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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, January 04, 1851, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Paris, December 12, I860- \
Polxtv:*- TV Sabbath? Utmy? Money jor tht ,
Prttidtnl?CharU y-P?r ?*wy- IVoojw ? ft
rad?? Reyublxcam Plot" Orltam * Plot? Spam
?Pudmtmt ? Tuacamy ? iJisiaguriaw RtfugM?
Ckoltra, frc , 4rc., 4*- .
Our politics are dull* and so much the better, f
auch a state of things could last. But, with a peo
ple like the French, with our excitements and dis
position to change, nothing can be said of the actual
permanency of the mode of government.
The session of the Legislative Assembly has
been very quiet, and nothing of much interest has
taken place, with the exception of M. de Monta
lembert's proposal to vote a law by which the Sab
bath-day shall be observed by the whole nation,
under penalties of diflereat kinds. The report of
the honorable representative was written with
great talent; and, taking the example of the repub
lic of the United States, where the seventh day is
g.vm to the Lord, he observed, with much reason,
that the proposed law, instead of being in oppjsi
tion to democratic government, was, on the con
trary, in favor of it. He said also:?" If the Socia -
iat reformers are claiming, in their speec es an.
writings, the right to labor, I come to this nbune
to claim for the people the right to repose. This
report was listened to with the utmost attention,
and was often interrupted by deafening applause.
The Montsgnards were, of course, very angry. A
Voltairian smile was on the lips of each ot these
mm One exclaimed, at the end of the speech,
"Amen!" and another requested the president of
th. house, to send the report to the " lunatic asy
lum." The majority kepi a most dignified atti
tude. This important question will be resumed,
alter a short period, and it is to be hoped that a
favorable solution will be the result of the general
d' Another proposal was made by M. de Saint
Priest, r? lative to a law against usury. It was
presented to the Assembly, but nothing, as yet, has
bet n decided lu political circles, it is said that
another demand is to l>e made, in a short time, for
a ni-w allot an- u, of -everal millions of francs, to
the President, Loii- N >p"lean 1 am told that nn
n Bitter* Mr- rather ? fro id t > try the attack on the
national chest, an.) that they will only do it whea
nrr3-ed by the force of circumstances but this
will soon happen, lor the purse of the Llysee is
'"Lvuis Napoleon, on the anniversiry of the 10th
December. sent to the thirteenth w^rd of Paris
a sum of I 000 francs, to be distributed by the
mayor ot the city among the p ior Such a cha
nty ib far from being blarnable; but you know well
thai ui.der our republican government the Minister
01 state, the Governor ot the State, mayor, and
common council, are the only persons authorized
to give to the poor, whilst Mr I-illmore has no
power to Ho it, except wi h his own money Why
does not Louis Napoleon be a republican president,
instead of daily endeavoring to be a prince in a
ret ublic 1 , , .. _
M de Persigny, the bosom friend of the Presi
dent is on the eve of being bent again on a mis
sion ' It is said that the diplomatist r-sists the oner
niHfie to him; but, if the position requires it, he
will go. Germany will be the plaoe of hia
\ great excitement arose in Piris, a few diys
ago on account ot the display of troops, which wrere
oidered out t.y General Lhangarnier. The orders
w? re bO secret that the alirm w? general VV uat
ib the matter? What is the cause of all this! Such
were the questions all over Paris, and the public
mind wan only relieved when a communication
appeared in the French i?pers, stating that the
trot pb were engiged in their autumnal exercises.
Th- rejublican plot, in the southern parts of
Frsice, has taken it character which is more fear
ful than it was previously thought. it is now cer
tain that the departments of the south are the
focus ot an ac ive propaganda, and that the routes
had prepared there a movement of insurrection
No doubt a majority of the honest people are
adverse to such a hostile demonstration aguast
the government ; but it is true thit the hopes of
the demagogue are struggling against all defeats.
I am told that some other ramifications to the plot
discovered at Lyons, have been discovered in the
department of War A large number of |*rsons
have been arresied and sent to the prison of rort
Lamnlqur , near 1 oulon.
Apropos of plots \ou remember well tint l
wrote, ;hai on the 2d of November last, the Urlean
.st p.irty had plotted to overthrow the President
and the conetitu'ion, and to reptace the Count ot
P. n- on thw throne of France The fact has been
C?, h ii td It is bow certain, that on the said day
th. Dut het? ot Orleans was at Versailles with her
Hi>.a. dher brother-in ls w, the Dake de MonU
rxtirW they were concealed in the house of Mr.
Nureu foiinerly architect of King Louis Philippe.
Thie was known to Louis Napoleoo, who sent fo
Ger era I Ct unt Danale, ex-Peer ?f France who
?a? the In. ud of he Duchess of Orleans, and told
him -1 Km * that the Count of Paris is at \ er
BhiiUs, wuh his mother and his uncle. I have
been p' ?cnbe.l out o? Kratce, and I have entered
ihe country agunst the laws. Therefore, I fully
BP, red le 'he se?t,meut which brings thither these
members of "he Orleans family. But I am, by my
obliged to stick t?. my duty. Therefore,
?o to Versailles. snd dt. all in your power to induce
t?,t Duchess of Orl-ans to leave t rance. I must
tr II v < u that if within two diys she his not re
turned to Lngland, I shall be forced to infortnmy
?ninteters, and then it will be too late lor the 1 nn
cess to he in sa'eiy _ .
The plot being thus known, the Duchess was
forced to leave Fr tnce The President, thus for
u,(t i u i he r^eoge he had to take on the Boulogne
and S'rssbirg ariairs, gave a noble example ot
"lu's^In' s change has taken place in the minik
in Don Juan Hrnvo Munllo, Minister of \r inanc-s,
has re-igi.ed H.- place h?s b-en taken by D .n
Manuel -fijisdr Loxano, Minister of Commerce,
mho has bet n replaced by 1 >oo Saturn, no Lai. eroa
c ?ilnutes AH this ministerial change has occa
Mon.d no trouble. and everything was quiet at the
last arrival of th- courier from MadmL
1? Pirdn.t nt, the king has decreed that the rnili
tary command ot -he country shall be divided in
three p< rts, and the journals of Turin have given
'k?n ruscany. the mims-ry has decided that the
? len prion for tbe conscription of I**-*) would be
|,? i red to a -nm of 7ti0 florins, on consideration
.hb.thr men ?ho would ibk that favor would
i*r??vr that th*ir j?re#rDCe m useful to their famine**
r T?*r HunffttitvB refuge*? from ShurnU, a mo Jot
,rg to shoot *o hundred, are on the eve of being
?'.to Livrioo. m a furk-sh m-o of-war, fur
.?t.d with a ?um of moBsr anmciett to ta?' a
i ,s??ge n ? path-t bonnd for ih? I nitel Sta'es
7 W.ste -n mall ha' arrived la Paris, and we
re?e,v. the I tteil.tence of th- sp.^-ar toce of the
I hoi. ra at La Mecque, on the HO'h of September
last t'he t-ai h* smoiinted to A*) a day; hut on
th>- N>th < too* r they amounted to 4 0M); on the
I7th. to ? '*<?. ?? d oo th- l^th, onljr to dirni
ii. air e < n a. com,! ?>f th- immediate retreat of the
t'!.'r.me < nt ? t ihe city.
I ? rt '*i i, the prei?nt Knglish ambasai
<J? r, i~ r i. tl ee?? of leaving Paris He has been
nan'ed (.so nnf (,e?eral of ih- K ist Indies. A
Charge d'Afla'res, Mr l'attir?ore, will he left id
Paris m his |?.?ce. B- *
i h* ?fi-'ir or raftta,
f-*A ? i*. December 12, l<jn.
A' " Ojrrm l /V>*f tgne? CrraMid B>ill in
ttmi-r rf //nil ,V? f'mo ? A'l( HrrnHmttll
?\< jr. '?'/><# Ifit 'lrrt and mir HUiy$ M
Pan??-'ll< /?. i'lrf htrfrii/ih ? Stultufif
At fti>. 4r J-f.
Two w?r> inii?rur.i event* have netted the
Whole my of i'nn* Tbe hrat, m the performance
of ihr* new r ,? r i ?d M?mr? Scribe and Auber,
? I, 'I.iifan: l't< >< giif," *t?1 the iwconil, the arty;
In! ty M i ri' , -he department fc
Seme, ?o the frvairf'-nt Ltwii Nxpolenn, on the oc
cu?n n of the auBiveraary mf hi? election, id Ihix
?' L 'liofMl Prodi* >ie" waa (>eff?.rnned on Friday
last, (b h iaat ,) rd I it wi? received with the ut
n -ofrt ?nihu?iai-m r ?m?t uny director, before
M Hoquepfar th?- ?ctml inimer of the Academy
t) f Muaic, dar< I U> ventme mi much money on the
ehat.eee of a musical dmnt Th<* acenery, cna
t T > u,<i j r< j?r' w* ?r m? w /?'?* *lha of splen
dor .in. n agtitfi en<;e Th'- Uimoat ac< iracy h*a
l?'B l *y? d by th? |> .if.tera md rut/umi rt; -tnd
*?e who <<itne*t. a tb?* i ertormam e of tbi* "pew,
i* taaurtd i Jmt the haht'a and Wr?-e?? of the Ui-hreW
ate Mni tw f. rr tut e> e* I"he loei) i?t?ect of the
country ha* be*n -,o well rendered bv the arene
Mtintere, that tbo??- wh<> have vitited tb" Holf
Mn<i, have attain irune,"ort?d to the old
cron'ry of thf Jew
The plot of tfo. I . nf r> l'rid>2iie" it tak''n
from the lloly 1'ible M Scribe ha* been
faithful 10 tfi> *n< r< I ti?rai>>, .hI be ha* dose well,
ft r he had not tin- p<>??it.titty ?f hi ? ? fif a truer
a?l<eet to the dramitic effect* of the oi + rn The
fir-t act open* in th? dwelling hou?? nf Reuben
The ion of Keiii^r, having hi* mind ?*nied
the wcture given h'm of the grandeur of the city
of M>mph reqtjen- hia fa'her to let inm gn
there, in compan> ftw..tr*?e||prf, who nnon? 10
take repoae under th* [M?irn rchal ro?.f of the ?M
?crftulturiet Azarl abandon* hia father and hia
f^troth'd to go where hi- imaaiona ara leading
l.im In the *econd act, h?- ia already among
? h# libertine* of th?- great city, -*pendio* lb"
irngey which waa given to htm hy hi* fathT?
deceived by his false friends and his mis
tresses?cheated by them,? and this leads him
to his rum Having peuetrated is to the Temple of
the god Osiris, where the mysteries sf the libidi
nous goddess are celebrated. Azael is condemned
to be thrown into the Nile, and the sentence is
executed. This tableau is one ot the moet gor
geous pageants ever invented and exhibited any
where. You must imagine the immense stage of
the Grand Opera House open to the back wall,
snd terminated by an immense staircase, on the
steps of which are lying, intoxicated, a crowd,
dressed in the most magnificent sty le, shining with
gold, glittering with silver, tuid bright with crim
son, purple, and azure.
The fourth act represents the wide desert, with
its caravans. The unfortunate " Enfant Prodi
Sue " is seen in the humble position of a canel
river. Beaten by his master, exhausted by thirst
and hunger, he flails on the ground, desiring to
die, when suddenly an angel appears, and shows
him, in a dream, the road which leads to his
father's house. The rebellious ion arises, and
I walks in that direction.
The last act represents the return of the prodigal
son, and the opera ends with an apotheosis, m
which th- Almighty is seen receiving at his feet
the angels carrying to him the pardon of their pro
tege This last tableau is really sublime to the
minds of many Frenchmen
Messieurs Deeplechin, Sechan, l.'ambon, and
Thierry, who have painted the scenes, have done
wonders, and their talent has added much attrac
tion to the great work of M Auber. The music
belongs to the t>esl style of the famed composer,
and the melodies contained in the partition are
charming, and stamped with elegance and dis
tinction. The music of the ballet is, indeed, be
witchisg.
M Massol, who performed the role of the father,
and M. Roger, who played the part of the Enfant
l'rodigue, Azael, were received with the highest
marks of approbation. Madame Laborde, in the
i>art of Nephte, displayed her best vocalization.
Mesdames banieron and Plunkett, the charming
dancer, won their i>art of the laurels
The sight of the house, oa Friday last, was
really magnilicsnt. Ihe President Has in his pri
vate box, with the Princess Mathilde Demidoff,
and three ministers Madame Aguado, throned
also in her saloon hox, and the most prominent
men in the diplomatic corps, or in the republic of
belle lettre*. had seats. This event will long be
remembered in Pan*, and the " Enfant Prodigue"
is destined to have a long run. Despite this suc
cess, M. Scribe is already engaged in writing a
new opera lor Alboni, who will reappear next year
in the month of April, and will sing a part in that
nwvelty, which is entitled "La Corbeille
d'( 'ranges"? the Basket of Oranges.
The second event 1 have to mention is the grand
hall, | receded by a dinner, giv? n on Tie-Hay last,
at the City Hall, m the ancient talle Uu tr> m. At
I. alt' past six o'clock, Louis Napoleon arrived, in
company with several of his ministers, and two
j officers. M Berger, the prefect of La Seine,
and M Carlier, the Prefect of Police, were in at
tendance at the great door of the City Hall, and
welcomed him in the most polite manner. At
eeveu o'clock, the President entered the hall of the
banquet, which was illuminated in the most gor
geous style, and gave the most brilliant coujid'asU.
A prolusion of natural ilowers had been scattered
all over the builuing, and the fragrant smell of this
improvised garden was really oriental. < ?ne hun.
dred and eighty guests took seats around the tables,
which were" three in number. The President had,
of course, rhe place of honor, and ut his side were
seated M. Dupin, the Speaker of the Lxgislitive
Assembly, and M Lanquetier, chief of the Com
mon Council. Among the other guests were a
great number of representatives, several numbers
of the.Bonaparte family, and arcongjthem, M.Napo
le? n Bonaparte, a reir? mutative ol the Moniagnard
jmrty , and Colonel of one of the legions of militia
of tn r bant u ue; the Archbishop of Paris, and two
of his grand vicars The French army was repre
sents there by the Generals Changarnier, Carre
let, Guillabert, Foret, Samboul, Julien, IVrrot,
Petit, Reibell, &c ; the magistracy, by Messrs.
De Portalis, Trop Long, De Belleyme, Lascour,
Arc. M. Dargout, Chief of the Bank, was also
present, w-ith all the dignitaries of our French re
public, Messrs Thiers, Guizot, Mole, Arc.
At the end of the banquet, M Berger rose, and,
after having bowed to the President, delivered a
very neat speech, which expressed the sentiments
of hope and confidence which w>-re relied on in the
jierson of Louis .\a|>oleon. "The city of Paris,"
said he, " is the principal artery of France, and it
is to be desired that the great capital of France
will be forever in a state of prosperity."
The answer of the President was concise, and
well expressed. In his sptech, as well as in his
message, he gave a solemn oath to maintain his
position, snd to wait the decision of the j>eople.
The s|? ech was received with the utmost en
thusiasm.
The dinner ended at h ilf-past eight o'clock, and
immediately after the door of the private saloon
o[+-ned, and the Pre?.id?nt entered the galleries, is
which were already assembled the ladies and gen
t'emen invited to the ball. The m&gmticence of
the preparation* made for tin* event ? the admirable
IWlllltlure of the r ity hall, which has Juat been
rer.ovat?-d and regilt anew ? everything rendered
the ball equal to any of th'- scenes invented by the
author of the *' Thousand and Out Nights." The
toilets of the ladies were irreproachable, and the
number of these whose charma were still aug
mented by a profusion cf diamond* was really im
mense It wmld be necessary for me to have
tall of the iVi ?? York Herald at my disposal to
describe the thousand robes worth being men
tioned It will be enough to say that theae fair
charmers were courted hv a host of gallon', men,
who stnyed from nine to four o'clock, in the midst
of thrilling music, the raptures of polkas and mi
lourkss, and last, not the least, the delicacies of the
choicest refreshments, and the luxury of a refined
p*t't umyer, on a large scale.
I was told, by an arithmetician of the highest
fame, M Ampere, who was present with rne at
this festival, that he had calculated the num
ber of guests at 5.000 ? a pretty large party, as
you may see; and. I may assure you, that I never
saw anything equal to it.
Whilst we are enjoying such a splendid dream,
ia it not terrible to thiuk that we are asleep cn the
brick of an abyss, and that the rou^' ? are watch
ing for the moment to annihilate }<eace t Thu ter
rific thought has often been present to the minds
of our atatesmen, and they have often deemed it
prudent to avoid the dinger. In order to reach the
aim, aiotber city his bera named for the future
?eat of government.
Pane has escaped a danger really terrific. This
was " to be, or net to be. Th?* question was pre
fnu*d, the other day, to the National Assembly,
and the 44 life" of Puns was very low for about half
an hour The great capital of fja B< Ut France was
to !>?? no morr- a capital, and Versailles had oeen ?-?
letted in its place, (ja sar, the Senate, and the
kniuhta of the republic, w<re about leaving Rome,
and transporting their ptnalu in the banhtut For
tunately, wisdom preponderated, aod Paris still re
mains 'he gr?at metropolis of the world
In order to retain the fame which ia attached to
i'a name, Pari* will do its best this w inter to b?* very
gay; and, despite the shocking position of incerti
tude in which we are, I am |>ersiiaded we shall have
a jolly w inter Th?* President has oj>ened hu saloon,
and the first reception, on the 5th last , waa at
tended by more than three thousand five hundred
persons The rmit began at half pint nine o'clock,
by the presentation of several guests to Louis Na
poleon by th?- ambassador* Among thoa?- who had
the most to do, was Mr. Hives, who introduced ta
the President more than fifty Americans, for each
of w h< m the chief of iff government found a polite
and kind word, remembering 44 that he was a little
Yankee, having b*en the host of thf United State*
for son e time " The hall roon of the Elyre>- has
teen (haised. A new dancing floor hta been
erected in the strden, aud it is mich preferable to
that used last winter for the same purpose. A pro
fusi? n of flowers has been scattered every where at
the hlysee, and it gives animation to the simplicity
of the furniture of the ('residential palace. The re
fr-shrnents and victua'inua were of the nuft r<
rhrrcht or Mr, and the orcheetra. direce 1 by Tol
becque, eXfCTlt? d th^ best quadrilles of the fam^d
composers. Th* President of the Hepubl-c visited
all the parlors, and he #?nly retired at half past
twelve M Liupin was there, as w> II as many re
presentatives of the National A?semMy, I*ord N'ur
manby and lady, Prince nrid Princess Kallimaki,
Pnn ? -e Ma'hi'de, M Lucien Murat, M Charles
I.ucien Hnnapar<e, den Schram, and a great num
ber c?# i flicers of 'he army Anions the Americans
th<r?. I r? marked Mrs HI ?Cque, formerly Miss Oli
via M?tr, Mr and Mrs Phalen, Mr and Mrs Mor
gan, Mr and Mrs Peabody and children, Mr Ll
not.e e Madam Hives, and her pretty daughter,
ol nurse, w?-re pr?-e*nt; and Mr. ^ an* I ford, the
e nttfii ht and secretary of the U. S minister,
did sll he could to make his countrymen pleased at
the Liyree The second soil rfr takes place this
ewtiHg, audi em mdue^d fo believe it will be
equal, if not superior, to the first.
The theatres hav? not produced many novelties
dunng the past werk
At i lie << iriic otiera liou.? M-idame t*gij|d? at
tracts every night a numerous audo-nce, and she
? t'l esrs aluraately in the Tarttidor and in Ia
I I. ui
At the Italian thf etre M^dam Sontsg has won
si ?iher ?r?ath by her i^rformence of Rosimt,
in ' II H rbiere di S?vigh* " The tal?nt?<l pri
roH t'l i UN unas the mu??e of Norma with a talent
rid htillisi i ) tif e*Miit.oii which cannot fie sur
i>? -??d Hubiiche i? as powerful as he has ever
Ken. ci d 'Milan give* du* rr?di? to tfie part of
/t'mwMva Mr Lu mley will coin much money,
I ifui k; end f ?S'de* ihis, will srqmre the fstne ofa
frehii'isMe manner The Mitt of our society
have lalen his theatre under their pi<tranag>'
I np'o ft: d his d-i>th'era, Ivnnnof! and t>ardoni
he > e (wen arid will shortly make their
a f i * > ?*n?e
Th? vand?e<,"e theatre eon in>te? fo be well at
<? i c? d, i iid 'hi tr play of "d^ Hignes d"s H>rar
' i? ri^hily rff ived iwith much applause
' . ? ifihf t?' it ("ii'lcta delivered by the actors is I
undoubtedly the following, which is a c nudum of
the way of writing of several authors belonging to
the school of Eugene Sue: ?
Dtu bos dramas s'ast U Unh
Qui 1' sai porta sir l'hablt ;
Ln vertoa sont sou* I* blooss
Kt laa erlmaa >ona l'hablt ;
Pour (aire rlr? la blous?
11 taut dechirar l'hablt,
Mettr St. Vlncant da Pauls an blouse
Mandrtn. Cartouohe an habit :
Mala ea qui aurtout ma blonae
Moi sana blouse at aans bablt
O'aat 1* vogue daa pleoea a blouaa
Fait'aa par oenx qui port'ent l'hablt ;
llya d bona ct*ura aoua la blousa
Da nobles eu ura aoua l'babit ;
Ah pour n?ttojer la blouaa
Na tar hex paa lea habits
Na aallaacz pas l'hablt! ! !
This verse is nightly encorsd, and excites the
most energetic applause.
At the theatre ties Varieties, a vaudeville, in one
act, by M Paul Vermont, (Kugene Guinot) en
titled "Le Maitre D'armes," was performed on Sa
turday last, and proved very successful. The actor,
Bardou, who plays the part of the master of fenc
ing; Neuville, who in one of the best comedians
ot that theatre, and Mile. Virginia, a promising
actress, have won much applause. The "Matire
d'urme" will have a long run.
At the Odeon, a comedy, in three acts, by M.
Camille Doucet, has been received with much ap
probation. It i8 called "LesEnnemis de la Miison"
M. Moreau Saints and Mines. Sarah-Felix, Sol
hie and Billault, have shown real histrionic talent
and great progress in their orofesaion.
Last, not the least, I will mention here the cu
rious performances exhibited by a company of dogs
and monkeys, at the theatre Du Basar Bonne
Nouvelle. Messrs. Segrint and Auriol, who have
taught these interesting animals, have doubled
their instinct. It id, indeed, very curious to see
them representing the little drama of "The Desert
er," ana appearing under several disguises. They
perform, also, the most astonishing teats of equili
brium and elasticity. One of these animals, a
baboon, is, among the troupe, the most skilful I
ever saw. He drives a barrel on an slanting
board, with only the strength of his feet. This
tour d'adreae is really surprising. I never saw it
performed before, but by a few clowns in the arn
phitheatres. 1 am sure that Messrs Segrint and
Auriol would make a fortune in the United Slates.
The hutbacd of Milme. Taglioni, M. Gilbert
du Voilins, has been attached, by M. Barroche, as
coninn.-sary to the Italian opera, iu Paris. ^ This
nomination has been much criticised by the French
press, for the gentlemau who has been named had
no title whatever for suoh a sinecure.
"Give unto Caesar wlut is Ci. sar's Arc.," and this
well known phrase ot the Bible is quite proper to
be placed at the head of a paragraph, which will
claim for France the priority ot the discovery of
electricity for the magnetic telegraph. An old
manuicrip', dated 1765, and entitled: ? Dissertati'in
iui PtltctriciU, apphvuit a la transmission tics nou
veliti, written by a French savant, named Lauis
Lesage, end annotated by the celebrated Bonnett,
has been sold at private sale, and will be pub
lished in a short time. Lesage established in 177 1,
a small apparatus of his machine in Geneva, which
was afteiwards'abandoned Thus I am sorry for
Mr. Morse, Mr. Bain, and others. They only came
alter M. Lesage. Well! what of it! Was not
Salomon de Caus, a Frenchman, the inventor of
?team before Fulton, Franklin, and other American
savant 5.' We, Frenchmen, have the priority of
invention, but you Americans, you have the auda
city of execution, and it is the best part of the busi
ness.
The colossal statue of Bivaria is finished. It is
a curious fact to mention, that M Muller its author,
has spent eight years of his life to achieve that
mammoth figure, weighing 15,600 quintaux of cast
iron, and worth ?51, 000 francs for th<- material only.
The celebrated Lola Montes is about publishing
her memoirs. She has made a bargain with one
of our best writers to look over the copy of her
manuscript, and, it is said, it will be out at the end
of the carnival. Mo doubt it will be a racy and
spicy book.
Kubini, theillustrious singer, h said to have been
ill, at his villa of Romano, near Bergamo.
You remember that I wrote to you iu one of my
letters, that the well known alms distributor, "the
man with <he blue cloak" was dangerously ill. I
saw him yesterday morning, at the Place des In
nocens, distributing his soup and loaves of bread to
about 10, 000 people, who were assembled by his
orders. M. Champion has thus devoted his life
to help the poor for the last thirty years. Is there
a more noble way to spend a large fortune than to
share it with the poor? B H . R
Our German Correspondence.
Berlin, Dec. 9, 1850.
lie Congress of Olmutz ? Affair I of Hesse- Catttl?
Mantc^ffefs Mannuvrei ? The Chambers and the
Ministry ? Condition nf Affair* ? Probabilities?
Hesu/ti ? Civil Liberty ? The Reign of Tyranny,
+c. , 4-c
Another eventful fortnight has elapsed since my
last communication, and during this period affairs
have takentheturn which 1 always predicted. We
shall have no war, at least for the present. The
Congress of (. 'lmuu has been a second Jena for the
Prussian monarchy? less bloody, but more dis
graceful, and, perhaps, more fatal. M. de Man
teuftel has laid down his arms before Prince
Schwarzenberg, ami surrendered at discretion.
The constitutional union of Germany, to which
Prussia had pledged herself by the most solemn
and reiterated promises, is completely abandoned;
the sot disant free conferences have been agreed
to as a preliminary to the renovation of the old
Dut in a mor; obnoxious and oppressive form
than ever. The "pacification" of Holatein is en
trusted to Austria, and the Havarians are allowed
to occupy Cat*el, to restore "order and tranquillity"
in that capital, or, in other words, to overturn the
Meghan constitution, and punish the inhabitants
'or their resistance to the arbitrary will of a tyrant
Henceforward, Germany is to be a gr-at prison,
of which Austria and Prussia are the lailors.
It ia impossible to describe the consternation and
disgust with winch the intelligence of this nefari
ous contact was received, as it slowly leaked out,
item by item, from the veil of mystery under which
it was first concealed. When, in a private inter
view with the President and the leading members
of the second chamber, M de Manteuflel first in.
formed them of the result of his diplomatic labors,
they almost refused to credit the evidence of their
own senses. The next day (Tuesday) when the
Chamber met in open assembly, a scene took place
which wouid have hardly Men expected from
the anU cedents of that body. You will recollect
that the present Chambers are c-om,>osed entirely
of conservative*, the democratic party having ab
stained from voting at the last elections, on ac
count of the abolition of the ngh? of universal suf
frage, and the introduction of the "three class
k>stem," of which I gave you full particulars in a
former letter. During the w hole of last session,
therefore, they were characterised by nothinr hut
the most abject servility and a blind submission to
all the rficta'es of government; one by one the
dearly bought privileges of the nation wre voted
away, and every act of injustice and de?potism
commit td by the ministry **< approved of or con
nived at. Perpetually haunted by the grim spectre
of revolt! icn, they were shorts'ghted enough to
spnlaud measures that, far from laying it to rest,
only rendered it inevitable by a momentary re
pression la this crisis. however, their former an
prehensions seemed to have vani'he 1 at the sight
of a mote imminent danger? the disgrace and ruin
of their country. M de Vincke, who, although a
member of the conservative, or constitutional
party, as they call themselves, had kept aloof
during the l??( session, considering the Chambers
illegally elected, now appeared ?s the leader of
the o|>{ oitioo, proposed an address to the ICinx
condemnatory of the liw of policy adopted hjr his
ministers, tad concluded a powerful harangue by
the i xclsmation. "Away with this mi nisi ry '"
M Ris del, one of the mste-mi/tu, and M l lfert,
an ultra-royali^t, followed in the aame strain
Baron Manteuflel endeavored in vain to reply to
the torrer t of invective that assailed him on all
sides. No < ne took his i*irt but the extreme right,
or the red? reactionists " I had ather," said the
unfortunate minister, "I had rather listen to the
?hia'lingof bullets than to these cutting speech's."
It was finally resolvsed to refer the adddrese pro
I ??ne d by Vincke to a committee, to be reported u/s
on the next day
The < hnrriher ar.d the ministry were now fairly 1
pitted epainst each other, and it w<a svident that
one of the two would have to give way. In a l
really constitutional country the issue would not !
have been douh'ful; but in Prussia these thing*
?re managed difl?rently M de Manteuflel, who,
had twice dissolved parlimnentary assemblies
* lected and supported by the voice of the whole I
nation, wan not the man to l?ew to the dirtate* of a
body that had rendered itself the mere organ of the
I rivile^ed classes, and wrf? without any hold on |
the aflectlcna of the great muss of the i*>ople He
had foreseen the a'orm that would bp raised I
nfniMt him, find had formed his r< solution accord
ingljr When, therefore, the Chamber* met the ,
next day, to leeaiva and consult upon the report of
the committee, their pr?>reeding* were stopped by
a royal ordonsnce proroguing them till th?- third i
? I Fh iary The message, though not wholly un- |
expects d, made a profound imnreasion on the mem- j
bers, who had buoyed themse lves up wi?h the h?p?
that the unaninieiM disapprobation expressed hy
tlie representatives of the most conservative nnd i
loyal pert of the popi.'ation would not be without
senv ' IT' ct upon the Km*, if not upon hia a insert; j
ibey dispersed in moody silence, and left Manteui
fel muter ef the held.
The Parliament being disposed of, the next move
kn the political game will be the "free conferences,"
which are to be held at Dreaden, and will com
mence about the 15ih of thia month. Whether hey
will lead to a definitive settlement #f the German
question is atill problematical Many people are of
opinion that Auatria will be satisfied with nothing
leaa than the complete subjugation} of Pruaaia,
and that all the eonceaaiona of the latter will only
increase the arrogance of her haughty rival The
conquest of Sileaia ia openly spoken of at the court
of the young emperor, and saxony is casting a long
ing eye at the provinces torn from her by Prussia
at the treaty of Vienna. There is a general im
precaion that hostilities are only postponed, and that
in a short time Prussia will he forced iuto a war,
which ahe has evaded for the moment at the ex
pense of her honor and dignity Meanwhile the
immense armies kept up at both sidea are exhaust
ing the reaourcea of the country ; and the towna
and villages are tilled with soldiers, who are quar
tered upon the inhabitants, and add to the burthena
and losses occasioned by the complete stagnation
of business, and the depreciation of all kinds of pro
' Altogether, the prospects of this country are moat
gloomy and disheartening. The police is omnipo
tent, and the very name of |>erBonai liberty will
aoon be unknown. The press is subjected to the
strictest surveillance, and any writer who ventures
to criticise the actions of the gove rnment runs the
risk of exile or imprisonment. The editor of the
Comtitutiunal Gazette, the organ of the moderate
liberals, was expelled from Berlin, a few days since,
and that party, whose assistance during the mo
mentous crisis of November, 1848, alone ennbled
the present ministry to withstand the assaults of
the democracy, is now the object of their unrelent
ing persecution. To give you an instance of the
interference of the joliae iu the most ordinary con
cerns of social life, I will only quote the following
fact: ? A few weeks ago, a citizen of Berlin had a
child born to him, which he wished to be baptized
by the names of Waldeck Jacoby, in honor of the
leaders of the democratic party, whose triil and
honorable acquittal I mentioned to you this tim*
twelvemonth. The officiating clergyman refused
to christen the child by these names, alleging thit
they were not to be found in the calendar, and the
police informed the parents that they must select
some other ampliation /or the child. The
father demurred, ami being apprehensive tint the
police would proceed to violence, he sent the mo
ther and infant to a village some distance Irom the
city. A gensdarme was immediately dispatched in
pursuit of them, who, after some difficulty, suc
ceeded in discovering the objects of hi? search, and
seizing upon the child, carried it off to church, and
had it baptized by some name of his own selection.
This is only a slight specimen of the outrages that
are continually occurring; and you may imagine the
curses, "not loud but deep," thai are uttered by the
victims of such petty tyranny. Fur the present the
strong hand of |iower suppresses all outward signs of
discontent ; but the time will surely come when the
wrongs of an injured people will be avenged on the
heads of their oppressors A. B.
I Extraordinary Polnonlog Case In France.
1RIA1. OF T11E ABl'E OOXHI.A.ND AND MADAME DU
-ABI.ON, FOR P0I80N1>0 MADAME DEUU1SAL.
| From Oaligoant's Mesfenger, D?c 2 ]
The trial of the Abbe Gothland, cure of St.
Germain, near Angouleme, and of Madame du
Sablon, wife of a physician of the same place, for
ha^nii poisoned the widow Deguisal, servant of
the former, cummenced on 1 hursday, before the
Court of Ae.i7.eB of the department Ihe^e ex
cited the moat intense interest, and the co"rt was
crowded to excess, a vast crowd aMembl n^in
the streets to fee the prisoners pass from the prison,
which in at some distance from the court. I lie fa
mily ?>f the female prisoner had solicited that she
should be allowed to co in u carriage. but this was
refused. Madame du Sablon walked first, elegant
ly dressed in bluck, and wearing a long ve-l ; she
leaned on htr husband's arm, and was accom
iianied by her sister and brother-in-law. Tliecurc
walked alone, but was followed by groups of his
paruhwners. both were in custody of policemen
and gendarmes. They were placed s'de by '^e
in the dock, and the male prisoner stated his name
to be Laurent Gothland, his age 29, f ind his pro
fetfcion that of a priest ; the woman, that her name
was Marie Laure de Sablon, and her age 30. Ma
dame du SaMon's features were thinned by a long
sickness and bnxiety, but were delicately beauti
ful : the cure is a short thick set man, with rather
a sensual cast of face ; he was dressed in plain
black clothes. On a table were vases containing
the bowels of the deceased, and the arsenic which
had been extracted from them.
The indictment was read. It stated that on the
evening of the 21at of December
guisal died at the house of the euro of St. Germain,
alter anillntssof six days. At six o clock th
next morning the cure weut to the inayur to de
i niand an authorization to bury her at once, ai i he
i said the body was in state of putrefaction. Th
authorization was granted, and the cure "?e
body to be interred on the same day. On hu re
turn from the ceremony, he wrote to the deceased s
son, to .ay that he had died of congestion of the
i. rani. Surprised at the sudden d-ath and hasty
burial of his mother, the ton, Ldmond l^eguisal,
suspected that there had bten some foal work, and
en the 2Kth he communicated his suspicions to the
Prccureur of the republic at Angouleme. lhat
functionary went the next day to St. Germain, and
had the body taken up. On examination by medi
cal men and chemists, arsenic was discovered, and
it ai?i ear* d probable that it had been adminis ere.l
at different times. It thus became evident that
the deceased had either committed suicide or been
poisoned. But she had no reason to feel disgust of
life, as she was in no danger of losing her place,
(the cure having just increased her wages, and
written to her son to say that he was much please J
with her.) and besides, the place was of no conse
quenc to her, as both her aon and daughter were
i tenderly attached to her, and were in a posi
tion to supply all her wants. It was, moreover,
shown that she had never on any occasion procured
poison Thus, then, said the indictment, ahe could
not have committed suicide, and consequently sne
hid been murdered. But by
only by the cure Gothland and Madame Sablon,
for they alone had approached her in the sickness
ct which she had .lied, sod they alone hid interest
in her death. This interest arose from 'he fact
that the honor of both was in her hands, she hav
ing discovered that an adulterous connexion exist
ed between them < lothland, it appeared, had at
first been curate at Sernur, but had been interdict
ed by the bishop of Autun, on account of immoral
conduct. On the prayer of the superior of the semi
nary, the bishop consent, d to appoint him cure ot
Charolles; but he there caused such scandal by his
t relations with a Madime Allier that he was ex
pelled. After a while h presented himself to the
bishop of Angouleme, aLd, having deceived that
prelate as to his past conduct, was splinted *y
him care of the parish of St. Germain At St.
Germain, Madame du Sablon was his neareat
neighbor, and they soon became very intimate.
This lady was of rather light conduct, and it ap
peared that some time before she had sent some li
cen ious verses to a young man of mneteen_ A cri
minal connexion having been established between
them, it siweared that almost every day they in
dulged their pa won sat the parsonage, and besides,
they constantly exchanged letters. The widow
LeguiSdl *u?i?ected what wa? going on, but to cop
v.nce herself she enlatged a hole which happened
to be in the ceiling of the cures bed room, and
placed hersalf in the garret above Peeping through
the l.ole, she distinctly saw the parties on the bed.
Greatly shocked, *he notified to her son her intra
tion of leaving the cure's service, but he told her
to take no notice. Af er s while she had a quar
rel With the euro, and he threatened to beat htr.
"Take care, Monsieur le aurc ' said she, I
know something'" Vi^ ^u.i t
cried he, "tell me, tell me! "Well, tbeo, I
know lhat yru carry on a criminal connexion with
Madame du Sablon. Through that hole It. aw
ou'" On ilui the cure became calm; he onered
?r Hior.ey, which she refund; snd he then wrote
to)i<-r sen to nay how pleased he was with her,
ai d that he had increased her wages. Whilst he
was thus engaged with Madame du SaMoo, he
kept up his correspondence with Madame Allier
al Charolles, at.d ( he protested to her that he
loved her better than he did Madame du Sablon,
and thut he had to resist the advance* of the latterj
lie once, on pretence of visiting his family, went
to CharolUs, and for fifteen days wna ne< rsted
by Msdame Allier in her house L>urin? his ab
sence Madsme du Sablon was tealous, and open< d
Utters which arrived for him. On the Itith of l>e
cen ber, the widow lH-guisal was suddenly seized
with violent vomitings after dinner, and these con
tinued on the following days M idame du Sablon
sent her broths and niedicinesfrom her own house.
The cum- prepared her sugared wine, and sat up
with her. She took nothing except what passed
through their hands, and during five days thej kept
administering poisonous aubataoces. The way in
which the poison ws? procured was this ?Ur du
Sablon hid a collection of inedioine* in hi* house,
in his profession*' cspacity. Among them was a
phial ? on'ainmg gramme? of arsenic Of Ihene
14 had been employed in killing rata When the
phial WuS exsrnined by the magistrate* onlv 2.)
s tarr n ? a remained, con- <? ^lepily -'I ? rani mew were
missir if, and ihey c it was a- -rted, only h ?ve
been lak-n by the femsle prn <ner, aa "lie alone
hud the key ol the < heat in which her hnshaad
Kept (he i ?< ison The indictment dwelt on the fact
that the accused had the strongeat possible mer
est in getting rid of the decea-ed, inasmuch as a
word l rem h?r would have caused the former to l>e
ignominiously expelled fiom the church, and the
latter to be dishonored ss a wife and mothe r.
The interrogatoriea of the accused then com
menced. . ,
Gothland, in re( |y to the -nie.tiona put to h>m,
n sintained that he had not be< n d ?mis-?ed (rom
Senior and ' harolle* on account of ill conduct,
but because he had from diflerent cause* exeit' d
the ill-will of the cures, to whom he w?* **ai*t,int.
He attempted to explain ?*ay huiutinu'e telalioM
with Madam Allier, by atatiug they were of a mere
friendly kind, such u the maintained with fifteen
or twenry other priMt? he alao observed that her
age was 48 when h* mi haew her, and 53 now ;
but hut letter* to h?r, of which several were read,
were decidedly of an amatory character He gave
a general denial to the charge of having been too
intimate with Madame du Sablon, and declared
that he had refused little presents which she had
wished to make him He said that he had resolved
to dismiss hia servant on account of her violent
conduct. He denied that he aloue had attended
her after she became indisposed, and said she first
became ill ufter eating the same dinner as he hid
done. l>r. du Sablon, on seeing her ill, recom
mended her to take tea, and had sent for some
dropa of laudanum. He admitted having given her
some sugared wine. He said that iuat before she
died " he heard her pronounce the holy names of
Jems and Mary ; that that was a great consolation
to him, and that he immediately administered the
sacraments." He added, that Madame du Sablon
and her husband had come to the bedside of the
deceased.
Madame du Sablon, in answer to the judge's
questions, said She had been mimed 11 yeara,
and had a son . She had sent some songs to a
young man. She had known the Cure Bisaette, the
predecessor of Gothland. She had visited hi.n
sometimes, but never alone. Had never been to
Earties with him. On the arrival of Gothland, her
usband forbade her ever to enter his house ; but
that did not cause her to reflect on the cuuses for
which Bissette had left the parish ; neither did she
know for what cause be had left. Although her
husband had forbidden her to viait Gothland, she
bad taken him for her Maimor. .-die had gone to
the parsonage when the cuic's servant was ill, but
on other occasions she had alrvays been accompa
nied by her husband. It was net true that she had
opened any letter of Gothland ; as to the little pre
sents which had been referred to. she had Bent
them with the knowledge of her husband. She
did not know that her husband had arsenic in his
possession. He did not leave his keys with her,
though he sometimes left her medicines to distri
bute to his patienta. She had, however, seen a
phial containing ar&eni? lt-w?s her servant, not
she herself, who waited on and prepared things for
the deceased. She had, nevertheless, preptred
soup for her, but she denied that she had given
orders that a basin need by deceastd should be
broken.
Some daya after the death of the servant were
you not taken ill, on hearing the death alluded to
ut a dinner par'y 1 ? I was indisposed, but I did not
lose my conaciou^nees
When the authorities made a descent into the
cure's house were you not seized with terror, and
d'd you not send to seek your husband! ? Any
other jierson would have done so
But, although your h lsband said, " After all, if
the Abbe Gothland be arrested, that does not con
cern us," did you not continue to feel fear ? ? Tho
accused made no reply.
Some pu,< ts-vertiuux and documents, establish
ing the poisoning, aud the circumstances which ac
companied it, were read, li.xtracts from the pre
liminary interrogatories of Gothland were also
read ; they contradicted several of his assertions
now made; they also stated that th" soups, Arc ,
Uketi by the deceased were prepired by Madam du
Sablon. This, it will be seen, is in contradiction
to the statement of the woman.
When Dr. du Sablon heard that his wife was ac
cused of the double crime of murder and adultery,
he proposed (as has already been slated in the Dies
that both should commit suicide, aud that
their child should be made to die with them They
ail thtee fastened themselves intoaroom with pans
of charcoal, and wwulri have died had not the hus
band's courage filled him on seeing bis son strug
gling in the agonies of death Letters written t>y
the doctor on this occasion to his sister and his pa
rents were produced. The letter to his sister was
as follows : ?
M v d?ar Sifter? You know that in my last letter I
said, that If (J od reserved tor me more terrible trials
than those 1 had suported, I should require great?r
strength Well, the misfortunes have arrived, and the
I strength faile me I fee my wife and myself- perhaps
j although perfectly innocent? menaced with an infa
mous condemnation. I know not why we. innocent as
we s*sar we are by our hope of salvation, which our
act will compromise, should give ourselves as a sight
to the stupid populace, who would not fall to rejolie
at seeing us sent to the hulks or the scaffold A vol
untary (leath appears to me preferable and I hope
that I and mine *111 be delivered by it from an eie
erable world, in which oalumny Is ?o powerful that no
honest man ran be sure ot not sharing oar fate. I die
with the convletion that uiy wife 1* pure and inno
cent?my resolution proves this 1 hate only one re
aret. and that is to be obliged to eacrltice with us a
?Hing who is so dear to both But reassure yourself, al
though tery youug. he has firmness, aa i asorptn our
pr< position with roarage. Strength fails me ; 1 can
only tell yeu that 1 regret you all. and that I beg of
you to pray to God for me. I desire that eut ot the
little we leave behind a sum. destined to say a mass
every year for the rep see ot our souls shall bis taken
Be more happy than we ! Adieu tor ever.
CtXiUKr DU SABLON.
The following was the letter to his parents : ?
My dsar Parent*.? Preferring death to infamy. and
(eelng that I cannot avoid the latter, I hare recourse
to death. I regret to abandon you thun in your old
age but the conduct of the magistrates preve* that
my wife Is judged in advance, so 1 prefer to make an
end. I give to Ktimond, my nephew, all that I may
Ware alter ma Kemembtr, thii l? the wish of a dying
man. and letpset It. I ova nothing to any one ac
cept what follow* ?[llara he gave torn* detail* of hi*
affairs). I am very unhappy at being obliged to take
ouch a determination, especially an regan* my poor
child, but 1 hope God will pardon ul We are inoo
cent and we can awsar that at the moment of appear
ing before Ood. who *ee* our conduct, and who . 1 nope,
will ba merciful to ua I reque*t that we all three b?
interred in the name grave -my wife and I aide by
aide, and oor child placed an u*. Poor creature' my
heart break* in thinking on the lot which I have
brought on him. But I prefer it to that which would
otherwise ba reserved for him as well as for his mo
ther. If he lived. Infamy would follow him every
where? at least we prevent that far him - he will net
support it. Ood pardon us, and you also. But cour
age failed ua in seeing ourselves so overwhelmed al
though Innocent. The enemies who have drivta us
to tbi* sad necessity will n?>t fall torejoice and to call
u* guilty. But what will that matter to us' I em
brace you all. and beg of you alt to believe that 1
sutler greatly at having recourse to such a remedy
Your 8on.
COVJfKr DU 8ABL0M
The Court then proceeded with the examination
of the witnesaes, and waa so engaged at the Uat
account*.
The jury returned a verdict of guiltr, with ex
tenu&ting circumstances, against the iWat < loth
land, ami acquitted Madame du Sablon. The
court sentenced Gothland to the galleya for life
Vintage In the South of Prune*,
The la Intra of the aummer over, let ua uow aup
poie that the crowning work of the year? the (fraud
rustic carnival of Medoc ? the vintage ? ia at hand
For weeks every cloud in the sky haa been wat' lied
?every cold night breeze felt with nervous appre
hensirn Upon the last bright weeka in summer,
the savor and the bouquet of the wine depend
Warmed by the blaze of an unclouded aim, faun-d
by the ixild breezes of the weaf, and moistened t>y
morning and evening ilewa, the grapes by alow de
green attain their perfect npeneaa and ihetr cul ui
naticg point of flavor. Then the vintage imple
ments begin to be sought out, cleaned, repaired,
and acoured and sweetened with hot brandy.
Coo|>era work aa if their livea depended upon their
iQdaatry, and all the anomaloua tribe of lookers out
for chance jobs m town and country pack up their
hag and baggage, and from scores of milea around
pour in ragged regiments into Medoc. Meaawhil*
the wire men nominated by the " authority ?" are
at work. Vineyarda are inspected, grape* tasted,
and grave report* depoaited daily in official ar
chives At leng'h, some linu morning, the bin
appears, settling the important day, and by the gray
lie ht of the dawn all haada are a! work.
There have long existed plei-ing, and in soma
?ort poetical aMociaUomi cOhOectrT with ,ne (a,T|
ul securing for human use the fruite ?r ,j,?
and to no apecies of crop do picturee^ne as
socittions apply with greater force that to the in
gKtherirg ot the ancient harveet of the vine Kroin
time inirrvmorial the reaeon haa tfvifiid epochs of
p'ci<iy ft lid nnrthlul-heartedm ar -of good tare aiid
of goodwill. The ancient ty|?*a an I tigurea de
scriptive ot the vintage nrv still literally true Th?
rnaith of agricultural imrroveinent aeema never to
have set foot amid the vines. Aa ii was with the
Patriarchs in the hast, no it ia with the modern
chlldien of men The goaded ox still Iteara home
the hi?;l? preswed graja- tuh, and the feet of the
treader are still red in the purple juice winch
rnakrth glad the heart of man The scene ia at
rnce lull of beauty and of tender and even aacred
associations The eonga of the vintager*, fre
quently chorused from one part of the hem to the
oih?r, ring hlHfely into th<- hn^ht MMfff mr,
|>ealing(iut at>ove the rough jokes and h?-?riy i?m'?
of laughter shout* d hither and tbither At the
gr??n jungle is alive with the moving fi*>iP s of
rrien ai,d women, stooping among the vines ro
bearing pails ai d tHskettNls ot grajies out to tie
grast-groWR CTona-ronls, along which th I it. or
ii K ??*' n disg i he rough vintege rurta, ifro ri ?< t u
and ( rac king aa they stxggrr along beneath th-ir
weight if purple tuha, heaped hi?h with the tum
bling mat se? of luecioiis ?rmt Tie eongrega rni
of e\eiy hge and lw?th sexrs, and Hi e cart h aa
variety of coaiurne, add audi mnal lea nr> a ot
pietureaqoensM to the ? ene The a hit- lined
old man latora with shaking hand-* to tilt tie
basket which hi* Mack eye/t imp ot a grand-child
t airiee rejoicii iflv awav (^uairit broad- hrimmed
ktrnw iu.fi tell linta? h m<lkerchief? twisted like
'nrhai s fiver stritggiing elf loo'ia ? a#ar'hy ski is
f?nn?.! to an olive brown? Mack fl rhiii?evea ?
suo hai da mid if et stall ed in itie abounding jiliues
ot ih< | if Clone fruit - all the.e south' ru (e. ulnri
ti"' ot costume and apjaarancs aupplv ' h*- vintage
wuh us ple?*aiit ch irae'e riotici . l'he clit'er of
toBgUen is u.reasant A fire i?f jokes and i^er*,
hi saacy questions, and mote saury fet-i is -of
* I at, in biff, in the htimhle ami nniHietii- kut ei
I r* seive Vernacular, is called " chatl " ia kept up
With a vigor which seldom (Ii|j, except o*w S'ld
tin n, wlitn the butt-end of a song, or tfi ? twjng'iig
close of a chorus, strikes the general faacr, and
piocures for the marcmtu a lusty encore Mean
time, the master wur grower moves ob?ervingly
Irom rank to rank. No neglected baneh of fruil
escapee hia watchful eye. No careleas vintager
?hakes the precious berries rudely upmi the soil,
but he is promptly reminded of his slovenly work.
Sometimes the tubs attract the careful su|>erinten
dent. He turns up ih?* clusters to ascertain that
no leaves or useless leugth of tendril are entombed
in the juicy masses, aad anon directs his steps to*
the pressing-trough, unsious to fiud that the lustf
treaders are persevering manfully in their long
continued dai.ee
The Crystal Palace la Hyde-Park.
[From the Uui1?d Time#. I)?c 0 ]
Since our last notice of this great building, the pro
gres? mad* in its construction hat really been wonder
iul. The rapidity with whiuh the work li pashsd lot
ward beat* every thing of the kind that ha* besa at
tempted even in thi* Und ot industry. and we know Of
nothing which can at all compare with it, except, per
hap*, the growth of particular branches of our maun
taotur**, developed by the full tore* of *ueoe**fnl en
terpriotj Only a fortnight ago. though extraordinary
program had been mad" II it It- mora bad been don* than
arranging the bones and vurtebrao. ao to speak, of the
tact skeleton ; but now the detail* have been 011*6
up over a large percion of the edittoe, aud the r*aliia
tion ot Mr Paxton's design in br*ught within th* lim
its of a tew da>* Th. re now remain* no room tor
doubt that before the olvise of the year th* Crystal Pa
lace will be completed, and tbat what Messrs Fox and
Henderson, th* contraotorK. have undertaken they will
fully perform. Looking to che magnitude and novelty
*f the enterprise, one cannot help being struek with
the extraordinary energy hi d dull of which this build
log will be a lasting monument, and great a* unques
tionably If the merit 01 tbat happy idea which first
suggested that the ma-1 erpiecea of the world's indus
try should be enshrined in a gigantio glass case, even
tbat splendid suggestion Ik almost lost sight of in the
presence of those wonderful executive powers, thosa
nioe calculations ot proportion and forces, that dexter
ous application ot ui. cnauioal facilities and, above all
that organized distiioutiuu of labor, by which in littla
more than three uiou'ha ho vast an amount of difficult
and unttied woik has beeu achieved. It is but right,
now, while the undertaking is in process of eomple
tion. while the bui-y band* u' more than 2,000 mecha
nics and artisans are engaged in the actual labors ol
construction to stamp wii.b its true charaster that uu
ergetic execution which bin here been so remarkably
display e 1. 'l'be ui.inni- t. d rati form no idea of th* task;
which the costtHctom f>>r the rreutiou of the Crystal
Palace have undertaken, and (lie public, when this
great work has been t lis e<), will with difficulty recall
the exertions requisite in fill up a scheme not planned
by a regular aichiiect (t is unfortunate. in seme r*
fptcts, it si when b a structure is completed the
energy it iiich created i canmt be very forcibly real
ised; but it, in the 'peroaebmg exhibition. a rare
proof be rtquiit o ol what within a given time Kngllsh
enterpiine una Kngiisti capital can do. toe great build*
ing in liyde Park wnl furnish that evidence. Its pil
lared teiao.s are now a' length to be seen in their
full proportions, lor of i lie toui extreme corners, east
and west, three ltav. beeu r> ached Xhe transept t*o
begins to be crowr ed with its > paolous arched roof,
the happy suggt'nl ion ?'( *li Kmry, who, it should be
known, ha* lulrnuu- m everai very important fea
tures into the d< i-ign o the building, by whioh the
general eir<:Ct will uuuuuh be gre-itly heightened The
rail ing aud p'acing ot ti e ribs which are to form the rooi
has only just been commenced Too operation Is one of
great ninety and inv< i?e? perhap*. a greater amount
ol nn cl-aLii al 'kill tim.i any other part of the work.
Home at- count ot the p u?m> nny be interesting, and
we interrupt our- i>air*'.i*e ot the actual progress maas
in crdtr te supply it r . r ihe last two mouths th*
mi'St rt iu in kalut) h/ king objects in the huge piles oi
material collect* i up u the gr> rind have been a num
ber ol buge seini lri uifi .mo-leu ribs, which one might'
have thought bad bin. tiigmally intended for tht*
waist ot a u>nu ot war T *st? are uiiaed upon end, and
set up in yairs. with pu.lu ? fl' ced in. distance plecee
tosuipouthe later meui.itr gutters, and six sets ot
cr.'ss biacing to mute In whole sufficiently stitf.
Hopes are tin u atta -hen n thi- tramework trom scaf
folumg m eitfct r Mde oi l|n transept at the point ef
intero-ptieii wirh the ot i. re aitle. and the power used
in raising the rib- ronsi.-t of tour crabs, ro disposed
thai the men worKi- > tht in can *ee exactly the extent
to which the rope aitt .ni in incirciabssunuidbe pulled.
Ac the irsmeworX is n a*i saiily broader than the
transept, one ude is tan-eu ?t>ou> -id teet higher than
the other, mitil the whole uiu-s is raised to the desirsd
elevation It is theu iu< v -i mi rollers to its proper
position in the arch and Or< pped iuto a socket four
itet deep, foiuitd ti i i' - i' ? epuou at the top of each
cast it i n column in ni.n pan ot the third tier. The
whole ot this ai tange m- i.i is ? xcecdiogly ingenious,
and the simplicity oi it i- not less admirable than the
strength anu stability wlnsii are insured. Kight pairs
of ribs are require to complete the rool of the tran
sept. ar.d Messes t-ox an . Henderson calculate that
ail will he raistdaud pi?o> j in about ten days. Yes
terday. two pan s had be. ? mounted and on one ot
them at the rt ry c: o* it ..t toe arch. the union jack
was Hying, as it in token or tne triumph thus achieved.
The transept and t be pauis ot >he building adjacent to
it have supplied 'he chiel difficulties ot con'tructiou
with which tte contraeiore have had to oontend, but
just in proportion to ine ot?iacles orercome will be
the splendor ol the eflei produced This airy and
vaulted oompartnieni wnl euelore within it a row
ot lolty trees withi/Ui . i y ?i Utiou ol ths rules of
proprirtion and in I arm uy with th* green l*av*e
anu wide spreading boug s in the centre not only of
the transept , bol *> <> i '.-.-while building, will be
placed a' pie ndiil fount kin do feet blgb In anticlpatlnf
the effect which will be p udui'ed by this portion of the
new buiiking. it eaunot i u oe r.gret ted that th* roofs ot
Ibe tranrept at: a ih> bate are not if th* sain* form,
and pitch, hr liarr . proposed tbat the arobed roof
rhould be carried aiuug tne whol* eeotre alsl*. aad.
had bis tuggertlMI beeu wiiupted the coup d u<l. would
probably have been ll?il ine Dnest in th* world; but
th* coii-mieMaoi r* wiie t iguieoed by the additional
expanse, which was eaioi.iated at about 7 UO Of. We
may heie nieniiin th?t the ide? of the transept was
(iiiglnated by Mr lieu ler on Returning to the pro
gress made In the r-jLstri.oi lou as tar as the building
has been carried, tt ?? gailniies are prepared for the
layiag ot the lloor b<-arus 4 ver> large proportion of
the giasmg. also has b-eu aone and ibis part ol the
work is vigorou-ly pi e- e I for ward. 1 o a former notice
We c escribed tht- port ot booded carriage in which th*
paint*is at.i glash re < art led on their operations. Id
r<me pottion- of th" flm.diug 'besearenow congre
gated lu such numbers as to It ok Ilk* a liipty encamp
ment. Not the least t- inai tail* feature in the present
appearai.ee ol the new buiidug is the extent to which
accumulated stores ol ma ? rial of all kinds columns,
girders. window-Item*-. s>>n bars, gutter* he ? have
disappeared lroiu the gr und. where they lay plied Id
be*p?. end taken the:, pi* * aiott Tat the wants of
the artificers are etui lai from being supplied. The
contractors spesk wiiu gi?at waimth ot the loaloua
assistance which tb?v bave received front the North
Western Hallway Cimpany in the rapid traasatssloa
ot tb* matei ial and it tray be mentioned as not the
least curious example ot the extraordinary faeillties
this ag" ar.d country et joy thet pieces of iron, shaped
in the foundry ol lUeesi* rux and Henderson at Hir
minghaiii. are olteii within IN hours fixed in their
assigned places la the tlrys'al I'alaoe, llyd* I'ark. The
visiter to th* busy irene within the hoarding will find
In what he sees tbvre an euipi* compensation for the
6s et trance tee which is et preseut charged. Th*
ordsrlv arraiigerneLt. th- iitteiligaace, and unflagging
i ii with whii ii the w irk is pr-se- d forward, th* oppor
tunity ot watchiug hoe a great in Jasiriou* andskillol
population like ours suppl e* baud* fit to accomplish
fbe mr-st ii'-Tel and ardu< us undertakings ? all thesw
t hitgsfurnirh an am pi* fi. i for observation aad relec -
Hon even wl.en cuitooty atMiut the building itself ha*
lw ? u exhausted A Ti.rdiBgiy the number w| vi*tVit%
attra ts* there dni.y Is <? u>l i-rail* and as mnoh ss
Ml is usually fai.ea at th- So rs. The boisv thus,
collected Is, we are informed applied a* an acci-f*af
fund fcr the bell, (it ?? the ?..<krien la thi* reere t
when the dshgri i useberaeter of th* operatioa* Is aon
sldeied the pe< pie eoipioved bave been v*ry fortunat*.
1 1 >teril*y the K, yel t ma.uis-ion held Its first sit
jrg? ?n tbt*i.rjPUil J'iIic- ma ? pruti ic?l ottr h?
his royal II tness P rinse Alfert, *b - arrived there a!r
If*'7 8 #lock h,T,"< mioutely examined
the woiks ipreseed bun-elf t really pleased with the
pmgrt ? *d* One u Ih^. i iel subjects under dis
?l<w . e fore the ;? i.iu!
i.ers ea- the manner if
which the new buildiug rltould be painted SS'l aist ?'
isfed In older t<i assist in- m lu formlo" e^itiiSoa
on this point. Ra^t were |-lm d at dlff reatpciaM on
the exterior, and ilrep.r.t ? usp-m* within A por
tion of the principal la. sde al' ^ Bn,^. wlth th* or
naoienfal oaeilags -ins ,l|(1 b, Hr Uarry. aad Mf.
Owen ,'.<n?s bad pr" bj way ol experiment seme
speoinitns rd ? jn ,h? jki?rpir might be
paint. rt as to th? ejisr n the cnmmisslnners dw
I hat It ibunld be painted i4?la stone color Th*
la'wrlor Mr ('wen J olet prspa-ed to paint as follows :
- kite, white and yeil- e In* tne columaS; blue,
white, and red for Ihs gitu rs , n u white and yellow
frttharocf The etr ot tM? coatoaatiou of etlnra
he lllusdated In two ?e y ? l?v -r pic are*, giving th*
perspective ol th- Centre al-|e aad the trancept.
and frolsl eil in th i'iarve:lous|| short spa?rs of
six day* These picmree were nertainly not ill
calculat'd to do away 'b the strongly unfavorable
lmpre?itcn which th e ?p m. ni oo a portion of the
liuiluing produced on io a l> all wb" saw It The com
aiiFSK.ner* west lull) into ion metier awl the reault at
a huh the/ bats arilvert has i -n'Oaerattly modified th*
rugi,t stlt ns ol Mr Ow.?.lu.< H? I is to be si puog-d
frt-m th* roof and wh te au l Mm 'tolor*. the most
delicate and the b. -t atisp. ed t"r a crista! p tl?'*. are
to In* ?nbs*ltut.-.| (in tb> ti| r gh' aoluinns and gird
ers red I* r*jrrtsd Itlue n < 1 tin - b?iug retained and
just sufficient ot <h? ) ell e I r> lure I he effect ?f th*
whole to a ncu'rsl t'nt M na* the appearaace of th*
Int-rlor tn?y be wuh (he e< i.ir. which tb* *'imiais
slrner' have selected It Is not oy *| preeent te say
hut. at least, their ?. .. -ti i an Iniprnvemeat upoe
the design i f Mr iieen.lt> .e
A? the prince was le.il na, the ? ihlbttlon a singulat
scene took place A l.i,.- i?.i a* ib- entrance wa
H.nadtd *t d in an instant iron i veiy part of the
hngt-file the 'i K.u me >u.p' ved came snrainbling
cnw*r'f to giv* him a pei'l- g rht er l? w?e a remark
? hie ffectacle t-i ie? - In <? a h '1y of people ap.
pi'icrhlt g In is mini dff-tent ??n. some slipping
in* ii roinuns otb*ra -kl pii># ? r-.aejt.i.te aad balanc
ing themn Ives dlerfercn-iv long gir<ler? At last
they all t'ira ' d In a a. i . ii iemuna th-spot whwrs
the roy*l eertlese was dr. wo up <s tb^y waited in
lesperttal sllens* the p t,re - a; p. ara.ice a brewer ?
dray entered the gatea with if.d i sll< us of Iwter and
as it by instinct ib.y hi- ytiiieil ihat the gretelul
supply was for them Of t-ioir.e tli-y weloomed the
dray with ch?ers Hi* rov^i bigtiaess on taking his
departure. w*.< saluf-d ?i h - M liusie-llo hurrah*
t lit irmni,
filw Yor ? Th>' I f% 1,1 ztUt his b**n fur
nish* >1 with the K'lditiiinil wmnt*i?
iMt I'.i'i OtrrHintt,
r? ported.. 6*fl Iftl ? - ? 114 64!27<1 1'.n *K
ft I,??rmr# . ft? ? i4 f> (1 4 tlM 11 7*r
Dr?rm? *i'i <i*8 KOfi*) S 4?T 5?l4
M' . . . #M"l SI ' M IVii ft Kl
Tiopi 2' XI *4 9o:i| 4 44'2
37a;? :t? %? a;r?* AMI
0 lin >it mii ' | n?> .... 47 <iil f.<i?w4 ft ?T< #*71
4:; *2i. ft-ilftn 4 :.H j 11 tw
Mring'tni Mm 4<lM7 86SI Mia

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