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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 6062. MORNING EDITION SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1851. PRICE TWO CENTS. DOUBLE SHEET. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. HITEBESim CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. Completion of the Cheap Postage Bill in the House. THREE CENT PIECES TO BB COINED. Transactions in the New York Legislature. ^Flashes of Xhrents in all Sections of the American Continent, fcc., &c., dec. THIRTY -P IBST COKGRESI. &KCONB SESSION. leuU< BY morsk's magnetic tei.rokaph. WADHinoTon, Jan. 17, 1851. the Mississirri oierklow, ETC. The Chaik laid before the Semite a communication ?"join the War Department, enclosing the report of the topographical Kugiaeera on the Inundation of the l*ower Mississippi. Ordered to he printed. Mr. Hale moved that when the Senate adjourn, it fee to Monday. Debated, and the motion loit? 20 to 31. M? SH4TOI FROM rENNSVLVA*IA The Chair presented the credential.- of Mr. Brod lead, elected Senator from Pennsylvania, for lix jtara after Match 4, 1861. California bteamerb. Mr. Clav presented the petition of Cornelius Van derbilt, a fteumboat builder, of New York, ottering to place Biz steamers on the Chagres and San Francisco line? to eell the lame to the government in oaee of war, and to carry the United States mail when dedred, Jor thirty thousand dollaiB per annum for eaob vessel. claim* incurred ?r the conquest of California. Mr. Owim introduced a bill creating a Board of Commifiloners for the examination and payment of oiaima agaiuht the United State*, growing out of the conquest 01 California (iE.fr.KAl* HOARD or Ari'RAUERf ? THE TARIFF, ETC. Mr- Winthrof introduced a bill far tti- appointment o4 a Board ef Appralrers at largo, and for ottier pnr poeea He said that he gave notloe of this bill suae iime ainoe, and he was adtnoniahad byerenta that what he proposed to Uo should be done without delay lie ?'pointed out tb* nils of the present laws, anil demon itrated that Rieat losses and inaonvenienoe w?re tbs Wurequence. lila bill proposed th-? appointment of appraiser* at Urge, and be thought tint thte would ba a r< medy. to torn* extant ilia bill also proponed to snake anma change In regard to a home valuation, in stead of loreign valuation Mr. Hikteu said. that at a proper time, the frienls of tha tariB ot 1*48 would prove that it wai highly beneficial and Nucoeejtul in Its operatlona, but It *al net perfect, and might be amended with great pro priety In thii particular of appraisement The bill was referred to the Fluanoe Committee. THt: rtBi.li: funds. Mr. Ill nt>h odered a resolution which was adopted, oaillng on the Sejretary of the Treaaxry to report tbe mm stindiug to the credit of tbe United H'?te??t ?ach of th? piftdic depositories, and tbe amount of treaiury drafts on each of such depesltorie*. unpai i on July 1st 1660. Also, the amount of trust funds ineaca depaltory. THE DIFLOMATK' t'OR R ESr ONDENCE RELATIVE TO THE CUBAN INTASION Mr Bentov'* resolution calling lor copies of oirrss ?pendence relating to the Contoy prisoner*, aud tha in vasion ol (Juts, wai taken up and adopted. r rivate bill bat. Mr Down's resolution, fixing Friday of each week ?or tbe oonsid. ration of private bills, was taken up, and, after debate adopted the raiscti sfoliation bill Was taken up and Mr ?mrn resumed hli spaech. He examined the minority report In detail an l an swered all obj.etiom to tbe claims ile reed and com mented upen at great length. extracts from ail tbe treaties betwe n tbe I'nli.d State* and Franoe, and maintained, in conclusion, that further delay lu the pajment ot these claims would have tbe appearance of repudiation Mr Hi btek got the floor, and on motion of Mr. the Senate adjourned till Munday. Ilonae of ll*pr?MnUUTU. BY BA1.N a ELECTROCHEMICAL TKI.KOILAPH. Whhiiutoi, Jan. IT, 18SI. eOiiriBTto* ah' rtiuni or thb thbkb ii?r rttTtai ?Mm The lTou*e went Into committee on the poetege bin. Mr. Phki.p*, ((!'* n ) of Mo.( hvl offered a *abatitut? for It (whhh ?u rejeotod) proriitin^, among o;h?i thlngr, threa and fir* cent poataga. Idr. Ct vDi, (U?m ) ol Indian*, oOcred a aubiatltata ^ropoelng a uniform rata of Are par cant poataga, fca. Mr. Clktklako, (dem ) of Conn., ip'ika in favor of ourlnlalBg th? (ranking privllega, whiab was greatly abated In arndlng electioneering traah. Mr. (whig) of Mi1!,, to, '.. J that after ?o TDUcb tlin- La I be?u f ipen led in p<>rf<*i:tin t tha bill, the committae ?ouid rota duan all ameaJiaeuta, and ni t waate iutti.tr time Mr En*' (whig) of Md.. offered an amendment, that no free matter whatever *h.*ll circulate la tha sail TM? he would do. tl ha hail tha power. Mr. Baow ? . ) of la raid tha (juration *?< now T>r?iaatit"d, wt etliar there tliall b" thr?? cant po-ttge at Uj'> e*p iw ol the trtaaufjr. or lira o-bt wituuut Mr. Kran* air. mJmabt was ilBBgfBBd to Mf.Caarra (Jim) cf Ohio vouM eilfnd rather than curtail thi IrilUtK frlfUn|:? It wa? * in. an ?f bringing Irg'.iU'ive doii^a to the d ?Off of tlielr rou ftitarnti llr Hrown'a amenlment was rrjeotal - *jn% 89, ?mmyn ST. Mr. Ci t7>*m t wlalf,) of K. Y . offers! an amendment intho.'Umg tie Formatter General t<? lu? >m? tha frmprnat^n t ? .'rputy pi.?inu?i?ri Krject J. Mr Ihmii. (dam ) of tann., took o, oaeiou ts ?i?y that en the ? rrt npp rtui. . jr. be wool 1 i n la-aeor to have take.' up tha Mil establishing to .tlrl h Threonine 'M'Mns tli. not Mr i (tlein ) ?f Ohio who?rfi?-?d t*e prea|oo? quratl o Mr. iln t., ( : ni of Mo m >ted to lay the bill on tha tatle Mr Jobb*, (|< m ) ol Tann , called for tha ruadlng Of Uia bill. irrrviia ot mi ? h ?ir roaraoR bili.. Th? bill pr <il?it' t n 1 1> a l?nn wei4.i1, ; r*ar half aa Mact three ? -n ? ? -?ll ta I barf ?!. He peat atTii, or r.ete Bbail ?? rti?i a tinned. nor tl?e r <?? Txa>au n el i ? ?i uMtl to 4 miai>u. I, lu ewi.*'|oiiea ef ilia | a*aa e I. it .. Ci prim t iii*f'.ari/f T. e tr*tar w? 'ght than tttonnseee, Baseaat alia: I lie "l'aff>4. ? nnnd boek , Wflg iM|i|..?af ?hlrtj eai.?>-r. It ? na< mailatle mnatar. kew p?|>?ra .<?? lirarrd In t' a hi ta wh-ie ptlntaa ?lia rg"d ?i i? -a'f b?lf ?f .ba furarniba ta- i. ke | '"I HC* Mill fa i hartal <a tbuel jiall'.'l t'l ? I'lai il?crt?r|. IB trie e-mat? waara i rimal, or wi'.hia ? li rt? i i ?. r'ifty ptt >?,. . t? t.? da4a. i- i f...ui tka poaiaga ot i , t. ? whm r > t ? 4. T'.?e-J a?'.- pi, ? t href Inertia ail??r, an4 aa?-f nfth a< n r? M? ta ined ?>va?pa, aa X'-w, t, p ?I4. 4 j a4 ??M ? ! i l.e <ari?i? p ial adliaa, iat a Ui, , i ibaniiote , i.auba t a> fiae ae4 iai ? yri>i nmen?. tin ti'i.o r. ar..l a h '' ' ?f ? ' 1 ? rw are to b? aa| f priata ! t > n>tti data ?i . (Hi itnt?i??n? Lett, ra I'M all If r . r a p> riO'i af twa weak), to be pub llali' il inee onlj 1M - t r aaral IB to aatablitb aaita^la p1?ii< of iepotit* I r |i tttf, it. i in in I t?*na, te i.e aotla itel aail ?Ian' ? r -a h v i i . .. ??, at ? ** < r taarni miV II. a nii tun ? lay the bill < nth>- tabl't wai necatimd by j aa t l i . ? 9 lh.. .jufr ii... naa taken fo agraalnf to tbe Brat atn- B'ft'nt t ? tfii- o<!?1aal bill laatlj : anbaiiintloii three ern&a, an a uti'iiii at tare for the iirm att lie o?nt tat ? It wa CauldirJ In the aiHriualtrt hr reaa lit. nay 13. <Tb? other nr m 'irenfe Ware a rr??d to That eat nh 1Mb IB ft r ? ti rf | ?'?t a w?? e?ril> d, i^y yeaa ln<l nay* BB Tbe bill or > ! leh a a\ tnj ale ta gt? en In the pi?t?ad leg part of I rp ,rt wae th^n pa n il. \>) je?s la#. nay.) 7ft m I ;U *a : ? > ? > H ? ? . ?a' '? r. fttl' n. Bnt-'wt aiaa. II -a n?t?, Hla.lo.i-. 1 .a. il'iutti, n alia, 1. -ik ifie?a ?ne *ila b"?k?, i t Biirr??? I ?u t ? r i ,i ,i a u ball, ? Baay t.l ? .?:? llarte, Ul.Teiaat, ..ale, <'aatt ,C .r< win, k<.fa?el , j 'a. -er. I?ai->r| in 'te ?> OtmiaMa .'? > . Santaa, l?u.fc t > ana, * J ; i ? ? >? u ,i i ,t, t , ? i?r, ttrr.ilr, , f-i1 ill*' *'i tier', ti I n ie l.-.^a i ,?, (Wt, t ill*, i "i" ? I, ti ?ll"*a?, HampMi,., II a m , 4 Hn< Ian. IJ?\. U? n?. Bear*. Htiila 4 '!? In ? i| * r4, he*", Mni.t, i in 1. la, V : -? m 1 1 . ? K -r. Ja* >i I, H?e J?r?av, Jilm \ Klag. I'raatna h I f I, ?.,?>. L til r, |.l"t?t. ; I. Man. ('4a > m?,? , IV, I, (, ? r ,1 . v ? -a. ?r-B, Moll, i a, I. M H'li' l, B I,'?1 et ?n *n*eia, a ?? -n ? III:.!, a I.I ( *? ) ?" ' ? ( k . | 1? ? ? H I r, 4fll,ia), Mi t. i t , f. M , ,-t. M ir, . ?4vr.t ? ti. 1 r uB, halai M, dale, " I < i? ??..;ea l -0a ( Wr,?. ut J I'nn t, J'iim ?. I ai'ir. t , ie h"< I H'jti. I a. . I - rt. i oh a , Jr.; K(*k? 1, V . H e Rem ?? Ji 'i?k-i h, ?. f rbeaek. .-fh m ? ' ??. ^ -h ? ?? r?' , ' . It ? ?? r, p i ? a I i Spreeee, Kiat I -, ??, a i l .n.i ) o>. r. 1 r r ,.ma. Mm. t-'r ) i - k. i ml, rkt.l * ilk v.nma ?Bl? ; W ata all ,?l.| a W hit t aaer, W i I lu 'V. ?? I h , B I ?ftllKf I II Hah- Ki-it "? "t ' ? r>, *l?tfi 4rh?, A?i'' i, fay, Bayly, B' ?l?. I. >p . I> B.i?t?. > llr. in C.f ta* liana, Bi r . i. ?? I, CbMw, Il ?( ti. ami j i .1 .w It ?f Matth C?r? I i- ? tat ar, lu.an ?.?,?!, . AUmb?. ?l catl.Dat'f . 1,. I",?r hn?i..i i R4m?e I- ?? FraiK?? e till , 0"'"fy, tl'ir'p*! Hal. >a ett >i. ?!? IBIti.n. It a .-! i ? , r. liairi .1 \ a aiaa ? in ul llllm It. I! ohm, 4. :????. ! i y ii ,nk J* k n ' Oar taia 4'ti a T-a? a<. J.h- a- ' Ifitnek ?, nl n ? aB of At'ir !??. ' a i ? ilr t- it, | rna it >t ? 1 an, > iQi.i ? a, U, W i?. I llta r> Bi,-ae, ir-. tta '.I iw, niBBt, I ra 'i it ? ? "1,1 ? i ?? n,|l n. i.aril u . tlBae*. B"tt tango, -M4,n. t>-an<e* K?, ?? H , a I?r, lk<tir?a 1 1 1 ef ? I ? |M. mp-' ef Km aekr.Te, niba, Vaia t-, MaJlae", h ? kiaa, tfe.lB .ra, ?i4 Blllwaa, Mr. 1'irrTr* oireeijf^ re?f?nald"r tha ?.<te bj wbteh tha Mil r aarod, anil on feu motion tba bio ian Waa laid ?? tb< talale the JioBM Uitn ?v g urBf J. NEW YORK LK0I8LATVRB. BY MOKSI'S MAONKTIO TSLMKAfH. >???((. Aliant, January IT, 1861 That tl>? oollectien of rent In oertaln cum on tha manorial lands, may be stayed. ?ILL* BirOITEO. To pr?v?rt the sal* of th* Bohenectady and Troy Railroad except by a Tote of the city ; to authorise the oorporatlon of Brooklyn to create a loan to pay current expenfoa not exceeding $160,000; to amend the r barter of the California Steam Navigation Ce.; to authorize Daniel Richard*, of Brooklyn, to make a pier 2000 teet long, in the Sixth ward, of Brooklyn. Mr. Cholil'i gave notice of a bill amending the law relative to the appointment of Commissioners ot Deeds in New York. Mr. MoKtiAN introduced a bill amending the Harbor Master*' law. Mr Robinhon, of Alleghany, gave notice of a bill to tax estates at non- resident debtor*. iiills riamu in < ommittck. To rednoe the capital atcck of the New York and Virginia Steamship Co. to (60,000. I.lsrBANCE COMriKIII A bill prohibiting voting by proxy in mutual lneu rtnee oompanies. Aatembly. ALaA.tr, Jan. 17,1861 rtTITIOPI* rlKSKRTKD. To prevent the Stat* of New York from becoming a hunting ground for freemen; prohibiting the sal* of intoxicating liquors ; fsr a law forming building associations; memorial of tke Mayor, he., of New York, arklng the passage of a law empowering them to raise money by loan, lor sundry porposoa connected with city improvement*), memorial from the Western Uou*o of Refuge; for amendment of ge??ral plank road law; of (tockbohler* ef the Attica and Hornellaville Railroad Company, for amecdmect of their charter. ? > posts. The Judiciary Committee reported a bill relative to the dutie* of Superintendents of the Poor. (OMMITTI >;S APPOINTED. The Speakeb appointed a Select Committee for tha reprt sentatlon of New York in the World'* Indut triad Exhibition. vli: Mrfnrs. Fltshugh. Lyon. Sword*. Cook, and Knell; also, a Select Committee on the Abolition of the Death Penalty, vlx : Messrs. Baker, Baboook, Yeoman*, and Stratton. BILLS INTBODUCKD. Amending tbn charter ot the Attica and Hoenellsville Railroad ; providing for exohange of reports ot Court ol Appeal* for law reports of other States ; relative to weights and measures ; providing for the appoint ment ot State Reporter ; authorising the Commissioner ot the Land Office to soil land in Syracuse and pur chase other lands ; incorporating the Protestant Epls copal Benevolent Society in the city ot New York ; subjecting certain debts ?f non-residents to taxation ; appropriating money for Western House of Itefuge ; relative to plank and turnpike roads ; amending act relative to ejectments ; establishing and regulating public ecMoU ; providing tor registers of births mar riages, and deaths ; amending the Code, relative to the jurisdiction of County Courts ; repealing certain provisions of the Revised Statutes, relative to taxation of incorporation*. KBSALVTIOKS. Mr. Thommuw. or New York, offered a series of joint resolutions expressing, as tha opinion ol tha Asaembly, that the revolution* adopted by the last Legislature on tbe 14th ot February lt*60, were not approved by th* SHbple. that tha course pursued by Uaaa, Webs'or, icklnson. Clsy. and other*, meets with approbation; aDd that the course of William U Reward, In referenee to the slavery ijuettion. has not been in aaoordanoe with the wisbes of th* peopla ot tbl* Stat*. Mr Smith, of Bntlolk, introduoed resolutions relative to Hritish aggressions ia Central America. xtia rnolutlons were laid over. lk* Missouri V. I. Htnatar. jErrasann Cur, Jan. 18, 1861. Th?r* was no balloting in the Legtslatara yesterday This morning, when about to prooaed to the 20th bal lot, Mr. Stewart proclaimed that ha would vota for James 8 Green, and commenoad a speech explain ing hi* reason*. He was speaking when our last des patch *s* received, and the general impression is that Urten will be elected. St. Loci*. Jan. 17, 1861. Tha twenty sixth ballot for United Btatas Senator, wa* had to day, with tbefollowlng result ? Mr. Oreyar, whig 70 T. U. Benton. ?...???.??????????>66 H 8 Greene 81 Till Maiurbwtu LcgliUtart. Boito*, January 17, 1IJ1. Th* Massachusetts Legislature baa aJjourned until Tuerday next, when another trial *111 be mad* to iloot ? United States Senator. Thf Pennsylvania I.tglalature. n*aRii<*ua?, Jan IT, 1MI. The Heme was engaged most of the morning in : counting the rota* for Auditor and Surveyor General. In the Senate vaiious petition! were presented. . Th? State Treisirer in to be elected in convention of the two lionets, on Uunday next. Virginia Uebaklng Vermont, Ac. B41 TiMORc. January IT. 1151 The Legislature of Virginia hire adopted a rendu* tion unanimously, instructing the Uovernor to return : the peaee resolution to Vermont, with a declaration that when Vermont shall prove her willicgneM to con sult tbr peace of the Union, by doing justice to th? con* etitutiun It *111 b? time rnongh for Virginia tooounult ) with her as to the pi ace of the world. The Southern Right*' Association of Klrhuir.nl are 1 preparing a pet I -.ion to the L ?glsltture to pro'.eot 1 hf.tiibe n Industry. by taxing Hoithern product# TL- New Orleans mill of the Uth ban arrived. Murderer* Convlet?4 . At ?? *<.. N V . .'an 17, 1*51. The jory in the cie? of John Haham no trial for the irutder ot Ma'ban Adles. a poller, after being out 1 about two hours brought In it verdict ol guilty lb* Hitiics *111 be protiebly pmtponed until after the ttlalot A itriil Labaio the plisouer's brother whole iiiOlc t? d for th" ramei ITince The trial ct Alfred will i b> n.oted to nsoirow It will be r<- Ml i I I that ' A |i i it I. at* sm l,as already been convicted of the earn* wiurdir, tkil In sentence I te be huti* "I the il'ti of t hi* ib en t h The I'rurt lloise has been croeded ail dsy. and great interest was manifested In the care Conflagration at Troy. Titer, N Y . Jamais 17. ISM. A lout on o'clock this morning, a Ore br< k? nut in | ?ol< moa's clothing S'ore, situated at No lil lllver r'reet. which wm totally consumed, together with No. lift. alio a rlcthlrg store, oeaupied by Mr UhmIM the rtolk end buildings are a total loss, there being no Ir-araece Three h< tin s adjoining were very mnrb injured W U hiiterbeld's clothing st.ire wai ?ln<it to telly tl"Mtoied lortnnstely h? en par tieln Itiiurrd Mr Aaroa ? store was kadiy dan: a^ed, hut !?> *ss loinri d fo.- i'i U U The ?:or? of Mr Sua | ban butil'ihtly Injured in tbe rear Tha stoak ?as g< t out sali ly Tbe buildings were tbe property it <1 ! StiaLan. Riot and I'atnl Kranlt IV hmi>iiTo< .lau tsry 17 HJl Putin? a riot anont tbe firemen, last u'gui aeveral pern, re veil lijuriil by itoirl and OUi-r iri'nUil. 1< in-' ir*n K - ee while ? ndi avotlug to ^ui 11 tbe rl it, wa> iki't to th* held, but is not ci nsldereij dang-rnu* i> wounded A r*e)rit%tle elt i?. n ram- 1 I'.ti neirr K o'ltd while ste.nJ'r.g on the porob of Wt lard * llot* I In tbe b- Ight oih'.rxt of the 'lot. received a!?e a pl-ti| ihrt in hla ? IsrHt bre??t from the clients of which Itlefeere4.be < an not recover 8s vsral at rests have been n ade. 1 Sulrlile ol a Me million | Captain. Ciei i*nari, January 17, 1IS1 Captain t'ohb of the st>aiaer Mobewk nonaiittel I sulclJe *t Ylckeburg. ,veste<uay. by blowing out his h alia, 1 he rames s-ei (n< d wt'ra p'-ciu'ary diffiaulty an the diatb c? hl> * it* Ttil Mlalera llonmt. Hiin.axii.rHi* Jnnttnry IT 1 fUt I . I art nl*ht the Thermit was triiwded in evi ry part, to i en the lour Slaters llousnt tbe danoera. io nigkt, l.a l)i uiiauibitia. & leatiilxinl Mink. N ?1M- it n . 'an IT, 13S1 Tba steamboat Mi he ? H lying at this l?vee siiek thlsni-rMOg csoeed hy the breaking of the Klrnd, he. Sbe Uaa 3 At u hal- s of cotton r ? biard. t vutl of Appiali. at ??*v -Ian 17 1HM ' Ko It. r<reeved MM, ironed, but not ouueiuded. Reply to b< biaul * VlaleoftMoqtcal Oliaerwatloiia. HT MOlitk'e ikUbiim l.lMt, lh WaLi. aTRFiT M I'Vei.n. Januare 17 MM A jerf?rf fele rf *ln?1 M**t ng frr? Ibew-st. 1-Jear and -'i ld Itaromefer rotng tair, a F M Tbe-rocm At at. TJ; hironfter ?f"<, and ? ? ti f V iiO Mo -log frrm ?I>| w?sf ill rtav Wltfi |e f.-ct fnrv ; hae lot, blot a ta.dei- for aavrnl ?*ar? Tbe est?r unl? r He liittni l> -e. rt'lng htghsr than at any ? u.? pievtltte rhls rt-aeta: T't'lng hs t?i lot? the er'-l. cari??t r s*sj two dsnt? wt^ re er !*ig? ni' nt l? ?? r? n.a^e srd u?tfer*i!il9f Uom-ner,M?t street brtrge, if,(Mt It ga%? ?ay -iiestrB Ja'mry IT -* \ M H?e riesr we|?;ll g IWt thl?>' kHgltllf Y|er?ri ni?g*r M iImivi i?u B.agulir pb< uou. n /i vocorrad bar* last evening In the tpptwanei of the moon. It looked Ilk* a liquid bail of flr*. with two ring* aur rovading it. varieget'd with tha colon of the rainbow and oontinu*d to enlarg* tor about two boon, whaa they disappeared 8 P M.- A cold, raw. and atrong went wind all day. Growing coldar fast. Thermometer at M. an I lbUlag. Clear bright evening Auauatr, January IT? 8 A M A fine morning hare. Bun nev*r ahone more beau tifully in July Albakv, January 17?10 A M It rained nearly all night, carrying off enow rapidly. At 8 o'clock, the wind waa south, and raining alightly, with thermometer at 40. The wind la now northweat, and looka Ilk* clearing up. Thermometer at 43. 8 P. M ?A little cloudy thia evening. No change alace morning. TheruomeUr at 86. Tnor, January 17?8 A. M. Weather vary unpleasant. Considerable rain fell during the night and tbia morning. The river Is quit* open above the bridge, but below U the Ice la ao low the eroaaing in dangerous. Light wind from southeaat, with occasional showers Thermometer at 40. 8 P. M.- Tbe thaw baa oeaaed, and we bav* quite a clear and rather pleaaant evening Qr*?>lng colder, with light wind from the nartbweat. Thermometer at 32. Oav>Eoo, January 17-8 A. If. Wind frerh from the weat. and weather growing oold and clear. Thermometer at 30. 8P M .?Weather again oold. High wind from th* northwest. Cloudy. Thermometer at 39. Svkacjs*, January 17-8 A. M. A delightful, clear and eool meralng. with hardly a cloud to be aeen. Stiff breeae from the weat. Ther mometer at 82 8 P. M.? Clear and pleaaaat, but quit* cold, with atrong wlad from tbe weat. Thermometer at Xi Utiu a, January 17?8 A. M Pleaaant morning During the night the wind veered round to the wext with some rain. Clouds are aoat terlng. and we shall have a fine day. Tbe continued thaw the past eight or ten daya has carried off a large quantity of snow; but we have an abundance yet, and sleighing atill lair. Thermometer at 38M ; baru<n*t?; 20 400 8 P M ? We have a beautiful evening, after a fine elear day. Weather be*omiug colder, and w* bar* w li ter again. Strong north w**t wlad. Thermometer as 26; barometer rising. St Jot i. 0 K . January 17-rP. M. Wind gone r*und to the north, and blowing very bard Thermometer at 24, and falling fast. Bi-aLinoToN. Januiry 17 -8-P M. Weather growing cold, and now freeatng fact. Tber irometer at 27. ?* ERIK I. INK, s HANOVKR square. Pilnt?a*> UMqact CXLXKK ATION OF lllil ONE HUNDRED AND FORTV FlfTH ANM1VHKBAK* OF THE IllHTII OF UKNJAM1N FKANkLlN. Y ester day evening tbe one hundred and lorty-flfth anniversary of the birth ef Benjamin Franklin, the pa triot, pbiloropber, tui printer, was celebrated at Nible's theatre. A large and lashionabla assem blage waa pifirnt ? tbe hous* being crowded In every part. On tbe stage there wu also a great number of per sons, among whom ware several members of tba literati. Tbe writing- desk af the celebrated. Franklin waa placed on a table, on the itage, and oaemed to be the abject of mneh euriosily. . Tbe President of the society was la the chair. The opening ode was delivered by Mr. Benjamin P Sheila bon, and Chiet Justine Edmonds delivered the oration; but as the arrangementsjfor the piess ware not very well managed- the reporters' tablen being at tba w >n <? while the speaker a toed at the footlights, on the itage ? we carthot attempt even aa outline of the observa tions, which were, however, llstuaed to with marked attention, and received with cheers. Previous to the oration, Mr. James White addressed the audience, on the state af the Printers' Association, from Its com caenemient. He oommeaoed by saylng; It is now about forty-one years sinse tht New Vurk Typographical Society wax instituted. 1 believe It wiiit organised on tbe fourth day 01 July. In the year lHutt, Hud continued Us beuefloent action until tbe year 1818, when l.y an uci c! tbe I. m^ieiuturi), it re ceived a chatter and became an incorporated lu?titu tlon Ade charter expired in MM and *M r?u?wml again forth* term of tirteec years Thus. It will bs e*eu tba society has been la operatic* for % sasoes sioa o< years It ba-i labored sealously, at time* lor the welfare of the profession, and has honorably sus taiipum.lt as tbe only permanent ? rgauliati. :i of print< rit In its eld mk* it is reuewing its strength, recruiting its enttglee. enlarging It* fl-ld ol labor, and diffusing a wider and a greater influence. It has never fought to be the arbiter betweeo the employed and the employer. It is eompo-ed of bolb. and they meet, and act, and harmonize. for another and a widely diflereK.t purpose. It has never nought to be the leveller or the regulator of the craft? its ccnstitutloa. lis charter ?nu it* .imelio tative designs bate ueuled sum considerations It Laf. however, tad au Hiuliilinn, and has labored te be?< u>e, to tar as practicable, Its alleviator and hane lactor. Fj>r a ontiMderable period its op -ratlom were coilind chit fly te charitable purposes, and It was re cognised only s- a ^ (inters' Kellet Society, intended mereiy to supply the urgent necessities of the p"sl tlvtly indigent and di*ti,*sed. This featureevldently e.rviiln very cointuendatle turn lu former years But the niii.ds ot men bav- chaLged. society has changed, new influences hav.-betii at work, we havo brcome moie natii n*l, have keener sen?eof pride, and ate more pr< greseive Those systems that lorty yeai* elnee wet e thought tb" acme ot perfection are no* r.<ar>el us beiig ??> many years behind the piogrwtaive spirit of the pr>?< nt ?gt riub*ei|iient cou ?tn Mtionil rev I eii ns sud r i w eimi tiu. uis tia.e ? n arg*d Its tiberaltty. anu trans ormtd It into a mutual tiisuranre, depeneeat or benevolent society. (wbiubetvr term liest suits tbe sensitive ear) arid giiai ant.ef to those of Its members, whom fortune in svuje fickle moud may froaa upon, a ceitaiu per wet sly sum lir Jt pertlve of tbalr peou lilsry coiii itlon It is the cc n-tltutlon with 'he new ? n*c; nj. i t-, that i.ow povt run the toeiety ? and is tbe Impulse to that iu j< ee? that enniursge? us to meet here this ev. nli>K to eeli luab* ' tie 1 W' b euulversai J cf the birth ol Bn.jaiiiin Franklin. la the lorty ona year* tbe lonely lias b- ? u In operation, there lias been no pexmi p.ibxps whan Its affairs could be enumerated w.ihMih fl*- iei log results as at ihe present tin* Tbe repim ot the irt a>urer aud ?ecretary. prts u'.ed ai tte ?emi aniiual meeiiug in Oc'ob r last, represent ?d* tbe g'SWItig COL Jill . U ol tike pucl'ty Its f, u aride*. its iu. tuieitbip Its <aeryy, and I's g-neral condition In tbe m- -t favoiable a ad commendable luht It has r?c?ntiy btrk' n through the c-ntract-d linrti ot Self, smi I l riw 'a -orti ir tor ? h g*ni ral iro<id of the ?tio|p fisteinity a| pr? i tic**, jnurneyuit n. and eiuf luy-r* Ibis with tba ctrsbg aim aou uttady par^vm of our Irtends ot tii* Union tejipered (a* at present) with nmui r*tn ti ana rafleclloa, ?lii elevate in* i.rlot-ri of Hew Yoik at ice *t, saeiaHy. morsity inlaiieetually. and prenn mily. to tb- fio>ll,nn the nature ot th?ir cailli h d> n^nnus t ' i ? y ?b old aenupy but *hich from avaint) i t rausr * they have been l?i l*il thna?elv*i tit lor' unate.y tm. ir*qu-tiMy not ei?i>pt' ?' in tb* ?*t*s<*} In ins tbe .-o?l?ty noncetveil th?". lea that a likiar) for llw oei ol It4 m> mbirs wvuM iaera**>lt* Ikttfi'' ai d Its U"efnloe*s An id' rt was aeocrdlogly Bit-ae a-.d met with vert gen-ral favor, ao I ?ut?e iji. rt> ? >tb grod slice*** A library a ?? *? tahl .s.ied. aid itiaieMHii by liberal ?oneilon* aol parohates, %a: il it t \ u. '??? u i oae t?o thousand ? liim-s Tbe F|onr e# i tin net! at some len^i h to d well upoa tbe pr< less it tbe as*< rlatldo. BLd uf tbe benedts it ba- i o?>??n ? dnatbt fraternity , 1 be interval ? w>te avreeahty filled up by overturei bv Dod'ortb s bitid and striving bv a ebvra* nudar tii* Strirluti rit H rests . Ilrt'ilisrt. t urn* and Nash ll><>l)ti* msliMili r.t t!is esereises tn? raeetin? was atfju rbed, en<t ?*th ot tbe e^mpnoy as were pro ft#ed attb tickets I r th* l>*n.| i?t a^)nuewMl to tu* ?u| (,? r rni m ?b. ie a sule-taaiial t- mtn-raau* repast Ct* am an i con eo. lnB? rv. *a> al.na lantl. stt| plted to r Q. F ^e bitl. r e- Ided nnd am"t>g * those pre suit Wera We Mng on Irslna ? h? r?i re*?aratl?e of An.>rc-M> liti I'll ? and tl r. It James theemtiodi* tutit (if Knplitb I'tera* nre Tba Fat si bant retailed thanks frr tbe pron 1 posi tlr.n in which h? hn<l hi n | lucid and propped The ni- nn ry of Franklin T'l-ge hy th< ban'i * Tie Pusid* bt < t ' fi? Unite ' 9t?t"< Tllstra-t w*fr??ei?.'t with tri tn'ausa* applause, wble'i Is-istltnr sever i tulnutes OtC'lilt " hams s? ?? d oyer*, letd wkt'f, c /!Ie*, ics Air -?? Ha4 1'olniaMa " 1 1. re tl e mti i f i he - t leu < f our Cnlon." ?ii sung la nUmiiab HS' Vie hy -Ir. f ? II. isa II, sod w* i ie^lv?d ? .ill ?l errs I h> tr? *t tr a*t w s The 1 1'? t or r.1 the ? ? ol*g The npr^ht Jalga tt.i a c. inpi sl ed j.i, 1st i . eli q !? ti i.n i 141,1 la nn r vie * tie 1 tl shi ; I - f-ii"' k*? 11*1 Is bis transfer to -he p-l protest !? ti Jar ?? ? ill 'I d? * d n It uri ?,d the smp*r riw|p t to a weakn- ?* ?ft*t ? r< 1 " * t 'ndtspo-ittoij 1 ?? rn*vt waa r*f?t? ri"nh e(|:a?'? m<i th* bind pldfaaaa appropriate al The Prtsr tbe sli iy t.f a free people A pn ent er j-ii e t-r ?? O' or ? ?'l if* It* ?tr?*f*1 ?" ev sr di re. ltd to I.stt h- ?? ? rrw - 1 1.1ft:' I- ? trui tl Mr v, ,M rt nfm < li IS ts.y bd?oiO Id and happy BSM rt rhi- l't is" 1 1 1 ll??'i|!S.e - Ai tbor> >t Hiiy i ti.r i d At'riM Easellbl'st ? r i itini< n lang'-iap bthegtltitd *%*lr genius ; ntajF their ?al> *it l't i - bn e' all aau 'bi' .i isaat flawers tothegsileiitil.l t al * <1 Me toasi ?a 111. ,|n 'ht? B?oSt entnuals-t'd an'1" ' ? havltg si.bstd- tl tba beatl played : ? ' in rS Fete llleMttee? ' Mr U I' H .tssii ? th eel?brat .1 Kegll?n attihi', retiii.fl. d to tl.ls ttse< ail bating a^Oioeised for an is ItHt 1 a let', ?'? h aa* 10 <>t, n nt- at tbe III I lit), lit Ills S. tl *00 no* III I SI. e be **? BOt 'e lr. ns I to I ?ar *M tbe e?> rest s ol the ni-etiag. h? pro??e<lsd [ is say li at be fouad oise word la ths toaet whlah ba I objected to, boraus* for one moment he could a*K I aoaoelva it to exist between aatbors of this and Ittl native land. The Word ??strife," there ooald be no rtrite among obi Idre a descended from the same (ether* Id tbe wide field of out literature there wen bat one eomwon language. ?>! he should be asbamad to aee hi* M?atrya?a wear upon tbelr brow a garlaad which they would not be willing to (bare wltb the ofriidren of America (Cheers) There ?an be no strife between the author* ef Msgland and Araerioa, exoept to aee wMoh will bring their common lasguag* to the bighe't point of literature Could he thiak of strife when lie saw fitting near Ma one of his cWest. and one of bia dear est friend* on earth' Need ha meatlon the name of Irving* (Cheer* ) When he saw *neh men a? Bryant, Ballook. Taylor, and other*, coaid be. for a moment, think ofetrife' Where could he tarn his eyes through out the Statee, without finding names to oause vlbra tlonsin tbe breast of Kngiisbmeoas well as in those of Americans ' la Kagland. they had had their Chan cer. Milton, Bhakspeare. "Glorious Ben." and a thou ssad others; but were these Engllsb names alone? Did the Americans not claim them as a part of their Inheri tance, as be claimed them an Inheritance of hie (Cheers.) Let him claim.** they did aprlda and a glory in( Americans? the descendant* of bit fathers.|Whether in tbe field of battle or in the field ot literature, surely he had a right to be arood ot them. (Cheers.) The press had been proposed, and most ably had It been responded to But when ha oama here to oelekrate tbe birth day of Franklin, two things presented them selves to his mind - Fianklin the Printer, and franklin tbe Philosopher No man owed a greater debt to the press than did he, (Mr. Jaiaea ) The m?m?nt tbe press was invented, darkness fled To Franklin, then, as a printer, he felt a debt of gra titude. To Franklin a? a philosopher, he felt more, because hi* was the purest philosophy? not only that which brought down lightning from Heaven, but which spread a brightness upon after agee But ha (Mr Jama*) would ask pardon? he was a said truth teller, and be begged to be forgiven If he went beyond the limits wbieh the toast gave him. lie grieved that, in travelling from Boston to N'?w York, be had seen no monument raised to record tbe memory of the great F raukliu, except what be raw to commemorate him in that meeting. This seemed to him a flaw and a de'eot. 80 dear was Franklin to bin, so great is the benefit ha bad received Irani bis writings and his actions, that be aould not k? through tbe land and see him unmon'l mented exoept in tbe hearts of the poople After soma further observations on tbe literature of the sonntry. Mr. James said that he trusted in hla own tinia? for ha hoped to live long amongst them- to see tho poetry of America equal in amount as it Is in excellence: and if it inereares as Amerioa inoreases ia cities and in aituens. undoubtedly by that tims the poetry ot Eng land will be left in ihi< shade. Mr James sat down amid long protracted cheers The following toasts were also given aad appropriate ly responded to TbeLtarned Professions? Indebted to the press for thetr text books, and to the body of printers for many of their noblest ornaments. Kngraving and Printing? Mother and child m>Me co workers in the cause ot human progress, they both deserve the gratitude and veneration of mankind. Kduoatirc? Tbe soul ot the press, by whoss benign influence it shall govern tbe world l'utiiishsra -Hankers In the realms of thought. If the paper they issue be of tbe right stamp. It will never lack circulation Our Guests- Worthy representatives of tho republio ot letters- we delight to do them honor. Book Binders - Althonghnottreetrom' gUt," we wel come tbem to oar festival as faithful conservators of tbe works of tbe press. Woman? Heaven's consoler lor earth's toilers; It* recompense 4or turth's sorrows; Its antidote to earth1* Our Bister Societies- Ministering spirits, relieving sorrow and affliction, and blessing our race by offloes of charity and love The cempaay in the supper room numbered between five and six hundred, and alter the pleasures experi enced here, several repaired to the magnificent b*ll room, where the festivities were prolonged to a 1st*, or an early hour, this morning. I'tients-rical. Bownv Theatre.? Tbe programme of entertain ment for this evening if so attractive that we wilt be mti'k surprised if the theatre be nit tilled to o?er flowing The commencing feature will be the beautl ful tragedy of'fiiarro. ' com preaaed Into three acta -J K Soett. u Rolln end Mr. Tiiton an I'iiarro. with MisaWemyss as Klvirti. Thli piece will bs suoeetded by the new and suoccsitli 1 beautitul play entitled the '? Student of Morlai.x or the I'atient Heart." Tan pro duetion is generally admired, and ft as been witnessed ever* night It wax performed with the warmest expres sions of dehpht. and ihf muit enthusiastic eb> tiring. J. H*. Scott, a* Kugenu Lacaille and Miif Wenym. ai Hurt rose d Auvsrgne, arc grratly admired. The en tertatnments will conciade ?lth the amusing and )>U|babl? after piece of " IWising the Wind, 1 Mr. Penoo will appear In hit inimitable performance of Jeremy blddler Bhii?d?4i Thkatke? Bt.-rcvss or the New Piece.? The tuocaee ol the grund romantic ipeekaoie of 44 r ?at tui ' ll complete, ntgbt alter night the Broa.w.ty theatre i? crowd*d to t mens, the very aisles and p<*4 Mgrs b> lag occupied The piece cauld not be ui to perfeocly brought out, cither as to It* representation or it* scenery It* appelttmi-nti or iu m-ohaulcai changes. It is almost Impossible to particularise which of tbe scenes are th* mo?t atti active where all exhibit the penuil ot tbe iea*ter hao i ia petf. ct beauty , we were forcibly strflck with the arenes representing a uisnnificmt visw of \ euloe the churchyard by m >on ligbt and the moonlit gi rtfea, wltb it* fountains, statues (to . giving it un bpf.-aran'-a ?< the ab*le of Iotc ; thru the Inttrit t of tbx ohurch. the view of the B:iy < ! Nsplee, and tbe jrsnd ill imitated banquet ball a e truly b? aut'ful Of the various per. or. u <r$, wn bare but to repeat onr former approval of their efforts Tbe dancing Is al hi well nn ringed and the atae* ful Adeline a )u* a cbstai to the b til room The btluanH dan.-e is |ettrrmed with great skill so l the polka hj La Petite Carman Is eighth applauded. A visit to tbe i! roadway theatre is a treat which no oae should miss Hi KTon's Th ? si a ?The new drama of "David t'np perfield" is tltumpbaotl/ sucoeaMul. .Nv-bt attar Eight the boase is cramnu d to sutlocau >n. 8<v<ral ptrvoua, Wli n sj.eakiL;< of Burtm'e greet success, a-k iberause We kuow of tio other *ay t? m en da ! the lact tbnn by th. Ir -ailing at tha Chambers street f beat . e *hire thsj w I . I be able to answer the later ro^atni tin mseites in observing ihe anting ot v ?I a I of the best r< nieditr.s that oati be Inutid In the enliie I'cloti. Burton ur Mleawber is a bo, it in him* ?el'j we mil go farther. an t say c-o?rall? fp- u'emg be Is the bet t actor In bis line, we have ever beh?| I Blake tniyhMj adults to be Msxeep tiuasbl ; Jot t -ton s ii' ip Ii wr hout parallel. In U.ie Bland, Jordan Mrs Russell Mi* sksrrett and Mm riugu-s a e all < atal'llste i fat< run - ? opperfleld' will agai I be prtrented t?-ii. h' wjth the >aiu" powerful cast, Mies Walters alii da nee, e id all will close wi-li the taire ( f ' flst iug tbe Klsphari' N kiioNAL Tin atme.? Thi'i will be a grand gala ni< ?t at this pi pular ai.il favi riU til? '? ?t aauwdslt Tha i.ib'ity Kiiyinn t'r in r -ttiv ot PfeBaAelfhla *iih tb-lr eseeit tr g# th< r wtili j c inmlt'ee from the Ootuui tiaa >r gine t i c'pany No 14 of thi.< city, will vi-il tae theatre iu lull r< ? ?lia The entertain >nents will son. meice ulih the Isttrite ilrama of "New York fitimmi, ' This pieee. wli' n pitted aa a former oe es#ti ti, nr> w isrge a?- mbleg?s e*ery nigh', nod uo dcubt on this oeraeton. there al l b>< scarcely st in ling rooa The nrcbtatia ?ill play the celeotaud ?? llunt it<g Lett '' and the at feature In suc-.eiaion will he tbe yleatlj ailm n ed l.ur i. S14 i?e flit il led tOe '* f roitu of the Sanies " The orithea'ia will next play a /rand DiMily evert lire anil tbe |< rformano'* wi I lermiuata wtlh ibe lieautiftal f| eeta -ie ri the ?? Magm We, l " A gi>at bill tor the small adml?sicn uiouej or tweniy-Qve 1 eats fsot i.naw's Ittrs t M ?There Is bo denyin.T the fact that tf Is _\ ??n.g 1 -. aMik> ir? ? 11' has jnmp d at oB'ie op to tbe v?r) Oi'iue ot pulii. 1 favor - frf) I Mag s*--'ius t'? ie so sts*ll?k*|y arisu 'ed. the audience l? so c.iui' <rt abiy acctonT' oated. and. ahnva all tblegs. to- bril lian' s-aeaibiage if biandfuily dressed lstt-l who lilgbtly patM nise the parqui t and box * i(iieenaie of tlrg?t re and fashion to 1 i.e ;e which tend "it M*hi> ettisetivi Tha art is Ue dani't.r <1 Miiile. Ilmj I'arre Is also a He of tha ehief leamrea <?hile Bn i>., ham's nneep r'aMe er"ehe?, whom be Is sailo! on- sklck Is iter* nlght-are alone worth a h p? j' nrinj to tSir This ?ti(hi( the epical law roaii dian klr Oveat rnase his Iss app-e.*io:e, oa ihe twica>l?!i of his bat 1 tic Vfe o-ver >ss s ynunj enter tuske surh >1 lafofiin upon th* puoiic as he hue tone dunng bis In l- 1 itay. Ail the t iism.su e m | ai.y appt ar. Akneiiais M -n n.? A fine bill of eat 'rtaioiai' nt Ii ? ff? iki !? r I' t' afierr ?d end evenidg Is t?? at er no n the b?aut>tai ^irsma ot ?? Oh?rl>tie Temple," a itb a flt e east . ami In t he ? v nlng. the ?? Com* i? of Ktrms" sMfbraM* ii ? ai 1! Ia?|i hsMs taree if tbe '* llowgh I'I'fncs # ' 'it >? Cliapma.i it leu iliarke. tlad ? ? *} . Anortws III nfttn*- acid ot tier famous c ' 'ii'iiKa*. ?Ml 'tstiiii tki te < 1 1 >iara.>t?r? Phe admissl i* tnoaey is i?hs?nii?H<. nn>i the aitrsc'l'i. s ?o ireit, it ia imle surpilsiag to te? th" Muimm '-rowdej Ciai i s ? l.stbti is the r t owried Waetern Uuaiomb i( a>it 1 loan stuss-orat r. h ? . iiomni>B '*s an j (.1 ilietit epd t ?kes a I. B? fl t at tbe PWOie tl?e St:?ie Aiopf 11 bsatra tll< eirali g l.athrop helo i'S t 1 ilia Ur n t- is an stl^lnal ? > a hmaot" is s: irt ti ller, > ogs f 11 iii y 1 f t - ? a ii Is us si r at a ln?? for a b >n mat ? 1 n f* .1 lie |? 1 1 t< nose vert r*ee elfin nusnt ahn tin la eit y without ? lug vaisn ao t c mil ? t ho?? br 1 g pi 1 1*1 ? !- ? new foop>- 1 t eq 1 !r> 1 u?, I aa ' t tMt ?ht ?> et? II it sm I rsnkila. It Rite> 1. and tl. ? vat e I* s u )e - r >l.'s 1 v tit 11 1 tor t be tii ?t time, ? 'a '?I 1 rev tt.? n" oil e,--?ta.il# hi the' Hen it 01 the I s i 11. ' a ill t>. produce^ I 1 ioik'i r? iHt fit oaist's Paooarss Rt 111 waking ri iireidi 0 ? prfge- -s' in puMie fa?"r nod de ? in ,'iy I'j 'fe eat weh<? hrarit It bri't d 'S?t ! I 1 ? I ? ' 01 e J as In b> eihiftlted at 1 1 1 Wot I I ? Fat r II lei ir. If nlf <we advise nil who have aot aeeii oaa ?.f tbe f tsadeat sp 1 ',4ete? of modern times, t.i pay it an ?at i> ? is 1 1 fi-n 1 at H?t.i T? ?? c^b'hi'ioe of ?be uran-l pant in,m|.fet?i atiT 1 1 W?w ilnglaid coulo.ies to ha ? a'etisiti i) pauoalrei ''inn s (b'WDSAWAS should be sech bv 'he al t: '? ?r"< the f. tie .it a The) are the ao-.t s a itlful I tit 1 iE?e ? p hst i evetbefeld. Iisstl Wii.'ims has ar'iteil Iti thl" c!,? ao.l, In e t 1 1, is ?i e rt the coatlBiied it !l?Bo<|t!( .i of his wll h" s ?. it. "onifelt'it t* eband hi hit louthern an W estein ertgai raents. Mr. CalliM th? Itish cm U?a, la p'.Ajing In Ne? OtieaM ANOTHER ARRIVAL FROM EUROPE. TBBBS DA7I LATZH NBW8 BT THE BRITISH KAIL STEAM8HIP ASIA. Tbf? DRESDEN CONFERENCE. The CMd and Silver Disturbances In Ztarope. 718 PREPARATIONS FOR TUB WORLD'S FAIR. The Completion of the Crystal Palace* THE JANUARY FASHIONS. NO CHANGE IN COTTON. IBS KA&XBTS. fl? Tcry Latrst by Electric Telegraph, A.C AO?| AC. Tin* Sritirh mail steamship Asia, Capt. Judkins, arnvtd' at her wharf at nine o'clock laat night, J cr a passage of thirteen days and rune houro- j irom Liverpool. She saikd thence on Saturday nron tha l?h instant. The news brought by the Asia, is two days lat<-r from London and tho continent of Europe, and three days later from Liverpool. There are no tidings of the steamship Atlantic. It is probable that she met with an accident when about two thirds the way across the ocean, which compelled her either to put back or proceed to the Azores. We think that nothing more cerious has hoppraed to ner. The LivtrjHJol Mercury, <A the 31 it ult., says: ? Th?- United State* mail ftemphlp Atlantic, Captain W?t. left th? Men?y ou Saturday (the 28th). far New York with the uiual mailt anil a fair aoiuplruient of pa>sengera t*eiug the teco-ad A mar lean departure lit nee on Saturday since the opening of the win tar araeon 8be wa* pa.*"ed. during the evening, oil the Bell Buoy by the mail steamship Asia. The new3 from Europe is of very little impor tance. Thare had been no change in cotton There is nothing definite from the Dresden Con ference It is said that the most satisfactory un derstanding teems to prevail on all points between the delegatea appointed to attend the Conference; but, it was understood the result of their delibera tions would be withheld from the pnblic until the close of the proceeding. The advices from Hamburg state tha' skirmish ing along the line of outposts in Schleswig con tinued, but no important action had taken place. The dismissal of Major General Gerhard from the Hoistein service, w as notified in the official Uasttte This is the second General sacrificed by the SchJeswigers. Piusaia and Austria have deter mined upon an energetic course of action with lefject to Schleswig- Hoistein, and the Fede ral trooj a have already commenced their march tawar Ja thai quarter. Austria *eems to be trembling on the verge of national bankruptcy, and bankrupt she would soon be if the act were not attended with danger. There was a good business done in London in American stocks on the 34 iast. Annexed are the quotations : ? lia:te4 Sun. fill rerCeat B..aJ-? ( 1NM) 91 a ffl S's i>?r ?'eot Boad< ( 1M2) UttUa ? " tu |4r Oral Booan(lflM) In t I'I'i " Six per Ont Sljek t l>8) . . . . 1?J>* a 101 Bi.'tea Clly Fix per t:?al frondi (1*S8-62J . . . . OT H ? Pmrtt Ivauia five p?r Out Blank M a M M.im. tivuprrCeata II .nd?. H68 ) 10} a ID! MaryUnd riva p r (Jeat IMeil n* Bond*, 1870). 8# Caaada Sin per i?n? U u J. ( 1-7 1 ) 104 a 107 Negotiations for accelerating the transmission of mail bugs between Austria an<l Knglan J, are in pro gresa. if the measures proposed are adopted, Vienna letters will reach England in abou'. seventy hour*. C*i>e of Good Hope papers to the 6.I1 of Novem- ! her, describe a feeling of uneasiness to prevail in 1 the frontier ritstiicts, respecting the threatened | hostility of the Kaffirs ; the former* continued to [ remove from their dwelling*, thinking it unsafe to remain any longer. There appear*, however, to be no aerious ground for alarm. The recent arrival* at London of American built fluff from China with entire cargoes of tea, have jnnt been followed by another at rival of the nme kind, winch is especially interesting, as, until niw, no arrival* of this nature had taken pi . tee under the re in xed lawn in force daring the past year. The Ari< iictn t-hip llomun, of 77 1 tons burden, haa ar rived iu the London Dosks from Cantos, with on entire cargo, con*i?ting of nearly 10,000 packnges of tru, consigned to order, which is admissible by virtue of the relate. | lawn of navigation and im portation to en*ry for home u*e. The American vessel, tl?e Osprey, recently sail ed from Havre with 21 Polish refugees on board. These perMins have had thHr passtg* paid from the buoget mI the Minister of the Iaterior; and, in addition, acli has received from the Polish Bene volent Society of Pari* a man of SOfr. to purchase clothes. Each person is also to receive 23fr., on landing in the United Stales, to support him during the first days of his stay. Not less than 75 Pole* wete sent away on similar condition* under the ii<*nn i! i?t ration cf M. Dufaure, and in all cases at i their own request. A Madrid letter of the 2l*t ult., state* that there 1* no truth in the rumor ot the Queen of Splin be ing again mritmlt. Cm nt Anatole llemidoff, who is married to Mi thilde Doiup&rte, lias been recalled to St. Peters burg. A letter from Montp 'lier state* that the health ot Mme. Lafarge has declined so mich that but Utile hope is entertained of saving her life It is propos'd to remove her to a mmu m <i* * mtt; bni that measure, it is thought, will not prove of any avail. Ancex<cl is the latert news, received by electric 1 te eu .iph jnst befoie the deptrture of the Asia. We ate indebted to Capt. Judkin* for the use of the intelligence 1? The Very f.ntest. 1 KV Bir< IRK TRI ? uKOfrM rnw UDNll lo UTSBroot.. Lmbbpooi.. January 4, lftil ? 10 A. II. ratnou. Rrmin, January 1. 1M1. No political new* of impottana* Fanl* and <baras btlsk. At* rut*. Vt***a, 2#. nvo. An Interview t>?t -?een the ?over?lgtn of PruMia and , Avfitla Mill take place. DMSaibot 3t tut. Fl??? tftKl 'au' and a-lialf Per Qanta. It. Bunk f hater. 1U.0. Ka-h*ug" on London, 18 fl?rin*. 9# kffttMM, IIBb'K I \M?t.. Ilr??r, Jannnty 1, 1*1 Mraanre* ofvlolenea an't entnaullloa *r? *? ill pee . n it h A ^rnMtnl ainrt nartMl l? e?tafc ' li*t -it I'rrqiK'tt anavt* at" taktne ptaea. an.l 'ho retract! ry altiienii at* subjected to corporal puat.?n ?umt. FR.tJtrt I' tni* .lanuarr 3. 11,1 Tlte Prtiir state* that the mtniitrr* kara not Uia leeft trt?ni|on o| re*i*r.lng , , The t.ank r*tum? that the latin* of golil h*? Ti era t* a fatthe* ite.-llti* In wheat, sierpt la tha mrrket* e*pf>riit>g to ?? r*! ?nil _ . Ti t sabata on tM OwnBees* Mtl *aa ad jenrned on Thnr?^?f __ ,, .. P. ait Mmi, J*n ?. ri-.*s,M, Ml Threw r-!, ,0 im>p on i An stfVfttl'eman* 'a ?. h' fia'i linMIHt tha'. a-i Mmr't"1*' h?? ??*?* o <tnr ttWlnii ot >:t ? . r ??? ' to the ***1* a b adh '><?<*, an aoiount ul ' arrtar* tf iltM'M. Our London rorrapondUKM London, Friday Evening, Jan. 3, 1861. Tht Affair t of Germany ? TTu Con frets of VitnnM and tht Congest of Dresden? Military Interven tion in tht Duchies of Schlesung-Holstetn. ? France? The Prmident of tht Republic, and the President of the Assembly, 4rc- 4rc. On the 2d June, 1815, Prince Metternich, as president of the committee on German attaint, at the memorable Congress of Vienna, drew np the draft of the constitution of the German confedera tion. The escape of Naj>oleon from Elba at that critical moment, and his appearance at the bead of a powerful army, had doubtless some effect in in ducing the German princes to agree to the draft. The object of the present Congress at Dresden is to reform Metternich's constitution of the Diet, which is found untuned to the present condition of Germany, and which the revolutions of 1848 have ?o shaken that it has become a dead letter. According to the constitution of the LHet of 1815^ Austria and Pru*-m, who then, as now, took the lead us the two great jajwers of Germany, are de clared to participate in the confederation, " oaly tor tuch of their iHissesMons aa anciently belonged to the German empire." Innovation first, is the demand by Austria to be admitted with the whole of htr provinces, which include Hungary, Gaiicia, Lombardy and Venice I ? and the reason of the demand is obvious. Cra cow, Pesth, Trieste and Venice are (leaving the de jute out of the question) r/c facto Auatriia cities, to all intents and purposes, and, in case of a war, would be attacked as such by the enemy Trieste m, moreover, the most important port which Auu tria possesses, and a l:n? of railway will shortly be open trom Trieste to Hamburg, and a telegraphic message c\u be atnt (rota ths Baltic to the Medi terranean By the fourth article of what ia termed the con cluding acta of the treaty oi Vienna, it was decid ed thai the affairs of thu Germ tu confederation should be entrusted to a federal Diet or Han.!, in which all the meinb-rs (State*) should vote by their plenipotentiaries individually or collectively, without prejudice to their rank, thus: Austria ImJ 1 vote; Prussia, 1; Bavaria, 1; Saxony, 1; Hano ver, 1; Wurtemberg, I; Baden, 1; fcllectorale of Hesse, 1; Grund Duchy of Hesse, 1; Deiimnk (for Holstein) 1: Netherlands (tor Luxemburg) I; the Duchies of Siixony, 1; Brunswick and N'dsbau, 1; the two Mecklenburgs, 1; Oldenburg, Auh.iult and Schiyarzbourg, 1, (between them); the small principalities of 11 <>heugatiern, Ltchteoetem, Keuss, Schauenbourg l-tpi>e, Lippe, and VValdesk, 1, and the free cities of Hamburg, Frnriktort, Bre meu and Lubeck, 1 ? making in all, 17 votes. An additional article confetrea upon Austria the rijsht to preside over the 'ederal Diet. (Art. V ) Frankfort was selec.sd, and has since been the seat of the Ihet. It was further decided that no member of the Diet "could make treaties directed against the sate ty of the confederation, or make war against any other member." In the joint circular i?rued lately by Prince Schwarzenberg and Bjron Manteullel, the States of Germany are luvi'ed "to meet for a revision of the constitution and a reorganization of the Ger man confederation, by means of a cjmmoa union, and free consent of all German governments. " The olTicial programme, or basis for this reor ganization, has not been made public, but enough has transpired to give an idea. The preeidial rights conferred upon Austria by art V., of the acts of 191ft, are to be shared by Prussia alternately, every two years. The execu tive power will be exclusively exercised by Austria and Prussia |The seventeen votes, ai given above, will be reduced to thirteen Austria, 2 ; Prussia, 2; Bavaria, 1; Hanover, 1; Wurtemb?rg, 1; Saxony, 1 ; the small States divided into five groups, 1 lor each group ? the casting vote to be with the chair. You will perceive that the smaller States have some reason to be ul&rm<*d. But whit cin they do it Austria uud Prussia act togetnor a^ninst them, with Bussian inllueuc* in the back ground ! I ciu only compare these three po?er>3to the three witches in " MacDeth." We are on the eve of a crisis in the Schleswig Holstein ijuestion. The Si idihalterschatt at K.ie. having re i used to comply with the summons of the lhet to lay down ita arms, a body of federal tro. >?>??, r? |oru d 5(1,000 strong, has oomiiv-uced its inarch towards the Uichies. These troop* are under the orders ol the Austrian Lieutenant Fit Id Marshal Legeditch. They will hivo to puss through a portion of the territory of Hanover Should iney attempt to cmjs the Brunswii k territory a slight op,>o(itioa inty be made; but what cau suy of these States do against an ermy of Prussians aud Austrian*, 50,000 strong, commanded by ex^rieueed geueral*^ The days ol Jark the giant-killer are patted. Hy a cun turn coincidence, one of ?he Austrian cavalry refimeuta i<* <-r mmtiiided by Frince Wilhrm, of Schiea*t|f? Holaiein, Fon of Puke C iirlej, ef Schlejwig- 11 Jt stfiu Son<Whure Jlurkmudt, who nurritd a dai)|(h'.rrof Fndrildi VI. of Denmark. A conference ivn held at Berlin on the 30th, between Prince Schwar/enberg and Biron Min teullel, (who are runii n/ hiekwuMi tod forwards between Berlin and l'fetden,) ami the A'latriau ttnd Pnmstan eomartasane* to llolntnu. M ijor Gmeral Count Mensd ?r tl, firm ootids to Pnnoe Albert, ia the Auatnnn, t! mitaI Thumenthe Prue man commiMiiry. It ma d-i to reiaon that the ?tadthalterach't will hav.? to submit tosupe'ior force, and '.hi iMmah uuihutty will be, pro. ttm. ir-eatai liahed in th?' duchies. The K let tor Of tiease OaMel hol.M ahum royalty in hi 4 1'H'itce, amidat the rotitem, t ot hi* constitu tional auh|ec'?, who are, in reality, the subject* ol the Auxtriit-l'ruH mo commiiaariea, whose in-h-ata they aie houid to obey. These comm na t'ies, h .w ever, do not pull wi ll together. The oHi ml proclnmanona Ix.-ir the t.gn?tiiie of Count L -inm jr? a, (i h?* Austrian,) ?>tily , wliilst Gt-uer?I Peui-ker, (Pri>c?ian), K?epi* il of. This may be the result of n>me peiaonal (iitlerence of OfMaiou, but tooia bad. The strrets of Cassel, at nii/h', *re ihe wme of cooiinual brawl b?-'wrenthe Prussian and Btvintn aoldtrry, who nre kep- in order by Austnan jutrols. A i re-it y rumple of lierman unity The Berlin I' h anthers nre to nu-et to day, uuleee further pror? tiued by roval ('ecu e. The want of hurmouv, or, ruber, the decided ill fei-ling which ? *ibt? I), iwren the Prraident of tt?n FreniTi Republic and Ihe PrtikrBt of the L?iji?l ? live At*' mtHy, li it b? i-n ne isa UlaiMiN in a ask ing manner, mM feriaa 'hi- K<>a?tp of h for ihe week N< w Yent'a d.ty ia filed in Kronen more, prthaps. than in aav country of the wmld. Fre achates and FreuhwoiMS kiaa each other on b?-th aideaef IM face, ru > beads together, present 6 >?? 6 ma, and par com .luin-nte. In 'lie d iy a i t n>) i!>y, driMU'ioin Ami ihe Hone of IVu raand the 4^|? m .>*r .if L)<v i ie? wat'ed the K my. to w .ah him 'i>e nan-. I rnng-atal ttioee. The republic likes a bit <i cerrtnoay, too, an<l a mm ? rtaiuu of <li'iijta' i >na waitni u,..i Loui* Na poleon. M. 1 > ipin ><a a pah- of th*tol the Araembly. M D'lpin, in rt peo'ful IstiM't^e, **? pressed the tittathm-iit ol ihe Assembly to tMi perMI of ilte Pre anient, and ita Warm dean' to the actord beiwem i!:e |M,wera (that >i the Ae> nmblv and that cl the Prekuiem) of the Mtate piri?erved. *' 1 am t* lad to think ao/'replii-d f<ouii Nap ileon, " >iace ymi a*<M*rt it in me. ? >,ie ?-r.i i< im w P itah ina ? am iher comtiK nrea l??*t ua hope!" i la plain conMructton ? "I forgive tea for the pat?, but lio^w you ?nll know how to b have your n It fnf ihe Imun " The depatation ! f hialily di^iuM. Dr. Verea, j rHi'or of 'he I'naiftMi >aaj| wh ? h ia the ohm ofl>'ttia Ni|M>lee>, UHMisht lit, a ttdiy, to putHiah a vetH?MI 1 1 mho p?a -4-. ? M r> na >???..#?. /. FrttiJm!, I krlaj yaa tha alniwr? ?i?ha? of tb- barrao Tha Catxiti^f M tr r>r%?i*nt f re*?l*? tea wlahae ?hl' b *?? bntiit m* ?oii (wM ? ' '*?' m?r <>?rp It t? ot ira|?"r???<,? ' * ?' 'I1*" *0,l harni.au at Ih? fh aid I M b? ltit.'rn?fr?e ia tka diffl -alt IIM< r wblaJl ?a b??a t" ?ra?-r ?# M Dt ru All ?h- ('*.i tba Aaaaiaty, all thi?? of t>.? bur??u ar* it.- pir ??? ? i '' 1 ' '?a ?*ta. Uw?nt tar 1 . nr |.'|*< n an Ml ? .|.*nr? to prmarva tha | ml* a bateava tha *?<>i ???t .t thr t?t?v^ Tha P>- 1 -I i " r I witltiii ?e fcrtpv* It M 'nal?i?r ir ' at ? ae? j ( tell <n- an. v i<i an 1 1 aena ?iihn ihi* I mii" of oaf ?>ulaati a? aacii*. ?# M'aah ; onottf* IoMMM iti?le*aor th- a-iialff. and i i?a ? U- li ' rfivaa ni> '? 1 H? ' ??*i' it. Kit) r *#p? I With in* . na p?air ?a. roariiiti* on tli<?<li>r I am aat l?l arli.'it ah >u; th- j t.il'-. k , mn of t '>aar?. I??? I xri low a wb?n I (ltlitrr u ; 14 lha ? tha p.ia?r *blrb I ha*.. r?.*lf il frncn If t? r< tur,i li lata ?? aad I...pritf>d Ml roovlctloa t? n it t ri-ino daatfa< p <a?a Ht?.i . rdi-r. an i tt ?iil<im"ii.t m?t "f il-' ii ji?im which rhnn'd attack lh? mtut at in th* wr-ni M. Dvrtu- It ha? al^in h*?raan In n tf aoi a rj Ton nm i.lj apo?i th" ar>ttai?at? whteh I a ? pfaaa ?n ? <M> I Tha I*. ??.i . \i ol tha R'poMla It l- l irtaa i'a th-?t ' thara are ?pc?n? ?M h *?j^ at? ?? i'. waf#?th? p?<t I tur t'*afntuT? ere haa ja?t . ul*h >1 a.Jthar ' ttna.-nni-* l,?. ?? hr>r*- " i r V'erofi'* a. m i ? *??>? but tli^S'ly from *? bat I havr a' 'ed i..v - .* f'<-r 'h> en'?tive?, tfce IV.-?i i<*n? rer?i *>-4 tl '? ti-edhera of t he C >"peil of f a'e K i - '? r a the d \ 'he Preci lea* i ivt d ;ho di to n 'tie hn|/ ?ad le'l-rjev* The Pr ?> '< n? rec? i ? I -n lh? m 'rung ? he miniatera aad ttn'-1'!!!*. ^nd ia a ircejiion ihe levt ral conf-ituted Bodies, c! "mag wr.h tha armf