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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 03, 1851, MORNING EDITION, Image 6

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pfontJUjr Bflrnyrt ot tit* BuiImm *ud
Politic! of B? >11 4)rra.
I Kr<im the Buenoa Ayres Packet. Jan 11 ]
We fee J authorised to announce a Might improve
ment in the general tone and prospects of our mar
ket. The panic consequent on the late crisis has
greatly subsided, and capitalist* are less chary in
affording the accommodation necessary in a com
mercial community. In articles suited to the in
terior markets, there has latterly been a considera
ble demand, although still at low figures, from the
heavy stocks on hand, and the eager competition of
'lite importation* during the month of December,
are formidable in appearance, though, perhaps,
from the nature of the assortments, not so much so
in intrinsic \alue. At the same time, the consump
tion of this capital and province, especially in ar
ticles of primary necessity, is greatly increased,
from the rapid increase of population, from immi
f ration and natural causes. He-ides, a new distri
ution has gradually taken place, that tends to
alleviate the inure immediate pressure. The spirit
of over speculation and monopoly among the local
traders, has received a severe and salutary check,
and a greater amount of the existing stock remains
in the hamls of the importers, with a proportional
reduction of local liabilities. This fact is more im
portant than may at first sight appear, and affords
a beautiful illustration of the ni medicatrix wittu tr,
or the self rectifying process of nature. The reck
less competition ot speculators and monopolists,
tended to mislead importers, and the supplies
ordered ware regulated more by the apparent de
mand, than the actual consumption. As matters
>tand at present, we have a sale guarantee against
the recurrence of this error, a principal cause of the
lnt? derangement, and of the present languor and
lassitude of this market.
The active demand for country produce, and the
higb prices obtained, especially for wool, has lat
terly put a large amount of capital in circulation;
to which we may add the opportune and considerate
liberality of the government, in paying off the war
jinbaidic'i, and spiritedly carrying on a variety of
important local improvements that tend directly to
alleviatetlie immediate pressure, whilst they confer
a lasting benefit on the country. Society naturally
subdivide-, itself into distinct grades and classes;
but their interests are more intimately blended and
mutually dependent, than many are apt to imagine.
When the industrial and pioductive classes arc
fully employed and prosperous, genuine trade and
commerce cannot long remain depressed; aud the
ca?ie&t aud only effectual w ay of protecting and
promoting the latter, is to afford free scope and en
couragement to the former.
In tne Comercutdd Plata of Montevideo, we have
latterly observed a eaptious and unfounded theory
on this point; showing an absolute ignorance, or,
what wauld be worse, a gross and willful perversion
of the elementary principles of economical science.
In a series of articles on the I'aper Money of Buenos
Ayre-s, intended merely to denigrate the adminis
tration of (Jeneral Hosas, the editor attempted to
show the practicability, and consequent obligation,
of remedying or alleviating the late cri.-is, by a
system of loans to individuals from the l'ublic Trea
sure. In the first placc, no government entitled
to do with public funds, what a pru< individual
would decline doing with his private tortune ; and,
isecondly, the expedient, if acted upon, would, to a
certain extent, have sanctioned ami encouraged the
error, ami ultimately aggravated instead of allevi
ating the e^. Between ounce speculations and at
tempted monopolies of imported goods, the com
merce of Huenos Ayres had, in many instances, lost
its legitimate character; and any attempt on the
part of the government to save individuals from
the consequences of their own reckless conduct,
would have been a positive injury and injustice to
to the public, without accomplishing the end pro
With his intuitive sngaeity and correct apprecia
tion of abstract principles, ? eneral Kosas pursued
? very different coarse. Instead of attempting to
->ave individual", he acted on the broad and equita
ble principle of allevintiug, as far as possible, the
general body. l>uring the first shock of the grand
crisis, lie ordered the immediate payment ot' up
ward* of two millions of return duties; and the en
tire disbursements on this account t hroughout the
jear, amount to no less than .?? reals.
Ifeavy payments were at the same time made to in
ditiuuaU on account of a long standing arrear of
war aubeidiea. Availing himself of the favorable
state of tltf market, and conciliating, as in duty
l>ound, the public ser* ice with a social convenience,
an abundant supply of clothing and other neces
xariea, was laid ib for the army and navy, and the
watebait.-es of the State amply furnished tor the
coming year. Add to tbesettte active employment
already alluded to. in important local improve
ments, and it will l>e seen that General Kosas did
all that could be doiM with propriety in the circum
stance*; alleviating tlie pressure ot public mi-t'or
tune, by the discharge ot public obligations, and
with the ta^t of an enlightened and provident states
man, rendering his present outlay, subservient to
the future security aud prosperity of the republic.
That partie- in Montevideo, an ustoiued to forestall
the fot we, and live from <lay to day on the preca
rious bounty of a foreign subsidy, should not eotn
Crehend tlie operation of sueh a system, is little t<>
e wondered at; but common prudence might at
least teach them to avoid the use of silly sneer* an I
.??rca.-m-. (hat recoil witb overwhelming force on
the head - of their spiteful authors.
A rou.-idirable amount of export biudneM wa>
done in I ?wcember ; although. wiiii the exception of
wool, roantry produc* conic* in rery slowly. The
weather in ami around rlie city of Duenna Ayreshaii
beeu extremely favorable : but the rains till lately
have only been partial, and in ui:iny of the remote
?uTitr) district* the cattle continue lean, and unfit
for Faladera purpoaea. A* yet little more than a
co?im"orem<'iit bits been made in this department;
J,nd we cannot now txpoct to nee tin lit in lull ojwm
Vm 6kf?re 'be luid'lb' or end of February. The
entire ejtf/iri of ox ar.d cow line ? in Kxt wn*2.12l,
'?al ; euowii.g u decrea-e of .">37 J/91 , na compared
with 1H4H. lit th>' article of tallow the deficit U
mud) greater, and for obvious reasons. Some peo
*>'{? apprehena a scanty supply for the present year,
from an artual diminution in the u amber of cattle,
in con. eqnem e of the late drought . VV e cannot ad
mit t lii - glo?m> opinion iu it* toll extant. I lad the
deaths been so*\cry considerable, it must have told
on the quantity of hide* exported taut year. Be
aide*, our rains have been moderate, and not attend
ed with the severe cold* that usually prove < j fa'al
to cattle in very low condition. The mere fact that
i-o ran establishment* are entirely abandoned, do?j*
out nNtM?ril,v imply that all the cattle bare per
ished. The fart i- notorious, that they waader to
great diatanee* in qnest of graaa and water, ami
never think of returning, till, by a my?teriou? in
atioct, the;, are certain ot finding a supply of these
ne<e<vary "articles. Many month* must be al
lowed lor collecting the wandetera; and many may
lo*t to their i< ?1 owr er* that are not ultimately
lost to the t'X]>ort market. In abort, we treat the
imagined dceri ase of numbers, and the anticipated
deficeury of future -upplies, will be found unwar
Price* for all kinds of prodi.ee are coaipirativcly
bigh ; ai.d ma) l< < \pe< ted toeoiitiauesu, from the
defli;ent supply ami the immense cor>eoar?c of
ehippit.g to this port. Freights maintain theta
.but ramjet l.e expected to improve in the
Itresent i in um-tanee*.
A* regard* our | oliti. nl situation there i? nothing
very lmj<ort;iTit to Hpoit. \\ it h the singli: excep
tion of Hraiil, everything, internally and externally,
wear* ? pacific a?j? ct. Warlike preparation* ar?
said to be making in the empire on a gr.m I scale:
|*?itl; . |eibat*. a' a vaunting threat again'* the.,,
eountrea, ami partly, it may Xe, in view of the dis
tracted aid turbulent state of its own province".
The empire tottei < umfcr its own weigbi ; and we
oarinot |wr*v??le nor??|ve? that it will court or pro
voke a foreign war. With i he exccptbrfl of |or{
and loud complaint- agninM the poift.i ami ag
gres?i ?r conduct and policy ot the Imperial ( abi
net, we can |icrceiie t o warlike indi ation in tin
The ojicnir,* of the legislature, and the annual
message of the l.xecntixe, have this yej?r bee
pnetpoiwd, bj mutual aeeoril. The disappointment
to the public h?" le-en very gie. t; bur so far a
romtacrrial interest* are concerned the rntbl;?hed
statement/" down to the end of lrt!Vl, afford
-trik i i and gratifying fa< t.?, whi<;h we ubjoin fo
the benefit of distant readers ?
The e I imtnl r? ?ource? ?if 1 Ma Were
The aeteal neelptf an* Wit to
Uitler? ik< ? Iner. w
H?t ina'cd i-*|? ?<IMure f?jr IMV
Aetl'aJ I . jxinlttiirc
Differcner? Pavinx effected
A< tual I rel|rt? for l? *1
Artnai . fi'l(it> for JsJ't
Irtli r> nee? Increase in IDM ....
W?l;llir f"i iti IS to lVil
la Ihe l .nk to mHi r of 0 1 rentmeiit. .
Av?tl?U? re" nrer> In |mn<t f>>r Is t :?? 04 > >1 -.1 4 ,
The e tateiaeiits require no eon;m"nt; iiml lenv"
no room (or doubt ?? t ? ? th" |"""*| roiia md imoy
aat Mate of our Bi.ii . l rcoure , a nl the ability
and immaeulatr pnri'y of tbeir admin. -tm tioe: to
which we have only to add, that our j . > - 1
Hence jwst:fie/ the ir??t 'anguine antleij ation* lor
the future.
The money m*rk> t, ? n'?al,ha< had *l gbt niter
nation- during tl?* month. < ?m ? . ha ? na/ d
frt>? ffl to ?m dollars entrcm y: a..d hav< 'i". ir
been rat'ier ftalioi .iry ai about 21' l,> b.i _? on
K'ngland h?* varied from 7t i? 7/ shilht T j, ,
Pwai 'ttr Ml'frllau)',
TW President l<a? i ill? ' 1. ? Mft'm
m? Hritl h t'owwi for the |?'rt of .*ae t rawe'.e..
The whole amount conlribtit'd to the W i-liiorton
Wonvment fund during the woHth ?< .March,
f i'i rr, u: 0
?y jw M'i o
a on j..; 1
71 . :?"t 1
10 mo . m o
m yr -,io it
1 m?? ;oi 1 ,
10 ;?? ?
u?i?j?ua.i .??,
l7JWW*e<i 1 ,
The CrjnUIPalM* KiUUMm.
sitati ary FKUV FRANCE.
Among the ubjeeti of art from France, the moat
attractive will be the colossal group of M. Jean da
Seignear, representing St. Michael overthrowing
Satan. The subject Is taken from Milton. This
/roup 18 thirteen feet high, the figure* being nine
feet in proportion. The conception is bold and
Valuable work of art from spain.
A gentleman has arrived in 1-Ingland from Barce
lona, having with him a mosaic table of the most ex
traordinary beauty. It would be difficult to form a
correct notion of the immense labor bestowed on this
porduct ion of skill, or of its e xceeding beauty, without
seeing it, and having explained to the beholder the
almost numberless pieces which it comprises, and the
period that a large number of individual* have been
occupied in it? composition. We believe that it is
intended to offer this extraordinary work of art as
a present to the Queen, and then to request her per
mission for it to form a j>art of the enduing exhibi
The Gattxheud Obxervrr states that, if on no other
account, the fact that her Majesty is the patron
of the Royal Victoria Asylum for the Mind, es
tablished in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, would have
promoted the committee to aid an exhibition
of industry projected by her royal consort, Prince
Albert. But tliere is also the additional motive
of winning new wreaths for the blind girls, and
attracting new customers to the institution. ?
i Therefore, all the resources of the fair inmates
? have been taxed, and three contributions have
j been made which will vie in taste and ingenuity
i with any productions of t lie kind that may be sent
! by rivals endowed with the advantage of sight.
I There is, first, a veil of white linen thread, an exact
! counterpart of tho tribute loyally paid by the Vic
? toria Asylum to the queen on the liixh Level
( Bridge. This will be exhibited on light blue satin.
, There will also be a veil, similar in pattern, made
from black woollen thread, exhibited on orange
satin. The third and last contribution is a Spanish
mantilla of black woollen thread,cxhibitedon orange
1 satin, which must strongly tempt many a maiden's
heart to disregard the tenth commandment. The
three contributions will be enclosed in a glass eas<j,
i lest fair fingers should itch to handle the shawl and
veils. "Tiy them on."
Jersey sends to the Crystal Palace a beautiful
1 jacket, knit in silk, .with blue and white stripes,
i On the breast is the Prince of Wales's feather; un
I derneath, " Albert Prince de Galles." It is a work
of great lnbor, and contains upwards of thr?c mil
lion .-t itches.
[From the London Times. March 14 ]
We hare but little time left to set our house in
order, before the arrival of our expected visiters
from the continent <>f Europe. Cireat activity U
shown uncertain points, anil great neglect upon
others. Now, we much doubt if any very great
: discretion is exercised in the selection of itnprovc
' merits. For example, almost preternatural activity
has been displayed in hitching the mirble arch into
position at Cumberland-gftte. It is a question if
eyes which have been accustomed to rest upon the
i Arc de l'Ktoile, or the Hr&ndenburg gate, will
derive much gratification from the spectacle. Again,
' as we have been informed, considerable exer
: tions have been made to get the armed war
riors of the Tower, and the apartment appro
priated to their use, into presentable trim, lieiiry
VIII. h?s been for some weeks past enveloped in
a richly-sprigged dressing-gown: a railway rug
, has been wrapped round the shoulders of the
* gallant Brandon; anl the heads of the buff-coated
soldiers of the com mun wealth hive been comfort
ably swathed in linsey-woolsey nightcaps, lest
their armor should contract soil oe stain while the
beautifying is in progress. This is all well enough
in iti way, but our foreign visiters could very well
have dispensed with this excess of steel-dandyism.
? It would have given u< more satisfaction to hear
that the shabby dean and chapter of the metropo
litan cathedral had finallv suppressed the paltry lee
i exacted at their gates. Far ne it from us, however,
to sneer nt the exertion* of those who, within their
particular departments, are doing their utmost to
]sdi>h up " the sights of London. We would only
suggest that there are other points of more imme
diate importance to the comfort of our visitors,
which should not he lost sight of in the midst of all
this scrubbing and varnishing. The principal ob
ject which a Frenchman, or a German, or an Italian
will have in view during his stay in London will of
; eout?e be the "great exhibition" itself. The prac
, tical problem for his solution will be how, in the
most economical and comfortable manner, he can
be lodged, fed, and conveyed about the town during
the iieiiod of his stay.
The question of supplying bed and b )ard to our
expected guest# must, of course, bo left in t h'? hands
j of private speculators. Snne misgivings we may
secretly t ntertain uj?>n the amount of comfort they
, mar manage to extract from our feather-beds and
I underdone beefsteaks ; but in such a matter ad
ministrative interference i 4 a mere impossibility.
The ft w who can afford to pay largely will fare
well. The many who must look somewhat closely
I tothecost of their entertainment will no doubt ex
perience various degrees of discomfort and sutfering.
Tint if wecan do nothing for them 011 this point, at
, Ica?t wecan insist that every facility shall ne given
them lor tea versing the streets of London without b -
1 ing subjected t? any very grievous extortion or an
noyance. The distance* ??!' London, even to the in
habitant- of the largest continental capital, appear
enormous. In addition to this evil, which is irre
deemable, it must tie remembered that the uniform
ity in the a p poo ranee of our streets reniers it a
task of very great difficulty for any but a
well seasoned Londoaor to find his way from
< ne oiner of the town to the other. Foreigners
sre under the absolute necessity of relying up
on public conveyances? omnibuses, cab-, and the
like. As far as the omnibuses are concerned,
we are not aware that much can be done, beyond
enforcing it as a peremptory rnlo that nut ice -hull
I'o kim n in -ome unniisiaka bli manner of the points
at which half-fart's end and whole fare* begin. Even
: it 11 certain d gn e of imposition is inevitable under
this head, at lea?t we h.i.e the comfortable r Sec
tion that it cannot exooed -td. in amount. Ousai
bnses 1m -ides, will alway- contain a certain sprink
1 I ingot IjmikIoi passenger", who, it is to bo Imped,
will -tand In twe. n our visiter- and nuy very out
rageous mi of mscalitv. With cab-, and cab
drive is it i* either wi?e. It is totbis point we would
es| ? eially call attention, for tmn h may b" done to
simplify the regulation* by whieh tne drivers of
these vehicles ar<- at pr> -< nt hound. As matters
-t 11 ii<1 at present, it is almost irajiossible even few a
Lotxlonci tstioid ivpi'ition. Who but Mr. Mogg,
? r his < liief rntfJiryr , 1- in a ondition accurately to
determine, at u moment's warning, the exa> t distance
from Fbsliitn circus to I .bmy street, i*hnlico,orfirmn
old t 'a v endi*n street to M. ? 1 ' meat's in the "M ra-id '
A Londoner, even, l? at his wits' end, and Is well
content to |*?y Otic-third above the legitimate fare
in c*j?- present imjsirtii'iity and future
vexation, fb?me people hove the knaek of arriving
at an a) pr ? \imaiion to the correct far by timing
, the driver by their wateJion. The<e nervons tarvel
1> r- if ver fail to trke a preliminary hiwgaiit, and
thus, by Acquiescing in ? certain amount of itnpo I
tion. at" lea*t si-enre them -elves against exhoi bit ant
extortion. It must, however, be evident that all
expedient* of * h?- kind are out of lb*' que *t ion for
forcigiH-i". Tie ii ignoranoe of the lav gu.it; ? tb?
iini oxifiilily of nsert t nitiii -4 whether or no tne eab
driver hn? tob'-n tic 'h*.rlc?t tvad from joint to
point? entirely pr elude. as far as they arc eon
cerned, any -m l> precautions for their security We
? lionld add that their natural rein- 'lance to have
recant ?e to the police tribunals of the country,
crowns their diAcultio an l pla ??* them entirely at
the me rev of the catMtriver*.
It Would be Impossible to 'levinc any coapl"
p medy for thi* griee? ee. t >??e or two 'ugg<
tbin?, however, are . vident enough, which wonld
go far to bring it within more tolerable ma-ure.
In the fir -*t | lace, mile -'ora * and half inile stone*
might readilr he ete -ted slong the coarse of the
piniipiil thoroughfsri -. whh h wonld 'crve to re
cti!;, te the jndgtuent I the p* -<etiger, U'td to Mode
rate the extortion of th driver. '1 be arrange mend,
of eoursi , labors under two ob\ ions de feets. in the
ISt'i place, the distan ? pouts hi?<I of t ? ?< ?-|ty b;
conftnetl to the chief tweronghfhres; n-id if i? no*
always that a man'- Insim s lie* on tb? gr<n' pa
rallels of the town. "*t II foreigner* wotibt derive n
certain drgtce of sol fence (''"in *iteb nn arrnngv*
in' nt; for they, more prolmbly than Londoners,
wonld travel maifilyoii the prim ipol thoro ghfare-.
If Alight. loo, 1>' 1 cali-iti iv r - if I 1 1 :i-i?re to
gratiiy In- " fa e" ii, 11 more ? xtiiisive circuit of
1 he town than would lie absolutely ne e>-.iry in
aec> iiij.li (,ii g the di-tsnee from t oint to point In
this case, t|,e distance (*!?:? wonld only serve to es
tuMi-h tl"* ? xn t amount of rascality. Igalti, the
Icgitimat) fare of "d. | mile i? not ot ly exorbi
tant in :<'lf, bur i? a hat, die for ndilitiotial impo
sition. I oes tliat lesn live who ever jet paid eigiit*
pcri?'e to a cab driver in sat i-fseti^n tor sll <14*
Him.ds! The "d. be? otio s | . : nn?| the I' an i'levlia
b|?|Nd. Mspet ce a mil-! and no more, ?hould hi* the
I limit ? f the tariff. A? far ?< the cab drivers and
cfth proprb tois th' III -.1 Vis urc eoneeriH'd, the
change wonld lc mo t bcaitt ial to their interests.
Haifa ilnfeii ?<?n? would ?.llingly avail them -
|ves of tic ir v hn 'e? iii such a cam*, where nily
?iHc person do * *"? nrd 'hat reluetant I y, ii'td<-r I Ho
? re-ent re^ulalhois. l-et us say. in euii<>lniion.
flint -'inetntig I ke a sysf-m <?f in j ?? f ion should
be inlr? du?< i| to improve the c<md?tiou ofonrpuh1
lie carriage in j oint 1 f' l anliie ? a td arraig' inenf.
With tin* hoStorable cX"ept on of the II. ie an >'abJ,
th* v are ine? tnparnbly MM Mthiewt s i l worst ,ip.
I on, tul public vehicle* to b< found in any Hin opean
? epital.
1 1 , 1 11 . ?r 1 ?? <>> ihi onr vr t Mum rc?x.
[tr> m tl" KfklMIN Klpn "S ]
The i.o:m dit g' and pla'n fittings on the enstom
Hide of the building are now nearly complete, ami
an opportunity is a?w4>d of forming sn appro ti
mnli estimate of the amount of the coalriiiations
1 of ,.jv . d fi 0111 loreign countries. Many ofth^nom.
I ? 1 1 nv nt - are, as ytf, quite fmifty? Sv artiral*
from the United States have taken place up to the
prevent time; and Bratil, Mexico, and Greece, seem
equally dilatory. From Norway and Sweden same
mall consignments have been forwarded, and K us
fia has already contributed about 230 packages. The
quantity of goods which have reached the build
ing itself from Austria, is inconsiderable, the bulk
of the product* of that country being retaiued in the
dock warehtMM* until the space set apart for their
display is fitted up. A number of German carpen
ters aie at present busily employed, and nearly the_
whole of the counters and cases in that portion of
the Austrian compartment which is on the
north side of the ceutral avenue, will be con
structed by them. The most copious contri
butors hitherto are the Zollvereiu, Belgium, aud
Switzerland; and in the Chinese coiu|>artmeut there
is alreadv a respectable assemblage of cases.
France, however, strange to say, is very much
behindhand. The number of packages received
from thut country up to yesterday, did not much
exceed 120. This unusual inactivity on the part
of our (iallic neighbors does not, however, uriso
from indifference to the result of the friendly con
test in which they have engaged. On the contrary,
they arc deeply impressed with the importance of the
advantages which will bo obtained by those who
are victorious in the struggle, but certain misappre
hensions respecting the amount of space placed un
der the control of their commissioners have effectu
ally retarded the transmission to this country of
their contributions. The space assigned to France
if exceedingly ample, embracing in the whole about
a hundred thousand squaie feet, and constituting
little less than a tenth of the whole exhibiting
space of the building. Out of this one hundred
thousand feet, it was most distinctly inti
mated by the executive committee, during their
correspondence with the French commission, that
50, (XXI feet should be deducted for walks aud pas
sages. It would seem, however, that the French
local committees dealt with their contributors ad if
the whole 100,000 feet were vailable for the display
of their production*. Notice was given to persons
who had obtained gold medals in their own exposi
tions, that an unlimited quantity of goods would be
received from them, and silver medallists wore led
to believe that their treatment would be little
less liberal. The natural consequence of these in
considerate proceedings was an influx of contribu
tions, for the accommodation of which the very
ample space accorded was totally inadequate.
Upon the discovery of this unpalatable fact, various
de\ ices were put in requisition by the French au
thorities, to procure either an extension of their
spacer, or a curtailment of the extent of the pas
sages by whieh they are traversed. The execu
tive committee, however, were inexorable. They
pointed to the faet that the original number of
British contributors was 9,000, who, by the exercise
called on the French commissioners to exercise a
similar system of vigorous compression, and to re
ject everything not .-tuin]>ed with indisputable excel
lence of some kind. They are at present employed,
we believe, in this work of pruning, and when tho
vast mass of contributions with which they have to
deal (hall have been reduced within the requisite
dimensions, the arrivals of French productions at
the building will no doubt be liirgo and frequent.
Among the most interesting of the foreign arrivals
during the last few days is a colossal figure of a
lion in bronze, which has been forwarded from Bava
ria, and is the work of the sculptor, F. von Miller.
It is upwards of nine feet high, and will form one
of the most remarkable objects in the Exhibition.
In the British half of the building the visible
signs of progress during the past week are even
more striking than in the foreign compartments.
The stall- and fittings in the galleries are multiply
ing fast, and no small advance has been made in the
adjustment of some of the heavy machinery which
has arrived. The goods now pouring in arc, of
course, of the most miscellaneous character. The
light spring cart conveying some delicately con
structed piece of mechanism, which is handed in by
its fabricator with as much care and tenderness as if
it were a sick infant, alternates with the ponderous
wagon sustaining some huge piecc of machinery
who^e reluctant weight Ls dragged with difficulty to
its destination by the united ettorts of a dozen horses.
On Thursday about five hundred tons weight of
machinery arrived at the building. Amongst this
was the celebrated Britannia hydraulic press, by
which the lifts of tho tube- of the railway bridge
over the Menai were effected; some detached por
tions of thi- wonderful machine weigh no less than
15 tons. Amongst the heavy machines fixed in
their place* are a machine for illustrated printing, a
brick-making machine, an enormous but very beau
tifully constructed and powerful crane, and a smoke
consuming machine, i'he foundations of sereral
others arc in progress, and a strenuous activity pre
v ails in the '? machinery quarter" of the building ?
an activity by no means uncalled for, when the
shortness of the time is taken into consideration, in
which thefixingofthe ra^t assemblage of machines,
destined fur exhibition, must be completed.
The painting of the interior of the building is
now proceeding at a rapid rate ; Messrs. Fox and
Ilci)rter?on having entered into a fresh contract, by
which they are bound to have it completed within a
fortnight. Judging from the progress made withiu
the last few days, there is no doubt but that they
will accomplish the task they have undertaken. ?
The gallery railings are nearly all in their places,
and the staircases are quickly approaching comple
tion. Carpenters are at present employed in con
structing frames which are to be employed in test
ing with shot the strength of the galleries. These
frames are on castors, and *a<-h contains com
partments for the reception of fiSlb. shot; all move
able in any direction, aud with the aeaessary amount
of speed, with the greatest facility.
Dtmorrarjr In Fninrr, Hlnvery In America,
?nd Papacy In Kii(|lnml.
pr< M Ihr kwhm CblMbk. March 1'.' ]
It if well for the political observer to keep firmly
in wind that the word republic will bear k- many
meaning* h* a man my chooee to give it ? ebe the
contradictions exhibited l>y the two jjre?t extant
example* of a self-governing deiuociacy will lis apt
todrite him to despair. < >nly a week ago, on its
being announced that an infinitely small portion of
the 1 nri-ian* intended to celebrate the birth day
of their t>re*cnt institution- l\v going in procee
xion to cnureh, and depo*iting toau flowers in
a cemetery, the fund* l>cguu to stagger, and
mhm littj tbouNwl Mliliiro pMw4 a night and u
day under arm*- The day before yesterday we had
to record n second burst of panic terror in ParLs, Oc
casioned by a report that the officer* of the National
(inard were to be elected by universal suffrage, a<>
cording to tho letter id the constitution. Thc-ame
evening the American news |ia per* reached us, with
account* of n prolonged political disturbance, of
which the fecblert vibration would have toppled
down one half <>f the Knro|H-an throne*. A
fugitive negro bad been taken into cn-tody by the
I nited W?tM Marshal in Ronton, under a positive
enactment of the central legislature, sum-tinned
by an expre-* provision of the federal constitution.
1 he new- ?pn ad*. The official i? attacked by a
mob of colored people, ami is com|ielled to
his pri<?>ner. who i* forthwith carried in triumph to
the border of a coat iff aoas Slate, and thence, by a
n< w escort, conducted to the Hritish |Mi???*ion*
in Ciniadn. The bulk |>>f the respectalde cla-*<*?
applaud. The newspajs rs arc frantie with cntha
-la-in. A proclamation i- I -sued by the I'rwi
'kiit, <leclaiing thai the law must l>e enforced,
ai.d a thorn-annd tongue- icply that hiimaii legis
lation mn<4 l>e postponed to the dictate? of ?.in
nc< Md the instinct* of unvote. It i* the e*
tntne of violeme defend- 1 by the etfrcrar of
antisocial doctrine Well! v>u turn fiom ' lie
disastrout column*, at.d, looking to the other
?ide of the pal*, yon find y?'ir*elf in a re
port of moceedfngs commcMorativc "f (ieaernl
Washington'! nativity, with editorial nmatal*
thereon. The leading Wen of all pnrtie- have met
together to MBMcrwie tlii nam. which is in itself
a symbol of union, and to proclaim the et rnity of
the heio'ii work. Kveey form of strong and aensuom
meta| hor i* enlisted to ? xprc?* t In strength, the
vigor, the stability of the pepnMic. |t i-an eagle.
It i* the nm. It is Orion, with his Wit of *tar*.
It is the Pleiads. " multiplied by three." It is the
infant Jlefenlc*. If i- a < 'oIIoshu neatc I on the
](ih ky Mountain-, and b ithing In- f t iu the t win
ocean*. Th* very rhctoro <ina -ks of In-tyt and un
chastened yonth. and teem to promise length ?f
?lays, in form as well as suhjcit. Clearly, tne fe
deration ?i?H s not mean to go to niece*.
The commotions at Boston jnont undoubtedly to
an aland abiding dang, r, but th< ?> d<> not prove
that it i* any closer at baud than it was b -fore.
Tlie tendency of tin abolitionist agitation to dege
nerate into a di*wnioni*t mo\< m -tit lia- prowtk* d a
mt of reaction in favor of th lugitive 'lave law,
wliii b, obnoxious as it is. ha? been enforced with
MWSMCted readiness in .New York, Pennsylvania,
? bi?i. and -ome id th Nortkwi l rtt J*tates. Two
ait- Mpt* to <o|ii|h I the i \tr.id Irion of negroes in
Mnaetlw "f t>, nave, on the "ther hand, nnud
li nitlcss, at d the la-t ftailttH tisik place under the
els i mil g clrentiistatieen ? hieh we b i?e just ? ketch* d.
lint , as ngard* the populate feeling on the wilMcOt of
?li. very, there is a omsideratde difference between
New Kngland, and file fru Htat < wbiehare in inme
diete contact with ?!??? soil, <>r which retdve a cer
tain |nof>OTtioii of their immigrant [iopnlation from
thc.-oMih. An mi' -t nfider the i -ei'iit enactment
?i i ii" to -trike the New I .nglMiiders more in fhe
light of a foreign aggt ?ad<??i than as the l"git:niatc,
tio.i'gh oppressive, i nt ? 1 1 ? i nee of a domestic nu
tliOfity. 1 here i* maeli, indeed, in the aceounts
we Ini^e i^rn-td, which recalls ami i? illustrate 1 by
ow *Wn ellierience of the last faw aneUis, Put
ting otif of the fjuesti'in "tch e*cepti?mal irritant*
i the L)uiham letter, *e may as?eft that fb* m?
I'i.j^ iy agita'ion grew ??nt of ? onditions and com
hii at ions e\c< edingly genua ne to the sowers of the
feiinmt* in MaerMVMWet Is, We w. re all of us told,
i fr< tn our infam j itpwnr<U, that Popery we* perse
! , nting and nsnrping. I he religious cdoeation of
' l,i fli-bmen prcsiipp?i e- sneh an article of b ? fief.
Km though an insigniticai:! seetioa of the > ninin<i
j nite had alwevs sf?-> tally ibrdnl itself to the c*lti
' \ at ipb wl auU '.'tnu?k <v??t nuuit, iu the great bum
of Englishmra it had become practically extinct a*
a principle of Mtion, except *o far as it occasionally
colored their view of the everlasting perplexities of
the Irish question. Then came the Pope * brief and
andthe Cardinal's pastoral. The eneuiy, who had
passed into the condition of a myth, astuined a pal
pable and aggressive reality, aud a point and mean
ing was given to lessons which had hitherto been
sterile. ?The country seemed, for the moment, to
rally to Exeter Hall, and iudignation at encroach
ment began burning with an intensity which would
doubtless have been less violent in ita immediate
manifestations if our contact with the usurping pow
er had been closer and more constant. Just so, the
New England populations have been brought up in
convent tonal abhorrence of negro slavery, against
whieh the whole economy of their society is
a standing protest. Hitherto they have contem
plated it from a distance, through tho obscure aud
embarrassed medium of sectional controversies at
Washington, and they have been content to aban
don its permanent condemnation to the abolitiouist
societies. The Fugitive Slave bill passes; an arrest
is effected in their streets ? and lo ! the accursed thing
is there in the midst of them. A just cause has
been damaged by the excess of irritatiou in which
they have momentarily indulged; and it would bo
vain to deny that their turbulence contrasts very un
favorably with the dutiful, though reluctant, acqui
escence of the Middle States, whose intercourse with
he South has furnished a due corrective to their
judgment on the matter.
'1 ncre is little room for doubt that tho measures
whieh have convulsed the Boston populace were ex
pressly shuped to that cud l>v their authors. The re
covery, untfer process, of a slave from New England
Involves so much trouble, vexation, and expense, that
it is morally impossible that it should be undertaken
as a commercial speculation; and, indeed, we believe
thut the two arrests attempted have been separately
traccd to the malignity of a disuniouist volunteer.
As it is probable that new provocatives will be freely
administered, the degree of subsequent danger will
depend on the grearer or less rapidity with which
the New Engfanders resume tneir characteristic
reverence for the law. Patriotic counsel does not
appear to be wanting; and really among the most
ingenious, if not the most scrupulous, of the
advocates of moderation, we must class the author
of the placard directed against Mr. CJeorgc Thoiu]*
son, w nich we printed yesterday. Tho member fur tho
Town Hamlets has been perambulating the North
eastern States on what he styles, with considerable
vairrtt, a " professional tour, aud we hear that he
has already nad the distinguished honor of creating
some half-ilftcen riots. An opponent of less perspi
cacity would have missed the advantage afforded by
Mr. riioin]>soii's English distinctions; but Lexing
ton is down on the sore point in an instant, ana,
dexterously commencing with calling his victim an
"English serf," he proceeds to argue that u member
of tho British Parliament who devotes himself to
sedition in America, must necessarily have been
paid by his government to bring the Union into con
tempt. Perhaps this is a little too bad. Mr.
Thompson's pecuniary transactions are scrupulously
confined to dealings with Oriental despots; and we
believe that it would be unfuir to inler, from his
connection with the cabinets of Delhi and Sattura,
that he is a stipendiary of Lord Palinerston's on
mission. We find it stated that lie intends to re
main a little longer in America, for tho purpose of
living down calumny; but, for his own sake, and for
the jieace of the country, we trust he will return at
once; and the next time he falls into conversation
with his political friends on the subject of General
Haynau, |>erhups he will describe to them the pecu
liarly correct impression of a distinguished foreigner
which nn enlightened mob derives from rumor and
the newHpnjK'r*.
Foreign Miscellany.
The Austrian government ha* resolved to esta
blish an ctappc road to llolsteiu.
Tlie Ministerial organs protest that Austria does
not meditate an intervention in Piedmont or Swit
The destruction by fire of the Meeting hull of
the Vpper Chiunber of the Pruwian Parliament is
announecd as complete. Nothing was saved except
the parliamentary archives and the library. The
conflagration was not allowed to spread.
The freight list of the steamship Severn, at
.Siuthamiiton. Kmrlnnri. on tin- !?? h n!r
the following specie and bullion: ?
From Tampico ''42
Kroin Vera Cms 78o.?i7fJ
For account of Mexican Dividends Ol.'MX)
From the I'aeifle and California
tirnm Carthajjeiia l.'l
Kp'in Jamaica Jo
From other parts of the West I tidies 7-' 377
Total fl.ttl8.tW8
Of this amount there is II ,083,510 in silver, and
$?>21,32* in gold: besides which the packet brings
on freight platinu, value (1.750, and pearls, value
The #tcnmer Great Britain has been purchased by
the Great Western Steamship Company for XlH.OOu;
oi e third of the payment to bo in cash, and the re
mainder by bills which come due on the 7th April
and 7th June next.
The Queen of Kngland is said to be once more In
that interesting situation which promises to add
another member to the royal futility.
It is stated that the King Consort of Portugal,
accompanied by his two sons, intends visiting L>n
don during the exhibition.
The usual return relative to the number of per
sons employed on railways, and the length of line
o|tcncd in t.reat Britain, has been printed. The
totiil number of persons employed on all railway* in
the united kingdom, open and unojien, in the year
I was 15H.784 : vix., 114,013 in Kngland and
Wale., in Ireland, and 27,277 in Scotland.
The length of line open throughout the united
kingdom wa< 5,117, that in course of construction
1 ,50 1, and that neither open nor in course of con
struction 5,1.12. The total length of line authorised
was 12, 0M3.
The Intlrprmlnnrr of Brussels, announces that the
OrlcMs family is about to leave C'lareanont, so as
not to be in Kngland during the exhibition. The
Queen, It snvs. will go to Brussels; the Ihikc of
Nt wours, to his father-in-law; the Prince de Join
ville, either to Scotlaud or to Portugal; aud the
Ifcike l>'Aiimalc to Nuplos. The absence of the
family will continue as long ns the exhibition la*ts.
It will lie remarked that the fusionist iMUnla fatal
week mentioned the probability of the Count de
Cham hold's visiting Lomlon during this very exhi
bition, aud now We learn that the Orleans family
leaves London as soon a* the Count de Chatnbord
ajq>roaches it. ?
The Sum/tiy Ttmr.t says, that the Peace Society
arc about to send Mr. Cobden, as embassador cxtra
oidinury, for the pur|M>?c of negotiating a |<crmaiicut
treaty of peace with the Kaffirs.
The hnarcsbro' corresiMindent of the I?ce<ls
(Lug ) Thift* says: ? "We have now before us
some impressions taken froru gutta |>ereha printing
t)|>cs, mauufacturcd by John Burniston, of this
town, the printer of a small monthly publication,
tailed the Nurthrrn Luminary. The impressions
are almost coual to those obtained from metal
ty|?s, d< cidedly superior to wood, and tho maker
avows that they can be produced at a much less
cost, lie intended to ha ve exhibited specimens at
the World's Fair, but his application for spnee
has been rejected by the local committee "
A man named f| aring has l>ern apprehended on
a charge ?f having starved his wile to death, at
llnth, Kngland. lie had enlisted iu the #Kh regi
me nt.
A letter addressed to the Lmdon Stnmiarl, from
Mr. Henry Seymour William", states, from 'au
thentic source,' that Baron Kothschild has been
converted to ( hriatianity.
A large pottion of the population of London are
rufleting from influenxa. 1'he disease has also been
prevalent in 1'ari*.
Miss Fanny Whitney, aged twenty-two, died re
cord I v nt Bri?tol, Kngland, umler circumstances
which rendered an inquest necessary, and the medi
cal testimony clearly showed that the deceased was
perfectly free from disease, and that there was no
visible cause of death except from the compression
of the stomach and viscera from tight lacing.
The limine of Lords lately heard evidence on
Ilcathcotc's divorce bill and Maclean's divorce lull.
The adultery of th.* wife wa* proved in each in
stance by letter* admitting the fact, and praying
forgiveness ; in the former case it hud taken place
with the wife's own br*?t her, who bus sinne b 'come
convicted of forgery, ami been trnn?pnrted for sewn
years. Both the bills were read a second time.
M. Bo?s, the inventor of a new system of raft- for
the navigation of theC?uadal?|ui vir, ha- made a first
experiment of his invention, lie traversed the dis
tant* between Cordova ami Seville in seven dvys,
without travelling at night. The rafts, which he
directed himself, sufctcd no injurv from that long
nav igation. They were laden with oil, wheat, and
other prodm tions.
Two Chinese merchant', Ahting and Ry, have
arrived at Derlin, on their way to Kngland, to visit
the exhibition. They have preferred the overland
journey through Itussia to theiea voyage, whi-h
some of their nms iales are making in a junk.
The last Munich \'ii lir>< !i(r,> ? ntains an adver
tisement of a new article. |? cially mannfaetnred
for the thirstv population of that city: It is a ' b-er
watch,' which registers how much of that fluid the
w. aicr imbibes. Thi maker recommends tbes ? as
sistants to the frcnuently-faiHng human memory for
the 'solidity of their mechanism' and their cheap
ne-p. They cost 9 florin- 9) k rentiers each.
The an-wer of Prince Sol iwartxcii burg lo the last
Prussian di?p? teh is not decisive. The expectation
that any jiositive result will follow the conference*,
grows weaker every day.
In France the dissolution of the N'atimwl Guard
of ytrasboi '?* ?>"* ?' ?> cided upon. This is In
consequence of seveiity-thrrc offi) ers of that corps
I hav ing tendefv d their icignations because da rc
' fical to hold * fsiew on thg at >nor? irv of tb ?
revolution of February. Orders have been issued
that soldiers are not to raise any cries while in the
ranks. These orders are for the sake of preventing
the regiments leaving Paris ufter being reviewed,
from saluting the President of the republic.
The commissioners to be appointed by the Tier
man board and the King of Denmark, to settle the
boundaries of llulsteiu, are about to be named.
Colonel Schmidt, of the general staff, is likely to be
uppointed on the part of Prussia. The Austrian
commissioner is not yet known.
Italy is in an alarming state. The four papal
legations may be said to be in a state of siege. No
one is allowed to move about in the open country
without a passport. Another general outbreak is
i M. de Manteuffel has replied to the Fpencli ob
jections against the admittance of all the Austrian
States into the (.ieruian confederation. He says
that this is an internal question, and that it is be
youd the competence of foreign .States to interfere
with it.
Tiie French Presidency. ? I am assured, says
the Paris correspondent of the l^omlon Times, that
the secret societies are decided on bringing forward
u }tcrson taken from the lower orders of the people,
as a candidate for the Presidency of the republic in
1852, and they arc now very busy in seeking such
a candidate. An operative was at first suggested;
but, on consideration, it was thought better to try
to gain over the sympathies of the country people,
and the probability is thut a peasant will be selected.
Irish Linen Tram. ? This week yarns are still
dull, and stocks accumulating. Some persons have
? reduced their yarns ltd. per bundle, and a further
1 reduction is expected in a few days. Weavers still
continue at outdoor lubor, as the weather ii favora
ble for such. In some districts not one halt1 of the
; weavers are engaged at their looms. In Bally
mcua, on Saturday, sales of cloth were inactive,
and in fine sets manufacturers had to give way a
little, and a good quuntity of cloth was left unsold.
In Armagh our correspondents write us that cloth
was a shade in favor of buyers. Yarns were sold to
them lower, and in some cases at a h igher discount
off for cash payments. In Lurgan damasks con
tinued brisk at former rutes, and eagerly bought
up. The Coleraine market was dull, ami cloth
was bought by somo merchants at fully Jd. per
yard reduction in low sets, and Id. in finer quali
ties. The news from the United Stutes is rather
discouraging for 4-4 light linens, cambric handker
chiefs, and blay linens, as art advance on former
quotations cannot be obtained upon those goods.
The sales are brisk enough, but prices are very
low. Several of the vessels that were out since
October and November, had not yet made their ap
pearance at New York when the last steamer left;
and we may here remark that the packet ship York
shire has put back to Holyhead leaky, with a most
i valuable cargo of linen goods. There is a large
quuntity of our northern merchants' linens aboard
tlie vessel, but we are glad to hear that the goods
are ell insured either in London or New York. \N*e
understand several of our new flax-spinning mills
will be in active operation next month. Several of
the millowners have raised their workers' wages, as
many had signified their intention of leaving and
going to the new mills, where larger wages are
offered to them, and wi hear there is likely to be a
scarcity of millworkers. Several families have
goi.c to Manchester and Leeds at a considerable
advance of wages, and a few are still leaving for
England. ? Banner of Uhtrr , March 12.
Intcrullng from the Mormon Settlement at
the Great Halt I^ake.
Wo have received three number* of the Deirret
Srtri. published nt the Mormon City of the (Ireat Salt
Lake. It contain* a great deal of matter. Below will be
found a compilation of Hit- new*. together with aevcral
sp< cimcn* cf advert i-cments. which kind of patronage i*
very liberally bestowed.
[From the Ddrift News, Dec. 91.]
The General Aw-embly of Deacret met on the fiptt Mon
day. Inst.. in the ItepreNcntatiirci> I hill, organized, received
the tiovcrnor'* message, continued it* fitting four day*,
uml adjourned to the tlrst Monday III January.
The Tithing Office has been removed to the front rooul
<1 tin- Mint.
The Port Office will bo continual nt t lie old tithing
office. where the Snti will be delivered, and the tiuie of
labor on the public works reported.
A Word or Wimiow fur the benefit of the (Council of
Hitch 1'riecta. assembled iu Kirtland. and Church; and.
also, the Paiut* In Zi?n. to be sent greeting: ""t by nun
niamlment. or constraint. but by llovclitt ion and the Word
of Wisdom; showing forth the order and will of (lod in the
tcm)>oml ml vat ion of all Saint* in the last day*; given for
a principle with a prntuiae. adapted to the capacity of the
weak, and the weakest of all .s?iuts. who are or can be
culled Paint*: ?
1 Behold. Vertly thu* sallh the Lord unto you. in con
saqucnee of eVfl? and design* which do. uud will exi-t in
the heart* of conspiring men in the last days. I have
warned you. and forewarn you. by giving unto you till*
M ord of Wisd. ?in by Revelation, that inasmuch a* any
man drinketh wtae or strong drink among you. Iiohold it
t- not good, neither meet In the sight of your Father, only
in a*?c tabling yourselves together, to offer up your aacra
ments Ix tore him And Itc-hold. t hi- should In- win*, yea.
pure wine of tlie grn|>e of tile vine, of your make. And
again. strong drink* are not for the la-lly, but for tile wash
ing of your IhnIIi-* And again, tobacco in not for the
l??h .neither for the ta lly ; and Is not good for man; but i*
an herb for liruiw*. aud all air k cattle, to be used with
judgment and skill And again, hot driuk* are not for the
body, or l?clly.
'1 And atfain. Verily I -ay unto you. all wholesome
herb- tiod hath ordained for the constitution, nature,
and U'o of man Rvery herh in the *ea*oa tlier<*of. ami
every fiuit in t he auaeon thereof. All these to Ih- used
with prndene* and thanksgiving Ye*, tle-li also of
beaats and <>f the fowl* of the air. I the Lord hath or
dained for the ure of man with thauksgiviiu 1m Tth*
less, they are to Ih' ii* -d -paringly ; and It i* pleasing
unto me that they should not l>e u?< d oulj iu time- of
* inter, or of cold, or famine. All grain la ordained for
the Use of man. and 'if la-ast-. to lie the staff of life, not
onl? forman. but for the boast* of the Held, and t lie
fowls i >f heaven, and all wild animal* that ma or creep
on the i arth . and these hath U"d inado for the as' of
uian onl\ in times of famine, and exei-? of hunger.
3 All grain i- gi**lforthe fi**l of man. a* also the
fruit ef the viue that ? hi< h > ieldetli fruit, whether in
the ground or aisive the ground. Keverthelea*. wheat
for man and corn for the ox. ami rait, for the horse and
rjo for the fowl*, and for swine, and for all InkU of the
held and barley for all tt-eful animal-, and for mild
drink- ; a? ni-o i .r other grain And ail Saint- who re
IH mla-r to keep and do these sayings, walking in olie
dletiro to the C 'III maudlin lit* shall Rwlvi health ill
their nu vol and marrow to their hone*, ami ah* 1 1 find
wisdom, and great treasures of knowledge, even hidden
treasure*: anu shall run and not Im> weary, and shrill
walk and not faint . and I the Lord give unto them a
promise, that the destroying angel shall pa-* by tliotn.
as the ehildrcn of Irrio l. wild not slay tliem. Anion.
We ncfnnionil a thorough perusal of the foregoing
H ord nl W isd"iM to the Twelve. High I'riests. Sefentie<.
Rider*. Ili-h"p*. 1'rieats, Teacher* Deacon*. Brethren and
H-t< r*. ?>f the Church of Je*u- t'hri?t of Latter l?ay
Saint*; and that the officer* of the Church generally,
pre.i nt the -ul.jert liefore the t'burrii. as the) have the
opport unity, oltlier separately or collectively; *nd confer
together iii-oii the principle* contained In the above, and
?Is ride whether they are *eiit forth In the w|*<|om of
heavi n or In the foliy of man; and If In *i-d'<Ul. that
each one so deciding, iimiilfe.t their f tit h by their
work*, and prove to otliers that their faith la a (arlug
W hv I* M not wisdom to mako a common practice of
drinking tea. coffee i r hot drinks of any kind ' l'hy*l
elan*. phiboKpher' Rider* In Israel, will you plr-i-e to
answer !
[T rum the thxrit New*. Jfov. 30 ]
The rnlte.l State* mail left thi- city. on Kriilay. Novem
l? r XL and wa- accompanied tiy Major ti It tJranl. '"apt
Kiioliall and I'erguaon. David Mnith. t'harie* Snon , a ml
Sergeant Y. Ilank*. over the Mg mountain : and while
encamped between the two mountain* abort el -ven
o'clock at night, they heart a mule bleating pitifully,
whonamanby the name of Mr Daniels. who *?? going
a- far a- 1'ort llridger. went to the rc<ciie and f Mind the
mole was attacked by seven large white shaggy wolves,
whi< h had the mule down in the cn-ek. and were worrying
It In *evi ral place*. It lien the wolven aaw the man. tin y
left the mule and attacked him. who scrcamed and fl?d to
the camp Several men went out to his a.-sistanee. whoa
they Warned the mule nod drove It into o.imp
Tlie en left the mall carrier* on the ton <4 the aecond
mountain, la high spirit*, and feeling well, on Saturday,
at mam.
The Mtow wa- about four inches on the *ldc? of the
The Impwmmi atanf the are great. ?neh as making
ttoral rbosr of fsotabaw ; wwlng m?ri than a yard per
minnte wNhfwit hand*; setting nor** *hn>* allhiidl M*n
making nn ny Hg tan?t'' * with little tallow ; to preserve
butter f-rl tl> s. ot for year*, without -alt; restoring
i iid pi' -i rvlnt -iifht with' nt _ I.is.ik ? and nlm '<t ev.-ry
thing, exi i pt being -aved without keeping Hm- ? ommand
ai. ni*.
Tlw' mall h s v i 1 1 ? |?*?il thnnigh snow from one to
three feet In ilopth. for *evcnt' *n day*, arrived on the
f?h in t . bringing a copy ? f the act |m orpi Hating the
ttrritory i f t "tali, a* certified by Dr lh'rnhl*?-l. which w?
give entire in |o-<lay'* paper.
At owr latest advice* frtn Wa-hlngton. the offieors of
I he 'tirrltor)" had not been aoedliebdj bat it waa
thought bjr si m* of MP Men I* that I'redileut Kilbnoro
wa taioratily inellm-d towar?ls Indtv idtials n"i> living In
|ii etvt. for ihe greater p<irtion of the ofll. e* of I'tali
Lat. 4* W W. I<nv tlf* Hp,
D R S K It 1! T N r. \\ S .
Pt M.I*ltSS Iflll OTMi ll *ATt RtMV.
Pi* nmiith*. f .' M. In advance.
Single f<p|t II Cent*
One d?i*? n. kt1! cent* each
*ln I s IISI W? VT#
l'i r si|iiare 1 i lino*, ft 6u
Paeeei ding insertion*. -e0 rent* each
fl for a half ??|Mare.
Delivered at the l*oat office which will hp open each
>abl?atli. fTi in l'i to 1 o'i lock P M
An? on < iM North Kanyon
I'anhl Mitl? r North t'i it timwnod
l-i'Bc t'lark. tt ri? r e ainty
.1*1 II .lohn*<-n Mill t'reeb
II iiiisiin Crosby I'ottonwood.
l-nae ilighee. I tab
>. |..,n 1 1 ? - 1 n ? -an I*. t*
P!rra T lton-on. Tooele
I hop lb P-Hai so. I all th ? acting Hi-hoji* In th>' city
I t.li - ul. -i ril? r- advise us to tie contrary, we shall
M ml tin . i |?|* I s to our agent ncare't their resldene*
M tran n - 4in Iho evening of the lath inat Mr Jona
than C right ial Mi-a Cynthia Martin wcr? united
in marrlafle, b f Prtm BrltfV F Voung. In preaeoee of
the Licutenaut ilormmr. M of Witfjinw*!
members ..f tlir Ucnrral Asscmbk ?*< ?*?>?*?? *Wh
ladies. at the dwelling of Mr. Jilu ' J14? Oott. who pre
wutcd the juirt y with a Miuiptngju >. whicb w.i? fol
lowed with inusic mul dancing, and cU w'"' Prj)"'r
by Klder K iml >n 1 1 Warm und taxiing WW*** were
ItwtnvMl upon Mr. Vn OoM ami lady, for their genteel
and liberal entertainment. accompanied by V. hcartt-lt
gratitude of the bride and groom. May till* iun'on l'T,'r
be u? pleasant ax the introductory parly.
Kaus ! ! ? Hag* ! ! ! ? Bare your ray* ? every '? "'7
in DW'Kt. save your rag* ; old wagon covers, te. U*'
quilts, shirts. kc.. kc.. arc wanted for |Niper. The ma. 4,1
tBrknl measures are in progress to put a paper iniil in
operation the coming xeason. in thin vulley, and all your
rags will be wanted. Make your woollen rag* into car
peting. and save importation.
Patbiarciiai. Notice.? I take thin method to notify
the brethren of the city and vicinity. tliat I will attcml
to all call* in the line of my office. hrntllfr, particularly
011 Saturdays and Monday* of each week, also on other
days ?>f the week when convenient.
JOHN 8MITII. Patriarch.
N. B. ? Office near the northwest corner of tbu Temple
ll>.Hi>i<ia. ? The undersigned wonH respectfully Inform
the public that he is prepared to drive all kinds of stock
to his herd ground at Black Bock, twenty miles west of
this city. on Monday of each week. Start from Widow
White'*, in the Thirteenth ward, at V o'clock, A. M. Fur
further information euquirc of the subscrils-r
Notice. ? Those wishing to send letter* to the State*
will deposit the xaine iu the l'o*t Office, previous to the
first of each month, for mailing, a* the mail will positively
leave on the first day of each month.
0. UBIKHTII. Agent, for U. S. Mail.
November 25, 1860.
Shitolm. Tvaitwo, 4tc ? Alexander 4c Co., would ii?
fovni the citizens of the Valley, tliat tlwy have rented
Horace Uibbs' shingle machine, eight mile* southeast of
this eity. on South Mill Creek. ami are constantly sawing
shingles at the following price*: ? $6 60 per thousand,
when the timber 1* furnished, and SO cents deducted
when thu tVnber is rolled on the log-way. and the shin
gles removed by the owner as fast as they are manufac
tured ; or they will manufacture timber into shingles f.?r
one-half. 60 for timber delivered to make 1.000
shingle*, will be paid in cash. Shingles for sale, at $19
per thousand. They are al*o prepared to il? aril sorts of
turning in wood ami iron, except heavy mill cranks, and
these uiuy be turned in piece*, und afterward* welded.
Bkkk, Beef. Beef. ? The undersigned propose to keep
constantly on hand a supply of fresh beef, at the ol.l
stand of B. Stringhaui's, a little south of the Council
Novels ! Notru ! ? All the latest for sale, by
J. k K, BKK.SK.
Paib IVahmkc ! Third a.xd Last Call ! ? All persona
indebted to Sum'l ilrliighurst for making cradles, are
r< quested to call and settle their accounts forthwith, if
they wish to ?ave cost, ns he has gone South and left
tin m in my hands for coUectlon. for the support of liU
wife, who is iu want of the wheat immediately.
W1 1, 1, AIM) SNOW. B?|.
i Pa st. "it School. ? The Parent School eonuiienced on
j Monday, November 11. at Mrs. Pack's house. Seventeenth
ward, under the direction and supervision of Professor
Orson Spencer. The board of regents have employed Dr.
Collins. A. M.. for the present, who will instruct in all
branches taught in high schools. The prospect is favor -
able for a rapid advancement in the sciences.
Terms, for one quarter, $8. half in advance.
Samuel W. lticliards has been appointed committee to
make preparation aud give auy information liecetsary,
regarding this department.
W.Woodruff has a large and well selected assortment
of school books. The different ward* would do well to pro
cure a supply, that their children may lie rapidly ad
vanced in the various branohcs which will be taught the
present winter JAMKS LKWIS, Clerk.
Board of Beguntx.
Mb*. A Smith, late of St Louis, invites the ladle, of
Great Salt Lake City and vicinity, to the lns|H-ctlon of a
KUja-rior assortment of velvet, silk, satin, and straw
bonnets, and a variety of millinery and fancy good*. Two
lots south of Kldcr J Taylor's house, in the fourteenth
Pamiionabi.i' Tail*bi*g. ? The subscriber would tak?
this method to thank his old patrons for the favors licre
tofi re extended to him. and hopes, by strict attention to
business, to merit a continuance of their patronage. Hav
ing the latest report of fashions, he i* prepared to make
coat*, cloaks, pants, mid vests, in the latest and mul ap
proved sty 1< s. He lias removed his shop from the old fort
to the Slxteeutli ward, two blocks west of State House,
near Hcnjaniiu Johnson'* saddlery, where he can at ail
time* be found. N B. ? Cutting done on short notice
Nov. SO. I860. ? 'iltf. WM. P Mi INTIKK.
Strajed fnni the camp of the Legion, on Thursday ?
evening last, a span of chexnut sorrel mares; one a light
ehrsnut. a star in the forehead, a strap about six t -et
long; the other has a larriet about twenty-live feet long;
both shod all round. Any person giving information of
the -ameto Sanford Porter, of the Tenth ward, or Joseph
Bich. of the .Seventeenth ward, will confer a favor on the
Living in North Kanyon ward, iu Cherry's settlement.
Notk e. ? P I*. Pratt is intending to take hi" departure
on tile first of January . 1861. and may be altseut for soma
years on a foreigu mission. This is. thcref>r*, to inform
hi- debtors that he frankly forgives all debts du? him,
and > nils upon all persons who have demands again*' him
to present them for payment on or before the J >th of Iter,
next, or ever after hold their peace, as he wi?hc* his fiml
ly, during bis abaence. to be free from such aiino\niice*
as dull* Blacksmiths, cobblers, lawyers. sheriffs, md
butchers bills. kv And should hi- live to return li ?
would like to rest in |M-ace. without having old d<bi,ti
.-tare him iu the face Nor Jti. 1860 ? Jl tin
Im>m> Dctiemtiow in Nkw Mexico, ? A
gentleman now in tlii* city h it it furnished u? with
the *ub*tance of a letter recently received from hi*
Correspondent in Santa Fe. It exhibit* Anything
but a -atisfactory etute of affair* in that territory.
The Indian*, it i* said, are completely overrunning
the country. "1 cannot get the aggregate of all
the *toek taken from the territory aiuoe the I'uited
Slute* took aowMaioo, but I can give you the
:i mount from two counties, Bernalillo and Santa
Anna, \ir. : ? Sheep. I Mi, 71-1: horse*. U79 ; tuiile*,
772; cuttle, 1 .3111 . Valuing the sheep at $1 23, the
hoTK? lit |30, mules at $Vi, and cattle at $l!)|>er
head, the Iom in these two eountien amounts to
j.2til .1*>7 50. Sincc the above eatiinatc was made,
the Xavajoe* have taken from i>r. Connelly $I2.IK>>
worth of *heep more. From the toirn of Corrale*.
the Indiana, about ten day* aince, took all theatock
? from three to file hundred head of hor*?*, rattle
and mule*. Dr. Connellv ha* lo?t twenty-six thou
sand head of *hecp in nil, and ha." but three thou
.-and left. l>oa Jose Choi* bun lout forty thon<aud
in all, leaving about live thousand; and a good ?
many other* have lost from five to fifteen thousand.
1 have a list of all the .sufferers, and the umouut of
animate kwt in that district. Fifty-two thoa*and
head have been run off in the la*t year. At the
time of Connelly'* taut loss, the /*? '/o?r? went to a
military post, ami informed the commanding ofli wr
of the fact*. A ciiiu 1 1 party, under the command of
a sergeant, wn< Kent in pursuit. The /mil ire went
as guide, but it hating mowed after the sheep were
run off, he was unable to find the trail, and tfu- *er
geant gave him a severe whipping, *ent him off,
and returned to bis pout.** It i* added, that tha
|ieoplc are nfraid to inform the officer* of these de
predation*. Tin* may be so, but we are incliucd
to doubt it. American offner* are generally a*
prompt to protect American property and Anterie.tn
citnens, as they would be to revenge a pcr*oual in
sult, and we believe they have shown them*elve*
to be *0 on evanr occasion. ? St. t*mi* ( Mi ) Hr- '
jrulJinn, Ma irk 22.
Tjmbic Affair in Knati tLD, S. C. ? We learn
tbe following particular* of a liorrid*hooting affair,
which occurred in Kdgefield 1 list riot, on th? 2>lh
iri?t. The parties engaged in it were Klbcrt liar
din, W illiam Treadwell, Win Wilson, and Steph *n
Wilson. It ap|<cari> that the difficulty arose be
tween the Wilson* and the other two pcraons men
tioned, in regard to the line fence between their
plantation*. The Wilaons |tmnM to move tha
fence fui t her in on their own land, when Mm. liar
din diaeovered it, and forbade them ?threatening, '
at tbc same time, to cut oil tin; hand- of the ne
groes, who were moving the rail*. The WHmt
onlered the ncgroca to proceed, which tliey did.
Mr*, llardin then sent off for Hardin ami Tread
way. On their arrival, it *eOBMt 'hey resisted tbo
moving of the fence ? llardin attacking the Wjl* >m
with a rail. Win. Wilson and Ticadway being arm
ed with gun*. The two latter exchanged aliiit* ?
Wil*on'? taking effect ii|>on Tread way, who *<?oa
fell, mortally w ounded. Trcndway'* shot took no
? ffect. llardin then *t untied Wilson hy striking
him with the rail ? seiicd the gun of Tread way, and i
fired at Wm. WHmt, without effeet. Wilson then
fired at him. the shot taking effect in one eye, and.
al*o in hi* face, brca*t and arm Since the above
was written, we have heard that Treadwaf did not
dim hargi his gun. but that it ws* fi red wtitwinli
b_v llardin at Wilson, a* *ta'cd above. Trend way
ha* *im e died from the wonnd* inflicted ? llardin is
not yet dead, Imt the wonnd* are represented to l?>
very sr \ ere. ? Hnmtmrn (?V. V.) Hr/>nb, M ?r< h 27.
I<Aii: rnoM Viottttl.t. ? The bark Thoma? l>i?l
h'tt arr.ted at Philadelphia, on Sunday, in aistaen
day* from Puerto Cabello. A correspondent of tlio
Ihi/lrtm, tinder date of Puerto Cabello, March It,
mi v* i?1 " Bn*ine?* ha* become qnite active here ninoo
the derision of the Presidential <inest ion, which Ini
tendt d to rcntore confidence to the increantile eom
miinitv. 1 ain under the impression that the coun
try will continue t|iiie', for a period at least. AH
must and will de|>eiid on the course Uiken by th>?
new administration, whieh ha* just been Install I
Into office. The bark Thomas (lallett leave* tut
one American vessel in port, the Klvira, Capt. IV
tcrs, recently arrived from Bo*fcm, via Liftuynt,
Tbc baik I ne* arrived at Laguayra, from Phil*
delphia, on the Huh in*t."
Tin: It .^nnNH vr X w vno. ? The communist* a
N MVto win to be getting into trouble Mnonjf
t hemselvc*. Not long *inoe, one of their Members
left without gi\ ing notice, which eau*ed eoiuider
abl? commotion, and brought out an addre*s front
M. t abet, the chief of the establishment. Th
whole trowble i* charged by Cabet upon the Inflit
cure everted by the ( atholies. There is every pro
bability that the trouble will spread until th<" whol (
of the rmnm'in property is consumed. After tin
witbdniwal of Che\ iilion, 'be printer to the soeicty,
*eii ral familiee left, and there now seem* a di*po*i
tiyu to pnt ? itop to the principle vf coiutaitui

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