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nnrmn or thx imr you ?rioriHoi muN i oeatiom. | coceaeat exercises of this institution i Friday svening last, at the College, i street, is the presence of a large and i audience, when the degree of doctor of ru conferred on twelve young gentle ! President of ihe faculty. cee dings were commenced by prayer. Food, Esq , then came forward, and said moaace that the New York Medi rewtred to confer a degree upon a C gentlemen who had gone through irae of studies, and who had also at :ilar coarse of lectures in the institu food then read the report of the Oura ?mmradiii the candidates to the degree mors of medicine The attainments of the i were spoken of t>y the Curators in a very omc manner. After the reading of the re ras tinuhed, Mr. Wood, on behalf of the _Jtl College, said he conferred upon them the ee of doctor of medicine, and added that they 1 he addressed by one who was more compe o do >ustice to the subject than he was. GIiiin then eaaae forward. He began by ying, that having apostmacy weeks in intimate 1 agreeable union ? we unpirting and you learn i elements of naedica* knowledge ? we are illed to separate. You, the firstlings of this ion and the corner stone of our hopes, go i conservators and restorers of public health, ice the precepts you have nere learned comculam which now closes, we, your , have and frequent occasion to refer to ' :*1 lights in the European firma to those whose earthly career [unter.Beli, Cooper, Larry, Bichet, as BroieJ Yeipeau it-unon teasioa, Atlantic the pi , referred at the p? among Amerli till the shall be >ea i ? but to many now on the stage, er, Clark, Forbes, Louis, and >ther hand we have been led to but | of not a few stars in our pro >ugti ahinmg at thia aide of the t worthy of European fame. At "M proportion of American names rdioal course ia much larger than we, who now cow teach, were 4; and I am persuaded that the ill still more and more increase ween the old world and new hat of dependence and patron f and independence. Accord attention, aud that of this audi considerations which indicate to that our profession, in all its branches, to make great advaocea in this country, ie day is yet coming when we ehall not returned an equivalent for all we have .received from the professional savans of Lurope, but shall, moreover, in our turn, take the iead in the progressive march of the science of medicine. I am led to believe that advancement in the healing art in our own country will be more and more, when I survey our progrets in other arts. Those arts which promote material well being were natu rally, in a new ?onstry, first developed: and in all those arts which, though sitirically called beaverisb by Carlisle, are pre- requisites to ing!y? * ence, ? my mi?1 ia destinj and liberal culture, we are unsurpiseed. For sges our sailixg vessels have been unrivalled. Aa to the of steam ? in virtue of Fi.ch and Fulton, a my riad miles of raifrodH are traversed; and we have as j many steamers aa ail the world beside. A distin- . mushed foreigner has declared steam the " Amert L element. With rrf?rJ to labor saving machi aety of ail aorta, we have adopted none which we ^ve not improve^; and most improvement* that K?vt* been recently introduced into English manu factories tTe confessed by English writers to be of j 4mr-:can lnveaijj*. The records of our Patent : iffic* prea<j>* a Mat of inventions without a parallel, . j ?wctfw moat ingenious devices that we tuiak L'ir< pe?n . would be found to be of domestic ?ngm aid not lack of capital or encouragement at home ofien drive our inventors abroad in qaeat of tlie mean* of realizing their ideaJa. The London Timet, a journal which haa few predilections in our favor, admits that our last census shows an " instance of matrnal and industrial development unparalleled in the annals of nations." May we not, therekre, hope that our compatriota will be, if not the tir?t, yet among ihe first of the sompetiters ?f the approaching World's Exhibition in the mam moth Crystal Palace. But I pis* to our progress in what may be deemed the higher arts Our peni ten'ianrp, as well as our asylums for the insine, i the Mind, and helptesa of every name, have Been inspected by foreign experts, anil have taught them lentous. Our toleratiou, or mther our equal ity of all sects-, our representative system; our ?tsteamen, as Calhoun, Clay, and Webster; O'tr g-nerals, a* Taylor, Jakson and Scott; r common s:ho?lB *?vl our cwniwm i#eopl?-, i have extorted the admiration of the most | appreciative judges throughoat the earth. Itu j now so time to s?k who reads an American book, since we can boast in law of Marshall and Story in divinity, of Edwards and ("banning? in history, of Freacott and Bancroft? in lexiCOfftpfi of Webster and Robinson ? in philology, of Lrallatan nod Dnpanceau? m fiction. Cooler? in poetrr, Bryant and Longfellow ? and, as a favorite of a I the Muses, our cla??ic Irving Who of us believes thst medicine, m any of ii? departments, will as here developed, an exception to the rule wbicta to ,nv , n,l in other arts, whether mechanical or ntellec'is ,1 1 In the progress whicn I behold on "?ery f'se, at home and abroad, l rend cheerirg <mens o* good things in su>r? for my own chosei art yh- t roffs?-it>n of raedic.De wit make progress m o,,r country, because of our commercial and eclectic character. W* are to day the second among commercial naticns. we shall soon be the first, for our country is the Key. ?tone of nn arch formed by the earth, embracing oceans on the east and west. By reason of our commerce, we shall know every corner of the earth more intimately than all other nations, anl we shall know tne mor--, siaca we are inq?u?mv<' to a proverb vur an is a fraeiSen's that have keen bought toyeth-r from S?SS?w?Si of com Tierce The f.^t Indians \sve mv?n us our croti-n oil?the Arabians the ^e of mercury -the Turk s inoculatvons-the Mexi ? !?lap?and the Peruvian* Je.ulfs bark aretrnlvof an eclectic character, wi shall I due advsatsge of the resources atlorded us ,?.rce_we ttre ourselves an eclectic l"?>pK t ortnthiau hrass r<-mil in? tevery peopl' , option, k udred and tongue? Bri ttmrikm ' ???", our national Ito describes our national character. Hmce, hope that among our character. sties, be rman depth, French tact, and Eagiiah all reaSnw more elfidm 'f?? being ncsni/ed, there will f< nd such an eiemp i national prejudice that we ,iaU viaw no light of a natural enemy The legitn m |t trait will lead us to sp its :ev?v is worth adopting ? ? ? ? . 1 ' or pracucal, in the sr?me further remarks on cturer sa d that the free imion m this country, from Is, arg ie* well for its pro i>chouls, founded centuries ??all medical teachugs, |in the bud all endeavors reboots or to reform old there arc some who would ?eis; vJt such would? ocob 'i?ves, become Ik ilou* wh?a Mia time foot* step* of their h i-o ertecessors In i rinse being appointed in* po*tm%aters wi os 'the whole int! ? >? ' ' ? rnm/ot ' ('*n in favor of some particular system of fWWW' T? mi. h s s ste of thing* b? . r .Me to UBtramell d n v. .ligation. vr Ihe redurujf to practice any new p*ia cip'enowever "***' > 1 geaTus.be ri'Oi 'ff.eisls.is lin..t. to wmt lore he can begin pra.tice, nny be oo** ? - ' 3 rrmtf ?v MLpM^Mrwr thow la ?m?e j ? W#T ? -V T ere, ir,tl iences denved from fre una sre revolutionizing o ir pro 4at?n*s are not re'rogressive U d the f eaten trai k.a&d fall behind laooa find his occupation gone M in our profession we hav* sgli*^ prime minister used to wuh 1st ev*ry |?liticai 'l>u??r, onmely ? mntsirst . o, ?^d a strong opposi xm ' [bodies," Snys ,J !?,h Hardest s arWle in coUliWm ^ ftltr uT eontrr.versy Give me, my opponents if professional oppo ?nave give d* rn^D ,>< erudition hd4 vi^'h it i . ? IsMl Nin? '. I'es discen. betwef n their right hind and I^r'nrer #i*n referred to tk' consex tfffen the nietiroi profession and ihe gee*, np"t dwelt at COO-I length sAd m -,ri .ling that t ?, ic m useeriinfch.s , ? re connexion of iicsl with tie , ta,j ,ta j,,,. n I k.n i hem as a N a >le, h'- c> ?inl from al*diBB to an ofiinion HPto iw"t? to the me.|. ii profes 7|y p?t for'.h h ??!<? i idge j of tkn Mg|| a pfdiis judicial decision, ? would do %? III to (he ran 1*1 * r ea teaks, and h, heaidea their oi?;i mpaliy cbsi?i. ri/ed by a pedantic -Wlr** -omeaniiiM' I ?MMVors to ahow that no tcise. his atiainmen s, *? ? a one who practises any stem, this pidiTial f'inc read from ihe New York turners ?f medicine, in all ivea to the invention of vntion, and the pvi*nt Vf have inclined ns?.r< to that mducuve process by which, ia other science*, the phenomena of na ture have been unravelled, That the study of medicine has been characterized ia a greater degree by fluctuation* of opinion than any other pursuit ; that it has been pro- eminently distinguished by the 1 constant promulgation and eiplosion ot theories ; that its professors in every age have been noted tor the tenaeity with which they have clung to opin ions, and for the unanimity with which thev have resisted the introduction of the most valuable dis I coveriea; that they still continue to diaagree in respect to the treatment of diseases as old aa the human race," See., \*c.? assertions, which, in the main, we emphatically deny. We deny that prac titioners of medicine in all ages have been more given to the invention of theoriea than to close ob servation and the accumulation of facts ; we deny chat the study of medicine haa been distinguished j by the constant promulgation and exposition of theo ries. The lecturer continued t o combat the opin | ions of the judge at great length, and concluded as follows. Addressing himself to the youn^ gentle ! men who were to receive diplomas, he said : We | welcome you, then, to a neble profession ?a pro I tession with reason said to have been derived from the god of muaic, since its province is to keep in tune a harp of a thousand strings May we henceforth be rivals in mind, but brothers in heart You are the nrstlingsof our handaand hearts; you lead the van of a lesion that in years to come shall issue from these halls. The labor of our lives shall be to make this institution such that you shall always be proud of your alma mater. Let it be your still-renewed en . deavor that she may be ever proud of you as her sons, her first-born, and the beginning of her ; strength. After Doctor Green had concluded, he was greeted with several rounds of applause, i Mr. Wood then addressed a few remarks to the gentlemen who received their degree, after which ; they received their certificates, and the meeting broke up. The Christian Art, THI LECTURE OF MR. HtJKTINOTON. On Monday 24th ult., Mr. Ht-ntinoton delivered ( a lecrure on this topic, at the gallery of the National Academy of Design. The lecturer commenced by saying that, before he entered on the subject, he would say that it wasone which hid been selected for him, by the gentlemen who acted aa a com mittee in conducting the present course of lectures. He might, therefore, be excused for any appearance of audacity for venturing on a theme so sacred and which should be approached in a profoundly reverential spirit. It may not be uninteresting even, at this state of the course, to state the cir cumstances under which it originated. Some months since, a proposition was made before the I Academy of Design, (1 believe by Mr. Edmund*,) to appoint a certain evening in each of the wintet months, for a general meeting of the artists of thi* city, for the promotion of a more intimate acquaintance, or for the general interests of art. This is but one of those movements now taking place in the Academy of Design, by which it is pro posed to pcpularize and throw open wide the doors of the institution, that it may be emphatically the borne of all arusts, in every department. One of t the first things which grew out of those meetings was the present course of lectures, and the new impulse which has thus been given to the artiatic body, it ia sincerely hoped, may prove (aa waa well said by Mr. Curtia), " to be not the ap&ams of death, hut the throea of birth." It ia intended, 1 believe, thaf the present series ahall be a prelude to another, ia which the more practical priaciples of art, as well aa the diatinct departments, ahall be treated,? such aa Greek aculpture, color, drapery, landscape, art, Src. How aoon thia may be brought about. I have not yet learned. The meeting just alluded to, haa been characterized by great jjood feeling? artists generally feel fnendly towards their brethren. The world, how ever, haa ao me mistaken notiona about the ?e oil men ia of painters towards each other. It ia often said, the artiata are a careless set of madcapa and Cor devila ? always quarrelling with each other? cause Torngiaao threw hia hammer at Michael Argelo and broke his nose, and gentle Dominichi 110 was driven from Naples by the peraecuUona and half drawn daggera of the aavage Spagnoletto; and, in our own times, Newton was kicked down a Ion;; flight ot stairs by his uncle, Gilbert Stewart. The impression has gone abroad that artists are always at loggerheads There can be no greater mis take. Perhaps I may be excused for saying there is no profetsion which leads to a more fraternal spirit thaa ih.it of painting. Possibly, the eculp turers, from the use of the hammer and chisel, may fall into more pugnacious habits. I know that the artists, aa a claas, are excit able and passionate: but, at the same time, if 1 may tay it, that should not, the artists are be BvvoUni, 0*n fnrri" u h.tl, smiled a little impatience may be allowed, when, after be stowing weeks of low and toil upon a picture, and fancying the work full of interest and beauty, one is met by the remark from Bome patronizing critic, ?? that's a nice aize for a picture," or " what style of frame would be auitable for a room hung with rose colored curtains'!" An occasional grow! must nerda follow such tnala. Such ia the artiatic tem E-r; but what ia all this to the purpose?? enough et us pvs to the consideration of the Mbject al lotted to me, w hich ia ? Christian art I shall not attempt to treat the subj-ct historically, but only generally, and beg the audience to indulge me in a desultory and careless arrangement. Art may be cotisidered bk Christian in three respecta? first, as being so in its very nature ; then, aa nominally to; and, finally, aa inwardly and positively so la these diviaione, there ii a correspondence to ihe characters of the human race. All men are Chnatiana, in that they are the children of Christ, the Creator : and whether .hey will or no, in their very being and power*, the images ot his person and the evidencea of hia goodaeas. Again, very n any are to in name; profeaaing the creed, prac tisine the morality, and speaking the language ol the religion But thoae only, it will be gnctei, are truly and wholly Christian, whose inmost hearts ate penetrated, as well aa their lives governed by the divine principles of faith and charity. After making a few more prefatory remarks, the lectur er proceeded to sny that " All art is, m oae sen* (that sense to which 1 have alluded), generally Christian. The simplest tracing of an outline by the hand of a child, when spontaneous, ia an ex ercise .of the creative faculty, and is no small ircof < f his claim to an immortal parentage and in heritance Those feeble lineescftwled by <tn infant on the scrap of paper with which it plays at his mother's feet, and which bears aome dim resem I blaace to a li"icg being, are but the dawmngs of ?hut power. which the AhBighty bat conferred on his enildr* n of shaping, from the unmeaning chaos , if matter, forma of beauty, and of reproducing all, but the breath of life, his own aole prerogative. U henever the artist put* forth hia wand to call into l>eing a true work of art, he is but imitating hia l>ivme master, and isao far a Christian, aad it mit tera not whether from the ih*[eleaa mas* of clay he moulds the human form? or from rude earth and rock rears the aichitectural pile, harmonious ia lines? or by ariangement of ?ound* charms the ear and steals awav the soul by divinely warbl'd notes ?all are hut reflections of the Divine, and must re dound to the glory of the Creator. When the poet peoi les the brain of the ?ilent and solitary reader wita phantaams and dreams, or, to come more home to our subject, ?h'ti on the bare, 'flat canvas, from that blank and void, by s aius of col >red earth, the painter walren.-> to life the imagea of the paat ; when in his lonely s'udio, the sepulchred form throws rfT its white shroud, and the lite and rrotion of nature begin to be develej>ed ; when, by the repeated louche* of his pencil, the blood seems to steal gently thxp?oK ?*- * 'V* btadlea and ia swt? * w"h tenderness, or steam* with ?otter, and the group, in all its living force, is re vealed to aa, then ia another creative act accom plished? one more proof is added that we are the oilspung ot God. It m but ar other eeho to the pro long* and ever extending aong with which the i-trmtivu wis first celebrated by the aa gelic hoft } for we and ihey sre alike the sons of ''Jj . fcvery work of art is also aa illustration of Cnnstiaafty, in a general way, for, ia every paint ing, end in every statue, is wr?|<fied up the great truths r f reflation ? the creation of the rare, the apostary under whose curse we straggle and are * V bo*""! ; sod 'he hope of that immortal life for which We paat. Ia thia light, we see how high n the calling of evenr true artist ; oar pencil* are bouid by Indissoluble hak a to the pist, an I the coming eternity K very work you produce, that haa any r?al character, ia for?vei engraved oa your owr souls, aad on the souls of all who behold It. hrape its effect you cuttnt. If the soul ia fWiinded by what you have done, woe to fsi, for fied, M will remaia forever; if the soul lapuri atain is ahlesswtrs wait upon you Every foul fingers ( every Ktftl* as the Mood upon murderous thali *hiae on long rf?i?ure line i* lu r.iaou*, and destroyed, till the very ^.(leiiiti pictures are longer, till that 1 ght shall growtput out Ye?, serene and unclouded from he face of trtob flows There are those who would frown on all aWlf injurious to the Christian religion. It is not, how ever, my province to answer such objectors some of them are eincere, I doubt not, but m'*t ot thera have their eye* teat too steadily oa the eoar?e earth at their feet. Let th^m look upward aad around tl* m. How fair hath the Creator made all things? last night's sunset, which battled the whole heavens with a flood of glory, which made so gorgeous that tumultuoua pile of clouds, aod turned your river into molten geld, and gave a deeper richness to the brown foreeta which overhung its banks That living picture yeu scarce glan red at. Hut there was one who gazed loaf and wistfully at ", OB whose soul all its heauty is impressed for The humble landscape pointer, whom you aes^se ba* treasured up all, aad wUl perpetuate rw ^ ** bright, at leaat mere *ndunng. or eviour himself rafled the attentive of the by **PM*m color* aad delicate farm 27 Heboid, saitb he, M?iomoa, ia all hi* , fiory, was not arraye* |ae * tk9te n lllt own divine lesaona were ilmoil always wwyeJ in tke form of graphic imagea. from which practice some of our dry, didactic theologians may well take 0<*K>n * *m aware that it haa been aaid, in a (Winer lecture of this course, that the end of ? rt ia never to teach, and, especially, never to teach morality ? but ia it an usurpation for art to attempt to teaeh, and, above all things, to teach morality. Are the holy lessons of divine law never to be impressed on the mind by the pleasing nuagrg of the poet and painter 1 Where, then, is Overbeck, who, in his cartoon of the Wise and Fi olish Virgins, hath plainly said, " Havi, then, oil in your lamps." Let tnem appe a id, with his chastened eye of calm faitn, look a re buke to his impiety. Aad where is Hilton ' Let him come, angel-winged and seraph-voiced, and from Paradise assert eternal Providence, and justify the ways of God to man. Did Hogarth falsify the objects of art in his " Rake's Progress," or in his marriage a la motif ; but, honest fellow, perhaps he did not mean to teach. Waat meant Wilkie, by his distraining for rent, but to *ay ? "Thou shalt not grind the face of the poor." Is Dante's warning voice in the " Inferno" to be strangled? and old Bunyan to be dragged down from nis place among creative artists, or else con sidered so great a fool as not to have known what he was about] But I have said enough on this point. For one, I believe that art is as unlimited in I its aims as it is in its means; it has dominion over matter, *mind, and morals, and can never be penned, even to the thin and intangible formula woven for it by the belogged trains of German infidels and transcendentalists Let us turn again to examples of art used for holy purposes. Poetry, music, architecture, and painting, were em ployed by divine command since the world be gan, and tcr moral purposes. It is neediessto mul tiply instances. The hook of Job itself is a dra matic poem, whoe-e sublimity all must acknowledge, and there is no attempt in it even to conceal its moral meaning. The Almighty has smiled upon all that is beautiful, as well as upon all that is good and true ; every art, then, that is pure and inno cent, ia approved by the All- wise, and may, in a com prehensive senae, t>e styled Christian. The lecturer then dilated at ?reat length on the beauties of painting, gave a short sketch of tke lives and cha racters of the moat eminent painters of the Chris- j tiaa era, and concluded as follows Christianity is an essence, a princiole as unchangeable as God himself The adoring love of Christ, a thirst for all that is holy, a joy in the happiness of men is its spirit. Imbued heartily with this, with an earnest, constant, unconquerable pursuit of knowledge and power in the art itself, we may hope to leive some way marks along th? wilderness of life ? some cre ations of beauty which shall cheer the drooping Christian, and strengthen holy men in their con flicts with the powers of darkness. Oriental Lift. THE LE<.TV*? OF DR. BKTTMKX, AT HOPE CHAPEL. On Wednesday, 26th ult., Dr. Bettaer delivered, at Hope Chapel, his firtt lect jr; on Orient^ life) in which he principally confined himself to a gene ral description of the island of Java. Conaidering the merit and interest of the lecture, we muat say that the audience in attendance waa but poor. Dr. Bettner commenced by remarking that, whde the western hemisphere has been almost wholly ex plored, the eastern world is, comparatively apeak ing, remote and unknown. We know but little about the island of Java, and the little information we obtain u often very incorrect. The distance of the island from thia is about thirteen thousand miles It is very difficult, on arriving there, to ob tain information. The Europeans there are in a state of apathy, and information can only be had ' by mixing among the people. The eastern hemi sphere presents to us new heavens and a new earth. There we observe a greater number than we have of fetars of the first and second magnitude, which imparts to the firmament an extraordinary degree of effulgence, and it is therefore not very astonish ing that the Orientals have devoted themselves to the study of astronomy with so much predeliction as they have evinced. The voyage to the east is pleatmnt and easy. On journeying towards the equator, yeu gradually lose sight of the north star, while towards the south pole, constellations of a daz/.licg brightness present themselves to the gaze of the fBtoaisked traveller It seems that the con stellations were known in Europe before we re ceived their descriptions from the .Spanish naviga tors There are also two different kinds of clouds visible, which BM never seen here. They con stantly maintain the same shape and post .ion in the heavens. The ieland of Java Ik s south of Borneo, and is separated from Sumatra by the Strait of Sunda It is about seven h ind red miles long, and one hundred and fifty broad. The popu lation is five or six millions By its locality, rf tradf on tfieWeas?rTn waters" Java, the hrst arrival is at the town Anjta After pasting the Strait of Sunda, the first land visible is a promontory called the Java Hf-ad, and which is very conspicuous. Proceeding further, you see several minor towns, and ultimately reach Batavia, the capital of the island. The harbor is very spa cious. There are sharks and alligators, whose numbers are to great t^at it is quite impossible to extinguish then There are no wharves, and in poiag a^iore you MM the** sh irks and alligators at every moment, who are constantly endeavoring to upset the canoes. Batavia is a Dutch city, in tersected by numerous canals. The streets are wide, and ornamented by rows of shade trees, its population is about one hundred thousand Every nation almost, is represented there? the European!, the Javanese, the Hindoos, the Armenians, the Chinese, the Japanese, fltc , are all commingling ia Batavia, Each nation, ?r tribe, his a certain portion of the city to live in Th* Hindoos are a diminutive race of people. Their complexion ia datk, or rather bluish black, and their features pronuaec, mild, and prepossessing. Their cos tume contrasu greatly with their physical ap pearance, by using white clothes. The Armenians are natives of mi d-rn Armenia, which lies partly in Turkey aad partly in Persia They are intelli gent, prei osaesiing, and very commercial. Their costume is also somewhat lingular. With re ference to the time in Java, there is the wet and dry seasons. In consequence of the extreme heat, the people constantly ride when they go nut, and are obliged to change their dresses very frequently. The interior of the island ia much more salubrious. There are numerous hills, long plains, and bvauti tul valleys, in a very high state of cultivation. Batavia is very unhealthy, and particularly so to European and American constitutions. He said, that in a period of only twenty-two years, there were in the city <>f BiUvia alone, more than a mil lion of deaths There is no intermission of heat, a* it also continues in the city during the night. The Enropt an* transact their o during the d*y time, and then remove ?u their residences in the country The n>ah|- In these regions is one the most subli"*" spectacles that can he imigioed The mor *iight is so bright that there is not the i|M#htesf difticultv in reading any kind of print. I he amount of electric flcid in the air is som? tim? r- so great that you see nothing but con stantly f'rt-h upon fi sh, peai upon peal, and h>ar the echo a* it is rebounded from the hills of Java, and dies awsy in the distance Th? most of the people are entirely in a state of nudity, Wltk th* exception of the loins Their limSs sre beautifully formed. The ladies are very digni fied, and the ir manners as modest as those of Euro- : i<eanp. The natives, when in d^-sa, have two i kinds, which chiefly consist! of a loose piece of cloth wrspt round the body Men and wom?n wear j their kair lone They also wear eom^s, whirh. however, are planed m front, and aot b' hind, as is j the rase here. They also have a custom of tan nirgind blacking their teeth w ith a preparation ob 'niik d from n nut and a leaf of a cer am tree. They consider it a disgrace to have white teeth, like a dog or a monkey They also ; pay great attntion to cleanliness. They fre qaently wash themselves, and as freqien'ly oil th?ir liodies They chew almost conrt^ntly They I seldom wear weapons ; none b it tie MaUiti, Ja panese, and Javanew are armed With respect to th<- amusements of the Jai*ne?e, there is not great 1 variety. They generally bold their fairs, which are very entertaining, and at which gambling and dancmg are c-imed on. Their mode of Ham <og ia I peculiar- their movements being much slower J than ours. They are very fc?ad of m'isic, an i have a gr^at number of b-autifuland tom hing melodies Th? lavenesc are very abstemious, but very fond of iweet meats- -an observation w i(lch is very cha racteristic of all the orientals. They 11 ?e no milk, but li e a bind of salt lard along wiih th'-ir rirs He then gave a description of a European dinner in that island Every gueat has to bring his own ser vsnt Ti.e armn's corne at an early hour to assist in preparing the dinner; no ervaat will wait on more than one p-rson. There is always a fresh current of air produced by the twisting a sort of fan The guesta are also obliged to put on Mosqui'o MUta, whi? h ire a kuid of legging, in C'tns* qaence of the motquitis and other insects The dinner is in the I j'#VT b style ; at the conclusion of the repast there I excelled Jl'lenn I de^rt, fuftished with all the twiheht is v'fcpbic h that island abounds in To? j pro* mat* pont'on W1' "> consequence of the I There are no public lam|Wl?l*nr< to the e,|-iator one carries his own lantern witfc '"f ?enta rather a curious an i novel scene Tk. . balls too; and he cave ? description of one tliat 1ft attended They hive barbers, whose office is principally confined to shai mg the head Wins kersare not worn. They si no employ whit are called " ear pokers," which is consider, d aa a somce of lii*ur> and pleasure; by the firebar nt u*e of these ear-pickers the tympanum of the em? liable to be initired Th?y have also a kind of shampooing, which is a luiunoas aad expensive eninjment, and which is performed by youag girts who, with the prints of their delicate fiagera, tap aii over the body of the individual, until he falls into a de<-? slumber The Javanese have two kinds of foad*? the huffy* and the axpreas read -and they travel with small horse*. He has also observed that four men coatiaually ma alongside of the car riage* of the wealthier aad respectable citizen*. The productions of this island are the richest aad most diversified in the world. Rice is very plenty. The water tree is the moat remarkable ; dun of the dry aeason, it you Up thia tree, you will procure a ?;l?na of fresh water. The maagastine is the finest run existing ; it has the shape of a walnut; it is of white color on the inaide, aad when put into the mouth melts away. The darien is the greatest anamoly in the world, posseisiogthe most delicious flavor with the moat disagreeable odor. There ii a great quantity of pine applea, and purest green oranges. Trees are very abundant ; the most cu rious is the soap tree, from which the nativea obtain their soap. All the foliage of the eastern trees is remarkably luxuriant, and their leaves are much larger than in the western world. Spices grow in greatperfectioL. The Upas tree is the moat re markable; it obtains a great height, has a flower, and exudes a milky soapt which is highly poison ous. The coflee plant la cultivated very exten sively in that island. The natives raise annually, about fifty millions of pounds of coffee. Birds are alio very abundant and beautiful, the most re markable being the mauo crow, which possesses a voice as clear and distinct aa that of a human beiDg. InBecta are very numerous and extremely annoying. Monkeys, kaogaros, bowwows, squir rels and foxes, are there in abundance. There are also flying mice and flying dogs, or bat dojrs, which seem to be of the bull dog species. The language of the Javanese is beautiful and mellifluous, and free of all harsh sounds or aspirations. They have two forma of language ? oa? for the weal thy and one for the lower classes. With regard to laws and gorernment, despotism is the ruling sys tem. They have their own laws, and under the dominion of the Dutch, it is almost impossible to obtain a footing on the island. The natives are compelled to work excessively. They have troops amounting to about three thousand. Considering this small number in opposition to six millions, it would almost seem incredible that the nativea would submit to such tyranny. The reason, how ever, is very evident. All the fortificationa and other principal points along the ooast, are in pos session of these troops, and of course, all ammuni tion is removed out of the reach of the natives, and they can oilier no resistance. The whole country presents one system of slavery. To the natives, their work is portioned out, and they are compelled to labor terribly. There is also, jfteat moral and mental darkness in the country. The inhabitants consist of idolators and Christians, but principally of Mahometans. The Javanese, and with them all the Orientals, have a great revereace for the dead; they frequently viait their craves and deco late them with flowers, as the Catholics in France and Germany do on All Saints' <'ay. Their graves or tombs are very long, according to the merit of the person The tomb of A^am Syria is said to to be sixty feet long. The lecturer concluded by adverting to the advantages we have of possessing all the knowledge w/uch others have obtained, without incurring tk? dangers of the voyage, etc. N?wYMk and Bale RsUiroad. The director* of the New York and Erie Rail road Corner have generally paid little or no at tention to the numberless slanders and misrepre sentations which, from time to time, have been l>u|>iijhed in lelation to themselves, believing they were too well known in this community to render say notice of contradiction necessary; but their attention having been cilled to the published pro ceedings of a meeting of the citizens of Rockland county, calculated to mislead many sincere friends of this work, they have concluded, at the sugges tion of others, to irake a simple statement of facts in relation to the matter complained of, for the information of the stockholders and the public. Their cause of complaint Is stated in their fi rat published resolution, which is as follow* ? Resolved, That the recent act ot the M. T. fc K. R. R Co in diverting the travel and business troa the county ol Rockland, and in transferrins the terminal ot their road from the State of New York to the State ot New Jersey, contrary to the spirit and intention of the charter and of the laws of the State, merit*, and ?taould receive, the reprobation of all the eitissns of thin State. Resolutions of a similar character, threatening to ?? use all the means in their power to compel the company to resume the route which they have so unjustly and unnecessarily abandoned," speak of the " sacrifices made by us (them) to sustain the road when its prospects were desperate," " solemnly api?al to the Legislature and people of the State, to arrest so manifest an act of injustice," ar.d remark on the "impolicy of diverting capi tal, industry and business from the metroj>olis, Xc. Ac c ? all j evidently intended to arouse our citizens to the danger impending over them, and to urge thein to protect themselves against reckless speci li>u>rs who have charge of the N. V. and Erie Lail" ?Wa ka?'?, <4nnKtUoa. in lh*ir pjtfi. | matiM., a* far forgotten that they were citizens of .\?w York as to engage in a conspiracy to destroy her prosperity. It is unfortunate for the meeting at which ao rr.uch indignation was manifested that there is so little foundation in fact for the charge of abandon ing eighteen miles of railroad. The simple truth ii>, thai part of the road is not abandoned, and those composing the meeting knew at the time that it was not abandoned; and still further, the directors have no intention ot abandoning it. The reaolutiona are followed by a long address upoa the subject, tilled with abuse and misrepre sentations, the injustice and groundlessness of which could be shown, had we time to refer to them in detail. We will, however, notice only a few of them at this lime. The address atates that the charter was granted in 1KJ2, gives a brief history of its objects, and quotes the restrictive clause in the original charter, forbidding a connection wuh any railroad leading out of the State, and also speaks of the large dona tions of lands and materials given by certain parties, valued by the company, at :he time, as is alleged, at $100,000. Something in relation to this subject will be noticed in another place. The history of this road from 1832 to 1614-5, is well known. At the latter date a portion ot the present managers came into the board, and obtained the law under which the work waa resuscitated. Whatever the merit* or dementa of its management during that interval of twelve yeara, the present managers are not respon sible for, end of course claim no credit for it. Its condition at the latter date, is too well known to r> quire any particular description at present. We with notice, however, only a few particulars. Atthat time some $4,500,000, including the State loan cf 8,000,000, had tx-en expended on tfw road, v> hith waa in use to Middletown, fifty-three miles ?seven miles of which, however, were built by a private association (end aiuce purchased by the companv ) The condition of the whole road at that time la well known, and of that portion in use (fifty-three miles) it may be inferred, from the fact that over $1,000,000 have since been required and expended upon it, (including Piermon ) to bring it to its present condition. One passer (jer train per day, (carrying the milk) and one freight train each way, was the extent of the accommodations to the citizens of Rockland county, at the period referred to, with which it is presumed they were well satisfied. They hive now more and better accommodationa than at that time, notwithstanding tbe indignation so freely ex pressed. Siace the resasiitation of the comi<any in 1345, by the piesent managers, near l? $20,<)o0,000 have been raised to complete the work, and to provide the requisite machinery. Toward this large sum, tbe citizens of Hockland county have not, it is be iie^d, contributed five thousand dollars, nor is it knows that they have contributed half of that amount, while more than $000,000 have been ex pended in that county alone, to bring the work to ;ta pteseat condition They will doubileaa reply, 'hit the "large donation! of land and materials originally made to the compiny, entitled them to exemption from any further contribution Let us for a moms nt examine that aubj*ct, and see the grounds upon which they appenl to the Legislature, the etcrMiolder? an 1 the public, on acconnt of "the great sacrifices" heretofore made by them The ''large donations of land" referred to, con aisted mainly of land unler waterthe witergrantor right to improve which for commercial purr?*?, waa obtained from the Seen tiry of St ??e, without charge to the applicant#, br ?*? r t y owning the idjll fDt fhorf . nntt tOth^ COlDPWJ? tW exj>ene? f?t improving which, before 1S4.?, had r * reeded $7)0,000. and was then ao tar incomplete aa to have required since that date, over $100,000 t<-> bring it to its present condition Most of the mi tenals referred to were sold to the com|>any by one r.f the party referred to, at a very large price; and it is here distinctly stand that the companv have paid more for the land, directly and indirectly, than its real value for any other purpose, aa can be ehown, if the parties referred to are disposed to have the whole matter laid before the public The company have not been disposed unnecessa rily to bring lite subject of IVrmont before the public ; but if necessary the* will give a full, unvar nished, history of the whole matter, when it will b>> seen whit a vast amo unt of patriotism has been evinced by the parties who have made these " large donations of land and materials," together with the " sscnfic s" made by them which are the grounds of ihsir an>"*l The company have expended a large smonnt at IVrmont, to improve it for use, and since it has cost so large a sum, the directors intend to use it to the best possible advantage for w - '????? ht business, if permitted to hold it with OOt r<ifi?innt amuyanoe. A suit, however, haa been commenced br one of the parties claiming a portion nf the land made at so large a rost to the company, on the ground of as old contract, and claims under it 30 feet of the whole pier, about one mile ia length ; and within a few weeks an injunction has been served so the company to restrain them from dredging ia front of the pier, which was neoeaaary to make it available, for the company's use, and on which several thou sand dollars have beea expeadrd during the last season Wa will mw proceed with the hiatory of the road Mace l&ti. The director! have urged for ward the work inidit every conceivable embarras ment, and by every metniA their power have made lb* beat possible uso^P the company a pt*~ ' T^e Kamapo Railroad was built without any wd , or encouragement from thin company, lMdirec- j torn do not now, nor nave they ever owned on dollar of ita stock. For a considerable time tney declined to make regular connections at the j - tion pf the two roads, and gave that compa y little encouragement an possible, hoping to satisfy the public, and prrveni by every meana a diversion of travel fiom j. ring all thia time no convenience* or accommoda ! tione were afforded, except such relied to furnish by the demands of the travelling public. After the passage of the ^pcrf1^t r?*~ law, compelling us toiiflord any 1 r",|.r(?*df^p"y i connecting with oura, all proper facil' * ??"" nection and interchange of business, thiscompany continued to charge the same pnee to aml from Sufferns to Geneva, aa to and from New Yora to Geneva. Yet with thla discrimination against that road, we, upon an average, lost in our trips east, from a third to half of our passengers, be cauae they could reach New York generally one hour and a half earlier than by way of Piemoat. To protect themselves against tnis diversion of ! travel, and to pay the expense of running trains to i'lermont, and ateamboatd to New \ork, the com pany were compellea to charge the same price to Sufferns aa toNew York. Without this discrimi nation against that route we could have rr tamed few or no passengers, east of that place. This at ; tempt virtually to compel the travelling public to 1 go fey way of Piermont or to pay the additional i charges on another road, caused much and severe ! complaint, which was daily becoming more and i more general- With the best arrangements wo could make on oar ferry, with the aid of the fastest | steamboats we could procure, from causes of fre quent occurrence, such as storms, ice, fogs, See., passengers were not unfrequently two hours longer 1 time by way of Piermont to Sufferns, than by way of Ramapo Railroad. After the passage of the general railroad law, modifying the charter and ' compelling a connection with that portion of the Ramapo Railroad in Rockland county, known as the Union Railroad Company, the directors were still determined to make an earnest effort to satisfy the public and prevent a diversion of travel. But after a long and faithful effWt we were driven re luctantly to the conclusion that we could not sa tisfy our paaBf ngers and prevent a diversion which was every day increasing. Besides which, ths de tentions on the river from causes referred to, were so frequent as often to throw all our running ar rangements into confusion, and thereby delay in a greater or lesser degree all the trains on the road And who are the parties who complain ss vehe mently at this change! Simply the citizens of a small portion of Rockland county, and a few land owners at Piermont, without whose promptings the public would probably never have heard of this meeting. The convenience or wishes of the great mass of the travelling public, even through " the southern tier of counties," are of small conse quence, if the gentlemen composing that meeting can be giatitied. And what real cause have the citizens of Rockland county to complain! They are now accommodated by a passenger train daily to and from New York, and upon the approach of spring two daily trains will be provided; all cur freight and milk business is done there as | usual, with no intention of changing it, and only the regular passenger business is arranged so as to allow passengers to pass through Nsw -Terser, (and that not of choice, but from necessity.) This real or pretended alarm and indignation on account of the travelling public being allowed to pass to and from this city, by the nearest and speedi est route, is too grossly absurd to need a refu tation. The directors are citizens of New Yora, with no particular friendship for N?w Jersey or her railroads, and will take good care that New Y or* will receive all the benefits from the construction of the New York and Erie Railroad, to which she is entitled? but in doing so we are compelled to allow our passengers to pass through a corner ot that State. The directors have no apprehension that the citizens of New York, with these state ments before them, will question the wisdom of ar rangements that will brine the vast interior to be accomodated by the New Y ork and hne Railrow, Nearer to the city by at least one hour and a half? especially in view of the fact thit the most strenu ous efforts will be made by means of railroads now far advanced in other States, to divert the trade and business of the great Valley of the Miasusip,">i, to t ^e^ue^or's^c "nnot see any propriety in compell ing all the travel over 447 miles of their road, (in addition to that portion which will soon come over an equal length of tributary railroads) to pass over that portion of railroad east of Suflerns Depot, for the satisfaction of the inhabitants resiling there, whru 1>| iiouia oun K* lived by taking another ai rection. It is not believed that the Legislature to whom the meeting appeals for redress, will attempt such an act of injustice, af ter affording all the rail roads iu the state the privilege of shortening or changing their respective lines whenever distance can be saved. ^ , On the Central Railroad from Albany to Buffalo the change of line* contemplated, will, a.i is under stood, save some 30 miles in distance, which im provements are now commenced under the provi sion sof the general railroad law; and it is not believ ed that the Legislature will psaafa general law com pelling a connection with any and all railroads, and then shut out the New York and Kne Railroad from its benefits; neither is it believed that the Legisla ture will attempt virtually to compel the New Y ork and Kne Railroad Company to convey all their pas sengers, amounting to hundreds of thousands an nually, to and from New York via Piermont, at an increased expense, and an averace loss of time of 1 fc I ours, or say equal to 30 or 40 miles increased distance on the railroad, while a shorter and ier route presents itself for the acceptance ?f the travelling public. Neither is it believed tkat they will attempt to compel this road to run em^y trains from Sufferr.s to Piermont, and incur the expense ol running a steamboat to New York, comparatively without passengers, or compel the company (to p*y this increased expense) to charge the paw enters the same, or nearly the samejprice, to Suflerns, and thereby subject them to the additional payment of passage on another railroad. Neither is it believed that the Legislature will compel all the travel throughout " the southern Her ol counties" to go to ami Ironi New \ ork by way of Piermont, as a re ward for ihe " large donations of land and miteri als" made by jiarties living at Piermont. It would be far better te impose a tax on the " southern tier of counties," and pay off their claims at their own valuation. '1 ne address speaks of the advantages of connect ing by a \fTxy fiom Piermont with the Hudson Iliver Railroad This we ahould gladly have done had it held out tke advantages of the other route. It may be a safiicient answer to this sug getlion to say, that passengers hy way of Ktmapo Railroad can be landed in the city in as abort a time a? they rould be landed on the eaatern shore of the Hudson river opposite iVtmont, and reload ed with their baggage on the cara of the lludaon Kiver Hailrrad, where they would be twenty four milea diatant from Duane Direct, from whence we take and land our passengers . I>oabtless the time will soon arrive when, hy the rsi id extrnnon of our city aloagthe Hudson River, rod by the increase of population along its shore, it will be for the interest of thia road, and for the convenience of a large number of our citizens, to run trains in connection with the Hudson River Kail road, if such arrangement can be satisfactorily made; and whenever the business will warrant such a connection, be it sooner or later, it will atlord the directors great pleasure to make it. The in:er?st nianit'-sted by the citizens of Roek land county in behalf of the growih and prosperity of the city of New York, is duly appreciated. The chaws and insinuations against the directors, of being iniluenced by private conaiderationa of gam or speculations in land in New Jersey, or in the Not as of the railroads n furred to, are treated with th^ contempt they men*. The director* do not now, neither havr they ever.directly or indirectly, owaed one foot of land on the shores of New Jer sey, opposite New ) ork, or one dollar in the stocks ??? ili?- railroad* r?f'rred to. A large proportion of the property of the directors ia invested in real estate in the city of Nsw York, and in the a gtr? gate amounts to some millions of dollars. saJ tney are deeply interested in all that cis her growth and prosperity. Hence, the imputation of engaging in any movement tending directly or indirectly to ininre its proeperi y, is so palpably absurd as hardly to nred 8 refutation. The directors have given to this work a great l>ortion of their time and labor for several years l#*t, without any hope of private gain or emolu ment ; and now th? y have nearly broight their labors to a close, and the city of Neiv York will rn tilt from the completion of the l.rie Kailroad a boon second only in its result to the completion of the Kne Canal. This haa been the object which has cheered and encouraged the director* amidst all ib<' ' mbarrassnicnts and difficulties which they have had to encounter. The imputation that they would now, through ignorance or stupidity, or for private gain, engage in a i , nxpiracy to divert from this city any of the anticipated benefits of this work, and that citizens living ip another part of the State should ask to in i?rf<r? l? t*fi n thp directors and the interest of our citizens, is too iasulting to deserve any notice but a feeling of indignstion, and but for others, would have been treated with silent contempt, (^ned) Bbntamt* Lor>*a, Homrb Ram^mix, Hansv Siiii.orn, Wiixiam B. Summon*, I iambi, f Mum, M?r?h?u. O Kosbbts, Hmt SfiTtiaH, Jr. Thobias W. Oals, Wiixiam K Udmi, Cm ABt.na M. Latrpp, >?iaiMRBn K*app, Tnannoai f)moN, Sax ia'. Mab^h, Jow? J Phbt.is, (>?Bn?i iTTa Smitti, Norman Wbitw, Thomas J T'i?nnwn, Director* of ike New York tad Km R R Co. New Y?rk, Feb tub, 1861 TIM ISM. TA? Natumai ff.n- & the 24?h inst. pafc. li?hei? i he followijjf'table of the population of the several .States. named. The aggregate has bees published in the Mtw York Herald:? t'n t fopu- lleprntn- So. ?/ Rsprt STATKi* UltliHt. Sluvtt. l-itivt po. trnUttiff Iu. -.v,. putMi**. and fraclinu. Maine 5H2.026 ? ? ft 22,970 N. Hampshire, <?IH,003 ? ? 3 38,475 Massachusetts, 99 1,724 . ? ? 10 62,964 Vermont 314,328 ? ? H. 34, 794 Hhode Island. 117,4.49 ? ? 1 51,373 Connecticut... 370.9l? ? ? 3 91,385 New York. ..3,098,818 ? ? 83 24,019 New Jersey. . 489,868 52 ? 6 24,019 Pennsylvania. 2.341,201 ? ? 25 11,994 OMo. . 1,981,940 ? ? 21 *5,244 Indiana 990,288 ? ? 10 58,499 Wisconsin... 305,596 ? ? 3 29,068 Michigan.... 397,676 ? ? 4 24,878 Illinois 860,000 ? ? 9 11,416 Iowa 192,000 ? ? 2 5,649 California .... 200,000 ? ? 2 13*641 Maryland.... 492,661 96,355 546,874 6 80,994 Virginia 940,000 460,000 1,216,000 18 4,712 N. Carolina. . 576,000 288,000 748,000 8 2,640 8. Carolina.. 280,000 360,000 490 000 5 24,129 Georgia 665,000 365,000 774,000 8 28,592 Florida 45,000 22,000 58,200 1 ? Alabama 440,000 33U.000 639,000 6 78,994 Mississippi... 300,000 320,000 492,000 5 29,129 Louisiana.... 250.000 200 000 370,000 3 90,472 Texas 120,000 60.000 150,900 1 66,824 Arkansas. . .. 150,000 45 000 177,000 1 83,824 Missouri 690,000 91.547 644,928 6 85,872 Tennessee.... 800.000 250 000 950,000 10 18,246 Kentucky.... 782,000 211,000 908,600 9 70,016 Delaware.... 90,277 2,332 91,676 1 ? 222 entire rorur.vnoN. Free Stavet. Free States 13,571,797 ? Slave States 6,409,938 3,075,234 District and Territories. .. 197,985 3,506 Total 20,182,720 3.1/78,734 The enure representative population is about 21, 710,000. The ratio of representation will be about 93,170. As the law of 22d May, 1850, determines the ?umber of representatives at 233, and as but 222 of these are provided lor in the foregoiDg table, with out taking them from fractions, it will be necessarjr to select from the States eleven having the largest fractions, to eaoh of which are to be assigned a re presentative, to make up the entire number. The States entitled to Representatives for suck fractions will most probably be Massachusetts, Rhode Islandt Connecticut, Indiana, Maryland, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, and Kentucky? 11 The States which gain, irrespective of the frac tion, will be Pennsylvania 1. Illinois 2, Mississippi 1, Michigan 1, Missouri 1?6. The States which gain, in all, are as follows* viz Arkansas 1, Indiana 1, Illinois 2, Massscha setts 1, Mississippi 1, Michigan 1, Missouri 2, Penn sylvania 1?10. The following States lose, viz:? Maine 1, New Hampshire 1. New York 1, North Carolina l,Soutk Carolina 2, Vermont 1, Virginia 2, Rhode Island 1. The free States gain six members and lose four. The slave States gain four and lose six. SKORGIA. Returns from Georgia have been received at the Census Office, except those from Baker, Floyd, Troup and Richmond counties. The returns, so far as received, make the free population of this State 501,451 Slavee 356,956 868,416 Add the estimated population of the coun ties not heard from 62,206 Total 929,616 O ENS RAJ. VIEW OF TIIK CENSUS STATISTICS OF OHI* A*D ITS TOWNS. [Froai th? Cincinnati Uaaatta, Feb. S3.] We have given in six sectional views, the ca? sus statistic* #>f the population, towns, and growth of Ohio. These sections were the Miami V alley, the Sciota Valley, the Mineral Region, the West ern R*n?rve. the Central Wheat Belt, and the Northwest. Those who are familiar with Ohio, know that these sections are each distinguished from the others, in many important particulars. Geologically they are widely different, as the rea der wili find, by looking into the reports of Messrs. Mather, Locke, Fouler, and Whittlesey. They are likewise inhabited in a (rood degree, by people from different States. The Miami Valley was orig inally settled largely by Jerseymen, induced to be come pioneers by Meaars. Symmes, Dayton, Lad low, dcc. The Sciota Valley was chiefly settled by Virginians, under the lead of the Ma^aies, Worthingtons, & c. The Western Reserve, as we stated, chiefly from Connecticut ; and the great wheat counties of the centre, mostly by Pennsyl vania Germans All these varioua settlers have in the main, proved good citizens, and may with out vanity, but with a iust self-respect, point th? world to the fruits of their conduct and industry. They may tell the world, with an honest patriot ism, that this young and unpretending Stale is filling the ahips on the Atlantic, and feeding the miliums of the old world, with the corn and wheat and butter, from their thrifty firms ; and giving, under their aimple republican institutions] exam ples of labor, of virtue, of energr, of successful en terprise. of frank manners, and honorable con d act, which other nation* will h irdly find surpassed ia the long pages of their recorded history. But that ia an aside, which we must leave for the statistics before us By combining the six sections we have given before.the aggregate view of the growth of the State is as followa, viz : Strut ?. 1840. 1860 Inrrtaitptr C4. Miami Vallay 3S3.70B 602 241 43 serosal Bcloto Valley m,268 208 041 3?H ? Mineral Region 2W812 389, 1M U '? Wheat Belt 417 241 41V 4>* 8 ? Wmtern Reserve... .337 229 309.876 30 u North went 101,70* 171 874 70 M Total 87 counties. ..1? 19, 447 1.980.190 30* 11 The three upfer of these sections are what ia called the " swuthem" part of Ohio, and the three lower sections th#* 4' northern" part. Let us com pare these sections 1810 I860 Southern Ohio 773 378 1 069 Ml 37 ?sr asa* Northern Ohio 746,179 930 7C9 33>i '? Had the northern part of the State increase 1 as much aa the southern, we ahoiild have had 110.000 more inhabitants. II a<l the " Wheat Belt" in creased equally with the Scioto Vailey, we should have had, iu that section alone, 1<M?,000 more ; and had the Weatern Reserve increased equally with the Miami Valley, we should have had 90,000 in that section Th^ opening of railroads to the towns of the lake s and the principal counties of the wheat district, will probably give the .northern part of the State a much great< r impetus in the next ten years, than it has had in the la? So also in the southern part? the just hegianing de VWfMMtt of the " mineral region" will producn the same effect, in the next ten years, as the Schuylkill coal region has on Pennsylvania, ia the last. So also of Cincinnati? ita growth (ua leis arrested, by* Providential misfortune*.) will surpasaintv future what i' has done. We are now just < the beginning of the great wave of commer'-' and manufactures, which has recently swelled the wealth and popu ation of Maseachu setta, N w Vork, tind MM ylvania. < >ur town growth i ? juat beginning Oir coal and iros are just begi ing to look a' ground ; OlfSayltM is beginni. o inrreas- ; ? ir commerce ?* swelling, and will coutiiine t ' swell, with th?? tremendous energy which ha. already made the tonnage of our infernal trade greater than that of the foreign. The town growth of the laat ten years has beea aa follows i? )??*. I860 Miami Tallsy M 60* 140 6>>6 140 per esnt. Potato Valley ... 1? 3?8 36 361 130 ?S. Mineral I' . . 16?o? 38 843 h. da Wheat Helt 16 101 21, 1*8 70 dS. Weetsro Reasrvs. .13871 28 .151 130 da. N rth???t 4 943 11 464 1W da. Total 133 320 271 761 13* do in l*M), the town population of ' >hio (over I, (>00 each) was 8 per cent , and in IHftO, we find it 11 per cent. Thus we aee, that the civic populstinn is now increasing v?ry rapidly. This is always the case where th?- land is all taken up, and oa this increase of civic aad manufacturing population depends the market for agricultural produce Withi ut it, the surplus produce of farms would be a drug almost without price The civic popula tion of New York (in towns over 1,000 inhibitaata each) is .10 per cent of the whole population. H id the town population of Ohio equalled that of New York (;to taia) we should have h td fo ir hundred! thonsind inhabitants more than we have. So, also, the town population of Pennsylvania ia 2ft per cent, and if our town population had been the aame per cent on the preseot agricultural popula tion, we should have had two hundred and fifty thousand more The nvic population of ? >hio 1s just beginning Heretofore nerstrsng'h has been sgricultural, and it has given her a atronger basis than say other State The developement of her youth haa been unsurpassed, and so will be her future Sfobtino in California ?The following ad vertisement appears in one of the San Praariseo papers, showing the manner in which the light fingered gentry are treated in that '^art of the world ?,T Notice to timber thievea and whar rats ? 1 The gentlemen whe are ir. the liabit o* casting adrin piles aad Inmber, s.od stealing from wharvea during the night, are reepeetfafly in formed that if they meddle wi'.'n the timber moored behind my office, or remove lumfeer from the wharf, after dark, they *dl be ahot A watch man ia oa the premise* Oioana Goeboi .?