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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 02, 1850, Image 2

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?> (or Eaevern New Mexico) to submission |
force 4: m. As soon as intelligence of these j
events r-\jMc>Va?hington, the two Texan Senatort
tecjKio^liave materially modified jhe course |
which they hud previoutly pursued. Up to that |
time they had supported the Compromise bill, t
which proposed to t uy otf their claims of territory |
by a payment in money to an amount of not lees j
than ten millions of dollars. On learning, however, j
the decided step uj>on which the New Mexican
Assembly had ventured, they appear to have become
alarmed lest their light to compensation
should be injuriously aflected by proceedings which
were evidenily giounded on the assumption that
tanta Fe was not a Texan dependency at all. Accoidmgly
they at once declared war against that
imrt oi Mr. Clay's measure which related to New
ult xico; and their hostility was the more important
from the tenderness with which the whole
South is known to guard the interests of Texas as
the nursing mother of half-a-dozeu future slave
States^ On the 30th ult , Mr. Dawson, the Senator
from Georgia, moved, as an amendment to the
earlier cluueeh of the bill, that the o|>eratiou of th'*
Territorial Government which they constituted iu
New Mexico t-honld be confined to the districts
west of the Rui Grande, i. e., to Western New
Mexito. This amendment, which retained Santa
Fe in its dei>eiidenee on Texas, was carried by the
votes of the Texan Senators, anted by those from
the South and South west, and by the faw from
the North who are systematically infavor of every
thing which w ill embarrass a compromise that is
condemned as disadvantageous to the sacred cause
?f free soil. On the next day, luly 31, Mr Pearce
?f Maryland, a professed friend of the measureafter
pointing out lhat th virtual effect of the
amendment carried the d v before would be to empower
the scanty settlor west of the Rio Grande
to make liiws for the uch more numerous population
dwelling east o' the river?moved that so
much of the lull as ;elated to New Mexico should
be stnii k out, on the understanding that the cl iuse*
removtd should tie re-introduced m their eriginal
form, and Without Mr. Dawson's proviso.
This course, which was rendered necessary
by the n;cde of procedure in the Senate,
?ti ms strar lie enough, but its results were still
stranger. Mr Peaice's first motion, to eliminate
ilie clauses bearing reference to New Mexico,
was readily carried. His second proposal,
to restore the claases as they originally
stood, was rejected?ihe supporters of Mr. I>awson's
amendment Voting against him to a man.
The moment that the general scheme of the measure
had thus been docked of its principal ingredient,
the Senate seems to have been carried away
by a movement resembling that lmjietuous rush of
men or buflaloes in oue continuous straight line
wbuh, in the language of the prairies, is denominated
a " stampedo. With brief intervals of
debate, and amid exhibitions of the utmost levity,
the clauses relating to the payment of money to
Texas, those referring to the pursuit and recovery
of fugitive negroes, and finally those constituting
Calitotnia a State, were successively rejected by
decisive majorities. Nothing was eventually left
but the portion w hich gave a government to the
eolony establish* d by the Mormon-* on the Great
Salt Lake. I he result will probably furnish the
successor of Joe Smith with the text of a truculent
homily. We must hold him excused if he
preaches that the heathens are about to exterminate
each other in internecine combat, and that ihe
re mini nt of Israel in lieseret will shortly he called
to take possession of the American world and of
the fulness thereof.
Bi'i he more ho(*-ful of the American journals are
venturing to anticipate that the hill, in its mutilated
state, will be sent down to the House of Representatives,
which will restore the omitted clauses,
and rtmit them to the higher chamber for acquiescent
e. Our caution will not suffer hs to be betrayed
into a prediction; but we cannot help seeing
that this is exactly one of the matters in which ths
lower House, returned by the collective population
?I the Union, will scarcely be permitted to dictate
to the Senate, which represents tke aggregiteof the
State*. On the other hand, difficulties oi all kinds
are accumulating, and it seeim. incredible that either
house of Congress will be willing to adjourn without
scnie kind of provision ioi their setilement.
The Texan militia arc positively stated to be
marching en New Mexico, and nothing that we
htve lately heard leads us to attach a Might importance
to the explosion of discontent which will
inevitably fo'low .the announcement in California
of the Senate's decision. The worst symptom of
all to disclosed by the altered tone of newspaper
controversy in the older States. It is hard to t>elieve
that the actional antipathies of North and
South, which serm 10 have gained fourfold their
ancient intensity in the single week between the
beginning of August and th? departure of our intelligence,
will exhale during the winter in nothing
nn re serious than words.
Ttic Balance of Power In Euro|>e anil
America.
('rem tta> London Timsi August 30 1
M xiiiik relating to the baUnce of power in
hurope, domed originally from the astuie politicians
of Jialy, still forma portion of the learning
uid the faith of statesmen even of the nineteenth
century. The diplomatists of the present day are
daily ?ccui ied in the tank of keeping the various
powers of l.urope in that relative order which, by
rtaii).) inrr.t, has tie* n for some years p ist established
iinmiigst them; and every minute encroachment
or change ii viewed with extraordinary jealousy, is
always opposed, and generally prevented. Hut
v* hlle 11||? superabundance of snutioa is bes'OWed
u|?>n the balance of |>ower in Europe, the due arrangement
of it, as res|iects the world at large,
wruld appear not to came within the sphere of duty
eel>-in.p??rd u, on I.uropean statesmen. Iu.lt td, to
them huroi? would t>ecm to be (he world; beyond
its I nuts liny a|<|>ear to think that there is no
chance of a dangerous power arising, aid consequently
no reasou for tear with res ect to .tny dominion
nhich now exists, or is likely to exist, in
any other quarter of ihe globe. This, pevtriheleas,
is a very dangerous opinion. If, at the present
moment, we listen to the language of tfitfsc
who, on the contint nt of Kurojw, ur< deemed great
authorities, we discover that their minds are_posm
*? <! b) one dominant fear their eyes are fixed
u terror (M>n the great Northern potentate, ami
tbey s|t?k of the overwhelming dominion of
Kussia as the ev? r immineni nl over the freedom
and destinies of the world Tlwre is a pirtyaUo
among ounrlvrs, sharing in these alarms and di
mat expectations of mischief, and who, like their
cmtinentul contpeers, are so completely occupied
with this one idea, and so pertini.ctously confine
thetr atteiitii n to European combination: alone,
that they rati see mi danger which threaten* from
?>ther quarters i'hey pay no attention to rales of
..riiKii ngn ,-,1117 1 r <?IU llunU l>/ ?IIV I 1"IUITJ
not European, and i? rmit without heaiurion maumpootii-10
1* made respecting territories beyond
theee ^|M*rml lidijif, wkirli they would not tolerate
fvr 1 moment if put forth with rrtf tnl to any l.niniM.n
Sin'r, no matter hew inaignificant.
Theae ob?er>ati<>n? are e'lguened by the correari
nd'-urr which ha* lately i t-a-d between ^ir
l?nry I'.ulwtr and the cabin* t of WHahinutoa,
with r? fcrence to a treaty which w.m tuppnaed to
have been entered into by Mr. <h*trKld, on the
part of hnglaad, wjih thf !*titri of Yucatan and
(oMallica, the auppoa? it purport of such treaty
bring to rou?ti'ii'e hnglund the protector of the*1
two Mate* With the co re?por?dence itwlf we
hnteun fault to find, neither <io we object to
the conduct * hit h it deaenhea I ngl?nd to ha\e
pwrailed, or with the m?*im? laid down aa ihe rule
for our future proceeding* .su Ifenry Bulwer
*tate* to Mr. Clay, that Mr (ehatfield has had no
authority to enter into any *uch treaty on the part
of Kr>|{1and. and he further declare* that it i? not
the policy of l.n^land to constitute b' r*elf prolecK
r of Hiftant Stale* 80 t?r all t? well ; I rt wh.it,
we aak, waathe principle laid d >wn by Mr Cl"f
aa 1 hat whu h gave the t'nited State* a righl to
?li ifhrglaiid had entered into any auch treaty ?
If infi'tn at" u were imply to ugh I in order that
the I nited Statea might aiotpe ita courae of conduct
with r*f> ren< e to the new i<oaiiion of allnira
which under auch a treaty wr>uid e?i?i, th 11 there
would he no reason to cotiiph-.in, no ground for
re>? ritiag the inquiry. Hut if ihia w ere ? menacing
inquiry,?if the dextrine w?r* maintained that
l.ngland had no right to enter mto auch an allian<
e?it 11 were aaaeru d that auch ^ treaty would,
by the I'aitrd Statea, he deemed an unwarrantable
interf* rence in Ameriran aflaira hy a K imv ,n
atate? he, in fact, a mm brill in the eatnuation of
American ?tate?men? then we aay the grr.it i?tere?ta
of the world hare he en aacrilieed hy a*?ent rg
to a ri'oat ab?urd prrte.iaioa of the Vailed
>tniea, and bv emitting her to eatibiiah un ueationrd
a doctrine which, in fart, lay* at her
fret the whale American continent*, from the
Ncrth Pole to < H^e Horn.
Mr Jrfleraon, the moat exclii#i*ely American
and ambitiotia of the aeveral Pieaident* of the
I'nit'd Slate#, hrat broached the dc-trlne that the
intereata of America imperatr.ely compelled her
lo declare that llw Kuropean State ahould henceforth
acquire additional |*>wer or territory in America.
litylaod, for manv yeara after tne declara
.nm in n' r y imf ' nn"l .-><?! ?. ?H< in
po?r?ari*n of lerritwriea on the Nor'h American
r< nttnrn) m> rr f vrniit Ihun tkn* o( any nthT
MUM, whether I-uropean or Antftwl rNM
no?e after that e?ent Fold her AWfloii dofflilioM
to 'he t'nite<l Smt?>; i?paia lmikfr|Pil pn>tince
*>f Mexico, and the whole continent waa e*idrntly
defined to he the property of Ik* two aectioon of
th? Anclo-Smon race?the one under the flag
?d I ngland, the oth?r under thai of ?!? - I'liM
fMatea. Th* maxim of American policy thui
hret enunciaetd hy JefTeraon wi?, in fact, dire*ted
afainM KnfUrH. and *r are now led to inquire
why the one arc'ion of fclotliehmen, whoconaptate
the republic of The I'nited Statea, may acquire
territory aid intlneore np?n the continent* of
Worth and .Vuth America, while thoa* who atill
remain r.nfliah. and < oaatitate the Kaflifh nation,
are to h* ejclwded from an* participation in th?-a? 1
adraaia^. With.a th' iaat half r-nmry tl.? '
raited Ware* haa more than quadrupled the eit?nt
* tf? tfrritoriea?i*rtly by purchaae. iar*ly hy la- | '
Viffue, partly by conquest. The nation which in
1783 was confined on the north by British Ameriea,
on the east b* the Atlantic, on the west by the
Mississippi, and on the south by Flotidn, has now
bo eilm<l?*d its southern boundary a-*. to have
reuchtd the Gulf of Mexico, and so stretched its
western limit as to have the Pacific Ocean
ing the whole length of its western boundary. The
people, who, when they declared themselves iudei
pendent, did not exceed 3,000,(Kto souls, now
! amount to above 25,000,000; and this powerful
1 people coolly informs the nations of I'.uro.ie that
> its safety is incompatible with any acquisition of
territory by any Euro|>ean State on the American
; continent Indeed, we have strong reason to believe
ihat the inquiry lately made by the cabinet
of Washington respecting ihe treaty supposed to
have been concluded between England and the
States of Yucatan and Costa Rica, was suggested
by tlie f> elilig w hieh first gave birth to this exclusive
maxim, and was intended to convey to liugiand
u hint ihat the United States meant to resent
any such interfere nee in American aP/air* as the
one sujfu'sfd That peace should lie maintained
between England and the United State*, must be
ihe wish of every rational man on both sides of the
Atlantic; but peace can only be maintained by a
; just (1'i.duct on the part of both nations, ami any
attempt on the part of the United States to possess
heiself of further territory would render it a matter
of absolute necessity on the part of Kugland to interfere
and prevent Buch aggression. Mexic* at pre1
sent lies helpless, und if Eoglaidshould standtd\j
j by, and not insist on the maintenance of the Mexican
i republic in its existing integrity, one campaign
! would suffice to add the chief State of fenj
tral America to the already formidable conft de,
eration cf the United States. England has her
sen no fleeiri' to acquire territory in central
America; but if there be any symptom of mi intention
to encroach ii|>on Mexico exhibited by the
| cabinet of Washington, we should do widely to extend
our protection to the independent republics
wbich at present hold, as rightful possessor", the
whole of Central Ameiica. And ihe United States
could have no rational ground of complaiut if
England were to enter into an alliance of friendship
and protection, not only with Yucatan and Casta
Kica, but with every one of the remaining republic!,
Mexico included. This is a subject which for
many reason* must continue to occupy the serious
att? nticn of English statesmen. It is evident that
shortly a communication mil be completed between
Ihe two oceans, and we have seen that a very
u hole tome jealousy on the part of England has
been exhibited with respect to this, which n about
to be the treat highway of nations. So far as a
nation can be bound by treaties, we are aware that
the United States are at this moment, by the late
treaty, under a strict obligation to permit to all
nations full permission to use, without hindrance,
the interded canal and railway. Hut this subject
| is to us of so vast an importance as respects our
POBseaiioM in Asiu and Austral-Asia, that we are
bound to take every possible precaution against interruption
at the Isthmus of Panama. The United
States has admitted the justice of this assertion
by the late treaty, in negotiating which Sir Henry
Hnlwer has shown great judgment and prudence,
llut a wise policy suggests the necessity of some
further precaution by means of an immediate arrangement
with the Statee of Central America,
with reference to this great channel of commtini
cation, through which must |>asn an immense
portion of the commerce of tlie world. If any
nation has a right to be iealou* with res|>ect to
: this subject, it is England; the United States is
without any pretext for fe?r upon the occasion, and
must not fie allowed to lay down and maintain
maxim* of international policy, the only object of
which must he to prepare for herself universal
d< minion upon the continent of America.
Spain and the l?lan<l of Culm.
Letters from Spain notice a French proposal
brought before the delegates of the fni^ign bondholders,
by ihe President of the Public Debts Committee
The principle involves the creation of a 3
percent stock, with a recognition of the common
arrears, on which a gradual rise to a maximum of
one and a half per cent interest is to take place.
Nothing, he wever, whs decided. The governm?ut,
it was repotted, comteinplHted reforms and
rredifieetions'niore favorable to free trade in the
cus'onis tariff.
Accounts from Madrid, of the 12rh ultimo, state
that tl.r government is actively employed in the ornani7
.tion of a corps of 4.100 men to reinforce the
garrison of Cuba.
It is Mild that the government of Spain intend
opening a direct line of communication by steam
between Madrid and the Island of Cuba; and that
m getiatiens are on foot for the speedy currying out
of the project. Count Mirasol was daily expected
on his leturn from Cuba, his mission to reconcile
the progressive and reform patty wuh the iidvocntes
of the existing system of the colony having not only
failed, but embittered bo'h against the home government.
According to the Clamor fuUioi, ihe
negotiation with Ihe Pope for a concordat had failed
; but the report is contradicted. Lord Howden,
lit r majesty's minister to the court of Madrid, was
daily becoming more |<opular.
{From the London Times. Aug 1-t J
The relations between the K?>vernineiit of Spain
ajul 'Is Cnl.an subi?cts. i.re iust now iiMMUiniiiir n
|. 11 of w Iiii Ii the lu'rre*t i - bv n>> nnu
lipfd to the |?rtiea niuitt immediately concern**!!.
From tiuie mini) nioiiel the affair* of thi# niHtfntliii
nt colony have been ndtiiini?t?*i*-<i after u fa-hi' u
whit h, in other quarter*. Ik-s bien for many pene?
ration* extinct. Al Havana the tradition* of the
ltith rrii'ury have survived in full force ami vigor
up to tin- preecnt moment, and the legend* related
or old Spanish \ireroyahii * acquire abundant probability
from incident* actually tian*piring under
cur own eye* The inland of Cuba, containing
ti> aily MX),OH' inhabitant*, i? governed by a Capt?in
(<? neral holding < ftice dirtcily from the crown
(I ."pain. His authority it virtually ahaolute, ttie
|f oi le of Cuba having no |<ert cipaMonJin the right*
of their Ppaniih fellow mbjeet*, but being at the
mercy of cuatoni* and ordinance* peculiar
to the co'onv. 1 hit this eseffftiOMl practice
rhould have been per|*tuated by the
tipanith goverrmcnt i* a le*s remarkable fVct than
that it thould have lieen tolerated by a dependeacjr
lender circnmatarce* which wtre yearly augmentirp
it* relittvc important* and power ^tich.however,
i* actuiilly the ca*e. In thi* U'th century the
Cupmift-Crni roWhip of Cuba ha* been notoriously
*< light and beitvwrd a* 'he mean* of acquiring or
restoring a fortune, and in ro abort a apace
of t.me wna the r?*ult secured, that four or
b\e yafa ol office wea reptitf d to be a tenare which
no gov?rnor, howrverpoverty-*tncken or oovetoo*,
n" d deaiic to exceed. It ir tinturul to view with
?>mr riot nut the report* whicli recent e*|K>*ure?
have htought into circulation, but it ia currently
alleged that the annual |>erqiii*ilc* of thr place Ml
little ch< rt of 4:100,1)09rerlinf, and that a CaptainGen?
ral of Cuba, after live y?ara" a bee nee, nught
m atotibly ex|ec' to ri turn to M|Kiin with hi- h tlfmillion
of reali/.'d gam* It i* probable that recent
e?eiit* have only | feeipitated dirrltMiim which
had been for ionie time nii|>epding. The reader
may |?ih> f? recollect thnt when the Count de Mira?ol
departed for the ci'inm m<l in >jne?ti<>ii, a *hort
time b? fote the AioeiM an invadoa, he wiia accom*
ianted by a eon<nii*?ion whu h wa* nr d'Tatood to
lie rtnrged with an inquiry into the general working
of t|,e colrm. l administration, and the notori<
lis di*contr nt? of the people. Thia c< riioii?*ton,
it a| penra, ia now to be wnlidrnwn, but only to be
utoeeited by aome more effective inatrunien'* of
, tl.. .. .? ' ? i - - -? 1
n. fr i>itii tip on ine
I rt (itihr Spaniah ?ovprnmont have cerainly not
Iffii decided ?|>on before th?-ir time. The colouin'a
hare entitled ih^mprHi a to ren|>ectt*l conair*ti?
o hy their l*h?vior at the lute conjuncture
They kmf?lrc?d a plain tadinpoMtmai tor"nounce
thyroid dllrjuiK'' for a republican coMrticn,
and hare ahown prrht promptitude in rupporting the
coerratiient agawM i rert or iraidioua atrffrenninna
* n it* hflil*. 'n th?> other hand, a npim of $>oliri> ,
til eiilightei m? lit baa heen to 4ilWd throughout (
the irlaiid thai it Wo4M he iinaafr ft |>? r, ?-mat? ,
ih?- abuser of jsist timet. Secret aaaocif |
tioM of refomiera Hrr kuown to i\iit iu ihe |
col? ny, ami Cuban independence Ima hern
openly diacuated a* a legitimate prt>Mem. It |
* certainly tmr that the pnni<en?ioB of the ialand (
* gi'ar ?nt?-ed to th?- f>pani h crown by two in?w?-r- ,
ful Siatra. hut ?r ha*e received ample evidence af ]
I ?! \r ii* that -iii h : ii.u invea n?..u.-t f >ri i./n ag- ,
H? n fir- n r? ..dity ii.'il into i a ilimia ,
of en trclion irniont th* retnbtitivr nnnaulta af a |
i.*? ri ?i1 Hiid ? x^H|>ernt?*d people. A variety of ,
i if ton* ci mtun*- to attach a g?ri?r?l tali rent ,
to thmr tran-arlur? hetwrrn Sj.aiti and hetcolonv. .
' i* i 'rrr>?t in tlie [ o*uioti of a "prnt? cted" let- '
v't i) ? thui i* to -ny, 11 a territory whu. h ia *'-cur- ,
rd by e*?mtnon coaaert to jtneiiatwr proprietora, in ,
ord?r to obviate the dttV'<u1tt*a which would at- ,
trad a charge of ownership. The a? r'uticnte with ,
win h it inrruardrd hy at leant one moiety of th? ,
l'M??d *fat?? havt jnn: f' < n put p! inly on record, ,
and, altfcottgh the lr>e-nw| gov< raine'nl* l.nvr at |
pir?cr.t an incidental rnotive for repudiating th* ar- ,
.umitior, ye' ('ill a m ?p? Km f in the old tradi- ,
in nn of the I'tiirn an anjnb- of Wijjh' ; ri r:\ iwr- i
miiitr p in an A in* m n II "i lnr Th- i 'iry of i
?(.. -l j t, ft:r HI ? riIHT fl.l I !i lia |*M" I.M> I . .11 in- J
?< 1 ' ',)rt |.jr r f> if CI W'th f?|w n, P'l.ir- ,
?!*? irn: ?li?t ftata in th?? ptr*r??i< n of thr itianH, .
in r? tntn for a plrr'ga that it rhntilil not h? vnlun- .
Uf'K rh*i'*?< il to any n-lct l.tifopran |>n?ir Thif ,
waa ih?- l*at ri>mi'trinia?" |*rmitt^i< h) tha ctfriimMiii<ri
of thr pr lu if, mn?r. in if^f.nilt oi any h*itrr
c>||<? ttunit*. il at l? art maintain*<1 tfnt particular ,
ftalr rf atlaira fn lit whu h trxnf waa to fw> hoi?rf ,
Thr ift'errna of F.rirlanif in thr rf nra arr of 1
ifipMmt kmH Cut* ard Pra/tl ar? th?' linantHn I ,
w >!<( . I y if r bar! fitiih ?f th? it n.i? t. rr |?rn>it. .
t? if to ?i tn|? I ua ? 'h* hopHraa rm mtar> m ? of rnir ' (
AflKin HiiaHrot. if t? rrrtainly ?rii?- that Ihr (>rt>- ,
|4itin t if Ihf 4rhiouMi^ rkit|iriMr ipoa OnKa I* , t
not **ry lar:r, though the fault i* in no wi?f ifue, t
r a tf.r i? a<fi r will prr?rntlr **+ fk an* arm-n<ftr?'nl ' ,
r f , r rrti-lr m ih? ?ditifiii?fT?liow of fl a iolintf ,
till, if by arjr rh?n*a if policy ihr harhora of (
Culm r??iid bt ctnully i Iwd agaioM th* ??** j ,|
rade, it" would be a verv material point gained 1
n tbe straggle, and tuch a consequence may I
perhaps be hoped Iron the effectual reforms now hn
premised in the colonial government How , w
lar the costly and desperate eflorta of Kng- ' ti'
lai.d on tbe African coast were seconded accord- : n?
mi? to treaty by the Cuban authorities may be i th
mfrned from the edifying tact that, on the very! or
f*B) when Narcito Ix>pez disembarked on the coast I ie
\ i.h hiB battalion ol brigands, one thousand slaves ie
were landed ftom Africa at Havana, which real- tt
ized an iimr ediate profit to ihe Captain-General of st
no less than 3,( 00 ounces of gold. A new Govertt
r is now to drpait for the colony, 111 the person
of General Jose dr la Concha, w ho will take with ^
liini a loimnlal.le deitu linimt of Spanish troops.
Tlie circumstances of the colony justify bo uuturally
the maintenance of a strong garritcn in the j(
islmid, that there is to rean n lor attnbu.ing any a
txtrsoidinaiy motives lo the levy whx'h the new
v i .piuin-i<ei.e rm made an imperative condition 01 ^
his accepting the command. It can hardly be ^
doubted thai (Tuba Will shortly be the scene of im- t
portant movt merits, the direction and result of j
which will be determined less by the military t
foice at the C( mmaiid of the authorities than by (
the discretion ard judgment exeicised in the Cabi- v
net ot M?drid. In this country there can be but ^
on* desire upon the point, ard that in, that legitimate
commerce may speedily experience the bene- ?
fits which would result from the belter administrs- r
lion of this spacious and productive island. j
[Frim the London Tiroea Aug. 'IJ ] r
The measures contemplated at this critical mo- (
nieut by the Court of Madrid for the improved ad- r
ministration of Cuba have, doubtless, been sugges- p
ted by a sinceie anxiety to conliim the imperial te- j
nure of lhat valuable colony; but it is less apparent ,,
that they have been calculated with a proper a|>- J,
preciation ot what circumstances actually required. v
The new Captain-Ceneral will be attended by a
militaiy retinue of imposing strength. Nor can it j,
be questioned that the garrison of the island, when f,
thus reinforced, will be sufficient to overawe mal- r
contents at home, no less than to tehre away the r
piratical desperadoes of the c(<ntiguous gulf. But ,
ihe posiiion of Cuba ia so extiaordinary, and the tl
conditions of its tenure so peculiar, that unless appeal
is iiii.de to the inteiestsas Weil as the tears of f
its inhabitants it is highly improbable that the im- n
perinl control can be permanently maintained. >
The population of Cuba may be considered under ,,
a tripartite classification of social parties,each with v
its ow n distinct interests. These are the Creoles, -]
the colored classes, and the slave population itself j,
? exactly the eh ments which we re summoned into r
fuch fatal activity ht t^t Domingo by the first ?
French revolution. To these may be added, as a c
separate class, the officers and retainersof the cole)nial
i.dministration, und the garrison of the island?
a migrateiry and variable body, having little or no
thine in the chief interests of the j <>,mUtion, and I
servipc onlv te> maintain and siniboli/e its i*>litical
subjecTion.' Now, even the first of these classes, '
though that to whit h the imperial government might 11
most naturally * { (<*-tl, is left, as we recently took 8
occbhod to < x pi tun, without any recognition of its
tithts, us an integral portion of the Squish people. '
1 hey have bo iinrm diate dejiendence on the crown '
or government of Nj>ein, hut are considered the '
l?ctiliar subjects of the Captain-General for the '
time being, who administers the ullairs of the co- J
tony according to a special code which sujvliesfew '
practical checks upon absolute power. '1 tie larger '
class of the free imputation which partakes the 8
color e>f the blacks is not, as will be readily sup- '
11'.?< (I, niore highly favored by its rulers. Never- 1
theless these coloie d lainilit s are both numerous "
and ii.tluenlial, possessing very considerable wealth, J
and tanking, not only among the chief proprietors '
of slaves, but, as was also the case at St. Domingo, '
among the most resolute advocates of slavery. The t
cieolts and colored eludes together form what f
may be termed the nutural constituency of the I
colony, and yet they are rigorously excluded from
all access to the more eligible grades of the public
service, whother military or civil. This arrange- .
ment, ef course, largely increusea the patronige in 1
the hands of the ministers at home, and enables a '
political adventurer to fortify himse lf in the poa- !
ression of power by a lavish distribution of lucra- "
tive places ; but it has operuted to the eHectual c
estrangement of these influential (wrties from the
inteiests of the iirireriisl state, and it would proba- 'J
bly have snapped the tie of all-giance long since, !
but for considerations to which we shall presently
allude. e
The position of Cuba is uch that we may de- ^
scribe it without d.*guise of facts, hs virtually Conlerrmg
u|?n its inhabitants the privilege of deter* '
mining their own political connections. A more r
p< WeiliiI itate thhli Spain is eager, on almost any 1'
teirr.s that any patty t ouhl dictate, to annex their v
tettitoiy to its own dominions It would, of
course, be vain to d> ny tiiat if the inclination
of the colony had bee n sincerely and generally
tuiiii d to the American alliance, even the ex- ?
pedim ii of NarcikO Lt>|* z would probably have ef- ^
lected the intended revolution ; nor can it be con- j
ceividthat the Spanish government, if i.nsuppoit- '
ed, could ofler an eflectu.il resistance to a plain
declaration of popular w ill, justitii d by years of
inif government, and teccnded bv the resolute co- rl
ojeri.tioii ot the I nned Sutea under pretexts which
would not le wanting for the occasion. On the (
other hand, it has been recently demonstrated 1
that without such genuine consent of the colonial
population, no enterprise on which the
A met iciina wouid choose to venture it likely to rue- g
Ceed. It may le thought, per haps, that if eventa p
should tend to a Ctifia, an eligible Hit?-rn ttiv?- might v
i.. i. . . .i .. >i.. -I? i...- .. J ? _ ? i i
> < .? ? .*! ill ?!.' awrviuic IIIU' |T||iiMi?r It'I ** rill (1 r
I . i.y n? wealth and r>. Mn i .!- < ntftttMf tl
?(ujilit < d. .'-uch a contingency ha*, in tact, be?n tl
much kept in view of luteyiars by *ecret diacusm<
na <>f the imlcontcui^. Ix>t the liabilities in?> |>a- "
Ml k Ir? n. it arc m> formidable that it i* never lik? ly ':
to l? promoted or accepted by ihe bulk of the con- ^
rtifiitncy. Willi a " bUck" empire lying at a few j (
leugumautance fioni tl.eir very ^bnre^, and with a ^
iinn.i loiif i I'd ex<-ithble alave population awnming |t
? ii 'l< ir e-t?t? i|,?- ( i.bans would Ml lorego the t<
lecntity lor lilt < i d property ollered by a (*>werful I?
go>?tnment. Their independence would probably 1
cm r? peRible the iude|N'udrn?e of llayti?a confun
mm ii ii to which it myr be presumed that no
de-n?? Mie now i?intinp. They are thua practically ti
rtduced to the aitern.itive* of Sprtiimh or American ,,
connection, bt)l within tlx?e limits their choice la '
\iriUi.ily tree. D
lioth learoc and X|x rienre concur in puggeating m
ilutt ihl* rhoict would naturally fall on that con- I'
ci oftvkkkHprt fMcaii Boprvptnderunt, ?
in Ii (t, Hie ih>' attraction* ul the old >| ,iiii?h crown 1'
ov? r ibore of un Anglo-."v. a on republic, that nothing
! -hott ol the mod repuUive mid ir<\i teute ill-image . (
coi ld alienate the colonista Ircm their originaJ al- p,
lc?irnce; i.td we Methat even *y?tcnwtic injua- jj(
Ik e hat- hitherto failed in bringing ab^ut auch a remit.
AgMDkt iii* tie* of tradition and lineage the i|,
American* ci.n only ad\.inte > juivocal proapectaof n
hi pioved pro?|? rity and e*rm M nsi-umnce* of p?> it
lineal ctntidertlicn. Tl'ey pronnre the (,'ui>*n*<tn p?,
ec,u*lity of civil right* and a coiil.rmation of alave
in*ii!uticB*- Th'vrepr'xnt .*p*in ?? under the ?1
inl'i.tnce of atHililioiiial Krt:land?ail inlluencc t>i
whuh willl* inc?fn.nily ? x> n?d until t-livery i* ll
pioacnbed aa rfleciually in Cuba aa in Jamaica, ?'
Tin* view of the e??e u atrt n^'henrd by the clrninn>tan<
* unoer w'b? h ab ne I fgli *i iigeocy i* ,,'
\i?ihle in Uie i?l*td. The ltnti*h Hug iii rarely wen Rr
betide llie .v|?i,irli himI Anieiic?n eiiMgn* in the y?
pi tcii u* hail i r of liaivann-i i 1 it.- un. h.jiU, i,l
l>ural of the Mut-d I < tMuiMua rerveato rrpreaent
> xrhiMtt ly Mir hint*-ii-mih? ifl.n.d. That Amr- r'
titan iilliirirr iliirili tr itinnlii Urfrly |irntnai
Btte, i.ot onl) ov? r our own, but f v? n in mnt aeuae !
ov? r tl.Hl < I :l:e ."vai.i-h w ri ?i? M ir-? II, will Ik- y(
readily conceived. Still, tuch la th? inotu.rtivr re- y,
l'iil>i< iirxiftirs hetw?#'D th?* Ariiericiin and tynmali j.
i harai tera, M.?i ru? h the traditional iik in< ,non to- i>i
watda the old ??>nn? ction, that ili? Court nl Madrid '
run ht place ita N . lun.aif authority heyoi.d rink of '
imi ailment l>y the tin nl ni< d? rai< roiice?en>M in J"
fat or of the r> n<oafiratii toloay. If the i onantu- .
inry, of which we hav< -|>ok< n. Were adrrttied to J;
i tMisnaklr t?li te in the dniinittmiii.i of i<?*l r[1
ntlaira and ihe h< nors ol pul'lic iervtc< , there r?n n'r
no doubt that Cuha would rt I hid a< thoroughly W
S| ruth n? an) j nrtl? could d- ite n i
Conudepng that the Uittai portion of the whole ?tj
r?\rntie of t(>nw la nuiiMtd Inm Havana, and
lhal thr palrtntiye of Ihe orown and Ha ininiMera la *'
h> nihalatitiall) ill proved hy the rr?i%rora of ihr co- * J
ii niav i| l? x th? r< a<l? r to c? mi r> h'-nd how t j_
re|-? rt?of the alienation or fair ?I 'I i : Kimip- ,h,
; eiidafe (t old have rvrr < lilail d cr? dlt. Itrnuat t)<
le n r?i? nil-errd. however, that ih?" fpanivh govern- Mi
Ititnt, thoogh m *?r nectaaartly poor, has l?-en ofitn
i.rid), ai d rot ran ly i: circuMatanree where "
I ii i/r't of in Ritdiate teaii/ation woul I <ct with B.1
lonndMat.le force. The Ametirana, in whine
)ea | lilt haM- ha* long l*i u a lainiliar tnalhod of 'fj
m quiring or return t irtntog. Wonld not he ptrai- Ilr
moaton* m th? ir apptaiM niMi' of thia mm h lovet- n,
it apieMagp to then CCti'ili'nt. and though ihe an
ralve ol t iiIih w ould r? pre?< hi a num lortnidaMe r< i
>nn to il>r uttirr* ol California, )et we have
litile tfouM that it nniiht Ir ratMd in a few
[i i i tin', ni r 11 iiId il"' in > hi * (f i In- -innd well ' '
Mil <>1 )i? Idii (T unt|>l' |.ii'\ kimi fi.r th?* t?rniual "
lii.iiidaiK n > I ilie loan If a iMt^f h itil t? nt ,-t in if t> ,
r>?il wt re cmMentl} tu?|-rr><lrd Uli re th? ryriM ac
cnifh Mtni?'et?, ll ia iio* inn < aihle lhnt il might nil
>i ii f day he taken. 1 he un iilitieranf the r? I >ny tie
t??lf night twn finish in argument fur the "?
r?iir hi In n. IP aMi?i|>atirg, to ihe great | rotil t>f "
In naiH , anault nh?i*l?f intending without '
i \ 11 I i of all. ,
1 list il?e?e nnnd? mi ion* are net without direct
Mnert in iln? ie?i|.M)r will I* evident tn any ri1
11 flri ? 11> will he nt the | ?iti to planer it a roup ' *f<
I thr Ii < a|j'i?a in qweMu ii He will there ?e? m ?
I Ml il lhe lalrltd i<f t uh? end the laihtnua of *ii(
Klorxta are ve?f d in the mi Die ftaie, thia J<tale it*
i i l<l ?:< > at j'lren.n the i,t>?igatioti of thr Gulf
f Meiii i n il wn il n n n >iii| to no alipht ei- 1
?rtih? w?t?'*nf ih' Can't" an a< a We tniat 1 *
hut nihil iii r g? ni i? a aa thi ae may he remote in iV
h- > i n i . I n" w. h i?r ,d mii vU to ahow (
lint ih. ?enia nnw to |?nd!ng in the |?.|i<ir? if <ih
iiha m11 i rtilled to the m l?nt at'i r.twn of ill tha
Li >?|iitfvl vl*fi?fr?. fat
Pwtud.
From Lisbon we ha ve nothing new. The Queen
id lelt the capital No new features in the diBpute
iih ihe United States were meutioned; but an ac;e
corret|H>D<*eDce muning on betwi en the cabi ts
of Madrid and Libbon, relative to the claims of
e United States upon Poitugal. The former, in
der probably to create a diversion in its favor with
Fpect to the Cuban question, counsels the ininiais
of D< nna Naria da Gloria to persist in refusing
e unjust demand regarding the General ArtnlOBg.
*
Brblcrwlc Holsteln.
Our advices from Rendsburgh are to the 16ih of
lUgUit.
At pietent there is a complete Euspeneion of the
peralic ns of both armie s, but an engagement is
:>ol?< d for. Weather intensely hot, but measures
te being itkeri to preierve the health of the troops.
Thetownaof Somnen and Frederickstadt had
een occupied by the Holsiein troops afte-r the
)biies hsd visited ilum, atid the 5Schleswig-Holtein
hillen en had recapiured -100 oien from the
sties on their route to Scbleswig, and brought
lit m in fulety into ihe llolstein territory. The
hob ra hnt> bein msking fearful ravnites in Brunswick
; mice the month of June 300 persons had
lied.
Ob the 7ih of this month the King of Denmark
ontracted h morganatic marriage with Lola Kasnut-sen.
' The marriage was celebrated by the
fohop of JutUnd. Miille. Katmutsen was fornerly
a milliner, and was well known to the
-openhagen corps of (flicers; she then bet.me
acquainted with the King, and haa
ow bet 11 raised to the rank of Haroness
Jsnner. She has great influence over the King ;
ersons well informed state that the exercises her
rifluence in the revolutionary Danish sense, and
vaa the person that induced the King to make such
udden concessions to the Casino club in the Cotiihagen
revolution of 1^8. This marriage is so
nr important, that it confirms the extinction of the
oyal house of Denmark. On this ground the
ninistry oppoted this union till the London protocol
ras signed; this done, the marriage waa to the inerest
?t Russia.
The A'i Intr Zritung has a telegraphic despatch
rem Hamburg of the 17th ult , stating that an en>gement
took place on the evening of the Kith,
letween a Danish steamer, acconi|>anied by two
unboatr, and a Holstein steamer, (the Lowe)
rhich was likewise supported by two gunboats,
rhe c< mbat continued throughout th** night, and at
lalf past (even in the morning the Danish vessels
etreated. The Lowe has sufl'ered from the enemy's
tire, and one of the gunboats was in danger
>f being burnt.
The German Fmplre.
It is reported on authority, that Austria has invited
{ussia to join the Diet, but that the latter will
iot accept the invitation. There does not ap|>ear
o he ihe slightest chance of any kind of union or
maniroity being established amongst the various
tates of which this Empire is composed. It is
aid that mutters have reached euch a point of ill
relirg and diametrically opposing controversy beween
the Pnwsian end Austrian cabinets, that unesg
one or the other retract or modify their "preensions,"
there can be no egress save through the
nedium of complete abniption. This may not
fad to war, but meantime both parties stand upon
he roof of a powder magazine, which the slightest
ccident may cause to explode, as did the laboraory
at Rensbury, but with consequences a million
imes more disastrous. It is not in the |>ower of
nan to predict the issue. All that can be done is
o point out the perilous condition to which affairs
iave been brought by adherence to reciprocal "preennoiis,"and
es|>ecially by precocious declarations
in the part of Prussia, which bind her so strin
ncontiettncy, and even peril to herself at home,
PfmtU nd Austria*
We lenrn from a telegraphic despatch, dated
Berlin, August 17th, in Ihe A<i/nrr Zcitung, that
he Austrian invitation fur another l>iet (Kundeai
B), i< ached Berlin on thAt day, aud that Prussia
s rtsolved to decline accepting any proposal in this
ir in a similar sense.
Berlin letttrs of the Kith August state that it is
icw confirmed by the semi-official organs of the
'rustien government that the differences between
'russia and Austria, respecting the hrtHMCtattaa
f the regulutians on ihe subject of the federal forresses,
(differences which resulted from the reusal
11 Austria to allow the Badtn troops to pass
he federal fortress of M'-ntz.) are about to be submtted
to a court of arbitration. Austria has h|>omted
Bavaria. Nothing is known of the power
I'hich Prussia is about to a^ioint.
Austria*
The tine of 2,000,000 fl< tin*, imposed on the Hunaiian
Jews, hasat length been formally remitted,
nd they have pledged themselves to dej*i!>it in the
ands of government I.(KM),000 florins as a fund for
ewish schools. This voluntary tax is to be paid
rilhin two years. It is not the intention of governlent
to proceed to the sale of tiny of th>* estates
onfiscated in Hungary, but to farm them for a peiod
of two ?>r three years There can be little or
o doubt that they will eventually 1* returned to
heir former proprietor".
The Legitimist Congress at Wiesbaden
The I'tinn, one of the principal legitimist or*
ans, contains some additional particular* of the
iii>?? at Wiesbaden. Alter decltring that
leiters are arriving there every day to |*y their
rspects to the Coiint d?: ('hambord, rt enumerates
tie representatives of the French Assembly, and
ii? n goes on to sa)
"In addition to pnlitleal men landed proprietors,
rtiits. nirrrbanis. all rank* sad |>tofi"*l<>o* rive an
umplr inrr of a noil* fraternity Aooupl th?n>
mi n an* Prino* I'baial*. Captain da Monlyniurry.
Paudrucii d? Kirbt bciir* M Cotton (forinarly
r!c?.(r*|.(r to tb* I ?n. <-r" ot the ( uurd). Count d?
mi l.auMgnur Ct unt d<* Durfort. ki'M. >a?ary da
niifffird, ilrMaiiiHiliti. da Pi*** d<- Puf*nur. rh??ilnr
Krnrit d? Tarragon. Karhaud df Brunt;on da
oi? David d* Lortan|ir?. and a v??t crowd of ?th?ra
tr hot<U are n mpUtrl; flllrd. and many prraon* art
itdmliilf?Tb<i? th>ji ran. Tha Couot d? Chamorri
invito f aoh day certain numbtrnf Tiritars to
l? UMc andrviry day at ??># h? n-ctivni th<? parbav*
U?t arrived Kvrry avrnin# tb.rriaa
mral r< <-t| tic n for all vtho rho?i?- to pfvannt tbimlvc?
(in tbr 12th. M Pahiral M da Handle. M
ii|?tr,W <ia hrr>ait>t and M da St. Uaorga* raprai.iatWi
r r.t tha propl< arrived; and ont)iai3ih. t ho
uk<> d? > al> r^ay tti? Margin* dn I.nart, brothrr In
wnfthi I>11k ' d liaterurl. ami I r Pavc du I'ourtail.
h< lltika and I1 in li? ? N ailli'X araaiiHrlnl h*ra
iim dlnuljr. Tl a Orand lJuka da Nmmu, tbo w?
wbm tba1:? unt da rbnnjlmrd *rri?ad. rrturnad
ti'< u It i 141b and >air?*ui?l'1) paid a vlalt to tba
riBrc The rlfit w?* returned in due form a few
>uri later "
7 hr A?lu?o' Biilirt tkr ffltlowipf remarks on
? rusl mr Dili ?-?? ??? tin nmkirff at ilia prrcen' moant
in fnvor of tlir Count i)e < IihmiIiokI at Wiea(ftr.ri.dif
Louis Najolron in the matt rn delta
?i'i- ?
'Tb*?kOod. Lout* Napoleon ia not thanniy prince
>< Iran I*, at d Ilia hi?torloarapbi-r? of tba preaent
pa will bare mora tban one f>dy**ey to recount
ii n trtfc ra ik' iifili! bad taken it' flight toward* the
1.1b lbe./l*?i W? .'n lad Pit Unit In n>OT< B>-nt. and
d adtanc\d *inwly toward* tba North; <? that *a
>*a tie *alini.TttcD of ant.i tmaing at tin fame time
i ariital of tba Fraildant of tin nj nbh at L|itm,
dtlataf tba rount da Cbambonl at Wte-ba.|?n
a I aaittmary inti-t* int" competition with lha Ktn
i? - in tba b'(b?a>? and railway*. I* baa Ita hnraea,
ji-tlHinf. II* lurrmiitlraa . I' bar It* faithful Ita
ipilon* It* acclamation*. It* otitinM Ita reporta.
a I lib rrtbu,-i**ni rbina* *><j joy overflow* On
a ?bo|a. it lia* I lit la t< ?n?y In Ita rival It I*
ita I)at thi Count da rhambord haa not M 'la
nnlalemVatt with bim but una ran do without M da
Haii niliatt whi n oaf ba* >1 II* rryer Tba Pr<-*1nt
ot tbr Kt public drag* with bim. wa a tr>it. M
trap V d Haut)?ul an iUnatriou* wartior and M
an wbowill lilt lnHitofj by tba Varadamiiatmn
iba l'i niatard* Hut M ila ?alnt I'rlc-t la a general
wall < M dliautp^ui. It ha be nut vat >lin>*ter ?f
r ba la eatable ol tan.mini an . and ara M la I ?rn
j*i|Uiiln >1 \a*tn and M t bapot nothing Aa I
,*10* | ?ili?nnt*i y nirn. than. j ou *a?. there I* an
i.*l t*l*nre Rut tbaral* ana point ou wh'rh l,?gl'
i rj afpiar* to u* In kata * n*rkad advantage
i'b M da Chnmbi rd th-ra ara- Prlnra da Montraoy
tba Iiuka da Hi* Jmni* tba !>uka da Urla
lK< i*t iirakitiii nf mnrnuu a riiUnlt tla^Otitita ati.l
" nr ?t? ore lo?t In the ctowd. We ?< nfe?a with
I that the pifMilrnliil cmlff la not rlrb In 'lUed
t. V ilk ni^fi't to tftrritlcoii thero I* the :?uie
e|M.rlty X litmbf *W recently promoted to IB
uUd poatlltn In th* l.ejrlon of lloaor But
tllllttr "| M do Chain! m 4 "ho ?r? rerelrrd In
ante chamb?ra by r i jkt lackeja wom-in* ?ran I
a Ilt?tt*? praoint tb'in*?'??? befor* th* ''mint
I t mind (iiiamilt'1) with ih? l'm? o( ft. I.uuia
II tbr ??*e which Inform" n? ot thla ? ?
,?t frankly ?*< ? etin-bould our aatowr prapi t aiiffer.
it lb* r?Wtkrl of M lldHvutr unto nothing to
|(M' to ?r tl I.out* It in tru*. bo????f,
ttbiyban m t hi Ir aide th* tiring of cannon th*
I ir k if bill#, tbr roUtnn tli qur ne* of prrlicta
t m >rin?tLltif. but It It commanded The <-???
rli.p M d* t bambord would ha** a* much It* I*
il!j only in want of oi'l foidier* A? r?f*rd? ruaty
rrda rtmaptd rocked but* and old uniform* tbr
r burnt h r ppeara to ua t?ry def.rlert We liar*
I hi * til ??) 'hat ?lt gle ret'-ran ot th* Trocad*ro
i tmr4 tl<r Miltf. Ibr uiaati r of I he waouln
Hlnltdin did not tblnk of lit! Ai d now It
? llttl* too lata for thin llm? l?nitlro>u y niuat
llfrut ild lolditra Redly It I? - p I tT ' Alter
we but* IP t>tj rrm?rk?h|e detail* on the
t|IHlt of Wl*rba?en Hut we are pr> tni*i <1
I * by tb? nut p"?t and we ahall take care to
trnat Ibe? to i ur l*adrrr. On< of the *aret!e*
tb* Clllt. howetrr. trlla U? that M Vealu,
0 -aw ike t < lint dr I bambord for the flrat time
lowrd ime wirdr to errap* him which d*?*rtt? d
i motion of an honert and elaratrd roind.' I? It
in pit) that It bar not bull rl?cht to 'jaoto th >
ijr ' V < hare ? leart the reply of the prino* it I
bolt, but rlcqumt. Tkr prior* took nl? handa. |
1 p?r?eo tbr n< wltb motion; every on* nnderatood
prare aad pflilie Mdra'lnn of tfclot?Mhlag
I r pontniiewim rtrtf !' How many Ihlnfi there are
I to 'it ota " raid Muttl, and how murk ther* ia In ,
turner of thaprmca' Anothrr letter writer en?oi?
to d?) th'' rimor> malevolently apread. .
l b lead to cau?* It to b? kelleted that th* Cmint d* 1
mbird rrrraible* bla ureal ndelc I.nai* Will. J
print* la ?rty robuot knt not fat In tratb,
t la very different tklag A ?<mpl? altl??o may he I
bat a print* fcM alwaya an tl-gant walrt Tbry t
ire only vnlgar republican* who can gay th? contrary
Tbc early arrtval.pt Wlcbaden of M de Vatlm??nll la
Devoted. Deeidcdly. we br|iB to bar that th?
l'realdcnt ef the He public will have tike wont of It."
France.
The President of the Republic arrived at Lous le
Sanlonier, on the eveuing of the 17th, at 10 o'clock.
Throughout his journey, the population hastened
to meet him, and they every where afforded him
the most remarkable proofs of the warmest sympathy.
Paris Bourse: Fives, 97 36; Threes, 58 60.
The commtrcial reports for the jiast week state
that nil manufacturers of cotton, wool and silk are
in lull work, and cannot meet demand.
The corn maiketsall note advanced and advancing
nric?s. On ihe Bourse Fives opened firmly at 074,
"hut give wey, cloving at 97 .'Vij.Threes closed58 00.
The account* of the President's favorable rece|ition,
und his judicious speeches in the provinces,
gave confidence to speculators.
The speech of the President of the republic, at
the Lyons banquet, hss caused much sensation.
1 be general feeling, save amongst the legitimists
and dermcrats, is that of tatisfaction. Louis
Naj oleon announces his determination to remain
at the head of eHairs, if public opinion should be
in bis la\or, without regaid to the obstacles placed
hi his way by the franiers cf the constitution.
Ad\ices report tJlat much rain had fallen during
lest week. The wheat now out would be seriously
injuied, end prices had advanced. Similar accounts
are received from Belgium.
Ihc Tour of the French Presidents
(From the L?idoa Timra. Aug. ltf ]
The joutney of the President of the French
republic through the departments of Hurguidy
and eastern France is certainly the most
singular manifestation of his personal influence
and position which lus been given since
he assumed the executive government of the
republic. The cities chosen for his first appearance
in the provinces were notoriously ill-affecttd
to his government, and were snp|>osed to be
those in which the Red Republic has the greatest
number of passionate adherents. Several of these
districts are still under martial law; the National
Guard hHS been dissolved in some them for its revolutionsry
tendencies ;and they have for the most
part returted intra republican members to die Assembly.
tUut when an attempt was made at L>ijon,
at Montbsrd, and at Chalcns on the Saone to interrupt
the chorus of popular acclamation, it
was scon evident that whilst 'a band of
disorderly fellows were shouting forrepublican
uibtituioRS, the mxss cf the people bad
concf ntraied their interest and affection on the
nibti whom they were assembled to welcome and
applaud. Accoidingly, nothing could be more unlike
the modest journey of the Chief Magistrate of
a commonwealth, and nothing could more nearly
approach the splendor of au im|>erial progress.
Lveiy where the recollections of the empire and the
Emperor Napoleon are revived and |>araded before
the people. Here a monument is to be visited with
Folemmty, representing the illustrious captain on a
sham St. Helens, with the exquisite pathos of a
French inscription?
" To Napolsuo, Koiiot. a Grccaditr ?f Elba "
There a city was reminded that the great Emperor
had enriched its armonal beatings with the star of
the Legion of Honor. When the health of the
Piesident whs proposed by the Prefect ot Magon,
it was preceded by the "glorious and immortal
memoiy" cf the uncle, and wound up in honor of
" his worthy and popular heir?Louis Napoleon."
The Ptince, as he was styled by the more ardent
w orshippers of the rising sun, received all these
honors as due neither to himself nor to his nreseut
office in the Republic (lor, indeed, that offensive
expression is seldom heard,) but to the glory of Ins
family and of its great chief; while the only allusion
made to the constitution s?eniB to have been
wtief. iU-timed request was hazarded by Noizot,
the Grenadier oi JuiU, f?F ?n amnesty to one of
his particular friends, which Louis Napoleuii said
he w as constitutionally unable to grant without the
concurrence of the Assembly. In one village the
municipal body distinctly intimated its opinion
that a | rolongation of the |ieriod of office in favor
of the President is iiiUiMx-nsably necessary to
France.
Ptihsj* this last declaration conveys with sultici<
nt accuracy the prevailing dei-ire of ttif
santry and a considerable portion of the middle
and lower elates throughout France. Kvery one
deprecates a roupi/'tlal or u revolution, even to es
cape from the conaequenres of the last levnlution;
but an ( cent Mrp by step from the rank of I'reaident
to the distant grandeur of the Empire, would
probably ronniund the support of the people. For
if these chang'-s appear to^be dilricult and dangerous.
since they imply a change in the constitution
of 1SIH, it must be borne in mind that the inevitable
aeration of that constirution is still more
dreaded by the nation, and the year 1852 i? looked
forward t*> as a fatal ten.i, be)ond which no certainty.
perhaps no safety, lies. The path now before
ihe country, w hich Louis Napoleon i< naturally
endeavoring to make an broad and alluring
as |>otsihle( has the great additional recommendation
that a violalit n of the law in his favor is likely
to prove a less formidable effort than the op?>rntion
of the law against his claims, or in favor of
any republican or loyalist candidate.
Hclglum,
The floods bad dour great damage to the lowlands.
For sixty.one miles U-tween Lille and Namur
the fields are coni) lettly flooded and Ihe cro|>s
destroyed, as also in other placet on the line. A
letter states that if the floods are general, Belgium
must be a buyer of foreign corn this year.
Accounts from Belgium report that serious inun
dation* had occured there, l>y which flour and grain
had raftered greatly.
Italy.
The IVpe is in md perplexity, in congruence of
the conviction rf si* murderer*, to whose sentence
ot decapitation he is callid upon to affix hi4 name.
No execution haa yet taken jdace under the reijjn
of Piu* IX, owing to his invincilU reluctance to
sipn ? death warrant. He wishes the miscreants
to he ??nt to the galleys for the rest of their lives :
hut the government and the judges are not incliued
to aive way.
Accounts frcm Verona state that the Austrian
8overnment had rejected the proposition* of the
LeniKurto-Venetian deputies relative t? the loan of
I20.IHA,OCO of florins. The government does not
wt?h t? pledge ittrlf not to issue any paper money
in those provinces,
Malta.
( liolera declining: attack* on the llfh ult.,and
t'O deaths. On the 12/h :C1 attacks and 31 deaths ;
total attacks, rot including army indnavy, 1.H17 ; ,
deaths !'( <?. At Alexandria the cholera caured many
death*.
Sardinia*
Advices from Turin oi the 7th instant stRte that
ir.ui h agitato n existed in confluence of the refusal
ot ikt drrn to aHmirn?ter the l.t?t sacrament to
M Santa Rosa Minister cf Commerce, on his
death bed.
I(n?*la ?ml I'oimni.
The I'crtirht Z?iJh?c pive* Ihf following account
of the Kumun naval force <>n the Wih ol A lift
lift:?
The Furftan fleet cnneintii, according to official
report*, of 1W Mil of ?hipa of nil port* nnd si/.e?,
mid t?re ? follow?:?4 line of battle ahipe of ISO;
ft of It (I to 11#; 2l? ot K) lo 5*>; I* of 70 to "O gpiuw;
I'd Irn itcf; CO ennrfttfi, bri|r, and ?? Sooner*; and 1
34 *tr ?mer? Thi* naval h>rcf ii divided imn tire
tqiiidn n; lk? Keltic qutdron con?i*t* of about
4( *< mm. Incli dug the artillery; but the paper
Male* ihat the ck vt? are not of the very beat >|iiv
In* o? tner.and amor/at thtm are many Jewa from
Poland.
Greece.
Acrordinc to iatelttgtDC* from Allien*, nf the
7th inn., the hitigiaou the eve nt taking a journey,
and b?? ap(? inied a regency, crwairfing ol ihe^
M.niptera, pr??id?d over by the <^ue< n The Minister*
ol Justice and the Interior taave reeigned. I >eliam
ha/ accepted the latter dc|mrtment, with the
inter.mr of Finance and Kccle?ii4*tical Affair*.
Turkey.
Letter* from CooM*ntwoi>|e, d ited the 1st in^t.,
Male thai ihe account* c,f the insurrection in Hulc.irm
liMVe l.irii miii h riiiffitcr^ii'fl tn.1 k,i>a K >.l
tb< ir chief source in the *mk mindnl Zin, i'.ith*
ofWiddin It arrm? that the aheplirrda of the
Iiatmt of Lrfcoua, i* the province of IVItfradgik,
bad tee* a<curtom"ri to i?iy their tsie* in money
ili'nd ?f in kind, but it vn? reftifed on the laat
oc<a?i>D by the J'arha, wtiormwrd their alieep
to be ??i/fd for their UlM. The enraged ahepberda
attacked the collectora, and kiltrd ?<irri<
bt llofti Alirmtfl at the illegality of their
oun <?ndi>ct, th?y march* d i>fl in * boHjr of
tbrre hnnned, to lay their C4?e before the l'*cba,
list that fvnciioMry, tenlflrd ?t their n'imh?-r?,
earned ihe guiea to he ahut againti them. Th"
l'lthi thrn ordered hie troop* to chaige th?m, and
mnr.) of litem were alain The gti\?gr soldiery
then |itc.?i ided an the aurrotinding vill?ffe?, killing
rh?- j oplc Mid destroy ing th-ir property, a??d they
Cvr.milttd mm h enceMea thai the hi Win
forced to send other troops agmaat them, who put
a Flop to th? ir crieltit a. A second deputation from
the hhej hetda wnited upon the Pacha to represent
thrir ?ad atate to him ; but he a< i7.ed them, put
tb< m in itona, and sent them o(T to (>inat*n'ino|.le
as i hit fa of the iri-iirn* nta, mi l reprea'-nted thtt
hit province w?p up in arm*. Hut the r?-al f*n?
hate her n 1><id I* fort the I >iv?n, an.i i- is hop-d
ihat the f'a? ha will not escape pttniahmcnt for hi* '
trnanii-; m< nt, * < nn. hi d ?\ 'T
The ialelligrncr from Alexandria to the Tth
Inn ?>.
N*eral tasrs of cholera have oeiurr'-d l>oth
en ai d ai Cairo, and there ia every probability of (
iMiiher visitation *.f the diseaae in this countiy. ,
TK> Virero), who, coaaidering ins station, and th'*
nf1i>? rre he exercises over the mis?> s, ahould
htw more flrmatrs, took to fight frurq Cairo, as J |
food as the cholera m&de its appearance there.
Him biphnesa would not even come to Alexandria,
but ordered a steamer and a frigate, well provisioned
with siorea of every description, to meet him
at Ltamietta, to which town he proceeded, down
the Nile, and there embarked for Rhodes, on the
6th. S< me cases of cholera have also occurred at
Suez, among people who had arrived there from
Cairo.
Most of the Armenians and other Christians holding
authority in the government of the country,
from Artin Bey, the Minister of Foreign Affair*'
downwards, are in disgrace, and Mohammedan
ideas are ijuite pre|>onderant, all the important posts
beinp occupied by Turks. Kanee Pasha is busilv
engaged in the supervision of all government accounts,
and muny embezzlements have been di?<
covert d, particularly in th? stamp duties and sales
of giain; and Yoosst lV Bey, a reputed son of Boghos
Bey. who lias been for upwards of twenty
years in -fticc, has been put into prison. Artii^Bey
lms no authority whatever just now.
The Nile is this year riiing very slowly, and the
new crops do not come down eo fast as usual. Cotton
has risen to pl4 per cantar, but there ia very
little business doing, and many persons are leaving
the country from fear of the cholera.
India and China.
Via Trieste, on Wednesday, a telegraphic announcement
of the departure of the overland mail
from Alexandria lor Marseilles was received ; and
via Beilin, on Saturday, a brief outline ot the in?.
llllJ?r.n,. &..W. .1..
e- ? 'uif"" uwuiuaj,
the express oetjwtchei.of the London journal* were
reoetved by courier,with complete accounts; extending
from Bombay to the 22d June ; from Calcutta
to the 3d July; and from China to the f22d
June.
From Bombay we received a confirmation of the
report that Sir Charles Napier had resigned, on account
of the disputes with the Earl of l)aihousie.
Sir Charles and the Governor were at Simla, and
the forrner would set out on his return in October.
The Earl's health had much improved. Affairs in
the Punjaub were quiet, but executions were very
numerous at Lahore. A i-epoy had been shot by
the Afleedees; ln<t there was no proof that any of
the ehitfs were accessory to these acts of individual
aggression, and the communication through
their country continued uninterrupted. A plot had
been discovered to assassinate three British officers
whilst travelling from Peshawur to Kohat.
Thirty-nine Seikh prisoners had attempted to master
the vcbkcI conveying them down the Ganges.
They seized the murkets of the guard appointed over
them, and tired at every white man they saw,
hilling two or three, ard wounding about the same
number. Two of the Seikhs hit victims to their
own designs. The mutineers had possession of
the vetfcei for some time, and, having obtained
some boats from the shore, succeeded in effecting
their escnpe ; but before many hours elapsed, several
of iliem were reiaken and placed in more secure
custody. Frauds oh the military fund to a
considerable extent hud been discovered, arising,
from a defective way of keeping the aecounts.
The tecretary and the auditor had been, dismissed.
From the Xuj.hi's domiBions we learn that
another intestine war had broken out in hi* capital,
the combatants beinf some nnH Rn.
hillas on one side, and 4,(KM) of the Nizam troons,
with guns, mi ilie oth*r. The llohillns occupied a
fortified building, with thick mud wall*, and, after
having buMaineo, without loss, a cannonade of
twenty-seven hour*, during wiiich they ki41ed sorm
lifteeu or tweniv of tlieir assailants, evacuated
their fortress, on condition that they should receive
the i mount of their claims and he exempted
frcni all punishment on account of their wild way of
obtaining jt'ttice. The N'iznm's vassal, the Newab
of Elicopoor, had defeated the force wluch his
lord had unjutiiy 8<it against him to diwposses'
him of hi* Jjicletrs.
Accounts frtrn China of the 22d June announce
the arrival of the new Portuguese governor at
Macao, with a small military ?nd naval force, and
state that, according to 'he accredited report, the
trhflic in opium whs about to be realized, with
the consent of the new limj-eror. Some doubt,
however, still exi -th on this point. Several deatht'
had occurred amongst the European soldiers,
chi'fly from fever; and a large number were in
hospital. ChiitUan sects would be permitted in
the empire.
Sew Zealand.
\Vc have received papers from Aukland, New
Zealand, to the l(iih of March. The Arte Ztalanf/ff
Iff ihrft H*f# MtflT ?tnti..rr fli?r>? l>a*4 kv..*?n
to upprehend a long-ilreaded collitiun would take
place on the Cih, between '.he contending W&kaito
tribes. gives si nanative of some fearful manifestations
i)?a' W4 M' llMltf en tl at day, and when a confhet,
in which scores if not hundreds of lives might
have Uen lost, was, to all human appearances,
averted only by the influence and exertions of Mr
Whlli*, n missionary
7he Com Trad* ar.d Harvests of Karopt.
[from th? Mark I.aim Kxpresa. Aug 80 ]
Though the hum si has been interrupted by |>artial
shower* in different parts of the kingdom, cousideriihle
progrets bas h*en made in the more forward
districts. and a good deal of com In* beer,
carried in fair condition during the week. The accounts
of the )ield of wheat do aot improve; indeed,
the complaint* rtspeciing the deficiency ol
gTain in proportion to straw have increased, which
we are not surprised at, considering the prevalence
of blight among all the earlier .-oris of wheat, ard
the lots when was naturally to he exacted
from the fact of large breadths of corn hiving
been badly laid by the heavy rains and high
winds experienced in July. It it yet too early
to sj<eak josttively as to the extent of the
deficiency ; but from ull we have hitherto been
enabled to collect, we are of opinion tint wheat
will prove less productive than in moderately good
aveiage seasons, and th.tt a considerable proportion
will be of coarse uality. This will orove a heavy
trial to our fanners, as there exists little prnepect
of the value of the article advancing, so as to cover
the loss to wbs'b, under such circumstances. the
ihcrttiess of the ueld must subject them. Thev
have lound it sufficiently difficult to compete with
the foreign growers w itb so ?ood n crop as that ot
las) )ear; fut we much fear that the present season
will prove still more trying to all engaged in the
cultivation ol the land. 1'tices have certainly ri*?n
ttont the lowest point, and present rates may |>erhsps
he about maintained; but we much questior
whether the advsnre established is at all adequate
to recompense lor the shortneaa in the quality per
acre.
From the tenor of the foregoing remarks it will
be readily understood that we are not sanguine ol
r.?y improve rner.t in the wheat trade, we feel
hilly peisuafleii rtj;it we shall not have an averagcrop,
aiid further, that a very laige portion of me
potatoes will he ! ?(; but we are equally well convinced
that ihia *111 not have much influence on
prices. In the southern countries u( Kurope the
harvest has keen fini?hed under very aiis^acioua
circumstances, and in the more northern parts it ic
fast drawing to h conclusion. All the accountr
a(itee in speaking highly of the quality; and allowing
ituil the partial loss of the rye crop in Gertaanr
urn iioiiu..d n iy c?u?e >m ex'ra consumption ol
wlifai.aiill a laige surplus must remain lor ahip*
MU to t Ireat liritain. The new prnduc**
cannot, *' dmit, conv forward immedi?tely ;
ip<t<-?d, i'i? m Ike more distant ports, comparatively
little is hlnly to reach n? !>efore next
spring, but no re.il recnrity caa be frli in th;
interval, and as our nierclmu;a and farm*ni will
constantly have the drratl of Urire ini x>rt? tiefore
tb*lr ryea, tW fotmei are not likely to be much
disposed to make invealmetiM at high ralea, or th*
latter te Itr either able or willing to hold back sappliea.
Tbia ?emi to be the view pretty generally
taken cf the probable future course of events; and
notwithstanding she unfavorable accounts from the
agricultural iliitnr'i, business haa >main*d ion
vrry <|utet ?tate, with 'lie tendency of price# rather
downward* at m veralol the leading provincial m irke'B
Bad weatlw r would naturally have th- efl clot
causing aprrtilation: bu? provider! nothing further
occrra to ? n?!ane> r that |airt of the crop* still mthr
ti? Ida, iio tnateiial or |>eriiianen( nae in the value ol
agricultural prvdacc n? likely to take plac*.
1 li>- ad* ic?a from Si otland are atill of a favor*
able character, hot from Ireland the accounts abm"
(rfMatoea are sullicieotl) doahtlul, the dineaae havirg.
il ip paid, extended fr m the sou.h and wat to
the north of the talar.d. Wheat eeetna to have beer
slbetrd there hy blight and mildew ip the aame
mantii r aa on 'his aide of the channel; but the
crops ?i spring corn (more especially tlioae of otla)
me well ?poken of. Potatoes w^re, owing to tlte
tear 'hat the* might not keep, being forced <>u the
tiiatketa, and wi re consequently very cheap.
The r> porta from the continent respecting the
barveat are r.f a decidedly fivrrahle rhtracter.
1 bin der storms have been egpefieoce 1 at fim-a,
by which local damage haa been done, but the aear<
n* have, on the whole, bren auspicious, both io
the south and north of Kiirn|?e.
lu the earl) p?rt of the week a heavy fall of rain
appeals to have taken place in France, whieh hid
raorrd holder* of gram to raise their pret*na<<ia*:
u<incii| *Mi movrmrnt liml i>< ' (?- *!> Ire?|jr rei|<ond<ri
to by buyers, r.rd the trade lia.l remained
quirt at the |>nnri|MI markets.
Fton the Baltic the account! are of muchth*
same cb?r?cter a* before. The letters generally
de?cribe the wuth< r us auspicious, and fie wheat
crop as 1t? mising ; spring corn m, however, not *r
wrll tpoktn ?f, trnd rje in rertainly deficient orer
laiue jtnion of notthern Europe There iasmtie
Nit of potato d.sease in the Netherlandsand put ot
tirrrraujr, l?u? this does not seem to have had much
infiu* nee on the graii. markets. Me.tnahile, neither
hit)?rs t or sellers hud she wn any disposition to enter
ittnftrih ruu -w ments, ind the ir ansaeti"0? ap
l#ar to ha\e b< en ot very little im(K>r'ance even at
thi'M |ila< * wh? r?, until ret* ntiy, a good deal of
business had bf ru done.
< 'ur 1 tannic Ifitersaie of the 10th iaat. Though
then had brea no inclination to buy, holder* had
n n hinril \? r\ him, and prices wrf then iiite a*
Ifh as they had ??rn the week before, e |nsl tn
*. f 47s. hsvmg he?n demanded for fine high
ii,u??l ar tm.les, w.ighingttt lb?. per bushel, ami

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