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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 07, 1851, MORNING EDITION, Image 2

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Tbf S|irerlt of Col. Biflcr. tlir linbernatonai
3omintf of the WeiiHM-nit*.
&T'. Ac.. At .
Our I*? niiaj Ivavsla Correwpoittleiu-e.
Keadino, l'\., June ?">, Is-".!.
bu\o lit!I.- to ct>uimuni> ate this nt-irning. beyond
what 1 sent you by telegraph luA night. The talk
ah..ut the formality ate I informality, the regularity
and irregularity, of a ??ounty convention or a county
committee, is wot worth reporting, especially when
the drift of it was to Buncombe. The vote last
Big It' is no index cf Buchanan's position, th-.ujrh
hi partisans ?re making the most of it, andend:a
Toring t*> pnmu-lo orerybody th.it it is a vote for
him. Buchanan has merely joined tho strong side;
and if he lta-1 been with Krazer, instead of Bigler,
th. vote would still be the same. With tho same
u t he b?: linked himself with Campbell, wb? is of
Irish parentage, and a Catholic, and has rallied
around him Miles Sweeny, of Philadelphia and ail
th" Irish: tho more so, because some of tho papers
on the jther side have indiscreetly appealed to na
tive Aunericani-tu. Buchanan is anold stager, and
knows the ropes lie knows thorn, c-pecially in
Pennsylvania, his bir'hplace: and ho may got the
nomination for this State; but whether he will get
the nomination from the whole parly. Is a horse of
a different color. And thi-v ry doubt may ultimnto
y weigh with even his friends here, and induce them,
w goo l democrats, to give the nomination to Cass,
whose i .pularity extends through many "-tatts, and
who has an infinitely better prospect of being tho
candidate finally selected by the National
orotic Convention, than Buchanan, whose popularity
ia of a very limited description. It will, therefore,
be a question with tho democrats of this <tate,
even it the majority were favorably disposed to
ward- Buchanan, w hether giving him the nomina
tion foi i'ouu-G'uuia migat u-.t be throwing it !
away, a dri.-iiug * be defeat of Cans, so as perh t pi
to UM I w u-.' man th obtainthe general n mnna
tion. an l thn?. '*rbaps, cause the lo-s of the elec
tion, ntij tic ?; I- ?> tic wh'd. party. Buchanan
has bitteri.not to oppose him, 111 h'raicr .oti
Cum tom, iad many others in the State, and he
?'iu 1 no obtain *? largo a rote ut the polls as a
auii wh is not obnoxious to uny section of the
democracy, i ucbauan woild not have tho slightest
eharce against Seott in this State. It will require
a very -'long muti. indeed, to beat the General in
Pex.it-} !?? nuta. When you come to inquire into the
cause of Scott's popularity in Pennsylvania, you
will fcnl that i' is almost ot the .-ante character with
that of the late General Taylor, and that it is nut
as a whig he i- popular, but as a general, and tha*
it is a 'nit of indefinable hero worsnip ihat Ls piid
hiiu by th. simple Germans, who abound in ;,x
Htato, snd are naturally a urili.ary ra??, and al
ways pay homage to generals. General Jackson
?btaiueU HI.OUI majority in thi-? State on his first
election, and Van Karen wa? beaten ;n it by Gen
eial Harrison, only b> a very small majority, and
would probablv have been Getorious but thai it
was <i time oi d?i-re sion in tho State, and the peo
ple desited .-ome change There arc many of the
soldiers who tough' under Scott in this "-'ate. and
won Id ' 44 r bun. jvh.iher th-y are 4a M rat- -c
whig;. If.
Bbaiiimi. June ?'?, 1M5I.
After the nomination of l oL Bigler, Mr. J. Kee
nan, jr . of We-tin ore land county, read the follow
uig letter from Go!. Black, calling upon the delegates
from certain counties to disobey the instructions
given them t vote for him a ? a candidate for the
Pirtasraoc May ST, lfi.il
T.j iiu Phi in- i mw Caawi-oat.,
It?? a, Lswars. >, Am l otirsT, W
b-nUeinen?fh ? nomination 11 C<4. Higler by the I> -
mxvrnli Slate t'onv nlion i- already an ?-curt lined
?. rainiy The porp--e of this letter i- to reque-t that
yoa will depart from } , -ur in-tru. tion-. and iut nam - tu?
aa acaic.li late for the office of tiovornor. Concert of
thought and unanimity. on the evening of preparation,
fire goodly promt ? | glorious day in action. |?.( n c
?a- b>- an on tattle in the way of perfect harmony but
rather !-t nc- reioi-.- iu*i ?? iu th- U<--tcan minister to
th.- triumph of tic- party that know- ,, , ti- n in -ut
atu <?? nntrv
If I did not holi-T" thai lh<- entir- i th i, Int.
rested la on r success at the fitatc election. I iniglit no
be ?o "aruc -l at th- flr-t of the fight, hut I d" leliey
that tbc security of the I ni >n depends upon the j-?u ?
in fVnn-ylvania. and therefore | uu -in iny heart o
heart, in-?t stuinnx. t.uy.rnor Juhniton. ngainet
whoa. and towaid- whom I u-vr 1iat> and never will
employ an nnkiad word. has d-oi.-at.-d l.im-elf to n re
election His reeourc- - ir? neither few nor feeble
Huppoec he soeccc'tf?it i a declaration on the part of
PenneyIviuis that -he i? determined to disturb th"
aseg-nres of con' l iailou and compromise whirli hav >
put past trou'de- to -Ic-p To those uiessi.r- ? the demo
-ratie pvrty is w far committed, and b-. I think equally
couraitied on the oth?r vide l.et tl.e rentn of th ?
Ln.on then, *hak< lh< ' aiou. and wliat ins tin i of th
trembling hratn hea Of tl.e trie' I do uot Islon.- t}
that ?-h'"4 "f secur. sinner- who do not think ti.rr
iaanyn<-?-i cf alsrtn beeanw danger d'*? not thunder
daily at lh?lr doors. N r do l dmin the blind
hrav.-ry <4 men wh'- will n-d U o at p> riU. Is c?u?e,
IU. a pursued ostrich, they ran hide ttn ir h-ids
in the naud liut I do admire those who. calculating
act the value o| tb< I nion. i>of lite danger- of it ? n
daavor by wise .nd jnst news- t< stiU the storm befor<
it breaks ajtnnthe i? -* hopes nf the tru- le art. And
they are to i ? the no-re admired h- eim- ti?. ?: rm
break- and ws-tt ? it?e|i upon them, *nd n-a u|--u tie
ountry TJie p-ac of 'hi- I nl? n ha- been tr-uhl' l.
and au> h- trouhl d again. I. t u. not. by h ll. w p.- ..
fas-ion but by at- .1 tidallly and fairii. ?? h. trie t.
erary ver.nl rlvht tie- c n.tltuti.u ^ir.- to *?ery
asr?raI -eetton of the ? antry Tin n *>? nre Ane-rf
sans, and worthy 'f tie- Hum- Imi w It ,? ,. n-s
me for running into this earned ? pr- -ton ; but
J fe?l it all. and racnol k.sj. from -aym. It.
/ ron-ider the American I'uion t|. ;r>-at' *t homan
institution that aa,. tr.r f. rue 1 and. n- xt to the t'tiri ?
tian religion th" gnati ?t |bl? ?ing "itr fortune- have
ev-r ne t to m ike , r the bur l'-tr- of a w-ary !if< ,.nd
I reaard even th dangers of it- ?li--o.ut.oa a. a di-a?ter
most deeply to b* deplored
B a ran /ran and sweat withowt iiiu. h a^ony under
the cad < t life ?env?. -<> long a-we hat* a country;
but tmk> tbat awry, and we bar no h< .rl for anythlug,
and no nunh ?l t- iner t any thing.
Wh'-n the M elie . apt ah d. -owi" year- ug >, u tlas*
OhtortTT th> ' riu-an I a:th th-" h> xds and heart?
if Bi-o wr-v ? ?' n "yla.-ilir. uahlhe air Thntws-r.ry
ilka a t rie n . rpl- !? I disno oils r> l. sad dnslr- ye-l
?the a. >re h rnhie aft. r it- dextruetloia. banau-e of it
beauty befor. It ia Imp'*; ibl. n' t to lor. th- iboucbt
and tbe i n wh- mad" tb? !!-? ojtht, ?n we'd e1(,r>?> d a
Uti?? th- states ..file I ni- n. di-tinet ?s th. billow
and on# i k* th- .? May w? u?t a Id the wares of th
sea mil in their sppr prists -ph-re*, wrapping ibeui
sain-s doily stcl mrhtly around ear It other, an I sr.
brok' u oaiy wle n driven again*t the r--ck or the alc -re'
Th. wi-.j'-nv 'f . ur lathers rising from tlw mighty
deep of the -pTtral pa-t I?fS'hrr us to avoid ii?
breaker "bi-n they carefully and -af-li shunned
tery truly, MM I. W SI.At'K
Tbc letter wa- ordered to be ir,-erte4 on the
ID# f'nn' nt n tnewproce wd to bullet tur? *u?j
I'wl'ilftntr, wh<>n (tab f lover. J. U. Pentium,
William Cfenright. Wm f. S. < ,t npbcll. Jatner Y
Jmtnc, 1 anicl < 0"te, \V. W. Wilton. and K. II.
Bell, were *cv> rally propo- d. ? 'nlj ' lov r. Hrnt
ton, .^enrlght and < ampb' 11 rewired vole- to jo
tify any hope of their nomination. ''lov. r and .re.*
right kepi ahead till the eighth ballot, when ' -nip
tell dropped off, and the nwmb? r- atood?' lover 30,
>ea right l?>. and Bmttolft At tin ninth ballot
the number were < lovor 0, Staright 10, Br:Utij
'?1. It at ton ??< ti. n withdrawn.and the tinal? >te
wae taken, whvn the uunikcri rtood?Clover !<?,
^?aright if.
Clover wn.? declared by tin ehair to b< the nomi
nee of the party, and immediately after hi' notuiru
tion, wan, by recitation, unanira<n?ly confirmed,
It *?i hM rrat god beforehand, ("lover It also a
i'nrhanan man.
The committee appointed by the eonraatlod to
wait on Col. ibgler and inform him of hia notnina
iion, conduct! d him i'to the 1 oart limine auiidft
tb< ni" t (BlkntU tie cheering, the Chairman
then introduced hint t>> the convention when
another tbantb ring ebeir 'hook the building
?>d. Bit r then ?idrcnfttl the convention m
follow* : ?
Mr Franhb n'and Gcuth m'B \ o hat ? I n in tin
hetv,f of it*- giiating roe ? - the rundklat. of the J.-m>
?ratic party for tlie <.f>ce of t,? vrrm r ? f thl? Plate, foe
litis dMingiil*h'-d ma a <>f 'oofid' n?e and ri rarj. I ?in
mly ttiavv joe and through y..,i th rttlaend "f p. nn
aylfatila TJ-- > n ? nt. it-?If. ?r>J th< manm r in whhh tt
baa been acr> rap! ?lc 1. a ? i ,i>*tly flatt ring In me. and
bate anah. n- 1 In ny v nd !? ?> lings of gratitude and
drli|bt but riiiV tn- <m ni't na ?r:ij my heart, t am
not unmU?lli.; of tin r 'ti?U iitty. and an*' ty. n i l
lat-nr, I ?hall incur in vmswg tb< 1'ntur e. r-.t? t. ml U
>our aomiiiB'ioB should l n tor I t?y a m?0"t tv of
the people of tin fiate. I ft.. 1 that I b but ill abb
to dlM-harx1 tb" iitij "Hunt dm ii? in- jaraK jr a that
high ? tn na which j it (1 (ire m- to til. Conm toon
of my Jefleb-nr i< ?. tn< r-fe. ii " ofpnnaiUty hnpreeana.
flat hating been -el-et- I as J Tir candidate | bn? to
Curd"" i*f n and am deterrr < 1 ' with yrin thi
ttb of J, ?i?T?rt. and ?li'?'l<t' t * ?? .--.'1 ' -row ??d .
with ?nee< ??. to di?ehar^e the ? MCwti I; i< r< Iring upon <
me. nreording to my fc ?t ability r ij leg uj">n the f>*.
tf aranr-of myhiCw r';i,<ri in I th' in' ? n. uf
llraten foe "ipp'-rt (i >1 cheep'.j Mrj I rot - ui- ,
eratulat-vii upon tin 'rot""' 'l tbin<erati.i uu:>n? .
unity In tide Ptati < h-er, . It 1? < i; o -ory t |
rr tend ami at rength-'d that l<- 'ng in'? I ! I r ? ' the
d<aa< ratie party tro? fti-'r pre- "t t? tnp r-ir? | wtrna i
I4"n. and b? '*"ta'o o.jr bnr>"*r ami nar t ?in? iftl? ? to thi
????? ? ..-mm mm ?w awsenvw, ;
f . th'-m (UnthuaL.'V.if cb- r- N h uir <? ..14 be |
?o gr??t t' iii'' as thi- which i? connected with
my nativ State. From my boyhood t hit wa! ho.1
her progress with Jeep inter -t. 1 rn d vc! .p .nent j
of her mineral resource"' her agricultural wealth and
the extern-ion of her commerce. I have regarded with
profound delight and admiration. Nor inn -he hem b> i
hindhaud in * xteudiug the arts and so! U"es. and the
retiniug iiirtlieuecs of literature But ubjvc uli. I ad
mire her lor the general pro: perlty and comfort -he has
diffused among the workiug e la sees, iRreat clioeriag.)
Still more ought Pennsylvania to b admired tor her a 1
hetiou U) the ualioual I a ion Vpplatue i And never,
lam happy and proud to say, did die contain m-reof
that adhesive power than now Renewed cheering)
Never tincc she became a Sutr, w:i? she ui .re a key stone
to the arch than she is at the present moment This
v inmonwealth has not been without its troubles au l |
trials. She lias -uttered severely fr ui iiuaueial aud
commercial embarra-suieut*; hut the integrity of her
people has pr?served her honor untarnished a- it ulways
will preserve it There wa- a time when she was pros- I
trated almost to the lowest d.grce. Tin uou-aecouuUbiUty
of her public agents, and iier grout expenditure up>u
publie works, the facility of borrowing money and the .
extruded and unlimited credit in transactions between ;
hanks and communities, created the hurrieane which
swept before it the inn,s-ent with the guilty an 1 over- !
wlieliued all classes with terror and d- -pair Before this
stortn Pennsylvania had U give way for a time. Kxpe- |
dieuU were devised, which ouly palliated and postponed
the evil till 18-1-'. whi u she lay prostrate with thirty
eight millions of a foreign debt and three millions of a
Routing domestic debt, pr ?-sing upon her vitals. A more
effectual remedy was devised hy the F.agielaturc. and
now the honor of the Stat- -'.aud- redeem".) That 1
have been an humble in-trument in assisting her to
weather the -torrn. shall ever lot a source of gra
tilieatiou to me Should 1 ever rt-aeli the high
-latiou lu which you -eek to place me, it will
be u.y ambition, as it will h ? my duty, to he dili
gent. and truthful, and just, in tin discharge of the im
portant trust leposed in me. 1 am n >t of that seh'Ol of
p< litics and philo-iphy that would have us believe that
the country is to be made rieh and the people prosper
ous by mere acts of legislation, or that '.he wealth of tie
nation is to is- measured by the amount of po)s-r mouey
in circulation. (Cheers.) K .penance h.i- long since
exploded ttU idea. Wealth consists in the labor of the
people?in tin ir energy and skill in developing the inex
haustible resour. i s of a soil te. miug with fertility, under
the influence of a climate favorel by heaven itlreat
applause > Demagogues may -ay tl.e contrary but the
heresy i? too transparent to deceive This great eonutty
s.'."rn? to have lieen Selected by I'r- , videlice for the
establishment of th" truth of man'-' e utlity. Not ?
only lias the truth teen established hy our experimoat. 1
but it has brought out such a degree of p ro-p. rity aud
huppinca- as lias utv.T I>< en witnessed on liii- earth be
fore In ltki*. a colony settled in Virginia, lu Iti'Ji.
another planted its footsteps on Plymouth rock, a band i
of oppr d humanity, king a p t apirt from the I
r-st of the world, where they might worship their Ood '
a-cording to the distate- of c n eieuec. and dwell under j
their own vine and fg tree, none daring to nislo th -in
ifraid The son-of freed' in -oon spread over other por
tions of the continent, and it was not liug till '.he
offspring ol the pilgrim fathers w.rc in rontliet
with the mother country Tiie struggle w.<- carried on
with a degree of courage, and wisdom, aud perse- j
Vermnee. and suffering, un. r ampb-d in the uur.ul of man
kind. fill at length th victory was won. and in 17%
-be stood a nation of united States, and liberty wa- gt'.a- :
ranted to .Id h'-r people. Thero w re theu only thirteen
Ptat' s whose population scarcely exceeded thst of our
state Now there are thirty one ,states, with a popuU- ?
tion of twenty-three millions. and ?. territory as vast in i
extent as it U botiisdle-- in its resources. If th - popu- j
latiou increases iu the same ratio up to the "nd of tlie
present century, we -hall be one huudr-.l and thirty mil
lions? postn saed of a military and naval power, and a |
commercial Ititlu'tnce. which i' will be no pleasant pie- t
ture to monarchy to contemplate. Tvcn the black bo tr
of Ku-j-iv may look on it with lear and trembiiug Tha |
thirt?ii State-have increased. one by one, till they stand
now a great nation, and h monument of w hat men in a
State of equality can do?a cloud by .lay aud a pillar of
tiro by night, to guide the ffiviutn beyond tbo wav s, !
who are struggling against lb" here 'ics of the old world.
The man i- i fool who refuses to tie iullu need by the
experience of the pa-t. It is by looking at its past his
tory that we inti-t come to a right conclusion ??? to what
the policy of ill" country must be for lie future. Tli >n
may is- no immediate dauger to the e*i?U n-e of our na
tional Union, lint it -eiim to me tiiat the fiery ordeal is |
nvit yet entirely ps-s d. At I ast one member of the
Union threatens disloyalty. The crisis i- -till critical,
aud calls for tli" ?' vervise of patriotism, and wisdom, aud
love, on the part "f th"-" at tlo- helm. Seventy-five
years ago tie- glorious "Id vessel launched,
with broken nia-ts, and shuttered sails, and open
pluuks Di.v naion among her er-w threatened to
drive her upon the rock- That d(IH< utty Icing
settled, the head winds of nullification nro-c. and
menacd the loss of one star from our stripes. That
dang, r w is av? rted lu our own day. froui the agitation
r?nn eted with tlo slavery '(ui .-ti>n. and the admission
of n-w territories -he wa- threat-n J to iie overwhelm -d
by the .term and the wave- The not* of danger and
alarm wa- -ouieh d All hands . itm to tli" rosette. Tin
patriot came II" who lay on the couch of indoleucc
esme and the mutineer him-df came; and all united in
adjusting the canvass that brought th" vessel-ale to
harlsir. I comet myself. Not yet to harbor; but -lie
is in view her -ail rem wed. and all right, (tlrcat ch"< r
nig , i >nly u single Iier?a sand lour?is in her way. H li ?
is there tnat would not sacrifice fouiathing to bring up
the vessel safe' (Cheers.) The turn iie-a of com
| e uii-e and adju-liuent adopted recently by Con
gress, and which 1 am prepared to support Willi all
nn power, may and I trust will, be th" m ? in- of accom
plishing the desired end M bother I am elevated to the
I- dlioo of Governor of this State, or continue an ob
scure eltiaeu o| the c<mm< uwealth I shall cvr b ? de
voted heart ami -oul to this gloriou- I uion. tie- klea of
the disco int.. raicut of which . onjures uji horr >rs too
painful to contemplate It i? the ark of our covenant,
?a ntalning tiie charter of our freedom, not to t.e touch
ed without desecration. In the language, then, ot an
? miueut statesman, let u* be f<r the Union fir-t aud
last, one and inseparable forever.
Col- Bigler thus concluded, utald-t tbo iuo-t jo .
long. dnud enthusiastic filters.
Unr Washington C orrespoinleiice.
Wamiuiotoh, Jf sr I. Ml
'J' tjri ?/ i" .i?.'.V/t'Ti/y?Common Srtb' <i ? ?
'/ /IIh inil?1? Tin b'U Hon / of
I .linn siuttf! m fiLxnvn C!" >nu tmrk?
That j'/inh t Soft, u-hat it nut un i hi tight?.U
A 'l'fllMM * H WO Oflnr, 4"'? 4"'?
Sagacity and iraetieal common -ense?pretty
much "iic and the .-.line thing?are not bad ingredi
ent- for an inlaiiiii-tration to pos-cst.
It i- a rimark here, which has grown into a pro
\ rb. that Senator Ihugla-?let the " Voting* iiant
of the V e. t" learn and bear it modestly?ha< m- ro
-agniity and common -en?<" In one week, than the
pre*cnt administration hn* vouchsafed to it in a
twel'. .month.
Look at the appointment of latnd < ominisskm
ers far ( nlifornia Arthur I-'. Hopkins, of Alabama,
an en in nt jurist and lawyer, worth soma
undone. .:g a law practice Worth ?12,U"*' a year,
was one o| the ap|H,<ntev.s t<> a commissi Mier's office
worth *?>,?*? a >eat in California. Of courre he
woi.let'd at the .ipj-ointment, and leelin, d it. I?
- ph 1C Ioger-oii, aa eminent statesman and law
yer. wirth tiOfMlUI, and on joying a law practice
woitdi some or fid,?Mt a year, was another
of the appoint, ei ?>f course he. too, wondered and
deelim u Jam - Harlan, the Attorney <icneral of
Kentwkv. mhiei/ a- a lawyer, and a distinguished
??i-ixi' taber ot t ongre-s.l w.m another of the ap
poi tec# ' 'fcoune be aid, "thank you" to *? the
E>wer? that he," at Washington, and d'Oliix d the
>n nr. Nest John C -pence r, eminent a- thai ca
?*eer*tary of thoTr a-ury, whose name, by univcr
al I'inwit, stands nevt to that of es-SSe' retary
Ale under lluiuiltoa, and Whoa* legal practice mu?t
brii g him aa ir eotu. of more than gftySMayeer,
was 'ngl J ut and .ippmr.ted orami- loner. Mis
hr t and "laorh nd c lott-.r to the Albany pa
p-re on the "aeiect, *h'?w< i?? w .? t .oi hed be was
that the administration should think of appointing
| hiui t<! such 'in "S; c.
Who willftaaily be tie remains to
be ascertained, t hus far th" administration has
displayed its *<ij|a< ity and common sea#*', in the
; malt, r. intndi afl'-rth" fa-lnon of the lute Taylor
.aslriiiiii tralion. wh.-n it gravely temlercd to Join
i t'iwrk. 'it to be at the le ad <d the Tr? ;i-tiry I?c
rwrtiuent. the MM -p'ott of Keeoi Jer of th < lencral
i I .and (MB' c
Tbertonreraatious and *j?c. ulatiou* relative to
t la? late Hoard d C'ommistioncri on elaime against.
\le.vi o and the doings of said lourd, A. ., are still
g .irg on hri-kly in all eir le- here.
It is a little ' urioiis that the cotntnis-i tners took
no oath of office. 1 he law creating the board ma le
no provision for the commissioners to be sworn, ami
tiny, therefore, took no oaths nor slliriuat ions.
ih>: idi.i which has bcr-n thrown out from th>
Tfea-ury liefMtmeat, that i ongr>-s can no more
go behind the act* and d'dngs of tin e commie*
?ion. i tbati it an behind the a Is of the judges
of the Hupremv 1 ourt, is ridiculous. The coia- j
mi sinners were the rr< atures d Congress, and
the latter body > aa im- -tig.itc their acts w lencter
it idea-' to I > so. It. .in also call to a- count, any
eaninct minister lor nialfcii-aor.; or corruption <n
OfW ?!.
1 am credibly informed that Col. l'aine, on" of
ih? commissi ,i.e nod the one who obj?"tel to
all or nearly all of the claims?declares that b" is
icady for III" proposed investigation whenever < on
gt< s -ball tew e to order it.
A dbdiaguiibed 'awyer of this sir,, who was in
"* " imndC
terc t'.din 'h" In ion Lund' itii|4?riy'? claim which
w?s |e-fore i he board, has given ine some valmible
information., t tlM ntudnt nprnmti by which soeae
i laims bcrnj, the board found favor, an 1 others no
favor at all. i or example, h>' state!that the trne*
riean Coinmissionore <d the Mixed Hoard of HP* tn,
rcreirtcd an award to the lube La ad Company of
Ibis, muli the interest up latkiatime,
w,T|Id amount to a beat fTtkt.'ft't. -Hy Inforooini
rates that h ? ha- the written declaration of both
Mr. (' >rwin ami .Mr. Webster, mads before tbey
to k " nt in the < abinef, that the/ had b? i
I by the emmi* ioncrs, that the whole am >n*t
Jo, 'he l nion 1 .and f'onip.my, at reported b? tti
ImtilsAti I'omal sionft1, (< ,ov. Marcy undJnd i
H'e kenri'lfi .) w,th int.-ri -t, making tb?" am of
? Via-,i tsi, should be awarded and paid, instead of
the-, a1 nrjO'-rs. on the part of the cwmmieekHM* s;
a? \ ? u*h tforb the writ ten testimony of Mi m.
trr a"d l orwin, the board awarded only
.V.,mil. ji't li 'd. to'he I 'lion bild ('nirtnlir 1
rtate ttr e iavieattbc mgfea-.iaa ef the diet ia|oib
ed 'awyer referred to. Ilia name is at the >or\ioe
of those who may feel aggrieved in the matter.
And now a word or two about that splendid safe
which the board had for a while, and which ha
beeu alluded to in sotuebody'/ telegraphic despatch
to the Heraid.
.Mr. Jones, son-in-law of Colonel Benton, who was
the first Secretary to the board, conceited the idea
of ordering a splendid safe, to be kept in the office
of the C'oinuii-sioners. He obtained j<erinission of
the board to go lo N'ew York and order ono con
structed. He employed Herring, ol that city, to
innkethe safe, while he remained sometime in New
\ oik directing and superintending its construction.
The safe, its trun-portation, and Mr. Jones" |>cr
diem, while in New York, and expenses, cost in all
the sum of $7lH).
Mut thexaf', after it had been obtained and paid
fur. was not wanted nor used, and so tile -uocemor
of Mr. Jones, as Secretary of the board, Mr. John
ston, g"t permission to sell it, and he did sell it for
the sum ot $&X> to Messrs. Cult k brother, of this
city. The government lost $500 by tho operation.
The two hundred dollars paie for the sate by the
Messrs. Call, were deposited with Corcoran ki
K'ggs, to tho credit of tho United States Treasury,
l?y Mr. Johnston. That is the whole of that story,
and tho truth of it. i 'f course, the Board had no
right to sell tho safe: but as much was |>aid for it
a- it would bring at auction, uud perhaps more.
You err in supposing that nr. Kingman, the
p ipular and reliable \\ ashington correspondent of
the Jiturnai of Cut/in ere*, the \ ew York Commeri ial,
the Charleston Courier, and the Baltimore Sen,
Lolds a government offieo. He was tendered a
paltry clerkship, worth $1,100 a year, recently, but
very properly declined accepting it. An auditor's
office, at $3,1X10 a year, would be none too good for
him; but " the po vers that be" have not the saga
city nor the common sense to perceive. They may
learn something of the kind when it will bo too 1 *tc
for them to profit thereby.
Washington, June 5,1831.
Tin Case of General Kos iusko in Court.
Fur several days past, there has been pending be
fore tho Circuit Court of this District the ease of
llippolitus Cstko and others, heirs of General Thad
dcus Kosciusko, vers?.? Kosciusko Armstrong, lega
tee, and Lewis Johnson, administrator dt bonis hoh
of tho estate of Kosciusko. For the plaintiffs, lion,
iievcrdy Johnson and Major i iaspard Tochman; for
he legatee, Kichurdf. Coxe, Hs?p
The issue tried Is, " whether the writing pro
duced by Arm-trong in the Orphan's Court, and
admitted to probato on the 19th day of November,
1*2*, is the last will and testament of Central Kos
ciusko. This paper is dated June 28, 1806. It was
executed iu Paris, and revoked all former wills and
Codicils. The case, altogether, is complicated.
'1 he first will of Kosciusko was made on the 3th
of May, 1798, covering a principal of some $19,000,
the whole of which was appropriated t > the educa
tion of negroes, under the care of Thomas Jefferson,
as administrator. The second is tho will or paper
of l*i>6, which appropriates specifically /one $3.7'id
to Kosciusko Armstrong, son of General John Ann
strong, then Minister ol the 1 uited ."States to France.
Third, at Soleurc, in Switzerland, another will was
made, by which Kosciusko, to sundry persons in
Kurope, disposed of about ltmjHiO francs, directing
tbat the legacies be paid out of hi- molt unincum
bered prupcrty, wherever it may be found, and re
voking all "former wills and codicils." lie exe
cuted, also, at Solcurc, on the 19th October, 1*17,
another will or paper, making disi>osition of certain
specified property, which leaves, as claim the heirs,
tin- will of 1*16, with its revoking clause, in lull
effect. They also claim the property not dis
posed of by the wills ot 1*16 and 1*17, as the resi
due left to thoai under the statute of distribution.
And in the suit now pending, their object is to get
liil of the will of l*m>. and tho be<|UCstof $3,|tXi to
Armstrong, which they believe was revoked in 1*16.
Kosciusko died at Sdcure, in i-witscrland, in
1*17 From Mr. Icff'rs.n, his fund- in the I uited
.*tates wore transferred to other administrator-,
and the last tbat we have heard of them is that
they were in the custody of Col. Bomford, lately
residing near \V ashmgton, but -inee deceased.
For several year- past, the litigations upon this
ease have be n exceedingly tclious. Mr Bodi-co,
the llussian Minister, for some time, was involved
in the ease. He was the sonant of his Imp. rial
Majesfy the Jiinpcror, whoso subjects are under his
absolute dominion. The b>ii?s ol Kosciusko, in
Poland, were subject- of tho l.uiperor: their pro
perly was his property, and ns such, Mr. Bodisco
claimed the administration ot it. * >ur courts, h.w
evcr, have decided thRt the property of Kos iu-ko
in the t uited Stat, s does not revert to the l.m
|K'ror of Ku.--ia; eonseoueiitlv. Mr. Bodice.. and his
eoun-.-l have been dispon ed at the in-tnuce of the
heirs, and Mp*-rs. Kcierdy Johnson and Mujor
Tochman have been appointed.
The main trial f<>r the recovery of the property,
now amounting to some *60,<XX(, will come on im
mediate It ulter the closing of this preliminary
L--ue. Several of tho beiri of koichisko, w< under
stand. are n?.w in this city, and in ury redu ?? d
liicu instances.
Our 1st lint u? ( urri >|Niii(trn<r.
I'lLtaw, Mkjr S,
? 1', .i-itiui ]latlro"'l? It- lilt,ft Progr, tiiirar>h
L'umpldivn, 4*'- 4"'
i rainv hither from .Navy Kay, this morning, and
am now on my way uj> to the upper nation of the
railroad. I leo>e this for the Kuij ire City, pro
mising at a later day more ample details of this
interesting work, which, after being dreamt of for
more than two centuries by the government- of
l.uro(>e, i- now being quietly, but iuo-t rigorously, I
pushed forward to completion by our go-ahead
country men; aud the iron track, within a few
month.*, will enable the traveller t<> ero.-? the con
tinent "by daylight." Colonel 'lotten left the
Hand to vi-it(the .-tution at Mindi, the first out
from Navy hay, the day before I arrived, and un
tortunatcly I bad no opportunity of communicating
? itb hiin; but 1 beh> Id ample evidence of w hat hi
Well-directed energy had accomplished -ince in
charge of the work, in the hapo of the clearing
of the en-tern end of the iiland, the different build
ings of the company?ab jut fifteen in number, in
eluding two spacious warehoii-e*?and a well oon
-tnictc.l pier, cn whi- h two i.nglish -hips were dis
charging railroad iron, (one of them drawing
nineteen feet of water;) whilst the arrangement* <>f
nearly rini-hed wharres at the terminus of the mil
road, on the quiet and -< ture though small harbor
already alluded to-contra.-1ing so strongly with
thi* ill-favored place and its <q.. n road<tead outside
of a dangerous bar?point to an carl* transfer to
that more desirable landing place of the crowd
of our ardent countrymen, whun < ten pre-cnt d? <i
jfrtmtn.! cannot keep bark. The nameless pla^o of
to-day will be a world-wide known port within A
y--ar. It requires no great for. light to predict that
the depot of Ainerirnn and htiropeun goods for
distl ibntiou along the ports in the North and ^oilth
I'urific, will be at the Atlantic terminu- ofth' rail
road, a- being more under immediate protection,
if iiei'dcd. than at l'anaiua.
I hato met here a gentleman '-eimectod with the
company, who,for the la t month, luts been muting
along the line of the work*, and who knows every
foot of it. I have al-o iio t with otheri, and some
of them scientile men, well qiuiiifi.-d to Judge of
tin -c matters, and, from all 1 can gather, too
mnch ciedit cannot be given to Col. T men for liis
extraordinary energy and indu-try. and though
mistakes have been made here, a- everywhere else,
ami uuueh delay occurred at the outset of the work,
1 think lh? company lias al ui dant reason to be sa
tis Bad. The captain and several ollWr* ol' the
liriti?h -tcnuier Avon wire a' Catun yesterday,
and at Navy Hay to-day. ami they were free in their
expressions of astonishment at what ha* been done.
I omitted to *tate that at Navy Hay 1 was nr
prised to find, in-trad of the temporary rail
roud f had ciMtU'l, a pt.tuun nt track with
a heavy imil, sixty lb-, to the vard, of the
bridge form, ns u-'-d on the (treat Western road;
and tin- rond itself (though, o| urse, mu'h inferior
to that standard, work, and other similar on- s in
i >r at Kiitain) comparing t ?\ >rnhlr with railroad*
ger. rally in the State-, t got a portion of the
roud frotn ,Nb\y I'-ay to (bitnn is on pib s, which
hate been firmly driven by the pd---dri\ing ma
r-bine* of the company, worked by stmm. The
more -anguine of th>- cngiie eriog -orp* look for the
opening of ahnnt twenty mile of the road, or nearly
one-halt the entire line, from ?e-i-an to ocean, within
two month-; whil-t other- allow for a delay o| a
month or two later. Soon ? - en mile < in addition
will rex-hc the raits during 1 h* autumn, and the
crossing cf the river be th'-n retched, leaving but
ninet'-en miles to be p- rf-ruid to I'unainit ?'7
mule- until the railroad can be i-o'astitntcd. i In se
nineteen mil's ha\ been ear fnl'y examined during
ther?H?i ms on, by Mr-?r . I'aldwiii t'mnpbe'f,
both (ngirw-ers of Known merit ? tf? former, from
the beginning atlu- h d to the survey of the com
pany ; and the latter, well k.iuwn on the line of the
lJud'on river roil. The wle.lj *< otioa i no*
finally located, and reii Jy t . be lab- o hold of vigor
on-ly", as c?on a- the lm - fr- rn Navy l'.?iy to the
s i--ing of !?'? t hagr I'bit.
J trill close with a eiiaiii foftstie nnredote of the
president of tbe company, do... I. Mtphei s, J.-q.,
who i- n-iw ?' Hejio Voldndi. r.<? f tne tip|>er ?t s
liot. on thet'hngr> ? r --."i.-t- "h> laborer* fr??rn
New (>rlonsarc a: wo.lt. Ti ??? -ti) rint' n lent of
thai station, Mr. hi':Jf? lis i: r 'w i n ordered to a
raw rend /tons at in do-fat., on the opposite
side ?f th-ritcr, for r'ti-? lab-tref, h's sub-tiln'e,
temporarily in i.b ?rg. , by .a' nip; rant" and b id
? oniiuct, g -t jh?- Ir.'tt a niftf'ny There
weret.i tmeilf'tB *1 h ? ?*, - tifbl the "i>!
Hii., iful lln I' ei I.1, i n I "I I" in ? t-telly, wh
pi* liv -lit alaif i -*r| t>? - isPek-' c ?' s ?
"3"^'he French (lag. When Mr. Stephens
fh-Iti- e tri-oolor was flying from the window of
h! rrPul .ho,Me- and th? wttole posse stood on
the bank, and received him with surly looks and
without salutation or greeting of any kind. Ai you
may suppose, he was indignant and mortified, and
refuted to enter into any conference whatever with
them until the flag was taken down, lie refusedte
wiuih aUlUil that was doQC- uud 'ho re
,ut l!? : U- * WM Uken down ; and. with
out his yielding a single point, perfect quiet and
miLdovc/mln 80 mUCh f?r thc in^onw of
Interesting from the Great Salt Lake.
OOVEll.NOl's MESS A C1 E .
T a Desebet, Dec. 2, lKr)0.
In the Senators and ]Ieiiu:m..ntatim> in hie
State of Deskrkt.
, '^LTI'*!UK.N~-A*ain have oui duties brought us
together hi the capauty of a legislature, for the
purpose of establishing government, which shall
people* t0 tL? wants "nd necessities of thc
It 19 usual upon occasions like this, to lay l>e
?efore the law-uiukiiig department a full ana con
cise report of the situation of affairs pertainin" to
the government, as well as to make such sug
gestions and recommend su<h measures as m
the opinion of the executive will prove the
most advantageous to the body politic. I purpose
so to do, as far as 1 shall have the ability and the
iiieaiid within my reach, reserving unto myself the
pnyik-ge ol completing any report, us circumstances
shall dictate or require.
It is probably known to you that Congress has
passed an act to establish the Territory of I'tah
and provided for taking thc census of Deserct. Hut'
as yet no official announcements ba\e been made
consequently the government of Desorot will con- j
tinue, in all its departments, until -uoh time as it 1
shall be superseaed by an organization coutcm
r'a^du'">'r tke of Congress. Whatever may
b? effected under the new orgunizution, we have
tlie proud satisfaction of having sustained u quiet
yet energetic government, under all the vicissitudes
incident to new and .untried lx-alities; and, when
the general government shall have assumed to pay
the expenditures consequent U|w>n thc Indian exj.e
d.dons ot being comparatively free from debt.
1 alike the golden-browed neighbors of our sister '
. '.ate, no agent of ours is hawking about our State
bonds, to obtain the necessary means to defray (he
sixteen dollars per diem of the allowance of thc
members ot the Legislature. In this State, no ex
pense has been incuired by any of thc departments
ot government lor service rendered.
llie Auditor's report will show the amounts paid
out, being almost exelnsivcly for public improve
ments, or articles purchased for public use. And
here pi runt me to remark, that in order to make
the settlement of the pecuniary matters of the S'uto
more direct and feasible, I wish to direct your at
tention to the suggestions contained in that report
and recommend their adoption, in defining the du
ties ol all officers in any wise handling the public
lunds. In all tune to come, it is to be hoped that
that enlightened and wise policy will pervade our
legislatures, which, not requiring laws to restrain,
Will yet keip their appropriation^ and allowances
within nri jar limits. The success of all govern
ments depends upon their having power and ability
to perfoim their various functions, and tliero i.s no
surer way ol crippling their cnirgie- and binding
their exertions, thai plunging them hee?Ue.*sly and
uo|>el? 2f*ly into debt; it is i'ar bettor to a.-se--: a 'ux
at once, adequite to all the necessary expenditures
ot government, than permit an accumulation of in- I
acbtednc.-s to harra-s every department, and the
consequent necessity of foreed and tempore ry loans
aider the fostering care of the government, the
-ubj. ct ol education is fas', assuming an importance
that will reflect gieat credit upon our exertions. 1
ine r-oard ot Olianctllor and li.'gents of the Uni
versity have already established schools in various
pints ot ihc !Mato; mostly,'however, without incurr
ring any expense to the institution. The enlighten.'.]
course pursued by that board will unquestionably
redound to the benefit of the institution, as well 11
to a general system of education throughout the
.. tate, and must ocitainly meet with your cordial
approval and warmest encouragement. The -itu
ati?.n selected for educational purpose- upon tho
eastern side of the city, will probably be enclosed
the ensuing winter, and suitable building- erect d i
us soon as the necessary funds can be obtained for
that pui po-e.
In extending mid making now settlements, one 1
uni orin course bus been recommended?that of
building and settling in forts in the tir-t instance. I
and tanning in one enclosure. This course has
proven highly successful. Nevertheless, we have
been compelled, in order to sustain ourselves and
our settlement., to make two ? xpelition- agaiu-t
if?? 1? Lre H'5?I"1? n*Bin<t 'ho Timpauog .s,
last Tebruary, of which you wen informed : the
other against a portion of the Shoshones, in .-top.
teinber Ih? ;. 1 hi-last expedition was conducted
strictly upon the deb.nsiie, and CTery effort made
to attain to a peaceful adjust men t of all difficulties'
unfortunate.y existing. The Indians hating (led
were not encountered by our detachment: but ri
ccnt reports teim faioruble to a peaceful tormina- 1
All the Indian- with whom we hare ha l difficul
ni""?rC ?r broktn ?f Van,la fr'"" 'ho mam
inbe?; with them, our peaceful relations hate never
been interrupted. We have aparcd no tune or ox
pon?i in endi.at"ring to conciliate the Indians, aid
tench tbcm to lca\c off their habits or pilfering and
plundering, and Work like other tcople ; but habit*
?h^r. ho",K"i rCt'm "ot t0 bc ln nc'-v,nlanco with
tneirphysical formation; inuny (hat hare tried t
mned away, and, nules- returning to thoir former
tloJhoJ>Dg: . i * Vcry "h>rt time- Uould
they be induced to live peaceably and keep herds
of cattle, their condition would very materially bo
amclioratcd,andgradually induce a return to the
habits of civilisation.
.11 becomes us to bc prepared to repel sud len in\ a
sions, a- tiny generally come at an unexpected nn>
"!,Vn.t* dfl lhis end, I would recommend a more
efficient organisation of the militia, and .strict re
quirement-of officer's rejert-, and uniform distri
hution ?f public service : also, that sufficient iii-ans
be appropriated to defray the . xp. a-,., of repairing
and hou-ing the public arms, ordnance, ke., and
pur. basing supplies of camp equipages, bag "* ??
wagons, and teams. 1 1 B (
L nparalleled in thc history of thc times md a
solitary ca?c was reported for trial, before the re-u- i
far sei"ions of either the county or supreme court 1
during tb. past year ; and no offence Ley- nd the
n,r"i.. I* of ,he I"'nct t0 have been
c< nun it fed. J his argue- favorably In behalf of
j list ice- po?rf haiing extended juri-diction, and,
probably, is partly owing to the 1. qulremcnts of the
law. making it thr duty of all officers to tk to
allay and ei mpronii-c differences, in-tcad of Pro
moting litigation.
It is highly meessary that aeomt of probate
should bo organised, or else the duties of probate
coiiin and public ??luiini-trntor l?c ol veil upon
some office now organised. The cstrav pound. < n
closurcs, and hciding, arc each of them ?uhje t- re
quu 1 ng your most careful attention, being fruitful
sources id complaint, nnd liable to terminate in lif.
?Kt"!a'k <,<De,rl '"W. specific in their na'.ir.,
should be passed upon the -n?j-ct atii i earlv 11 dav
a- jiractienblc. " ?
'I bo ISath Hou?c, nr-r Hi-' W hrrti >|?i ngs. is now
completed, ami will, it in eonfidemly 'flirvwl, ere
long, hrromr a source of revenue to the s'tHic.
It is highly dcMrnblc that the capitalist* of this
?vtntc should introduce tn*chlncry for the manufac
turing <>f all kinds of machinery tba? will hereafter
be wanted for factories, he., nisi stoves, and oiht r
articles'of heavy importation, should bo manufac
tured by our own enterprise and industry, fnral
culablc benefits would icf ili to this community, if
they Would engage in aliuo<t every kind of manu
facture. not only iron, but paper, nooks, woollen,
cloth, bather, crockery, stoneware, and sugar.
I'pan ilii- last named article I will ?ohmit a single
estimate for jour consideration. Not more than
iwenM thousand person* would use l."*.,2.Vi ponnis,
allowing onlv one oum-o a day to each person ; the
"ipense of tne transportation alone, at the low rato
?>i ten cent* a pound, wonld amount to f a
?urn adequate to construct the most offensive sugar
manufactory: and when considered in conn"*ton
with the superior quality of the beet, and facility
with which it can he raised in these \alleys, renders
it moU. suicidal policy lor na to be dependent upon
other than our own re sources for that article.
In the neighborhood of what has u ually l< ? n
termed Little ."-alt Lake (now Iron county), our
exploring party of last winter discovered inexhaus
tible bed. of the very best iron ore. A settlement
Is n?w being made at thai point.
'1 here is no doubt but that the demand and price
iOfiaeqtK.it tijsoii the distance of any successful com
jetitiun, will produce sufficient inducement for
capitalist* to invet their means, lr whatever will
n? ci:-arily prove a safe investment, and ensure an
abundant n turn Any and all kinds ?f cneour.igc
moat, by throwing around then an energetic ami
efficient government, should, unquestionably, bo
given, li is wisdom to let capital he associated in
1 nfa11 settlements, beeruier there L p necessity for
it, for a time j L:it,toln\ the foundation fur moneyed
capitalists to monopolise against labor, it no part of
my policy, isditier or religion. To r nenuragr en*
irrpuso in eoMtrn'ting works of magnitude, ii may
he well to grant privihgoa; hut the* should be so
guarded as to be madeatnenable totnepowi r grant
ing fh' as, at all tinsel, for the abuse ot rhe power*
granted, or dlveitiig them to any other'object thru
the orie designed.
I'rowt tie i itv, a railroad will. m< .?( probably, be
ennstrne-rd to lion mint}, as also toutlBuou*dy to
."onthefii ( ai'fomta. li rminaiing at Nin libgo.
Whatever >'i < ourugement you may ilnd it in yrtur
power tu ex I end to an object so mil of interest in
our eft . ns. | shrtll mo?t rca<lity acqnlrsee in, if
within flic range of wy u??n*tltution?l ditties.
I licr I feel it n privilege, wliieli I I eltcvc I
iippree'afc. in Octirg the opjsirtui il v I ne w enjoy,
?s ?r*-(-e
There are many, very many, causes '?ouspiring
together, which make it a subject of deep fraught
interest, to behold, as I do this day, in this moun
tainous and desert land, (where, tnree years siaee,
were only found the wild, ferocious beast, unt rar
ing savage,) senators and representatives o<mgiw
gutc-l in a comfortable public building, which would I
ae credit to any State of a free, enlightened, aad
happy people. It is a subject of congratulation to
mo, to you, my friends, ami to the world, that the |
all-wise Disposer of Human Events has so declared in j
His providence that the desert and the solitary ,
place shall be made glad, ami the urea of human
freedom shall be extended, and civilisation shall ,
rear her habitations amid the silence of the eternal
hills, the mighty forests, and lonely islands of the j
sea. It is this that has peopled the Atlantic slope
of our mountains, furnishing the world with this |
vast republie of nations, and is now gathering in '
her fist a few more to throw over the Pacific slope, I
as a counterpoise to trim her otherwise unequally ,
balanced ship of stute
Deseret is not yet three years old, and yet such 1
has been the rapidity of her growth, tho extent of '
her improvements, and the development of her re- i
sources, as to command the admiration ami the
respect of all whose let has been cast within her
bounds; und those afar oft', hearing the glad tidings,
are stretching forth their itehing palms towards
another of those free States whore tlio oppressed go
free, and the poor, through ordinary industry, find
ample provision.
Forgive a single allusion to the past The oppress
ed became the oppressor, and tho opprc-sod again g ?
forth to forui new communities, new settlements,
and new governments. Hence are we here, amid
there vast mountains and solitary plains; hence
are we here, assembled in folemn council, to frame
laws for tbe organization and rule of communities; .
and, what gives r.est to tbe picture, devi-e sueh j
laws and rcgulations as shall perpetuate, guaran
tee, and sustain, in time to ooiuc, our free ami glo
rious institutions to the latest generation.
Frit nds, i|i all your deliberations, I shall be hap
py to participate, so far as it shall bo my privilege;
and, hoping that unanimity and'zeal, wisdom and
intelligence, mny characterize your exertions for
the public good the ensuing session, that when you
rot urn, you niuy be enabled to carry with you the
proud conviction of having faithfully discharged
your duty to your country and yourselves, is I be
prayer of Your co-laborer,
Br.ioitAvi Yoi \a.
[From tbe Ft Louis (Mo.) Republican. May 'J7.|
in tbe l)un<t Arc* of the Sth of April, we find s> me
items of uuwk which we proporo to give iu a synoptical
This paper contains the Fifth General Epistle of flic
Presidency of the t hurei, of Jesus Christ of Latter I>ay
Faints, from Fait Luke Valley. State Of He eret, to tho
Faints sca'.tci, <1 throughout the Earth" It is a very long
document and is so written as not to admit of much con
densation. It refers, ir. the first place, to the organiza
tion i f the Church, in 1810?to the many trials which it
bus since undergone?to its peculiar teuots?and to its
extension to all lands?-in Europe, Asia. Africa and
America, and the East and West Indies." Tin unparul
le!? d spread of the gospel, in so short a time, and th'- rapid
gathering of the Fiiints, is regarded as another token of
the Messiah's near approach. There aru other sign- of
tho turns, in the increasing convulsions of nutans?tin
wars and ruioors of wars?the internal dissensions which
threaten the disunion and overthrow of the best go Tern
merits on the earth?the increasing plagues and sickness
in new and diversified forms, hurtling the skill of th<
wisest physicians?the increasing divisions among pro
fessing ? lirisiian parties and members of the same party
?tho increase of earthquakes, whirlwinds, hurricane*
and tornadoes?the loss of life by shipwreck and tempest
by steamboat explosions and burnings?tbe dcelructi *n
Ot life by murder?aud a vast many other signs, which
are enumerated ail leading to the conclusion that the
second c< miug of Christ is at luind
l'a--ing Croatt)M m things, the Epistle proceeds to say
that tho Saints at homo are making preparations to re
ceive the Faints front abroad The winter hus la-en mild
i F- veral grain and lumber mills have been erected iu the
na-t winter; many shingles have been made, an I all lliat
i l- wanting to bru g them into immediate use is naiif;
1 chair*, and various articles of furniture, are multiplying
In th"ir midst; two or three threshing machine- have
! been in operation during the winter, jet more machines
arc wanted, and tbe Faints are counselled to remember
I that the m<>st highly improved lnbor--;iving machin'-ry
Is needed by the community, und to bring-u'-li artiel -
1 with tb)m.
Ibe council.house has been SO tar completed n- t<
admit of its being partially occupied: the warm spring
ti.ith house was compu ted in November last: the ti liiug
store-house has been so tar completed as to i? mo d lor
various purposes; the prospect for building materials Is
flattering A w oilier fa story is to be erected; a ) It-ry
I i- nuiily completed, and ? We arce\porting to use china
j ware i-t our own munufaeture in a few weeks Cutlery
| establishments have la-en commenced in the city
There was very little-now during the winter. The last
- two nights of February were the coldest oi the sea on
March was very plra.-aul. audWua improved by the fa:
j rr* in sowing wheat I'nrto - front California arrived on
i tb-- JMh September and 13tli November, bringing very
little of the products of the mine- witti them??om- I. >r
rowing worn y to get home?and others would Imvi tv.
I turned if th< y had liad the means
A coUmy ba-been fotiuclal Iron county.nlum: two
hundred aud fifty miles uc.irly south of iheFtlt I. ke
city. They left on the "tii December, un ler ehu ? of
K.lder George A. Fmith. with aliout one hnn Ir. I and
thirty men a few families, and a good stipp'y of I ? is,
?e<ds. and tools, and win ii last b< ard from, lb y bad u
field ot l.flOO acre-. 400 of It sown, plenty of water, w *.!.
| iron ore. alum, and -ome prospect of Mad.
' The Quorum of Seventies bad agreed to er>et :igio
j tensive rotunda in Umu Mt Uk?cltr,ial> ea'.>dth?
Sot, titles' llall < f Feiencc. and (lot, \naif, tlli'lr I'l i
| dent, was appednted truster aud sup rini. nd> nt of tbe
| work. Shareware fixed at tilt.
At a special sc-sion of the <-reut Fait I - County
Court, on the .id Januaiy. some few transient m-nw.ro
coneleted of stealing, were sentenced te hard In lor for
lariou- tarms,afterwards pardoti-d, aud ]s-rmlt;e.t t'- e>
on their way to California Ab< ut three hondr. d i eii
gratts who wintered with them left f-r ti. .fid mite -
I this spring
The General Assembly of the State if In-eft wn in
i ?s-eelon iu January A railroad company wa chart ere. 1,
| to extend from rtmple block iu the city, to the stone
I quarry and mouulain on the east, for the c nvcyanc" of
I building materiab? the construction Iuckv iiv im
Tfce new-of tin-formation of a territorid goT.-rnm nt
j for Utah, and of the appointor nt of Brigham
I Voviif. as Governor, was first re. civwd hy way if i'aiif..r
: nia. in January It was ailcrwanU confirm, d by the
i Eastern mall." hut no orieiel notice, gaperta, Or papers
had he?'n received W e anticipate no convulsive rev
IwtlwmryfetttUgOTtwni by th. citizens of Item
ret. ' ? hut an ea-y quiet trm -it tin from fftatf to trcri
fory, llko wtary traveller lc*. < riding a gentle hill Boar
hy thi ir way-side borne
?As a people, we know how t. appruciate. niowt ?< nai
bly. the hand of Irienil-hip which ha- h?en extend' 4 to
wards i ur infant State, hy the general govern?* ol
Coming to this place, as did theclti/.cn< of Reserel. with
out the mean* of subsistence, oxrept tho ItiiX of th< Ir
h.-md' in a wilderness country surrounded by savages,
whose inroads havu given orrsslon f..r many tedbutw hnd
expensive expeditions the f lief afford d by our mother
land, through the medium of th<' approaching t ri it -rial
organisation will Is-duly .-timatnt. and li in hei ee.
forth, wo would fondly hope the most frb telly feelings
may b? warmly ehert-lied between the vnrt wt? Si sic- and
territories of this gnat path n. wfcc-M i nditutirnai
charter is not to lie excclk 1 '
A settlement is to be formi-d in the southern part of
California. at no great lietanc" from Fun Diego i->r
wbiih purpose Eiders \ m.i-e l.ymsn and Ohatti c.
Itieh. with one hundred and fifty wagon- I t; early in
March It I< designed to < tabll-h a continued line .,f
stations and place- of refreshment, to tic Fa ille. ? n this
The city was being fenced Infer Mocha, instead of Wards,
a< form, rly. .mdmany shade trees w.-re plant. | School
houses have been bailt In most of th ward- Mr a-ur-s
hail Iws-n adopted to prevent the depr< '.at o of tb.
California .-migrnnts
"In view of the antMpntrd eliange in ?nr (nvr rnmi nt.
and to facilitate bwetwa ?e. thr Or* rat A- mUy r.f l> ???
r?t appointed Out. I nnng their ag-nt to r ???.!?<? the
$30MO appropriate by Congrve< to build a PI <tr llouec
in I tah lerntniy, MM eaurc '.-ild hou-" to l? ? ??'t? !
wttlinnt delay. on I'tilon Pqunre in tb1' rity. * I ttb
nefthweet ?f TOnpie Worfc; and the Aaertnhly ndjoi rued
m'nr illi on Paturcay !a?t 1'r .1 M Bernhl-?l haa N "n
appointed by tbo Pre 1 lent t'> ?>< l'?t tin' I'1 ih lit rare. fur
wlin-h M|m h?? rppmprtat'-d V> 000)001 at nr i?tr?t
?drier*. ho ?M In York, making t?r releetlon. i?r It'> n
biiwl bar arlrrulnr. mUeiUn: editor* nnJ pnMleh
ir* of MM|?yira, Mndam. put|hlrt>. and b'* ?i?a lo
fbtwnrd a ??' t?y of theit production* to '<r< tt -nil lib
rlty. for tb* l?*n*flt ?T I'UlHtnry. W? are b?i | v in
nnn<.nt?elng the arrival ? f a few paper* and pamphlet*
?lr< ndv.and If the f?i? nd* of arinor' gem r*U? aliall re*
?pond I* like uian?er. by forwarding a *? p.v -.1 their
workr, wr will ?ocn hare ? moat erluuli" reading "- m
nttarlo <1 totli- I'trh library which will r???? tlw I
ingr cf tbouiand.* to mt upon tin h ad-i.t tli lit eral
donor* "
"It la wMcm f? r thr En?'i h alid* to e?a-? * m'
grntlou '?7 th* it-ii?l routi through tli" Pt*|. m I up
the Mtimiui i river, and remain where they nr. till th< r
"ball h?*r fr"n u? renin; and it i? our Jr*lgn to open op
n way ictw* thr Interior of the continent tiy nMM,
TrhttMtrpef. or aotnr of thr Interior Mtrt ?nd lend
thr tn at Pan lit go. and ttiu? *ave thr*< tb n-and mile*
of Inland navigation. thr ugh n mort -lekly rlinint" and
country. Th>' pre*Wenry in Liverpool will ope* eury
dr-lratde rnrri p?nd?nrr In relation totho varl. u putn,
and rater and convenience*. from Mmyet I to Pan I?i p.>.
and make an early report. ?o that If poe-il/b thr u' ? -
<?ry pity ? ration* m?y br made for no*', fall * nWlgra*
" 9o fhr a* thr mlntr In thr I'nlfed !*t?te- an l < uaada
d? air*1 to err thr work of thr tsr I MUfper. let thrm arlar
a* ob'- man, and conn- to I'e?oret, win r* tliey mil to more
for P.Ian In "nr year than they ran in many ;i?r< when
they are Come onthr ?ulnUrut- north ot Un l'lath
ae w ptMf I In rmr la?t > pHb . b?Ttfl* tlie rra?c yarla
t'O the ?outh of th? Plattr. toafutarn rraurrn tlon. Tf
all wire aifT' 'd In thl-moti. thr re nerd md be a aalnt
It ft in thr Ptatr ? tr Canada owe year hrwrr '
?? Thr iwider np" tie* are abr>*d. rtrrnt ti'llford W^M
ruff and l.rra T lirn.*en. wh< arr in tne raltry Th< ir !
preeldoBt, tir?on llvde i? loratnt at Kant rillo, Irwa.
end l? (INfiti I" vlalt the rallry thl' rummer Parley
IV 1'ratt I* on hi- way to thr ftorirty and Kandwkh
lalanda and ? "hUi: ht> till -ion rvtenda to all land* in,and
hordt ring on tbr Parlflr At ia?t arronnt*. the work
wa- fpti prcwnrroiit at thr go--i?ty I-lr? We haer not
board from tn? Pvndwlrh mirdon rdnrrthe arrival of
Elder Hiram Hark end bl? a*"*-la tee. Or-on Pratt la
ruppovrd to hr in tbr Mater on hie way to the aallay,
where he trill bo nce'eiatrd with the unlerrwlty f l>r-r^ t |
for a rra?"n John Taylor war at Poulogne, la Frnnre, at
? in late-t datra, prwwebiog trao latlnp, and publi-hing
tm ?
l.orear" Pii"W, having Ttamed the Italian Ptatev war lo
rated at Tirdmont, In Pwitretland RrMtui Snow |- at
Copenhagen, and thr work Ir prospering In Rwadr n. Hen
mark Norway. OenBany ?nd all that region We re
ceteed a letter from Brother Pnow. dated Copenhagen,
Angunt 17. laao Up Ir tranvlating the P -ok <?{ Mormon,
i ranklin I> Hiehnrdr l? providing Wet the ehtireh in thn
rriloblfi' =. and bk uin Li'. t^jI. Aota<a I yanvg
and Charles C Rich are m ruttfr. to Cohene Pa>- flcO,
A Fmtth is prs-lding at Iron county.
?' There ha* been morcxicknesH in the valley, this r-j? >-iiijr,
than urail. and several deaths; though the people in (hi
Other valleys hove been well generally. We know of no
reason why this valley is no' as healthy lu it.- location
and charaeter a? auy other; but as thi- it the place foe
the ftrat arrival of the saint*. a greater portion of tin*
infirm stop here, where they cau mop- readily procure;
the comfort* of life, while the hardier portion <jo forward
to newer settlements; and a great portion of the slrkm -g
in our midst arises from the seeds of di*ea-e and d' atii
sowu in the system while tarrying and paving through
the agueish regions of tlie western States. Sh'line-s lr ra
i? generally of ahort duration, and end* speedily If
health or death. The families ol the elders ?ho?n i>n
foreign mi sions. are iuutual health at this time.
'? ldm saints iu their gathering -liould n ver forget t ?
gather aud save all choice seeds, for here is tfci place tog
them to grow aud be useful ; a large ((Uantity of u..,ie t
orange and other seeds suitable for liedgvs. throu;;i|
wbh li wire may be passed to make fences, are mu< It
needed at tbl < time. Itring all the lathe and shingle naiU
you can. also glass, wire No. It. raw cotton, Cotton yarn,
machinery and domestics.
" Amid all the revolutions that are taking place am >ii?
the nations, the elders will ever pursue an und*vfcttih<
c< urse in being rutgect to the government wherever tin y
may be. and sustain the same by ull their precept* to tiki
aints. having noihi'g to do with political nue-tlmis.
which engender strife, remembering that the weapons of
their warlure are not carnal but spirlluul. aud thai tho
gospel w hich they preach Is not of man hut from heaven j
and if '.hey persecute you beyond measure iii ons city,
country, or kingdom, leave the testimony whi :]? J? -us
has given for a witness uuto your f ather in heavi n. thiti
you are free from their blood. and fleo to other citic ,
countries, or kingdoms where they will receive you uust
believe your testimony.''
This epistle Is signed by Rrighaui Young. Ileber
K iniball und W lllard Richards, and is. doubtless, a con
cise history of the affair* of this extraordinary people
for the pust year.
Viu.lkv Jovinai.?Saturday, January 11.?Agreeably
to tin- call of tbe Mayor, J. M. Grant, Iho (treat Haft
Lake City Council assembled iu the Representative Ilali,
at 10 A.M. 1 he officers elect received their oath of of
fice. from Mr Uulloek. clerk of the County Court, when
the Council proceeded immediately to complete their or
ganization, by electing Robert Campbell, recorder: Tho-.
Rhodes, treasurer, and Khun l-uddinvtou, marshal. wiu?
were sev? rally sworn and the Council at once proct ndi I
to further business Tuesday. 14?Some hail last nigli',
and haltsu inch snow. General Assembly lu convention.
Wednesday, Ilk?Meeting of the High l'ricst*' y u.rui." a6
t lie Htate Iiouse. iu the evening; nil" a party in the fort
Thursday, IB?etvere trost. und snow fell on" aiul il half
inch last night. Friday, 17?Severe ITo-t at night;
clear cold day. Gtneral Assembly ad jQUrned toW's? _
Tucday in February. Tuesday. -1?Frosty, cold u??.'u
ing?P. M. pleasant. County Court continued?Gram!
Jury in session Meeting of the Seventies in thi' Semitij
chamber in tbe evening Singing school in Representa
tives' Hall. City Couucilln the Post Office. WedneHay,
21?Frost last night; dull, cloudy; thawing I'. M. County
Court in session Saturday. February 8?File & ventii -i
Conference convened in the Rowery. when eighty-foe e
young no-n were < rdaiued to the ministry. Tuesday. 11
? J.J Willis, fr?m Tooele valley, reports tho Indiana
have killed a number t.f cattle, aud stolen about half th j
horses that were placed in his care to herd. TVednet -
day. 12?A detachment was ordered to Too. I o valley iit
pursuit of the Indiana: but on account ofa'uow stortu
n htch commenced at half-past eight and continued ail
day, fulling about five inches deep, the pe.. wa- rdetv.l
to stay at home. Mouduy. 17?Hubert Dick-on open t*
school in the Fourteenth ward for phonography, wi lt
eighteen scholars. Ulty Council meet in Mate House in
the evening. Married?at the hall of tho llatli i Cruse,
Thursday, Jan :*). 1851, by President Brig),am Voting,
Mr. William 1" tan Noy and Miss Catharine Tabitlu*
lit ndricks On the iXJth of January, by cider K D. W'?<|
|ey Mr John W. Woolley aud Miss Julia Knsign.all <d
this city.
Tl*? New Fmulf Cull itu?e.
jFrom ibe llreeu Bay ^llieli. > Advocate
i>o f-aturduy lust, three or lour ol the suiter -? x.
made their appearance in to?n with the new sty!?
of dresses, now 10 much the rago. I hey word
squaws of the Meuoinoneo tribe, and, we think, lit
their anxiety to reach the top ol the mode, they
carried matters a little too far?the dros ? not oointnig
below the knees at all. Instead of thei Jurk.sU
trowsers. a clo-e lilting " legging of Mackinavi
blanket wus adopted. It is a little singular that,
whilo short dresses have .just been invented down
Ea*t? they have formed th?? fcinal?? co-tumc ol tuo
tribes around here lor hundreds of year-.
[From the Cbicau", (III ) J"uruul May tv
The dresses aforesaid hare also appeared in Mm
eity. Jfhort wai-t?, generally ol red; a witty skirt,
that is a brief one; no pantalettes at all, and no
covering for the head but a plain cap. composed tho
costume. 'Juite a number of ladies thus attired
appeared on !?outh Water street v ester lay, and
proceeding to tho dock, seated thomselves ?P""
'undry sa-ks and boxes, with the utmost nOMdui'
la net. We noticed, too, that two or three of thent
had gone a step farther in " human progress, foC
th' y wore smoking pijies most complacently. -\ot
withstanding all ihesa peculiarities aud eccentnei
tics. they produced but a very slight sensation, be
ing scarcely observed at all, except, perhap*, iu ,,n>i
instance, when one of the ladies was emphatically
invited by a heavily laden porter. to "get out ? t
the way," upon which the gcntlo one let ot* a.
volume of gutturals and sibilants, that apprised nt
they were strangers in the city?in fact that th .v
were from tho "old countrie." Wo have been on tlat
ywt t'icr all day, to see, not the now, hut the newe U
style, flitting along Lake street, but we hsvo h. ? it
disappointed. A piece of flannel?red's the best--ia
pair of th>k, bigh-heoled shoes?wooden soles jl
you can get them ; a cheap cap, a onp it nuit. If ih>
other is a', band ; a blue and white handkervbb l?
if not that, then a bandanna, and a pair of substan
tial, blue-dyed woollen stockings, arc uU that is
requisite frr "coming out'' a li nurlc. 1 hen dis
pose the hair-traigLt back b hind the enrt, ov? r
the top of the head, or on each side, any w?y to got
it there; then give it a twist or two '.o the Ion "C
the right, according to taste, and tho thing is d??ii< .
Vou arc in tashion in the world?iu fa.., as the ,ay
jpg i?. jou are " in town."
[From tho Lowell (Ma-.- ) N w?. June f
There was a most disgraeetul exhibition of row
dyism in this city about dulk on Monday evening,
" growing out of the appearance on the street ol a,
young lady Ires-cd in tnc new. so-eal.ed, llbtomer
costume. From the corner of Merrimack, ?be was
followed down t'enfral street, by a his-ing. shouting
labbie, which called around then; an iinmen-o
crowd of peoplo anxious to see what wb going for
ward. Tn# young lady wa < iu company with an
other female, and botli walked along qiiito coolly ,
tho Impudent blackguards that f >11,wed not gulh-f
So far us to lay bands on her. The ' Ity Marsha
and josse, we undcrstai d, were at th same tiiuw
>iu< lling a lik<- disturbanci on tb< corner of Central
and Middlesex streets. The aflair, as wo have be
fore said, wu? most disgraceful. la" IV-males w> ur
what they plcare, no ?,no save the ptupor eio-n
,bouhl attempt any demonstration t ward thciu.
Wc don't exactly like th?- Hlooiuer drc-s ours -It.
but for all thst, wc would uot be the owl that takes
' the night to ho<>t it.
(Fr>>inth>- Portland (M> Ar^u-. June
Three young woman appear,d in our Streets on
Tut flay afternoon, in the Bloom r ue *-M. I l?-v
caused >|uite a s, nsation among the bo? s and gi,bt
who wen- favored with the *ight- and o>me obbr
people couldn't help laughing. The y<> ing <>n< s
pre-scd rather hard upon these (dancers of reform.
wb> n they were fain to beat a retreat, and get away
from tho noisy crowd. Wo undcrsta , l that <juil?a
a number of tbe now style dress?. pp., being made,
and wo shall auoa see more of the devetoes to this
style ot dtess in full regalia.
Ilex. llrxKV Clai axd FaT*fi. Mstmkw.?
In the afternoon of the 'Atth insl., bather Mstliea
proceeded lo Ashland, the residence of th- Hon.
llebry t lav, who received hiin in tti'.- kindest ai?l
most affectionate manner, inquired minutely Ints>
the state of hi- health, walaasncd him to the gt at
Wrat, regretted he *?? anticipated by bit fro ml.
Major ilanley. (?? whosn kw>o th> reverend ] r ?
late was staying), in the pieatan In n >nld dcrivw
1 from having bun ns his guest, stated that _h??
watelwd his labors through th, entry with '<!?
! tense inter, ft, that the effects already produced l,y
; his henavdent exertions w>-r- grat f\ mg to every
friend of humanity, and that In. bad tawiltt, bufc
[ that from tho desoeadanU of hi' rag,-norut, .1
l country men w.-uld yet apring uiioy worthy ? iti
I /? ns destined to play an important part in tho
fhtnre destinies of thi? great republic, bather
Matiicw, who f,'H deeply affected, ex prosed hi*
most gratr ful thanks for this warm appreclaUon >>l
his humble labors, and introdue d Ins fro nd, tins
Very Iiov. I*r. Spalding, who wa? mo?.t kindly
received by Mr. ''lay, wlio remark'd that he ha I
the pleasure of knowing set oca 1 members of f hid
family personally, and all by eha -actor. I l?i
rcvcrenn gentleman then presented hi jWt,ta
ries, Mcsr*. Mahony and (' Mara, both of wh u?
wer, cofdiall* welcomed by Mr. ' lay. Mr. .Ma
hony remarked, " Since we have had the plc..-ur<?
of seeing you in New lork, *o hate, -ir, to line
your own beautiful metaphor, eros-e 1 the vestibtilw
of the temple, and are now engaged in admiring
the bsautlcl of the inleriwr." -"Audi hope," said
Mr. ("ay, "you hate not been <!''appointed.'*
"No, sir'the reality has far exec led ottr most
-anguine anticipations." " Wire I," aid Father
Matnew. " to select n >tatc whose I rti' ty, beauty
and picturesque scenery, r< mind iu*; iu?st f 'reibly
of the gre,-n fieldi of ' my poor old country,' if.
would be the delightful region th >ogh whiMi 1
have travelled for tbe past few -lata I ha\h* ard,'*
continued the reverend father. "Mint #ven y"i paid
us the high eomnlinient of ,ie*igri:itiog Kentuekts
'the Ireland of America." "Tho compliment. *
replied Mr. Clay, '? is mutnal: nor is the analog?
eanfined merely to physical res, mblaoef. Thera
are mam traits of Ciaraetcr which w, jr> tess iu
common with your countrymen. Our pe?p(e. liko
yours, ara good hearted, generous and -hivntrou-.
thoughtlwi* and heedless, aomctinies, ir you will,
but abounding in noble, manly, and benevolent im
pulses." bather Mathew express* h i b >;'? ?J?
preeiatlon of this eloquent tribute to the ehnrajf*r
of his countrymen, and on his retiring, i enailmd he
would epand a day at Ashland on hte return to
Louisville. -/.amnviUt (JPg ) Cowrrr, .A/fyHt.
Political Intslllgsnr*.
Il> *n 8 Howard has Wn sleeted to the A???irUy frr rW
I ,-wts f'ouatj-. to supply the vacaeey oica'i' c?i t-J tLW
rt s gust ion rf Caleb 8 Lj< a.

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