luly |m fl-.i to I
Turin and i ienoa, theln-t rally injt point i4 Italian ?
liberty{ lor alttiougu Sardtni* may no: be tree t > '
ait a* regards a n itional |*'t < y, anil it ; the only '
. ..... . j .u i tmj ^ lilt run n,| .?? .1 If rr J<rr w. in
wl.ere ;> repiehentative cuviTiimrnl ia h?>n'-atly h<
woik; it is ?Im> the ?>nlv Mate unoccn. ied htr f<w
r?-ijzn troi,.*. The Komnn terr<: >ry i* infe?trd
by French and Spanuli armies. Tu>caay i?
puardfd by Auatrianx, whilat Naplr? lee da the
u.-iml ('cm, Iriii' n! ol -s no-rceuiinc*. It do< a
n' t appt nr thai Auatna inf ml- to d>-atr<>y th> c?ie
Mltutti nnl foim of govcrnm-nt in Italy; but til*
Chartilxra are nothing more than toola ol the
kirge, with l^rRe armiia, foreign and domestic,
to coerce them w|i-.n nece?*arj. II < 1 th* pHtv
princes liorn ?tly carrud out tlo-ir cofiaiimuoDal
trfcrmi, their thronea would now reat on ththouldrrs
of their people, n<>r would the/ iivr ia
a continual frar of the icMSMn'a knife, ..a ia the
ciac at the prr-ent moment. One and ail, wh tat
tin y * i re aeitiing troop* to join thr un.iy ol Cliatlea
A Ibfft, wi re at the mme time mtri^niair w;th
Aurttia, the common enemy. hoping th it tne day
would come Hhi n Italy w. uld ay in b* under Mr
oppr< -H?>n i f the old policy. Th it tuiir h.ia ar>
rued. thank* to the French republic I 1 have acen
the whole ol the movement, und have no heaita*
t'< n in detlaruiK 'hat the int inioua ji.-y of ti.e
h'rin<h government in the Koni 'n aria i, hia inUn
it d a wound on Italian liberty wl.i. i yr?ra w, I
rot heal. Th??t ev< nt completed the reaction ia
Tuscany, Naples, and other .Slate*; itg?vethe
C'f|? ta a i.t w hir. The Ivia* of Napha tin nr.
i:iat? ly con nv i.t rd a var mi tli? lvput.e* ami all
leadiiig lihrrala llundrrda are now in enle?
ihonaanda ID prison? nnhinu rtntains ct the toe*
n.tutirt , whiltt ihr ipjuaiice ot tn.- (." vrrnment
i? m? re rot< rioua th n th <t wh.ih In.lowed the
re*? It in IKil). Mri are daily arretted. a-iH t .krn
i ti to | iimt, m ithout ar? inierrotfatMi?all c ?,
I he noble, tl e khcp-kerper. and th- la: :<ir hi, if
luiptc'ed <1 constitutional opinmnn. Many have
r?. | e<! l y ilie French end r.nclfh ru wm-r* Mr.
T?mple. the liritiab minister, and M de Iteyseval,
*ho rr| r? m ma Fl*nor. h ive equally?^rt'-. ihrmIves
to aave mnny Neapolitan.' ft" u < ,>. - <
r.d I regr?t that he who te,<rr'? att tfie l.n j <t |
WmkIi itgtoo. the only iphI republic in th< world,
r?uld ii?', no doubt In ni home ord? r?. aa.uat in f
Ihia n<b'e ( !. 1 hare retain to believe Mr. il
Kowen wh? not to bldfue, but that the t 'mi.m 'ore "
refund to Nceive ihe pr< *ecutrd depu'ira. The e
thiiifr tboiild be lookrd into, ultii? di . racc to v
f.meneii had Americana t ti
Th?- h if n of Kapiet i? n< ver ?ern in the city. and ft
snly nmvm rut when aurrouaded by tro?tn. Hit
Mijemy livea t'.aeta and C*?< rtt, witu
im prifonT. 1'iua IX , the " benevolent Po|ie,"
who si nt four errniea to butcher h s | .ople. Frr- .1
linai.d II , 'l:c 1'ope. and Jrauit*, <rr ni>w originzing
thf old ay?t< m of corruption agoin. Public *'
k'kocls hip (hut up, slid nil te?ch?r? arc obliged to '
ind*rgo an examination. I need nm tell you we *
.,,\I Iin freedom of thf ItfM il Nui(l| bey nn<l
* h rb far', tin- ! vi?m n < t book* by thr prieata lina l!
main < < mmeprtd, aud many werka are prohibited.
I be Tf?uit*, who now reign in Naplea, are defer- "
nir< d to keep the nmaaea in i^'Borance?to aua'ain P
hat di>hrne*ty which ia ao fwnnliar a characterMic
in the Nf M|<>!it in population. (.'n the other "
tand, hun buf and immature, dreaaed Ip in the
i be* i f religion, ia more than ever the order of *'
he day, and, with the aid of th?* I'ope, a conaider- P1
h'e ann unt <>f buatnraa ia done by the prieitl. '[
"he educated cla?*ea, however, are thoroughly
(I *i'h |hi.'<); hP'I I kn<-w. throughout 'J
aly there ia rnanv a tongue-tied Lather, who
i.Iy wait* a fitting' iportunity to kick nyernbuae*
Ii.ihate a acandal to the age. F.ither Koammi
<a nii'ady published hi* Ti? wa of a church re- "I
?n\ and ib now oeraecuted tor it, and huated
m i? e\< ry non? M and nob'e heart which ^
' M ic f!fTnl?- the nati?n in hon? ?tjr and tmc
eliaiwi. ... .. v
1 |V[?- ill not go back to Romf onttl UW tt
r? n h rrnmiH l.im hr may do juat what he lik*? r?
Hi* therefore, will no doubt p?M the it
II UT *t ilir roya! pcUrr of Poriici, near N iplef ft
I t?e itcopa arc about to leave the Roman ?
tat'? It.'ir f*( edition haa |>ro?cd aa fooliah aa
1,r Neafl.tm w?ra di^gMcetul The Urtfr f|
tme (VMowa," it will be rrmrmhered ran away T
rom the Kormaa, with a rapidity which cowardice g\
< n' c< iildtixv* inapired 'I h? Jeauita wha mr* fri
Mind the Top*, are in a aad way about all thia.
aowinr any charge m Prance might i>'itth?ir ?
rm? i? Italy i? <itiite anotbrr r0*^* we can- ft
J??? V'LP. in ' 'T
ot trufct the rope, say th**y, in such hinl*. '
.Vhat is to be done 1 So the uuestiou rests tor
he present. Not being abj<* t > do what they like
n Rome for the present, the Jesuits are remark >t> y
otive iu Naphs and every other Italian t?#n.
rhese old jugglers with religion are trying to
:ounteract th< ^i.wth of those seeds of truth
which a year's comparative freedom ol th>- press
:>rstowed u(>on the people. The enlightened order
:>t the 15? uedictiues is1 persecuted, us well as priests
*liose opinions are supposed to favor the ciu^e of
ruth and freedom ; m toy a three cornered hut and
>iack vevtissnui up wiiiiin tiia wans <w a i>msuu.
The Ititile in tou^ht for by the police, as if it were
un ?vil invention of the I>?vil Tin.; will appear
i>tran(,'?' to Home of y;our readers, but j**rfrctly
naturhl to tho*e acquaint* d with papacy, ax it now
ex iMs in Italy or Spain. O, tempora ! O. mores
Filatgi* ri, the military governor of Sicily, is
i n nun: hirmelf A/a Haynan, t>v hooting in*a at
I'hlerrno I Hiring (he List few day* many h.ive
hulll-red for concalinir arms. Tne eaiiif! deapoti.ni
uiid ii. u.'tice v* Inch brought on ilie l ist revolution,
18 a^'ain in'full swing. L'ohappy Sicily!?
unhappy any people who "put their faith in
princes," and doubly unhappy ihoce who believe
in a Houibon! ll >011 bale tne, how will all thia
end c?H thror.f 8 be always supported by bayonrts??inv
impression h that the next movement
will be a b!oodv one, and the people will siy ax
1 lie French did, " when king-* again promise, we
u ill liiive none of them." M<vtt la b te, murt It
Vrti i n '
Turning from the political world, I should ob^?-rve,
Prince Luigi, the King of Maples' brother,
han letely introduced steeple-chasmu. These
Itali;p gentleman, who surround royalty, imitate
ihe Knglith 1 a near as thev can. They get out
f>i'lit>h gr?<ni!<, and "Jem," "Fred," and
" Will," aie the real men, whilst the bearded
Imli'iim nwv tin- nn.Hrr ihev ale better at
fiddling arid dancing than at horse racintr. Tnere
is little gfint! on in the theatrical world, and y.
C'htlo is ' hard up," even to bankruptcy.
The thipping interest is brisk?we have considerable
arriv iIh of cotton twist and co il. A. Ion:? period
r?t" stagnation h;ib cau>-<-d a demand of mat rial for
home manufacture, and craft load home with
oil and fiuits. The public funds are on Hie rise.
The fives were at 110 before the revolution; they
then went down to 72, and h ivc? since t'l adiially
got up to }< "> and 96; and I have no doubt, before
ibis leper leach' H the United States, Neapolitan
fives will be bought at 100.
Amerlcuns Atiroait.
We have received tiie following from the gentleman
to whom the letter was addressed : ?
A'iknna, October 12, 1S19.
On the 6ih inst., 1 embaiked at Venice, in the
tteHmcr which lay off that city, to leave, ut twelve
o'clock at night, for Trieste. My passport was
placi d in the hands of the clerk, to present the
Austrian officers who came on board to examine
the character of the passengers. I had retired to
bed, and was enjoying a deep sleep, when, at teu
minutes to twelve, was rudely awoke, with an
orcer, iou mutt per up, sir, utiu go na anon'.
? Why must 1 po on shore 1" I asked : an'! was
answered, " Your passport is not in order." When
entered the saloon, tnere were about thirty passengers
standing around several Ati.-rrian officers,
and my appearance in my night-gown, together
with the knowledge that I wan an American, attracted
the attention of all. Addressing myself to
the mperior officer, 1 s.iid, " Why, .-ir, arn I in this
rude manner awoke from my sleep, when you hold
my passport, properly visfcd at Merun, in Tyrol, hy
the h gnett authority, through to Trieste! And
you certuinly know, eo long a* I am travelling in
Austria, on the road to Trieste, I am not to he detained,
or subject to ether vises?" He replied,
" You mutt have it vi-ed l?y the military commander
of Venice." ' No. sir," I replied ; "tint
is not incumbent on me. Venice is a part of Austria,
end my vise carries me through every city,
frcm Tyrol to Trieste." He replied, " We have
no time to discuss the subject. \ ou are del lining
the boat, and you must g? ashore at once." In the
mildest language I could use, 1 solicited him to
ihanj:e that decision ; that my business made it
very important for me to be in Trieste the next
day ; that 1 was not leaving Austria, but entering
iheir capita), where, if I was u suspected person,
ihey would have me completely in their power.
The order was again re|>eated?" Go ashore at
once." folding my arms, I replied, " i will not go
ashore, unless you compel me t? do so by using
brute force ; and wo to the hand that is placed upon
me. 1 am, cmrlemen, au American citizen, have
complied wiih all the laws ol Austria, have a pimrt
with every endorsement required, and, knowiii'
my lights, will maintain them ai every ^-acriliue.
A p< lineal outcast could not be treated worse; and
t you force me on shore. recoll?cl it will t?e an ex>
u.-ive Htlair to yon, nr.il one very annoying to ine.
lint ie member, if 1 leave this bo;u by your assault,
I will not leave Venice till full and complete inlUrnnilieation
is obtained. As the Ci nnil of t!ie
I'nited States has died with the cholera, I will tonioriow
morning despatch a courier to the American
stjusdron in the Mediterranean, and a ship of
^ ..1. .l. \* .. i. ?i :11 ._ _ c j 1 _
?> nr. w mi me 1 nonce ii.iit, ?in, in a l?ew cuyc, pre
at 'M it. to demttnd MIM for wo UIM* .<.1 inmlt
i llrrrd an AmericHn citizen; nml recNect,
win o Unit i. drrrs is demanded, it will beobt .incd,
r?r yon will hear such th'inder aa you have not
tii 11 rd finer the tall of Venice." Theotfiser a?ked
me t? jtjain show him iny pusapott Handing it to
turn, and alter npnin inspecting it, h<* aaul to hi*
companion, I do not know but what he is riijht !"
M hen tin* reply ww. " He not only is right, hut
he understands his rights.*' The passengers then
(pressed their opinion* thai my passport waa perfectly
correct The oflicrr, handing it back to mr,
raid: "you appear, air, to be a very clever spirited
traveller; you ma* go on, and I wish you a pleasant
l*?Mige," for which I tendered hun my thank*,
mil nr parted api>arenlly well pleased with our
mir. night interview ; but the opinion of all was,
" iIk > had waked up the wrong imMcnger." When
ihe (n ut hud cleared herself Troni the examining
Itoaid, and the < ngitiea were walking ?tl under n
Heavy piers c>t steam, there was a cheer from the
i*asi-nrer? of * I'iru la American*!" and they
fid " this is the fi r<st freedom of speech and action
t at ?e hue henrd or seen iince the Austrian* re*
n n',uered Waice."'
I have firm you thB foregoing partical.tr>, that
rou may know the feeling in Austria toward* the
:ii <?ns ?t ihe I niled Mates. The oflicers of the
overnn ent i-?y ibey will not forgive our government
ai d |*ople for the cont'uet we have pursued
n the Hungarian war, and the attempt to annny
ii' was tr?m vindictive politic 1 feelings
We ariivtd at Trieate the next morning, lonnd
lie rln l? la was i aging feartullv, an J left tn?t
[loamy i.lai e within a trw bourn for this city. Oa
he road lr? m Trie-ste, thousand* of Hungarian*
i ere marching ftirouth the mud for the army of
mly, with n moat destitute appear?nee, and the
ITiiiii of thrtr army, from general* down, were
brown Into the ranks aa common soldier*.
<*? rear king Vienaa, I endeavored to have niy
saport vi?rd tor limitary; but waa informed nether
my?elt nor any ot my countrvmen would be
llowert to viaii thai r? l?el|ious people. The history
t our nea spap* r publications, the c?urs? our go- ,
emm-n' had n?r?wd in seadiaga special agent to
icite the rebellious in ll'ingary, were ;??.?ign" d as
cause, and d< nounred ae bnng unworthy of a
nendly neutral n t.on I
Ihe hiit|#ror ia a tine looking young mm ol
b? nl twenty lie speaks eight d >trut I ttk'n iges,
ihich sre the nitiiilirr ?( < k- a by th* dif!*r? nt i?i>- i
le alio loim the Austrian hmntre, an-t lite r Kin.
Mir r? ii ii mriw Willi ml la tti# it n ?Ii\. .li.l~-?
Mr ?*t?lrour late < half' Jrt Jffatrr* al thin
<>urt. ban Irfl ?rry rieiatrd reimNtion h- rr, and
ii in bf regnttrd that he c ilu a<>i |uvr rr.
mined an wir ff?M?at?li?', I have rciv-d
?erjr plilnf** from our Conaul, Mr :*h?rarz,
ho win rd de-iroua, m the ahaeare if a d^loma
ic repre?? ?tati*e I torn the I'niied of
it ib hia |o*er to benefit American mt<r ?ta
\ oara. very trui*.
8n.a K. (
A?r?>~To? P?'?nn ?Th?* IVIjiaa Mir. ?tef of
le interior haa iuat pre?eute<l to iW Kmtr it* rr?
i thr rrcot ii? Th Ma
tten for each province, w ih the aun.twr of acrr*. 1
Im>, thr language rpoken, and the dta'rihutwa in>
rmplojrera ard rm|>loyed The total 11 inibef of
traona ia 4.:O7,I!*0; of lb' ?e al out a tbird ?(? <k
rmrh and \VaJI< ?>?,lhe othrr two-th rda H-*i?iah
Dd Dutch. In thr proviacea a?carat' Iv tk?-re ia
rneralljr a vaet eace?a ofeitSer r.*ce and li?ntiage; '
lit thf mott inifortant of ail, Hrabrnnt, ia an e*' pticn
to thia ruV. I.ike thr rmiilry m the a?rraaff,
thia pro ir.ce toiilili of one-th rd t'ranka
n?f twotliirda Te utoo?, rreakir( i f conrae their
tire 1angua#ra The Frank- are, g< ner?lljr?,*akiff,
more civJi/rd than thrlr n-mlil>or? Hiving
le iniiTirn*c advantage of th* Mt of a ffr*at liteiry
iHnguagrai* hen l?r ?'l trnveller?and ftn ianfM,
ley krrp nratl) all the ahopt and hotels, and eon'i'ient|y
have a larger intercourse with the w.^ld.
i iSelgium eterj tore maintain* three m?i; wealth,
? in Fiaci r, ia pretty e j>ully distributed ; the I
a/a of employer*, with thair famil e*. c< >nt? uf> (
mrly a third of the whole inhabitant*1
Iit.tmi um t)*r W 1
SriFoaf. ? I5ec?nt PUKd"'0'" of th? ch
i IT'm S^n'gal have. WW<il| to l? e?r? ,.i
>r? iTrd in Marseille*. hurt a Mlntory ertrrt An
?r *|>irita of n??nw*n? rbirft Km* Wain, who*
?lr? fiimd l?n kilnfn#tr*a hHow lH? WUnd ?1
t l,otMP, h?? folicitert treaty of ri>mwrt? ?riih
if Krfnrh, m hi* nw? name. Did in that nt ih?
iirft of l*afotia. Ilrfwio. Roman, and T?*d.
heir con nftiee prodiire ranlr, honey. r?W doit,
im, w**, and irrry. whirh ar? *?rh?nred for
i4?, f la???. brnrrfy, l? burro, and anw? The hin?m
rf W?lo ronfaina lh? lore* of Tairer. in
hirh the finrff flr;liaBt? and b*?t f?m troea are .
uitf. |
T>i? Kliariefct \V?y from Rn|l?nd to the
Wiit Imllm, Aiiatrnila, 4c.
Th<* t'Chrmr ?>( communication rtUtilu-hrd and
kfpl U|> by the Wrrt 11>(111 mail etrainrni in not <t
iritrr trim ninnihly nidil t<> Mini from the Jkiti?li
uliru itiaru f i>o??er*ioua, l>ut comiirehend* u wideH
r?-ad Atlantic communication between Europe
and the French, Datnxh.Sv tnith, and l>utch West
India colonuwith tin ir-land of Hayti, Mexico,
the Ontral Arii**ric m States ol Nicaragua, Yucatan,
Cceta 1> tea, Venezuela, Columbia, and via
Cbifrri and Panama with New Grenuda, California.
Ecuador, IVrti, Bolivia and Chili,
""i- >-? r ii u <U.
mr I (* mil iir* t i i (UiMiiia ID H"W ui
great hi^h road for truffle to and from the \vh?!e
of the wi stern coatts of both North and South
Afsumiog that from the Isthmus of Panama to
England should be considered a main trunk line,
my from Chngrt s to Southampton, we find the existing
lOUtCS as follow to:?
Milti. Simmer stops.
Cbagrea to Carthagem iSO 1 day.
C'anliagrna t* kirg?to? (Jamaica) 470 2H daja.
Jamaica to Jacanrl (Hattl) 2.15 l* 4*y.
Jacuiel to San Juan (I'crto Klco). . 3fcS '? day.
1'nrto nloo to St Thomas t>6 1 daya.
St Tboaii* to Kajal 2,219 1 day.
Kaval tc Southampton 1.373
Total distance, Isthmus to Southampton, 5,080
miles, occupying 32 to 85 days, including the stoppegf-s
above referred to.
One glance ut this statement of the indirect route
and lieijuent stoppages of the royal mail steamers,
will lolly account for the reason why American
steamer* taking a direct route, a* follows, are enabled
to anticipate them : ?
( baicre* to Jamatoa. iiiilea 3
Jan aira to New Vork 7
Nb* York to Liverpool 1J
Add for detention at Jamaica 1
AtervKc detention at Now Vork. by reason of inturu.tui?te
arrirald 3
Total. <'ba#rea to Liverpool, na Sew York 2<i
or a laving in time ot from aeven to ten djvs
It cannot, therefore, br astonishing thit the New
York route is prelerred. What pausen2''r would
not wish to shorten his sea voyage a week or ten
The West India ttearnerB leave Chug res with :in
average freight of 1.000,000 dollars (t'rei|ieutly
more) forKngland. This amount may be expected
t-roitiy to be very much au^meateu by tne supplies
of u?Jd from ihe Culitornnui mines Cud it t?e exptt'U-il.
therefore, that the merchants, owning sucu
valuable remittances, wiil permit th? ir treasure to
be thioptd by the W?t India 8 tea me re, which,
with ihtse large sams on board, stay idling by t ie
way a day at Cartbsgenu; two, three, ami soinetimeB
f?ur days at Jamaica; a quarter of a day at
Havti and Porto Rico; twodiys at >St. Thomas,
and so on, when the insurance risk is greatly increased!
And is it not natural to expect that the
New York route, so much shorter an 1 more rapid,
will completely supersede the present West India
plan <>f intercourse with the isthmus, unit s:; uu alteration
be speedily arid ell't dually applied ?
A remedy may be devised whereby the whole of
these evils might be removed, and the trtllie now
almost entirely lost to or leaving the West India
MetniMs completely restored, if they were permitted
to take a direct route us follows :?
( bagret to St. Th' taan. miles 1,120
St Tbrraaft to Kajral 2,349
Kajal to Southampton 1.373
The total distance from Chagrsi to Sovthampton
would l>?*. say 4 742
And the distance pared tnus?
Chacres to Southampton. ila Jamaica. lacmel.
Porto liieo. St. Thomas. and l-'ajal 6,080
Chaste* to Southampton, vta St. Thomat and
Kay a] 4 742
By employing steamers ?f the Cunnrd class, a
fortnight or ten day? would be the real saving in
time, while the New York route would he surpassed
in regard to the economy of time eflected.
The only alteration in the present arrangements
necessary to guard against a derangement in the
intercolonial service, would be the necessity of
having a branch steamer to bring up mails from
f?an Juan, Nicaragua, Carthagena, Jamaica, Sco.,
to ^t. Hicmas, there to ineet the direct steamer
from Chairres:?
The route outward to the isthmus pursued by
thrar steamers is still more objectionable ana
lr-ngtliy, t.nd if pricked out on the map, will probably
e.\cite a unile; it is as follows:?
K'tithnirptrn to Madeira. 1.2H7 steamer r tops half a Jay.
>'?dftrn t< Barbadoe-. . .2 ?10 OM <Uy.
Iiarhadoe* to Bt. Thomas. 420 " quarter of a day.
St. Thrman to Porto Kico 64 '
I'cito it loo to lacmrl. . .. 3S3 " 9ai d?y.
Jacniel to Jamaica " ?u? iUy.
Jamaica to Santa Martha 440 " quarter af a day.
Santa Martha .to t'artbaR*na
106 " half a day.
Cartbigfca to Chacrea... 280 "
Total distaste A.SAO miles
From Southampton to the istbnuis. occupying !15
to i;tidays, w h* n, it the principle <>t a through or
trunk line, via St Thomas, were adopted, to which
other lines should be tributary. the distance would
be 4.74*2 miles, occupying 22 or 21 days, thus
etlectitifr a saving in distance of 1,108 miles, nnd
10 or 12 days in time, which would be principilly
accomplished by the fewer *topi>?gea and su;>erior
speed of steamer* under the new regulation* thus
In a national point of view, Great Britain ean
fiiiord that the advantages of a comnuiaicatiao
primarily < pent d and established by herself, and
f Mx ntial to her own mercantile prosperity, should
be diveried info another and rival chanael.
Vnlew aonie alterations are made, the Knglifh
steamers, compared with the American ships, will,
in railway parlance, be merely clow parliamentary
trains nirnii.g sgaipst express mails.
That this climax is likely to result, may be ga.
the red from the immense effort* now rmiking by
the Americans to increase mid extend their mercawile
steam marine. The building y?rd* of
New Vork are filled with stupendous steamers in
course of construction: and already many have
commenced running. The line of attaints between
Panama and San Francisco has been eminently
successful. The same may b>- said ol the
vessel* running in conjunction with them on this
side ?f the isthmus from C'l.agresto New York.
Th* ritlfn i.llj.fl Inn, h*iriien an/1 1 lilnl h.......
power, Mie sailed from Near York, no h?-r tirst
to;?(r,OR the 2>>th ol September, and returned oa
the ]5ih of October, full of passengers, nnd with a
considerable amount of specie. The Georgia, a
sifter ship, linearly ready for sea. and the other
three are preparing. All these *hi|>a are to atttin
a speed of t leven knotf, and will hara acc?iunio.
datlon for 2."<> passengers.
Tbia subiect acquires additional import ince, and
the necessity of an independent trunk line to the
Isthmus of I'anHma (to which the other lin^a
shoald be feeder*,) and which should he carried
out by steamships of greater power, is the more
apparent when tykm in connection with the di?>
position of the government to extend steam communication
to South Auatralia and New XeaUnd
by wny of Panama, in preference to the enginally
contemplated route vii Soiihampton, Alexandria
and Sincapore. from the latter of which places tha
IVninaular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company
iropoaed to extend their line to the Austraiitn
ana New Zealand porsa It is understood that the
government will shortly he prepared to receive
tendera for conveying these maila by either of the
two routes referred to. The respective distances
i.rr rtnmtiiru r a nearly f? poMioie a* toiiowa : ?
iithmi i or if i* rOi it.
lontkunptotto (Jlbraltar. mUri 1 I'D
i Ibrnltur t? Malta 1 o:!J
.V?lta to Alrtaadrte IM
AWiandrU to Aden 1.600
AU? tnOjIoa ? 160
In f>r?a?* . 1.200
r*aa*( to (Hapaporr. Mil
R*fp< r* to Ua'avta 600
Ba'ufU In Torr?? fttralta S 400
Tvrrm StraiU to 1 MK>
Trial floutbaBpton to Rydaay 13 2M
To whirh field?
to Tc.rt Nicholson (N?? Zealand)... .1.100
VakiPft a toUl of 14 4**
frrm KnclMd to Australia aa<l New /wind
The | rrprnt *oyau?* Irom Southampton lo Singapore
occupie# forty-nine or titty day*, and ajppoai?tr
the ten>ain^rr of the distance to br performed
l>? ateamera, at an averatc minimum apeed of
right knot*, tlie total *oya?e would occupy, inehidipf
ti>p|.?ijra. ray eighty to ei|thtr-four day*.
The i'lmtni route would ?t ind time?
oathawttoa to Fayal 1.4*1
lajal to Mt Tknaw 2 to
*t rh ma* to i ha?ro? 1 1/0
hMM to Tahiti 4.4?0
Tahiti to Tort Mnt?M?on (New Zealand) 3 200
Port N leholeoa to Sydney 1.200
*r nthampton to Port Nlrhol?o? aad Sydney.12,7?2
The diatancea uecd aa above from Pantma to
Ativtralia. are not calculated for the fTest circle,
hut the ahorlert distance, on the truck which a
termer w? aid probubly pnreue. Preauming the
royage from Somhami>ton lo the Itthmui of Pantma
to oceupT twrnty three day*, and that the dialance
fr? m Panama be acfompliahed at an averse
ff-ra 11 eiRni ?noi* ^an auowea to me ateamere
Irt'in Minteiore) and allowinf for the nereaeary
?topf**ea, the tpyogf throughuot would be perr<
rmr J i? mty-rlilit to n ventr-two Hnja, or on
hetnvace tr?>m Kngland to New 7>iUnd Hud
Australia showing a M*ing of mile* in di?lanre,
nod of ten to thirtren day* in tin*. The difIcnltif"
ard danger* of the nunpunon are far leni
when contracted with the danger* and intrionriea
>f the navigation from Singapore t? Pjrdeejr,
northward of Australia, inclndingth* roaata of
VfW Guinea. Porneo, Timor, and Torre# Srmita,
ahirh would >>?*e to he trarerwd by the ateatnert j
rnneitfd with the Sort rcheM 1
" JUJ aBr-.r- z~r~ '< "M! l?ii.. '
Europe IV Hmill Ptrtfrtphi,
\V> undrrfrtatidgja) a ihr London Ttmtt, that *
i< > ! I coii niir*.on for inquiring into the brat uud?*
'I currying out tb? exhibition cf luduotnr of all
Nation*, in lfcjl, wiHthortly be i*t>ufd,iin(i ia likely
to coiimm of hrjjba <>t |>a>ties and interest*,
niemtwis oj the |>reaetit and late administrations
representative* of agriculture, art, fccience, mer>h?niMt
vi.rl ri>:ir.ufartiir?M.
The urtiniiifc of no anciest Hiitish villapf have
been ditcovered on Wie crt-kt of u tange of hills ut
Wtybourne, iifMr Hclt They consist of a collection
of pit*, each four feet in depth and eight in
diameter, cxtendio* upwards of a quarter of a
mile, aid u pulli-hral tumuli iu the neighborhood,
forming the burial pWe of the aboriginal tribe.
The Dublin L'vmitg Faiktt mentions a rumor
that miniMers intend to visit Ireland with the income
tax, and a two shilling rate-in-aid. The report
if, dotihtlefs, intended to pive ? fillip to the
Protectionist movement set on foot by the Irish
The ftrtnhiy Titntk states the government of
Denial hut- i lleied a pr./e of 5,000 rupees for the
invention of a ^ood and tconotnical machine to tej
arate the cattou wool of liidia from its seed.
A letter from Housn (Dec. 12) says that large
khii mrntn of potatoes are in progieas for the British
Aocoun's from Norway state that the nation il
manufacturer, cotton tannine, weaving, <Vc., are
liiiprm ing and extending.
A Magyar journal i?ued at Pesth officially contradict*
the assertion iazarded by Vienna journals,
that Kosiuth hud secured a euhi of ?200,000 iu
Erglat.d in cute of Hij:ht.
.Amongst the "dnuik and disorderlies" broug i'
up ut the police ofiica, in London, was the sou >
Lord Bannatyne, who was mulcted in the usu !
fill e of i>S.
The only t\y> officers now alive, who commanded
ships at th?bdttle of Trafalgar, are Sir K. Codriiigu
ii h:id fcir Bladen (Ja;>el.
A German writeripbserves, in a late volume on
the ic cial condition of Great Britain?"There is
tu( h a scarcity of diieve- in Luglind, that they
are < bliged to olleftt reward for their discovery.
The Paris papers Kate that more than 2,000,000
copitsof the well-known print representing the
death, on the burri*Hd< s of June, 18-48, of the lata
Archbishop ol i'aru; have been exported to foreign
f-rcni all parts of tlie continent, north and south,
ea?t and wesl, Rome, Sweden, Berlin, Arc., accounts
continue to he received of unusually heavy
falls of snow. In Silesia it lias not been so deuso
lor ii Huy years.
Tlie Austrian government has purchased the
railroad between V lenna and Pesth for 8,000,WO
florins, to be naid by instalments of from eit>ht to
ten years, and to be rated at an interest of four per
The Austrian exhibition of national industry is
postponed to tlie year 1352, because the exhibition
which is toti.ke place 111 London of specimens of
manufacture from every part of the world, is fixed
for lt-51, and which will therefore clash with that
The Bomf>"y Timet stite, tint working models
of railway#, locomotive engines, nnd electric telegraphs,
Imve been ordered from England, for the
use of a Mahnratta etivereign, the (Juicowar,whose
curiosity has been aroused by what he has heard
of these European wonders, to such a degree that
he could not he sati>fi< d with what he could learu
from books and pictures.
Tha Vienna papers state that during the snows
the Eirn eror has been amusing himself with shooting
wild boars. The quantity of this black game
( lain at tin bunues in the neighborhood of Vienna,
haainade this ilesli almost as plentiful as butcher's
Negotiations have been commenced with Russia
for tlie establishment of telegraphic lines in various
The jlUnitcvr announces that the President of
the republic has recovered from his iadisj>osuion,
which was merely a bad cold.
Sir Christopher Kawlinson is appointed Chief
Justice of the Court of Madras, in the room of Sir
Jenies E. tJambier, who retires after a very long
service on the bench in India.
Mr. John Lawless is appointed her Britannic
Majesty's Consul for the Island of Martinique.
The Vice President Ot the republic has informed
the Minister oi? Public Works that he does not intend
to occupy the Hotel du Petit Luxembourg,
which had b?.en placed at his disposal.
Central itostolan has arrived in Paris Irom
Kerne, utconip-inied by an aid-de-camp.
Letters from Berlin to the <?ih ult., to the Congne
Unzillt, state that a military convention beween
Prussia and several of the smaller States,
of which Brunswick is one, has been concluded.
The ll'in*Svrg Carrrtponrfent says that the Count
Praodt itbtirg has resigned Ins post as President of
he Prussian Cabinet, and thit M. de Man te utile
will be elevated to that position.
The t!es|>atch containing the protest of Austria
auaiii?t the f? nii^iu'it el' th limited federative
State, reached Berlin 011 the 4th ult. It is entirely
to the same effect a? the confidential desiutch
communicated to M. de Prokesch, on the 1st of
The degree of LL D. has been conferred by the
I niverbiiy of Glasgow on the Kev. W. II. Stowell,
Theological Protestor of Kotherh&in College.
Negotiations are s'ill carried on between Prussia
und France Mating to the abolition of the
Rkni dori, tad olbn qacstions affecting the r> 1vigation
ol that river. The PriMsisn Bovernmeat,
it ap|>ears, have resolved to undertake the line of
railway from Pusen to Brtslau.
The manufacturers tn Spitulfields sre in a better
position than for seme lime past.
ThenJ are 570 prisoners in Clonmel jail, of
whom 67 are convict*. Whit between prisoners
and calipers, the rate-payers are neatly eaten out
ui nousr itnu iiome.
Thr city of Kutag* i? spoken o( ns being d??
lined lor (hr accommodation of the Hungarian tin I
Poliib rrlatfrri. The French tl<*et it still lying oil
Yurla, while (he Fnglifh squadron lies at B<*sici.
Thr rumor that the Busman fle?t wa* being piid
t ff prov?s to be unfounded?on the contrary, that
fleet i? still lvinc ofi Se?tu|>ol, and great activity is
being displayed in the dock* o| Cherson and Nicolajew.
lluasian troops have been desj>atched to the
Caucasus and Georgia.
From Messina, letters report general dulneaa in
trade. The oil market waatirm, owing to the a<;couuts
receivrd from Knglaod ol an advance in
prices, and the ri?in<md had improved. In oiher
articles the inquiry waa contiucd to home consumption.
The firrt free school established In Berlin, by a
T r l.dler, h is been MMTeaard bf IMVf of the police.
He is prohibited from re-opening it, und>*r
lain of fine aod tmpriionm* nt.
From Konigsburg advica of the 1st ult. give
hopes of the release of the shi n which had been
frozen tip in that harbor. The weather had become
worm, and the river was partially freed from
It was confidently asserted in Rome that the
Spaniah tr?K>|? would, at the direct request of lAe
To|>?, remain in Italy, and would form the garrison
if Home until the I Ionian army should be
completely rrganized.
The F.atlof Munster ia making a tnur to Kgypt
and the Holy l.and. Hi* lordship ia expected to
return to Kngiand aeit month.
The Belgian Montlntr announces officially th it
in consequence of the death of the t^'ieen Itowager
of Fnclnnd, the King of the Belgian* has rone
to mourning lor two months, from the tfth nit
le tters from the Kusaiaa ptovioee* of the Baltic
state the military resources are doubled, and put
upon a complete footing of war.
The Austrian go?emm*nt has just called on the !
publishers of the Vienna journ* Is to deposit, within
thirty days, the caution money ol 10 000 florins,
(2ft,!H*if ) r> ,uire<1 by the |?w of 1 uh March; bat i
the publishers cemi lain loudly of this, as a need|e??
aggravation of the severity of the state of I
siege. I
A few of the Roman nobility return to their paluces,
hnt liome . ?1 ti 11 beyond example. Oat of I
the JIO.OOii stranrers who uaually a re seen at this
Nina, H 1,000 have arrived.
The rule i f France in Algeria is extending. I
Pmrc the fall of Zaatcha. a tribe of Arab*, called '
Calrd-Anievi.!*n*Feradj, ha* been defeated, and
another tribe liaa made *ubmi?*ion, ao that lha colony
promise* to become extenaive.
The provincial state* of Overya*el hare voted the
mm <>f atHUAOf. for making a'canal from Zw<>ll?
to A lni< no.
There i* a report of another joint note of the four
German kingdom* (Hanover, Saxony, Havana,
and WirtemHerg). and of Au*tria, affainat the a*eemblirg
of the tierman parliament at Erfnrt.
Palermo lettera Mate that buainea* w?a dull, p%rticularlv
daring the pact month Abuadant rain
had lallen. which had greatly benefitted the crop*.
The eflect* of the preriou* drought had been tomewhat
The liiet of Paxe Obnrg Goth* h i* been dissolved,
aad the okienhnrg one pr??rogn<?d, in c?naeqoen<e
ol it* rrluaal to aaneuoa the accaaion of
that duchy to the tnnne confederation. Mini-tera
have resigned m matt*
The new county jul oflhnta (Kagland) being
rrmpleud on Hmr?d?y, tne tow remaining prisoner*
in |ihe old jail Were removed to the new one.
AnnTi?t tl ?m waaon* (a debtoi), William Mil er,
ImiumIjt of <i?ri*t ( huri h, enbin?t m*ker, who
bad lm a iu ctafiixmeat ilwYtytive year*! he v
htvicg hern ccmniltted on the Sd of December'
1M4 The old man wu* very loth to exchange hi*
ulrt apartment*, and w?? actually carried out ot the
jail to ihe cairiuge which whs to convey hiin to
the new prison
In Gallcia, hr well ?h in the German portions o'
Hungary and li?<ht mia, the peasants all but sen?*
rtjly relute to pay any indemnity to the landed proprietor*,
for the abolition of certain feudil dues,
and op|k< hehy force nil attempts to. raise it. Sericub
conflict* have uruen in various ;?au.
The J^econd Clumber of Havana has amoved
of ihe bill lor raiting u loan of seven millions of florin*,
for covern t? the eiptnses necessitated by the
events of the ye>ir.
M. H'Hnnti oul. form^rlv ?\f ? .....i ?-- -f
-y ' / "? ui. uio,auii uiivic u*
G^iurul Miiiihier of War, died ai Tou(ous?
in the bfcili year of tils age.
Uf neral Caitelbajac will be successor of General
Lunioiiciere at f't. IVter*bu.-<?h. M de la Cour U
spoken of as \rry likely to be ii.-nied Minister Plenipotentiary
i<> V in n<t. It wat. this ^ntlenian w>>"
was kent by M dt- L inartiue to the same capital,
in.mediately after the revolution of February.
It appears that the bases u|>on winch Denmark
n< w endeavors 10 conclude peace, are the extension
of the Danish territory MB lar as the Elbe,
whereby the duchies will become a second Ahmet
to Germany.
A new te lepra i>h company has been recently
formed, under the f?im of House, Brett pjid Wiliner,
who, it is sa;r!, are to introduce their form ot
telegraph into various countries; Mr. Howse, who
is hit American, to have the sole minaaement of
he bnpinens tn tin- United States; Mr. Brett over
. c iiticent of Europe; and Mr. Wilmer in EngV
I- am that a recent trial from LondoQ
v d t? he eminently successful.
ws are In custody, in London,
- i n engraver to forge llussiac
bi.n.\ i i iut of ?150,000.
The nnient is abandoning itr
manufacti.i i iiieiy.
With a view to discourage eimWiair in Midrid,
the names of all oer?ons found in gambling h?usee
by th? police of that city are regularly published in
the official Uaztttt.
Accounts from Tuscany state that the prter?tr
have commenced prosecutions nt'im.-t two printem
l of Florence for li iving under the republic printed a
translation of the New Testament in It.i!nn.
In the sitting of the Legislative Chamber of
Bavaria on the 14th, the important question of the
emancipation of the Jews was carried by 01 against
10. Two Roman Catholic priests were among tht
The Akhbar of Airier?, of the 2Dih, announces
the arrival m that city of Mr. James Richardson,
on his way to explore the interior of Africa. His
undertaking, wlr.ch lakes place under ih<? ausiices
of the English government, is to be partly scientific,
party commercial
Accounts from Rome of the 8th state, that the
contracts for the provisions of the French army
have bt<n lenewt d tot three months.
General Herbillion has just sent to Pari* three
Arab standards, which were taken by the French
after the assault of Zaatcha. They arc to be
( laced in the Invalids.
The Minister of Commerce has charged M. Th
Man ,iu, Kfmntltiv* of the people, to" proceed tc
Belgium to ascertain the progress made in t^ecuN
tnation and manufacturing of flax. M. Mareau is
a chief of an important manufactory at Montague
M. Alphonse de Luforest has just been appointed
Consul of France at Porto Kico, in place of M. Vilamus.
The Constituhonncl publishes a letter denying c
statement in a letter from Algiers, and published
in t< me of the public papers, to the effect thai
amongst the defenders of Zaatcha were found some
deserters of the Foreign Legion. The letter ie
signed by several oilicers of that cori?.
The steamer Commodore. Capt. Little, the pioneer
of Mr M'lver's now line, sailed from Liverpool
for Havre on Saturday, the 22d ult.
The Schwabiuke Makur hes letters from Rastadt,
of the 4th inst., stating that the Prussian
Hhine arn.y is be ing placed on a war footing.
The onricnunt of Kastadt, too, is being revised.
The h'flntr Ztilutt/f publishes a teh graphic despatch
from Vienna, of the 6th ult , stating that tt?e
Minister of War has sent an order to the Austrian
troops in Theresienstad', in Bohemia, instructing
thern to prepare to march to Saxony within fouraud-tw
tniy nours.
in. men, tne Austrian Minister, will remain ir
The IMwl says that there is a report at Pesth,
that thHt city is to have a Russian garrison, and,
improbable hs that may be, yet it obtain* d.ul>'
greater credence. I
The Itaiish Commissioners enquired ia rt?e TV.1*lin
negotiations for |>e.ice have arrived in Haat- '
burgh, on their way to the Prussian capital. Their
namea are Harons 1'echlin, Heetdz, and Scheel.
The Emperor of Austria has ordained that all
those persons who, having been seuieaced to a,
yeur's imprisonment tor ixJiitical crimes, have already
suffered half the puuishm'-nt, and have by
their behavior while in nri9on shown themselves
worthy of mercy, should be liberated.
Tlie Connies* of Lnndsfeld, (lx>!a Mo?tes,) acroinpauiea
by her lim-b-nd, Mr. H>ald, emt??rk-?'
at l!arctlon:i, on the Uh, for Cadi/, in the Old
The Sthttrfam Courant says that the sitting ic
ot the lhaw baa rn ,? i:ed itie unvijatiou of tlr
Ma* r, though there is still much drift ice. Several
vessrU whirh w>-ie ic--*>nuad immcditlely took
advantage of this, and left the harbor.
/t Wnns, several arre<t? have taken i litre, the
garrison is under order*, and public places directed
to be closed at an early hour.
On Sunday, the King of th" Di-litan? entered
his COth year. Thr public buildings of Hrusselr
*ere Hi eked w.ih Hugs, ihe lu lls o? the churches
rung joyful |w 'Is, a 7. luuw wus c: !< br.ited at the
cathedral, and ihe sinll ul the Civic Otiard had a
grund banquet.
The armistice wuh iJenmark has been prolonged
iv iur vi iiinicii.
letter* from Tnnn. of the llth, atate that the
mult of nil the election* ia now known, with the
exception ot thv*e of tin* l?la>id oi Sardinia. The
g<>vertmentahaa a Urge majority.
We under^ind thut an it.th' ntial denotation
rec?ntly waited uj>?>n Lord Palinera'on, in refcrrncr
to the fro1' ?M .'.tmiidnuiii'n' ?f the Afncm.
i op at blockade t y France and Great DriUin.
Anoncft thr gentle men }>reacut, were *ir K. login
and Mr E. F Huxton
Madame Arhan, the wife of the celebrated
aeronaut, wboae nieUacliolv fate ia already known
to our reader*, haa arrived at Madrid, to fulfil ac
engngt tnent m* red into by her late hunbind previoua
to tua la*> aaci-nt. The intrepid Udy will
Khortly carry out Una engagement.
Negotiation* have been entered into between
Krani r and Turkt v, !<>r inr conclusion ol a treaty
of extmdition. A ?<milar treaty already exiata hetweeo
France and Ireland, ihe I'nitrd
11?- rnm'K for whi - *tr < .non mny (>e demanded
l?rt*>en Franc an-l the Porte, are?murd'-r.
fobkery, forgetv. fraudulent bankruptcy, rape, anc.
bigamy It CmuiioI, in un* ca?e, tx? demanded for
political oHeBr?-? The old arrangementa between
France and th? Pt>rte h id not provided fur the
ditlerent ^Nttioia of extradition, of which th?
tribunal* ? t lh?* couth i?t Franc * have long d?
manded the a<>lation. The French conanla an I
ater.t- the levant have all for aome year* declared
that a new arrangement waa nreeaaary.
The ' - K.. I ?< f M.I.
nit , 11tunic that France and England intend to re*">rr
the liannh iin prtncunlilten to thr ntate wh'ch
?l>*y rp oyid before the l>'uti^n inraai >n. Th<*
Kr>itli?h fleet m oun?e<]<iently prepaiing to y?t?R? tbw
winter nt Bcmm.
T^tt^r* from Venice of thr 17th n't announce
that th?* liali.n Tjrol is to be united to the I.ouiImrdo-Venetian
The mrmhfri of the royal f?miiiea ol KofUnd
nd llwnovrr h?*r proteMed, a* mfulfl ot th"
Houre ol Krun?wi<k, agam-t thr proponed amalgamation
of thr Kruanwick with tlw t'rmaian
miliary force. The proteel ha? hern referred to
Krankfott, where it will be t?k*n up hy the interim.
Thr Moitaj. i;?**iNi or (?r?r*\ :# V/.m ? A
Irttrt fmn I'pwlt t>l th? 24th ult , rutei that th?
I likn of l.nnt (loth* nnil I >?|e< alria, now MndenH
It tl.e I'aivernity of I (Mala, bring d- >irom <>| #eemgthe
mortal ri inn > n? ?( (tunlavun I. ('>a?ta*uVtM)
of Uwedra, which are deposited in one ol
ihe vnulta of thr i'athedral of that city, the marbln
-arcophagnn cantaining the body wm opened br
rirtur ot a n(? r ial mii 'i >ri/ati0n of tin* King. ?>1
ihe body of the treat monarch nothing remain#
mt the skeleton: but all (he clothe* (of the ancient
-I nni?h cntuni ) are intact, ?n<l preserve a certain
frenhnewi Thene girment# are uf velvet an<:
ilk, with gold and nilyrr brocade. The crown,
't I ire, ili? ir'ol'e. and th>> ornament* of the nca'v>ard
enclosing til* royal sword, and the baicklen o(
if puuirs ?pn ?re i>l hne nn I rm?!M?e gold,
ad I'mtly adorned w ittk (trciou* Mom.
Java ? Armum* tn<m .1 ?ip lo tb?? 0??
her, is the i >?>'?'! journal*, etate that th*<Jo?eri
( ? t.rrni hrtO rii -iio a toynf to Horaeo an I
eleb??, unil w?? r*fr?wh?rf rerei.ed wiihefil
In- inr' ' ? hy th* >MK t?lit nwh<i r* ??
Ml th'ir dev. r. tin'?? to ih>* i ' itrh govern
r>ept. Aii expedition aimnM the in?arif> r>t? ol
a'emhang (^un^'r.i) hud oM*m?d ?'/n?l ?!<?
> Th?- l n rh i'?i?'<-d the N-ilinn of Teriete
in redeem* (tie inamgeata of the l?l<* of
diifc ri n ; e.iil their n?- ?Mnc.? hud he-n demanded
> ih# I ' w i i i?.?r i.nhie, an<( the c::iel?ot th?"
uuictfcf Btiilur

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