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anURm CORRESPONDENCE. 1
Omr WuklnfUm Correapondcaoe. Washington, Starch SI, ? TV Cc-mjuj Return.*, ami the Xmr York L . the Higher Lute. "*l"> U"' e The Department of the Intc' , .. .... ... .ior has been ad dressed by the Governor of tr ... . . . . . .e State of New \ork, to know whether the cer ^ ?.vc boen re. determine what MMi o repiw that State is entitled to in the <- ongrc ^ ^ ^ United States, under the new apportion! .acnt, and I perceive by your Albany cor "?PO^.eacc, that the quid nunc* there look for With pleasing anticipations, to an extra session ??(>the Legislature, in case the Secretary of the /T?terior answers in the affirmative. If this is the object of the inquiry, it displays great ignorance of the subject. The last apportionment was to include tho 32 d Congress, and all members of that Congress must consequently be elected under the old appor tionment. Therefore, if the Secretary were to an swer that the ratio hnd been made, the Legislature of New York would not he called upon to act in the ?utter till its next session, at soonest, and if the present Legislature, in order to district the State to ?ait itself, won to act now, the next Legislature could overturn its work before the members were olected. But the Secretary of the Interior cannot furnish the information called for. The new apportionment cannot bv made till all the returns (including Cali fornia) are received here, and 1 understand that aeveral States have yet failed to make complete re tains. When they are all received, they will be divided by 283, (taking three-fifths of slave popula tion); the number of members under the new ap Btionment law, to establish the ratio of represeu i?n. The population of each State will be divided by the ratio, and the deficiencies which must exist will be supplied by taking representatives from as many of the largest remainders as may be accessary to complete the number ? tS. There is absolutely no necessity for any undue haste being exercised in the matter. In the first place, the enumeration of the population, acting as it does as a basis of representation, is a most im portant proceeding, and no mistakes should be made by which an injustice would be committed upon any Stale of tbe Vnion. In the next place, the information is not required for State action till next year; and besides all this, if it were now ready, there is no appropriation for publishing it. The prereut census will be Htnarkable for the vast amount of correct and valuable information it will embrace ; and 1 believe its compilation and arrange ment could not have fallen into better hands. '1 he Secretary, Mr. Kennedy, Is a gentleman of intelli gence and information, who has taken a pride in the work entrustid to his charge. The whole ar rangement of the schedules, fitc., is the result of his investigation and suggestion, and 1 have every rea son to believe, from looking at the work, as it pro ceeds in liis office, that it will be not only acredi table to him, but eminently valuable to the country. Some complaints have been made in New Vork, of omission on the part of the deputy marshals to call upon certain families. Wherever an instance cf neglect has come to the knowledge of Mr. Ken nedy, he has at once had it remedied. In many in stances, however, it is found that the returns fiave been correctly made, and that the omissions com plained of were purely imaginary. . iou may rest assured that the administration has commenced in carta st to put down " higher law ' dortrim s, so far as its officials are concerned. It is determined to prove by acts as well as word", that it discountenances abolitionism and disunion in ail its rhupes. Our Albany Corrri|ioiidrii(r. Albany, April 1, WW. TTu Bill ( hi zing Elvrt <i Miihmn of the Cuiiil Hcrtnut*, jnsatd throng h tht Assembly. The most important bill, in truth the only bill of any magnitude , which ha.? engaged the attention of the presect Legislature is the one passed to a third reading in the House, " to provide for the enlarge ment cf the Lrie canal, and the completion of the Black River aud Genesee Valley canal*." A scheme originated with <?oM-rnor Hunt, in his mes sage at the opening of the present session, to en Urge the l.ric canal more speedily than the method de-ignatcd by 'he conrtitution, by issuing certifi cates, transferring in advance for a series of yean, the surplus revenues of the canal*. ILL* excellency told the Legislature that they had the right thu to dispose of that | ortion of the canal tolls, provided the certificates were takcu at the risk of the owners. Well, before the canal committee of the House ventured upon thi> esjxrdieiit of pledging the re venues, the bill which had beeu drawn out in ac cordant with the < iovernor's views, was submitted to the inflection of 'ohu C. spencer, Samuel Ste vens, and Itaniel Lord, three distinguished legal gentle men, for an opinion h<>w those revenues could be pieiigi d without a violation of the financial pro vision of the constitution of 1840. This opinion appeared in print 011 the 5th day of March, and ou the 13th of the same month, the canal com m it tee of the House. Mr. Orlando Allen, of Buf falo, as chairman, reported the present bill. ? This hill is clearlv unconstitutional. It ha' here tofore been alluded to in the columns of the IfrukL, but the great wrong which i* being inflicted upon the people, we believe will justify u-< in again call ing the attention of your twenty thousand daily readers to the suhjeet. The bill proposes that de posits may be maile in the State treasury for the yrar In&l, to the amount of two uiilliens ot dollars; in the year K/<i. three millions, and during the year 1853. such further sum b? shall be found necce?sary to complete all the canals ? and in return such de positors shall receive certificates, signed by the trea surer, and attotcJ by the Secretary of State, under his official seal. The rate of sis per cent interest is to be |.aid out of the surplus revenues, by the State upon such certificates. This i? not all? the bill authorizes the Conptrol m ler to reeehc those certificate' at par, for the 'aio? ?iw ? and j arposes as he is now authorized by law to receive flic stocks of this State from as-<>ciaiion* or individuals enga d in the business of banking, and deliver bills to the amount of certificates dep?> ?ited Notwithrtai.ding '.lie pledging of the revenues, in order to induce capitalists to <iepo-it their means, and bankers to issue bills, still this bill declares in Hs < tghth section, that depositor' shall not be deem ed <o l.aie any claims against the S ate for the pa\ meut of such deposit#, other than an appropria tion of the suip.u-1 revenues. Who is so credulous a* to believe, for s m>ai~tit, that the State of New York would dare to repudiate a dollar's worth of those certificates! Not a single member, certainly, of the present Legislature. This bill, obnoxious and unconstitutional as it is, has been harried to a third rending in the I louse, and probably by this time, has been read the third and last time. ltthcngo*sto the Senate for eon ?idcrat mil. and an attempt will be made there to run it through with railroad -peed An important eketion is appr'iaehing? on the unfinished t*>rt ion of the hric eotial, and through the line of the Black river and t -enesee Valley canals, tbousan>ls of la Vorers are wanting to be placed, of a particular party creed, whose vot?-? will be necessary at the n* it election ? and from indication* about the ("a fitol, no longer time will b< giw-n than can p??i ly he avoided to run the bill thro ugh. W. Aijaiy, April 1, 1*51 Afpr*f A<*rd for th* .ViH' For /It Pitbtn I*, ft Jut ion'. Mr. Wheeler, Chairman of the Finance Commit tee. in the House, has reported a hill making va rmua appropriations, among which are the fol lowing, for the benefit of the charitable and bene volent institutions in the city of New York;? flew York Hospital WW Brat iml tluah Institution it> H.w V?ek Orphan A?y!um ssi Prtace Ptf?et Orphan Asylum MM fwstitutioa for the Mm.... 1X4*0 Juveaiie Delinquent* ?<ss? Total *W.7*0 *lso fn? i .,iomi?.ary Oeiwral s iN-partment . . . . Br%?<l? Jnspretof* JW VUitary evpeases,... H-VJUO The above amounts will probably be distributed ?s they appear in the above schedule ? they are all wh eh has Wen asked for the various objects there in contemplated. W. Owr Baltimore ( nrr*?pntnl?nft. March 31 , Mil. Aanryrfw* prrjwirmg for fV Jmrtiim ? Tht n <4hrr JtmnthiiHr Ural ?<Ml >fu?vi ? C'rmmrrrr, tfc. li i? generally conceded that the tarn out of oar ?ra department, to-morrow, to wclfnB? and e?eort !fcrongh the city the Amtrwu? Fire Company, of Now York, will far e*oeed any previous turn nut la tkii city A number of the rompanic* will have itotr apparatus drawn by boraec, and nearly all procured new equipment* especially for the o? #aMon TVy will be met at I larre dc < irac; by a of reeeption. ooapomrf <>f <*??? 'Hcgau from ??wti company. and on reaching Hroadw?y will ? ?Mriarch and fell in line with the proca??ioa Tbe worbman araetill at worb night and day to repair tbe Brother Jonathan, bnt wll not bare her roidy for oea before Katur-iay n??*t It H al?i ?aid Mat >ut will iaaki ? uiai tr>p 4?wa il?? toy bvfeca ^ac uiokc bcr final dejuurture. The damage done to her war princi|>?Hy caused l)y the friction of the I shaft on the eeutres of the disabled wheel, during the four days the w?.- heading fur Baltimore with one wheel in motion, and the -haft turning through the eeutrrsnf the other. The real estate uiuuia in Baltimore continues to r?tge to an astonishing extent. Our large property holders consider themselves one-third richer than they were at this time last year, and are raisiug their rents in accordance. ( 'u Saturday, the ol?l mansion house of the late John Dounel, the last of the Exchange I'lacv palaces was sold for the saw of $2f?,i*>0 ? to Ve immediately turn down, and its place supplied by three warehouses. Exchange place who formerly the court end of the city; but the old mansions have all now, with one exception, given win' to warehouses, and a treaty is on foot to convert the Exchange Hotel into au immense ware house. The number of vessels, exclusive of buy craft, in the port of Baltimore, at the close of lust week, was 9 ships, 10 barks, 17 brigs, and 43 schooner# ? amounting, in the aggregate, to 79; of which num ber, 2 are up for Cliagres, 2 for California, 3 for the West Indies, 1 for Bremen, 1 for St. Mark's, and 1 for the Spanish Main. Oar Philadelphia Correspondence. Philadelphia, March 31, M51. The Finmen ? Ruurdyi$m ? Bud Frtiow Caught ? New York Fire Company, fc. The first spring month is going out with a day that, for warm sunshine and dewy showers, would not be out of place amid the most genial of April's bantlings. The Arc rowdies of Moyamcnsing have been arouzed from their wintry torpor by the warm weather, and resumed their vile incendiary habits. Last night, a stable belonging to two poor men, was destroyed by fire, and a horse and carriage con sumed. Another incendiary attempt was discover ed while this fire was in progress, and promptly ex tinguished. The arrest of the directors of certain fire companies in Southwark, has engendered a bit terness against the Marshal's police, and one or two companies have resolved ti go out of service. Some of the firemen, not snti.-fied with this, run out towards the the, last night, and blocked up tile streets so that other companies, willing to help put out the tire, could not reach the s|>ot. The present hostile feeling between the firemen and Marshal's poliee, will, it is feared, lead to somcthiug serious, it a coiaprumiac is not effected. Michael Nulty, one of the most desperate of the Schuylkill Hangers, against whom a charge of arson and riot is pending, wa- captured yesterday by some of the Marshal's police, lie was traced to a ?anal boat, but resisted manfully, uutil the officer poised his revolver, when he gave up. He was lodged in prison. The Ainericus engine company of New York reached Walnut street wharf this afternoon, about 3 o'clock, where they were received by the Diligent hose company, sixty strong, in citiicn'a dress, head ed by our famous Beck's brass band. The manly deportment and gallant bearing of the visiters, their splendid apparatus, and the music of Dods worth's celebrated baud, were all the subjects of admiration. They visit the Walnut street theatre and a grand ball of the Hope hose company, this evening, besides various other divertiseiuenU in the shape of collations and suppers. The owners of the swift steamship Prometheus Lave ju-t concluded a contract here, by which an iron boat of light draught is to be built at thePetm Works of lUuney, Neaae it Co., for the navigation of the Sun Juan and Luke Nicaragua. She is to be 120 feet long, with stern paddle wheel, and two high pressure engines. The contract requires its completion in ninety days. Philadelphia, April 1, 1851. Apt I F< (Aery ? .Vint Statistics ? '1% Nnr Three Cent Fiat ? Fatal Accident ? Attempted Murder of a Wife. The only successful hoax for the day was an an nouncement of the arrival of a slaver, captured off the coast of Africa, by the U. S. schooner Flirt, which carried a large coucur-e of |>ersons to the whurf where the vessel was reported to be lying, they being green enough to suppose that the slaves would be brought here. Through the ptUiMMS of E. C. Dale, Esq., Treasurer of the U. S. Mint, i am enabled to send the follow ing statistics of that institution: ? Coisaoi is MttiH, 1V.1 Uttfd C 't/inm+t ?2M v. : double $;um.wo hu If eifd* 4 . . 24'S.31*i 88 lt>4 t|iiiirt ?-r ? *? ? ) UoUar- ?'? * ' ?-4.1M piitl-i, \alu*' 7JW SUvtr Coinunt. lii&.OUU httlf diun . 6 40U ( \tjtj *rr Cm nu jf t . 6.'Wi 7P9 r? ut? 6.537 1*9 1.314 }?i talue W 'iliis is the largest coinage ever effected within the *uuic period in t h i.- country. '1 he total gold bullion de|>.^ited for coinage from the 1st to31-t Murcb, Ml, inclusive, was ? Kr><ui tVHfnrnla f'J 'M 000 from other source. 37.000 Total pj.ti71.000 The silver bullion de|<osiUd in the same time was fH.UNl. All tht dejKj-it- made at the Mint since March II. have been paid promptly on the ascertainment of their value, and a large supply of coin has accu mulated on hand, amounting to ?>ver $2,KM,IM). Ik ducting tfiOO,OU9 for old de]M>sits, payable but undrawn, and ?m0Mi,<RIO for deposits not ascertained, there is .-till a surplus bevood all demands of f 1.3tm,0l>0. The following is the account of the I". S. A-'-i-t ant Treasurer: ? 1W1. Ccb M ? MnUnr<- $531 W 4# Miir Ii .11 ?llrei'ipls? i u- 1 ? |WMN 77 I'.-t 1*1. i- !?> !ml ? ? I'l-usion*. uii-< tlUneous 67.072 lo t-ta-.M* n I'JW ft* 31 f?,< m? ?? * ? Treasury draft* . . . $MM1& M l*i -t <ffl. <? warrant" '.'4" 19 J'- Dfi' ii- iu?? n ?t on l..?u- ke J?> ?> 1 4 44 ftm.KS'l m ?*lan*o 0*4** ?1 Pre] Hiatiou* are makii g for a large iMt of the three cent c<?m from the .Mint at an early ilay. My authority fr?m the Trearary Department, a gr< ut | ait of lot- ?ilver builiua fuml will be converted in to the*? piece*, and after reserving a ?ufli -icnt "up l>I v foi the wio? government officer, the balam'r will be ??xrimuged tor deposit.' of foreign nilver coin* or bullion, a -xl al?o for American goldor?ilver coin. A fuiol in Hhaalai provided fur procuring future -upf-li* ? of silver bullion for thi# eoiaoge, *? that the public il?inan<h may be promptly aatiafiied. Tn [in i I In ?mwlaliiia uf thi* kind ?f com in mglf hand*, not more than # I ?> ? worth will be ?old to one applicant. The lea^t amount to by told will be #311 The coin will b? delivered in dirtant citfc* at the expenae of tbc Mint, m the copper coini* now distributed. W illiaai I Miffy. an elderly man cm ploy ml on the Columbia Kailroad, near the colUct >r ? office, Wc*t Philadelphia, w?i croaked to death thi- morning by a tram backing upon kini, while cleaning out a switch. < hri'tian Burkbardt, a < ?ermnn, of di?*ipated habit*, attempted to murder hi* wife I act night, in the I ranklin market, Ken*ington, by cutting her throat with a ra*or. The* had been lining apart fnr *<NM time, but la*t Bight he went to her hou*e, and after eating 'upper, invited her to take a walk with him. .**hc in dreadfully mangled, and h?r re covery i* doubtful. Burkbardt ha* ?o far eluded the i-olice. 0*r Jtrwy Clt)r < orr??pon?t?iiee. Jm-.iv Cm, March *, MM. TV ,Vi* ftfjr Vharttr?TWi Ktfe? 7V IkU of <Ar?ef CVjT. #*r. " Westward the *t%r of empire roll'." V e?terd?y we held tbc election f'rr the new charter. The poll w?? a very light one, but it wai all one way. In Jerwey City, oat of ton* live hundred vote# polled* there were but three Bgma*t the charter. In Van Vor?t townahip, the opposition mastered forty-*r*en *ote?, while the charter men polled about fovr hundred and fifty. There were great re joicing* wben the remit w*< known. In Jer?ey C "ty, or rut her the First and Hecund ward*, one gen. tleman raiaed a fund for tar barrel*, by rmall loan* of fifty cent*, and afterward* informed the lender* that it wa? pro twmn /hUi/i'V. In Van TtnL or the Third and Fourth ward', great iieinon?t ration' were ma?le? *h?>uting* and ben Arc* for John Van Vor*t, tlie popular yung BMiWr if Aamblf, from that township, wbo aided the pe??age of the charter ; while demonstration* aot rjuite *oona plunentary were made for the enrem benefit of another pronnnent ritiaen of that place, who led off the glnriou* band of ftwty-?ercn " no charter men." ? 'ur citv now contain* over thirteen thou*and people. We have four ward#, each electing four al dermen! a mayor to be elected by general ticket, a recorder, to bold n?ce for five y?ar*, al*o elective. Tbe chief engineer i* to he electcd by tb? fire de partment The debt of Je?#y City fa* formerly it e*i?t*d) I* a funded debt of fifteen thon*and dollar*, and per lini 0 >oi?e ?e altering liability* of ttnall amount. ill kiioie. ai coaiuvii n highly crtditablc te tbc city administration for the past three tears. During thut time, the streets have oeen paved; sewereoon- ] structed ; an efficieut Are department, police aud w at eh orKuiiiit.il ; t he streets well lighted ; aud a Ine public school with capacities for instructing a thou sh iid children, put into operation. Van Vori<t town ship, or llarsuuus, contains over five thousand peo ple. This, wiw comprising the Third and Fourth wurds, is in its iufuncy, but is rapidly growing, and has fine eapaeities for improvement. < in the Coles' properly, many fine buildings have been erected, tjiu streets laid out. The old Van Vorst pro perty, bordering Communiaaw Cove, is also ru pidly filling up with fine dwellings. Lots in the ilarsiinus division of the neweity, range from one thousand to fifteen hundred dollars. Our uUetion under the new eharter conies off on Tuesday week. Our taxes are light, us by the charter no more than five mills 011 tnc dollar can be raised for city pur poses, on the actual value. The .Sate taxes, you know, are paid by the Camden and Amboy Co., who pay the State teu cents a head for passengers, and take about a dollar from each passenger, the ninety cents being for commissions. Our city must go ahead. Nine cheers for the churter! Ofcr Boston Correspondence. Boston, March 29, 1851. Reform* in the legislature? Gen. Scott ami the Prtsl~ dnuy?The V. S. Senatorial Q*estio*?TrW oj Carry for the Murder of Hayward, fc. *' ? Our Legislature is very busy in carrying out the great work of "State reform," for which, ostensi bly at least, the coalition was formed. A law pro viding for the secrcsy of voting at the polls has passed the Senate, and will now pass the House. The general opinion is that the whigs will suffer by the operation of this law. A proposition is before the Senate providing for a substantial change iu the details of our system of representation, but rather strengthening its spirit. It will take two years to mature the measure. Should it be adopted, the Boston delegation in the ll,?use of Representative! will be cut down about oue third? that is, from 44 to 30? and other large towns and cities in proportion. No place, whatever may be its sue, is to have more than thirty representa tives; and each town, however small it may be, is to be represented every year. The Senate, too, will be affected to a considerable extent, as it is proposed to cut the State up into forty districts, each to return one Senator. Under the existing sys tem, county lines are generally observed, and the forty Senators are divided among them according to population. Through single districts, the people will be better represented in the Senate than they have been under the present arrangement. It has often been the ease that while the opposition has been ten thousand ahead of the whigs in thepopu ai vote, it has not had one member of the Senate. This glaring evil hud as much to do in bringing about the coalition as any other single point that entered into the affair. The success of this and other reform measures will depend, to a certain V*' tent, upon the disposition that shall be made of the United States Senator question. A law providing for the election of Presidential electors and members of Congress by a plurality of votes has been passed. This was n"t *,^rt.y . , sure. It was supported by men of all Partes, but the whigs alone will gain much by it. 1 hey will save money and secure Congressmen by Us exist ence The democrats supported it because they hope that the wliigs will quarrel over the n^nia tions for Congress, and themselves Fo^ thcreby, but the whigs will not do anything of the lund. There is but a small chance of seeing democrats in Congress from Massachusetts during the present e iteration. Their Capacity for governing has not een so extraordinarily developed at home as to render their presence at Washington very desirable. The Scott movement increases in boldness every dav among our whigs. Almost all the old whig papers in the Hate are either friendly to it uPe?l>' or are ready to adopt the heroic candidate at the fir " moment they can .1.. so with effect. Alarmed at this state of things, the Boston Courier, '"PP^d to be Mr. Webster's organ, threw down the glo*e to the Atbx, yesterday, which that pajwr has takcu up, and given to the challenger quite a- good as he sent. IV' Las K"1 r,8ht Slde th ""'1'he work of " reform" is not confined to the legis lature. It is going on in the Bostou custom house, where, on the tirst of April (appropriate <Uiy for* he w,.,k) a number of hands are to be taken oft. 1 have it from a leading whig, a gentleman; w hose j? ,im enables him to sinak " by the card, that tbe onlv reason why Mr. Greely himself has wt been removed, is the refusal of the .-ve re a ry of the Treasury to carry out the wishes of both the 1 re -idem and Secretary of State. This seems to be a more probable story than that which represents Ik. l'i. sideut and the Secretary of Mate as be?i ng at loggerheads on the subject. Mr. Wcb.tcr is doing hiui?clt no g i by the small-potato business of tnkmg the printing of the laws from oUMashioned whig puisrs, the conductor* of which stood ui> stoutly for him when he was the object of bitter at friend'ship, nor even ordinary gratitude or ? ecency, among our i-oliticiaus. Men who aro as bad a* bad tui k- ut the hands of many of those with whom he is now so thick ; but there is neither honor, nor love, nor can be, are allowed to hold high office-, * the most lucrative character, while poor devils ot editors, who hardly ever had a ? crust" such as csen Bible Butler would have given away, are visited with ;tue full weight of executive punishment. 1 hethin- i "to > contemptible to be believed on anyother gn.undthan that wist it. There is a sort of ludicrous air thrown ov. r the matter, by the publishing ot the laws being transferred to religions |?p>-r?, on the Kr"'in' ; " pit suiuable. that the law and the gospel ^ould go together. It is rather rich, this resort of Mr. * d> in hi* <?1?1 aj?ef to the "pkmi* (Imige. Judge Alien ill be the ?enior counsel for the defend on the trial of the persons charged with having aided in the rescue of Shadra-h. Mr. ( honte will lead for the government. I he * of Shadrach has made a formal demand on the United States Marshal for the value of his ?]a\ t' There are two report* w to the Maranati an-wcr. < >iif is, that he told the lawyer that he "wi-hed he might get it," and the other, that he said he would " sec him d? d first before he would '"'There has transpired nothing of consequence eon <( r n in i: the Senatorial question. 1 lie fiee soi ilers to sti. k to Mr. Mininer until ,i, it It ?hall them part." Several members of the llou-e are sick, and very lively hopes ????*? tained by their opponents that they will not get I Her until after Sext Wednesday, when aootfier balloting will take place. u.vward The trial of Carey, who killed Mr. Itavwara, ti< k< t-master at the railroad station in Lincoln, to have th- trial held at ( oncord, where a court for th. trial of capital offences has not been held for I minrA^s The ground of the request is. that I all the witn* reside in the vicinity. I ' be do doubt of ( arey' guilt It is I his counsel will set up the plea that th. tickets muster had no right to arrest him. and that, there fore he acted legally in resisting the attempt. No one ' believe', however, that he will escape conv.c tion though the prospect in that he will escape the gallows ? not through executive elemeney for the V.re ?nt Hate administration is much more likely to EPL. ?? pardon. C OWHVA. Pcwrrio* <>r nt Si^tob Euct fiom Rhode Im.axi*. ? The following letter from Hon. ( harle* T. James, U. S. Senator elect from Khode I-land, i* an avowal of hi* principle", about which there be been >u<b a iliversity of opinion : ? " Having seen the l>'tt?ri published relating to me, I deem it an act of justice to my?e|f, to my frien<l* and to the public, to say: l*t. That I have never oa any occasion, nor to any person, said that 1 wim a whig. 2d. On the contrary, 1 have always be longed to the old democratic party. Sd. I tin in fa uir of a judicious tariff ? such no one a* will effec tually protect the labor of the country, by taxing, lightly, the necessaries of life, and heavily, tie luxu ries If there be one measure of government more ?lemocraJic than another, I consider that which, by 'urh na'aw, com j? l? the rich to give eaiploy uu nt and support to tb? poor, to be such. 4tb I am in favor or internal improvement* by the gene ral government ? especially on our (toutheru and Wfjtirti water", ?<? far a# the Mtmc can be carried out consistently with the constitution? and which the true intewxt* of our country ilemand. These two measure* I consider a* the only " leading whig measure*" of tfcf pre*cnt day. To these my a<*eat and ?ut> port are given, not because of any pledge to that effect, but b?<oause adopted by me runny year* since on principle. This i? all I con?ider to be em braced in my note to the Hon. William Sprague, and it wan ao rrgaaded nt the time it wai written Theae measure* are, io my estimation, not only whig, but democrat* ; i> ing at the very foundation of our national prosperity and great ncm, especially that of protection to our industry. "I regret exceedingly tfce necessity which compels me to appear in tJw- public pre"* in my own behalf, and was indncod to hope I should be left free to exert what little ability ami iniucnce I might pea se** for the benetl of our State and country in ac cordance with my best judgment, independently of party dictation ; and 1 rtill hold the Ixed determi nation, without deference to such dictaiion, to pur* ?ue ?ueh n line of r-onduet as in my judgment may best comport with the true interest* of our common country. Thus much I have said In jutice to my se If and other*: ami shall leave my eonrae in the N-nate of the I nitcd States tospeali for itself when the time may come. ( . n as. T.Jam&i. ritiioiikLiitJA, M tapA If, istf'j Reception of the Minister of Cot* IUc? by the PrtiWint. (From the National liitellip iirvr. April 1.] We announced, a few days since, that Son or 1)oii Felipe Molina hud preaented his crcdeutials^tu the President, and had been received as Envoy Ex traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the republic of Costa Hiea to the government of the Vuited States. We have since been favored with a copy of hit) address upon the occasion, and of the President's reply, which we insert below : ? 8KNOR Molina's address. Mr. Pbssidkxt I ? From the moment when, there appearing no probability of the Central American I uion ever being restored, Costa Hiea assumed the full exercise of her sovereignty as an independent community, she became alive to the necessity of strengthening her relations with foreign powers. She felt particularly anxious to do so in regard to the United States ? geographical situation and iden tity of political principles rendering the amity of this country an object of paramount interest to us. The President of Costa liica accordingly appoint ed me, more than two years ago, the Euvoy Extra ordinary to this government, as it appears by the credentials, confirmed by subsequent acts, which I do myself the honor to jilace in your Excellency's hands. Negotiations ot a very pressing nature, however, have prevented me from paying your Ex cellency, at an earlier date, the homage of my coun try and my own humble respects. Such negotiations, embracing the recognition of our political existence by the mother couutrv, the creation of a separate ecclesiastical establishment by the Holy See, and treaties with other nations, conferring on none any exclusive advantages, having been successfully con cluded, 1 am at length enabled to devote myself to the discharge of a duty the more gratifying to me, as, attached to America by the recollections of my early cdncation, I view with deep interest every thing connected with this land of freedom. Allow me, therefore, to assure your Excellency that the government and the people of Costa Kica are ani mated by the wannest feelings of friendship for this great nation, and to offer their earnest wishes for the continuance of its prosperity, and for the per sonal happiness of its illustrious rulers. Costa Kica, Mr. President, is but a rising State, yet she entertains the hope that her geographical position, her natural resources, the aptness of her population for self improvement, ana the stability ofner administration, will entitle her to the con sideration of the United States, and that she may succeed in forming as intimate a connection with this country .>? she has with any other poorer. We confidently trust in the wisdom and integrity of this magnanimous nation for the preservation of our rights many difli:ulties which may arise. We find already an evidence of the favorable disposi tions of this government, in the ship canal conven tion, lately concluded with lireat Britain, conse crating the principle of the independence and neu trality of the Central American States, and offering the mediation ofboth powers for the sctelement of conflicting claims in regard to the territories over which the contemplated route shall i>usg. 1 congratulate inyseic* on being called upon to be instrumental in facilitating that glorious enterprise, and I shall do everything in my power to deserve the approval ef the American government and people in the fulfilment of the different objects of my commission. THE president's REPLY. Mr. Minister : ? I heartily welcome you as the first representative which the republic of Costa Kica has accredited to this government. The I'nited States desires a continuance of those friendly and cordial relations with all the republics formerly composing the federation of Ceir.rul America, whicn they cherished with that confederacy throughout its existence. 1 learn from you that, in your opinion, there is no ground fur expecting a reunion of those States under a common government. This would be matter of profound regret. Severed as they now are, it is to be apprehended that their pros perity may not be as uninterrupted, und their pro gress in the arts of peucc a? sure and rapid, as if their foreign relations, at least, were under the direction of a federal chief magistrate. In any question, however, which may be pre sented to the consideration of this government, touching their relative rights and interests, they may all rely, and Costa Kica not less confidently than any of them, upon our impartiality und good will. ICccent events have tenJed strongly to at tract the attention of commercial powers towards that part of the American continent. Th-j United States, having territories on that continent washed by both the oceans which encompass it, feci the im portance of facilitating the intercourse between them, which must be carried on through Central America. Hence, they have u special interest in cultivating friendly relations with those republics, and your mission may be considered as a proof of a reciprocal disposition on the part of the government of Costa Rica, which isju>tly appreciated, and will, it inuy be hoped, lead to the strengthening of the bonds of concord and good understanding between the two governments. 1 trust that it will be taken in good part, if I take this occasion to express the strongest wish that these governments of Central America will not cm broil Uicni^elvcs in mutual wars. If they cannot unite us members of one general government, it must be the earnest desire, nevertheless, of all good men that they should not destroy themselves iu wasteful wurs with one another. 1 wi?h you per'onully, Mr. Molina, good health and a happy residence iu this country. Coat* Rica Mid Its Rttoarcfi. PROPOSED CAVA!- BOITC FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN. IFitm the National IMtlUptetr. April 1 ) We n av? had the pleasure of reading a concise and lueid pamphlet on the history and resources of Costa Kica, one of the .States of the late con federal of Xicuragua, &o., in which the value of the iufonnation given is enhanced by the impar tiality which is evident throughout the little work. The country which it describes ha* of late derived new interest from the various routes suggested and surveyed for an interoccanic communication by water across Central America. Costa Kiea, which is situated to the north of the Isthmus of I'aimniA, constituted, as we have "aid, a part of the Central American Union; but since the extinction of the federal government ? that it, for nbout thirteen years? It has been independent, and hits taken the rank and title of a free and sovereign republic. Its soil is ri<lh and produc tive, from the number of rivers which wuter the country, and which arc rendered more available by a well-ordered system of irrigation. The cli mate is very rainy for seven months in the year, from April to November, and, though moist and unhealthy on the Atlantic const, i* h-althy on the Pacific, while on the table-land of the interior, it is temperate and \ ' ry healthy. The population is about one hundred thourund, of whom ten thoi^ ?and are Indians. There are no negroes, and but fen mnlattoes. We translate a portion of the remarks of the in telligent author, ui relation to the several routee proposed for a canal between the Atlantic aud Pa cific ocean i? " If th ? great enterprise "hall some 'lay be rut in 0]>erati<>ii, the route of Nicaragua will probably be preferred to those of Tehuantepeo and I'aaauij, Cor the latter, thirty miles of land to be excavated, with an elevation of 177 feet,) and consequently the larger part if not (he whole of the projected canal will pass within the limits of Costa Kiea. In cast ing a glance at the plan proposed, it is observed that the course of the river ^an Juan to the l-ake of Ni caragua (ninety miles) and the waters of that lake, will, in any case, form means of communication up to that )>oirit. Hut, as to the distance from this lake to the Pacific, there are three plans to con sider. The first would, in leaving the lake, pr> eeed towards the river Tipitapa, (twenty mile-.) then towards the little lake Managua, (thirty-five miles.) and thence ascend a certain navigable river, which it wonld be ncee?sary to unite by an artificial work with an arm of the sea leading to the Pacific, near Keulejo. This route would be 277 milei long, but the di-tanec to be dug through would not exceed fifteen miles, and elevation to be overcome only 1*4 feet. " The ?econd route proposed is the one explored by Mr. Kailey, and which, by the gr<at lake, is to be united to the ocean, in opening the isthmus to the port of San Juan del Sur. Here there are also fifteen miles to excavate, but the elevation rises to ?137 feet. " lastly, the third route is that which would pnss hi the territr>ry of Coita Kiea, and whieh would re quire less extent of canal, (twelve mile*,) for the river Sspoa might be used, and the elevation at this point Is not above IK) feet, terminating at the port of Salinas. This plan offers the ini|M>rtant advan tage of ending on tne Pacific at the excellent port of Salinas, while the others terminate at no goo<l port, that of San Juan being an open bay. and that of Kealejo being on one side of the place where the canal is to teiminate. It is to be remarked that the route of Costa Kiea has, in common with that of Nicaragua, by the Lahe Managua, the eminent advantage over the others of being furnished with ?rater at the highest point for the support of the canal." The WKArnrn ti UrxToi.? Yesterday was the warmest day we have ever observed in Murch. the average of the three observations, at sunrise, 2 and 10 P7m., was 63. or three decree* higher than the next warmest, the 4th, in 1342. The thermometer, <est*rday, stood at or above 70, for eight hours. It aving i?en on only three occasions previously ob served in this month as high as 70, viz : at 71 on the 2*th. in 14*, and on the 4th, in 1*12, and 73 ?n the JUth, in IH4A. Yesterday was also the sixth day in the month in whieh the tb<*rmoMeter nose above HD decrees, a greafr number than on any prtveding Msr<*h within the lart twenty-sev^n years, except in ItfO. when it wis the same ? Bmiun Tmrtilrr, April I . Mrt'orti i. Vs w?f< r fltrtorv. nt <*ble?(o. IU, Was 4s* (~y*4 ?j Axe ?a the %tb lit. -toes. The Washington Apology for It* Central Autrlwii 8hort<mlii(i. TO rilK KD1TOK OK THE 1ICHAI.D. A Washington correspondent of the HerM, writing over the signature of "Jonathan," make* a long and rather plausible apology for the inactivi ty of the ruling powers of the United States, on the Central American question. The letter, however, conveys a false impression. We are told that the Clayton and Bulwer treaty was negotiated "for the sole purpose of procuring the safe prosecu tion of the proposed canal!" Ah, ha! is that to be the dodge nowl Is the administration, conforming to Mr. Bulwer's official declaration to Mr. Webster, that this treaty "had no relation, and wad intended to have none to the Mosquito question"? I say, is the administration going to take the British ground, and maintain this farcical Mosquito kingdom, to the betrayal of Ni caragua, and the everlasting stultification of the United States, which has officially declared that "it will never assent to the pretensions of any Indian to regal power upon this continent 1" As the Ameri can people understand the Clayton treaty, it was not intended for the " sole" benefit of a few specu lators in New York, but to put an end, now and for ever, to British aggressions in Central America. Such, we are told by Mr. Clayton, was its design, and in that conception it must be enforced. It is most true that it is, at this hour, openly violated by Great Britain, its provisions publicly scorned, and the honor of the United .States, which is involved in its full and prompt execution, every day grossly in sulted. And this is one of the principal grounds of complaint, on the part of the New York press, of which this treasurv fed correspondent affects to speak so lightly, but whose power is shown in nothing more clearly than in the confusion which its vigorous exposes create at Washington. This correspondent affects that there are provi sions in the treaty negotiated by Mr. Squier, which conflict with those of the Clayton treaty, and that the delay in adjusting these matters has resulted from the want of competent persons with whom to agree upon its modifications. This is about the fiftieth time this statement Ml been made, and per haps some people really begin to believe it. But who says tnut there a conflict, and who asks for a modification 1 Nobody under heaven except Sir Henry Bulwer. If, as this person pretends, the Clayton treaty recognizes the Auglo-Mosquitun king dom, then there is aconflict, ana not otherwise. If England intends to holdon to what she has got, and coutirue her aggressions in Central America, as she has recently done in the seizure of the island of Koatan, then, too, there is a conflict. The modifi cations which are proposed to Mr. Squier's treaty, arc of English instigation, and to suit the ends of British jxHicy. Does Nicaragua oak modifications] No. Do the people of the United States want mo difications'! No. But Lord 1'almerston, and his busy representative do, and the administration lis tens to them, and does their bidding. It is of this that the New York press complains. The rigmarole aoout the confusion of affairs in Central America, only shows "Jonathan's" igno rance. There is no trouble or confusion there, ex cept of English origin. The boundary disputes aro all parts of Chatneld's and Palmerston'.- policy, designed for ulterior objects ; and the recent im portation here, ol' a notorious cat's paw and tool of Great Britain, under guise of a minister from the British colony of Costa Kiea, to be played off by Bulwer; for his own ends, is part only of an audacious swindle both upon Central America and the United States, which it will bo, in due time, the duty of the troublesome New York press to ex pose. Three of the States of Central America havo al ready confederated ; a happy result due, in great part, to the exertions of our late minister in Central America. Renounce Knglish influence, and the other two States will gladly come into the new re public. Their people arc anxious for that result, and the revolution in Guatamala originated in a pronundameHto on behalf of the liberal Union [ party, ugainst the English servile, disunion fac tion. The Congress of San Salvador, Nicaragua, , and Honduras, is now in session, and nothing stands I in the way of their future peace and prosperity; ex cept the malign influence of Great Britain and its unscrupulous agents, who are now seeking to make the > United States a party to their purposes. We shall sec with what ruocess. Panama. Tile Return of Mr. Crlstoval Madait toC'uba. TO T1IE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. Sir ? Your Havana correspondence in Saturday's paper, ipeaks of a rumor having some currency there, to the effect that Mr. Cristoval Madan's re cent return to that placc was with a view of obtain ing indulgence froiu the government for hi* own al leged participation in the late revolutionary attempt of Gen. Lopez, by betraying his associates. Such a suspicion in regard to a gentleman of Mr. Ma dan's high character, and perfect honor, is so atro ciously calumnious, that, as one of hi* many friends, I cannot allow even its echo to be thus repeated here, without giving it a lull and prompt contradic tion, founded on my own knowledge ot the causes and circumstances of his return to.Cuba. Mr. Ma dun, after having been condemned provisi nally, in ! his absence, by a military lommiMon. on chargcs which he knew to be uiifoundcd, simply returned to seek a fair trial, so soon as he be came assured that u more settled order of things, under an intelligent, liberal, and conciliatory supreme authority in the Uland made it safe for aim so to do. Secure in a double reliance, both upon his innocence of the acts imputed to him, aud upon the res|>ectful regard which he had every reasou to expect to his rijrhts as an American citizen, he went to Cuba, confident of soon obtaining a legal reversal of his sentence. The provisional sentence under which he lay, re quired, of course, that he should be a prisoner till it< reversal in due course of law; and, accordingly, utter a couple of days allowed him for intercourse with the ?um< rous Iricnds who welcomed his arri val, he was required to take up his residence in the fortress of the Cabana, overlooking theeily and bay of Havana, with the free range of all its vast i extent, and permission to enjoy the constant society of his wile and child, who accompanied his return to | the Island. Such i-1 Mr. Moduli* I position, ai it in u-t remain for a few week-, when his friend-, both there and here, feel confident of hi* honorable re lease. Whatever absurd rumors may havo circu lated in that city of rumoi", no punon acquainted with that gcntlcumn cuuyt even for a moment, imagine him c?pab!e, under any possiblo circum stances, ot' the conduct attributed to him by the' " rci>orts," reported by vour correspondent, or, in deed, of any conduct unbecoming to the man of honor, integrity, and sclf-resjiect. 1 do not subscribe my nane, bccausc of my un willingness to appear in the newspapers, even for such a purpose us that which elicit* this note. It is, however, at the service of any gentleman who rn.iy desire to apply to you for it. " Your obedient servmt, K. ( heap Tripe to Europe. TO Til* IIIITOt OP Tilt. HERALD. While the most liberal arrangements have been made all over the continent of hurope, to convey passengers to and from London, the coming season, at a great reduction on the usual fare, nothing has as yet been done by the proprietor* of the several ines of paek? ts that ply between here and Liverpool, to^ induce the public to make a trip to see the great World's Fair. If one line of packets should adver tise to take passengers to Liverpool and back, for |100. the several other lines would follow their ex ample 5 and instead of leaving port with nerhaps twenty passengers, they would probably have as many a? they could aooouuaodatc. Seventy-Arc passengers, at |lt)0 cach, would yield more profit than half that number at f 150 each ? the present fare for both way*. Hy getting a passage to Liver pool ami back for |HW, a person might enjoy a plea sant trip to London and Paris tor the sum of Cheap fares are the mean.- of increasing public travel an hundred fold j and by holding out great inducements to visit London this present year, the roprietors of the several lines of packet ship* woul l na their benefit by their liberality. Bei.zosi. A Vksbraulk Assemklaoe.? On Thursday last, a gentleman of this city invited all his surviving brothers and sisters, with their wives and husbands, to dine with him. Thev all responded to the call but one brother and the husband of one sister. Seventeen in all were present, and their ages wero as follows: ? Ymr*. Venn. William, aged "1 His wife 74 I)avid '? 79 Abrahnm " 77 Polly, deceased 00 Her husband 7fl Aliee, aged WW " ?* 74 Betsy, " HH Srth, " HH His wife W >vbil, " H4 Her husband 75 Marshall, aged W2 His wife W I'arius, " 67 " " .42 Almira. " .56 #79 457 679 Seventeen persons present, whose ages amount- ? ed to 1,138 The two absent wi re < harles. aged 71, and Al mira' s hu?bund, whose age we do not know. I wo m? inber* of tbe family hav e dieil one Ic.tlier.ind one i-ter It is not often such an asscmblago is WitMCffd- Moftm TrnvtUtr, April 1. Marine Aftlw. ?TEAMHIir MRdTHKIt M.VltHlK. On board the il??er Brother Jonathan. Ilowc master, bound for Chagre*. four days from N-ew York, latitude 31 deg 16 miu.. longitude 7 '1 deg. 4?iu.. March Sid. 1801, ut twelve o'clock A.M.. u meeting of the officers, poaeca gers. aod crew having been called lu the tirnt cabin t? consult on the condition of the steamer. and the most advisable course to pursue. the following persons were appointed a committee to investigate and report ? H<-nj. K Nickerson. J. II. Young. It. 0. Berford. L Myers. and 11 A Truax. Your rouimlttee having before thein. from the officer* of the chip, the following as her true condition, re spectfully report. Tliat. her larboard wheel in rendered wlmlly useless by the key* having worked out from the centre of the shaft. and that her starboard, which Indi cates the aame difficulty. That we are now MM milea front Kingston . Jamaica : 5'il from the Island nf M a ran nana ; 3t?5 from Norfolk, Virginia, and 4ii0 from Wilmington, N. 0.. That we believe the run can lie made to Norfolk in about 100 hours. Ifhat we have on board a sufficient supply of coal, provisions and water for 100 days. Therefore, resolved ? 1st. That we have full confidence in the ability and good faith of Captain Howe, and oC the chief engineer. Mr. Sandford. 'id. That, aware fully of our present condition, our best course to pursue is to ruu direct for Norfolk. 3d. That wu recommend to Captain Howe to put the ship in the best condition within his power, and head her direct for the port of Norfolk. Va. The report having been read, it was unanimously adopted. 4th. That we have had every attention and comfort that could be desired, from Captain Howe, and the officers and stewart. A. J. Cnnoun. K. O. Berford. B. A. Nlckeron. W. J. Freeman. W. W McKiernon, i*. 1'. Dupree. 11. A. Kidder. ? . Stile*. K. Ogden, M. McCaffray. If. A. Turax. and all the passenger*. New Yohk. March '28. 1861. We. the undesigned, passengers on board the steam ship Brother Jonathan, which left New York for Chagren on the 1Mb Inst., beg to make known to the public that the accident which caused this steamship to put back, la only temporary, and that we are highly pleased with the performance of the ship, and we consider her one of the fastest steamships on our waters, as also one of the best sea steamships. We express to Captain Howe, and Pur M-r Mills, and the officers generally, our cordial approba tion of their gentlemanly- conduct and kimluess to the a passengers. We believe that the Brother Jona than would have made the passage to Cluigrcs in seven days, as she made upwards of thirteen miles an hour during the run. ISKN.IAMIN K. NICKKR80N. W 1 1. I.I AM II. DUPKKS. J. A KANOUSK. unit 110 other#. Anothi.r CLirr?:R ? Mr. George Kaynes. of Portsmouth. N. 11., is now engaged in luying down a clipper ship of 1.000 tons, for Messrs. Olyphant & Son. of New York. Mr. Itaynes is well known as one of the rr. *V, riyfr 1 n "? 1 ship builders in the country. In the prmiucUa of clippers lie has been quite nucccssful. The ship Homau. jo much admired in London, was built by him; also the Sea Serpent, now on the passage to California; and hist and greatest, the Witeh of the Wave, which will be launched in the course of this week. These vessel* are all of beautiful models, substantially constructed. Button villus. 31 tt u It. The Late Fire at North Woodstock, Conn. ? The West Killingly (Conn.) Tiitgmph of the 31st ult., speaking of tne late fire and loss of life at North. Woodstock, says:? The house burnt is the gate house on the turnpike between the villages of North and South Woidstock. About 4 o'clock ill the mor ning, Mr. Phillips, the tenant of the house, dis covered ever/thing in flaincs, and the same impulse led him and his wife, forgetful of everything else,, to rush into the street. The thought passed through his brain on the instant lie had attained safety lor himself, to see if his children, four in tiumber, who slept in the second story, were safe, and with a pa rent's fondness, he leaped up the stairs, but too late.. Three of the little ones were past the help of utwi^ and the fourth was so badly burnt as to die in a short time. Mr. P. was himself so injured by the flataes as to lose all power of sight. His eyes were almost literally burnt out, and he is suffering from other effects of this awful catastrophe. Mr. P. is an Englishman, and hus been very unfortunate hither to. His wife we do not understand to be materially injured. The family originally consisted of seven children, three of whom died by starvation, and consentient sickness on the Atlantic voyage, while the otner four were reserved for a later and eveo more horrible death. Lawyers in the United States. ? The people of the United States must be loud of law, notwith standing it is so extensive, for we see by Living ston's Imu- Magazine, that there are twenty-one thousand nine hundred and seventy nine lawyers in the country, or about one to every eleven hundred inhabitants, male and female, oldaud young, black and white, Jew and (I entile, bondaml free. Phila delphia county has four hundred and forty-seven lawyers, or nearly one to every nine huudred per sons. Pennsylvania has over seventeen hundred. If our own State is favored with a large amount, New York is more than doubly blessed, for it hao over four thousand three hundred lawyers. Mr. Livingston estimates that each lawyer in practice has an average income of $1500. This would make the aggregate cost of law in the Uuited Stated reach the enormous sum of nearly thirty-three mil lions of dollars. If this is not paying too dear for the whistle, generally all the client gets after the fees are fobbed, wv know not what it is. A year'* war oould scarcely cost niore money, and probably not prove more ruinous to private fiWtnne. A few years back and the expense of the general fgo v eminent, with all its various officer* and retainers, was not so great as this amouut. ? I'ni'.ivlrlphuA Ledger, jMardi 31. Bristol Bill." ? We learn that Brist.il Bill, confincd in the Vermont Stutc prison, at Windsor, is in excelleiit health, ami apparently good spirits. To a j>crson who recently conversed with him in tho prison, he expressed full resignation to his fate, and, saying that he exj>eeted to end his days there, ho pointed in a certain direction, remarking, rather jo cosely, that they had taken his measure for a grave in that quurter. lie is employed in a room with many other convict#, engaged in shaving scythe snaths. The warden of the prison says ho is just about the best, the smartest, and most diligent work man in the prison. A log about the eireumferenco of a man's hat, and eigutecn inches in length, id attached to his right leg bv a heavily liukcd chain, and at one end is a handle by which lie takes it up, and carries it along when marching with the gang to and from work, lie is the only one in the prison who carries the "log," and a strict eyo is kept on him by the officers. lie evidently has become aware that it is a very difficult place to escape from. The recent stories of attempts on his part to ccupe, aro wholly unfounded. On hearing of the conviction of Wilkes, he said, "1 wish I had hiin at work hero alongside of me." Jiin Kdgcrton, ho s uys, is a vil lain. ? Bwtvn IMttly Turn *, Mnrrh 31. Thk Govt. Trade ok ViKOr.M.v. ? The recent loss of four vessel* loaded at Baltimore with ' umber land coal, threatens the coal trade of that city with the most serious injury, and promises, so far ns tho use of bituiuinou.s coal in ocean steam navigation id concerned, to suspend the transportation upon tho canal and railroad for that purjaiae. We do not doubt but that the consumption ol < umbcrlaiid coal for domestic and manufacturing purpose" will con tinue to exist ; but the fact that any accidental wetting of a cargo of this coal, cither In loading of by leak, result# in such terrible consequences, will effectually prevent insurance ; nor will any passen gers trust themselves on board a vessel loaded, or a steamer propelled, with so dangerous a material. No war or mail steamers will, we suppose, use it. In the meantime, the increasing im|>ortancc of ma rine steaming will impel those interested to keep ?nine article free from any danger whatever, and possessing the qualities of compactness, lightness, nnd capacity for making steaui ; and no better article can be found than the anthracite coal o< Pennsylvania, which is now extensively u-cd for that purpose.? Phil. y. Amrnain, Mnrrh 31. Arrival or thk Reformer Honoe in f^r>??v. ? We understand that Ronge ? who treated so great a sensation in Germany some years ago, and whor from the boldness with which he advocated a second refoimation, after leaving the Romish Church, in which be was a priest, was designated the second Luther? has arrived in Lmidon, ami is about togjre a series of lectures in the same place, ami on esscn tially the 'nine subject, as Father < lavaxii. Ronge. however, is not likely to excite the same int rest ad Father < iavatti, because, while the latter is itpproxi mating to evangelical views on religion* questions, the for Hi' r has lapsed into i.fiuinn neology, wbieto is but another nBinc for deism. Ho long a? ne was regarded as a r<-al!y religious reformer, he produce^ a great sensation in every part of Ocr-inny wWcl he visited, but when he embraced the infbb-Mty of neology or rationalism, he lost all his iivMwnee on the minds of his countrymen, and, if we mistake not, quitted Germany some years ago for America. The same causes, we presume, will prevent his at tracting the attention in England which Father Gavatti is now doing. ? tsmtloix Ikttly Srtc*. A Nrw Ordsr of N't -n. ? We understand that* veijf gieat, and, it is to lie hoped, unusual commo tion, has Just taken place in a convent on tho southern side of the Thames, iu the vicinity of a well known common. To the surprise and con sternation of the sisterhood, a novelty suddenly ap peared among them the other day, in the ehape of a " sister" of infantile age, or, more properly shak ing, of no age at all. What added to the interest of the circumstance, was the fact of the "novice" rot having entered the Convent either by the door, the window, or the chimney. It ought to be men tioned that the usual process of taking the Tell was with on thwocfiwion. The nun mm lis Imp appcarance without ccremonv of any kind, and amidst sounds made by herself, which ill acoorded with the silence of the place. For further |>artieu lars, we must refer to the medical gentleman whoj inrtrad of the priest, assisted in the introduction of tin interesting strsngt r into the convent ? ami into the *nrld at the ?ame time. It is 4lffK*ult to say whether the surprise or the scandal t* the greater, at i he instil ut iun of this ucs vfder t/f the si<der* hood ? Lvndv* AUvrtiitt, .