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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 09, 1850, Image 3

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AflUn mi tk? PmIIc SW|m tf tmitot,
OUR CALIFORNIA COBRKS1*ONDKMCS.
Movnr Defiance, ua the Colorado, )
Twelve mile? below the mouth of the Gil*, >
July S, 1*60 )
Emigrant*? IMingtrrmi 4d rritfurr?The Gila Ri.
vtr?A /Jtiert. Ifc tfc.
Joat as I kid finished iny last letter, there appeared
on the op|>o8ite shore " muif ho kombrti,"
(many men). A glance showed them to be emigrants,
and a closer view through a gliss proved
them to be Mexicans. As soon as they detected
that they were observed, they gave indications of
a wish to be passed over This was an uniertaking
for which we were knot prepared ; but an
anxiety to hear of the stale of the road (for the Indians
had been telling us that the Gila was overflowed,
and that the emigration would be stopped
for several weeks thereby,) overbalanced all other
considerations. It was the work of less than an
hour to take the body from one of our wagons, and
jmiB OVtT ll me canvas iuj? ?u mc eamr, iu oucu k
way aa to render the whole inipenetrable to water,
ana launch it into the stream Ater having towed
it up about hail a mile, to get out of the lulluence
of tne rapids opposite our camp, three men jumped
into it, and pulled for the op,n>?iie shore ; but to
our horror and astonishment, it was rooa seen that
from the clumsy character of the beat, (it being
but about twice as long as it was broad,) and from
the fact that the attempt to cross was made too near
the influence of the rapids, when thejr got within
the full force of the current the bout tiecaiue completely
under its influence, and was hurled dowa
stream at a rapid rate. On, on it went, till within a
few rods of where the danger was most imminent,
when a divergence iu the course ot the current,
aided by the strenuous exertions of the boatmen,
threw it into an eddy, and they were saved. Thus,
by the merest accident, were ihe lives of three
valuable men, heads of families, preserved from a
sudden death.
The party of Mexicans proved to be from the
City of Culiacan, iu the Sia'e cf Sia.iloa, and within
about 280 miles of .Magellan. As it usual in these
companies, there are u few proprietors, with a
large number of peons. They came by the route
not often travelled at this season of the year, via
Alter. This is the most northern and western
town in Sonora, and lies nearest the head of the
Gulf, of any wttlement in it. Beyond it, northwardly
to the Gila and westwardly to the Gulf, is
an unbroken desert, never explored by the foot of
a white man, and supposed to be almost wholly
H^flfifntP rtf tt'?tr?H Vittfr miH cim<aa WifKin a ft* u/
yearn has been discovered a loud that in passable
in the raiuy season, direct to the Gila, distant
about 2t0 miles, and striking it about 2 .leg. from
its mouth. It ia by thin road that our friends had
travelled. They Buy their animals had no grass
from the time they lett Alter till the time they
struck the Gila; and thet tor four days at a time
ihey were without water.
Mount Defiance, on the Colorado, 1
12 mii.es below the mouth of >
the Gila, July 1, 1350. 5
1\e Intercourse with the Indian*?Present Positvm?
Preparations for Defence?Indians?Insects?Fish?
The River Gila, fr , frc.
Whan 1 wrote you laat week, our relations with
the Indians were of an apparently friendly character.
The next day, however, our interpr?ter took
upon himself to lecture the old chief upon the
outrages his tribe had committed against emigrants
in times past, and to threaUn him with the chastisements
of the American government. This very
unwise course at once excited hit antipathies, and
he departed in high dudgeon. The next day there
was but very little trade, and but a very few
Indians appeared at all around the camp. It so
happened that just at this time we got into a general
row with our men. These were mostly old soldiers
and other worthless cnaracters, i^pMikia to control,
(lid we detertniued to discharge them, which
we did, and they left the next d4y. From causes
not necessary to explain, two of my partners determined
also to leave at this tune, and they went
oH with the men. This lea me company, inclining
three hired men, juiit seven strong. Our position
was a very insecure oue, aud it was obvious
that our lives were every in^uient in danger
upon the separation of our'company. It was at
lirst supt>08ed indispensable that we should relinquish
the objects of our ex|*dition altogether, and
return to the settlements. Hut ihis wis thought
too sunt a sicritice, and we lia illy determined to
fall back to tlie tirit defeasible point, fortify ourselves
as well as we could, and hold on till, by the
arrival ofi migrants, we could get the power to return
and take pot-session of the terry. 80 here we
are.
If there ever w.is a place where a smill number
of men could defeud tueniselves agmnst 4 greatly
superior Indian force, this u one. It is a precipitous
blnfl up >n the margin of the river, of about
two hundred feet high, and command* a good view
of the surrouuiiing country for several milt s. At
its topmost point, is an open ?f>*ce of about forty
feet square. This we have stock tded with a
breastwork of log?, and huve mounted thereon our
little brass cannon, and whu h we ar^ careful to
discharge every evening?a dispUy which, we
already perceive, has a |>owertul eff^t on the
nerves ol our copt*r-col<?r?d neighbor* Directly
at the base of the blutluj-ou which oar fort is situated,
the liver takes a turn and ftirms a complete
.11 . _. ... .. ... . .1. ... ? ... 1? ~ nA ?
more important, exactly where it make* the turn
there occur* in the river a powerful ra.iid, there
beinu a full, < should judijf, ! a huudrt'il yards, of
some ?uiy fret, so a* to rnidrr the ti?w on our 1
side peifrcily impassible lor bwats ?>n the other 1
nd<* of the river, which is h? re about a q Miter of
a mile wide, occur* a wnle >-ddy, ? that the navigation
of ihe river hy this rapid ia not materially
impeded, and this, by the hy, is the out* one between
the mouth of the Gila and the Gulf.
There is, l>elow us ubo.it ten miles, a Urg r
settlement of the ludima thin either of those
abovr ua. Here reside* the chief, who cUiius ah*vl
ite control over the whole irihe. lie luinorcd
us with a visit the n*xt day all -r taking up our atation
in his neighborhood, nnd loUl uilf we would
act as friends to him he wou'd b" ?o to u*. H??
said h* w?s the same n? kmu in this quarter, that
all the land was hi?, fee. thace we hive been 1
here the Indiana have l<eeu very neighborly,
and huve purchased fr<-ely. They are in com- !
munication with Uie Indnn* on the coast, and are
fully apprised *1 the intei.lion of the troops to com*
out here, ll ia from the influence of thia latter
fact, I take it, that causes th<-m, just at thia time,
to be so very civil to n? Yea'erday we were
pomewat excited, from the fact that a large number
of rafW i*?sed down t ie river, and in one initance
a dead horse. We supposed, at first, it
might he indicative of a tram ot *-uiu(r*nt* tha. had
been panning over, above ua. Then, actio, il was
ruoea'ed mat the lndnns were moving their
wnea and children aw,y. pr--par<t ?rr to war. |
This ides had nornr plausibility, from the fact, that
night before last, about i?u hundred Indians, I
chiefly families, pasted *i> by cur c imp, latest
night. Our sjpreheastons hav bee* luieted,
morning, by learning that the Inli<n? have been i
tm??ing over into the forks of the GiU a ad the Colorado,
with a Tiew t? nuke their garJsn*
This yo? will thiuk late in the season, hat op j
to this period of the year the laid.* in i he vicinity
are all wrrtlotfd. Ti.e weather is at
thia time very warm, although by no mean*
so much m*i*ti later t>erioi. Th? thermometer
average*, la the mi.Idle of the ) tyj'>!i in theahade
Wit it is from the influence of a wind that nrram
occasionally from the ao-iib and we?t that oar
moat di-"agreeable sensation I ari?e. Thi* wind
)iaa>e? for hundred* of miiea over a deaen of aand
and Tolcanic remains, and in which there is little
or no vegetation The#-, form the great heat of
the awe, get -corrh'i* hot through the day, and retain
their high atate of tem^ieraiure through the j
night The wtnda, in pas?ing over thein, imbihe
their heat, and when it rec.ehea our unfortunate
bodies it partakes of some of the characteristics of i
an Arabian niroceo. I have heurd of the wind
blown g the hair out of one'# head, but not even in I
the language of exaggeration did I ever hear it j
suggested that it would rau?e the per?piration to
?tart from one's forehead. Hut this ia a literal
fact, as I can too well testify. When theae winds
occur at night, as they not ^frequently do, they
prove an effectual bar atalf at empts at obtaining
sleep. This is one of the felicities of our ondi- |
lion
Another evil with which we have to rotitend ia
from an insect, called the nand-lly. It m of Lilliputian
d mention*, but is very effective ia its
attacks upon the corporeal mm notwithstand
ing Tl.rrc is al?o another fly of mo?i gigantic
proportiona, that i* very annoying at certain ,
enaona of th* day, and particularly annoying to
?iw?l? l-taarda and wnrimiw abound, but tn?*y
>in* r to lw harmleaa. Th*re ia hut little ante
in thla particular locality. < 'ccneion tlly we are a
rabbit, and now and thro a few quail. There are
l<|entv of tiah in the river, of a tolerable quality
and of a good eiac. They have a aucker montn
and are r>-d about the bHIy, but t am not enough
of an ichihvohrgiat to (i?ei|i?m a correct description.
The Indiana deroy them to the aurface and
then ahoot them with arrowa
The water in the riyer in tolerably good, notwithstanding
it* oflenHve apprarance. It reaemhlea,
when taken from the riyer, that which ha? been
made nee of by a watherwaman, in the way of
her buameea.
The general aapert of the country, in the region
of onrforf. In aomewhat impreaaive fuat in the
rear ia a mountain, a thuuaund of more feet in
height. From that, with a g?>o?| glaaa, can ha
?een at the north th" Colora lo for many milea beUitr
" "at^ra h??o?? unit'd with those of the
#
Oil*. To the rut may be aeea this latter atreain
after becoming united with the Colorado?breaking
their united way through a high ridge. Turning
to the coath, the Colorado can be seen for
many,miles, tortuous in its course, bnt gradually
widening until it becomes connected with the
Gulf. At the west, occurs the vast desert?which
is, you know, a part of the Great American Basin,
and one of the wonder* ef the American continent.
There is but little land that can be cultivated in
this section; it is of a sandy formation, ami cannot,
without great difficulty, be ever irrigated.
Nothing can ever render this section desirable us
a residence, eicept it should possibly be made the
l>oint over which a railroad shall pass between the
Pacific and the Atlantic States. Dut 1 shall have
more to say upon this subject hereafter. T. F.
Concepcioh, Mouth or the Gila, Wbstsidi. )
of th? Colorado, July 12, 1800 ?
Par tut from California?Building a Fort?Iti
Potitiom?Tht Indian*?Arrival of Califomiant
? Ncu> Kivtr, 4'C , $ ('.
Just us I was sending off my last letter to you, one
of our company, who had started for " the settlements,"
made his appearance. He met on the way
a litter from San Diego, giving intelligenca wluc.1i,
as it khows the mode in which matters take a turn
in this country, 1 will relate. It appears, in the
first place, that when intelligence reached San
Francisco of the murder of Glontin and his companions
at this place, and of the piles of money he
had accumulated, two parties were at once formed
there to come down and take posaeession of the
ferry One of these was got up under the auapicea
of Colonel Jack Hays, whilom of Texas, and
ciw..ur,.f c ? r..ma.aaa tka a>k.,. ?.n.
uun onei in ui uau i loutim u. iuc umci nuc jjui
up, it wbb said, by Col. Graham, of San Francisco,
both of these partieB, numbering 20 men each, had
arrived at San Diego, one of the-n, it was said,
with $20,000 worth of good* to trade with the Indians.
lu addition to this, an application for a licence
to keep a ferry at this point had been made
by a brother of Major Fitzgerald, who commands
the forces in the Southern section of California. To
make up the complement, a couple of Yankees'were
actually on their way with goods fur this point,
and would be up in a few days. This being the
state of affairs, it was at once concluded to be in<lui>ensible
that we should proceed forthwith from
our then camping ground, and take possession of
this point, as this has been heretofore the place
where the ferries have been established, anditis
also unquestionably the point where the military
force were to be btati?ned when it arrives. Accordingly,
the next night we yoked up our
teams, and pushed ahead, and without meeting
any obstacle worth relating, found ourselves
the afternoon of the following day at the
I mint at which my letter is dated. This, joumust
mow, is on a high bluflat the angle formed by the
Colorado, immediately before and after its junction
with the Gila. These two rivers, by the by, as
they meet eaeh other, flow from exactly opposite
point?, and the united force of their waters or
some other cause, has forced a patsige through a
high hill. ?
The spot we occupy has always been called
Concepcton on the Mexican maps. It appear* to
have been at one time occupied, for in building our
fort we found abundant remains of old buildings.
There was once, it is well known, a mission in this
neighborhood, but it was situated, as has generally
been supposed, on the north side of the Gila,
about a mile above this. At all events, Major Emory
gives it this location. The position here is a very
Pe asant one. At one view the eye takes in the
Gila, the Coloradoj before its union with the^ for
mer, ana me unuen streams as tney nurry on rapidly
to tbe south,| or rather to the west, as that is
the course the rivet takes tor some distance after
pacing our camp.
We have built a fine stockade fort, and consider
ourselves perfectly aafe. Our Yankee iriend* have
come up, and as we have disposed of all our goods
we have permitted them to come alongside, and
put themselves under our protection. The spring
emigration has not yet commenced. This is remarkable,
aa it ia at least six weeka later thin it
was last year.
The Indiana are friendly, yet evtdently do not
like the idea of Americans establishing themselves
here. 1 shall aend yon a long letter about these
people at some other tune.
Since writing the above, one of the companies
from San Francisco has arrived, and ij encamped
on the river, about a mile below us. Several of
tlierii are from New York. I learned from them
that New river, us it is called, has again made its
appearance. This is a stream of water, both wide
ond deep, about midway of the desert, that flows
up from the Colorado, and, what is remarkable
about it. begina to api>ear just as the Colorado begins
to fall. It was never known there for sixty
years, it is said, till last season. It is %?re?t blessing
to travellers, for, without it, the desert would
be almost impa*suble at tins season. Ia the fall,
when the waters subside, an excellent crop of grass
eprincs lip, and this, too, of course, serves a ver\
valuable purpose to the traveller.
It is a matter of considerable speculation, with
us here, to know what has become of the spring
emigration from the States, this season. It is a
month, and even more, later this season, thin last.
trp to this time, not sample company have arrived,
that have left within the present year T. F.
CoNcErctow MorTH or tub Gii.a. )
July 231, 1800. S
Kmigranh?Mr. Henry Herman*, of K'nUwky?
A Churaitrr?7'?? Half brtt l, titu. AUn ? Vmah !
/?f/uini?L,t*iructum of a Acti |
of tht I'maht, thttr lit it i nv, 4*<\, jr.
I wrote you last week, by one of our company 1
who went in for provisions. Since then little has
occurred to disturb our tranqaillity No American
companies have arrived, and we h ive almost given
up ihe idea of tbeir being any on tbe road. On
Tuesday last we had <juite an excitsment, occasioned
by the arrival at tbe owoait* shore of an
American, who soon came over with a companion.
It proved in rw a Mr. llenrjr llermun*, ?>( hrankfort,
Ky , who left New Orleana late U*t I vermin
i, and who oume on to Deran^o, nnii theuce
truck into the road at Cuiiacon, and caw up to
tliia point threugh Bonora, in conipaay with a train
of Mexicana. Mr. Herman* inforuia ua tliat, about
20 mile* up the Gila from this place, there came
in'cj fh#* r'Hiiii) tii whiL'li hf brlonirfd. ?n Anifn^n
almost miked, anri in a lanzuid aad exhausted
Mate. lis said that If belonged to Glontin's
party, and left here before the murder to
no up ihe Gila, for some purpose That
M tlmr leturn, hr and In* pirtjr were MfcM
by the Indiins, and robbed ot all they had: and 1
that h'' hml I' ft bta companions imp rnlethlra that j
few of them coull walk. The Mexican* applied
lnm libemlly with provisions, and he left Venter- '
<1*y. the " lit* fellow mad-- his a|<prarance on the
otlief aide of the river, opimaiie to us, an I wished
to he net across. We, however,did not gr? to him
1Im< nam* I* tiefirire Kllif. H' i? a h-ilf bree.l, from
i lie of the Western State? lie was with the
lamba at the Uiue of Glonun's murder, and ts upposed
to have been its chief insti^ato} He is a rare
vilUin; nnd his whole story to the Mexican* an 1 to
Mr. Hermsns trm unquestionably a fabrication
'1 he probability is, that he ia hatching some plan
with the I'turths to romp<t*? the destruction of the
Amerinms now on the ri\ One
copper colored neighbors are not so attentive
m I bey htve bee?, s? l.iom visiting oor camp.
I h.i > e no doubt ihev would destroy ua it th y dared
to, bat we tre luckily too well protected against
them
As these Indisne, the Itoiahs, have already
gained some notoriety, and are probably destine.I
to more, few remarks u,>on their history and
character may not be unwelcome.
The Umahs number abont ft') warrior* ; at least
uch is the estimate of Lieut. Uouit*, who has h?4
I rohablv aa good an o|>portunity for forming a cor*
rect opinion a* any one. Tbev htve vilUtp a up
ihe Colorado, uji the (lila a few miles from this, at
the point ( luit between the Uila and the Colorado,
at the ' Algodorea," JO mile* below thu, and
on an laland al the mouth of the river, at the head
of the (?ulf of California Her* ta thair chief aet
Dement, and here, I hare br en told Ky one who
haa united it, they raiae fine c ropa of pumpkina,
melona, heana, corn, Xc. They atao raiae more
or l<ee ofthrae article* at their other aettlement*
There ta a fine liell of them even within a few
rod* of our camp.
The I'mah* are almoat univeraally a tall, well
formed, food featured, manly appearing race of
men, and their women are even auperior to the in
in f*ra<>nal cbaracif notice 1 hare wen tome that
m?4tt-t eren be called beautiful. What will commend
theae latter to the attention of their f?aluo>iblr
aiefer* at the Kaat, ia, that front them wiia probably
derived the practice of wearing lniet lea. The
t rnali ladiea invariably wear round their waiata a
co\rrtng of hark, *o arranged thit if they had over
it a convenient garment, it would g v* them, *o far
aa drena It concerned^ preciaely the appearance of
a Itroadway belle. They, aa well aa ihoae of the
othrr ?ex, are verv economical in the article of
dretc; the latter aeldom having anything to cover
them hut a l>ree?-h clout and a girdle aTiont their
waiata. *
The Umaha have long been reaidenta of thia
clime. Thfir location fti thi? niMghborhnoi li
marked on the oldeat Mexican m*|?, They h*<l,
? (heir near neighbor*, munv yeara aince, ihMeneopM,
but they ha?e gradually fought them
i fl, till th*ae latter litre with, an<l are unit-d with
the Peemoora, Iff) mil#a above thia, o? the Oil*
The ITfnah*. about w> f*?r? brought
themaelrea | ainfnlly tn the Mtif of 'Heir Hpaaiafc
neighbor*, by de*tri>) ill miaaion which had lieca
ea'anliabed here bt eotne eathuaiaetir ercleaiattira,
and by killing <01 that belonged to it. At the tine
of the massacre, there chanced to be a company of
aoldiera on it* way from Sonora to California, who
were, at the time, attending mass in the chapel.?
The irreverent Umahs, probably supposing the
Spaniards were in a suitable frame of mind to lesave
the world, at an opportune moment despatched them
with theirclubs. The walls of the mission were levelled
with the ground, and its remains can now be
distinguished about a mile above the mouth
of the Gila, at least so says Msjor Enaory. Wince
that time, there his been found no devotee of the
cross snflicif ntly enthusiastic to attempt their conversion,
and they are now, in the lHMjiiHije of one
of their number to me the other day, mm undo
rhrutunns (very bad Christiana ) I can but believe
that u prudent and sensible missionary would
here find ns promi?tn? a field for the exarch'- of
his benevolence. as any other on the ertfttineat
They nn a sensible and a threwd race, mid 1 have
no doubt are readily susceptible to kindly influences.
Since the destruction of the mission, little has
been known of the Umshs till within a late period.
About two years sao commence! ? new en in
their history. A rush of emigrants from Mexico
and from the United States across their territory,
had then commenced, which has contiuue 1 almost
without interruption till the present hour. No complaints
was made of the conduct of the Umahs
till last season. I hey then eouummced a system
of robbery and pillnge, and even murder, that Ihh
seldom been equalled in a civilized lnnd. Loud
complain'b were made to government, and at last
Lieut. Coutts, with the I double object of protecting
the emigrant*, and of prosecuting the boundary
survey, came out here and located nimself at the
point we now occupy, in October last. lie continued
here for several months,and established the
first ferry u|H>n the river. The Indians were very
indignant at this invasion of their rights, and made
direful threatening*, but prudently avoided a collision.
t*oon after he left, another party took possession
of the ferry, which soon became notorious
as "Glontins." Their fate id well Uuown.
The Indians rose upon them, when most of them
were asleep and all unsuspicious, and killed every
man but three, who were absent. Since that time,
two other companies have established themselves
on the river, and a military force will soon be stationed
upon it permanently. The glory of the
Umahs has de|?rted. Their supremacy upon the
great Colorado of the West, will never more return
to them. Their future fate can readily be discerned.
Imitating, alone, the vices of the whiles,
they will melt away before'their advancing strides,
till ,the places which now know them, will know
tbem no more?when, as at a no distant day, a
smiling village, or, perhaps, a proud city, may be
seated u|?on their now favorite habitation at the
lunction of the Oila and Colorado. It will be an
interesting association in its history, that on its site
once lived and flourished the tribe of I'mahs. T. F.
Oar Oregon Correspondence.
Okkson City, June 15, 1850.
The Legiilativt Auembly?Pulltir*?Trial atui
Execution of the Cayutti?Gold.^c., $*c.
Popular attention has latterly been strongly attracted
towards Oregon City, where events of a
deeply interesting character have been transpiring;
and so far as they are, or may be, interesting to
your readers, they will be noticed.
The Legislative Assembly c?nvened in special
tesaion in Oregon City, on the 6th of May, on the
call of Governor Lane. This session was called
to provide lor some things which had been overlooked
by the Assembly at its former session.
Their doings, however, were entirely of a private
nature, and their rehearsal would add nothing to
the interest of this letter. Governor Lane is making
commendable efforts to have the civil affairs of the
Territory in the best iK>ssible condition when the
hour of his official departure shall arrive ; and, in
order that he might effect hU object, the Assembly
were atked to alter, amend, or add to some of
their former acts. In doing so, they remained together
two weeks, and passed, perhaj*, some half
dozen acts, original or supplementary. The members
of Legislature are men of good sense and
sound integrity, and they have on the whole framed
an excellent code of laws.
One subject of discussion, though not of definite
action, deserves a passing notice. The idea *f a
State government has been extensively discussed
in private circles; and as the measure is decidedly
popular, the subject wus agitated in both branches
of the Assembly, and there is little doubt that the
que*?ion of calling a convention to frame constitution
would have been aubmitted to the people if
the flection had not been so near at hand a* to
prevent a full and fair canvasi of the matter. We
chall be feeling lor the knocker by th? time California
in disponed of. With the actual and rapid
influx of population, and the many i-ncouragetnenta
lield out to immigrant*, there ia little doubt that in
lets than eighteen mouth* there can be no objection
made to the admiaeion ot Oregon aa a Stale of
the Union ou the ground of a wanl of population.
All here feel that the claim* of Orcgou reuuire a
more miTTit'ritim ilrlci'Htinn to f'onirrm* Wf do
not with lo kill our present talented and popular
delegate, an<l ahall noon be aokins to add at least
two coadjutori on the Hoor of the national Le
gieluture
It may I* projier here to remark th%t the subject
of party politic* Ji.is In-en, lor a few yrrb pa?t,
warmly diiouueiL Ti?e mwiliiM of Utti Leiislatuie
brought together the leading democrats of the
Territory, and the removal of Governor I>ane
Htlorded a favor*ble pretext for a party rally; ao
democratic Rieeiing or convention wu got together,
for the double purpose, I should judjj'" from
their publii>h< d proceeding*, of or^ini/ing the party
and adopting nome ind yuatiou revolution* witn
reference to Governor .nne'? removal At thia
meeting the party waa only org-inix-d by the appoinim*
nt ot. central and local committee*, and
the other formaline* uiual on such occamon*. The
motenient i* received coldly by the m<i?*e*, and
the proepect at present w, that the party thutlomirit,
lliouuh iiDdouSt'-iily t!ie atrnnir-ot on tlie i|iie?tion
of iiruiciple, will for a time be defeated by
the coinlutied iwwcr of the whig* and the nol>arty
party. Mi??t *urrly w.ll thi* be the oaae
until purty paper* are eatuhliahed, a* the Oregon
N)?/<li>?, llie oul> pa pel uow m the Territory, I*
I,,.lit m-tilrul ... a.w ru f f
iiuf the inline I (if most tiiriiiintr and in'.i 111 r*?t
ha? br? d ?he trial and execution <>f live Caynae
lutiiinn, who were delivered up to (ioveruor Line
by their nation, as the uuly survivor* ol the murderers
oflir. whitman and other*, at the inii?.?i<>n ry
Mation on the Walla Walla. After much n??otiation,
und ra(?cially after aeemtr company after
i on^aiiy ?t the nllf regiment commit into the Ternlory,
th< nation determined to purcn*M- peace and
afrtv by surrender mi< the prrprtriMl M that horrible
maMacre into the hands of American justice.
Being tbu* given up by their own |>eople, tli?*?e
hve j<-rsona might hare been justly executed on
the testimony of their own nation They were,
however, tried in |*n court: first indicted by a
grtnd jury, then arraigned before a petit jury, and
iii i' , l.y the mirvn iug femaloa of lite iiMMacre,
?ln> remembered, rec>/in?ed, and identified them
every one, were th?y ftirly tried. They were de
fended by K. I'noheti, , Secretary of the Territory,
Major K U lie) i-.-.nd 1-aptain'1
borne, of the army Lvervtlimg the zeal of coiink
I and lluds->n Ray and Cithofir influence could
do, was done to save them from the (rtllow* The
pirr, however, pronounced them guilty, and the
Jiidgi declared they niu?t he hunjg; and notwithstanding
the Archbishop of th? Cothollc Church
labored to the last to save them, and followed them
to the scaltold with hia wax doll and croaaed
ftickr, which the mvages were required r*|?atedly
to kiss, yet all wonld not do; they were hung by
th?- neck until tliey were dend, dead '
Thna enda mi nlUir which g?ve riae to a war
which coat the nation little ehort of tiro hundred
ihniMiid dolUn, tad which MupnbiUtm*
out of the attainpt of the Catholic* to eattbliali a
mimioa in the lie^rt of a tribe already occupied by
Pmteetant mi*Monarie?. From thi?, reflecting
miada will draw their own conclnaion?
The election* came off throughout the territory
on the lir?t .'Vlnnday of the pmrot month Party
llM wrre not fully drawn in any except tWV <nuntiea.
In one of theae (Marion) the organized <)? .
mocrata carried thnr ticket throughout, while m
the other |xj|tiona of the territory the no-organixa11on
pntty carried all fiefore them So fir aa the
political iTincvlea of the aucreaaful candtdalea are
concerned, tiie remit chow* that the whig* and
democrata are about equally repreaented in the
l*egialative Aaaerublr It ought, however, to he
borne in inind that the election did not turn on
lolitka, except in two iMMntea, peraona voting indiacriiiuaau-ly
lor whig or loco, a* ihey wereiallurnced
by ptraonal or local consideration*.
The hrat of thl* month mav he noted aa the commencement
of a new era in the progreaa of Oregon.
The United State* mail ateamer Carolina arrived
at Portland on the Willamette, on the Itt in*unt.
Thi* Meaner la one of Aapinwall <V (Jo 'a line
which are to rnn regularly between thia |>oint and
San Kranciaco hereHfter. Thin at once eoavert*
month* into week*, ao that we now are one week
vn-m r**n r rnnriTo, nn<i nvf or nx wrrin rrom
New York Ami *?A? only are we amnir'd of the
regular trip* of the mail aieamera, bat niw two or
thiee other* will nmn commeare to run reeuUrljr
twtwren ihi# point and (tan Francisco. Nor ia the
hgritfN In ?ti) danger of heing orerdone Th*re
ia an immense trm< I on I hi* < oaet, ami the travel
rikI cwnmew* on theae waten reqnire oalf the
n?tesaury facilities to cause a great ?nd rapid eiI
pansion. Oregon in remarkable de
\ prre almoat every element of real gre?ti?e?a and
I I'rmantnt prosperity, and she await* only th? aj?
pliratirn of the appropriate me ana to enaure iKrtr
development. HitheDo the Meamer* have roafia?d
iheir operation* to the coast below San I ran
cisro. aad l?oth trade and travel h*ve been restricted
to tl* alow aad ukeome ciotivns of sail ietul?, but
now, the Improved prospect of affaire ia hailed with
universal joy.
Well, really, a person will need to write faat to
keep np with the rush of events as they pour into
the hosom of our people new elements ot excitement
every day. The people of Oregon have b?.
come convinced that gold might be found plen ifullyon
Ifogue river and other streams in the south
part of the territory, and there was a gaod deal of
preuaration made to commence minimi operations
in that quarter as soon a? the waters should sub- i
side npd leave the hare exposed But it has been
announced thai goM, in rich and extensive d>*posites,
hus been discovered out he country above the
Cascade range, and in the tributaries of the Colum- I
lua. This news, for the moment, has brought ;
everything up standing The specimens exhibited
from that reft ion certainly indicate a rich vein of |
ii eta 1 lit: wealth. The livers are, however, flush i
i>l water, a Hi! it may be some weeks before successful
n|<erHtioiiM cm be commenced. Among i
the |*rsona who have gone into that region are
tome one or two of our most intelligent inea, who i
will return shortly with authentic particulars i
But contemplate f.ir a moment rhe condition and
prot-pecte of Oregon. Unrivalled for her agricultural,
manufacturing, and commercial privileges,
she adds to these also the valuable possession
ol the t-hining ore. Miiht not this Territory, for
social comfort, universal intelligence, domestic
kuppiness, and unbounded wealth, hoou occupy an
enviable |*>sition. Hide by side with California, will
('repon run the high and bright career of prosperity
in rearing up the mighty empire of the Pacitic.
Alpha.
[From the Alt* California, August 1 ]
The Pacific mail steamship Carolina, Captain 11.
li. *t lining, nrnvra rroin nsioria, i/regon, yesterday
morning, having left that j>ort on Sunday, the
21st inst.
She brings down 14 passengers. We are indebted
to the purser for a copy of the Oreg/m Spt< taUr,
of the 11th of July, but it contains but little
news of interest. We extract the following paragraph
relative to the gold mines:?
TDe gentlemen who have been absent for Rome week*
pant exploring the Ytkimt and Hpokan. In search of
gold. have all returned They report having fouud
mine gold?a very email quantity however. The
utreama were aU no high that a oatlftMctery examlnatloa
onuld not be made. It Is thought, however, that
when tbe water* mbuldeMM to admit of it. a more
thororgh examination will bring to light hidden mia*?
of the precioui metal.
The U. S. steam propeller Massachusetts,
Commander Knox, arrived at Astoria OB the 30th
June, wuh ihe joint commission of army and
navy officers ap|>ointed to select positions for light
houaes and fortifications. The Spectator says that
it is understood they have completed their duties
so far as Puget's Sound and the adjacent country
is concerned, and are now to examine the moutn
of the Columbia. The Massachusetts came
through the south channel, drawing 1? feet, finding
abundance of water.
We also learn from the same source, that Captain
Thomas Hawks has buoyed aut the chanuel
I r.tm TV- .,- Pn > r., o?,l 1 ... ... 1.
carried the Tarquina through it, finding it a perfectly
good heating channel, with mifficient water for
all veneris navigating the river. The old channel
round Torgue Point bar has long been one of the
greatest difficulties to river navigation.
Intelligence from the Soatk Pacific.
We htte reoelved the Valparaite krpartn of the 29th
of July. Owing to the orowdedstateof ear columns,
we ere compelled to be very brief.
The atlelrs of Chili are in a prosperous condition.
The entire revenue of the jear 1149 amounted to $4.066.280.
being an increase over the reoeipts of
1848. of 482.026 dollars. And the surplus of Import*
and exports of the past showlnc an Increase ever the
preceding year or 4.671.214 dollars.
The politics ef Ecuador are becoming more and
more complicated
On the 13th of June an Insurrection took place
amongst the military oorps. headed by Colonel Este.
Five of the provinces have reeou ulsed the govern
ment of Nobea of fluyaquil. and the remaining three
have proclaimed General Klliabaldi. chief of the republic
altheugh he 1h sa|d to have taken refuge on
board an American corvette bound to Payta.
Civil war stiU continues la Central America, the
principal seat ot it being Honduras.
Guatemala la also in a disturbed state, and Oosta
Rioa If on the point of a rupture with Nicaragua, on
the snkject of the boundary towards the river San
Juan
Tne eanal aoross the Isthmus Is the cau<e of discord.
anil notwithstanding the reports that the late
treaty between th? United States aud (Jreat Hritaln
hadrtmeved all difficulties, facts clearly prove the
coutrarv.
New Oranada continues in peace The Jesuits had
t>e?n expuleed by order of the government and no
discontent had been manifested by the people
In Bolivia, the brliu cabinet m beginning to Inspire
more confidence end the value of peeoe end good
order ai beginning to be known, liusiuess was improving.
MARKET*.
VtLrtaiiso. July 29. 1H5U ?The demand for English
cotton goods during the month has been eatremely
limited, there having b<-en no pnrrharers fur export in
the merket and the country detlera h.tve l>?? u cluing
nthie* The MatlDiul heavy ralnt butt r?nd*red
the transport of go<>de to tha Interior aluoat lmpov
?lble A few considerable galea btri< been effected
for home con*umptlan. but of a apeeulatlve naffcra,
principally la iau*lln de Ulna and printed mualina
Only one arrival from Liverpool ban taken place, tba
< halco. and aorna email parcel* of fancy print*
kare been aold out of her at $3 IX bond, j'rlea*
of all ?ort* of KnglUh and American cotton gawd*
ir? f rm and aa Mocka are light there la little doubt
they *111 be auetalned. Next month the apring demand
will aet In. and a? by the laat account' no
heavy euppliea air uom<ng f r?ari n t ?-1 binine**
I* expeated According to the laat aenoant* reclr?ed
lu ll Knglaiid.ii> rmauy and th<- I mW Hlalea M|
t?n and wool had advanced In ?ueh a meaaure. that
tbrea of the large*! miiia In Lowell eeaned operation,
and m< *t of the Mancheati r mllr were workih* chirt
time Tba cotton erop in tha T'nlted Plate* fall* abort
compared with IM0. O.OOOOOU bag* and aa per table In
! another part ol wur column*. tb? import of rotiaa in
Boglucd In tb?-Sr*tfrur month* <>t lijij h*? d-cr* ?">-d
217000 I>?k> Our draltr*. *wnrr of thf?* fait*,
ai* bedding out for prira*. ? p?-r our prlo* currant
All darrrlptlon* cl *(? ll. n goodi arc ?xtr?m>-l* dull
CoppT little demand at tU .Vi p-r .;uint?l on t>>ar 1
Fmgbt* ham undergone little alteration nine* our
la*t report. About 4.1H0 ton* are ?tlll for charter In
tb* Hay mo*tly American flu*" From Taleahuano to
fan I'raactaro $18 par ton. ami from Valparaiso lo t>an
> ranriacs J.14 to J.JO ha* ba.m paid, according to th*
rl*** of mrrrhandt'o For Kngland to call t >r order*,
A J IAi and ft per rant for A No. I Itrltlah ?e?*el* h*?
bean gtvru and (14 for guuno to the Htate* Freight*
to the Continent A'4 4? F. nt*rud durlug 11>? mouth,
24 Bl ton* ; aallad do 24 MO ton* ; of which vm* for
California entered. 1 Hmi toil* ; tail-d V 4.'?<t ton*
Hold dort recelred during the inonlh from California.
t"C <00 Kxchang? on London. 4* S'jJ , *llv?r In
bar* . * 7d . hard dollar*. 8k d p-r cm: jold abora
lay, 1 tL p. ea?t,
htrimiaa una Tim-M?ai |no?*a Maw* - Tha
N?? OrlMl* Pir<|f<mr, of the mih lilt *?y* lly tha
arrival, laat ??nln? of tha ite?m*hip ?Jal?*at->n.
Tapt Mar*. t? have raaelred paper* lr>.tn >ial?e?lon
of the 14tb ln*t IF* attract tha fallowing from a
lett?r dated Baa Antoatn. Augn*'. 1th The people
bar* hart long looked on and war* awaiting *oiaa
action whUh might bt takan by tha general gorernBant
to rapal tnoaa Indtaa* and drlae th?m ha?k to
tbalr mountain bona*, and kindle tha war flra ii th?lr
own b. maa and family baarth* Th?e Indian* ba?a
barn down *db? hundred* of alia* b?low tha aattl*. |
i:irlit*, ttot regarding Iba I ui?e4 State* troop* whlrh
art poatad on our frontier for protaatlon Fo? thaaa
r< a*?a* a larga and ?*ry e?th>i*la*tla puMic meeting '
wa* bald on tha MAb ult . and I can but aay that tb* ;
raaolation* tbrr* adopted ara tba **ntltnciit' of our 1
population *11)1 n<lghf.ota Encln??<l I ?and you a
?. py "I th?- raaolutlon* and the Irttcr if Br*?"t M^j"r
G.n (laorga M llrookr. L nltril .?uta? Army,in *n?w-r
to tlip in* I un|.r?tanl till ordara harr bean frit
to iba rnminttr or the dragoon*. at Rrederlcheburg,
to <ff[?tab M>n? forty drafiwan in pur?ult of
thOM Indiana who committed the Utr depr? latlo*a
on the Cibola and that they ?houH not ret urn until |
ih?y bad Of?rtib?t and punlehed ?*ld Indian* From
the enclosed copy of the letter of General Brook# you
will aaa> that tn fu'ur* ?r may parhapa hare a llttlo
mora traaqaUllty. tbat I* to nay ju?t a> Inn* a? the
Iadiana l.eli??e thena I'nitod State* troopa err cavalry
mt: btit a* aoon aa they flu! oat that they ara ]
mounted lafaniryia-n (hoy will l>e lata them In right
good cggi? ?t I id afraid A petition ?a< circulated
laat ?< #* addrraied ta the QoTrrnor. with about 110
ignataraa. requesting the Ooaernor to ralee. or to rail
Into Immediate aertlce ol the Plata, a aufflalent force
of aolonteara to clear tha country of tb?* marauding
bond* of Indiaaa t laarn from Captain Shannon
who arrived la town on tha 31at alt . harlag laft Klo
Oraade City t?r|?? day* alar* that marly tha whole
eonntry r? thta aide of tba Rio (Irande, trom Ragle
Pmi to Hrotiitlllr. aan la a etate of tha graatrat
aJaim and ricllrmrnt. on account of the depredation*
eiiamittfd by tha Indiana Captain Shannon rama
up by tha way of ?anta Tereea Well* l.oma Rlanca
and fan 1'atrlclo bringing ai'.b bin a droaa ot mulaa
Ha did not mart with any Indiana, althaugb h" frfjuently
raw frmh " ?lgaa Tiaaellera generally hare
tn rroaa oa tba othar tide of tba Rie Wrande In going
to IS* differ ant towaa on thla atda of th? K t I ?n
forth* reaaon of caoaplng tha Indian* A great maay
boraaa and mulaa have been atolen by them New*
from Ra^la I'aaa rama In tbia w?rk fram reliable
imi .?nnn if rnwFT" WBI n** w?n 1*1 piw"
?t fti FrriMit. for Iho murder ot II K i!?ln *?
tbffo killed by tha nitnrl ablU la th? lit ot trjrtna
to toAk? hla weu> H? ?m ?h"t la lb* h?ad. ??
dl?d )n?Uatlr. from the *?or?a. t l??rn that
frport frna Colonel llnrdv* raarhrd KmI* Pa>?, which
*ta??d that Captain 0?k?a had eaptur?d ftom th? tadtaaa
a?ar land*. ninety pa<>k* and m?l? It I*
uppnard that tha Indiana ??r? m hard pa*hn4 by
Captain Oak**, tbat rti?y war* farecd to !??? thrlr
ale* *
N?w Comst.?A nrw comet was discovered at
half naat ten o'clock, last evenwe. hy Mr (i. P
llond, of the Cambridge Dbaervntory, ta the con
Me nation * nmHn|iaMitlu?. tr? ?t*gt?ea nnrtn of
tar AM>" l>r?ri. I to hourly motion la incr*a*u?( I
in right aar<-Minn V wet.., ami dfCTOMinir in declination
X3i*c Hy rrmifwnunn with a ?tar in ArjelnndM>
'/.on* HI, it* plarr win a? follow*, at
imo. *?(. mh uh o*? u.
k. m I.
> nmH ?n A a U Wl >V?an
li?f North, ?P Ma ) Jaa 1. IMS
WM. Crancn B>WU,
1 CVymuo Aujcg 30,1SW.
WMt India R*Wi>
We have received (ilea of the Kingston (Ja )
Despatch and AUverhttr, by the Empire City, to
the 2ttth ult.
The weather, at Kingston, (Ja.). ',tta unusually
warm fjpr aeveral days. Preceding the
29th of Auguat, the Iaiand of Jamaica waa very
healthy.
A meeting of gentlemen aaxioua to promote the
culture of cottou in the British Weat Indies, waa
Kflri in Ifinirat/in T a niuiru nn flat* nf Itttaf
month. The whole subject of cotton growing
was debated, and estimates submitted of the c*l?nm?
Hud pro tit tliat would arise from it. Several
let'ers were read from property owners in the
island, ottering to fiivr, in one instance, a tlinu?tind
acres of land, free of rent for three years, to
the joint block coih^aiiy, which rt was proitosed to
fouu tor growing couon Samples of Jamaica
cotton had besn beut to Liverpool,. recently, tor the
inspection of |wrsons enaagi-d in the trade, who
r? presented thut it wn? worth from eight to eight
and a half pence per |>ound. The meeting (ussed
the following; resolutions:?
Kemlved Thut tbe num proposed to he raised be ta
er? aaed to X'i liuu In proportion ot not less than K'lb
Kesolved. That a committee be appointed to solicit
subscriptions.
Itrtolvcd. Tbat the remmittee be requested to report
to the nest meeting, whether it will be more advisable
to expend the whole sum ralatd, in the cultivation of
cotton by tbe subscribers, or to make advances to
small proprietors who may be engaged in cotton cultivation
; and also to report on the eligibility of a situation
for carrying out the operations of the company
Sir Kobeit Uowcher Clarke, the Chief Jualice of
tSartmdop. has hern appointed to act also as Chief
Justice of St. Lucia; the Hon. J. G. P. Atthill is
to be the resident Puisne Judge; the lion. Louis La
Caze, the Attorney General, in the room of Mr.
Atthill; and the Hon. Cyprien Mallet Paret, the
Solicitor General of the latter colony.
The appointment of the Hou. James Scotland,
Inte Solicitor General at Antigua, to be the Chief
Justice of St. Kilt*. his t>een confirmed.
Accounts troin Martinique state tint serious injury
had been done to the shipping of that island
by the gale in the early part of July, and that a
government steamer had t>een despatched in quest
of missing vessels.
The Governor of Jamaica has recognised J. W.
Fraaer, Lsq , as vice Consul lor the United States
of America at ^<tvanim-lrt-Mar, in that Island.
The Killusion Daily A'lvertiter says:?
Since the departure of tbe last mail for Great Britain.
this island bas been very generally vinlted by copious
ahowera ot rain, attended in aeveral districts by
ihuuder and vivid lightning Some slight injury to
property haa occurred on the north side of the island
trnjieror tMmlouigue, of liayti, according to accounts
received by the packet, was not to receive !
his imperial crown until the end?f the year, or early
in January The ceremouy wan to have taken
place on the 28th of August, but is delayed until
the completion of "u grand chapel," which is in
the court* of erection in the palace vard, and 111
which the important event iH to take place.
A new plan of curing and improving sugar by
centrifugal force, is now in operation in Birbadoa
The gam to the planter is represented to be from
twenty to thirty per cent. The Barbados Globe
says:?
Mr Drumm repeatedly plaoed in hid cylinder uncertain
quantities of what could not certainly be called
" rugar." tor the sampled experimented ou were fermenting
maraea of what waa little better than thick
m?laeee? and yet is the ehott epaoe of four mlnuti-B,
the renult produced wai a quantltlty of pure augar, of
excellent quality and appearance, quite free from molaseea,
and with the grain uninjured by the operatlou.
Oar It?w Jersey Correspondence.
Morristown, August 21, 1850
Morrii County Courts Again?/ndirtmentt N.
Mvrrit and Etui Railroad Comj>anv?Important
Civil Suiti?Nflirt to Bill Uulderi of the
IaxU State Bank at Morrii.
i ne August ierm or our courts is now in session;
and though the Grand Inquest in and for the body
of sur county, have hid no more hank failures to
investigate, they have found it incumbent uj>on
them to present two bills against another cor|<oration?the
Morris and Essex Railroad Company.
The first indictment against them in effect, not in
fuct, charges their conductor, Isaac Van Pelt, with
tin assault and battery on Col. Nathaniel Mott, of
Kockaway, P+w Jersey, in ejecting him from the
cars on lite morning of the lifth of Juiie last. The
circumstances, as I underMaiid them, are these:?
the company, a* a checit on their conductors, and
that the trains may not be decayed in giving out
ticket!, and making change with passengers in the
cars?in other words, for the great oonveaience of
the public?have lately adopted a rule requiring
all to purchase tickets at the several ticket olficej
before entering the cars, or pay an additioaal live
cents when procured in the cars. Col. Molt was
at l>over, and reached the depot just in timet*
jump on board as the train was leaviug, nnd wh'-n
the conductor called for ticket*, had none. Tlie
extra live t ents were demanded and refused, the
cars Btop|>ed, and .he intractable ( oloii-l r
llence the complaint and bill. The trial will involve
some rice legal questions, and will not,
probably, be brought on this term.
The second bill chan>et. the company with keei>ing
up and maiutaining a nuisance, to the great
damage and inconvenience of the people in and
abow Kockaway. It is alleged they iiave built
upon 11 ml otherwise obstructed a public highway
at that place.
Vn frtniin?1 !ui?inpia hnu na v#?f Ki?<?n fuli*>n fin
this trrm. The Court of liumtrr Kraaioua will
< . i.i. i .! tin-, moii..i.!.', lo ir h i A MM
billi'. ^
The Circuit h?n thua far been occupied in the celebrated
and long cornea trd cwrof .1 iSe ward, Jr.,
va. Thr MorrisCanaland Hinkini; Comptny. Tliplmntit)
nana a valu iblr (arm at the head watrra of
ihe Morris Cull, and briiissaan aclion lur .1 mi ??."
done him in conaequrncr of thr cotniainy'a rrrcth
k h dam at thr outlrt at thr lakr, and raiaintf thr
w.itera ho that th> v llow hack u,*>n uuii iuji?re
plmatitl 'a landa. Thr d>fendanta deny flowing
any lands of the plaintiff to which they h ivr not
i it It- un<l< r an aaaraament mnde whrn thr dam waa
first erected. The trial will probably contmae thr
grt aler |*rt of this week, the pUintill having not
yet rested. For plnintill, I!. J. Mille, 1? A C in tidier,
! : W Whrl|i|ry, hi"|>a, and thr Hon J. W.
Mill* r The liittrr, oar fienator, ia confinrd to hi*
room wi h an attack of fever, mid ha* not aa yet
b*in able to br present ut thr trial. For dr- i
fendant?, F. T. Frelinglmysen, Theo. Little, and
Aaa Whitehead, Eaqra.
No. 2 on the civil list, la another very important
cat*?l*n ex demise Florence C. It ice en. Jeremiah
O. Hamilton A m<n*ion house and firm,
Miuatfdnt I Vnvillr, thia cotintjr, valiird at fift?rn
thousand dollar*, ia in controversy. The plaintill
hlin(!v auit to <jecl thr defend int. and recover thr
premises, alleging defendant's title deed hid, on
thr grotitid of inability on thr part of thr grentor
to?i<ntrnct, by rraron of imbecility and iiio-tntty, 1
and fraud practised by the grantee.
Tlir trial ia art down for Thursday morning of
this week, nnd ahould thr canal cauar drlat it beyond
that timr, von ahull be duly adi'i?-d. For
ilnntil!. Tbeo l.ittlr, Morriatown j K T Stli iu k,
Fonda, N. V.; li. Williamron, E. Town, and Ait
Whitehead, of Newark For drfrnlants, K W. ,
Whelpy, and .1 J. J*cotirld, W?rri?'owii A. C. |
M IVfiinngton. Newark; and r*anfi?rd or Jordnu,
ofvouruty i
B? fore dosing, I would remind bill hollrnof
the late Ptate Bank at Morria, tint the tune for
presenting all claima or drm>-n?t? to thr rrrrivrrs,
ty. N. Wood, J. (). Whiteliriid, an I II Wi.lmmh?,
uqf, >t iltnr uliice m tin* town, will n|'if
on thi- 12'liof Ortol>er o<*xt. A* to thr probable
dhidrnd. or dividenda, that m-iy hrrraftrr be
made and declared, the current klirl i#, the billa
rn^twntuallv be worth cur hualrrd cent* on the
d^tt--oi nothing. AII d?*p? iH< <'n 'he rrault off
the iniir* tnMifnt?d in the Onrt of Chancery agtina'
the old dirertion
AIVHKT Z*. |HT?-I.
I have to inform toii the imi-ortant cau*e of l>en
ex dein II ice * Hamilton, g<>ea off for the Irrm
Judge Ogden JircrWMrilJ lr??ea here on Monday
next, to ot?n the I'umiic Court* at I'alrtawn, and
thr time iatervraiotf will, moat probably, be wholly
concurred in thr trial of the cauae now in progreaa,
Seward ra. MorriaCanil and B inking Company.
Ifonntfttt P< ***.? We learn, aaya the Hayoti
Sara l.ftgrr, ftom a friend, tuat from Jarkaon,
that mme lew da>a ago, a |??rlion of the citiiena
of that place were horrified at the aight of a
mingled rori-ae ol an infant, ? lurh wa< found in
the jioeeewion of eeveral dog*, in a tenanted lot
Krom all that we can learn, it aeem* that aome
4aik a?d dtvilirh deed baa been door. Suspicion
ha* been fixed upon a widow ladv, and cirrumutanrra
are clearly again* her?it ia ?ti|>no*erf that
it ?a? h'-r own < lul?C and that ah. lulled n m hidr
her ahame, bat in burying it her doga followed,
dug it ui>, and brought u tack to the hou*e, where
it wa* found in a mangled condition Truly, thu
irttMrt ha*# bwi a horrifying for a mother
to look upnn?ikr mangled corpa* of her rhit<i
in the pnfwmon of dons, ki?ui( a* a boar of coatentioa
1
< n**Ainn K virorm?W<- underataad thai
Una naval officer, when hi* vraael, ihe Mongol
war Albany, wm entering th^ harbor la? week,
ordered a boat'a crew to |Mit htm a?hore at OohaaM,
from which point he immedialrljr atarie.! for
the South. The veaael came to the Navy Yard,
tinker com mand of Lieut. Ridgele y It la aaid the
reaaon of Commander Kandolph'a hasty departure
rovatatedia tHe'hct that recently, at IVnaaeola. ',?*
hud rauaed to be Hogged ikf porrr't ateward, who,
not bf?| a member of the aki|i'f crew, ay wrI*ring
to teat the I'gali'T of the i<nni?hm??t More
a?r^ h?re. *nch fa the carrent nmor-fi?<(m
Tk? Storm.
(Proa the ChlgM o (1U) Tribune, Kept 1]
The storm baa written iu muk upon the lake
shore b# legibly (bat years will not efface it. Tba
first evidence of its effect is to be seen betw ^e?
, haodolph and Washington stieets, where, for the
distunce of nearly a block, the high bank has be-n
I curried away for the distance of naif a block, aud
I the deepest cut, from ten to twenty feet, took tree*
and fence with it.
The ne*t point, and where the wares set in with
the greatest violence, is between Madison and
Monroe atri ?-t?. The dee|test cut cannot be less
than thirty or forty feet of what was the solid emI
baukment, which, as it was undermined and feu,
carried away the fence separating the lake shorn
grounds from the street, two rows of treea in tha
street, and at one point, nearly op|<ot>ite < General
Stewart's, took the railing for two or three rods in*
side of the trees, the water encroachiug upon ths
carriage way.
| On Saturday afternoon, we watched the fierce
onset of the waves ui*)ii the land for hall an hour
hi this point, and though the atorni had tiirn somewhat
subsided, the rate at which the emtunkment
i disappeared could not be less than severtil feet uer
hour. At every third or fourth wive, when, Mter
; successive eflorts, the boiliag Hood had acquired a
suflieitnt monientum, it daslied furious'y up the
slope of blue clay, took a huge mouthlul of the
I earth lying next to it, and then a slice of the bank
above, havinc no supi>ort from beneath, would fall.
! T. w ? .k?. it .k- k>ii
! raged with the fame violence ft>r twelve hours
I longer, the greater (>art) au(j perhaps, all of the
I Htreet would have disapjtesred at this point. Aa it
was, we found, on visiting the s|?ot yesterday morning,
that borne tea feet of ground had disappeared
since the previous afternoon. Only the day before
the storm, General Stewart hid got limb' r on the
ground to build a protection for the embankment
opposite Ins residence, but the water claimed it for
its own.
Another deep cut, though not so serious as tha
last named, was made opposite the next block
touth, between Adams and Jackson streets; and
for a mile or more south of this paint, as far as the
eye can see, the hungry waves have eaten a huge
slice of the embankment, of the width, we should
judge, of from ten to twenty feet. Ttie whole
amount of ground carried away, for the whole distance,
will not fall short of six or eight acres.
The Niagara was u good deal weither-bratea
on her arrival in |>ort, and the strain of her machinery,
added to the tossing of the waves, turned
evervthing topsy-turvy within. Some of the cabin
winnow* were stove in by the violence of the
waves. The damages, however, are not so serious
as to require a great length of lime to repair
them.
We learn by conversation with those on board,
that she kad a constant struggle with the gale for
thirty-six hours, all the wau-from Mackinaw; and,
owing to the violence of the storm, was unable to
put in either at Sheboygan or Milwaukee, tlmugh
she had freight and passengers for both places.
I On entering between the piers, Bhe passed over the
bar, whore there is only seven feet of water, and
! her draft is nine or ten Had it not been for the
tremendous lift of the waves, she would have stuck
fast.
About two o'clock on Saturday afternoon,steamer
Canada, from New Butialo, hove in sight, and
after beating south cf the piers, passed ttn-in and
took up a jx^ition inside of the north pier, where
she lay till towards evening, when she came in
1 without serious difficulty. She had been roughly
i used by the storm, her works on one side having
been considerably stove in. We regret to learn
j thatcne of the waiters, on attempting to p iss into
the kitchen, not knowing that the flooring was
gone, stepped through-into the lake ami w^s not
1 seen afterward*. We did not learn tun full name,
I but he was called "Dan," aud belonged to De|
trolt
The report that the Canada sprung aleak, coini
pelling Capt. Hullin to come in sooner than he
intended, is totally untrue. In coming over the
, bar the boat struck once, which broke a water
i supply piiie, near the bottom of the hold This permitted
t/ie ingress of considerable water, which
i bad to be pumjieil out t>efore the break could be
repaired The hull is as staunch and tujht .n ever.
The Canada was unable to touch at New Huti'alo,
but lay anchored oj>|>osite that place the whole of
Friday night. She consequently brought no mail*.
by persons from Milwaukie, we learn tint tliare
nre two ves*e|a Hshore ne^r there. The steamer
Su'tana made Milwaukie, but was compelled to
stand out. She laid at anchor during the gil>*, a
short distance out. We learn that she suffered
considerably in broken furniture, bestde losing
one of her pi|*s.
The steamer Champion was compiled to put
bark, and made Milwaukie safely
We learn Irom the aoiitb end of the Itke, that
three vet-sels are a?hore near Michigan City, but
have not heard their names.
[From thi- Charlotte (X. C ) Journal. Auk ]
On Haturili; night lut, w* w?r? vl*lted by on* of the
severatt ttormK ol wind w tt?r sap?rt*ues4 an 1 faooa
uliat *r rinlrfm It li?? n very general W? did
n?t have much rain, but In other quarters th? rata I'll
tiitorisntK.su much tu. that tha Catawba rlvnr and
nearly every creek was swollen to a trmmiilius
height, A gentleman who raw th river on Hun ?ay
morning, Informed uk that b? mm bohilil ?u -b a
stl.ht In hi* life the whole expan** ol watar w?* ?ovi
rul with raft-of floating tlinhor, waterm<-t >u* ko.
The river wa* about ten feet higher than u?ual Th?
amount of damage to the corn in bottom lau Ik. must
be vrrjr e?t' Mlm. anl ttlS daftfMtl .? to tlm'i r malt
*1ko b? very great Most of the e-ra Ik pro?>r?:*4 and
from app* araucrs the fodder will not b i hardlv worth
gstberlng In some locations. th? storm rseme l to ba
severer than In other*; bnt w? rejoles that we hava
btard of do damage to taJlvtdudls
ths l i o|m.
The Uatoo H< Hire. (ba .) Ua.i.It, of tu* **Lh ult.,
**>?, that Ui* crops In Kant and 1Te?t Raton K"i|? ara
talr and promising Tt.e cuna will yteld m re than
wa* anticipated a fsw wnkn sinra. flif er>p* b>th
of ran* and cotton, ars "cmlog finely m Ka*t
Feliciana and a good average yield mti be antl"! pat*4.
The ft Kranclavill* 11.a ) Chiunulr <>l tba itlti ult ,
aj? ?The ray* of old Bol for th? wmt p?*| bars been
unu-iially penetrating The thermometer ha* aton4
at WS in the ?h?<Je Hinee our last notice of tb* coitoe
ercp, there ha* bc?n a slight Improvement, not -urtl cient
however to change the opinion *xpte?-ed br us
a? to tb* yield We have a?*ert-d. and still a?*ert,
that It will fall -hurt at least one-fourth Mauj "tour
planter* have ecmiuenced picking al'hmgh I. it little
rotl on ts y?t open No *lgn of the worm yet.
l b* Hayou Kara /.?.fgn ha* the following ?IV" l??r?
from **?eral very lufliienilai pluut*T*. that al'hough
the stsnd ol cotton I* not *o good a* that of tarorabla
s<a*o?K. y<-t tb* boll* ars l<rg? aud nim?rou> In fast,
Kervrnl think thai tu* crop In till* and th* parWh of
Kast Kslleisna will rijutl tnat of goo l ordinary ??asoa*.
Two planter*, In particular, have in! > rued us
that thev hare n>or ?'en cu[t< n italti io or .li/le <A
Inric<- Imp Mid tull a- the rorton-talk* >-f tha
praariit (? I.art " k w? on|>t>d frointh- Xlnd>>a
(t.a.) llrrnU nn account of a ?talk "f eoltou ahick
bun ?wnbun4rid aqnnrrf and aNo of ao?th?" whlrb
b?ra Out hundred ?i|U?r?? Tbl? lid on- w- th>i<l?l
oxlraortunaiy but a action *ro?in< frt?uj of ..ura
think* that rfra Ilia' i? nothing to bra* I I MS
that tinea ha r?a 1 tb? xtrar) In nur l??t i ^p'r, ha
ha? counted ?l?bt bnndr-d niaturad ball* oa on* talk,
and on ona Ingle brancb of another ?talk ha e xiutaa
ninety <-l?ht
Tfi** Ml Landry (U) M'kiif. of I ha 'lit h ul?..Wa
bar* rrrtnlly c< n??r?<-d aiih ????ral li>ti-lllg?at
plantar* of onr pariab. who all a<r.. In ?tatiut that
tba fro>pM< ol tfea ronliif prop <X ? it ton and (ntar ka
a ??rjr poor ona lb* corn crop boa?rrr la > nd to
ba ii ry pronlflnc
A latter data* IU?Uop 1Y?a? A?i-u?t t? ??;< -Tba
corn crop I* now fully uia. u<>-d In lhi? *a. ii .o >1 ?f
Mat* ai.d pro??? a ??r? anundant i n* totlou l? al?o
? ry promising If m- g*t on" bit* g"<>d rata. *rarj
|'l?nt?r *111 iMk> more than b* mo ttlkfr
A Ivttcr 'lat.-d Pan Ma'aoa. T>IX. Augua' * ??y? : ?
The crop* hero u* ('i>rill; good, and the r >u ntry
I.. ?lth? All without rmpH'm *r?- tar fig I Ing foe
?ur Panta >> territory and Btloulilof our riglua. It
prett renee to aubmlltlng t" aholltl >B |l<-ta> I' ll Th?
w. ath?r I* en-eaelrely vara?too warm tar th < preir
high temperature in politico.
A letter dated ' Otlanl Nntnl nauilr.TttU. Jlly
St. "?li Tba crop* of (bit wrlion of ciamr; ara
ronitderably abort of the romom a rerage - com,
generally. *111 fail abort there will ba enough to *upI
ly the h' Be cntump Ion but lheegp?ete-l immigration
will cnu?* a ararclty Cotton may parhip* reach
to ball a crop. a? It generally look* well but in* <|naatity
planted wm raetrirted for want of aced. ami th*
itmi I* ?*ry had >a? from halftn two third" a much
i' ?h"uld be on the ground
The ColuB l'U? < Miaa ) Ih-mortal of the 20th nit hai
the following -Tba pr<?p?ct* ol a good roltoi troy
hata materially declined In the I ant two week* In thla
entlaa of coanlry While coma of our plantar*,
who bar* been bla.ee! with light ahowera Mill h p*
lor t full crop tk? indication* are generally gti'ai?rai
? "Hag to the de?triir'i..n > f the late crop na' on If
by the worm bat kltob; the tailing nf a>|uar*? in rn(?
lOrBM of long drought Oao ortho aort Ma afnl
aad judlcloua planter* In tbe country predicted to na
; tb* oth?r day that the crop of Lowndea wonld n?t ag.
eaod H Ufweight to th* acre
7 h? > icMMirg M ! ? i Pf'Mc f)l lit lltn nlT iff:
W r ha?? vltb niinhtf of BlMtoM litlng
, ll liltr?nl Mtti ol Ikli | Vtrtri) tognir. tU ill npr???i?t
tha boll w>.rm w Mut wij to
Ikttr (MtM I >n? pla?1-r My* h* r .naiad (hlrt; boll*
(It a ?ln?la italt. ^InrM by tha worm and (bat la ?
fl?M nf t?n ?rr?? <.f n?w land thai bad (?? l'fH>
aad th* l?|> put lata hag* an<l oarriad ?# ?< daatroy I
aaai tdia( to tbr r?rlp? publi?b?<1 br ? ?>? Ua>*
lata lot daatrntlng tha b"ll ?o?m Fl?a Ibl" II will
h# mi that n.ukff io|?ptof aatiaa. anf !? ? Iaa4. I*
araof agala?t thia d*atn><-tl*a laaaat
Watokatb* (ollowlaf (V?a tha ?r??a*b-?m i 41*.)
1 Kwm afthaMth alt -* ra?-al??d a faw d?ya a?a
aary >a* Ma Ik of eottnn, a/ ?ha llaa? Tar?-ty IVom
tha plaalatloa af Mr Ja?* rro<?? Tb. .taU thoaf*
J ant *ar? larga ?a? r???r*abi.T ?*H b?ll*4 W? kan
bad Uttkrf ?wk *f mr?l nrpraaatTalT mmtu1 and ttf
a a. ?. aw 1. ?*?* *! lisht ?hr*nr? ('??" Ullin 1*
lb? flrfnltj Tilftfl o? tS? lieh Mwk an I
laBtfa tk**?M?n kM kMI affarlBg Iat tk?
laat tbr? ??l? hr?| ndI; UimI kUiilm km
wmrnl o#tta1?w?*k, that th* crop* la thalr n-tfhhnrbnntft
*r? ??t llk?ly to t ara oa? tain thoa l*?t TW.
PufelBi ro??a?c?4 protty ( aartllj ob Moafej UM.
Ml?a A aialla flptaaar ?nMmllta4 aulaM* f?w <taft
Mar* by 4m?al*f. la Ik* Nohaak rlT#r ?ba f* ?V
a?r?* r?.r??Hakl? bail; aa< ba4 tx>aa laaao* for a*f*?
11 *?' r*f?

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